Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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830
FXUS04 KWBC 092028
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
327 PM EST FRI DEC 09 2016


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID DEC 10/0000 UTC THRU DEC 13/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA

SHORTWAVE ENERGY EMBEDDED IN THE STRONG WESTERLY FLOW OVER THE
NORTHEAST PACIFIC WILL SUPPORT A SURGE OF MUCH ABOVE AVERAGE PW
VALUES AND THE INITIATION OF AN ATMOSPHERIC RIVER EVENT INTO
NORTHERN CALIFORNIA TONIGHT---CONTINUING INTO THE DAY ON SATURDAY.
 THERE WILL BE A SLOW SOUTHWARD PUSH OF THIS MAIN INFLOW AXIS
DURING THE DAY ON SATURDAY INTO CENTRAL CALIFORNIA BY THE END OF
THE PERIOD---WITH A MORE RAPID SOUTHWARD PUSH AFTER DAY 1.  VERY
GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT ON THIS UPCOMING PRECIP EVENT WITH HIGH
CONFIDENCE ON THE WIDESPREAD HEAVY TOTALS ACROSS THE CENTRAL TO
NORTHERN SIERRA AND NORTHERN CALIFORNIA COAST RANGE.  HEAVIEST
TOTALS LIKELY IN THE NORTHERN SIERRA WITH MODEL CONSENSUS OF 5-8"
AMOUNTS DEPICTED...WITH 1-3" TOTALS ALONG THE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
COAST.

INLAND INTO THE NORTHERN GREAT BASIN INTO THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES---MUCH ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES ALSO EXPECTED TO PRESS
EASTWARD LATE TONIGHT INTO SATURDAY THROUGH CENTRAL TO NORTHERN NV
INTO NORTHERN TO CENTRAL UT---SOUTHERN WY AND NORTHERN CO.  THIS
AND FAVORABLE UPPER DIFFLUENCE WILL SUPPORT GREATER THAN AVERAGE
AREAL COVERAGE OF MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS AND HEAVY SNOW
TOTALS THROUGH PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN GREAT BASIN IN THE
VICINITY OF NORTHERN NV---ALONG WITH HEAVY PRECIP AND SNOW TOTALS
THROUGH THE NORTHERN WASATCH---TETONS OF WY AND SAWTOOTH RANGE OF
CENTRAL ID.  FOR QPF DETAILS---WPC LEANED MORE TOWARD THE HI RES
ENSEMBLE MEANS.

ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST---MORE TYPICAL PRECIP TOTALS ON TAP
FOR THIS PORTION OF THE NATION.  WHILE THE ANOMALOUS PW VALUES AND
STRONGEST MOISTURE FLUX WILL REMAIN WELL TO THE SOUTH OF THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST---SUSTAINED ONSHORE WEST SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW WILL
SUPPORT WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS FROM
THE WASHINGTON-OREGON CASCADES---WESTWARD TO THE OREGON AND
WASHINGTON COAST RANGE AND OLYMPIC RANGE.

NORTHERN PLAINS TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY

DURING THE DAY ON SATURDAY LARGE SCALE LIFT EXPECTED TO STRENGTHEN
OVER THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND PUSH TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY
ASSOCIATED WITH STRENGTHENING ISENTROPIC LIFT ALONG A WEST TO EAST
ORIENTED AND STRENGTHENING FRONTAL ZONE.  THIS WILL BE THE
BEGINNING OF WHAT IS EXPECTED TO BE A WIDESPREAD HEAVY SNOW EVENT
TO SPREAD EASTWARD DAYS 2-3 FROM THE UPPER MS VALLEY---ACROSS THE
LAKES AND INTO PORTIONS OF THE NORTHEAST.  SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD
FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION.

GREAT LAKES

PRIOR TO ANY SYNOPTIC SCALE SNOWS SPREADING EAST INTO THE LAKES
BEYOND DAY 1---CYCLONIC FLOW/COLD ADVECTION WILL CONTINUE TO
SUPPORT AN ACTIVE LAKE EFFECT SNOW PATTERN DOWNWIND OF ALL OF THE
GREAT LAKES.  NORTHWEST TO WEST FLOW ACROSS THE LAKES WILL BEGIN
TO WEAKEN BY THE END OF THE DAY 1 TIME PERIOD AHEAD OF THE
AFOREMENTIONED WARM ADVECTION SPREADING EASTWARD OUT OF THE UPPER
MS VALLEY.  DURING DAY 1---ADDITIONAL HEAVY SNOW TOTALS LIKELY
OVER THE WESTERN TO CENTRAL U.P. OF MI---NORTHWEST TO SOUTHWEST
PORTIONS OF THE L.P. OF MI---AND FROM FAR NORTHEAST OH---NORTHWEST
PA INTO FAR SOUTHWEST NY STATE.  FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER
DETAILS---SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD.

