Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 200808
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
407 AM EDT MON MAR 20 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAR 20/1200 UTC THRU MAR 23/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...WESTERN U.S AND NORTHERN PLAINS....

SYNOPTIC OVERVIEW:

DEEP-LAYER WAA/MOISTURE WITHIN THE INITIAL WARM CONVEYOR BELT
(WCB) EARLY IN THE PERIOD WILL SEGUE TO ANOTHER (MORE MERIDIONAL)
WCB ACROSS THE WESTERN CONUS DURING DAY 1. THIS AS THE UPPER FLOW
BECOMES INCREASINGLY DIFFLUENT AHEAD OF AN AMPLIFYING (REINFORCED)
UPPER TROUGH OFF THE COAST...AS THE UPPER LEVEL JET STREAK ROUNDS
THE TROUGH BASE AND APPROACHES SOUTHERN CA BY THE END OF THE
PERIOD (12Z TUE). THE PERSISTENT BROAD-SCALE QS VECTOR CONVERGENCE
AND ATTENDANT DEEP-LAYER WWA FORCING/MOIST ISENTROPIC ASCENT WILL
GENERATE ADDITIONAL MODERATE-HEAVY PCPN ACROSS NORTHERN CA AND FAR
SOUTHWEST OR...WITH THE HEAVIEST AMOUNTS ONCE AGAIN TIED TO THE
TERRAIN. THIS INCLUDES THE COASTAL RANGES...SHASTA/SISKIYOUS...AND
NORTHERN SIERRA...AREAS THAT WILL BENEFIT THE MOST AT THE LEADING
EDGE OF THE SUBTROPICAL MOISTURE PLUME (PWS AOA 1.0").
AREAL-AVERAGE QPF TOTALS ARE EXPECTED TO RANGE BETWEEN 1-2+" OVER
THE OROGRAPHICALLY-FAVORED RANGES...WITH THE ASSORTMENT OF
HIGH-RES GUIDANCE SUPPORTIVE OF LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS (3-4
INCHES) ACROSS THE AFOREMENTIONED NORTHERN CA-SOUTHWEST OR RANGES.

FARTHER DOWNSTREAM INTO THE GREAT BASIN...NORTHERN ROCKIES...AND
SOUTH PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN PLAINS...MOISTURE ANOMALIES ARE
JUST AS HIGH DESPITE THE LOWER PW ENVIRONMENT TO WORK WITH (CLOSER
TO 0.50"). THE DEEPENING MOIST ISENTROPIC ASCENT OVER THIS REGION
ALONG WITH THE UPSLOPE ENHANCEMENT AND A PERIOD OF LOW-MID LAYER
FRONTOGENESIS VIA THE RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF THE UPPER JET
STREAK WILL GENERATE LIGHT-MODERATE PCPN TOTALS...GENERALLY
AVERAGING 0.25-0.50 INCH. THIS WILL ALSO INCLUDE A RELATIVELY
NARROW AREA ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS (PARTICULARLY FROM NORTHERN
NE INTO SD)...WHICH WILL BENEFIT FROM THE INCREASING LOW-LEVEL
EASTERLY FLOW (GRADUAL UPSLOPE) ON THE BACKSIDE OF THE SURFACE
HIGH.

MODEL PREFERENCES:

HIGH FORECAST CONFIDENCE IN A NON-GFS GENERAL MODEL
COMPROMISE...WITH EMPHASIS ON THE HIGH-RES MEANS (INCLUDING THE
HREF... IN-HOUSE BIAS CORRECTED HIGH-RES ENSEMBLE...AND PARALLEL
NBM) GIVEN THE BETTER SENSITIVITY OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN. THE GFS
WAS A NOTICEABLY WET OUTLIER OVER FAR NORTHWEST CA AND SOUTHWEST
OR...DEPICTING A POCKET OF AREAL-AVERAGE TOTALS OVER 2 INCHES.

EXCESSIVE RAINFALL POTENTIAL:

MARGINAL ACROSS NORTHERN CA AND FAR SOUTHWEST OREGON...INCLUDING
THE COASTAL...SHASTA/SISKIYOUS...AND NORTHERN SIERRA RANGES
THEREIN. LOCALIZED TOTALS OF 3-4"...THE BULK OF WHICH EXPECTED TO
FALL WITHIN 12-18 HOURS MON AFTERNOON AND OVERNIGHT...WILL
POTENTIALLY LEAD TO LOCALIZED SHORT-TERM RUNOFF
ISSUES...PARTICULARLY IN AREAS OF MORE RAPID SNOWMELT.


...OHIO VALLEY / APPALACHIANS / MID ATLANTIC...

