Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 092217
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
516 PM EST FRI DEC 09 2016


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID DEC 10/0000 UTC THRU DEC 13/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

18Z UPDATE...
NO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES WERE MADE TO PRELIM GUIDANCE.

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA

SHORTWAVE ENERGY EMBEDDED IN THE STRONG WESTERLY FLOW OVER THE
NORTHEAST PACIFIC WILL SUPPORT A SURGE OF MUCH ABOVE AVERAGE PW
VALUES AND THE INITIATION OF AN ATMOSPHERIC RIVER EVENT INTO
NORTHERN CALIFORNIA TONIGHT---CONTINUING INTO THE DAY ON SATURDAY.
 THERE WILL BE A SLOW SOUTHWARD PUSH OF THIS MAIN INFLOW AXIS
DURING THE DAY ON SATURDAY INTO CENTRAL CALIFORNIA BY THE END OF
THE PERIOD---WITH A MORE RAPID SOUTHWARD PUSH AFTER DAY 1.  VERY
GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT ON THIS UPCOMING PRECIP EVENT WITH HIGH
CONFIDENCE ON THE WIDESPREAD HEAVY TOTALS ACROSS THE CENTRAL TO
NORTHERN SIERRA AND NORTHERN CALIFORNIA COAST RANGE.  HEAVIEST
TOTALS LIKELY IN THE NORTHERN SIERRA WITH MODEL CONSENSUS OF 5-8"
AMOUNTS DEPICTED...WITH 1-3" TOTALS ALONG THE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
COAST.

INLAND INTO THE NORTHERN GREAT BASIN INTO THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES---MUCH ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES ALSO EXPECTED TO PRESS
EASTWARD LATE TONIGHT INTO SATURDAY THROUGH CENTRAL TO NORTHERN NV
INTO NORTHERN TO CENTRAL UT---SOUTHERN WY AND NORTHERN CO.  THIS
AND FAVORABLE UPPER DIFFLUENCE WILL SUPPORT GREATER THAN AVERAGE
AREAL COVERAGE OF MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS AND HEAVY SNOW
TOTALS THROUGH PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN GREAT BASIN IN THE
VICINITY OF NORTHERN NV---ALONG WITH HEAVY PRECIP AND SNOW TOTALS
THROUGH THE NORTHERN WASATCH---TETONS OF WY AND SAWTOOTH RANGE OF
CENTRAL ID.  FOR QPF DETAILS---WPC LEANED MORE TOWARD THE HI RES
ENSEMBLE MEANS.

ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST---MORE TYPICAL PRECIP TOTALS ON TAP
FOR THIS PORTION OF THE NATION.  WHILE THE ANOMALOUS PW VALUES AND
STRONGEST MOISTURE FLUX WILL REMAIN WELL TO THE SOUTH OF THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST---SUSTAINED ONSHORE WEST SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW WILL
SUPPORT WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS FROM
THE WASHINGTON-OREGON CASCADES---WESTWARD TO THE OREGON AND
WASHINGTON COAST RANGE AND OLYMPIC RANGE.

NORTHERN PLAINS TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY

DURING THE DAY ON SATURDAY LARGE SCALE LIFT EXPECTED TO STRENGTHEN
OVER THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND PUSH TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY
ASSOCIATED WITH STRENGTHENING ISENTROPIC LIFT ALONG A WEST TO EAST
ORIENTED AND STRENGTHENING FRONTAL ZONE.  THIS WILL BE THE
BEGINNING OF WHAT IS EXPECTED TO BE A WIDESPREAD HEAVY SNOW EVENT
TO SPREAD EASTWARD DAYS 2-3 FROM THE UPPER MS VALLEY---ACROSS THE
LAKES AND INTO PORTIONS OF THE NORTHEAST.  SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD
FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION.

GREAT LAKES

PRIOR TO ANY SYNOPTIC SCALE SNOWS SPREADING EAST INTO THE LAKES
BEYOND DAY 1---CYCLONIC FLOW/COLD ADVECTION WILL CONTINUE TO
SUPPORT AN ACTIVE LAKE EFFECT SNOW PATTERN DOWNWIND OF ALL OF THE
GREAT LAKES.  NORTHWEST TO WEST FLOW ACROSS THE LAKES WILL BEGIN
TO WEAKEN BY THE END OF THE DAY 1 TIME PERIOD AHEAD OF THE
AFOREMENTIONED WARM ADVECTION SPREADING EASTWARD OUT OF THE UPPER
MS VALLEY.  DURING DAY 1---ADDITIONAL HEAVY SNOW TOTALS LIKELY
OVER THE WESTERN TO CENTRAL U.P. OF MI---NORTHWEST TO SOUTHWEST
PORTIONS OF THE L.P. OF MI---AND FROM FAR NORTHEAST OH---NORTHWEST
PA INTO FAR SOUTHWEST NY STATE.  FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER
DETAILS---SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD.

