Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 220854
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
353 AM EST THU FEB 22 2018


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 22/1200 UTC THRU FEB 25/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

NORTHEAST TX---LOWER MS VALLEY---LOWER TN VALLEY---OH
VALLEY---NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC INTO SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND

ANOTHER ROUND OF WIDESPREAD HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE PRECIPITATION
LIKELY FOR THE UPCOMING DAY 1 TIME PERIOD FROM NORTHEAST TX---INTO
PORTIONS OF THE LOWER MS VALLEY---LOWER TN VALLEY AND INTO THE OH
VALLEY.  THERE IS EXPECTED TO BE NO BIG CHANGES TO THE BROAD
SOUTHWEST MID TO UPPER LEVEL FLOW FROM THE SOUTHERN PLAINS
NORTHEASTWARD INTO THE LOWER TO MID MS VALLEY---GREAT LAKES AND
INTO THE NORTHEAST.  PW VALUES IN THIS SOUTHWEST MID TO UPPER
LEVEL FLOW WILL REMAIN HIGHLY ANOMALOUS WITH VALUES 3-4+ STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN.  THE CURRENT AXIS OF HEAVY PRECIP FROM
NORTHEAST TX INTO THE LOWER MS VALLEY---LOWER TN VALLEY INTO THE
OH VALLEY IS EXPECTED TO WEAKEN AFTER 1200 UTC WITH A CONCENTRATED
AREA OF PRECIP MOVING OUT OF THE UPPER OH VALLEY---ACROSS THE
NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC AND INTO SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND DURING THE
FIRST HALF OF THE PERIOD.  PRECIP IS THEN EXPECTED TO REFOCUS IN
AN AXIS FARTHER TO THE NORTHWEST FROM THE CURRENT EARLY MORNING
ACTIVITY AS LOW LEVEL FLOW RE-STRENGTHENS OUT OF THE SOUTH AND
INTO THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY STRETCHING NORTHEAST FROM NORTHEAST TX
ACROSS THE LOWER MS VALLEY AND INTO THE OH VALLEY.  DIFFERENCES IN
MODEL QPFS REVOLVE AROUND THE LATITUDE OF THIS NEXT MAX AXIS.  DAY
1 QPF LEANED TOWARD THE SOLUTIONS THAT WERE FARTHER TO THE SOUTH
AND EAST---TRENDING APPROX 40-60NM FARTHER TO THE SOUTHEAST FROM
THE PREVIOUS FORECAST.  THERE IS A LOT OF RUN TO RUN VARIABILITY
WITH THE QPF DETAILS AT THE SHORTER FORECAST INTERVALS.  WHILE THE
SECOND ROUND OF PRECIP WILL LIKELY OVERRUN THE ABOVE MENTIONED
FRONTAL BOUNDARY FAIRLY FAR TO THE NORTH---WPC CONTINUED TO FAVOR
THE MAX QPF AXIS SOLUTIONS THAT WERE FARTHER TO THE SOUTHEAST
CLOSER TO THE GREATER INSTABILITY NEAR THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY.
THERE WILL LIKELY BE ANOTHER ROUND OF POTENTIALLY TRAINING
CONVECTION BETWEEN 0000-1200 UTC FRIDAY FROM NORTHEAST
TX---NORTHEASTWARD INTO AR---NORTHWEST MS---WESTERN TN---FAR
SOUTHEAST MO INTO THE LOWER OH VALLEY AS THE LOW LEVEL FLOW
BECOMES FOCUSED OUT OF THE SOUTHWEST IN A REGION OF FAVORABLE
RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION JET DYNAMICS.

CENTRAL TO NORTHERN PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY AND UPPER LAKES

WELL DEFINED SHORTWAVE ENERGY PUSHING NORTHEAST FROM THE SOUTHWEST
ACROSS THE CENTRAL TO NORTHERN PLAINS AND INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY
DAY 1 WILL SUPPORT A DEVELOPING COMMA HEAD DEFORMATION PRECIP BAND
ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE CENTRAL TO NORTHERN PLAINS---UPPER MS
VALLEY AND INTO THE UPPER LAKES.  OVERALL---MODELS ARE SIMILAR IN
SHOWING AREAL AVERAGE PRECIP TOTALS IN THE .10-.25"+ RANGE ACROSS
THESE AREAS.  A BROAD REGION OF MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOWS LIKELY
ACROSS THESE AREAS WITH THE GREATEST HEAVY SNOW THREAT FROM THE
UPPER MS VALLEY INTO THE UPPER LAKES.  SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD FOR
ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION.

PORTIONS OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST---CALIFORNIA---GREAT BASIN INTO
THE ROCKIES

DAYS 2/3...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/INTERMOUNTAIN WEST...