SYNOPTIC OVERVIEW:

THE SHORTWAVE TROUGH OVER THE EASTERN CONUS EARLY IN THE PERIOD
WILL GIVE WAY TO SHEARED ENERGY/VORT LOBES WITH ENSUING FLATTENING
(ZONAL) FLOW ALOFT. THE DEGREE OF UPPER DIVERGENCE AND DEEP-LAYER
ASCENT BEHIND THE DEPARTING UPPER RIDGE WILL BE TEMPERED SOMEWHAT
BY THE BROAD RIGHT-EXIT REGION FORCING FROM THE STRAIGHT UPPER
LEVEL JET STREAK -- WHICH WOULD FAVOR INCREASED SUBSIDENCE.
BELIEVE THE COMPETING SYNOPTIC FORCINGS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE
CONTINUED MODEL QPF DISCREPANCY...BOTH IN TERMS OF AMOUNTS AND
LATITUDINAL PLACEMENT. MOREOVER...THE MODELS ARE EXHIBITING
DIFFICULTY HANDLING THE CONVECTION BREAKING OUT EARLY THIS AM
ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES REGION. BELIEVE THE STEEP MID LEVEL
LAPSE RATES (7-8C/ KM BETWEEN 700-500 MB) ARE CHIEFLY
RESPONSIBLE...WHICH IS ANOTHER COMPONENT IN THE EXIT REGION OF A
BROAD...STRAIGHT UPPER JET STREAK. DESPITE THE DIFFERENCES IN THE
DETAILS... THE MODEL CONSENSUS IS FOR MODEST QPF (AVERAGING
0.25-0.50 INCH FOR MOST) ACROSS MUCH OF THE OH VALLEY INTO THE
WESTERN SLOPES OF THE APPALACHIANS (WITH THE UPSLOPE WESTERLY
LOW-LEVEL FLOW)...BUOYED AT LEAST TO SOME DEGREE BY THE MODEST
MOISTURE ANOMALIES ALONG WITH THE STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE
RATES. PER THE SREF AND GEFS...BOTH PW AND 850-700 MB MOISTURE
FLUX ANOMALIES ARE EXPECTED TO AVERAGE AROUND 2 STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL.

MODEL PREFERENCES:

A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF...UKMET...AND RGEM...ALONG WITH HIGH-RES
MEANS (HREF...IN-HOUSE BIAS CORRECTED HIGH-RES QPF...AND PARALLEL
NBM) GIVEN THE CONVECTIVE CONTRIBUTION. THE GFS IS A DRY OUTLIER
ACROSS IL-IN-OH...WHILE THE NAM AND PARALLEL NAM ARE TOO FAR NORTH
WITH THE HEAVIER QPF.

EXCESSIVE RAINFALL POTENTIAL:

NONE.

DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WESTERN UNITED STATES....

AS A LONG WAVE TROUGH APPROACHES THE WEST COAST ON DAY 2...A LOW
LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS DEEP PACIFIC MOISTURE INTO
CA...WHERE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL IS POSSIBLE. THE
LONG WAVE TROUGH COMES ASHORE ON DAY 3...REACHING THE GREAT BASIN
BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. DEEP MOISTURE AND LIFT COULD RESULT IN
HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ON DAY 3 AS WELL. THERE ARE
SOME TIMING DIFFERENCES WITH RESPECT TO THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 2. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME
OF THE DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

AHEAD OF THE APPROACHING LONG WAVE TROUGH...A FRONTAL BOUNDARY
NEARING THE WEST COAST WILL FOCUS 1.00/1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE
WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE THE MEAN) IN THE 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW ON
THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE IN CA...MAINLY BELOW 22/00Z. WHILE THE LOW
LEVEL FLOW IS NOT QUITE ORTHOGONAL TO THE SIERRA NEVADA
RANGE...THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS ENOUGH TO PRODUCE AN AXIS OF 2.00 TO
2.50 INCHES OF QPF...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS ACROSS THE CENTRAL
PORTION OF THE RANGE. SNOW LEVELS START FALLING DURING DAY
2...WHICH SHOULD MITIGATE A FLOOD THREAT IN THE HIGHER ELEVATIONS.
ACROSS THE LOWER ELEVATIONS...WHERE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD VALUES
ARE AS LOW AS 2.00 TO 2.50 INCHES...THE FLASH FLOOD THREAT IS
HIGHER (AS STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES INTRODUCE A CONVECTIVE
ELEMENT TO THE QPF). RUNOFF ISSUES ARE POSSIBLE...SO A MARGINAL
RISK REMAINS IN PLACE FOR DAY 2.

FURTHER SOUTH...THE MOISTURE PLUME BECOMES FOCUSED IN A LOW LEVEL
SOUTHWEST 25 KNOT FLOW ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN ACROSS SOUTHERN CA.
THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF
ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF THE CA COASTAL RANGE...AS WELL AS
THE NORTHERN PORTIONS OF THE SAN BERNARDINO AND THE SAN GABRIEL
MOUNTAIN RANGES. THE ANOMALOUS MOISTURE (AS PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES TOP OUT BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS) COMBINES
WITH MARGINAL INSTABILITY (DUE AT LEAST IN PART TO STEEPENING
LAPSE RATES) TO PRODUCE CONVECTION CAPABLE OF LOCALLY HIGHER
RAINFALL RATES. THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW MAY END UP BEING THE LIMITING
FACTOR FOR A FLASH FLOOD THREAT ACROSS THIS AREA...BUT DUE TO THE
HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIRMASS...A MARGINAL RISK REMAINS IN
PLACE FOR DAY 2.

