Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary Off
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

000
FXUS04 KWBC 220830
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
329 AM EST SUN JAN 22 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JAN 22/1200 UTC THRU JAN 25/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

...EASTERN U.S...

A DEEP AND GRADUALLY PROGRESSING CLOSED LOW...PRECEDED BY A BROAD
AREA OF HEIGHT FALLS AND WARM ADVECTION...WILL DRIVE BOTH SEVERE
WEATHER AND FLASH FLOOD THREATS OVER THE SOUTHEAST STATES FROM
EARLY THIS MORNING THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT. THERE WAS FAIRLY GOOD
LARGE SCALE AGREEMENT GIVEN THE STRONG SYNOPTIC FORCING...BUT
CERTAINLY A LOT OF DETAIL AND CONVECTIVE DETAIL THE INCREASES THE
COMPLEXITY. THE HI-RES MODELS HAVE BEEN UNDER-PLAYING THE SOUTHERN
EXTENT OF THE HEAVIER RAINFALL IN THIS PATTERN...AND JUDGING BY
OBSERVATIONAL EVIDENCE WPC CONTINUED TO FAVOR SOURCES SUCH AS THE
GEM REGIONAL...NAM CONUS NEST...AND EXPERIMENTAL NAM CONUS NEST
THAT REPRESENT A BETTER EXTRAPOLATED FORECAST FROM THE EARLY RADAR
TRENDS AND THE HRRR...ACROSS THE GULF COAST STATES AND FLORIDA.

WE ALSO NOTED A TREND TOWARD A DEEPER SURFACE LOW TRACKING FARTHER
SOUTH...REACHING EASTERN ALABAMA THIS AFTERNOON. WE INCREASED QPF
ALONG THIS TRACK...BUT MAY INCREASE IT FURTHER FOR THE FINAL
FORECAST IN COORDINATION WITH WFO HUN AND OTHERS. THE QPF WAS
BASED ON A 40/30/30 BLEND OF THE PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST / 12Z ECMWF
/ 00Z NAM CONUS NEST...BUT GIVEN TRENDS IN THE 00Z MODEL CONSENSUS
AND SUBSTANTIAL TRENDS IN THE ECMWF QPF...WE MAY MAKE SOME
MODIFICATIONS FOR THE 1030Z ISSUANCE.


...WESTERN U.S...

THE BARRAGE OF SYSTEMS INTO THE WESTERN U.S. CONTINUES
SUNDAY...WITH 12-HOUR HEIGHT FALLS OF AT LEAST 40 METERS EXTENDING
BORDER TO BORDER / CANADA TO MEXICO...AND SUPPORTING MEANINGFUL
PRECIPITATION FOR NEARLY EVERY LOCATION WEST OF THE CONTINENTAL
DIVIDE THROUGH MONDAY MORNING. THE EVENT WILL AGAIN BE ESPECIALLY
WELL FOCUSED IN CALIFORNIA...WITH A LOCAL MAXIMUM OF DEEP LAYER
MOISTURE AND MOISTURE FLUX PROGRESSING STEADILY FROM NORTH TO
SOUTH AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT. GEFS 850-700 MB U-WIND COMPONENT /
ONSHORE FLOW / ANOMALIES ARE MORE GREATLY FOCUSED ALONG THE
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA COAST  AND THE SOUTHERN SIERRAS TODAY. TOTAL
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES OF 1.00 INCH AGAIN PUSH INTO SOUTHERN
CALIFORNIA...WITH ANOMALOUS VALUES APPROACH A HALF INCH EXPANDING
NOT QUITE TO THE FOUR CORNERS AREA BY MORNING MORNING. OROGRAPHIC
ASCENT WILL ENHANCE PRECIPITATION INTENSITY IN THE FAVORED COASTAL
MOUNTAIN CHAINS...SOUTHERN SIERRAS...AND TO SOME EXTENT IN THE
INTERIOR GREAT BASIN...INCLUDING NORTHERN NEVADA WHERE WE BOOSTED
FORECAST TOTALS A BIT OWING TO SOME OF THE CONSENSUS TOOLS AND
ANALOG EVENTS. OVERALL...THERE WAS LITTLE LARGE SCALE CHANGE TO
THE PRECIPITATION FORECAST...AND MODEL QPF AGREEMENT IS ABOVE
AVERAGE. WE DID FAVOR SOME OF OUR DOWN-SCALED CONSENSUS TOOLS AND
THE GEFS REFORECAST DATA TO YIELD LOCAL INCREASES...ADDING ABOUT
0.10 TO 0.50 INCHES OF AREAL AVERAGE PRECIPITATION ABOVE THE
PREVIOUS FORECAST IN PARTS OF CA/NV/UT.

THE FLASH FLOOD THREAT APPEARS PARTICULARLY PRONOUNCED TODAY ALONG
THE CALIFORNIA COAST FROM MONTEREY TO SAN DIEGO...BUT ESPECIALLY
IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. MULTIPLE HI-RES MODELS PRODUCE HOURLY RAIN
RATES GREATER THAN 0.75 INCHES NEAR AND SOUTH OF SANTA
BARBARA...AND GIVEN RECENT STORM SYSTEMS IN RAPID SUCCESSION...THE
AREA MAY BE MORE PRONE TO RAPID RUNOFF. IN SANTA BARBARA AND
VENTURA COUNTIES THE NATIONAL WATER MODEL...FORCED BY GFS
QPF...PRODUCES A TRANSITION FROM MUCH BELOW NORMAL STREAM FLOW TO
HIGH FLOW IN ONLY A 3 HOUR WINDOW EARLY SUNDAY.

DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WEST COAST...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OFF THE OR/NORTHERN CA COAST EARLY ON DAY 2
OPENS UP AND CROSSES THE CENTRAL CA COAST LATE. DEVELOPING
CONVECTION COULD RESULT IN HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS
PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN CA AFFECTED BY RAINFALL EXPECTED ON DAY 1.
SHORT WAVE ENERGY SOUTH OF THE CLOSED LOW IMPACTS MAINLY SOUTHERN
CA DURING DAY 3. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF
WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OFF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN CA
WILL SEND THE LAST OF THE ORGANIZED SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE
STRONG MID LEVEL FLOW ACROSS SOUTHERN CA DURING DAY 2. THE DEEPEST
MOISTURE WILL HAVE MOVED EAST AND WEAKENED...BUT THE LOW LEVEL
WESTERLY FLOW WILL FOCUS 0.50/0.75 INCH PRECIPTABLE WATER AIR OVER
THIS AREA. AS THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSES SOUTHERN CA...MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED STEEPENING LAPSE RATES RESULT IN MARGINAL
INSTABILITY AND CONVECTION ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF LOS
ANGELES...RIVERSIDE AND SAN DIEGO COUNTIES. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL
SIGNAL FOR 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF IN THE HIGHER TERRAIN...AND
GIVEN THE EXPECTED HEAVY RAINFALL FROM DAY 1...THE ADDITIONAL QPF
COULD RESULT IN A NEW ROUND OF FLOODING. WITH THIS IN MIND...A
SLIGHT RISK AREAS REMAINS IN PLACE FOR THESE AREAS FOR DAY 2.

FURTHER NORTH...THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OPENS INTO A SHORT WAVE
THAT DROPS ALONG THE CA COAST DURING DAY 2. BY THIS TIME...THE
DEEPEST MOISTURE WITH THE ATMOSPHERIC RIVER WILL HAVE LONG BEEN
SCOURED FROM THE HIGHER TERRAIN...BUT THE LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW
WILL FOCUS THE 0.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ON THE CA COASTAL
RANGE...AS WELL AS THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN SIERRA NEVADA RANGE.
THE UPSLOPE IS MOST EFFICIENT ACROSS THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE...
AND THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR AN AXIS OF 0.50 TO 1.00
INCHES OF QPF IN THIS AREA. LESSER AMOUNTS WERE STRETCHED ALONG
THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA COASTAL RANGE...WITH LOCAL 1.00 INCH
AMOUNTS POSSIBLE OVER NORTHWEST CA.

THE LAST OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSES CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN
EARLY DURING DAY 3. PRECIPITABLE WATER AMOUNTS DROP BELOW 0.50
INCHES...SO MOISTURE BECOMES THE LIMITING FACTOR FOR QPF IN THESE
AREAS. THE ONSHORE FLOW WILL FOCUS THE REMAINING MOISTURE IN THE
COLUMN ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN...PRODUCING LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES
OF QPF ALONG THE CA COAST RANGE.


...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING SOUTHERN CA EARLY ON DAY 2 AFFECTS THE
SOUTHWEST AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAY 2...AND THE COMBINATION
OF SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT AN UPSLOPE FLOW RESULTS IN LOCALLY HEAVY
QPF AMOUNTS. THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE TRACK
OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY DURING DAY 2...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

STRONG SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING SOUTHERN CA EARLY ON DAY 2 MOVES
OVER AZ/NM AND SOUTHERN CO BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE
SHORT WAVE...THE REMNANTS OF AN ATMOSPHERIC RIVER PLUME CROSSES
WESTERN AZ EARLY ON DAY 2...AS A LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW
TRANSPORTS 0.50 TO 0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR INTO AZ/NM.
THE LOW LEVEL FLOW FOCUSES THE ENHANCED MOISTURE IN THE MOGOLLON
RIM IN AZ...WHERE THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 0.75 TO 1.25
INCHES OF QPF (WITH THE 00Z ECMWF REPRESENTING THE HIGHER END OF
THE AVAILABLE GUIDANCE).  FURTHER NORTH ACROSS THE WASATCH RANGE
IN UT AND THE SAN JUAN MOUNTAINS IN SOUTHWEST CO...THE MOISTURE
PLUME IS NOT AS ROBUST...BUT THE COMBINATION OF LIFT ASSOCIATED
WITH THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY AND UPSLOPE FLOW WILL MAKE THE MOST OF
THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN TO PRODUCE 0.50 TO 1.00 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS IN THE SAN JUAN RANGE (DUE TO
MORE FAVORABLE UPSLOPE FLOW).

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN IN AZ AND
SOUTH CENTRAL CO ON DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC
WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

A LONG WAVE TROUGH APPROACHES THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS LATE
DURING DAY 2...AND A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW DEVELOPS OVER THE
CENTRAL PLAINS/MID MS VALLEY LATE ON DAY 2 INTO DAY 3...BEFORE IT
TRACKS TO THE UPPER MS VALLEY. ITS ATTENDANT SURFACE LOW FOLLOWS A
SIMILAR PATH...AND INFLOW AHEAD OF THE LOWER AND MID LEVEL SYSTEMS
INFUSES MOISTURE INTO A DEVELOPING MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETICALLY
FORCED LIFT. THE 00Z GFS WAS A BIT FASTER THAN THE CONSENSUS WITH
THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM...AND THE A BIT FURTHER EAST WITH THE
MID LEVEL FORCING. THE 00Z ECMWF HAS BEEN MORE CONSISTENT WITH THE
MAIN SYNOPTIC FEATURES...AND THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MORE ON THE 00Z
ECMWF AND LESS ON THE 00Z GFS FOR DAY 3.

