Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 170823
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
422 AM EDT WED MAY 17 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAY 17/1200 UTC THRU MAY 20/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...

06Z UPDATE...
ONLY MINOR ADJUSTMENTS WERE MADE TO PRELIM GUIDANCE ACROSS THE
CNTL PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY.

...NWRN U.S/N-CENTRAL GREAT BASIN AND NRN ROCKIES...

MODELS AND ENSEMBLES REMAIN IN DECENT AGREEMENT HERE IN DROPPING
ANONYMOUSLY DEEP CLOSED UPPER LOW SEWD WITH CENTROID NEAR THE
WY/UT/CO REGION BY THUR MORNG.  MODELS SHOW A VERY SLOW MOVING
OCCLUDED FRONT/TROWAL SETUP ACRS WITH THE FOOTHILLS OF THE NRN
ROCKIES THAT BASICALLY REMAINS ANCHORED FOR 12 HOURS OR MORE AS
THE MID LEVEL LOW ESSENTIALLY TRACKS JUST TO THE SOUTH OF THIS
AREA LEADING TO A STG DEFORMATION AREA AIDED BY UPSLOPE FLOW FROM
THE WRN CO MOUNTAINS/FOOTHILLS SEWD INTO THE BIG HORNS AND
ADJACENT HI PLAINS OF ERN WY/NRN CO BY THE END OF THE PD.  A
TRANSITION FROM RAIN TO HEAVY MTN SNOWS ARE LIKELY ACRS MUCH OF
THE HIER ELEVS ACRS THIS AREA..WHILE IN THE LOWER ELEVS...THE
COMBINATION OF LONGER DURATION MDT TO OCCASIONALLY HEAVY RAIN AND
SNOW MELT COULD LEAD TO SOME ISOLD RUNOFF ISSUES..ESPECIALLY NEAR
STREAMS/RIVERS ALREADY HI FROM SNOW MELT.  ACRS THE REMAINDER OF
THE GT BASIN INTO THE SRN ROCKIES...THERE IS ALSO SOME BASIC
SUPPORT OF SHOWING EMBDD S/WV ENERGY DROPPING SEWD THRU THE SRN GT
BASIN BY WED EVENING WHICH SHOULD LEAD TO AN INCREASE IN PCPN FROM
SRN UT/NRN AZ INTO CO WED NIGHT. FOR MANUAL QPF LEANED HEAVILY
TOWARD A BLEND OF CONTINUITY AND HREF MEANS GIVEN DECENT MODEL
AGREEMENT HERE.  PLEASE REFER TO YOUR LOCAL WFO FOR ADDITIONAL
WINTER WEATHER FORECAST DETAILS.


...CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES...

MODELS REMAIN REASONABLY WELL CLUSTERED EARLY IN THE FORECAST PD
IN LIFTING NEGATIVELY TILTED S/WV ACRS THE CNTL PLAINS..WHILE
CLOSING OFF A MID LEVEL CIRCULATION TOWARD THE NE AND INTO THE
UPPER MS VALLEY BY THUR MORNING.  BY THEN BOTH THE GFS AND NAM
OPEN UP THE UPPER LOW A LITTLE QUICKER THAN THE PREVIOUS MODEL
RUNS..THOUGH THE NAM ENDS UP MUCH FASTER IN LIFTING THE ASSOCD SFC
LOW NEWD INTO THE GT LAKES BY THUR MRNG AND BECOMES A SOMEWHAT
QUICKER OUTLIER SOLN.  IN TERMS OF QPF...THERE IS MDTLY GOOD
AGREEMENT IN SUPPORTING A MODERATE TO HEAVY RAIN SWATH IN THE
EVOLVING COMMA HEAD/WARM CONVEYOR BELT BAND FROM ERN NEB NEWD INTO
THE U.P. OF MI WITH SOME DIFFERENCES IN BANDING DETAILS BOTH NORTH
OF THE ASSOCD WARM FRONT AND IN THE EXPECTED WARM SECTOR JUST
AHEAD OF THE LOW AND ASSOCD COLD FRONT.  FOR MOST OF THIS
REGION..A NON-NAM SOLN WAS GENLY FOLLOWED ALONG WITH
CONTINUITY..SUPPORTING WIDESPREAD 1 TO 1.5"+ AMOUNTS FROM NE NEB
INTO SRN MN..NRN WI..AND THE U.P OF MI.  WITHIN THIS AREA..LOCALLY
HIER AMOUNTS ARE LIKELY ESPECIALLY WED AFTN/EVENING FROM SRN MN
INTO NRN WI AND THE U.P. OF MI WHERE TRAINING OF CONVECTIVE CELLS
WILL BE PSBL ALONG VERY SLOW MOVING WARM FRONT.  SUFFICIENT
INSTABILITY/CAPE IS EXPECTED TO DVLP WITH DAYTIME HEATING ALONG
AND SOUTH OF THE BOUNDARY THAT WILL SUPPORT SOME STG CONVECTION
AND WITH PWS NEAR 1.5"...HEAVY RAIN RATES WILL BE MORE LIKELY ACRS
THIS AREA LEADING TO POTNL RUNOFF ISSUES ESPECIALLY GIVEN RECENT
MDT TO LOCALLY HEAVY RAINS ACROSS THIS AREA OVER THE PAST SEVERAL
DAYS.

