Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 170946
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
545 AM EDT FRI MAR 17 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAR 17/1200 UTC THRU MAR 20/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO FAR NORTHERN CA / NORTHERN ROCKIES...

A WELL DEFINED TROUGH OFFSHORE...WITH A RELATIVELY COMPACT
BAROCLINIC LEAF STRUCTURE AS DEPICTED PER IR/WV LOOPS... WILL
CONTINUE TO PUSH TOWARD THE COAST DURING THE DAY 1 PERIOD. THE
MODELS ARE IN RELATIVELY GOOD AGREEMENT IN TERMS OF TIMING...WITH
THE SURFACE FRONT PUSHING ASHORE THE PAC NW BY 12Z SAT WHILE THE
500 MB TROUGH FOLLOW SOME 6+ HOURS LATER. MOISTURE ANOMALIES WILL
BE ON THE UPTICK AS THE WARM CONVEYOR BELT (WCB) APPROACHES...
OWING TO THE STRENGTHENING LOW-MID LAYER SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW (40-50
KTS AT 850 MB). 850-700 MOISTURE FLUX ANOMALIES PEAK BETWEEN 4-4.5
STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE ACROSS THE PAC NW PER THE SREF AND
GEFS...AND AROUND +5 OVER THE NORTHERN INTERMOUNTAIN WEST INTO THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES. THIS AS PW ANOMALIES CLIMB TO AROUND +2 ALONG
THE COAST AND +3 INLAND. THE FAVORABLE PRE-FRONTAL ENVIRONMENT
(DEEP LAYER WAA/ISENTROPIC LIFT WITH UPSLOPE ENHANCEMENT ACROSS
THE WESTERN SLOPES) WILL LEAD TO MODERATELY HEAVY RAINFALL OVER
THE DAY 1 TO 2 PERIOD. THOUGH THE RAIN RATES WILL NOT BE
EXCEPTIONAL...THE REGION IS UNUSUALLY SATURATED...WITH RIVERS AND
STREAMS RUNNING HIGH FROM A COMBINATION OF SNOW MELT AND NEW
RAINFALL. PLEASE SEE INFORMATION FROM LOCAL NWS OFFICES FOR
DETAILS. FOR DAY 1 QPF...WPC CONTINUED TO LEAN TOWARD THE NAM (IN
PARTICULAR THE PARALLEL NAM AND ITS HIGH-RES CONEST
VERSION)...WHICH MATCHED UP WELL WITH THE WRF-ARW...NMMB...HREF
MEAN...AND PARALLEL VERSION OF THE NBM. THE GFS WAS ON THE WETTER
EDGE OF THE GUIDANCE SPREAD ACROSS NORTHEAST OR (BLUE
MTNS)...WHILE THE UKMET AND ESPECIALLY THE ECMWF REMAINED SLOWER
THAN THE NAM/GFS AND ENSEMBLE OF AVAILABLE HIGH-RES GUIDANCE.
COMPARED TO THE PREVIOUS FORECAST...THE WPC QPF DID EXHIBIT A
SLIGHT INCREASE ACROSS THE WA AND FAR NORTHERN OR COASTAL RANGES
(BETWEEN .10-.25").


...UPPER GREAT LAKES / OHIO AND TENNESSEE VALLEYS / LOWER
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY / APPALACHIANS...

