Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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628
FXUS04 KWBC 180926
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
425 AM EST SAT FEB 18 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 18/1200 UTC THRU FEB 21/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


...WESTERN U.S...

THE ANOMALOUSLY STRONG MID-UPPER LEVEL TROUGH NOW SLAMMING INTO
SRN CA IS EXPECTED TO GRADUALLY WEAKEN WHILE TRACKING INTO NWRN
MEX AND THE SWRN US THIS WEEKEND. GUIDANCE INDICATES THAT THE LEAD
RIVER OF DEEP MOISTURE STEADILY WEAKENS AS WELL BUT REMAINS WELL
ABOVE NORMAL INTO THE SOUTHWESTERN STATES WITH FORECAST
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES SATURDAY UPWARDS TO 2-3 STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL. MOISTURE TRANSPORT AND STILL FAVORABLE
SUPPORT ALOFT/DIFFLUENCE WILL STILL FAVOR THE SPREAD OF SOME
MODERATE TO HEAVY PCPN ACROSS THE REGION THAT COULD LEAD TO LOCAL
RUNOFF ISSUES...WITH GREATEST TOTALS LIKELY INTO THE MOGOLLON RIM
REGION OF CENTRAL AZ WHERE THE UPSLOPE FLOW WILL ENHANCE UVVS AND
AMOUNTS. SOME 1-3"+ AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE IN THE MOGOLLON RIM AREA
WITH AREAL AVERAGE .50-1" OR SO AMOUNTS ELSEWHERE ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN GREAT BASIN INTO THE SOUTHWEST.

MUCH WEAKER NRN STREAM TROUGHING SPLIT OVERTOP ACROSS THE NWRN US
WILL HAVE MORE LIMITED DYNAMICS AND MOISTURE TO WORK WITH GIVEN
MODEST CONNECTION WITH SRN LATITUDE FLOW ALOFT AS PER LATEST WATER
VAPOR LOOPS...BUT STEADY NRN STREAM HEIGHT FALLS INTO LATER PERIOD
AND ASSOCIATED SURFACE SYSTEM PASSAGE SHOULD ALLOW FOR SOME
WIDESPREAD AND LOCALLY MODERATE PCPN...INCLUDING TERRAIN ENHANCED
SNOW POTENITAL FROM THE CASCADES EASTWARD TO THE NRN ROCKIES.

...SOUTHEASTERN U.S...

SLOW CLOSED LOW EJECTION ACROSS THE SRN/SERN STATES OFFERS
FAVORABLE UPPER DIFFLUENCE/LIFT ACROSS THE SERN U.S...BUT MODEST
LEAD SURFACE RESPONSE/WRAPPED MOISTURE INFLUX OUT FROM THE GULF OF
MEXICO. EXPECT MAINLY LIGHT PCPN WILL SPREAD UPWARD FROM THE
REGION INTO THE TN VALLEY AND S-CENTRAL
APPALACHIANS/MID-ATLANTIC...WITH SOME MODERATE AMOUNTS POSSIBLE
OVER FAVORED SRN APPALACHIANS TERRAIN. BANDED LEADING EDGE HEAVIER
CONVECTION POTENTIAL MAY BE OUT FROM THE ERN GULF OF MEXICO INTO
N-CENTRAL FL WHERE PWS COULD POOL UPWARDS TO 1.5". MODELS ARE NOT
OFFERING MUCH IN THE WAY OF HIGHER TOTALS...BUT SOME SPOTS COULD
SEE SOME 1" AMOUNTS WITH ANY TRAINING.

...NORTHEASTERN U.S...

NRN STREAM SHORTWAVE TROUGH PASSAGE CLIPPING NRN NEW ENGLAND AND
LEAD WARM AIR ADVECTION PATTERN SHOULD BE ABLE TO SQUEEZE OUT SOME
LIGHT WINTERY PCPN FROM NRN NY ACROSS VT/NH/MAINE DESPITE LIMITED
MOISTURE.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WESTERN UNITED STATES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING ACROSS THE WEST COAST INTO THE ROCKIES
WILL TAP DEEP PACIFIC MOISTURE TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OVER PORTIONS OF CENTRAL CA DURING DAYS 2 AND
3. THE 00Z GFS HAS COME INTO BETTER AGREEMENT WITH THE 00Z ECMWF
REGARDING THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY...AND THE PLACEMENT
OF THE BEST INFLOW/UPSLOPE FLOW...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSES WA/OR EARLY DURING DAY 2...AND THE LOW
LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWEST FLOW FOCUSES PACIFIC MOISTURE ON THE HIGHER
TERRAIN OF THE COASTAL RANGES IN WA/OR...WHERE A STRIPE OF 0.75 TO
1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. THE MOISTURE IS NOT AS ROBUST AS IT
CROSSES THE WA/OR CASCADES...SO LOCAL 0.75 INCH QPF AMOUNTS WERE
PLACED IN THE FAVORED UPSLOPE AREAS HERE.

