Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 292201
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
600 PM EDT TUE JUL 29 2014


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JUL 30/0000 UTC THRU AUG 02/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


THE 18Z MODEL RUNS WERE IN VERY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH THE 12Z
RUNS..SO MADE ONLY VERY MINOR CHANGES TO THE PRELIM DAY 1
QPF..BASED MOSTLY ON RECENT RADAR/SATELLITE IMAGERY AND TRENDS.

DAY 1...

...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS...

THE COMBINATION OF HIGH CONTENT MOISTURE AIR RIDING NORTH ON A LOW
LEVEL JET UP AND OVER A QUASI STATIONARY EXTENDING FROM THE
SOUTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS WILL RAISE THE SPECTER
OF HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL. TWO DISTINCT AREAS OF HEAVY RAIN
ARE EXPECTED. THE FIRST AREA IS ASSOCIATED WITH CONVECTIVE
CLUSTERS OVER WY AND EASTERN CO...WHICH SHOULD THEN TRACK ACROSS
THE PLAINS AFTER 30/00Z. A SECOND AREA IS EXPECTED WITH A
DEVELOPING MCS OVER SOUTHEAST CO THAT IS EXPECTED TO MOVE OVER THE
QUASI STATIONARY FRONT (ALONG THE AXIS OF BEST INSTABILITY...BOTH
SURFACE BASED AND ELEVATED) BETWEEN 30/06Z AND 30/18Z.

THE VERY WET PATTERN WILL PERSIST THROUGH THE PERIOD ACROSS THE
ROCKIES. THE 12Z ANALYSIS SHOWED PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN
TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL AT BOTH SLC AND
RIW...AN INDICATION OF THE AMOUNT OF MOISTURE AVAILABLE IN THE
PLUME. IN FACT...THE LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX BULLSEYE WAS LOCATED
OVER WESTERN WY. CONVECTION HAS DEVELOPED ACROSS SOUTHEAST ID AND
WESTERN WY...AS THE CLOUDINESS HAS THINNED AND MLCAPE VALUES HAVE
INCREASE.

DIVERGENCE AHEAD OF A CLOSED LOW OVER NORTHWEST NM SHOULD AID IN
SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT...PROMOTING GREATER COVERAGE ACROSS
NORTHEAST UT...WY INTO EASTERN CO. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS WILL FUEL THE FLASH
FLOOD THREAT. THE LATEST SSEO PROBABILITY OF QPF EXCEEDING THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES PEAKS NEAR 00Z OVER WESTERN
WY...AN INDICATION OF THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIR.

THE SLIGHT RISK WAS EXPANDED TO INCLUDE SOUTHEAST ID AND WESTERN
WY TO ACCOUNT FOR THE INCREASED THREAT DUE TO THE HIGH MOISTURE
AIRMASS IN PLACE. A MODERATE RISK AREA WAS MAINTAINED FOR PORTIONS
OF SOUTHEAST WY AND NORTHEAST CO...AS THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF
THE AIR AND UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD RESULT IN QPF VALUES GREATER THAN
2.00 INCHES IN THESE LOCATIONS. MOST OF THIS SHOULD BE ASSOCIATED
WITH CONVECTIVE CLUSTERS OR AN MCS THAT FORMS FROM THE CONVECTION
THAT FIRES ACROSS SOUTHEAST WY AND NORTHEAST CO...WHICH ROLLS OUT
INTO THE PLAINS AFTER 30/00Z. THESE QPF VALUES ARE SUPPORTED BY
THE LATEST ECMWF AND GEFS ENSEMBLE OUTPUT. GIVEN THAT THE THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50
INCHES...THE MODERATE RISK WAS DRAWN TO ENCOMPASS THE
ABOVEMENTIONED LOCATIONS.

AFTER 30/00Z...CONVECTION DEVELOPING IN SOUTHEAST CO IS EXPECTED
TO RIDE ALONG THE QUASI STATIONARY FRONT EXTENDING ACROSS
SOUTHWEST KS AND NORTH CENTRAL OK. MOST OF THE MODEL INSTABILITY
IS ELEVATED AS A 20 TO 30 KNOT SOUTHERLY FLOW OVERRUNS THE
BOUNDARY. THE INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO EXTEND ALONG THE FRONT
INTO NORTHWEST OK AND FAR NORTH TX THROUGH 30/12Z. THERE IS STILL
SOME SPREAD IN THE PLACEMENT OF THE QPF...AND THE LATEST ECMWF
ENSEMBLE AND GEFS OUTPUT SUGGEST THE POTENTIAL FOR 3 TO
4+ INCHES OF QPF. A LARGE NUMBER OF THE 12Z MODEL SUITE HAVE
PLACED QPF AMOUNTS BETWEEN 3 AND 6 INCHES ACROSS THE
ABOVEMENTIONED AREA...WITH SOME LATITUDINAL DIFFERENCES...BASED ON
THE TRACK OF THE EXPECTANT MCS. A MORE SOUTHERLY TRACK WAS USED
FOR THE QPF MAXIMUM HERE...AS THERE SHOULD NOT BE ANY CAPPING
ISSUES THIS EVENING INTO THE OVERNIGHT...AND THE SIMULATED IMAGERY
FROM THE NAM SHOWED THE MCS THAT DEVELOPS OVER SOUTHEAST CO
TRACKING ALONG THE FRONT ACROSS NORTHWEST OK AND NORTHERNMOST TX.