THE LEAD SHORTWAVE CURRENTLY RIDING OVERTOP THE FLAT UPPER RIDGE
ACROSS THE NORTHERN HIGH PLAINS WILL GRADUALLY AMPLIFY AND REPLACE
THE STACKED NORTHEASTERN U.S. CYCLONE WITHIN THE ESTABLISHED EAST
COAST TROUGH. IN THE EARLY STAGES OF THIS PROCESS GROWING HEIGHT
FALLS AND SOME RETURN OF MODIFIED GULF MOISTURE WILL LEAD TO AN
EXPANSION OF RAIN...FREEZING RAIN...AND SNOW OVER THE UPPER
MIDWEST...WESTERN GREAT LAKES...NORTHERN OH VALLEY...AND INTO THE
WESTERN SLOPES OF THE APPALACHIANS TODAY. FARTHER
SOUTH...HOWEVER...STRONG UPGLIDE SHOULD SUPPORT RAIN BREAKING OUT
OVER THE TENNESSEE VALLEY AND LOWER OH VALLEY AND OHIO VALLEYS.
SOME DEEPER CONVECTION ROOTED CLOSER TO THE SURFACE MAY TRY TO
FORM THIS AFTERNOON ALONG THE SURGING COLD FRONT TRAILING THE
EARLY-DAY WARM ADVECTION DOMINATED PRECIPITATION. MANY OF THE
FORECAST MODELS SHARE THESE THEMES...BUT VARY IN MAGNITUDE. WITH
DRY AIR IN PLACE INITIALLY AND ONLY A MODERATELY STRONG
SYSTEM...WE REMAINED CONSERVATIVE WITH QPF MAGNITUDE...BUT DID
INCREASE RELATIVE TO THE PRIOR FORECAST (ESPECIALLY ACROSS WESTERN
AND CENTRAL KY). WPC QPF WAS DERIVED PRIMARILY FROM A BLEND FROM
THE 00Z PARALLEL NAM...GFS...ECMWF...PARALLEL NBM...AND IN-HOUSE
BIAS CORRECTED ENSEMBLE.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

A LONG WAVE TROUGH COMING ASHORE ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
DURING DAY 2 TAPS DEEPER MOISTURE TO PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY QPF
AMOUNTS ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES. WEAK
SHORT ENERGY CROSSES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES ON
DAY 3...AS A FRONTAL BOUNDARY CROSSES THE NORTHERN ROCKIES. THERE
WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE MID
LEVEL ENERGY...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MAINLY ON A BLEND OF THE
00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH COMES ASHORE ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
DURING DAY 2...IT TAPS PACIFIC MOISTURE (IN THE FORM OF 1.00
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR...WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE THE MEAN)...AND A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW
FOCUSES THE MOISTURE ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN. THE BEST FOCUS IS
EXPECTED ACROSS SISKIYOU RANGE IN NORTHWEST CA AND NEARBY
SOUTHWEST OR...WHERE 1.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. BOTH THE 00Z
ECMWF AND 00Z GFS HAD HIGHER QPF MAXIMA...BUT THERE WERE IN
SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT LOCATIONS. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW ALSO FOCUSES THE
UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS THE NORTHERN WA CASCADES...WHERE THERE WAS A
MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.25 INCHES OF QPF.

THE MOISTURE PLUME REMAINS LARGELY INTACT AS IT CROSSES THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES LATE ON DAY 2. PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TOP OUT
BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN ACROSS ID
AND WESTERN MT. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY LATE
ON DAY 2...DUE AT LEAST IN PART TO STEEPENING LAPSE RATES. THE
COMBINATION OF UPSLOPE FLOW...DYNAMIC LIFT WITH THE SHORT
WAVE...AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY SHOULD RESULT IN AN AREA OF LOW
TOPPED CONVECTION STRETCHING ACROSS MUCH OF ID INTO WESTERN MY AND
NORTHWEST WY. THE BEST UPSLOPE FLOW IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE SALMON
RIVER AND BITTERROOT RANGES IN ID...WHERE 0.75 TO 1.00 INCHES OF
QPF WAS PLACED. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW
AS 0.75 INCHES...AND RUNOFF ISSUES ARE POSSIBLE (ESPECIALLY WHERE
SNOWMELT CONTINUES). MARGINAL RISK AREAS WERE INTRODUCED TO THE
ABOVEMENTIONED ID MOUNTAIN RANGES FOR DAY 2.

THE LONG WAVE TROUGH WEAKENS AS IT CROSSES THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES...AND THE MID LEVEL FLOW BECOMES QUASI ZONAL FOR A TIME
ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAY 3.
THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE MID LEVEL FLOW IS FOCUSED FROM FAR
NORTHERN CA ACROSS SOUTHERN ID INTO NORTHWEST WY. THE MOISTURE
PLUME IS NOT QUITE AS ROBUST AS DAY 2...BUT THE UPSLOPE FLOW
BECOMES FOCUSED ACROSS THE GRAND TETONS...WHERE LOCAL 0.50 INCH
QPF AMOUNTS WERE PLACED.

