Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 290819
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
418 AM EDT FRI JUL 29 2016


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JUL 29/1200 UTC THRU AUG 01/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

...OVERVIEW...

IT IS SUMMER...AS REFLECTED BY WIDESPREAD MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION
IN THE FORECAST DURING THE DAY 1 PERIOD...BUT LITTLE COVERAGE OF
HEAVY ORGANIZED PRECIPITATION. STILL...THERE WILL BE POTENTIAL FOR
HEAVY RAIN ON SMALLER SCALES...ESPECIALLY NEAR THE FRONTAL SYSTEM
IN THE CENTRAL U.S...AND WITH THE SHORTWAVE SKIRTING THE NEW
ENGLAND COAST...AND OVER FLORIDA. WPC ATTEMPTED TO MAINTAIN
CONTINUITY WHILE KEEPING UP WITH OBSERVATIONAL AND MODEL TRENDS.
QPF WAS BASED LARGELY ON A CONSENSUS APPROACH AND TRENDS. IT IS
HARD TO PICK OUT ANY MODEL THAT WAS PARTICULARLY FAVORED...BUT THE
NAM/GFS/ECMWF WERE ALL GIVEN A DECENT AMOUNT OF WEIGHT...AND THE
12Z SSEO MEAN WAS USED EARLY IN THE PERIOD.


...NEW ENGLAND...

LOWER PRESSURE AND PERHAPS MULTIPLE MESOSCALE LOW CENTERS WILL
TRACK ALONG WITH AN ADVECTING WARM/MOIST AIRMASS ALONG THE MID
ATLANTIC AND SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND COASTS. MORE
SIGNIFICANT...WARM-SECTOR-STYLE...INSTABILITY MAY REMAIN JUST
OFFSHORE...BUT ORGANIZED ASCENT WITHIN A DEEPLY SATURATED AIRMASS
IS LIKELY TO YIELD AT LEAST MODERATE PRECIPITATION...ESPECIALLY
FROM LONG ISLAND TO CAPE COD. THE GLOBAL MODEL CONSENSUS AS
REFLECTED IN OUR IN-HOUSE ENSEMBLE...HAS BEEN TRENDING TOWARD A
SOLUTION MORE LIKE THE 12Z SSEO MEAN...WHICH WAS USED HEAVILY FOR
THE EARLY FORECAST PERIODS. A FAIRLY SHARP GRADIENT IS
ANTICIPATED...WITH AREAL AVERAGE RAINFALL OF 1-2 INCHES NEAR THE
COAST OF SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND...TAPERING QUICKLY OFF TO 0.10-0.50
INCH AMOUNTS NORTH OF HARTFORD AND BOSTON.


...OHIO VALLEY / SOUTHERN GREAT LAKES...

A LARGE SCALE WEAKNESS / TROUGH REMAINS ANCHORED FROM THE GREAT
LAKES TO THE LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY AS SHORTWAVES ROTATE THROUGH
IT. THE CENTER OF BETTER DEFINED VORTICITY HAS REMAINED IN THE
VICINITY OF THE WESTERN AND SOUTHERN GREAT LAKES OVER THE PAST
DAY...AND WILL CONTINUE TO PRODUCE A LITTLE GREATER COVERAGE OF
DIURNALLY ENHANCED CONVECTION TODAY OVER PARTS OF IL/IN/MI/OH. WPC
QPF WAS LARGELY BASED ON A BLEND THAT INCLUDED THE
NAM/GFS/ECMWF...AND ALSO THE SSEO MEAN FOR EARLIER PERIODS. THE
RESULT IS LITTLE CHANGE FROM THE PREVIOUS FORECAST EXCEPT TO PULL
QUARTER INCH AMOUNTS FARTHER WEST THROUGH ILLINOIS PER THE 00Z GEM
REGIONAL...A MODEL THAT PERFORMED WELL WITH CONVECTION THE
PREVIOUS DAY.


...PLAINS AND MID/LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY...

LOW LEVEL WINDS WERE ON THE WEAK SIDE...BUT THE RECENT
ESTABLISHMENT OF AN EAST-WEST FRONTAL ZONE OVER THE PLAINS HAD
ALLOWED FOR WEAK UPSLOPE FLOW TO DEVELOP IN THE PRESENCE OF A
SEMI-ACTIVE NORTHWEST FLOW PATTERN ALOFT. THE PATTERN FAVORS
FAIRLY WIDESPREAD PRECIPITATION FROM EASTERN CO/NM ACROSS KS/OK
INTO MO/AR/TN/MS...WITH SCATTERED PRECIPITATION FARTHER NORTH AS
WAVES ACT UPON RESIDUAL ELEVATED MOISTURE BEHIND THE FRONT IN THE
CENTRAL/NORTHERN PLAINS. MODELS SHOW DECENT AGREEMENT AS TO AREAL
COVERAGE...BUT VARY A LOT IN THE DETAILS OF QPF
MAGNITUDE...ESPECIALLY AS THEY ALL TEND TO DEPICT ONLY SMALLER
SCALE MAXIMA AT THIS TIME. ONE OF THE BETTER QPF SIGNALS IS ACROSS
SOUTHERN KS / NORTHERN OK HEADING EASTWARD INTO MO/AR...WHERE IT
APPEARS THAT AN ORGANIZED MCS COULD TRACK THIS MORNING AS
CONVECTION GROWS UPSCALE OUT OF COLORADO AND WESTERN KANSAS. IF
THIS OCCURS...THE RESULTING OUTFLOW AND PERHAPS MCV ALOFT COULD
LEAD TO ORGANIZATION ALONG AN ELONGATED AXIS EXTENDING FROM
ARKANSAS INTO SOUTHERN OKLAHOMA BY AFTERNOON/EVENING. BACK NORTH
AND WEST IT IS POSSIBLE THAT ADDITIONAL CLUSTERS OF STORMS WOULD
FORM IN THE AFTERNOON...GIVEN AMPLE RECOVERY OF INSTABILITY WITHIN
AN OTHERWISE UNCHANGED SYNOPTIC PATTERN. QPF HERE WAS PIECED
TOGETHER TO TRY TO KEEP A METEOROLOGICALLY CONSISTENT PROGRESSION
THROUGH EACH 6-HOUR PERIOD...BUT CONFIDENCE IN THE DETAILS SHOULD
BE CONSIDERED MODERATE AT BEST. WE HAD SOME PREFERENCE FOR THE
WRF-ARW AND NAM BOTH PICKING UP ON THE ELONGATED AXIS INTO
SOUTHERN OK...WITH THE NAM AND SOME OTHER GUIDANCE ALSO POINTING
TOWARD AN ACTIVE AFTERNOON ALONG THE TRAILING PORTION OF OUTFLOW /
EFFECTIVE FRONTAL BOUNDARY OVER THE TX PANHANDLE.


