Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 202052
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
351 PM EST MON FEB 20 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 21/0000 UTC THRU FEB 24/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


...CENTRAL-NORTHERN CA INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...

PER RECENT SATELLITE TPW LOOPS ALONG WITH SHORT-RANGE ESRL/ARDT
INTEGRATED WATER VAPOR TRANSPORT (IVT) FORECASTS...THE ELONGATED
ATMOSPHERIC RIVER EXTENDING FROM THE ITCZ INTO CENTRAL CA IS NEAR
PEAK WITH MAX OBSERVED PW VALUES PER GPS AROUND 1.25".
THERMODYNAMIC PROFILES ARE HIGHLIGHTED BY THE ANOMALOUS DEEP-LAYER
MOISTURE AVAILABILITY (PW ANOMALIES 3-3.5 STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE NORMAL)...ALONG WITH A ROBUST SOUTHWESTERLY LLJ (40-50+ KTS
AT 850 MB). MEANWHILE...DYNAMICAL FORCING WITHIN THE FAVORABLE
WARM CONVEYOR BELT (WCB) IS QUITE IMPRESSIVE...WITH THE
BROAD-SCALE UPPER DIFFLUENCE BOLSTERED SOMEWHAT BY THE STRENGTH OF
THE UPPER JET FORCING IN THE EXIT REGION (140+ KTS AT 250 MB).
ALL-IN-ALL...THE MECHANICS REMAIN IN PLAY FOR ADDITIONAL
SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL AND HIGHER ELEVATION SNOWS ACROSS
CENTRAL-NORTHERN CA...PARTICULARLY FROM THE BAY AREA AND NORTHERN
CENTRAL CA COAST THROUGH MUCH OF THE SACRAMENTO VALLEY AND INTO
THE CENTRAL-NORTHERN SIERRA THROUGH THIS EVENING. PER THE LATEST
SUITE OF AVAILABLE 12Z HIGH-RES CAM GUIDANCE...HOURLY RAINFALL
RATES ~0.50" WILL BE COMMON...WITH ISOLATED RATES OF 0.75-1.0+
INCH.

OVERALL...CONSIDERING THE MINIMAL MODEL DISCREPANCIES AT THIS
POINT IN TERMS OF MASS FIELDS...THE DAY 1 QPF ACROSS THE WEST WAS
A COMPILATION OF MULTIPLE MODEL SOURCES...INCLUDING THE PREVIOUS
FORECAST (CONTINUITY)...ALONG WITH SEVERAL HIGH-RES COMPONENTS
(INCLUDING THE HREF MEAN AND HIGH-RESOLUTION VERSION OF WPC`S
IN-HOUSE BIAS CORRECTED QPF). HIGHEST AREAL-AVERAGE TOTALS RANGED
FROM 3-5" ACROSS THE CENTRAL-NORTHERN SIERRA...WITH 2-3" ACROSS
THE EASTERN FOOTHILLS OF THE SACRAMENTO VALLEY AND NORTHERN SAN
JOAQUIN VALLEY. THERE IS SOLID ACCORD WITH THE HIGH-RES GUIDANCE
IN TERMS OF THE DEPICTION OF LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS IN THE 6-9"
RANGE. FOR DETAILS ON WINTER WEATHER...SEE THE WPC WINTER WEATHER
DESK QPFHSD DISCUSSION.


...CENTRAL GULF COAST...LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY...

