Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 282048
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
447 PM EDT MON JUL 28 2014


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JUL 29/0000 UTC THRU AUG 01/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...INTERMOUNTAIN WEST...

A VERY WET PATTERN WILL PERSIST THIS PERIOD THRU MUCH OF THE
INTERMOUNTAIN WEST..AS A VERY MOIST/HIGH PW AIRMASS REMAINS IN
PLACE..MORE THAN SEVERAL H5 S/WVS AND/OR LOW LEVEL CIRCULATIONS
IMPACT THE REGION..AND SUFFICIENT AFTERNOON HEATING AIDS IN
FURTHER DESTABILIZING THE AIRMASS.  LATEST VISIBLE SATELLITE
IMAGERY SHOWS RATHER WELL DEFINED CIRCULATIONS IN EASTERN
NM..EASTERN AZ..SOUTHWESTERN CO..SOUTHCENTRAL CA..SOUTHCENTRAL UT
AND AND NORTHEASTERN NV..ALL OF WHICH ARE LIKELY TO ENHANCE THE
CONVECTIVE POTENTIAL DURING THIS PERIOD.  THE LATEST MODEL QPFS
STILL HAVE SOME DIFFERENCES PERTAINING TO ESPECIALLY WHERE THE
HEAVIEST RAINS WILL OCCUR..SO ENDED UP TAKING A MANUAL BLENDED
APPROACH FOR THE PRELIM DAY 1 QPF.  ONE AREA THAT SEEMS
PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE TO HEAVIER RAINS IS EASTERN NM INTO THE
SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS..WHERE INITIALLY UPSLOPE LOW LEVEL FLOW AND A
VEERING LOW LEVEL JET ON THE NOSE OF THE HIGHER PWS SUPPORTS THE
ACTIVITY.  ADDITIONAL MORE ORGANIZED HEAVIER RAINS ARE LIKELY BACK
IN THE SAN JUANS AND ALSO INTO THE WASATCH..AIDED BY THE ONE OR
MORE OF THE ABOVE MENTIONED CIRCULATIONS LIFTING GENERALLY
NORTHWARD UP THE BACK SIDE OF THE MID LEVEL RIDGE AXIS.


...NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND...

BROAD SCALE AND DEEP ASCENT AHEAD OF THE STRONG AND NEARLY CLOSED
H5 SYSTEM NOW SWINGING INTO SOUTHEASTERN NY STATE WILL CONTINUE TO
WORK ON THE SEASONABLY MOIST AIRMASS IN PLACE TO PRODUCE
ADDITIONAL LIGHT TO MODERATE RAINS ACROSS NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND.
THE MODEL QPFS WERE IN BETTER AGREEMENT HERE WITH SOME GENERAL
0.25-0.50+ INCH RAINFALL AMOUNTS FROM EXTREME NORTHERN NEW YORK
STATE EASTWARD THRU NORTHERN VERMONT..NORTHERN NEW HAMPSHIRE AND
INTO NORTHERN MAINE AND STAYED CLOSE TO THIS IDEA FOR THE PRELIM
DAY 1 QPF.


...IMMEDIATE CENTRAL/EASTERN GULF COAST AND FL...

SCATTERED CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO PERSIST DEVELOP ALONG THE COLD
FRONT DROPPING INTO THE GULF COAST AND NORTHERN FL REGION DURING
THE PERIOD.  THE UKMET QPF LOOKS A BIT TOO HEAVY (AS IT OFTEN CAN
BE)..SO STUCK CLOSE TO THE REMAINDER OF THE GLOBAL GUIDANCE WITH
SOME SPOTTY 0.25-0.50 INCH RAINFALL AMOUNTS.

DAYS 2/3


...GREAT LAKES/OH VALLEY/NEW ENGLAND...

A LARGE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM WILL BE THE FOCUS FOR QPF ACROSS
THE GREAT LAKES AND OH VALLEY ON DAY 2...AND ACROSS NEW ENGLAND ON
DAY 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD 12Z MODEL SUITE AGREEMENT WITH
RESPECT TO THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...THOUGH THERE WERE SOME
TIMING DIFFERENCES REGARDING THE TIMING OF INDIVIDUAL SHORT WAVES
IN THE CYCLONIC FLOW. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THESE
DIFFERENCES...THE QPF WAS DERIVED FROM A BLEND OF THE 12Z
ECMWF/GFS...AND ADJUSTED FOR ELEVATION EFFECTS OVER NEW ENGLAND.

A LARGE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW WILL SPIN OVER ONTARIO/QUEBEC DURING
THE PERIOD. THE ANOMALOUSLY LOW HEIGHTS (GREATER THAN TWO STANDARD
DEVIATIONS BELOW NORMAL ON DAY 2) IN THE CYCLONIC FLOW WILL RESULT
IN STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES (GREATER THAN 6.5 C/KM) ACROSS
THE GREAT LAKES AND OH VALLEY. A WEAK COLD FRONT/SURFACE TROUGH
ASSOCIATED WITH THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM WILL FOCUS MARGINAL
INSTABILITY AND MOISTURE (IN THE FORM OF PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
NEAR AN INCH)...RESULTING IN LOW TOPPED CONVECTION CROSSING THE
LOWER GREAT LAKES AND OH VALLEY. A LARGE AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25
INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ALONG THE PATH OF THE SURFACE TROUGH
ACROSS IN/OH INTO WESTERN PA AND WESTERN NY STATE. WITHIN THIS
AREA...A SMALLER AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED
OVER NORTHERN OH...NORTHWEST PA AND WESTERN NY STATE...CLOSER TO
THE CORE OF STEEP MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES.