...SRN FL...

IT REMAINS THE CASE THAT DAYTIME HEATING ACTING ON MDTLY HIGH MSTR
AND SELY FLOW WILL LEAD TO SCTD SHWRS/TSTMS ACRS THE SRN
PENINSULA.  LOW CONFIDENCE EXISTS WITH QPF DETAILS GIVEN LACK OF
ANY ORGANIZED S/WV SUPPORT..THOUGH GLOBAL AND HI RES MODELS GENL
SUPPORT LIGHT AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS HERE.


SULLIVAN


DAYS 2 AND 3...


...UPPER GREAT LAKES/NORTHEAST...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER NORTHERN WI OPENS INTO A SHORT WAVE
PUSHES A COLD FRONT ACROSS THE NORTHEAST STATES DURING DAY 2. AS
THE SHORT WAVE EXITS...UPSLOPE FLOW OVER NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND WILL
RESULT IN LIGHT QPF AMOUNTS DURING DAY 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE...AS
WELL AS THE COLD FRONT. BASED ON THE AGREEMENT...THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES OPENS UP
AND TRACKS ACROSS SOUTHERN ONTARIO DURING DAY 2...THE BEST
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AREA EXPECTED TO FOLLOW. THERE IS
PROBABLY ENOUGH MOISTURE/LIFT FOR AN ADDITIONAL 0.25 TO 0.50
INCHES OF QPF ACROSS NORTHERN
WI/UP OF MI EARLY IN THE PERIOD...BUT THIS IS NOT EXPECTED TO
PRODUCE ANY FLASH FLOOD ISSUES.

THE SHORT WAVE PUSHES A COLD FRONT ACROSS THE NORTHEAST DURING THE
SECOND HALF OF DAY 2. AHEAD OF THE SHORT AND COLD FRONT...A 40 TO
50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND...WHERE
MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE INSTABILITY.
THE CONVECTION THAT FORMS SHOULD BE PROGRESSIVE AS THE MID LEVEL
FLOW IS PERPENDICULAR TO THE FRONT...SO QPF AMOUNTS SHOULD TOP OUT
BETWEEN 0.25 AND 0.50 INCHES ACROSS PORTIONS OF NORTHERN NY STATE
AND NORTHERN ME.


...OH VALLEY/MID ATLANTIC...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING A WEAKENING FRONTAL BOUNDARY STRETCHED
FROM THE OH VALLEY THROUGH THE MID ATLANTIC STATES ON DAY 3 WILL
BECOME THE FOCUS FOR MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY...AND THE RESULTING
CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL. THERE WERE SOME
TIMING ISSUES WITH THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY...AS WELL AS THE
PLACEMENT OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY BY THE END OF THE DAY 3. IN AN
ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND.

A SURFACE FRONT DROPPING SOUTH ACROSS THE OH VALLEY AND MID
ATLANTIC STATES WILL SLOW AS ITS BEST SUPPORT SHEARS OUT ACROSS
NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND. SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A CLOSED LOW
EXITING THE ROCKIES WILL RIDE ALONG THE FRONT...PROVIDING SYNOPTIC
SCALE LIFT OVER THE FRONT FROM KY TO SOUTHEAST VA. MODEL SOUNDINGS
SHOWED 1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AND MARGINAL TO MODERATE
INSTABILITY ALONG THE FRONT...AND AFTERNOON/EVENING CONVECTION
COULD PRODUCE LOCAL 0.50 INCH QPF AMOUNTS IN THESE AREAS. LOCALLY
HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE IF SHORT TERM TRAINING OCCURS...BUT
FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY...

STRONG SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER
THE GREAT BASIN/CENTRAL ROCKIES PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT OVER
A FRONT BECOMING STATIONARY OVER THE CENTRAL PLAINS AND MID MS
VALLEY DURING DAY 2. CONVECTION ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE FRONT IS
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL.  ANOTHER PIECE OF
SHORT WAVE ENERGY TAPS DEEPENING MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ON THE
NOSE OF A STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL JET TO PRODUCE TRAINING
CONVECTION WITH EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FROM THE MID MS VALLEY INTO THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS ON DAY 3. THE 00Z GFS APPEARED TO BE TOO FAST
LIFTING THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY OUT DURING DAY 3...WHILE THE 00Z
ECMWF/UKMET WERE SLOWER WITH THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY...PLACING
HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS. BASED ON THIS...THE
WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/UKMET.

