Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 110915
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
514 AM EDT FRI AUG 11 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID AUG 11/1200 UTC THRU AUG 14/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

MADE AN EFFORT TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT FAVORED MODEL TRENDS AND ALSO
MAINTAIN AS MUCH WPC CONTINUITY AS FEASIBLE FOR QUITE A DIFFICULT
FORECAST. ACCORDINGLY BLENDED THE LATEST HRRR/WPC CONTINUITY INTO
18 UTC OR SO FRI AND THEN A USED MORE OF A GUIDANCE COMPOSITE
ALONG WITH WPC CONTINUITY THROUGH THE REST OF DAY 1. MANUALLY
MODIFICATIED THESE BLENDS TO INCREASE AREAL COVERAGE OVER THE
SOUTHWEST AND NORTHWEST GIVEN RECENT HISTORY AND ATTEMPTED TO
ANTICIPATE CONVECTIVE AREA FOCUS/PROPAGATIONS OVER THE SRN TO SERN
US TIER STATES. FORECASTER CONFIDENCE IS BELOW NORMAL GIVEN HIGH
GUIDANCE SPREAD.

...SOUTHWEST...

SATELLITE DERIVED AND OBSERVED PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES UPWARDS
OF 2 INCHES REMAIN OVER PORTIONS OF AZ AND MODELS FCST ADDITIONAL
MOISTURE ADVECTING INTO THE SOUTHWEST FROM MEXICO. VORT ENERGIES
ON THE WRN PERIPHERY OF THE RIDGE IN FAVORABLE UPPER
DIVERGENCE/UPPER JET DYNAMICS KEEPS CONVECTION ACTIVE DAY 1 ACROSS
AZ...SRN NV...AND INCREASINGLY INTO NM. THE COMBINATION OF
ENHANCED LIFT/MOISTURE LEADS TO LOCALLY HEAVY DOWNPOURS...WITH
LOCAL RUNOFF PROBLEMS. MODEL QPF SEEMS UNDERDONE.

...NRN CA/OR AND N-CENTRAL GREAT BASIN...

OVERTOP...STLT/MODELS CONTINUE TO SHOW A SLOW MOVING CIRCULATION
ALOFT TO LIFT FROM NRN CA INTO OREGON INTO THE WRN PERIPHERY OF A
MID-UPPER LEVEL RIDGE...WITH A PLUME OF MOISTURE WRAPPING
INTO/AROUND THE CENTER. DAILY CONVECTION HAS BEEN DEVELOPING NEAR
THE CENTER AND OUT ACROSS THE N-CENTRAL GREAT BASIN AS PER
MOISTURE/LIFT AND DIURNAL DESTABILIZATION. PW VALUES ARE ABOVE
AVERAGE ACROSS THESE REGIONS...WITH STANDARDIZED ANOMALIES NEAR 2
STD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL. THIS SUPPORTS POTENTIAL FOR ISOLATED
MODERATE TO HEAVY TOTALS. GUIDANCE HAS BEEN GENERALLY UNDER
FORECASTING PCPN COVERAGE AND LOCAL POTENTIAL. PRELIM WPC QPF
AREAL COVERAGE WAS IN RETROSPECT TOO SMALL AND WILL BE INCREASED
SOME FOR THE FINAL PROGS DESPITE LACK OF MODEL SUPPORT.

...FRONT RANGE OF THE CO/NM ROCKIES TO THE S-CENTRAL PLAINS/MS
VALLEY...

FAVORABLE RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION DYNAMICS WILL PERSIST WITH A
CENTRAL PLAINS TO OH VALLEY JET MAXIMA TODAY. LIFT IS AIDED BY LOW
LEVEL BOUNDARY AND MOISTURE POOLING ALONG THE BNDRY UPWARDS TO 2
STD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL. AMPLE STRONG CONVECTION CONTINUES TO
PROGRESS ESE TO A MOIST/UNSTABLE AXIS ACROSS THE S-CENTRAL
PLAINS...BUT FUTURE OUTFLOW POSITIONING AND REDEVELOPMENT REMAINS
UNCERTAIN LATER DAY 1 GIVEN MOST GUIDANCE IS NOT PROGRESSIVE
ENOUGH WITH CURRENT CONVECTION. THE OVERALL TREND IN THE HRRR HAS
TENDED TO OFFER FASTER FORWARD MOTION...AND GIVEN THE UPPER JET
NEARBY AND RECENT RADAR LOOPS...THIS TREND SEEMS REASONABLE. THERE
IS A CONTINUED RISK FOR LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THIS
REGION AND BACK FLOWED INTO THE SRN HIGH PLAINS WITH ADDITIONAL
IMPULSE PASSAGES OUT OVER THE SRN ROCKIES.

...N-CENTRAL ROCKIES/PLAINS...

LATER PERIOD TO THE NORTH...NRN STREAM MID-UPPER LEVEL TROUGH
AMPLIFICATION AND LEAD IMPLUSES SET TO DIG TO THE LEE OF THE
CANADIAN ROCKIES INTO THE NRN ROCKIES/HIGH PLAINS WILL TAP
NORTHWARD PULLED LEAD MOISTURE TO FUEL MODEST NRN PLAINS
CONVECTIVE RAINFALL AMOUNTS LATER FRI INTO SAT WITH
DESTABILIZATION.

...GREAT LAKES TO ERN/NERN US...