THE STRONGEST SHORT WAVE IN THE CYCLONIC MID LEVEL FLOW SHOULD
CROSS NEW ENGLAND ON DAY 3. ONCE AGAIN...THE MARGINAL INSTABILITY
AND MOISTURE SHOULD BE FOCUSED ON A SURFACE TROUGH...WITH TOPPED
TOPPED CONVECTION CROSSING NORTHERN NY STATE...VT...NH AND WESTERN
ME. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED THE BEST INSTABILITY...MOISTURE (IN THE
FORM OF PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN INCH) AND LOW LEVEL
VEERING ACROSS THIS REGION...PRODUCING AN INCREASING AREA OF LOW
TOPPED CONVECTION. A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED HERE TO ACCOUNT FOR THE SHOWER AND THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY.


...FL...

A SLOWING AND WEAKENING COLD FRONT WILL BECOME THE FOCUS FOR
CONVECTION AND QPF ACROSS THE FL PENINSULA ON DAYS 2 AND 3.
OVERALL...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE
OVERALL SETUP...SO THE QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE
12Z ECMWF/GFS.

A WEAKENING COLD FRONT BECOMES ALMOST STATIONARY ACROSS NORTHERN
AND CENTRAL FL ON DAY 2. ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT...MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE INSTABILITY...PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
NEAR 2.00 INCHES...LOW LEVEL VEERING AND GENERALLY WEAK MID LEVEL
SHEAR. THIS SHOULD RESULT IN A DEVELOPING AREA OF SCATTERED TO
BROKEN CONVECTION ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT TRUNDLING
SOUTH FROM NORTHERN INTO CENTRAL FL. THE CONVECTION SHOULD DEPOSIT
AN AXIS OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS A WIDE STRETCH OF
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN FL...WITH AN EMBEDDED SWATH OF 0.25 TO 0.50
INCHES OF QPF SOUTH OF A KVNC-KSUA LINE.

THE FRONT BECOMES STATIONARY ACROSS CENTRAL FL ON DAY 3. THE
AIRMASS IS ALMOST UNCHANGED FROM DAY 2 ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE
FRONT IN CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN FL. A MID LEVEL SHORT WAVE TRACKING
THROUGH THE SOUTHERN STREAM COULD PROVIDE SOME SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT
TO AID IN CONVECTIVE DEVELOPMENT DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EARLY
EVENING HOURS. THE CONVECTION SHOULD PRODUCE A STRIPE OF 0.10 TO
0.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF THE STATE.


...SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MS VALLEY...

A RICH SOURCE OF MOISTURE FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO WILL RIDE NORTH
AND NORTHWEST ON A LOW LEVEL FLOW ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO
THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES...PARTICULARLY ON DAY 2. THE
MOISTURE...COMBINED WITH MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE
INSTABILITY...WILL FOCUS ON A FRONT SLOWLY SINKING ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN ROCKIES AND A PORTION OF THE SOUTHERN PLAINS ON DAY
2...AND ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN PLAINS AND LOWER MS VALLEY
ON DAY 3. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SET UP...THOUGH THERE WERE
SOME DIFFERENCES IN THE POSITION OF THE SURFACE FRONT AND
RESULTANT QPF. FOR THE MOST PART...THE QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF
THE LAST TWO ECMWF SOLUTIONS...AS THE 12Z GFS WAS CONSISTENTLY TOO
FAR NORTHEAST WITH THE QPF MAXIMA.

A SURFACE FRONT EXTENDING FROM EASTERN CO ACROSS NORTH TX/OK INTO
WEST CENTRAL LA WILL DROP SLOWLY SOUTH DURING DAY 2. A DEVELOPING
25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW FROM THE WESTERN GULF OF
MEXICO WILL TRANSPORT PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 2.00 INCHES
UP AND OVER THE STATIONARY FRONT ACROSS NORTHERN OK AND A PORTION
OF NORTH TX INTO SOUTHWEST KS. SHORT WAVES TRACKING SOUTHEAST FROM
THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES WILL PROVIDE SYNOPTIC SCALE
ASCENT HERE...AND MODEL SOUNDINGS ALONG AND NORTH OF THE FRONT
SHOWED MARGINAL ELEVATED INSTABILITY SPREADING OUT ALONG THE
FRONT. THERE IS SOME HINT THAT AN MCS COULD TRY TO FORM ON THE
WESTERN EDGE OF THE FRONT IN SOUTHEAST CO...WHICH WOULD THEN TRACK
ALONG THE FRONT AND AXIS OF BEST INSTABILITY/MOISTURE. IN ANY
EVENT...THERE IS SUFFICIENT MOISTURE AND ELEVATED INSTABILITY TO
SUPPORT CONVECTION OVER SOUTHWEST KS...AS WELL AS NORTH CENTRAL
AND NORTHWEST OK. ALONG THIS LINE...AN AXIS OF 2.25 TO 3.25 INCHES
OF QPF WAS PLACED. THESE QPF VALUES ARE WELL SUPPORTED BY THE
LATEST ECMWF ENSEMBLE OUTPUT...AS WELL AS AN AXIS OF 3 TO 4+
INCHES OF QPF ON THE 12Z GEFS (WHICH HAD THE AXIS OF HEAVIEST QPF
SOUTHWEST OF THE 12Z OPERATIONAL GFS RUN). THE QPF VALUES ARE
CLOSE TO THE LOWER END OF THE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES...BUT THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIR SHOULD RESULT IN
HIGH RAINFALL RATES. BECAUSE OF THIS...A SMALL MODERATE RISK AREA
WAS PLACED OVER NORTHWEST OK AND SOUTHWEST KS...SURROUNDED BY A
LARGER SLIGHT RISK AREA COVERING MUCH OF SOUTHWEST KS...NORTHWEST
AND NORTHERN CENTRAL OK...AND A SMALL PORTION OF NORTH TX.

