Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 220830
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
428 AM EDT WED MAR 22 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAR 22/1200 UTC THRU MAR 25/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...

...WESTERN U.S....

THE FULL LATITUDE UPPER TROUGH ALONG THE WEST COAST THIS MORNING
WILL ULTIMATELY SPLIT INTO DISTINCT NORTHERN/SOUTHERN COMPONENTS
LATE WED-WED NIGHT...AS THE NORTHERN STREAM WAVE FLATTENS WHILE
THE SOUTHERN STREAM CONTINUES TO UNDERGO AMPLIFICATION AS IT DROPS
ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST. FAIRLY SIGNIFICANT HEIGHT FALLS ACROSS
SOUTHERN CA/NORTHERN BAJA WILL ALLOW THE SURFACE FRONT TO MAKE
STEADY EASTWARD PROGRESS DURING THE PERIOD (THROUGH THE
SOUTHWEST)... IN TURN PUSHING THE SUBTROPICAL MOISTURE PLUME (AXIS
OF 1-1.25" PW VALUES) SOUTH ACROSS NORTHERN BAJA BEFORE
DISSIPATING. IN THE WAKE...MOISTURE ANOMALIES WILL BE MORE MODEST
THAN OTHERWISE (+1 TO +2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL ACROSS
SOUTHERN CA...THE SOUTHWEST...AND INTO THE CENTRAL GREAT BASIN AND
4 CORNERS REGION). THIS ALONG WITH THE INCREASINGLY DIFFLUENT
UPPER FLOW AHEAD OF THE AMPLIFYING TROUGH WILL MAKE FOR GENERALLY
MODERATE OROGRAPHICALLY-ENHANCED PCPN AMOUNTS ACROSS CA EASTWARD
THROUGH THE CENTRAL GREAT BASIN AND SOUTHWEST. HIGHEST
AREAL-AVERAGE AMOUNTS WILL RANGE FROM 0.50-1.00" ACROSS THE SIERRA
AND SOUTHERN CA RANGES...ALONG WITH NORTHERN PORTIONS OF THE
MOGOLLON RIM IN AZ AND ACROSS THE WASATCH-UINTA MOUNTAINS IN UT.
PER THE HIGH RESOLUTION GUIDANCE...LOCALIZED AMOUNTS AROUND 1.5"
ARE EXPECTED.


DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WEST COAST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY AHEAD OF A LONG WAVE TROUGH TAPS MOISTURE FOR
LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAY 2.
THE LONG WAVE TROUGH APPROACHES THE WEST COAST LATE ON DAY 3...AND
AHEAD OF THE TROUGH A DEEP MOISTURE PLUME AFFECTS PORTIONS OF
NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA WITH HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL.
THE 00Z ECMWF WAS A BIT FASTER THAN THE CONSENSUS WITH THE LONG
WAVE TROUGH ON DAY 3...BUT A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS SHOULD
MITIGATE THE TIMING DIFFERENCES. THUS...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THESE MODELS.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAY 2.
AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE...A LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS
0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER NORTH OF A WARM FRONT EXTENDING
ACROSS THE REGION. THE BEST LOW LEVEL UPSLOPE FLOW OCCURS ACROSS
THE COASTAL RANGE IN OR ...WHERE 0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF QPF WERE
PLACED. FURTHER SOUTH...A MOISTURE PLUME AHEAD OF A LONG WAVE
TROUGH APPROACHING THE WEST COAST LATE DURING DAY 2. A 30 KNOT LOW
LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER
AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE
MEAN) TO THE COAST AND FOCUSES THE MOISTURE OVER NORTHWEST CA IN
THE 24/06Z TO 24/12Z TIME FRAME. THE BEST UPSLOPE FLOW IS FOCUSES
ON THE SISKIYOU RANGE IN NORTHERN CA...WHERE AN AREA OF 0.75 TO
1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED.

THE MAIN THRUST OF THE DEEP PACIFIC MOISTURE PLUME AFFECTS
NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA DURING THE FIRST HALF OF DAY 3. A 25 TO 35
KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW FOCUSES THE 1.00/1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ON NORTHERN CA COASTAL RANGE,...AS WELL AS
THE LENGTH OF THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE IN CA. THE BEST UPSLOPE FLOW
IS POINTED TOWARD THE
SHASTA/TRINITY RANGES...WHERE THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR
2.00 TO 2.50 INCHES OF QPF. THERE WERE A NUMBER OF 00Z GEFS
MEMBERS SHOWING THE POTENTIAL FOR 3.00 INCH OF QPF HERE...AND THE
COMBINATION OF UPSLOPE FLOW AND MOISTURE COULD SUPPORT THESE
AMOUNTS. PORTIONS OF NORTHERN CA HAVE SEEN BETWEEN 2.00 AND 4.00
INCHES OF RAINFALL IN THE LAST WEEK...AND THE ADDITIONAL RAINFALL
COULD RESULT IN RUNOFF ISSUES. WITH THIS IN MIND...A MARGINAL RISK
WAS PLACED OVER PORTIONS OF COASTAL NORTHERN CA FOR DAY 3.

THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS MORE ORTHOGONAL TO THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE
ON DAY 3...BUT THE MOISTURE PLUME AND UPSLOPE FLOW ARE NOT AS
ROBUST AS THE COASTAL RANGES. THE COMBINATION OF UPSLOPE FLOW AND
SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT IN THE RIGHT REAR QUADRANT OF 1 30 KNOT JET
STREAK CROSSING OR/WA SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT FOR AN AXIS OF 1.50 TO
2.00 INCHES OF QPF IN THE FAVORED UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE SIERRA
NEVADA RANGE. SNOW LEVELS WILL LOWER DURING DAY 3...MITIGATING THE
THREAT FOR FLASH FLOODING ENOUGH SO THAT NO AREAS WERE OUTLINED
HERE.

SOME OF THE MOISTURE REMAINS INTACT ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAY 3. THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND
UPSLOPE FLOW OVER THE BLUE MOUNTAINS IN OR AND THE SALMON RIVER
RANGE IN ID IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AN AREA OF 0.50 TO 0.75 ACROSS
THE HIGHER TERRAIN. FINALLY...SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST LATE ON DAY 3 AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH TAPS
0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR TO PRODUCE 0.50 TO 0.75 INCHES OF
QPF ACROSS THE OLYMPIC AND CASCADE RANGES IN WA.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN DURING DAY 3.
PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS
FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...GREAT BASIN/CENTRAL/SOUTHERN ROCKIES...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW FORMS AT THE BASE OF A LONG WAVE TROUGH
APPROACHING FROM THE WEST COAST ON DAY 2...AND LIFT ASSOCIATED
WITH CLOSED LOW WILL AID IN SPINNING UP SURFACE LOW PRESSURE OVER
SOUTHEAST CO LATE IN THE PERIOD. THE COMBINATION OF MID LEVEL LIFT
AND UPSLOPE FLOW WILL RESULT IN HEAVY QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS THE
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THE 00Z ECMWF
HAS SLOWED IT PROGRESSION OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM SO THAT IT IS
CLOSER TO THE MODEL CONSENSUS. WITH THIS IN MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS A LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE GREAT BASIN...A CLOSED MID LEVEL
LOW FORMS AT THE BASE OF THE TROUGH OVER THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES
DURING DAY 2. THE LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM SPINS
UP SURFACE LOW PRESSURE OVER THE CO FRONT RANGE...WHICH COALESCES
OVER SOUTHEAST CO BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. THERE WAS MULTI MODEL
SIGNAL FOR A FRONTOGENETICALLY FORCED BAND OF MID LEVEL LIFT TO
ROTATE AROUND THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM ACROSS THE CO FRONT RANGE INTO
NEARBY SOUTHEAST WY.  THE COMBINATION OF LIFT AND UPSLOPE FLOW
SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT TO PRODUCE AN AREA OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF
QPF ACROSS THE FRONT RANGE OF THE CO ROCKIES. LOWER QPF AMOUNTS
(GENERALLY BETWEEN 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES) WERE PLACED OVER THE SAN
JUAN RANGE IN SOUTHWEST CO...AS WELL AS NORTHERN SANGRE DE CRISTO
MOUNTAINS IN SOUTH CENTRAL CO. FURTHER WEST ON DAY 2...THE
COMBINATION OF LIFT WITH LONG WAVE TROUGH...AND UPSLOPE FLOW ON
THE BACK SIDE OF THE SURFACE LOW TO THE EAST IS EXPECTED TO FOCUS
ENOUGH MOISTURE FOR AN AXIS OF 0.75 INCHES OF QPF ALONG THE
FAVORED UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT.

THE MAIN FRONTOGENETIC BAND IS EXPECTED TO EXTEND FROM THE FRONT
RANGE OF THE CO ROCKIES ACROSS NORTHEAST CO INTO SOUTHWEST NE. THE
BAND WILL SHIFT WITH TIME TO THE EAST AND WEAKEN. THERE IS A MULTI
MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.00 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF IN THIS BANDING...WITH
LESSER QPF AMOUNTS (CLOSER TO 0.75 INCHES) STRETCHING DOWN INTO
THE SANGRE DE CRISTO RANGE IN SOUTH CENTRAL CO.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS CO ROCKIES DURING DAY 2 AND 3.
PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS
FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...CENTRAL PLAINS ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES INTO THE
NORTHEAST...

A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM SURFACE LOW PRESSURE OVER THE
ROCKIES AND CENTRAL PLAINS WILL FOCUS DEEPENING MOISTURE AND
ELEVATED INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY ON DAY 3 ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. THERE
WAS SOME MODEL SPREAD CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM QPF
AXIS (AS RESULT OF THE DIFFERING PLACEMENT OF THE FRONTAL
BOUNDARY). IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE DIFFERENCES IN
THE PLACEMENT OF THE AXIS OF HIGHEST QPF...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED
MAINLY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS/UKMET.