DOWNSTREAM...GUIDANCE DEPICTS AN UPPER LEVEL TROUGH DRIFTING EAST
AND SOLIDIFYING OVER THE GREAT LAKES DAY1. MOISTURE WRAPPING
AROUND THE SYSTEM WILL SUPPORT ADDITIONAL SHOWERS/CONVECTION
PRIMARILY FOCUSING ALONG/AHEAD OF A TRAILING FRONT MOVING ACROSS
THE E-CENTRAL US MID-LATITUDES...PULLING DEEPER MOISTURE
NORTHWARD. MID LEVEL CYCLONIC VORTICITY ADVECTION ROTATES
UNDERNEATH THE TROUGH ACROSS THE OH VALLEY AND
EASTWARD...PRODUCING ADDITIONAL LIFT. WHILE PRECIPITATION AREAS
SHOULD BE GENERALLY PROGRESSIVE AHEAD OF THESE HEIGHT
FALLS...CONVECTIVE MAXIMA MAY PRODUCE BRIEF PERIODS OF HEAVY
DOWNPOURS.

...CENTRAL GULF COAST STATES TO THE SOUTHEAST US TO THE S-CENTRAL
APPALACHIANS/MID ATLANTIC...

UNDERNEATH...A PLUME OF MOISTURE WITHIN A LOW-MID LEVEL CONFLUENT
ZONE IS FORECAST FROM THE CENTRAL GULF COAST STATES/TN VALLEY TO
THE SOUTHEAST. WIDESPREAD/HEAVY CENTRAL GULF COAST CONVECTION
DEVELOPED TODAY WITH A FOCUSING MCV. EXPECT ACTIVITY WILL
REDEVELOP FRI INTO SAT WITH THE SLOW MOVING FEATURE AS THE PLUME
OF LEAD MOISTURE REMAINS IN PLACE AS A WEST-EAST UPPER JET MAXIMA
PUNCHES EWD ACROSS KY FRI. COUPLETS OF UPPER DIVERGENCE/LOWER
CONVERGENCE DEVELOP AND PRODUCE SHOWERS/STORMS ACROSS THE
SOUTHEAST/CENTRAL TO SRN APPALACHIANS...AND ADJACENT LEE AREAS UP
THROUGH THE CAROLINAS/MID-ATLANTIC LATER DAY1 IN ADVANCE OF THE
APPROACHING NRN STREAM COLD FRONT. BELIEVE HEAVIEST THREAT TODAY
MAY BE OVER N-CENTRAL GA/SRN APPALACHIANS/WRN CAROLINAS WITH THE
MCV/DEEPEST MOISTURE...BUT DEEP MOISTURE LINGERS ACROSS MUCH OF
THIS REGION INCLUDING AREAS WET WITH RECENT RAINFALL.


DAYS 2/3

...PLAINS/MS VALLEY...

THE DAY 2 PERIOD (12Z SAT-12Z SUN) IS LIKELY TO BE AN ACTIVE
CONVECTIVE DAY ACROSS MUCH OF THE PLAINS. THE HEAVIEST RAINFALL
AND HIGHEST FLASH FLOOD RISK IS EXPECTED TO BE ACROSS PORTIONS OF
OKLAHOMA. HOWEVER STILL SOME UNCERTAINTY ON EXACTLY WHERE IN
OKLAHOMA THE HIGHEST THREAT ENDS UP. WILL LIKELY HAVE CONVECTION
ONGOING AT 12Z SAT ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE TX PANHANDLE AND WESTERN
OK. THIS CONVECTION SHOULD PUSH SOUTHEAST TO NEAR THE RED RIVER
THROUGH THE DAY...WITH HEAVY RAINFALL POSSIBLE. BY SATURDAY NIGHT
SHOULD SEE AN INCREASE IN SOUTHERLY MOISTURE TRANSPORT INTO THE
REGION...WHICH COMBINED WITH RIGHT ENTRANCE JET DYNAMICS...FAVORS
AN UPTICK IN WHAT WILL LIKELY BE ELEVATED CONVECTION NORTH OF THE
SURFACE FRONT. IT WOULD APPEAR LIKE THE MOST FAVORABLE LOCATION
FOR THIS NOCTURNAL ACTIVITY WILL BE OVER CENTRAL OK. HOWEVER SOME
CHANCE THAT THE DAYTIME ACTIVITY NEAR THE RED RIVER WILL REMAIN
ROBUST ENOUGH THAT THIS OVERNIGHT CONVECTION ENDS UP FURTHER SOUTH
FOCUSED ALONG THE OUTFLOW OF THE DAYTIME STORMS. THE GFS HAS
CONSISTENTLY SHOWN THIS FURTHER SOUTH SOLUTION...WITH THE
ECMWF/UKMET/3KM NAM ALL FURTHER NORTH. MY HUNCH IS THAT WE SEE
SOME CONTINUATION OF THE RED RIVER SURFACE BASED CONVECTION...BUT
NOT ENOUGH TO DISRUPT THE ELEVATED NOCTURNAL ACTIVITY OVER CENTRAL
OK. THUS THINK THE GFS IS IN GENERAL A TAD TOO FAR SOUTH. HOWEVER
CONFIDENCE IS LOW IN THESE DETAILS...AND THUS OUR QPF ENDS UP
PRETTY CLOSE TO A BLEND OF THE GFS/GEFS/ECMWF/3KM NAM. CONSIDERED
UPGRADING PORTIONS OF OK TO A MODERATE RISK...WITH SCATTERED 3-6"
AMOUNTS EXPECTED GIVEN THE FAVORABLE SETUP AND 2"+ PWATS. OPTED TO
HOLD OFF FOR NOW GIVEN THE LINGERING UNCERTAINTY ON THE PLACEMENT
OF THE HEAVIEST RAINFALL. HOWEVER ANTICIPATE THAT WE WILL INDEED
EVENTUALLY NEED A MODERATE RISK. WILL LET FUTURE SHIFTS REASSESS
THE NEED FOR A MODERATE RISK AFTER THE IMPACT OF ANTECEDENT
RAINFALL ON SOIL CONDITIONS IS ANALYZED AND MORE CAM GUIDANCE
BECOMES AVAILABLE FOR THE EVENT.

