Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 171009
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
509 AM EST SAT FEB 17 2018


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 17/1200 UTC THRU FEB 20/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

...PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...

THE MODELS TODAY SHOW ONE UPPER JET MAX PROGRESSING INLAND AND A
LOW AMPLITUDE RIDGE CROSSING FROM THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES. RAINFALL REDEVELOPS LATER TONIGHT OVER THE
NORTHEAST PACIFIC...AND THEN MOVES ONSHORE IN RESPONSE TO A
REINVIGORATED UPPER JET. FROM 18Z SAT TO 00Z...THE NAM FORECASTS
300 MB 150 KT JET MAXIMA INTO NORTHWEST WA WITH UPPER DIVERGENCE
EXTENDING ACROSS THE OLYMPICS AND CASCADES...CONTINUING INLAND
INTO THE RANGES OF NORTHERN ID/WESTERN MT. DURING THE LATTER HALF
OF THE PERIOD (00-12Z SUN), THE JET AXIS DROPS SOUTH OF 45N.

THE COMBINED STRENGTH OF THE DEEP LAYER FLOW WITH THE UPPER
DIVERGENCE TO PROVIDE LIFT ALONG WITH ASCENT IN WINDWARD TERRAIN
WITH ABOVE NORMAL MOISTURE AND MOISTURE ADVECTION RESULTS IN
WIDESPREAD VALLEY RAIN AND MOUNTAIN SNOWS. HIGHEST TOTALS ARE
EXPECTED IN WA AND NORTHERN OR CASCADES INTO NORTHERN ID, WESTERN
MT, AND NORTHWEST WY DUE TO THE LARGELY ORTHOGONAL LOW-LEVEL FLOW
RELATIVE TO THE TERRAIN AND (THUS) STRONG OROGRAPHIC EFFACEMENT TO
THE LIFT. WPC QPF WAS COMPRISED OF A MULTI-MODEL BLEND OF BOTH
GLOBAL AND HIGH-RES GUIDANCE....WITH 2-3 INCHES OF LIQUID
EQUIVALENT PRECIPITATION EXPECTED IN THE WA OLYMPICS/CASCADES.
SEE THE WINTER WEATHER DESK GRAPHICS FOR POTENTIAL SNOWFALL
AMOUNTS.


...LOWER-MID MS VALLEY / TN-OH VALLEYS / CENTRAL-SOUTHERN
APPALACHIANS / MID ATLANTIC / NORTHEAST...

A RATHER DYNAMIC SETUP IS IN STORE FOR THE DAY 1 PERIOD, THOUGH
THE MODEL REFLECTION IS RATHER SUBTLE PER THE RELATIVELY FLAT
UPPER FLOW AND WEAK SURFACE LOW. SOUTHERN STREAM SHORTWAVE ENERGY
EMANATING FORM THE SUBTROPICAL JET WILL QUICKLY TRAVERSE THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS EARLY TODAY, THEN MOVE ACROSS THE TN VALLEY BY
LATE AFTERNOON AND THE MID ATLANTIC REGION THIS EVENING.
MEANWHILE, AT THE SAME TIME A STRENGTHENING/AMPLIFYING NORTHERN
STREAM JET AND ASSOCIATED ROBUST VORT LOBE WILL TRACK FROM THE
CENTRAL CONUS TO THE NORTHEAST. THE NORTHERN STREAM WAVE AND
ASSOCIATED 150+ KT 250 MB UPPER JET STREAK IN THE LEE OF THE
TROUGH WILL PROVIDE A BROAD (SW-NE) AREA OF ROBUST RIGHT-ENTRANCE
REGION FORCING (UPPER DIVERGENCE AND LOW-MID LEVEL FRONTOGENESIS).

THE COUPLED NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN STREAM FORCING MECHANISMS, ALONG
WITH THE THE INFUSION OF SUBTROPICAL MOISTURE (ESPECIALLY SOUTH OF
40N) WILL MAKE FOR A FAVORABLE SETUP FOR AREAS OF MODERATE-HEAVY
PRECIPITATION WITHIN A RELATIVELY SHORT PERIOD OF TIME (<12 HOURS)
DESPITE THE PREDOMINANT STRATIFORM STRUCTURE, MOISTURE ANOMALIES
FROM THE LOWER-MID MS VALLEY, TN VALLEY, LOWER OH VALLEY, AND INTO
THE MID ATLANTIC ARE RATHER IMPRESSIVE FOR MID FEBRUARY,
ESPECIALLY THE 850-700 MB LAYER MOISTURE FLUX (3-3.5 STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL) PER THE LATEST SREF/GEFS. THE SWIFT
PROGRESSION OF BOTH NORTHERN/SOUTHERN WAVES, ALONG WITH THE
ABSENCE OF ELEVATED INSTABILITY (AT MOST <200 J/KG), WILL MITIGATE
THE RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THE TN VALLEY-LOWER OH
VALLEY INTO THE WESTERN SLOPES OF THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL
APPALACHIANS. HOWEVER, GIVEN THE ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS/WET SOILS
AND REMNANT LOW FFGS, WPC WILL MAINTAIN THE MARGINAL RISK ACROSS
THIS AREA TODAY FROM YESTERDAY`S DAY 2 EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OUTLOOK.