FURTHER SOUTH...A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES FROM
NV/AZ INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS DURING DAY 2. LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH
THE LONG WAVE TROUGH SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT TO TAP THE REMAINING
MOISTURE AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM TO PRODUCE AREAS OF 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE GRAND TETONS
OF WY...AS WELL AS THE NORTHERN WASATCH AND UNITAS RANGES IN UT.
DEEPER MOISTURE IS FOCUSED IN THE UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS THE SAN JUAN
MOUNTAINS IN CO...WHERE LOCAL 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES QPF AMOUNTS HAVE
BEEN PLACED. SNOW LEVELS ARE LOW ENOUGH TO PRECLUDE FLASH FLOODING
DURING DAY 2 ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN.

FINALLY...SHORT WAVE ENERGY RIDING ACROSS SOUTHERN OR AND NORTHERN
AND CENTRAL CA DURING THE SECOND HALF OF DAY 2 WILL TAP MOISTURE
FROM AN APPROACHING ATMOSPHERIC RIVER. A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL
SOUTHWEST FLOW WILL FOCUS 1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH
IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN)
ACROSS THE NORTHERN SIERRA NEVADA RANGE IN CA...AS WELL AS THE
COASTAL RANGE OF CENTRAL CA. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED LITTLE IN THE
WAY OF INSTABILITY IN THE MOISTURE PLUME...SO UPSLOPE (COMBINED
WITH SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT WITH THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY) IS EXPECTED
TO PRODUCE AXES OF 2.00 TO 2.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE
ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS. A MARGINAL RISK REMAINS IN PLACE FOR DAY 2
IN THESE AREAS.

THE CORE OF THE ATMOSPHERIC RIVER MOISTURE BECOMES FOCUSED ON THE
COASTAL RANGE IN CENTRAL CA...AS WELL AS THE SPINE OF THE SIERRA
NEVADA RANGE DURING DAY 3. CONFIDENCE IN THE PLACEMENT OF THE
ATMOSPHERIC RIVER IS INCREASING...AS THE INTEGRATED WATER VAPOR
TRANSPORT SIGNATURE HAS BEEN PRESENT IN THE LAST FEW CYCLES OF THE
ECMWF AND GFS. A 40 TO 50 KNOT WESTERLY LOW LEVEL FLOW CONTINUES
TO PLACE THE 1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR OVER THE CENTRAL CA
COASTAL RANGE...AS WELL AS THE CENTRAL SIERRA NEVADA RANGE (WHERE
THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS ORTHOGONAL TO THE TERRAIN). THERE WAS A
MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 4.50 TO 6.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE
FAVORED UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE...WITH THE 00Z
GFS/UKMET SHOWING THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS. SNOW LEVELS AR LOW ENOUGH
TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE FLOOD THREAT HERE...BUT GIVEN THE WET
ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS...A SLIGHT RISK AREA
WAS PLACED IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE
SIERRA FOR DAY 3.

FURTHER WEST...THE LOW LEVEL FLOW FOCUSES THE MOISTURE IN THE
COASTAL RANGE NEAR KSFO...WHERE THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS SHOWED QPF
AMOUNTS BETWEEN 3.00 AND 4.00 INCHES. ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS ARE
WET HERE AS WELL (WITH RAINFALL AMOUNTS BETWEEN 150 AND 200
PERCENT OF NORMAL DURING THE PAST TWO WEEKS)...AND AFTER
COLLABORATING WITH WFO MTR...A SLIGHT RISK WAS PLACED HERE ON DAY
3 AS WELL.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN
ROCKIES DURING DAY 3 TAPS PACIFIC MOISTURE (WHICH IS NOT AS ROBUST
AS ACROSS NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA)...AND THE UPSLOPE FLOW FOCUSES
ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE COASTAL RANGE IN OR...AS WELL AS THE
OR AND SOUTHERN WA CASCADES. THE COMBINATION OF UPSLOPE AND
SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AXES OF 1.25 INCHES
OF QPF IN THE UPSLOPE AREAS OF THESE RANGES. FURTHER EAST...THE
UPSLOPE FLOW PRODUCES AXES OF 1.00 TO 1.25 INCHES OF ACROSS THE
HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE BLUE MOUNTAINS OF OR INTO THE SAWTOOTH AND
SALMON RIVER RANGES IN ID...WITH LESSER AMOUNTS OVER THE GRAND
TETONS IN WY...AND THE NORTHERN BITTERROOTS OF NORTHERN ID.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED IN THE HIGHER TERRAIN ACROSS THE
WESTERN UNITED STATES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE
LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

DEEPENING MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL RIDE NORTH INTO THE UPPER
MS VALLEY AND UPPER GREAT LAKES OVER A WARM FRONT EARLY ON DAY
3...WHICH THEN BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR LOW TOPPED CONVECTION AHEAD
OF A COLD FRONT LATER IN THE PERIOD. THERE IS BETTER AGREEMENT
BETWEEN THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS WITH RESPECT TO TIMING OF THE MID LEVEL
SYSTEM SUPPORTING THE FRONTAL BOUNDARIES...SO THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THESE TWO SOLUTIONS.

