Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 170853
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
352 AM EST SAT FEB 17 2018


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 17/1200 UTC THRU FEB 20/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

...PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...

THE MODELS TODAY SHOW ONE UPPER JET MAX PROGRESSING INLAND AND A
LOW AMPLITUDE RIDGE CROSSING FROM THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES. RAINFALL REDEVELOPS LATER TONIGHT OVER THE
NORTHEAST PACIFIC...AND THEN MOVES ONSHORE IN RESPONSE TO A
REINVIGORATED UPPER JET. FROM 18Z SAT TO 00Z...THE NAM FORECASTS
300 MB 150 KT JET MAXIMA INTO NORTHWEST WA WITH UPPER DIVERGENCE
EXTENDING ACROSS THE OLYMPICS AND CASCADES...CONTINUING INLAND
INTO THE RANGES OF NORTHERN ID/WESTERN MT. DURING THE LATTER HALF
OF THE PERIOD (00-12Z SUN), THE JET AXIS DROPS SOUTH OF 45N.

THE COMBINED STRENGTH OF THE DEEP LAYER FLOW WITH THE UPPER
DIVERGENCE TO PROVIDE LIFT ALONG WITH ASCENT IN WINDWARD TERRAIN
WITH ABOVE NORMAL MOISTURE AND MOISTURE ADVECTION RESULTS IN
WIDESPREAD VALLEY RAIN AND MOUNTAIN SNOWS. HIGHEST TOTALS ARE
EXPECTED IN WA AND NORTHERN OR CASCADES INTO NORTHERN ID, WESTERN
MT, AND NORTHWEST WY DUE TO THE LARGELY ORTHOGONAL LOW-LEVEL FLOW
RELATIVE TO THE TERRAIN AND (THUS) STRONG OROGRAPHIC EFFACEMENT TO
THE LIFT. WPC QPF WAS COMPRISED OF A MULTI-MODEL BLEND OF BOTH
GLOBAL AND HIGH-RES GUIDANCE....WITH 2-3 INCHES OF LIQUID
EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION EXPECTED IN THE WA OLYMPICS/CASCADES.
SEE THE WINTER WEATHER DESK GRAPHICS FOR POTENTIAL SNOWFALL
AMOUNTS.


...LOWER-MID MS VALLEY / TN-OH VALLEYS / CENTRAL-SOUTHERN
APPALACHIANS / MID ATLANTIC / NORTHEAST...

A RATHER DYNAMIC SETUP IS IN STORE FOR THE DAY 1 PERIOD, WHICH IS
NOT REFLECTED VERY WELL IN THE MASS FIELDS PER THE RELATIVELY FLAT
UPPER FLOW AND WEAK SURFACE LOW. SOUTHERN STREAM SHORTWAVE ENERGY
EMANATING FORM THE SUBTROPICAL JET WILL QUICKLY TRAVERSE THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS EARLY TODAY, THEN MOVE ACROSS THE TN VALLEY BY
LATE AFTERNOON AND THE MID ATLANTIC REGION THIS EVENING.
MEANWHILE, AT THE SAME TIME A STRENGTHENING/AMPLIFYING NORTHERN
STREAM JET AND ROBUST VORT LOBE WILL MOVE FROM THE CENTRAL CONUS
AND ACROSS THE NORTHEAST. THE NORTHERN STREAM WAVE AND ASSOCIATED
150+ KT 250 MB UPPER JET STREAK IN THE LEE OF THE TROUGH WILL
PROVIDE A BROAD (SE-NE) AREA OF ROBUST RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION
FORCING (UPPER DIVERGENCE AND LOW-MID LEVEL FRONTOGENESIS).
MEANWHILE, THE NEARBY PRESENCE OF THE ELONGATED SOUTHERN STREAM
AND INFUSION OF SUBTROPICAL MOISTURE AND FAST-MOVING SHORTWAVE
IMPULSES WILL RESULT IN IMPRESSIVE (ANOMALOUS) MOISTURE PARAMETERS
FOR MID FEBRUARY -- ESPECIALLY SOUTH OF 40N -- INCLUDING 850-700
MB MOISTURE FLUX ANOMALIES AROUND 3-3.5 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
NORMAL PER THE SREF/GEFS. THE SWIFT PROGRESSION OF BOTH
NORTHERN/SOUTHERN WAVES ALONG WITH THE ABSENCE OF ELEVATED
INSTABILITY (AT MOST <200 J/KG) WILL MITIGATE THE RISK OF
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THE TN VALLEY-LOWER OH INTO THE WESTERN
SLOPES OF THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL APPALACHIANS. HOWEVER, GIVEN
THE ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS/WET SOILS AND THUS STILL LOW FFGs, WPC
WILL MAINTAIN THE MARGINAL RISK ACROSS THIS AREA FROM YESTERDAY`s
DAY 2 ERO.