THE MCS SHOULD START TO WEAKEN BETWEEN 30/12Z AND 30/18Z AS THE
LOW LEVEL INFLOW WEAKENS AND THE MOISTURE PLUME DISSIPATES.
HOWEVER...THE MCV THAT DEVELOPS WITH THE MCS SHOULD PROVIDE ENOUGH
LIFT TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE INSTABILITY AND MOISTURE IN PLACE TO
PRODUCE QPF INTO SOUTHEAST OK AND WESTERN AR.


...GREAT LAKES/OHIO VALLEY...

A DEEP CLOSED LOW OVER ONTARIO AND QUEBEC WILL CONTINUE TO SPIN IN
PLACE...PRODUCING A COOL CYCLONIC FLOW ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES
THROUGH 31/00Z. STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES SHOULD PRODUCE
MARGINAL INSTABILITY ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES THIS AFTERNOON AND
THIS EVENING...AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN INCH SHOULD
SUPPORT SCATTERED CONVECTION ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES THIS
AFTERNOON...WHERE THE CIN IS ERASED FIRST. THE LOW TOPPED
CONVECTION SHOULD SUPPORT LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH QPF AMOUNTS
ACROSS WI AND MI THROUGH 30/00Z. WITH THE LOSS OF DAY TIME
HEATING...THAT ACTIVITY SHOULD BECOME MORE WIDELY SCATTERED THIS
EVENING.

ACTIVITY SHOULD FIRE AGAIN WED AFTERNOON AS MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES
SUPPORT MARGINAL INSTABILITY IN AN ENVIRONMENT WITH PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES TOPPING OUT NEAR AN INCH. MOST OF THE ACTIVITY SHOULD
FORM ALONG A SURFACE TROUGH THAT CROSSES THE THE NORTHERN OH
VALLEY AND LOWER GREAT LAKES DURING THE AFTERNOON INTO THE EARLY
EVENING. THE GENERAL MODEL CONSENSUS WAS TO PLACE A LARGE AREA OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE NORTHERN HALF OF
OH...NORTHWEST PA AND WESTERNMOST NY STATE... CLOSER TO THE BETTER
CONCENTRATION OF CONVECTION ALONG THE SURFACE TROUGH.


...GULF COAST/FL...

CONVECTION FORMING ALONG A SURFACE TROUGH AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT
DROPPING TO THE CENTRAL GULF COAST AND NORTHERN FL WILL BE THE
FOCUS FOR CONVECTION DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING HOURS.
MODERATE INSTABILITY AND WEAK SHEAR SHOULD LIMIT THE CONVECTIVE
COVERAGE ALONG THE FRONT...RESULTING IN STRIPES OF 0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES OF QPF ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTHERNMOST LA AND PORTIONS
SOUTHEAST TX...AS WELL AS CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN FL. DUE TO THE
BETTER COVERAGE ACROSS CENTRAL FL...AN AXIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES
OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE...AND LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE
GIVEN THE 2.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES IN PLACE.

THE FRONT SHOULD DROP FURTHER SOUTH ACROSS FL DURING WED
AFTERNOON. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE INSTABILITY IN PLACE
AHEAD OF THE SURFACE FRONT (OR SURFACE TROUGH BY THAT TIME...AS
THE FRONT WEAKENS)...AS WELL AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN
1.75 AND 2.00 INCHES. THIS SHOULD SUPPORT AT LEAST SCATTERED
CONVECTION AHEAD OF THE FRONT ACROSS CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN FL THAT
PRODUCES STRIPES OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF.


...GREAT BASIN...

CONVECTION ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN WILL BE PREDICATED MAINLY ON THE
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE IN THE INCREASED MONSOONAL FLOW AND
MARGINAL INSTABILITY DUE IN MOST PART TO STEEPENING MID LEVEL
LAPSE RATES. ORGANIZATION MAY BE MORE DIFFICULT AS THE MID LEVEL
RIDGE REMAINS MORE OR LESS IN PLACE. THE ACTIVITY IS DEVELOPING
THIS AFTERNOON...AND SHOULD REMAIN SCATTERED BASED ON THE 0.75 TO
1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES IN PLACE. ONE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN ARE GENERALLY BETWEEN 0.75
AND 1.25 INCHES...SO ANY CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE THIS MUCH QPF
BASED ON THE AVAILABLE MOISTURE. HOWEVER...WITHOUT A STRONG
FOCUS...A SEE TEXT AREA SHOULD COVER THIS ACTIVITY. THE BULK OF
THE ACTIVITY SHOULD START TO WANE AFTER SUNSET... PERHAPS LASTING
UNTIL ABOUT 30/06Z.