THE FOCUS FOR DEEPER MOISTURE (WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
BETWEEN 1.00 AND 1.25 INCHES) SHIFTS AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH
AS IT COMES ASHORE OVER THE WEST COAST ON DAY 3. AHEAD OF THE LONG
WAVE TROUGH...THE LOW LEVEL FLOW INCREASES TO 35 KNOTS ACROSS
SOUTHERN CA AND WESTERN AZ...WITH MODEL SOUNDINGS STILL INDICATING
MARGINAL INSTABILITY.  SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT IS AUGMENTED IN THE
LEFT FRONT QUADRANT OF A 110 KNOT JET STREAK CROSSING THE NORTHERN
BAJA PENINSULA DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE PERIOD. THE ADDED LIFT
SUGGESTS THAT CONVECTION COULD BE MORE ORGANIZED THAN DAY 2...AND
LOCAL 1.00 INCH QPF AMOUNTS WERE PLACED OVER THE SAN BERNARDINO
AND THE SAN GABRIEL MOUNTAIN RANGES. IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT THE
00Z GFS WAS MUCH HIGHER WITH ITS QPF AMOUNTS HERE (AS HIGH AS
2.00+ INCHES)...AND THAT COULD BE DUE TO ITS STRONGER LOW LEVEL
INFLOW. IN ANY EVENT...THE DEEP MOISTURE AND BETTER INFLOW SUPPORT
A MARGINAL RISK FOR PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN CA FOR DAY 3.

AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH COMES ASHORE...THE MOISTURE AND LIFT
BECOMES FOCUSED ACROSS AZ INTO THE GREAT BASIN. PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES PEAK BETWEEN 0.50 AND 0.75 INCHES ACROSS WESTERN AND
CENTRAL AZ INTO THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT...AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY
SHOULD FOCUS SCATTERED CONVECTION ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN. AN AXIS
OF 0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED ACROSS THE NORTHERN
MOGOLLON RIM IN AZ INTO THE SOUTHERNMOST WASATCH MOUNTAINS...AND
AGAIN THE 00Z GFS WAS HIGHER WITH QPF AMOUNTS HERE. THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE IN THESE AREAS ARE GENERALLY ABOVE 2.00
INCHES...SO WHILE LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL IS POSSIBLE...ORGANIZED
FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.

FURTHER NORTH...THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 0.50 TO 1.00
INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF EAST CENTRAL NV...
WHERE UPSLOPE FLOW BECOMES AN IMPORTANT QPF CONTRIBUTOR. SNOW
LEVELS HERE LOWER ENOUGH TO MITIGATE FLASH FLOOD CONCERNS.
FINALLY...SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE NORTHERN STREAM CROSSES WA
STATE DURING THE LAST PART OF DAY 3. A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL
WEST SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR TO
THE COAST...WHERE THE UPSLOPE SHOULD RESULT IN AXES OF 0.50 TO
1.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE OLYMPIC AND CASCADE RANGES IN WA.

HEAVY SNOW IS POSSIBLE ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE WESTERN
UNITED STATES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST
SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...CENTRAL PLAINS...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY DROPPING SOUTHEAST THROUGH THE MID LEVEL FLOW
ACROSS THE CENTRAL PLAINS ON DAY 2 INTERACTS WITH MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE CONVECTION WITH LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL.
SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WEST
COAST WILL AGAIN INTERACT WITH MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE
MORE CONVECTION ON DAY 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT
WITH RESPECT TO THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF AXES...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY DROPS SOUTHEAST ALONG A LOW LEVEL BAROCLINIC
ZONE STRETCHED ACROSS THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS DURING DAY
2. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE...A LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW FOCUSES
0.50/0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR UP AND OVER THE FRONTAL
BOUNDARY...WHERE MODEL SOUNDINGS INDICATED ELEVATED INSTABILITY.
THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND LIFT SHOULD RESULT IN A STRIPE OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF EXTENDING FROM SOUTHWEST SD ACROSS
NORTHERN NE INTO WEST CENTRAL IA.

A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL RETURN FLOW AROUND SURFACE HIGH PRESSURE
OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES TRANSPORTS A FRESH INFLUX OF 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS THE CENTRAL PLAINS ON DAY 3. MODEL
SOUNDINGS INDICATED ELEVATED INSTABILITY IN THE FLOW...BUT THERE
IS A LACK OF MID LEVEL FORCING TO FOCUS THE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY. THUS...QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS SD/NE ARE EXPECTED TO
REMAIN BELOW 0.25 INCHES ON DAY 3.