IN TERMS OF THE QPF, WPC DISCARDED THE GFS NORTH OF THE MID
ATLANTIC DUE TO WHAT LOOKS LIKE CONVECTIVE FEEDBACK (I.E.
NOTICEABLY LIGHTER TOTALS NORTH OF AN AXIS OF 0.50-1.0" AMOUNTS).
OTHERWISE, A NON-GFS MULTI-MODEL BLEND WAS UTILIZED, WHICH
COMPARED FAVORABLY TO THE CONTINUITY (PREVIOUS FORECAST).


DAYS 2/3...


...INTERMOUNTAIN WEST/NORTHERN PLAINS...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER WESTERN WA DROPS INTO A DEVELOPING
LONG WAVE TROUGH EXTENDING FROM THE NORTHERN ROCKIES INTO SOUTHERN
CA DURING DAY 2. SHORT WAVE ENERGY FROM THE LONG WAVE TROUGH
CROSSES THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES...AS WELL AS THE
SOUTHWEST STATES...DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVES...THOUGH THE
00Z GFS MAY BE TOO FAST WITH THE OVERALL SPEED OF THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE TIMING
DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKS ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
DURING DAY 2...A LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS PACIFIC
MOISTURE IN THE UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS WA/OR. THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL
SIGNAL FOR 0.75/1.25 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE
OR COASTAL RANGE INTO NORTHWEST CA...AS WELL AS THE OR CASCADES.
THE SHORT WAVE DROPS INTO A DEVELOPING LONG WAVE TROUGH EXTENDING
FROM THE NORTHERN ROCKIES INTO CENTRAL CA ON DAY 3...AS A FRONTAL
BOUNDARY CROSSES THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES. SYNOPTIC SCALE
ASCENT AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE OVER THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
ROCKIES COMBINED WITH UPSLOPE FLOW BEHIND THE FRONT TO PRODUCE
AXES OF 0.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE UINTA MOUNTAINS IN UT AND THE
WIND RIVER RANGE IN WY. AXES OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WERE
PLACED OVER THE ABSAROKA RANGE IN MT/WY...THE BIG HORN RANGE IN
WY...AS WELL AS THE LENGTH OF THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT.

DAY 3...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM THE LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WEST
COAST AFFECTS MAINLY THE SOUTHWEST STATES...THE TERRAIN IN UT...AS
WELL AS THE ROCKIES IN CO DURING DAY 3. THE BEST LOW LEVEL
MOISTURE CONVERGENCE OCCURS BEHIND THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY THAT DROPS
SOUTH ACROSS THE ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS...WHERE THE
UPSLOPE FLOW FOCUSES THE MOISTURE OVER THE CO ROCKIES...WHERE A
LARGE SWATH OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. A LOCAL
MAXIMUM NEAR AN INCH WAS PLACED OVER THE SAN JUAN RANGE IN
CO...WHERE THE LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND UPSLOPE FLOW MAXIMIZE.
THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN IS A BIT MORE PLENTIFUL OVER THE
MOGOLLON RIM IN AZ...WHERE THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 0.50
TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN. LOWERING SNOW
LEVELS HERE ARE EXPECTED TO MITIGATE ANY FLOODING THREATS DURING
DAY 3.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE
INTERMOUNTAIN WEST ON DAYS 2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE MOST
RECENT SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING FROM THE UPPER MS VALLEY ACROSS THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 2 SPINS UP SURFACE LOW PRESSURE
CROSSING THE REGION. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE...BUT THERE ARE STILL
LATITUDINAL DIFFERENCES WITH THE PLACEMENT OF THE AXIS OF MAXIMUM
QPF BOTH DAYS. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE PLACEMENT
DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS/NAM.

DAY 2....
SHORT WAVE ENERGY OVER WESTERN ND EARLY ON DAY 2 PROVIDES SYNOPTIC
SCALE ASCENT OVER A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM THE NORTHERN
PLAINS ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. THE LIFT AIDS IN SPINNING UP
A SURFACE LOW ON THE FRONT...WHICH TRACKS INTO THE UP OF MI AFTER
19/00Z. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE...A LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW
TRANSPORTS MOISTURE INTO A DEVELOPING AXIS OF MID LEVEL
FRONTOGENETIC FORCING EXTENDING NORTH OF THE SURFACE LOW OVER EAST
CENTRAL MN INTO FAR NORTHERN WI AND THE UP OF MI. AN AXIS OF
0.25/0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ALONG THIS AXIS...WHICH IS THE
CONSENSUS POSITION FOR THE MAXIMUM QPF. THE MAXIMUM QPF WAS
SURROUNDED BY A LARGER AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF OVER
NORTHERN MI INTO THE NORTHERN PORTIONS OF THE LP OF MI.