MOISTURE IS TRANSPORTED AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH APPROACHING
FROM THE ROCKIES AND ITS ATTENDANT SURFACE LOW TRACKING FROM CO
INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS AND EVENTUALLY THE MID AND UPPER MS
VALLEY. A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR IN THE ISENTROPIC UPGLIDE INTO A
DEVELOPING BAND OF FRONTOGENETICALLY FORCED LIFT STRETCHING FROM
WESTERN SD ACROSS NORTHERN IA/SOUTHERN MN INTO SOUTHWEST WI. IN
THIS BANDING...AN AXIS OF 0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED...WITH LESSER AMOUNTS STRETCHED INTO THE REMAINDER OF WI
AND SOUTHWEST LOWER MI. THE QPF AMOUNTS IN THIS AXIS WERE MORE
CLOSELY ON THE 00Z ECMWF...WHICH APPEARED TO HAVE A BETTER HANDLE
ON THE PLACEMENT OF THE BEST MID LEVEL FORCING.

LOCALLY HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS A PORTION OF THE
NORTHERN PLAINS INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES ON DAY 3. PLEASE REFER
TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE
INFORMATION.


...MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

A STRONG CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM TRACKS FROM THE INTERIOR MID
ATLANTIC TO THE THE NORTHERN DELMARVA ON DAY 2...AND ITS ATTENDANT
SURFACE LOW FOLLOWS A SIMILAR TRACK. THE SURFACE LOW DEEPENS ON
DAY 3 AS IT TRACKS FROM THE NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC TO NOVA SCOTIA
BY THE END OF PERIOD. STRONG DYNAMIC LIFT...DEEPENING MOISTURE
TRANSPORTED ON A STRONG LOW LEVEL FLOW AND ELEVATED INSTABILITY
AHEAD OF THE SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEMS COULD RESULT IN HEAVY
TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC
INTO COASTAL NEW ENGLAND. THE 00Z ECMWF SPED UP SOLUTION TO BETTER
REFLECTION THE FASTER TIMING OF THE 00Z GFS...SO THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THESE TWO SOLUTIONS.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM AND ITS SURFACE LOW TRACK ACROSS
THE MID ATLANTIC ON DAY 2...THE CYCLONIC FLOW AROUND THE SYSTEMS
RESULTS IN AN UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS FROM
WV DOWN ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF EASTERN TN/WESTERNMOST NC.
THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.00 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF
ACROSS EASTERN TN/WESTERN NC...WITH LESSER AMOUNTS FURTHER NORTH
INTO WV.

AHEAD OF THE WARM FRONT EXTENDING FROM THE SURFACE LOW CROSSING
THE MID ATLANTIC STATES ON DAY 2...A LOW LEVEL EASTERLY INFLOW
TRANSPORTS 1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS THE NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC INTO
THE NYC METRO AREA BEFORE 24/00Z. THE STRONG LOW LEVEL
FORCING...DEEPENING MOISTURE AND MARGINAL ELEVATED INSTABILITY (AS
SEEN ON 00Z GFS MODEL SOUNDINGS ACROSS EASTERN MD/DE/SOUTHERN NJ)
WILL COMBINE TO PRODUCE LOW TOPPED FORCED CONVECTION ALONG AND
JUST ABOVE THE WARM FRONT...RESULTING AN AXIS OF 1.75 TO 2.25
INCHES OF QPF FROM THE CENTRAL NJ COAST ACROSS THE NYC METRO AREA
AND LONG ISLAND INTO SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND. IT SHOULD BE NOTED
THAT BOTH THE 00Z UKMET...AND ESPECIALLY THE 00Z NAM...SHOWED QPF
AMOUNTS IN EXCESS OF 3.00 INCHES ALONG THIS AXIS. GIVEN THE LACK
OF DEEPER INSTABILITY...THESE AMOUNTS COULD END UP BEING ON THE
HIGHER SIDE OF WHAT ACTUALLY OCCURS.

THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ACROSS URBANIZED AREAS OF
NORTHEAST NY AND ACROSS THE NYC METRO AREA AS AS LOW AS 1.50
INCHES. WHILE INSTABILITY IS NOT EXPECTED TO BE ESPECIALLY DEEP
(EVEN AS IT IS ELEVATED)...HOURLY RATES IN THE BEST OF THE FORCING
COULD APPROACH THE LOWER END OF THE FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE. BECAUSE
OF THIS...A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER THESE AREAS FOR DAY 2.

AS THE SURFACE LOW TRACKS FROM OFF THE NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC COAST
TO A POSITION SOUTHEAST OF NYC BY 24/12Z...ITS WARM FRONT IS
EXPECTED TO SNAKE ACROSS SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND...TERMINATING OFF
THE SOUTHERN ME COAST...WHERE IT COULD INTERACT WITH AN IN SITU
COASTAL FRONT. THE CONTINUED 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL EAST SOUTHEAST
INFLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ALONG THE
FRONT. ELEVATED INSTABILITY SHOULD BE LESS ALONG THE FRONT THAN IT
WAS ACROSS THE NYC METRO AREA...BUT LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE WILL AID
IN DEVELOPING LINES OF LOW TOPPED SHOWERS WITH HEAVY RAINFALL
ALONG THE FRONT. THIS IS EXPECTED TO RESULT IN A STRIPE OF 1.75 TO
2.25 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING ALONG THE INTERSTATE 95 CORRIDOR
FROM KPVD TO KBOS...WITH A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR HIGHEST AMOUNTS
TO OCCUR ACROSS EASTERN MA. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES
ALONG THIS AXIS AREA GENERALLY ABOVE THE WPC QPF...BUT THE
POTENTIAL FOR URBAN FLOODING NECESSITATES A RETENTION OF A
MARGINAL RISK HERE (EVEN IF WHAT OCCURS IS MORE FLOOD VS FLASH
FLOOD...GIVEN THE LACK OF DEEP CONVECTION).