A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM LOW PRESSURE OVER THE CO FRONT
RANGE ON DAY 2 IS EXPECTED TO STRETCH ACROSS NE INTO NORTHERN
IA/SOUTHERN MN INTO WI/NORTHERN MI. A 30 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL
SOUTHWEST FLOW WILL TRANSPORT 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER (WHICH
IS APPROACHING TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ALONG AND
NORTHERN OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY.  MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MAINLY
ELEVATED INSTABILITY ALONG AND NORTH OF THE FRONT...AND ELEVATED
LOW TOPPED CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE AREAS OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES
OF ALONG THE FRONT ACROSS PORTIONS OF NORTHERN NE INTO FAR
NORTHWEST IA/FAR SOUTHWEST MN. A LARGER AXIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50
INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED ALONG THE FRONT ACROSS WI INTO THE UP
OF MI.

THE FRONT IS PUSHED SOUTH BY STRONG HIGH PRESSURE OVER ONTARIO
DURING DAY 2. THIS SHOULD INTENSITY THE THERMAL GRADIENT ALONG THE
FRONT STRETCHING FROM IA ACROSS SOUTHERN WI INTO THE NORTHERN LP
OF MI AND WESTERN NY STATE. A CONTINUOUS FEED OF 1.00 TO 1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR IS EXPECTED ALONG THE FRONT...AS WELL AS
MARGINAL INSTABILITY IN THE PLUME. THE MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY
SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO SUPPORT LOW TOPPED CONVECTION PRODUCING AN
AXIS OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF EXTENDING FROM SOUTHERN WI
ACROSS THE NORTHERN LO OF MI AND FAR WESTERN NY STATE. IT SHOULD
BE NOTED THAT THE 00Z ECMWF/UKMET HAD AREAS WITH QPF AMOUNTS IN
EXCESS OF 2.00 INCHES ALONG THIS AXIS (PRIMARILY ACROSS WI INTO
MI)...AND THAT THE LATITUDINAL DIFFERENCES IN THE PLACEMENT OF THE
FRONT RESULTED IN LOWER QPF AMOUNTS IN THE WPC QPF. THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 TO 2.00 ACROSS
PORTIONS OF WI. GIVEN THE DEPTH OF MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN ALONG
THE FRONT...THE RELATIVELY LOW FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE...AND THE QPF
AMOUNTS FROM THE 00Z
ECMWF/UKMET...A MARGINAL RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER CENTRAL AND
SOUTHERN WI INTO THE NORTHERN PORTION OF THE LP OF MI FOR DAY 3.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES EARLY DAY 3
CROSSES THE SOUTHERN PLAINS...REACHING A POSITION OVER OK/AR BY
THE END OF THE PERIOD. A COLD FRONT TRAILING FROM LOW PRESSURE
ASSOCIATED WITH THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM WILL FOCUS DEEP
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE CONVECTION WITH HEAVY
RAINFALL. THE 00Z ECMWF SLOWED ITS PROGRESSION OF THE MID LEVEL
SYSTEM TO BETTER MATCH THE MODEL CONSENSUS...SO THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AHEAD OF THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER SOUTHEAST CO EARLY ON DAY
3...SURFACE LOW PRESSURE TRACKS OVER THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL
PLAINS. A COLD FRONT TRAILING FROM THE SURFACE LOW MOVES OVER
OK/TX...AND BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR DEEP MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY. A
40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR INTO EASTERN TX/EASTERN OK INTO THE LOWER
AND MID MS VALLEY. MODEL SOUNDINGS AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT SHOWED
MARGINAL TO MODERATE INSTABILITY OVER MUCH OF THE SAME
AREA...GENERALLY IN THE 24/18Z TO 25/06Z TIME FRAME. THE MOISTURE
AND INSTABILITY SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT TO PRODUCE LINES OF
CONVECTION AHEAD OF THE FRONT OVER THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS.

THE BEST LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX IS EXPECTED OVER EAST TX INTO
SOUTHEAST OK AND MUCH OF AR. THE CONVECTION OM THESE LOCATIONS
SHOULD PRODUCE LINES OF 1.25 TO 1.75 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS
NORTHEAST TX INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK AND PORTIONS OF SOUTH CENTRAL
AR. CORFIDI VECTORS SUGGEST THAT THE CONVECTION REMAINS MAINLY
OUTFLOW DOMINATED...BUT SOME TRAINING IS POSSIBLE WHERE SEGMENTS
OF CONVECTION SLOW AS THEY BECOME MORE PARALLEL TO THE MID LEVEL
FLOW. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY ABOVE
2.50/3.50 INCHES...SO WHILE HEAVY RAINFALL IS EXPECTED...ORGANIZED
FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED ON DAY 3 AT THIS TIME.


...FL...