LIKELY TO HAVE HEAVY CONVECTION ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE CENTRAL AND
NORTHERN PLAINS AS WELL. IN FACT MOST OF THE GUIDANCE SHOW TWO
DISTINCT QPF MAXIMUMS. ONE ACROSS PORTIONS OF SD AND FAR SOUTHERN
ND. THIS IS ASSOCIATED WITH A SLOW MOVING NORTHERN STREAM
SHORTWAVE AND CORRIDOR OF 850 MB MOISTURE CONVERGENCE. PWAT VALES
ARE ONLY FORECAST TO BE AROUND THE CLIMATOLOGICAL MEDIAN...AND
INSTABILITY IS ONLY MARGINAL. HOWEVER THE SLOW MOVEMENT OF THE
WAVE SHOULD SUPPORT A SLOW MOVING CLUSTER OF SHOWERS AND EMBEDDED
CONVECTION. THE SLOW MOVEMENT OF THE SYSTEM AND PERSISTENT
MOISTURE CONVERGENCE DOES SUGGEST THAT SOME FLASH FLOOD RISK
EXISTS. ALSO ALL THE AVAILABLE GLOBAL GUIDANCE AND THE 3KM NAM
SHOW A SWATH OF 2" RAINFALL AMOUNTS...WHICH IS A SIGN OF POSSIBLE
LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL AS WELL. THUS OPTED TO INTRODUCE A
SLIGHT RISK FOR PORTIONS OF NORTHEAST SD AND ADJACENT ND.

THE THIRD AREA OF CONCERN IS ACROSS CENTRAL NE AND FAR NORTHERN
KS. A MORE SUBTLE WAVE IS FORECAST TO TRACK ACROSS THIS AREA
WITHIN A REGION OF PERSISTENT LOW LEVEL MOISTURE TRANSPORT. AGAIN
THE CONSISTENT MODEL SIGNAL FOR 2"+ AMOUNTS ACROSS THIS REGION
WARRANTS THE ADDITION OF A SLIGHT RISK...WITH AT LEAST LOCALIZED
FLASH FLOOD ISSUES POSSIBLE.

ON DAY 3 (12Z SUN-12Z MON) MODEL SPREAD INCREASES WITH HOW TO
HANDLE CONVECTION MOVING INTO THE LOWER MS VALLEY. THESE
DIFFERENCES SEEM TO STEM FROM THE HANDLING OF ANY MCV/SURFACE LOW
THAT RESULTS FROM THE SATURDAY NIGHT CONVECTION OVER OK. THE 0Z
ECMWF IS MOST AGGRESSIVE WITH THIS FEATURE...RESULTING IN THE
HEAVIEST AND FURTHEST NORTH QPF OUTPUT. THE 0Z GFS IS THE EXACT
OPPOSITE...BEING THE WEAKEST AND MOST SUPPRESSED. THESE SOLUTIONS
FIT RIGHT INTO THE BIASES OF THE GFS/ECWMF THAT HAVE BEEN OBSERVED
OVER THE LAST MONTH. THE ECMWF HAS ALMOST ALWAYS ENDED UP TOO
STRONG AND TOO FAR NORTH IN THESE CASES...AND THE GFS IS USUALLY
TOO WEAK. THUS WPC OPTED TO TAKE A COMPROMISE IN BETWEEN THESE TWO
OUTLIER SOLUTIONS. THIS WAS BEST REPRESENTED BY A BLEND OF THE 0Z
GEFS MEAN AND THE 0Z UKMET/GEM. THUS ANTICIPATE WE WILL SEE 1-2"
(LOCALLY 2-4") ACROSS CENTRAL AR DURING THE DAY 3 PERIOD...WHERE A
SLIGHT RISK WAS PLACED. THE EVOLUTION OF THIS FEATURE ALSO LIKELY
IMPACTS WHAT HAPPENS OVER THE WESTERN PLAINS. THE ECMWF BEING
STRONGER WITH THE LEAD WAVE REALLY CUTS OFF SOUTHERLY MOISTURE
TRANSPORT INTO THE WESTERN PLAINS ON SUNDAY. MEANWHILE THE GFS IS
MUCH MORE AGGRESSIVE WITH SOUTHERLY FLOW ACROSS THIS REGION
RESULTING IN MORE WIDESPREAD CONVECTION. AGAIN THINK THE MOST
LIKELY OUTCOME IS IN BETWEEN THE TWO...CLOSEST TO THE GEFS MEAN
AND GEM SOLUTIONS.


...EAST...

A LOW PRESSURE MOVING ACROSS SOUTHERN CANADA WILL DRAG A COLD
FRONT ACROSS THE EAST ON SATURDAY. THERE APPEARS TO BE AN
INCREASING HEAVY RAIN SIGNAL ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTHEAST VA AND
NORTHEAST NC. THE FRONT HANGS UP ACROSS THIS REGION...WITH SOME
POSSIBLE INFLUENCE FROM AN UPSTREAM MCV AS WELL HINTED AT IN SOME
OF THE GUIDANCE. THUS SHOULD SEE PRETTY GOOD COVERAGE OF
CONVECTION OVER THESE AREAS MUCH OF SATURDAY. LEANED THIS FORECAST
MORE TOWARDS THE HRW ARW AND ARW2...AND ANTICIPATE ISOLATED 3-5"
AMOUNTS WILL BE POSSIBLE. HAVE THUS INTRODUCED A MARGINAL RISK FOR
THIS AREA ON DAY 2 (12Z SAT-12Z SUN). WILL HAVE TO CONTINUE TO
MONITOR...AS SOME POTENTIAL A SLIGHT RISK MAY NEED TO BE
CONSIDERED GIVEN THE SLOW MOVING BOUNDARY...2"+ PWATS AND THE QPF
MAGNITUDES DEPICTED BY SOME OF THE HIGH RES GUIDANCE. AN ISOLATED
FLASH FLOOD RISK MAY VERY WELL EXIST FOR MUCH OF THE REST OF THE
MID ATLANTIC AND NORTHEAST AS WELL...ALTHOUGH EXPECT THE FRONT TO
BE PROGRESSIVE ENOUGH TO KEEP THE THREAT MORE ISOLATED IN NATURE.

