Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 240900
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
359 AM EST TUE FEB 24 2015


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 24/1200 UTC THRU FEB 27/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...


...NEW ENGLAND...

A SHORT WAVE STARTING DAY 1 OVER NORTHERN MANITOBA SWEEPS ACROSS
THE GREAT LAKES...THEN TAKES ON A NEGATIVE TILT AS IT APPROACHES
NEW ENGLAND BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE
SHORT WAVE INDUCES CYCLOGENESIS OFF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST. THE
MID LEVEL FLOW ALLOWS THE SURFACE LOW AND ITS INVERTED TROUGH TO
BACK TOWARD THE NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND COAST. THERE IS A FAIR AMOUNT
OF SPREAD CONCERNING HOW FAR WEST TO BRING THE PRECIPITATION
SHIELD ALONG THE INVERTED TROUGH...WITHE 00Z REGIONAL GEM FURTHER
WEST AND THE 00Z UKMET/12Z ECMWF FURTHEST EAST. CONSIDERING HOW
WELL THE MODEL SUITE CONVERGES ON A MID LEVEL SOLUTION...THE WPC
QPF IS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND.

THE KEY TO THE FORECAST WILL BE THE PLACEMENT OF THE INVERTED
TROUGH STRETCHING FROM EAST OF THE MA COAST INTO CENTRAL ME. AS
THIS POINT...THERE IS FAIRLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
PLACEMENT...WITH THE 12Z ECMWF FURTHEST EAST WITH THE FEATURE. THE
INVERTED TROUGH BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR LOW LEVEL MOISTURE (AS
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES JUMP UP TO OVER 0.50 INCHES ALONG THE
TROUGH)...AND THERE IS NOW FAIRLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
PLACEMENT OF THE 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH AREA EXTENDING FROM EAST OF I95
IN MA ACROSS SOUTHEAST NH AND SOUTHWEST AND CENTRAL ME. THE 00Z
REGIONAL GEM IS THE FURTHEST WEST...BRING 0.25+ INCH AMOUNTS TO
NEAR KBOS THROUGH THE MID COAST OF ME.

THE HIGHER QPF COULD BE DUE TO INCREASED LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE
WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE A SURFACE LOW ON THE INVERTED TROUGH.
IF THIS OCCURS (AS DEPICTED BY THE 00Z REGIONAL GEM)...A SLIVER OF
0.50+ INCHES OF QPF IS POSSIBLE ACROSS THE MID COAST OF ME.
HOWEVER...SINCE THERE IS NOT YET WELL SUPPORTED...THE QPF ACROSS
CENTRAL ME WAS NOT QUITE THIS HIGH.


...MID ATLANTIC...

A SHORT WAVE TRACKING SOUTHEAST OUT OF THE CENTRAL PLAINS EARLY ON
DAY 1 APPROACHES THE SOUTHERN MID ATLANTIC TOWARD 25/00Z. THE
SHORT WAVE INDUCED CYCLOGENESIS OFF THE SC COAST...WHICH THEN
TRACKS NORTHEAST THROUGH THE END OFF THE PERIOD. THE 00Z/21Z SREF
MEAN WERE THE FURTHEST NORTHWEST WITH THE PRECIPITATION SHIELD
ASSOCIATED WITH THE SURFACE LOW...AND THIS APPEARS TO BE TOO FAR
NORTHWEST INTO THE COLD AIR. THE 00Z GFS/UKMET WERE SIMILAR WITH
AMOUNTS...AND THE 12Z ECMWF WAS THE LIGHTEST WITH QPF HERE. THE
WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THESE THREE MODELS.

AS THE SHORT WAVE APPROACHES FROM THE MID MS VALLEY AFTER
24/18Z...WARM AIR ADVECTION PRODUCES QPF ACROSS PORTIONS OF
EASTERN TN AND NORTHERN GA. HOWEVER...THE MAIN QPF PRODUCER SPINS
UP ON A LOW LEVEL BAROCLINIC ZONE OFF THE SC COAST TOWARD 25/00Z.
THE TRACK OF THE LOW LEVEL CIRCULATION SUGGESTS THAT THE BEST LIFT
LEVEL FRONTOGENETIC FORCING OCCURS ACROSS SOUTHEAST SC AND
SOUTHEAST NC. AS MENTIONED EARLIER...THE 00Z NAM/12Z SREF MEAN
APPEAR TO BE TOO FAR NORTHWEST WITH THE 0.25 INCH QPF (WITH TOO
MUCH QPF DEEP INTO THE COLD AIR)...AND THE 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF
AREA WAS BASED ON A NON-NAM/SREF MEAN BLEND.