...MID MS VALLEY/TN VALLEY/SOUTHEAST...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY POOLED ALONG A QUASI STATIONARY FRONTAL
BOUNDARY WILL FEED ORGANIZED CONVECTION AS IT CROSSES FROM THE MID
MS VALLEY TO THE TN VALLEY ON DAY 2...RESULTING IN HEAVY TO
LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL. LOW PRESSURE FORMING ON THE FRONT
DRAGS THE FRONT OVER THE SOUTHWEST STATES ON DAY 3...AS THE
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WEAKEN. THERE WAS BETTER AGREEMENT WITH
THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF ACROSS THE TN VALLEY ON DAY
2...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

A QUASI STATIONARY FRONT EXTENDING SOUTHERN MO ACROSS THE TN
VALLEY TO THE NC/SC BORDER ON DAY 2 BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR DEEP
MOISTURE (WITH PRECIPTABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.25 INCHES...WHICH
APPROACHES TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) AND MODERATE
INSTABILITY...ESPECIALLY DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE PERIOD.
THERE ARE INDICATIONS THAT A CONVECTIVE COMPLEX TRACKS ALONG OR
JUST NORTH OF THE FRONT FROM SOUTHERN MO INTO EASTERN TN. CORFIDI
VECTORS INITIALLY SUGGEST THAT THE CONVECTION SHOULD BE MAINLY
OUTFLOW DOMINATED...BUT TOWARD 22/00Z...THERE COULD BE A WINDOW
FOR TRAINING TO OCCUR...ESPECIALLY IF CONVECTION HANGS UP ON THE
WESTERN END OF THE FRONT.

THERE REMAINS A MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EASTERN
TN...AND THIS IS PLAUSIBLE...PARTICULARLY IF TRAINING OCCURS (AS
DEPICTED BY THE 00Z GFS). THE 00Z ECMWF ALSO PLACES QPF MAXIMA
ALONG THE FRONT AND POTENTIAL PATH OF A CONVECTIVE COMPLEX ACROSS
PORTIONS OF TN. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW
AS 1.50 INCHES ACROSS EASTERN TN...SO THE MARGINAL RISK REMAINS IN
PLACE FOR DAY 2.

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE FORMS ON THE FRONT ALONG THE NC/SC ON A LOW
LEVEL BAROCLINIC ZONE LATE ON DAY 2...AND THE LOW DRAGS THE FRONT
OFF THE SOUTHEAST COAST. RESIDUAL CONVECTION COULD RESULT IN LOCAL
0.25 INCH QPF ACROSS PORTIONS OF GA AND SC...MAINLY DURING THE
FIRST PART OF DAY 3.


...NEW ENGLAND...

STRONG SHORT WAVES IN THE VERY FAST CYCLONIC FLOW OVER NEW ENGLAND
WILL PROVIDE SUFFICIENT LIFT FOR MAINLY LIGHT QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS
NEW ENGLAND ON DAY 2. THE COLUMN IS DRY (WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES GENERALLY BELOW 0.25 INCHES)...BUT THE COMBINATION OF
STEEPENING LAPSE RATES AND UPSLOPE FLOW COULD RESULT IN AREAS OF
0.10 INCHES OF QPF IN THE FAVORED LOCATIONS OVER NORTHERN NH AND
WESTERN ME.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