SOUTHEAST FLORIDA INTO THE UPPER KEYS

AN AXIS OF MUCH ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES EXPECTED TO PERSIST ALONG
AND NORTH OF THE SURFACE FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXPECTED TO LIE TO THE
SOUTH OF SOUTH FLORIDA AND THE KEYS DAY 1.  THE LOW LEVEL EASTERLY
FLOW TO THE NORTH OF THIS FRONT IS EXPECTED TO STRENGTHEN WITH
TIME DAY 1---STRENGTHENING THE BOUNDARY LAYER CONVERGENCE MAXIMA
ALONG THE SOUTHEAST FL COAST INTO THE UPPER KEYS.  THIS WILL
SUPPORT CONTINUED SHOWERY CONDITIONS ACROSS THE KEYS AND SOUTH
FLORIDA---WITH POTENTIALLY HEAVY AMOUNTS ALONG THE SOUTHEAST COAST
AND THE UPPER KEYS WHERE THE BOUNDARY LAYER CONVERGENCE MAXIMA
WILL SUPPORT POTENTIAL FOR CONCENTRATED RAIN BANDS.


 DAYS 2 AND 3...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/INTERMOUNTAIN WEST/ROCKIES...

A WEAKENING ATMOSPHERIC RIVER AFFECTS NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA
EARLY ON DAY 2...RESULTING IN HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
ACROSS THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE. FURTHER NORTH...SHORT WAVE ENERGY
TAPS PACIFIC MOISTURE AS IT CROSSES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND
NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAY 2. ADDITIONAL SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN A
FAST MID LEVEL FLOW CROSSES THE SAME AREA DURING DAY 3. FOR THE
MOST PART...THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF
THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

A 25 KNOT LOW LEVEL WEST NORTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA EARLY ON
DAY 2. THE UPSLOPE FLOW BECOMES FOCUSED ON THE SIERRA NEVADA
RANGE...WHERE THE COMBINATION OF DEEP MOISTURE AND UPSLOPE FLOW IS
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 4.00 TO 5.00 INCHES OF QPF...WHICH
IS CLOSE TO THE MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS. WHILE SNOW LEVELS WILL
LOWER ENOUGH FOR AT LEAST SOME OF THE QPF TO FALL IN THE FORM OF
SNOW...THE HEAVIEST RAIN WILL FALL IN AREAS WHERE THE THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 INCHES. A MARGINAL
RISK AREAS REMAINS IN PLACE HERE FOR DAY 2.

FURTHER NORTH...A SHORT WAVE TRACKING FROM WA/OR EARLY ON DAY 2
REACHES THE NORTHERN ROCKIES LATE IN THE PERIOD. THE SHORT WAVE
TAPS PACIFIC MOISTURE...AND THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS DIRECTED TO THE
HIGHER TERRAIN ACROSS WA/OR. AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF
WAS PLACED OVER THE OLYMPIC RANGE IN WA AND ALONG THE OR COASTAL
RANGE. THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS MORE EFFICIENT ACROSS THE CASCADES OF
WA/OR...AND AN AXIS OF 1.25 TO 2.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE.
THESE VALUES ARE CLOSE TO THE MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS...WITH THE
HIGHEST AMOUNTS PLACED OVER THE OR CASCADES.

LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE LEFT EXIT REGION OF A 130 KNOT JET STREAK
CROSSING NORTHERN CA TO THE CENTRAL ROCKIES ON DAY 2 MAKES THE
MOST OF THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN TO PRODUCE AREAS OF 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE BITTERROOT RANGE IN ID...THE ROCKY
MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT...AS THE GRAND TETONS AND SOUTHERN
ABSAROKA RANGE IN WY...AS WELL AS THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT.
INCREASING UPSLOPE FLOW BEHIND AN ARCTIC FRONT CROSSING THE
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES WILL PROVIDE ADDITIONAL LIFT AND
MOISTURE FOR QPF ACROSS THE FRONT RANGE OF THE CO ROCKIES. AN AXIS
OF 0.75 T0 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ALONG THE FRONT
RANGE...AND THESE AMOUNTS WERE AUGMENTED WITH THE USE OF THE 12Z
WRF ARW.

THE NEXT PIECE OF SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE FAST MID LEVEL FLOW
CROSSES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAY 3.
MOISTURE IS NOT AS ROBUST WITH THIS SHORT WAVE...BUT THE
COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT AND UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD MAKE
THE MOST OF THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN. WITH THE BEST UPSLOPE FLOW
EXPECTED ACROSS CENTRAL OR...AN AXIS OF 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED OVER THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL OR CASCADES. THIS IS JUST A
BIT BELOW THE MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS...SINCE PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES ARE LOWER WITH THE ONSHORE FLOW THAN ON DAY 2.

THE SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT ASSOCIATED WITH THE SHORT WAVE CROSSES
THE NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE LAST PART OF DAY 3. MOISTURE IN
THE COLUMN IS RELATIVELY SCANT...BUT LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE
ASSOCIATED WITH AN ARCTIC FRONT ALONG THE DIVIDE WILL ENHANCE
UPSLOPE FLOW...MAKING THE MOST OF THE AVAILABLE MOISTURE. THERE
WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES
OF QPF ACROSS MUCH OF NORTHERN ID/WESTERN MT INTO NORTHWEST
WY...WITH THE UPSLOPE FLOW ACCOUNTING FOR LOCAL 0.75 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS IN THE FAVORED LOCATIONS.

