Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 292101
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
500 PM EDT TUE JUL 29 2014


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JUL 30/0000 UTC THRU AUG 02/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...


...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS...

THE COMBINATION OF HIGH CONTENT MOISTURE AIR RIDING NORTH ON A LOW
LEVEL JET UP AND OVER A QUASI STATIONARY EXTENDING FROM THE
SOUTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS WILL RAISE THE SPECTER
OF HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL. TWO DISTINCT AREAS OF HEAVY RAIN
ARE EXPECTED. THE FIRST AREA IS ASSOCIATED WITH CONVECTIVE
CLUSTERS OVER WY AND EASTERN CO...WHICH SHOULD THEN TRACK ACROSS
THE PLAINS AFTER 30/00Z. A SECOND AREA IS EXPECTED WITH A
DEVELOPING MCS OVER SOUTHEAST CO THAT IS EXPECTED TO MOVE OVER THE
QUASI STATIONARY FRONT (ALONG THE AXIS OF BEST INSTABILITY...BOTH
SURFACE BASED AND ELEVATED) BETWEEN 30/06Z AND 30/18Z.

THE VERY WET PATTERN WILL PERSIST THROUGH THE PERIOD ACROSS THE
ROCKIES. THE 12Z ANALYSIS SHOWED PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN
TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL AT BOTH SLC AND
RIW...AN INDICATION OF THE AMOUNT OF MOISTURE AVAILABLE IN THE
PLUME. IN FACT...THE LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX BULLSEYE WAS LOCATED
OVER WESTERN WY. CONVECTION HAS DEVELOPED ACROSS SOUTHEAST ID AND
WESTERN WY...AS THE CLOUDINESS HAS THINNED AND MLCAPE VALUES HAVE
INCREASE.

DIVERGENCE AHEAD OF A CLOSED LOW OVER NORTHWEST NM SHOULD AID IN
SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT...PROMOTING GREATER COVERAGE ACROSS
NORTHEAST UT...WY INTO EASTERN CO. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS WILL FUEL THE FLASH
FLOOD THREAT. THE LATEST SSEO PROBABILITY OF QPF EXCEEDING THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES PEAKS NEAR 00Z OVER WESTERN
WY...AN INDICATION OF THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIR.

THE SLIGHT RISK WAS EXPANDED TO INCLUDE SOUTHEAST ID AND WESTERN
WY TO ACCOUNT FOR THE INCREASED THREAT DUE TO THE HIGH MOISTURE
AIRMASS IN PLACE. A MODERATE RISK AREA WAS MAINTAINED FOR PORTIONS
OF SOUTHEAST WY AND NORTHEAST CO...AS THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF
THE AIR AND UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD RESULT IN QPF VALUES GREATER THAN
2.00 INCHES IN THESE LOCATIONS. MOST OF THIS SHOULD BE ASSOCIATED
WITH CONVECTIVE CLUSTERS OR AN MCS THAT FORMS FROM THE CONVECTION
THAT FIRES ACROSS SOUTHEAST WY AND NORTHEAST CO...WHICH ROLLS OUT
INTO THE PLAINS AFTER 30/00Z. THESE QPF VALUES ARE SUPPORTED BY
THE LATEST ECMWF AND GEFS ENSEMBLE OUTPUT. GIVEN THAT THE THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50
INCHES...THE MODERATE RISK WAS DRAWN TO ENCOMPASS THE
ABOVEMENTIONED LOCATIONS.

AFTER 30/00Z...CONVECTION DEVELOPING IN SOUTHEAST CO IS EXPECTED
TO RIDE ALONG THE QUASI STATIONARY FRONT EXTENDING ACROSS
SOUTHWEST KS AND NORTH CENTRAL OK. MOST OF THE MODEL INSTABILITY
IS ELEVATED AS A 20 TO 30 KNOT SOUTHERLY FLOW OVERRUNS THE
BOUNDARY. THE INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO EXTEND ALONG THE FRONT
INTO NORTHWEST OK AND FAR NORTH TX THROUGH 30/12Z. THERE IS STILL
SOME SPREAD IN THE PLACEMENT OF THE QPF...AND THE LATEST ECMWF
ENSEMBLE AND GEFS OUTPUT SUGGEST THE POTENTIAL FOR 3 TO
4+ INCHES OF QPF. A LARGE NUMBER OF THE 12Z MODEL SUITE HAVE
PLACED QPF AMOUNTS BETWEEN 3 AND 6 INCHES ACROSS THE
ABOVEMENTIONED AREA...WITH SOME LATITUDINAL DIFFERENCES...BASED ON
THE TRACK OF THE EXPECTANT MCS. A MORE SOUTHERLY TRACK WAS USED
FOR THE QPF MAXIMUM HERE...AS THERE SHOULD NOT BE ANY CAPPING
ISSUES THIS EVENING INTO THE OVERNIGHT...AND THE SIMULATED IMAGERY
FROM THE NAM SHOWED THE MCS THAT DEVELOPS OVER SOUTHEAST CO
TRACKING ALONG THE FRONT ACROSS NORTHWEST OK AND NORTHERNMOST TX.