A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
PLAINS EARLY ON DAY 3 CROSSES THE UPPER MS VALLEY AND UPPER GREAT
LAKES DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. THE LONG WAVE TROUGH
SPINS UP A SURFACE LOW ON A LOW LEVEL BAROCLINIC ZONE ACROSS THE
NORTHERN PLAINS...AND THE SURFACE LOW TRACKS INTO THE SOUTH
CENTRAL CANADA. AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH AND SURFACE LOW...A
30 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN THREE AND FOUR STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) UP AND OVER A WARM FRONT ASSOCIATED
WITH THE SURFACE LOW ACROSS EASTERN ND INTO MN. MODEL SOUNDINGS
SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY IN THE MOISTURE PLUME (THOUGH IT
SHOULD BE ELEVATED OVER THE WARM FRONT)...SO AN AREA OF 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER EASTERN ND AND WESTERN MN.

AFTER THE WARM FRONT TRACKS EAST ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES...THERE WILL BE A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY AFTER 20/18Z AND
BEFORE 21/06Z FOR LOW TOPPED SURFACE BASED CONVECTION TO FORM
AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH THE SURFACE LOW OVER SOUTH
CENTRAL CANADA. THE LOW TOPPED CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE
AN AREA OF 0.75 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EAST CENTRAL MN INTO
WEST CENTRAL WI...AS WELL AS PORTIONS OF THE UP OF MI. WHILE THE
CONVECTIVE MODE IS EXPECTED TO BE MAINLY OUTFLOW
DOMINATED...CORFIDI VECTORS WEAKEN TO UNDER 10 KNOTS FOR A TIME
AROUND 21/00Z...WHICH COULD ALLOW FOR LOCAL TRAINING. DUE TO THE
HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIRMASS... AND THE POTENTIAL FOR
TRAINING...A MARGINAL RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER EASTERN
MN...NORTHWEST WI AND A PORTION OF THE UP OF MI FOR DAY 3.


...SOUTHERN/CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY....

DEEPENING MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF A SLOW MOVING COLD
FRONT WILL SET THE STAGE FOR HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS ON DAY
2...SHIFTING TO THE LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY ON DAY 3. THE 00Z GFS
STILL APPEARS TO BE TOO FAST WITH THE MID LEVEL SUPPORT FOR THE
EXPECTED CONVECTION AHEAD OF THE FRONT...SO THE WPC QPF HERE WAS
BASED MORE ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/UKMET.

A NEGATIVELY TILTED TROUGH TRACKS FROM NV/AZ TO THE CENTRAL PLAINS
DURING DAY 2. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM (AND A SURFACE COLD
FRONT DRAPED ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS)...A 30 KNOT
LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY INFLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25/1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE
WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN)
ACROSS EAST TX INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK. THE BEST THRUST OF LOW LEVEL
MOISTURE AND MODERATE TO STRONG INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED IN THE
19/18Z TO 20/00Z TIME FRAME IN THIS AREA. DIVERGENCE IN THE RIGHT
ENTRANCE REGION OF A 110 KNOT JET STREAK MOVING NORTH ACROSS THE
CENTRAL PLAINS SHOULD PROVIDE SUFFICIENT SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT FOR
CONVECTIVE ORGANIZATION...RESULTING IN STRIPES OF CONVECTION
MOVING SOUTH TO NORTH ACROSS EAST CENTRAL TX.

WHILE THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL
SYNOTIC SETUP...THERE IS STILL SOME SPREAD ON WHERE THE BEST QPF
AXES SHOULD BE PLACED ON DAY 2. FOLLOWING THE AXIS OF BEST
INSTABILITY...THE WPC QPF MAXIMA (1.50 TO 2.25 INCHES) WAS PLACED
OVER EAST TX (MAINLY EAST OF KDFW) INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK.  THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES IN THIS AREA ARE GENERALLY ABOVE
2.50 INCHES...SO THE MARGINAL RISK WAS MAINTAINED FOR DAY 2 (SINCE
CONFIDENCE IN WHERE TO PLACE A POSSIBLE SLIGHT RISK WAS VERY LOW).

THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS
DURING DAY 3...REACHING COASTAL TX AND THE LOWER MS VALLEY BY THE
END OF THE PERIOD (WITH SOME MODEL SOLUTIONS SHOWING A CLOSED LOW
AT THE BASE OF THE TROUGH). THE SLOW MOVING COLD FRONT FOLLOWS THE
MID LEVEL SYSTEM...AND THE FRONT BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR HEAVY TO
LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL AND SURFACE
SYSTEMS...A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS
1.50/1.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS FAR EAST TX...LA/AR AND
SOUTHWEST MS. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MAINLY MARGINAL INSTABILITY
REMAINING CLOSE TO THE GULF COAST...AND THE COMBINATION OF
MOISTURE/INSTABILITY SHOULD BE ENOUGH FOR AREAS OF 2.00 TO 2.50
INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS.