ACTIVITY SHOULD DEVELOP IN THE SAME AREA AGAIN DURING THE
AFTERNOON CENTERED AROUND 30/18Z. SINCE THE AIRMASS DOES NOT
CHANGE MUCH...AND THE MID LEVEL RIDGING REMAINS IN PLACE...THE
CONVECTION SHOULD DEVELOP IN THE SAME PLACES THIS AFTERNOON AND
THIS EVENING. MUCH OF THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO BE ROOTED TO
THE TERRAIN...WITH STRIPES OF BASIN AVERAGE QPF BETWEEN 0.10 AND
0.25 INCHES. HOWEVER...DUE TO THE HIGHER MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE
AIRMASS....LOCAL AMOUNTS OF NEAR AN INCH ARE POSSIBLE.




DAYS 2/3

...GREAT LAKES/OHIO VALLEY/NEW ENGLAND...

A BROAD 500-MB NEGATIVE HEIGHT ANOMALY WILL CONTINUE TO BE A
MAINSTAY FEATURE ANCHORING A VAST PORTION OF NORTHEASTERN NORTH
AMERICA. THIS PATTERN WILL SUPPORT CYCLONIC FLOW OVERSPREADING THE
REGION WITH BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES EXPECTED. COLDER
TEMPERATURES ALOFT WILL SUPPORT STEEP MID-LEVEL LAPSE RATES WHICH
SHOULD PRODUCE PERIODS OF CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY. THIS WILL
PARTICULARLY BE THE CASE DURING THE PEAK DIURNAL HEATING WHEN
INSTABILITY IS MAXIMIZED. WITH THE BAROCLINIC ZONE LOCKED WELL
SOUTH AND EAST OF THE REGION...COLUMN MOISTURE BE RATHER MEAGER
WITH PWATS GENERALLY IN THE 0.75 TO 1 INCH RANGE AT BEST. REGIONS
OF ENHANCED PRECIPITATION MAY OCCUR IN THE VICINITY OF THE GREAT
LAKES WHERE MESOSCALE EFFECTS WILL BE IN PLAY ALONG WITH UPSLOPE
FLOW ACROSS THE INTERIOR NORTHEAST. WPC CONSTRUCTED THE QPF BASED
ON A GENERAL MODEL COMPROMISE WITH HIGHER-RESOLUTION GUIDANCE
UTILIZED FOR REGIONS OF MESOSCALE FORCING.


...FLORIDA/SOUTHEAST/SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS...

WITH THE ANOMALOUS UPPER TROF POSITIONED ACROSS THE EASTERN
U.S...THE BAROCLINIC ZONE AT THE START OF THE PERIOD WILL BE
STALLED ALONG THE NORTHERN GULF OF MEXICO AND BACK TOWARD THE FL
PANHANDLE. ON DAY 2...MOST OF THE ACTIVITY SHOULD CONGREGATE
ACROSS FL WHERE THE BETTER MOISTURE CONTENT WILL BE IN PLACE.
LOCAL SEA-BREEZE CIRCULATIONS WILL AID IN MAXIMIZING QPF ACROSS
THE REGION. EVENTUALLY THE COVERAGE EXPANDS AS THE MID-LEVEL RIDGE
OVER THE ATLANTIC GRADUALLY SLIDES WESTWARD IN TIME. AS THIS RIDGE
AXIS MIGRATES WEST...LOW-LEVEL SOUTHEASTERLY FLOW WILL RAMP UP AND
HELP DRAG THE BAROCLINIC ZONE TOWARD THE EAST COAST AS A WARM
FRONT. MUCH OF THE ACTIVITY IS EXPECTED TO FOCUS RIGHT ALONG THE
CAROLINA COAST WITH AN ADDITIONAL MAXIMA INLAND ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS. GENERALLY FOLLOWED A COMBINATION OF THE 12Z
NAM/ECMWF/UKMET.


...SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES/SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MISSISSIPPI
VALLEY...

A MID-LEVEL ANTICYCLONE SITTING ACROSS AZ/NM WILL CONTINUE TO DRAW
ABUNDANT MONSOONAL MOISTURE TOWARD THE SOUTHWESTERN U.S. THIS
SHOULD RESULT IN AN ACTIVE PERIOD OF RAINFALL ACROSS A LARGE
PORTION OF THE SOUTHERN/CENTRAL ROCKIES AND EVENTUALLY INTO THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MS VALLEY. THE WESTERN EXTENT OF A
BAROCLINIC ZONE SITUATED ALONG THE GULF COAST AND INTO THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS WILL BE THE SITE FOR AN ACTIVE 24 TO 36 HOURS OF
CONVECTION. STRONG MOISTURE ADVECTION ACCOMPANIED BY PWATS IN THE
1.75 TO 2.25 INCH RANGE WILL INTERCEPT THIS BOUNDARY WITH A HEAVY
RAINFALL SIGNAL INDICATED IN ALL GUIDANCE. THE 12Z NAM/IN-HOUSE
PSEUDO-ENSEMBLE BIAS-CORRECTED MODEL SHOW AERIAL AVERAGES OF 4 TO
6 INCHES IN DAY 2 ALONE. WHILE THE WPC FORECAST WAS NOT THIS
AGGRESSIVE...IT STILL SHOWED 2 TO 4 INCHES ON THE GRAPHIC WITH
ISOLATED HEAVIER AMOUNTS EXPECTED. GIVEN THE STRONG CONSENSUS IN
PLACEMENT OF THE HEAVY RAINFALL AXIS...FELT COMFORTABLE PUTTING
OUT A MODERATE RISK ACROSS EASTERN OK/WESTERN AR. BELIEVE THE
RAINFALL RATES WILL BE HIGH ENOUGH TO OVERCOME THE RELATIVELY HIGH
FFG VALUES. GRADUALLY THE ACTIVITY SHOULD SHIFT SOUTH AND EAST
TOWARD THE LOWER MS VALLEY WITH AERIAL AMOUNTS DECREASING. ENDED
UP FOLLOWING A COMBINATION OF THE 12Z ECMWF/UKMET FOR A MAJORITY
OF THE FORECAST PERIOD.