HEAVY SNOW IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST...INTERMOUNTAIN WEST AND THE CENTRAL ROCKIES DURING DAYS
2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER
PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING FROM THE NORTHERN ROCKIES TO THE UPPER
MS VALLEY WILL AID IN CYCLOGENESIS ON A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING
FROM THE SOUTHERN PLAINS TO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES ON DAY 2. STRONG
UPGLIDE OVER THE FRONT PRODUCES QPF ACROSS A LARGE PORTION OF THE
REGION. THERE ARE STILL SOME LATITUDINAL DIFFERENCES WITH RESPECT
TO THE AXIS OF MAXIMUM QPF...BUT BLENDING THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS SHOULD
MITIGATE MOST OF THE DIFFERENCES...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON
THAT MODEL BLEND.

LOW PRESSURE COALESCING OVER THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES EARLY
ON DAY 2 TRACKS ALONG A FRONTAL BOUNDARY THAT DIPS INTO THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS. A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW RIDES
AHEAD OF A SHORT WAVE MOVING ACROSS THE THE NORTHERN PLAINS...UP
AND OVER THE WARM FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING TO THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES. THE STRONG ISENTROPIC LIFT TRANSPORTS 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS THE UPPER MS VALLEY AND UPPER GREAT
LAKES...AND THE LIFT IS EXPECTED TO BE MAXIMIZED FROM SOUTHEAST MN
ACROSS SOUTHERN WI/NORTHERNMOST IL INTO SOUTHWEST MI. IN THIS
AXIS...0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. AS MENTIONED
EARLIER...THERE IS STILL SOME NORTH/SOUTH SPREAD IN THIS
PLACEMENT...BUT THE BLENDING OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS SOLUTIONS
MITIGATES MOST OF THE DIFFERENCE. THIS AXIS IS SURROUNDED BY A
LARGER AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF COVERING MUCH OF THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES.

HEAVY SNOW IS POSSIBLE ON DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE
OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...OH AND TN VALLEYS/LOWER GREAT LAKES/NORTHEAST...

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE TRACKING FROM THE UPPER MS VALLEY INTO QUEBEC
ON DAY 3 WILL MOVE ALONG A WARM FRONT EXTENDING INTO NEW ENGLAND.
STRONG UPGLIDE AHEAD OF A SHORT WAVE MOVING FROM NORTHERN MN INTO
QUEBEC BECOMES FOCUSED OVER NEW ENGLAND... PRODUCING A LARGE AREA
OF QPF. THE 12Z ECMWF APPEARS TO BE A BIT TOO FLAT AND FAST WITH
THE SHORT WAVE CROSSING INTO QUEBEC...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
MORE CLOSELY ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z GFS/00Z ECMWF.

AS SURFACE LOW PRESSURE TRACKS ALONG A FRONTAL BOUNDARY FROM THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES INTO QUEBEC...MOISTURE AND LIFT BECOME FOCUSED
ON ITS WARM FRONT. AHEAD OF A SHORT WAVE MOVING FROM MN INTO
SOUTHWEST QUEBEC...A 45 TO 60 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW IS
LIFTED IN STRONG UPGLIDE ACROSS EASTERN NY STATE AND MUCH OF NEW
ENGLAND...TRANSPORTING 0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR UP AND
OVER THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY. THE COMBINATION OF LIFT AND MOISTURE
SHOULD RESULT IN A LARGE AREA OF 0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS
MUCH OF EASTERN NY STATE/NORTHEAST PA/NORTHERN NJ EXTENDING INTO
MUCH OF CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. LOCAL AMOUNTS CLOSER TO
1.25 INCHES OF QPF ARE POSSIBLE ACROSS EASTERN LONG ISLAND NY INTO
SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND...AS A SECONDARY SURFACE LOW FORMS ON THE
FRONTAL BOUNDARY AND COASTAL FRONT.

ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT TRAILING THE SURFACE LOW OVER
QUEBEC...A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25
INCH PRECIPITABLE AIR AIR OVER THE TN AND LOWER OH
VALLEYS...MAINLY BETWEEN 12/06Z AND 12/18Z. MODEL SOUNDINGS
INDICATED THAT SURFACE BASED INSTABILITY REMAINS LIMITED TO THE
LOWER MS VALLEY...BUT ELEVATED INSTABILITY COULD REACH INTO THE TN
VALLEY AHEAD OF THE FRONT. THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE...SYNOPTIC
SCALE ASCENT AND LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE ALONG THE FRONT SHOULD
PRODUCE AN AREA OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS MUCH OF KY/TN
INTO WV....WITH THE HIGHEST QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS SOUTHEAST KY/NORTH
CENTRAL TN. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ACROSS PORTIONS
OF CENTRAL AND NORTHERN WV ARE AS LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES...BUT
WITHOUT DEEPER CONVECTION AHEAD OF THE FRONT...THE THREAT FOR
FLASH FLOODING ON DAY 3 APPEARS TO BE VERY LOW.


...FL AND THE SOUTHEAST...

A DEEPENING AND STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL EAST SOUTHEAST FLOW WILL
TRANSPORT MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTH FL
DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH
THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

A STRENGTHENING AND DEEPENING LOW LEVEL EASTERLY FLOW AROUND
STRONG HIGH PRESSURE OVER THE NORTHEAST AND MID ATLANTIC STATES
WILL TRANSPORT 1.50/1.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTH FL DURING DAY 2. SHORT WAVE
ENERGY ON THE SOUTHERN EDGE OF THE MID LEVEL FLOW WILL PROVIDE
SOME SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT...POSSIBLY RESULTING IN CLUSTERS OF LOW
TOPPED CONVECTION AFFECTING MAINLY SOUTHEAST FL...WHERE AREAS OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WERE PLACED.