...WEST...

ON THURSDAY CONVECTION HAD FIRED AS FAR NORTH AS THE NORTHERN
SIERRAS...WHILE THE BULK OF ACTIVITY REMAINED DOWN IN ARIZONA.
GOING FORWARD...THE MODELS ACTUALLY SHOW A GOOD DEAL OF
AGREEMENT...WITH SPOTTY MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION THROUGHOUT THE
MORE EASILY FAVORED TERRAIN OF THE SOUTHWEST STATES. WPC QPF USED
A COMBINATION OF THE NAM/GFS AND NDFD.


...FLORIDA...

FLOW BECOMES A BIT MORE SOUTHERLY TODAY AND A SLUG OF DEEPER
MOISTURE OFF THE SOUTHWEST COAST WAS POISED TO MOVE TOWARD CENTRAL
FLORIDA. THIS SHOULD PROVE FAVORABLE FOR GREATER RAINFALL
PRODUCTION RELATIVE TO RECENT DAYS...AS SEA BREEZES WILL MEET IN
THE MIDDLE OF THE PENINSULA AND FIND A SOUPIER AIRMASS WAITING
THERE. WE TOOK A MODEL CONSENSUS APPROACH AND BUMPED UP QPF
ACCORDINGLY...WITH AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS APPROACHING 0.75 INCHES
DOWN THE CENTER STRIPE OF THE PENINSULA.

DAYS 2/3...

...LOWER GREAT LAKES AND OH/TN VALLEYS INTO
MID-ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

ANOTHER SHORTWAVE TROUGH WILL SLOWLY CROSS THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF
THE NATION ON DAYS 2 TO 3/SATURDAY AFTERNOON TO MONDAY MORNING.
THIS SYSTEM APPEARS TO BE A WEAK VERSION OF A DUAL JET SYSTEM ON
THE SYNOPTIC SCALE WITH RELATIVELY WEAK CONFLUENT ZONE SUPPORTING
AN AMPLIFYING 110 KT JET AT 250 MB OVER SOUTHEAST CANADA WITH A 70
KT JET RUNNING EASTWARD ALONG THE BASE OF THE TROUGH. THIS SETUP
WILL CONTRIBUTE TO AN AREA OF SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL FROM THE MID
ATLANTIC STATES INTO NEW ENGLAND.

A WEAK SURFACE LOW/FRONTAL SYSTEM WILL BE INTERACTING WITH WARM
HUMID CONDITIONS WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES OF 1.5 TO 2 INCHES
AND SOME STRATIFORM RAIN WITH EMBEDDED CONVECTION APPEARS MOST
LIKELY ACROSS THE MID ATLANTIC STATES ON SATURDAY MOVING INTO NEW
YORK AND NEW ENGLAND ON SUNDAY. SOUTH OF THE WEAK FRONTAL
BOUNDARY...CONVECTION WITH MORE OF A DIURNAL COMPONENT WILL LIKELY
OCCUR OVER VIRGINIA INTO MARYLAND. A SLIGHT CHANCE OF EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL IS DEPICTED OVER DAYS 2 AND 3 FROM THE MID ATLANTIC
STATES INTO NEW ENGLAND.

...NORTHERN/CENTRAL PLAINS INTO LOWER MS VALLEY AND SOUTH...

A POSSIBLE AREA FOR MESOSCALE CONVECTIVE SYSTEMS IS LOCATED NEAR
OR ALONG A TRAILING FRONT ESPECIALLY ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS
INTO THE LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY ON DAYS 2 INTO DAY 3...ALTHOUGH
THE GREATER CHANCE FOR HEAVIER PRECIPITATION IS LIKELY ON SATURDAY
INTO SUNDAY/DAY 2.  WEAK UPPER LEVEL IMPULSES OUT AHEAD OF ANOTHER
SHORTWAVE TROUGH MOVING ACROSS SOUTHWESTERN CANADA INTO THE
NORTHWEST MAY HELP INITIATE CONVECTION FROM KANSAS INTO SOUTHERN
MISSOURI/NORTHERN ARKANSAS INTO WESTERN TENNESSEE WITH AREA
AVERAGED AMOUNTS EXPECTED TO BE UP TO AN INCH OR MORE.  FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE RELATIVELY HIGH EXCEEDING 2 INCHES PER
HOUR BUT WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR REGENERATING CONVECTION SUGGESTS
THAT THERE MAY A RISK FOR SOME LOCALIZED EXCESSIVE RAINFALL IN
THIS AREA ON DAY 2.

...SOUTHWEST/FOUR CORNERS...

