Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 292018
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
417 PM EDT MON MAY 29 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAY 30/0000 UTC THRU JUN 02/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

EAST TX---LOWER MS VALLEY---SOUTHEAST INTO THE SOUTHERN MID
ATLANTIC

A SURFACE FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL REMAIN STATIONARY DAY 1 FROM EAST
TX---ACROSS THE LOWER MS VALLEY---SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS INTO THE
SOUTHERN MID ATLANTIC---WITH ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES PERSISTING
ALONG AND TO THE SOUTH OF THE FRONT.  AREAS IN THE VICINITY OF THE
FRONT WILL BE IN A FAVORABLE RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF THE UPPER
JET STRETCHING FROM THE OH/TN VALLEY REGION INTO THE MID ATLANTIC.
 WHILE CONFIDENCE IS NOT GREAT WITH RESPECT TO THE SHORTER TERM
QPF DETAILS---THERE IS GREATER CONFIDENCE WITH RESPECT TO THE
MODERATE TO HEAVY RAINFALL POTENTIAL IN THIS FAVORABLE UPPER
DIFFLUENT/HI PW AXIS.

GREAT LAKES---MID ATLANTIC---NY STATE INTO WESTERN NEW ENGLAND

THE STRONG CLOSED LOW INITIALLY OVER SOUTHERN ONTARIO WILL BE
MOVING ONLY VERY SLOWLY EASTWARD DURING THE UPCOMING DAY 1 PERIOD.
 THE ASSOCIATED PERSISTENT CYCLONIC FLOW WILL KEEP SHOWERY
CONDITIONS ACROSS MOST OF THE GREAT LAKES REGION---INTO THE MID
ATLANTIC---NY STATE AND WESTERN PORTIONS OF NEW ENGLAND.  THE
HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION POTENTIAL WILL BE ON THE EASTERN SIDE OF
THIS SLOW MOVING CLOSED LOW IN THE VICINITY OF A PERSISTENT
CONVERGENCE AXIS FROM THE MID ATLANTIC INTO NY STATE.  MODERATE TO
LOCALLY  HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS POSSIBLE HERE---WITH LIGHTER TOTALS
AFFECTING THE UPPER LAKES REGION.

PACIFIC NORTHWEST

THE AMPLIFIED UPPER RIDGE OVER THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN
ROCKIES/NORTHERN GREAT BASIN REGION WILL BE ERODED ON THE WESTERN
EDGE BY NORTHEAST PACIFIC HEIGHT FALLS PUSHING TOWARD THE PAC NW
COAST LATE DAY 1.  MODEL CONSENSUS IS FOR INCREASING PRECIP
CHANCES DURING THE DAY TUESDAY WITH LIGHT TO LOCALLY MODERATE
TOTALS FROM THE WASHINGTON/NORTHERN OREGON CASCADES---WEST TO THE
OREGON AND WASHINGTON COAST RANGES.

SOUTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE TX RIO GRANDE

SHORTWAVE ENERGY EMBEDDED IN THE SOUTHERN STREAM FLOW ACROSS
NORTHERN MEXICO INTO THE SOUTHWEST AND THE SOUTHERN PLAINS WILL
SUPPORT WIDESPREAD SCATTERED CONVECTION THIS PERIOD FROM THE
SOUTHERN ROCKIES INTO NORTHEAST MEXICO AND THE RIO GRANDE AREA OF
TX.  TYPICAL LOW CONFIDENCE WITH DETAILS IN THIS WIDELY SCATTERED
CONVECTIVE REGIME.  LIGHT TO MODERATE AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS
DEPICTED---WITH POTENTIAL FOR ISOLATED HEAVY TOTALS.

SOUTHERN TO CENTRAL PLAINS

CONVECTION ALSO LIKELY TO SPREAD EASTWARD INTO PORTIONS OF THE
SOUTHERN TO CENTRAL PLAINS ALONG AND AHEAD OF A SOUTHWARD MOVING
SURFACE FRONT.  A PORTION OF THE STREAM OF SHORTWAVE ENERGY MOVING
OUT OF THE SOUTHWEST INTO THE SOUTHERN TO CENTRAL PLAINS MAY
SUPPORT AN AREA OF ORGANIZED ACTIVITY FROM THE LEE OF THE CENTRAL
ROCKIES EASTWARD INTO PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN TO CENTRAL PLAINS
AHEAD OF THE ABOVE MENTIONED FRONT.  LOW CONFIDENCE WITH DETAILS
HAS LEAD TO ONLY LIGHT TO MODERATE TOTALS DEPICTED.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY WITHIN A DEEPENING LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE
WESTERN UNITED STATES WILL PROVIDE SUFFICIENT LIFT FOR QPF DURING
DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF
THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
AS SHORT WAVE ENERGY DROPS INTO THE DEVELOPING LONG WAVE TROUGH
OVER THE WEST COAST ON DAY 2... INFLOW AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE
TRANSPORTS 0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER ON A LOW LEVEL WESTERLY
FLOW OVER THE CASCADES IN OR/WA...AS WELL AS THE SIERRA NEVADA
RANGE IN CA. THE BEST COMBINATION OF LIFT AND UPSLOPE FLOW IS
EXPECTED OVER THE SOUTHERN OR CASCADES...WHERE LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50
INCH QPF AMOUNTS WERE PLACES.