IN TERMS OF THE QPF, WPC DISCARDED THE GFS NORTH OF THE MID
ATLANTIC DUE TO WHAT LOOKS LIKE CONVECTIVE FEEDBACK (I.E.
NOTICEABLY LIGHTER TOTALS NORTH OF AN AXIS OF 0.50-1.0" AMOUNTS).
OTHERWISE, A NON-GFS MULTI-MODEL BLEND WAS UTILIZED, WHICH
COMPARED FAVORABLY TO THE CONTINUITY (PREVIOUS FORECAST).

HURLEY



DAYS 2/3...


...INTERMOUNTAIN WEST/NORTHERN PLAINS...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER WESTERN WA DROPS INTO A DEVELOPING
LONG WAVE TROUGH EXTENDING FROM THE NORTHERN ROCKIES INTO SOUTHERN
CA DURING DAY 2. SHORT WAVE ENERGY FROM THE LONG WAVE TROUGH
CROSSES THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES...AS WELL AS THE
SOUTHWEST STATES...DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD
MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVES...THOUGH THE
00Z GFS MAY BE TOO FAST WITH THE OVERALL SPEED OF THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE TIMING
DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKS ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
DURING DAY 2...A LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS PACIFIC
MOISTURE IN THE UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS WA/OR. THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL
SIGNAL FOR 0.75/1.25 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE
OR COASTAL RANGE INTO NORTHWEST CA...AS WELL AS THE OR CASCADES.
THE SHORT WAVE DROPS INTO A DEVELOPING LONG WAVE TROUGH EXTENDING
FROM THE NORTHERN ROCKIES INTO CENTRAL CA ON DAY 3...AS A FRONTAL
BOUNDARY CROSSES THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES. SYNOPTIC SCALE
ASCENT AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE OVER THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
ROCKIES COMBINED WITH UPSLOPE FLOW BEHIND THE FRONT TO PRODUCE
AXES OF 0.50 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE UINTA MOUNTAINS IN UT AND THE
WIND RIVER RANGE IN WY. AXES OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WERE
PLACED OVER THE ABSAROKA RANGE IN MT/WY...THE BIG HORN RANGE IN
WY...AS WELL AS THE LENGTH OF THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT.

DAY 3...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM THE LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WEST
COAST AFFECTS MAINLY THE SOUTHWEST STATES...THE TERRAIN IN UT...AS
WELL AS THE ROCKIES IN CO DURING DAY 3. THE BEST LOW LEVEL
MOISTURE CONVERGENCE OCCURS BEHIND THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY THAT DROPS
SOUTH ACROSS THE ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS...WHERE THE
UPSLOPE FLOW FOCUSES THE MOISTURE OVER THE CO ROCKIES...WHERE A
LARGE SWATH OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. A LOCAL
MAXIMUM NEAR AN INCH WAS PLACED OVER THE SAN JUAN RANGE IN
CO...WHERE THE LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND UPSLOPE FLOW MAXIMIZE.
THE MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN IS A BIT MORE PLENTIFUL OVER THE
MOGOLLON RIM IN AZ...WHERE THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 0.50
TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN. LOWERING SNOW
LEVELS HERE ARE EXPECTED TO MITIGATE ANY FLOODING THREATS DURING
DAY 3.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE
INTERMOUNTAIN WEST ON DAYS 2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE MOST
RECENT SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING FROM THE UPPER MS VALLEY ACROSS THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 2 SPINS UP SURFACE LOW PRESSURE
CROSSING THE REGION. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE...BUT THERE ARE STILL
LATITUDINAL DIFFERENCES WITH THE PLACEMENT OF THE AXIS OF MAXIMUM
QPF BOTH DAYS. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE PLACEMENT
DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS/NAM.

DAY 2....
SHORT WAVE ENERGY OVER WESTERN ND EARLY ON DAY 2 PROVIDES SYNOPTIC
SCALE ASCENT OVER A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM THE NORTHERN
PLAINS ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. THE LIFT AIDS IN SPINNING UP
A SURFACE LOW ON THE FRONT...WHICH TRACKS INTO THE UP OF MI AFTER
19/00Z. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE...A LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW
TRANSPORTS MOISTURE INTO A DEVELOPING AXIS OF MID LEVEL
FRONTOGENETIC FORCING EXTENDING NORTH OF THE SURFACE LOW OVER EAST
CENTRAL MN INTO FAR NORTHERN WI AND THE UP OF MI. AN AXIS OF
0.25/0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ALONG THIS AXIS...WHICH IS THE
CONSENSUS POSITION FOR THE MAXIMUM QPF. THE MAXIMUM QPF WAS
SURROUNDED BY A LARGER AREA OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF OVER
NORTHERN MI INTO THE NORTHERN PORTIONS OF THE LP OF MI.