THE LOW LEVEL FLOW BECOMES MORE EASTERLY NORTH OF THE FRONT INTO
EASTERN CO AND SOUTHEAST WY...RESULTING IN AN UPSLOPE FLOW HERE
(AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TOP OUT NEAR 1.25 INCHES...WHICH IS
ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL). SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT
IS PROVIDED BY SHORT WAVES RIDING DOWN THE FRONT OF A MID LEVEL
RIDGE ACROSS THE ROCKIES. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL
INSTABILITY...A STRONG UPSLOPE COMPONENT AND MOIST COLUMNS THROUGH
THE TERRAIN AND FRONT RANGE IN CO AND SOUTHEAST WY. THE
COMBINATION OF MOISTURE...LIFT AND INSTABILITY SHOULD RESULT IN
CONVECTIVE CLUSTERS FORMING IN THE TERRAIN AND ROLLING INTO THE
FRONT RANGE DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. IN DEFERENCE TO
THE CONVECTION...A LARGE AREA OF 1 TO 2 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED
OVER MUCH OF CENTRAL AND EASTERN CO...AS WELL AS NEARBY SOUTHEAST
WY...WITH A MAXIMUM OF NEARLY 2.25 INCHES NEAR KFCL.

THESE QPF VALUES ARE WELL SUPPORTED BY ENSEMBLE OUTPUT...AND THE
12Z GEFS SPAGHETTI OUTPUT SHOWS 3 TO 4+ POSSIBLE ACROSS PORTION OF
NORTH CENTRAL CO AND SOUTHEAST WY.  THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES. GIVEN THE
POTENTIAL FOR HIGHER AMOUNTS IN THE UPSLOPE AREAS...AND THE THREAT
FOR HIGH RAINFALL RATES IN THE MOISTURE RICH LOW LEVEL FLOW...A
MODERATE RISK WAS ASSIGNED TO PORTIONS OF THE ABOVEMENTIONED
AREA...AND THE FLOODING COULD RESULT IN A HIGH IMPACT EVENT FOR
THAT AREA. A SLIGHT RISK ARE WAS ASSIGNED TO MUCH OF THE REST OF
CO...AS WELL AS THE ROCKIES IN NORTHEAST NM.

A STRONG SHORT WAVE WILL INTERACT WITH THE FRONT AND HIGH MOISTURE
CONTENT AIR ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS AND LOWER MS VALLEY ON DAY
3. A 20 TO 30 KNOT LOW LEVEL LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW WILL RIDE UP AND
OVER THE FRONT...WHICH SHOULD EXTEND FROM SOUTHEAST OK THROUGH
SOUTHWEST AR...NORTHERN LA INTO WESTERN MS. THERE IS SOME MODEL
SPREAD ON THE POSITION OF THE FRONT (AND RESULTANT QPF
MAXIMUM)...AND THE QPF WAS BASED ON THE MORE SOUTHERLY POSITION OF
THE 12Z ECMWF. THE MAINLY ELEVATED CONVECTION...FED BY THE LOW
LEVEL FLOW PROVIDING 2.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR...SHOULD
DEPOSIT A SWATH OF 2.25 TO 2.75 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS SOUTHWEST OK
INTO SOUTHWEST AR. WHILE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES
HERE ARE GENERALLY 2.50 TO 3.50 INCHES...THE HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT
OF THE AIR SUGGESTS THE POTENTIAL FOR HIGH RAINFALL RATES. BECAUSE
OF THIS...A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS ASSIGNED TO THE ABOVEMENTIONED
LOCATIONS.


...GREAT BASIN/SOUTHWEST...

WEAK SHORT WAVES RIDING THROUGH THE MID LEVEL RIDGE POSITION COULD
PROVIDE SOME SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN ON DAY
2...SUPPORTING THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONVECTION IN THE PRESENCE OF
MOISTURE AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY. THE MONSOON FLOW STARTS TO
REASSERT ITSELF ON DAY 3 ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST STATES...AND THE
MOISTURE WILL AID IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONVECTION ACROSS THE
GREAT BASIN AS WELL. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE QPF
WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS/NAM (THE NAM WAS USED TO
BETTER DELINEATE HIGHER TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA).

WEAK SHORT WAVES RIDING THROUGH THE MID LEVEL RIDGE SHOULD PROVIDE
SOME SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN ON DAY 2.
OTHERWISE... STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES (PEAKING BETWEEN 8.5
AND 9.5 C/KM) AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES PEAKING NEAR AN INCH
SHOULD FUEL AT LEAST SCATTERED CONVECTION ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN.
MOST OF THE CONVECTION SHOULD BE INITIALLY ROOTED IN THE
TERRAIN...AND LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH QPF AMOUNTS WERE PLACED IN
THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE IN CA AND THE HIGHER TERRAIN ACROSS
EASTERN NV.