DAY 2...
STRONG SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM THE BASE OF A CLOSED MID
LEVEL LOW OVER THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES TRACKS FROM
SOUTHERN NM INTO OK DURING DAY 2. THE SHORT WAVE PROVIDES SYNOPTIC
SCALE ASCENT OVER A FRONT THAT BECOMES STATIONARY FROM KS INTO
SOUTHWEST MO DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE
BEST LIFT (GENERALLY BETWEEN 19/06Z AND 19/12Z)...A 30 KNOT LOW
LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25/1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE AIR
ALONG THE FRONT INTO KS/MO...WHERE MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED STRONG
INSTABILITY.

THE RESULTING CONVECTION SHOULD BECOME ORGANIZED AS THE EFFECTIVE
SHEAR INCREASES WITH THE SHORT WAVE...AND AN AXIS OF 1.50 TO 2.50
INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED FROM SOUTHWEST INTO FAR EASTERN KS.
LOCAL TRAINING ALONG THE FRONT COULD RESULT IN HIGHER QPF
AMOUNTS...AS INDICATED BY THE 00Z ECMWF (WITH LOCAL 3.00+ INCH
AMOUNTS). THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY
BETWEEN 2.50 AND 3.50 INCHES...BUT TRAINING SUGGESTS AN ELEVATED
FLASH FLOOD THREAT...SO A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVR MUCH OF
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN KS FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER THE ROCKIES OPENS UP AS A LONG
WAVE TROUGH AND CROSSES THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS...IT
PROVIDES ADDITIONAL SYNOPTIC SCALE FRONT EXTENDING FROM CENTRAL TX
INTO NORTHERN MO BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. THE BEST LIFT OCCURS IN
THE 20/06Z AND 20/1Z TIME FRAME...DURING WHICH TIME A LOW LEVEL 35
TO 45 KNOT JET TRANSPORTS 1.50/1.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
FROM CENTRAL TX INTO SOUTHERN IA. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE
TO STRONG INSTABILITY ON THE EASTERN SIDE OF THE FRONT...AND THE
RESULTING CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO BECOME ORGANIZED AS THE
EFFECTIVE SHEAR INCREASES.

A LARGE AREA OF 3.00 TO 4.00 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED FROM
SOUTHWEST OK (NEAR THE RED RIVER) INTO WEST CENTRAL MO. AS
PROPAGATION VECTORS BECOME BETTER ALIGNED WITH THE 850-300 MB MEAN
WIND...TRAINING BECOMES MORE LIKELY...ESPECIALLY ACROSS SOUTHWEST
OK. BOTH THE 00Z ECMWF AND 00Z UKMET HAVE LOCAL 7.00+ INCH QPF
AMOUNTS IN OK ON DAY 3...BUT THERE ARE IN DIFFERENT LOCATIONS (DUE
TO TIMING ISSUES). THE 00Z GFS HAS THE HIGHEST QPF AMOUNTS IN
WESTERN MO...ALSO DUE TO TIMING ISSUES. FOR NOW...A LARGE SLIGHT
RISK WAS EXTENDED FROM THE MID MS VALLEY INTO THE SOUTHERN
PLAINS...BUT IF THERE IS BETTER MODEL AGREEMENT ON A QPF MAXIMUM
IN SOUTHWEST OK...A MODERATE RISK COULD BE NEEDED HERE IS
SUBSEQUENT FORECASTS.


...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES...

A STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL INFLOW AHEAD OF A STRONG CLOSED MID
LEVEL LOW INJECTS MOISTURE INTO A STRONG UPSLOPE FLOW OVER THE
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES ON DAY 2. LOWERING SNOW LEVELS WILL
MITIGATE SOME OF THE FLASH FLOOD THREAT ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN.
AS THE MID LEVEL OPENS INTO A LONG WAVE TROUGH ON DAY 3...THE
UPSLOPE FLOW WILL DIMINISH...AS WILL THE FLASH FLOOD THREAT. THE
00Z GFS APPEARED TO BE TOO FAST LIFTING THE LONG WAVE TROUGH OUT
ON DAY 3...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE
00Z ECMWF/UKMET.

DAY 2...
AS A STRONG CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW (WITH 500 MB HEIGHTS BETWEEN TWO
AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS BELOW THE MEAN) TRUNDLES FROM
NORTHERN UT INTO WESTERN CO DURING DAY 2...A 30 TO 35 KNOT LOW
LEVEL EASTERLY INFLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50/0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER
AIR INTO THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES. THE STRENGTHENING
UPSLOPE FLOW...COMBINED WITH STRONG DYNAMIC LIFT WITH THE CLOSED
LOW...IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE A LARGE AREA OF MAINLY STRATIFORM
PRECIPITATION ACROSS SOUTHEAST WY INTO NORTHEAST CO. THERE WAS A
MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS FOR 2.00 TO 3.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE
FRONT RANGE OF CO (WITH SOME SOLUTIONS INDICATING LOCAL 5.00+ INCH
AMOUNTS). HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE...AS MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED
MARGINAL INSTABILITY IN THE LOW LEVEL MOISTURE PLUME.