...GREAT LAKES...

A STRONG SHORT WAVE CROSSES THE GREAT LAKES DURING THE FIRST HALF
OF DAY 1. LIFT WITH THE SHORT WAVE RESULTS IN A LARGE AREA OF QPF
ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES. THE FLOW BEHIND THE SHORT WAVE ALLOWS
FAVORABLE LAKE ENHANCEMENT TO DEVELOP ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z NAM/21Z SREF MEAN.

LIFT WITH THE SHORT WAVE IS IMPRESSIVE AS IT CROSSES THE GREAT
LAKES DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE PERIOD. WARM AIR ADVECTION (IN
THE FORM OF ISENTROPIC LIFT ON THE 290K SURFACE) PUMPS A BIT OF
MOISTURE INTO THE REGION AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE. THE COMBINATION
OF MOISTURE AND LIFT PRODUCES A LARGE AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES
OF QPF ACROSS THE UP OF MI AND MUCH OF THE NORTHERN PORTION OF THE
LP OF MI. BEHIND THE SHORT WAVE...A RAPIDLY DEEPENING MIXED LAYER
AND STRONG LAKE INDUCED INSTABILITY SHOULD RESULT IN LAKE ENHANCED
QPF EAST OF LAKE MI ACROSS THE NORTHERN PORTION OF THE LP OF MI.
ALONG THE EASTERN SHORE OF LAKE MI...LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE. ELSEWHERE...ICE COVER SHOULD INHIBIT MUCH IN
THE WAY OF LAKE ENHANCED QPF...EXPECT FOR LAKE ONTARIO...WHICH
STILL HAS A FAIR AMOUNT OF ICE FREE WATER. EAST OF THIS
LAKE...LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED.


...NORTHERN ROCKIES/NORTHERN PLAINS...

A PAIR OF SHORT WAVES IN THE FAST MID LEVEL NORTHWEST FLOW RESULT
IN AXES OF QPF ACROSS THE NORTHERN ROCKIES AND NORTHERN PLAINS.
THERE WAS DECENT MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE TRACK OF THE
SHORT WAVES (AND SURFACE REFLECTIONS)...AS WELL AS THE QPF AXES.
WITH THIS IN MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND.

THE FIRST SHORT WAVE TRACKS FROM MT INTO THE CENTRAL
PLAINS...ALONG A LOW LEVEL ARCTIC BOUNDARY. A SURFACE WAVE SPINS
UP ON THE BOUNDARY IS IT MOVES SOUTH...INCREASING LOW LEVEL
CONVERGENCE AND MOISTURE FLUX ALONG IT. THE INCREASED
MOISTURE...COUPLED WITH THE STRONG MID LEVEL LIFT...SUPPORTS A
SWATH OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES QPF EXTENDING FROM NORTHWEST ND INTO
NORTHEAST NE.

THE SECOND SHORT WAVE CROSSES WESTERN MT AND NORTHERN WY LATE IN
THE PERIOD. WHILE THE LIFT IS STRONG WITH THE SHORT
WAVE...MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN IS FAIRLY SCANT (AS PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES REMAINS BELOW 0.25 INCHES). UPSLOPE FLOW ADDS SOME
MOISTURE TO THE COLUMN...SO THAT AXES OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF
QPF WERE PLACED ALONG THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS FRONT RANGE IN MT...AS
WELL AS THE GRAND TETONS IN WY.


...SOUTHWEST/SOUTHERN PLAINS...

THE CLOSED LOW OVER EASTERN CA AND WESTERN NV EARLY ON DAY 1
FINALLY WEAKENS AND OPENS UP AS A LONG WAVE TROUGH THAT CROSSES
THE SOUTHWEST AND AND SOUTHERN PLAINS BY THE END OF DAY 1. THERE
IS FAIRLY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE CLOSED LOW CROSSING
THE SOUTHWEST STATES AND OPENING UP AND CROSSING THE SOUTHERN
PLAINS (THE 00Z NAM APPEARS TO BE TOO FAST WITH THIS TRANSITION
AND MOVEMENT...AND WAS NOT FACTORED INTO THE WPC QPF). GIVEN THE
REASONABLY GOOD AGREEMENT... THE WPC QPF WAS BASE ON A BLEND OF
THE 00Z GFS/12Z ECMWF...WITH SOME 21Z SREF MEAN USED TO BETTER
DELINEATE HIGHER TERRAIN QPF ACROSS AZ/NM.