THE MONSOON FLOW STARTS TO BECOME STRONGER AGAIN ON DAY 3 ACROSS
THE SOUTHWEST STATES...AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES PEAK BETWEEN
1.25 AND 1.50 INCHES ACROSS SOUTHWEST AZ. THE ADDITIONAL MOISTURE
SHOULD HELP SPARK CONVECTION ACROSS SOUTHERN AZ AND MUCH OF
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NM. THE CONVECTION SHOULD BE SCATTERED IN
NATURE...AND INITIALLY TIED TO THE TERRAIN. BECAUSE OF THIS...A
SWATH OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED ACROSS THE
HIGHER TERRAIN OF CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NM. ACROSS THE GREAT
BASIN...CONDITIONS SHOULD BE SIMILAR TO THOSE OF DAY 2...AND AREAS
OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WERE PLACED ACROSS THE SIERRA NEVADA
RANGE IN CA...THE HIGHER TERRAIN ACROSS EASTERN NV...AS WELL AS
THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT.


TERRY/HAYES


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

24HR QP VT 30/00Z
 0.01 519702 513675 508664 502655 496649 489644 480641 473637
      457632 451632 446632 441633 436634 427639 422641 418644
      412651 408660 415666 424668 429669 433672 435677 436685
      434696 429706 428712 425717 424721 423727 421740 418750
      416755 414760 413766 414774 422772 429764 437758 443757
      447754 465746 481733 486732 490732 500729 504727 509724
      516717 518708 519702
 0.01 516897 515892 512889 503883 495879 491876 486873 482871
      478873 475875 472873 469870 467861 470853 474850 477850
      480852 484852 488854 491854 492851 492843 490836 487830
      482821 478817 476812 469804 463797 459792 457791 454790
      449789 445790 437796 431805 424815 410830 403838 400843
      398848 399862 407870 415875 420877 425881 430888 436898
      440903 443906 447909 452912 460917 464918 470919 479922
      489927 493929 498929 503933 507934 509937 511937 514938
      516936 516931 515927 513920 511914 513908 516897
 0.01 462134 463129 461126 461123 459120 456118 454116 455107
      454099 453095 450093 447092 446089 448086 451086 452081
      451077 448070 443059 442056 442049 443044 444042 447039
      447036 445033 442031 438031 436027 435022 435018 434016
      430012 427013 425015 426017 426024 421020 415019 409021
      403024 395024 392011 388006 383003 376993 368985 357977
      353974 347972 344971 341971 336976 333982 333986 335991
      335993 333994 328990 323987 319982 312973 309967 306963
      300953 296953 295956 297963 310983 316997 321012 321016
      323018 325024 326040 328046 327049 324050 320055 319056
      317055 289059 282058 276056 268055 263053 256052 249050
      243049 238047 233051 230055 235064 236067 239073 243077
      249080 255083 261087 268090 272094 279104 286112 294113
      301113 308113 310108 314101 315107 317109 324111 334113
      341123 348132 350134 348136 348139 351142 358143 358148
      355153 360158 368167 370170 374171 376174 377177 375179
      372180 363178 360179 362186 367191 374195 378198 387199
      391203 395207 404204 411202 417202 419204 420203 422196
      423188 422183 420183 417182 415187 412190 408189 405186
      406182 407179 410176 414177 416175 418175 420172 421164
      417160 414146 418143 420145 422144 432138 431143 433147
      436155 442161 448158 452151 457142 462134
 0.01 444218 445211 441209 437209 434212 430214 426215 423216
      419213 415212 414219 410228 411232 416233 418223 421227
      425227 432223 440220 444218
 0.01 420801 420797 418795 414797 413798 409800 408803 408805
      408808 412808 415807 417805 419804 420801
 0.01 424004 423997 423992 421989 415979 409970 400962 391956
      389954 386953 384954 384957 387963 391968 393972 396977
      403988 410997 417006 421008 424004
 0.01 404797 402792 398791 394793 388795 384797 381802 377805
      372806 368815 363825 366827 372826 377825 381826 385824
      386818 386810 386806 388804 394803 399800 402799 404797
 0.01 394188 394186 393184 392181 390179 390178 389176 387177
      386177 385178 384179 385180 385182 386183 387185 388186
      389186 390188 391188 392189 394188
 0.01 318820 324804 332795 339785 348777 355772 359765 361756
      365741 367731 366718 359715 347726 341735 324750 303761
      291774 288778 283782 279787 275793 273795 270796 263795
      258797 255799 253802 254810 255814 257816 263821 266826
      267835 272848 274854 275862 276870 277879 277900 278909
      280915 283930 286935 290939 293942 298942 302937 303935
      304930 303921 306907 306887 309871 314859 315852 314842
      314834 316826 318820
 0.01 352113 351110 351106 353104 352101 349100 347099 346094
      344096 342098 338100 340102 343105 344107 346109 348111