DAY 3....
THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY BECOMES ORIENTED FROM EASTERN IA ACROSS
NORTHERN IL INTO SOUTHERN MI...WHERE IS BECOMES NEARLY STATIONARY
BENEATH AN INCREASINGLY FAST SOUTHWEST MID LEVEL FLOW. SHORT WAVE
ENERGY IN THE MID LEVEL FLOW (EJECTED FROM A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER
THE WESTERN UNITED STATES) PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT OVER THE
FRONT...WHICH IS AUGMENTED BY DIVERGENCE IN THE RIGHT REAR
QUADRANT OF A 150 KNOT JET STREAK EXTENDING MN INTO ONTARIO DURING
THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. THE BEST MID LEVEL LIFT OCCURS IN
THE 20/00Z TO 2/06Z TIME FRAME...DURING WHICH TIME MODEL SOUNDINGS
SHOWED MARGINAL...ELEVATED INSTABILITY EXTENDING FROM EASTERN IA
ACROSS NORTHERN IL/SOUTHERN WI INTO THE LP OF MI. THERE IS A MULTI
MODEL SIGNAL FOR AN AXIS OF 2.00 INCHES OF QPF HERE...AND HIGHER
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE DUE TO LOCALIZED TRAINING. THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 INCHES...AND DESPITE THE
FACT THAT THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO BE ELEVATED...HIGHER
RAINFALL RATES COULD RESULT IN A THREAT FOR FLASH FLOODING. A
SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED IN THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS FOR DAY 3.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE MID MS VALLEY/OH VALLEY/NORTHEAST...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WESTERN
UNITED STATES CROSSES A FRONTAL BOUNDARY DROPPING SOUTH ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS AND MID MS VALLEY INTO THE OH VALLEY AND NORTHEAST
DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ALONG THE FRONT WILL
FEED CONVECTION (SOME OF IT ELEVATED) TO PRODUCE STORMS WITH HEAVY
TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 3. THERE WERE SOME
PLACEMENT DIFFERENCES WITH RESPECT TO THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY...WHICH
LEADS TO PLACEMENT DIFFERENCES OF THE MAXIMUM QPF. IN AN ATTEMPT
TO MITIGATE THESE DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND
OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS/NAM.

DAY 2...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE SOUTHWEST MID LEVEL FLOW (EJECTED FROM A
LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WESTERN UNITED STATES) PROVIDES SYNOPTIC
SCALE LIFT OVER A FRONTAL BOUNDARY DROPPING SOUTH FROM THE
NORTHERN PLAINS AND UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 2. THE BEST LIFT
AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY OCCURS IN THE 19/06Z TO 19/12Z TIME
FRAME OVER THE MID MS VALLEY INTO THE WESTERN OH VALLEY. SOUTH OF
THE FRONT...A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS
1.00/1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR OVER THESE AREAS...WHERE
MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY LATE IN THE PERIOD.
CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO FORM SOUTH OF THE FRONT OVER CENTRAL IL
INTO CENTRAL IN...WHERE THERE WAS A MODEL SIGNAL FOR 0.50/0.75
INCHES OF QPF.

DAY 3...
THE NORTHERN PORTIONS OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDS FROM EASTERN
IA INTO THE LP OF MI DURING DAY 3. MUCH OF THE MID MS VALLEY INTO
NORTHERN OH VALLEY IS EXPECTED TO BE IN THE WARM SECTOR SOUTH OF
THE FRONT...THOUGH THERE IS SOME MODEL SPREAD CONCERNING WHERE THE
FRONT WILL LIE BY THE END OF THE DAY 3 (FOR EXAMPLE...THE 00Z NAM
HAS THE FRONT STRADDLED ACROSS THE OH VALLEY BY 20/12Z...WHICH IS
THE FURTHEST SOUTH OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS/NAM SOLUTIONS). A 40 TO 50
KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE THE MEAN) ALONG THE FRONT IN THE 20/06Z TO 20/12Z TIME
FRAME. AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED FROM
CENTRAL IL INTO NORTHERN OH...IN PLACES WHERE THE THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 INCHES. BASED ON THIS...A
MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 3.

ALONG THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY AS IT EXTENDS ACROSS MO INTO OK...THE
CONVECTION IS SURFACE BASED...AND MOISTURE IS PLENTIFUL ON A 50 TO
55 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW. HOWEVER...THE MODEL SIGNAL HERE
FOR QPF IS NOT AS STRONG AS IT IS ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES...SO A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 3.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


HURLEY/HAYES


THIS DISCUSSION WILL TRANSITION TO MIXED-CASE FEB 26, 2018.  THE
LISTING OF ISOHYET POINTS CONTAINED BELOW WILL ALSO BE ELIMINATED
FROM THE PRODUCT FEB 26, 2018.  ISOHYET GRID INFORMATION WILL
CONTINUE TO BE GENERATED IN A VARIETY OF BINARY FORMATS AND MADE
AVAILABLE THROUGH THE WPC GIS PAGE.