...NORTHERN ROCKIES/UPPER INTERMOUNTAIN WEST/CENTRAL GREAT
BASIN/...

A MYRIAD OF SHORTWAVES ARE FORECAST TO TRAVERSE ABOVE A MID-LEVEL
RIDGE ANCHORING THE SOUTHWESTERN PORTION OF THE COUNTRY.
PINPOINTING THE LOCATION OF THESE IMPULSES WILL BE DIFFICULT AS
EVIDENCED BY THE BUILDING MODEL SPREAD SEEN. PWATS OVER THE REGION
ARE EXPECTED TO BE SLIGHTLY ABOVE AVERAGE WITH VALUES RANGING FROM
0.75 TO 1 INCH. MUCH OF THE ACTIVITY SHOULD BE TERRAIN DRIVEN
WHERE DIFFERENTIAL HEATING BETWEEN THE HIGHER ELEVATIONS AND
VALLEY FLOORS AID IN CONVECTIVE INITIATION. WPC LEANED ON THE 12Z
ECMWF/UKMET FOR THE GENERAL QPF COVERAGE WITH DETAILS ADDED FROM
THE 12Z NAM. CONFIDENCE IN PLACEMENT WAS LOW GIVEN THE UNCERTAINTY
OF THE PLACEMENT OF SHORTWAVE ENERGY.