THE MCS SHOULD START TO WEAKEN BETWEEN 30/12Z AND 30/18Z AS THE
LOW LEVEL INFLOW WEAKENS AND THE MOISTURE PLUME DISSIPATES.
HOWEVER...THE MCV THAT DEVELOPS WITH THE MCS SHOULD PROVIDE ENOUGH
LIFT TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE INSTABILITY AND MOISTURE IN PLACE TO
PRODUCE QPF INTO SOUTHEAST OK AND WESTERN AR.


...GREAT LAKES/OHIO VALLEY...

A DEEP CLOSED LOW OVER ONTARIO AND QUEBEC WILL CONTINUE TO SPIN IN
PLACE...PRODUCING A COOL CYCLONIC FLOW ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES
THROUGH 31/00Z. STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES SHOULD PRODUCE
MARGINAL INSTABILITY ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES THIS AFTERNOON AND
THIS EVENING...AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN INCH SHOULD
SUPPORT SCATTERED CONVECTION ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES THIS
AFTERNOON...WHERE THE CIN IS ERASED FIRST. THE LOW TOPPED
CONVECTION SHOULD SUPPORT LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH QPF AMOUNTS
ACROSS WI AND MI THROUGH 30/00Z. WITH THE LOSS OF DAY TIME
HEATING...THAT ACTIVITY SHOULD BECOME MORE WIDELY SCATTERED THIS
EVENING.

ACTIVITY SHOULD FIRE AGAIN WED AFTERNOON AS MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES
SUPPORT MARGINAL INSTABILITY IN AN ENVIRONMENT WITH PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES TOPPING OUT NEAR AN INCH. MOST OF THE ACTIVITY SHOULD
FORM ALONG A SURFACE TROUGH THAT CROSSES THE THE NORTHERN OH
VALLEY AND LOWER GREAT LAKES DURING THE AFTERNOON INTO THE EARLY
EVENING. THE GENERAL MODEL CONSENSUS WAS TO PLACE A LARGE AREA OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE NORTHERN HALF OF
OH...NORTHWEST PA AND WESTERNMOST NY STATE... CLOSER TO THE BETTER
CONCENTRATION OF CONVECTION ALONG THE SURFACE TROUGH.


...GULF COAST/FL...

CONVECTION FORMING ALONG A SURFACE TROUGH AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT
DROPPING TO THE CENTRAL GULF COAST AND NORTHERN FL WILL BE THE
FOCUS FOR CONVECTION DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING HOURS.
MODERATE INSTABILITY AND WEAK SHEAR SHOULD LIMIT THE CONVECTIVE
COVERAGE ALONG THE FRONT...RESULTING IN STRIPES OF 0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES OF QPF ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTHERNMOST LA AND PORTIONS
SOUTHEAST TX...AS WELL AS CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN FL. DUE TO THE
BETTER COVERAGE ACROSS CENTRAL FL...AN AXIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES
OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE...AND LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE
GIVEN THE 2.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES IN PLACE.

THE FRONT SHOULD DROP FURTHER SOUTH ACROSS FL DURING WED
AFTERNOON. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE INSTABILITY IN PLACE
AHEAD OF THE SURFACE FRONT (OR SURFACE TROUGH BY THAT TIME...AS
THE FRONT WEAKENS)...AS WELL AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN
1.75 AND 2.00 INCHES. THIS SHOULD SUPPORT AT LEAST SCATTERED
CONVECTION AHEAD OF THE FRONT ACROSS CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN FL THAT
PRODUCES STRIPES OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF.


...GREAT BASIN...

CONVECTION ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN WILL BE PREDICATED MAINLY ON THE
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE IN THE INCREASED MONSOONAL FLOW AND
MARGINAL INSTABILITY DUE IN MOST PART TO STEEPENING MID LEVEL
LAPSE RATES. ORGANIZATION MAY BE MORE DIFFICULT AS THE MID LEVEL
RIDGE REMAINS MORE OR LESS IN PLACE. THE ACTIVITY IS DEVELOPING
THIS AFTERNOON...AND SHOULD REMAIN SCATTERED BASED ON THE 0.75 TO
1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES IN PLACE. ONE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN ARE GENERALLY BETWEEN 0.75
AND 1.25 INCHES...SO ANY CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE THIS MUCH QPF
BASED ON THE AVAILABLE MOISTURE. HOWEVER...WITHOUT A STRONG
FOCUS...A SEE TEXT AREA SHOULD COVER THIS ACTIVITY. THE BULK OF
THE ACTIVITY SHOULD START TO WANE AFTER SUNSET... PERHAPS LASTING
UNTIL ABOUT 30/06Z.

ACTIVITY SHOULD DEVELOP IN THE SAME AREA AGAIN DURING THE
AFTERNOON CENTERED AROUND 30/18Z. SINCE THE AIRMASS DOES NOT
CHANGE MUCH...AND THE MID LEVEL RIDGING REMAINS IN PLACE...THE
CONVECTION SHOULD DEVELOP IN THE SAME PLACES THIS AFTERNOON AND
THIS EVENING. MUCH OF THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO BE ROOTED TO
THE TERRAIN...WITH STRIPES OF BASIN AVERAGE QPF BETWEEN 0.10 AND
0.25 INCHES. HOWEVER...DUE TO THE HIGHER MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE
AIRMASS....LOCAL AMOUNTS OF NEAR AN INCH ARE POSSIBLE.