SOUTHEAST FLORIDA INTO THE UPPER KEYS

AN AXIS OF MUCH ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES EXPECTED TO PERSIST ALONG
AND NORTH OF THE SURFACE FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXPECTED TO LIE TO THE
SOUTH OF SOUTH FLORIDA AND THE KEYS DAY 1.  THE LOW LEVEL EASTERLY
FLOW TO THE NORTH OF THIS FRONT IS EXPECTED TO STRENGTHEN WITH
TIME DAY 1---STRENGTHENING THE BOUNDARY LAYER CONVERGENCE MAXIMA
ALONG THE SOUTHEAST FL COAST INTO THE UPPER KEYS.  THIS WILL
SUPPORT CONTINUED SHOWERY CONDITIONS ACROSS THE KEYS AND SOUTH
FLORIDA---WITH POTENTIALLY HEAVY AMOUNTS ALONG THE SOUTHEAST COAST
AND THE UPPER KEYS WHERE THE BOUNDARY LAYER CONVERGENCE MAXIMA
WILL SUPPORT POTENTIAL FOR CONCENTRATED RAIN BANDS.



 DAYS 2 AND 3...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/INTERMOUNTAIN WEST/ROCKIES...

A WEAKENING ATMOSPHERIC RIVER AFFECTS NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA
EARLY ON DAY 2...RESULTING IN HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
ACROSS THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE. FURTHER NORTH...SHORT WAVE ENERGY
TAPS PACIFIC MOISTURE AS IT CROSSES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND
NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAY 2. ADDITIONAL SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN A
FAST MID LEVEL FLOW CROSSES THE SAME AREA DURING DAY 3. FOR THE
MOST PART...THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF
THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

A 25 KNOT LOW LEVEL WEST NORTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA EARLY ON
DAY 2. THE UPSLOPE FLOW BECOMES FOCUSED ON THE SIERRA NEVADA
RANGE...WHERE THE COMBINATION OF DEEP MOISTURE AND UPSLOPE FLOW IS
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 4.00 TO 5.00 INCHES OF QPF...WHICH
IS CLOSE TO THE MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS. WHILE SNOW LEVELS WILL
LOWER ENOUGH FOR AT LEAST SOME OF THE QPF TO FALL IN THE FORM OF
SNOW...THE HEAVIEST RAIN WILL FALL IN AREAS WHERE THE THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 INCHES. A MARGINAL
RISK AREAS REMAINS IN PLACE HERE FOR DAY 2.

FURTHER NORTH...A SHORT WAVE TRACKING FROM WA/OR EARLY ON DAY 2
REACHES THE NORTHERN ROCKIES LATE IN THE PERIOD. THE SHORT WAVE
TAPS PACIFIC MOISTURE...AND THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS DIRECTED TO THE
HIGHER TERRAIN ACROSS WA/OR. AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF
WAS PLACED OVER THE OLYMPIC RANGE IN WA AND ALONG THE OR COASTAL
RANGE. THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS MORE EFFICIENT ACROSS THE CASCADES OF
WA/OR...AND AN AXIS OF 1.25 TO 2.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE.
THESE VALUES ARE CLOSE TO THE MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS...WITH THE
HIGHEST AMOUNTS PLACED OVER THE OR CASCADES.

LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE LEFT EXIT REGION OF A 130 KNOT JET STREAK
CROSSING NORTHERN CA TO THE CENTRAL ROCKIES ON DAY 2 MAKES THE
MOST OF THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN TO PRODUCE AREAS OF 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE BITTERROOT RANGE IN ID...THE ROCKY
MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT...AS THE GRAND TETONS AND SOUTHERN
ABSAROKA RANGE IN WY...AS WELL AS THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT.
INCREASING UPSLOPE FLOW BEHIND AN ARCTIC FRONT CROSSING THE
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES WILL PROVIDE ADDITIONAL LIFT AND
MOISTURE FOR QPF ACROSS THE FRONT RANGE OF THE CO ROCKIES. AN AXIS
OF 0.75 T0 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ALONG THE FRONT
RANGE...AND THESE AMOUNTS WERE AUGMENTED WITH THE USE OF THE 12Z
WRF ARW.

THE NEXT PIECE OF SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE FAST MID LEVEL FLOW
CROSSES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAY 3.
MOISTURE IS NOT AS ROBUST WITH THIS SHORT WAVE...BUT THE
COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT AND UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD MAKE
THE MOST OF THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN. WITH THE BEST UPSLOPE FLOW
EXPECTED ACROSS CENTRAL OR...AN AXIS OF 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED OVER THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL OR CASCADES. THIS IS JUST A
BIT BELOW THE MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS...SINCE PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES ARE LOWER WITH THE ONSHORE FLOW THAN ON DAY 2.

THE SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT ASSOCIATED WITH THE SHORT WAVE CROSSES
THE NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE LAST PART OF DAY 3. MOISTURE IN
THE COLUMN IS RELATIVELY SCANT...BUT LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE
ASSOCIATED WITH AN ARCTIC FRONT ALONG THE DIVIDE WILL ENHANCE
UPSLOPE FLOW...MAKING THE MOST OF THE AVAILABLE MOISTURE. THERE
WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES
OF QPF ACROSS MUCH OF NORTHERN ID/WESTERN MT INTO NORTHWEST
WY...WITH THE UPSLOPE FLOW ACCOUNTING FOR LOCAL 0.75 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS IN THE FAVORED LOCATIONS.