LOCALLY HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS THE WA CASCADES DURING
DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER
PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF A FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL FEED
CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES QPF ACROSS MUCH OF THE UPPER MS VALLEY
INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 3. THERE WAS GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY...SO THE WPC QPF
WAS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKS FROM WEST CENTRAL CANADA EARLY ON DAY 3
TO A POSITION OVER NORTHERN MN BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. THE SHORT
WAVE PUSHES A SURFACE FRONT ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS TO UPPER
GREAT LAKES. THE FRONT FOCUSES INCREASING MOISTURE (AS
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TOP OUT BETWEEN 1.00/1.25 INCHES...WHICH
IS TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE
INSTABILITY FROM NORTHERN MO/IA INTO IL AND SOUTHERN WI/SOUTHERN
MI. THE SYSTEM IS CAUGHT UP IN A FAIRLY FAST MID LEVEL FLOW...
WHICH WILL LIMIT QPF AMOUNTS DESPITE THE PRESENCE OF CONVECTION.
AN AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED FROM CENTRAL
IA ACROSS MUCH OF THE UP OF MI ON DAY 3...WITH LOCALLY HIGHER
AMOUNTS POSSIBLE WHERE CONVECTION PERSISTS.


...MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKS FROM THE LP OF MI TO A POSITION OF
THE NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC COAST BY THE END OF THE DAY 2. AS
SURFACE LOW PRESSURE WEAKENS OVER THE OH VALLEY...A SECONDARY LOW
FORMS NEAR THE CHESAPEAKE BAY. THE NEWLY DEVELOPED LOW TRACKS OFF
THE DE COAST DURING THE AFTERNOON...REACHING A POSITION OFF THE
SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND COAST LATE IN THE PERIOD. AS THE MID LEVEL
SYSTEM TRACKS OFF THE SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND COAST DURING DAY
3...THE SURFACE LOW FOLLOWS A SIMILAR TRACK. THE 00Z ECMWF APPEARS
TO BE TOO SLOW AND TOO DEEP WITH THE SURFACE LOW ACROSS NEW
ENGLAND...ESPECIALLY ON DAY 3...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MORE
CLOSELY ON THE 00Z GFS/NAM (WHICH SOME 00Z UKMET INCLUDED AS WELL).

THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKS FROM SOUTHERN MI EARLY ON DAY 2 TO
A POSITION OFF THE DE/NJ COAST BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. SURFACE
LOW PRESSURE ASSOCIATED WITH THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW WEAKENS AS
IT CROSSES THE OH VALLEY. THE MID LEVEL LOW PRODUCES SUFFICIENT
LIFT OVER THE NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC TO AID IN CYCLOGENESIS ON A
LOW LEVEL BAROCLINIC ZONE OFF THE DE COAST. THE LOW THEN DEEPENS
AS IT TRACKS OFF THE EASTERN END OF LONG ISLAND NY. AS THE SURFACE
LOW DEEPENS...A DEVELOPING MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETICALLY FORCED LIFT
FORMS SOUTH OF LONG ISLAND NY.