DAY 3...
THE BEST SHORT WAVE ENERGY EXITS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH POSITION AND
CROSSES THE NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAY 3. AHEAD OF THE SHORT
WAVE...AND A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING ACROSS WESTERN AND CENTRAL
MT...A LOW LEVEL FLOW FLOW TRANSPORTS LOCAL 0.50 INCH PRECIPTABLE
WATER VALUES ACROSS CENTRAL ID AND NORTHWEST MT. MODEL SOUNDINGS
SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY ACROSS THIS AREA (AT LEAST IN PART DUE
TO STEEPENING LAPSE RATES)...AND THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO FEED AT LEAST SCATTERED CONVECTION TO
PRODUCE LOCAL 0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS OVER THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT
RANGE IN MT. THE 12Z GFS SHOWED LOCAL 1.25 INCH QPF AMOUNTS IN THE
HIGHER TERRAIN...BUT THESE AMOUNTS MAY BE OVERDONE...AS MOISTURE
MAY END UP BEING THE LIMITING FACTOR FOR HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS.


...CENTRAL PLAINS/MID MS VALLEY...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY RIDING OVER A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING ACROSS
THE CENTRAL PLAINS ON DAY 3 WILL INTERACT WITH DEEPENING MOISTURE
AND INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE A CONVECTIVE CLUSTER...WHICH COULD
PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL.  THERE WAS GENERALLY
GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC
SETUP...THOUGH THERE WERE SOME DIFFERENCES IN THE MAGNITUDE OF THE
QPF WITH THE CLUSTER. WITH THIS IN MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON
A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY RIDING DOWN THE BACK OF A MID LEVEL RIDGE OVER
THE NORTHERN PLAINS CROSSES A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM
EASTERN MT ACROSS SD INTO EASTERN NE AND NORTHERN MO LATE IN THE
PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE FRONT AND SHORT WAVE...A 20 TO 30 KNOT
SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER ALONG AND
SOUTH OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY. MODEL SOUNDINGS ALONG AND SOUTH OF
THE FRONT SHOWED MODERATE TO STRONG INSTABILITY ALONG AN AXIS FROM
EASTERN NE ACROSS SOUTHWEST IA INTO FAR NORTHWEST MO...MAINLY IN
THE 02/06Z TIME FRAME.

THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR A DEVELOPING MCS TO RIDE ALONG
THE FRONT...AND AN AXIS OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF IS EXPECTED
ALONG THE BOUNDARY AHEAD OF THE CONVECTION. THE 12Z GEFS HAD MANY
MEMBERS WITH 2.00 TO 3.00 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHED ACROSS KS/NE/IA.
BASED ON THIS...A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED OVER EASTERN
NE/SOUTHWEST IA AND NORTHEAST KS AND NORTHWEST MO FOR DAY 3.


...SOUTHWEST/SOUTHERN PLAINS...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER SOUTHERN
CA/NORTHERN BAJA PENINSULA WILL INTERACT WITH INCREASING MOISTURE
AND INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE CONVECTION WITH HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL OVER THE SOUTHWEST AND SOUTHERN PLAINS...PARTICULARLY ON
DAY 3 OVER PORTIONS OF SOUTHWEST TX. THE 12Z GFS IS NOT AS BULLISH
WITH THE CONVECTIVE QPF...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 2. IN AN ATTEMPT
TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE DIFFERENCES... THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
MAINLY ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER SOUTHERN CA/NORTHERN BAJA PENINSULA EARLY
ON DAY 2 EJECTS SHORT WAVE ENERGY ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST
STATES...REACHING NORTH TX LATE IN THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE SHORT
WAVE...A LOW LEVEL 25 KNOT SOUTHEAST INFLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50/1.75
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AND MODERATE/STRONG INSTABILITY ACROSS
THE RIO GRANDE VALLEY...MAINLY AFTER 23/18Z. CONVECTION IS
EXPECTED TO DEVELOP IN THE MOISTURE PLUME...WHICH COULD BECOME
ORGANIZED AHEAD OF THE BEST SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT.

AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED ALONG THE RIO
GRANDE VALLEY FOR DAY 2...WITH BOTH THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS SHOWING
HIGHER AMOUNTS...BUT IN DIFFERENT LOCATIONS. AS MENTIONED
EARLIER... THE 12Z ECMWF IS MUCH MORE AGGRESSIVE WITH THE
MOISTURE...AND PRODUCING MORE QPF (THE LATEST ECMWF ENSEMBLE
OUTPUT HAS MANY MEMBERS WITH 2.00+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS HERE)...WHILE
THE 12Z GFS HAS NO MEMBERS WITH THESE QPF AMOUNTS. DESPITE THE
DIFFERENCES...THE MARGINAL RISK FOR DAY 2 REMAINS IN
PLACE...EXTENDED INTO THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF NM...WHERE SLOWER CELL
MOTION COULD RESULT IN FLASH FLOOD THREAT.

