Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 122052
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
451 PM EDT SAT APR 12 2014


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID APR 13/0000 UTC THRU APR 16/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

A WIDESPREAD HEAVY PRECIPITATION EVENT WILL CONTINUE TO DEVELOP
DAY 1 AHEAD OF THE AMPLIFYING UPPER TROF ACROSS THE MID SECTION OF
THE NATION---WITH THE LATEST MODEL GUIDANCE IN FAIRLY GOOD
AGREEMENT DURING THIS PERIOD WITH THE EVOLUTION OF THE MULTI
STREAM OF SHORTWAVES ROTATING THROUGH THIS AMPLIFYING UPPER TROF
AND THE ASSOCIATED SURFACE FEATURES.

CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE LEE OF THE CENTRAL ROCKIES/CENTRAL HIGH
PLAINS

THE SURFACE FRONTAL BOUNDARY BEGINNING TO PUSH SOUTHWARD IN THE
LEE OF THE NORTHERN ROCKIES AND THROUGH THE NORTHERN TO CENTRAL
PLAINS WILL CONTINUE TO PRESS QUICKLY SOUTHWARD TONIGHT INTO
SUNDAY INTO THE LEE OF THE CENTRAL ROCKIES---THROUGH THE CENTRAL
PLAINS AND TOWARD THE SOUTHERN PLAINS.  LARGE SCALE UVVS AHEAD OF
THE STRONG HEIGHT FALLS DIGGING SOUTHEASTWARD FROM THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES INTO THE GREAT BASIN---COMBINED WITH POST FRONTAL UPSLOPE
FLOW IN THE WAKE OF THE SOUTHWARD SURGING FRONT ACROSS THE MID
SECTION OF THE NATION WILL SUPPORT EARLY SPRING HEAVY SNOWS ACROSS
THE CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE LEE OF THE CENTRAL ROCKIES/CENTRAL
HIGH PLAINS.  A BLEND OF THE ECMWF--GFS AND IN HOUSE PSEUDO BIAS
CORRECTED ENSEMBLE MEAN USED FOR QPF DETAILS DAY 1.  SEE THE
LATEST QPFHSD FOR FURTHER WINTER WEATHER DETAILS.

LOWER MO RIVER VALLEY---MID TO UPPER MS VALLEY--GREAT LAKES INTO
FAR NORTHERN NY/NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND

TO THE EAST NORTHEAST OF THE HEAVY SNOW THREAT REGION---A HEAVY TO
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL THREAT WILL BE INCREASING IN THE VICINITY OF
THE STRENGTHENING FRONTAL BOUNDARY FORECAST TO BECOME STATIONARY
AND STRETCH FROM PORTIONS OF THE CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE MID TO
UPPER MS VALLEY---GREAT LAKES---NORTHERN NY INTO NEW ENGLAND.  THE
OVERALL AMPLIFICATION OF THE UPPER TROF ACROSS THE MID SECTION OF
THE NATION---WITH EMBEDDED SHORTWAVE IN SEVERAL STREAMS--- WILL
LEAD TO STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY TO WEST SOUTHWESTERLY
INTO THIS FRONTAL BOUNDARY.  THIS WILL INCREASING PW VALUES IN THE
VICINITY OF THIS FRONT---WITH PW ANOMALIES 2 TO 3 STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN EXPECTED TO PERSIST THROUGH THE FORECAST
PERIOD.  THE HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION TOTALS EXPECTED OVER THE
WESTERN PORTION OF THIS REGION FROM THE LOWER MO VALLEY INTO THE
MID TO UPPER MS VALLEY WHERE VERY FAVORABLE COUPLED UPPER JET
DYNAMICS ALONG THIS PORTION OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY/ANOMALOUS PW
AXIS WILL SUPPORT POTENTIAL FOR HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
AMOUNTS THIS PERIOD.  PRECIPITATION EXPECTED TO COME IN SEVERAL
WAVES---WITH ADDITIONAL CONVECTION LIKELY TO FORM IN THE WAKE OF
THE CURRENT ACTIVITY OVER WI/MI AHEAD OF SHORTWAVE ENERGY MOVING
NORTHEASTWARD ACROSS IA INTO NORTHERN IL/SOUTHERN WI 0000-1200 UTC
SUNDAY.  THIS WILL BE FOLLOWED BY YET ANOTHER ROUND OF POTENTIAL
CONVECTION AFTER 120O UTC SUN AS ADDITIONAL HEIGHT FALLS EJECT
NORTHEASTWARD ALONG THE AFOREMENTIONED FRONTAL BOUNDARY.  SHORT
TERM PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS OF 1"+ POSSIBLE---WITH POTENTIAL FOR
MORE THAN ONE ROUND OF HEAVY RAINS WITH EACH SHORTWAVE AFFECTING
AREAS IN THE VICINITY OF THIS FRONT.   THE INITIAL AREA OF FRONTAL
PRECIPITATION CURRENTLY AFFECTING PORTIONS OF WI/MI WILL BE
PUSHING DOWNSTREAM ACROSS SOUTHEAST CANADA AND INTO FAR NORTHERN
NY AND NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND.  THIS AREA AND POTENTIAL FOR A SECOND
AREA OF PRECIP TO MOVE OUT OF THE GREAT LAKES DURING SUNDAY WILL
SUPPORT MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS FOR SOUTHEAST CANADA INTO
FAR NORTHER NY AND NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND.  ACCUMULATING LATE SEASON
SNOWS POSSIBLE FOR NORTHERN MAINE.