A BROAD LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES FROM THE WEST COAST TO THE
ROCKIES DURING DAY 2. SHORT WAVE ENERGY APPROACHES THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST DURING DAY 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT
WITH THE SYNOPTIC SCALE FEATURES...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2..
AHEAD OF THE BROAD LONG WAVE TROUGH DEEPENING OVER THE WEST COAST
ON DAY 2...A 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR TO THE COAST OF WA/OR...AND THE UPSLOPE
FLOW PRODUCES AN AXIS OF 0.75/1.25 INCHES OF QPF ALONG THE FAVORED
UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE WA CASCADES. LOWER QPF AMOUNTS (NEAR 0.50
INCHES) WERE STRETCHED FURTHER SOUTH INTO THE NORTHERN OR
CASCADES. FURTHER EAST...SOME OF THE MOISTURE SURVIVES THE TRIP TO
THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...WHERE AN AXIS OF 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED OVER THE NORTHERN BITTERROOTS OF ID.

DAY 3...
THE MOISTURE PLUME MOVES SOUTH ON DAY 3 AS THE TROUGH DEEPENS AND
STARTS TO MOVE EAST. THE UPSLOPE FLOW FOCUSES THE MOISTURE ON THE
WA/OR CASCADES...WHERE THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR
0.75/1.25 INCHES OF QPF...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS OVER THE OR
CASCADES. FURTHER EAST...UPSLOPE FLOW MAKES THE MOST OF THE
MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN TO PRODUCE AN AREA OF 0.25/0.50 INCHES OF
QPF OVER THE BLUE MOUNTAINS IN OR...AS WELL AS THE BITTERROOTS AND
SALMON RIVER RANGE IN ID.


...SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST...

A POSITIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES
AND SOUTHWEST STATES BEFORE IT MOVES INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS.
SHORT WAVE ENERGY FROM THE PACIFIC NORTHEAST CROSSES THE REGION
DURING DAY 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
TIMING AND PLACEMENT OF THE SYNOPTIC SCALE FEATURES...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST
STATES ON DAY 2...IT STRENGTHS AS IT HEADS TOWARD THE THE CENTRAL
PLAINS. AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH...SURFACE LOW PRESSURE FORMS
OVER NORTHEAST NM...WHICH INCREASES THE UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS
WESTERN CO INTO NORTH CENTRAL NM. THE INCREASED UPSLOPE MAKES THE
MOST OF THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN 9WHICH HOVERS NEAR 0.25 INCHES)
TO PRODUCE A LARGE AXIS OF 0.25/0.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER STERN CO
INTO THE SAN JUANS OF NM. THE GENERAL LIFT WITH THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS
THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT...AS WELL AS THE MOGOLLON RIM IN AZ.

DAY 3...
AFTER THE LONG WAVE EXITS...A SHORT WAVES TRACKS FROM THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST TO THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAY 3. THE UPSLOPE FLOW
IS NOT QUITE AS ROBUST AS DAY 2...WHILE THE AMOUNT OF MOISTURE IN
THE COLUMN IS SIMILAR. WITH THIS IN MIND...AN AXIS FO 0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER THE EXTENT OF THE WASATCH RANGE IN
UT.


...CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...


A LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSING THE CENTRAL PLAINS EARLY ON DAY 3
TAKES ON A NEGATIVE TILT AS IT HEADS FOR THE UPPER MS VALLEY AND
UPPER GREAT LAKES LATER IN THE PERIOD. LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE
MID LEVEL SYSTEM SPINS UP SURFACE LOW PRESSURE IN THE LEE OF THE
ROCKIES...WHICH DEEPENS AS IT HEADS FOR THE UPPER GREAT LAKES.
THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE TRACK
OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM...AS WELL AS THE SURFACE LOW...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED MAINLY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH TRACKS NORTHEAST FROM THE CENTRAL PLAINS
TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY DURING THE FIRST HALF OF DAY 3...IT
TAKES ON A NEGATIVE TILT. THE LIFT SPINS UP LOW PRESSURE ON THE
FRONT OVER THE CENTRAL PLAINS...WHICH DEEPENS AS IT HEADS FOR THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES. A BANDED OF MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETIC FORCING IS
EXPECTED TO DEVELOP AS THE TROUGH TAKES ON A STRONG NEGATIVE TILT
ACROSS THE UPPER MS VALLEY...MAINLY AFTER 25/00Z. THE LIFT IS
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF FROM
NORTHWEST IA ACROSS SOUTHEAST MN INTO WESTERN WI AND THE WESTERN
PORTION OF THE UP OF MI. THE 00Z ECMWF WAS NOT QUITE AS HIGH WITH
THE QPF IN THIS AXIS...BUT GIVEN THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW AHEAD OF THE
MID LEVEL SYSTEM...THE HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS OF THE 00Z GFS SEEM MORE
APPROPRIATE HERE...GIVEN THE FORCING.



...SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MS VALLEY INTO THE OH VALLEY/TN
VALLEY/NORTHEAST...