DAY 3...
THE BEST SHORT WAVE ENERGY EXITS NORTH TX EARLY ON DAY 3...AS THE
REMNANTS OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE NORTHERN BAJA APPROACHES
THE SOUTHERN STATES AND SOUTHERN PLAINS DURING DAY 3. AHEAD OF THE
LONG WAVE TROUGH...MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE TO STRONG
INSTABILITY...AS WELL AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.75
INCHES. A CONVECTIVE CLUSTER IS EXPECTED TO DEVELOP OVER SOUTH
CENTRAL TX...WITH A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.75 TO 2.25 INCHES OF
QPF ACROSS THIS AREA.

THE LATEST ECMWF HAS MANY MEMBERS WITH 2.00+ INCHES OF QPF OVER
SOUTH CENTRAL TX...WHICH SUPPORTS THE ABOVEMENTIONED QPF AMOUNTS.
BOTH THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS HAS MAXIMUM QPF AMOUNTS BETWEEN 2.00 AND
3.00 INCHES...IN DIFFERENT LOCATIONS. BECAUSE THE THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES OVER
PORTIONS OF THE REGION...THE SLIGHT RISK AREA REMAINS IN PLACE FOR
DAY 3.


...NORTHEAST...

SHORT WAVES EJECTED FROM A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER ONTARIO WILL
PUSH FRONTAL BOUNDARIES ACROSS THE NORTHEAST. AHEAD OF THE
FRONT...INCREASING MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL FEED CONVECTION
THAT PRODUCES HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...MAINLY DURING
DAY 2. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF
THE FRONTS....SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND.

DAY 2...
THE FIRST OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY IS EJECTED FROM A STRONG CLOSED
MID LEVEL LOW CROSSES THE NORTHEAST STATES DURING DAY 2. THE SHORT
WAVE PUSHES A FRONTAL BOUNDARY ACROSS NY STATE AND NEW ENGLAND.
AHEAD OF THE FRONT...25 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWEST FLOW WHICH
TRANSPORTS 1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS NY STATE AND
CENTRAL AND NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND. MODEL SOUNDINGS AHEAD OF THE
FRONT SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY....AND THE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO SUPPORT A CONVECTIVE CLUSTER STRETCHING
FROM NEAR KALB TO NEAR KPWM DURING THE FIRST PART OF THE PERIOD.

THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF
ALONG THIS AXIS...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS NEAR THE CATSKILL RANGE
IN NY. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50
INCHES (AGAIN NEAR THE CATSKILLS)...SO THE MARGINAL RISK REMAINS
IN PLACE FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
THE BEST INSTABILITY AND MOISTURE IS SCOURED AHEAD OF A FRONTAL
BOUNDARY CROSSING NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND...MAINLY DURING THE FIRST
HALF OF DAY 3. THE REMAINING CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO CROSS
NORTHERN NH AND NORTHERN AND EASTERN ME...WITH AREAS OF 0.25
INCHES OF QPF IN THESE AREAS. ANOTHER FRONTAL BOUNDARY IS PUSHED
ACROSS NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND LATER ON DAY 3...WITH THE BEST
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ALREADY GONE. ADDITIONAL 0.10 TO 0.25
INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE WITH THE SECOND FRONTAL BOUNDARY.


...GULF COAST/SOUTHEAST/MID ATLANTIC...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FOCUSED ON A WEAK FRONTAL BOUNDARY ON DAY
2 WILL FEED CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL. ADDITIONAL QPF IS EXPECTED ON DAY 3...AS THE FRONT MOVES
OFFSHORE. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL
BLEND.

DAY 2...
A WEAK SHORT WAVE IN THE SOUTHERN STREAM CROSSES A WEAK FRONTAL
BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM THE SOUTHEAST STATES TO THE CENTRAL GULF
COAST DURING DAY 2. A CONVECTIVE COMPLEX FORMING AHEAD OF THE
SHORT WAVE ON THE FRONT IS EXPECTED IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE 1.00 TO
1.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER EASTERN LA AND SOUTHERNMOST MS (THE 12Z
WRF ARW WAS USED TO DERIVE THESE QPF AMOUNTS). WHILE THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE NUMBERS ARE GENERALLY ABOVE 2.50 INCHES...THE
12Z WRF ARW SHOWED LOCAL MAXIMA ABOVE THESE VALUES...SO THE
MARGINAL RISK REMAINS IN PLACE FOR DAY 2.

FURTHER EAST ALONG THE FRONT...A CLUSTER OF STORMS IS EXPECTED TO
EXIT EASTERN NC DURING THE FIRST PART OF DAY 2. WHILE THE QPF
AMOUNTS ARE NOT OVERLY HIGH...HIGH RESOLUTION MODELS INDICATED THE
POTENTIAL FOR 2.50+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS HERE...SO THE MARGINAL RISK
REMAINS IN PLACE FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
AS THE FRONT EXITS THE FL COAST EARLY ON DAY 3...CONVECTION WILL
FEED ON PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.50...AS WELL AS MODERATE
INSTABILITY...TO PRODUCE AN AREA OF 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ON THE FL
EAST COAST.