A LOW LEVEL EAST NORTHEAST FLOW TRANSPORTS MOISTURE AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY ACROSS THE FL PENINSULA...MAINLY DURING DAY 2. LOW
LEVEL CONVERGENCE WILL FOCUS THE MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ACROSS
PORTIONS OF SOUTHEAST FL...RESULTING CONVECTION WITH LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL. THE BEST CONVECTION IS EXPECTED FROM KSUA TO
KFLL...WHERE LOCAL 0.75 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

HURLEY/HAYES

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 560096 553100 548099 545096 540093 537089 534084 532077
      533064 533054 533050 532049 528045 526040 522026 519017
      517011 514007 511001 508998 500991 495985 492980 490976
      491967 494964 498962 501962 501958 496950 493946 491941
      491927 482922 479920 474920 470917 464918 457913 453908
      453901 456893 458891 460890 466890 474894 487894 504887
      515886 521886 523888 526888 542893 546895 549899 553903
      556908 559916 562923 563929 566944 566953 567963 567976
      568984 569991
 0.01 485614 489619 491623 491628 491637 493648 493653 495657
      498662 499673 499682 494694 490699 484703 479706 473709
      460716 456719 452723 448729 443733 438732 433732 429730
      432728 435727 439726 438719 445710 448709 450706 453703
      452699 442691 437678 434677 430678 428676 427671 429666
      431660 436654 440649 443638 445634 449628
 0.01 536212 535191 532182 528174 523165 521161 517158 513156
      511152 506148 500145 497142 489135 485131 481129 476126
      471125 471134 466132 463136 460138 456142 454147 449152
      444154 441159 438160 431163 425167 422171 420171 416172
      416175 418180 417188 414191 407195 402191 398189 394190
      390190 391185 395182 401177 413166 419162 422160 423155
      429134 432126 436119 451124 459120 463113 464105 465099
      469095 472093 474091 471086 474071 469048 467040 463033
      453020 456018 458016 461016 466009 467999 463990 457981
      454977 450974 443968 440964 437961 428957 419956 414956
      411959 409956 409953 411949 411943 412939 412929 412923
      410919 408915 405912 401910 398910 391911 382915 380918
      380925 382929 385931 387934 389940 389957 386970 386974
      389977 393979 396979 401977 404974 407966 409962 410968
      412975 414978 416983 421989 426997 429000 432004 435006
      435013 434026 431037 425045 425050 423053 421058 418060
      414061 410058 404057 399057 396059 393063 389065 385065
      387068 386071 381071 377066 374063 371061 366061 364063
      366068 371069 374073 374079 375087 375092 372094 361093
      355094 355098 354101 352101 348102 344099 342095 338093
      335094 332098 328100 323100 319101 317105 317108 318112
      322113 329117 334122 332131 326137 319140 320144 322145
      331145 334147 333150 328152 321156 310155 303157 300158
      299160 299165 303172 307175 312178 315177 321180 329182
      333187 339203 340207 342210 347213 350217 354223 360228
      364232 369234 373236 378236 382235 386237 399242 417248
      423250 428250 437251 451251 455251 458251 463252 466255
      470258 470262 466272 459292 456298 455306 454310 455313
      459316 465306 471299 477292 482294 485293 488290 492287
      494283 496282 498284 504288 512290 516284 524261 523258
      522254 521251 519248 519244 518241 517238 516235 514232
      514229 512226 510223 508219 507217 506214 504211 503210
      503207 505204
 0.01 505204 507204 508204 510207 511208 513209 514210 516211
      516212 517213 519213 521213 522213 524212 525213 527214
      528215 528216 530217 531217 532216 533215 534214 535212
      536212
 0.01 432776 432771 431766 431762 430757 428755 426755 423756
      421758 421761 422766 422770 423773 425777 427779 429779
      431778 432776
 0.01 380711 379703 378695 372683 366678 361676 355676 347677
      342679 338683 334688 331693 322719 317729 310739 304750
      301756 300764 301771 301775 299775 293776 290780 286785
      280785 272786 265790 258797 258800 259803 265805 276810
      276815 277818 283821 287824 289831 293832 296827 300830
      305835 314843 317848 321852 324857 328859 329857 329853
      326847 323842 319834 318822 317813 315811 311813 306813
      300812 305800 307788 313785 317782 325779 331780 338778
      344775 352768 356763 359759 366746 372734 376724 380711