TOWARD THE END OF DAY 1---CONVECTION MAY BUILD SOUTHWARD INTO THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MS VALLEY IN A REGION OF STRONG BOUNDARY
LAYER CONVERGENCE ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE SOUTHEASTWARD PUSHING
COLD FRONT.  THERE IS NOT A GREAT CONSENSUS FOR QPF AMOUNTS IN
THIS AXIS---WITH AREAL AVERAGE MODERATE AMOUNTS DEPICTED WITH
POTENTIAL FOR LOCALLY HEAVIER TOTALS WHERE CONVECTION BECOMES MORE
ORGANIZED.

DAY 2/3...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

A SHORT WAVE OR OPENING MID LEVEL CLOSED LOW IS EXPECTED TO IMPACT
THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES ON DAY 3. THERE WAS A
FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD CONCERNING THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE...SO
THE QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND...WITH HIGHER WEIGHT
GIVEN THE 12Z ECMWF.

A SHORT WAVE TRACKING EAST FROM 40N 170W WILL CROSS VANCOUVER
ISLAND OR NORTHERN WA LATE ON DAY 3. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE...THE
LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW BRINGS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 0.75
INCHES...AND THE LOW LEVEL FLOW SHOULD FOCUS THE MOISTURE ON THE
HIGHER TERRAIN. THE COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT AND
MOISTURE INJECTED BY THE LOW LEVEL FLOW SHOULD RESULT IN AN AREA
OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS MUCH OF WA. A SMALL AREA OF
0.25 TO 0.05 INCHES OF WAS PLACED OVER THE CASCADES OF WA.

FURTHER EAST...THE MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIR IS NOT AS ROBUST
OVER THE NORTHERN ROCKIES... AS THE SHORT WAVE CROSSES LATE IN THE
DAY. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS EXPECTED TO BE UPSLOPE...AND THE
AVAILABLE MOISTURE SHOULD RESULT IN AREAS OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES
OVER THE BITTERROOTS OF ID AND THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN
MT.


...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHERN PLAINS...