24HR QP VT 18/12Z
 0.01 528248 529240 528234 528220 527212 526205 527187 526181
      527174 530170 529167 522147 513128 509117 506111 505104
      500052 498024 493997 490987 486975 481967 478957 474949
      471944 468942 463938 458937 455940 453945 448971 448983
      445983 441985 438988 436990 437004 439009 442014 448022
      452025 453030 452044 450046 448045 445039 442038 440038
      439040 441044 445046 443051 441057 439062 436066 433072
      437076 439080 440082 439084 433084 429081 425079 421079
      416087 415092 416097 413102 408102 404104 402108 403114
      406118 413123 416126 416134 415147 414154 412160 415168
      413181 414186 412194 409198 407206 397205 395207 397211
      400214 403219 406220 410216 413213 414217 412222 407224
      400228 396232 397239 399248 408254 413256 419257 423258
      427258 437260 441260 447261 453263 460266 463270 469272
      484285 491292 499296 508293 514288
 0.01 535848 535832 531824 529819 526815 520808 517803 514801
      509798 507795 507792 505786 501781 500775 498770 494764
      499760 506753 508750 509744 510738 510731 509725 507721
      502712 498707 491704 487704 485707 485712 487717 492724
      494729 495733 495737 493738 490736 486733 482726 476720
      473726 475730 477732 478736 476739 473740 472743 469744
      463745 458746 457750 456755 456764 455769 456774 463780
      459786 456786 455779 451779 448782 447787 447792 446800
      443803 438805 433807 429809 430814 432819 433821 433825
      430831 428836 422845 418851 415851 411849 410837 412829
      415819 421811 424807 426802 430791 432781 435773 444754
      446748 446741 448735 451730 456722 457717 460711 468694
      471687 474679 474671 472665 465660 455642 437642 426645
      416650 407656 399664 391671 385678 377693 373701 366710
      355720 349726 344728 341731 334737 332746 333759 334763
      331767 326775 326777 331779 335781 338784 340787 340791
      341798 334806 330813 328816 327822 324829 318847 318858
      320861 320864 318868 315877 313881 312884 309884 303889
      300893 299899 297910 294920 290930 286941 283949 281957
      279962 278967 277971 278974 283976 285975 288978 289983
      290988 288993 285003 285010 283014 278015 272014 267014
      263012 260012 258014 258017 261019 265017 270018 273023
      274026 278026 284028 287031 291033 295033 299030 302027
      304023 305020 306014 306008 308002 309990 312979 313974
      315970 317973 318977 319982 321986 325988 330989 337984
      343976 348968 355961 375955 384954 388954 391950 394945
      396941 398936 400929 392895 399899 405906 410912 420916
      415925 415932 417938 421949 424952 431952 437949 444943
      455933 459923 462913 464907 467903 470898 473895 480890
      485889 488892
 0.01 488892 491904 494914 497924 504929 510924 515916 520908
      523899 526889 529878 531865 533859 533854 535848
 0.01 490825 488823 487824 485826 484827 482829 484831 486831
      487831 489828 490825
 0.01 464201 463199 463198 462196 460196 459195 457195 455196
      454196 453197 453198 451200 451203 451205 452206 453206
      454205 456205 457204 458204 458202 460201 461201 463202
      464201
 0.01 457057 457054 457052 456050 456049 455047 453047 451049
      451051 451054 453056 454058 456059 457057
 0.01 311102 311091 310085 308083 305080 303076 296071 287071
      282071 279074 279080 280084 280090 282093 286093 289091
      295091 298093 303101 308104 311102
 0.01 313862 313850 312839 306835 301840 289849 284855 278860
      273865 270872 270876 271878 269879 263882 264886 267889
      269896 278896 284890 285887 290885 296882 300880 303877
      305875 307871 313862
 0.01 271073 271069 269066 264061 259057 252053 247049 244048
      241048 238051 239054 245058 251063 256067 260072 267074
      271073
 0.01 256803 253799 248800 244796 240795 237790 235789 233790
      230794 231800 236810 237821 236823 237827 239831 240838
      244839 249838 252834 253829 252822 251815 253810 256803
 0.25 516270 518257 517246 512224 510214 509211 509204 509193
      509180 508169 506158 506154 508150 508146 505140 499124
      492107 480068 476061 472059 469060 466063 464068 463082
      462092 458095 456095 453094 448093 445094 441092 438092
      436093 434095 431092 425087 427102 421105 420112 415113
      416117 421119 428123 433119 439117 445121 449124 449127
      443131 440135 441139 439137 435135 432138 431143 431149
      432154 433158 436162 441166 446174 446179 444181 441186
      444191 450192 459188 465185 467184 472184 475187 477192
      476197 474200 468205 465207 461206 457209 454211 446213
      438212 435214 432215 428216 424219 422222 422225 425227
      426230 425233 421234 416234 409237 409241 412243 421247
      426248 430248 437248 446249 463252 481261 486267 493272