HEAVY SNOW IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST...INTERMOUNTAIN WEST AND THE CENTRAL ROCKIES DURING DAYS
2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER
PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING FROM THE NORTHERN ROCKIES TO THE UPPER
MS VALLEY WILL AID IN CYCLOGENESIS ON A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING
FROM THE SOUTHERN PLAINS TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES ON DAY 2. STRONG
UPGLIDE OVER THE FRONT PRODUCES QPF ACROSS A LARGE PORTION OF THE
REGION. THERE ARE STILL SOME LATITUDINAL DIFFERENCES WITH RESPECT
TO THE AXIS OF MAXIMUM QPF...BUT BLENDING THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS SHOULD
MITIGATE MOST OF THE DIFFERENCES...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON
THAT MODEL BLEND.

LOW PRESSURE COALESCING OVER THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES EARLY
ON DAY 2 TRACKS ALONG A FRONTAL BOUNDARY THAT DIPS INTO THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS. A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW RIDES
AHEAD OF A SHORT WAVE MOVING ACROSS THE THE NORTHERN PLAINS...UP
AND OVER THE WARM FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING TO THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES. THE STRONG ISENTROPIC LIFT TRANSPORTS 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS THE UPPER MS VALLEY AND UPPER GREAT
LAKES...AND THE LIFT IS EXPECTED TO BE MAXIMIZED FROM SOUTHEAST MN
ACROSS SOUTHERN WI/NORTHERNMOST IL INTO SOUTHWEST MI. IN THIS
AXIS...0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. AS MENTIONED
EARLIER...THERE IS STILL SOME NORTH/SOUTH SPREAD IN THIS
PLACEMENT...BUT THE BLENDING OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS SOLUTIONS
MITIGATES MOST OF THE DIFFERENCE. THIS AXIS IS SURROUNDED BY A
LARGER AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF COVERING MUCH OF THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES.

HEAVY SNOW IS POSSIBLE ON DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE
OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...OH AND TN VALLEYS/LOWER GREAT LAKES/NORTHEAST...

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE TRACKING FROM THE UPPER MS VALLEY INTO QUEBEC
ON DAY 3 WILL MOVE ALONG A WARM FRONT EXTENDING INTO NEW ENGLAND.
STRONG UPGLIDE AHEAD OF A SHORT WAVE MOVING FROM NORTHERN MN INTO
QUEBEC BECOMES FOCUSED OVER NEW ENGLAND... PRODUCING A LARGE AREA
OF QPF. THE 12Z ECMWF APPEARS TO BE A BIT TOO FLAT AND FAST WITH
THE SHORT WAVE CROSSING INTO QUEBEC...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
MORE CLOSELY ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z GFS/00Z ECMWF.

AS SURFACE LOW PRESSURE TRACKS ALONG A FRONTAL BOUNDARY FROM THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES INTO QUEBEC...MOISTURE AND LIFT BECOME FOCUSED
ON ITS WARM FRONT. AHEAD OF A SHORT WAVE MOVING FROM MN INTO
SOUTHWEST QUEBEC...A 45 TO 60 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW IS
LIFTED IN STRONG UPGLIDE ACROSS EASTERN NY STATE AND MUCH OF NEW
ENGLAND...TRANSPORTING 0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR UP AND
OVER THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY. THE COMBINATION OF LIFT AND MOISTURE
SHOULD RESULT IN A LARGE AREA OF 0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS
MUCH OF EASTERN NY STATE/NORTHEAST PA/NORTHERN NJ EXTENDING INTO
MUCH OF CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. LOCAL AMOUNTS CLOSER TO
1.25 INCHES OF QPF ARE POSSIBLE ACROSS EASTERN LONG ISLAND NY INTO
SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND...AS A SECONDARY SURFACE LOW FORMS ON THE
FRONTAL BOUNDARY AND COASTAL FRONT.

ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT TRAILING THE SURFACE LOW OVER
QUEBEC...A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25
INCH PRECIPITABLE AIR AIR OVER THE TN AND LOWER OH
VALLEYS...MAINLY BETWEEN 12/06Z AND 12/18Z. MODEL SOUNDINGS
INDICATED THAT SURFACE BASED INSTABILITY REMAINS LIMITED TO THE
LOWER MS VALLEY...BUT ELEVATED INSTABILITY COULD REACH INTO THE TN
VALLEY AHEAD OF THE FRONT. THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE...SYNOPTIC
SCALE ASCENT AND LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE ALONG THE FRONT SHOULD
PRODUCE AN AREA OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS MUCH OF KY/TN
INTO WV....WITH THE HIGHEST QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS SOUTHEAST KY/NORTH
CENTRAL TN. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ACROSS PORTIONS
OF CENTRAL AND NORTHERN WV ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES...BUT
WITHOUT DEEPER CONVECTION AHEAD OF THE FRONT...THE THREAT FOR
FLASH FLOODING ON DAY 3 APPEARS TO BE VERY LOW.


...FL AND THE SOUTHEAST...

A DEEPENING AND STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL EAST SOUTHEAST FLOW WILL
TRANSPORT MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTH FL
DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH
THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

A STRENGTHENING AND DEEPENING LOW LEVEL EASTERLY FLOW AROUND
STRONG HIGH PRESSURE OVER THE NORTHEAST AND MID ATLANTIC STATES
WILL TRANSPORT 1.50/1.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTH FL DURING DAY 2. SHORT WAVE
ENERGY ON THE SOUTHERN EDGE OF THE MID LEVEL FLOW WILL PROVIDE
SOME SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT...POSSIBLY RESULTING IN CLUSTERS OF LOW
TOPPED CONVECTION AFFECTING MAINLY SOUTHEAST FL...WHERE AREAS OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WERE PLACED.