UPPER RIDGE ACROSS THE REGION WILL SLOWLY BREAK DOWN OVER THE NEXT
COUPLE OF DAYS ALLOWING FOR AN INCREASE IN MONSOONAL MOISTURE TO
SPREAD INTO THE FOUR CORNERS REGION FOR SCATTERED SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS. THE AXIS OF GREATEST INSTABILITY AND HIGHEST PWS
ESPECIALLY ON SUNDAY SUGGESTS MORE ORGANIZED ACTIVITY INTO AZ/SWRN
CA NORTH INTO SRN NV AND UT. A SMALL AREA FOR A SLIGHT RISK OF
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL IS DEPICTED OVER BOTH DAYS 2 AND 3 OVER A SMALL
AREA OF SOUTHERN ARIZONA WHERE THE LIKELIHOOD OF HEAVY RAIN IS
HIGHEST.

BURKE/KOCIN

24HR QP VT 30/12Z
 0.01 543185 545173 546162 544141 543133 541126 536120 532116
      527113 520110 518108 514107 509110 505115 504119 503123
      504130 509138 516148 517151 517157 513160 501161 493160
      486161 483165 482169 483172 488175 492178 492183 496184
      500183 502186 505193 506203 504210 506218 509225 514226
      519222 522217 530205 536193 543185
 0.01 503155 504147 504143 503140 497134 492127 490124 485123
      476116 475111 477105 477099 476094 472088 468084 465080
      460072 458067 454066 447060 441059 437060 434061 432058
      435053 436048 437042 441044 445046 448043 448037 444028
      438022 444019 454015 459016 462015 470011 473009 475004
      477999 481995 485995 489992 491986 492982 492975 489969
      482962 476957 470960 462966 455971 450978 448982 445983
      437988 433986 431982 426975 415963 402949 399947 397943
      394935 392929 391921 389908 387892 390887 393884 398886
      400887 400891 399896 399902 400917 403925 408934 416938
      420938 423936 427930 432922 439916 443906 445901 443898
      443894 440890 438884 437876 437869 437855 438842 446825
      446821 443816 441805 434801 430797 428791 424782 422780
      420774 420767 423764 430758 434756 437752 440748 439742
      441735 444731 451723 454718 455713 457702 457695 460690
      465683 468679 469675 470663 470658 467653 462644 460641
      456640 451645 446647 442646 434644 428645 425648 418657
      412667 407675 402683 399686 398691 383725 380729 377732
      369738 365728 361728 358731 352733 348737 342744 331757
      320774 319778 316783 315787 315792 317796 320798 323801
      327801 333797 339789 344782 348784 348790 346800 346805
      344809 341813 340817 338823 338827 331835 327839 324838
      325837 327833 329827 324822 316826 309833 307832 306828
      308823 311815 308810 300806 283802 278801 274800 266799
      259794 255796 253799 251804 248807 247810 250814 261831
      277839 285843 291849 294851 294857 291866 287886 285897
      285903 286906 282914 283925 290929 292932 293938 284959
      279969 273969 270968 261969 257971 255974
 0.01 255974 255978 258982 260990 262993 267994 270995 271999
      272003 278003 281997 277984 288984 292985 295983 302967
      305960 305953 303948 304937 306934 308935 312937 314935
      313926 314922 316919 319920 323920 327922 328929 328935
      327941 330958 331969 331975 330980 332002 330013 330026
      325044 326077 325089 324093 321096 314099 310099 308097
      304094 301089 297082 293075 293069 296065 301061 306055
      311054 313050 314044 313040 310032 305027 300021 298018
      294017 276014 268012 265010 263007 260000 253995 250993
      247994 243995 240997 240007 245016 250022 253028 256032
      253035 249040 247044 246049 245059 242068 241070 243073
      250086 254094 260097 275105 292112 300116 305123 310130
      316134 321136 326135 328132 328126 327121 328116 331115
      336115 338119 340128 343134 346138 343141 336145 336150
      341153 344156 349157 354159 354164 357165 359162 362160
      365162 372168 373173 371177 366178 364180 361183 361184
      368190 372192 375195 380199 384201 388202 392201 397203
      400204 403203 406215 410207 409202 412199 417192 419188
      420183 417180 415181 414184 410185 407186 407180 407175
      406170 414161 419153 421150 424148 425143 421142 416142
      413142 406137 402134 397132 392132 389130 387125 389121
      395116 396113 394110 387113 383112 381111 381108 386104
      392098 396092 399082 403074 403069 405064 408066 413067
      422071 426073 428075 434076 437074 442077 444079 447082
      449086 447089 444087 437082 434080 431082 430085 428084
      424084 423088 424091 426094 430094 453107 456116 456122
      458125 464132 467140 471148 474151 476147 475141 476138
      478137 480140 485141 489142 491145 495149 498154 503155
 0.01 420235 421229 419225 417220 413219 412223 409227 406230
      403228 399227 398230 400232 404235 409236 414237 418237
      420235
 0.01 410101 409100 409098 408096 406097 405098 405100 405102
      406103 407105 408105 408103 409101 410101
 0.01 410010 408006 406003 404998 406996 408989 407986 405985
      401986 399991 398998 398005 398011 400016 404018 407016
      409012 410010
 0.01 391080 385070 385065 384062 381061 378065 379073 383076
      383081 381081 376084 371086 370080 367076 363076 362078
      364084 367090 367097 370104 373104 377103 381099 380092
      382088 387084 391080
 0.01 358114 358111 359109 358107 357105 357104 356102 354101
      352100 350100 349100 348101 348102 349103 350105 351106
      352107 352108 353110 354111 355112 355113 356114 358114