AS MENTIONED EARLIER...THERE IS STILL SOME MODEL SPREAD CONCERNING
THE PLACEMENT OF THE HIGHEST QPF AXES ASSOCIATED WITH THE QPF...
SO A BLEND APPROACH WAS EMPLOYED.  THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES ARE GENERALLY ABOVE 2.50 NICHES ACROSS THIS ENTIRE AREA...
SO FOR NOW A MARGINAL RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER MUCH OF THE LOWER
MS VALLEY FOR DAY 3. THE FORECAST SPREAD PRECLUDED ASSIGNING A
SLIGHT RISK AREA.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

SCHICHTEL/HAYES

24HR QP VT 19/12Z
 0.01 532187 530182 531179 527167 521156 518150 514146 505139
      499137 495135 488133 484131 479128 475124 465126 460127
      456122 454108 452101 450095 438092 428091 426091 427094
      430099 425103 424107 423111 418112 413108 413103 410095
      411090 412085 415081 420072 416068 413062 411059 408060
      404060 394064 389066 387068 383069 374063 369061 366061
      366065 356071 354072 350071 346069 338059 328055 312052
      307051 300050 299056 302060 306064 311067 316071 315078
      309081 305082 298083 296085 294083 292088 287086 283082
      283086 286091 284097 282102 282105 284108 287113 291117
      301122 300128 297132 292136 291141 292149 296153 305162
      313168 321175 325180 328185 332196 335201 337206 340212
      345216 354221 360224 368227 380234 385236 389240 397248
      402252 409255 414255 417255 417259 409266 410268 413270
      418274 429282 435284 440284 451284 455281 458275 460270
      458263 456253 467252 473253 479254 491262 497263 498254
      522187 528188 532187
 0.01 507711 506698 505691 503687 500678 498667 496654 495647
      494643 492640 489637 483633 477630 474629 470630 467638
      466647 468653 469659 468669 466674 463673 458674 454673
      451674 447677 445679 443683 443688 445693 446696 449697
      452699 455700 454704 450706 446707 442710 438712 434713
      434715 438717 442717 446717 446720 444722 441726 442727
      448729 457727 459728 460731 461737 463741 466739 472733
      475732 476738 480746 481749 484751 486752 489749 491747
      493748 495752 500758 505757 508753 509749 509742 506726
      505722 506716 507711
 0.01 480196 479189 477184 475182 472182 468185 461191 457195
      455199 450202 448201 442198 440193 436197 436201 438204
      441207 443209 446210 455208 464204 472200 480196
 0.01 395796 394790 393786 387781 382775 378766 371770 368775
      368779 369791 367802 363809 358814 354816 351815 342812
      339810 335807 330800 330796 333793 337786 346773 350766
      356761 364756 371752 376751 378746 376742 373740 366737
      357736 353737 350739 345740 342742 333747 327751 312761
      300772 287781 274791 267795 262797 257799 252803 253807
      258806 264805 268806 269812 268816 266825 266835 262843
      261852 264861 261869 259876 257885 256890 257895 259900
      261903 264905 267904 273899 278894 283887 288882 292880
      295881 297885 303885 314884 324884 329883 332885 340889
      341893 340898 341903 344904 347906 350904 362896 369889
      374882 378874 379870 379863 378852 377847 379845 381841
      382834 381824 381817 382812 385807 388804 393800 395796
 0.01 309017 309013 308011 304008 300002 300998 304992 308988
      310984 310979 308977 303976 299976 297978 288983 281984
      278989 282993 286996 289997 289001 289005 290008 293012
      298017 307018 309017
 0.25 516164 518158 515155 512153 510151 505149 501149 496152
      492160 487164 482162 475157 467156 459153 452150 450148
      448143 446136 446124 447116 449113 448109 446106 444106
      440108 439112 434119 430125 427131 429139 430148 431154
      432157 436163 442168 446174 448177 446183 447191 451191
      454189 458185 461181 461177 458175 458170 462165 468165
      478166 482166 485169 486172 490173 495174 498174 503171
      510167 516164
 0.25 494705 492699 490693 488688 485684 482685 481690 480694
      479700 479706 480711 483715 485714 488710 491706 494705
 0.25 483718 482716 481715 481716 482718 483719 483718
 0.25 466242 459227 464222 467219 469218 468215 459215 452216
      445217 437218 431221 427230 424232 419232 415229 410230
      406237 404240 406244 408247 413249 421248 436246 443246
      450244 458243 466242 466242
 0.25 453270 452266 448263 444261 439261 435260 431261 428264
      429269 433273 438274 443274 447273 450272 453270
 0.25 402212 402211 400209 399208 397207 395206 394205 393205
      392204 390203 389203 388203 389204 390205 391206 392207
      393208 395209 395210 397211 398212 400212 402213 402212
 0.25 408112 406108 403107 396109 392110 389109 385106 381105
      370116 367118 361117 357116 353113 348107 347103 346098
      346092 345089 339081 336079 331079 328081 326085 324088
      319090 312090 308088 304089 296091 293094 290094 288096
      287099 288106 289109 292112 300116 308118 312120 313125
      311134 312137 315141 322145 333148 342151 348155 365164
      374163 381160 385160 389159 393155 394152 390145 390139
      390135 394127 399119 408112
 0.25 372188 371186 370185 368183 367183 366182 365182 363183
      361183 360183 361184 362184 364185 366185 368186 369187
      371188 372188
 0.25 348201 348198 347196 346194 345192 343193 343195 344198
      345200 345201 347203 348201
 0.25 344175 344171 342168 338168 334166 331164 325162 320161
      317164 321165 325167 330170 335171 339172 342176 344175
 0.25 344752 344750 342750 340753 334758 322768 309777 296786
      290791 286797 279813 276820 275829 275835 275839 273849
      271857 269865 265882 264888 265893 267892 271890 276882
      279876 283869 287862 297851 303821 305813 309807 318793
      323788 328782 336768 344752
 0.25 327861 324859 318859 313859 310861 306865 304868 305872
      308873 314874 317872 321868 323866 326862 327861
 0.25 323836 323834 322832 320832 319834 319835 317836 317837
      316839 317841 319843 321842 322840 322838 323838 323836
 0.50 456239 455238 453237 451237 453239 454239 456239
 0.50 450239 449238 447238 446239 444240 445241 447241 449240
      450239
 0.50 450220 449219 447219 443219 441220 438221 436221 433222
      432224 434225 436225 439225 442225 444224 446223 449222
      450220
 0.50 449163 450160 449158 446154 445150 444142 443139 441134
      439132 436133 435138 435145 436150 438153 441158 444161
      447163 449163
 0.50 390118 388116 383115 380117 377120 371125 368127 364127
      354117 349111 345103 340089 338085 335083 331084 330090
      330095 328099 323103 320104 317103 309098 303094 299094
      296096 294099 292100 290103 292106 295108 300112 307115
      315116 320115 323113 327116 331123 332126 330130 322132
      316134 317137 319138 337143 364160 370158 376153 378151
      378146 377136 379130 383126 390118
 0.50 333767 333765 331765 327767 320773 314777 307783 300789
      295794 286809 282816 279825 279837 281844 285844 288837
      293830 296822 297815 298811 299807 300802 305795 312790
      320786 325779 330772 333767
 0.50 287854 287852 283851 278853 273857 272863 271869 269876
      269880 272882 276877 279871 281867 284861 287856 287854
 1.00 367153 365153 364153 363153 361154 363156 364156 365155
      366153 367153
 1.00 350132 351126 352119 347112 343104 339095 337091 335093
      334099 330107 334114 337121 340131 343135 346136 349134
      350132
 1.00 291824 290823 289822 288822 287823 285824 284825 283827
      285829 287830 289829 291826 291824
 1.50 346129 348123 349116 346112 344109 341104 339102 336099
      336102 335106 336110 338115 339119 341124 342127 346130
      346129
 2.00 345123 345120 345118 345117 345116 344114 343111 342110
      342109 341107 341106 339105 339106 339108 339111 339113
      340115 341118 341119 342120 343122 345123 345123