THE CLOSED LOW WEAKENS AS IT CROSSES THE SOUTHWEST STATES DURING
THE FIRST PART OF DAY 1. INITIALLY...THERE IS A SOURCE OF MOISTURE
FROM THE SEA OF CA...BUT THIS ERODES QUICKLY AS THE MID LEVEL
SYSTEM OPENS UP AND MOVES EAST. THE ADDED MOISTURE...LOCAL UPSLOPE
FLOW (AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY...DRIVEN BY STEEPENING MID LEVEL
LAPSE RATES) RESULTS IN LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS
EASTERN AZ AND WEST CENTRAL NM...WHICH ARE SURROUNDED BY A MUCH
LARGER AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EASTERN AZ AND
MUCH OF NORTHERN AND CENTRAL NM.

FURTHER EAST...THE LOW LEVEL FLOW BACKS AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH ACROSS CENTRAL AND EASTERN TX. THE FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75 TO
1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES INTO THIS AREA. THE
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE...LIFT FROM THE LONG WAVE...AND RESIDUAL
MID LEVEL INSTABILITY PRODUCES AN XIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF
ACROSS CENTRAL AND EASTERN TX.



DAYS 2/3...

...LOWER SOUTHERN PLAINS TO THE SOUTHEAST AND MID ATLANTIC...

THE CLOSED LOW PRESENTLY CENTERED OVER THE SOUTHWEST SHOULD
CONTINUE TO WEAKEN DURING THE DAY ON WED AS IT TRACKS FROM ERN
TEXAS TO THE CNTRL MID-ATLANTIC COAST BY THU MORNING. THE
SHORTWAVE WILL BE ACCOMPANIED BY A STRENGTHENING SURFACE LOW
EXPECTED TO DEVELOP ALONG A FRONT SITUATED IN THE GULF OF MEXICO
WITH THE LOW TRACKING THROUGH NRN FLORIDA WED NIGHT. AS THE LOW
DEEPENS...A RELATIVELY NARROW AXIS OF PRECIPITABLE WATER IS
EXPECTED TO DEVELOP WITH VALUES OF 1.50 TO 1.75 INCHES AND 850 MB
FLOW OF 50-60 KTS FROM THE SOUTHWEST WHICH WILL ADVECT THE
MOISTURE RAPIDLY NWD WITH A 6-12 HOUR PERIOD OF MODERATE RAIN WITH
EMBEDDED HEAVIER ELEMENTS.

ALONG NRN PORTIONS OF THE GULF COAST STATES...WELL WITHIN THE COLD
SECTOR...CONVERGENCE ALOFT ALONG THE 850 MB FRONT WILL COINCIDE
REASONABLY WELL WITH A WELL DEFINED UPPER JET ENTRANCE/EXIT REGION
COUPLET. THIS AREA OF ENHANCED LIFT WILL TRACK FROM THE LOWER
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY TO ERN NORTH CAROLINA WITH WINTRY PRECIPITATION
TYPES ON THE NORTHERN END OF THE PRECIPITATION SHIELD. TO THE
SOUTH...INSTABILITY WILL BE CONFINED TO NEAR THE GULF COAST BUT
STRONG ISENTROPIC LIFT WILL ALLOW FOR LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL RATES
GIVEN MOISTURE AVAILABILITY. THE PROGRESSIVE NATURE OF THE SYSTEM
SHOULD PRECLUDE AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS FROM EXCEEDING 2 INCHES WITH
LOCATIONS FROM THE FLORIDA PANHANDLE INTO SRN GEORGIA AND COASTAL
SOUTH CAROLINA FORECAST TO LIKELY SEE THE HEAVIEST RAINFALL.

THE ECMWF/UKMET WERE CONSIDERED MOST LIKELY TO VERIFY GIVEN THE
00Z GFS APPEARED FLATTER THAN THE CONSENSUS...WHILE THE 00Z NAM
WAS A STRONG DETERMINISTIC OUTLIER ALOFT. REFER TO THE WPC WINTER
WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR DETAILS CONCERNING THE POTENTIAL FOR SNOW/ICE
ACCUMULATIONS ALONG THE NORTHERN EDGE OF THE PRECIPITATION SHIELD.

...NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES...

