Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 222056
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
456 PM EDT THU SEP 22 2016


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID SEP 23/0000 UTC THRU SEP 26/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

...IOWA / WISCONSIN / ILLINOIS...

FORCING ALONG THE EDGE OF THE CAPPED GREAT PLAINS AIRMASS HAD
GENERATED A VERY HEAVY 2-DAY RAINFALL EVENT OVER THE UPPER
MIDWEST...WITH 48-HOUR TOTALS OF 7 TO 14 INCHES OF RAIN IN SOME
PARTS OF SE MN / NE IA / SW WI. PARTICULARLY HEAVY RAIN FELL SINCE
WEDNESDAY EVENING...WHICH PLACES ADDED IMPORTANCE ON THE EXPECTED
EVOLUTION OF ANY ADDITIONAL PRECIPITATION IN THE SHORT TERM. THE
KEY FEATURE AT THIS TIME WOULD APPEAR TO BE A SHORTWAVE TROUGH
THAT WAS TRACKED COMING OUT OF THE CENTRAL ROCKIES ON
WEDNESDAY...AND WAS PREPARING TO EXIT EASTERN IOWA THIS AFTERNOON.
WARM ADVECTION INTO THE BACK SIDE OF THIS LOW AMPLITUDE WAVE MAY
SUPPORT ADDITIONAL SCATTERED OR NUMEROUS SHOWERS / STORMS THIS
AFTERNOON AND EVENING...ESPECIALLY NEAR THE INSTABILITY GRADIENT
AND COMBINED OUTFLOW BOUNDARIES OR REINFORCED WARM FRONT WHICH HAD
SLIPPED DOWN INTO CENTRAL AND SOUTHEAST IOWA. BASED ON THESE
OBSERVATIONAL TRENDS WPC FAVORED GUIDANCE THAT FOCUSES ADDITIONAL
RAINFALL SOUTH OF HIGHWAY 20 IN IOWA...AND GENERALLY SOUTH OR
DOWNSTREAM - HYDROLOGICALLY - FROM THE AREAS IMPACTED BY HEAVY
RAIN LAST NIGHT. PREFERRED GUIDANCE INCLUDED THE 12Z GFS AND
WRF-ARW. SEVERAL RUNS OF THE HRRR HAVE ALSO SUPPORTED THIS
THINKING...ALTHOUGH CERTAINLY THE LOW LEVEL FLOW ACROSS THE
BOUNDARY MAY YIELD ADDITIONAL LIGHT OR PERHAPS MODERATE RAINFALL
FARTHER NORTH INTO AFFECTED AREAS...WHERE THE PERCENTAGE GOING
INTO SURFACE RUNOFF WOULD BE VERY HIGH. WILL WATCH THIS SITUATION
CAREFULLY...BUT AT THIS TIME A SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
WOULD APPEAR SUFFICIENT TO COVER THE COMBINATION OF VERY LOW FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES BUT RELATIVELY LIGHT ADDITIONAL RAINFALL.

THE MORE ROBUST CONVECTION EXPECTED SOUTH OF HIGHWAY 20 WOULD ALSO
SEEMINGLY NOT POSE AS SIGNIFICANT A THREAT AS THERE HAS BEEN OVER
THE PAST TWO DAYS...GIVEN THAT THE SHORTWAVE WILL EXIT THE
REGION...AND DEEP LAYER ASCENT WILL DECREASE ALONG WITH SLACKENING
FLOW DURING WHAT IS USUALLY THE MORE FAVORABLE TIME FOR PRECIP
EXPANSION DURING THE EVENING.


...WESTERN U.S...

AN IMPRESSIVE GREAT BASIN / ROCKIES STORM WILL CONTINUE TO UNFOLD
THROUGH FRIDAY. NEGATIVE HEIGHT ANOMALIES OF UP TO 3 STANDARD
DEVIATIONS WILL SLIDE EAST WITH THE CENTER OF THE DEVELOPING
CLOSED CIRCULATION. THE SYSTEM REMAINS PROGRESSIVE...BUT THE
PROGRESSION IS EXPECTED TO BE SO SLOW...AND WITH A PIVOT OCCURRING
OVER UTAH...THAT QUITE HEAVY AMOUNTS OF RAIN AND HIGH ELEVATION
SNOW ARE EXPECTED. PRECIPITATION EFFICIENCY IS ENHANCED BY THE
INVOLVEMENT OF ANOMALOUS DEEP LAYER MOISTURE HAVING BEEN PUMPED
INTO THE REGION OUT OF THE SUB-TROPICS PRIOR TO ARRIVAL OF THE
NORTHERN STREAM TROUGH...AND STEEP LAPSE RATES OWING TO THE DEPTH
OF THE TROUGH / STRENGTH OF THE DEEP LAYER LIFT.