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 559112 560100 559091 554080 546069 542065 535063 532060
      534056 534046 536043 536038 534032 530016 527010 524007
      520002 515998 507993 494988 488987 482982 473975 469971
      464968 453962 447954 439943 437937 434933 431927 427922
      424916 417912 408908 398903 386908 378909 373911 348916
      336920 323925 312930 306932 304933 300933 297928 293925
      286923 281922 270942 261950 256954 252959 247962 246968
      246972 243974 239977 235981 233983 232987 231003 231008
      232015 235025 234032 231038 230045 231053 232058 235064
      238068 243072 249080 252086 256091 258096 264100 271107
      291123 300129 310133 323137 330138 337140 343142 351144
      360150 365153 373155 380156 383157 383160 383165 382170
      380172 374174 369171 360169 357172 355177 353179 348179
      346174 346169 345167 338165 332163 327160 324156 321155
      319153 311151 308149 303148 298145 293144 290148 290150
      293153 303160 316166 329171 333173 335176 334178 330183
      327189 324196 324204 328213 329219 330222 329227 328236
      329244 332257 339265 343269 343273 361286 370294 375293
      379288 387281 391277 395274 397272 401272 404273 413282
      424288 432283 449269 460269 468276 487291 499295 507288
      513281 520269 521260 520253 519246 517240 512228 506216
      505209 509204 514204 518208 526215 530219 533219 535216
      537209 536200 536191 535185 532170 530163 526158 518151
      510144 503142 500139 489132 480125 479121 481118 484113
      484108 487104 498101 508097 510100 508102 504106 496110
      489114
 0.01 489114 487119 487121 490124 493125 497123 500124 509120
      514117 520118 525122 529127 531133 533141 537153 539159
      544163 547159 550153 552146 554136 557120 559112
 0.01 521080 521078 520075 518077 518080 519083 521080
 0.01 507745 504731 502715 500711 500706 499698 496691 495683
      494676 492672 489666 485662 477661 473655 469655 459655
      457657 456663 457671 458680 453690 448699 441708 439712
      437717 439722 437728 434731 436734 438737 436740 433745
      432747 433750 434759 436761 439758 442755 445754 447751
      450746 450738 451732 456728 462721 465716 469716 470720
      470725 469731 465742 460751 459757 461762 462771 465777
      469789 471795 472803 476812 482822 485826 489825 493821
      495817 498805 500798 500790 502777 506766 507745
 0.01 467947 466942 462935 459932 455932 454930 452935 450942
      452947 457952 460957 464962 466954 466949 467947
 0.01 436083 435078 432074 429071 424070 420072 417075 415078
      415083 418086 423086 425084 428084 433086 436083
 0.01 425008 423004 421003 417999 412995 410992 408992 407994
      406996 403998 401001 401005 398009 395011 392011 390013
      386013 379013 365016 354020 348022 341022 335023 328023
      312022 306021 302024 292029 285032 282032 275030 270026
      268021 266019 263018 255029 258035 261039 265041 269041
      277042 283040 287039 290037 302038 310038 315041 320045
      318048 306051 298051 294051 292052 284052 279053 272055
      268059 264063 264065 269066 274067 280067 290060 295058
      303059 311059 317058 330055 336053 340050 344045 349042
      360037 362036 366036 373036 387038 391033 389029 391026
      397023 403022 414019 418017 420013 425008
 0.01 397800 397795 391796 386797 383800 376805 371812 365818
      359823 360828 363825 368818 375812 380812 384809 390804
      394801 397800
 0.01 373690 372681 370677 366673 361672 355674 350677 343684
      335692 332695 325699 315704 305709 296714 291718 286721
      272724 262729 255735 250739 247743 244747 237749 232752
      231756 231760 233766 235768 234772 231776 231782 234788
      240795 242799 246803 255808 264813 272816 289802 294799
      296794 302786 306784 308788 307791 308795 313794 321786
      328780 337774 343764 354746 360736 363731 365726 367721
      369715 372704 373690
 0.25 510268 511261 512256 511247 510238 507229 504222 499214
      490204 486202 482202 476203 470205 466206 461205 457204
      454205 447205 446199 448195 450193 458181 459178 459174
      457170 456165 454157 451154 446154 443159 442171 438179
      436187 436194 438196 441199 443202 441206 438207 430205
      424201 420200 416200 409201 401198 387190 374183 366181
      363181 360183 356189 355194 353197 346198 344200 341203
      339208 340213 342221 342229 341237 341247 343254 345262
      349268 353274 358279 365283 372284 375283 377279 380272
      383264 388257 393253 397253 401253 406256 412260 416266