THERE IS SOME MODEL SPREAD CONCERNING WHERE THE BAND FORMS...AND
TRACKS ACROSS THE NYC METRO AREA INTO SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND. THE
00Z ECMWF CONTINUES THAT MODELS TREND TO KEEP THE BEST LIFT SOUTH
OF LONG ISLAND NY...WHEREAS THE 00Z NAM/GFS/UKMET ARE CLOSER TO
LONG ISLAND INTO SOUTHEAST NY. THIS SOLUTION WAS LARGELY ADOPTED
FOR THE WPC QPF...WHICH PLACES 0.50+ INCHES OF QPF ACROSS LONG
ISLAND NY...AND 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EASTERN PA...THE
LOWER HUDSON VALLEY OF NY...AND PORTIONS OF CT INTO RI AND FAR
SOUTHEAST MA DURING DAY 2.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKS OFF THE SOUTHEAST MA COAST ON
DAY 3...THE SPREAD IN THE GUIDANCE WIDENS. THIS AFFECTS THE
POSITION OF THE SURFACE LOW...AND THE ULTIMATE PLACEMENT OF THE
MID LEVEL FORCING FOR QPF. FOR NOW...THE 00Z ECMWF SOLUTION WAS
ESCHEWED...AS IT APPEARS TO BE TOO SLOW AND FAR WEST WITH THE
SURFACE LOW...AND THE WPC QPF WAS CLOSER TO THE MODEL BLEND
MENTIONED ABOVE. THIS BLEND RESULTS IN A 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF
AXIS ACROSS SOUTHEAST MA...WITH 0.10 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHED BACK
ACROSS THE REMAINDER OF EASTERN MA. AS MENTIONED EARLIER...THERE
IS INCREASING SPREAD IN THE GUIDANCE FOR DAY 3...SO CHANGES IN THE
PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF ACROSS EASTERN MA ARE POSSIBLE IN
SUBSEQUENT FORECASTS.


...SOUTHEAST...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FOCUSED AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT CROSSING
THE SOUTHEAST STATES ON DAY 2 WILL FUEL CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES
LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT
WITH THE TIMING OF THE FRONT...AND THE DEPTH OF THE MOISTURE AHEAD
OF IT...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

A COLD FRONT TRAILING FROM LOW PRESSURE FORMING ALONG THE NORTHERN
MID ATLANTIC COAST DURING DAY 2 BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR 1.00/1.25
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR STRETCHING FROM AR ACROSS THE
SOUTHEAST STATES TO THE NC/SC BORDER. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED
MARGINAL INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE FRONT (THOUGH SOME OF THIS COULD
BE ELEVATED)...FEEDING LOW TOPPED CONVECTION STRETCHING FROM
EASTERN NC ACROSS NORTHERN SC/NORTHERN
GA/AL/MS. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF
QPF ACROSS EASTERN NC INTO NORTHERN SC. QPF AMOUNTS TAIL OFF TO
0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES ACROSS THE NORTHERN PORTION OF THE SOUTHEAST
STATES...WHERE THE INSTABILITY IS NOT AS ROBUST.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