      349112 352113
 0.01 322100 322098 320097 318097 316097 315099 314101 316103
      317101 318101 319101 321101 322100
 0.25 506699 506691 504684 499676 494670 492668 492664 488662
      479663 474666 471668 468671 467677 464682 461685 455690
      449699 449704 451710 451716 450720 448724 447729 447736
      451738 455738 459736 467732 485722 492719 499713 503706
      506699
 0.25 497906 497901 493897 491896 488896 483896 481896 482892
      480890 479893 480895 483898 487901 490904 494905 497906
      497906
 0.25 447104 446099 444096 439091 433088 428084 424081 421081
      420087 421091 426097 427101 426103 423105 421105 416100
      413099 413094 415091 412087 410085 410080 414074 415067
      417064 424067 428066 430063 433056 433050 432047 426044
      422045 420048 417050 412051 409053 407057 405056 402053
      403048 401044 397040 396037 393034 388035 385038 383039
      383033 383028 381025 380014 378006 369994 364990 356988
      351987 347993 351011 349018 345023 343026 339028 337030
      337034 338038 338042 334049 329053 327057 330060 334065
      331069 327074 327080 330085 334087 337081 339077 344076
      352082 357082 356074 355069 358069 361071 365071 367074
      367079 368084 370087 373089 374092 376096 379099 386104
      388106 387110 382106 379109 378114 377118 376123 378127
      380125 386122 393117 398119 400122 403130 404138 403143
      405144 409143 411141 416135 421128 422124 422118 424114
      426112 436107 443106 447104
 0.25 407082 406080 404080 402081 404083 406082 407082
 0.25 403100 404097 404095 404093 403091 403090 402088 402086
      403083 402081 401083 402086 400087 400088 399090 399092
      399094 399096 400097 401099 402100 403100
 0.25 393089 393087 393085 392087 392089 393089 393089
 0.25 354748 353740 351738 348738 342740 337745 329755 322767
      318779 315786 312792 310797 306802 301807 298807 296803
      292800 286803 282809 282817 286830 289837 293839 298828
      303828 307824 313813 320800 325789 329783 334779 342770
      350759 353754 354748
 0.25 262079 271086 281092 289093 296091 305088 310082 306076
      303069 297069 291070 285072 277070 267069 263069 258068
      251063 246059 242058 238057 241064 249068 255072 262079
 0.25 294916 294912 294908 293904 293901 292897 291895 289893
      288895 288900 288904 288908 289912 290914 292917 294916
 0.50 498696 497687 493681 487679 481680 476683 472689 469694
      463699 460705 458708 459714 457721 454728 453730 454734
      458733 462731 473724 484716 489713 495707 498702 498696
 0.50 428056 429051 428049 425049 423050 422053 420054 416054
      413053 412057 414058 418059 420057 421059 425059 427058
      428056
 0.50 419123 417116 414108 410101 409097 408094 406095 404104
      397099 394092 393097 394101 397108 399111 403113 406121
      411126 415126 418125 419123
 0.50 397090 397087 398085 397083 397082 396083 396085 396087
      395089 396092 397090
 0.50 398051 398048 397047 396046 395046 394044 393043 392042
      391041 391040 389039 387040 387043 387045 388047 390049
      391050 392050 393052 395052 397052 398051
 0.50 389075 389072 387070 383069 381065 377063 373065 372071
      372077 372082 377084 380084 382083 383079 386076 389075
 0.50 386093 387090 386088 384088 382087 380086 379087 378088
      378089 378092 380092 382091 383092 384092 385093 386093
 0.50 374028 372024 373018 375013 374007 369000 366996 362994
      353993 353998 355002 359009 359016 356020 343029 340032
      341036 342041 340045 336052 330056 339055 343052 347052
      353057 359057 363055 365051 365047 365041 367036 371032
      374028
 0.50 361067 361065 360065 359064 358065 358067 359067 360067
      361067
 0.50 348754 347749 345747 343748 340750 337754 334756 332760
      329763 328768 330772 335772 338769 340766 343762 345759
      347754 348754
 0.50 333079 332078 331077 329076 329077 328079 329079 330080
      332081 333079
 0.50 303084 301083 300082 299081 297081 296081 294081 294083
      295083 296084 297085 299086 301086 303084
 0.50 294815 294813 293813 293816 294817 294815
 0.50 288085 288083 286082 285081 283080 281082 282084 284086
      286086 288085 288085
 1.00 479709 479706 478704 477704 476704 474704 472704 471704
      469705 468707 468708 467709 467712 467714 467715 468716
      469717 470716 471716 472715 474714 475712 476712 477711
      478709 479709
 1.00 377073 377071 376070 376071 375073 376075 377073
 1.00 355038 357033 355030 354029 352029 348031 346031 344033
      345035 346037 346041 345043 347044 349043 351041 353040
      355038
 1.50 352035 352033 351033 350034 349035 350035 351035 352035