SIMILAR CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED ON DAY 3...AS THE LOW LEVEL FLOW
VEERS TO THE SOUTH IN ADVANCE OF A COLD FRONT CROSSING THE
SOUTHEAST STATES. THE BEST LIFT IS EXPECTED ALONG THE SOUTHEAST FL
COAST...WHERE AN AXIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


ORAVEC/HAYES

24HR QP VT 11/00Z
 0.01 517270 517257 515247 514240 511230 508223 506215 508207
      512200 516192 517188 518182 518177 516172 514164 506148
      504145 502139 501126 503111 504100 502093 501082 499072
      499069 497066 494060 492051 489042 486032 483022 480014
      470999 466981 457944 447915 439901 436894 430888 426887
      423889 417897 415905 415919 416933 417937 417943 417966
      419973 422980 426995 430013 433017 435021 438032 438038
      441041 447044 454048 456050 458055 454063 453067 452070
      449069 443066 440067 439072 443077 447080 451085 450090
      447090 439087 435087 431085 425081 424075 424070 426066
      427060 425056 421054 418057 414058 407053 403052 398053
      397057 396063 384063 384070 381076 383092 389092 389088
      387085 386081 386078 388078 393083 394087 398088 402082
      406079 410079 417085 418090 421093 424096 423099 418103
      415105 412103 410096 408094 404095 402103 395100 394105
      392108 386111 383114 382119 383123 387125 390125 392128
      397136 396145 392151 387161 386165 386171 392184 390186
      386186 380186 375183 368180 359179 352181 348183 349186
      352189 356190 363194 365197 366200 365205 362208 359208
      356205 353203 351199 347191 344196 344204 346210 350216
      356227 361234 367239 372244 379249 390260 399266 401268
      405267 419263 432261 445260 458260 461259 466261 475265
      481270 486277 491284 495286 499288 502288 504290 507288
      509284 517270
 0.01 482882 482870 481861 480852 478846 476840 472833 465821
      462815 460809 455798 451794 446791 441787 437779 436771
      436764 436761 437758 436751 434749 431749 430752 427749
      422746 420749 421752 418758 416762 413762 414769 413777
      403785 398789 393791 387796 383800 381805 386804 396797
      401794 407794 409797 410802 411811 411818 414824 420823
      422815 424807 425799 429798 431802 432810 431814 434821
      436828 438837 441843 442848 439851 423838 419846 418853
      417860 417865 417870 420870 425868 429866 435865 451864
      456865 460866 462869 463899 465911 467915 471911 473902
      477891 482882
 0.01 459706 458702 455703 447708 444707 440709 437713 436717
      439718 442718 442720 435726 430727 426729 429731 434730
      439729 444730 449725 453717 458709 459706
 0.01 465035 465033 464031 462030 464028 462026 461028 462030
      462033 462035 464038 465035
 0.01 288810 287803 285800 281796 277794 275787 272784 268781
      264780 258780 252780 246781 241784 233789 229792 226797
      223805 221817 220823 220828 221835 222843 224847 226851
      230853 234850 238846 239842 241829 243820 246815 249812
      254809 259809 273807 278806 282808 285810 288810
 0.01 266972 265970 261968 259964 256960 254956 250954 241953
      234957 233961 231965 233975 235978 239981 242982 248982
      253978 263975 266972
 0.25 507280 509264 511250 510240 507229 502218 496208 493205
      488203 482203 477205 472206 468208 465209 461207 455211
      447213 441212 435212 431208 426197 424192 426187 432177
      434174 433167 432163 436165 442171 446174 449179 447183
      447187 449188 454187 458185 462180 462176 460173 461168
      466169 471170 476169 479167 482164 483160 482155 477147
      477144 481142 487141 487138 486136 476129 471128 467124
      465121 463114 461103 460099 456096 433091 425085 423088
      424093 427099 427101 424102 420104 419109 416111 413110
      409101 406098 405102 402107 398108 390114 391117 394118
      399121 403125 407128 410131 410138 401151 399158 396164
      394169 393174 394177 398182 400186 399192 395194 389193
      383191 375186 371184 366183 362184 361187 367194 369200
      372206 371211 366213 361212 358213 358217 364226 372231
      383244 391249 401254 412253 422252 458251 465252 471255
      476258 482262 495276 501281 505281 507280
 0.25 477880 477873 476867 473855 468846 465844 463849 464861
      465868 467873 468877 468884 466888 465895 466902 468902
      471891 473886 475882 477880
 0.25 445184 443182 441182 441183 440185 441186 442186 443186
      444184 445184
 0.25 455818 455813 453811 452809 450807 446805 445805 441805
      438806 436808 436811 437813 439816 441819 442820 446821
      449821 453820 455818
 0.25 455850 456847 456845 455842 454841 452840 451841 449842
      447843 446845 446846 446848 446849 446851 447853 448855
      450856 451856 452855 453854 454852 455850 455850
 0.25 430859 429857 428855 427853 425851 424853 425855 425857
      426858 426860 427860 429860 430859
 0.25 424789 424782 420780 417785 416790 417797 417802 415807
      415814 416816 419813 421808 422803 423797 424791 424789
