Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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288
FXUS04 KWBC 022251
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
551 PM EST TUE FEB 02 2016


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 03/0000 UTC THRU FEB 06/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

UPPER MS VALLEY INTO THE UPPER LAKES

THE STRONG LOW OVER THE MID SECTION OF THE NATION WILL BEGIN ITS
WEAKENING PHASE THIS PERIOD AS THE ASSOCIATED MID TO UPPER LEVEL
CLOSED LOW BEGINS TO ELONGATE AND OPEN UP INTO AN INCREASINGLY
PROGRESSIVE WAVE ACROSS THE UPPER MS VALLEY AND INTO THE UPPER
LAKES.  THE WELL DEFINED COMMA HEAD/DEFORMATION PRECIPITATION BAND
WITH THIS SYSTEM WILL PERSIST THROUGH MOST OF THE DAY 1
PERIOD..ALTHOUGH ALSO DIMINISHING IN INTENSITY WITH
TIME...SUPPORTING MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOW TOTALS FROM THE UPPER MS
VALLEY INTO THE UPPER LAKES.  HEAVIEST TOTALS LIKELY  OVER THE
U.P. OF MI INTO NORTHERN WI WHERE NORTHEASTERLY TO NORTHERLY FLOW
OFF OF LAKE SUPERIOR ENHANCE SNOW TOTALS.  SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD
FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER DETAILS.

TO THE EAST OF THE COMMA HEAD FEATURE---MUCH ABOVE AVERAGE PW
VALUES--2 TO 4 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN--- WILL STRETCH
FROM THE CENTRAL TO EASTERN GULF COASTAL REGION---NORTHEASTWARD
ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY MOVING FROM THE MS VALLEY
TO A POSITION ALONG AND TO THE EAST OF THE APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS.
WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIPITATION TOTALS LIKELY IN THIS
HIGH PW AXIS---WITH MODELS SHOWING BETTER CONSENSUS ON THE AXIS.
THE 1200 UTC BASED GUIDANCE DID SHOW A FARTHER WESTWARD INITIATION
OF THE CONVECTION FROM THE LOWER OH VALLEY---LOWER TN VALLEY INTO
THE LOWER MS VALLEY FROM PREVIOUS FORECASTS. THIS IS ESPECIALLY SO
IN THE HI RES ARW AND NMMB FROM THEIR 0000 UTC RUNS.  THE FARTHER
WESTWARD TREND WAS FOLLOWED FOR THE NEW DAY 1 QPF GIVEN THE MODELS
CONVERGING ON THIS SOLUTION.  HEAVIEST TOTALS IN THE HIGH PW AXIS
LIKELY FROM THE OH VALLEY---TN VALLEY---FAR SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS
INTO THE CENTRAL GULF COAST AND FL PANHANDLE WHERE CONVECTION WILL
MAXIMIZE IN THE AXIS OF GREATER INSTABILITY.  THE PREVIOUS
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL POTENTIAL OUTLOOK THROUGH 1200 UTC WEDNESDAY
FEB 3 WAS EXPANDED WESTWARD TO ACCOUNT FOR THE FARTHER WESTWARD
CONVECTIVE INITIATION.

COASTAL PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO NORTHWEST CALIFORNIA

THE NEXT AREA OF NORTHEAST PACIFIC HEIGHT FALLS WILL BE
APPROACHING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE
DAY 1 TIME PERIOD.  STRENGTHENING SOUTHERLY LOW LEVEL
FLOW/INCREASING PW VALUES ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE ASSOCIATED
FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL SUPPORT INCREASING PRECIP POTENTIAL LATE DAY
1 FROM THE COASTAL PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO NORTHWEST CALIFORNIA.
MODEL CONSENSUS IS FOR MODERATE TOTALS IN THE .25-.50"+ RANGE
ACROSS THESE AREAS.


DAYS 2/3...


...WEST COAST/ROCKIES/GREAT BASIN...

A SERIES OF SHORT WAVES TRACKING ACROSS THE WEST COAST DURING DAY
2/3 WILL TAP PACIFIC MOISTURE TO PRODUCE LOCALLY HIGH QPF
AMOUNTS...ESPECIALLY ON DAY 2 ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. THE
12Z ECMWF CONTINUED THE TREND OF THAT MODEL TO BE TOO SLOW WITH
THE OVERALL PATTERN...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 3. THE 12Z GFS AND 12Z
NAM WERE CLOSER WITH THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE WAVES...SO THE
WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THESE TWO SOLUTIONS.