      419272 422274 425273 430270 453259 460258 466259 473263
      479269 484273 490278 496281 503282 505280 508276 510268
 0.25 444108 446104 444100 441099 438099 429106 421113 415115
      410112 409105 408098 401106 398113 399116 402118 413119
      421128 427126 430122 438112 444108
 0.25 447043 447041 447039 447037 446036 445035 443035 442034
      440034 438034 436034 435035 435038 434039 434040 435042
      436043 438045 439045 441046 443046 444046 444045 446044
      447043
 0.25 413068 412065 409063 404060 396058 389060 377062 363060
      357063 357067 358069 361074 366079 370084 373090 375092
      379094 386093 392090 396085 404074 413068
 0.25 386956 387950 386947 380941 373939 364940 356939 349936
      343933 338932 334933 319939 306943 298945 290946 283948
      276952 271955 268957 266962 267968 266972 264975 260980
      259983 259987 264992 269995 277997 281998 286997 297995
      305995 315994 321992 327990 335991 343991 351990 357986
      362982 370980 376976 381972 383968 385964 386956
 0.25 346728 346720 345716 342715 336715 330717 325719 320719
      308722 283729 273731 268734 264737 258746 253755 255760
      260763 264765 268768 272770 277773 283774 289773 301770
      307767 312766 318765 323767 327766 332761 337752 342742
      346728
 0.25 344125 346121 346116 344114 342111 341109 339107 335108
      334110 334114 335117 337119 338122 340124 342125 344125
 0.25 287097 287095 286092 284090 280089 277089 274090 274093
      276096 278098 279099 281101 284101 286099 287097
 0.25 248062 249058 248056 246054 244052 243050 240048 238046
      236047 236049 237052 239055 241057 242059 244061 247062
      248062
 0.50 502267 503258 504250 506246 506239 505232 502225 500221
      497218 487213 484211 481212 480213 482215 489218 492225
      495233 495237 493240 486236 481232 477227 472224 471215
      464213 458213 453215 448219 443221 433225 429224 425223
      421217 412209 400202 376189 364184 360188 361193 364199
      366202 364204 358205 352207 349212 349221 350227 349232
      349240 349246 349255 351262 354268 357273 363278 370280
      375277 377270 384256 388250 392246 405247 411250 416253
      421260 425264 431263 436261 445255 450251 455250 462249
      468250 474252 479256 488266 491269 497271 501270 502267
 0.50 386079 386077 385072 383071 382069 378067 375067 371067
      369070 371074 372077 372080 373084 375086 379086 381085
      384083 386081 386079
 0.50 372956 370951 365949 358948 352948 346947 343943 339940
      333941 322944 310947 288952 278956 274960 273966 272973
      270979 269985 275987 285989 297989 311988 322986 327984
      331984 338986 344985 359969 367963 372956
 0.50 337740 337735 336729 331725 323724 318725 315727 308731
      302731 284733 277736 271741 268748 270753 272755 278757
      286759 293760 302759 317759 325761 329759 331757 336743
      337740
 1.00 477238 476235 475235 474237 475238 477238 477238
 1.00 453240 454238 453236 450236 444235 439236 434239 429242
      423241 420243 427246 430251 435252 441249 444246 448243
      453240
 1.00 415229 418221 418217 416215 406210 395204 388201 384199
      374193 370193 373197 377200 379206 381211 378215 372215
      367217 356218 357224 359230 360236 359244 357249 358255
      362267 366270 371268 376258 380253 383247 386242 389238
      394236 396235 397232 397224 402227 407231 411233 415230
      415229
 1.00 356958 354955 349954 344954 341952 336947 328948 320951
      312953 294956 287959 283966 289972 293979 295981 300982
      310981 325977 327975 332975 334978 337977 340974 339971
      346967 353963 356958
 1.00 324741 324736 321735 319735 316736 314736 311738 309740
      308743 306745 306747 308749 310750 314749 316749 319747
      322745 324743 324741
 1.50 414226 416217 410215 404212 399209 394207 388207 386210
      387213 394216 399220 404223 408227 412228 414226
 1.50 388231 387226 384224 379222 373222 370224 365225 365227
      368231 373234 376237 379238 383237 386235 388231
 1.50 348960 347958 344958 339956 335952 332952 321955 310956
      304957 299959 296962 292964 291967 297968 304968 308970
      313967 317966 328968 333970 337969 346963 348960
 2.00 413221 413219 410217 407215 405214 402212 398211 397210
      393209 393211 394213 396215 399218 401219 404221 406222
      409224 412224 413221
 2.00 378229 378228 376227 375228 376228 377228 378229
 2.00 317960 318958 317958 316958 314958 313958 312958 310959
      308959 307959 305959 303960 302962 303963 305964 307964
      308964 310964 312964 314963 315962 316962 317960 317960