 0.01 345178 346174 346169 347167 345164 343164 340165 338163
      334162 332162 330164 330166 333169 335170 339171 342173
      343175 343178 345178
 0.01 306930 306928 305927 304928 304931 305932 306930
 0.01 269033 269031 268030 267029 266028 265029 266031 267033
      268034 269033
 0.25 535158 535150 534141 530136 527131 524126 520120 518122
      517127 517131 520137 522144 524152 526157 530159 535158
 0.25 441665 439660 435659 430659 424660 421663 418668 413677
      404694 401704 398714 395725 394731 395738 397745 399747
      404749 410747 415741 420733 423729 427729 432727 435723
      435717 432713 431707 432702 437680 440672 441665
 0.25 439007 437004 434001 432997 429993 426991 421992 420996
      420999 418002 422005 425007 429006 432006 437008 439007
 0.25 431821 429816 424816 419816 417809 417803 415801 412801
      407803 405806 401809 397808 393810 391814 389821 386825
      382827 378825 373824 369825 362831 357837 352846 348849
      345853 342862 330866 323872 320878 319880 318888 321895
      320899 324907 333916 333938 338972 340008 346024 360040
      358048 359051 361052 372053 374051 373046 368038 363027
      361023 360015 361008 360002 353995 350991 348987 347981
      349976 353983 355987 358991 367997 371000 374003 378006
      381006 385001 386995 386980 385968 386963 388959 389951
      388944 383932 381925 380918 379906 378901 375896 372893
      375889 379881 383873 384867 382863 380861 376860 371860
      370852 371846 372840 373835 374830 378830 380834 379838
      378843 381847 384848 391845 395847 399846 402845 403846
      406852 407860 408868 410880 412886 413894 414899 416904
      422911 424907 424902 422894 423890 424888 430879 430866
      428854 429840 429830 431821
 0.25 389783 389781 388780 386780 385780 383781 382782 381783
      380784 380785 378787 379789 379791 380791 382791 384790
      385789 386788 387787 388785 388783 389783
 0.25 358750 358749 356750 354751 353753 351755 353757 355756
      357755 357754 356752 358750 358750
 0.25 342098 342096 342095 341096 340098 341100 342098
 0.25 314854 313850 310852 308858 305863 302864 301867 298879
      297886 295892 291897 291904 292910 295915 300912 303907
      309897 312885 312878 308874 309869 311862 314854
 0.25 303836 303833 302833 300832 298831 297832 296832 295834
      297835 298836 299836 301837 303837 303836
 0.25 298103 297094 293086 284074 278069 278065 279060 279057
      277054 272048 267042 264041 260042 254047 252055 252063
      252074 255081 260088 265093 271097 278101 286104 294106
      298103
 0.25 299817 293813 284811 280809 278805 274804 269806 265804
      259804 255805 252808 254812 258813 266816 269818 271822
      275824 279823 287823 296820 299817
 0.25 289054 290052 289050 289049 288047 287046 287045 286043
      284043 282044 281045 280045 279047 280048 280049 281050
      283051 285053 286053 287054 289054 289054
 0.50 435671 435666 432664 423666 415679 408692 405699 403708
      401715 400725 401733 403738 405740 410739 415733 418726
      421718 425702 430687 435671
 0.50 425869 425862 424855 425848 424841 421839 418841 414844
      413849 413854 412861 414867 417870 420872 424872 425869
 0.50 382979 382970 380961 378950 377942 380940 382936 379927
      375920 371913 366909 363906 363900 365893 368882 367877
      365874 362872 359872 356874 354878 350884 345889 342897
      340899 340904 341913 338921 336930 336942 337954 338963
      340971 344972 345968 346956 349938 352930 355927 357928
      360931 360936 361947 361957 363967 362976 365983 374996
      377996 380992 382979
 0.50 358983 358980 357979 356980 357983 358983
 0.50 354022 353018 353011 354005 351000 349997 346994 343997
      344003 345008 347013 348017 350020 354022 354022
 0.50 293100 293093 290087 285082 281078 273069 269064 268058
      269054 268051 267048 264045 260047 256053 257069 256074
      257078 260084 264088 269093 279099 287101 293100
 0.50 293818 291816 288815 285814 282814 279813 278811 276807
      274807 273810 275812 277813 279817 280819 283820 286821
      287820 290818 293818
 0.50 266812 267810 266808 265808 264806 263806 261805 259805
      258806 256807 255808 254809 254810 256811 258811 259811
      260812 262812 264813 266813 266812
 1.00 431675 431670 428670 423673 415683 410695 406707 403720
      403727 406733 410733 413727 418716 422702 425690 430678
      431675
 1.00 378972 377968 376965 375963 373960 371958 368958 367961
      367965 368970 368972 370974 373975 376974 378972
 1.00 362892 362889 363887 362885 362883 361882 359883 359885
      358888 357890 357892 358894 358896 358898 360896 360894
      362892 362892
 1.00 351921 350919 350918 348917 346918 346919 344920 344921
      343923 342923 341925 341928 343929 344928 344927 346926
      347925 348924 349923 350922 351921
 1.00 284095 284091 284088 282085 279082 274077 271073 265070
      262072 262076 264082 268085 272089 276093 283095 284095
 1.50 428678 428675 425675 422679 416686 413694 409704 408708
      408714 408719 407723 409726 411725 413721 416712 420702
      422693 426684 428678
 2.00 422689 422687 422685 421684 420685 419686 418688 416690
      416691 415693 415694 414696 414699 415701 416701 416700
      418699 418698 419696 420695 420693 421692 422690 422689