HURLEY/HAYES

24HR QP VT 21/12Z
 0.01 340272 357273 372274 376275 379274 386276 401281 418287
      425290 428291 432289 438285 446283 450285 452288 454292
      455296 454302 454306 456315 460321 468325 476327 481327
      492324 497319 501313 509296 511283 511273 507256 503216
      500212 495213 491212 490209 491199 490194 491187 492176
      493161 491152 490147 487146 484143 482143 475145 473141
      474136 468033 469026 468021 466013 464008 460007 455011
      453005 451998 449990 445983 436970 432961 428952 425945
      424940 423937 419938 417940 415947 414957 413969 412975
      411978 406984 405986 404992 404002 408005 411007 411010
      414020 415025 415031 415038 413040 410040 406040 404042
      401050 399055 392061 387067 386077 386081 390081 393083
      395085 394087 393093 392098 395103 397102 397099 396094
      398090 402084 405083 408086 406096 404105 403107 401107
      399107 394112 394115 398115 406116 410113 411110 411100
      411094 412088 417083 423084 427080 433076 435080 435085
      434091 430089 424089 426094 428097 431099 430104 425108
      428111 429113 427117 423124 421143 422148 422154 424161
      425165 423167 419171 416172 415175 414179 416177 418180
      416183 413185 408184 400187 393191 388193 382189 375186
      371184 366183 361183 360186 362193 356197 351195 349193
      343190 339193 330201 319213 315219 313223 314227 319233
      322235 326236 338245 341247 339250 336253 332258 330263
 0.01 518790 514776 509775 504780 498789 495794 492800 482824
      477837 476844 477855 479860 482865 487869 489870 490874
      489890 488898 490906 493911 497914 500911 500901 499898
      499893 500887 506873 510860 513843 514835 514828 516811
      518790
 0.01 467717 465708 463704 460701 455701 450705 445711 441718
      437725 436728 432730 426734 417735 403738 385742 372749
      367753 363759 361765 362774 363780 365783 369789 370792
      371798 367802 362809 360816 353826 351828 351833 350837
      350843 351864 352874 353878 354883 355890 356897 358903
      358907 361915 363924 366930 369932 372932 374928 375925
      375916 377913 377909 380889 382880 385875 386871 388870
      390878 390885 390893 396899 402902 404904 409904 415901
      425891 428886 431881 433873 435863 435851 435845 436842
      438835 440830 440825 439816 438811 437808 436802 435800
      434795 431792 430788 429783 434779 439774 444769 448764
      451758 458744 464730 466723 467717
 0.01 445646 439644 431647 425651 421653 418656 413661 412664
      413668 416670 419669 425663 428661 431658 434657 437654
      441652 444649 445646
 0.01 436129 436124 436120 433121 432123 430128 428130 427134
      426136 427141 430140 431137 433135 435131 436129
 0.01 415156 417154 415151 413153 411155 411157 409159 408161
      409161 411160 411159 413158 414158 415156
 0.01 307032 307030 307028 306028 305027 303027 302027 301029
      301032 302034 303034 304034 305034 306033 307032
 0.01 292027 293023 292018 291016 289015 285015 282015 280017
      280018 281021 283023 285024 288027 290027 292027
 0.01 276801 277797 275794 268794 262797 257799 252803 248806
      247811 253809 258806 265805 270803 276801
 0.01 235820 236818 236816 235815 234814 233813 231813 230814
      229815 228817 228819 229821 229822 230823 232823 234823
      234822 235820 235820
 0.25 491302 490278 487264 484257 481252 475241 468234 458224
      455220 449217 441212 432217 427218 422222 419222 418220
      416214 409212 404207 397202 384197 379194 373193 370197
      366203 356204 350204 345207 337214 328220 328224 331225
      336223 346220 350220 354221 357223 358226 364234 366239
      369243 372248 374251 374255 372259 374262 377263 390268
      402271 408272 415272 425271 444267 451267 455266 460268
      464274 466280 468285 468294 465301 466310 471315 478316
      482314 488308 491302
 0.25 459180 458177 457175 456172 455169 452166 450168 448172
      447177 447182 448187 451185 453183 455181 457181 459180
 0.25 463109 464104 463099 461094 458087 458079 458068 457061
      454054 453044 452036 450031 446025 440023 437023 434020
      432016 427009 425011 424015 424026 424034 425038 427040
      430035 435033 437038 444050 446056 445064 441069 441074
      443076 451083 454089 453092 450094 440109 444110 446112
      448118 453122 457120 459114 462111 463109
 0.25 423843 423837 421832 416823 416813 413807 410803 409796
      407793 403789 400786 393782 389783 385788 382796 379807
      377819 380825 383829 386832 387838 389843 393847 397856
      399869 401874 403878 407880 411879 416872 420860 422852
      423843
 0.25 377868 377866 377864 377862 376860 376859 374859 374860
      373860 372862 372864 371867 371868 371869 371871 371873
      372874 373875 373876 374875 375875 376873 377871 377870
      377868
 0.50 457249 458245 457242 455238 451234 445231 439229 434229
      425232 419230 416228 416221 416217 414215 408214 404211
      400207 396205 390204 387206 386211 388217 384220 381224
      379231 378235 382245 383259 387262 393264 398265 404264
      413264 422261 430258 441256 450256 454254 457249
 0.50 412859 412854 412849 410842 408836 408831 405831 404834
      404841 402846 400850 401860 403866 403870 407870 409863
      412859
 0.50 392221 392220 390218 388220 390221 391221 392221
 0.50 362215 362213 361210 361209 359208 357208 355207 354207
      352208 351208 351210 351211 353213 354214 356216 358216
      359217 361217 362215
 1.00 428245 426239 420236 415233 413231 413226 413221 412220
      407222 403228 399231 394233 391233 388232 388234 390235
      393242 394248 389254 392256 398256 408251 418248 423247
      428245
 1.00 401216 401215 401214 400212 399211 398210 397210 396210
      395210 393212 394213 395214 396215 398216 399217 401216
      401216