SIMILAR CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED ON DAY 3...AS THE LOW LEVEL FLOW
VEERS TO THE SOUTH IN ADVANCE OF A COLD FRONT CROSSING THE
SOUTHEAST STATES. THE BEST LIFT IS EXPECTED ALONG THE SOUTHEAST FL
COAST...WHERE AN AXIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


ORAVEC/SULLIVAN/HAYES

24HR QP VT 11/00Z
 0.01 517270 517258 516250 514240 512233 508223 506219 506213
      514195 517188 518177 513160 509154 506148 504145 502139
      501126 503104 501084 497066 495062 493057 490046 484028
      480014 472001 466981 461964 457946 452929 445911 441903
      437898 433891 429888 425888 422890 418896 415904 415919
      416932 417940 417962 417968 418971 422979 425990 427001
      428004 429011 432015 436022 438031 438036 439038 445043
      450046 453047 456050 458055 452070 445067 441066 439068
      440074 443077 449083 451085 450090 447090 444088 439087
      434087 428083 426082 424079 424073 425068 427064 427058
      425055 421054 418057 416059 414058 407053 403052 399053
      396059 395064 392065 389063 385063 384065 384070 380079
      382083 383087 383092 387093 389093 389088 386081 387077
      390080 393083 394087 398088 399085 404080 406079 411079
      417085 424098 419102 417104 413104 410095 406094 403098
      402103 397101 395100 394105 383114 382117 382122 388125
      389125 392127 396135 396144 392151 385168 387175 391182
      391185 389187 381186 377183 371181 363179 356179 350182
      348184 351188 359192 362193 364195 366198 366203 364207
      361208 359208 356205 353203 351199 348194 347191 345194
      343197 344201 346210 351218 355224 359231 370241 380250
      390261 398265 401268 405267 412265 418264 424262 431261
      461259 471263 476265 479268 489281 493286 501288 505290
      509284 517270
 0.01 482882 482872 481862 480852 478844 472833 465821 454797
      445790 440786 437779 436773 436765 436761 437758 437752
      435750 426749 422746 420747 421752 418757 417761 413762
      414769 413775 412778 402785 398789 393791 388795 383799
      381805 383805 387804 392799 398796 402794 407794 410800
      411809 412819 413822 416824 420823 421819 422812 424806
      425799 429798 431802 432809 432814 434822 437831 439838
      442845 441849 439851 433850 430845 426840 424838 422840
      419847 417855 417861 417865 417870 419870 424869 429866
      437865 453863 457865 460866 462869 463876 463885 462893
      463902 465911 467915 471911 473902 477890 482882
 0.01 459706 458702 455703 447708 443707 440709 437713 436717
      440718 442720 435726 430727 426729 429731 434730 439729
      444730 449725 453717 458709 459706
 0.01 465035 465033 464031 462030 464028 462026 461028 462030
      462033 462035 464038 465035
 0.01 288810 287804 285800 281796 277794 275788 272784 268781
      264780 258779 251780 245782 241784 237786 232790 229792
      226797 223805 221817 220822 220829 221836 222843 224847
      227851 231852 234850 237846 239841 241829 241825 244819
      249812 253809 260809 273807 278806 282808 286810 288810
 0.01 266972 261968 259964 256960 254956 250954 241953 234957
      233961 231965 233975 235978 239981 242982 248982 253978
      263975 266972
 0.25 507280 509264 511253 510239 508233 506226 501215 495207
      490204 485202 480203 477205 472206 470208 466209 463208
      459207 457209 454211 449213 444213 437213 432209 430204
      424195 424191 426187 431178 434174 433170 432164 434163
      436165 444173 448177 448181 446184 447187 451186 456186
      460183 462178 460173 461169 464169 475169 479168 482165
      483162 483159 481153 476144 483141 487140 486136 476129
      467125 465122 463117 462112 461104 459098 455095 449094
      442093 437092 434092 432090 428087 426085 423086 423088
      424093 427098 426101 422103 419106 417111 416111 412109
      410103 408098 406099 404106 398107 395110 392112 389116
      399121 406128 409130 411135 399155 398161 395165 393171
      394177 397180 400185 401188 399192 395194 389194 384191
      376187 372184 365183 360185 362189 366193 369198 372207
      370211 366213 360212 358213 358217 363225 366228 371231
      386246 395251 402254 422252 441252 452251 462251 472255
      477258 481262 495276 502281 507280
 0.25 477880 477872 476867 473855 468846 464844 463849 464861
      465868 467873 468878 468884 466888 465895 465899 467903
      468902 471891 473885 475882 477880
 0.25 445184 443182 441182 441183 440185 441186 442186 443186
      444184 445184
 0.25 455818 455813 453811 452809 450807 446805 445805 441805
      438806 436808 436811 437813 439816 441819 442820 446821
      449821 453820 455818
 0.25 455850 456847 456845 455842 454841 452840 451841 449842
      447843 446845 446846 446848 446849 446851 447853 448855
      450856 451856 452855 453854 454852 455850 455850
 0.25 430859 429857 428855 427853 425851 424853 425855 425857
      426858 426860 427860 429860 430859
 0.25 424789 424782 420780 417785 416790 417797 417802 415807
      415814 416816 419813 421808 422803 423797 424791 424789