PERSISTENT NORTHWESTERLY FLOW IS EXPECTED TO PROVIDE THE AVENUE
FOR MULTIPLE LOW AMPLITUDE SHORTWAVES TO DROP THROUGH THE
REGION...PRODUCING MAINLY LIGHT AMOUNTS. OROGRAPHIC ENHANCEMENT
CAN BE EXPECTED TO RESULT IN LOCALLY HIGHER PRECIPITATION TOTALS
WITH WPC FOLLOWING CLOSE TO A 00Z GFS/ECMWF BLEND.

...NORTHERN PLAINS TO THE MID MO VALLEY...

A LOW AMPLITUDE SHORTWAVE AND ATTENDANT WEAK SURFACE LOW ARE
EXPECTED TO HELP PAINT A STRIPE OF MAINLY LIGHT AMOUNTS FROM THE
DAKOTAS SEWD INTO IOWA/NRN MISSOURI ON WED.  WPC FOLLOWED AN AXIS
IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NRN/SRN CAMPS AS SEEN IN THE 00Z MODEL
SUITE...BUT AWAY FROM THE NAM GIVEN ITS NWD-PLACED SURFACE LOW WAS
NOT SUPPORTED BY THE REMAINING MODELS.

...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...

AN UPPER RIDGE CENTERED ACROSS THE EASTERN PACIFIC/WESTERN N
AMERICA IS EXPECTED TO BUCKLE AHEAD A WELL-DEFINED SHORTWAVE
DROPPING SOUTHEAST OUT OF THE GULF OF AK TOWARD THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST LATE ON THU.  HEIGHT FALLS AND AN INCREASINGLY ONSHORE
LOW LEVEL FLOW COMPONENT BECOMING MORE PERPENDICULAR TO THE
COASTLINE IS EXPECTED. WIND SPEEDS ARE RELATIVELY WEAK WITH THIS
SYSTEM AND WPC FOLLOWED A BLEND TOWARD THE MIDDLE OF THE LATEST
MODEL SPREAD...CLOSE TO A GFS/ECMWF COMPROMISE.

