Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 122011
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
310 PM EST SUN FEB 12 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 13/0000 UTC THRU FEB 16/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...NORTHEAST U.S...

AT 500 MB THE MODELS INDICATE AN INCREDIBLE 300 METER 12-HOUR
HEIGHT FALL OVER EASTERN PENNSYLVANIA THROUGH 06Z TONIGHT. ALL THE
MORE REASON TO FAVOR THE MORE INTENSE SURFACE REFLECTION IN THE
ECMWF/UKMET/CANADIAN MODELS AS THE COASTAL CYCLONE GETS SPUN UP
THIS EVENING OFF OF CAPE COD. PER THE WPC MODEL DIAGNOSTIC
DISCUSSION WE CONTINUE TO PLACE THE LEAST WEIGHTING ON THE GFS
SOLUTION. EVEN WHEN SYSTEMS ARE WELL HANDLED THERE IS OFTEN A FAIR
AMOUNT OF RUN TO RUN VARIABILITY IN QPF FROM A PARTICULAR MODEL.
IN THIS CASE THE ECMWF HAS BEEN REMARKABLY STEADY AND THE WPC
SOLUTION IS WEIGHTED A LITTLE MORE TOWARD THE ECMWF RATHER THAN A
MULTI-MODEL CONSENSUS. AT THE SAME TIME...HOWEVER...THERE ARE SOME
CONSISTENT MESOSCALE SIGNALS SHOWING UP ACROSS MULTIPLE
MODELS...INCLUDING THE ECMWF...THAT SUGGEST WE MAY NEED TO MAKE
SOME MINOR ADJUSTMENTS THIS AFTERNOON...TO BETTER EMPHASIZE
UPSLOPE ENHNACEMENT INLAND OVER WESTERN MAINE STRADDLING HIGHWAY
2...AND ALSO TO BETTER EMPHASIZE THE PRIMARY FRONTOGENETICAL BAND
HUGGING THE COAST OF MAINE OVERNIGHT. WE MAY USE THE NAM TO MAKE
SOME OF THESE ADJUSTMENTS. ALTHOUGH NAM QPF IS OFTEN TOO HEAVY TOO
FAR TO THE NORTH OF DEVELOPING CYCLONES...IT TENDS TO PERFORM
BETTER FOR VERY ROBUST CYCLOGENESIS...WHICH THIS WILL BE.

GENERALLY SPEAKING...WE EXPECT AT LEAST ONE INCH LIQUID
EQUIVALENTS FROM THE NORTHERN SIDE OF BOSTON UP THROUGH EASTERN
NEW HAMPSHIRE AND COVERING MOST OF CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN
MAINE...WHILE AMOUNTS OVER 1.5 INCHES WILL BE MORE COMMON WITH
EASTWARD EXTENT...PERHAPS EXCEEDING 2 INCHES OVER DOWN EAST MAINE.

SEE WPC HEAVY SNOWFALL DISCUSSION AND LOCAL NATIONAL WEATHER
PRODUCTS FOR INFORMATION ON ASSOCIATED HEAVY SNOW...WINDS...AND
OTHER HAZARDS.


...SOUTHWEST U.S....

THE 00Z GFS/ECMWF AND GEFS/ECMWF ENSEMBLE MEANS REMAIN SIMILAR IN
SLOWLY PIVOTING AND THEN EASTWARD ADVANCING THE CLOSED UPPER LOW
NOW FORMING OVER BAJA. ENHANCED DEEP-LAYER FORCING PER THE
DIFLUENT MID/UPPER LEVEL FLOW AROUND THE NORTH AND EAST PERIPHERY
OF THE DEEPENING LOW SHOULD SUPPORT CONVECTIVELY AND
OROGRAPHICALLY-AIDED SHOWERS OVER THE FOUR CORNERS STATES...WITH
EMPHASIS ON SOUTHERN AZ/NM WHERE TERRAIN WILL INTERCEPT THE
STRONGER SOUTHERLY FLOW. FORCING WILL INCREASE OUT INTO THE
SOUTHERN PLAINS MONDAY...WITH A MODIFIED GULF AIR MASS RETURNING
NORTHWARD...AND UPGLIDE NORTH OF A FRONTAL BOUNDARY CONTRIBUTING
TO ASCENT. WITH RESPECT TO QPF...AGAIN SIMILAR TO OTHER STORMS IN
THE CURRENT FLOW REGIME...THE ECMWF HAS BEEN VERY STEADY FROM RUN
TO RUN...AND IS FAVORED FOR HEAVIER WEIGHTS IN THE WPC FORECAST.
WE STARTED WITH A 50/30/20 BLEND OF THE ECMWF / NAM CONUS NEST /
IN-HOUSE ENSEMBLE. THIS RESULTED IN LITTLE OVERALL CHANGE...BUT WE
DID BACK UP THE QPF ACROSS WEST TEXAS A BIT...BETTER SYNCING WITH
MID LEVEL FORCING PER THE ECMWF. WE ALSO EXPANDED QPF NORTHWARD
THROUGH THE TX/OK PANHNADLES...BUT DECREASED SOMEWHAT IN PARTS OF
NORTHWEST NM AND NORTHEAST AZ...SHELTERED FROM THE DEEP LAYER
SOUTHERLY FLOW AND STRONGER HEIGHT FALLS OCCURRING FARTHER SOUTH.