DAY 3....
THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY BECOMES ORIENTED FROM EASTERN IA ACROSS
NORTHERN IL INTO SOUTHERN MI...WHERE IS BECOMES NEARLY STATIONARY
BENEATH AN INCREASINGLY FAST SOUTHWEST MID LEVEL FLOW. SHORT WAVE
ENERGY IN THE MID LEVEL FLOW (EJECTED FROM A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER
THE WESTERN UNITED STATES) PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT OVER THE
FRONT...WHICH IS AUGMENTED BY DIVERGENCE IN THE RIGHT REAR
QUADRANT OF A 150 KNOT JET STREAK EXTENDING MN INTO ONTARIO DURING
THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. THE BEST MID LEVEL LIFT OCCURS IN
THE 20/00Z TO 2/06Z TIME FRAME...DURING WHICH TIME MODEL SOUNDINGS
SHOWED MARGINAL...ELEVATED INSTABILITY EXTENDING FROM EASTERN IA
ACROSS NORTHERN IL/SOUTHERN WI INTO THE LP OF MI. THERE IS A MULTI
MODEL SIGNAL FOR AN AXIS OF 2.00 INCHES OF QPF HERE...AND HIGHER
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE DUE TO LOCALIZED TRAINING. THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 INCHES...AND DESPITE THE
FACT THAT THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO BE ELEVATED...HIGHER
RAINFALL RATES COULD RESULT IN A THREAT FOR FLASH FLOODING. A
SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED IN THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS FOR DAY 3.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE MID MS VALLEY/OH VALLEY/NORTHEAST...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WESTERN
UNITED STATES CROSSES A FRONTAL BOUNDARY DROPPING SOUTH ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS AND MID MS VALLEY INTO THE OH VALLEY AND NORTHEAST
DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ALONG THE FRONT WILL
FEED CONVECTION (SOME OF IT ELEVATED) TO PRODUCE STORMS WITH HEAVY
TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 3. THERE WERE SOME
PLACEMENT DIFFERENCES WITH RESPECT TO THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY...WHICH
LEADS TO PLACEMENT DIFFERENCES OF THE MAXIMUM QPF. IN AN ATTEMPT
TO MITIGATE THESE DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND
OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS/NAM.

DAY 2...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE SOUTHWEST MID LEVEL FLOW (EJECTED FROM A
LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WESTERN UNITED STATES) PROVIDES SYNOPTIC
SCALE LIFT OVER A FRONTAL BOUNDARY DROPPING SOUTH FROM THE
NORTHERN PLAINS AND UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 2. THE BEST LIFT
AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY OCCURS IN THE 19/06Z TO 19/12Z TIME
FRAME OVER THE MID MS VALLEY INTO THE WESTERN OH VALLEY. SOUTH OF
THE FRONT...A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS
1.00/1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR OVER THESE AREAS...WHERE
MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY LATE IN THE PERIOD.
CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO FORM SOUTH OF THE FRONT OVER CENTRAL IL
INTO CENTRAL IN...WHERE THERE WAS A MODEL SIGNAL FOR 0.50/0.75
INCHES OF QPF.

DAY 3...
THE NORTHERN PORTIONS OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDS FROM EASTERN
IA INTO THE LP OF MI DURING DAY 3. MUCH OF THE MID MS VALLEY INTO
NORTHERN OH VALLEY IS EXPECTED TO BE IN THE WARM SECTOR SOUTH OF
THE FRONT...THOUGH THERE IS SOME MODEL SPREAD CONCERNING WHERE THE
FRONT WILL LIE BY THE END OF THE DAY 3 (FOR EXAMPLE...THE 00Z NAM
HAS THE FRONT STRADDLED ACROSS THE OH VALLEY BY 20/12Z...WHICH IS
THE FURTHEST SOUTH OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS/NAM SOLUTIONS). A 40 TO 50
KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE THE MEAN) ALONG THE FRONT IN THE 20/06Z TO 20/12Z TIME
FRAME. AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED FROM
CENTRAL IL INTO NORTHERN OH...IN PLACES WHERE THE THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 INCHES. BASED ON THIS...A
MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 3.

ALONG THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY AS IT EXTENDS ACROSS MO INTO OK...THE
CONVECTION IS SURFACE BASED...AND MOISTURE IS PLENTIFUL ON A 50 TO
55 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW. HOWEVER...THE MODEL SIGNAL HERE
FOR QPF IS NOT AS STRONG AS IT IS ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES...SO A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 3.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


HURLEY/HAYES


THIS DISCUSSION WILL TRANSITION TO MIXED-CASE FEB 26, 2018.  THE
LISTING OF ISOHYET POINTS CONTAINED BELOW WILL ALSO BE ELIMINATED
FROM THE PRODUCT FEB 26, 2018.  ISOHYET GRID INFORMATION WILL
CONTINUE TO BE GENERATED IN A VARIETY OF BINARY FORMATS AND MADE
AVAILABLE THROUGH THE WPC GIS PAGE.