WITH THE FRONT STALLED OVER THE SOUTHEAST COAST ON DAY 3 (12Z
SUN-12Z MON) WILL CONTINUE THE MARGINAL RISK. BY THIS TIME LARGE
SCALE SUPPORT SEEMS TO HAVE DECREASED...SO CONVECTION COULD BE
LESS ORGANIZED AND MORE OF A PULSE NATURE. HOWEVER THE BOUNDARY
AND 2" PWATS CONTINUES TO SUPPORT A FLASH FLOOD POTENTIAL WHERE
CELL MERGERS OCCUR.



...ROCKIES/WEST...

ISOLATED TO SCATTERED DIURNAL DRIVEN STORMS ARE LIKELY THROUGH THE
WEEKEND. IN GENERAL NOT EXPECTING MUCH LARGE SCALE SUPPORT FOR
THESE STORMS...AND ANOMALOUS PWAT VALUES ARE GENERALLY SUPPRESSED
TO PORTIONS OF AZ/NM. THUS THE BEST CHANCE OF ISOLATED FLASH FLOOD
ISSUES APPEARS TO BE ACROSS EASTERN AZ INTO NM...WHERE MARGINAL
RISKS WILL BE CARRIED BOTH DAYS.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


SCHICHTEL/CHENARD


24HR QP VT 12/12Z
 0.01 511768 507737 506728 505721 503709 501701 489649 484641
      479642 475645 468649 463653 460656 450671 447678 442686
      437694 433693 429690 421680 413675 405672 396674 391675
      388678 383686 378694 373701 362711 357717 350723 334736
      322750 316758 307766 300772 292776 276782 266782 263784
      260788 254793 249795 246798 242805 240813 241833 242837
      245842 254845 276853 278855 280861 282865 282872 280894
      282904 284906 284909 286921 286930 279972 281975 285978
      291977 294974 297971 312972 325982 335005 337012 339017
      340022 340028 339034 335041 332043 327045 323046 320049
      318052 317058 316065 314070 307076 302076 295074 286068
      279063 271059 268058 264059 262062 262068 265075 272082
      275084 277088 280096 282101 285104 290105 294103 299104
      304106 311109 312121 314131 314138 315145 316148 314152
      308151 307154 308155 312156 316156 319158 322160 325161
      327160 329148 333143 338144 345149 352155 355155 361154
      363152 367151 373147 378146 381144 385136 397120 419114
      421112 427111 437114 439119 440123 438129 436131 434136
      432138 431145 432149 435157 441159 446160 448158 451157
      454148 454145 453139 452134 454132 453128 454125 458130
      462134 465134 477132 477128 473124 474115 473103 472096
      470093 467090 462088 459085 457080 455073 453070 448063
      446058 449054 455051 462057 465059 467063 469066 473066
      476066 479069 481069 491071 494072 496069 498065 499062
      502060 503055 501052 496043 493030 488025 481019 476013
      472004 464986 459981 453976 443975 437975 433977 425982
      423984 419985
 0.01 419985 410989 408991 405991 401992 399990 394986 388979
      386976 386971 388962 386954 383945 381942 383939 385931
      388924 394908 399892 402885 405877 416868 417865 419863
      422863 430863 443868 453877 459881 466881 470880 473878
      478873 489864 499853 500850 500845 501834 502829 502822
      501813 506797 508789 509781 511768
 0.01 500103 501095 501088 498082 497079 492077 489075 485075
      484083 485088 486093 488098 490102 493107 496107 498105
      500103
 0.01 461215 455208 451198 449191 446187 442187 441189 440193
      440201 438208 430214 427217 427223 428227 431228 437228
      444224 452220 461216 461215
 0.01 422095 422085 422079 420074 418072 412071 404070 399074
      390078 388080 386084 386093 384100 384103 386106 390107
      393105 394103 394091 396094 399094 401090 406086 409085
      412087 419095 422095
 0.25 498721 494712 493710 491705 480700 476698 473695 469692
      465691 457696 450701 445708 436729 419737 417735 416730
      416719 414715 411711 407703 399698 397693 395690 396686
      394683 392685 392689 389694 384699 378703 372709 364717
      359723 349734 339747 328762 322769 316777 308782 300787
      294789 288791 283794 279798 276799 271799 260799 253804
      251809 253813 256815 258819 260824 261828 263829 271831
      275830 280828 282825 286824 290823 295824 299825 304823
      305819 304814 305812 311813 315814 321813 326811 329807
      340800 341806 337813 330818 323820 319822 314828 314836
      317840 322846 325850 326852 326855 322860 315857 308852
      304851 302855 300860 297864 295868 294875 294888 294893
      295897 297902 302908 304912 304919 305925 309927 313926
      316922 318922 320927 320934 317944 312954 315963 322974
      331973 341972 346979 351983 353989 353996 351002 351006
      351012 351018 349023 346033 343041 339065 336074 330081
      329084 330087 332090 334094 335098 334104 336108 342114
      346123 349127 352122 352115 350109 347104 346098 347094
      349090 357091 361090 362083 365074 365072 368070 375072
      382059 386057 390052 391046 388043 383042 379043 373037
      371035 371027 374014 374004 372997 369985 366974 363964
      362960 362954 363942 364935 366930 369926 373924 377922
      380918 381913 381907 380901 382898 387892 395876 398865