ORAVEC/HAYES

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


24HR QP VT 31/00Z
 0.01 564941 564925 565906 564885 563877 561870 560854 559836
      554802 553796 551789 548777 546768 544761 540748 537732
      532719 530713 529705 525693 524688 522685 522681 519676
      516674 512670 509669 504665 501663 497667 493669 486676
      482677 477676 473675 471678 467687 462691 458692 442682
      439680 436678 434679 427681 426684 422688 422689 423692
      426696 430699 435705 430713 419733 413740 402744 397736
      393725 390720 387717 379713 375716 369717 364716 357718
      354721 351726 348733 342744 338753 330771 326780 324786
      323792 325801 320808 315812 309812 299811 282806 278805
      272804 261802 257804 252808 254812 257814 260818 266819
      274822 279822 283824 292827 295827 296830 299834 301839
      301844 301851 300857 297863 297870 296876 294880 290889
      285895 282906 281913 280919 274927 267932 259937 255939
      253943 248947 245951 231969 231979 232986 233995 234001
      235005 238013 241020 235025 235029 236033 236037 239041
      242047 247052 261060 265066 271071 276076 283080 291083
      297086 304091 309096 318097 325099 329101 331105 335110
      341114 344116 345114 346111 345107 344101 348094 352093
      353090 351084 348074 353067 358069 363068 365070 373084
      377083 379079 380071 377064 378059 380060 385066 391066
      398063 405060 404054 402051 396045 399041 397030 397025
      395023 388019 385017 380016 370016 365016 361017 357018
      355021 350028 346033 342039 337044 331043 328042 320039
      315034 312032 313029 317025 314017 311011 306005 302998
      301989 301986 304982 308975 312971 317962 320957 321948
      325927 330911 333901 336893 344865
 0.01 344865 347853 351840 356828 358823 359819 361823 363828
      360834 355845 352850 352859 353861 356863 359861 367854
      374844 381833 382831 385832 386840 388845 390845 392847
      390854 390862 393874 398870 401864 412843 413841 416842
      414849 411866 412883 415898 418906 420912 426923 432930
      443935 447940 451941 454937 455930 459925 464928 470942
      470951 471954 472957 476962 481967 491968 495972 499970
      503965 508963 522964 542966 547966 552964 557961 559960
      560955 562952 563947 564941
 0.01 520260 521251 522240 516230 511218 508213 506210 503208
      492204 486202 480202 460208 458214 453216 447217 444217
      442219 439224 437227 435227 430231 429240 431245 433248
      437249 442249 449250 461252 467254 472257 485262 489266
      492269 494272 501280 506282 511281 514277 516272 518263
      520260
 0.01 527167 507143 496131 491126 486128 472125 468120 461114
      457096 452091 442090 437090 430085 426084 425086 428092
      423106 427113 432114 435113 438113 441115 443125 448132
      453137 455140 459141 466139 473136 476135 479137 483143
      486146 487152 492169 495178 497180 500180 508178 512173
      514165 518168 523168 527167
 0.01 507864 506862 505860 505859 503857 503854 502853 501852
      500850 499852 499855 499857 500859 501860 502862 504864
      504865 506867 507864
 0.01 468831 465821 464815 465809 465802 466797 465793 463795
      459795 453796 444800 433814 427821 424824 426826 429826
      432823 436825 438830 438835 437839 437846 436852 438856
      439863 441867 447872 450876 452881 459876 461875 462872
      462864 461854 461847 462842 466834 468831
 0.01 400963 400959 398952 395942 392930 392923 390918 389904
      387899 383897 378897 374900 372904 372911 371914 369916
      364914 355911 351914 349917 350923 353927 355932 355939
      355947 354954 353966 353972 355978 359980 362981 366978
      370975 377979 380981 383979 387977 395973 400966 400963
 0.25 559889 558879 556868 555861 553857 549849 547838 546824
      544813 539802 535798 531790 524770 511734 507727 504718
      503710 501705 496699 484693 468701 449727 447717 446711
      444710 432723 425736 421743 416750 403760 397765 395768
      396775 399781 403782 408782 417779 425777 434774 440770
      443767 445771 450772 454772 467765 474761 477759 480760
      502782 501789 501800 503816 503820 507823 515819 518818
      518822 519830 518836 516845 517854 516860 515865 514876
      511885 507893 504902 504910 507921 509926 511928 517933
      524935 533934 539931 544926 549921 556914 558910 559902
      559889
 0.25 478241 478240 478238 477237 476235 474237 475240 476241
      478241 478241
 0.25 383754 382747 380740 377734 373731 366731 360734 353742
      343763 339773 337788 333798 333804 334811 334817 331824
      326835 322845 320850 315854 309863 305874 300884 295895
      286916 281927 279932 279937 282943 286947 292948 297946
      306941 314934 321924 324911 331887 334877 339865 342851
      344838 346823 350813 364795 366783 369768 374759 383754
 0.25 335058 335056 334055 332054 330054 329053 327053 325053
      324055 323057 324059 325059 326060 328060 330060 331060
      332059 334059 335058
 0.25 311064 310060 308055 302050 295045 286041 282040 277040
      269042 268044 268048 270052 275058 281063 286066 289066
      299067 310066 311064
 0.25 264001 262996 258995 255992 253990 248988 244988 242990
      241996 244000 245002 249005 253006 257006 261004 264002
      264001
 0.50 552898 551892 548887 544879 538872 531868 524872 521876
      520881 519887 518895 519902 521906 524909 528911 537910
      545907 548904 550900 552898
 0.50 484723 482717 480713 474708 471709 469714 464721 459729
      455737 454742 455747 457751 459754 461753 466747 468743
      471740 478734 481731 483725 484723
 0.50 446744 442742 441738 441733 441726 439725 436727 432731
      429736 424747 420752 416756 411758 407764 405770 405773
      407775 412775 419774 429767 437758 443749 446744
 0.50 375746 375742 374739 369735 365736 362738 357743 354748
      351755 345766 342772 340779 339795 342800 344802 349801
      354802 359796 361791 363782 366769 368761 371755 375746
 0.50 338847 336843 332844 326853 319859 316862 313867 310877
      304886 299895 295903 294910 293916 289927 288931 290936
      295938 299937 304935 308931 314923 320901 323890 327880
      332872 335867 336861 338847
 0.50 300059 298056 294053 291050 287048 285047 282047 278048
      277053 279056 281059 284062 289062 293061 298061 300059
 1.00 360769 360765 359761 357760 353764 350769 348776 347781
      345787 348792 351791 352788 355784 357779 360772 360769