24HR QP VT 31/12Z
 0.01 558098 559078 557064 550047 547041 543037 542031 544025
      545014 542009 539007 534010 531014 526023 521031 517038
      512042 508045 500049 494054 491063 493068 495070 493073
      484073 485079 483083 483090 484093 492100 493104 491106
      489111 500124 501128 498130 496134 494142 493148 492153
      493161 497169 499174 501181 506190 507196 511198 519199
      522199 524201 527205 531205 535203 538191 543182 544174
      544168 547152 552124 556108 558098
 0.01 523246 524240 522237 519228 517219 515216 512215 508214
      505215 502215 500219 498229 501238 505242 511247 519250
      523246
 0.01 499962 491959 487956 480956 456956 444956 438957 433958
      428958 423960 416963 412965 409962 405955 401952 396950
      393947 391943 388934 386925 386919 384915 383904 382901
      382896 384891 385876 386873 389874 390882 391887 392896
      395905 399914 399918 398922 399926 404927 411926 418929
      426932 432936 440937 443935 447935 452932 450929 447920
      450908 446901 440892 434891 429889 426886 427880 427876
      429874 432871 435867 438862 440858 441851 445848 448844
      449841 449834 444827 441821 439815 442804 445798 447787
      448777 447766 447758 449753 452748 452739 453725 453712
      450699 446687 444682 438681 436681 433686 429694 423700
      415702 411703 409706 405714 399721 394727 391729 388729
      384726 380724 378721 374717 367718 357721 351723 347727
      337745 332753 328761 320775 312792 308799 303803 300804
      298808 299812 300815 297817 264796 260796 254797 246802
      243806 241811 239815 240822 242825 245826 253821 257822
      259824 260829 262831 271833 276834 281836 288840 296843
      298862 300867 301875 301889 300892 297891 292890 285898
      283902 284909 287917 295933 295940 293945 289952 288955
      287961 281962 279964 279968 280972 283974 286975 291974
      295971 300961 305959 306953 310951 314953 316956 319952
      328958 336962 339965 342965 344967 346976 351982 353985
      354990 351998 347000 347004 345009 341008 340002 337004
      336008 334012 332018 332025 326034 324040 327042 329043
      330046 327049 324046 319046 315049 311049 312053 313056
      309053 308049 310045 311041 309038 306036 303032 300035
      295029 292031 289034 287038 285043 285049 287053 290060
      291064 292070 291073 287074 283072 278071 275075 278087
      281095 284101 287105 299118 311128 317133 324136 326139
      327142 327146 327150 325153 319153 311149 304144 296140
      293141 293145
 0.01 293145 296151 301155 308159 311160 311164 312170 316175
      323175 329172 332170 337171 344178 344171 345166 349166
      351168 354170 357168 358172 361173 363170 364165 367158
      370150 373146 370142 368145 366144 361141 356136 358134
      361132 361125 364130 367127 368124 371122 372127 372136
      374139 377138 384138 386141 378158 378163 380169 382176
      379178 376177 370179 370181 373182 383188 388188 391188
      394185 397182 395173 392168 395167 396170 402172 404170
      404167 404163 405161 408160 408164 412168 414175 416180
      414185 412191 407194 410196 413195 416194 418191 419187
      423187 424191 423197 416212 413216 411222 412226 413227
      419226 421213 424209 428203 429198 430190 430182 429178
      430174 432171 433167 430161 444164 444161 441160 437159
      435157 433152 433145 431138 431133 433131 434128 436129
      436134 438136 437142 438145 438149 440152 443152 445150
      447148 446145 443140 440136 442132 445126 449123 455122
      458119 458115 462102 458098 456094 456086 454081 451074
      446068 441067 434067 427070 423074 420075 418074 416066
      418062 417057 417055 412051 412040 409036 408033 410031
      417034 418038 417043 419045 421043 423042 424045 424048
      427049 435050 448054 449058 449062 452066 458067 460067
      461063 459059 455056 452056 453051 453046 448041 447039
      445036 446033 448030 452030 457026 459023 462023 469022
      479027 491980 492971 494967 499962
 0.01 440103 440100 438098 434100 431098 427095 424093 421092
      421095 417097 417099 417103 420104 425103 429102 434104
      439105 440103
 0.01 432030 431029 430030 429030 430031 431031 432030
 0.01 415155 415153 414151 415149 415148 417147 417144 416142
      414141 412143 412146 412148 412150 411153 411155 413155
      415155 415155
 0.01 411077 407059 405058 404055 406054 406047 403042 399041
      395034 402032 404031 403028 405026 406020 404016 404012
      402007 400005 396004 395002 389999 385002 385008 385014
      388015 388019 386022 384024 385028 388029 386033 391038
      393041 394043 400050 401053 399055 396057 394056 390055
      387055 386057 399074 392077 390079 388077 387073 383075
      384080 385082 386086 389090 391091 395083 397082 398085
      397092 402107 403097 401090 407083 411077
 0.01 383090 383088 382085 380087 380090 382092 383090
 0.01 382035 382033 382031 380029 379029 377030 377033 378035
      380036 382035
 0.01 383011 381008 380006 378006 376008 378010 379012 381013
      383011
 0.01 371079 370076 367075 365074 362072 358073 357076 358080
      355083 354086 357088 359086 361085 362086 366086 368084
      368081 371079
 0.01 363112 363110 364108 362106 361105 359107 359109 360112
      358114 359116 360117 361116 362114 363112
 0.01 354024 350020 347020 345022 343026 341028 337030 335034
      334040 336042 338041 340037 342032 346030 348028 352026
      354024
 0.01 347829 345827 344828 342828 341827 341825 340824 338824
      337826 336827 336828 336830 335832 337834 339834 341836
      343838 344836 344835 345833 345831 346831 347829
 0.25 543098 543090 543087 540077 536070 532065 529061 525062
      519063 516066 515070 514076 515080 518088 525091 531095
      536099 540100 542098 543098
 0.25 534168 536155 535150 534146 530138 522137 515139 512141
      510144 509147 510152 513159 516167 517172 518175 522178
      526178 531173 534168
 0.25 442696 375756 366758 359756 358753 359749 362743 366739
      361736 357735 352736 348741 341750 335762 330772 325784