      497273 500273 503272 507272 511274 514274 516270
 0.25 440667 439661 438657 436654 432652 426652 421654 417657
      411662 405668 393678 388683 385690 381698 377707 374713
      370720 365726 360731 356737 353741 353745 365740 367743
      367747 366758 368775 368786 367796 360814 358821 352826
      346830 342836 340845 340854 341865 341877 341887 340897
      338906 338917 337928 336938 332957 332962 335964 340960
      348946 352940 357934 371925 375918 377910 379889 380868
      382857 385848 391833 393825 397818 403802 404797 405790
      403785 403781 407775 410768 414760 417754 422747 424738
      428730 430720 434713 436705 437696 437685 439675 440667
 0.25 450078 450077 449075 448073 446071 446070 445069 443068
      441068 440069 440072 441073 443074 444076 446077 446078
      448079 449079 450078
 0.50 503246 505242 505238 505229 503212 502205 503196 501182
      500176 499166 496151 497146 496140 491128 460101 461105
      465109 468114 469118 467120 465125 462129 452134 448146
      442144 439142 437140 436143 434148 435155 439160 446168
      449175 450178 449183 452186 457186 462183 465179 469177
      475179 484188 485192 482197 478200 473203 470207 465209
      460210 458212 454212 435218 426220 425224 426226 431230
      434234 431237 432240 435241 442242 466246 472247 478249
      483252 488256 494258 496257 498253 501248 503246
 0.50 480228 479226 479225 477224 476225 475226 473226 473227
      475228 477229 478229 480228
 0.50 455103 453098 451095 445097 441095 437095 436097 432095
      429091 427090 425091 430099 430103 427105 425106 428110
      430113 434114 441115 444117 446116 450114 452112 451107
      455103
 0.50 448077 448075 446072 445070 443070 441072 443073 444075
      446076 447077 448078 448077
 0.50 429243 428240 426240 424240 423241 422241 421243 422244
      423245 425245 427244 429243
 0.50 429666 426660 421658 413665 404674 395681 391685 387690
      382702 378713 375718 374724 374756 376764 378770 383774
      386774 393772 395766 402757 408746 411742 413735 415729
      417722 421710 424706 426698 428683 429666
 0.50 396800 396796 394791 392789 389789 384792 381798 373806
      366816 359827 352837 350842 350846 352849 351862 350875
      348890 347908 348914 352919 357917 362912 367902 370895
      372887 373871 376855 380843 385830 390819 396800
 1.00 496226 495222 495218 494213 493209 487205 482203 477205
      474206 472208 470212 466211 461213 449215 443216 439216
      438219 436221 437223 444227 448228 451227 454227 458228
      464228 467227 469224 474221 481222 484224 489224 494225
      496226
 1.00 483242 479233 474232 467233 465230 461230 455233 452234
      448233 447237 449240 456240 463240 470239 476243 480244
      483242
 1.00 486164 485158 481153 476150 471147 466143 460143 458145
      457150 458155 460157 464161 467167 469169 471168 474167
      477168 483166 486164
 1.00 476134 474133 474134 476135 476134
 1.00 463178 463176 463175 461173 459175 458177 457177 456179
      455181 455182 457183 458182 459182 460182 461181 462179
      463178
 1.00 446111 446109 445108 445106 444105 443103 442103 441101
      439102 438103 438105 437106 437107 435109 437111 438110
      439110 440110 441110 442112 443113 445112 446111
 1.00 433097 432097 431096 430094 429094 431097 432097 433097
 1.00 392722 391714 389707 388705 385705 382710 380716 379723
      379732 382741 385742 389738 392732 392725 392722
 1.00 373830 373827 372823 370822 366826 364829 361835 359841
      357852 356866 355879 356887 358888 362876 364863 367852
      371842 373830
 1.50 490219 489213 486209 480206 476207 474209 472212 468213
      459216 454215 450218 444217 442217 441219 444224 449225
      453222 456224 462226 464224 467226 470221 473219 479219
      485220 489221 490219
 1.50 479241 480239 479236 478234 476234 474234 473237 474238
      475240 477241 478241 479241
 1.50 457237 457236 455236 454236 455236 456237 457237
 1.50 468155 467152 466150 465149 464148 463146 463145 461146
      462148 460150 460151 461153 462154 463156 464156 465157
      466157 467156 468155
 1.50 387719 386717 384717 383720 383721 383722 383724 383727
      384728 385726 385725 386724 386721 387720 387719
 2.00 486215 485214 485212 484211 483209 481209 479208 478209
      476209 475209 474210 473211 472214 472216 473217 475217
      476217 478217 480218 481218 483218 484217 485215 486215
 2.00 478238 477236 476236 475237 475238 477239 478238
 2.00 471218 470216 469215 468215 466215 465217 465219 465221
      466222 467223 468222 468220 469219 471218
 2.00 462223 464221 463219 461218 459218 457218 456217 454216
      453218 454220 454221 455222 457223 458223 460224 462224
      462223
 3.00 480213 479212 477212 476212 477213 479213 480213