      399860 399855 395860 393866 388874 384877 381882 378891
      376895 374896 367891 367880 368874 370869 374860 375848
      378838 382830 385829 387825 384820 386815 390811 396804
      397800 400799 402800 404803 406808 407813 395823 393826
      394829 396833 398839 399844 400851 402852 407846 419834
      423832 427834 430836 435835 438833 439826 440821 442817
      448815 452816 456823
 0.25 456823 459831 461839 461846 463850 467854 473857 480856
      484854 486852 490846 491828 493810 498794 499784 498776
      495758 494752 494748 497741 498723 498721
 0.25 497709 496706 495704 494704 493704 491705 493706 494704
      496706 496709 497709 497709
 0.25 477047 477036 474026 473023 469022 464016 455008 447004
      441005 434009 430013 425021 424023 426027 431032 436032
      443034 446026 453025 458027 466040 472046 474047 477047
 0.25 445204 446201 446200 445201 445204 445204
 0.25 427784 426784 423782 420782 417783 417785 416790 416793
      416797 418798 421797 422794 423791 424788 426784 427784
 0.25 413024 412023 411023 409024 411026 412026 413024
 0.25 347884 347875 346867 344860 339860 335865 330867 323868
      321869 319872 313881 313890 315896 315905 315911 316914
      319913 324911 334906 339903 342899 342890 345886 347884
 0.25 330127 331125 330123 330122 328121 327121 326122 325124
      326126 326127 328128 330127 330127
 0.25 330057 330055 329053 327053 325055 324057 324059 325060
      326061 328061 330060 330058 330057
 0.25 295088 295086 294083 290081 288080 285079 283082 284086
      284089 285093 287095 291094 293092 295090 295088
 0.50 494784 493778 490774 488771 485768 478763 475762 470763
      461766 458768 456774 447788 447796 447802 444805 445808
      447808 451805 456804 458806 461810 463816 464822 466834
      468840 470844 476847 480846 483843 486832 487820 488808
      494787 494784
 0.50 483733 483730 483728 482727 480727 479729 478729 477730
      476732 475732 475735 476737 476738 478738 480737 481736
      483733 483733
 0.50 471718 470716 469711 467709 464710 463711 460714 459716
      461718 461723 464724 468723 471721 471718
 0.50 413772 412767 410764 404764 398768 391773 386779 385786
      383790 386792 389793 393793 398787 403783 409777 413772
 0.50 408728 408726 408723 407721 406721 404720 403721 402723
      401724 401725 400728 400730 400732 400735 400737 401738
      403737 405736 406733 407731 407729 408728
 0.50 385717 384714 382713 379711 374712 371715 367722 361729
      354735 349741 343748 338755 331770 329782 332783 336782
      340778 345778 352780 355781 358779 360776 360772 358768
      356762 357757 361750 367743 371741 374738 379730 382722
      385717
 0.50 379798 379796 375795 371797 367800 361802 354809 348816
      341823 331827 326831 324834 324840 328844 335851 339852
      345852 349851 350848 353845 355841 357843 352852 353864
      355867 357868 360865 365856 369846 371841 371837 370833
      367833 367826 367820 370816 375807 379798
 0.50 370055 371046 367042 364038 364032 368018 368015 366013
      363012 361014 355024 350036 346042 345048 344057 346063
      348070 348072 351075 360068 364063 368059 370055
 0.50 370909 369903 366900 362900 359903 352903 347910 346915
      348917 351918 351921 346922 340922 335923 329928 321945
      319946 320955 326959 336958 340959 346964 350967 353967
      354963 355956 358947 359943 359936 358931 360927 365921
      368914 370909
 0.50 356894 356892 356890 354888 352889 352890 351892 351894
      353896 355897 356894
 0.50 325788 323785 320784 316785 309787 304791 301796 302800
      305801 307802 307805 310809 313807 316804 320800 322793
      325788
 0.50 307869 308867 307865 306864 305865 304866 303867 301867
      301868 300870 301871 301872 303874 304876 305876 306873
      306871 306870 307869
 0.50 302884 301882 300883 299884 300885 302885 302884
 0.50 292818 291811 286810 282810 281812 278812 276809 268806
      265804 259803 256806 256810 263815 265819 264823 266827
      271827 274825 277821 279817 282817 290818 292818
 1.00 482822 483814 482807 479802 477802 473805 471811 471816
      471823 473828 475830 478827 480824 482822
 1.00 357058 358056 358055 357053 356051 354050 352050 351051
      350053 349055 349057 349059 350060 351062 352063 353063
      355062 357060 357058 357058
 1.00 358040 358038 357037 355037 355038 354040 355041 356042
      358040
 1.00 351828 349826 347826 344827 342827 338829 336830 334832
      335837 336839 339841 340843 342843 345841 346838 348837
      350834 351831 351828
 1.00 340941 339939 337938 336937 329940 328949 331949 336944
      337944 338943 339941 340941
 1.00 271822 270822 268821 267823 269824 270823 271822
 1.50 345831 344830 342831 342832 342834 343834 344833 345831