DAYS 2 AND 3...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CHOPPING DOWN THE MID LEVEL RIDGE ON DAY 3
ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST WILL TAP DEEPENING MOISTURE
ASSOCIATED WITH AN ATMOSPHERIC RIVER... PRODUCING LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN. THE 12Z GFS MAY BE A BIT FAST
BREAKING DOWN THE RIDGE...BUT OVERALL THE MODEL TIMING OF THE
INFLUX OF DEEPER MOISTURE WITH THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY IS FAIRLY
GOOD...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A STRONG CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER
THE GULF OF ALASKA DURING DAY 2 BEGINS BREAKING DOWN THE MID LEVEL
RIDGE OVER THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. ON DAY 3...THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY
BEGINS TAPPING A DEEP PACIFIC MOISTURE PLUME (WITH ITS ORIGINS
NORTH OF HAWAII)...WHICH BEGINS AFFECTING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST BY
15/12Z. THE INITIAL SLUG OF DEEP MOISTURE IS USHERED TO THE WA/OR
COAST ON A 55 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWEST INFLOW...AS 1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) IMPACTS THE NORTHERN OR COASTAL RANGE
AND THE OLYMPIC RANGE IN WA. AN AXIS OF 1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES OF QPF
WAS PLACED HERE...WITH THE HIGHEST QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS THE OLYMPICS
(WHERE THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS NEARLY PERPENDICULAR TO THE TERRAIN).
LESSER AMOUNTS (GENERALLY BETWEEN 1.00 AND 1.50 INCHES) WERE
PLACED IN THE FAVORED UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE WA CASCADES.

AS THE MOISTURE PLUME DROPS SOUTH DURING DAY 3...THE LOW LEVEL
FLOW POINTS THE 1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ON THE HIGHER
TERRAIN OF SOUTHWEST OR AND NORTHWEST CA. THERE WAS A FAIRLY
STRONG MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES OF QPF HERE...AS THE
LOW LEVEL FLOW IS MORE PERPENDICULAR TO THE TERRAIN THAT FURTHER
NORTH.


...SOUTHWEST/SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MS VALLEY...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ON AN INCREASING LOW LEVEL INFLOW AHEAD
OF A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW APPROACHING FROM THE SOUTHWEST STATES
WILL FEED CONVECTION THAT COULD PRODUCE HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL ACROSS PORTIONS OF TX AND FAR SOUTH CENTRAL OK ON DAY 2.
THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE
CLOSED LOW...AS THE 12Z ECMWF SPED UP ITS SOLUTION. BECAUSE OF THE
BETTER TIMING...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z
ECMWF/GFS.

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW SLOWLY WEAKENS AS IT TRACKS FROM SOUTHWEST
NM EARLY ON DAY 2 TO POSITION OVER NORTH TX/OK...WHILE OPENING
INTO A POSITIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL
SYSTEM...A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS CENTRAL INTO NORTHEAST
TX...MAINLY IN THE 14/18Z TO 15/00Z TIME FRAME. MODEL SOUNDINGS
SHOWED MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE INSTABILITY IN THE MOISTURE
PLUME...AND THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IS
EXPECTED TO FEED CONVECTION THAT CROSSES CENTRAL AND NORTHEAST TX
BEFORE 15/00Z. WHILE THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO REMAIN
PRIMARILY OUTFLOW DOMINATED...THERE IS THE POTENTIAL IN THE
ABOVEMENTIONED TIME FRAME FOR CORFIDI VECTORS TO BECOME BETTER
ALIGNED WITH THE 850-300 MB FLOW...WHICH COULD PROMOTE TRAINING.