 0.01 364164 364157 360159 356161 353164 350166 348172 349174
      352177 356179 360179 360173 361170 363165 364164
 0.01 368938 368927 366918 364909 361898 355881 348866 345863
      342862 342873 342884 344895 348917 349920 346922 340928
      339931 339936 345943 352943 355943 357947 364948 368941
      368938
 0.25 553004 553990 553979 552973 550968 545960 539954 535953
      530954 529959 531965 535973 539981 543992 546002 548006
      550008 552006 553004
 0.25 541035 541033 541030 541029 539028 539030 539032 539033
      540035 541035 541035
 0.25 516273 518268 519262 517251 511234 505221 496208 489204
      483205 470211 459215 455216 453219 454223 458226 461227
      465226 470223 474224 477222 481223 486225 487226 487231
      483234 479227 475225 472228 468232 462233 454236 461239
      467242 472248 476255 477259 477263 470279 472283 474281
      479274 483270 488270 503281 506282 510280 513276 516273
 0.25 526193 525186 523181 518180 514176 512174 509173 503175
      504181 507185 513189 516194 521197 523198 525195 526193
 0.25 485643 483636 480632 474637 469636 465637 461640 457644
      453654 451660 450667 451672 451675 453677 463671 470663
      478657 484649 485643
 0.25 465162 465159 464159 463156 461158 460158 460159 459160
      458162 458165 459166 461166 462165 463164 464163 465162
 0.25 449222 448221 447220 445220 443220 442219 440219 440220
      441222 443223 444223 446224 446223 448222 449222
 0.25 453078 454064 453058 451056 448057 441064 433070 429080
      421081 404088 390098 384106 374109 367114 359117 354115
      350112 345109 343107 340109 340119 339123 341128 343134
      347138 351139 356140 366141 375144 381135 384135 385137
      388142 389146 389153 389157 387159 384162 378170 375175
      378178 382177 389176 395172 405160 417152 416138 426122
      431116 436108 440097 439090 442086 449084 452081 453078
 0.25 416220 407210 400206 394202 369187 362184 354183 348183
      345176 343168 340166 336165 329162 320160 314162 312164
      312167 314170 319172 327173 335175 339179 342186 347193
      350194 354193 359192 364193 366195 370201 374211 369209
      360210 358211 357214 361220 368224 375224 386219 393219
      400224 404224 408226 413224 416220
 0.25 355712 355707 353703 351699 347696 344695 341698 336705
      330720 325736 322743 316751 311756 310759 309765 310770
      313772 318771 324769 331767 336766 341764 346758 349751
      353733 355714 355712
 0.25 277799 275798 275799 277799 277799
 0.50 514264 515256 514251 510238 506228 503223 500218 492212
      486211 480213 480216 484221 488223 491229 493235 495239
      499243 501249 500254 496251 491240 487237 484241 482240
      481236 478230 473232 471237 473242 477247 480252 481257
      482262 487263 491266 495269 499273 502275 505274 514264
 0.50 464224 465221 466219 464217 463217 461218 459220 459222
      460224 461225 462225 464224 464224
 0.50 433097 433096 432095 431093 430092 429091 428090 426090
      425091 425093 425096 426096 427099 429099 431100 432099
      433097
 0.50 429108 427104 422104 419106 417108 415106 412098 409095
      404095 396098 393099 390104 387114 384116 378115 361120
      358122 359126 362131 364132 367130 370132 372136 374138
      376137 378132 381129 388125 394121 398123 401127 408127
      416124 422119 428110 429108
 0.50 408222 405217 402212 397208 390207 387206 385204 382199
      379198 377200 378203 384207 384210 385212 392215 399217
      404220 408222
 0.50 367189 365188 362188 358186 355185 351185 349185 347187
      348189 351191 353189 355188 358188 362189 365189 367189
 0.50 351724 350715 348707 346703 344702 339708 334720 330733
      324746 316755 313761 314765 316766 326759 334758 338757
      341755 344750 347743 349736 350729 351724
 0.50 355124 355122 355120 354118 354117 352116 351115 350115
      349113 347113 346114 346116 347117 348119 349120 349121
      350123 352125 353125 355124
 0.50 334169 334168 332166 330165 329164 328163 327163 325163
      323163 322163 320163 318164 318166 319168 320168 321169
      322169 324170 326170 328171 329171 331171 333171 334169
 1.00 503241 503236 503233 502230 501227 499224 498221 495220
      494223 494226 494230 495233 497236 498240 500241 503241
 1.00 493253 492251 492250 491248 491247 490245 489244 488244
      487246 487249 488252 488253 490254 491255 493253