A SHORT WAVE DROPPING INTO THE BOTTOM OF A LONG WAVE TROUGH ACROSS
THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS WILL PROVIDE LIFT FOR QPF ACROSS
THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND SOUTHERN PLAINS ON DAY 2. THERE WAS
GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT (EXCEPT FOR THE 12Z CMC...WHICH WAS
NORTH OF THE  CONSENSUS SHORT WAVE TRACK) WITH THE OVERALL
PATTERN...SO THE QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

A SHORT WAVE DROPPING INTO THE FOUR CORNERS AREA DURING THE FIRST
HALF OF THE DAY WILL CROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS BY THE END OF THE
PERIOD. DEVELOPING UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN
ROCKIES WILL FOCUS THE AVAILABLE MOISTURE ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN
DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE DAY. STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES
CONTRIBUTES TO A CONVECTIVE ELEMENT TO THE PRECIPITATION CHARACTER
...ESPECIALLY ACROSS NM AND NORTH TX. THE COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC
SCALE LIFT AND UPSLOPE FLOW WILL LEAD TO A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO
0.5O INCHES OF QPF SPANNING MUCH OF CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN CO,...AS
WELL AS MUCH OF NORTHERN NM. A LARGER AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES
OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER THE REMAINDER OF CO... NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
NM...AS WELL AS NORTH TX INTO WESTERN AND CENTRAL OK.


...LOWER MS VALLEY/GULF COAST NORTH INTO THE MIDWEST/GREAT LAKES...

MOISTURE STREAMING NORTHWARD OUT OF THE GULF OF MEXICO AHEAD OF A
LONG WAVE TROUGH ACROSS THE CENTRAL UNITED STATES COULD RESULT IN
HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS PORTION OF THE LOWER AND MID MS
VALLEY AND THE GULF COAST NORTH THROUGH THE MIDWEST AND GREAT
LAKES ON DAY 2. THERE WAS SOME MODEL SPREAD CONCERNING HOW THE
NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN STREAMS MERGE INTO THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH...WITH THE 12Z GFS TOO FAST OVERALL. THE 12Z NAM HAD THE
NORTHERN STREAM SYSTEM TOO SLOW...AND THE SOUTHERN STREAM SYSTEM
TOO FAST...WHICH SLOWED THE SURFACE FRONTAL BOUNDARY... MAKING THE
PLACEMENT OF THE QPF FIELD TOO FAR WEST. THE QPF WAS THEREFORE
DERIVED FROM A BLEND OF THE 12Z/00Z ECMWF...WHICH HAVE HAD THE
BEST CONSISTENCY WITH THE LONG WAVE TROUGH.

THE NORTHERN STREAM QPF IS DRIVEN PRIMARILY BY LIFT IN THE RIGHT
REAR QUADRANT OF A 130 KNOT JET STREAK CROSSING ONTARIO INTO
QUEBEC. SURFACE LOW PRESSURE DEEPENS AS IT DEVELOPS ALONG A
FRONTAL BOUNDARY STRETCHING FROM THE LOWER MS VALLEY INTO THE
GREAT LAKES. AHEAD OF THE FRONT... PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR
1.25 INCHES (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL)
ARE TRANSPORTED NORTHEAST ON A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET STREAK.
MODEL SOUNDINGS ALONG THE FRONT FROM IL INTO MI SHOWED MARGINAL
INSTABILITY...STRONG LOW LEVEL VEERING AND A MOIST COLUMN.  THE
COMBINATION OF LIFT...MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO
PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 1.25 TO 2.25 INCHES OF QPF FROM NORTH CENTRAL
IL INTO THE NORTHERN PORTION OF THE LP OF MI. LESSER AMOUNTS
(BETWEEN 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES) WAS PLACED ACROSS MUCH OF THE
MIDWEST...IN DEFERENCE TO THE GENERAL SHOWER AND THUNDERSTORM
ACTIVITY NOT BEING AS CONCENTRATED.

THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE NUMBERS ACROSS PORTIONS OF
NORTHERN IL AND THE LOWER PENINSULA OF MI ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO
1.50 INCHES. GIVEN THAT SOME HEAVY RAIN IS EXPECTED ON DAY 1 IN
THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF THIS AREA...THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR
COULD RESULT IN EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS NORTHEAST IL INTO A
PORTION OF THE LP OF MI...AND SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS ASSIGNED HERE.
A MITIGATING FACTOR COULD BE A PRECIPITATION PHASE CHANGE...AS
COLDER AIR DRAINS INTO IL. IF THE CHANGEOVER FROM RAIN TO SNOW
OCCURS MORE SLOWLY THAN FORECAST...A LARGER PORTION OF NORTHERN IL
MAY NEED TO BE INCLUDED IN THE SLIGHT RISK AREA.