24HR QP VT 31/00Z
 0.01 448628 447634 446639 445644 441648 436649 433654 431659
      429665 425674 421677 419681 414688 410695 406703 403706
      399708 385720 356746 342757 328771 322778 317785 315788
      315792 318796 321799 330793 333789 337785 340784 342785
      345784 352778 363767 366765 371765 371771 370775 366778
      364783 357790 352798 347806 342813 336818 331816 326817
      320817 316819 310820 308817 307808 305804 302807 297815
      289831 285840 282850 279860 277865 277871 278886 279899
      282908 286914 291917 294920 296923 301925 313925 320921
      326916 330914 336914 345912 353912 357911 363912 369920
      389955 396974 400984 405990 415005 419014 426023 428028
      430032 440034 445041 448048 453073 456083 458097 455115
      456122 459124 463129 467131 473133 475139 472139 471136
      468135 466143 460151 450165 439175 437172 434170 432171
      422172 427181 429185 430191 429199 426201 423204 418202
      416199 414194 412183 410175 409171 406166 402159 396153
      386149 381145 378142 375139 373133 372128 374122 376117
      381115 389111 390106 387102 378101 371093 368086 363079
      356074 348070 344069 340070 341088 342091 340094 334100
      327105 322107 315106 306110 303119 302122 300123 294121
      289113 279098 270086 261081 257077 251075 247074 244070
      243066 245062 248060 252060 258065 264070 269072 274072
      286072 294069 298067 302063 303054 303048 305045 310036
      312032 316033 317037 320041 324043 330043 333041 334038
      333035 331031 331024 333020 336016 338012 341010 343008
      342004 341001 338990 332985 326979 323975 321971
 0.01 321971 320966 316963 308959 305956 299954 296946 288928
      285924 282922 273918 269920 266921 260913 256905 255893
      254886 253881 250873 247859 246849 245835 245829 246825
      246818 247813 248809 248805 246803 242806 241805 238801
      241798 244796 247794 247792 248782 253773 257764 259756
      261751 263747 277735 290723 298716 305711 320700 334687
      350675 368659 370658 372658 373658 375658 377657 378657
      378656 380655 382654 383653 385652 387650 388649 390648
      391647 393646 394645
 0.01 547833 546814 542801 538791 535787 533782 528775 521770
      516769 513767 512763 508753 506746 504742 497734 490731
      486730 480730 475730 470730 460733 455734 450737 445739
      444744 441750 437753 428758 423760 419762 409766 405771
      403774 398782 394792 391796 390803 387811 390815 391820
      391827 389831 388837 387843 393871 395876 397880 402885
      409894 414904 417917 422924 424928 427932 434940 442945
      447945 450942 452940 449935 441929 436922 436919 438921
      442923 445920 446917 443913 438909 434902 431897 431890
      430885 434883 438878 444878 444887 450887 454891 458894
      460894 461891 463885 463878 454874 452872 449874 446878
      444875 438875 436877 433877 426873 424867 424861 442850
      453848 456847 456840 452828 452820 456823 461830 466842
      478855 482864 486871 489873 493876 498876 501876 502873
      505869 508870 511873 519877 526876 530873 533870 536865
      540856 544847 547833
 0.01 444218 444214 443212 439209 438208 436209 433210 430212
      429214 428216 426220 429222 432223 436224 438223 440222
      442220 444218
 0.01 451114 450112 449112 448114 448116 450116 451114
 0.01 431847 431845 430843 429845 429848 430850 431847
 0.01 420128 420125 418123 415120 411122 408120 404118 401119
      397120 397124 400129 402132 405135 409137 413136 417134
      419130 420128
 0.01 403179 402171 398164 396161 393160 388155 381151 378150
      375152 374164 373169 371173 366178 360181 358184 360187
      368189 378199 387202 389204 392204 394202 394198 388192
      387189 388185 389182 393182 400181 403179
 0.01 390997 390995 390993 390990 389988 389986 387984 386986
      386988 386990 386993 386995 387997 389999 390997
 0.25 435632 433637 430640 422644 419651 417655 416660 414665
      412668 408674 403681 398686 384698 374709 364721 352733
      339743 327752 316763 312770 308777 305784 300792 291803
      286809 277813 272817 267823 267830 268836 267840 266848
      266854 269858 269879 270892 269902 267903 264899 263895
      262889 259871 258853 257844 258834 261826 261822 259819
      257817 255813 256803 258793 258785 261776 264770 267762
      272756 282744 287739 294733 305724 317712 328701 339691
      346686 352680 357675 364669 380662 387658 396653 404649
      410648 415644 420637
 0.25 509836 509831 508829 503827 501822 501813 501799 502783
      502776 501766 500760 497755 494752 489752 478753 473753
      468754 459758 449765 443771 435779 433778 433774 434768
      430766 427770 424773 418775 414778 413785 410789 407792
      404805 403808 400808 398812 397818 397821 399822 405822