THE INITIALLY FULL-LATITUDE UPPER TROUGH WILL BEGIN TO SPLIT
TOWARD THE END OF THE PERIOD (ON TUE)...WITH THE FLATTENING
NORTHERN STREAM WAVE PICKING UP MORE FORWARD SPEED WHILE THE
SLOWER...MORE VIGOROUS SOUTHERN STREAM TROUGH DEEPENS AND
EVENTUALLY CLOSES OFF AT MID LEVELS. UP TO THIS POINT...THE MODELS
HAVE STRUGGLED WITH THE FORWARD (EASTWARD) PROGRESSION OF THE
CONVECTION OUT AHEAD OF THE TROUGH...ALONG WITH THE NORTHERN
EXTENT OF THE HEAVIER RAINFALL. MANY OF THE MODELS... PARTICULARLY
THE HIGHER-RESOLUTION CAMS...NOW SHOW A BI-MODAL DISTRIBUTION WITH
THE HEAVIER QPF...WITH 2 STRIPES OF 1-2" AREAL-AVERAGE TOTALS
ALIGNED GENERALLY N-S. THE INITIAL AREA (FARTHER E) IS ALONG THE
MAX INSTABILITY AXIS WHERE OUTFLOW CONTRIBUTIONS WILL LIKELY ALLOW
THE CONVECTION TO RUN OUT AHEAD OF THE BEST DEEP-LAYER FORCING AND
AXIS OF HIGHEST PWS. WPC UTILIZED MORE OF THE HIGH-RES CAMS (ARW
IN PARTICULAR) WITH THIS INITIAL LINE...GIVEN THE DEGREE OF
CONVECTIVE CONTRIBUTION... WHILE INCORPORATING A GENERAL
MULTI-MODEL BLEND OF THE GUIDANCE WITH THE AXIS FARTHER WEST
ACROSS EASTERN LA AND AR. THESE PREFERENCES HAVE RESULTED IN A
DECIDED SHIFT FROM THE PREVIOUS WPCQPF...AT LEAST IN TERMS OF A
WETTER TREND FARTHER EAST (TOWARD SOUTHERN AL AND THE WESTERN FL
PANHANDLE) ASSOCIATED WITH THE PRE-FRONTAL CONVECTION...WHILE
BOOSTING AMOUNTS A BIT FRATHERN NORTH TOWARD AR AND NORTHERN MS
GIVEN THE EXPANDING COMMA HEAD PCPN SHIELD WITH THE DEEPENING
LOW...STRENGTHENING MID-LEVEL DEFORMATION...AND ELONGATING AXIS OF
ANOMALOUS PW.

DAYS 2 AND 3...

...WESTERN UNITED STATES...

ONE STREAM OF VORTICITY WILL BE MAKING ITS WAY INLAND FROM THE ERN
NORTH PACIFIC ACROSS NORTHERN CA AND INTO NEVADA AS THE DAY 2
PERIOD BEGINS AT 22/00Z WHILE A SECOND SHORTWAVE TROUGH IN THE
NORTHERN STREAM DROPS SOUTH ALONG THE BRITISH COLUMBIA COAST.
PRECIPITATION SHOULD BE ONGOING GIVEN THE SHORTWAVE ENERGY WITHIN
BOTH STREAMS...SUPPORTED ALOFT BY THE NOSE OF A 120 TO 140 KT
SOUTHWESTERLY UPPER LEVEL JET ALOFT AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
OF 0.75 TO LOCALLY 1.25 INCHES.  HEIGHT FALLS ARE PRETTY MODEST
EARLY ON BUT THEN EXPAND IN MAGNITUDE AS WELL AS AREAL COVERAGE
FROM THE WESTERN HIGH PLAINS IMMEDIATELY EAST OF THE ROCKIES
SOUTHWESTWARD INTO THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES BY DAY 3.  THE RESULT WILL
PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS ON THE ORDER OF AN INCH TO LOCALLY MORE OVER
THE SPAN OF THE SIERRAS WHEN ONSHORE FLOW IS BEST...AND THEN
TAPERING OFF WITH EACH SUCCESSIVE MOUNTAIN RANGE THAT THE MOISTURE
PLUME IS FORCED TO CROSS.

THE MODELS STILL DEPICT A 30 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL WEST SOUTHWEST
FLOW TRANSPORT 0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER ACROSS THE SIERRA
NEVADA RANGE IN CA. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS INITIALLY ORTHOGONAL TO
THE TERRAIN OVER THE FAVORED UPSLOPE AREAS HERE...AND THE THERE IS
A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR UPWARDS OF AN INCH OF LIQUID IS POSSIBLE
BEFORE THE FETCH OF MOISTURE IS DISRUPTED BY THE AMPLIFYING
TROUGH.

AMOUNTS WERE STILL SUFFICIENT FOR US TO MAINTAIN THE PREVIOUSLY
ISSUED MARGINAL RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL.

ON DAY 3...THE AXIS OF THE TROUGH COMES ASHORE AND REACHES FROM
THE NORTHERN PLAINS TO THE SOUTHWEST STATES.  THE SYNOPTIC SCALE
ASCENT ASSOCIATED WITH THE LONG WAVE WILL EVENTUALLY SHIFT THE
FOCUS FOR PRECIPITATION INLAND AND ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF PORTIONS
OF THE WESTERN UNITED STATES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO
THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE
INFORMATION.


...NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

A SERIES OF SHORT WAVES TROUGHS EMBEDDED WITHIN THE SOUTHWEST FLOW
ALOFT WILL TRACK FROM WESTERN CANADA ALONG THE US/CANADIAN BORDER
CROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS...UPPER MS VALLEY AND UPPER GREAT LAKES
DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT
CONCERNING THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP (THOUGH THERE WERE SOME
TIMING DIFFERENCES WITH THE SHORT WAVES AND THEIR ATTENDANT
SURFACE LOWS). IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE TIMING
DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z
ECMWF/GFS.