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKS FROM THE NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC
EARLY ON DAY 3 TO A POSITION OF THE NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND
COAST...IT BEGINS TO OPEN UP AND TAKE ON A NEGATIVE TILT. THE
SURFACE LOW DEEPENS DURING THIS TIME...TRACKING TOWARD NOVA SCOTIA
BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. AS THIS OCCURS...THE 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL
EAST SOUTHEAST FLOW MOVES NORTH INTO NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND...WHERE
AFFECTS MAINLY CENTRAL AND EASTERN ME. VERY LITTLE OF THE ELEVATED
INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO BE PRESENT AS THE LOW LEVEL FORCING
CROSSES NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND DURING DAY 3...SO HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS
(GENERALLY BETWEEN 1.50 AND 2.00 INCHES) SHOULD BE CONFINED TO
EASTERN ME. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD VALUES AREA GENERALLY ABOVE
2.00 INCHES...AND GIVEN THE LACK OF DEEP CONVECTION...FLASH
FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED. HOWEVER...LOCALIZED FLOODING IS POSSIBLE
DUE TO PONDING...RESULTING IN FLOOD VS FLASH FLOOD SCENARIO.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


BURKE/HAYES

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 527886 527872 526858 524849 521839 513829 503821 494817
      486815 484813 480814 475812 470807 465803 462800 454798
      446800 440810 432801 428784 427774 426770 425768 424763
      422760 421751 422741 426739 431738 441745 450754 450749
      449746 448739 446736 445731 443729 438726 430716 429711
      426709 423715 421722 417723 415718 408681 405672 401669
      397671 393673 387678 370697 362707 350716 340724 329731
      322735 315739 307751 302757 296759 281762 269768 262771
      257775 251779 246783 239791 230803 225817 224823 228830
      231835 237836 236838 238840 244841 252842 256847 264858
      270861 271865 273870 273876 276885 278895 282900 288911
      292916 297918 301920 305920 313920 318921 320923 324927
      332938 333941 333946 336950 340957 343965 344969 346971
      352976 355978 358979 364976 371974 375972 385964 389959
      393952 397938 400922 401910 402900 403890 402877 402868
      403862 405864 413864 419863 430852 438843 444840 448839
      451841 459847 465854 467856 470855 473853 475850 476853
      479860 481870 481878 482899 483907 487912 492915 501914
      513918 519918 522913 524904 525897 527886
 0.01 504265 507247 509229 510221 510217 509216 509210 510205
      511196 509192 508187 506181 504158 505142 503135 500130
      496121 494117 491114 484113 477121 474120 472118 471113
      468105 463104 461109 463113 464120 463124 463130 460133
      455132 452131 450129 451123 455122 456120 454113 452102
      449097 445095 436089 432086 429083 425075 420068 414061
      405056 402055 398057 394058 387057 382058 378061 370056
      368053 364051 359053 357056 356069 354073 356076 357083
      355086 354094 354100 353105 349105 342100 339097 336099
      333121 333128 334133 337139 340140 341143 339148 335152
      331154 322154 313151 307151 302151 299152 296156 297161
      299165 303172 308180 311185 311192 312202 316209 321215
      322219 325222 333229 344232 350234 355236 366238 380249
      399259 416266 427267 437266 448269 457272 468276 472279
      477281 483278 486277 487272 491271 494272 498271 504265
 0.01 451819 449817 449816 447814 445812 444815 446817 447819
      448819 449821 451819
 0.25 492199 493193 491188 487185 483186 479188 476191 473201
      471203 470203 465202 461204 459208 457214 456221 460224
      464222 469215 471211 475212 484210 487208 490203 492199
 0.25 499883 499880 499878 498875 497875 497878 497881 497883
      498885 499883
 0.25 474255 471245 475242 475239 474237 460240 426230 431219
      431213 428208 420191 420184 423176 424165 424158 425152
      427147 429150 430156 434160 439162 444166 445170 446174
      443175 439177 437181 436189 437194 440194 443190 453175
      453169 451163 446153 444148 442144 441133 442127 444124
      446116 445110 442107 439104 435101 432097 429094 427093
      427097 426101 423102 420104 417108 414109 410106 409101
      407097 404095 402100 397100 394096 393094 391097 393106
      392111 393117 397120 403122 407121 409121 410123 412133
      411138 408142 401146 396146 393142 386138 384133 380132
      379130 379121 378116 375116 371118 362120 361123 358125
      355127 353131 352143 349150 347158 346161 343161 332162
      327160 321159 317160 314163 314167 316172 319181 320186
      322189 325198 326204 328208 330213 335216 343221 352224
      360229 370233 380237 387243 396248 402251 409252 418253
      428255 444257 463259 470258 474255
 0.25 403706 402698 401692 398688 393687 387691 382696 377702
      370708 357718 350724 341729 329738 322743 317748 306760
      300766 295768 289768 281769 275773 262780 249791 243797
      238806 235814 236819 237822 268831 273839 275844 279845
      287848 289856 292864 292870 299884 296895 297897 300894
      312884 317884 320890 322899 328903 335904 340906 343909
      347919 345923 345929 345935 346940 348944 354944 362941
      369940 377937 380934 382930 386920 388910 387900 385889
      385877 384871 384866 385856 387851 390847 398842 404837
      407834 408829 408819 407814 404811 399805 401797 404792
      405788 404783 402778 397771 395768 395761 399754 403747
      405743 404736 404727 403706
 0.25 387180 387179 385178 385177 383176 382174 381174 380176
      381179 381180 382181 383182 384182 385182 386181 387180
 0.25 380096 378090 376089 377086 378082 379078 376072 375065
      370063 367063 368066 370073 370080 373086 375087 375091
      375096 376099 380096
 0.25 365200 364199 363197 362197 361196 360194 359194 357193
      356193 354192 353193 354194 355195 355196 357198 358199
      360199 362200 364201 365200
 0.25 354120 354119 354117 352116 351115 349115 347116 347118
      348120 350121 352122 353122 354121 354120
 0.50 446246 446242 444240 437242 434243 431241 427237 420233
      417231 417227 418216 418211 417209 414190 410189 409185
      410179 412174 415172 417161 421147 420144 417145 410150