DAY 2...
A SHORT WAVE CROSSING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST EARLY ON DAY 2 SHOULD
PUSH A SURFACE FRONT ACROSS WA/OR EARLY. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE
AND SURFACE FRONT...A 35 TO 45 KNOT SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR TO THE COAST FROM THE OLYMPICS RANGE
IN WA TO THE HIGHER TERRAIN IN NORTHWEST CA. THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS
MITIGATED TO SOME DEGREE BY THE DIRECTION OF THE LOW LEVEL
FLOW...BUT THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE...UPSLOPE SOUTHWEST FLOW
AND LIFT WITH THE SHORT WAVE SHOULD PRODUCE 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF
QPF STRETCHING FORM THE OLYMPICS IN WA THROUGH THE OR COASTAL
RANGE INTO NORTHWEST CA. ENOUGH OF THE MOISTURE MAKES TO THE WA
AND OR CASCADES TO PRODUCE STRIPES OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF
QPF...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS ACROSS THE NORTHERN WA CASCADES.

THE SHORT WAVE TRACKS ACROSS THE NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE
SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. THERE IS STILL SOME PACIFIC MOISTURE
ION THE LOW LEVEL WEST SOUTHWEST FLOW...AND THIS SUPPORTS QPF
ACROSS THE NORTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE GREAT BASIN. THE BEST
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE...LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE SHORT WAVE AND
UPSLOPE FLOW OCCURS OVER THE BITTERROOTS AND SAWTOOTH RANGES IN
ID...WHERE 0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. STRIPES OF 0.25
TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WERE PLACED OVER THE BLUE MOUNTAINS IN
OR...THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT...AS WELL AS THE GRAND
TETONS IN WY AND THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT.

DAY 3...
THE NEXT SHORT WAVE IN THE FLOW CROSSES THE NORTHERN WA COAST AND
VANCOUVER ISLAND LATE ON DAY 3. AHEAD OF THIS SHORT WAVE (AND ITS
ATTENDANT SURFACE FRONT)...A 45 TO 65 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST
FLOW PUSHES 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR TO THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST COAST. THE BEST LOW LEVEL MOISTURE TRANSPORT OCCURS
NORTH OF THE BORDER IN VANCOUVER ISLAND AS THE NEXT ATMOSPHERIC
RIVER POINTS TO THAT LOCATION. HOWEVER...THE LOW LEVEL FLOW SHOULD
BRING ENOUGH MOISTURE INTO THE WA FOR QPF...AND THE LOW LEVEL FLOW
FOCUSES ON THE OLYMPIC RANGE. AN AREA OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF
QPF WAS PLACED THERE...AND IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT A FEW OF THE
12Z MODEL SOLUTIONS HAD HIGHER AMOUNTS HERE. ENOUGH LOW LEVEL FLOW
SHOULD WASH THE CASCADES IN 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ON DAY 3.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ON DAY 2 IN THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND THE NORTHERN ROCKIES. PLEASE REFER TO THE
LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES...

A BROAD CYCLONIC FLOW OVER THE GREAT LAKES FOSTERS LAKE EFFECT
CIRCULATIONS...ESPECIALLY OVER THE LOWER LAKES ON DAY 2. A SHORT
WAVE TRACKING FROM WEST CENTRAL CANADA INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY
DURING DAY 3 PROVIDES LIFT FOR QPF ON DAY 3. THE 12Z ECMWF
CONTINUES TO BE A BIT STRONGER AND BETTER DEVELOPED WITH THE SHORT
WAVE AS IT TRACKS OUT OF ALBERTA...WHICH HAS THE SUPPORT OF THE
12Z NAM. BASED ON THIS...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE
12Z ECMWF/NAM.

DAY 2...
COLD AIR ADVECTION IN THE WAKE OF THE MID LEVEL TROUGH SHOULD
FAVOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF LAKE EFFECT CIRCULATIONS...ESPECIALLY
OVER THE LOWER GREAT LAKES. THE FOCUS SHOULD BE ACROSS LAKE
ERIE...WHERE THE WEST SOUTHWEST BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW FAVORS BANDED
DEVELOPMENT. AN AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER
WESTERN NY STATE,.,..EAST OF THE LAKE.

DAY 3...
A SHORT WAVE OVER ALBERTA EARLY ON DAY 3 TRACKS ACROSS THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES TO THE NORTHERN PLAINS BY THE END OF THE PERIOD.
THERE APPEARS TO BE A WEAK SURFACE REFLECTION OF THE SHORT
WAVE...WHICH SHOULD HELP TO FOCUS THE AVAILABLE MOISTURE IN THE
COLUMN ACROSS EASTERN ND INTO NORTHWEST MN. A SMALL AREA OF 0.10
TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE...WHICH IS CLOSER TO A 12Z
ECMWF/NAM THAN OTHER PIECES OF 12Z GUIDANCE.