LOWERING SNOW LEVELS WITH THE CLOSED LOW OVER SOUTHEAST CO AND
NORTHEAST CO SUGGEST THAT MUCH OF THE QPF FALLS IN THE FORM OF
SNOW... ESPECIALLY ABOVE 6000 FEET. HOWEVER...THERE MAY BE
CONVECTIVE ELEMENT TO THE PRECIPITATION...ESPECIALLY IN THE LOWER
LEVELS. BECAUSE OF THIS...A MARGINAL RISK REMAINS IN PLACE FOR
PORTIONS OF THE LOWER LEVELS OF THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES IN
SOUTHEAST WY AND NEARBY NORTHEAST CO FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW GRADUALLY WEAKENS DURING DAY 3...AS IT
OPENS INTO A LONG WAVE TROUGH AND CROSSES THE CENTRAL PLAINS. THE
RESIDUAL MOISTURE IN THE UPSLOPE FLOW COULD PRODUCE AN ADDITIONAL
0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS FAR SOUTHEAST WY INTO THE FRONT
RANGE OF THE ROCKIES IN NORTHEAST CO. SOME OF THIS IS EXPECTED TO
FALL IN THE FORM OF SNOW...SO THE FLASH FLOOD THREAT APPEARS TO BE
MINIMAL ON DAY 3.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