DAYS 2/3

...GREAT LAKES/OHIO VALLEY/NEW ENGLAND...

A BROAD 500-MB NEGATIVE HEIGHT ANOMALY WILL CONTINUE TO BE A
MAINSTAY FEATURE ANCHORING A VAST PORTION OF NORTHEASTERN NORTH
AMERICA. THIS PATTERN WILL SUPPORT CYCLONIC FLOW OVERSPREADING THE
REGION WITH BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES EXPECTED. COLDER
TEMPERATURES ALOFT WILL SUPPORT STEEP MID-LEVEL LAPSE RATES WHICH
SHOULD PRODUCE PERIODS OF CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY. THIS WILL
PARTICULARLY BE THE CASE DURING THE PEAK DIURNAL HEATING WHEN
INSTABILITY IS MAXIMIZED. WITH THE BAROCLINIC ZONE LOCKED WELL
SOUTH AND EAST OF THE REGION...COLUMN MOISTURE BE RATHER MEAGER
WITH PWATS GENERALLY IN THE 0.75 TO 1 INCH RANGE AT BEST. REGIONS
OF ENHANCED PRECIPITATION MAY OCCUR IN THE VICINITY OF THE GREAT
LAKES WHERE MESOSCALE EFFECTS WILL BE IN PLAY ALONG WITH UPSLOPE
FLOW ACROSS THE INTERIOR NORTHEAST. WPC CONSTRUCTED THE QPF BASED
ON A GENERAL MODEL COMPROMISE WITH HIGHER-RESOLUTION GUIDANCE
UTILIZED FOR REGIONS OF MESOSCALE FORCING.


...FLORIDA/SOUTHEAST/SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS...

WITH THE ANOMALOUS UPPER TROF POSITIONED ACROSS THE EASTERN
U.S...THE BAROCLINIC ZONE AT THE START OF THE PERIOD WILL BE
STALLED ALONG THE NORTHERN GULF OF MEXICO AND BACK TOWARD THE FL
PANHANDLE. ON DAY 2...MOST OF THE ACTIVITY SHOULD CONGREGATE
ACROSS FL WHERE THE BETTER MOISTURE CONTENT WILL BE IN PLACE.
LOCAL SEA-BREEZE CIRCULATIONS WILL AID IN MAXIMIZING QPF ACROSS
THE REGION. EVENTUALLY THE COVERAGE EXPANDS AS THE MID-LEVEL RIDGE
OVER THE ATLANTIC GRADUALLY SLIDES WESTWARD IN TIME. AS THIS RIDGE
AXIS MIGRATES WEST...LOW-LEVEL SOUTHEASTERLY FLOW WILL RAMP UP AND
HELP DRAG THE BAROCLINIC ZONE TOWARD THE EAST COAST AS A WARM
FRONT. MUCH OF THE ACTIVITY IS EXPECTED TO FOCUS RIGHT ALONG THE
CAROLINA COAST WITH AN ADDITIONAL MAXIMA INLAND ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS. GENERALLY FOLLOWED A COMBINATION OF THE 12Z
NAM/ECMWF/UKMET.


...SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES/SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MISSISSIPPI
VALLEY...

A MID-LEVEL ANTICYCLONE SITTING ACROSS AZ/NM WILL CONTINUE TO DRAW
ABUNDANT MONSOONAL MOISTURE TOWARD THE SOUTHWESTERN U.S. THIS
SHOULD RESULT IN AN ACTIVE PERIOD OF RAINFALL ACROSS A LARGE
PORTION OF THE SOUTHERN/CENTRAL ROCKIES AND EVENTUALLY INTO THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MS VALLEY. THE WESTERN EXTENT OF A
BAROCLINIC ZONE SITUATED ALONG THE GULF COAST AND INTO THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS WILL BE THE SITE FOR AN ACTIVE 24 TO 36 HOURS OF
CONVECTION. STRONG MOISTURE ADVECTION ACCOMPANIED BY PWATS IN THE
1.75 TO 2.25 INCH RANGE WILL INTERCEPT THIS BOUNDARY WITH A HEAVY
RAINFALL SIGNAL INDICATED IN ALL GUIDANCE. THE 12Z NAM/IN-HOUSE
PSEUDO-ENSEMBLE BIAS-CORRECTED MODEL SHOW AERIAL AVERAGES OF 4 TO
6 INCHES IN DAY 2 ALONE. WHILE THE WPC FORECAST WAS NOT THIS
AGGRESSIVE...IT STILL SHOWED 2 TO 4 INCHES ON THE GRAPHIC WITH
ISOLATED HEAVIER AMOUNTS EXPECTED. GIVEN THE STRONG CONSENSUS IN
PLACEMENT OF THE HEAVY RAINFALL AXIS...FELT COMFORTABLE PUTTING
OUT A MODERATE RISK ACROSS EASTERN OK/WESTERN AR. BELIEVE THE
RAINFALL RATES WILL BE HIGH ENOUGH TO OVERCOME THE RELATIVELY HIGH
FFG VALUES. GRADUALLY THE ACTIVITY SHOULD SHIFT SOUTH AND EAST
TOWARD THE LOWER MS VALLEY WITH AERIAL AMOUNTS DECREASING. ENDED
UP FOLLOWING A COMBINATION OF THE 12Z ECMWF/UKMET FOR A MAJORITY
OF THE FORECAST PERIOD.