24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 540197 538186 535176 531167 529164 526160 521154 514147
      507140 503137 503129 502125 503122 506117 507110 507107
      507097 505093 498090 494092 491096 484099 480101 476102
      474103 472101 471096 467090 462091 457090 437087 433085
      428084 426082 427080 429076 431071 431065 430061 432059
      435055 437051 440050 446049 448049 451051 454052 458047
      463039 467033 466028 463021 459014 453005 444990 435973
      432963 429951 424928 421918 421912 419906 415895 411884
      408882 406879 406875 403862 402858 401850 398846 396847
      395844 394830 393818 390797 386797 382795 380789 381784
      383770 384759 384751 385744 386738 385732 385706 386701
      385695 391688 389674 383669 377664 373662 370664 362669
      356675 344688 334704 329713 327722 323731 322741 313757
      308767 309780 317784 321786 319790 319794 320798 323808
      330828 332840 336851 340862 345870 347876 348883 351894
      352905 352912 350916 346923 346936 344942 344948 344954
      345959 349980 351989 353994 356998 358003 361006 365008
      369012 376017 384022 387025 391031 391036 389040 387040
      385044 380048 379051 383054 390058 396059 400062 402072
      405082 415097 417112 413110 411105 406105 403108 401114
      397117 390121 390126 396127 399128 399132 396137 377138
      370140 364146 359156 358161 357164 355166 345164 338163
      332161 329162 323163 321166 319172 317177 314180 311184
      310190 312192 313196 310199 304208 301212 300216 302219
      301223 303226 311232 313235 318236 330238 334238 337238
      338241 337247 341250 349253 353252 359253 363263 368270
      371274 374276 380278 384281 393284 398284 404286 426293
      432295 436294 446298 452300 454301 456304 460308 463309
      483318
 0.01 483318 487322 490317 494314 498308 505298 509296 512290
      516283 518276 520269 521261 521251 520243 518237 516230
      517226 519228 523232 526234 528232 530225 533219 536212
      540197
 0.01 515706 514696 512686 511683 510677 508667 506662 502655
      497654 491654 464662 452661 449660 445661 442662 441665
      439678 442684 444686 447685 448683 451686 450689 450695
      443708 440713 436717 431721 427726 427733 433733 436734
      436736 434739 430740 423742 420745 418748 418753 418761
      418797 422799 425794 426787 429781 430774 433768 435765
      438763 444759 448763 450768 451773 450780 450791 452798
      453801 456804 460810 464809 465827 467836 471841 475844
      481847 487846 491841 493835 496830 500824 503819 506813
      509805 509796 511786 512770 513752 515743 516733 514728
      513720 515706
 0.01 468880 468878 466876 466873 464873 464876 466878 466881
      468881 468880
 0.01 385079 385077 385074 385072 384070 384067 384065 384063
      382062 382063 380064 378064 378067 378069 379071 379074
      380074 381076 383079 385079 385079
 0.01 387970 387968 387965 386963 385961 385959 384957 382957
      380957 379957 377957 376958 375959 374961 373963 374965
      374967 375969 377970 379971 380971 382972 384972 386972
      387970
 0.01 294021 294018 292016 289014 285014 279010 275007 268004
      262000 251996 238991 235991 233993 231995 232997 233004
      236009 247018 259021 276022 282021 290021 294021
 0.01 239819 238811 234812 232814 232818 233826 230830 228837
      227843 230848 236849 238844 237836 235830 236824 239819
 0.25 512281 514269 516256 514246 512237 506221 503211 503206
      504202 507200 511199 517200 521199 521195 517187 495164
      486164 482161 481158 477152 469151 465151 461149 453146
      448138 443133 433145 432150 432155 435162 443176 446184
      448194 448197 446201 442205 436209 429211 415208 409203
      400199 389191 375182 366180 357180 352183 348181 346178
      342171 338172 336174 327186 325190 325193 330195 332204
      334207 339208 348210 352217 357223 363227 387247 396252
      400253 415257 423260 432261 439260 447261 456262 462268
      467274 472280 482292 486295 491297 499296 503294 506291
      512281
 0.25 449104 448103 446102 445101 444101 443100 441099 439098
      438100 438103 439105 440105 440106 442106 443106 444106
      446105 447105 449104
 0.25 437021 438017 438012 436004 431993 428987 426980 423966
      422959 419952 416952 415961 416968 417975 420992 421999
      422008 423014 426020 429025 433029 437025 437021
 0.25 406156 408152 406149 403147 400146 398145 394145 390146
      389150 391158 389164 388171 391172 392170 397166 401164
      405158 406156
 0.25 376212 375209 373207 370204 369203 366200 364199 362199
      358200 358203 359205 361208 364209 368210 369211 373212
      376212
 0.25 364686 360686 357690 350698 345700 341704 337714 334723
      331735 326757 326763 329766 335765 339763 342761 348762
      353764 356767 360768 365766 370756 369750 365747 361743
      357742 353739 350734 355726 359718 360711 359706 357706
      357704 360698 363688 364686
 0.25 383925 382915 380906 375887 373878 370868 369864 369858
      369849 370838 371828 372823 372820 370818 365813 360808
      356801 352793 348787 346785 342784 339788 340793 340802
      343810 347816 349820 349825 348834 345842 343849 344853
      346856 354872 359888 362898 362905 360915 359926 358947
      358953 359958 361961 362958 366951 371945 374940 376933
      383925
 0.50 509280 513255 511247 507238 501224 498221 496221 494223
      494228 495238 495242 492241 486237 481236 477234 475230
      472235 473240 479245 482252 483263 486271 490277 494283
      501285 505285 507282 509280
 0.50 443223 443220 440218 435219 429220 424220 421216 416213
      405205 385191 375185 370182 364183 360186 361192 364197
      369201 377208 386217 388222 384223 378225 374225 373227
      377231 380233 384233 392241 398245 403248 409248 414247
      425246 431244 435240 437235 437231 438229 443223
 0.50 441151 441149 440148 439149 439151 440152 441151
 0.50 425997 424994 424996 424998 425997
 0.50 400227 400225 398224 396223 395223 393222 391223 391225
      392226 394227 396228 398227 399227 400227
 0.50 377911 376900 373889 370880 364872 361871 359874 361885
      364894 367905 366916 365923 366929 370931 372927 376918
      377911
 0.50 367829 367824 365822 361822 358824 353830 350837 347844
      346848 347851 353855 355858 358860 362854 364845 365836
      367829
 0.50 345202 347198 348194 347191 343190 340188 339188 336189
      335191 334195 334200 335202 337205 341205 343204 345202
 0.50 353813 353812 352811 351811 353813 353813
 0.50 346750 345748 345747 344746 343744 342744 341742 340740
      340738 339738 338737 338738 338740 337742 337744 337745
      337747 337749 338751 338752 340753 342753 344752 345751
      346750
 1.00 502273 503268 502264 501261 499259 498257 496254 494251
      492250 489249 490254 491257 493259 495262 497265 498267
      499269 502272 502273
 1.00 425239 423236 420235 418235 417232 418225 417220 415217
      407215 405212 402208 394203 388197 380192 373188 368187
      366191 369199 378204 385209 392214 402219 406219 407222
      410230 410234 409235 405236 400236 396238 399242 403242
      411241 420242 425239
 1.00 359841 359840 357839 355840 354841 352843 350844 350845
      351846 352847 354847 356846 357844 358843 359842 359841
 1.50 414226 414224 415222 415221 413221 412224 412226 412227
      414227 414226
 1.50 402214 399209 394206 389203 385198 381195 374191 371191
      370194 373198 378202 383205 388209 393212 400215 402214
 2.00 379199 379198 379196 377195 375194 374194 373195 373196
      375197 377198 378199 379199