24HR QP VT 18/12Z
 0.01 528248 528230 527215 526201 527191 526183 527176 529172
      529168 528163 520142 514131 510120 505109 504101 504092
      503087 503080 501068 499039 498031 498023 495008 492994
      489982 481964 478960 476954 474949 471944 463938 459937
      455940 452953 450960 450968 437002 439009 442013 447022
      452025 453029 453033 453041 451045 449046 442038 439039
      441043 443046 446048 444050 440060 434070 434073 436075
      439079 440083 437084 431082 422078 419081 417085 415091
      416097 413101 409102 405102 402106 402111 404116 413123
      417127 416136 414152 413157 413161 415166 415171 414177
      413182 413190 411195 405206 399205 396205 395207 398212
      401216 405219 408218 411214 413213 414215 414218 412220
      409224 394230 391234 390242 388251 389255 393260 396266
      399270 404271 408272 413272 419274 423278 428280 431283
      436284 440283 447285 451285 454287 456290 457297 458302
      460307 463312 466313 467316 477320 481319 483316 485308
      487303 489296 490292 492293 500296 505294 510292 514288
 0.01 535848 535839 534831 529820 518804 515801 511799 507794
      505787 501778 496767 495762 499760 505754 509747 510742
      510734 509728 508723 503713 497707 491704 487704 485708
      489718 494728 495735 494738 491737 484730 481725 478721
      476720 473725 474729 477733 476739 473740 470743 465745
      460746 457748 456754 456760 455771 457775 460776 462778
      462782 460785 456786 455779 451780 448783 447789 447797
      445802 441805 435806 430809 430814 432818 433823 431828
      429833 426838 421847 418851 415851 411849 411843 410838
      411835 413823 416816 422810 424807 426801 430791 461709
      469691 472683 474678 474672 473667 470663 465660 462656
      460648 458644 455642 450641 444642 440642 434643 423646
      417649 413652 397666 390672 384680 376696 371704 366710
      359716 353722 346727 341731 333739 332744 332750 334762
      329770 324777 332781 336782 340787 341795 341799 340801
      333808 329814 327822 323829 320838 318848 319858 320861
      320864 318868 314879 312884 307884 300893 298902 297913
      293923 289934 286944 283953 279962 277971 279974 282976
      288976 291985 288994 287999 285003 285011 283014 281015
      269014 265013 259012 258016 260019 265017 270018 273022
      274026 294033 301028 303025 305021 306009 307003 308998
      312979 314973 316970 318977 319983 321986 323986 330987
      333986 338977 345969 348966 354963 362959 366957 372957
      383957 386956 389952 391947 392940 395929 395917 393908
      389899 391895 394897 401901 408910 415914 419914 419918
      417922 415927 416933 419945 422950 426952 432952 435950
      442945 449940 452936 455933 459925 462914 463909 465905
      470898 475893 478892 483890 486889 488891 490898 492907
 0.01 492907 495919 499926 504929 505927 512921 517913 521905
      524897 527886 530873 531862 534851 535848
 0.01 490825 488823 487824 485826 484827 482829 484831 486831
      487831 489828 490825
 0.01 464201 463199 463198 462196 460196 459195 457195 455196
      454196 453197 453198 451200 451203 451205 452206 453206
      454205 456205 457204 458204 458202 460201 461201 463202
      464201
 0.01 457057 457054 457052 456050 456049 455047 453047 451049
      451051 451054 453056 454058 456059 457057
 0.01 311102 311091 310085 308083 305079 303076 296071 287071
      282072 279074 279080 280084 280091 282093 286093 289091
      295091 298093 303101 308104 311102
 0.01 313862 313850 312839 306835 301840 289849 284855 278860
      273865 270872 270876 271878 269880 263882 264886 267889
      269896 278896 284890 286887 291885 296882 300880 303876
      305875 307871 313862
 0.01 271073 271069 269066 264061 259057 252053 247049 244048
      241048 238051 239054 245058 251063 256067 260072 267074
      271073
 0.01 256803 253799 248800 244796 240795 237790 233790 230794
      231800 236810 237821 236824 237827 239831 240838 244839
      249838 252834 253829 252822 251815 253810 256803
 0.25 516270 518257 518249 516244 512222 509212 509201 509191
      509180 508167 505156 508149 505139 498123 492107 489096
      486087 483077 479067 477063 474060 470059 467062 465064
      464071 463082 461094 457095 451093 436094 434095 431092
      424087 427102 423104 420107 420111 418112 415114 417117
      422119 429123 434119 438117 441118 443120 447122 448126
      447128 439137 436135 432138 431150 432154 434158 438164
      443169 445173 446177 441186 444190 447192 451192 455190
      462186 467184 472184 475186 477189 477196 474200 472202
      466207 461206 457209 454211 449212 446213 442213 429216
      422221 423226 426229 425233 421234 416234 412236 409237
      409241 416246 423249 430250 437250 447251 456252 459252