A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM NORTHEAST TX ACROSS THE LOWER MS
VALLEY INTO THE OH VALLEY ON DAY 2 WILL FOCUS DEEP MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY TO FEED CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE FRONT. TRAINING CONVECTION ALONG
AND SOUTH OF THE FRONT COULD CONTINUE TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FROM THE LOWER MS VALLEY INTO THE
NORTHEAST...BEFORE A COLD FRONT SWEEPS EAST INTO THE OH VALLEY
LATE IN THE PERIOD. WHILE THERE WAS FAIRLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT
WITH THE PLACEMENT OF THE FRONT...THE AXES OF HIGHEST QPF WAS
BASED MORE CLOSELY ON THE PLACEMENT OF THE BEST INSTABILITY. ON
DAY 2...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND...THEN
DROPPED SOUTH TO BETTER MUCH THE INSTABILITY AXIS. THE PLACEMENT
OF THE HIGHEST WPC QPF MOSTLY CLOSELY RESEMBLED THE 00Z UKMET ON
DAY 3

DAY 2...
ONGOING CONVECTION ALONG THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM
NORTHEAST TX ACROSS SOUTH CENTRAL AR INTO WESTERN TN IS EXPECTED
TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 1.50/2.00 INCHES OF QPF...ADJUSTED SOUTHWARD
FROM THE MULTI MODEL BLEND TO BETTER FIT THE INSTABILITY AXIS
(WITH SOME 00Z WRF-ARW USED TO HELP PLACE THE AXIS). THE BEST
CONVECTION IS EXPECTED BEFORE 24/00Z...BEFORE IT RUNS WAY FROM THE
BEST CONVECTION. BASED ON THIS...ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS...AND INPUT
FROM WFOS SHV/LZK/MEG...A MODERATE RISK WAS INSERTED INTO THIS
AREA TO CONVERGE CONVECTION.

NORTHEAST ALONG THE FRONT...A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST
FLOW TRANSPORT 1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR INTO WESTERN
KY/SOUTHERN IL/SOUTHERN IN/SOUTHERN OH INTO WESTERN PA DURING DAY
2. THE BEST INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED SOUTH OF THE FRONT (BASED ON
00Z GFS/21Z SREF INSTABILITY PLUMES)...AND AN AXIS OF 1.00 TO 1.50
INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ON THIS AXIS. GIVEN THAT FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES AND THE NATIONAL WATER MODEL PREDICTED STREAMFLOW
ON DAY 2...A SLIGHT RISK WAS INSERTED INTO THIS AREA TO OVER THE
WET ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS.

DAY 3...
THE FRONT IS EXPECTED TO STRETCH FROM FAR SOUTHEAST OK ACROSS
ACROSS NORTHERN INTO SOUTHERN IL/SOUTHERN I/SOUTHERN OH INTO
WESTERN AND CENTRAL PA DURING THE FIRST HALF OF DAY 3. A 35 TO 45
KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW CONTINUES TO POUR 1.50 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN THREE AND FOUR STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE FRONT. THE 00Z
GFS/21Z SREF SHOWED THE BEST INSTABILITY EXTENDING FROM ALONG AND
SOUTH OF THE FRONT...AND THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY WILL FUEL CONVECTION THAT TRACKS ALONG THE FRONT. THE
POTENTIAL FOR TRAINING APPEARS HIGHEST BEFORE 25/00Z...WHEN THE
THE 850-300 MB FLOW IS MOST CLOSELY ALIGNED WITH THE PROPAGATION
VECTORS. AS SURFACE LOW PRESSURE DEEPENS OVER THE THE UPPER MS
VALLEY AND UPPER GREAT LAKES AFTER 25/00Z...MID LEVEL FORCING
ALLOWS THE FRONT TO BECOME MORE NORTHER/SOUTH ORIENTED AS IT
CROSSES THE OH VALLEY.

THE ABOVE SUPPORTS A LONG AXIS OF 1.50 TO 2.50 INCHES OF QPF
EXTENDING FROM NORTHEAST AR INTO WEST CENTRAL PA. THE HIGHEST
AMOUNTS WERE PLACED OVER NORTHERN KY/SOUTHERN IN/SOUTHWEST OH...
WHERE THE BEST OPPORTUNITY FOR TRAINING APPEARS TO SET UP...AND
THIS AXIS IS SOUTH OF THE MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS (EXCEPT FOR THE
00Z UKMET). AGAIN...THE AXIS WAS PLACED CLOSER TO THE INSTABILITY
AXIS. LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE IN THIS AREA AS WELL.
GIVEN THE WET ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS...AND INPUT FROM WFOS
PAH/MEG/LMK/IND/IL...A MODERATE RISK WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 3.
THE NATIONAL WATER MODEL (DRIVEN BY THE GFS) SHOWED HIGH STREAM
FLOW VALUES...AND THE ADDITIONAL RAINFALL COULD RESULT IN
FLOODING. A MUCH LARGER SLIGHT RISK WAS EXTENDED FROM FAR
NORTHEAST TX INTO WESTERN PA (WHERE A MODERATE MAY BE NEEDED AT
SOME POINT FOR DAY 3...IF THE AXIS OF HIGHER QPF IS INDEED SOUTH
ACROSS THIS AREA).