FURTHER SOUTH...A SHORT WAVE CROSSING THE BOTTOM OF THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH IS EXPECTED TO PROVIDE LIFT FOR CONVECTION ACROSS THE LOWER
AND MID MS VALLEY...AS WELL AS THE CENTRAL GULF COAST. AHEAD OF
THE SHORT WAVE...A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW WILL
TRANSPORT 1.50 TO 1.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES (WHICH IS
ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL) INTO LA...MS AND AR.
MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED THE BEST INSTABILITY ACROSS WESTERN AR INTO
WESTERN AND CENTRAL LA...SHIFTING INTO MS BY LATE IN THE PERIOD.
THERE IS A MOIST UNSTABLE FLOW AVAILABLE AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE
AND FRONT...RESULTING IN A FEW WAVES OF CONVECTION. THE CONVECTION
SHOULD PRODUCE A LARGE AREA OF 1 TO 2 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS MUCH OF
THE MID AND LOWER MS VALLEY...AS WELL AS PORTIONS OF WESTERN AL.
THE QPF BULLSEYE...ABOUT 2.25 INCHES...WAS PLACED OVER CENTRAL
MS...WHERE THE BEST CONVECTIVE POTENTIAL LIES LATE. THESE QPF
VALUES ARE BELOW THE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE NUMBERS...SO
NO EXCESSIVE AREA WAS ISSUED.


...SOUTHEAST/MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

THE LONG WAVE TROUGH MOVES EAST ON DAY 3...AND THE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY IS FUNNELED NORTH AHEAD OF IT INTO THE SOUTHEAST...MID
ATLANTIC AND NORTHEAST. A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW
WILL TRANSPORT PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.50 INCHES AS FAR
NORTH AS VA...WITH LESSER VALUES (NEAR 1.25 INCHES) REACHING
NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE BEST INSTABILITY REMAINS CLOSE TO THE
GULF COAST...SO THE HEAVIEST QPF AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED ACROSS THE
EASTERN GULF COAST AND SOUTHEAST STATES.

ONGOING CONVECTION AFFECTS SOUTHERN AL INTO SOUTHWEST GA AND THE
WESTERN FL PANHANDLE EARLY ON DAY 3. THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW WILL
FOCUS THE BEST MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE
CONVECTION...RESULTING IN A LARGE AREA OF 1.50 TO 2.25 INCHES OF
QPF ACROSS THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREA. THE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES ACROSS THIS AREA ARE GENERALLY BETWEEN 3 AND 4
INCHES. WHILE THERE MAY BE SOME LOCAL HEAVY RAIN
ISSUES...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.

FURTHER NORTH...THE LONG WAVE TROUGH AND SURFACE FRONT SHOULD
REMAIN FAIRLY PROGRESSIVE. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES AND
INSTABILITY WANE ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN MID
ATLANTIC...BUT REMAIN ROBUST ENOUGH TO SUPPORT LINE OF SHOWER AND
THUNDERSTORMS FROM SC INTO PA AND NJ. FOR THE MOST PART...BETWEEN
1.00 AND 1.25 INCHES OF QPF IS EXPECTED WITH THE ACTIVITY...AND
THESE VALUES ARE GENERALLY BELOW THE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE NUMBERS. AGAIN...WHILE THERE MAY BE SOME LOCALIZED HEAVY
RAIN ISSUES...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.

FINALLY...ELEVATED CONVECTION IS POSSIBLE AHEAD OF THE NORTHERN
PORTION OF THE FRONT (AND SURFACE WAVE ON IT) ACROSS NEW ENGLAND.
A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET STREAK WILL TRANSPORT PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES NEAR 1.25 INCHES (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL) INTO NEW ENGLAND...FUELING THE ELEVATED
INSTABILITY. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL THAT THE ADIRONDACKS OF
NY AND MUCH OF VT WILL BE IN A SWATH OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF
QPF...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN. FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE NUMBERS IN THIS AREA ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50
INCHES IN THREE HOURS...ESPECIALLY ACROSS VT. SNOW MELT COULD
EXACERBATE THE PROBLEM...SO A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS ASSIGNED TO
EASTERN NY STATE AND MUCH OF VT FOR DAY 3.