      400156 399159 400164 398171 396170 396174 399180 399184
      398189 394190 389189 383185 378181 376175 374165 375155
      379151 384151 386154 383160 381167 384172 388176 392172
      398154 378134 377125 376122 372122 370125 369130 364132
      361134 361138 364141 362147 358151 355153 355156 357164
      353169 350171 346170 343164 328162 324161 320162 319168
      322175 325182 328194 331202 336209 341214 346217 359225
      366227 374229 379229 383231 388238 392242 400245 414248
      422250 430251 440249 444248 446246
 0.50 433111 433109 431107 429107 428111 427108 425108 421111
      417112 412111 409109 407104 404105 400109 399113 401116
      406117 410117 412120 416128 420128 423124 428118 433111
 0.50 420202 419201 418200 416201 417203 419202 420202
 0.50 403228 403226 402223 400222 398222 397221 395220 393219
      393218 392218 391218 390219 389220 389222 391224 393225
      393226 394226 396227 398227 399228 401228 403229 403228
 0.50 394722 394715 393709 393703 391700 388700 386701 384703
      379707 365716 355725 339733 334738 327742 322745 318750
      308762 303768 299770 293770 284771 280773 269779 257789
      250794 244799 241805 240810 241814 249813 255815 260821
      267823 272823 276824 279827 281831 286835 289837 289842
      295846 295852 297855 300857 303854 306848 310841 313838
      318837 322838 323841 320847 314861 309865 305871 303881
      302885 305886 316878 319876 324876 327878 327882 326891
      328893 331895 335896 339895 341892 341885 344878 347872
      361874 368872 371864 373856 378849 386837 389831 390826
      390821 386811 388801 390798 393795 396792 397787 393780
      389774 385770 385763 386760 393748 395741 395734 394722
 0.50 368203 367201 365198 363195 361194 358192 356191 352190
      352193 353195 354198 357199 360201 362202 365204 368203
 0.50 382916 383906 381900 374889 370885 368883 365884 360887
      357892 356899 359903 362910 359915 355920 352925 350932
      350936 354938 357937 362934 366931 371929 377927 380922
      382916
 1.00 426244 426242 426241 424239 423238 421237 419237 418237
      417237 416238 415239 415240 415241 416244 418245 420245
      421245 422245 423246 425245 426244
 1.00 413224 413217 408216 405209 402201 402198 400196 397197
      391196 385191 374181 365177 360175 356175 352182 349183
      347181 345171 343167 341165 333165 325163 335193 337203
      341209 347214 355218 359220 364222 373222 375219 376216
      373214 369212 362206 355201 351196 350192 351186 360191
      367196 377207 393215 400218 407220 407225 410227 413224
 1.00 385747 384738 381733 375727 371725 367725 359730 352732
      345733 338739 332746 329749 323751 320755 322758 324759
      325762 325767 324771 323773 326774 328779 329784 328787
      329791 333795 336797 338804 337810 336815 331824 333836
      332841 330846 326855 323859 321862 317867 317869 319868
      328863 331861 334856 338848 341847 344849 348852 356857
      362854 364849 366845 369842 373839 377835 378832 377827
      375823 372813 373806 376803 379798 383794 387784 385782
      379783 376786 373792 372794 368793 362794 362787 363783
      366773 367769 370764 377760 381757 384752 385747
 1.00 375143 376141 376139 376137 375134 375132 375130 375127
      373127 372129 372131 372134 371136 371138 371140 371143
      373144 375144 375143
 1.00 365160 366157 365155 365154 363153 361154 361155 360156
      361157 361159 362160 364160 365160
 1.00 361927 359926 357927 356930 357930 359930 359929 361927
 1.00 346772 346770 346769 345770 346772 346772
 1.00 316873 316871 315870 314871 316873 316873
 1.00 308784 306782 305782 299785 291793 283800 274807 269811
      266815 270813 275809 279809 283813 284817 287817 290816
      290814 287808 288804 291799 295795 304789 308784
 1.00 305821 303819 299819 296821 295824 296828 296832 297834
      298838 299841 301840 302836 302831 303829 304827 305823
      305821
 1.00 297777 296775 293775 289775 286776 283777 281779 279781
      278784 281786 283786 287786 291785 292784 296782 297779
      297777
 1.50 402214 401207 399203 390197 383190 379187 373184 369181
      363179 360179 355182 356186 360189 368195 376202 380205
      386207 394213 399216 402214
 1.50 380752 380750 380748 379746 379745 378744 377743 375743
      373743 372744 370745 368748 368750 369750 371751 372752
      374752 376753 377753 378754 380753 380752
 1.50 367219 365213 361208 353201 350196 348190 346183 345177
      344171 341166 335167 329164 332175 336187 339199 341205
      346209 351212 356216 361219 367219
 1.50 367804 368801 367800 365801 357803 354810 350815 350821
      351825 351829 350833 351838 354841 356841 358839 361832
      367828 367823 366818 367811 367804
 1.50 360781 359779 359778 357779 356780 354781 353782 352782
      351784 350784 350787 351789 353789 353788 355787 356786
      358784 358783 359781 360781
 1.50 350742 349738 347736 344738 340742 337747 335753 336758
      336767 336769 338770 341764 344759 346754 348748 350742
 2.00 399213 398208 396203 389199 383192 376187 368182 363181
      359181 357185 359188 367192 373198 381203 390207 396212
      399213
 2.00 365216 362212 357207 350199 346187 345180 344173 342168
      339168 338170 335170 334167 328166 333173 338185 340197
      343204 346207 353211 356214 361218 365216
 2.00 361818 362816 361814 359815 357816 357817 356819 358820
      359820 361819 361818
 2.00 347745 346743 346741 346740 345741 344743 343745 342746
      341748 340751 341753 342755 344754 345752 345751 346750
      346747 346746 347745
 3.00 383197 381194 378190 375188 371186 366183 361183 360186
      364189 369191 372193 375196 380199 383197
 3.00 347203 348201 348199 348198 347196 347194 347193 346191
      345190 344191 343192 343193 342195 343195 343197 344200
      345202 345203 347203 347203
 3.00 344182 344180 344178 344175 343173 343171 343170 341170
      341173 340175 339177 339179 339180 340181 341182 342184
      344182
 4.00 374191 373189 373188 371187 369186 368186 366185 364185
      363186 364187 366188 367188 369189 369190 371191 372191
      374191
 4.00 346198 344195 344196 346198 346198
 4.00 343180 344178 343177 342177 342179 343181 343180