HAYES/TERRY/RUBIN-OSTER


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 31/00Z
 0.01 420637 426643 428648 429654 426662 422671 412686 404693
      396701 383714 371726 357740 342753 330765 325771 319778
      315785 313788 314792 315795 317796 327793 335789 343783
      348782 353781 359775 360781 357784 350789 345791 342794
      339797 337802 338819 331817 323814 317815 319812 318810
      314809 310805 307805 304804 302806 300810 295819 291828
      287837 277861 280878 281907 278926 268929 260913 255888
      249847 247820 250797 256775 263762 272749 280739 286732
      294725 296722 297716 304712 310707 318701 348676 358667
 0.01 547833 525743 524727 518723 511720 507721 504720 488719
      483719 479719 466721 443747 440751 436753 432755 427759
      410767 406768 403772 398779 397783 394787 389794 384800
      381804 380809 385815 388829 388843 388852 391865 393874
      405889 410896 415905 417917 422924 426931 431938 438945
      442945 446943 447937 445933 440928 436925 433920 429912
      425895 434897 436895 438888 439885 437880 435875 432871
      427863 426860 428857 432857 437851 441849 446849 460821
      467841 469852 472863 475873 480882 491899 494902 497904
      502903 505901 510895 514887 518879 520877 522876 527876
      533870 539859 542853 544847 547833
 0.01 473133 467132 465127 465124 461123 460118 459113 457110
      457106 458100 457091 456084 454077 453067 450063 444060
      439056 435051 429037 426030 423023 421018 418011 413000
      409987 404975 402968 399963 391951 387945 384936 380922
      375920 370916 362911 357907 350908 339912 334916 331920
      326929 321949 321963 323975 330995 331003 327020 326025
      323028 319032 312034 306034 302038 300040 300044 306045
      311045 311043 313039 317039 318043 316045 301062 296065
      293068 289068 282070 275070 266069 261065 253059 248055
      245053 241053 236055 234061 236065 240069 250075 262083
      271092 275096 277098 277102 280107 282109 285111 293112
      300110 311107 321106 327104 332101 340093 342091 341088
      341082 339074 337071 341070 344068 348070 354074 360076
      365081 368086 371093 392102 390107 385111 382112 378112
      374114 373124 373132 374137 376141 382146 384148 387149
      393152 399156 403160 408169 412183 414192 416199 418202
      422204 425203 427201 429199 429193 430190 429185 423174
      422168 420159 419152 420143 423137 427134 431133 431136
      428141 429148 433154 437159 442162 445164 448165 453161
      458156 461151 464145 465139 468135 469135 473133
 0.01 455218 454215 452216 446214 441211 440209 436208 432210
      428216 427218 427222 434223 439222 445221 450221 455218
 0.01 463886 463878 459876 456874 454872 450872 447877 445880
      444885 446887 451887 454891 456893 460893 461888 463886
 0.01 450731 448727 444727 441726 439724 442721 443715 441716
      438719 435727 433725 432728 436729 441730 446729 450731
 0.01 440122 431118 421119 417119 413121 410122 406119 399118
      394119 397124 401131 408137 413137 416135 423130 426127
      430127 437124 440122
 0.01 432847 432845 430843 429845 428845 427848 426850 427852
      429852 430850 432847
 0.01 403202 402199 399197 398191 396188 390191 388187 385184
      384180 387178 390181 394180 396178 397173 392167 391157
      386157 384159 383161 380162 378159 375155 372154 370156
      369161 371170 367176 363178 360181 360186 362190 370194
      375199 383204 390207 399207 403205 403202
 0.25 516832 516822 515813 512807 510804 507798 504792 504774
      502767 502761 498749 495743 491740 487739 482743 470746
      462752 454760 445767 438776 435778 433770 431770 430772
      424771 429781 428786 423787 420782 415783 411787 408792
      402802 399807 397812 396819 397826 399842 402846 404848
      403850 409860 410851 410841 410838 412835 420829 431824
      439818 448811 450806 454805 457805 463813 470819 479847
      481854 484859 491865 493867 495866 499861 506852 512843
      515837 516832
 0.25 450104 450100 449097 446093 437087 431085 430082 430077
      431068 431059 427046 422037 418031 414027 405021 400018
      396018 391016 389012 388005 387999 382989 379975 377961
      375954 374947 371942 368938 363934 358932 351933 347935
      342939 338943 332953 330958 331964 334969 337972 341985
      343990 346998 348010 349015 352021 354026 356033 357038
      353043 348046 350051 357060 360060 364060 366062 375069