...NORTHERN ROCKIES/UPPER INTERMOUNTAIN WEST/CENTRAL GREAT
BASIN/...

A MYRIAD OF SHORTWAVES ARE FORECAST TO TRAVERSE ABOVE A MID-LEVEL
RIDGE ANCHORING THE SOUTHWESTERN PORTION OF THE COUNTRY.
PINPOINTING THE LOCATION OF THESE IMPULSES WILL BE DIFFICULT AS
EVIDENCED BY THE BUILDING MODEL SPREAD SEEN. PWATS OVER THE REGION
ARE EXPECTED TO BE SLIGHTLY ABOVE AVERAGE WITH VALUES RANGING FROM
0.75 TO 1 INCH. MUCH OF THE ACTIVITY SHOULD BE TERRAIN DRIVEN
WHERE DIFFERENTIAL HEATING BETWEEN THE HIGHER ELEVATIONS AND
VALLEY FLOORS AID IN CONVECTIVE INITIATION. WPC LEANED ON THE 12Z
ECMWF/UKMET FOR THE GENERAL QPF COVERAGE WITH DETAILS ADDED FROM
THE 12Z NAM. CONFIDENCE IN PLACEMENT WAS LOW GIVEN THE UNCERTAINTY
OF THE PLACEMENT OF SHORTWAVE ENERGY.