ORAVEC/HAYES


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


THIS DISCUSSION WILL TRANSITION TO MIXED-CASE FEB 26, 2018.  THE
LISTING OF ISOHYET POINTS CONTAINED BELOW WILL ALSO BE ELIMINATED
FROM THE PRODUCT FEB 26, 2018.  ISOHYET GRID INFORMATION WILL
CONTINUE TO BE GENERATED IN A VARIETY OF BINARY FORMATS AND MADE
AVAILABLE THROUGH THE WPC GIS PAGE.

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 499909 499897 498886 495867 494861 492858 488851 477841
      471840 465838 459837 456837 454839 449843 444847 437848
      432845 428831 424822 426813 433777 437743 438728 439720
      437712 435706 434701 433692 430674 428663 427660 426653
      424646 423643 416647 411644 403646 397648 392652 385654
      382661 378666 376673 373687 370703 370724 372734 374743
      372758 370763 367768 361783 358796 360807 360810 363809
      367811 366816 364824 357840 351853 343865 337876 331885
      327890 324896 321901 319903 316903 303899 294898 287897
      288908 293912 296914 299915 299923 296931 292934 288939
      285941 279952 276963 270967 264970 258973 257981 256992
      253995 248995 241996 238997 238001 240009 245012 250014
      255014 263015 265015 268013 272008 278006 286006 294004
      309001 313002 317003 324005 339002 348996 356988 369992
      379997 379015 382024 384023 389023 395020 399019 401022
      404040 405044 408046 414045 422036 429028 474997 482988
      484986 484982 484972 484961 487954 489946 491937 493929
      496921 499909
 0.01 464224 465219 465215 463214 453215 447216 444215 441212
      433203 430199 423197 418189 413186 412182 415178 419176
      436180 442177 441183 443187 446188 448190 450195 452197
      455194 458190 463181 464173 460174 460166 462161 464155
      463148 461143 457138 453124 444120 438112 436106 435102
      430092 428087 427084 427080 428071 425067 422067 422070
      421080 420083 421085 421088 423090 426094 427097 425100
      417105 413107 411103 410097 408093 405095 401098 398097
      398093 400085 402079 406074 411076 413076 415073 415069
      415061 408056 399053 388047 387051 382049 376048 370048
      365049 361051 355055 354063 356069 356072 360073 366074
      369076 372080 372085 371090 370097 367103 363105 356113
      351112 348109 342107 343112 346116 347121 344124 345129
      348139 356136 362137 366136 370137 372139 373144 374148
      376149 380154 386157 387161 386165 384172 380174 381182
      377184 371181 365180 359180 350182 346186 343190 338201
      339206 347208 351212 354215 360222 363225 368227 372230
      376235 383241 387246 393247 406252 419253 428251 435247
      439236 444234 450234 458229 461227 464224
 0.01 475111 475106 474104 472102 468101 466102 464107 464109
      465112 464114 463119 463122 467123 470124 472123 473118
      473113 475111
 0.01 404224 403221 400219 395217 390213 384210 374204 368201
      366196 364193 361192 354190 352190 350193 348197 349201
      350203 352205 359208 364210 369214 376216 379220 382221
      386222 391222 397225 400226 402225 404224
 0.01 395105 395101 392099 389094 383095 378098 374102 371107
      367113 370113 372111 377109 380109 382110 387111 393107
      395105
 0.01 381063 381060 381059 379059 377058 375058 373058 372059
      371059 372060 373060 374062 375062 377062 378063 380063
      381063
 0.01 345182 345173 343166 338164 334163 327160 322160 320161
      314163 317168 324174 331176 335178 337180 342185 345182
 0.01 297809 296805 295803 294801 291799 288799 286797 284798
      281800 281802 280805 281807 283808 286809 288810 291810
      293812 295811 297809
 0.01 275828 272816 268806 267799 264796 257797 253799 246805
      239811 239819 242823 245828 248825 250819 252818 254823
      257828 262829 267830 273829 275828
 0.25 481884 480876 478872 476872 471878 468877 462879 455882
      451887 448892 444898 440905 438908 434909 429909 421911
      418912 416915 414922 412928 410937 409943 411947 412950
      416951 421954 425958 432961 440971 443977 444987 447994
      452993 459979 462974 464967 466958 467952 469949 472943
      474935 477918 479910 480899 481890 481884
 0.25 441154 441151 440150 438150 437151 436152 436153 438154
      439154 441154
 0.25 428743 428732 427719 425712 423710 420709 415710 408721
      405727 401734 399741 398751 397762 394771 393774 390776
      387783 385790 384797 384808 383818 378824 370828 357852
      354859 351866 343882 336894 330905 319915 312931 306944
      300956 297962 294970 293975 294980 296983 299985 302986
      306987 314986 326980 331975 338973 341971 344967 346958
      351954 355949 359944 363937 371926 374922 376918 381912
      389900 391894 392885 394877 393869 400852 404846 409840
      411835 413826 417811 419799 421790 425774 428757 428743
 0.25 415241 415239 414237 412236 411235 409234 407234 405234
      404235 403235 401237 401239 401241 401242 402243 404244
      406244 407244 408244 409243 411243 412242 413242 415241
 0.25 399211 398200 399195 396190 396195 394200 389199 386196
      378189 368183 361183 357185 364189 372196 380202 388208
      394211 399211
 0.25 386086 385081 381079 379076 378070 376066 373063 368062
      368066 371069 373073 375078 379080 382083 384086 386086
 0.25 343173 343171 343169 341168 340170 341171 341173 342175
      343173
 0.25 334169 334167 334166 332165 330164 329164 327165 327168
      328169 330170 332170 333170 334169
 0.50 420759 420749 418743 416742 411742 408745 406750 403763
      403771 400778 396791 393800 391808 390816 389824 386838
      384844 380850 373863 369869 365874 362877 362868 365862
      367858 364857 358861 356864 354868 352875 349879 342890
      335901 331907 326912 322917 319924 316937 310947 305955
      303961 302965 302969 308971 319968 332963 338960 343955
      347950 350945 355934 358927 362923 368916 371910 385888
      392857 398846 404834 406828 407817 411811 414804 417789
      420775 420759
 0.50 378196 377195 377194 376192 375191 374190 373189 372188
      371187 369186 368185 366185 365186 366188 367189 369190
      371191 372192 372193 374194 375196 377197 378196
 0.50 376073 377071 376069 375066 373064 371063 370063 369064
      370066 371067 373068 374071 374073 376074 376073
 1.00 387854 386852 384853 379859 373870 369875 365881 357890
      348899 343902 346895 346892 344893 340899 333908 329914
      326921 322934 319941 317945 319946 320949 321954 321957
      323956 327955 330953 336949 340945 343940 350928 357916
      371896 378883 382870 387854
 1.50 376877 373877 370880 367886 361892 356896 347906 337916
      333922 329928 326936 326939 329939 342932 347927 351921
      359910 367897 371890 374883 376877
 2.00 361903 358901 353905 349908 345912 341917 337921 336928
      343928 346924 350919 353914 356910 359905 361903