24HR QP VT 01/00Z
 0.01 432317 456319 465319 471320 475320 481322 487322 497316
      502305 509297 516282 521269 523262 524253 525246 525239
      523232 521226 520223 522223 527228 529231 531229 535223
      536220 537216 536209 535199 532192 527182 529176 530171
      529167 525163 521159 515157 508148 501150 498148 498142
      494138 485129 476122 471123 468127 469137 472142 476146
      486151 489155 492158 492162 480155 477154 474156 471154
      469151 468145 463144 455147 449144 445142 442142 442147
      443154 446157 449160 448165 446173 442179 439185 438192
      419190 409192 405194 400193 394194 387192 381189 373187
      369185 368188 376196 380201 384206 389210 393213 400218
      409221 410224 409228 410230 413232 415230 416226 418224
      424224 430222 435220 436215 437213 447205 452206 457210
      459212 458214 454216 445218 441220 439224 446227 451226
      458228 461229 463233 467237 471241 477246 484248 485251
      485254 480253 476254 470253 461246 458245 456250 455255
      453260 447260 434259 432260 428259 427266 429272 429276
      427278 423281 418283 411285 403290 400294 399301 406304
      407306 410307 420300 424296 427296 426300 422307 423312
      426315
 0.01 562880 562874 562867 560858 556843 548816 547813 546809
      543804 539799 535797 530793 527789 527782 526770 522765
      511762 508760 507764 507769 506775 507784 508793 508803
      498809 488816 486818 485815 486809 486799 491785 492782
      492777 492772 493768 495753 497747 501744 509735 514725
      518711 520700 521697 520690 519679 517669 514661 510655
      502647 498645 496641 489632 481625 469625 459633 455635
      453638 451639 451644 445645 443644 439645 433648 428651
      420657 412665 408677 405682 402683 399681 396676 393666
      382663 375662 372662 370665 364674 359682 353692 342715
      335724 326734 309752 302759 296767 288776 284781 279787
      273795 272797 271801 269806 265808 264812 262810 258811
      258813 259815 262817 265825 269827 273826 277831 282834
      295838 300840 301849 304853 309856 313858 313863 310876
      291883 285881 279877 274875 271877 270880 271887 273893
      274901 273906 268912 262914 256917 252919 250923 252926
      256929 262930 266927 268926 270929 272934 273938 272943
      261947 257949 253949 245949 237951 231955 230989 231996
      234002 239010 235010 233012 232018 235030 234036 234043
      237053 240058 245062 254069 272079 276080 279082 285081
      294076 298076 301078 305081 316085 319086 321088 324095
      330103 333110 336115 340118 344116 355124 358123 359120
      358118 355112 356108 360110 366111 369111 372109 371105
      368101 365094 365092 367089 374089 378092 382090 389091
      393089 404081 412073 415069 419067 424064 429060 432056
      433047 436045 440045 445043 445037 444030 444022 440019
      437018 434016 428018 423020 421022 417021 410027 407034
      403039 402042 400041 398041 393034 391032 389033
 0.01 389033 382033 378028 373027 372023 374017 373008 366007
      363009 361013 359016 356017 355016 353005 351998 348991
      346984 342979 340975 340968 341960 338954 336934 335931
      335926 339921 343916 347913 347916 346919 351932 353936
      353942 353952 358955 361963 361972 366976 369985 375990
      383994 387997 390995 394995 401996 403993 403989 403984
      402980 400976 400969 397961 389947 386931 385920 384917
      384911 385909 388909 392908 396901 402885 407871 409863
      411860 415860 422860 427860 431857 436856 439854 441851
      444851 448846 452840 457846 460855 463864 464871 466876
      470896 470905 474912 479917 482919 486921 499924 508924
      512924 514922 528920 543915 548912 553907 557902 559897
      562880
 0.01 480193 480190 480185 477183 476182 473179 469180 467180
      466182 464186 466189 468192 468195 470197 472198 475201
      478200 479195 480193
 0.01 458123 457115 459111 455097 450095 445091 440086 436085
      435088 433090 430089 428087 425086 422091 422095 423100
      419107 421110 424110 440113 443113 445116 445121 443125
      442129 441134 443137 446138 456128 458123
 0.01 443193 442190 440190 438192 440195 441195 443193
 0.01 410110 411108 411105 411103 409101 410098 408098 406098
      406100 407103 407105 405107 405109 407112 409110 410110
      410110
 0.01 400739 396738 392736 387735 383735 380739 379742 376746
      378752 382752 385751 390748 391745 395742 400739
 0.01 398113 398110 396110 392112 390114 389114 385115 385118
      383120 384122 386120 388118 392116 394115 396115 398113
 0.01 382779 380773 378771 374768 372766 369766 363768 361772
      355779 351789 348793 347798 340803 335812 332820 323825
      321827 321830 322833 324833 326831 329831 331833 336841
      336845 338847 339845 343842 345839 346833 351824 355817
      359814 362809 373796 377792 379789 382779
 0.01 380839 380837 378835 377837 375839 374842 374844 375846
      377844 377843 379841 380839
 0.01 375848 375846 374844 372846 372849 374850 375848
 0.01 344768 343764 341766 337771 334776 331781 327786 324790
      323792 326793 329789 333785 337780 341775 344770 344768