 0.25 413073 413071 412069 411068 410068 410070 410071 411073
      413073
 0.25 271799 270795 269793 263790 257789 249789 243792 236795
      233798 228805 226817 225825 225833 226839 228842 232843
      235838 236832 238825 240817 243813 249809 254806 262805
      268803 271799
 0.50 505276 505268 504260 506250 508242 506235 502222 499217
      495214 488209 478209 469212 450215 438216 434216 430212
      424204 423200 420196 416193 413191 410191 406193 402198
      390195 381191 373186 368185 365187 366189 371199 376206
      382214 383218 379220 374215 371214 369215 366219 366223
      370226 378233 386241 396247 400249 405251 425249 430247
      434245 443245 453246 459245 464245 474251 481256 489263
      497273 501277 505276
 0.50 491234 490230 489228 486225 484224 481222 478221 475222
      475225 478228 480230 481232 484234 488235 491234
 0.50 456229 455226 453227 451227 451228 449229 449230 447231
      448232 450233 452233 454232 455231 456229 456229
 0.50 465157 465150 462148 459147 455147 450148 445146 441144
      437141 434139 431136 430132 430126 432120 436117 445117
      448116 451112 451105 451100 447097 438095 433092 430090
      428088 424088 425093 427097 429101 426103 418112 412111
      410107 408103 406105 403108 400109 398115 401117 403121
      412127 415130 416134 413141 401155 402160 402167 403175
      404180 407183 412184 415186 418185 423179 428173 430171
      430167 428161 427156 430155 432157 435160 440164 448169
      452168 455164 460159 465157
 0.50 471870 471868 471865 470863 470860 469858 468856 467853
      466853 466856 467858 466861 467863 467866 468868 469870
      471872 471870
 0.50 422799 422796 422794 422792 422789 421787 420787 419789
      419790 419792 419795 418797 419799 419801 420802 421801
      422799 422799
 0.50 419809 419806 419805 417806 416807 416809 416811 417813
      418811 419809 419809
 0.50 267800 265796 260794 255793 249794 240798 232804 229814
      228825 229831 231835 233831 235826 238816 244809 249806
      254805 260804 265802 267800
 1.00 498266 498260 497255 495252 493246 491242 487240 484243
      483246 484250 486254 489257 491261 495264 498266 498266
 1.00 500237 501235 500232 499229 499228 499227 498224 497223
      496223 495225 495228 495230 496231 496233 497234 498236
      499237 500237
 1.00 480244 480241 480239 479236 479235 478233 476232 475232
      474233 473234 472235 472236 472239 473241 473242 475243
      476244 478244 479244 480244
 1.00 445157 444156 444154 443153 441152 441151 440150 438149
      436150 436151 437153 437155 438156 439156 441157 442158
      444158 445157
 1.00 444111 443103 439099 434097 430092 428090 426091 429096
      432102 430105 427105 425105 424110 429112 433113 436112
      442112 444111
 1.00 426242 425237 421234 417232 413228 415224 415218 414213
      411212 410209 402204 398201 393198 375189 371188 370192
      375201 381208 389214 397219 401223 401225 381226 381230
      384233 392240 400245 407246 411246 420246 424244 426242
 1.00 416205 416203 416202 414201 412200 410201 410202 410203
      411204 411207 411208 413208 414207 415206 416205
 1.00 419175 419173 418172 416171 414172 414174 416177 417177
      419175
 1.00 420159 420157 419152 417151 415151 412150 408151 406152
      404153 406156 409156 411159 412162 414164 417163 419161
      420159
 1.00 415118 415116 415115 413115 412114 410114 408113 407114
      406115 406114 406112 405110 403111 402113 403114 405115
      406116 406117 408118 410119 411119 413119 415118 415118
 1.00 408110 408107 407106 407107 405109 407112 408110
 1.00 373223 373220 372218 370218 370219 370220 370222 371223
      373223
 1.00 258801 257800 256799 255799 253800 252802 254802 256802
      257802 258801
 1.50 495259 495257 495256 494254 494253 493251 492250 491248
      491247 490245 488244 487246 488247 488249 489250 490252
      490253 491255 491256 493258 494259 495259
 1.50 423241 419236 413234 406231 401230 396229 390230 388233
      391236 396240 401242 407244 413243 418242 423241
 1.50 411223 412218 409215 406210 402207 396201 388197 379193
      376191 373193 374197 376201 382209 389213 397218 405223
      408226 411223
 2.00 418240 417239 416238 414238 412237 411236 409237 407239
      408240 410241 412241 413240 414240 415239 417239 418240
 2.00 407218 404210 399206 393200 386197 379193 375193 375197
      378203 384209 391213 397217 403219 407218
 2.00 401237 401235 400234 399232 397231 395233 393235 394236
      396237 398238 399239 401237
 3.00 401216 402211 399208 396204 393201 388199 384197 379196
      377197 379201 381205 384208 389210 393213 396215 401216
      401216
 4.00 400213 399211 397208 396206 394204 391202 389201 386199
      382198 380201 382204 385206 386208 389210 392211 394213
      398214 400213
 5.00 398213 398210 396208 394205 392203 389201 387200 384199
      382202 384205 386206 389208 391210 395212 396213 398213
 6.00 395210 395209 394207 392206 392207 392209 393210 395210
      395210