HURLEY/HAYES


24HR QP VT 18/12Z
 0.01 553900 553892 552887 551878 549871 548866 545863 540854
      533844 527843 522844 511845 504846 498846 490845 486843
      483839 479837 476832 470826 463819 456810 449800 442793
      440788 437785 430778 420760 409742 401734 396731 390732
      388731 384733 380736 378741 378744 376746 370747 366735
      363728 359724 355723 350725 346734 342746 342770 343796
      343804 342812 342819 340825 337836 335842 335850 331897
      331913 330925 330943 326956 328960 331962 335965 339965
      346959 355954 360953 364950 368947 372943 386925 399913
      415903 426900 433900 439902 458909 465915 470924 474933
      478944 482955 486966 489972 492977 495982 500985 505986
      508984 515978 521970 523965 525960 527952 530949 535947
      538941 542929 547917 553900
 0.01 534209 534189 533183 529181 525176 522170 517163 511156
      505148 500144 494139 484129 481127 476126 470125 468127
      468130 466135 463138 459142 455148 453151 450152 447153
      443152 440151 437152 437158 439162 442170 443176 440180
      437185 435189 435193 438200 439204 442207 445210 443211
      436208 433212 430208 426206 422205 421208 422212 421215
      419219 416217 410217 396233 395238 399245 399250 397255
      392260 386266 383268 381273 381280 382284 384286 388288
      396291 403295 410298 418299 425299 433299 449296 474293
      489292 496290 501293 503292 507290 512285 517279 519268
      520260 519250 516238 513229 508212 507208 504205 502199
      508201 514206 521213 528218 534209
 0.01 276793 275792 273791 273790 272791 271792 269792 268794
      266795 265796 264797 263798 262799 263799 264800 266799
      268799 270799 272798 273797 273796 274795 275794 276793
 0.25 529199 529198 528196 528194 528193 526193 524194 524195
      524196 525198 525200 527201 529200 529199
 0.25 540888 540880 537874 532872 527873 521874 518869 517866
      514864 509867 497870 491869 486870 480871 476871 474870
      468869 465870 466873 466877 463878 458876 457878 457883
      461888 467897 471901 474907 479918 482923 486930 491941
      495945 501949 507949 511946 513943 515941 518935 521930
      523924 524919 524913 528910 532906 535901 538895 540888
 0.25 515269 516264 516258 514248 508230 505221 502214 496207
      489201 483199 477202 471206 467207 462207 460208 457212
      451213 435218 429220 426222 427225 430229 431232 428235
      420234 416232 412233 410238 411244 414247 411251 405258
      403262 404266 404276 405281 408284 417289 426291 433291
      441290 449289 461284 475275 480274 488277 496281 504281
      510278 515269
 0.25 508177 509171 506166 497159 490153 493149 492143 490139
      487135 474133 487146 487150 486152 481153 475152 471149
      467146 463147 461149 460154 460163 458168 453166 450167
      448171 451177 454179 459182 463178 466172 472176 479186
      481191 484194 487191 491186 497181 506179 508177
 0.25 446839 446836 445834 443832 443831 442829 441828 441827
      439826 438827 437828 438830 439832 439834 439837 440838
      442839 444840 445839 446839
 0.25 434828 432824 428821 424820 421821 419823 419826 417826
      411824 408821 402815 401809 405807 410805 412803 413798
      410792 407787 404785 399786 390789 382795 374803 362816
      357823 349832 346840 345852 345869 344882 342893 342901
      342912 342920 343925 344931 348933 352931 355927 360918
      365907 381868 383864 385861 393855 396853 401855 410861
      417865 422867 427866 429860 429855 427847 427843 428839
      431835 432830 434828
 0.50 509259 510247 508239 502220 499214 494208 486204 478205
      473208 467210 463210 459211 456214 453214 440218 438221
      439223 442227 442231 437237 432241 424239 418237 415239
      418242 420244 420248 415255 411264 411273 413279 416282
      421286 430287 436287 442285 450283 455278 464266 469260
      472256 476256 482256 488262 494269 496271 500272 509259
 0.50 498172 499167 496164 490159 484156 478157 475157 472155
      470153 467155 471162 476167 480173 482177 485179 487177
      490176 496174 498172
 0.50 487231 487230 486228 485227 485225 484224 482223 481223
      479223 480226 481226 482228 482229 483230 485232 487231
      487231
 0.50 391803 391799 388798 383800 378804 375808 371813 367818
      366820 366824 371826 374827 376826 380821 383816 387811
      390806 391803
 0.50 370864 370853 369847 366843 363843 361841 359834 356832
      353833 351835 349840 350846 350857 349868 347888 347895
      347900 349906 349912 346920 348923 353916 356910 360901
      365885 369865 370864
 1.00 499229 500225 498221 494217 491211 487209 483208 475211
      473215 472217 469213 465213 462213 460215 455218 455222
      457226 458228 456231 446233 441238 437245 427250 423255
      420263 421266 423268 429268 429277 432280 437281 442280
      447277 450275 452271 455266 461252 466247 472244 478244
      480243 481239 478230 474226 471223 473220 478217 491222
      494228 497230 499229
 1.00 358881 358879 359876 359874 358872 359870 358868 357867
      357868 356870 355871 355872 355874 354877 354879 354881
      354883 354884 355885 356886 356885 357883 358881 358881
 1.50 479238 476232 473230 471234 468236 464236 461236 459234
      453236 449236 449240 453240 457244 457247 455249 453253
      456253 460246 466242 472240 478239 479238
 1.50 464224 465221 464219 463216 461217 460217 459218 458219
      457221 457222 458224 460224 461225 461226 462226 463224
      464224
 2.00 462223 463221 462220 461220 460220 460221 462223 462223