      380068 386069 387076 389081 393085 396087 400086 401086
      406083 410083 414084 418086 424096 428101 425106 424109
      425112 431111 442108 447107 450104
 0.25 439148 438147 438146 437145 436146 435147 434148 434150
      436152 438151 438150 439148
 0.25 415658 415653 413650 408648 403648 398651 375666 356680
      336696 328704 320712 312721 304731 291748 283758 276768
      271777 267788 262800 260802 256803 253808 258812 261817
      266826 266830 269832 271826 275821 279815 285806 292799
      300789 306778 312768 318760 336743 345734 352727 362718
      372711 381704 390696 399686 406677 412668 415658
 0.25 411110 412106 413101 413096 411094 409091 409087 406088
      403090 402093 402097 402102 402106 402109 404111 407113
      410112 411110
 0.25 377189 374188 373188 373190 376191 378192 377189
 0.25 307089 307085 307081 303078 296076 289076 285079 279080
      276080 274083 281086 286087 291090 296092 298092 300095
      304093 307089
 0.25 270878 270871 269863 269857 269855 265854 261858 259864
      259872 260880 262886 264892 265895 268894 270888 270880
      270878
 0.25 258848 258846 257846 257848 258849 258848
 0.50 494774 493771 491768 488769 486770 485773 484778 483781
      482785 482789 484790 487788 489786 491783 492780 493777
      494774
 0.50 471771 465760 461759 458760 453766 444776 441781 437787
      429798 426803 424810 428814 430814 432811 436806 438803
      441802 455798 460795 462791 463787 468773 471771
 0.50 443099 441094 438092 433092 428090 424088 424091 427095
      431099 432104 430106 433106 436102 439100 443099
 0.50 425082 425081 423080 423081 423083 425082 425082
 0.50 427065 427057 425053 424048 422043 419039 414032 407027
      404024 401026 396026 392024 388022 385018 384006 381998
      377988 375976 373968 370958 368947 364943 361941 352940
      345943 339950 337954 336960 341968 344977 349998 351007
      353016 358025 362032 367039 369043 369049 371053 376055
      380058 380062 395067 390075 392079 394082 399078 407076
      410076 411073 411066 414066 418069 421071 423069 427065
 0.50 406665 406661 405658 401655 394657 377670 362681 346694
      333705 326712 320720 310735 304742 297749 291755 287762
      281771 277779 274788 275793 277797 279798 282797 286794
      292786 302773 312756 315752 318749 325744 333738 341731
      354719 370707 384695 390688 397679 402673 406665
 0.50 417802 417799 417797 416795 416797 415800 415801 414802
      415804 415805 416804 417802 417802
 0.50 406100 407098 407096 406094 405094 404095 404098 406100
      406100
 0.50 403063 402061 400061 399062 400063 402064 403063
 0.50 367054 367052 367051 365050 363050 361050 360050 358051
      356053 357056 359057 361057 363056 365056 366056 367054
 0.50 299086 299084 298082 297082 296080 296079 294079 292079
      290080 290081 289083 290085 292086 293086 295087 297087
      299087 299086
 0.50 268808 268806 268804 267804 265804 264804 263805 261806
      261807 262807 263809 264810 265810 266811 266810 267809
      268808
 1.00 419060 420052 418045 415041 412037 405028 403029 402032
      400033 388034 388037 389040 391045 390048 388048 384048
      383047 381045 379047 379051 383052 387053 389052 391051
      393053 397056 401054 407055 416059 419060
 1.00 392671 390669 385670 381672 377675 363686 349698 336710
      330715 325722 321730 321733 326732 333728 340722 346716
      354710 369700 382689 387682 391674 392671
 1.00 381033 382028 382022 380013 376997 371981 365965 362958
      358952 355950 350951 346956 345966 348974 350982 352991
      354000 356009 358015 363022 373032 377034 381033
 1.50 415052 415048 415045 413043 411040 408038 407036 403036
      400037 399039 401042 403044 404047 406049 408049 411051
      413052 415052
 1.50 382681 380678 377680 373683 369688 364692 360695 354699
      354701 357702 362699 367696 372692 376688 380684 382681
 1.50 379022 378014 376008 371993 366979 364972 361965 358960
      353958 350963 351971 353979 354987 358001 363014 367020
      372025 374027 377026 379022
 2.00 410047 411045 410042 408040 406039 405040 404040 404042
      405043 405044 406045 408047 410047 410047
 2.00 378019 374010 370999 367987 363976 361971 358967 355969
      355976 357987 360998 365010 366014 370018 373022 377021
      378019
 3.00 368001 367999 366996 366995 364995 363996 363998 364999
      365001 365002 367003 368001
 3.00 361980 359978 359979 360980 360981 361980