A SWATH OF 3.00 TO 3.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED FROM KJCT
THROUGH KMWL...WITH 2.00 INCH QPF AMOUNTS EXTENDED INTO FAR SOUTH
CENTRAL OK (AS WELL AS THE DALLAS METROPLEX). THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD VALUES FROM KJCT THROUGH KMWL GENERALLY RUN BETWEEN 2.00 AND
3.00 INCHES...SO A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS MAINTAINED HERE FOR DAY 2.
A MARGINAL RISK WAS EXTENDED INTO NORTHEAST TX FOR POTENTIAL
RUNOFF ISSUES...AS THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE
GENERALLY ABOVE 3.00 INCHES HERE.


...GULF COAST/SOUTHEAST....

LOW PRESSURE TRACKING ACROSS THE GULF COAST STATES AND SOUTHEAST
ON DAY 3 BECOMES ABSORBED INTO A COLD FRONT OVER THE SOUTHERN MID
ATLANTIC. AHEAD OF THE LOW AND ITS COLD FRONT...A PLUME OF GULF
MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL FEED LOW TOPPED CONVECTION WITH
HEAVY RAINFALL. TIMING OF THE SURFACE LOW AND ITS MID LEVEL
SUPPORT HAS IMPROVED AMONG THE 12Z MODEL SOLUTIONS...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE TRACKS FROM SOUTHWEST LA ACROSS THE GULF
COAST STATES DURING DAY 3...BEFORE BECOMING ABSORBED BY A STRONGER
COLD FRONT CROSSING THE SOUTHERN MID ATLANTIC BY THE END OF THE
PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE SURFACE LOW (AND ALONG ITS ASSOCIATED COLD
FRONT)...A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS PORTIONS OF MS INTO AL AND GA.
MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY CLOSER TO THE GULF
COAST...AND THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IS
EXPECTED TO SUPPORT THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOW TOPPED CONVECTION
ACROSS LA/MS INTO SOUTHERN MS AND SOUTHERN GA. AX AXIS OF 0.75 TO
1.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ALONG THE ABOVEMENTIONED AXIS...WITH
THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS ACROSS NORTHEAST LA (WHERE SHORT TERM TRAINING
IS POSSIBLE). THE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT OF THE SYSTEM...AS WELL AS
THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ABOVE 2.50 NICHES...SHOULD
PRECLUDE A THREAT FOR ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING ON DAY 3.


...NORTHEAST...

A STRONG SURFACE LOW DEPARTS DURING THE FIRST PART OF DAY
2...AFFECTING MAINLY EASTERN ME. A CLOSED LEVEL TRACKS FROM
ONTARIO INTO NORTHERN NY STATES...AS LOW PRESSURE FORMS NEAR THE
ME COAST DURING DAY 3. THERE IS SOME SPREAD ON THE TIMING AND
PLACEMENT OF THE SURFACE LOW THAT DEVELOPS NEAR THE ME COAST ON
DAY 3...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON THE PAST TWO ECMWF
MODEL SOLUTIONS.

THE STRONG SURFACE LOW (AND ITS ATTENDANT MID LEVEL CENTER) WILL
EXIT SOUTHEAST OF NOVA SCOTIA EARLY ON DAY 2. THE BEST MID LEVEL
FORCING ASSOCIATED WITH THESE SYSTEM WILL OCCUR ON THE WEST
SIDE...WHICH MEANS PORTIONS OF DOWNEAST ME COULD RECEIVE 0.10 TO
0.25 INCHES OF QPF AS THE SYSTEM LIFTS OUT.

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES EARLY ON DAY 2
WILL TRACK TOWARD NORTHERN NY STATE BY THE END OF THE PERIOD,
AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM (AND ITS CLIPPER LIKE SURFACE
LOW)...LOW LEVEL INFLOW AHEAD OF A SURFACE WARM FRONT BECOMES
FOCUSED ACROSS PORTIONS OF NORTHERN NY STATE. A LARGE AREA OF 0.25
TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE...AS THE SURFACE LOW WEAKENS.