      465253 480263 494273 507272 514274 516270
 0.25 440667 439660 437656 434652 430651 423653 416658 411662
      406668 399673 393678 388684 384692 377708 373715 369722
      360731 355739 353742 354746 357745 360742 362740 366740
      366748 366758 368775 367788 366797 361815 356823 351827
      346831 342836 340847 340856 342867 342880 344889 342898
      341906 340915 339928 338938 333956 334961 336962 339961
      343956 350945 355937 360931 366927 370924 373920 375913
      376903 378884 380862 387844 392830 398814 404797 405791
      403785 403781 405778 409773 411765 414758 419752 426734
      428730 429724 432716 435708 437699 438680 440673 440667
 0.25 450078 450077 449075 448073 446071 446070 445069 443068
      441068 440069 440072 441073 443074 444076 446077 446078
      448079 449079 450078
 0.50 503246 505241 505236 504227 503211 502202 503196 501182
      500174 499165 496151 497145 495138 491128 488123 483118
      478116 475115 473112 472106 469102 460101 462106 466110
      469115 469118 467120 465125 461129 452134 450137 450142
      449146 446146 442144 438141 437140 436143 434149 435155
      439160 447169 449176 450179 450184 454187 458185 462183
      465179 470177 476179 484189 484193 481198 473203 469208
      465209 459210 457212 453213 435218 425221 425225 428226
      432231 434235 432236 430238 435241 442242 467246 473247
      478250 488256 495258 498252 503246
 0.50 480228 479226 479225 477224 476225 475226 473226 473227
      475228 477229 478229 480228
 0.50 455103 453098 451095 445097 441095 437095 435097 432095
      429091 427090 425091 430099 430103 427105 425106 428110
      430114 434114 441115 444117 446116 450114 452112 451107
      455103
 0.50 448077 448075 446072 445070 443070 441072 443073 444075
      446076 447077 448078 448077
 0.50 429243 428240 426240 424240 423241 422241 421243 422244
      423245 425245 427244 429243
 0.50 429666 426660 421658 413665 404674 395681 391686 387691
      382702 378713 374724 374756 376765 378771 382774 386774
      393771 395765 402757 408745 411741 413735 415728 417722
      421710 424705 426698 428683 429666
 0.50 396800 396795 394791 392789 389789 384792 381798 373808
      367818 360828 352837 349843 352849 351862 348895 347903
      348911 351916 353918 356916 360911 363905 367894 370877
      373864 375856 377848 382837 388824 393812 396800
 1.00 496226 495222 495217 494213 493209 487205 482203 476205
      473206 472208 470212 466212 461213 449215 442216 439216
      438219 436221 437224 444227 448228 451227 454227 458228
      464228 467227 469224 474221 481222 485224 489224 494225
      496226
 1.00 483242 479233 474232 467233 465230 461230 455233 452234
      448233 447238 449240 456240 463240 470239 476243 480244
      483242
 1.00 486164 485158 481153 476150 471147 466143 460143 458145
      457150 458155 460157 464161 467167 469169 471168 474167
      477168 483166 486164
 1.00 476134 474133 474134 476135 476134
 1.00 463178 463176 463175 461173 459175 458177 457177 456179
      455181 455182 457183 458182 459182 460182 461181 462179
      463178
 1.00 446111 446109 445108 445106 444105 443103 442103 441101
      439102 438103 438105 437106 437107 435109 437111 438110
      439110 440110 441110 442112 443113 445112 446111
 1.00 433097 432097 431096 430094 429094 431097 432097 433097
 1.00 392722 391714 389707 388705 385705 382710 380716 379723
      379732 382741 385742 389738 392732 392725 392722
 1.00 378825 379821 375820 370822 362832 359837 358843 356858
      354872 354880 354886 356890 358890 359883 362870 365856
      366849 368844 374833 378825
 1.50 490219 489213 486209 480206 476207 474209 472212 468213
      459216 454215 450218 444217 441217 441219 444224 449225
      453222 456224 462226 464224 467226 470221 473219 485220
      489220 490219
 1.50 479241 480239 479236 478234 476234 474234 473237 474238
      475240 477241 478241 479241
 1.50 457237 457236 455235 454236 455236 456237 457237
 1.50 468155 467152 466150 465149 464148 463146 463145 461146
      462148 460150 460151 461153 462154 463156 464156 465157
      466157 467156 468155
 1.50 387719 386717 384717 383720 383721 383722 383724 383727
      384728 385726 385725 386724 386721 387720 387719
 2.00 486215 485214 485212 484211 483209 481209 479208 478209
      476209 475209 474210 473211 472214 472216 473217 475217
      476217 478217 480218 481218 483218 484217 485215 486215
 2.00 478238 477236 476236 475237 475238 477239 478238
 2.00 471218 470216 469215 468215 466215 465217 465219 465221
      466222 467223 468222 468220 469219 471218
 2.00 462223 464221 463219 461218 459218 457218 456217 454216
      453218 454220 454221 455222 457223 458223 460224 462224
      462223
 3.00 480213 479212 477212 476212 477213 479213 480213