THE GFS/ECMWF/UKMET ARE SHOWING GOOD LARGE SCALE AGREEMENT AND RUN
TO RUN CONTINUITY. THE NAM IS ALSO IN LINE WITH CONSENSUS THROUGH
DAY 1...SUCH THAT OUR IN-HOUSE ENSEMBLE TOOL WITH PSEUDO BIAS
CORRECTION SHOULD PERFORM WELL. WPC QPF BEGAN WITH A 40/30/30
BLEND OF THE ENSEMBLE TOOL / 12Z GFS / PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST. ONCE
AGAIN THIS REALLY PRESERVED THE LARGE SCALE SHAPE AND INTENSITY OF
THE FORECAST PRECIPITATION...ALTHOUGH SPOT TOTALS WILL HAVE
CHANGED THROUGH USE OF THE NEW BLEND AND THROUGH DOWNSCALING
(LOWER AREAL-AVERAGE AMOUNTS WITHIN THE VALLEYS AND SOME
ENHANCEMENT ACROSS THE WASATCH-UINTAS AND EASTERN SLOPES OF THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES). AREAL AVERAGE 24-HOUR AMOUNTS ARE FORECAST TO
EXCEED 2 INCHES IN A FEW SPOTS OF FAVORED TERRAIN IN UTAH AND
IDAHO...IN ADDITION TO WHAT HAD ALREADY FALLEN AS OF MIDDAY
THURSDAY.


...ELSEWHERE...

THE QPF BLEND USED IN THE WEST AND MIDWEST...BASED ON OUR IN-HOUSE
ENSEMBLE TOOL...THE 12Z GFS...AND PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST...SERVED
AS A GOOD STARTING POINT FOR ORGANIZED PRECIPITATION AREAS
ENTERING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST...NEW ENGLAND...TEXAS...AND
LINGERING ALONG THE SOUTHERN ATLANTIC COAST AND FLORIDA. TO FILL
IN SOME OF THE DETAILS...PARTICULARLY WHERE LIGHT OR SCATTERED
PRECIPITATION WAS CONCERNED...WE TRUSTED THE DETAIL IN THE
WRF-ARW. THE MOST ORGANIZED AREA OF RAIN WILL AFFECT NORTHERN NEW
YORK AND NEW ENGLAND...ESPECIALLY MAINE...AS NORTHERN STREAM
HEIGHT FALLS ARRIVE COINCIDENT WITH A FETCH OF DEEP LAYER MOISTURE
THAT IS EXITING THE MIDWEST STATES. NUMEROUS MODELS PRODUCE MORE
THAN A HALF INCH AREAL AVERAGE PRECIPITATION OVER MUCH OF CENTRAL
AND NORTHERN MAINE.

DAYS 2 AND 3...

...WEST INTO PLAINS...

AN IMPRESSIVE AMPLIFIED UPPER TROUGH WILL MOVE ACROSS THE ROCKIES
THROUGH THE DAY 2 PERIOD AND ENTER THE PLAINS BY DAY 3...AS AN
ON-GOING LARGE/SYNOPTIC SCALE PRECIPITATION EVENT WILL CONTINUE
INTO DAY 2 AND EVEN INTO DAY 3.  MEANWHILE AT THE MID-LEVELS...A
CLOSED LOW WILL LIFT FROM THE CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE NORTHERN
PLAINS THROUGHOUT DAY 2. PWAT VALUES ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS
WILL BE WELL ABOVE NORMAL--RANGING 1-1.5".  AT THE SURFACE...A LOW
MOVING OUT OF THE CENTRAL ROCKIES WILL LIFT NORTH INTO THE DAKOTAS
BY MIDDAY SATURDAY...AND BY DAY 3/SUNDAY WILL CONTINUE TO PROGRESS
INTO SOUTHERN MANITOBA...WITH A COLD FRONT STRETCHING FROM THIS
PROVINCE INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS.

ON DAY 2/SATURDAY...THE AXIS OF HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION WILL
CONCENTRATE IN THE CENTRAL ROCKIES AS WELL AS IN THE NORTHERN
PLAINS/EASTERN MONTANA DUE TO TROWAL/DEFORMATION ZONE.  CONTINUED
THE MARGINAL RISK FOR DAY 2 ACROSS THE INTERMOUNTAIN WEST/NORTHERN
PLAINS AS LOCALLY HEAVY RAINS FROM NORTHERN UTAH TO EASTERN
MONTANA COULD BE POSSIBLE...ALONG WITH HIGHER ELEVATION SNOW.  BY
DAY 3...HEAVIER RAINFALL EXPECTED WITH PRECIP MOVING INTO THE HIGH
PLAINS AS THE SURFACE LOW LIFTS NORTH INTO CANADA.  RAINFALL
VALUES OVER 2" COULD BE POSSIBLE...WITH THE 12Z GFS/ECMWF AND EVEN
THE 12Z UKMET IN AGREEMENT WITH SHOWING A PRECIP AXIS ALONG
EASTERN MONTANA WITH OVER 2".  THUS INTRODUCED A SLIGHT RISK TO A
SMALL AREA IN EASTERN MONTANA; EXPECT MOST OF THE HEAVIER RAINFALL
ACTIVITY OCCURRING AROUND SATURDAY AFTERNOON/NIGHT. WPC QPF USED A
BLEND OF THOSE MODELS ALONG WITH CONTINUITY FROM PREVIOUS
FORECAST.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS TO THE MID/UPPER MS VALLEY...