A SECONDARY LOW FORMS ON A LOW LEVEL BAROCLINIC ZONE STRETCHING
ACROSS SOUTHWEST AND CENTRAL ME (AND NEARBY GULF OF ME) BETWEEN
15/18Z AND 16/00Z. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM...A LOW LEVEL
SOUTHEAST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER ALONG THE
ME COAST...WHERE THE INFLOW BECOMES UPSLOPE. THE MOISTURE BECOMES
FOCUSED ON AN INVERTED TROUGH EXTENDING FROM THE MID COAST OF ME
INTO THE WESTERN ME MOUNTAINS. ALONG THIS AXIS...THERE WAS GOOD
AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS FOR AN AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50
INCHES OF QPF (WITH LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS...BUT THESE TWO MODELS
ARE NOT AGREEMENT AS THE PLACEMENT OF THE HIGHER QPF) ALONG THE
TROUGH.  HOWEVER...THE PLACEMENT OF THE TROUGH MAY IN FLUX...AND
THE FOCUS FOR THE HIGHER QPF COULD SHIFT WITH SUBSEQUENT MODEL
RUNS...MAKING THIS A QPF WITH LESS THAN AVERAGE CONFIDENCE.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

BURKE/HAYES

24HR QP VT 14/00Z
 0.01 471620 478637 484660 485668 484675 484689 483700 483705
      482711 483715 485719 489724 494730 498738 496752 494763
      492773 489783 475815 469841 467852 467858 465863 462864
      459862 457854 452853 450856 445856 443853 447846 452838
      450834 446829 443826 439824 432821 426819 425813 421811
      414816 410817 408811 403804 400802 397803 392803 385809
      382811 377812 377807 381799 386793 389789 393786 402782
      408770 411775 413776 415774 417768 414760 412756 412752
      410740 406729 402718 400714 396711 392713 390716 387723
      387735 386745 385749 382755 376760 360770 357774 354775
      352768 351762 348759 340757 338755 337752 337749 337743
      338738 338733 339726 340721 342715 345708 348702 353695
      358689 363687 366683 371673 375666 377661 381659 403642
 0.01 537204 535196 534191 532187 528180 525173 522174 521178
      522187 525195 523199 520199 518201 521205 521209 524212
      528213 529210 536207 537204
 0.01 523264 521253 516246 512244 508243 505247 504252 502263
      498262 496260 493263 491268 487280 485294 485299 487304
      489307 495310 499311 503310 505308
 0.01 520962 521955 520949 519943 517938 512930 505925 496926
      494929 493937 498944 502953 504958 506962 508966 512969
      516968 519965 520962
 0.01 405961 405954 403947 400936 396930 393927 389927 386931
      385936 384938 384948 384962 384983 384989 382992 379988
      379970 377965 377958 373945 369945 364947 359957 352967
      346973 342976 337980 330984 321989 315990 311987 312984
      314982 317979 318971 317964 314958 313955 313949 318939
      317920 318911 319902 322890 325880 327874 330868 332863
      335858 336853 336849 333849 329852 326857 311881 309886
      303888 300892 300897 300905 302911 302928 295938 293945
      295951 296954 296958 293959 289959 281959 278960 276964
      274968 271974 270978 270983 273989 273993 267994 264999
      263002 264007 262012 258012 257014 259017 264019 268023
      271029 281036 279042 281045 280048 277057 279063 281067
      285070 289076 290081 289089 288098 286104 287112 286116
      285125 285129 281131 278129 277133 279135 283143 291150
      295153 302155 304157 307158 311158 311156 310151 311147
      314146 320145 328146 331147 335145 336141 337139 339141
      342140 347143 353144 357143 361139 363135 367130 371126
      376123 378119 379114 383101 392092 395087 397083 397078
      396071 396067 395064 392061 389059 382057 381050 381044
      384038 384034 386031 390032 391030 392020 395014 401000
      402990 403982 404970 404963 405961
 0.01 292820 290812 285808 281802 275798 271799 268802 270808
      273816 275824 277826 280828 282827 285824 287825 290822
      292820