      410824 403829 400832 399839 401846 403846 404843 406840
      411841 415839 418835 418826 424826 430824 435822 443817
      446813 449808 450805 453804 457805 464814 472819 475820
      475822 476829 477837 480842 481851 484856 487859 492859
      496856 497854 498849 499842 503840 507839 509836
 0.25 453139 452135 449131 445128 441130 437131 435136 435142
      435146 434151 439153 442154 445150 449148 451146 453140
      453139
 0.25 448099 446094 441089 436087 431088 423085 423077 424074
      427073 431069 432065 431062 429048 427040 425034 416027
      408018 403016 397015 393014 390016 386013 381003 376990
      372978 368967 363954 360949 359947 355945 350943 346940
      342936 339935 336936 332940 330946 328952 329959 332964
      336968 341971 344977 346991 350003 356014 359018 360024
      361029 359034 355037 351041 348047 349050 351052 356055
      360058 366059 370061 371064 377066 382068 384075 385082
      388087 393089 398094 402104 405112 407113 411113 418105
      421105 425111 431112 435109 439106 443104 447102 448099
 0.25 407857 407854 406854 404853 403853 401853 399853 398855
      398858 399858 401858 403858 404857 405857 406857 407857
 0.25 321941 320939 317938 314938 312937 310937 309941 310943
      310945 311947 314948 316947 318945 319943 321941
 0.25 303089 304085 303082 299080 298079 296080 292080 288080
      286081 283081 279082 281085 283086 286087 290087 293088
      297089 300090 303089
 0.25 307933 305930 303929 300931 301933 300935 298937 298941
      299945 301946 303945 305941 304937 305934 307933
 0.50 495774 494769 493766 491764 488765 483766 476765 469766
      462765 458768 454773 449777 445783 443790 444794 446795
      452794 458795 462798 468795 472794 473796 473798 477800
      483800 488795 494782 495774
 0.50 430108 428108 426107 426108 428109 430108 430108
 0.50 430809 430802 429795 426791 423790 417790 415795 417801
      420804 421807 419812 420817 423819 427817 428812 430809
 0.50 426063 427056 424052 422051 420053 419050 419044 416041
      410033 405027 401028 398032 394032 390030 388027 386022
      380004 376996 374985 366968 362961 357953 349949 344949
      340950 338954 339960 345966 347969 348976 349987 351997
      356005 361012 365020 365025 365031 365039 361040 358043
      356047 361054 379059 383061 387063 390066 391071 389075
      388078 390082 395084 398086 400081 408079 411077 414080
      416080 417074 421064 425064 426063
 0.50 407662 407658 405656 399656 394658 389661 379666 369673
      336700 321715 307729 299737 292743 284750 278757 274762
      271766 269776 267782 268790 268796 263798 263802 262808
      263811 267810 272800 274797 279797 284799 288795 292786
      298776 302768 309759 315751 322745 333739 342733 350727
      357720 364712 379697 387689 394682 399677 403673 407662
 0.50 264866 264864 264862 262863 262864 261866 262868 264868
      264867 264866
 1.00 417064 417059 416054 413045 410041 407038 403041 398041
      391039 388038 385042 381048 385051 388053 395059 398060
      402059 407059 409063 410068 413070 415069 417064
 1.00 393671 392669 389669 383670 374675 360687 345699 331711
      319726 315735 315738 317738 321735 336725 346720 353715
      368702 382688 387680 392672 393671
 1.00 403076 404074 403072 403070 403069 401068 401067 400066
      399067 399069 399071 400071 400074 401075 401076 402077
      403076
 1.00 384027 383018 381013 377007 374999 374991 371984 364973
      360968 355964 353966 352970 353978 356996 359001 363007
      369019 371026 375031 377034 380033 383031 384028 384027
 1.00 373053 373050 372049 370049 369049 367049 365050 363049
      363050 365050 367052 368052 370053 372053 373053
 1.00 288776 288774 289772 289770 287769 286770 285771 284773
      282775 281777 282779 283779 284779 286778 288776 288776
 1.50 415064 414062 414061 412059 412061 412062 413064 414064
      415064
 1.50 412057 412052 411048 410046 406044 404044 403045 399046
      398048 397050 397053 400055 402056 406057 409057 412057
 1.50 383678 382675 379676 375679 367685 359692 351700 345708
      342711 342715 351711 359705 367698 375691 381683 383678
 1.50 383024 381018 379013 376009 374003 372992 368983 361974
      356972 356976 357982 360987 362000 367010 372018 374022
      379026 383024
 2.00 408051 408049 407049 407051 408052 408051
 2.00 406054 406052 405051 404051 402051 401053 402054 404054
      406054 406054
 2.00 379019 379017 378019 379020 379019
 2.00 376015 374008 373001 372994 369989 366983 362980 360980
      361983 363989 364997 365003 368010 372014 374017 376015
 3.00 371008 372005 372003 371001 370999 370996 369996 368996
      368999 368001 369003 369004 369005 370008 371008 371008