 0.25 413073 413071 412069 411068 410068 410070 410071 411073
      413073
 0.25 271799 271795 268793 263790 257789 249789 242792 236795
      232799 228805 226817 225826 225833 226840 228842 232843
      235838 236832 238824 240817 244813 249809 255806 262805
      269803 271799
 0.50 505276 505268 504261 505255 507248 508239 506234 502222
      499219 496215 486208 476209 469212 449215 438216 434216
      430212 424205 422198 418195 415191 408192 402198 390196
      380190 371185 367186 366189 371198 377207 383216 381219
      378219 374215 369215 366218 366223 371227 378233 386241
      395247 401250 406251 425249 430248 433245 438245 445246
      464245 473250 478253 483257 490265 497273 501277 505276
 0.50 491234 490230 489228 486225 484224 481222 478221 475222
      475225 478228 480230 481232 484234 488235 491234
 0.50 456229 455226 453227 451227 451228 449229 449230 447231
      448232 450233 452233 454232 455231 456229 456229
 0.50 465157 466151 463148 458147 454147 450148 446146 441144
      437141 431137 430130 431124 432119 436117 445117 448116
      450113 452103 451099 448097 446097 438095 433093 431090
      427087 425087 424090 426094 429098 429101 426103 416112
      411110 410107 408103 406105 404108 401109 398113 399116
      402119 404122 412127 414129 416133 415139 411142 407149
      403151 401155 401166 403176 404181 408183 413185 415186
      418185 423180 425175 428173 431170 430165 428161 427156
      430154 431156 434159 441165 448169 452168 455164 460158
      465157
 0.50 471870 471868 471865 470863 470860 469858 468856 467853
      466853 466856 467858 466861 467863 467866 468868 469870
      471872 471870
 0.50 422799 422796 422794 422792 422789 421787 420787 419789
      419790 419792 419795 418797 419799 419801 420802 421801
      422799 422799
 0.50 419809 419806 419805 417806 416807 416809 416811 417813
      418811 419809 419809
 0.50 267800 265796 260794 255793 249794 240798 236801 232804
      229814 228825 229831 231835 234831 235826 238816 244809
      249806 254805 260804 265802 267800
 1.00 498266 498260 497255 495252 493246 491242 487240 484243
      483246 484250 486254 489257 491261 495264 498266 498266
 1.00 500237 501235 500232 499229 499228 499227 498224 497223
      496223 495225 495228 495230 496231 496233 497234 498236
      499237 500237
 1.00 480244 480241 480239 479236 479235 478233 476232 475232
      474233 473234 472235 472236 472239 473241 473242 475243
      476244 478244 479244 480244
 1.00 445157 444156 444154 443153 441152 441151 440150 438149
      436150 436151 437153 437155 438156 439156 441157 442158
      444158 445157
 1.00 444111 443103 439099 434097 430092 428090 426091 429096
      432102 430105 427105 425105 424110 426112 429112 433113
      436112 442112 444111
 1.00 426242 425237 421234 416232 413228 415224 415217 413212
      411212 410209 401204 393198 375189 372188 370192 375201
      381208 389214 397220 401223 401225 381226 381230 385234
      392240 401246 407247 411246 421246 424244 426242
 1.00 416205 416203 416202 414201 412200 410201 410202 410203
      411204 411207 411208 413208 414207 415206 416205
 1.00 419175 419173 418172 416171 414172 414174 416177 417177
      419175
 1.00 420159 420157 419152 417151 415151 412150 408151 406152
      404153 406156 409156 411159 412162 414164 417163 419161
      420159
 1.00 415118 415116 415115 413115 412114 410114 408113 407114
      406115 406114 406112 405110 403111 402113 403114 405115
      406116 406117 408118 410119 411119 413119 415118 415118
 1.00 408110 408107 407106 407107 405109 407112 408110
 1.00 373223 373220 372218 370218 370219 370220 370222 371223
      373223
 1.00 258801 257800 256799 255799 253800 252802 254802 256802
      257802 258801
 1.50 495259 495257 495256 494254 494253 493251 492250 491248
      491247 490245 488244 487246 488247 488249 489250 490252
      490253 491255 491256 493258 494259 495259
 1.50 423241 419236 413234 406231 401230 396229 390230 388233
      391236 396240 401242 407244 413243 418242 423241
 1.50 411223 412218 409215 406210 402207 396201 388197 379193
      376191 373193 374198 376201 382209 389213 397218 405223
      409226 411223
 2.00 418240 417239 416238 414238 412237 411236 409237 407239
      408240 410241 412241 413240 414240 415239 417239 418240
 2.00 407218 406214 404210 399206 393200 386197 379193 375193
      375197 378203 384209 391213 397217 403219 407218
 2.00 401237 401235 400234 399232 397231 395233 393235 394236
      396237 398238 399239 401237
 3.00 401216 402211 399208 396204 393201 388199 384197 379196
      377197 379201 381205 384208 389210 393213 396215 401216
      401216
 4.00 400213 399211 397208 396206 394204 391202 389201 386199
      382198 380201 382204 385206 386208 389210 392211 394213
      398214 400213
 5.00 398213 398210 396208 394205 392203 389201 387200 384199
      382202 384205 386206 389208 391210 395212 396213 398213
 6.00 395210 395209 394207 392206 392207 392209 393210 395210
      395210