 0.25 462623 467632 471645 473652 474662 474677 470731 466742
      462750 459756 455760 449762 444761 440763 437765 434770
      433775 432783 430788 423798 421802 418801 417793 418788
      421783 425777 427774 425767 423762 423756 425744 424740
      423737 420733 418725 416717 412708 406699 400686 398681
      393680 387685 380693 375703 372708 368709 366705 366700
      368695 372693 376680 381672 388665 396659 406651 415646
      421642 425638 426635
 0.25 516270 513267 511270 509276 505276 500276 497278 497285
      500290 502294 505295 509294 511289 513285 514277 516271
      516270
 0.25 378078 378071 375066 372061 366059 367054 366049 364046
      361041 357040 354040 353038 354033 357027 361024 363022
      364016 364007 363999 360994 353991 347993 337997 331999
      327003 322007 316011 311009 305008 298007 293005 286002
      280001 271009 271014 272019 281024 285026 289026 295024
      299024 301028 301032 306041 300048 294053 294056 295059
      300063 302069 303075 302078 299083 298090 300097 299101
      297104 293117 292125 293130 295136 299136 306134 309133
      312131 314125 314122 310121 307119 307117 308112 319109
      324106 329106 333107 342114 351119 358121 361121 363119
      366111 368102 370097 372089 375082 378078
 0.50 457625 462634 465641 466647 466658 466667 466674 466688
      465702 463714 461721 458726 453734 449735 446734 443731
      439731 435732 430732 427729 422720 416707 412697 409689
      408683 406677 404672 400668 398665 399662 403659 408656
      419650 422648 426644 432633
 0.50 435761 435758 434757 432759 431759 430760 430762 431762
      432762 434761 435761
 0.50 428786 427784 426784 424787 423789 423790 422792 422794
      423796 425794 426791 427788 428788 428786
 0.50 366070 366069 364069 363070 362070 361072 360073 359074
      358075 357076 356078 356080 357081 359082 359083 361083
      362083 363081 363079 363078 362076 363074 365072 365071
      366070
 0.50 357116 358113 357112 356111 355109 353107 352107 350107
      348108 349110 351111 353111 354113 355114 356115 356116
      357116
 0.50 355053 355051 353050 348049 344052 342054 341057 340058
      339057 338055 336053 334053 332051 332049 333047 335045
      337043 336040 338038 339037 340035 341031 342029 347028
      350025 351022 351018 349013 347006 344002 338003 331007
      324014 319018 314024 313027 314030 319032 323033 326037
      321040 317040 313043 311047 311049 315053 321054 320061
      317071 318078 312084 306088 304091 305095 310102 315104
      318101 317092 321091 326091 332097 340100 343091 347083
      348079 349076 348075 346074 345072 345070 346069 347068
      348066 348063 347060 348057 355053
 0.50 345109 345107 345105 343104 342105 342107 342108 344109
      345109
 0.50 302118 303116 302114 302113 300112 299114 298115 298116
      297118 296120 297122 298122 299121 301120 302118
 0.50 309015 309013 307011 300009 294008 287006 284006 281007
      278011 277015 279018 283021 286022 290022 296019 300017
      305018 309015
 0.50 347033 347038 343041 341040 341037 347033
 1.00 459652 459646 456641 450637 443635 438638 435641 431648
      426655 421660 419661 418665 420671 422680 420690 421699
      423711 427717 436717 445716 451709 454703 457693 459690
      459684 459672 458662 459652
 1.00 334086 334085 332084 330086 332087 333087 334086
 1.00 294012 293012 291012 289012 288014 289015 290016 291016
      292014 293014 294012
 1.50 454668 453661 450659 449655 447648 442645 434652 432657
      432665 429680 426693 425700 428708 429709 433709 438707
      444704 447698 452686 453680 454671 454668
 2.00 450674 449670 448668 444664 441664 439665 436671 434677
      433684 431692 432696 434700 438695 441690 444684 447680
      450674