 0.25 551876 550872 548871 543870 537871 531868 522863 518860
      515860 513862 506872 505880 504888 506894 510900 514901
      521901 526899 531896 540888 548881 551876
 0.25 531213 529209 526206 524202 521198 518195 515198 516203
      518209 519212 523216 527217 530216 531213
 0.25 516272 518266 519260 517252 514243 511236 506222 498209
      494197 501193 507191 509189 508185 504181 500179 496178
      492183 491190 493194 488198 484205 482209 484212 487214
      488218 490224 496239 502252 504257 504261 500265 493265
      487263 484264 482267 477273 472279 473287 475291 478292
      485293 496297 502294 507289 516272
 0.25 505680 504672 503668 498662 492656 487647 484645 480646
      472649 468652 463655 456660 445671 435686 429702 425712
      423723 420731 416738 416743 415747 411758 410764 412769
      418771 427768 434763 436763 437760 440752 444742 446738
      446732 448727 451728 453730 453735 454742 456748 460756
      463758 468758 474754 488742 493736 496727 501721 504715
      504710 503700 503693 505680
 0.25 430212 432207 430204 426204 425201 423200 421202 421203
      421205 418206 418209 420211 423213 427213 428213 430212
 0.25 400779 400777 398775 397776 395777 395778 396780 397781
      399780 400779
 0.25 385703 385696 384690 381677 378673 376673 372676 370680
      362697 359716 355725 352733 348742 347747 350750 352751
      353757 352763 354766 356761 356755 357751 359745 370733
      379716 382710 385703
 0.25 386972 384968 381965 379962 376958 373954 369956 369963
      371967 373971 375974 378978 381979 384977 386972 386972
 0.25 381049 372046 370046 366048 363048 361047 359043 356041
      351041 348038 344030 343027 341026 337025 332023 330021
      326011 322005 318999 315992 313988 313982 314970 318952
      321941 321931 319924 317920 314919 312920 312916 312913
      314909 320901 325894 325883 320878 312881 305882 302884
      299888 293895 289902 289906 290911 297916 298920 296923
      292928 288935 286943 283952 274967 270970 267972 263972
      261969 249962 241960 237961 234964 234972 237981 241990
      245997 247004 249007 248009 245011 245014 245018 243021
      244024 249025 255031 257042 261048 264050 269050 273046
      276044 275039 279039 282039 285041 284044 279045 278048
      279051 281055 282060 285062 292064 299067 305072 308074
      311075 314073 316070 322071 324074 325080 328083 332086
      336087 339085 345071 346066 348063 354059 358058 361054
      364056 370055 377053 381049
 0.25 376936 376931 375927 373925 371924 368925 366926 364929
      364932 364934 366937 368939 371940 374938 376936
 0.25 319778 319772 317770 313771 309773 306776 304780 303785
      304789 304791 308793 313792 316789 318785 319780 319778
 0.25 313820 311817 307818 302818 299816 293811 289806 286804
      283804 278808 274814 275818 277820 285822 292823 300821
      304819 307821 311821 313820
 0.50 514261 515256 514252 511247 507240 505235 502229 497226
      496228 497231 499238 501245 505250 508255 511260 514261
 0.50 503283 505276 502272 499272 494272 492271 489272 485273
      484279 487282 490286 493288 497289 500287 503283
 0.50 491721 490716 488711 486706 484705 478701 475694 470694
      468697 464699 463703 460711 460717 463722 468727 472732
      476732 480730 487726 491721
 0.50 482657 481654 479653 476653 472655 470659 468664 466669
      466674 470674 473671 476667 479663 481660 482657
 0.50 448687 447685 445686 440692 436697 434703 431718 428726
      428731 426739 424746 422752 422758 422763 426763 427760
      430754 434749 437743 441726 442711 446695 448687
 0.50 428209 427208 426207 425208 425209 427209 428209
 0.50 380695 380689 377682 375680 372682 369691 366701 365710
      363720 363726 365733 367732 369728 371724 374720 377712
      379702 380695
 0.50 336056 334053 331051 329046 326043 322041 319037 318039
      318046 319050 323052 325055 328058 334059 336056
 0.50 321024 321020 320015 316009 308005 302001 300998 299992
      298984 296980 294975 295970 297966 305953 308944 311937
      309932 307930 301933 296940 294949 290957 284960 279964
      276974 275981 272987 269994 269001 270005 273013 277018
      285022 291022 294024 294027 291030 290036 291042 291047
      294055 303067 307069 310067 309058 304043 300034 301030
      305029 311030 316033 319034 320030 321024
 0.50 314892 313888 309885 305886 302888 298893 297895 294899
      298901 300901 306900 309899 313894 314892
 0.50 289816 288814 288813 287812 286812 284811 282811 280811
      279813 279815 280817 281817 283818 285818 286818 288817
      289816
 0.50 265033 264033 262033 262034 264034 265033
 0.50 264019 264017 263016 261016 260017 260019 261021 263020
      264019
 0.50 250970 250968 248966 246966 244966 243966 241966 239967
      239968 238969 237971 238973 239974 241975 242976 244976
      245976 246975 248974 250972 250971 250970
 1.00 438707 439704 438703 437705 436706 436707 436710 437710
      438707 438707
 1.00 293008 292006 291005 289005 287005 286006 284008 283010
      282012 282014 283015 285015 287014 289013 290012 291011
      292010 293008 293008