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 442321 447321 451323 459326 475332 480332 486329 490325
      495320 500313 504307 512290 515283 517280 518275 520264
      523256 526242 526238 523235 518233 515226 513218 510209
      512205 514205 520208 524210 526212 530214 533213 535211
      536206 537201 535197 531191 526185 522181 515178 515155
      513152 508149 500149 497148 495145 491139 487133 479132
      476134 477136 478139 481140 486146 492149 494151 494155
      490161 488164 485164 484168 481170 477169 471171 465173
      461173 458174 454174 453175 444174 438177 434182 430185
      430189 426197 422202 417208 405210 391213 379217 368223
      363228 358232 352237 348244 346247 345253 344262 350275
      350278 353281 358285 365287 370291 373295 376296 379298
 0.01 564949 565928 564909 562878 559867 557859 556850 555834
      554829 553820 549794 547781 547776 545769 544761 542755
      538745 535741 531739 523738 513736 509734 504734 500734
      496735 489742 482748 478757 476767 475771 473770 469768
      466767 462766 459765 454766 449767 446766 437764 420757
      417757 411758 405757 404759 399760 394765 387772 382778
      377787 375790 373795 373798 372801 373804 375811 377815
      379819 382818 384821 383826 384832 388843 389848 391853
      393856 396860 407873 412880 414884 414887 413891 409894
      403896 397895 393894 388893 383892 378893 376895 376908
      378914 378922 378929 372931 364927 361927 359929 359934
      360937 364945 370952 377956 385963 392969 396972 394977
      389990 386993 382995 372996 361996 358995 357992 355987
      354982 355976 357972 361970 361963 356962 347962 340963
      337962 333964 326968 317972 310979 304985 295989 289989
      283990 276990 275994 280001 286006 293010 300016 301021
      304025 310032 319033 329033 337034 344033 354031 363027
      367026 371025 368029 364031 358040 355045 354050 349057
      341054 332054 330054 326056 323059 320063 316072 314075
      310079 303083 301084 298087 297090 298095 301104 304108
      308109 315114 316120 319123 323126 327122 331119 335121
      337126 340130 345136 352143 355145 358149 360159 363164
      366162 369161 373164 375166 375168 379167 383167 385163
      386157 389154 397150 400148 402143 407135 413129 423126
      428124 431121 435120 438122 443123 447122 457121 464119
      468116 471112 473108 472102 473088 470084 469078 467073
      468066 471054 475029 479019 481007 484993 489982 492972
      493957 494940 493924 493909 492901 495899 497899 504902
      510908 523923 526934 528944 531957 531965 533971 536982
      537992
 0.01 537992 540998 542001 545003 548003 551999 553996 555990
      556985 558979 560974 561969 563961 563955 564949
 0.01 518840 513827 509818 506812 502808 494805 489803 488807
      488811 489828 490837 492843 493849 494858 497860 500860
      502857 502852 504847 508846 511845 513843 517842 518840
 0.01 336762 335755 332754 326755 322758 319755 317751 314749
      308748 303748 299747 288749 284747 281744 279740 277734
      274731 270731 265730 262732 252734 244738 238746 235755
      233763 230770 228793 227798 228804 228809 229815 233836
      234843 237846 239848 243847 247844 250841 252836 251830
      249827 249821 249816 253816 260823 267827 275828 285825
      294822 298819 301815 305808 312803 319797 324790 331773
      334767 336762
 0.25 514274 516267 517259 517253 515245 505221 503218 499215
      489209 484211 485217 488222 489229 487231 483229 478227
      473227 470214 465214 459216 452220 443223 433224 427225
      421225 411222 406222 401224 383234 376239 369245 361252
      358259 359267 364273 372281 379289 384293 391296 401299
      410299 421299 434298 442300 454304 480313 483315 487314
      494306 509286 514274
 0.25 486897 485881 484876 481870 478866 474864 467865 459864
      455862 451858 446852 442849 436849 432853 431862 432873
      437883 439887 439894 435904 428915 423928 418943 417950
      416960 416971 415977 414984 412989 408998 405012 404019
      400026 396031 392035 387039 382041 379040 375041 371044
      370047 370052 372057 357067 353080 348083 342084 335093
      333097 334105 338110 344113 352122 357123 361122 360118
      356115 350112 347109 344103 345100 348099 353097 357089
      360087 363088 369090 375092 380091 387089 391086 400083
      403081 406075 414071 419068 424063 426067 426073 421087
      418090 415090 409089 405091 401097 388109 385112 380114
      373124 371131 372136 375139 379139 386138 392134 396129
      404123 411117 419112 423108 427106 438103 442099 443094
      442085 444084 447085 451088 454088 455086 454078 454066
      452056 450054 446058 438063 435063 431061 431057 434024
      433016 434009 436990 438983 440978 445969 450959 454945
      456938 458930 464916 467911 471907 480909 486897
 0.25 419804 420801 420799 420797 419794 418793 417792 416792
      414791 412792 411793 411794 410796 410798 411800 411801
      412803 413804 414805 415805 417806 419804 419804
 0.25 364016 363011 359009 354008 351011 348013 345017 343019
      344024 348024 352024 357022 361020 363018 364016
 0.25 313781 312780 310781 310782 309784 311785 312783 313781
 0.25 281796 275790 268781 261776 260774 261768 259769 254772
      253776 252783 249793 248799 249802 252803 261806 265808
      271809 275807 278803 280799 281796
 0.25 259754 259750 258748 255746 253747 251747 250751 249753
      250757 250761 251765 252768 253765 255764 257762 258760
      259756 259754
 0.25 242809 242807 241807 239806 238806 236807 235808 234810
      235812 236813 238813 240811 242809 242809
 0.50 511273 514260 513253 512247 508235 503225 498219 495217
      493217 493222 492228 494235 493239 488236 481233 476231
      472228 466225 462228 458230 452230 438233 428234 415230
      411228 406229 404232 399234 391237 382242 377247 371254
      369258 367265 370270 373273 378280 385288 388290 394292
      399293 404292 411288 418283 425278 434276 451274 461275
      466276 470279 487290 492291 497290 505284 508280 511273
 0.50 436100 435097 434096 433095 433094 431092 430090 429089
      428089 428091 428092 428094 429095 430097 431098 432099
      432100 434101 436100 436100
 0.50 440961 441955 441947 440935 438932 435936 430944 426952
      423964 422975 420979 421987 422991 426993 429991 432987
      435978 438969 440961
 0.50 425053 426047 423044 418036 423029 425025 426018 426011
      424006 421004 415004 411015 409026 409029 411033 413037
      412045 413051 415055 419055 423054 425053
 0.50 414108 415102 413098 409098 406101 404105 400108 393111
      389112 386116 380121 379124 380127 383129 390125 397120
      404116 408115 410112 414108
 0.50 414054 404046 399042 392043 387047 385050 383048 378046
      375047 373050 376056 382059 386060 386063 382067 374067
      371069 371075 375080 378082 383082 394076 398073 403067
      407064 410063 412059 414054
 0.50 274799 273798 273797 271796 271795 269794 268794 268793
      266793 264794 262794 260795 259795 258797 258799 259800
      261800 263800 265800 266801 268801 270801 272801 274800
      274799
 1.00 506269 506261 503255 499252 494247 490243 486248 483254
      484260 486266 490270 495275 502275 506271 506269
 1.00 427254 425244 422241 417239 413238 408241 404242 399242
      394242 390246 387250 385256 389259 394261 398262 401265
      405267 411266 418261 425255 427254
 1.00 433966 433964 433961 433959 433958 431958 431959 431961
      430964 430966 430967 429968 429971 429973 429974 430973
      431971 432968 433967 433966
 1.00 407058 407056 404054 402053 400053 397054 395055 393057
      392061 394064 398063 400062 404060 405060 407058
 1.50 502267 502263 501261 499258 497255 495252 494251 491250
      490252 490256 491259 492261 494264 496267 498269 500269
      502267
 1.50 418254 416249 412247 409247 404247 400246 395247 396252
      400255 403257 408259 412258 416256 418254
 2.00 413252 412251 410250 408251 407251 406251 405252 406254
      407255 409255 411255 412255 413253 413252