24HR QP VT 19/12Z
 0.01 556974 556950 555946 555941 552930 545920 541914 534912
      531912 528910 522910 519907 515908 508908 494937 490940
      487947 489955 492962 495970 497977 499981 499984 498991
      495998 487009 486019 486025 487030 491033 499034 506032
      509032 512030 519031 521033 525034 527036 531037 533035
      536035 540029 543022 546012 548003 552988 556974
 0.01 361287 369287 375282 382276 388272 397267 401265 406265
      422262 438261 455259 464256 468255 471257 478264 484271
      489278 492287 495291 500293 504295 508293 510291 513286
      517277 519269 522262 526249 530239 533230 535222 536214
      537206 538200 539197 538191 536180 528156 520139 517137
      515142 516148 516151 514151 501138 487123 480118 475117
      473115 468107 465102 461100 458098 453096 450093 448090
      441088 436089 431089 430087 426087 421090 418099 416106
      415112 414119 415123 417128 416136 414139 410142 401146
      394151 391156 390161 386168 385174 387178 397181 401183
      406185 411186 415190 414194 412197 409200 404201 401201
      398199 391196 384191 374188 372190 371197 374207 373211
      369212 360218 360221 361226 361229 366228 369228 372227
      375223 379220 384223 385228 382235 379238 371246 365252
      358257 355259 351264 347267 345274
 0.01 367661 349677 344681 340686 331696 311718 303727 300733
      296741 293746 292750 290764 289771 290778 293785 297790
      307782 314791 320791 325790 324793 325803 324814 325822
      324829 325844 325847 323850 321848 317849 313854 309860
      308867 307875 307884 307897 308915 308924 305930 297956
      298959 300960 305962 319958 322957 326957 329965 330971
      337969 339967 339961 343952 345945 345943 347942 350943
      355947 360949 364952 368958 372962 375963 379963 384959
      384951 384940 383933 382924 378925 375927 372930 368931
      364931 361929 358927 353927 350925 348927 345925 345921
      346913 347897 349880 351863 356849 363839 365836 369833
      380832 389833 394835 400837 402841 404841 406843 409843
      416843 439854 452858 457862 460866 464877 468883 478892
      505890 512890 516890 519892 523889 526883 532872 528864
      526857 519839 513837 506836 496832 492832 489831 484831
      481829 478829 475827 473823 470818 466811 461805 457797
      451782 451773 450763 448758 447753 448746 441736 434725
      425714 422709 420706 420702 421695 422685 421667 419656
      413649 407647 404646 399647 387648 382651 375655
 0.01 476192 476189 477187 475186 474186 473187 472187 470187
      469187 468188 467188 465189 465191 466194 467196 469197
      471197 472196 474194 474193 476192
 0.01 324885 324883 324881 323879 322881 322883 322885 323887
      324885
 0.01 322896 323894 323892 323889 323887 322885 320887 320890
      320892 321894 322896 322896
 0.01 311039 311036 308032 303027 298023 293018 291016 287016
      283016 281018 277024 278027 281028 284030 288031 295034
      302038 308041 311039
 0.01 289079 284074 278067 273063 266059 259056 252051 247046
      244044 243040 238035 235033 231033 229036 230039 233047
      240061 245066 251071 262082 268087 277088 283085 286083
      288079 289079
 0.01 279980 279977 278976 272976 259980 248983 235983 233985
      233988 234991 232993 233999 237003 249007 255006 257004
      257000 256995 260991 270986 279980
 0.25 533203 532195 533189 526174 522168 518163 513157 508151
      499142 494137 487134 483129 479128 475128 472128 474133
      473142 466141 463139 458139 451141 446140 441139 437140
      434142 432145 432152 432157 433161 437165 441172 447177
      453181 457182 464181 470177 478177 484181 489185 493188