      319798 317805 319806 322804 336782 340778 341776 343777
      346780 350779 353779 354781 357787 357793 358795 361794
      366791 370789 374789 376793 379795 381797 379800 374804
      368820 366826 364833 360836 358843 356851 353855 351860
      346864 341874 337880 336883 332885 330883 327883 321882
      318888 317891 317897 320904 320911 319918 319922 320924
      323925 326919 332904 331908 332910 332916 334920 339925
      344929 348935 349943 352945 354948 356956 358962 362967
      365973 363980 363984 365986 369981 374980 377976 379972
      382972 391972 396975 399984 402989 405989 406984 406979
      404975 401968 394958 386949 380938 378933 377925 374906
      374897 376889 377880 377869 380864 386859 390855 394850
      394843 391838 389836 389833 391830 394828 405829 407836
      410838 411843 413861 417863 425859 426857 424854 423851
      425850 430850 433846 435842 435840 430838 426839 424836
      424833 427827 428822 431814 434813 435808 440791 440781
      439779 435781 429779 427777 428772 432761 437756 439749
      443720 443713 441706 442696
 0.25 457981 455974 450970 446971 443973 440976 436988 431994
      429000 424004 420006 420010 416015 416019 418021 422027
      423030 426030 430023 432016 432009 434003 439000 443995
      453987 457981
 0.25 440040 441038 440036 438034 436034 435035 434035 435036
      435038 436039 437040 438041 440041 440040
 0.25 409108 410105 410103 410101 409100 409098 408097 407098
      406099 406100 405102 406104 406105 406107 407109 409108
      409108
 0.25 387836 386834 385833 385834 384836 386838 387836
 0.25 383841 384838 384836 383834 382833 380832 378832 377834
      376835 376837 377838 379838 379839 381841 382841 383841
 0.25 369052 365051 360051 357053 354056 352058 355062 356067
      360069 364066 367063 364059 365055 368052 369052
 0.25 354124 356119 355115 348112 345107 344100 342092 341089
      344087 348084 350081 350077 346076 344078 339082 334082
      336080 339077 337074 331077 329078 328081 332084 334092
      331099 327098 325102 321101 321098 322094 320090 308085
      302084 297088 296095 297101 300106 304111 312120 321128
      326128 329129 331131 335136 340136 344133 346131 349132
      350125 354124
 0.25 356047 357045 356042 355041 353040 351042 351044 353046
      354046 354047 356047 356047
 0.25 331166 330165 330164 329163 327162 326161 325161 324159
      322158 320159 319160 320161 321162 322163 323164 325165
      326165 327166 328166 330166 331166
 0.25 336058 336056 334055 332054 330054 329054 327055 326057
      326059 327059 328060 329060 330059 332059 334059 336058
      336058
 0.25 307935 307929 305926 306916 304911 303907 299902 297898
      295897 294906 296914 297918 298922 299933 299941 301946
      303945 305941 306937 307935
 0.25 296956 296954 294955 293956 293958 294959 295958 296957
      296956
 0.25 293834 292832 292830 291828 291827 289826 289827 288829
      288831 289832 290833 291835 293834
 0.50 527158 528156 528153 527151 527150 526149 524148 522149
      521150 519151 519152 517153 517156 518158 519159 520160
      521162 522163 523163 524163 526161 526160 527158
 0.50 439726 440722 438720 435724 432731 429738 427741 424741
      422735 420731 418728 416727 414729 404738 399745 395753
      393756 389756 384757 380759 373763 367764 366768 363770
      361773 362778 365781 370779 377784 381790 386793 394796
      397798 399802 403809 407814 411816 412821 413826 415828
      417820 419813 427796 429793 428787 426785 422785 419787
      416786 414783 413780 420767 430753 435748 438741 439726
 0.50 397968 384952 377941 372932 370915 369911 370905 370896
      372890 372885 370883 367883 359884 355885 350875 348878
      345884 344890 344897 344904 344913 346918 349921 353925
      354932 357945 359950 363955 369963 371965 373966 375960
      379959 381960 384963 391968 397968
 0.50 385806 387804 385803 384804 385806 385807 385806
 0.50 375769 374767 372767 372768 373769 375771 375769
 0.50 362765 361764 359763 358763 357763 357765 358766 360767
      361765 362765
 0.50 363845 364843 363842 361843 361845 363846 363845
 0.50 361065 361063 359065 360067 361065
 0.50 354122 354120 353115 349117 349119 347121 345120 343120
      341124 344126 346128 347125 349123 352123 354122
 0.50 360056 359054 357055 357056 357057 359057 360056
 0.50 353764 354762 352760 351760 350762 350763 351764 352765
      353764
 0.50 342098 342096 341093 340093 338093 337095 337097 338099
      339100 340100 341099 342098
 0.50 333119 333113 332110 326105 321105 318104 312099 309094
      309091 306091 302091 300092 300096 303102 305106 308108
      315111 316114 320116 325116 327118 332120 333119
 0.50 330057 328057 328058 330057 330057
 0.50 319095 320093 318092 317091 315092 316095 317095 318096
      319095
 0.50 305933 305928 303922 302918 301912 299908 298914 300918
      299924 300931 301937 301939 304935 305933
 1.00 435734 435732 434732 433735 435736 435734
 1.00 418743 416736 410737 408743 404746 399758 398761 395763
      389762 381764 380772 382776 387784 391780 397778 404777
      409773 410767 413762 418757 418754 417750 418743
 1.00 414805 413803 411803 410805 409805 410806 412806 413805
      414805
 1.00 375945 374943 373942 372940 371940 370939 368941 367943
      367945 367947 368948 370948 372948 372947 373945 375945
      375945
 1.00 352910 352905 352901 351898 350895 349890 348895 347899
      347901 348906 348908 349912 350912 352910
 1.00 328111 327109 326107 324107 323108 324111 326112 327112
      328111
 1.00 319110 319108 318106 317105 315104 314105 314107 315108
      316110 317111 318111 319110
 1.50 413744 413741 412741 412742 412744 413744 413744
 1.50 413755 413751 413746 411744 409746 408748 404750 403753
      403756 403760 402762 404764 408762 409761 412758 413755
 1.50 401769 400767 397767 394766 392766 388766 385767 385769
      387771 389774 390776 392776 395774 396772 400771 401769
 2.00 410754 410751 408751 407752 406752 405752 405755 407756
      409756 410754