24HR QP VT 13/12Z
 0.01 441630 445634 448635 458632 468628 474626 478627 483625
      486627 494631 500635 506641 510644 511648 515658 518667
      521673 522680 525697 525707 524713 526732 526739 523744
      514760 508770 503778 499788 494799 486815 477833 471839
      463844 459845 456843 449837 443829 440826 439820 437806
      435795 433789 431782 427784 425789 421796 414803 400814
      388824 382833 377841 374851 369860 368865 365869 363874
      363878 364885 362889 358890 354892 353899 353905 357914
      362920 370924 377927 384935 395945 398949 402951 409956
      414956 420958 424956 426951 431942 440936 442935 445938
      451944 454947 459949 461949 462953 464958 469965 471969
      473974 473982 475987 477993 479997 490015 492028 494039
      493043 491050 489055 486055 478050 470051 466053 462053
      452052 448049 444051 442058 441060 443062 448069 450073
      452078 448079 443077 438074 436077 437081 439084 443087
      452092 455095 457098 456106 453109 450112 444111 442109
      437110 427109 424105 423100 422093 419093 418089 416088
      415092 416099 414106 410117 405123 402126 398128 390132
      381135 384140 382140 377141 372141 362140 356139 352140
      336133 330138 324137 321134 320130 319124 317120 313119
      303118 300114 294113 285110 282109 278105 263095 251087
      237077 229071 230061 230056 231051 233046 240047 243048
      246050 255053 265053 270050 273048 276046 281046 288041
      292039 291035 299031 307026 310022 312018 319001 321997
      323992 322986 322980 320968 316959 309955 302951 298947
      296943 292934 286928 283926 281920 279911 277898 275894
      273890 267882 265860 264848 263844 261844 257842 248837
      244836 242833 241829 242823 242817 244815
 0.01 244815 248811 251811 251803 255801 269798 276791 292778
      301772 308764 312760 316756 323749 326744 330740 337732
      350715 361696 373676 386660 396644
 0.01 439320 445313 447310 449309 453313 463318 475323 480324
      484324 489326 494325 499316 504303 509292 514282 519270
      521264 522256 522250 521247 519246 515241 513236 511231
      510224 510209 510180 507169 505163 502160 494153 488145
      484141 481142 477152 477157 479164 483174 485179 485182
      482183 478183 477187 480200 482204 482207 480209 464216
      461220 458224 452233 445240 439248 437250 434256 431261
      431266 431273 435271 432285 429302 430316
 0.01 470170 471164 469162 464161 461163 456168 454171 451175
      446180 444184 443191 439199 435201 430200 425204 421212
      415217 413219 412224 416227 420228 426226 441222 445217
      448212 449207 455201 459193 466175 470170
 0.01 381103 378102 376098 374091 372082 368077 364075 362078
      362084 364088 367090 366096 367099 370106 369117 371121
      373118 375109 377105 381103 381103
 0.25 513269 514257 513253 511247 507240 501234 498226 495226
      495231 496236 494239 487239 480242 474247 469252 468258
      470263 477268 482274 482280 480286 478290 478295 480300
      485302 493302 499298 503291 508284 510280 511273 513269
 0.25 507258 506258 505255 504252 502250 501249 500248 499248
      498248 497250 498252 498254 499256 500256 501258 503259
      504259 506260 507258
 0.25 515712 515705 514701 509691 506688 501688 493691 489692
      484694 480693 477690 471685 467685 463683 448680 444674
      439664 437659 434656 427654 413656 408656 404658 396663
      389669 385675 375692 368705 358719 349733 340748 330760
      325766 322774 319782 318787 320790 324791 326794 326798
      326802 327805 336804 344806 357808 350813 345818 345822
      348827 354831 357833 361832 365824 370817 371807 373798
      370793 367791 393782 396780 399784 401785 403784 405779
      408771 411768 413763 414760 418759 421761 426762 435759
      441752 445746 448748 451752 453756 455763 455769 455776
      454786 455792 458795 466797 469799 473797 478796 480794
      485786 491779 495771 502751 508734 513722 515712
 0.25 481029 481025 479022 476019 473012 473004 472989 470982
      467975 462967 454958 446952 442949 439948 437951 435964
      430978 429983 424982 414976 409974 402973 388974 385977
      384981 385985 385990 382989 377981 374974 373967 372960
      369954 365944 358936 354932 350929 341924 337921 334920
      330921 327924 325924 323922 320918 320909 323898 326894
      331891 335888 338883 344874 348870 349865 340867 343863
      345858 344854 342853 338856 336862 335867 330871 329877
      327878 324874 323871 319872 315875 312879 312883 314886
      311890 305888 301888 298891 291900 287904 288910 289917
      291922 296930 299942 302945 309947 314948 317950 319954
      321958 322964 325970 328975 331980 332985 334999 332004
      329007 329013 331018 329023 329031 327038 324044 322051
      323058 325063 329066 334064 336059 340054 346055 350055
      355056 358051 356047 356043 358042 362039 364034 368029
      374020 379009 383006 388005 390011 390019 390027 392029
      395030 405027 414029 428030 432031 435035 439038 441037
      442034 439030 440026 442026 447023 450018 452016 454017
      457023 461027 465030 466041 470044 473044 474041 475036
      477033 481029
 0.25 410103 410101 410099 410098 409096 408095 406094 405095
      405098 405100 405102 405105 407107 409105 410103
 0.25 354120 356116 354113 351110 346101 347096 346091 343087
      340085 334093 336098 338099 341099 342102 339106 338112
      340117 340123 344126 347130 351130 352127 352124 354120
      354120
 0.25 349079 349077 347075 345075 343075 342075 341076 340078