...EAST COAST...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY SURGING NORTHEAST BECOME FOCUSED AHEAD OF
A COLD FRONT...WHICH COULD RESULT IN HEAVY RAINFALL DURING DAY 2.
THE FRONT SLIPS OFF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST ON DAY 3...BUT MOISTURE
AND INSTABILITY COULD RESULT IN LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL OVER THE
SOUTHEAST AND FL DURING DAY 3. THE 12Z GFS CONTINUES TO BE THE
FASTEST WITH THE LONG WAVE TROUGH...AND THE PASSAGE OF THE COLD
FRONT OFF THE EAST COAST...PARTICULARLY ON DAY 2. THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/NAM...WHICH WERE
SIMILAR WITH RESPECT TO TIMING AT THE SURFACE AND IN THE MID
LEVELS.

DAY 2...
A COLD FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH DEEP LOW PRESSURE MOVING ACROSS
QUEBEC WILL TRACK TOWARD THE COAST FROM NEW ENGLAND THROUGH THE
MID ATLANTIC COAST DURING THE FIRST PART OF DAY 2. AHEAD OF THE
FRONT...A 35 TO 55 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN THREE AND FOUR
STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) INTO THE MID ATLANTIC STATES.
MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY (MAINLY ANCHORED JUST
ABOVE THE SURFACE) STRETCHING FROM VA/MA THROUGH NC/SC...ALLOWING
LOW TOPPED CONVECTION TO TAP THE DEEP MOISTURE. THE COMBINATION OF
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY SHOULD RESULT IN A WIDESPREAD AREA OF
0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM NEW ENGLAND ACROSS MUCH
OF NY STATE AND CENTRAL AND WESTERN PA INTO MD/VA AND MUCH OF NC.

THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD NUMBERS ARE VERY LOW ACROSS THE I 95
CORRIDOR (GENERALLY LESS THAN AN INCH)...AND THE COMBINATION OF
RAINFALL AND SNOWMELT COULD RESULT IN A FLASH FLOOD
THREAT...ESPECIALLY IN AREAS WITH FLASHIER SMALL STREAMS AND
RIVERS. A SLIGHT RISK REMAINS IN PLACE FOR THIS THREAT.

FURTHER SOUTH...THE MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IS FOCUSED FROM
CENTRAL NC/NORTHWEST AND CENTRAL SC INTO GA AND THE PANHANDLE OF
FL. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES ON THE SOUTHERN END OF THE FRONT
RANGE AS HIGH AS 1.75 INCHES...WITH MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWING THE
INSTABILITY MORE SURFACE BASED. THIS SHOULD RESULT IN AN AXIS OF
1.50 TO 3.00 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM CENTRAL NC ACROSS
CENTRAL SC /CENTRAL GA INTO THE BEND BEND AREA OF FL. THE BEST
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED FROM SOUTHWEST
GA ACROSS THE EASTERN FL PENINSULA...WHERE THE HIGHEST QPF AMOUNTS
(NEAR 3.00 INCHES) WERE PLACED. THE 12Z UKMET/CMC/ECMWF SHOWED
STRIPES OF QPF AMOUNTS IN THIS RANGE (THOUGH IN SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT
LOCATIONS...DUE PRIMARILY TO THE PLACEMENT OF THE CONVECTION AHEAD
OF THE FRONT). A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER MUCH OF
GA...SOUTHEAST AL AND THE ENTIRE FL PENINSULA TO ACCOUNT FOR THE
POTENTIAL FOR HEAVY RAINFALL...AS WELL AS THE UNCERTAINTY IN THE
PLACEMENT OR THE HIGHEST QPF AMOUNTS.

DAY 3...
THE FRONT CLEARS THE NEW ENGLAND AND NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC STATES
EARLY ON DAY 3. HOWEVER...AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH APPROACHING THE
EAST COAST... THE SOUTHERN END OF THE FRONT BEGINS TO SLOW ACROSS
THE NC COAST THROUGH NORTHERN AND CENTRAL FL.  THE AIRMASS AHEAD
OF THE FRONT IN THESE LOCATIONS IS STILL FAIRLY MOIST (WITH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TOPPING OUT NEAR 1.75 INCHES ACROSS
FL)...AND THE INSTABILITY LINGERS OVER FL. THE COMBINATION OF
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY SHOULD FUEL LOW TOPPED CONVECTION
STRETCHING FROM THE OUTER BANKS OF NC ACROSS NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
FL. MOST PLACES AHEAD OF THE FRONT SHOULD SEE BASIN AVERAGED
RAINFALL AMOUNTS BETWEEN 0.25 AND 0.50 INCHES...BUT LOCAL AMOUNTS
NEAR AN INCH ARE POSSIBLE...ESPECIALLY ACROSS CENTRAL FL...DUE TO
THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR IN PLACE.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