HAYES/OTTO


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 550096 549090 546084 541076 536069 529061 524054 518045
      514038 506032 494016 482002 474996 468990 463984 457976
      444961 437954 433952 428951 422950 419952 416956 415962
      414967 412975 414980 417992 419996 421000 424004 425007
      425011 425019 426025 432023 440017 446025 450032 452035
      453037 452039 448036 444033 440035 436035 434037 434041
      439049 441054 443059 443063 441066 436065 435061 432059
      428060 425056 420055 416057 410063 401066 405074 409076
      415076 417073 414070 415067 418066 421069 426070 433078
      444079 447085 450088 452088 452092 449093 433094 426089
      427092 429097 424110 441115 445119 451120 455121 460123
      468126 472129 474136 479145 482149 485151 488151 494152
      501160 507167 506174 507179 511183 514185 520187 523190
      535194 538193 541188 542183 542176 538164 536161 535157
      535152 534147 535140 535136 534132 534123 534118 538118
      543115 547110 549107 549102 550096
 0.01 504241 503239 501235 500234 498231 497228 496223 494225
      495228 496231 497234 499237 501239 502241 504241
 0.01 495257 494250 491245 484235 478233 472233 467232 462233
      451235 448236 446238 445240 446243 452246 458248 469247
      476256 479257 481254 481249 484248 493257 495257
 0.01 506094 504089 502088 498082 490074 487068 484065 479059
      476054 473049 470046 467043 463043 461045 460047 461049
      468060 470066 472071 478082 483087 486090 491094 494097
      497097 506094
 0.01 485658 484653 480651 473649 465650 457652 453653 451656
      447655 442655 436662 428665 422667 418666 414667 411666
      404665 395666 388669 382674 372683 366689 360696 356698
      351700 348705 338717 325727 316737 308748 302762 297779
      294801 293809 290815 288823 285831 279838 277845 273879
      269886 269896 269919 267930 264939 255949 252955 250964
      249969 251972 256973 258976 261979 262984 262993 266999
      271003 274003 278002 280001 284998 290993 293992 297994
      300998 302003 301015 304032 308040 307045 308048 308054
      306058 306065 304068 303080 306083 310084 312093 315100
      313107 311110 311114 315118 323118 335120 339122 341125
      342127 345125 346120 350121 359124 366127 370130 371134
      372138 374142 377142 378137 379127 376120 374110 375107
      377104 379103 382098 380089 381083 383080 388080 393079
      394075 392071 391068 388069 385071 382072 379066 372060
      370057 372055 381056 379051 371050 362048 352047 360014
      362007 361999 360993 359989 355981 354973 348933 346923
      345915 344910 343905 342897 338886 334880 329876 323870
      325865 328861 333855 347849 353845 358840 362832 365822
      367815 367813 365812 365809 364792 374781 378764 382743
      388739 396736 408726 412719 422716 430714 438710 451704
      465695 467692 467685 467682 468679 470676 478674 480673
      482670 484663 485658
 0.01 494784 492763 488748 486741 483738 480739 478737 471738
      453753 447741 444737 438738 435739 433742 431748 430754
      429762 427768 425771 422772 417774 413779 403785 400788
      398786 393789 376801 372804 372807 371814 375817 379814
      386805 390801 393801 397802 403804 406809 407813 410814
      410823 411827 413830 414837 412845 409852 408859 410861
      410865 413869 428884 435896 438902 444902 449904 453908
      458911 462910 467905 469899 473893 475887 478875 482859
      485845 486837 486827 487819 489811 492800 494784
 0.01 482214 481211 477212 474213 470215 468217 465219 463218
      459219 457222 460223 464221 468220 471218 475217 478216
      482214 482214
 0.01 345008 344991 341973 341960 339958 336959 335967 335975
      336984 335994 335999 334001 333011 331019 329026 329036
      332041 339040 341038 341033 339028 340019 343013 345008
 0.25 520162 518159 515155 512152 509148 506145 503142 500142
      498144 501148 504150 509154 512157 515160 518162 520162
 0.25 509063 507062 507063 509063 509063
 0.25 494140 492139 492137 491136 489137 490138 492140 494141
      494140
 0.25 437693 435691 434687 432686 428687 426688 423689 420692
      419695 421697 423699 426700 428701 432699 433698 435695
      437693
 0.25 413689 413685 412682 409680 406678 401679 384687 379693
      373701 368706 360710 353715 348723 338736 328748 319761
      309775 304782 303791 303802 307809 312814 319815 327809
      333804 344794 356780 356769 358761 363753 366745 371738
      377733 381730 383727 389721 401711 413689
 0.25 374071 375069 375068 373066 371065 371066 373068 374071
      374071
 0.25 361069 362067 360066 359066 357067 358069 360070 361069
 0.25 357082 357078 355073 352071 348068 342068 339067 337069
      337071 339076 343078 345081 350083 353084 355085 357082
 0.25 347099 348094 348090 346088 344087 341086 339087 337089
      335093 334097 335101 336104 337106 341107 343107 345105
      347101 347099
 0.25 325971 326960 326949 324941 323937 319935 315936 313939
      314947 315958 316967 316977 317982 319984 323979 325971
 0.25 293889 293882 292877 292874 290872 289877 287880 285884
      284889 282900 281910 282923 283928 285925 288916 290906
      292895 293889
 0.50 387710 386707 385706 384706 383706 381707 380709 380710
      379711 380712 380713 382714 384713 385712 387710
 0.50 381716 378715 377712 373713 364719 358723 355727 352731
      348734 343737 340742 334750 321767 314776 309786 308792
      309797 310799 315801 321800 329793 336785 347766 358747
      363736 366732 371729 375726 378723 381716
 0.50 342098 343096 342094 340094 338094 337095 338097 340098
      341099 342098