24HR QP VT 01/00Z
 0.01 464622 464628 462633 459641 456648 454651 451653 446659
      439664 421674 406684 394692 386698 380704 374710 370716
      364724 360731 357738 353744 350751 346760 343763 344769
      345779 348789 349795 349800 346808 343814 331826 327828
      324827 316823 308818 303814 296801 294797 290796 285801
      280807 277811 273814 269822 267826 265828 258840 255861
      252863 247863 240860 238857 238851 239842 241827 244808
      243803 243800 244791 246781 249774 254761 263749 266746
      270742 277736 290726 301718 326696 338684 344679 351675
      359671 365667 380654 393645
 0.01 554807 553796 549791 540787 531784 534771 537751 538742
      539740 538736 536726 534717 527708 523704 518700 510694
      505692 501690 490691 480689 470686 461687 454690 447692
      442693 440696 429703 419711 412720 407728 401739 398742
      400744 403750 400757 397761 387769 384774 379780 373789
      371794 372802 374809 373814 375821 376830 377838 379844
      380847 383848 385851 384856 385861 386870 387874 388879
      390895 394902 396908 398913 401917 408922 412908 412905
      410903 407897 400885 397881 396878 391872 387856 387852
      385849 386842 391833 394828 399828 406827 410824 415820
      420818 421815 423812 426810 428812 431812 433814 434818
      434828 432845 429860 429873 430879 432885 435893 439900
      442906 446912 459933 463938 469942 477949 493962 510981
      515986 521986 528987 530981 531976 531974 528967 522955
      517946 511935 498914 494908 493904 492897 490889 490882
      491876 493869 497863 500862 505867 508871 512874 517874
      521872 524871 526866 529863 531865 537865 542862 545858
      549853 551844 552833 553821 553811 554807
 0.01 530154 531145 531141 530138 526129 520122 517119 512116
      510115 506112 502108 495102 492098 490094 483088 474086
      466092 464095 461095 458091 455080 453076 451073 442067
      438067 436069 434071 434075 435081 435085 429083 425084
      423089 421102 419106 420112 412115 413106 412098 411093
      409088 407089 406091 401089 400086 400083 404080 412075
      417067 417064 422063 425060 425055 418049 414046 412040
      412033 411028 405021 402019 397018 391013 387007 383001
      379997 375996 372999 370004 373013 374016 372019 366018
      360018 356016 363992 364985 368981 368976 367972 365966
      365958 366953 366945 368940 368933 371929 375927 380920
      381916 379912 376909 373907 366905 355897 350895 346893
      343889 339888 334887 331888 329887 324886 319887 308892
      304895 300899 295906 293911 293918 295921 295929 294934
      292939 289945 286951 286956 288960 292969 294972 295980
      297989 301997 308002 318007 320012 315012 306008 298011
      293013 289016 285018 286022 290030 293038 295047 292056
      290059 286060 280063 276067 271064 262056 255052 249046
      242041 237041 235044 229051 230056 233060 238068 244076
      250081 257086 262091 266096 272102 274105 278107 286111
      292118 295122 303123 311128 318131 326129 327122 326117
      327100 327096 329093 331088 337089 342087 349084 353083
      356080 356077 359074 363072 367071 371072 373075 376082
      380090 378103 374116 373124 373132 376151 375155 377157
      380158 381161 381163 379167 378171 380172 384176 387178
      392177 398173 399173 399177 398184 398189 399193 402200
      409206 412208 416207 422209 424212 428215 431219 436218
      438215 438210 442208 440204 433197 432191 430187 427188
      426182 424172 422166 420161 419155 421150 422142 424138
      425131 424127 422124 421120 424119 426119 428124 428127
      430131 433133 434137 433154 435160 441162 451164 457163
      460158 466152 474147 478148 481150 485154 487157 495174
 0.01 495174 498178 501181 504184 508185 511183 515179 517177
      520173 522171 526167 528164 530157 530154
 0.01 419128 420123 416121 415120 413118 412115 410117 409119
      408124 407126 405130 406134 410133 412133 414131 417130
      419128
 0.01 391202 391198 389194 388191 385188 381183 377181 373182
      365181 359181 360186 362189 369192 376196 382200 384203
      387203 391202
 0.01 387155 387152 387151 385150 383147 383145 382142 380143
      378143 377144 378146 380148 380149 381151 383154 384156
      386156 387155
 0.25 453626 451633 449639 442648 434657 428661 421665 403679
      391687 383695 366710 356720 348728 333745 324755 316763
      307771 299777 289785 278791 273795 270800 264808 261808
      258802 255794 255785 258779 261775 265766 271756 280747
      289739 297733 305723 314714 324708 332701 342693 351684
      360675 369669 375665 380662 386659 391655 399648 408641
 0.25 529748 528741 526735 520728 504718 496716 489712 481707
      475700 470699 465699 455701 446705 435712 427718 423726
      420731 421735 424751 428753 430759 432762 436764 440765
      444762 448760 452762 454779 457790 462801 467810 493839
      497841 503841 512840 517837 521835 524830 523821 522814
      519808 517806 513804 504801 498794 504786 510781 520774
      525767 528758 529748
 0.25 480927 479922 477920 475918 472917 470916 468915 465913
      464911 464914 465917 466920 468922 470925 472926 474928
      477928 480927
 0.25 454120 455115 454110 451105 448100 445095 440091 433092
      429094 431099 433107 438109 442113 445119 449122 454120
 0.25 444147 444145 442143 440143 439144 438145 438146 439148
      440150 441150 443149 443148 444147
 0.25 410108 410105 410103 409101 409100 408098 406100 406102
      406104 405105 405107 406109 407110 408110 409109 410108
 0.25 413061 412057 411054 407049 402046 394043 389047 381048
      375049 369050 361052 357056 357060 359062 366064 373066
      380069 384073 386076 386079 388082 391082 395077 405069
      410066 413061
 0.25 403148 403146 403144 402141 400140 399139 397139 395139
      393140 391142 390144 391145 391146 392148 394148 396149
      398149 399149 401150 403148
 0.25 400106 400104 399102 397101 395100 395101 395103 396106
      397106 398108 400106
 0.25 359972 359959 357944 352919 350914 346912 335909 332908
      327910 319917 316920 313924 313931 311937 309942 311947
      312952 312960 309970 308975 312977 324977 329977 332980
      334985 333990 333997 337001 347003 351000 353996 357984
      358977 359972
 0.25 313062 313060 313058 313056 312055 311054 310053 309052
      307053 306055 306057 306059 306062 307064 308065 310065
      311064 312064 313062
 0.25 305089 305082 303078 299074 294073 290073 285074 282078
      279079 276078 267073 270081 278088 285094 292102 297097
      301094 304090 305089
 0.50 443630 443637 440643 434650 427658 421662 416665 405672
      398677 389686 379693 364706 347723 334738 327747 318754
      303766 293773 284780 275785 270785 269779 273769 275763
      278758 286750 293744 307728 315720 322714 331706 340699
      349692 355685 363676 372670 384667 388665 392662 395659
      400655 409646 419637
 0.50 519750 517745 511745 500743 496740 493736 485727 477720
      472718 467716 460717 458711 453709 447709 442712 438716
      438720 435721 431722 430725 429729 434727 435725 438724
      437727 438729 441733 443741 446746 450751 458759 462763
      467766 474765 478767 484768 489767 497760 508759 513759
      515756 519753 519750
 0.50 408058 407056 404054 402053 399052 395052 392052 390052
      388056 387059 387063 389065 393065 396065 398064 402063
      403062 406061 408058
 0.50 355967 355957 353945 349923 346919 343919 332917 330918
      328922 326927 323930 320938 320945 322949 324954 323958
      317964 315969 317972 323972 326970 327964 330961 333964
      335969 338991 341993 345993 351987 354979 355967
 1.00 388677 382676 379674 375674 371676 366680 358687 350696
      334712 327721 319729 310737 302746 298755 298758 302757
      307755 326741 333734 341724 357707 365700 373690 382685
      388677
 1.00 352969 353962 352954 349943 345933 342929 337927 333928
      331930 330935 329939 330943 332948 334952 339962 341973
      343978 344982 346983 350974 352969
 1.50 357698 354699 351702 345708 339715 332720 327727 325731
      325734 331729 337723 342716 349709 353703 357698
 1.50 351967 351958 349952 347945 345941 341936 338935 335936
      334941 336948 338954 340960 342967 344972 348972 350969
      351967
 2.00 348969 349963 348956 346954 345947 343943 341940 339940
      337943 339949 341953 342958 343965 344969 348969 348969

$$




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