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 422636 427638 434637 441635 447635 451637 455643 460651
      465663 471680 477694 477699 479701 481711 483730 482738
      483748 483753 482757 483766 482773 482779 477794 472808
      471812 471817 472823 475826 482826 488826 494826 497826
      500824 505823 512830 514836 515845 515856 514864 510870
      508877 505882 500883 486885 473885 468884 461884 451885
      439885 433886 428884 423882 419879 405876 399875 393872
      382868 371865 364865 358864 354862 351859 347854 342850
      339846 338838 336831 334825 335811 334805 332802 332798
      332794 333791 337788 343779 350772 370759 373753 371749
      368748 362751 358754 348761 340769 325784 316794 310794
      306793 296788 288781 286777 283778 277781 267786 257793
      250799 238804 234806 230807 228805 225800 223794 227783
      240765 253750 263741 271735 275730 280726 288719 308706
      314704 318701 326694 339687 351681 369667 374663 377658
      386647
 0.01 558034 558025 557019 554004 551993 547982 544976 541973
      539971 537971 534971 533973 528973 526975 524975 517983
      503998 503011 506027 508039 509046 511053 513058 516061
      523070 529076 533080 539081 543079 546077 548070 549063
      557037 558034
 0.01 510162 511149 510143 511136 510130 508126 506117 498102
      496082 495077 495071 494064 492061 489063 489068 487073
      484070 478073 478079 477084 477092 476095 474094 471086
      468066 472044 476021 477009 477003 478002 475992 474987
      471983 467976 464969 455957 452954 449949 447945 443942
      439942 437945 435949 432952 428959 428964 426968 422975
      419980 415001 414008 413011 409021 400037 396045 393047
      388047 377045 367045 362044 359046 351048 344052 341054
      338054 329057 332060 335063 334068 333072 330073 324076
      320081 316084 312085 307084 303082 299082 294083 291087
      293090 296092 299096 301099 302104 300110 300122 302140
      303143 302146 298147 294146 292147 294151 296153 296157
      294161 287162 286164 287168 290177 292185 298205 301214
      302218 304219 310225 317229 322232 325233 329240 332246
      337252 339254 343256 350262 357265 366270 373273 381279
      387285 394290 397293 402295 405298 410300 417301 421304
      424303 429305 432303 434300 437299 443295 449294 465295
      481296 485285 487274 483266 482262 478261 476260 474257
      473254 470248 470243 470236 469233 466232 462233 460233
      455232 449226 440216 431214 428215 423214 421211 420206
      417203 414204 406204 400201 398199 398194 397188 396177
      395172 397168 401157 405150 406156 407159 413176 416184
      421190 422187 425187 426189 430190 434186 434182 437180
      438182 439187 440192 443196 449202 453203 455200 458196
      459191 458186 460180 461175 463171 468167 471163 472158
      471153 469148 471143 473141 471138 468135 464132 468125
      470120 474121 477121 479121 480124 481135 483147 484151
      484157 483163 485169 489175 499188 503183 505176 510162
 0.01 436177 435174 433174 432171 430173 432176 433179 435179
      436177
 0.01 416142 418140 417137 415139 413141 411143 409145 407147
      405149 406151 408152 410150 412148 414146 416144 416142
      416142
 0.01 332158 331153 330149 329144 326139 325137 321136 319142
      317146 318151 320156 324157 329158 332158
 0.01 289820 288816 286816 279819 271819 266816 261812 256809
      254807 250808 246813 241825 242830 246835 255842 267849
      272851 280850 284847 285844 285839 285830 287825 289820
 0.25 489859 486855 482852 475847 466843 461844 458847 454850
      450855 445864 446868 450871 461871 471869 476869 482867
      486864 489860 489859
 0.25 465727 465720 464712 460704 454710 450706 448700 447695
      446690 447682 445675 443669 441664 437659 431652 424648
      415648 406649 402650 397652 390658 376671 363684 350695
      341701 333705 316714 307719 300724 293730 289736 288742
      285746 278752 264761 257767 251774 247782 247785 249786
      252786 269777 285768 303760 311757 320758 333756 342752
      359742 364740 370740 373742 377745 379749 378756 376764
      371772 370777 370784 372789 373796 370799 367802 350834
      348844 350846 354845 359845 363846 368844 375839 377835
      381832 385831 389833 396837 402841 410847 418844 424837
      429836 433834 438827 442816 444806 447797 452786 455776
      458766 461756 462749 463740 465727
 0.25 447256 449252 447249 444246 436241 431238 425236 421236
      418234 417221 416217 411216 408215 405211 397205 366182
      356182 353183 352186 352189 369200 382212 366209 362209
      358207 353199 351194 348190 344192 344198 339206 342216
      345226 347231 349235 353244 355248 358251 362255 367258