24HR QP VT 01/00Z
 0.01 530154 531140 530135 526131 520125 512118 499110 494108
      490104 485098 476091 471092 467094 463096 460093 457088
      456083 451073 446067 443065 440066 436073 443078 446081
      448086 446090 441090 434088 429087 425088 417092 411092
      405093 401095 398092 397088 398086 401084 415070 416066
      416060 415053 414046 410037 405030 398025 390028 384028
      380026 372021 367014 363007 362003 362999 364996 368987
      371975 372970 372964 373947 374935 375929 375922 372912
      368902 363896 360892 356890 353888 349888 341893 331895
      321898 315904 310909 307912 303914 295918 290926 284926
      281929 279933 282936 285939 288941 292944 295949 294955
      293959 290968 290981 288987 287992 278008 275018 275028
      280037 278046 279051 281054 280057 278060 274062 271063
      265063 260062 252062 247064 245068 244074 246079 250082
      253085 257088 262089 266092 272098 279103 284111 289117
      296121 299122 303121 310122 313121 318120 320119 321115
      322109 326108 332108 332105 335104 338104 340106 343110
      345114 349117 353117 351112 346105 344094 343089 347086
      351085 354082 359073 364073 368075 372080 376083 381084
      386086 388089 390093 392096 392100 393105 392108 389109
      385110 383106 381103 377105 372114 371117 369115 366110
      361115 361121 367123 368127 369133 366142 361150 362156
      366157 371150 375165 379167 382171 383177 381182 375181
      371177 366169 358163 355167 357171 357177 359181 360186
      363188 372193 377198 385205 388206 392203 410201 416206
      419209 421213 423222 426225 430225 435225 439223 446216
      448210 450202 450194 449189 447185 443183 435186 428184
      421187 419186 420183 422179 426177 428173 429166 427163
      420157 417153 412151 409143 407140 403137 398131 392130
      388128 388124 390119 394114 396111 398111 401114 406119
      408119 413118 416121 422127 428127 432126 436119 439118
      441118 442124 440131 438134
 0.01 438134 434141 433152 434157 437159 445164 451165 454164
      456160 460152 461145 464144 467152 470155 472154 478150
      480147 485147 491147 496154 500161 503165 504171 503176
      504182 508183 511181 522173 525169 527166 529161 530154
 0.01 528992 528983 524979 520976 516974 509969 501962 495951
      491947 487945 480936 476925 474918 470915 463910 459906
      457901 455898 455895 455886 455877 454872 452866 449861
      448851 449846 453846 454855 457860 460864 464866 469868
      475868 479867 482864 485863 488863 492864 500864 507862
      510859 513854 516842 516833 515827 515820 516813 517804
      517797 511770 511763 512756 513748 512736 512728 511722
      506712 501700 495691 488686 484683 480682 470680 462682
      457682 441694 423707 412723 408728 404731 398742 386758
      387774 385788 384793 384797 387802 390806 392823 392828
      394830 395834 394845 395851 399855 401860 405862 408861
      410859 413855 415851 416845 416839 417832 420829 424829
      426829 428833 434840 437845 439853 441858 439863 437869
      433872 428871 424873 425879 428883 430888 434892 441899
      444902 446906 452918 455925 459928 462932 466936 472945
      484962 489970 492975 495978 503986 511996 513999 515999
      520998 524998 526996 528992
 0.01 364816 363805 360803 355803 349802 347798 347791 348787
      349782 348776 346772 343771 332773 324771 313772 310779
      308783 302785 297785 295780 295775 294771 289764 286761
      282759 278759 273759 266765 263771 253785 247792 247801
      244810 243815 243821 244827 247831 252835 260838 265838
      269835 281825 284822 290821 299823 303824 309823 314823
      317824 320826 326826 335826 337824 340825 342827 344833
      344839 349844 354841 355839 364816
 0.01 356047 354037 352033 348031 342026 337028 335030 332032
      328031 323027 323003 320996 317992 313990 310988 308988
      306990 304000 304011 304017 305021 307026 309028 312030
      315034 319040 322043 326045 329048 333049 341051 346052
      350050 356047
 0.01 328092 326088 323085 323080 320078 314076 311077 312080
      316083 318086 320090 324093 326094 328092
 0.25 500737 500727 498718 493709 490705 485702 475701 464703
      459703 454703 449704 445708 442713 441719 432740 430744
      428751 430769 428774 423777 418785 416792 416799 417807
      419812 422813 425810 428805 431795 432789 432781 431775
      433773 436770 443760 447757 451757 456761 459765 462771
      462775 461782 460788 461795 463800 469808 476820 481830
      483831 481833 480839 481846 485850 490853 497852 501848
      503843 502837 499834 495831 493825 490818 488815 489811
      489804 488797 485783 483774 483764 486759 490755 496747
      499742 500737
 0.25 402172 403165 401161 398159 394156 390153 386155 383158
      384163 386168 388171 393174 398174 402172 402172
 0.25 409063 409054 407049 399041 393039 387041 382043 374043
      369043 363046 359049 355053 355058 357060 361063 366063
      371064 376067 382066 394071 399071 403069 407066 409063
 0.25 367963 368948 366932 364921 359912 355907 352904 347902
      342904 334910 328918 323926 316933 312943 311950 313956
      330965 334969 335974 337986 339993 340997 344001 349999
      355992 360981 364972 367963
 0.25 339793 340790 340788 338787 336787 335788 334789 333789
      331791 330792 328794 327796 327799 329800 331801 332800
      333800 334799 336798 336797 337796 338795 339794 339793
 0.25 333082 334079 333077 332076 331076 329075 327077 327079
      328081 328082 330083 332082 333082
 0.25 310043 310041 309040 309038 308038 306037 304037 303038
      302038 301040 301042 301044 302045 303046 304047 305047
      307047 309045 310043
 0.25 302097 301084 299080 299074 296069 291068 283072 279074
      272074 262070 259071 258074 261079 265081 271083 275086
      278089 286095 290098 296101 301099 302097
 0.25 291784 289777 284771 278769 271771 262782 258788 255795
      250808 249815 250820 255825 258827 262828 267825 272818
      275814 278807 287795 289790 291784
 0.50 494730 493723 491719 485714 482713 477712 472714 469717
      466721 465727 466729 464735 463740 466744 471751 476751
      480749 487745 490741 493737 494730
 0.50 478800 478797 477795 476793 476792 474791 473790 472791
      472793 473795 473796 474798 475800 477801 478800
 0.50 406058 405054 401051 395046 391044 387045 378047 367047
      360051 358053 357056 359057 368055 373055 379058 388061
      396062 400060 404060 406058
 0.50 365958 365952 365945 363935 360926 356916 350910 346908
      341910 335915 330924 327931 323940 318947 317950 319954
      328958 334962 339969 341980 342985 345989 349990 353987
      357981 361972 365958
 0.50 287787 286781 282777 277775 271778 268782 264786 261791
      260795 263798 266800 273801 277800 283796 285791 287787
 0.50 269810 269809 269808 267807 265806 263806 263807 262809
      262811 264812 266812 267811 269810 269810
 1.00 361961 362952 361944 357931 352921 346917 343917 340919
      336923 334929 330943 330947 332951 335956 339960 341965
      345978 346981 349982 354978 357974 359967 361961
 1.50 358961 358954 357947 355938 352929 346923 341923 339926
      336935 335941 335947 339954 344963 346971 350975 353974
      356969 357963 358961
 2.00 354965 355960 355954 353945 351936 348930 345927 342928
      339934 338940 338945 342952 345958 348965 350969 352969
      354965