24HR QP VT 12/00Z
 0.01 486339 488337 489332 493327 496312 498302 496292 495285
      494279 490270 492268 495267 502265 505262 506261 508263
      513266 516263 521245 523234 524229 526225 527219 530213
      533209 538205 541186 539175 537167 535158 530152 529142
      527133 523120 521112 518106 508104 502102 500099 499095
      497092 494092 490096 476069 475066 473062 470056 466053
      461052 463058 462063 464070 463077 465080 464085 466087
      465093 462091 460089 456083 454077 449071 447067 444065
      439066 437067 435063 434054 432050 434045 435036 436033
      437028 434013 430004 416012 412010 404009 403028 403032
      400030 395030 394047 386047 381049 377050 370050 366050
      363051 358055 359065 358069 362070 366071 368075 359086
      359093 360096 363097 377098 378101 381103 383104 382107
      378109 376116 374123 372132 376136 380141 377150 379158
      386161 384170 385176 391181 397184 397189 394190 384183
      374179 368179 365180 361180 356181 350183 347188 349190
      352192 358196 359199 358203 353205 350208 348211 347224
      345229 342230 339237 336244 336248 338254 341259 343267
      346272 352275 357276 360275 366272 372267 374258 373244
      373236 372233 373227 376220 377216 374212 375210 378212
      382216 388219 397229 403235 405243 408251 411259 415272
      415289 415294 417300 419307 422313
 0.01 507076 507065 508060 506058 506052 505044 502029 500021
      498017 498011 497007 497001 496991 497981 497975 496971
      496961 496957 494954 493950 494946 496942 496937 495928
      494919 494911 492905 492894 490890 490884 489877 487867
      477834 467806 468775 467766 462761 458757 456752 452746
      450743 449737 448731 445731 441732 438735 434737 432739
      424741 421742 418740 413734 411716 407706 401705 398707
      394713 393715 394719 396737 395745 396755 394775 393784
      391792 389794 391797 390805 387814 384821 381827 378832
      375838 348886 342896 335903 332907 327911 318919 297935
      286941 281945 276947 266955 261955 256956 251959 246963
      245969 248974 241975 236977 234979 237982 242984 252985
      259987 271993 283997 286000 290002 296001 300996 307986
      315975 321974 323975 325973 326971 338963 350957 354957
      356958 363959 374959 380956 386952 393954 396957 399959
      403959 409963 417976 422980 427983 429985 433985 438990
      451007 464028 467033 472039 480052 495074 498077 502078
      507076
 0.01 482196 482193 480190 478187 477182 476177 476174 473172
      470175 468180 469185 467189 468195 469200 472200 476198
      480198 482196
 0.01 444171 443167 441166 438164 435163 431164 430166 429168
      427172 428177 431178 435179 438179 442178 442173 444171
 0.01 346754 345745 341744 327742 318743 313740 308741 306744
      303752 300757 297760 295763 290764 286760 281754 278746
      272745 266746 263745 259740 254738 248739 242743 238745
      236747 233752 228758 225765 223778 222786 223794 225813
      228833 230848 231856 233864 237870 242873 257878 267883
      270884 274884 280883 287879 292875 300873 304866 309862
      309858 305852 300849 291849 285851 276852 272851 267851
      261849 257846 253839 251831 250823 252818 253814 255811
      259808 263807 266809 270809 275811 280814 285817 289816
      292818 296820 299818 304813 307810 311809 317806 320802
      327790 331787 336780 339773 341764 343759 346754
 0.25 501238 503230 504225 503221 502215 499208 496205 493202
      491202 480204 476206 471208 460208 450208 441212 432215
      426218 423223 421226 416229 413234 411237 411241 413246
      417251 422253 427254 438255 445255 449254 454253 460256
      466257 471255 476257 481256 486255 488254 491250 501238
 0.25 501170 501163 498156 495151 491146 487142 482138 479134
      478131 474131 471134 465135 461138 458143 456147 459153