24HR QP VT 02/00Z
 0.01 459624 469623 477623 484625 490628 496631 500635 507650
      510655 513665 517671 519680 520687 521690 525700 533717
      537727 538732 540741 542751 543765 540772 539774 539777
      543784 545788 546794 549803 549808 551813 554835 555837
      556844 556857 557864 555869 555874 553879 548884 538886
      529887 526886 524884 516873 511868 507867 503868 502872
      504876 507884 512903 515911 518918 520926 517934 517944
      517947 515947 511945 507939 504932 499928 495927 494924
      490917 486911 482904 478898 470886 466881 462871 461861
      460858 459852 453802 452791 452786 452783 455775 455769
      453765 451762 450761 448763 441765 441759 444752 447742
      445738 441737 436739 428743 418745 413746 409749 403754
      399762 378778 374783 371791 366798 362803 360805 357806
      353806 351802 345808 337809 331815 325823 321828 318830
      314832 307834 299835 284834 256828 250823 244825 241818
      239809 241805 244803 243790 246787 252791 257793 261793
      263792 269795 273800 277800 281800 284794 287787 291781
      298770 302763 306756 310748 314740 323728 330717 330707
      330699 333693 338687 349678 354680 358686 360690 364689
      368689 370691 376696 382705 386711 389720 389725 392727
      394725 398721 404708 413676 417662 425648 430638 434634
      439631
 0.01 520271 520268 522260 523256 523248 521237 519228 514219
      516217 518218 522218 530216 533214 535210 540198 540192
      541184 546162 547153 546148 542140 533137 529135 525135
      514137 511138 507135 501129 496122 486104 484100 480097
      474091 471088 468092 465095 465102 466107 465110 463111
      459108 458102 458096 455092 452088 455083 456079 454074
      449068 444065 439064 433070 432073 435076 440078 443081
      441085 438087 431087 427086 425086 424089 424096 427101
      419107 421112 424117 432119 440122 441125 440127 438131
      434144 430152 427155 422153 412147 404151 393162 390164
      388169 386172 389176 394181 398183 402183 406182 409184
      412189 411193 409194 406198 401204 403213 409218 413221
      414224 413227 405230 403236 405238 406241 409242 415241
      417242 417245 413248 407253 406259 409262 415262 419262
      426259 435260 440261 444260 457264 462266 467270 480281
      482291 486300 493306 498308 502307 504303 508300 513291
 0.01 485197 481191 482183 481179 479178 476175 473174 472172
      470175 467180 465184 463191 465198 470200 477204 482203
      485197
 0.01 449032 450018 450010 450005 450984 447966 445959 444955
      444949 447940 445934 441918 438911 436904 433900 432896
      431895 427897 422890 413891 406891 399888 394885 388883
      382880 379873 377866 373858 368844 368840 366836 362831
      360827 357825 354826 353828 349831 347835 341842 336846
      332848 329849 317855 310865 306869 308874 308879 311885
      312888 311892 310895 307898 297899 290900 286901 282902
      269892 266890 264892 262895 262898 262907 263914 259914
      256913 251911 240917 235921 232928 231932 232936 234944
      236950 239957 241960 241965 235969 235981 231987 231993
      234009 236014 241020 244024 251025 257029 262034 267040
      260043 258045 257050 259054 263056 267057 271058 277061
      283065 288069 290071 294071 300072 308068 313065 318062
      322061 325064 328066 332067 337067 338069 337071 334076
      332078 332084 337089 344085 349081 355078 358076 363076
      366083 373084 376087 376091 376096 377098 381101 385096
      388094 392097 389103 388108 384108 380110 378112 377116
      377123 385125 392121 395119 399118 406117 408117 409112
      412106 416098 417095 417090 413087 407088 402086 401083
      406078 414069 416066 416059 416056 413054 403051 399049
      399046 404041 413042 416036 413030 408025 404025 402027
      383045 369043 363046 361043 361038 361027 362024 366021
      376013 385002 390000 393998 397998 406999 413001 418003
      422005 423008 430024 434030 438035 442038 444038 449032
 0.01 272019 269017 267015 267013 266009 265007 262005 260003
      259006 260010 262012 262015 263017 265019 268021 272019
 0.25 542170 542165 542160 542157 540154 538153 537153 534155
      532157 531159 530165 530168 533171 535172 536171 540172
      542170
 0.25 518270 518264 517257 515251 513246 506237 502233 498234
      495241 492243 487244 484246 485250 485257 486264 492274