SULLIVAN/HAYES

24HR QP VT 18/12Z
 0.01 544179 542174 540170 540167 538166 534163 530161 527157
      525152 522149 519153 518151 518148 520142 520136 518127
      513120 463060 455042 454035 452029 451023 451016 452009
      454005 457994 461985 464978 481939 499898 502888 503873
      506861 507848 509836 510824 511818 514817 518814 522813
      531807 533795 532786 533782 533774 533766 530754 526742
      518721 515716 515712 517705 517698 518691 517683 515668
      510659 506651 496642 479632 476631 472631 465629 461638
      460644 461651 462664 462670 463678 463690 461703 461709
      462714 466726 469737 470753 469758 469764 467772 465777
      462784 455791 450795 447798 442801 438805 434807 425815
      423816 424820 428823 431823 432821 436821 439818 447813
      451816 451820 445827 440832 435835 431835 422839 416842
      412846 409847 408843 410831 410824 407825 403825 404822
      407817 407810 404807 401806 399810 397819 397823 401825
      402828 401830 398832 392841 381856 371871 364885 353901
      347908 341914 335921 332925 328928 321934 312939 305942
      299943 294945 288950 282956 277962 272972 273978 275987
      281991 292994 299991 306985 313979 320970 332957 339952
      348948 359947 361944 359940 358936 361934 364929 366925
      375913 387897 393890 399883 403874 406870 412866 419860
      425855 428856 429860 429866 427873 425876 419883 411889
      390913 388919 385922 380927 377930 375936 375938 387938
      388941 387943 384947 382952 382959 383965 385969 387972
      385977 383987 383001
 0.01 383001 379007 377014 379018 381020 384022 387024 391025
      392028 390030 382040 376052 373057 369059 365060 364062
      360069 357074 352079 344086 342092 340100 340106 343112
      345127 352137 354139 360138 363132 370134 373136 375139
      377144 382147 386148 388150 395160 395165 393168 397171
      402170 406169 409171 413174 417180 424189 435196 441200
      446201 455193 462185 470172 475169 478168 480170 480177
      475181 472186 473191 474194 478195 484196 490198 495201
      499202 500205 504210 508223 510231 515236 520239 523235
      518221 517216 516211 518207 521205 525206 532208 536207
      539199 544179
 0.01 486215 486212 484211 480211 478209 469211 458212 449213
      445214 440215 436218 434222 435227 437229 440230 449228
      453226 458226 467224 476220 479218 484217 486215
 0.01 402774 401764 397765 395768 392776 388783 387786 384788
      381795 381805 388799 390798 391794 393790 395787 399781
      402774
 0.01 371192 371189 369186 368184 364183 361183 357182 355183
      352184 350185 348187 351189 354189 358190 361191 365192
      368194 371192
 0.01 349873 347866 343866 341864 337864 335862 329858 324855
      316854 310856 307863 305880 303886 299891 298893 298897
      304897 309893 313888 315886 313883 320880 332875 334876
      338876 347875 349873
 0.01 318016 318013 315011 313011 309010 305010 302010 300012
      298014 298015 300017 301019 305021 307022 310022 312022
      314020 316018 318016
 0.01 276803 270793 269789 267789 263789 262791 257794 249796
      244797 239801 240815 246825 253819 257822 262825 267828
      273829 275828 275824 273818 270813 268806 272806 276803
 0.01 262998 260994 259992 255991 250989 244987 238987 233990
      233995 235998 238999 244000 249000 253999 257999 262998
 0.25 517766 518758 517751 515746 513740 511735 508734 509742
      508747 508755 509763 511769 514771 516770 517767 517766
 0.25 507143 507138 506135 502128 493117 477096 467081 459069
      456063 452058 448053 445050 444046 444040 443036 440028
      438019 440011 445993 450983 455976 458970 466958 473942
      479925 484909 486899 488890 490883 492876 495869 496861
      497838 499829 499818 500797 501773 502763 502752 501739
      498731 490696 486686 484671 482667 479667 478671 477676
      475679 475683 471691 471701 472710 475734 476756 476773
      474782 472790 466810 462827 453857 446872 442879 438884
      434888 428890 422893 417897 408907 405910 404914 405919
      407921 406930 403938 398956 397964 402970 404973 404979
      403987 400995 401001 399007 395009 393011 393015 398020
      406022 409020 411016 413013 416014 417016 417022 416028
      415031 412032 406033 400035 395040 391047 389056 387061
      385062 380065 371066 369067 368070 367077 365081 362084
      357088 351103 349110 356111 359111 362109 366103 371087
      373085 377087 380093 382089 384087 390086 396085 400080
      407078 409074 410069 410066 414065 422067 429070 432073
      434079 434098 433120 431130 437133 446140 450147 453153
      454160 456163 458161 464157 469155 472153 475149 476143
      479142 487144 495148 499149 503147 507143
 0.25 460180 459178 457178 456179 455179 454180 453181 452182
      451183 451184 453184 455184 457183 458182 459181 460180
 0.25 429170 429166 428162 425155 423145 422142 419143 417145
      414146 411148 407148 401150 401154 402158 408162 413167
      422169 426171 429170
 0.25 305973 305972 303972 301973 299974 298975 297976 296977
      297978 299978 301977 303975 305973 305973
 0.25 266817 265815 264813 262811 262810 261809 260808 258808
      257809 257811 257813 259815 260817 261817 263818 264818
      266817
 0.50 502139 500134 498130 494124 489117 483111 477105 474098
      469089 465082 457069 452063 446057 439052 435046 432043
      428041 420039 411036 404037 400040 397044 395048 395051
      398055 402056 405057 410057 425058 432054 437057 440060
      440066 440069 440074 444082 445086 445090 443092 440091
      440095 442098 449103 453109 457118 458122 459128 460138
      461141 465143 472139 479137 490141 494142 498142 502139
 0.50 494784 494774 493769 492769 487778 479788 475801 474808
      472815 469826 464841 460853 455864 450874 445887 438897
      433899 426898 420899 416903 412908 411910 414911 417914
      416921 416928 414935 412940 409945 405951 403957 402961
      403965 407969 408972 408977 407985 403995 406000 409001
      419997 424995 427996 430996 435994 438990 452970 460962
      463959 465953 471939 475927 479915 482902 484895 485886
      486877 487869 491839 492823 492805 493793 494784
 0.50 488719 488714 487709 486707 484704 482700 481698 480694
      478696 477701 477704 477709 478714 479719 480721 482724
      485725 488722 488719
 0.50 420161 421159 421157 420155 418154 417156 416156 415158
      415160 415163 416163 417163 419162 420161
 0.50 402016 402014 401013 399012 397012 396014 397015 399016
      400017 402016 402016
 0.50 392073 392071 392070 391069 389070 390072 391073 392074
      392073
 0.50 383081 384079 385077 383075 382074 381074 380073 378071
      376070 374070 374071 374073 374075 376078 377080 377081
      378083 379083 381083 383081 383081
 0.50 366095 367092 367090 366089 364089 363090 362090 361092
      360092 360094 359096 359098 360099 361100 363099 365097
      365096 366095
 1.00 491132 490127 487124 480120 474117 472114 471110 469101
      466092 463085 459079 454074 449068 446067 444069 446074
      448077 452082 454085 454089 453094 453098 455103 458105
      461111 465119 468125 471128 474129 489134 491132
 1.00 485831 485823 482817 480816 478821 472845 468856 464864
      459873 453881 449891 446900 445908 444915 442921 440923
      436926 432930 431935 429938 433947 431959 429961 425961
      422960 420956 414956 414958 415960 420961 422966 419975
      416973 415978 412987 414989 417985 423979 426975 428971
      429973 432976 438976 442974 445970 449963 452957 454952
      457940 466939 470927 472915 477891 478877 480862 485831
 1.00 414045 413043 412041 410041 408041 406042 405044 406046
      407047 408047 410048 411048 413047 414045
 1.50 472868 469867 466870 461877 456884 454889 453896 452908
      453917 460922 463923 466920 470910 470898 470883 472870
      472868
 1.50 465107 466102 465100 462092 460086 457081 453076 450072
      447072 449075 453078 457084 459089 457096 458100 460103
      463107 465107
 1.50 444961 445959 443957 442958 441959 440961 438964 438966
      438968 440967 441966 442966 443964 443963 444961
 2.00 465881 464879 463881 461883 461884 463885 464883 464882
      465881
 2.00 462898 462893 461889 460886 459886 458890 457893 456896
      456901 456906 457910 458911 460908 460905 461900 462898