24HR QP VT 01/12Z
 0.01 530173 522157 513144 503131 497125 492119 489119 489122
      490127 489132 487135 487139 488147 487154 486165 489170
      491168 498169 503169 505172 516185 520191 522189 523181
      524173 527174 530173 530173
 0.01 515973 515965 514959 514951 513945 512939 510933 507921
      503916 500916 497919 490925 484931 449932 445930 440932
      435930 430927 422921 419918 417914 412905 407896 398894
      394885 388869 391867 394868 397870 399874 402878 405884
      409886 417889 431898 433898 436895 442888 451882 449879
      444875 437878 433879 427880 422879 418877 416875 416871
      418867 446850 451848 453846 447838 445834 443837 439842
      434844 432844 430843 425843 425839 429835 431831 429826
      432820 434816 437811 438806 443798 447790 453782 458776
      462769 465761 469750 472741 474729 474713 473697 473691
      471683 467669 463660 457652 449650 445650 439652 433659
      427666 410695 397713 390721 388724 381727 371729 365735
      358740 350746 343752 337760 328774 323780 318786 309800
      302806 300811 298813 295813 292813 290811 287807 280801
      274797 270796 265797 259798 255797 256800 252800 250798
      247799 243799 242803 241807 245808 242813 242817 244821
      249829 253828 257827 261826 265827 273832 281834 289835
      298834 299839 303844 300849 301854 303860 305866 306873
      306880 295886 290894 287902 285911 286922 288931 291941
      289950 287956 285961 283972 286973 291973 311939 314930
      316925 319924 322926 326935 327945 329949 330955 337958
      350956 360952 364950 368950 369952 373954 374959 366961
      366963 368964 373967 377970 379971 380975 384979 386978
      390975 394972 402977 405980 409977 412975 414973 417973
      420973 422975 424978 426988 431996 432000 436003 442008
      446027 446030 444031 439029 437026 433025 431030 433036
      438046 443049 449049 455050 458055 461058 465058 476059
 0.01 476059 486061 492067 495064 495058 492054 492049 497042
      500031 501028 502027 506025 510024 513020 513015 512009
      509998 507994 510991 514981 515973
 0.01 456103 456098 455096 452090 453081 451077 446070 442067
      438067 435066 434062 437062 439057 436054 428054 426056
      423053 418052 414048 413043 415042 415038 414033 412028
      413021 415016 415010 413003 410000 408000 405003 402007
      399011 395014 390017 388019 384020 375023 370025 367028
      360034 355041 351046 347048 335050 327048 318043 315041
      315038 314032 314030 310030 306032 302034 301039 298040
      296038 294033 293027 292025 288024 288029 290034 293038
      295043 299046 303049 308051 312056 311064 311067 309070
      305068 300067 292061 290057 289051 289043 286043 274044
      260046 253046 249049 248053 249059 253065 261071 266074
      270078 278086 286106 299120 305126 313131 318141 324142
      329147 330149 330152 331156 332158 330159 324157 320154
      313153 311154 311156 315160 321165 331170 337171 343171
      353167 365166 369168 370172 374175 376172 380169 383168
      384172 383179 382186 385189 387189 386187 387182 392170
      394165 395158 396152 402152 407155 410152 412147 413143
      411141 404139 407131 409125 414125 415130 419130 426121
      427116 429116 433113 439111 445112 450107 456103
 0.01 421105 420102 420100 420097 420095 419093 417093 415093
      414094 413095 412096 412099 413101 414104 415104 415106
      416107 418108 419107 421105
 0.01 408859 409857 408854 408852 406850 405848 404845 402848
      403850 403853 403855 403857 405859 405862 407864 408861
      408859 408859
 0.01 403100 404098 403095 401093 400095 400097 401098 402099
      402100 403100
 0.01 373116 373114 372113 371112 371111 369109 368109 366110
      366112 365115 367117 369117 370117 372117 373116
 0.25 502011 500006 496002 493000 493995 492992 492988 495982
      498979 502972 503965 502957 498954 495954 493957 493967
      491974 488978 482977 476977 471977 467974 455971 450966
      448968 445976 444979 444983 446988 451991 463996 467001
      466004 460006 458008 460010 461013 481022 485027 489030
      492032 494028 494023 494018 498015 502011
 0.25 464705 462698 459691 453682 451674 449670 445670 441675
      438680 433691 428701 426708 421705 416702 413703 411706
      407717 401727 393738 389743 384746 377747 371750 359752
      353756 349762 346768 345774 340785 341790 339796 333808
      331813 330820 333825 336820 338815 342811 344809 347809
      347814 348816 353813 356810 357808 358804 360802 365799
      365806 367810 371809 372806 372801 373797 384795 395790
      400788 404783 408782 411791 409805 410809 412810 417808
      421804 424799 427793 429784 437775 440769 442764 444750
      455725 459721 462717 464710 464705
 0.25 470029 470026 469025 468025 467026 466027 465028 466030
      467030 469030 470029
 0.25 423945 424938 424935 423933 419928 413922 408915 401903
      389893 379883 376881 371881 369886 369891 370903 369906
      367909 363910 361906 360896 358891 356888 350892 347895
      342896 341897 342903 341909 337915 332919 330921 331924
      332928 331937 333940 337939 339936 340930 344923 350919
      355919 359928 360932 364934 372934 377938 382945 388949
      389954 393954 398951 400947 402941 406941 409942 416946
      421946 423945
 0.25 409105 409103 409102 409100 408098 406100 406102 406105