24HR QP VT 19/12Z
 0.01 458624 463627 466630 470635 474639 480650 483656 484664
      483669 484674 483680 480686 476692 474697 470701 465712
      459724 456728 454730 450731 446729 445726 447719 449713
      454708 458705 461699 460695 457692 452691 446693 432697
      428700 423698 419694 413692 409690 406685 400671 395660
      395653 398646 400643
 0.01 498232 502204 504188 504181 504173 501148 503143 505140
      507138 505134 496115 486096 483095 478090 476084 475075
      473064 473060 474057 478059 481062 483060 488053 492045
      493027 494969 495951 497936 499923 499913 501907 505896
      506882 506875 507867 509856 511846 514835 513821 512806
      510798 510791 509774 509770 509764 508750 502742 496740
      494740 492739 487742 481743 478747 474750 472755 468765
      467771 466778 464784 461788 459792 459798 457806 454816
      453822 453831 453845 453857 449879 449894 449898 448901
      446903 443904 437904 432903 425898 427871 427856 425839
      420818 414793 410786 408782 403782 396779 386781 380781
      376778 370774 366771 361770 354778 354785 353790 351795
      348800 344808 341819 330820 331846 329850 326852 325856
      326862 325869 324873 321882 322911 323915 323919 321934
      319943 319958 319962 321962 324963 319971 316975 315979
      313983 308983 302988 293993 296000 298004 298010 296014
      295017 293017 289016 285015 280016 273016 269015 264013
      260009 259005 257002 253000 244999 240997 235997 232001
      233005 234011 237015 243020 250024 260026 264028 270028
      287035 291037 292040 295042 301042 309039 314034 317035
      321031 330026 334023 334017 335009 337004 340001 342000
      343996 346987 352979 355972 357968 361966 372965 381961
      386961 389963 394964 397967 400970 403973 409978 415985
      419989 420994 422999 422005 421014 420021 416031 414036
      410042 406046 402049 394052 391053 386054 382055 377054
      366052 363053 361056 362067 365075 369082 374089 383095
      389097 392100 391104 389106 384108 378114 371117 363121
      362126 365130 373133 381138
 0.01 381138 384141 387147 391150 392156 386166 385169 385174
      388180 389186 387188 383188 378186 373183 367181 362179
      354178 351181 349186 347192 348194 351190 353188 357188
      361191 370199 386212 396217 403220 406221 405225 401226
      394225 388224 384220 375214 365207 354202 349201 345202
      344209 347214 352226 357235 359240 362244 369253 377261
      381264 387267 391270 397271 399270 403271 408272 419271
      424268 429267 438267 444268 450270 456271 462271 466269
      471268 476268 480265 487258 493243 498232
 0.01 445172 443167 440164 437162 434158 432154 429150 428152
      428156 428161 431164 434169 436172 438177 442175 445172
 0.01 441127 442123 442118 440117 438118 435119 433121 432126
      431128 431132 430137 430142 432144 435143 436141 437136
      438133 439129 441127
 0.01 356118 350107 345094 344092 344088 345080 344077 342076
      338075 334077 327077 322079 319086 318089 313088 308085
      304082 300081 297080 293078 291076 279070 273068 271066
      266065 264064 260063 258064 258068 266078 269083 271089
      276094 282095 286093 290098 300107 304110 310111 317112
      324111 328112 333115 337117 339120 343124 347130 353130
      356118
 0.01 346180 344169 341164 334163 330161 326158 313155 307154
      304157 304168 305174 308177 318175 322175 324172 327173
      333173 337172 340173 342179 344181 346180
 0.01 337058 338056 336056 334055 332055 330054 329054 327055
      326057 326059 328060 329062 330063 331064 332064 333064
      334064 335062 336060 337058 337058
 0.01 248816 247812 245808 240808 237812 236816 235820 235826
      236831 238834 242837 244836 245832 246827 247823 248817
      248816
 0.25 472219 473215 471211 467209 454205 446210 437215 427216
      422216 419213 417208 414206 413207 413214 411223 408228
      404231 400233 397238 399243 403247 417250 439249 447246
      456241 460238 460235 459233 447233 449230 454228 463225
      468222 472219
 0.25 478167 479162 478158 476150 473145 469145 467147 464147
      463144 461136 457131 453131 450133 446138 445141 445147
      446154 449161 450169 449177 448186 450189 454190 457184
      457175 460167 463161 467160 471166 475169 478167
 0.25 487851 487844 487837 485821 483817 481816 479821 479830
      473835 468835 466839 465845 464850 465864 467870 467877
      466884 465890 463894 463899 461913 463924 467933 472934
      475930 477917 482897 483885 484869 487851
 0.25 446651 445648 441646 434646 426648 417651 413653 411656
      409664 415669 422670 429670 438667 443662 444658 446653
      446651
 0.25 457116 459108 458101 456095 452093 443095 439091 434088
      433083 436078 441077 445080 450085 453086 453076 452068
      449058 447052 448047 450041 450033 449025 449018 449014
      448012 445012 438018 433028 428042 417058 409064 405069
      402074 403079 405085 405091 404098 402103 399108 394111
      390114 385115 381119 379124 380127 383128 388127 393125
      397121 402120 406121 409119 413120 418123 419130 418137
      416144 415148 412147 408149 406152 407155 413156 415161
      420160 422155 424145 424136 425129 427122 429117 433113
      437110 440110 445115 448120 451122 453121 457116
 0.25 425079 426070 423065 420067 417074 415080 413087 414091
      415093 417095 418100 422098 421090 423084 425079
 0.25 403209 399206 393202 387199 383195 379192 373189 369190
      370193 374195 377198 382202 388205 393209 398213 402211
      403209
 0.25 411861 409856 404854 401857 398860 395865 393871 392877
      392886 387895 385906 386911 391914 395912 398908 405901
      407896 407887 410875 410867 410864 411861
 0.25 393170 393169 392168 390169 389171 388173 389174 391174
      393172 393171 393170
 0.25 379080 380078 380076 380074 380072 379071 378070 376070
      376071 376072 377073 377076 377078 377079 379080 379081
      379080
 0.25 347849 347846 347845 345845 344847 344849 345850 347850
      347849
 0.50 461220 461218 458216 453216 447217 442218 431219 428221
      427224 424231 420233 413231 408234 405238 404241 407243
      415244 419244 427246 432245 434244 436240 437231 442227
      451225 456223 461220
 0.50 446072 445071 443070 441071 441072 443073 445074 446072
 0.50 433097 433095 432095 431093 430092 429091 428089 426089
      426091 426092 426094 427096 428096 429097 431098 432098
      433097
 0.50 434059 434057 434054 434052 434051 432050 430051 430052
      429053 427053 425056 426058 426059 428060 430061 432060
      433059 434059
 0.50 428108 428104 423104 419111 414110 412101 411098 408094
      405102 403111 402116 406117 412114 418118 422116 423111
      428108
 0.50 408875 407868 405865 403867 400872 398878 396885 393890
      393894 394898 399899 402894 404887 406882 408875
 0.50 390123 390121 389121 389123 390123 390123