24HR QP VT 19/12Z
 0.01 532197 533188 533180 529170 524158 518151 510144 505142
      502139 492141 487141 483142 478142 473145 471148 472153
      475157 475160 472160 468162 467167 472169 478171 483179
      486184 490188 493188 495192 500193 505190 508188 512192
      514198 518203 521207 524209 528207 530205 532197
 0.01 522267 522261 522255 521250 519245 516239 510233 505227
      499221 497218 493217 491219 490224 493233 497242 498245
      498250 495251 493253 491260 489262 481264 478265 474264
      466262 460264 456265 453268 448272 442274 436277 429282
      427288 426293 426298 430305 436311 443314 447315 449314
      456310 459307 461303 466298 471296 476297 480299 485307
      487311 489314 495317 498316 500313 505304 509297 511295
      513290 519276 522267
 0.01 510666 509657 507650 505643 502638 500635 496634 490635
      488629 487626 484627 479626 474625 469628 457632 454635
      448637 443639 439642 434648 431650 430655 431661 430665
      432678 435684 439695 440699 442701 443706 439715 431723
      427726 423727 418730 419735 423736 425740 419742 415745
      414747 415750 417755 419758 418761 416767 412776 409785
      406794 398793 393793 393789 391787 387788 384788 380791
      375799 372803 368807 361814 355820 350829 347832 343836
      341840 339845 338850 334854 330858 325860 322859 315860
      311862 310866 312876 310881 307882 301887 296893 293898
      291901 291908 297915 302916 307915 322905 331900 333898
      335903 336908 334913 330916 322921 315926 310932 307940
      306948 307957 305966 304968 301970 295970 292968 286968
      285970 286973 286977 288983 288987 284989 281993 281000
      283003 289009 289013 292017 294023 296027 300029 303030
      305028 308025 313025 323024 331020 336013 337010 340008
      343006 347005 354010 359016 363026 363034 363041 362048
      359050 354055 356068 352071 348069 346065 345068 343069
      338071 336076 333083 332089 331093 330099 333101 341106
      345102 347098 348094 351091 354090 357092 360098 363101
      365100 367092 371090 375092 376098 380099 384097 387099
      387102 372113 364112 362114 361117 361124 360127 357128
      354130 355133 360134 364134 367131 370127 375134 379135
      381136 382138 381141 379142 378147 381150 384154 385156
      385160 384164 387175 391177 395176 399174 405175 410174
      414171 417168 419162 424138 426132 429128 438124 442123
      445121 447118 451117 456123 459122 461126 464134 472136
      476136 481132 480122 473116 470111 468105 465095 463089
      461085 453061 449053 448050 448046 448041 447038 445028
      442017 439009 438007 438003 438997 439983 440976 440970
      439962 440958 442957 450952 456947 469929 472925 474920
      479910 484902 487894 493877 500858 506837 508825 508812
 0.01 508812 509799 511786 510773 511760 511752 511747 511734
      511725 511721 510705 507693 507685 508680 509674 509669
      510666
 0.01 449920 447917 441917 438919 435922 431924 431928 434933
      437937 438942 441937 443933 445930 447925 449920
 0.01 439117 438114 436113 431112 426112 422114 419116 417115
      413116 411119 413122 416125 421126 427125 430123 434121
      436119 439117
 0.01 438835 437827 433828 426834 421841 418849 412858 407862
      403865 400870 402873 400876 398881 398889 398895 399901
      401906 405908 412911 420916 424909 429898 429895 427893
      425890 422869 427862 429858 431854 438835
 0.01 412720 411714 409714 408719 405724 403727 401732 399735
      398740 400739 405736 408733 409730 411725 412720
 0.01 406766 406759 400760 397763 394764 390764 387769 384774
      381777 380782 383784 386781 393780 395777 398777 402772
      405769 406766
 0.01 287804 281798 278797 277793 271789 267788 263788 258788
      254786 247784 239783 232785 229788 231794 233800 235806
      235812 235818 235828 236832 238834 253839 259838 261835
      264829 271824 276820 285806 287804
 0.25 504286 504284 504283 503281 501280 500280 498280 496281
      497283 497284 499285 500286 502287 504287 504286
 0.25 494684 492676 488670 483667 481660 477648 472646 469647
      466649 459658 458662 458666 462669 467671 467674 466676
      462687 456699 451712 448717 448723 450729 450736 447742