24HR QP VT 15/00Z
 0.01 441630 456626 469621 476619 480618 483620 489629 493636
      494639 494643 493650 493653 490657 493665 492668 493675
      493679 492682 489688 481698 477702 471704 467704 465703
      461704 458708 451716 451710 450701 451698 448695 444698
      437701 430704 425705 420702 416697 411693 404685 400679
      399671 399662 400655 402649 404646 407643 418638
 0.01 440320 449322 459326 467329 473331 481331 485330 488328
      498318 507302 510294 514285 517277 519270 519263 518254
      517249 514247 508249 502255 495252 489252 481252 473248
      465246 458246 442246 436246 429242 425241 423244 421249
      416251 403251 395250 387247 383251 382256 379261 378264
      375268 372270 372274 372283 377288 382293 388298 393302
      400305
 0.01 540885 540873 538869 538862 536857 535851 533842 532835
      530824 529818 530814 529806 528796 524789 514777 496763
      487754 474748 463745 451745 448743 449740 447737 444737
      430744 417743 415746 417750 424764 428772 431774 434775
      433769 437772 440772 442776 441781 437795 434804 433809
      433815 438830 438840 435847 433862 444871 447875 451882
      453886 453892 453898 455907 453913 458918 468918 471914
      476917 475924 476932 479934 481931 487934 494939 501940
      497955 499960 501962 504962 511962 516959 528950 533938
      536928 537920 540885
 0.01 445732 444729 442728 439728 436729 432730 429731 427731
      429731 431733 434732 436732 438729 439731 441731 445732
      445732
 0.01 437756 436753 435751 433749 433747 432746 432747 432749
      431752 432754 433756 435758 437756
 0.01 396977 396968 396959 395952 395943 393940 393936 389936
      389945 391948 391952 391961 391968 392973 392977 393981
      394982 396977
 0.01 395927 394922 394917 394913 394911 393906 392901 392899
      389899 388902 388906 387909 388911 389915 389920 389924
      391927 391929 393929 395927
 0.01 387068 381047 378035 380020 379008 378004 378998 378976
      376964 376956 377951 377932 377927 374921 373916 371913
      368911 366906 365898 363895 358889 351867 349864 348866
      348870 345883 345890 344893 342895 335899 328903 319905
      315906 309906 305904 302898 300892 298888 295884 291879
      287878 283881 281885 277886 278892 280896 282902 286906
      288911 288918 284923 281926 276929 273928 271922 268918
      263919 257925 252930 244933 242936 243942 250948 251950
      249953 246957 244961 244969 266990 270993 270999 271012
      272021 274025 280033 289046 291050 295052 303055 308058
      310061 312066 313072 315084 317088 315090 313097 309099
      307100 306102 308105 312107 317108 321107 325107 327105
      329104 332105 335108 342114 345120 347125 349130 356131
      360130 361125 362122 364123 368124 358114 353107 348098
      349094 350093 354094 354098 354102 356103 358105 359103
      360100 362100 363105 368106 370104 377101 380096 378094
      387068
 0.01 293824 294820 292816 292814 289811 283803 279799 278797
      278792 277780 264765 262758 259753 255746 254740 252737
      250735 246736 245742 247749 249756 249761 248766 249774
      251780 254791 256797 260802 266808 274816 276820 278828
      282840 284844 289843 292839 292832 292826 293824
 0.25 506290 508281 507274 504268 500264 494262 487261 483263
      478263 475265 470269 462271 450274 441275 429274 421279
      418285 414289 410290 409292 411294 416298 423301 429303
      434303 457308 470314 475316 481317 486316 491314 494312
      498308 503297 506290
 0.25 514874 514861 511852 508845 503839 497836 494838 491840
      488848 489856 492864 497870 502875 508879 512878 514874
      514874
 0.25 474639 473632 470630 467630 459633 450636 444641 440648
      440652 441655 448657 455657 462657 467656 471653 473647
      474639
 0.25 369992 370985 370978 368969 368959 367947 367941 366935
      364930 361925 356919 354916 350915 342920 338923 331923
      326926 317925 310930 299932 294938 292940 288939 285937
      281939 277948 271953 269956 268962 269968 272971 277979
      281987 279995 281006 283011 284016 287023 294029 303031
      307032 314033 319033 323033 326035 331042 334046 338049
      343048 346046 353042 357035 360030 362025 364016 366005
      369992
 0.25 342098 342096 342094 341091 340090 339089 337090 336091
      336093 336095 338097 338098 340099 342098 342098
 0.50 500298 502290 501285 503277 502272 498268 495267 491266
      487267 483276 480280 477281 468283 466288 466293 473300
      482306 487308 491308 497303 500298
 0.50 468636 466636 464637 463638 461638 461639 460641 459642
      459644 460645 462645 464644 466644 467642 468641 468639
      468637 468636
 0.50 364981 365970 364960 361945 358936 357932 353930 351928
      347928 341930 334929 326931 318932 313935 300941 296945
      294947 290948 284947 280949 278952 275957 275962 276964
      279971 283977 285980 285984 284993 287009 288015 292018
      299022 306026 311024 318023 325026 329027 335026 340025
      348025 354022 358015 360996 363987 364981
 1.00 357978 358973 358967 355959 352953 348948 346947 343949
      338954 333957 330958 330956 331948 331942 328940 320940
      316939 312940 307943 301949 298955 299959 302962 306960
      309960 311962 296962 292957 289955 284954 281956 281959
      282966 286972 293975 296977 296981 293986 291989 291992
      296999 301010 303013 307015 315013 322011 327008 330007
      333008 336010 340010 344006 347000 353987 357978
 1.50 346967 346962 345958 341958 334962 330967 322975 320978
      315979 310981 304984 301988 302996 301004 305009 311008
      320001 327997 331993 335987 337982 342977 345971 346967
 1.50 324960 323958 323957 321957 319957 319958 319960 319961
      321962 323961 324960
 1.50 318949 318947 317947 317945 316943 314942 312942 310943
      308945 307947 305949 305952 307953 308953 310953 312953
      314952 316952 317952 317951 318949
 2.00 330984 330980 328977 323980 319982 315982 310986 305992
      304000 305004 307005 313002 319998 324994 329988 330984
 2.00 310949 312947 310946 309947 308948 307949 308950 310950
      310949
 3.00 321988 321985 317986 315987 313989 312991 310994 309996
      309999 312998 314996 315994 317991 319990 321988