      406107 407109 409108 409107 409105
 0.25 400113 398110 394110 390112 386113 383115 379117 381121
      382125 386124 390122 393120 397119 399114 400113
 0.25 401938 398930 394923 390922 385916 381911 375908 373909
      378915 384919 389923 392931 393936 395940 400940 401938
 0.25 384070 380065 373066 369061 366060 364061 359063 357066
      358070 364069 368066 373066 374070 373075 374082 379081
      382076 384070
 0.25 374792 374790 373788 372788 371788 370790 371792 372792
      373793 374792
 0.25 367849 366842 364839 361840 358845 357848 354849 352846
      355840 362831 363827 363823 362818 359817 355821 352826
      350832 348840 345852 344855 345858 351861 355864 360863
      366851 367849
 0.25 356136 358128 357122 356118 354115 350112 348107 344096
      342092 342087 344083 343078 341073 338073 336075 333077
      329076 327076 325079 323083 323086 325090 329092 331098
      335108 330110 329106 328102 330098 326095 322091 319088
      313086 306082 299078 280069 276067 272063 268056 263055
      256054 254055 256059 261066 268070 271071 276074 283080
      292083 297089 300100 301105 304110 309116 314123 323129
      328128 330125 333120 336123 340129 341133 339135 336140
      341142 344141 352139 356136
 0.25 363054 361053 361054 359055 358056 359058 361056 363054
      363054
 0.25 338165 336164 334163 332163 331163 329163 327162 325162
      325161 324160 322159 320160 322162 323163 325165 327166
      328167 330167 332167 334168 336168 337167 338166 338165
 0.25 339854 339847 336846 334843 335836 333830 329829 326832
      322842 322849 320855 317866 318873 320879 325887 328892
      333891 335886 334878 334874 335867 334863 335861 338856
      339854
 0.25 334058 334056 332055 330054 329054 327055 325057 326059
      326060 328060 330060 331060 332059 334058 334058
 0.25 324902 325900 325898 324897 323896 322894 320895 319896
      318896 317898 315900 313901 312903 313904 315904 317904
      319904 320904 322904 324904 324902
 0.25 303916 304912 302907 301905 300903 299899 297897 294899
      293901 292906 293910 294912 295915 297918 298920 299924
      301922 302918 303916
 0.25 275811 276807 274803 270800 266800 261804 256806 251810
      250812 250816 255819 261820 264821 268819 271814 275811
 0.50 498008 493003 490999 487994 484989 479984 474989 472996
      472002 475007 482009 486011 493011 496010 498008
 0.50 456707 454699 452691 449684 445678 441681 439687 435700
      433716 429730 426736 424738 423734 422730 420730 415735
      411736 409735 406734 403736 397739 393744 392748 394752
      400753 406753 409754 409758 408766 409771 413777 417782
      421788 421792 424789 425785 427779 434768 437761 437753
      438748 440747 443742 446735 448727 452717 456707
 0.50 469984 468981 465980 464979 460977 458976 455976 454979
      455983 457986 458987 462988 464989 465989 468986 469984
 0.50 414722 413720 413719 411719 411721 410723 412724 414722
      414722
 0.50 416750 415748 413750 413751 415751 416750
 0.50 413933 413928 411924 407917 403910 399905 394900 388897
      385898 385902 389908 393913 398919 402924 407930 412934
      413933
 0.50 399781 399779 399778 397778 395779 395780 394782 393782
      394782 396783 397783 399782 399781
 0.50 391783 388777 382773 380767 374763 373760 369760 366759
      367757 362755 359756 356759 352764 351767 352769 357770
      354777 352783 348789 348796 350799 354798 359795 364790
      368786 374783 385786 389785 391783
 0.50 386754 385753 384752 383752 382752 380753 378754 376755
      375756 373757 372758 373760 375760 377759 379759 380759
      382758 384757 385756 385755 386754
 0.50 387938 386934 383929 380925 377922 374920 369920 366923
      368927 371930 375933 379935 382937 386939 387938
 0.50 365780 365778 365775 365773 364772 362772 361774 361776
      362778 363779 364780 365780 365780
 0.50 366063 364063 364064 366063 366063
 0.50 362065 360064 360065 360066 362065 362065
 0.50 350124 351127 350130 351132 354130 354121 353119 352119
      351121 350124
 0.50 348112 346108 344105 343100 341096 338091 337091 334095
      336099 338102 339106 341111 344115 347114 348112
 0.50 343917 342916 341917 340917 339918 337919 337920 336921
      336923 337925 339924 339923 341921 342919 342917 343917
 0.50 336856 335854 331853 329851 328848 327846 326848 326853
      325855 326857 328861 330862 332861 334858 336856
 0.50 328114 328109 325104 321102 318101 312098 309098 308102
      309106 311111 313115 316117 318117 319114 324114 326115
      328114
 0.50 326872 326870 324869 323870 322872 323873 325873 326872
 0.50 299912 300910 299907 299906 298905 297903 295903 294906
      294908 295910 296912 297913 299913 299912
 0.50 263815 263813 263811 262810 260809 258810 256811 255812
      255814 255816 257816 259816 261816 262816 263815
 1.00 447709 445693 444691 442691 439698 437705 436715 436723
      434731 431737 429745 427751 426760 424765 427766 429764
      430755 433749 436742 441738 444732 446725 447709
 1.00 398747 398744 397744 396745 396747 397748 398747
 1.00 404919 403917 402915 401914 401913 399910 398908 397908
      397910 398913 400915 401917 401918 403919 403920 404919
 1.00 375772 375771 373771 372772 373773 375772 375772

$$





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