      340080 341082 343081 345081 347080 349080 349079
 0.25 319110 320103 315101 314099 315097 320095 320091 317088
      314077 312071 309070 304072 298072 286071 273069 264065
      255061 250058 244058 242060 245064 252071 259076 268082
      275088 283094 292099 301104 311105 315109 319110
 0.25 307871 307867 307863 305861 304859 302856 300855 300857
      299861 299864 298868 299872 300874 301877 303878 305878
      307873 307871
 0.25 302850 303848 302846 301846 300846 300847 299849 300850
      301851 302851 302850
 0.25 300817 300811 297808 293806 288806 283806 280807 271806
      269804 263803 258804 255808 261813 268817 273818 277818
      283817 288818 290821 294822 298821 300817
 0.50 505281 505276 503273 498266 496260 492252 490249 487250
      483256 483259 485262 487266 488270 491279 495284 499286
      502285 505281
 0.50 493743 492737 490735 481737 476737 472744 469747 469751
      468757 466759 466765 468769 470772 473773 481772 487768
      489760 491751 493743
 0.50 472001 469985 466977 461971 452962 447958 442957 439959
      435977 441990 441995 438995 432992 421986 414983 409980
      396979 392978 389979 387983 388989 390996 394004 397011
      399017 400021 404023 411021 417023 422018 423015 427014
      432009 434007 439009 441014 444007 448002 452001 455003
      459009 461016 463020 466022 470020 470013 472001
 0.50 452730 452728 452726 451724 449725 448726 448728 447729
      448731 448733 450732 451731 452730
 0.50 429675 428670 425667 418666 410669 401672 394677 388682
      380696 375703 372711 364725 360732 357739 355744 356747
      357753 357759 355767 353769 348771 343777 339784 340789
      342792 350795 356798 360796 362792 366785 369783 374782
      379782 382779 385770 387761 390759 392755 398756 403752
      408758 410753 410750 409746 410741 410737 409733 409728
      413725 417719 421711 423703 427688 429675
 0.50 433739 433737 433732 432732 430733 428736 426737 423739
      421740 418743 420746 422747 426748 427749 431748 432746
      433742 433739
 0.50 377994 378992 376990 373987 370979 369969 367958 364951
      359944 354938 348934 344933 340935 336942 326941 321935
      319933 317931 315931 311930 308927 305919 302912 300908
      297905 296907 296914 297923 300933 304940 310943 315944
      319947 323954 324957 323963 328970 333976 335986 340003
      344010 346013 348017 346021 345027 344030 346034 348038
      349033 352030 354029 357031 360032 362029 369012 370005
      372000 377994
 0.50 352115 351114 350112 349112 348110 348109 346107 345107
      344108 344109 344111 344112 346113 347114 349115 351116
      352115
 0.50 340093 341091 340091 339093 340094 340093
 0.50 333049 331048 330049 330051 329052 328053 327053 326055
      326057 327058 328059 330060 331058 331055 331053 331051
      333049 333049
 0.50 319930 319928 317925 315923 313922 313918 312915 310912
      308911 307914 308917 309920 310922 312925 314926 316929
      318930 319930
 0.50 311092 313088 312083 308080 304078 298078 290077 283078
      281080 283083 286087 291090 296092 302096 303098 306098
      309093 311092
 0.50 294811 293809 291809 290808 289807 287807 285808 284808
      284809 282810 281811 282811 284811 286811 288810 289810
      291811 293811 294811
 0.50 264809 264807 263806 261806 260805 258806 256807 256808
      257809 258810 260810 262810 264809 264809
 1.00 465991 464981 459976 453974 449966 447964 443964 441971
      443978 446987 448990 452992 457997 459998 462996 465991
 1.00 419693 415696 413698 410697 406697 404695 401694 397695
      391697 386703 380714 367737 364743 362751 360757 360762
      363764 362769 357773 353778 348782 363784 368779 371773
      381773 381767 380762 380758 385745 391732 393726 397720
      403717 409717 416705 418699 419693
 1.00 423999 422994 420991 414988 408989 401985 392985 391988
      392991 395998 399004 404009 411011 415011 417008 422001
      423999
 1.00 369992 364976 362966 361960 360956 350943 347942 345945
      339950 332949 329952 327956 329960 331964 334967 335971
      339978 341986 342992 342998 346004 355018 359025 362018
      365010 367999 369992
 1.50 462989 462986 462985 461984 460983 459983 458984 457985
      455986 454988 455989 457990 458991 460991 461991 462990
      462989
 1.50 417999 418996 418994 417992 415992 413992 412993 411994
      410995 409996 409998 409000 410001 411003 413002 415002
      416001 417000 417999
 1.50 404000 404998 404996 403995 402993 401992 400991 399990
      398990 396991 396993 396995 397998 399000 399001 401002
      403002 404000
 1.50 387723 388720 386718 383722 379729 376737 370744 365751
      362754 361757 363759 366761 369757 373749 377742 380739
      383734 386726 387723
 1.50 374763 372762 372763 374763 374763
 1.50 366777 367775 366774 364774 363776 363777 362778 362780
      363781 365780 366778 366777
 1.50 364003 365998 364993 364985 361978 359969 358962 355956
      351950 349948 346949 347957 346961 344960 334952 331954
      331959 335965 341976 343984 345991 350004 354010 356012
      358011 364003
 2.00 362001 362998 362997 362996 360994 358992 357994 357995
      356996 356998 356000 357000 358003 360003 361003 362002
      362001
 2.00 357987 358983 357978 357974 357967 355960 352955 350952
      350956 350965 350970 348974 346975 344976 344980 346985
      351983 355988 357987
 2.00 343971 343967 342965 341962 339960 337958 335956 333956
      333960 336962 337965 338967 339970 341972 343971