AS THE AFOREMENTIONED COLD FRONT PUSHES OUT INTO THE PLAINS...THE
TAIL END OF THE COLD FRONT WILL SLOW AND NEARLY STALLS AS IT
BEGINS MOVING INTO WEST TEXAS AND THE TEXAS PANHANDLE.
HOWEVER...THE PORTION OF THE FRONT ACROSS THE PLAINS WILL PROGRESS
INTO THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY BY THE END OF SATURDAY AND INTO
SUNDAY.  INGREDIENTS ARE RIPE FOR HEAVY RAINFALL AND LOCALIZED
FLASH FLOODING WITH THE FORCING OF THE SURFACE FRONT...ALONG WITH
DEEP SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTING MOISTURE FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO
ACROSS THE PLAINS AND THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.  IN FACT...PWAT
VALUES ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT WILL RANGE FROM 1" ACROSS THE
UPPER/MID MS VALLEY AND 2" ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS. WPC USED
THE 12Z GFS/ECMWF...NOTABLY THE ECMWF WAS A BIT FARTHER SOUTH
ACROSS NORTH AND CENTRAL TEXAS WITH THE AXIS OF HEAVIER
PRECIPITATION DUE IT CLOSING OFF A 500 MB LOW OVER THE SOUTHWEST
AS IT MOVES TOWARD THE SOUTHERN PLAINS.  THE GFS WAS FARTHER NORTH
IN ITS AXIS ACROSS THE MID MS VALLEY AND CENTRAL PLAINS.
THUS...COMPROMISED BETWEEN THE MODELS AND ENDED UP WITH A SWATH OF
1-2" FROM NORTHWEST MISSOURI INTO CENTRAL TEXAS.  EXPANDED THE
SLIGHT RISK TO INCLUDE PORTIONS OF THE MID MS VALLEY/UPPER MIDWEST
AS FFG WILL BE LOWER DUE TO THE ONGOING FLOODING--SO ADDITIONAL
RAINFALL WILL EXACERBATE THE REGION.