ORAVEC/HAYES

24HR QP VT 04/00Z
 0.01 517278 519267 520258 517242 511228 508223 504215 501210
      497205 492201 485198 474200 471201 468203 461202 457196
      456188 460183 462181 463176 458175 456176 455174 453171
      450170 449172 450180 446181 443181 439185 438194 439200
      439205 437208 434210 429208 421200 410202 407206 399205
      395204 392202 385200 386205 391211 395215 399219 402221
      402224 396225 384219 380222 377230 370240 364252 361259
      356268 355272 358278 365280 371280 382278 389276 394280
      398282 400284 407287 414289 420289 435294 448297 455299
      462300 474301 486302 499302 504301 509297 511294 514288
      517278
 0.01 517709 516698 514686 509672 503657 500648 497643 493639
      488634 484630 482628 479629 473629 467631 459634 456637
      453639 436656 429668 424672 420678 390723 374740 369745
      365748 360752 354756 343763 332773 319793 262872 260879
      257884 256890 256898 253905 251911 247924 281939 304930
      326918 351905 361899 365896 372894 384890 396886 409884
      413883 418883 419886 418889 416897 415900 416904 417907
      416910 414916 411922 406926 401930 400933 399938 398945
      397956 396961 397969 398975 399979 399984 401986 403992
      407996 409998 412999 420999 429993 440985 444979 447974
      461952 464945 467940 473926 475918 479912 485902 490897
      493891 498873 499867 500858 503843 507807 509787 510779
      511773 515755 517746 517735 517709
 0.01 515046 516034 514027 508011 506005 505996 504984 504980
      502977 498972 491971 489972 487977 487987 487997 488006
      492023 495029 498036 501043 505050 510051 515046 515046
 0.01 499152 496148 493142 489138 487136 484135 483132 479131
      478129 475128 472133 475137 477140 480141 482143 485144
      489149 492153 498154 499152
 0.01 498064 496056 493052 489048 483047 480051 477051 476054
      476056 480058 482065 484070 488068 491066 494066 498064
 0.01 465043 465040 466038 465038 464035 462035 460035 460037
      460040 460042 462043 463043 465043 465043
 0.01 453100 451097 448097 446096 446093 450092 445089 443089
      440090 436089 433090 430089 429092 434095 440091 446096
      439098 434102 431105 427105 424106 423108 423113 421117
      427122 429123 432121 436115 439113 443113 447114 449112
      447109 446104 448102 451102 453100
 0.01 455066 452063 447058 444059 437059 435059 435064 437069
      441073 445077 449080 453080 450074 449070 450066 453068
      455066
 0.01 445043 445041 445040 444038 443037 441038 440038 439040
      440041 441043 443043 445043 445043
 0.01 428187 429185 427184 425186 425189 427187 428187 428187
 0.01 438050 437047 436045 432044 429042 427044 429046 429049
      430054 432056 434054 436052 438050
 0.01 413073 413068 414066 414063 407058 404056 400057 393057
      389058 382052 374048 370049 364048 356044 351043 347044
      351053 354057 358060 365058 364062 360064 360067 362068
      367069 371072 372077 375082 379083 382083 385087 387086
      386084 385082 386079 392080 401078 407074 413073
 0.01 341032 340028 339023 338019 334019 332023 332029 332034
      333040 331043 333045 335041 337036 341032 341032
 0.25 514264 515257 515254 512246 503231 500225 498221 495218
      489221 486223 483222 476219 468216 464215 459214 454217
      447219 440218 437219 434222 432227 433231 433235 425236
      420235 417233 408232 402233 398234 396236 391243 392249
      393252 398257 406262 421268 427273 433278 436280 441282
      447283 462285 476286 491288 498288 505287 508283 511275
      512268 514264
 0.25 501713 500704 499695 495682 493675 490668 485659 481656
      477655 466659 457665 447673 434689 428698 422707 409726
      397743 383758 376765 368773 351786 334800 305826 297834
      290842 285850 281861 277870 273879 269888 267894 266901