24HR QP VT 16/00Z
 0.01 533195 524184 523179 521178 517171 514168 511167 503165
      490162 477166 474167 470167 463168 450170 446174 440178
      435180 430185 426191 421196 416200 412200 412202 417207
      416210 413211 406208 402206 399204 394200 394204 395207
      397213 396218 393219 388219 385220 380224 376228 369229
      362231 360232 362236 362239 359241 354243 344251 342253
      341257 345264 354274 359279 365283 377291 391299 406306
      434315 440316 448318 462320 469322 475322 482322 488320
      493316 497312 502307 506301 514288 517281 518275 520271
      522263 523252 523242 523237 521232 515219 512213 512207
      515203 522206 525206 527205 531200 533195
 0.01 353670 344685 343690 338693 331698 323703 316709 302721
      296726 288728 282729 278732 272737 268738 265742 261749
      257752 258758 259770 252771 250774 250778 252779 259784
      258789 259794 273801 278803 282803 286805 281807 269818
      263822 259824 254825 247822 239819 235816 231816 226815
      222815 218818 218822 220833 229850 248879 256883 259884
      262887 254899 244915 240922 239926 238932 239942 241952
      243956 246958 250960 256960 261960 265958 269957 272954
      279950 289946 297948 305952 311958 315964 319972 322981
      326990 327992 326995 322998 322003 324005 329012 336017
      340019 346020 349020 351015 353011 353005 355994 359982
      359977 361972 361958 363954 363948 364936 366885 367875
      367861 368850 367835 367827 368814 371793 374775 375769
      377765 377761 375756 374752 375746 378738 381734 384729
      391723 396717 401716 404715 406717 411718 413720 415723
      414725 410729 409740 409742 406745 406750 409752 408756
      404765 398771 396773 395777 394782 390787 386793 383797
      383800 386804 389804 392805 396808 396815 397821 399825
      401827 405828 409830 410837 412842 413847 418857 419863
      422866 424869 427869 432869 436871 442870 447868 452868
      456870 458875 459879 458883 458890 459895 458908 458913
      462917 468917 470912 473912 480914 485912 490904 494894
      496882 497869 501857 503849 503834 502826 500823 500818
      497808 493794 493790 495786 495781 495773 494766 492761
      487742 486729 485722 483720 483716 481708 479704 475695
      465680 459671 453665 448660 442656 432657 423656 408647
      404645 401645 396647 394649 383657 376659 370658
 0.01 354120 354115 351112 347105 345098 345085 345081 342078
      339079 334079 330081 329085 329090 327095 319092 315092
      312088 301077 295062 290057 288056 285059 282057 280060
      278063 275066 270054 262058 260061 258065 258068 261072
      261076 264078 274080 274085 273088 272093 274098 277104
      280107 284108 290105 294098 304110 310113 317110 331112
      337116 340118 343117 345119 350119 354120
 0.25 516273 518264 519255 519249 517242 515230 510220 505211
      501207 497204 488200 484197 481193 479191 476191 473194
      469198 465201 461201 458204 450208 446209 442212 436220
      434226 429226 426228 419226 408223 398226 394227 390231
      388235 385237 381241 378244 375248 373254 366262 364266
      363271 364275 368279 376286 384291 390293 395294 405295
      416295 433293 439293 445295 455301 459303 463303 472302
      482303 487304 491302 498298 501295 504295 507290 511282
      516273
 0.25 487231 487228 487227 486225 485225 484224 483223 481221
      479221 479223 481225 482226 482227 484228 485230 486231
      487231
 0.25 474778 472769 470759 465745 463741 460740 454737 449735
      442737 435736 432737 430740 427747 427755 427764 428772
      436783 440788 445790 453791 457790 471786 474778
 0.25 457702 456696 455693 451686 445681 441679 435684 435695
      433703 432707 433711 436713 439714 446710 450710 454709
      457702
 0.25 381688 381681 378677 374676 369678 362685 355692 349698