      497188 504189 510191 514195 519202 524208 529209 533206
      533203
 0.25 516270 516264 515258 511247 507234 505218 504213 502209
      495200 485203 474206 459212 449216 443217 438216 429217
      426217 425213 425208 424203 422202 420204 417208 413212
      397213 401217 403220 403224 395231 389239 384250 382254
      384258 388258 397255 405251 410251 416253 428254 434254
      438250 441246 444245 453242 472239 475243 478246 483250
      486254 499275 502275 504274 505270 500260 498253 499248
      502251 504255 507261 510268 514271 516270
 0.25 498245 496239 494235 492231 487228 484227 480227 477228
      473230 473234 475236 477235 481236 486237 489239 493243
      496246 498245
 0.25 484146 484143 483142 482142 480142 478142 476143 475144
      475146 476147 478148 479148 481148 482148 483147 484146
 0.25 453117 454112 452107 451105 449104 446102 442102 441103
      438105 435107 435109 435112 438114 440116 442118 444120
      448121 451119 453117
 0.25 424222 424220 424218 423217 422217 422219 421221 421224
      422224 423223 424222
 0.25 428760 426753 423753 422754 421750 421742 418727 416715
      414701 413693 412685 410669 409662 406658 403654 400653
      387654 377661 369668 357683 344699 337707 331714 325723
      320733 317742 318749 320756 322761 327764 332763 335764
      337767 340777 340790 341799 343805 347808 351806 356799
      360787 363776 363762 364755 365751 369741 373738 377738
      381741 384746 390753 397760 403761 409760 414760 418759
      428760
 0.25 413795 412789 410786 403782 400782 400785 398791 397794
      391795 385800 379807 378811 381814 385814 389812 394804
      395800 398798 401799 404801 408801 411799 413795
 0.50 526190 523181 520173 516166 508160 506157 502156 496154
      489152 481152 474151 468147 464146 461146 458151 459155
      461163 469169 476168 483173 490177 496179 500179 504181
      512186 516187 519189 522192 525192 526190
 0.50 498219 498212 495207 489206 483207 478208 472210 461215
      452218 440221 436223 431228 428230 426230 421228 417223
      415221 411220 403231 400235 397241 396246 397248 403247
      407246 414246 422250 428250 433248 437243 440236 446234
      456229 462229 467226 471223 476221 489222 496223 498219
 0.50 487136 486136 484136 484137 482138 484138 485139 486138
      487137 487136
 0.50 454164 454158 453154 450149 447146 444145 440145 437146
      435149 435153 437157 440160 444163 447165 452167 454164
 0.50 411695 410688 409682 406670 403663 400659 397656 391657
      388658 384662 377668 369675 363682 357688 352696 346705
      340713 336719 331728 327738 326744 329748 332750 336749
      340749 343752 346756 346761 344774 345783 347789 349790
      351789 354784 355778 357768 359759 360747 362741 364737
      370729 376724 379720 381715 383710 387707 390704 395704
      396709 395714 389721 386724 386731 391741 398743 403741
      407738 409735 411728 412723 411716 409704 411695
 1.00 494217 495215 494213 494212 493211 491211 489211 487212
      486212 484214 485215 487217 488218 490218 492218 493218
      494217
 1.00 428242 428240 426239 421237 418234 416229 412228 410230
      408233 408237 410240 413240 417242 422245 427245 428242
 1.00 394675 393671 388672 380675 373680 367687 358699 349712
      346719 346730 347739 349745 352744 361730 370718 375712
      379705 385699 389691 394675
 1.00 397728 397726 396726 395724 394724 393727 394729 395730
      397729 397728
 1.50 424241 422241 421240 419239 417239 417240 419240 420241
      422241 424241 424241
 1.50 382690 381686 377687 370693 364699 359705 353713 350720
      351726 353729 360723 366717 371711 375703 379695 382690