      462158 468161 479167 483169 490171 497172 501170
 0.25 491237 491234 489231 487229 485227 482226 479225 475224
      475227 477228 480229 482232 483235 486237 489239 491237
 0.25 471873 467866 461861 457859 455854 451843 445826 433810
      431805 431799 430794 428791 425786 422787 421794 420801
      415800 411802 408810 407815 406822 401830 399834 399839
      399851 399857 401862 401866 403871 406892 414913 421930
      429949 432957 437964 442973 444973 448969 452961 454958
      457956 461947 461939 461930 460920 458908 458902 460896
      464886 471873
 0.25 454166 454164 454162 454160 454159 453158 451158 450158
      449159 447159 446160 447162 447163 449163 450165 450166
      451168 452169 453169 454166
 0.25 452110 453105 453100 450096 444094 438093 433094 429096
      429104 428106 430108 433112 438112 445112 451112 452110
 0.25 437768 437765 437763 436761 436760 435761 435763 435765
      436768 437768
 0.25 415156 415148 414146 410144 405145 400146 398149 399154
      400160 398164 392167 392171 395173 400172 404167 407163
      411160 415156
 0.25 419116 418112 414109 412106 411101 408097 404100 402103
      398101 395101 395105 395110 391112 387114 384117 384124
      389124 397122 404123 411119 419116
 0.25 416071 417064 414058 410055 406054 400053 395054 386059
      383061 379065 376068 375075 377080 381084 384086 389086
      400084 404083 409080 415073 416071
 0.25 396205 395202 393199 388194 382188 375185 366184 359185
      357187 358189 363194 369198 374202 382206 390209 392209
      396205 396205
 0.25 367219 368215 366212 365211 362213 360214 358215 357218
      356223 356225 357230 359230 361229 362227 364223 366221
      367219
 0.25 301798 301794 300791 298787 298786 296783 294784 293788
      293790 293795 293799 293803 294805 298806 300803 301800
      301798
 0.25 265786 263763 261754 256748 249747 245749 243752 241759
      239768 237776 238787 233802 232810 234822 234827 236832
      240833 243826 246817 249811 254804 264794 265786
 0.50 500232 500226 498219 495213 491208 486206 481207 470212
      459212 448214 438216 433219 429223 428228 429231 429233
      418237 416239 416242 420246 433249 439249 445249 456248
      467247 474247 479248 484247 485244 484242 481236 478234
      474232 471229 473223 479221 486224 489227 493232 498235
      500232
 0.50 444947 445940 445933 443918 441904 443889 443883 442877
      437866 432859 425852 421844 417831 413832 411838 409843
      408850 409856 410862 413875 415887 418893 419898 421909
      426921 433940 438947 442948 444947
 0.50 412068 409065 403061 396061 391063 387066 384072 384076
      386078 390079 393078 397076 403072 409073 412068
 0.50 406116 407114 408112 407110 407109 405111 404111 403113
      402113 403115 405115 406116 406117 406116
 0.50 390204 391201 389199 385194 380190 375187 368186 363188
      367193 372196 376200 381204 387205 390204
 0.50 258758 255752 252751 250751 246758 244765 242773 246779
      250786 253792 256787 257778 257769 258760 258758
 0.50 252796 252793 249794 246796 243799 241802 239805 238810
      238813 242812 244809 247805 248802 250798 252796
 1.00 469223 470217 468215 461215 455216 449217 442218 439219
      436223 436228 440230 446228 453227 460227 466224 469223
 1.00 461240 462236 461233 457232 452234 446233 441235 437238
      434239 434244 438245 443245 448244 454243 459242 461240
 1.00 386200 385200 384198 383197 382197 381196 379195 378194
      377194 376193 374192 372191 372193 374194 375196 377198
      378199 380200 382201 384201 385201 386200
 1.50 459222 457220 454219 450218 448219 445220 443221 440222
      441225 444226 446226 449226 452225 455224 457223 459222
 2.00 453223 452221 450220 448221 447221 446223 448224 450224
      451223 453223