24HR QP VT 14/12Z
 0.01 536196 537180 537169 539164 539162 538158 534155 531150
      531141 531138 528139 524138 509139 502139 497140 494138
      490136 486133 480132 477131 477126 484119 490120 494123
      499124 503122 504119 503111 501105 502099 501095 499092
      490086 484084 480086 476088 472088 467087 464086 457081
      453080 451076 448071 446067 436066 433068 436071 440076
      437082 430085 427088 424093 422098 421104 420106 418104
      415101 409094 403093 402087 404080 408077 411076 413078
      416087 419088 421086 424077 421068 428050 432046 436043
      443039 440033 430032 426030 425021 426013 431011 435009
      434002 432992 437991 443993 453997 459002 465008 467009
      468004 471995 473982 474977 473969 472962 471957 470952
      468945 466932 460925 456921 452920 447920 441918 432918
      429921 428925 423936 420941 417942 415941 413936 413930
      412920 411914 409910 408905 405903 390913 381917 379915
      378911 377903 377896 378891 378877 379867 378862 376855
      363845 357839 361833 365825 368819 375802 379794 378787
      376783 374780 373776 375772 375765 378753 383745 387734
      386727 387721 396705 398700 401697 407686 411678 417674
      420671 424670 431664 440658 443660 446663 445674 444681
      443688 442693 443697 446701 446704 445707 440714 436722
      429729 427733 429733 436732 439731 441733 444734 443737
      439740 434744 431750 434752 440750 443748 447746 458744
      463743 465741 468740 472737 478734 488729 494725 498716
      502704 504699 505694 506690 505682 502673 497657 492647
      491641 489638 484635 468633 452631 447630 441631 436634
      435637 432638 411649 397658 366685 347707 345709 343714
      340724 337726 336731 332739 326749 322759 311775 300786
 0.01 300786 289793 282797 273796 262794 257793 253794 251796
      240804 237806 238811 240818 243826 244836 242839 244841
      248847 266868 274877 276883 279887 282894 285900 292915
      296921 300926 305929 313930 317935 319937 320941 321954
      323960 325966 324973 318984 312990 306996 305004 304008
      300010 294021 288033 287037 284040 280043 274048 270054
      266058 263063 258067 261075 266087 267091 270093 276097
      282101 286106 292111 294113 298114 306117 310120 317118
      325116 331115 335118 343128 351139 354142 358143 362143
      364142 368136 368129 369117 368108 369097 369089 366082
      369080 372082 374097 375100 378101 378106 377109 375120
      373123 373127 376130 379128 384124 389122 393122 397124
      404126 408131 413137 417137 419135 423129 425124 426120
      428112 436113 439113 441115 442124 443127 443133 439143
      435160 432171 428180 426187 425189 426194 429197 434193
      437184 441173 445160 448154 450152 451157 456162 461158
      467153 472149 474147 477147 480155 482158 482165 482173
      484177 483183 482194 478205 473206 467206 462203 455200
      450204 442213 446214 448216 448219 442225 438231 435239
      436245 439248 442250 444252 448254 454255 464257 472259
      495273 502275 507272 512268 515261 519254 522242 524240
      525233 529223 530216 532210 534201 536196
 0.25 522189 524182 524174 523168 519164 516163 511162 503163
      497167 495171 494179 493182 494186 497189 502197 507205
      510207 513205 518198 522189
 0.25 479681 478676 477671 475669 473668 469669 466670 464670
      461671 460674 462678 464680 466681 468682 471683 473684
      477684 479681
 0.25 465981 466972 464965 455957 450947 447941 443936 441934
      438935 436940 437957 435962 430966 431969 434971 438973
      445976 452975 456978 459985 463986 465981
 0.25 421971 419969 415968 409969 406970 403974 401980 397984
      396989 398993 401996 402006 402014 400019 395023 390020
      386016 379007 379999 382993 384987 385981 385976 383964
      384957 384951 382942 379934 372924 370917 368911 367905
      365898 362891 359888 353885 346884 336882 332879 328874
      325869 324864 324856 327849 328845 327841 328837 333833
      337830 346823 355814 358809 358801 361791 366779 369771
      371764 373736 371729 366727 360725 356724 353726 346732
      341742 335753 333759 331766 330773 327780 322790 316798
      307808 305834 300844 300849 304854 306860 306865 304856
      300852 297853 295855 292859 295866 298868 301867 302866
      304869 306868 308875 310880 310885 307890 302895 300899
      298906 300915 303918 305920 308920 312917 315912 320911
      322914 324917 325922 326929 326946 326956 328965 330971
      331979 330986 329992 323003 316011 312017 311021 312026
      318033 322035 327035 331035 333037 336042 340045 348047
      360051 365047 371046 376042 380042 384047 386051 390051
      403037 410035 413030 411023 409019 406016 406012 408004
      411999 409991 421971
 0.25 356087 355085 355084 354082 353082 352079 350078 349077
      348077 347078 347079 345081 346083 348083 350084 352086
      353087 355087 356087
 0.25 356025 356022 356020 356018 356017 355016 354014 354013
      352012 351012 350013 349015 349016 349017 349018 349020
      349022 349024 350026 351026 352028 354029 355027 356025
 0.25 318108 317097 319093 318088 315085 310083 303083 299081
      295082 297085 297090 291094 290098 294101 296105 299108
      302110 307112 315109 318108
 0.50 394039 393033 389029 385024 381020 377016 374016 373019
      375026 377031 380035 385039 389043 392043 394041 394039
 0.50 362771 361766 356763 352762 350762 349764 344774 340783
      337793 332802 331807 331809 335810 343803 349796 355788
      360778 362771
 0.50 359743 359741 358740 358741 357742 356743 355745 355746
      356746 357746 357745 359743 359743
 0.50 369987 371978 370971 366958 365949 366941 366935 365927
      363912 362906 359899 356894 352890 347890 342894 336897
      335902 333909 333917 333926 332932 330938 328947 329956
      330962 332968 336973 339979 340986 338992 337997 338000
      344999 349001 354003 357004 359007 361014 361016 366015
      367013 367007 367002 367996 369987
 0.50 364032 366030 365027 364026 363025 361027 361029 362031
      364032 364032
 0.50 341028 341026 341024 341021 340019 338017 336015 334016
      334017 333019 333021 334022 335023 336025 337028 339029
      341029 341028
 0.50 315105 314104 313103 312102 310101 308101 307102 305103
      304104 304105 304106 306107 308107 310108 311107 312107
      313106 315105
 1.00 357978 355958 357951 358945 358938 357928 357919 357912
      357909 353901 349898 345899 343901 341906 339915 340928
      334945 333949 334954 335958 338960 348971 349983 350988
      353990 357978
 1.50 353916 353910 351905 349903 346904 344908 344915 346925
      345932 343936 338943 338952 340956 345958 350951 352941
      353927 353916
 2.00 345949 346947 346945 345943 343944 342945 342947 342949
      343951 345950 345949

$$





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