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 498683 494674 493669 491666 491662 483644 469635 458638
      449638 440637 435637 429638 421644 417647 415651 409660
      407665 406670 403679 401688 402694 401699 397707 392714
      390718 389723 388735 389743 390751 388762 388774 386776
      383775 378775 370781 367784 365789 364794 365803 365809
      363815 358821 353827 350830 348833 346838 346842 351842
      354839 359833 361830 363828 366828 369833 369840 370854
      371868 369870 368867 367860 361858 356859 352860 351853
      349848 340849 336850 331854 328858 326863 323867 321872
      317874 312873 305877 298880 290884 279884 272881 262879
      258878 255883 257887 260891 278896 284902 290902 295901
      300899 304899 309901 314901 331896 335895 338893 346888
      353884 359879 361877 364877 362881 359885 356888 349896
      343902 322933 320938 319942 314953 311961 309966 305968
      299974 293979 280988 276995 275997 277002 279007 285010
      288012 289017 292021 297024 307024 315020 319017 322014
      332001 335997 341996 345995 349996 354996 358994 366990
      378981 384977 391969 393965 395963 398963 405966 415971
      417975 417980 412988 410993 408999 402019 401025 397028
      393029 389033 387036 386042 383046 379048 365048 360050
      357053 355058 355064 352070 349073 345076 341077 335076
      330077 325083 322091 320095 317100 315104 314110 316114
      320115 324114 327113 331114 334118 337123 338127 341131
      343133 348136 356138 361139 365142 373148 382147 398151
      395156 392159 386166 385173 386177 390179 395178 403177
      409175 412176 416179 418183 415191 414197 412204 410208
      409213 411221 409224 407224 403225 394227 383224 365214
      356209 350207 344205 339205 338209 339212 345219 347223
      352226 360230 363232 368234 378237 386242 395245
 0.01 395245 410249 426249 431247 436243 438240 439234 439229
      441224 465214 465211 460209 452210 449211 445211 441209
      436206 434204 434200 433195 434190 442174 444172 446168
      445165 447163 450163 454162 457159 463154 472156 474151
      471143 467136 458125 454118 455103 453095 448091 435085
      431086 427086 425084 426081 428077 432069 434065 435059
      436056 439052 443050 448053 451056 452061 458067 460067
      462065 460042 462033 463023 462019 462013 463008 463001
      464988 465984 465979 467967 469957 474940 477920 480901
      484877 491841 494818 497799 499779 500769 502757 501748
      502743 502736 503731 502725 500711 498705 497695 498683
 0.01 441127 443118 440115 436115 431118 427122 424129 423131
      422136 421145 424148 428148 431149 433152 434154 436153
      436145 436140 438131 441127
 0.01 429113 426111 424113 420114 421105 425101 422088 420097
      418102 417106 416111 413117 408119 407121 404123 402129
      399134 399137 402139 407141 409144 412143 415137 420123
      427115 429113
 0.01 404210 402205 398200 387194 383190 378187 364183 358181
      354181 352182 348187 348192 350193 353189 356188 360189
      366191 368194 372195 375199 380202 390209 394212 400213
      404210
 0.01 391103 389098 385098 379102 370101 366099 361099 357105
      355112 357114 362115 366116 369115 375110 381108 388105
      391103
 0.01 345178 346173 345169 340164 334164 331165 329163 324158
      321155 317154 314155 316159 319165 326170 333172 340175
      345178
 0.01 273805 272801 270800 269798 266795 262794 258793 255789
      250784 245789 240796 239799 239805 240810 244811 246815
      250817 253818 259818 263817 266814 271808 273805
 0.25 470754 469748 466746 463744 461741 460730 459723 457719
      453718 451716 448714 446715 442720 440725 437728 432728
      425725 422727 419730 416738 413748 412757 408766 401783
      399794 400806 396826 393834 391844 388854 385863 379880