HAYES/RUBIN-OSTER


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 31/00Z
 0.01 420637 422643 426646 428647 428650 428655 425662 420670
      419678 417684 412692 407700 401707 385720 378725 372731
      343757 336763 329770 324776 318782 315786 314792 315795
      317796 320797 323795 331791 338786 343783 349782 352782
      354779 357777 360776 360782 353786 348789 344793 340796
      337801 337807 338813 338819 334818 324814 317815 318812
      317809 315809 309805 306804 303805 300809 296818 287835
      280855 277863 277875 278890 281902 284914 283916 279918
      276918 273921 269923 266922 260917 259912 257908 253882
      251870 249861 246847 245836 245830 247826 247817 245804
      247790 248784 250781 252777 254773 259765 264758 274746
      281738 287732 294724 296723 297720 298715 314705 321700
      327694 357669 368659 370658 372658 373659 375658 377657
      378656 379656 380655 382655 383653 385652 387651 388649
      390648 391647 393645
 0.01 547833 547824 547815 543805 540795 536788 531779 524770
      525743 523726 517722 511721 506721 504720 485719 476719
      466721 462724 460728 457732 453735 450737 446739 443747
      439752 435754 430756 426759 410767 406769 402773 398780
      396785 394787 389794 383801 380809 383813 385819 388829
      389853 389859 391865 393874 405889 415905 417917 422924
      426931 431938 435940 438945 443945 445945 447942 447936
      445932 440928 436924 433919 429911 427902 426898 427896
      430897 435896 437892 439885 438882 433873 429866 426861
      428857 430857 437852 440849 444849 453848 456847 456844
      455838 452825 452821 453818 458820 462827 466839 468851
      471861 474870 476875 479880 481884 485889 495904 499904
      503902 509895 513889 517882 533870 542853 545844 547833
 0.01 473133 466131 464124 461122 460118 458111 457105 458099
      456084 453075 453067 450063 448062 441059 437054 434049
      429037 426030 423022 418010 412999 409987 404973 401966
      396960 393954 389948 384936 380922 374919 370915 360909
      356907 350908 343910 337912 330923 323936 321951 319952
      319958 319967 321975 323979 326985 327990 330995 331003
      326021 325026 323028 321031 318032 316034 312034 306034
      302038 300040 300044 307045 311045 311042 314039 318041
      315047 302063 296068 290071 283072 275072 267071 262067
      253061 248057 242054 238055 236057 235061 237067 241070
      246072 250075 263084 267087 272093 276096 277102 280107
      282109 285111 291113 297111 309108 315106 322107 330103
      340093 342091 341089 340081 339074 337071 341070 346069
      352073 364079 367084 369090 374096 379097 385098 388098
      390100 392104 390107 385111 382112 377111 374114 374117
      373127 373133 375139 380144 385148 392151 401159 408169
      411180 414195 417202 422204 425203 429197 429189 427182
      425177 422169 421162 419155 420145 420141 422138 426134
      431133 429139 428142 429146 432154 437159 443163 447165
      452162 456158 459153 463148 465141 466136 469135 473133
 0.01 455218 454215 452216 446214 441211 440209 436208 432210
      428216 427218 427222 434223 439222 445221 450221 455218
 0.01 463886 463878 459876 456874 454872 450872 447877 445880
      444885 446887 451887 454891 456893 460893 461888 463886
 0.01 450731 448727 444727 441726 439724 442721 443715 441716
      438719 435727 433725 432728 436729 441730 446729 450731
 0.01 440122 431118 421119 417119 413121 409122 406119 399118
      394119 397124 401131 408137 413137 416135 423130 426127
      430127 437124 440122
 0.01 432847 432845 430843 429845 428845 427848 426850 427852
      429852 430850 432847
 0.01 403202 402199 399196 398192 396188 390191 388187 385184
      384180 387178 390181 394180 396178 397173 392167 391157
      386157 384159 383162 380162 378159 375155 372154 370156
      369161 371170 369174 367176 363178 360181 360187 362190
      370194 375199 383204 390207 399207 403205 403202
 0.25 516832 516821 515812 513806 510802 507796 504788 504778
      503771 503764 501757 497746 493741 489739 479744 472745
      468747 460753 443769 440774 436778 434772 433770 431770
      428771 424771 425775 429778 429784 427787 424787 421783
      416782 413784 400804 398809 396816 396824 397831 398838
      399842 401846 404848 404852 410861 410846 410838 413834
      417830 424827 459806 472822 473832 475839 478844 480852
      482857 486861 489865 493867 500857 508849 513841 516832
 0.25 450104 450099 449097 445092 437087 431085 430082 430076
      431067 431059 427046 422037 419032 415028 405021 403019
      400018 395019 391016 389011 387999 385993 382988 380974