BURKE/FANNING

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

24HR QP VT 24/00Z
 0.01 504311 487307 470304 435302 431302 426300 418297 414293
      413290 410285 406281 406272 409262 404258 404253 406248
      412242 418237 427238 433232 431227 426225 425225 428221
      431219 436220 446221 449218 452217 460214 467213 475209
      483206 489205 499208 502211 506213 513220 518226 520226
      520222 519216 516212 513208 512202 512197 514194 518193
      526197 533203 537209 537214 537221 536224 535225 534228
      533229 532230 531231 530232 528232 526232 525233 526235
      527236 529239 529240 530242
 0.01 543095 542082 541069 533049 529040 525031 519014 509996
      498983 472959 458949 455947 450947 445947 441945 439943
      439940 439934 440928 442925 444920 444913 447903 447896
      445890 445884 445876 445865 448853 449848 449843 454835
      453827 454819 456806 458796 463787 474771 477763 481753
      482744 484732 485723 486710 495691 496686 496678 495666
      494657 495652 492635 488627 485625 481623 477622 472623
      464628 456630 450636 445644 442651 438660 435670 433679
      430689 428700 427706 427713 426722 429726 429731 428738
      426741 425746 428748 429754 429761 429775 429784 431788
      432795 433810 435821 424861 420863 417867 414875 414883
      412888 407898 405903 404908 401918 405941 407949 410959
      414968 420973 423975 427974 431971 434968 438966 442968
      443973 445976 446982 444987 439995 436999 434001 432000
      424994 419994 417996 417003 419006 422015 424021 422026
      417031 410035 403039 397046 391050 387053 384053 383051
      379048 374046 371048 365047 358049 350052 343056 334060
      326063 322065 320069 320074 322077 332077 341074 350073
      359073 355078 329098 324106 322110 322116 324120 327122
      336120 346121 349126 351130 354139 358141 363142 374144
      379145 382148 390162 391168 390175 389187 397192 400194
      403193 415182 424179 432174 440173 450174 456172 464166
      470163 474154 479145 482144 487144 492146 495149 498152
      503154 508154 512153 518149 520146 522141 524136 525128
      524122 526116 528110 534110 539103 543095
 0.01 389725 389723 387723 385724 384726 384727 382729 381732
      379734 380736 382738 383738 385735 387735 387733 388730
      388728 389725 389725
 0.01 365764 363760 360760 356753 354747 352744 347736 342733
      338738 333745 327750 306774 303776 298776 290775 285775
      282777 276784 269785 265786 262788 260791 261792 257795
      253796 246800 243807 241810 242814 248819 255822 263824
      271825 281824 286823 289821 299820 307820 318819 321817
      326816 332813 347806 353801 361797 366791 366787 364782
      362771 365764
 0.01 349831 348831 346831 344833 344834 342836 342838 343838
      345840 346838 348835 348833 349831 349831
 0.01 352987 352982 348978 342978 337979 334980 329981 324978
      314966 314963 316960 314949 314928 312932 310928 307918
      306914 304909 299903 296904 295907 291916 288926 285924
      281925 270937 263939 254941 246943 243945 239949 237951
      237957 242962 248966 255970 272975 279978 282978 286979
      291981 289984 291989 293989 297988 301990 306996 308000
      311003 314005 319005 333998 345994 349990 352987
 0.01 322797 319794 315792 311791 308793 305796 302800 302804
      304808 309807 315806 318804 321799 322797
 0.01 326915 324911 323907 321902 317900 313898 309898 308901
      310905 311907 315909 317915 319918 324917 326915
 0.01 289075 288072 284071 276068 271064 267058 256049 251046
      243047 238051 236059 238067 241073 246078 251082 257086
      263090 269094 276096 282095 286089 286085 285081 289075
 0.01 260008 260004 259000 255995 248992 240990 236991 234993
      234998 235001 239007 245011 249016 251019 254021 256019
      257014 260008
 0.25 522267 518258 512250 508246 505245 495242 486241 481239
      477236 472235 468236 464236 460238 453245 454253 453258
      450261 442262 438263 434267 433274 435280 441282 445282
      454282 465286 474287 485290 492292 497295 502297 506297
      511295 512295
 0.25 526079 527067 525060 520056 515053 511048 508040 507031
      508022 507012 505010 502011 495012 489012 482011 476013
      474015 471014 465008 461011 459018 454032 448036 445041