24HR QP VT 26/12Z
 0.01 464622 480624 487629 490631 494637 497645 501657 501664
      500669 495679 482691 474696 471702 470709 463725 459751
      458755 456759 451765 447764 444761 438761 434764 428761
      426757 427752 429747 431742 432739 435739 440737 440732
      437730 431731 429733 427730 430726 435724 440721 444715
      446712 451710 454706 453704 449705 441704 433702 426698
      419692 414684 409677 406674 402671 394668 387663 385662
      384658 386654 391649 396644
 0.01 519274 521266 522256 521248 519242 514228 511222 507216
      502190 493184 482173 474168 468166 464166 463168 458172
      456172 453170 453161 449158 437155 434154 432159 429160
      425158 420156 418161 419168 418173 419178 421185 423188
      426187 428190 434196 440205 445207 449203 453199 458198
      460196 463197 467204 461204 457207 453210 449212 443213
      439215 432227 430236 429241 431243 432246 439249 444249
      448251 455253 458253 462254 467260 469266 470271 471274
      470279 469286 470290 469295 469306 470312 472318 479321
      486318 491316 495318 496316 505305 511292 515283 519274
 0.01 532173 529160 521151 510143 505140 503139 501134 498130
      499123 497118 499113 503106 505098 505096 502095 498099
      491111 486113 482118 480118 479114 478109 480105 487096
      485090 482085 468080 461066 459059 458054 460048 471056
      474059 478057 473043 472041 474039 477039 482038 484037
      485031 487023 485014 482004 472994 468987 463983 454976
      449973 445969 440956 435943 433936 430928 426919 425915
      424909 420902 419898 419893 423880 425876 424873 418872
      414872 412869 410863 406857 401857 397861 394866 389872
      387876 382893 374904 366916 364922 362932 365943 368951
      367961 368965 366968 366975 369981 376981 380977 384970
      386968 388967 389977 391981 394984 397984 400982 409982
      412984 413989 417999 421005 423013 425015 423019 418021
      404021 401023 398022 391018 387017 385015 376014 363018
      359018 355017 352019 349023 349027 350035 350044 350048
      352051 354055 357057 362057 366058 366061 374072 374078
      375082 377083 379080 402083 406083 407089 407094 406097
      406100 407103 410106 411103 415097 416094 419094 425096
      428098 427102 423105 421108 420113 422114 425114 431116
      434116 438115 445119 448121 453123 453127 452129 450132
      453139 458144 464156 466158 469157 470155 473155 475157
      480158 483157 487157 491158 494161 500158 506157 510157
      513160 517165 519168 522169 528175 530176 532173
 0.01 474860 474858 474857 472855 472853 470853 468853 468856
      468858 469861 470861 472863 474860 474860
 0.01 454811 453804 451799 449797 446793 444795 442798 441805
      440808 440815 442818 446822 448824 450821 451814 454811
      454811
 0.01 437047 437045 436044 434043 433044 433047 434048 436048
      437047
 0.01 427037 426036 424035 422035 422036 422038 424039 426039
      427037
 0.01 389711 388700 386686 384679 382674 377668 374662 370663
      360668 355671 352674 344681 332691 329700 325708 320715
      317720 316726 313738 310746 303762 301771 297779 295783
      292786 286795 273809 268814 262820 258828 254834 248843
      243852 242864 240867 242871 254881 256883 258884 258886
      254893 251899 250904 250917 249930 246941 246962 248970
      252978 260984 263984 269980 274978 277975 281974 285972
      292968 294966 300965 307968 310978 314989 317995 320999
      324999 328997 330993 330986 335966 342949 349927 353916
      354903 354892 357883 361874 363871 364865 365858 366852
      370840 371835 372830 376821 389787 388773 385761 386747
      387733 389711
 0.01 383070 382067 382065 382062 381059 379057 375057 372056
      370057 370059 371062 375064 376066 378067 380069 383070
 0.25 505289 507284 507278 504270 501262 497255 491250 489249
      487254 487261 489264 491267 495274 499282 499285 501289