ORAVEC/HAYES

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 14/00Z
 0.01 446629 455633 461638 468643 471646 474652 484674 486679
      487687 487694 488702 488727 487738 489748 491763 493773
      499801 501815 505826 507833 509837 516847 519851 524853
      531859 534861 538865 543873 546882 545887 545897 544903
      544910 541920 538928 535938 533945 534953 535957 535965
      535974 533980 533987 531992 528008 521012 514007 511004
      510998 505987 499976 491959 487952 484941 481930 477922
      474915 470905 465878 464871 463867 460867 456879 453890
      450904 447915 443926 436943 434948 433954 432959 432966
      430971 430978 430985 431990 438993 443995 444000 446011
      448017 448025 450039 453049 460074 460079 462085 468093
      475096 477102 476110 476116 477121 476127 473129 469128
      466132 465135 466140 470149 470153 468157 462158 457157
      453157 448155 443146 435140 436133 435126 433123 430125
      426131 421131 418128 413125 408126 405128 403134 405139
      411144 414148 412152 411155 406155 402154 397152 390146
      385145 382143 374138 370134 367131 350119 346112 345105
      345101 345093 348088 350084 354079 358071 357059 357045
      358040 360036 372028 374025 375018 375010 374006 374998
      373993 371988 367984 362982 356981 350975 347969 343973
      336978 332982 328984 320988 311986 311975 308975 305977
      300980 290979 284974 284967 286962 292955 305943 321931
      338920 345915 349912 354911 371907 376904 379900 385893
      392880 403866 413851 418841 420836 420831 419828 414817
      413810 413804 420782 423773 425762 425750 427741 432724
      437702 435697 434690 432677
 0.01 432677 431675 431672 431670 430668 430665 430663 429661
      429658 429656 430653 430651 429649 429648 430646 430644
      430641 431638 431636 432633
 0.01 285806 284798 282794 279792 276790 273791 264792 257795
      253796 253800 254804 256807 260813 264817 273816 278815
      280813 284808 285806
 0.25 528923 527914 527905 525896 523889 520884 515882 512881
      509882 508887 504894 501898 498906 498914 499924 500929
      504937 506942 511946 515947 519943 522938 528926 528923
 0.25 479729 473690 471679 468671 458667 455668 451672 449678
      448686 447700 445705 442709 440712 440717 441726 438741
      437749 437757 439775 436786 432797 430803 429810 429829
      427843 425850 421856 414866 408879 398901 392910 386918
      379927 375942 368953 360962 358968 361972 366972 372972
      379971 385971 391979 391994 392002 395009 396017 396026
      393034 390040 387044 384045 379044 376046 376049 378053
      381057 382061 380065 376067 372064 369062 366063 368068
      373072 376087 382089 388092 397086 406082 410080 415080
      420081 423087 426093 431097 434102 439105 444110 451110
      457109 460109 462105 460099 457094 454089 453082 453075
      452070 445060 442053 440047 441043 443041 443038 441035
      438031 435023 432018 428017 426018 423019 421017 417012
      414008 413002 414989 419975 423961 428947 434934 438921
      446896 452872 456856 459840 468812 472786 475772 477757
      479749 479741 479729
 0.25 357934 355930 353929 348930 336934 326939 317946 313950
      310954 307961 306966 317960 327955 336949 345943 355936
      357934
 0.50 478732 476722 473713 470703 467694 463690 461688 457689
      454693 451701 449708 447711 446717 446726 445735 444743
      443752 444771 442791 438808 432838 430845 427854 424862
      420867 413878 408890 402905 394919 388930 382940 378947
      373952 368959 365965 366967 370968 378968 383966 391967
      401977 403979 407981 410979 412976 423951 429935 435920
      439905 443892 448875 452857 455841 460827 464810 468791
      468782 470775 473761 476744 478732
 0.50 452078 447067 441065 437064 435061 434057 433049 433042
      433038 431036 421032 415030 411033 403042 400045 395047
      390048 383047 380047 379050 383053 388055 390061 390069
      390075 393082 397076 400073 405070 410068 416068 428069
      433067 435069 436073 437086 439093 441101 442103 445102
      448098 450095 448091 445087 446081 451080 452078
 1.00 465727 465720 463714 461710 458712 456717 454722 454727
      454735 456742 458746 460748 462745 463740 464734 465728
      465727
 1.00 460798 460790 455789 452794 451799 449810 447819 445831
      442835 440840 437847 432856 428865 423873 419881 413887
      410897 406907 400922 395931 389940 379952 377954 375959
      378961 382960 390958 395959 397961 406965 410963 413959
      421943 425934 429923 435907 441885 445863 446852 447846
      447838 452831 453827 455821 457807 460798
 1.00 425058 425056 423051 423048 422046 420043 417041 413042
      412045 411049 411050 413053 416054 419055 421056 424058
      425058
 1.50 442861 442856 441852 437856 433865 427875 423884 416892
      412903 403923 398933 393942 390947 389949 390951 395952
      398955 403957 408955 414948 420938 424929 429917 432907
      436894 438883 442861
 2.00 435885 436872 434870 432873 428880 425886 417899 410914
      403929 401937 399945 400949 404951 409947 415941 418935
      425921 429913 431906 435887 435885
 3.00 432888 429889 426895 424900 420906 418912 415918 415922
      417922 421919 424914 427907 429900 431895 432888