      440044 442050 443053 442058 441060 437060 431062 427067
      426077 421081 416085 412087 406083 404081 403076 400070
      393070 388071 383072 380069 375066 371065 368068 366070
      367074 369082 374095 375096 378096 381094 385094 388099
      389104 389109 385115 383119 383124 390135 394140 397142
      401144 405144 406148 406154 410158 416162 423162 427158
      429157 433158 440161 454163 483113 488111 495110 504109
      509113 513111 520093 521088 523085 526079
 0.25 482652 481641 476636 470634 463638 457645 453650 449657
      446664 445673 444683 445703 442722 437739 437748 436758
      437769 440779 442782 446780 449775 452767 454758 457749
      457740 457734 458730 460727 462730 462736 461740 461744
      462750 464752 467749 470741 473723 478706 479696 481688
      484680 485676 485669 482652
 0.25 436892 436882 436876 434873 431873 430876 427883 424889
      420894 415898 412903 409911 407919 407929 409938 412945
      416950 420950 421948 423945 423940 424930 426923 432909
      433901 436892 436892
 0.25 433054 432048 427048 422046 417048 414050 411054 412061
      416064 419065 423063 426060 429058 432056 433054
 0.25 353771 352765 350762 346759 342758 334761 330764 329768
      329774 332778 334780 334785 333796 337797 342797 348793
      353786 352781 350778 353771
 0.25 285794 283790 278790 274791 272795 274803 269806 264804
      260804 256806 255809 256811 260813 262815 268816 278813
      280813 283810 277805 280805 281802 283797 285794
 0.25 283962 282960 279959 276959 274960 271962 269964 270967
      272969 274970 277970 279969 281967 283964 283962
 0.25 272087 271083 268079 265076 262074 260071 256069 253071
      254076 256079 260082 264084 268087 271088 272087
 0.50 509288 510284 510280 510273 508267 505263 498255 495251
      490247 487247 482248 475253 473254 472257 473262 472270
      474276 478280 484282 493289 498292 504292 509288
 0.50 514079 514075 514069 511065 506055 498045 495041 491037
      486034 483039 481046 478051 475056 473057 471055 472048
      474040 473034 469030 465031 462036 456047 453053 453064
      452066 449066 442067 438071 442074 447075 452074 456070
      458073 458076 458081 456083 452086 447089 443090 438090
      433092 431096 428101 424100 418101 414102 409100 405097
      400102 397104 393109 390114 389118 389122 392127 394133
      397136 403137 409137 416139 421142 427141 436137 438136
      439139 439141 437147 438150 441153 444154 448154 453154
      458152 461147 460140 458135 457127 457118 461114 471110
      478102 486095 496090 501089 507088 514079
 0.50 477663 476651 475645 474641 469641 466642 459648 455655
      453662 451670 450679 450686 450691 453701 452708 448716
      448726 450729 453726 462715 466714 469711 472705 475696
      475687 477677 477666 477663
 0.50 446759 446756 445755 444754 442754 441755 441757 440757
      440760 440762 440764 441767 443767 443766 445764 445761
      446759 446759
 0.50 419156 420154 420152 419149 417148 416149 415149 413150
      412153 413154 415155 415156 416157 418157 419156
 0.50 426909 427904 424900 419901 416903 413907 412917 410924
      409930 410935 414942 416943 418940 418928 421919 424913
      426909
 0.50 377080 376078 376077 375078 376078 377080 377080
 0.50 278797 277795 276797 277797 278797
 1.00 497281 498276 497273 496270 494267 493264 491260 488262
      487264 486268 489270 490273 491276 493279 494281 497281
 1.00 488073 487072 485073 484074 483075 484075 485075 487073
      488073
 1.00 469666 468661 466659 464659 462657 461659 460663 460666
      460671 458674 458677 459681 461682 464680 466678 467676
      468673 469669 469666
 1.00 473086 472083 471083 470082 469083 468084 467085 466087
      466090 467092 469092 471091 472088 473086 473086
 1.00 462097 463094 462092 460092 459094 457095 456096 455098
      456099 458100 460100 461099 462097 462097
 1.00 444118 445113 444110 438111 434114 429112 425110 419110
      412110 409107 398113 398115 401115 401118 401123 400125
      400128 401131 414130 426136 430132 433127 434120 436119
      439121 441121 444118
 1.50 427125 427121 425118 424116 420115 417116 415117 413118
      411119 408121 406123 409125 412126 416126 419127 423127
      425127 427125