      505289
 0.25 488655 486646 484643 480639 476636 469633 455633 449633
      446636 444640 442648 441652 443659 447664 448667 447672
      442674 440675 438680 440684 443686 451686 457685 464682
      472680 478673 487660 488655
 0.25 487218 485216 483216 482215 480215 479216 480216 481219
      483219 484219 485219 487218 487218
 0.25 481244 481242 480239 479236 478236 477235 476234 474234
      472236 472237 473239 474239 475240 476242 476243 478244
      479245 481245 481244
 0.25 490142 491140 490139 489137 488136 487135 486133 484132
      483131 481130 479130 478132 479133 481135 482135 484136
      486137 487139 489140 490142 490142
 0.25 477217 473215 470217 466217 462218 457218 454220 452220
      457222 462224 466224 469220 472218 476217 477217
 0.25 469243 469240 469238 468237 467236 465235 464236 463236
      462237 461238 461240 463241 464242 466243 468243 469243
 0.25 448224 449222 448221 447220 445221 446223 447224 448224
      448224
 0.25 449075 448073 446071 445070 444070 443069 441069 440069
      440070 439071 439072 441072 443074 444075 446076 448076
      449075
 0.25 426063 424058 421060 419058 409053 405051 399047 394045
      388047 385047 378045 376046 375049 379053 390054 392056
      392061 390068 393068 399071 399074 402075 404074 408075
      413073 417068 419066 422066 426063
 0.25 430971 431967 431962 428956 423944 421938 417932 409925
      405922 400918 396921 394929 395935 398942 407948 414957
      421966 425970 427971 430971
 0.25 377714 377706 376696 373686 370681 365681 361683 355688
      345697 341702 338707 332718 329724 325732 320746 315757
      310769 304782 297795 293807 291813 287818 282821 279824
      277828 279832 280837 277842 275848 275857 276862 276867
      277875 279884 279895 279905 281912 282919 285925 289931
      294933 301935 311936 315938 317940 319947 320953 322961
      326962 328960 330956 336942 341928 344913 347897 348877
      350859 351853 354846 359834 365818 369804 372789 374774
      375735 376725 377714
 0.25 362049 362047 362046 360046 358047 358048 357049 358050
      360051 361049 362049
 0.50 407058 406056 404055 402055 400055 402057 403058 404059
      405060 407058
 0.50 369709 368704 365697 361695 358697 352701 346705 339713
      334722 330732 325744 320754 316764 312775 307786 302798
      299808 297813 293816 290820 288823 287826 289828 290831
      289833 286838 284842 282848 283856 284863 284871 285882
      284890 285898 288901 289908 292918 296922 303924 308923
      314920 317919 324919 330917 333914 339901 342886 342873
      344862 347846 350833 359814 362808 363803 366786 367773
      368759 369744 369727 369709
 0.50 337926 338919 336917 334921 332926 330929 328933 327939
      328944 330941 332936 335932 337928 337926
 1.00 355726 354721 352717 348715 344717 341721 338726 333734
      326751 318770 311787 308796 307802 306810 303818 298825
      293834 291838 290845 292857 291868 293893 295895 296901
      297910 299914 301911 305908 307903 309894 312884 315881
      321880 324875 325870 327860 334854 332839 336828 344812
      345802 348789 348783 350778 353769 355758 356751 355744
      355726
 1.50 344728 344724 342724 338729 335734 334739 329748 320772
      316785 314794 312803 311810 308816 300830 297836 296843
      297847 297852 298858 298863 297871 297875 301874 304866
      308861 316850 320845 323836 329823 332816 334806 335799
      338793 340785 341775 343759 341750 342742 343734 344728
 2.00 337754 337749 335746 332750 329755 327762 326768 323773
      321778 323782 326782 327779 329773 332767 334762 336756
      337754
 2.00 333790 335788 335787 334786 333787 331787 330788 330790
      331790 333790
 2.00 326814 324804 320803 318804 317806 314815 309822 305829
      302833 302838 303841 303846 307850 311848 313843 317836
      321827 325819 326814