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 464622 469623 473624 476625 480629 483631 485637 489646
      494658 500665 507676 508682 508688 509701 510714 514724
      519736 523745 524749 525756 525764 524770 524784 522810
      521818 521823 519828 517834 512858 509869 507877 506886
      503899 500911 497919 492927 487932 484934 480935 476935
      472932 469930 465925 448892 445886 442882 439876 435872
      428867 418863 414866 411868 411874 413878 415883 415890
      416903 416918 416935 416947 417954 419956 426965 430973
      433983 434994 435001 437007 437020 437030 435035 431041
      427044 422048 420051 423054 427056 428058 431064 430070
      419085 416089 415097 416103 421104 427104 432103 439100
      447103 449106 451112 434117 427125 424130 422131 421129
      416123 414119 409119 408124 405127 403130 399133 395147
      384146 379144 375141 373138 370136 367136 359140 353144
      348143 346140 343129 341124 341121 342113 340108 336099
      336093 339091 347088 350086 352082 354080 358080 361075
      359070 358065 361064 355058 357052 360049 379046 383036
      383029 382024 379015 377009 374006 371003 368003 363006
      352010 345013 337015 329019 321021 306026 299026 296027
      291026 286027 282029 278027 270023 266022 261021 257019
      256015 257009 259004 267000 273000 275994 280984 284976
      290972 299961 301957 302954 300952 296950 295946 295939
      293934 286927 273917 269909 268906 266905 262905 258903
      254899 252896 253891 253884 257879 260876 265874 274875
      284874 300876 304879 310879 316874 319870 323868 332863
      338854 341846 344837 349830 351826 354823 360816 370810
      375806 378802 382794 384788 383782 380758 378754 377746
      376742 375738 376734 378725 379721 378714 377702 377695
      378691
 0.01 378691 378689 379684 381681 382679 384676 385675 387673
      387668 386666 385663 389662 388660 386659 388657 389656
      393654 392651 390649 389647
 0.01 442630 439633 438636 437638 433640 430641 427642 423643
      422645 418646 415648 412649 410650 408650 409648 411645
      412642 412639
 0.01 522266 522260 524257 526248 529239 533228 536221 537210
      536193 535185 532177 529168 524161 522157 517152 505144
      499139 493137 481127 474124 469125 468126 467130 471135
      475141 478143 481146 477146 473143 465139 462136 453134
      438131 436138 434148 435158 442164 443164 443168 442171
      443174 444177 441180 436184 435188 437190 441195 454193
      459191 465189 472188 474187 478190 480192 480198 475201
      470205 464209 459211 452211 444210 437210 431211 423209
      420211 420214 420223 417228 414228 411230 415244 419246
      417249 417257 421263 423265 429267 436269 442274 457279
      464283 469288 472292 475294 477297 481298 486298 493300
      500298 504295 516285
 0.01 406049 406047 404044 403045 401045 400046 399047 398048
      398050 399052 400051 401050 402051 404051 406049
 0.01 382663 381662 380663 381663 382663
 0.01 377112 378110 377107 375108 374109 373111 372113 371116
      371118 371120 372121 373120 373118 374118 375116 376114
      376113 377112
 0.01 357185 357183 355182 354182 353182 352183 350183 348185
      347187 347189 346191 347192 348192 349192 349190 350188
      351186 353186 355185 357185 357185
 0.01 356111 355109 353109 352110 353111 355111 356111
 0.01 345180 346176 344173 345169 343166 343164 342162 340159
      338159 338161 340164 341168 342171 342175 343177 343180
      345180
 0.01 333173 334169 331164 329161 326158 320157 317157 315159
      318162 321164 327166 330169 333173 333173
 0.01 329820 311809 305806 295805 290803 287801 285804 283806
      284810 288817 285820 282819 278819 275816 271811 269807
      269804 272802 272799 268794 258784 255785 255790 255794
      253791 251789 249792 245798 240810 237817 237820 240822
      244817 249813 254808 257807 259811 262818 263821 266823
      272826 279829 293831 300834 309833 315832 322828 327823
      329820
 0.25 530218 531213 531208 530202 531196 528189 525189 523191
      520191 511183 506182 502183 499182 494182 493181 495197
      496200 499201 504202 513208 518212 522216 524219 526220
      530218
 0.25 516272 518268 518263 516256 515249 513245 509239 505235