      268907 272911 280919 288924 292925 297923 317916 326911
      335906 353897 372887 411869 416867 422867 430866 433869
      445887 444894 441898 437896 434895 431897 425922 422926
      421931 425930 429926 433916 439906 443905 445906 448910
      455916 460919 465917 469914 471909 475897 478885 482872
      485856 492833 494820 494803 496788 499775 501768 502759
      502744 501713
 0.50 507277 504265 498254 493244 488239 483241 477231 471231
      467234 463234 456233 446234 443238 441240 440244 446247
      451247 462247 469249 473254 474259 470261 461263 456264
      451265 449267 448272 450277 461279 471278 476278 482279
      494283 497284 502283 506279 507277
 0.50 489716 489708 488700 485688 484683 484679 482672 478669
      475669 441692 434699 429707 418724 412732 406740 394754
      388762 382769 369782 362790 354795 336804 322816 308829
      301835 293843 288849 286854 284858 283869 281878 280883
      277887 275893 275898 278906 284907 289908 287914 290916
      295917 303918 320911 338902 372883 380879 388875 396870
      404864 411858 419854 422853 422851 427848 430844 433838
      436827 439823 442822 447821 451824 455825 456832 453845
      453849 455855 456862 456868 457877 459883 461888 462895
      462902 464907 467906 470901 473890 475885 476877 475861
      473846 470833 468817 469804 470799 473794 476782 479770
      486761 487756 488750 488736 489716
 0.50 435247 435244 433242 430240 424238 419237 416237 412240
      412246 416249 419252 424254 427253 431252 434248 435247
 1.00 503275 503270 500265 498260 496257 493254 491249 486248
      484253 485258 487264 488267 491272 494275 498276 502276
      503275
 1.00 466732 465728 463727 460732 453745 443739 437737 434742
      428755 425760 424765 421763 415764 411768 407775 406778
      408780 412785 415785 418782 422769 424765 427767 431772
      434777 435782 434785 433793 430799 427805 426812 427816
      430815 434810 438805 440798 442791 446787 448784 449780
      449771 452765 455761 457758 458754 457749 460746 464740
      466732
 1.00 442721 442718 442716 441714 439715 438716 437717 436718
      435720 435721 434722 433724 433725 433728 434728 435728
      437727 438726 439726 440724 440723 442721 442721
 1.00 415833 413830 410830 404831 397821 390824 386826 376832
      365837 362838 360831 361825 364820 368809 368804 366802
      363803 353809 344815 338819 335824 331828 330830 332832
      337828 339826 341828 337839 333850 329851 326851 324846
      330835 321833 317833 313833 307835 299842 295845 292850
      291859 291864 292875 297878 295883 296886 300885 302887
      302891 307895 311896 309901 302909 303914 308913 329903
      339897 349893 359887 368881 376875 384866 397848 407841
      415833
 1.50 440752 440750 440748 439747 438746 437745 437746 436747
      434748 434749 433751 433754 434756 435758 436760 437760
      437763 438764 439762 440760 440757 440755 440753 440752
 1.50 393842 390836 386837 379841 374843 360847 356847 353845
      354837 358823 361816 361813 357814 352817 348822 343836
      342843 343849 338854 333858 323865 318869 314874 310879
      309885 313885 316883 321880 344867 350864 356862 364860
      367859 370860 367862 368864 374861 380858 385853 391848
      393842
 1.50 373857 371858 370858 371858 373858 373857
 1.50 361872 361870 361869 359869 358870 357870 355872 354873
      353875 352875 351877 352878 354877 355877 356876 357875
      358874 359874 361872 361872
 1.50 314845 314840 310839 306840 302842 299844 296849 295853
      297857 300857 304855 308852 312850 314847 314845
 2.00 355826 355821 352821 351823 349825 347829 346831 346833
      345838 346841 349840 351837 352835 353833 354828 355826
 3.00 352831 352828 351828 350829 349830 349831 348833 350834
      350833 351832 352831