24HR QP VT 27/12Z
 0.01 530216 528209 528205 529201 525192 523184 525179 527176
      528173 528169 524168 521162 517156 503147 504149 503156
      500158 498156 494147 489137 487136 486143 487148 483147
      475146 473146 470148 468149 466147 463143 464132 458130
      454130 452132 452135 454139 454143 452145 449143 442135
      439133 436135 429155 426152 424148 424141 425136 427130
      429128 434121 438118 441116 445117 448119 452117 454115
      453112 450110 448107 449103 453103 453098 450096 443090
      440088 437089 434091 431089 429087 425086 424091 426095
      428099 427103 424103 419102 416098 413094 416090 414087
      410089 409089 406093 405098 403100 401104 398106 393107
      389106 386102 387096 389091 392091 392098 395099 397097
      398091 400087 404079 408075 411074 413073 414071 415067
      418056 418050 420044 423043 424039 419034 411033 407032
      405030 398024 395018 392013 389013 386011 382010 379008
      374007 365007 362009 357009 351008 347006 340002 334003
      327005 318009 300012 287007 277006 273005 271002 265997
      258995 252995 250998 251002 255003 260008 263013 265016
      270018 276022 282022 285024 295029 309039 320046 325051
      328059 332060 335064 338071 338078 339080 344085 348091
      351095 352099 355110 357118 359120 363121 368122 370120
      375112 377110 380112 381114 379117 377123 377128 379128
      382126 385124 390123 398120 399125 407127 409123 411122
      413125 416127 416131 409137 406135 402134 399134 397136
      393139 387138 383139 382143 387157 389163 391167 394169
      397171 402172 411174 413176 412178 410184 409185 410190
      412197 414205 418208 418212 413217 409225 405230 402233
      400238 400246 403249 423256 436257 452256 459257 464257
      468259 475263 481268 484271 488273 494280 501287 507289
      512289 515280 518271 517266 519259 522248 522237 524227
      525221 527219 530216
 0.01 483194 480188 477185 472184 468187 466189 463192 460195
      459198 462200 467199 470199 474198 479198 481195 483194
 0.01 436206 436204 435201 435198 434196 433194 431193 429192
      428192 426194 426196 427199 427201 426203 428206 429206
      429207 431209 432209 434208 434207 436206
 0.01 439173 437171 436171 435172 435174 437175 439173
 0.01 428663 428658 426655 421651 413649 410649 407648 395659
      383671 372680 360690 334710 328714 325717 323721 315732
      297759 283756 279756 277758 273760 271763 265769 260776
      254789 253804 251806 247808 243813 239821 239833 240838
      242836 245837 242841 239846 237854 238859 240860 248862
      257863 261861 264858 268853 274847 283838 287831 291825
      295817 299811 306796 310791 313788 318788 323788 324793
      332792 339797 344792 349787 358783 360781 364780 372783
      378785 381782 382779 387760 390751 394745 397738 399730
      401721 404713 407704 409700 412697 418695 420687 425676
      428663
 0.01 437868 422869 415870 413872 411871 411865 414845 417835
      417831 419827 420819 421815 420812 417803 418794 418783
      418769 419766 418758 417755 415750 411746 409744 407747
      400760 395779 392782 388783 385784 382786 378791 373792
      371795 367800 362805 355810 351817 346823 343829 341837
      341843 343845 343850 345853 347853 350849 353847 357841
      362834 364832 367832 369833 373831 376832 376834 375839
      375849 377858 381859 384858 386858 387861 385865 382873
      381877 381882 378889 375897 371902 367909 353918 349924
      344928 333935 330938 330941 336943 346943 352938 358933
      360932 362934 363936 366943 374943 383943 386940 389940
      395936 398927 397916 394910 393906 394903 397894 400886
      402883 405882 409874 410872 412872 413875 416877 418875
      421879 423879 437868
 0.01 295891 295887 293887 291889 289889 287891 286895 284897
      283900 284902 288902 289900 291898 293895 293893 295891
 0.01 254824 255820 255816 252816 252818 250821 249824 248827
      247830 246833 248833 250830 251828 253826 254824
 0.25 502278 503272 504266 502258 500249 496242 493235 490233
      486232 471228 472226 476225 479225 483226 487228 490231
      494231 493228 491219 486213 480208 477206 474206 448214
      436218 430220 427221 425224 428230 433231 438233 436234
      430237 426241 425244 429246 438248 445248 459247 466247
      469247 474249 479253 484258 494271 502278
 0.25 462181 463176 459175 454175 452178 448182 445184 444187
      446192 450195 452195 454191 457187 460184 462181
 0.25 448231 447230 445230 443230 442231 440231 440232 441233
      443232 445233 447232 448231
 0.25 420157 420156 418155 418156 417158 418159 419159 420157
      420157
 0.25 393699 393692 389688 383689 379692 369699 361706 354712
      346719 328731 321739 314746 302764 296771 293776 288778
      285779 281778 276780 273785 274793 275795 272801 268810
      260830 257834 255840 257842 260843 264840 272833 278826
      284818 290810 296801 302793 312775 318767 326758 332752
      338750 342753 348754 352756 355757 359756 364753 368750
      371746 378738 385730 388725 390720 393699
 0.25 380051 380048 377046 373041 369038 365041 361045 355047
      353047 351051 349057 350060 354061 359060 365057 368054
      374052 380051
 0.50 496262 496257 495254 494252 492249 492245 490242 488241
      486241 483242 482245 483247 485251 487254 488256 489258
      492261 494263 496262
 0.50 485222 475212 469215 466217 461217 454217 447219 443220
      440222 438226 442228 449228 453226 456226 460227 459232
      452235 446237 442239 444240 451242 455242 459241 467240
      468239 465235 463232 465226 467222 471221 476219 479221
      484222 485222
 0.50 381718 378712 375709 371710 366714 361721 358727 360730
      358734 355739 356742 360741 362739 363733 361731 363730
      368728 374725 380720 381718
 0.50 361056 359054 358054 356055 355055 356056 357057 359057
      361056
 0.50 333739 334735 331733 327737 321745 315753 309760 303768
      301773 300779 304778 308775 314768 321759 326751 331743
      333739
 0.50 296790 295787 293787 289791 282794 277801 273809 270816
      266825 267829 271828 278821 282815 287808 290801 292796
      295792 296790
 1.00 282806 282805 280805 280804 280805 278806 277807 276809
      275811 276813 277814 278813 279812 280811 280810 281809
      282807 282806

$$





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