      502231 500225 496212 495209 492207 486205 481206 476207
      467211 458216 449218 444219 438221 435223 435227 437228
      452246 463248 471254 487272 496280 500283 505285 509284
      513282 516272
 0.25 485230 484225 482223 479223 477223 474223 472224 470225
      468228 469230 471232 473231 476230 478229 482229 485230
 0.25 497850 497840 496830 493825 488826 484829 481835 481844
      483852 485857 489861 494860 497853 497850
 0.25 478167 478165 477164 477162 476161 475160 474159 473158
      472157 470156 469157 468158 467160 468161 468162 469164
      470165 471167 472167 474167 476168 477168 478167
 0.25 431749 430742 429739 425732 420725 413719 409719 405721
      402728 399748 400770 399777 397781 393789 387803 381820
      375837 369856 367860 365862 361867 361862 363853 366844
      367840 365836 362834 360835 352842 346856 343864 337869
      333875 329882 325890 322901 323910 323921 321931 319939
      316948 314956 305972 299989 297994 302999 306001 310002
      318003 325999 332994 336990 341984 346978 352972 362961
      367953 372947 377941 383936 387930 389922 392900 393887
      393880 392874 393866 396858 404843 409836 413829 420810
      422803 424791 424782 426772 431749
 0.25 407665 406663 406660 404659 402658 401658 399659 398660
      398661 397663 396665 397666 397668 399669 401671 402671
      403671 404670 405668 406667 407665
 0.25 411012 409011 408011 407012 406013 405014 404016 402019
      401021 401023 402024 404024 404023 405023 407021 409019
      410017 411015 411013 411012
 0.25 404077 406070 405067 403066 397072 389070 385071 382069
      378067 375067 374073 376078 377082 379085 382094 389091
      395086 400080 404077
 0.25 362121 361120 359119 358118 356117 354117 352117 351117
      352119 353119 354121 354122 355123 357123 359123 360123
      361122 362121
 0.25 351879 350879 348878 348879 347880 346882 345884 344886
      344888 345890 347888 348886 349885 349884 350881 351879
 0.25 303890 303885 300882 295880 287882 278883 272886 269889
      269892 271894 274896 282898 289899 297901 299901 300898
      300894 303890
 0.25 261799 261798 259798 258799 259800 261799 261799
 0.50 514277 516267 513261 511255 507253 502255 498259 496262
      499265 502270 500272 499277 504281 511281 514277
 0.50 487249 486243 485241 482236 481234 478231 474234 472236
      469236 467233 464232 461233 460235 457235 456237 461241
      468243 474247 479250 482251 485251 487249
 0.50 490224 490218 487213 484210 479210 472211 465215 457219
      450222 446223 448225 455223 465225 472221 480220 487225
      490224
 0.50 421766 420760 419756 417749 414741 411741 409744 407750
      405757 404765 402772 401780 400786 395801 387827 376855
      369867 363876 356886 351891 347897 340906 337910 334917
      327927 321941 319947 318954 314969 315978 312984 311988
      312992 315994 319993 324990 329986 334982 337978 343966
      346960 352956 361949 368941 376930 380923 383917 385910
      386902 387886 386880 388872 390863 393857 397848 401835
      407831 410827 415811 419797 419780 421766
 0.50 357852 356846 352846 348853 345862 341871 336876 333881
      332885 333890 337889 343883 347875 352868 355858 357852
 1.00 487218 487217 485216 483217 485218 486219 487218
 1.00 479238 479237 477236 475237 476240 477241 477240 478240
      479238
 1.00 482216 480215 479214 477213 475213 473214 472214 470215
      471218 473217 475217 477216 478216 480216 482216 482216
 1.00 471218 470216 468217 468218 469219 471218
 1.00 414786 411777 408777 406779 403785 401795 400804 398814
      397821 396824 398824 401822 405815 409810 411801 413793
      414786
 1.00 382861 382857 381854 380856 379859 377862 376864 375866
      373869 372873 371876 374877 376875 378873 380870 381868
      382863 382861
 1.00 375916 375909 372909 369912 366915 364920 362925 361929
      362934 366932 368929 371926 373922 375917 375916
 1.00 364894 364890 363888 358891 352897 346904 342912 332929
      327938 326943 327948 327954 326960 323970 319979 321983
      323979 330972 334962 337952 341943 348925 351914 356905
      364894
 1.50 347919 347914 346911 344915 342916 341918 340921 339926
      339928 339930 341934 343930 344928 344925 346921 347919