      377961 374948 372942 368938 362934 357932 351933 347935
      342939 338943 332953 330959 331965 337972 341985 346997
      349011 352022 354026 356032 357038 353043 348046 350052
      357060 361059 366062 375069 380068 386070 387076 389081
      393085 398087 403086 406084 409086 411084 416086 420089
      422093 426098 428101 426104 424106 424111 426112 430111
      436110 440108 446107 450104
 0.25 439148 438147 438146 437145 436146 435147 434148 434150
      436152 438151 438150 439148
 0.25 414651 408650 402651 392656 380663 369671 351685 339693
      331700 322709 315717 300736 286753 279763 273773 264794
      261801 255803 253806 254809 258813 261818 265823 268827
      271824 286806 294797 300788 306778 312767 319757 326750
      335742 346734 363720 372710 382702 391694 399687 406677
      412664 414657 414651
 0.25 411110 412106 413101 412096 412092 410090 407089 404090
      402093 402097 402102 402106 402109 404111 407113 410112
      411110
 0.25 376191 375189 373187 371188 373189 374189 376191 376191
 0.25 307089 307085 307081 303078 296076 289076 285079 279080
      276080 274083 281086 286087 291090 296092 298092 300095
      304093 307089
 0.25 271902 272894 271886 270870 268855 263852 263848 266835
      264833 262839 261843 258843 256844 255848 255856 258862
      257870 258878 260895 262900 264905 266907 269908 271902
 0.50 494774 493771 491768 488769 486770 485774 484778 483781
      482785 482789 484790 487788 489786 491783 492780 493777
      494774
 0.50 471771 465760 461759 458760 453766 444776 441781 437787
      429798 426803 424810 428814 430814 432811 436806 438803
      441802 455798 460795 463787 468773 471771
 0.50 443099 441094 438092 433092 428090 424088 424091 427095
      431099 432104 430106 433106 436102 439100 443099
 0.50 425082 425081 423080 423081 423083 425082 425082
 0.50 427065 425053 425049 423045 418036 411031 405025 402023
      400026 398027 393025 389023 387020 385009 383000 379992
      376981 371961 368949 367945 364943 358941 355941 347942
      341948 337956 336960 337962 339965 343973 346985 348993
      353013 354018 357022 361029 366037 370044 370051 373054
      381058 381062 382065 384065 393065 395067 394070 392073
      390076 392080 395084 397080 404077 415067 419070 422070
      427065
 0.50 405663 404656 399655 391660 374672 359684 343696 335702
      330708 317722 311730 306737 301744 294752 289759 284766
      279773 275782 272793 274797 276799 280800 283799 286795
      291788 297780 302774 307766 311757 317749 323744 331738
      339732 353721 368707 375701 382696 389690 396682 402673
      405663
 0.50 417802 417799 417797 416795 416797 415800 415801 414802
      415804 415805 416804 417802 417802
 0.50 407098 407096 406094 405094 404095 404098 406100 407098
 0.50 403063 402061 400061 399062 400063 402064 403063
 0.50 367054 367053 365052 363052 361052 359052 358052 356053
      357056 359057 361057 363056 365056 366055 367054
 0.50 299086 299084 298082 297082 296080 296079 294079 292079
      290080 290081 289083 290085 292086 293086 295087 297087
      299087 299086
 0.50 268808 268806 268804 267803 265804 264805 263805 261806
      261807 262807 263809 264810 265811 266811 266810 267809
      268808
 1.00 420050 418045 415040 411036 408031 404027 401034 389034
      390048 385048 381044 380045 378048 379051 383052 386053
      389052 391051 393053 395055 397055 404054 410056 415059
      418061 419058 420050
 1.00 394668 389669 384671 376676 362688 353694 346700 331712
      320727 318731 316736 319736 322735 326732 341721 357710
      372697 379692 386685 391676 394668
 1.00 381033 382027 381022 381013 376997 370981 365965 362959
      358952 354950 351951 346956 345966 348974 352991 356009
      358015 363021 373032 377034 381033
 1.50 415052 416048 415045 413043 411040 408038 407036 403037
      401037 401040 403043 404046 406048 408049 411051 413052
      415052
 1.50 382681 380678 377680 373683 369687 364691 359695 355699
      353704 357703 362699 367696 372692 376688 380684 382681
 1.50 379022 378014 376008 371994 366979 364972 361965 358960
      353958 349963 351971 353979 354987 358001 363014 372025
      374027 377026 379022
 2.00 413047 413045 412043 411043 410041 409040 408040 406039
      405040 405041 404042 405042 406044 406045 408046 409047
      410048 411048 413047
 2.00 378019 374010 370999 367987 363976 361971 358967 355968
      355976 357987 360998 364010 366014 370018 373022 377021
      378019
 3.00 368001 367999 366996 366995 364995 363996 363998 364999
      365001 365002 367003 368001
 3.00 361983 361980 359978 358980 359981 360983 361983