24HR QP VT 15/00Z
 0.01 488614 492617 496620 499624 509639 521683 523689 524697
      526702 526707 527723 527736 525746 522759 520770 517780
      490849 479859 477865 475869 473874 470876 460893 454901
      449908 440922 435930 430938 424943 419950 412964 401982
      399985 398990 401001 407008 412013 415015 418019 421027
      429044 431047 429051 425061 419066 414073 412076 409075
      405073 403075 400078 394080 391082 390088 388092 385095
      379096 376089 371086 368086 365090 364094 361098 358101
      350103 344108 340109 339105 341101 340096 338092 339086
      339074 333060 330057 326053 325048 325042 326033 330025
      339010 341006 342000 347991 351985 352983 351981 346981
      342983 336983 329978 324972 321973 319975 312988 310986
      309988 306992 300998 293003 289006 286005 283002 281998
      281993 280990 274989 270988 264987 261985 259983 257978
      257967 257955 257948 258944 264928 265920 266909 267899
      270890 276874 279867 284858 287851 298847 305845 307844
      306842 304839 299831 294824 286822 277821 265815 257812
      251813 248816 243815 241813 241807 243803 249798 257794
      263793 266794 277796 283799 291801 306810 309813 312813
      316812 319810 323805 329800 335795 339792 344792 365788
      376786 385788 394790 401786 406782 415777 422772 429765
      434759 439753 442750 444747 445737 447714 446699 446689
      446678 444667 442662 441657 441643 446628
 0.01 443072 441069 438067 433068 427075 423081 419089 418095
      415099 410097 407100 405102 403104 400103 397101 393101
      393105 394110 389116 388119 393120 398115 406117 415118
      422116 425113 427109 430106 432102 433092 431089 431082
      435075 439074 443072 443072
 0.25 476618 476624 478633 483647 489647 495655 503666 507679
      513691 514700 515707 515724 515733 513741 507763 503777
      499788 493800 487811 483822 477834 467853 461864 455874
      449884 443894 438904 431914 424921 417926 408933 401939
      392947 387949 380950 375951 370954 362962 354969 350971
      345970 339967 335963 334956 331954 328956 320962 313969
      307977 301988 299992 294994 291991 289987 290980 290971
      287959 283956 278954 272954 272947 274935 277924 284904
      289892 292879 297869 300865 304863 313857 318855 326854
      337855 349854 362851 373847 382841 386836 389831 392821
      395815 399811 414798 429783 437775 444764 449755 456743
      459732 461721 457686 454678 453669 452659 451650 454626
 0.25 399053 400047 399043 392038 385034 379029 373024 372020
      367021 359034 352038 347046 342050 338054 343060 350066
      357063 361063 366063 370069 373071 378073 383074 387072
      388066 399054 399053
 0.25 373801 373799 371798 368800 362805 357810 352815 347820
      345823 346829 345832 349831 354826 359821 363816 368811
      371808 372804 373801