24HR QP VT 19/12Z
 0.01 458624 463627 467631 474639 480650 482652 483657 485666
      484674 483680 478691 470701 467708 463713 462718 459724
      456729 450731 444730 444725 449713 454708 458704 461700
      458692 452691 445694 432697 427700 423697 419694 413692
      408691 406684 403679 400671 395659 394654 395651 398646
      399643
 0.01 498232 503198 504184 503173 503165 502160 502145 507138
      504131 494112 490104 487098 484095 480092 477087 475075
      474065 473061 476059 479062 483062 486058 491047 493042
      493035 494020 494004 494987 494959 509856 512844 514831
      513815 512808 511804 509788 509780 509772 509760 508753
      506747 504743 500741 492739 476747 471756 469760 468764
      467771 466776 464782 461788 458799 455810 453820 453834
      453847 451858 449883 449899 445903 440904 435904 431902
      427900 425899 425896 427872 427854 425839 419813 417808
      417802 416797 414792 408783 401781 397779 392780 382781
      377780 372777 366771 361770 357773 354777 354783 354789
      352794 348800 344807 341819 340822 338821 335818 333816
      331818 330823 331836 331848 327850 325854 326865 323875
      321880 321886 322911 323916 322921 322928 321934 321939
      319945 319959 321962 324963 319971 315975 315981 306985
      299989 293993 297002 298007 297013 295017 291016 286015
      281015 277016 270015 266014 261011 257002 254000 250000
      234998 232002 233006 234011 237015 244021 253025 259025
      262027 272029 281032 289035 291039 294042 299043 303042
      308041 311037 314034 317035 325029 332025 334022 334015
      335009 337004 340002 342998 347987 349982 352978 357969
      360966 365965 370965 374964 377962 383961 392963 405975
      412980 418988 420992 422997 421014 420021 417027 414036
      411040 408044 402049 393052 383055 373054 370052 365052
      361055 361058 363068 364074 366077 371084 374089 378092
      381094 386096 390098 392103 389106 385107 382110 379114
      375116 370117 363121 362126 365130 374134 381138
 0.01 381138 388147 392151 393153 392157 386166 385170 385174
      388180 389183 389187 386188 383187 377185 372182 361178
      354178 351181 350183 348187 347193 348194 352189 357188
      361191 370199 387213 399218 404220 406222 405225 400226
      393225 387223 383220 374213 365207 361205 358203 353202
      349201 345204 344210 347214 352226 362245 369254 377261
      387268 398272 403271 408272 419271 429267 439267 445268
      451270 456271 462271 467268 472268 476268 480264 488257
      493243 498232
 0.01 445172 443167 440164 437162 434158 432154 429150 427152
      428156 428161 431164 434169 436172 438177 442175 445172
 0.01 441127 442123 442118 440117 438118 435119 433121 432126
      431128 431132 430137 430142 432144 435143 436141 437136
      438133 439129 441127
 0.01 356120 354114 351108 348103 345096 344088 345081 343076
      339075 336077 328076 323078 321080 320084 318087 315089
      309086 305082 301082 298080 291077 280071 268066 261063
      258063 257067 261072 265076 269082 271089 275092 277095
      282095 286093 290097 299105 304110 310111 313110 315112
      318112 322111 330112 336116 344127 348130 351132 356120
 0.01 346180 344169 341164 334163 330161 326158 313155 307154
      304157 304168 305174 308177 318175 327173 333173 337172
      340174 342179 344182 346180
 0.01 337058 338056 336056 334055 332055 330054 329054 327055
      326057 326059 328060 329062 330063 331064 332064 333064
      334064 335062 336060 337058 337058
 0.01 248816 247812 245808 240808 237812 236816 235820 235826
      236831 238834 242836 245833 246829 246823 247819 248816
 0.25 488813 488812 486812 486813 486815 488813 488813
 0.25 472219 473214 471211 467208 454205 446211 437215 427216
      421216 419213 417208 415206 413207 412211 412219 410225
      407229 402232 398236 398240 401245 407248 414250 425250
      435249 445247 454243 458240 460235 456232 450233 447233
      447231 451229 461226 467223 472219
 0.25 478167 479162 478158 476150 472145 469145 467147 464147
      463144 461136 456131 450133 446138 445142 445147 446154
      449161 450169 449177 448183 448186 450189 454190 457184
      457175 460167 463161 468160 471166 474169 478167
 0.25 487851 487844 487836 485821 483816 480817 479821 479830
      477832 473835 470834 468835 466839 464845 464851 465864
      467871 467878 465890 463895 463900 461913 463925 467933
      472934 475930 477917 482897 483885 484869 487851
 0.25 446651 445648 441646 434646 426648 417651 413653 411656
      409664 415669 422670 429670 438667 443662 445658 446653
      446651
 0.25 457116 459106 458100 455095 452093 443094 439091 434088
      434082 436078 442077 446081 450085 451086 454085 453076
      452068 449057 447051 449046 451039 450032 449024 449019
      448012 444012 438019 433030 428042 422051 420055 416059
      412061 408065 405069 402074 403081 405085 405092 404098
      402104 398108 390114 385115 381119 379125 381128 384128
      389127 393124 397121 402120 406121 410119 414120 418124
      419130 418138 416145 415148 412147 408149 406153 408156
      411155 413157 416162 419161 421159 422153 424144 424136
      425127 427122 433113 438110 441112 445115 448120 451122
      454121 457116
 0.25 425079 426070 423065 420067 417074 415079 413087 414091
      415093 417095 418100 421098 421090 423084 425079
 0.25 402209 399206 393202 387199 383195 379192 373189 369190
      370193 374195 377198 382202 388205 393209 398213 402211
      402209
 0.25 411861 409856 404854 401857 398860 395865 393871 392877
      392886 387895 385906 386912 391914 395912 398908 404901
      407895 407887 410875 410867 410863 411861
 0.25 393170 393169 392168 390169 389171 388173 389174 391174
      393172 393171 393170
 0.25 379080 380078 380076 380074 380072 379071 378070 376070
      376071 376072 377073 377076 377078 377079 379080 379081
      379080
 0.25 347849 347846 347845 345845 344847 344849 345850 347850
      347849
 0.50 461220 461218 458216 453216 447217 442218 431219 428221
      427225 424231 420233 413231 408234 405238 405240 407243
      415244 420244 427246 432245 434244 436240 437231 442227
      451225 457223 461220
 0.50 446072 445071 443070 441071 441072 443074 445074 446072
      446072
 0.50 433097 433095 432095 431093 430092 429091 428089 427089
      426089 426091 426092 426094 427096 428096 429097 431098
      432098 433097
 0.50 434059 434057 434054 434052 434051 432050 431051 430052
      429053 427053 425056 426058 426059 428060 430061 432060
      433059 434059
 0.50 428108 428104 423104 419111 414109 412101 411097 408094
      405102 403111 402116 406117 412114 418118 422116 423111
      428108
 0.50 408875 407868 405865 403867 400872 398878 396885 393890
      393895 394898 399899 402894 404887 406881 408875
 0.50 390123 390121 389121 389123 390123 390123