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 484615 497623 501629 504639 509647 511652 512657 511666
      510672 508677 501693 492708 486714 478717 470719 466720
      463723 458724 453727 446730 440728 438723 438719 442710
      447704 450704 454705 456707 457704 458699 458695 457688
      454687 452683 447673 445672 442675 431687 427688 425691
      420692 416691 414689 413682 415674 415669 417666 420658
      430643 436639 441633 451628 456627 460624
 0.01 393645 397649 400653 401656 402664 400670 397682 395689
      392695 391700 388706 384718 380729 377735 375742 374747
      370753 367758 363762 358766 351767 338770 336776 330779
      328784 329788 331790 336791 338793 338796 341804 342812
      342821 344828 344843 343857 343866 343871 342873 341876
      339875 336874 334871 331866 329860 326853 323849 318845
      314844 310840 309832 307826 302822 299821 298818 295814
      287806 279798 276794 272789 272783 274779 277775 277765
      277759 277751 281747 282743 281740 285729 287724 289719
      325690 338680
 0.01 561076 562044 563027 563019 562012 562997 560986 559979
      558974 555964 552955 547947 536933 531928 526924 514916
      508912 501907 495904 489904 485902 467903 459907 456909
      454912 452929 447930 444932 441935 441942 441947 440952
      434958 427960 421957 414954 410953 406952 400951 396949
      393949 391947 389943 386934 382929 377922 373914 367907
      363903 356901 349897 341880 336884 333887 332891 329898
      327910 326920 326935 327939 329943 332953 338969 342977
      347980 351979 357979 367982 374996 386004 397016 402024
      403028 404035 407044 399048 391049 383047 378046 375048
      372048 370052 366062 365068 367074 365079 364082 360089
      359093 355094 348092 344089 343085 340081 337080 333080
      330083 327086 322089 311096 307099 305103 304107 305112
      313124 314134 313139 316143 318144 316146 313146 303146
      297149 295153 295157 294192 303203 317215 320218 321221
      324228 324232 327234 333237 337240 343242 352242 369247
      373248 377247 387249 407251 409254 414255 424258 434262
      438263 441262 448266 453268 456271 459275 462276 468283
      480295 495297 508290 511288 514283 519273 525252 528238
      529234 530227 533220 536218 538208 539200 540191 538186
      535182 517157 504145 498139 492131 491126 491118 492111
      493105 498098 504094 508094 513097 515100 520102 527106
      530109 535112 541114 545114 547111 556101 558096 559088
      560079 561076
 0.01 498993 499983 499972 497965 492960 491958 487957 486955
      484959 484969 482974 477979 475982 477986 482989 487992
      494992 495995 498993
 0.01 488050 488039 486031 481017 477004 474989 473983 469988
      468006 475016 475026 474029 472031 463023 459020 456018
      453018 450020 449026 448034 446040 441043 430049 430055
      432059 435061 445059 449055 451053 454053 456051 460052
      463052 463057 463067 463077 471076 476074 479069 483065
      486056 488050
 0.01 473196 475189 474185 472186 469187 466190 463193 461193
      459191 457194 457199 457204 459208 464209 467207 470204
      472198 473196
 0.01 442171 439159 437146 436133 438129 442125 442121 440118
      436119 429127 427133 425141 423147 423155 421161 420164
      421166 424170 428173 434176 438177 442171
 0.01 433928 433921 431914 424904 420898 417893 413889 411884
      404875 402873 400876 399881 402894 406899 408903 414915
      419926 423933 428933 433928
 0.25 518270 519264 519259 518249 515240 512231 499201 495199
      492201 485204 473209 460214 455216 453216 450220 450222
      454225 463228 466230 463232 457235 454238 451240 448239
      448234 439231 432229 418234 421238 424239 428241 433242
      440241 447239 449242 453243 461243 469245 475250 484261
      493275 499281 505284 509282 513279 518270
 0.25 527199 528194 527192 524187 523181 520176 514168 509165
      505162 501159 495157 485157 475153 468147 463146 457147
      454151 453156 450164 449171 449175 449178 450180 454181
      458179 465172 473168 478168 484170 488174 491178 495188
      499192 504190 507188 511188 520194 523198 527199
 0.25 490654 486640 484634 481629 478624 474623 465629 457635