      499282 503284 507285 512282 514277 516272 518270
 0.25 527196 528178 527172 524168 519164 515163 509161 504158
      499156 494155 492155 490159 490167 491181 492188 495193
      500193 504192 509192 513195 518198 521199 525198 527196
 0.25 515762 514759 513758 512757 511756 510755 509755 508755
      506755 506756 505757 505759 505761 506764 507766 509767
      511767 512766 514765 514764 515762
 0.25 502692 502686 501681 498676 493666 487653 483649 481644
      479634 477628 474627 471628 465631 455637 450640 444643
      439643 434645 431649 429654 426679 429678 431677 435674
      447668 452670 457672 463680 468696 468698 471700 473705
      474711 475713 481711 491706 499700 502692
 0.25 500788 499780 496774 491772 488772 485771 481772 479774
      476780 473786 473793 473803 474813 475821 477828 480835
      483837 484829 484819 484814 486812 489812 491815 493817
      496814 497807 497799 497793 498791 500788
 0.25 485143 484135 479130 467134 456137 451141 446145 443151
      444158 447164 448171 446181 449185 454182 458177 467169
      475157 484148 485143
 0.25 429968 429961 427957 423949 419943 415935 409929 403926
      397920 392914 388907 385904 382904 381909 382913 386921
      389930 393937 395940 396946 398955 400977 403981 406982
      414982 419981 422978 426973 429968
 0.25 354708 353706 352705 350705 348705 347707 347709 347710
      346712 346714 346716 348716 350715 351714 352713 353712
      354710 354708 354708
 0.25 358996 359988 357984 355980 354974 353963 353960 352956
      350952 349926 349919 347913 346907 344904 346900 346895
      344891 340891 339895 340901 342904 343907 342910 337911
      333914 328920 317932 307936 299939 287952 281958 274963
      270965 265965 261966 257969 258974 261977 264980 266983
      269992 273999 280006 287011 294014 300015 303015 310015
      314017 316020 316022 321029 322031 325033 329031 335030
      339033 343033 346029 356016 357009 357003 358996
 0.25 345787 345784 343782 340784 337788 333791 330794 328796
      327800 328803 331802 335800 337796 341793 343790 345787
 0.25 318802 317797 315795 310799 307806 300809 291810 288813
      289818 294822 303823 312821 316815 315809 318802
 0.25 305057 305055 303053 302048 301046 300044 298042 295041
      293042 291044 289047 289049 291052 292053 294054 297056
      299058 303059 305057
 0.25 251954 250949 248948 245943 244937 244929 244925 242923
      239923 236928 236936 237944 239949 243953 246957 251954
 0.50 513269 515264 515259 512253 508249 504250 504255 504260
      502264 498265 494264 495267 499273 504276 507274 512271
      513269
 0.50 519188 520184 519181 516177 513175 509174 504172 499172
      497177 499182 502184 507187 512188 515190 518189 519188
 0.50 470648 470645 470643 469642 468641 467640 465640 463640
      462642 460643 460644 460646 459648 459649 459652 459654
      460656 461658 463658 464657 466656 467655 469654 469653
      470651 470650 470648
 0.50 476141 477139 475137 474137 472138 472139 471140 470143
      471145 473144 474144 475142 476141
 0.50 459165 459164 458162 458161 456162 455164 454166 453169
      453171 455172 456169 457169 458167 459165 459165
 0.50 421968 422962 421958 417950 414942 412940 409939 405940
      403943 400946 399949 401959 402968 403973 405975 409976
      412975 419971 421968
 0.50 346982 347974 346969 344956 341951 338947 333946 328947
      321948 317947 311946 305946 299949 298954 296958 293962
      284966 274970 269972 268974 277980 280991 282996 283001
      286006 291007 298008 302006 302001 307000 317997 321994
      326993 331992 337992 341991 344988 346982
 0.50 340004 340002 338000 337000 335001 334001 333003 332004
      331006 330008 331008 333009 335009 336009 338009 338008
      340006 340004 340004
 1.00 415961 414959 412956 410954 409954 407953 405954 405956
      405957 406959 407960 408961 409961 410962 412962 414962
      415961
 1.00 337965 336958 331956 324958 317959 313960 311961 308966
      303971 297973 291976 288981 285984 285988 288995 292998
      295998 298996 303992 308989 314986 318981 328974 333971
      337965 337965
 1.50 329965 328964 326963 326962 325962 323962 322964 322967
      323967 325967 326967 326966 328965 329965

$$




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