GENERALLY LIGHT PRECIPITATION WILL BE POSSIBLE ALONG THE PATH OF
THE SHORTWAVES...ESPECIALLY IN REGIONS WERE THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS
ABLE TO TAP AN AIRMASS WITH MARGINALLY DEEPER MOISTURE AND
INTERACT WITH A LOW LEVEL BOUNDARY.

PRECIPITATION SHOULD START TO BECOME MORE WIDESPREAD...ESPECIALLY
ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS STATES...DURING DAY 3 AS HEIGHT FALLS
COMING OUT OF THE ROCKIES AID THE DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACE LOW
PRESSURE OVER PARTS OF THE PLAINS.  GIVEN A SYSTEM ALONG THE GULF
COAST...LOW LEVEL MOISTURE WILL NOT BE AS ABUNDANT OVER THE PLAINS
AS IT MIGHT OTHERWISE BE.  AS A RESULT...WPC MANUAL AMOUNTS WERE
PRETTY MODEST GIVEN THE SURFACE DEVELOPMENT AND DIFLUENT FLOW
BETWEEN TWO STREAMS OF THE UPPER LEVEL JETS.

STILL THINK THAT AN AXIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES THE ABOVEMENTIONED
AREAS IS IN ORDER WITH LESSER AMOUNTS DOWNSTREAM FROM THERE.


...LOWER MS VALLEY/SOUTHEAST/FL...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER LA/AR EARLY ON DAY 2 SHOULD TRACK EAST
SOUTHEASTWARD ACROSS THE GULF OF MEXICO...REACHING A POINT OVER
THE SOUTHERN FL PENINSULA BY THE END OF DAY 3.  THE MODEL SPREAD
TIGHTENED UP A BIT IN THE 12Z PRODUCTION CYCLE COMPARED WITH THE
RUNS FROM 00Z...BUT THE SPREAD IS STILL FAIRLY SIZABLE.  THE ECMWF
GOT INTO BETTER AGREEMENT WITH OTHER RUNS WITH RESPECT TO THE
PLACEMENT OF ITS LOW/MID LEVEL PLACEMENT.

THE GLOBAL AND EVEN SHORT RANGE CONVECTIVE ALLOWING MODELS
EVENTUALLY BEGAN TO DEVELOP AN AREA OF HEAVIER RAINFALL FROM THE
IMMEDIATE GULF COAST SOUTHWARD.  THIS REGION WAS CHARACTERIZED BY
A BROAD AREA OF DIFFERENTIAL PVA...H85 WARM ADVECTION AND DIFLUENT
FLOW ALOFT.  AS A RESULT...WE TENDED TO FOLLOW SUIT WITH THE
PLACEMENT OF THE PRECIPITATION.  IN DUE TIME...THE MODELS BRING
THIS REGION OF MODERATE TO HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS THE FL PENINSULA.
 PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES INCREASE TO AROUND 1.75 INCHES ACROSS
THE SOUTHERN FL PENINSULA...WHICH SHOULD SUPPORT AREAL AVERAGE
AMOUNTS APPROACHING 1.5 INCHES WITH LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS QUITE
POSSIBLE.



...OH VALLEY/NORTHEAST...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING FROM THE UPPER GREAT LAKES INTO
NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND ON DAY 2 PUSHES A WEAKENING COLD FRONT ACROSS
THE OH VALLEY AND NORTHEAST...AND THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND
ELEVATED INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE QPF ACROSS A LARGE
AREA. THE 12Z MODEL RUNS TENDED TO BE A TAD SLOWER THAN THE
PREVIOUS RUNS AND WE GENERALLY ACCEPTED THE IDEA GIVEN GENERALLY
GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT.  THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z
GFS AND MOST RECENTLY AVAILABLE ECMWF.

AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE AND WEAKENING SURFACE FRONT...A LOW LEVEL
SOUTHWEST FLOW AIDS IN TRANSPORTING 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER
AIR INTO THE NORTHEAST LATE DAY 2 AND MAINLY ON DAY 3.  THUS THERE
IS STILL THE POTENTIAL FOR SOME LOW TOPPED CONVECTION AHEAD OF THE
FRONT. A LARGE AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE
TO ACCOUNT FOR THE CONVECTIVE ELEMENTS IN THE GENERAL AREA OF
STRATIFORM RAIN.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

HURLEY/BANN


24HR QP VT 22/00Z
 0.01 520194 520189 519187 518182 514174 508164 505161 504157
      505153 502142 496133 491130 487126 484123 483119 483115
      479092 472084 469073 466060 465055 463052 458054 457062
      457069 458074 463083 465088 465095 466101 465104 463101
      457100 455095 451092 446091 440089 434089 426082 421087
      419092 418098 415102 412104 410101 407097 404102 401106
      397108 389114 394118 406122 408123 408127 408135 407140
      405142 402145 399152 395156 392162 387171 389176 392179
      394180 394184 390186 386187 381184 377181 370179 362177
      358179 356181 353186 354189 361197 364201 359201 354199
      350196 348191 348185 345180 343180 341187 339192 335198
      335203 338207 345215 349218 351223 354228 358231 361236
      360244 359246 361248 365250 370243 376249 380253 383258
      386268 388273 388279 388290 390296 395299 401302 404302
      412301 420301 426300 430297 436291 449280 454265 457261
      461258 466248 470247 474248 479250 483253 489255 495257
      501251 504247 507243 506229 505223 506218 507216 511212
      515206 520194
 0.01 528836 528827 526823 521815 519809 519804 517787 515738
      512726 507727 505729 485740 476746 465749 462749 459749
      454750 442752 431766 425777 422782 419785 413795 407801
      393818 385824 377828 372830 365830 356828 351826 346826
      334827 328829 323831 312836 295843 272851 266853 260856
      252861 244865 238872 233880 230887 232901 235910 239909
      239914 241918 239921 233928 231934 231938 232941 234945
      237948 246950 252952 257952 270952 277952 282950 296950
      306949 311951 316954 321954 324953 333950 342946 348944
      354943 357940 362938 367935 372934 393927 397926 403925
      413925 438924 452924 461925 474926 478927 484928 490928
      493929 499924 506916 513908 515904 516896 518884 518874
      518870 521869 525865 527863 527857 528845 528836
 0.01 475121 475119 474117 473118 473121 473122 475121
 0.01 449080 450078 450077 449075 448074 447073 446072 445070
      445069 443069 442067 441067 440069 439069 439072 440072
      441073 443074 444075 446076 447077 448078 449080 449080
 0.01 412073 412071 412068 412067 410066 409065 408065 407067
      406068 406070 406072 408073 410073 412073 412073
 0.01 403063 404060 404058 404056 402056 402058 403060 403063
      403063
 0.01 401074 399071 398071 397071 397073 397076 399076 401074
      401074
 0.01 375143 375141 376139 376137 376136 374134 374132 376130
      377128 375127 374130 374132 374134 374136 373138 374139
      375141 375143 375143
 0.25 507869 507864 504860 499851 491832 492826 495823 495822
      493821 487821 484821 481821 480818 479812 476811 475808
      476802 478798 485791 497776 496771 493773 487774 484772
      483768 481768 476769 473773 470778 468788 466793 463797
      453800 445807 443810 443817 446830 444844 446848 443851
      436857 433862 433866 433871 435873 428881 417894 414899
      415907 417910 421912 429911 439908 458903 468902 479901
      486901 491899 498893 503882 507869
 0.25 493168 491158 491154 489151 488149 486150 484153 481153
      478144 482143 485144 489148 489145 485136 482132 476131
      472131 471137 468142 464143 459145 457145 448138 443132
      442130 441126 444123 450114 453103 453097 450095 441094
      434092 430089 428087 424088 424093 425097 426100 424102
      421105 420111 417113 413115 415120 426136 428142 429148
      432157 437165 440169 443172 447175 448180 448185 451190
      453191 456187 461179 458169 459161 458157 460158 461161
      461165 464169 467171 469172 475174 477178 478182 481179
      484176 487174 492170 493168
 0.25 475219 477215 476210 473208 467209 463208 455206 453202
      451205 448207 445203 443208 437209 434210 431207 427204
      424200 422193 423187 423179 425173 425167 422169 416167
      412169 408182 401190 395192 389191 377185 372182 365180
      359181 358184 358187 365196 372205 374210 371211 368211
      348198 346198 345202 347207 354216 360224 364227 370231
      375232 382236 389245 395254 396260 397266 394284 394291