      442746 434746 427749 425754 427761 435768 445771 449775
      450780 449782 449789 450793 454798 455803 454810 453819
      453828 451835 449847 450862 450870 451877 453887 455893
      459896 463895 466894 468891 470885 475875 483864 488855
      491841 493825 495817 496807 494790 495774 495757 495738
      494732 491727 490723 491718 492713 493705 494696 494684
 0.25 457103 458100 457096 456092 454083 452072 449065 444059
      442051 443043 443038 442036 437029 434022 428004 422990
      422981 423973 423967 421963 416957 407944 403939 398936
      392933 387929 382927 377928 372932 361944 358950 357957
      357967 359975 357977 352978 346978 339974 336970 336965
      334958 331955 328956 323959 319962 313968 309974 297985
      294991 294996 295000 299004 304007 309008 311010 310012
      309017 312020 319018 322016 325012 329006 333001 338998
      344996 352994 357996 358998 362006 368012 372014 375018
      374022 373026 372032 372041 372047 374052 375060 377080
      379083 382085 387086 400082 409080 417082 421085 423088
      426096 431099 437100 441099 443096 445092 447098 450102
      454104 457103
 0.25 394858 394853 390854 387861 381868 377875 368887 358901
      350913 344921 346922 350922 355921 359919 364914 369908
      373902 377893 381886 388872 394858
 0.25 359859 359852 356850 349854 343860 337866 335870 334874
      329881 329884 331885 334885 341880 346875 352868 358861
      359859
 0.25 258803 255801 250801 246803 243805 240808 238813 238816
      244817 246816 249812 251810 254806 258803 258803
 0.50 488706 486694 484689 482688 477687 472689 467694 461701
      457709 455719 456729 456742 454746 454751 456776 460783
      463781 464777 466767 470759 472748 472738 473733 475729
      479721 484715 488708 488706
 0.50 490795 490787 489780 487765 486759 484761 481767 480772
      479784 477795 475799 475805 475813 477817 480828 484826
      486821 488810 490798 490795
 0.50 477855 478846 476842 474837 474830 474825 472820 470815
      468812 464815 462819 458829 456840 456851 458857 460861
      462866 466868 471867 474864 477855
 0.50 447075 445069 441064 439059 437053 435037 433033 430029
      422020 413015 406015 400013 395013 390015 385018 381022
      378025 376027 376030 377037 377042 376045 377050 379054
      392072 398071 401070 405071 417072 423074 425078 424085
      426090 430092 434087 437083 438076 440073 444074 447075
 0.50 420006 419001 415996 413992 412988 414985 417982 416977
      410970 403961 398952 391944 384940 378940 375945 373949
      372956 372965 369969 365978 362983 361987 362989 365994
      366998 368005 369007 372009 376008 380004 385003 390004
      393004 397002 402000 406003 411012 415013 418011 420006
 0.50 335988 337984 334984 332984 326981 324980 324977 330971
      330965 329962 326962 319967 316971 313975 309979 307983
      303994 304997 310997 322997 324996 325998 326997 334991
      335988
 0.50 324010 324007 324006 324005 323003 322001 321003 320004
      319005 318005 316007 315009 314009 314011 315013 316015
      318015 320014 322013 323012 324010 324010
 1.00 470714 470711 470708 470706 469705 468704 467703 465704
      464705 464708 463710 463713 463715 464718 464720 465722
      466723 468722 469720 470719 470716 470715 470714
 1.00 431056 432051 431046 429039 421032 417028 412025 407023
      400022 389025 388029 388034 389036 389040 388047 390054
      393058 399062 405063 413063 419063 424060 429058 431056
 1.00 395984 396980 395975 394970 394961 393956 390950 387947
      384946 381947 378949 376956 375963 375975 375981 374988
      372994 373001 377001 380998 387992 394984 395984
 1.50 426051 425045 423041 417036 409032 402027 393029 393032
      395037 393042 393048 397055 405059 414059 421055 426051
 1.50 389970 390963 390956 388952 384950 380954 379958 378963
      378970 378976 380981 384982 386978 388974 389970
 2.00 421050 421047 420044 418041 415037 410036 405036 401039
      399041 398048 399053 402056 407057 411057 416055 418052
      421050
 2.00 388961 388959 388958 387956 386954 384954 383956 382958
      381961 381963 381965 380968 381970 382972 382973 384973
      384972 385970 386969 386968 387965 387963 387962 388961