24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 534222 535210 537199 537195 535191 534181 527163 518148
      514139 512135 511131 509109 507097 506091 497094 494094
      492101 491113 490120 488124 486126 484123 481120 480117
      476108 474098 471090 466089 463092 461096 461099 459099
      453094 440088 437085 433085 429087 426087 420092 420096
      418099 415101 410092 409089 407089 404091 403095 398103
      391105 385111 383114 380116 376118 373120 372126 372132
      377139 380146 385152 387154 388158 386171 386177 388181
      391183 395183 402180 407175 411169 414170 416173 416179
      415184 413189 411193 409199 408203 408208 409213 397238
      406243 412248 419253 427257 431258 435262 443265 447266
      451269 458272 468276 470279 475281 479283 483286 491290
      496291 499290 505289 510286 516281 520273 523261 525257
      526250 531238 532229 534222
 0.01 516222 516215 515211 510204 506198 504196 502194 500196
      493194 490193 487190 483189 481186 478184 474183 463189
      460190 457194 456198 457202 463202 470201 484201 489198
      494202 498209 502217 506222 510225 514224 516222
 0.01 515918 515906 513897 508882 500851 494835 489822 475793
      464762 454735 438709 431697 427690 424684 422674 419666
      413651 412649 408648 405651 401656 398661 395666 391672
      387677 385684 382690 380698 377705 377714 375731 373747
      371761 369768 368775 365782 362787 361790 359792 357790
      356788 352788 349789 347792 344799 342807 339814 335818
      329822 316828 313832 313834 315837 324843 318846 311849
      303850 296853 291855 287860 284867 283871 281874 275877
      272878 270880 270884 273884 277884 279888 280891 281894
      283896 286897 285902 282907 278923 273937 269951 263963
      253971 249976 244979 237987 234992 236999 240003 246007
      254007 260005 267005 271011 281016 286017 288016 293012
      304005 318003 329001 344999 353999 360999 376999 383004
      384007 384013 386020 389027 391034 389038 389041 393041
      398039 407033 412030 418028 429021 441017 450005 451001
      453998 459994 464992 467994 470994 477994 480994 483992
      487992 488991 493988 495985 496982 497979 497973 499970
      497967 496964 498963 500961 509951 512942 512934 515918
 0.01 412141 412139 411137 411136 411134 412131 410130 408131
      407131 405130 403130 401132 401134 402136 404137 406139
      406140 407141 409142 411142 412141
 0.01 418062 414059 411058 407056 402055 396055 386060 375063
      370061 364061 364065 365066 371069 375073 375082 380084
      388084 397079 408075 413075 415073 415069 418062
 0.01 298819 294814 288810 275805 276801 278799 279795 278790
      276788 273787 265787 247790 245792 246795 253798 256799
      255801 253805 256807 260807 258808 256811 256816 257820
      261821 264822 268822 283825 290825 294824 298821 298819
 0.01 271808 269806 267805 265806 264807 265807 267808 268808
      269809 271808
 0.01 256826 254820 250818 244816 238815 234818 233824 234830
      238836 242838 248837 253833 255828 256826
 0.25 513261 513255 511249 507241 498222 492214 490211 486208
      481207 476207 468210 460212 451213 443213 435216 427219
      424221 421224 421226 423229 427231 424235 421236 419234
      416234 414236 415240 421241 430242 440242 456240 461240
      465238 464235 461231 467228 469225 472222 480220 485222
      489225 493234 498242 500246 501253 500255 497254 494250
      488242 482237 479233 475233 473238 475243 482250 486257
      492266 494270 499273 504271 507267 513261
 0.25 515179 515177 515176 514174 514173 513173 512174 510175
      510176 510178 511180 512181 513181 514180 515179
 0.25 491140 489137 487135 486133 483131 481130 478128 476126
      473126 471125 471130 472133 474134 477136 480137 484137
      487139 489140 491140
 0.25 490891 490883 489877 486863 483853 479842 470839 466836
      464831 459821 457813 456806 452794 450787 449781 446769
      442759 438756 434755 430758 427754 425749 423741 419727
      415716 409707 407705 402704 397707 394712 392717 391723
      390735 389748 387760 385772 383783 380793 377803 366819
      359827 353837 348844 342852 333867 328875 321883 315891
      311901 306909 302919 298927 295937 292947 291954 291961
      294965 298967 301964 307964 312967 314970 316975 319979