24HR QP VT 21/12Z
 0.01 230942 232948 235953 239958 244962 245965 245970 246974
      249976 257984 261987 265989 281990 288990 292989 304986
      317982 323980 328976 339970 345967 352966 376962 382961
      389960 402959 405961 407963 409970 410977 414985 416988
      416992 413000 410007 409014 411019 414024 424032 434036
      443041 451043 456045 463048 470049 485055 490056 494057
      496059 501062 506064 514069 517070 519072 525074 537075
      541076 542073 546068 551064 551052 559014 563998 563979
      564966 563955 561949 560943 560937 560925 560914 559902
      557892 555884 553875 552864 549847 543834 536825 529819
      519813 513811 507807 504805 499801 495794 491789 482784
      476782 470783 463792 456798 447808 442813 439818 433832
      427845 424849 419853 411859 402866 393873 383880 376879
      370877 359870 347866 322865 314866 310868 297866 286862
      279859 274859 269863 262866 254875 239888 234892 232897
      230903 230910 232920 229926
 0.01 539210 541194 538182 534171 528162 524155 520150 516145
      514143 507138 502136 498133 493131 489128 481121 478118
      476112 473105 470100 466099 454089 446084 435082 429082
      425084 422095 396096 387110 380110 376112 376117 374122
      373127 376129 377133 375136 373136 370138 368142 363148
      361157 362161 364162 366163 368165 364168 360169 354176
      351180 348181 346179 345170 342167 338168 338179 338183
      337185 337188 338193 336199 331208 328212 326217 324221
      322226 322230 324233 331239 329243 330246 335254 337260
      341262 351264 361268 375277 378280 383282 390288 394290
      397293 407299 410302 415301 420303 425303 434306 438304
      441302 452293 466281 474278 478277 482277 493287 497289
      501289 506290 508288 511283 515280 519267 521263 522256
      518244 518236 517231 519226 522224 524227 528228 534223
      537216 539210
 0.01 397131 398129 396127 395126 393125 392126 391128 392130
      393130 394132 396132 397131
 0.01 398062 396062 395059 393061 391061 390066 389068 387070
      385072 387074 388077 388079 391080 392077 394075 394071
      396067 396064 398062
 0.25 550968 551958 550949 549942 547933 546924 546913 545903
      544897 541893 538891 531886 523883 519881 516876 510867
      503858 488843 481839 477837 472836 463835 457836 454839
      447846 441856 434866 431871 429877 425886 422889 417891
      397896 391897 384896 378895 372894 357895 354892 352887
      349883 345882 334883 323884 312884 299885 287884 280885
      275886 263889 256893 249899 245902 243907 241917 241944
      241948 244951 247954 252958 250963 251968 254971 259976
      264977 271976 279974 290971 301968 307966 313965 324962
      333960 344958 355957 360956 364954 374951 380949 384947
      387942 390941 393943 406943 415945 426949 433954 438959
      446967 454976 458986 462991 463999 464004 463009 459020
      459027 463029 468029 473029 483026 493022 502016 512013
      522014 529012 537007 540003 543999 546991 548982 550968
 0.25 510259 511253 511248 509237 506228 504218 501211 500202
      499198 499192 502183 503175 502168 501165 493147 491140
      488136 481131 475128 472130 473134 475139 473140 465139
      457137 451134 449127 449122 450119 452115 453110 451099
      449096 445096 437098 433099 431102 426107 423113 421121
      423129 425133 426137 426149 434165 435174 432179 424167
      419161 416159 413159 410160 404166 400172 395178 389180
      383179 376176 368176 361180 355184 352194 347198 344203
      344222 346242 346252 348256 351258 354260 359261 364261
      372261 379259 386261 395265 413268 420271 427275 434276
      440275 447273 453270 460265 466262 477260 484260 492262
      499265 504265 510259
 0.25 528904 528902 527902 526900 525899 524898 523897 523899
      524902 526905 528906 528904
 0.25 445123 444122 443121 442120 441119 439119 438119 437119
      436121 436122 435124 435126 437126 439126 440126 442126
      443125 444123 445123
 0.50 542963 542958 540956 538952 531944 526937 522935 517934
      507933 498929 487917 484912 483904 483900 485896 488887
      493878 494870 492863 490857 487853 478853 468853 467859
      468868 470883 470888 469895 468900 465903 455907 443908
      433911 428914 424919 422924 424929 427933 433937 441942
      449948 456954 470964 477970 487973 496977 503980 506979
      509979 512980 520984 525985 529985 535979 538968 542963
 0.50 501235 502227 500219 489213 486210 488205 488201 487198
      481196 463209 444213 439213 432210 426200 419192 414184
      409184 404186 399187 392187 382184 370180 365181 360184
      358188 361194 366202 367204 366206 362206 358206 352208