      400294 409294 418288 428279 435272 463236 470229 475219
 0.25 375916 373906 365901 359894 354888 348882 348875 347868
      344864 341861 337852 334850 330849 321849 300853 280858
      262864 255869 248875 243883 242891 244898 247903 249907
      251912 249917 248921 244925 241931 240938 242942 245944
      251944 261942 278937 288935 299934 309935 318937 327941
      334941 342939 350935 359931 366927 372922 375916
 0.50 496876 496865 492857 487853 483846 474835 469829 463826
      460826 458830 458836 459842 462849 459857 454861 452862
      455863 470865 474879 483890 487890 489888 495882 496876
 0.50 480165 481163 480161 478162 477164 478165 479166 480165
 0.50 462223 463218 459216 453214 450215 441217 437217 431217
      428216 426214 420207 412193 404195 394194 388193 383191
      377186 369183 364182 360183 361188 363191 369199 374204
      377209 376211 368214 362210 355206 352206 354210 359218
      362222 366223 373227 377228 382229 393242 399248 404257
      404263 405270 405281 409285 414286 418285 424278 430270
      435266 441258 443253 445247 447243 451240 453237 456229
      462223
 0.50 465881 464874 461871 457871 454873 451877 449880 447884
      446889 447894 450897 453895 456891 459888 461886 464881
      465881
 0.50 450163 451159 451156 448150 444145 441139 438135 434136
      432138 431145 432152 435157 438162 443165 447166 449165
      450163
 0.50 447114 448102 448099 443098 434095 428089 425091 427096
      429099 430103 428105 425107 425110 423114 419116 423121
      426122 430120 436116 440114 443118 447114
 0.50 363923 363917 361914 358912 355908 352901 353897 351892
      347888 341881 339870 334865 330861 323857 313856 304856
      286859 277862 270865 258873 251879 249885 252890 256893
      255898 256903 261904 265904 264909 259915 255921 249927
      247930 247935 249938 253938 261935 271934 279931 286930
      296929 306928 314929 329934 339936 345932 355927 360925
      363923
 1.00 438241 439237 437235 433230 431228 428229 424232 415229
      417218 415215 413214 409213 406206 402201 397198 390196
      384193 373186 367183 364184 364188 371198 386217 392216
      399219 404220 406222 405226 403228 392228 389231 391234
      394238 404245 410249 414255 415262 418267 423263 427258
      430255 433249 438241
 1.00 442154 442152 441151 440151 439151 440152 440153 441154
      442154
 1.00 444111 445108 444106 443103 442103 441102 439102 437102
      436102 435104 435105 436107 435108 434109 435110 437110
      438110 439110 440110 442110 443111 444111
 1.00 432097 431096 430094 429093 429094 429095 430097 431097
      432097
 1.00 374223 373221 373220 373218 372217 370217 369219 370221
      370222 371223 373223 374223
 1.00 364218 363216 363215 362214 360213 359214 360215 360217
      361218 363219 364218
 1.00 347923 346923 344922 343922 341922 339923 337923 337924
      339924 341924 343924 344924 346923 347923
 1.00 333889 330883 329872 318864 312862 302861 293862 284863
      277866 270869 265872 260878 269888 271891 276891 285889
      292888 302888 320887 327889 330890 333889
 1.00 332913 328910 322908 317906 313902 308900 302902 295903
      290906 288910 282914 278916 275921 268923 274925 279923
      286924 293924 301922 312918 317916 323915 332913
 1.50 431246 428236 423235 418233 414231 413226 415221 414217
      412216 409217 408220 408227 405231 401232 397234 398238
      402242 407243 413245 421250 426250 429248 431246
 1.50 407215 406210 404207 398200 388196 381192 373187 370185
      366185 366189 369192 375200 380206 385213 396216 401218
      406217 407215
 1.50 319873 317869 314867 306866 298866 292866 283869 278873
      277877 279879 283884 292883 301882 309881 315877 319873
 1.50 307914 306911 304909 301909 299910 295911 293913 292914
      289916 290920 292921 295920 297920 301918 303917 305916
      307914
 2.00 428242 428240 425237 421236 419235 416234 414234 411233
      407234 409237 412240 413241 417242 420244 423245 426244
      428242
 2.00 413221 413219 412218 411219 411220 412221 413222 413221
 2.00 404214 402207 400204 396201 389198 383194 376190 369187
      368190 370193 375198 380204 384209 388212 393213 399216
      403216 404214
 2.00 309875 308873 306872 305872 303872 301872 299873 298874
      297874 296876 295876 296877 298877 299877 301877 303877
      305876 307877 308876 309875
 3.00 400213 399208 397205 394202 389200 386198 381196 379198
      380200 383204 386207 390209 395212 398213 400213
 4.00 397208 395206 394205 394204 392204 390203 389202 387202
      386200 385200 385202 385203 387204 388205 389206 390207
      392208 393209 395209 397208