24HR QP VT 12/00Z
 0.01 486339 488337 489332 493327 497306 498302 497297 496286
      491270 499266 504263 506261 508264 513266 515264 517259
      521245 523234 524228 526225 532210 536207 538202 539195
      541191 541185 539175 536161 532155 529149 527132 525126
      523120 521112 518106 504103 495092 490096 488097 487096
      486090 481079 478074 476067 470055 464053 461052 463072
      466088 464094 461090 456083 453076 449070 435061 434054
      432049 434045 435036 436033 437028 434011 432008 432004
      429001 424006 422011 421015 409009 404010 404019 403028
      405030 402032 400030 396029 393034 394041 394047 387047
      381049 378050 374050 366050 360053 358055 357058 359061
      358065 358069 363070 366072 368074 367078 365080 359082
      358091 360096 365097 371097 375096 377098 378101 381103
      383105 380107 379108 377111 375119 377152 379158 384159
      386162 385166 384172 387177 392181 398185 397189 394190
      383182 377180 371179 356181 349183 347187 349190 354193
      358197 359200 358203 354205 350208 348213 347219 346228
      342230 339237 336244 336251 339257 343262 343267 345271
      348274 353276 358276 361275 369269 373265 375255 374241
      373236 373227 376221 378217 376215 375213 375210 379212
      381214 387219 393225 403235 407248 412261 416274 415283
      414286 415289 415296 418303 419307 422313
 0.01 507071 504037 501026 499019 497008 497994 497982 497975
      496970 496965 495957 494953 493948 496942 496932 494924
      494912 492905 492894 488874 487864 484854 475829 473822
      469818 467810 467801 467796 468793 468782 467767 458756
      449740 448731 442732 432739 425741 419741 415738 413730
      412720 411714 410712 407706 401704 394714 394724 396737
      395743 396751 396756 395759 395767 394774 393782 393786
      392789 389794 391797 391801 389809 384820 378834 375841
      370849 365858 359867 347888 339899 331908 309925 274949
      270952 269954 262955 256956 250959 246964 245968 247971
      249974 244975 239975 236977 235978 236981 241983 247984
      256986 261987 265990 275994 277995 281996 286000 287002
      290002 295002 297000 300996 305988 309982 314977 318975
      325973 326971 328969 334965 343960 354957 359959 367959
      374959 380956 385953 390953 393954 399959 403959 407961
      414971 416975 421978 439992 447002 454012 462026 466032
      471037 477047 483055 489066 492071 499075 501078 504075
      507071
 0.01 482196 482192 480190 478187 477182 476177 476173 473172
      470175 468180 469185 467189 468195 469200 472200 476198
      480198 482196
 0.01 444171 443167 441166 438164 435163 431164 430166 429168
      427172 428177 431178 435179 438179 442178 442173 444171
 0.01 346754 345745 342744 338743 331741 321743 315742 313740
      310741 307741 306744 303752 300758 295763 292764 288762
      283757 280752 278746 275745 271745 266746 263745 258740
      253738 248739 244741 238745 231754 228760 225765 223780
      222784 223789 224800 225817 227823 228833 230851 232860
      233864 235868 239872 244874 251876 255876 257878 269884
      277884 284880 295874 299874 301872 304866 309861 309858
      308856 306852 302851 300849 295849 289849 285851 282851
      273851 267851 264849 260849 256844 253837 250827 250821
      253815 256810 259808 263807 266809 270809 275812 282815
      286816 291817 296820 301817 305812 307810 311809 317806
      321802 324793 330788 334784 337778 341764 346754
 0.25 501238 503229 503220 501213 499208 496204 492202 488202
      480204 476207 469208 460208 454208 448209 441212 430216
      426219 423223 420227 415231 412235 411241 413247 418252
      427254 440255 449254 452253 455254 462256 466257 471255
      477257 483255 488255 491250 493246 497244 501238
 0.25 501170 501165 500162 498156 495150 491146 487141 482138
      479133 474131 473133 470134 465135 462136 460139 458143