24HR QP VT 05/00Z
 0.01 484615 490623 494627 497632 503644 508656 519684 524700
      525710 525717 525725 524732 523740 523747 523755 521761
      514771 504778 498781 493779 488775 485771 480761 471738
      468732 465728 457720 452723 447722 442722 434724 430728
      425732 420737 418741 412749 404757 395765 389772 381781
      373790 366801 359810 337846 331853 324863 315872 305880
      291892 284899 277907 272912 268916 264919 259922 248927
      237928 236921 235916 234901 235887 234883 233876 234868
      235862 235858 234854 235848 235842 238841 240839 244837
      251835 258829 265822 273813 278806 306769 319754 327747
      334739 350722 366705 380689 394672 402661 410652 418644
      424640 430638 447628
 0.01 534212 535204 534193 531178 528170 524164 516155 492137
      487131 482126 475125 469125 468129 465129 459129 456128
      452129 450134 451139 449143 444143 440139 436137 432137
      427141 424141 424134 428126 433120 439118 445122 449124
      455120 456120 457116 457111 459109 459106 456103 455100
      451094 444094 439094 435095 431092 426088 424091 426094
      427098 427101 422102 420105 417109 414108 412106 411098
      408093 406095 405099 404107 400104 396107 394110 391112
      385113 379114 375121 375125 373128 372133 370138 370142
      371145 375146 379144 387146 388151 385154 380156 378160
      387168 387173 388176 391183 397185 400186 402184 409183
      415186 423190 427191 430190 433189 437191 441200 443206
      446204 448202 456192 463182 468177 473175 476176 479178
      483184 486190 487193 485196 480199 475200 469204 466205
      461204 458205 457208 451211 445213 437213 426207 424217
      411214 408214 406211 402207 395203 389200 386197 382197
      383205 394215 398220 399222 397224 392223 386221 380222
      377223 374221 373218 370217 370223 374228 377233 382240
      386245 392251 395254 399256 406258 414260 426259 437258
      449258 457260 465264 472272 481285 485290 492295 496297
      499300 505302 509297 510291 512290 515284 517276 520265
      520259 519255 515241 510227 507218 503212 498206 497202
      498197 501194 504197 509202 512208 516212 521213 524213
      525215 529216 531215 534212
 0.01 525036 526026 524018 519004 507973 503959 499944 496934
      493927 492924 489922 486919 486914 483899 481891 482882
      475868 471862 469853 468846 464841 459846 456840 451825
      448816 447810 449807 446802 443800 442798 438798 437801
      434806 428812 426813 426820 427829 431835 434833 438835
      439838 442846 439851 437854 435853 433852 429850 426850
      421846 418849 418851 414864 416868 419870 422869 447863
      451862 457867 462871 464876 463878 462882 461886 461892
      461898 463900 467901 468905 472940 475947 477950 480950
      484952 485957 486962 487967 497993 502008 509024 515033
      520037 525036
 0.01 453085 453080 451075 448072 445070 440069 436071 434073
      438074 441072 444077 446080 449083 452086 453085
 0.01 445751 444744 442740 440740 438738 436740 432744 428757
      423772 418776 413779 408780 407781 403783 401785 396788
      393791 383800 374808 366818 367822 368822 374820 383811
      392803 402796 407796 409800 410805 410811 411813 413817
      416816 420813 422806 424803 424799 428793 440772 442759
      445751
 0.01 415073 413070 414066 412063 409065 403065 400067 398071
      397076 399079 402077 406075 410073 415073 415073
 0.25 528199 524184 521176 516169 511165 505162 489158 481156
      476152 466142 463140 460141 458143 456147 451151 447151
      444150 438148 438155 444161 447167 449175 451178 450180
      444184 445187 448186 459182 461180 460176 456176 454171
      453169 454164 458160 462160 464162 467165 471167 474167
      478168 483173 486176 490177 498179 503183 507188 519198
      524201 528199
 0.25 513269 515264 515258 514250 512241 508232 502220 499214
      493208 486205 479205 467210 460210 455214 442217 437220
      435222 435226 442226 445229 447229 448231 444231 438233