24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 350279 357283 363285 367284 374280 378277 382272 396269
      410261 416260 422260 428262 447268 455271 459271 462274
      466277 470279 475286 478295 484302 493308 500306 505300
      507296 509289 519274 522265 524260 524254 525246 523242
      518231 515220 513210 515209 517212 520215 524222 528229
      531228 534223 538212 539204 540199 537189 534182 529173
      527169 524167 512153 506147 498140 492135 486129 483126
      480124 470123 462123 457123 454121 453117 454110 456105
      453100 452095 442093 435097 429099 423103 395124 383131
      377138 371145 369155 367159 367164 368168 366170 363173
      362175 358175 352175 348172 344170 340170 336173 332180
      329188 325196 320205 318211 318217 319228 321234 325242
      326247 328251 332258 336266 341273
 0.01 475684 474677 470671 466667 459664 463658 464654 463650
      459642 456640 452641 439641 426644 421644 418645 416647
      409652 405656 398666 394672 395683 394686 395691 396696
      398699 401708 403713 404719 410731 410734 408735 401739
      391746 386751 383756 381761 379769 380774 382777 386784
      389793 392799 396805 404808 408810 413815 416822 415832
      412839 409843 400850 396855 393857 390858 376863 372864
      369866 362867 345873 333879 328882 320883 315881 306882
      301883 298887 289894 287898 287902 287913 289920 290930
      279942 272951 264961 272981 273982 275981 281984 293991
      299995 305997 320991 343982 352981 355982 362981 365983
      365987 365002 358000 352003 351005 350011 352019 354028
      358035 359038 358042 359050 360056 365061 367063 366065
      369069 379074 385077 392078 407075 411071 416066 423049
      429037 435024 440009 443995 447980 450961 458921 459914
      459905 459895 459886 460844 462829 462822 463817 463806
      464797 465788 469767 472754 474745 473735 472730 470727
      468723 469716 471709 475697 474689 475684
 0.01 296796 295790 293786 288780 284777 280776 271776 262779
      259778 256773 249776 244782 233794 230801 230812 231816
      235821 235826 239827 249813 254806 256803 258802 261803
      271802 280805 287802 292801 294799 296796
 0.25 529194 526188 523179 521175 517172 509169 504168 498164
      493158 487154 483153 475156 461161 458157 452153 445150
      441148 437148 435151 434156 434169 434180 435191 435196
      435202 432204 428205 420202 412202 406202 399197 391191
      384187 372180 366183 364188 365192 366200 365206 362208
      356210 352211 349215 349221 348231 345239 345247 348254
      352262 357269 363274 367275 370275 376269 380263 385259
      390255 396252 413250 426250 440250 455249 463250 471254
      481264 492275 497281 504284 508283 511280 515273 518264
      519257 519253 517243 515235 508220 504212 502207 501202
      501193 503191 507190 513192 519195 527197 529194
 0.25 496241 495240 495239 494236 494235 493233 493232 492230
      490229 489229 488229 487231 488232 489234 489235 491237
      492239 493240 494241 495242 496241
 0.25 482196 481191 480189 476184 473180 468176 463179 460185
      458192 457197 458201 464204 468205 473204 478200 482196
 0.25 453760 452753 451748 449743 446737 442724 436726 429727
      426730 424734 421745 419756 421766 422780 423788 424796
      429826 430838 429851 427862 423872 421875 417877 412878
      405878 394879 387881 382883 365891 349897 329902 323903
      319905 314908 310912 305919 302929 294943 300980 308982
      316979 326978 337976 344973 349971 355971 366969 372968
      380969 384970 388973 390978 391982 392994 392998 390003
      387013 384018 381022 374027 370030 366036 364041 366046
      368051 370053 377055 383055 388056 398056 406051 413042
      416038 419032 422023 427015 431006 434995 437985 440973
      442956 444943 446933 450921 452910 453896 454884 454869
      453834 451777 453767 453760
 0.25 436683 436679 434676 430675 428676 424679 421683 419685
      417691 418698 420702 425702 428699 431695 433691 435686
      436683