      456148 459153 462159 468161 479167 485169 490171 497172
      501170
 0.25 491237 490234 489231 487229 485227 482226 479225 475224
      475227 477228 480229 482232 483235 486237 489239 491237
 0.25 471873 466865 457860 453852 450843 449838 448831 443822
      438815 433807 431795 425786 418797 413797 410800 405810
      401816 401829 399839 399847 398853 399858 401862 402869
      408892 410902 414911 429947 433956 438964 443972 446971
      449967 453959 457957 460952 461948 462942 460930 458918
      457910 458901 460893 464883 471873
 0.25 454166 454164 454162 454160 454159 453158 451158 450158
      449159 447159 446160 447162 447163 449163 450165 450166
      451168 452169 453169 454166
 0.25 452110 453105 453100 450096 444094 438093 433094 429096
      429104 428106 430108 433112 438112 445112 451112 452110
 0.25 437768 437765 437763 436761 436760 435761 435763 435765
      436768 437768
 0.25 415156 415148 413146 410144 405145 400146 398150 399154
      400160 397164 392167 392172 395173 400172 404167 407163
      411160 415156
 0.25 419116 417112 414109 412105 411101 410098 408097 404100
      403105 400103 397100 395103 396108 392112 385115 383120
      384123 386125 392124 395122 403123 409119 417118 419116
 0.25 417069 418065 418061 414057 406053 399052 395053 386058
      382061 378065 376068 375075 377081 381085 385086 389086
      396086 400084 409080 413077 415073 417069
 0.25 396205 395201 393199 388194 382188 375185 366184 359185
      356187 358189 363194 369198 374202 382206 390209 393208
      396205 396205
 0.25 367219 368215 366212 365211 362213 360214 358215 357218
      356223 356225 357230 359231 361229 362227 364223 366221
      367219
 0.25 301798 301794 300791 298787 298786 296783 294784 293788
      293790 293795 293799 293803 294805 298806 300803 301800
      301798
 0.25 265786 264774 263763 261754 256748 252747 247748 243752
      239768 237777 238787 233802 233812 234822 234828 236832
      240833 243825 246817 249810 253804 264794 265786
 0.50 500232 500225 497217 495212 491208 485206 479208 475210
      470212 458212 448214 437217 432219 429223 428234 418237
      416239 416243 423247 433249 440249 447249 456248 468247
      479249 484247 485243 484240 481236 478233 474232 471228
      472225 475222 479221 486224 490228 493233 496235 498234
      500232
 0.50 444945 444936 443927 442913 441908 441898 442887 442879
      440873 435864 428855 423848 420833 419826 415824 413829
      411837 409847 409855 410863 411870 411877 412885 415892
      418903 423914 427923 432934 437945 438947 442947 444945
 0.50 412071 411066 409063 406061 409059 406055 399055 395058
      393061 389066 385068 383071 383075 385078 389079 393078
      399075 401072 405071 410072 412071
 0.50 406116 407114 408112 407110 407109 405111 404111 403113
      402113 403115 405115 406116 406117 406116
 0.50 390204 389199 385194 380190 375187 368186 363188 367193
      372196 376200 381204 387205 390204
 0.50 258758 255752 252751 249751 246758 244765 242773 246779
      250786 253792 256787 257778 257769 258760 258758
 0.50 252796 251793 249794 246796 243799 241802 239805 238810
      238813 242812 244809 247805 248802 250798 252796
 1.00 469223 470217 468215 461215 455216 449217 442218 438220
      436223 437228 440230 446228 453227 460227 466224 469223
 1.00 461240 462235 461233 457232 452234 446233 441235 437238
      434240 434244 438245 443245 448244 454243 459242 461240
 1.00 409068 408067 408065 407065 405064 404063 403061 403063
      402065 403067 405068 407069 408068 409068
 1.00 386200 384198 383197 382197 381196 379195 378194 377194
      376193 374192 372191 372193 374194 375196 377198 378199
      380200 382201 384201 385201 386200
 1.50 459222 457220 454219 450218 448219 445220 443221 440222
      441225 444226 446226 449226 452225 455224 457223 459222
 2.00 453223 452221 450220 448221 447221 446223 448224 450224
      451223 453223