24HR QP VT 01/00Z
 0.01 530154 531144 530138 526131 520125 517122 514121 505114
      496110 484097 477091 472091 469093 465095 462096 460094
      457088 456083 451074 449070 445067 442065 439066 436073
      444079 446082 448087 447090 446090 440089 435088 426086
      423090 419092 412092 403094 399094 397091 398087 399085
      403082 405078 409076 413074 415069 416063 415057 415050
      414045 410037 405030 401026 398025 394027 390028 384028
      381026 374023 368016 365010 363005 362000 364996 368985
      371973 372967 373960 373947 374937 375927 375922 373916
      369904 367900 363896 360892 356889 352888 349888 342893
      333894 328897 321898 315904 310909 307913 302914 296916
      294919 292924 290926 287926 283927 281931 279933 283937
      290943 293946 295950 293959 290968 289983 288987 287993
      279007 275017 275028 280039 278043 278047 282056 276062
      271063 264063 252062 248064 246067 245077 251083 257088
      267092 272098 278102 283109 288117 297122 316121 320119
      321113 322110 324109 329108 333105 339104 345113 347116
      353117 352114 350110 346104 344094 344088 348086 352084
      354082 358075 362073 367074 372080 376083 382084 386087
      389091 392095 392100 393105 392108 388110 386111 384108
      382105 380104 376106 374112 371116 368113 366110 362114
      361121 366122 369128 370130 369133 365144 361150 362156
      364157 369152 372150 375152 373158 372164 377166 380168
      383171 383179 381182 379182 373179 370175 368171 366169
      363167 358163 356167 357172 359181 360185 362188 371192
      377198 385205 388206 392203 397203 401202 406203 408202
      411202 415205 419208 421214 422219 425223 428226 432226
      437224 441221 444218 448212 450200 451193 449188 446184
      442183 436186 432186 429184 421187 419185 420183 423179
      426177 429173 429166 428163 422158 418154 414152 411151
      410148 410143 407140 403136 396131 390129 388126 389122
      391118 394114 397111 399111 401114 407119 411118 416120
      422127 427128 430126 436119 441118 442125 440131 438134
 0.01 438134 434141 433152 434157 438159 445164 451165 455163
      456160 460152 461145 464144 465148 467152 470155 472154
      478150 481147 485147 491147 496154 500161 503166 504171
      503176 504182 508183 511181 522173 525170 527166 530154
 0.01 528992 528983 524979 517974 512971 507968 501961 497954
      494949 486944 480935 476925 474917 470915 463910 460908
      458905 456901 455896 455892 455884 455876 453869 450862
      448860 448855 448847 451846 454847 455856 457860 460864
      464866 468868 473868 479867 483864 486863 489863 493864
      505863 510859 513854 515849 516842 516833 515827 517799
      515790 514783 510769 512753 513749 512744 512734 512729
      511723 506712 501700 495692 488686 483683 479682 468681
      461682 457682 441694 437699 431701 428704 424706 411724
      403733 400739 396742 392750 386758 387775 386787 384793
      384797 388803 391807 391816 392825 392828 394830 396832
      394835 393842 394846 395851 399855 401860 403862 405862
      410860 412856 415851 415847 416844 416837 418831 420829
      423829 427831 430836 433840 437845 439852 441858 439863
      437870 433873 429871 424872 425879 428883 431888 434892
      441899 447908 452919 455925 459928 462932 466936 471944
      484962 491973 498981 511996 515999 520998 524997 526995
      528992
 0.01 364816 363805 360803 355803 349802 347799 347791 348787
      349782 348777 346773 342771 336772 331772 324771 314772
      311775 310779 307784 302785 296785 295780 294772 289764
      286761 281759 273759 267764 263772 253785 248791 246802
      244811 243815 243821 244827 246830 249833 253835 257837
      261838 267837 269835 281824 286821 291821 299823 303824
      308823 313823 318824 322826 327827 335826 337824 340825
      342827 344830 344834 344840 347843 349843 354841 355839
      364816
 0.01 356047 355041 354037 351033 348031 346028 342026 337028
      335030 332032 327031 323027 323003 319996 313990 310989
      308988 306991 304000 304012 305021 307026 309028 313031
      315034 320040 322043 326045 328048 333049 341051 346052
      350050 356047
 0.01 328092 326088 323085 323080 320078 314076 311077 312080
      316083 318086 320090 324093 326094 328092
 0.25 500737 500727 499719 496713 493709 489705 484702 475701
      464703 459703 454703 448704 445708 442713 441719 432740
      429747 428753 430769 428774 424776 421780 418786 416793
      416801 417807 419812 423812 425810 427806 431794 432787
      432777 433773 436770 442760 447757 452758 459765 462771
      462775 460787 461795 464801 470809 476820 481829 480840
      482847 486851 492853 497852 501848 503844 503840 502837
      498833 494829 492823 490818 488815 489811 489804 488798
      484782 483773 483765 486760 490755 496746 500737
 0.25 402172 403165 401161 398159 394156 390153 386155 383158
      384163 386168 388171 393174 398174 402172 402172
 0.25 409063 409054 407049 399041 392039 387041 382043 374043
      369043 363046 359049 355053 355057 357060 361063 366063
      371064 376067 382066 394071 399071 403069 407066 409063
 0.25 367963 368947 366932 363921 359912 355907 351904 346902
      342904 338906 334910 328918 323926 316933 314937 312943
      311951 313956 330965 334969 335974 337986 339993 341997
      345001 349999 353996 356991 360981 364972 367963
 0.25 339793 340790 340788 338787 336787 335788 334789 333789
      331791 330792 328794 327796 327799 329800 331801 332800
      333800 334799 336798 336797 337796 338795 339794 339793
 0.25 333082 334079 333077 332076 331076 329075 327077 327079
      328081 328082 330083 332082 333082
 0.25 310043 310041 309040 309038 308038 306037 304037 303038
      302038 301040 301042 301044 302045 303046 304047 305047
      307047 309045 310043
 0.25 302097 301084 299080 299074 296069 291068 283072 279074
      272074 262070 259071 258074 261079 271083 275086 278089
      286095 290098 296101 301099 302097
 0.25 291784 289776 284771 278769 271771 262782 258788 255795
      250808 249815 250820 256826 262828 267825 272818 275813
      278807 287795 290790 291784
 0.50 494730 493723 491719 485714 482712 477712 472714 469717
      466722 465727 466730 464735 463740 466744 468749 471751
      476751 480749 487745 491741 493737 494730
 0.50 478800 478797 477795 476793 476792 474791 473790 472791
      472793 473795 473796 474798 475800 477801 478800
 0.50 406058 405054 401051 395046 390044 387045 378047 367047
      360051 358053 357056 359057 368055 374055 379058 388061
      396062 400060 404060 406058
 0.50 365958 365952 365945 363935 359925 356916 350910 346908
      341910 335916 330924 326931 323940 318947 318951 319954
      328958 334962 339969 341980 342985 345989 350990 353987
      358980 361972 365958
 0.50 287787 286781 282777 277775 271778 268782 264786 261791
      260795 263798 266800 273801 277800 283796 285791 287787
 0.50 269810 269809 269808 267807 265806 263806 263807 262809
      262811 264812 266812 267811 269810 269810
 1.00 361961 362952 361944 357931 352921 346917 342917 340919
      336923 334929 330943 330947 332951 335956 339960 341965
      345978 346981 350982 354978 357974 359967 361961
 1.50 358961 358954 357947 355938 352929 346923 341923 339926
      336935 335941 335947 339954 344963 346971 350975 353974
      356969 357963 358961
 2.00 354965 355959 355954 353945 351936 348930 345927 342928
      339934 338940 338945 342952 345958 348965 350969 352969
      354965