      375263 404282 436268 439265 441261 447256
 0.25 453105 453099 450094 440090 434092 428091 426094 425103
      421109 417111 414111 411108 410098 409091 409087 411082
      415078 417073 417066 416061 410058 404056 393058 388059
      382059 374054 370052 364054 360056 357062 356068 355076
      354084 350085 344086 337086 333088 331092 328097 324100
      320104 317107 317113 320117 331117 338124 344131 347137
      350141 356143 361141 365139 370139 382141 384143 385147
      386152 392153 395149 400139 396133 396129 398127 401124
      407124 413124 417121 420116 422112 426114 431116 436117
      439116 442117 446120 450114 453105
 0.25 387102 387097 385092 378094 371095 367095 363096 360096
      355093 351095 349099 348103 351108 354111 358112 363112
      366110 372104 375102 381102 384104 387102
 0.25 346180 346174 345169 343165 338163 333163 328161 320158
      315155 310155 306157 305160 308164 311167 318172 325177
      334181 341183 346180
 0.50 458729 458722 456718 449719 446719 443715 442708 439685
      438680 435676 429669 424663 418659 410656 404656 398658
      394661 387666 380670 374676 363689 355702 349710 343715
      336721 329725 319728 312732 298740 284751 269760 264765
      261768 260770 262772 276763 283760 287758 291756 304753
      312751 329744 347738 356737 366736 372736 375737 380741
      385749 386755 385759 382768 381776 380782 381787 383791
      383798 385803 386806 384808 380809 376809 368813 365814
      362818 357824 354830 350839 351842 353843 356841 363835
      369827 375823 379821 382820 390823 397824 405825 411825
      415824 425820 430814 432809 435807 438803 439799 445782
      447772 449762 453753 456744 458736 458729
 0.50 430253 430247 428244 419238 409235 409232 412228 415224
      415219 411220 407222 406227 403229 394228 384227 378225
      375222 367218 361217 357219 357223 358226 366232 374236
      379244 391255 396257 399257 409256 417256 425255 430253
 0.50 404764 405762 404759 402759 401760 401762 401764 400765
      401766 403766 404764 404764
 0.50 406796 405794 402794 400796 398798 395799 394801 392803
      390806 392806 396805 397804 401802 403802 405799 406796
 0.50 384205 385200 382197 378194 372191 367189 362185 357186
      356188 360189 367189 370194 375200 378204 381205 384205
 0.50 395078 397072 396069 392067 389068 386070 383070 377064
      372060 367059 364061 362066 364072 365074 369077 374080
      378081 381080 385080 388082 394080 395078
 0.50 386122 386120 385119 383119 382120 381120 379121 377123
      376125 377127 378127 380127 382126 384125 384124 386123
      386122
 0.50 367124 364121 358120 354116 351112 348108 345103 342093
      339091 336092 333097 326104 324107 328110 333112 336116
      338120 339122 343123 349125 353128 357130 362128 367124
 0.50 349201 348198 347198 347200 347201 349201 349201
 0.50 344178 344169 342166 338164 330164 325160 317158 313158
      310160 316165 321169 327173 336176 338178 341180 344178
 1.00 436703 435696 432690 427687 421689 418691 416689 413685
      405677 401673 396670 390670 383673 376681 370693 366704
      363709 361715 359720 363723 372730 377732 382733 387735
      392739 394745 398748 408754 412757 416760 418759 418755
      418747 422742 424737 431725 433713 436703
 1.00 437775 437774 437772 436770 435770 434770 433773 432776
      430778 430781 431783 433784 434784 436782 437780 437777
      437776 437775
 1.00 430795 430791 428788 427784 426789 425791 423794 422796
      420799 420801 420804 420806 422807 426805 427803 429801
      430797 430795
 1.00 359832 359830 358829 357830 356830 355832 355834 354835
      354837 355837 356837 357836 358834 359833 359832
 1.00 342175 343173 343171 342170 341168 339167 338166 336166
      334166 332165 330166 329166 329168 330169 332170 333170
      335170 336169 337169 339170 340172 341173 342175 342175
 1.00 346114 346112 344110 343109 342109 341109 340109 340111
      340113 342115 342116 343116 345114 346114
 1.00 341102 340100 338102 337104 339105 340104 341102 341102
 1.00 323165 325163 323162 322161 320161 318162 318164 319165
      321165 323165 323165
 1.50 431706 431700 428698 421699 418700 415703 413711 412720
      409723 406724 403727 403732 405736 408736 411730 412725
      415722 420717 427713 431706 431706
 1.50 402699 402691 399685 397680 393677 388676 384678 380682
      377687 373697 370707 370714 372722 375725 379728 384727
      389725 393721 395716 399707 402699
 2.00 424708 425705 424705 422704 420704 419706 418707 417709
      417710 417712 418713 420713 421712 423711 424708 424708
 2.00 396696 394687 390681 386682 383684 380691 376697 373704
      374708 377717 380720 382720 385718 387714 388711 390708
      395702 396696