      433237 425235 419236 416236 415239 418242 422245 430245
      435244 443246 458248 466250 473253 479258 483264 491276
      495281 502287 506286 509280 511270 513269
 0.25 507709 506701 505695 502689 500680 496669 491654 487639
      486633 484630 480626 475623 469625 465629 463633 461636
      456640 447643 437649 426653 417660 411663 405667 390685
      377700 364715 347734 340742 333750 321765 308780 294799
      281815 275822 268830 252842 248847 245852 244858 245866
      252875 255880 256885 258898 261898 264897 269894 276889
      283881 290872 299864 314850 327836 340821 370786 382770
      394753 402742 410735 418726 423715 428707 430702 434698
      442691 449683 452677 452671 457665 462661 465660 471662
      478669 484677 487681 491683 496686 498688 499692 497697
      497704 497724 497731 497737 498742 502746 504742 506730
      507719 507709
 0.25 490147 491142 490139 487137 486135 482134 479133 476133
      474134 474137 477138 480138 484139 486141 487144 489147
      490147
 0.25 419161 419159 420157 419154 418152 417150 415150 413151
      413153 413154 413155 414158 414160 416162 417163 419161
 0.50 512260 512251 510242 503225 500219 495213 492210 488209
      479208 456217 451220 457226 458229 456231 449234 446235
      445239 450242 466242 479250 484256 489263 493269 498275
      501278 504278 506275 505271 504263 500256 492243 486237
      483235 481232 478229 475225 478222 483222 487223 492229
      500244 505254 508259 512260
 0.50 517185 517182 516180 516179 515177 514176 513175 512174
      511173 510172 509172 508172 507173 506174 506177 507177
      508180 509182 510183 511184 512185 514186 515186 517185
 0.50 476159 475156 473153 471150 469148 468146 464145 461146
      460148 460153 462154 463156 466159 468160 471162 473161
      476159
 0.50 448657 446655 444654 436655 427658 421661 414666 407672
      400676 396682 388692 379703 358726 339745 322769 306791
      297802 287814 280825 277830 270834 263838 258843 253848
      250855 251863 254869 257871 262871 268869 277867 283864
      292862 298858 309850 313846 317840 321832 324825 329822
      336820 340816 345811 354801 364789 373776 388753 396742
      402735 408730 413726 417721 420713 423706 427700 433694
      437687 440680 440673 442667 448657
 0.50 449222 448220 447219 445219 443219 442219 441219 439221
      439222 441223 443223 444223 445223 446223 448222 449222
 1.00 507248 507242 505236 503233 500227 499224 496220 493220
      493225 495230 497234 499237 502242 504247 507248
 1.00 484215 484212 482211 481211 479211 477211 476211 474212
      474213 473214 473215 475215 477215 478215 479215 480216
      482216 484215 484215
 1.00 420690 419683 416681 409680 402682 392692 382704 366722
      347743 339751 331762 323775 319780 316787 310796 306801
      301805 292816 288821 285829 279838 274841 268845 262849
      260851 259855 260859 263860 269858 276857 283860 290857
      295854 301851 306846 308842 308839 306837 308833 310826
      314821 321812 330800 334794 339790 343786 348782 350780
      353780 353784 352787 344801 343803 346803 350799 354795
      358789 361787 364782 378757 393735 401725 407719 412713
      416701 420690
 1.50 404699 403696 400695 395696 386704 378712 369721 354737
      339755 326775 324779 323784 327788 333790 342783 350776
      355772 361770 365766 369761 376753 383743 396723 403714
      404712 404707 403702 404699
 1.50 322799 322796 321794 317796 311802 304808 299814 294820
      292824 293829 295830 300827 305821 309814 315809 320802
      322799
 2.00 394710 392708 387709 384711 380715 373719 366726 355739
      345752 339758 338762 337765 340765 345759 348758 350759
      350762 346769 345773 349770 354764 358762 364760 370755
      376748 385733 389725 393715 394710
 2.00 301819 301818 299819 298821 297821 296823 296824 296826
      297826 298825 300824 300823 301821 301819 301819
 3.00 372731 372727 371727 368730 366732 365734 363736 360738
      358740 359742 362741 365739 367737 369736 371734 372731