 0.25 383033 382031 382030 380029 380031 379033 379035 380036
      382035 383033
 0.25 247800 246799 244800 244801 243802 243803 242805 243806
      244805 245804 246803 246802 247800
 0.50 515267 517258 516249 514240 512234 507223 504218 501214
      495210 488208 475212 455212 444216 439217 433217 429219
      424222 422222 418220 416215 394202 386196 381192 375189
      371188 369192 370196 376207 376211 375214 370216 367216
      365219 368224 362236 360242 361246 363249 362255 363259
      365261 370265 375264 378259 382255 387250 392249 404248
      414247 427248 438245 457241 462239 466232 468228 473229
      469232 468235 469239 472244 476248 481251 485256 493269
      499276 504280 509277 513272 515267
 0.50 498247 497240 495233 492227 487224 481222 476223 475229
      481233 486237 490240 495245 498247
 0.50 458175 457170 455166 452162 449158 446156 441156 442163
      444166 445172 445177 446182 450185 452183 455180 458176
      458175
 0.50 446756 445751 443747 440744 435743 431745 429749 427756
      428765 431777 433788 435800 434811 435820 434833 434864
      434875 434881 432885 427888 425890 422900 417908 414911
      409910 406907 402905 397903 390902 385902 384899 379891
      375890 371891 363895 347902 328910 320914 317916 316921
      314924 312929 310937 305944 304949 307953 306957 304961
      303965 305968 310971 334971 342969 351965 373962 381961
      389961 394963 396966 397979 398991 399998 397003 393013
      389025 388037 384046 385051 389054 397053 403047 409039
      412035 414029 418020 428004 430993 433984 435974 436970
      435966 433961 433956 434951 439940 445921 448909 449899
      450888 451874 451856 450840 450815 446790 445780 445770
      446756
 0.50 377049 377046 377044 376043 376042 374040 374039 373038
      372037 371037 370037 369037 367039 367041 367043 368045
      369048 370050 372050 374051 375051 376050 377049
 1.00 513260 513250 511241 507235 502228 498221 495219 494222
      497230 499237 503246 507253 511260 513260
 1.00 504273 503268 501264 499261 496256 494251 491249 489250
      490255 493259 495264 498268 500272 504273 504273
 1.00 428240 429235 425233 419230 412225 408218 403213 397209
      391204 388202 384201 381202 384205 389210 394216 396219
      395221 387224 382227 381234 382238 384241 391244 398244
      410239 414240 419242 426242 428240
 1.00 447836 445827 444815 441807 439810 439815 441825 441834
      440844 440850 440856 442865 444870 446870 446858 446848
      447837 447836
 1.00 438902 438899 437899 437902 438903 438902
 1.00 407026 407023 406021 402019 399021 397023 396026 396030
      395034 396037 399037 401035 403033 405030 406028 407026
 1.00 403982 404979 404977 404975 403973 403972 403973 401974
      401975 401977 401978 402979 402982 403982 403982
 1.00 397043 396042 394041 393043 392044 391045 391048 392049
      393048 394047 396046 397043
 1.00 377920 377918 374917 369919 359922 355923 354919 353914
      350910 346908 341908 332913 329916 326921 325928 323932
      325938 326942 325945 317950 315955 315958 318960 324960
      330959 343959 344955 347951 346945 341944 337941 335939
      335936 343932 348929 351928 354929 356932 361930 371927
      377920
 1.00 338962 337961 336962 334962 336963 337963 338962
 1.50 401239 403235 401232 399231 395229 392229 390229 386229
      384230 383234 383237 387238 390240 394241 397241 399240
      401239
 1.50 400215 399215 399213 398212 396211 395210 393208 392208
      391209 392211 393212 394214 395214 396215 398215 399216
      400215
 1.50 343912 342911 341911 339912 337912 336913 335914 333914
      332915 333916 335916 337915 339915 341914 342913 343912
 1.50 342925 341925 339925 338926 338928 339928 341927 342925
 1.50 329954 328953 328952 327951 325951 323950 321950 319951
      319952 319954 319955 321954 323954 325954 327954 328954
      329954
 2.00 395235 393234 391233 390232 388232 386233 385235 385236
      387236 389237 391237 392237 394237 395235

$$




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