      322982 328983 335978 363952 370944 376943 380943 398938
      401941 401945 400949 399955 399962 401976 403982 407985
      412987 413989 413993 407001 404006 404012 406015 410015
      418011 425004 431992 438985 443977 450970 455963 460956
      469950 475944 480933 485922 487906 490891
 0.25 476169 477164 477160 473156 469152 466147 462142 456143
      451146 445147 440147 435149 433152 433157 435162 446169
      446176 444184 445190 449190 451188 458180 461175 465172
      472171 476169
 0.25 459232 459230 457230 456229 454229 452230 451230 450230
      449231 448231 448233 450233 452233 453233 454233 455233
      457232 459232 459232
 0.25 448234 447232 445232 444233 445234 446234 448234
 0.25 443235 443234 441234 443235 443235
 0.25 453107 452102 448100 443099 438099 434101 432104 430109
      429113 433117 436116 441116 445116 448113 452110 453107
 0.25 389118 389116 388116 387117 386118 385119 384120 383122
      381124 382125 383124 384124 386123 386122 388120 389118
 0.25 307888 308882 307878 305873 301871 297872 292874 288875
      286879 290881 293883 296885 300888 304889 307888
 0.50 498232 498229 497226 496225 494224 492225 492227 493230
      493231 495232 496233 498232
 0.50 490219 490218 488217 487216 486217 486219 487221 488221
      489221 490220 490219
 0.50 479213 474211 470213 465215 459216 448217 442216 436218
      427222 425225 430229 433231 436230 440229 451226 455223
      462224 471219 475217 479213
 0.50 482897 483887 482882 481880 475878 468880 463883 460887
      457886 455884 451880 446883 443888 436899 433904 432911
      429918 426922 423927 420932 420937 422940 419946 412954
      410956 410961 413966 417969 424970 430967 433963 437959
      441956 452951 456947 459941 462936 465930 470920 475915
      478909 481904 482897
 0.50 463154 462151 461153 462154 463154
 0.50 455174 455172 455169 454169 453169 451169 451171 450173
      449175 449178 449180 450183 451181 452180 453178 454176
      455174
 0.50 444786 443779 442773 440768 437765 435767 433771 430781
      428786 427791 425802 423813 423817 425820 429821 434821
      439815 442805 443793 444786
 0.50 443860 444858 444856 444853 443853 442853 441855 440856
      440858 440859 439861 439863 439866 440867 442866 442865
      443863 443862 443860
 0.50 419785 417772 415754 413744 410736 408731 404730 402733
      400748 397761 394767 392774 389789 385803 384809 381814
      373823 364833 356842 349851 342861 335871 329883 323893
      319898 317905 315911 317917 322917 326915 326921 328927
      331932 328937 325944 325952 327957 327966 327969 329973
      332973 338969 342965 348954 361933 377913 380908 384904
      393896 405873 412861 417850 421834 420816 419808 418799
      419785
 0.50 303941 303939 303938 302939 301941 299943 298943 298945
      297946 297947 297949 297952 299952 301949 301948 301947
      302945 303943 303941
 1.00 475897 473896 473897 472900 473902 474900 475897 475897
 1.00 464913 464911 463910 462909 462910 462913 464913 464913
 1.00 444223 444220 443220 442219 441219 440220 438221 436223
      435223 435225 437226 439225 441225 443223 444223
 1.00 448925 448923 447922 445923 443925 442928 442929 441930
      442931 443931 444930 445929 446928 447927 448925
 1.00 414786 413779 411773 411761 410754 408752 406757 405764
      404770 402774 397784 390803 387815 383824 377832 370840
      346869 339875 336885 334890 334894 335895 340898 342902
      346904 344910 341919 341926 339930 336935 334941 335944
      338943 342942 346941 350937 364923 369915 371911 373906
      377896 380891 383888 387884 389880 395872 403853 407841
      409831 412805 414786
 1.00 341954 342952 341951 340952 339953 339954 338956 339957
      340956 341954 341954
 1.50 409794 408784 406781 403784 400791 399801 397809 393815
      391818 391824 390828 387831 381834 378840 376850 373857
      367871 364878 362882 362887 360895 356901 352908 349914
      349920 351923 348929 347931 348934 351931 354929 356925
      360918 364914 368907 370898 372889 376884 388875 392870
      395863 397854 399845 403829 405820 406810 409794
 2.00 394856 394851 392849 388846 383850 380854 377859 376866
      373873 372875 374880 379876 384873 387869 391865 394858
      394856

$$




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