      351213 352220 354231 355236 354245 353249 353253 355255
      358255 364254 368251 376246 381246 385246 389247 390250
      390253 393256 400254 404254 414258 420260 424261 431261
      437260 448258 456255 463251 474248 480249 483248 484244
      482239 483236 483229 487227 492230 496236 497238 500238
      501235
 0.50 494171 494166 491162 487160 483158 479156 475157 473156
      471160 473164 476167 479171 482173 487175 490174 494172
      494171
 0.50 460178 460172 458167 456157 454152 450149 445143 440135
      435136 433140 434146 436150 438155 441158 444167 446177
      449181 453181 457180 460178
 0.50 463854 462851 460850 456850 455853 454857 453860 453864
      454869 455870 457869 459866 460864 461859 461854 463854
      463854
 0.50 446114 447111 447109 446106 444104 442104 441104 439105
      438105 437105 435106 435107 433109 434112 435112 436112
      438112 440113 442113 443114 445114 446114
 0.50 413174 414172 414169 413168 412169 411171 412174 413174
 0.50 375918 376912 374907 371905 368904 360904 353906 343906
      340905 338902 335895 330891 313888 296889 286890 278892
      264895 258900 254907 248919 248928 250935 252939 252943
      253947 255950 258956 262958 264961 267963 271964 279963
      289962 299963 314960 322958 330957 344954 351950 357946
      361941 361933 375918
 1.00 470215 467214 464214 456217 450219 443219 440220 436222
      430226 428228 424228 421227 420222 419212 417207 415204
      414200 411198 404195 394192 385189 370183 365184 363188
      364192 367195 375207 375211 372212 363212 359212 357215
      359221 362230 363235 366238 378234 383235 388237 395243
      396245 400247 407247 425251 432250 437247 451240 456237
      456230 459225 464222 468219 470215
 1.00 455174 455172 455171 454169 454166 453164 452162 452161
      451160 449159 447159 447160 446162 447164 447165 448167
      448168 449170 449173 450175 451176 452176 453176 454174
      455174
 1.00 440146 440144 439141 437139 436141 436143 436146 437146
      438148 438149 439149 440147 440146
 1.00 347930 347921 344917 335911 331908 327904 324898 322896
      316894 309893 296895 284897 275901 266908 262911 261916
      258921 258925 265931 267933 268937 267942 270946 274949
      287950 291952 293958 299959 307958 317957 324956 330954
      335952 339950 342945 343939 346932 347930
 1.50 431243 432239 430236 426234 420232 417229 418221 417214
      412206 407201 403198 393195 371186 368186 366189 368194
      374201 380211 379214 374214 368215 364217 366228 369231
      374232 384231 395233 396238 399242 403245 408244 418245
      427245 431243
 1.50 403228 403227 403226 403223 402223 400222 398222 397222
      395223 394223 394225 395226 396228 396229 397230 399231
      401231 402230 403229 403228
 1.50 338939 337935 337931 337928 335925 323922 320919 325918
      332915 332913 329911 323909 320907 319902 319898 316896
      309895 301897 285901 280904 276908 295916 276929 278937
      281940 285939 291938 299937 309938 316936 323934 328936
      329940 328943 326942 322942 318943 311944 306947 306952
      309955 317954 327947 330944 335943 338939
 2.00 428240 426237 422236 418236 413235 409235 405236 401239
      402242 404243 408242 411242 417243 421243 426242 428240
 2.00 414227 416221 415215 411210 406204 400200 392197 385193
      377190 373189 369189 369192 372195 375200 380207 381210
      380214 376215 372215 369217 368221 370226 373228 377229
      379229 386225 390220 394219 398219 406220 411227 412229
      414227
 2.00 320947 319947 317947 317948 319948 320947
 2.00 320928 319925 317924 314924 308924 305924 299925 295926
      290929 287931 288933 290934 296934 301933 305932 310931
      315930 319929 320928
 2.00 314918 313916 313915 312915 310914 308914 307914 306913
      304913 302913 301913 299914 301916 303917 304918 305918
      306919 308919 310920 312919 314918 314918
 2.00 306905 307903 306901 304901 301901 299902 295903 291904
      290904 286906 286908 288908 291908 295908 299908 301907
      304906 306905
 3.00 408213 405208 401204 394201 389199 383195 377193 375196
      379201 383207 384212 387214 391214 398216 403215 408213
 3.00 383218 383217 381217 380218 379218 377218 375219 374220
      375223 376225 378225 380224 381222 382220 383219 383218
 4.00 403212 401207 397205 392203 389201 384199 382197 382202
      385207 387210 391213 396214 400213 403212
 5.00 397210 395207 394206 392205 390204 389204 387204 386205
      386206 387208 388208 389210 390211 391211 393212 394212
      395212 397210 397210

$$





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