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 468621 470625 472632 473634 471641 460654 442683 433700
      429707 424713 417719 412726 407733 404741 395758 393765
      389772 388776 384779 379780 375778 364771 356768 351765
      346765 339762 335758 330750 328745 326739 325731 327723
      329715 335707 343695 347687 354680 359674 364669 373658
      378654 382648
 0.01 561925 562915 561907 561897 559891 556886 555875 554869
      553860 551848 549843 546840 541835 542823 542808 544794
      543785 541780 541775 539769 533763 528758 524757 519757
      510759 505761 501763 495765 490766 485765 479767 474768
      470770 461773 453779 442790 435797 433801 429805 426808
      423813 415821 410826 404831 396837 393844 388852 385856
      383862 379874 376884 371893 364898 362901 360905 360916
      362922 362928 361932 363937 367941 372943 380947 388947
      392939 398938 402940 412941 445923 447923 448927 450932
      450938 451942 452956 452969 454982 456988 455994 455999
      453003 455008 460011 464010 468009 472006 477999 479988
      482977 485966 487962 490956 494952 497954 496957 492969
      492982 495992 497995 502996 506996 510994 514992 517990
      525984 533979 540972 546967 551959 554957 556952 560944
      560930 561925
 0.01 538202 540192 540184 539178 536174 532170 527168 518163
      512161 508163 506168 505174 510186 514195 521205 527212
      533214 536210 537204 538202
 0.01 522267 522260 520255 517246 515242 512237 507231 504227
      502222 502217 501214 498211 494209 491211 489216 486225
      486231 488234 484237 484241 486246 487252 485253 484257
      485266 489277 493285 495289 498293 502296 503299 508301
      510297 514288 516283 519276 522267
 0.01 497247 496245 495244 494241 492243 493244 494246 494247
      496247 497247
 0.01 474059 475046 474036 471028 467026 464027 461029 460028
      459025 456018 453012 450012 446010 442014 442026 440030
      436033 434036 429037 417041 415045 416048 416051 418055
      424070 425076 423081 419088 415097 411101 410105 409108
      407119 406131 407135 405139 401147 399152 398157 396161
      393162 388166 386168 386173 391176 393178 393181 391183
      386184 382184 379186 378190 379194 378201 377208 373215
      365226 359230 355238 352246 351253 347256 346263 348266
      352267 354270 358271 366274 373275 379280 385286 388290
      392291 399293 403292 407294 410292 411288 413286 414281
      418275 422265 424261 425256 428242 429231 434223 438219
      441212 436194 440191 442186 443182 442178 440171 443163
      450151 450146 450141 451133 453130 461112 463104 468098
      469090 467083 470076 472068 473062 474059
 0.01 400795 400790 398791 391792 388795 383800 380804 378810
      380814 386813 391808 394805 399800 400795
 0.01 330924 330919 328917 325914 324909 319905 314907 310907
      302909 298908 295906 293906 293910 297916 301920 306924
      315924 325924 330924
 0.01 305085 305080 304076 302072 291064 286066 280069 276068
      273067 268062 263058 257056 249056 249064 253069 257073
      266082 271087 276090 281093 289094 293094 296092 300089
      305085
 0.01 286976 285972 281970 273974 267975 261975 250973 239971
      234972 233977 237980 241982 248989 260989 267989 270990
      277989 281987 284983 286979 286976
 0.01 258021 258015 257012 257002 253998 246995 238993 236995
      236999 237003 236006 234009 233013 236020 239026 244026
      246025 252022 258021
 0.25 436632 441632 448629 453628 456630 456637 453643 449652
      444664 439675 432684 427693 421704 418709 414712 409714
      404713 399713 394715 383721 377722 372722 367719 364712
      364705 365699 368687 374678 388661 402643
 0.25 515269 516267 516264 515263 515261 514260 513260 512260
      511261 510262 510265 512268 513269 515270 515269
 0.25 514811 514804 513800 510794 506792 503792 495794 489798
      485803 484808 483814 485820 487821 494825 499827 503827
      507826 511820 514812 514811
 0.25 456105 457099 456095 454092 450092 436095 431100 427106
      422111 420113 421117 421123 419128 417136 414147 412155
      413159 415163 421162 423151 425143 431133 433128 436125
      441120 452112 456105
 0.25 450075 450074 449073 448072 447070 445069 443068 441068
      440069 440072 441073 443074 444075 446075 448076 450076
      450075
 0.25 424210 424203 422200 420199 413198 411198 406208 402223
      398225 392225 389229 386233 384239 387242 391243 395241
      403238 409237 413235 417231 419226 423212 424210
 0.50 419637 428636 435637 442637 444639 445644 443653 441660
      438668 434674 429680 425686 422693 418700 415702 411702
      408693 407687 406683 400680 393678 391676 391674 394666
      397659 405647 414639
 0.50 448107 447106 446104 444104 442104 441105 440105 440108
      440109 442110 444109 445109 446109 447107 448107
 1.00 431660 431658 429657 426657 423658 418655 414653 409655
      407662 408667 412672 416674 420675 421672 423666 428663
      431660

$$





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