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 498683 494674 493669 491666 491662 483644 469635 458638
      449638 440637 435637 429638 421644 417647 415651 409660
      407665 406670 403679 401688 402694 401699 397707 392714
      390718 389723 388735 389743 390751 388762 388774 386776
      383775 378775 370781 367784 365789 364794 365803 365809
      363815 358821 353827 350830 348833 346838 346842 351842
      354839 359833 361830 363828 366828 369833 369840 370854
      371868 369870 368867 367860 361858 356859 352860 351853
      349848 340849 336850 331854 328858 326863 323867 321872
      317874 312873 305877 298880 290884 279884 272881 262879
      258878 255883 257887 260891 278896 284902 290902 295901
      300899 304899 309901 314901 331896 335895 338893 346888
      353884 359879 361877 364877 362881 359885 356888 349896
      343902 322933 320938 319942 314953 311961 309966 305968
      299974 293979 280988 276995 275997 277002 279007 285010
      288012 289017 292021 297024 307024 315020 319017 322014
      332001 335997 341996 345995 349996 354996 358994 366990
      378981 384977 391969 393965 395963 398963 405966 415971
      417975 417980 412988 410993 408999 402019 401025 397028
      393029 389033 387036 386042 383046 379048 365048 360050
      357053 355058 355064 352070 349073 345076 341077 335076
      330077 325083 322091 320095 317100 315104 314110 316114
      320115 324114 327113 331114 334118 337123 338127 341131
      343133 348136 356138 361139 365142 373148 382147 398151
      395156 392159 386166 385173 386177 390179 395178 403177
      409175 412176 416179 418183 415191 414197 412204 410208
      409213 411221 409224 407224 403225 394227 383224 365214
      356209 350207 344205 339205 338209 339212 345219 347223
      352226 360230 363232 368234 378237 386242 395245
 0.01 395245 410249 426249 431247 436243 438240 439234 439229
      441224 465214 465211 460209 452210 449211 445211 441209
      436206 434204 434200 433195 434190 442174 444172 446168
      445165 447163 450163 454162 457159 463154 472156 474151
      471143 467136 458125 454118 455103 453095 448091 435085
      431086 427086 425084 426081 428077 432069 434065 435059
      436056 439052 443050 448053 451056 452061 458067 460067
      462065 460042 462033 463023 462019 462013 463008 463001
      464988 465984 465979 467967 469957 474940 477920 480901
      484877 491841 494818 497799 499779 500769 502757 501748
      502743 502736 503731 502725 500711 498705 497695 498683
 0.01 441127 443118 440115 436115 431118 427122 424129 423131
      422136 421145 424148 428148 431149 433152 434154 436153
      436145 436140 438131 441127
 0.01 429113 426111 424113 420114 421105 425101 422088 420097
      418102 417106 416111 413117 408119 407121 404123 402129
      399134 399137 402139 407141 409144 412143 415137 420123
      427115 429113
 0.01 404210 402205 398200 387194 383190 378187 364183 358181
      354181 352182 348187 348192 350193 353189 356188 360189
      366191 368194 372195 375199 380202 390209 394212 400213
      404210
 0.01 391103 389098 385098 379102 370101 366099 361099 357105
      355112 357114 362115 366116 369115 375110 381108 388105
      391103
 0.01 345178 346173 345169 340164 334164 331165 329163 324158
      321155 317154 314155 316159 319165 326170 333172 340175
      345178
 0.01 273805 272801 270800 269798 266795 262794 258793 255789
      250784 245789 240796 239799 239805 240810 244811 246815
      250817 253818 259818 263817 266814 271808 273805
 0.25 470754 469748 466746 463744 461741 460730 459723 457719
      453718 451716 448714 446715 442720 440725 437728 432728
      425725 422727 419730 416738 413748 412757 408766 401783
      399794 400806 396826 393834 391844 388854 385863 379880