24HR QP VT 13/00Z
 0.01 482616 486626 489635 494646 495653 497657 499671 501675
      502683 504697 503704 503710 503718 502723 501729 498734
      495740 496744 497747 498754 500760 514814 503850 499860
      495870 496875 497879 499880 503880 507878 511874 515871
      524870 527870 528872 533872 542876 548885 551898 551914
      549925 539969 536973 533974 531976 523976 515975 510976
      506977 501978 497980 496988 495995 480999 480016 480024
      481030 482036 482045 485057 486079 487086 489091 495092
      497097 497103 496116 496120 497123 500126 502137 507147
      515152 523160 527169 529178 529185 522192 519196 516195
      510191 505187 502189 498190 496190 493189 492187 494183
      497181 497177 495177 491179 489183 484182 481179 475174
      471173 467174 466176 465181 465188 467191 470192 472193
      475191 483193 487196 493199 497202 499207 502213 505218
      509225 512228 513234 515245 517253 516262 517268 514283
      511292 506301 500306 497307 494305 491302 486301 482301
      476299 471297 468296 466297 457299 449301 446300 444302
      438300 432298 429294 427284 428279 424276 423268 422263
      419259 411252 407245 406239 406235 407232 409226 411222
      411212 410206 411197 412190 416187 420185 425186 427196
      435204 440207 445204 446200 444197 441198 438194 441184
      441178 440174 438169 436165 433162 430157 432148 434139
      440128 441123 442116 438114 433117 430121 428127 419150
      415151 416145 419134 419130 418126 414123 408118 394123
      389123 385121 377118 380116 384115 388116 391114 394110
      396108 395105 393101 394095 403093 407091 410091 412096
      415099 418099 422095 423089 426086 432086 438087 449088
      447085 443082 436078 432075 433071 437066 440066 441064
      440058 436049 432040 433035 435033 440033 444034 448036
      450039 454035 457029 457022 456016 454010 455002 455998
      453996 453988 451983 448978 448972 450968 456958 459954
      462952 476942
 0.01 476942 481936 482932 480929 471926 465921 457917 451913
      447912 443911 439909 437908 435909 431911 436918 440927
      442930 438933 436935 431935 427935 424933 421933 414929
      405924 396920 382929 374933 366935 349946 342951 334956
      328958 318960 309963 303967 295971 288977 282977 278975
      264974 257973 251967 243953 242950 241948 241939 241933
      242928 242917 247909 250903 255896 258891 259887 259882
      257878 255872 255868 258865 262862 266861 264856 258850
      255849 252849 250851 246851 243847 241844 235844 233836
      232829 233824 233817 231812 230806 231800 232796 232790
      239776 245760 260747 269742 272741 276743 281746 287745
      290743 303734 320726 332728 336729 339729 342726 348711
      351702 355694 367677 373670 379663 387655 390651 396644
 0.01 417076 418065 418055 414048 411047 408049 401050 397050
      394047 390047 387049 385058 381064 377063 373061 366061
      366065 367069 371075 373084 377089 385093 387093 390092
      396087 399081 402079 407080 410082 412081 417076
 0.01 283827 278822 273822 270820 270816 266817 264819 262821
      257822 253828 257834 256842 258845 261842 266837 271832
      276830 281829 283827
 0.25 450627 455632 458637 459643 460649 463660 465668 467680
      469688 469699 469713 469726 468737 467742 464745 460748
      458751 460763 461775 464785 466792 468800 468808 467812
      465820 466842 463846 460847 458850 455850 451848 449845
      445836 443832 441832 434837 431839 426839 423850 422861
      419867 414872 408875 400877 393879 389880 386883 382887
      372897 367903 362910 357917 352923 345928 337931 330930
      328924 327928 323929 322926 322922 330911 330906 333906
      334912 336911 336908 333906 332903 330902 328900 325900
      321903 319906 314914 313917 315920 308937 304943 299947
      294952 289951 285949 283945 281939 278922 277919 277915
      276908 277903 279899 285892 289873 290868 291863 293860
      299856 307856 317849 324844 331841 344833 351823 362810
      368802 372795 376789 380787 383786 386783 387778 388775
      386773 383772 381769 380760 377752 375748 372747 362758
      352765 344779 331791 325796 317799 307800 302801 300803
      293806 288805 279804 271805 253807 247804 246801 248798
      254793 255784 261767 267764 277762 284758 293755 301754
      304757 301761 299763 295765 293767 292770 293774 298780
      302785 307786 317775 326762 348738 356728 364715 372702
      380693 389681 400669 411656 417650 425643 432638 441630
 0.25 504276 504275 503273 504271 505269 505268 503267 502266
      501267 501269 500272 499274 500275 502276 504276 504276
 0.25 485256 483245 480240 476235 473231 473225 477222 481220
      486220 487215 486208 481205 474207 464209 446214 436214
      432216 427220 422228 414236 413241 415244 428249 439252
      449251 458250 468249 472249 476250 480256 484258 485256
 0.25 496148 493141 491136 488131 484125 480122 475120 468116
      464117 460121 457130 451137 447144 440151 440154 442154
      445154 445163 455176 453167 454162 455159 458158 465162
      470165 476166 480165 483163 485156 487153 489151 493151
      496148
 0.25 455115 455110 454105 451101 448098 445096 440095 436096
      433099 433107 435109 440111 445112 450113 453116 455115
 0.25 393071 392070 391068 389070 388070 388072 388073 390073
      391073 392071 393071
 0.50 483138 483135 482134 482133 481131 479130 478128 476127
      475128 474129 473131 474133 474134 476136 477137 479138
      480139 482139 483138
 0.50 476159 475157 475156 474155 472153 471152 469151 467151
      466152 466154 467155 468157 469157 470159 471160 473160
      475160 476159
 0.50 463221 463217 460216 453216 442217 437218 433221 430225
      430233 426237 420238 418239 418242 423243 428245 434245
      445245 450244 456241 457236 452231 452228 454227 458224
      463221
 0.50 451686 451679 450671 447657 444651 441647 437644 432644
      426650 420658 413668 408676 406680 403683 396690 388699
      381705 374712 369719 361728 355735 344749 342753 340757
      336769 339769 343766 350760 359753 367747 373740 377738
      382738 386736 389732 391727 394723 397719 398722 398734
      399744 401752 402757 406761 423765 433765 437765 439760
      440755 441747 441734 441719 442712 443707 448697 450692
      451686
 0.50 441108 442106 441104 439105 438107 439108 440108 441108
 0.50 425791 422786 415787 411791 407795 404801 402806 407808
      412810 415811 418809 422803 424798 425791
 0.50 400807 398801 398797 395795 391795 384796 370814 365816
      361821 355831 350841 347847 347855 349861 348869 351875
      354873 357874 354886 351902 351904 354904 358900 365892
      372883 379873 385863 387857 385850 387835 388828 388824
      390822 397816 400807
 0.50 323881 323876 322873 318871 315873 305883 296893 292899
      288906 289911 288916 286919 284926 284931 286935 288937
      291937 295931 303920 308905 312899 316893 323881
 0.50 286773 285769 283768 278770 274774 270779 267783 267788
      267794 270798 273799 277798 281798 284796 282788 284781
      285775 286773
 1.00 452223 452221 450220 448221 447221 445220 445221 443221
      442222 441222 439223 438224 439225 441226 442226 444226
      445226 446225 448225 449225 450225 451223 452223
 1.00 413701 413699 414696 412695 411697 410698 410700 409702
      409704 410705 410704 411703 413701 413701

$$





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