24HR QP VT 25/00Z
 0.01 421637 425641 429643 431645 432649 433660 434674 434683
      435693 437710 437718 438723 439726 439741 437758 438762
      437765 437772 436776 436782 435785 435790 432795 430795
      426789 425779 423762 420756 415751 411739 410733 408726
      405720 403715 402705 402697 403690 402682 403674 402666
      402658 403653 405647 408641 421637
 0.01 566049 566031 566024 565018 558999 555990 550982 546976
      542970 532953 527944 524940 521938 517935 514930 508923
      500913 492908 478899 466888 455879 442870 415850 414842
      412835 408824 405821 403822 405834 411854 415856 415863
      415868 412867 411865 407857 405848 402839 398832 393830
      392832 392836 394848 395857 397862 401874 405885 407889
      410893 413896 415901 416906 419912 422914 426914 427909
      428904 444909 452923 455927 452929 445927 439925 433925
      427925 422927 416928 411930 403934 368948 356949 351948
      348952 344958 340958 337955 314936 310928 307923 306918
      304911 301907 297903 293906 290908 286912 281919 278923
      274923 266920 255921 246923 239927 240936 241947 243954
      246961 252965 264976 270978 273980 278987 281991 282993
      280995 279996 275998 275001 275010 272015 271021 271025
      273028 278034 281043 277046 273044 265040 259037 255035
      253036 246036 240041 236045 233049 226056 224062 224065
      226077 229085 235091 243096 252100 260105 268108 276113
      280113 284112 291111 297106 301100 304093 305085 301080
      297079 292081 290082 289079 293075 297067 313058 328049
      333047 337045 339043 341038 341031 344028 351023 353022
      357022 359029 363032 367033 373033 375031 386029 391028
      397029 405035 409040 412044 417050 425050 429052 433051
      435054 434058 433064 431070 428068 428065 426060 424058
      407060 402060 398057 393052 390050 388050 386054 386057
      394077 393082 395085 398088 401093 404099 402106 400111
      398118 400123 403127 408129 414131 420134 426135 429134
      434133 438132 443131 448128 455125 460126 464129 470131
      473134 482141 485145 489147 493151 497155 502155 505153
      508151 508148 506143 493125 492120 491117 493115 495109
      498105 502101 506100 517100 527101 533103 535107 545109
      550112 554113 561084 562082 566049
 0.01 539210 540204 539201 536193 532187 528179 526176 522174
      520172 515171 512170 509167 506164 503162 500163 499166
      497172 496177 498184 502192 504200 506208 509216 511226
      513234 517241 523243 529238 532231 533224 534220 539210
 0.01 534166 533157 530151 527147 524142 520137 516134 514134
      513139 514147 515154 519159 523164 527168 530170 534166
 0.01 490219 486211 482208 478208 470210 461214 456213 453214
      444215 436219 427222 423224 424227 428229 435231 442229
      446228 452229 456231 453233 444235 440238 440241 444241
      449239 456237 462239 467239 472240 476242 479241 480239
      481234 478230 480227 488221 490219
 0.01 470145 468142 465139 460138 455137 453139 450144 452149
      453152 456157 460158 461161 465157 467154 469148 470145
 0.01 452191 451185 452181 453176 454174 453171 451175 448180
      446184 444188 445194 448195 451193 452191
 0.01 451003 448001 444001 443002 439003 436003 434004 431005
      427006 430008 434008 437008 441008 444007 446006 448005
      451003
 0.01 353744 353737 350731 342724 335725 331726 328728 324732
      323738 323743 321745 318750 311757 304767 301773 304780
      308784 303784 294782 280780 264781 259783 254785 250789
      247793 241803 238809 238818 242820 246824 250826 254826
      261823 265820 269821 273821 281819 286823 290826 293830
      294832 293836 294847 294850 291853 284853 278856 275861
      273865 273871 274874 278874 286873 290874 292877 296882
      300885 305887 309884 309878 308859 306856 308853 311848
      317838 324831 335806 345786 349780 350773 350763 352757
      353750 353744
 0.01 320029 321025 318023 312025 308028 304032 301038 299044
      298048 300052 305049 309046 313043 317039 319035 319031
      320029
 0.01 267019 267013 265010 262008 259004 253999 246995 238993
      235997 237001 240003 243008 244011 244018 240026 242028
      246028 251027 254024 257022 261020 267019
 0.25 559054 560039 558029 555021 552015 543998 538989 533981
      529975 525967 520952 517949 512948 504947 496946 494948
      493954 492959 490962 486962 484959 480959 478960 473964
      470965 468959 466953 463950 452938 449937 447941 452948
      455954 457957 457961 455965 454968 456970 459973 463974
      468975 469981 470986 470989 470013 468021 461023 452023
      446022 441023 436030 435036 437040 462036 465039 467042
      465043 461045 456045 453047 451048 450052 449059 448063