      375888 370895 361909 351923 342935 337942 332950 326966
      322974 315979 304989 299996 297000 298006 301008 307008
      314004 321000 330995 336992 341987 356978 363976 372974
      379971 386965 396954 402947 409943 418929 421927 427927
      430929 433930 436929 443925 449921 455917 461910 465903
      470894 472884 474870 474846 472832 468825 465815 464810
      464805 465793 466779 466772 468766 470754
 0.25 454658 454651 451648 442648 432652 428654 426658 422667
      420678 422682 426685 430687 435684 437681 441678 447673
      453664 454658
 0.25 444014 444007 444002 442995 438998 425022 423029 423034
      420035 416039 412043 402051 392057 388059 380060 373058
      369057 364058 362063 362070 370079 373085 375087 378087
      388081 393084 397085 402083 409080 416070 419062 420054
      425041 428039 432035 435030 439025 442020 444014
 0.25 411106 411103 411101 411098 410096 410094 409094 408093
      406095 406096 405098 405100 404102 404104 404107 404109
      405111 406112 407112 408112 408111 409110 410108 411107
      411106
 0.25 394119 395116 394113 389113 385113 381115 378118 375122
      374127 376131 380131 384129 388126 390123 394119 394119
 0.25 356120 353114 349110 346104 345098 343091 339087 336088
      335092 335097 337103 339109 342114 347118 352121 356120
 0.50 456759 456747 454742 453739 449739 445741 439748 436750
      433747 429741 426741 424744 424756 425761 427764 430762
      432761 433766 433771 432776 430780 420782 413786 409793
      408802 389870 383885 380893 379896 379902 383904 387903
      392903 395905 398908 398913 396917 393920 389925 385931
      382938 380941 377942 375940 375929 373925 371922 367922
      364925 357929 352932 348938 344945 341955 339962 335969
      332976 326983 327985 330983 335980 349972 356971 364969
      369968 371970 377970 380968 385963 389958 394953 399946
      404942 409936 414930 416926 421924 426919 429913 435896
      437887 439878 445860 449843 452834 454824 455815 455802
      454789 454777 456759
 0.50 408068 408065 408063 408061 407059 406058 405058 404058
      402059 401060 400061 399062 398064 398067 399069 400069
      401070 403071 405071 406070 406069 408068
 0.50 386122 387120 387118 385117 384117 383118 381119 379121
      378123 379124 380125 382124 383124 384124 386123 386122
 0.50 382079 383074 382069 380067 378066 375065 373064 370064
      369066 369070 370073 372075 374077 375080 377082 380081
      382079
 0.50 348114 347112 346109 344106 343103 342100 342096 341093
      338092 336095 337100 339102 340104 341107 342111 344113
      345115 348114
 1.00 449753 449752 448751 447751 446751 446754 445754 445756
      446758 448758 448756 449754 449753
 1.00 444810 444807 444805 444803 443800 443799 442800 442803
      441805 441806 441808 441810 442813 442814 444812 444810
 1.00 442829 441824 438825 434827 432831 429839 425848 422855
      423858 423865 420872 418882 415903 415909 415914 417917
      421916 425909 429900 434883 440865 442855 440844 442829
 1.00 416863 416861 416858 416856 415855 413855 412856 412857
      411859 410859 409861 408863 408864 407866 407868 407871
      408873 409873 411873 412871 413870 414868 415865 415864
      416863
 1.00 391947 392944 391940 389941 385943 384947 381952 379956
      377961 377963 381963 384959 386956 389952 391948 391947
 1.00 370943 368941 364943 363945 361947 360949 359954 359956
      361958 364956 366954 367952 368949 369945 370943
 1.50 434876 434871 433867 431866 430867 428874 425881 423886
      421893 419900 420905 422907 425900 427895 430888 432883
      434876
 1.50 384954 385952 384950 382951 382952 381954 380955 380956
      380958 382957 383956 384954 384954

$$





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