24HR QP VT 06/00Z
 0.01 473619 470629 466639 459655 455661 450668 446675 442682
      439687 436690 430697 424703 418708 412713 408720 404727
      399733 393741 387747 382754 377760 373767 368773 358783
      350789 342794 336798 328802 325804 319805 313809 304811
      299817 288829 276840 265851 260856 255859 248863 238867
      235868 232867 226862 224858 224854 224849 226845 236834
      241827 234821 231820 230815 232811 235809 242804 245802
      247798 247794 249791 254786 267774 273760 276753 281745
      288734 292727 299725 302727 304729 305727 307724 311717
      316712 322706 327701 334696 348684 359673 364667 370659
      377656 383652 394648 401643
 0.01 478336 491322 495320 497316 502306 507299 511291 515280
      517274 519271 521265 521258 520244 518235 514225 510219
      504211 501208 500203 506198 511200 515203 523210 527217
      531221 534223 536219 537211 537206 539201 537190 534184
      522167 515160 509154 504149 497143 493135 491131 486128
      478125 471124 467127 467132 469136 468140 465137 461131
      456130 452131 452134 455137 456140 456143 453147 451152
      446152 443152 442149 439144 437140 434140 433147 435151
      436156 438160 442166 446174 449177 450180 447181 441180
      441185 443189 449191 452195 454194 456188 458186 464181
      464176 461173 458173 455171 454167 457163 463165 465170
      468173 472171 476171 479174 481183 486186 488190 489195
      484196 478198 474199 471201 467202 462203 459205 456210
      453213 448213 443218 439221 434220 429218 426219 421225
      418227 414226 409229 404228 401227 401229 401236 395240
      391251 388254 386258 386264 387268 393275 401278 395304
 0.01 518007 518000 518996 515985 511979 508971 505966 500962
      495956 492949 489939 487929 484922 480917 474911 473908
      474905 477887 478883 479877 478862 477852 476847 477844
      478839 477835 473829 469825 465830 464825 463819 462805
      460797 456790 454783 451782 449784 446792 441796 439804
      440815 443823 447830 450833 451837 451842 449845 437847
      435842 433845 434847 425854 424857 424862 428867 437878
      440885 443887 446885 447876 449869 453864 455862 459861
      462863 463867 464878 464891 464899 462898 456895 451896
      449897 446899 443903 441906 441910 441930 440935 440940
      440947 442950 447955 451960 455967 458975 460981 464987
      470991 475999 484008 497011 503014 505016 509017 513017
      516012 518007
 0.01 466697 464692 462690 454695 450703 445710 440713 437716
      438720 442722 445732 448731 451726 453723 457719 461711
      465702 466697
 0.01 461109 454100 452093 448092 446095 443096 440095 433094
      429091 426089 426094 427096 428098 427101 425103 421102
      417103 412100 410095 411087 411082 413080 417074 423065
      426063 428058 425053 423055 418057 413052 407047 398050
      393051 388049 386050 385053 381053 372048 362051 358053
      357058 362058 367055 372056 375060 373061 367060 365061
      366065 367068 371073 372080 375085 379085 384083 387082
      389084 393084 396085 398085 400082 402084 403088 405093
      406096 406101 405105 404107 399109 391112 386115 385118
      384122 385124 388118 397116 404117 408120 414121 420121
      429116 438114 444115 446118 449121 451121 453120 454115
      459111 461109
 0.01 441747 440743 437742 430745 430752 430754 428752 427750
      424751 426761 429769 430771 428776 425772 420780 417785
      418792 419794 420801 419806 419809 422808 424806 427797
      432792 433787 435785 437785 440791 440787 441781 439774
      440764 440755 441747
 0.01 404014 404010 403008 401005 399002 396002 394004 390009
      388013 381021 377025 373028 373034 375037 383043 388045
      394046 399041 395037 396032 402023 404014
 0.25 457625 454635 450645 443659 435671 426686 415701 405713
      394725 385737 379743 373749 362760 351769 343773 333776
      325779 318785 313790 308796 298808 294813 288818 282823
      276829 271835 264838 262837 264833 268827 270820 272812
      276804 281798 286793 285791 280793 274797 266800 259803
      252808 250808 251804 257797 267787 273781 275779 280778
      288775 292774 294778 290784 293786 297784 306774 317763
      322757 325754 326751 327746 329743 334734 337728 340720
      344714 348707 359696 370682 381670 386665 394659 405651
      412644 417638
 0.25 527201 527196 525191 524187 521182 518179 515176 515180
      517185 518188 521193 523197 526201 527201
 0.25 516270 517265 516259 514251 513244 511236 507227 503221
      499216 493212 486208 479208 472210 468214 464219 463226
      459232 453235 450236 447239 446242 443245 434254 430259
      425266 423274 422279 421284 418293 419297 421300 434308
      438308 442311 448315 455317 462317 475316 480315 485313
      496303 500299 504294 509288 511281 516270
 0.50 442630 445631 447636 445644 437659 428674 420687 410700
      399711 388725 378736 366747 353757 346761 337764 328764
      331757 339742 346728 355714 362702 373688 384676 395664
      407653 425636
 0.50 513271 514265 514259 512251 508237 504229 500222 495217
      490217 488219 488224 491232 492235 489235 481231 479230
      475230 471234 468241 463249 465253 470255 477258 482262
      485265 486269 490275 492279 491283 481289 470295 464294
      462294 460295 454299 454304 457305 464309 464312 466312
      479310 485308 489304 499294 507284 510275 513271
 0.50 312783 313780 310781 307783 303787 300789 293794 288800
      284808 279815 279819 281819 288813 293807 299800 304794
      309787 312783
 1.00 505281 506275 506270 504262 504254 506251 508245 504237
      501230 496223 494222 493228 496236 499242 498244 493242
      489240 485241 484245 481246 477240 476243 479246 488258
      496272 499279 502282 505281
 1.00 431648 430646 426646 420649 411655 402664 395673 388683
      381692 366710 358719 355723 353728 350735 351738 354739
      360737 365734 375727 383719 391710 400702 408693 415684
      421673 426662 430654 431648
 1.50 502275 503269 501264 499259 497255 495251 493247 490243
      487243 487246 487251 489257 491261 494264 496269 499273
      502275 502275
 1.50 418664 418659 414660 409663 405669 402675 394685 384694
      376705 372711 371715 374718 383710 389706 394701 402690
      410681 417668 418664
 2.00 499266 499262 498260 496257 495254 493251 492248 490245
      488249 489252 490256 491259 493261 495264 497266 499266
 3.00 493256 492253 491253 492254 493256 493256

$$





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