      375888 370895 361909 351923 342935 337942 332950 326966
      322974 315979 304989 299996 297000 298006 301008 307008
      314004 321000 330995 336992 341987 356978 363976 372974
      379971 386965 396954 402947 409943 418929 421927 427927
      430929 433930 436929 443925 449921 455917 461910 465903
      470894 472884 474870 474846 472832 468825 465815 464810
      464805 465793 466779 466772 468766 470754
 0.25 454658 454651 451648 442648 432652 428654 426658 422667
      420678 422682 426685 430687 435684 437681 441678 447673
      453664 454658
 0.25 444014 444007 444002 442995 438998 425022 423029 423034
      420035 416039 412043 402051 392057 388059 380060 373058
      369057 364058 362063 362070 370079 373085 375087 378087
      388081 393084 397085 402083 409080 416070 419062 420054
      425041 428039 432035 435030 439025 442020 444014
 0.25 411106 411103 411101 411098 410096 410094 409094 408093
      406095 406096 405098 405100 404102 404104 404107 404109
      405111 406112 407112 408112 408111 409110 410108 411107
      411106
 0.25 394119 395116 394113 389113 385113 381115 378118 375122
      374127 376131 380131 384129 388126 390123 394119 394119
 0.25 356120 353114 349110 346104 345098 343091 339087 336088
      335092 335097 337103 339109 342114 347118 352121 356120
 0.50 456759 456747 454742 453739 449739 445741 439748 436750
      433747 429741 426741 424744 424756 425761 427764 430762
      432761 433766 433771 432776 430780 420782 413786 409793
      408802 389870 383885 380893 379896 379902 383904 387903
      392903 395905 398908 398913 396917 393920 389925 385931
      382938 380941 377942 375940 375929 373925 371922 367922
      364925 357929 352932 348938 344945 341955 339962 335969
      332976 326983 327985 330983 335980 349972 356971 364969
      369968 371970 377970 380968 385963 389958 394953 399946
      404942 409936 414930 416926 421924 426919 429913 435896
      437887 439878 445860 449843 452834 454824 455815 455802
      454789 454777 456759
 0.50 408068 408065 408063 408061 407059 406058 405058 404058
      402059 401060 400061 399062 398064 398067 399069 400069
      401070 403071 405071 406070 406069 408068
 0.50 386122 387120 387118 385117 384117 383118 381119 379121
      378123 379124 380125 382124 383124 384124 386123 386122
 0.50 382079 383074 382069 380067 378066 375065 373064 370064
      369066 369070 370073 372075 374077 375080 377082 380081
      382079
 0.50 348114 347112 346109 344106 343103 342100 342096 341093
      338092 336095 337100 339102 340104 341107 342111 344113
      345115 348114
 1.00 449753 449752 448751 447751 446751 446754 445754 445756
      446758 448758 448756 449754 449753
 1.00 444810 444807 444805 444803 443800 443799 442800 442803
      441805 441806 441808 441810 442813 442814 444812 444810
 1.00 442829 441824 438825 434827 432831 429839 425848 422855
      423858 423865 420872 418882 415903 415909 415914 417917
      421916 425909 429900 434883 440865 442855 440844 442829
 1.00 416863 416861 416858 416856 415855 413855 412856 412857
      411859 410859 409861 408863 408864 407866 407868 407871
      408873 409873 411873 412871 413870 414868 415865 415864
      416863
 1.00 391947 392944 391940 389941 385943 384947 381952 379956
      377961 377963 381963 384959 386956 389952 391948 391947
 1.00 370943 368941 364943 363945 361947 360949 359954 359956
      361958 364956 366954 367952 368949 369945 370943
 1.50 434876 434871 433867 431866 430867 428874 425881 423886
      421893 419900 420905 422907 425900 427895 430888 432883
      434876
 1.50 384954 385952 384950 382951 382952 381954 380955 380956
      380958 382957 383956 384954 384954

$$




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