24HR QP VT 23/00Z
 0.01 541162 538151 535143 532139 529134 527129 524126 512118
      513102 511093 508085 505074 504061 503055 504047 503033
      503019 503008 500998 496990 494979 493973 492963 492955
      490953 489949 488943 491934 492925 493917 494913 493901
      492888 490882 490874 490866 491862 492850 494841 495836
      494830 490828 485829 483832 482836 480847 477851 473850
      468851 464853 460859 457869 457874 456877 457887 447927
      448932 448938 446949 447961 450971 456989 456997 454005
      451014 446021 444030 436045 435051 434059 430060 427055
      423054 420052 416050 412049 405051 397055 387063 387074
      387080 389084 392088 392096 393102 392108 385111 379117
      375121 379127 375133 374136 375139 378141 381140 386142
      387143 386146 384151 383159 386168 388172 389178 389184
      386186 378182 368179 362179 357180 353181 350184 347187
      347191 350196 350200 347203 348210 354216 359222 366230
      372234 396257 399262 402264 404267 407264 410260 414258
      422257 438255 444257 446256 451257 459260 465264 469266
      473265 477267 480270 486278 489283 493287 499290 507288
      509285 510279 511272 510267 504259 496253 476229 474226
      476226 482228 485227 490229 501242 508247 511245 513242
      510233 506226 495212 492209 486206 478208 450213 441215
      439214 440210 441204 437187 433184 432179 431170 430159
      432157 435162 437165 441167 443171 444176 444191 446196
      449198 453199 457198 463193 468190 474187 483189 488191
      490193 495194 499193 502193 507195 514200 520198 525191
      529186 535183 538179 539167 541162
 0.01 540775 537755 535749 533744 529735 522725 518719 514714
      508708 503704 502701 504699 505695 505688 496679 490678
      489672 487670 486667 483664 479658 474651 470652 467654
      462658 458663 446672 445675 446678 452683 454686 452691
      446697 418703 416701 416698 417695 416693 402701 399704
      397707 394713 391715 389713 386719 382723 378720 376716
      377713 379707 380695 380688 377681 371674 370672 367675
      363680 356694 352706 347721 341733 334750 332755 333765
      335772 339777 341783 342788 339795 336803 334807 330808
      325805 320802 315799 309796 286786 274782 265781 257781
      231795 229798 228801 226807 224813 222818 222824 223828
      226833 231839 236844 238850 242854 245856 247859 249867
      253871 258875 275878 291878 296881 302882 310881 313881
      315884 320889 325896 328900 334902 342902 348899 378851
      381845 384837 389850 393857 397858 401858 409845 411838
      414830 417821 419813 424801 427793 430787 431783 434779
      439772 448761 452758 458756 462753 466752 472749 477747
      480749 482759 484763 486762 488753 489749 492749 496753
      499759 502768 507782 514796 518803 523808 530806 536800
      539794 540788 540779 540775
 0.01 501700 498698 496696 494694 491692 489691 488689 484690
      484695 487696 489698 492697 494699 496699 498701 499702
      501700
 0.01 467125 465122 462121 456121 444120 440120 436122 428130
      426134 424136 424141 429151 430154 432151 433142 436140
      442141 448133 453131 457130 463129 466127 467125
 0.01 447087 447085 446082 444082 442082 441084 442086 444088
      445089 447087
 0.01 391220 388215 383211 377208 373204 367201 360201 365206
      369210 373213 379216 384220 388221 391220
 0.01 397749 396746 393745 389748 384756 380764 375771 370779