      453639 450644 451650 453653 457658 460663 463666 467667
      472669 478668 482667 486665 488659 490654
 0.25 489231 488230 488228 487227 485227 484227 482226 481224
      481223 480223 479224 477225 476227 477228 478228 479227
      480227 482228 484228 485228 486231 487231 488232 489231
 0.25 432106 432104 430106 432107 432106
 0.25 416229 417223 417218 413210 399203 390200 383195 374184
      365181 356179 352179 350177 350175 352166 354166 354164
      357160 361155 356154 347156 341159 335162 327161 310156
      306157 305161 304166 306169 306174 309177 312179 317179
      326183 327186 325191 325194 327195 331193 337190 341189
      343192 345195 348198 355202 361206 367203 375207 383211
      390215 397219 402223 406227 410230 416229
 0.25 413153 409124 410118 408114 408110 408104 407100 404099
      398101 395103 393108 385108 373112 365114 358114 351111
      346106 343099 341096 339095 336098 336101 334105 330106
      326107 325112 329116 335120 338123 340126 337135 339143
      346146 353146 360142 365138 372138 377141 378151 378162
      379170 381173 383177 393177 398174 407163 413153
 0.25 400129 401127 400126 399125 398124 397123 395122 393122
      391122 391123 389125 388127 387128 386129 386131 387133
      389133 390133 392133 393133 394132 396132 398131 399131
      400129
 0.25 403074 401070 396071 392073 389075 386078 384083 386088
      391090 395089 398087 400083 402076 403074
 0.25 384664 384661 383658 378658 371664 364671 358676 331702
      325708 317714 315716 312721 310730 309735 310742 309747
      308752 307769 302771 301774 304778 301779 299782 297787
      294790 291793 290798 296804 302807 309803 311804 313802
      314796 314790 313784 312781 314777 318769 326764 335759
      351751 358744 364737 368729 370720 372707 371695 375687
      379679 382671 384664
 0.25 367155 367153 367152 365152 364153 363155 364157 365157
      366157 367155
 0.25 309741 309739 308737 308735 307733 307731 306729 305731
      304733 304734 305736 305738 305740 305742 305744 305746
      306748 307749 307748 307746 308744 308743 309741
 0.50 517267 517260 516253 512242 508232 503222 500217 497213
      492209 488208 483207 479209 472214 470217 472220 476219
      482220 488222 493232 495237 495243 491239 485236 480235
      476235 473236 473241 476245 484250 494272 497276 502280
      507280 510278 515273 517267
 0.50 459168 459165 460163 459160 458160 456162 456164 455164
      455167 455169 456171 458170 458169 459168
 0.50 407215 406212 405212 404211 402209 400208 399208 399209
      397209 396210 396212 398214 399215 399216 401217 403217
      404217 405216 407216 407215
 0.50 404158 406154 405149 402145 398143 395145 394150 392156
      389160 385165 382170 383172 386173 391172 395170 399166
      403160 404158
 0.50 383115 382113 379113 374114 365119 360120 356118 350117
      346118 348124 350128 343133 344139 350140 355138 359136
      366129 373123 381119 383115
 0.50 367685 367682 365682 360683 356685 353687 347693 344700
      335713 332717 329719 325721 323723 322728 323732 326734
      327739 335734 338733 338738 341742 344744 348743 351741
      357735 361729 364720 366712 366706 363702 361699 362695
      366689 367685
 0.50 360192 361190 361188 360186 359185 357185 356185 355185
      353185 351185 350185 349185 348187 349190 351191 352192
      354192 356193 358193 359193 360192
 0.50 349163 350161 347160 344162 336165 327164 316161 313161
      309162 309164 312168 313172 318174 324174 329176 332178
      333184 336185 339183 342179 344175 346167 349163
 0.50 328748 328746 326746 324746 323747 322750 321750 321752
      320753 319754 319757 318759 319759 320761 321761 322758
      324756 325753 327751 328748
 1.00 513255 512252 511250 510249 509248 508248 508251 509253
      509254 510257 511257 513255
 1.00 505271 504268 502265 500263 499261 498258 496255 494252
      492255 493259 494262 495265 497268 499271 501274 502275
      504273 505271
 1.00 500232 501230 501227 500224 499224 498223 496222 494222
      494223 493225 493228 494228 495230 497231 498231 499232
      500233 500232

$$




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