 0.50 510723 508710 507702 505693 503689 498689 493696 487705
      480713 476716 473720 470729 466739 462749 457758 453765
      449775 446785 436804 432814 427823 421830 414834 406839
      402841 399840 395842 390846 383852 367863 360867 355868
      352868 343864 335861 328859 322860 313864 306870 303874
      301879 298889 297899 296912 294924 292935 294942 296945
      299949 299954 299962 298967 298970 299973 302973 308966
      311963 314959 322952 329946 336942 341942 343943 343946
      341959 343964 345967 349967 353965 361958 368950 379938
      382935 386936 391939 394940 397938 407925 414917 421911
      429906 435899 454866 464849 468840 474828 477819 482809
      490792 495781 499771 506750 509736 510723
 0.50 470638 467633 462631 459634 458640 457647 458657 460666
      462673 465675 469669 471663 472655 471645 470638
 0.50 372053 372050 369048 367047 363047 362047 358049 357051
      357056 359057 363057 366057 368057 371055 372053
 1.00 495751 495743 494735 493732 491732 487733 483736 479739
      474747 469755 465762 459783 456792 452800 450810 446820
      438836 433843 426850 420856 416864 407880 403890 402900
      404905 407906 417903 424899 429893 439878 448863 458847
      462838 466830 469820 471814 473810 481793 488774 492762
      495751
 1.00 400867 400864 398864 396863 394864 393865 393866 392867
      391870 391872 391873 393873 395872 396871 398869 400867
      400867
 1.00 392892 393890 392889 390889 388890 388893 390893 392893
      392892
 1.00 376889 376884 375881 372877 363883 351887 346885 341881
      324867 316874 313878 310884 307896 305902 306911 306924
      305932 307939 312943 315942 322932 327930 333928 336925
      339919 344921 348923 351928 355923 360914 367904 373896
      376889
 1.00 370936 371932 370928 364929 361931 357930 353930 351936
      352940 351945 349952 348957 350959 352958 356954 359949
      363944 366940 370936
 1.50 484761 485755 483751 479753 477758 474765 472781 469784
      464788 458798 456805 456812 460812 466809 472799 474794
      476787 477780 480774 483768 484761
 1.50 455840 454834 452831 450830 446831 441837 438844 436852
      432859 424872 414882 410889 408896 411897 414896 420892
      425887 430881 438868 446857 450850 454842 455840
 1.50 335902 335897 335893 332890 329887 323884 319885 316888
      313894 311902 312909 314913 316915 323918 328915 333908
      335902
 1.50 314928 314927 312928 310928 309928 310929 312928 314929
      314928
 2.00 446846 446844 445843 444842 442844 441846 441847 439849
      439851 438854 438856 439857 440856 441855 443854 443853
      444851 445851 446848 446847 446846
 2.00 330902 330900 330898 330896 329895 327894 326894 324894
      322895 320896 320898 320900 320902 320905 320907 321907
      322909 323909 324909 326910 328909 329906 329904 329903
      330902