      369782 369786 373789 378789 387790 390788 390785 392780
      393775 393771 395759 397749
 0.01 385740 381736 374736 367737 366744 366753 364755 365760
      364767 364771 367771 370766 373761 376755 379750 382745
      385740
 0.01 385095 386086 383081 380076 378069 377064 375062 371061
      368063 367068 368070 370077 370082 371084 373089 376094
      381097 385095
 0.25 511152 509145 505138 502133 497128 494126 491126 485127
      478127 474131 472140 469142 466143 462147 460152 461158
      469168 476170 482168 490160 500157 506156 511153 511152
 0.25 480216 478215 477214 476215 476217 478216 480216
 0.25 487063 486053 485042 482032 480024 478014 476013 474016
      472026 472036 474046 477054 481062 483064 487063
 0.25 454223 454219 452218 446218 434220 424220 418216 416210
      413208 410209 405211 402209 401205 396201 387194 375187
      369184 363185 361187 363191 366194 375203 380207 387210
      399215 404215 405224 403239 402242 404245 409246 417248
      422248 430248 435247 440246 445243 447238 444232 446228
      449226 454223
 0.25 468952 468949 467947 466949 467952 468952
 0.25 453107 453103 450100 446099 441101 436101 429102 423105
      415102 411098 407097 406099 403108 395117 396120 398120
      401120 402124 406125 412122 418120 423117 435112 441112
      447110 453107
 0.25 415076 417069 416063 410062 407063 403066 400069 397071
      395076 397078 400082 404085 406086 410084 412080 415076
      415076
 0.25 373830 371825 368821 364810 359808 353810 347818 344822
      342827 340838 343843 348844 355843 357844 358847 358850
      359852 362853 365850 368844 372835 373830
 0.25 338858 336854 334851 329846 323843 316841 310837 306833
      304830 303825 304816 309811 309809 307808 299806 294803
      282795 277792 271789 266788 261790 255793 242799 235804
      232808 230817 229825 230828 233831 238835 245838 250842
      256854 261860 267864 274867 281869 296872 310874 317876
      322876 327874 333867 336863 338858
 0.50 472161 472158 472157 471155 470155 469153 468152 467152
      465153 464154 464156 465157 466158 467160 468160 470161
      471161 472161
 0.50 447224 446222 445222 443222 442222 441223 439223 437223
      436224 434225 432227 433229 433230 434231 436230 438228
      440227 441227 442226 444226 445225 446224 447224
 0.50 434239 434236 430235 428235 425235 422236 419237 418237
      415239 415242 418244 422243 424243 427243 430243 432241
      434239
 0.50 410077 411075 411073 411070 410069 408069 406069 405070
      404072 404074 404077 405079 406080 407079 408079 409077
      410077
 0.50 391206 389201 387199 384195 379193 375191 371188 367189
      368194 371197 374200 378203 381205 386206 391206
 0.50 328859 325853 321849 316846 310844 305841 301838 297833
      295830 295826 292819 289815 278809 277807 277802 277797
      271793 266793 254798 243803 238807 235813 233818 232822
      233826 242833 253838 262845 264850 269855 273859 278862
      288866 302869 315870 322868 325866 327861 328859
 1.00 314860 313855 309852 303848 296843 289839 288833 286830
      279825 272821 264818 257813 249811 245813 242815 241822
      243826 249831 259832 267835 270837 271840 271843 276848
      283854 289859 296864 301865 306864 311862 314860
 1.50 306861 307858 306857 304855 302853 300852 297851 294851
      292851 292856 293857 295859 299861 300862 304861 306861
 2.00 300857 298856 298857 298858 300858 300857