24HR QP VT 02/00Z
 0.01 502692 500684 498677 492672 482670 477670 474672 472674
      467682 461690 450694 447698 444703 440711 437714 438717
      443723 448720 454718 455722 454725 452729 452733 450745
      447756 444767 436772 432767 430758 430750 432742 436719
      432713 430711 427712 423713 417719 412727 408735 405744
      401752 399755 396754 389749 386740 381729 379724 375722
      352732 344736 336741 322756 312768 309772 303774 295776
      286776 277778 270782 263786 260789 254791 248792 244793
      240796 239803 239810 240817 244828 249837 253846 255850
      258851 261854 265854 271851 273847 278845 283846 285844
      290839 294837 297839 305843 308852 306858 306863 304868
      304875 303880 303888 300895 298901 295911 290920 285929
      282936 281939 281946 278955 275962 273970 268990 266000
      265011 264038 264045 262050 258053 254056 250059 249064
      248071 250075 255082 261089 287110 309132 319136 325133
      331130 335134 340136 347137 353138 359138 366132 370129
      374129 378127 380126 381129 380137 378141 376146 375152
      378160 383166 388167 391165 398165 407170 414172 418173
      419175 420179 419183 416187 415192 414200 415205 414209
      414215 411220 408223 407226 408230 410230 414229 432227
      440226 444224 447221 449199 449191 452188 458185 460179
      459175 457170 454166 461158 465154 468153 471151 474149
      477149 484152 488157 496164 500164 504162 505156 505152
      505145 504140 497134 491129 484123 481121 477121 473122
      469120 466118 465114 462105 461092 460085 457080 451074
      447070 442069 438071 441077 443081 440084 436085 433089
      431089 428087 426088 426094 430098 432103 429107 429111
      427112 422111 419114 415115 413111 414105 411082 414072
      416068 416063 414057 410054 405049
 0.01 405049 375029 372026 369025 361025 359026 353026 350024
      345023 341021 336020 325018 320016 317012 314010 311006
      310997 312988 315979 318973 321969 325967 330966 336965
      342962 350956 354950 356942 356931 354921 350912 345903
      342900 341893 340890 341886 349884 354879 357872 360864
      366857 370854 373850 376847 380845 388841 393840 397842
      400849 401859 401869 400874 399881 398887 401891 410906
      419906 426908 432913 435915 436919 440928 442934 443938
      446938 455937 462933 467927 471925 472922 472916 472910
      470905 466897 462885 450872 445867 442858 445856 446851
      446847 444844 444836 445831 443825 443821 444817 448808
      452801 464790 467789 469786 473778 478770 480758 482746
      483741 483737 481732 480725 479716 478711 482708 485706
      489705 495703 499699 502692
 0.01 511066 511058 510053 509049 507045 500039 496035 486034
      482032 479031 471026 464023 459025 457030 456035 457040
      460045 467046 475044 478047 480052 482062 484072 486083
      489089 493093 496092 501086 505084 507081 508077 509071
      511066
 0.01 421152 421145 422136 424133 424129 421124 418123 416125
      412128 408133 404135 402138 402141 405146 408151 410154
      413155 417156 420154 421152
 0.01 402116 401114 401113 400111 400110 399108 398107 396107
      395107 393106 391105 389105 388107 386109 387111 389112
      391113 392113 394113 396114 398114 398115 399116 401116
      402116
 0.25 450153 451146 449143 444141 439141 437143 435149 432153
      432157 435159 437159 439156 443154 448154 450153
 0.25 451105 451102 450100 450099 448099 446098 445098 443098
      441098 440101 440103 441104 442105 443106 444106 445108
      447109 448109 449108 450107 451105 451105
 0.25 434849 435845 433841 431838 428839 426837 424836 421835
      417836 415837 415842 416847 417849 419851 422852 425852
      429851 432851 434849
 0.25 399062 398056 394052 390048 386047 378043 371037 367036
      362038 353042 348043 343043 336045 332047 325048 320048
      314047 312039 306033 303032 298035 296046 287062 285066
      279067 274070 271073 270076 270081 273084 277087 286093
      293099 299104 308108 311109 314108 318103 329103 329099
      327096 332101 339108 342113 346110 344102 344096 345090
      350078 353073 355071 361071 366072 369074 371077 374082
      378086 382088 386088 393083 395080 395075 393070 396067
      399062
 0.25 385802 382796 377793 373789 371782 372778 374772 374767
      372761 367747 363743 358741 347742 341744 337746 322764
      310777 305781 298783 288790 284793 280795 275797 270798
      256802 252803 252806 253813 257820 264827 268831 274832
      280830 284827 288820 290815 295813 306816 318818 337810
      341808 343810 343818 342827 341832 336841 332850 333858
      335866 339871 343871 349865 356857 363847 369837 373828
      376817 382808 385802
 0.25 347939 348930 346923 342915 337902 333895 327893 324892
      321893 317902 313906 309909 303916 296923 291931 289937
      289945 288956 287964 288970 289976 293979 297979 302976
      308969 312966 316962 319959 323956 333954 341949 345943
      347939
 0.25 322076 323074 323072 323070 323068 322065 321064 319063
      317062 315062 315064 316065 316067 316069 316071 316072
      317073 318076 320078 321078 322076
 0.50 387056 382050 380048 376047 370043 365047 359051 355055
      352059 349059 347058 345055 339051 332052 323052 321054
      322057 325059 329061 336062 345065 353065 361063 365063
      364059 366052 369051 373053 375054 381060 385059 387056
 0.50 375073 376071 375069 375068 373066 371065 369065 368066
      369066 371068 372071 373072 374073 375073
 0.50 373808 374803 372800 367798 361801 356806 350815 348821
      346827 343840 342856 344860 346860 351857 355853 356848
      357839 359834 365823 370812 373808
 0.50 364767 363759 362754 360749 357747 353745 349744 341747
      337750 334753 329759 319773 313780 307784 299790 296792
      297798 302805 308810 312811 318811 326808 341800 348793
      353787 359780 362773 364767
 0.50 339089 340085 340080 339078 336076 333075 331074 329075
      327077 325081 325083 325085 327087 330089 331091 335092
      338091 339089
 0.50 343939 344932 343927 341921 334906 331904 327903 321907
      319911 316913 311916 301925 296932 295939 299955 305960
      307960 310958 316954 323952 336947 341943 343939
 0.50 316056 314054 312054 308051 307047 304045 302045 300050
      300053 302057 300061 303061 306062 310060 314058 316056
 0.50 308087 310081 307077 303076 300076 294077 292081 293088
      295092 298094 302095 305093 307089 308087
 1.00 363816 363814 362813 361814 359816 359818 359819 361820
      362818 363817 363816
 1.00 352758 348754 344755 339766 335772 332776 329773 325773
      321777 315787 312792 311799 315803 318804 322803 327799
      330795 336793 340788 345779 349767 352758
 1.00 338934 336930 332930 325928 322925 323922 323918 321919
      317921 310924 304930 303936 303939 304945 307947 316946
      325945 334941 337938 338934

$$




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