      344705 338714 332721 327727 321737 313754 309761 304768
      301772 302778 305787 305793 305799 303810 299818 296823
      292824 285822 276826 267831 264835 264839 267841 272841
      283839 289839 291842 291850 290854 288862 282870 273888
      269896 264905 259912 259916 260922 260928 264931 273929
      283924 287921 289918 295912 298908 301908 305910 308914
      310918 310923 307927 308930 308941 311944 318944 324944
      328946 332956 334961 338964 341962 343957 344942 343936
      344930 347920 349907 351895 350884 350878 353874 357866
      359861 360854 360843 359839 357838 356842 353866 350865
      350861 343855 340851 339846 343836 344827 347816 354796
      356785 356772 358762 361751 365742 367732 367726 369722
      373711 381688
 0.50 516264 517250 514239 511227 506219 504214 500211 489206
      485205 480205 471208 463210 455214 448219 442225 435231
      426232 421232 415229 408228 404229 399229 395231 393235
      387245 381251 375259 372262 370268 370272 372277 380284
      390288 393289 399289 416286 425284 433283 451280 454277
      458276 462276 468277 473279 476283 482291 486293 491294
      499292 501290 502288 506286 509280 516264
 0.50 489234 489231 489229 489228 488226 487225 486223 485222
      484222 483221 481220 480219 478220 478222 478223 479225
      479226 480227 482229 483232 484234 486235 488235 489234
 0.50 446697 446695 445694 443693 442694 440696 440697 439699
      439702 439704 440705 441704 443703 444701 445700 446699
      446697
 0.50 372693 371689 368690 362694 358698 354703 349713 346718
      342724 334732 330736 326742 321751 317763 317779 318786
      321793 323796 323800 320806 314817 308839 306845 306853
      307857 309859 313863 313869 315876 320889 321895 320901
      316915 313929 312937 314941 316941 321938 325933 328930
      332925 338914 340908 341900 341892 339886 336880 334872
      334863 332856 331850 332843 334828 336815 338808 340803
      342796 343788 347776 349770 350762 353750 358739 360732
      360724 366714 370703 372693
 1.00 514250 513246 511239 509234 506229 501219 498216 492212
      489210 484211 482213 483217 488221 491224 492229 493233
      492238 487240 483240 481234 475226 473221 477217 477215
      475214 470213 465214 461218 461221 464226 446233 432244
      425237 413234 407234 403235 401242 397245 391253 388258
      386265 384270 386276 389278 394279 413276 422274 432272
      440266 447263 456259 466259 470258 475260 480263 483267
      494286 496287 498287 502283 505279 507272 509266 512261
      514250
 1.00 471226 471223 470223 469224 468225 468226 470227 471226
 1.00 336754 336752 335749 334749 334750 332751 332752 332754
      333755 335754 336754
 1.00 332906 333903 331900 326902 324907 322911 321914 319917
      317922 316925 317928 322926 324922 327919 330915 331911
      332906
 1.50 510257 511253 511249 509243 505234 501228 498224 496226
      495229 495236 495243 492243 486244 484248 483254 486260
      492269 496273 499274 503271 504263 505257 510257 510257
 1.50 480244 480239 479234 477231 473230 471233 468235 462236
      455237 449239 448244 451247 456249 461248 465250 472250
      477248 480244
 1.50 422260 422257 420256 416256 411256 407256 403257 400260
      399267 402268 407268 411269 416268 418265 421262 422260
 1.50 420240 419239 417239 416239 417240 419241 420240
 2.00 508248 507245 507244 506242 505242 504239 502237 501237
      500238 500240 500241 502243 502244 503244 505246 506247
      506248 508248 508248
 2.00 500266 502262 501259 499255 497253 496251 494248 491247
      489247 487250 487254 487257 489259 491261 493264 495266
      498267 500266
 2.00 479241 479237 478233 476232 474232 472234 470238 468240
      466241 464241 464244 467245 469245 473245 474244 476243
      479241

$$





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