24HR QP VT 24/00Z
 0.01 536171 508091 505079 504073 501068 494061 491056 488052
      485047 484041 483035 483029 481024 479021 473025 470024
      469021 465021 462035 458037 456037 454033 451025 449021
      448015 446005 444994 443988 442983 440978 440971 438964
      438956 438937 438930 437924 437896 436881 433869 430858
      428851 427843 434824 437815 438804 438797 436793 429790
      421786 411793 407791 402792 391793 385794 382798 374803
      369802 366799 364795 362789 360787 353787 356775 362756
      365748 368739 373722 378700 379687 378679 376675 368672
      364680 357698 354708 349718 343735 340743 335751 331757
      325764 321766 318767 316765 313753 308743 304740 300738
      289740 285741 279744 274745 271744 260745 248747 237751
      230755 223760 213773 212776 212781 213787 215791 219801
      220807 221815 232826 240832 247835 251834 256833 264836
      283842 288841 290839 295831 298834 303834 309830 320818
      338820 340823 344825 349825 351825 352827 349831 348837
      348844 350847 350852 349857 346864 346873 352873 357870
      360870 363872 368871 371871 377869 382864 387856 388853
      390853 389860 386879 390907 391914 392919 393933 393959
      392966 391972 391977 392981 396991 398996 398005 397009
      393011 390014 385015 384019 384024 387034 382042 381047
      378051 375055 372061 360060 357062 356068 356073 361076
      371079 373083 372089 369100 369108 367113 364125 362133
      359136 359141 361143 367144 372147 375148 378147 382145
      385145 388148 392149 394148 395150 393156 392167 390174
      388178 388184 389187 392191 396190 404186 407184 412181
      417180 419178 420180 422182 423186 423190 421192 414198
      409198 404196
 0.01 404196 400195 396198 390198 385195 381192 376191 374193
      375196 378201 383206 386211 393213 397212 401212 403214
      405219 405222 403223 400224 396226 394228 392233 387235
      377236 374237 373239 373243 375245 378250 382255 387260
      392263 402270 407274 412276 414279 418280 423280 430282
      432281 435282 445280 448281 450279 455279 458280 460276
      462268 477252 481247 484239 494236 502230 506227 508218
      506216 501216 494215 489215 475212 470210 464211 459212
      452210 451205 452200 453196 463191 466188 469183 472176
      476173 487169 495163 499166 501172 504177 509181 516183
      521181 526182 530180 532179 533176 536171
 0.01 514749 514742 512737 511730 510727 507717 509710 510705
      509700 507696 504694 498690 494684 489675 484671 472665
      467659 463652 460649 458650 453656 452668 450676 451686
      450689 450695 453703 455710 454715 451733 450738 447739
      439740 434744 432747 433750 434761 435764 433768 433771
      436774 439775 440772 443767 446764 448763 450766 450772
      449775 449781 450792 455799 460803 462805 463811 460822
      455839 459858 461883 461896 461903 460908 458913 458920
      457923 457929 457941 458950 459957 460961 462971 465981
      469989 471991 475992 479987 482980 484971 484964 486957
      486944 488941 488935 487922 484920 482915 482909 484904
      488887 491876 493865 495845 497823 498813 499807 503806
      509802 512796 513790 513783 514778 513770 514749
 0.01 475136 473129 470125 467120 467112 464099 461093 459091
      458107 458117 457120 454126 449124 446119 443118 439120
      431124 429131 427139 435165 436169 439175 440177 442176
      445176 448172 446165 444160 441156 438151 436148 437144
      437136 440131 442128 444128 447126 451130 455132 460138
      460141 463143 467145 470146 471143 474138 475136
 0.01 422219 421217 419218 420219 422219 422219
 0.01 405824 404815 402804 399805 398807 393814 392822 391827
      391833 390836 390842 389846 389849 390851 394844 398837
      401831 405824
 0.01 360190 362188 360187 359185 357186 355186 353186 351186
      349187 349188 349190 350192 352193 354191 356192 356191
      358190 360190 360190
 0.25 509154 510150 510146 509139 506126 503114 498105 494101
      490098 489105 486109 484110 483114 485121 488131 494140
      499151 503154 506155 509154 509154
 0.25 496748 496738 494730 491724 487719 484713 485705 484701
      482698 477699 473703 469708 467714 466722 464737 465744
      467749 471755 476757 480755 483756 488757 491756 495751
      496748
 0.25 488808 487797 486788 484782 480778 476778 473780 472783
      471788 470806 468825 468834 468846 472865 474872 476872
      478870 481863 483854 486836 487828 487818 488808
 0.25 449256 449252 449249 446247 444247 441248 439249 435249
      435250 437252 438255 440259 442260 446260 448258 449256
 0.25 456093 457091 457088 456086 456085 455086 454086 453088
      453090 454093 455094 456093
 0.25 431248 429245 425245 422244 419245 416244 413244 411245
      408246 410248 414248 416248 419249 423250 426249 428249
      431248
 0.25 427044 429028 428013 428005 428997 428989 426985 422983
      421985 417988 413998 410012 409018 408026 407033 404037
      399046 398054 397061 391068 388074 388081 393090 396094
      397098 397102 399105 405106 409106 410104 412099 413091
      415085 421077 425065 427053 427044
 0.25 398117 396116 392114 389114 386115 384117 383122 383127
      382131 383134 386134 389132 390130 391128 393125 395122
      397120 398117
 0.25 360731 359727 356730 353735 351740 348745 345750 342755
      341757 342759 344757 347752 350747 353742 357737 360731
 0.25 316798 315794 313792 314784 311777 308771 301764 291759
      279757 267756 254757 246757 239758 234761 231765 229770
      229778 229781 226786 225793 227801 232810 240819 245822
      250824 257824 263820 268817 273818 280819 288818 299819
      305817 310814 314806 316798
 0.50 481814 481804 478797 477797 476800 475808 473815 472823
      473833 474838 475840 478837 479829 480821 481814
 0.50 409096 409094 409091 408090 407091 406093 407096 408097
      409096
 0.50 308805 308801 308797 305791 305783 304778 300773 296770
      286765 277761 271760 264760 251761 243762 238763 233767
      231772 234777 238781 232790 231797 233802 240809 243819
      248822 253822 255819 252814 253811 257810 263810 271809
      276811 281813 287813 301814 306810 308805
 1.00 297790 295782 291776 286772 278770 271769 263768 246770
      240773 240775 243776 245776 250776 254777 257783 264786
      267789 264792 267795 270796 272793 275793 277795 281801
      287804 294802 297790

$$





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