24HR QP VT 02/00Z
 0.01 502692 500684 498677 492672 482670 477670 474672 472674
      467682 461690 450694 447698 444703 440711 437714 438717
      443723 448720 454718 455722 454725 452729 452733 450745
      447756 444767 436772 432767 430758 430750 432742 436719
      432713 430711 427712 423713 417719 412727 408735 405744
      401752 399755 396754 389749 386740 381729 379724 375722
      352732 344736 336741 322756 312768 309772 303774 295776
      286776 277778 270782 263786 260789 254791 248792 244793
      240796 239803 239810 240817 244828 249837 253846 255850
      258851 261854 265854 271851 273847 278845 283846 285844
      290839 294837 297839 305843 308852 306858 306863 304868
      304875 303880 303888 300895 298901 295911 290920 285929
      282936 281939 281946 278955 275962 273970 268990 266000
      265011 264038 264045 262050 258053 254056 250059 249064
      248071 250075 255082 261089 287110 309132 319136 325133
      331130 335134 340136 347137 353138 359138 366132 370129
      374129 378127 380126 381129 380137 378141 376146 375152
      378160 383166 388167 391165 398165 407170 414172 418173
      419175 420179 419183 416187 415192 414200 415205 414209
      414215 411220 408223 407226 408230 410230 414229 432227
      440226 444224 447221 449199 449191 452188 458185 460179
      459175 457170 454166 461158 465154 468153 471151 474149
      477149 484152 488157 496164 500164 504162 505156 505152
      505145 504140 497134 491129 484123 481121 477121 473122
      469120 466118 465114 462105 461092 460085 457080 451074
      447070 442069 438071 441077 443081 440084 436085 433089
      431089 428087 426088 426094 430098 432103 429107 429111
      427112 422111 419114 415115 413111 414105 411082 414072
      416068 416063 414057 410054 405049
 0.01 405049 375029 372026 369025 361025 359026 353026 350024
      345023 341021 336020 325018 320016 317012 314010 311006
      310997 312988 315979 318973 321969 325967 330966 336965
      342962 350956 354950 356942 356931 354921 350912 345903
      342900 341893 340890 341886 349884 354879 357872 360864
      366857 370854 373850 376847 380845 388841 393840 397842
      400849 401859 401869 400874 399881 398887 401891 410906
      419906 426908 432913 435915 436919 440928 442934 443938
      446938 455937 462933 467927 471925 472922 472916 472910
      470905 466897 462885 450872 445867 442858 445856 446851
      446847 444844 444836 445831 443825 443821 444817 448808
      452801 464790 467789 469786 473778 478770 480758 482746
      483741 483737 481732 480725 479716 478711 482708 485706
      489705 495703 499699 502692
 0.01 511066 511058 510053 509049 507045 500039 496035 486034
      482032 479031 471026 464023 459025 457030 456035 457040
      460045 467046 475044 478047 480052 482062 484072 486083
      489089 493093 496092 501086 505084 507081 508077 509071
      511066
 0.01 421152 421145 422136 424133 424129 421124 418123 416125
      412128 408133 404135 402138 402141 405146 408151 410154
      413155 417156 420154 421152
 0.01 402116 401114 401113 400111 400110 399108 398107 396107
      395107 393106 391105 389105 388107 386109 387111 389112
      391113 392113 394113 396114 398114 398115 399116 401116
      402116
 0.25 450153 451146 449143 444141 439141 437143 435149 432153
      432157 435159 437159 439156 443154 448154 450153
 0.25 451105 451102 450100 450099 448099 446098 445098 443098
      441098 440101 440103 441104 442105 443106 444106 445108
      447109 448109 449108 450107 451105 451105
 0.25 434849 435845 433841 431838 428839 426837 424836 421835
      417836 415837 415842 416847 417849 419851 422852 425852
      429851 432851 434849
 0.25 399062 398056 394052 390048 386047 378043 371037 367036
      362038 353042 348043 343043 336045 332047 325048 320048
      314047 312039 306033 303032 298035 296046 287062 285066
      279067 274070 271073 270076 270081 273084 277087 286093
      293099 299104 308108 311109 314108 318103 329103 329099
      327096 332101 339108 342113 346110 344102 344096 345090
      350078 353073 355071 361071 366072 369074 371077 374082
      378086 382088 386088 393083 395080 395075 393070 396067
      399062
 0.25 385802 382796 377793 373789 371782 372778 374772 374767
      372761 367747 363743 358741 347742 341744 337746 322764
      310777 305781 298783 288790 284793 280795 275797 270798
      256802 252803 252806 253813 257820 264827 268831 274832
      280830 284827 288820 290815 295813 306816 318818 337810
      341808 343810 343818 342827 341832 336841 332850 333858
      335866 339871 343871 349865 356857 363847 369837 373828
      376817 382808 385802
 0.25 347939 348930 346923 342915 337902 333895 327893 324892
      321893 317902 313906 309909 303916 296923 291931 289937
      289945 288956 287964 288970 289976 293979 297979 302976
      308969 312966 316962 319959 323956 333954 341949 345943
      347939
 0.25 322076 323074 323072 323070 323068 322065 321064 319063
      317062 315062 315064 316065 316067 316069 316071 316072
      317073 318076 320078 321078 322076
 0.50 387056 382050 380048 376047 370043 365047 359051 355055
      352059 349059 347058 345055 339051 332052 323052 321054
      322057 325059 329061 336062 345065 353065 361063 365063
      364059 366052 369051 373053 375054 381060 385059 387056
 0.50 375073 376071 375069 375068 373066 371065 369065 368066
      369066 371068 372071 373072 374073 375073
 0.50 373808 374803 372800 367798 361801 356806 350815 348821
      346827 343840 342856 344860 346860 351857 355853 356848
      357839 359834 365823 370812 373808
 0.50 364767 363759 362754 360749 357747 353745 349744 341747
      337750 334753 329759 319773 313780 307784 299790 296792
      297798 302805 308810 312811 318811 326808 341800 348793
      353787 359780 362773 364767
 0.50 339089 340085 340080 339078 336076 333075 331074 329075
      327077 325081 325083 325085 327087 330089 331091 335092
      338091 339089
 0.50 343939 344932 343927 341921 334906 331904 327903 321907
      319911 316913 311916 301925 296932 295939 299955 305960
      307960 310958 316954 323952 336947 341943 343939
 0.50 316056 314054 312054 308051 307047 304045 302045 300050
      300053 302057 300061 303061 306062 310060 314058 316056
 0.50 308087 310081 307077 303076 300076 294077 292081 293088
      295092 298094 302095 305093 307089 308087
 1.00 363816 363814 362813 361814 359816 359818 359819 361820
      362818 363817 363816
 1.00 352758 348754 344755 339766 335772 332776 329773 325773
      321777 315787 312792 311799 315803 318804 322803 327799
      330795 336793 340788 345779 349767 352758
 1.00 338934 336930 332930 325928 322925 323922 323918 321919
      317921 310924 304930 303936 303939 304945 307947 316946
      325945 334941 337938 338934

$$





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