24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 495611 503632 507641 511654 517669 518675 520682 525695
      527704 530712 535733 535758 534772 533785 530806 527818
      523826 520829 518830 519834 524841 527846 529850 533862
      536875 535881 535886 534890 533891 529894 526894 519891
      505886 491876 484872 479867 477866 476867 474873 473879
      473885 474919 474952 473961 474969 476986 476989 478992
      480992 482994 481003 477013 474026 471035 469043 465052
      464060 463065 463077 463083 464087 464092 465095 464100
      463108 461111 451115 444114 439116 433124 427136 424144
      422152 421159 419163 416166 411165 406166 403168 405171
      407175 410178 411183 413186 419192 428192 432193 434195
      436201 437207 436215 434219 430224 425227 421230 417232
      407233 402234 398237 396240 392243 386248 383251 379250
      376252 372251 333240 329238 326235 322228 317219 315215
      314211 316197 313187 311181 310173 311169 313169 318166
      317162 319159 323162 328163 335164 341166 344169 344173
      345176 346181 349184 352184 361185 368183 379185 386184
      402197 405198 408197 405192 398185 389178 386172 386166
      388162 393161 398163 400163 401161 399156 402153 406150
      410150 417145 418142 418138 419130 416128 414129 410131
      407131 403128 401125 396125 389128 383129 379126 378119
      379117 389113 395112 398108 402104 404098 406095 408097
      410101 411106 412110 416111 421106 423102 421097 416095
      414092 412088 411085 408084 398086 391091 383092 375090
      367084 361083 358078 356072 352067 342063 334061 329060
      326057 329053 331052 336051 342051 348049 353050 357051
      361050 364049 367047 372047 378048 381050 388056 390054
      389051 387047 379044 374041 373039 373035 371030 374025
      377017 379011 379007 378004 378996 380984 385962 386956
      387950 391944 392939 392933 391930 390931 386932 381932
      380929 382927 382920 383915 386893
 0.01 386893 386886 388880 388872 389864 392853 395844 398835
      404824 410819 414816 419813 429810 428806 424806 419805
      417804 416801 416798 414795 410794 407797 402804 394814
      387818 384822 379824 376826 370827 363827 357826 356821
      358818 362811 370804 378797 384792 392786 395782 396776
      395768 391763 389757 388750 390741 394732 398727 401721
      399707 396703 393700 386694 382688 382684 382678 384674
      389667 397660 402656 408653 416648 425644 431638 435636
      437632
 0.01 494143 490136 487135 484133 477128 473123 470120 468122
      466127 469136 465139 458144 457150 454158 457165 457170
      461171 464172 467170 481169 485163 485159 482156 480154
      475152 474149 475144 479143 486145 492145 494143
 0.01 488826 487824 487823 485823 483822 482824 484826 485828
      487828 488826
 0.01 353086 354084 354082 352081 350081 348081 347081 346083
      346085 346087 346090 348090 349090 351088 352088 353086
      353086
 0.01 347123 347116 346109 344103 343096 342091 341089 337089
      333090 332092 331097 332101 335106 337109 336112 338117
      341123 347123
 0.01 308920 308917 305919 301923 296928 292932 287936 283940
      275949 268960 264966 264968 268968 280964 285960 287954
      296944 303935 306927 308920 308920
 0.25 512741 511726 509707 507694 505681 502666 499647 490631
      485624 481621 476619 467622 462623 458627 451632 441639
      436644 428651 422657 417661 414665 409672 406680 406686
      409690 412693 415699 418711 422719 424722 428724 438728
      443747 457757 462762 467772 469784 473791 476794 482798
      486800 490799 497794 501788 503783 509764 511752 512741
 0.25 459993 460987 460980 458965 457940 458926 457909 456900
      454889 451878 448873 445870 441863 438854 436843 435840
      433839 430842 424859 423864 423871 423878 422884 420893
      417903 414910 410921 407940 406953 408959 410963 412968
      412972 416980 418983 420988 422993 423000 422013 421022
      422033 424038 427042 434046 441048 445049 449047 451042
      451033 452026 452022 454013 456001 459993
 0.25 376228 377224 375222 373220 370218 367217 364216 362215
      359214 357217 357221 358223 360224 363225 367226 370227
      374228 376228
 0.25 350210 350209 348208 348207 346206 345205 343205 341205
      339205 339208 340209 342210 344210 346210 348210 349210
      350210
 0.50 505740 505729 503724 502717 501697 500686 498671 496662
      493653 490647 485639 482634 477630 474629 471629 461632
      449639 443644 439651 430660 424664 420671 418677 418682
      419688 422695 424706 426710 428711 435711 442713 448715
      452713 456714 456720 456725 459728 463736 468740 473742
      477742 481740 485738 489741 493746 497748 501752 503752
      504748 505740
 0.50 448002 448995 447987 447971 447937 445923 444917 443909
      442903 440895 438892 435890 432892 430896 428903 426914
      426943 423948 421956 422962 424968 428979 431992 433021
      436025 441027 444024 446019 448002
 1.00 487673 485661 482651 477642 472639 464643 457644 451650
      445656 436669 431677 429685 430691 433696 435698 439699
      443696 445693 449690 453691 460694 466696 473700 479699
      485692 487683 487673
 1.50 476666 475660 473655 470652 467651 463650 459652 455655
      452659 446664 442672 443678 446680 454682 463682 473679
      475674 476669 476666
 2.00 461671 461668 461666 460665 459664 458663 456664 455665
      453666 452667 451669 450670 450672 451673 452674 453674
      455675 456675 458675 459674 460674 461671 461671

$$





USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.