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 492612 497618 502625 505632 508640 508652 509658 507663
      504673 498680 489695 485702 478709 467720 461727 458730
      456734 450750 448758 444764 435782 430788 425785 424782
      423776 423773 419772 415779 412788 408806 404818 401827
      399835 398840 398845 403850 406856 412874 431877 440877
      444877 447879 453881 456884 459887 465895 469904 473913
      476922 479930 481934 482941 483951 483962 483975 482982
      481987 478997 474008 470015 466021 456034 451042 445050
      442052 439056 437066 449072 453078 454086 451085 448080
      445078 440077 433080 435083 437088 439104 437108 433110
      429110 425111 408115 400119 393122 387125 384127 381125
      378123 379117 380114 382112 388106 391105 393104 394101
      393098 390095 386095 381097 378096 374094 372092 370088
      366079 363071 362061 362050 358053 356052 349046 336039
      326038 319037 310034 305032 299032 290031 285031 282028
      279028 276024 272018 266011 258007 255000 255995 257992
      268984 274980 282978 288974 290972 294972 308964 323956
      327950 321946 312945 307945 303948 299954 296956 291956
      290952 292946 295937 296933 297928 295924 295919 299903
      302897 307892 313890 317890 326891 331891 334893 342893
      345893 347890 352883 353877 352871 349860 346851 345844
      345838 348819 349809 348800 348793 349787 348781 350776
      351772 351767 351763 351757 350746 351736 355734 358731
      360721 367683 367677 367668 369661 373656 378652 382657
      389653 393652 396653 402654 413666 415673 421670 423677
      424689 421706 415720 413727 408735 403750 402758 399767
      397774 399777 401775 403773
 0.01 403773 407767 409761 415746 418733 423727 426721 428713
      431706 434701 436693 438686 439677 440675 440670 442662
      443659 441656 438654 436651 436647 437644 441638 445633
      451628 452626
 0.01 536120 535089 514084 510085 505087 496094 482112 484115
      483119 478122 471130 468136 465142 462149 462153 463156
      471165 476167 481165 484162 488159 498154 500148 500142
      499139 500128 503122 505120 508120 511122 513124 515127
      518128 522131 526131 531129 536120
 0.01 411709 408706 404706 403709 400714 399717 397721 397728
      397732 399734 404733 407728 408723 409719 410714 411709
 0.01 306810 305802 300796 286791 281789 278788 273788 269787
      265787 261782 256778 249775 247772 244770 237769 232772
      229779 228787 229795 232803 232814 233819 235822 236826
      239827 246827 253825 257823 260824 264829 270832 277834
      282835 283838 281844 281853 282863 285865 290864 295860
      300847 300841 299838 294832 289828 289825 292822 295816
      295810 301811 306810
 0.25 494629 493623 488622 478623 474623 469626 460631 456636
      455642 458654 463666 466668 471668 478661 484653 490644
      493639 494632 494629
 0.25 471954 472948 471940 467935 460927 454923 447920 443919
      439916 436914 433909 429900 427896 424894 417897 413899
      409898 402894 396889 390883 382879 379876 375878 371880
      368882 363888 357894 354897 352901 353906 355909 357913
      357918 351924 346933 339947 334955 329962 322969 317975
      312981 306986 301992 297998 295002 295006 301013 306017
      310019 315020 323026 332025 339021 344015 357005 370992
      376988 384985 391984 397988 401991 403996 403000 403007
      399028 396032 393033 389045 387048 382047 377048 376052
      377058 380061 387065 392073 399077 403076 407073 414068
      419062 424056 431051 436043 440035 445024 451007 454003
      457002 462001 464999 466995 465988 462985 458986 453986
      450983 449979 451973 455965 459963 462962 468959 471954
 0.25 433097 433096 432094 431093 429092 428091 427091 427094
      429096 429097 431097 432098 433097
 0.25 389810 386809 380813 377812 375809 374804 372802 370801
      367802 363807 357819 354825 353830 355835 358840 360847
      361857 363859 367860 376866 380861 383854 385849 388842
      389834 389824 389810
 0.25 376760 376755 376751 374747 373744 370745 368746 367748
      365752 365755 365760 365764 364766 365769 369769 371768
      373765 375762 376760
 0.25 276826 274825 272826 272827 274827 276826 276826
 0.25 254802 252798 248797 244796 241799 240803 240808 238813
      241819 243819 246817 249813 251810 253806 254802
 0.50 487629 485625 482625 478627 476631 473635 470639 468644
      469646 471647 476645 481642 484638 486635 487630 487629
 0.50 454949 452942 447939 441933 436928 430924 425918 420914
      414911 411909 407910 403910 395907 390906 386908 376916
      366927 355934 350940 346946 337960 329971 326977 323984
      320991 317994 314995 307997 305000 305005 309011 316015
      323017 329019 333019 337017 341012 346008 352003 357000
      364994 373987 379983 385978 392974 396973 398975 399981
      401983 404985 408986 412985 416987 417989 418994 416003
      412011 408017 405018 406022 407026 408032 409036 408040
      405042 401043 395044 393048 394052 395057 397059 412057
      422045 431035 436030 438027 439022 440010 440003 443000
      444996 443991 440993 439997 438002 436005 430007 428004
      427000 426992 430986 434980 440976 445969 451961 454949
 1.00 438964 435956 431951 426945 423938 415927 410922 403920
      396920 388922 382927 379932 371944 367951 363954 357957
      351962 346967 341971 337975 333981 331989 330999 332006
      336008 339006 351998 356996 362992 372983 377979 381974
      385967 389963 395959 402957 419958 422963 427966 433966
      438964
 1.50 409938 410930 407926 400924 394925 390927 386930 379938
      373947 368956 361961 353967 346973 339981 337985 335992
      335997 338001 357992 364986 370978 375970 382962 389956
      398950 405945 408940 409938
 2.00 405933 404930 402928 397927 393928 387932 382938 378943
      374949 375958 379959 382957 388953 393949 398945 403939
      405933
 2.00 370965 367965 362967 355972 348975 343980 338989 337995
      340998 348995 355991 362985 366978 369967 370965
 3.00 395938 396936 395934 393934 391935 389936 388938 387938
      386940 386941 384943 386945 388944 389943 389942 391941
      392940 393940 395938 395938
 3.00 386945 384943 382945 382947 384946 386945
 3.00 355985 355983 352980 350980 348980 345982 343984 341987
      341989 340992 342994 344993 347991 350989 351988 353987
      355985

$$





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