24HR QP VT 13/00Z
 0.01 482616 486626 489635 494646 495653 497657 499671 501675
      502683 504697 503704 503710 503718 502723 501729 498734
      495740 496744 497747 498754 500760 514814 503850 499860
      495870 496875 497879 499880 503880 507878 511874 515871
      524870 527870 528872 533872 542876 548885 551898 551914
      549925 539969 536973 533974 531976 523976 515975 510976
      506977 501978 497980 496988 495995 480999 480016 480024
      481030 482036 482045 485057 486079 487086 489091 495092
      497097 497103 496116 496120 497123 500126 502137 507147
      515152 523160 527169 529178 529185 522192 519196 516195
      510191 505187 502189 498190 496190 493189 492187 494183
      497181 497177 495177 491179 489183 484182 481179 475174
      471173 467174 466176 465181 465188 467191 470192 472193
      475191 483193 487196 493199 497202 499207 502213 505218
      509225 512228 513234 515245 517253 516262 517268 514283
      511292 506301 500306 497307 494305 491302 486301 482301
      476299 471297 468296 466297 457299 449301 446300 444302
      438300 432298 429294 427284 428279 424276 423268 422263
      419259 411252 407245 406239 406235 407232 409226 411222
      411212 410206 411197 412190 416187 420185 425186 427196
      435204 440207 445204 446200 444197 441198 438194 441184
      441178 440174 438169 436165 433162 430157 432148 434139
      440128 441123 442116 438114 433117 430121 428127 419150
      415151 416145 419134 419130 418126 414123 408118 394123
      389123 385121 377118 380116 384115 388116 391114 394110
      396108 395105 393101 394095 403093 407091 410091 412096
      415099 418099 422095 423089 426086 432086 438087 449088
      447085 443082 436078 432075 433071 437066 440066 441064
      440058 436049 432040 433035 435033 440033 444034 448036
      450039 454035 457029 457022 456016 454010 455002 455998
      453996 453988 451983 448978 448972 450968 456958 459954
      462952 476942
 0.01 476942 481936 482932 480929 471926 465921 457917 451913
      447912 443911 439909 437908 435909 431911 436918 440927
      442930 438933 436935 431935 427935 424933 421933 414929
      405924 396920 382929 374933 366935 349946 342951 334956
      328958 318960 309963 303967 295971 288977 282977 278975
      264974 257973 251967 243953 242950 241948 241939 241933
      242928 242917 247909 250903 255896 258891 259887 259882
      257878 255872 255868 258865 262862 266861 264856 258850
      255849 252849 250851 246851 243847 241844 235844 233836
      232829 233824 233817 231812 230806 231800 232796 232790
      239776 245760 260747 269742 272741 276743 281746 287745
      290743 303734 320726 332728 336729 339729 342726 348711
      351702 355694 367677 373670 379663 387655 390651 396644
 0.01 417076 418065 418055 414048 411047 408049 401050 397050
      394047 390047 387049 385058 381064 377063 373061 366061
      366065 367069 371075 373084 377089 385093 387093 390092
      396087 399081 402079 407080 410082 412081 417076
 0.01 283827 278822 273822 270820 270816 266817 264819 262821
      257822 253828 257834 256842 258845 261842 266837 271832
      276830 281829 283827
 0.25 450627 455632 458637 459643 460649 463660 465668 467680
      469688 469699 469713 469726 468737 467742 464745 460748
      458751 460763 461775 464785 466792 468800 468808 467812
      465820 466842 463846 460847 458850 455850 451848 449845
      445836 443832 441832 434837 431839 426839 423850 422861
      419867 414872 408875 400877 393879 389880 386883 382887
      372897 367903 362910 357917 352923 345928 337931 330930
      328924 327928 323929 322926 322922 330911 330906 333906
      334912 336911 336908 333906 332903 330902 328900 325900
      321903 319906 314914 313917 315920 308937 304943 299947
      294952 289951 285949 283945 281939 278922 277919 277915
      276908 277903 279899 285892 289873 290868 291863 293860
      299856 307856 317849 324844 331841 344833 351823 362810
      368802 372795 376789 380787 383786 386783 387778 388775
      386773 383772 381769 380760 377752 375748 372747 362758
      352765 344779 331791 325796 317799 307800 302801 300803
      293806 288805 279804 271805 253807 247804 246801 248798
      254793 255784 261767 267764 277762 284758 293755 301754
      304757 301761 299763 295765 293767 292770 293774 298780
      302785 307786 317775 326762 348738 356728 364715 372702
      380693 389681 400669 411656 417650 425643 432638 441630
 0.25 504276 504275 503273 504271 505269 505268 503267 502266
      501267 501269 500272 499274 500275 502276 504276 504276
 0.25 485256 483245 480240 476235 473231 473225 477222 481220
      486220 487215 486208 481205 474207 464209 446214 436214
      432216 427220 422228 414236 413241 415244 428249 439252
      449251 458250 468249 472249 476250 480256 484258 485256
 0.25 496148 493141 491136 488131 484125 480122 475120 468116
      464117 460121 457130 451137 447144 440151 440154 442154
      445154 445163 455176 453167 454162 455159 458158 465162
      470165 476166 480165 483163 485156 487153 489151 493151
      496148
 0.25 455115 455110 454105 451101 448098 445096 440095 436096
      433099 433107 435109 440111 445112 450113 453116 455115
 0.25 393071 392070 391068 389070 388070 388072 388073 390073
      391073 392071 393071
 0.50 483138 483135 482134 482133 481131 479130 478128 476127
      475128 474129 473131 474133 474134 476136 477137 479138
      480139 482139 483138
 0.50 476159 475157 475156 474155 472153 471152 469151 467151
      466152 466154 467155 468157 469157 470159 471160 473160
      475160 476159
 0.50 463221 463217 460216 453216 442217 437218 433221 430225
      430233 426237 420238 418239 418242 423243 428245 434245
      445245 450244 456241 457236 452231 452228 454227 458224
      463221
 0.50 451686 451679 450671 447657 444651 441647 437644 432644
      426650 420658 413668 408676 406680 403683 396690 388699
      381705 374712 369719 361728 355735 344749 342753 340757
      336769 339769 343766 350760 359753 367747 373740 377738
      382738 386736 389732 391727 394723 397719 398722 398734
      399744 401752 402757 406761 423765 433765 437765 439760
      440755 441747 441734 441719 442712 443707 448697 450692
      451686
 0.50 441108 442106 441104 439105 438107 439108 440108 441108
 0.50 425791 422786 415787 411791 407795 404801 402806 407808
      412810 415811 418809 422803 424798 425791
 0.50 400807 398801 398797 395795 391795 384796 370814 365816
      361821 355831 350841 347847 347855 349861 348869 351875
      354873 357874 354886 351902 351904 354904 358900 365892
      372883 379873 385863 387857 385850 387835 388828 388824
      390822 397816 400807
 0.50 323881 323876 322873 318871 315873 305883 296893 292899
      288906 289911 288916 286919 284926 284931 286935 288937
      291937 295931 303920 308905 312899 316893 323881
 0.50 286773 285769 283768 278770 274774 270779 267783 267788
      267794 270798 273799 277798 281798 284796 282788 284781
      285775 286773
 1.00 452223 452221 450220 448221 447221 445220 445221 443221
      442222 441222 439223 438224 439225 441226 442226 444226
      445226 446225 448225 449225 450225 451223 452223
 1.00 413701 413699 414696 412695 411697 410698 410700 409702
      409704 410705 410704 411703 413701 413701

$$





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