      443069 441072 440078 437085 434087 432088 426088 424091
      422095 423099 423103 412114 407113 404115 404119 407123
      409125 411124 416120 427122 433122 437121 446119 449117
      453119 461117 467117 470113 473105 475099 477096 482097
      485095 494094 502093 518091 532090 539089 546086 551080
      556070 559054
 0.25 496143 497141 495139 495138 494137 492136 491135 489134
      487134 487136 487139 488141 489142 490142 492143 493144
      495144 496143
 0.25 480218 480216 478215 477215 475217 476220 478219 480219
      480218
 0.25 443966 441959 437953 436949 433945 431942 426940 419944
      414947 407951 398952 394952 390954 385957 377961 368962
      361963 355967 343977 335987 333992 333997 333001 330003
      326010 326015 329018 334017 338015 343016 348016 350013
      355010 363006 366008 369011 367019 371020 375020 383017
      387011 390003 392997 391992 394989 400984 404977 409974
      418972 428972 436970 441968 443966
 0.25 425022 423021 421020 420020 418021 416022 415024 416025
      418026 419027 421027 423026 424025 425023 425022
 0.25 413078 414076 415073 414071 413070 413068 412067 411066
      410065 409065 407065 406065 405066 404067 403070 403072
      403074 404076 405077 406078 408078 409079 411079 413078
      413078
 0.25 341755 341751 339748 336747 334747 330748 329749 328753
      327755 327760 326762 327765 329768 332767 335765 337762
      338760 340757 341755
 0.25 305973 303968 299963 295960 292956 294951 295943 293938
      290936 286936 274939 270942 268946 270951 269958 270964
      274970 277973 283975 295978 302978 305973
 0.25 284074 285070 284066 277063 271061 264058 252054 246051
      242050 239051 233063 232070 236076 239081 244085 250087
      256092 260096 265099 270098 276094 278089 281080 284074
 0.25 272805 272801 270798 265796 262796 257798 254801 252804
      250808 253811 257812 262812 267810 270808 272805
 0.50 554056 555046 556037 556029 554023 547014 539006 532998
      528989 522978 515969 511966 505967 499970 493972 486974
      482977 480982 478988 479994 479010 480017 484022 488027
      489031 487034 480042 473046 465046 459049 456053 452065
      449075 450082 450087 448090 442091 438093 434096 431102
      425107 425113 430118 433118 438117 443115 447112 450111
      454114 457115 460113 464110 466102 469097 472093 476091
      484090 491090 497089 508087 526084 535080 540078 544075
      550067 554056
 0.50 468031 469029 467026 464026 461026 457026 454027 452027
      449029 450032 454033 457032 459032 461033 464033 466033
      468031
 0.50 435961 436958 435954 433950 431947 429946 427947 426952
      424957 421959 419963 422966 425966 430965 433964 435961
 0.50 399968 397964 395963 392963 388965 383968 380970 375971
      371975 368979 366978 362977 362974 362971 357971 352974
      346978 344982 344985 351983 356980 359977 361979 358986
      359991 362993 367996 371998 376998 379992 384985 389982
      395977 399968
 0.50 352000 352998 352996 351995 350993 349993 348991 346991
      344992 343993 342994 341995 341997 341000 342002 344004
      346004 347005 349004 351002 352000
 0.50 294972 292968 290964 288962 286958 284954 280954 277958
      277962 279965 282968 286970 290972 294973 294972
 0.50 273092 274085 272082 268080 263080 257078 254076 252076
      252078 255080 258084 260088 262091 265093 271094 273092
 0.50 265806 265804 263803 261804 259805 258807 260808 262807
      263808 265806
 0.50 262068 262066 260064 259063 258063 257065 257067 258069
      260070 262068 262068
 1.00 546060 546050 546040 544030 542025 540022 534020 528021
      523024 517028 511030 506033 503042 503049 501053 499055
      492054 476055 470053 464053 459057 457066 456085 454094
      448099 450104 454108 457109 459104 460094 464086 468082
      471082 476083 485084 492085 497084 504081 510076 514073
      520072 534069 541066 545063 546060
 1.00 512991 512988 512986 512984 511983 510982 510983 509985
      508986 507988 507991 508993 510994 510993 512992 512991
 1.00 506991 505985 504984 500983 497983 495981 492981 491985
      491990 492993 494995 497998 498998 500000 500997 502995
      504993 506991
 1.50 536037 536031 533029 528029 525030 522033 519036 516038
      514043 516048 519050 524051 529051 532048 534045 536040
      536037
 1.50 497074 498069 496066 494067 491065 484060 482059 478058
      471058 463059 461060 460067 461070 463075 470077 477080
      485081 492080 497075 497074
 2.00 529037 528036 526036 525038 525039 524041 525042 525041
      526041 528039 529037
 2.00 489076 487071 484068 483064 479062 474061 471062 467064
      464067 467073 470075 473077 478078 483078 487078 489076