24HR QP VT 16/00Z
 0.01 515658 508646 502634 498630 495629 491632 485634 473637
      459641 428651 424651 419655 410662 392676 368691 346705
      336712 328720 314734 305742 294750 285758 276768 268776
      263784 251801 239824 237831 236837 237845 237849 236854
      236869 237873 235876 235882 236897 235909 235916 237924
      238930 237937 235944 234953 233960 233969 234976 233982
      234995 234001 236007 236012 237017 239018 243016 247014
      248011 250004 253999 261998 265994 268988 270982 274977
      277971 278970 281970 284974 287977 290979 295977 300974
      318957 323953 327949 330943 334939 348921 355911 361904
      371896 381886 388877 391872 396867 407862 412859 419858
      444856 450857 459857 472855 482849 487844 490843 493840
      496836 495826 493819 493812 489796 495788 511768 519757
      527746 530742 532737 538729
 0.01 540189 542160 541151 539146 539140 541124 540110 539104
      539099 537088 507127 504117 502109 502103 500098 498090
      497087 493086 487085 484088 484094 485100 484113 485121
      485125 484128 481127 475124 470118 470105 469098 466096
      464092 461093 457091 452090 448096 444103 443110 443114
      445118 445123 444129 440132 436137 435143 436148 443154
      448150 451148 454150 458151 459155 462163 464167 467169
      471172 473176 477177 480175 482174 483176 484184 483191
      484196 482200 479202 473205 466206 453213 445215 443218
      446223 453224 457224 459228 461231 461237 464244 470262
      477284 478287 478294 476297 475303 475307 478310 481312
      484311 491308 494306 497307 499311 503311 506308 507301
      522267 523252 527242 533219 540189
 0.25 522683 522677 522672 518669 514667 510663 507661 505657
      503649 499647 450667 430680 414691 395707 378722 368729
      362736 349750 310776 301783 296791 289799 287803 289805
      293806 300806 315804 317805 316808 313813 305821 299831
      292837 278849 274853 271857 268863 266869 264875 263882
      261895 262903 266905 271904 274901 277898 280896 281899
      282904 282908 278920 278929 275934 274939 273947 274950
      277951 284949 292942 299937 313924 321917 330909 347895
      355888 361880 373865 378855 386845 393837 403829 421820
      430814 437809 453791 470776 485760 497744 504732 508720
      513707 518695 522683
 0.25 512276 514264 512256 510254 507256 506259 502261 495259
      493262 493266 494277 495286 497289 501292 507289 510281
      512276
 0.25 501152 502150 501149 500147 499147 498146 497145 495144
      493143 492142 490142 490143 490144 490145 491146 492147
      493149 494150 494151 496152 497153 499154 501153 501152
 0.25 488218 487214 486211 484209 482209 479210 477211 475212
      473216 474219 478220 479220 483220 485220 488218
 0.50 512683 503666 500663 495663 492663 488665 482672 478676
      473678 462682 451687 442692 435698 428704 422709 411715
      404721 388734 373745 360755 353763 347770 339777 332784
      330788 329793 329800 328804 319818 308833 302841 294848
      286854 279857 273863 270870 268875 267884 268890 271891
      273890 280885 283884 286885 288889 288901 286911 283922
      281931 279936 279942 283944 287942 294935 299927 304920
      310914 316907 322903 338891 345885 352877 357869 362863
      368856 372850 378840 384832 397819 411807 418801 423795
      430787 437779 453767 469757 476752 481746 494728 503708
      508696 511689 512683
 1.00 481721 481716 477717 472721 468723 464723 461715 460708
      455709 448713 439716 430721 424727 417731 412735 407740
      405744 401748 396746 388746 381751 374756 369761 360772
      345803 342803 338804 334810 325821 320829 316835 305848
      293855 290858 288861 287864 287869 296882 297888 296892
      293904 290911 290918 292922 297920 302917 321890 327885
      334881 338876 341870 343865 341860 335856 332848 332844
      334839 339832 340829 340824 343817 348811 359805 362801
      364798 371792 379787 385783 395774 403769 406769 410772
      416775 424771 428769 431766 435760 444748 447745 453743
      462741 470738 476732 480726 481721
 1.00 360836 358832 357832 353832 351833 348834 346836 346840
      345844 345846 347847 350846 352845 354844 356841 358839
      360836
 1.50 327838 324837 322838 319840 317841 315843 314845 312848
      312852 313854 316855 320855 323853 324851 325846 326844
      326840 327838
 1.50 321866 319861 313859 299860 293862 292866 294870 298880
      299888 299893 298897 297902 295910 297913 299914 301914
      302910 305906 307899 313888 318879 319871 321866
 2.00 311879 311873 308875 307878 305880 302876 303873 301870
      300865 297866 297872 299874 301877 301880 301883 303882
      307885 310882 311879

$$





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