24HR QP VT 26/00Z
 0.01 563013 562948 563944 561938 556926 553914 552910 549907
      545900 541889 538884 537880 535879 526875 513868 499860
      495855 492853 487847 484844 480841 472837 467847 465852
      461851 451852 442852 433849 429848 425848 417852 411861
      405868 405874 405878 404880 400887 395894 393899 390902
      382906 367916 359921 349925 344927 339928 333928 312924
      295917 278910 268911 264912 259913 251917 248923 251933
      252939 253944 255954 256961 254980 249987 244993 238000
      236007 235014 232019 231024 234028 239036 243038 242044
      240054 235059 235063 231062 231064 232074 234086 236090
      240092 256092 266096 271095 274096 281097 285099 289100
      292100 294098 297096 300095 300093 299088 299082 298077
      298071 297067 298058 299056 301056 305057 310064 315074
      323081 330086 333084 338085 344080 349072 347062 346049
      347043 350039 354036 356032 360023 361018 364015 372013
      386005 394000 397998 401993 413979 418973 425968 431964
      435960 441960 464963 459969 453976 443986 446998 448009
      454015 457020 461023 468028 466030 462032 454035 444032
      438032 436037 436042 439046 444053 443056 440055 436055
      432052 422050 415045 410038 406038 402040 396045 384044
      382048 384054 387058 391062 398067 415073 420074 424077
      432083 438089 445093 453100 460105 467111 474118 486129
      492130 492128 487118 476102 464089 461086 459079 457074
      454069 454065 457068 462073 482075 491074 500075 505074
      510074 513072 518072 520071 523071 528069 533069 539068
      544066 549066 555065 557059 558048 560040 561029 562021
      563013 563013
 0.01 471620 478622 484628 489636 492651 496660 497667 496673
      494684 490693 486702 482709 478712 476710 474705 473702
      470701 465703 462701 456695 455690 456687 461684 462681
      466672 467667 467659 465653 463650 458642 455638 452635
      451629 454626 471620
 0.01 532227 535207 536197 536193 533192 528193 524187 522181
      518177 517174 514173 511178 512181 512186 511196 510207
      507214 506219 504223 502229 492232 487232 482234 479236
      478238 474244 473252 472257 473259 477273 482284 486289
      491292 496294 501293 506291 510288 517277 520271 523264
      524254 526247 530236 531229 532227
 0.01 388776 387769 383765 379762 375759 372763 368762 364760
      361763 360769 361777 360782 359783 355788 352792 350797
      347809 346816 345821 340832 339838 341844 344847 347847
      348844 351840 355837 366831 374826 383819 384818 385814
      385810 381806 376804 372800 373796 377796 381793 384790
      385785 388776
 0.01 344757 339746 333739 329736 325734 317731 304733 299734
      296739 283754 277761 272768 267777 264782 259784 246797
      241805 239810 240817 242821 247823 251821 257820 263821
      267824 276828 280838 284841 287845 291856 292861 293868
      292873 292881 292888 293893 298897 302897 306895 306888
      309877 309863 308848 308844 309842 314840 322834 327826
      332817 337808 339803 339797 337793 332793 330790 331786
      333782 336778 337771 340763 344757
 0.01 301804 301800 300796 299792 298790 295789 292791 290793
      288795 286798 286800 287804 287806 289809 293809 295810
      298809 300806 301804
 0.25 556001 556991 554982 552971 551967 551960 551953 550947
      550938 548928 545919 542910 538903 535898 529894 518890
      505887 499883 495879 490874 486867 481863 477863 474865
      464874 458878 453880 440884 434888 427893 417901 404905
      398909 392913 371930 366934 359938 347943 340945 332946
      323947 316946 304941 292934 287935 284936 279940 275944
      270949 264960 264965 266969 272974 277978 278981 278986
      276992 276996 275001 273009 273017 273028 274036 268039
      264037 262035 257031 252028 247028 244029 244033 245036
      249042 249049 248057 249064 251070 254075 258077 262076
      268075 274073 280067 281060 281054 282051 285049 292046
      308043 312044 315044 317043 316039 317035 320033 325030
      339034 343035 346034 349029 350023 349018 351014 354012
      358009 364006 371003 376998 382993 387989 398980 406971
      416963 426955 431951 440950 470949 477947 484942 486937
      484933 482929 488932 494936 494939 493943 493949 489954
      488964 489970 491973 495980 499985 500991 497998 493005
      489012 483017 479021 475027 474033 473036 468038 462042
      459044 460050 464053 471055 478057 485057 491055 498051
      503049 510048 523049 530048 535046 541043 545036 549028
      551020 554010 556001
 0.25 516264 516257 515253 511250 506250 499253 492256 489258
      487263 486267 487273 491282 498286 505284 510276 515267
      516264
 0.25 427867 426866 424865 423865 422865 421865 419867 421869
      421870 423871 424871 426869 427867
 0.25 271793 269792 267791 265791 264792 263792 262794 260795
      262795 264796 266797 268796 269796 270795 271793
 0.50 548012 549006 548000 547994 547986 548981 548974 546964
      543958 538946 537942 538938 540930 539915 536909 532904
      528901 523899 516898 510898 503898 497896 493894 491891
      490887 488881 484875 481873 478874 473878 469881 463884
      458886 452887 444888 439892 435896 431898 424909 417912
      410912 399916 388924 380931 371938 361944 336951 330953
      325956 316963 311965 306965 303964 299962 298953 296946
      290944 284946 281949 277954 275959 276967 281971 288981
      289984 289988 286994 282006 280012 281020 283027 283036
      284039 285041 293041 297039 302038 308035 313030 322023
      331018 338015 343012 352006 364003 373997 382990 387986
      391981 407963 416954 424947 430944 436943 443944 449946
      454947 460947 466945 470940 473935 472928 472925 470922
      465920 468915 473912 478908 483906 489906 494908 497921
      505928 509932 513938 516954 515957 512960 508963 507970
      508979 510988 510992 508995 502007 500013 496017 491019
      487022 483026 481031 482036 487039 492038 496034 500027
      504024 508027 513031 518034 528033 535033 540030 543027
      546021 548012
 0.50 337030 336028 334028 333030 334030 335030 337030 337030
 0.50 273065 273060 272056 268054 263051 260049 257049 255053
      255059 256063 258066 262068 267069 271068 273065
 0.50 256041 256040 256039 255037 255036 254034 254032 253032
      252032 252034 253036 254037 254039 255040 256041 256041
 1.00 542014 540009 537007 533005 529002 527999 524000 522001
      522004 524009 527012 532013 535014 540014 541014 542014
 1.00 482887 482882 480879 477880 474882 471888 466892 453898
      448901 443905 434914 429919 422921 410927 404925 400925
      379941 357954 333967 325973 315984 306993 300997 296001
      293008 293013 295016 301020 308021 314022 320019 325014
      330011 336008 342004 350996 354991 361988 368987 375986
      382984 387979 390973 395968 402958 410946 415941 419941
      426940 431937 438937 444940 451943 452941 454938 453931
      449926 441925 433925 433922 435920 442916 452910 465905
      471902 474900 475896 482887
 1.50 449935 450932 450930 448929 447928 445928 443929 442929
      440930 440931 439933 440934 441935 442935 443936 445937
      447936 449935 449935
 1.50 403949 403945 402940 400937 397937 391938 386941 376948
      366954 346968 340970 336973 326981 309998 307003 306008
      308010 312014 318016 325007 330004 338004 344994 353985
      357981 363979 367983 371979 381978 385974 389969 393963
      397959 400954 403949
 2.00 399952 399948 399945 396941 393940 390941 386943 372956
      357967 350971 341976 328988 326992 326997 333994 338995
      341994 346987 361974 365973 369975 373973 377970 386968
      389965 392961 399952
 2.00 321007 320006 318006 316006 316007 316008 317009 318010
      319009 320008 321007
 3.00 393949 393947 391947 389949 388952 389954 391953 392952
      393950 393949

$$




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