Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 180956
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
456 AM EST SUN FEB 18 2018


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 18/1200 UTC THRU FEB 21/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

...UPPER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY-UPPER GREAT LAKES...

LONGWAVE TROUGH DIGGING SOUTH ACROSS THE WESTERN CONUS WILL ALLOW
FOR AN UPTICK IN DEEP-LAYER WAA WITHIN A MORE AMPLIFIED, EXPANSIVE
WARM CONVEYOR BELT (WCB) DURING THE DAY 1 PERIOD. MEANWHILE, AS
THE PATTERN SHIFTS TOWARD A STRONGLY -PNA, THE STRENGTHENING
CONFLUENT UPPER FLOW SOUTH OF THE HUDSON BAY LOW WILL BOLSTER THE
UPPER LEVEL JET STREAK NORTH OF THE U.S./CANADIAN BORDER, WHICH
(UNDERNEATH ITS BROAD ENTRANCE REGION) WILL MAINTAIN LOW-LEVEL
FRONTOGENESIS AND THEREBY HINDER THE SURFACE WARM FRONT`S
NORTHWARD PROGRESS. THE UPSHOT IS A STRIPE OF HIGHER
LIQUID-EQUIVALENT QPF FROM NORTHEAST MN-FAR NORTHERN WI INTO THE
NORTH PORTIONS OF WESTERN UPPER MI WHERE THE (ROUGHLY 12 HOUR)
PERIOD OF FAVORABLY DEEP MOIST ISENTROPIC ASCENT CAN EFFECTIVELY
COUPLE WITH THE NORTHERN STREAM FORCING/INDUCED FRONTOGENESIS.

IN TERMS OF THE QPF, WPC STAYED FAIRLY CLOSE TO CONTINUITY
(PREVIOUS FORECAST), ESSENTIALLY A NON-GFS BLEND, WHICH COMPARED
QUITE FAVORABLY TO THE 00Z ECMWF, UKMET, HREF MEAN, AND 03Z NBM.
THE GFS MEANWHILE WAS A BIT FARTHER SOUTH WITH THE MAX QPF AXIS,
IN WHAT WOULD APPEAR TO BE AWAY FROM THE BEST LOW-MID LEVEL
FRONTOGENESIS AND SOUTH OF THE OPTIMALLY LOW CONDENSATION PRESSURE
DEFICITS PER THE 285-305K ISENTROPIC SURFACES.


...PAC NW/NORTHERN INTER-MOUNTAIN WEST TO UPPER MIDWEST...

A RATHER DRAMATIC PATTERN CHANGE COMING UP FOR THE WEST, AS A
FULL-LATITUDE UPPER TROUGH DIGS DOWN THE PAC NW COAST WITH
SIGNIFICANT HEIGHT FALLS INTO SOUTHERN CA BY THE END OF THE PERIOD
(500 MB HEIGHTS SOME 3 STANDARD DEVIATIONS BELOW NORMAL PER THE
SREF AND GEFS ON MONDAY). DPVA/LEFT-EXIT REGION UPPER FORCING
ALONG WITH THE STRONG LOW-LEVEL ONSHORE FLOW DURING THE FIRST HALF
OF THE PERIOD (12-00Z) WILL LEAD TO MODERATE-HEAVY TOTALS ACROSS
THE OREGON COASTAL AND CASCADE RANGES INTO THE COASTAL RANGES
ALONG THE NORTH COAST OF CA. ANOTHER BROADER AREA OF MOD-HEAVY
LIQUID-EQUIVALENT QPF IS NOTED FROM THE EASTERN (ELEVATED) AREAS
OF THE GREAT BASIN INTO THE CENTRAL CO ROCKIES AND ACROSS MUCH OF
WY. THESE AREAS WILL BENEFIT NOT ONLY FROM THE ENHANCED INHERENT
OROGRAPHIC LIFT, BUT ALSO FROM WHAT WOULD APPEAR TO BE A PROLONGED
PERIOD OF FAVORABLE RIGHT-ENTRANCE REGION FORCING FROM THE
SLOWLY-PIVOTING/AMPLIFYING UPPER JET STREAK ON THE EASTERN FLANK
OF THE UPPER TROUGH. IN TERMS OF THE QPF, WPC CONTINUED WITH A
BASE OF THE GFS/ECMWF, WHILE ALSO INCORPORATING THE HREF MEAN.

HURLEY/MUSHER


DAYS 2/3...


...INTERMOUNTAIN WEST/CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES/NORTHERN
PLAINS...

A POSITIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH EXTENDING FROM THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES TO CENTRAL CA EARLY ON DAY 2 TRUNDLES EASTWARD...EJECTING
SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN IN THE MID LEVEL FLOW ACROSS THE
INTERMOUNTAIN WEST INTO THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES. THE
SHORT WAVE ENERGY PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT OVER A FRONTAL
BOUNDARY DROPPING ACROSS THE ROCKIES INTO CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN
PLAINS. THE COMBINATION OF LIFT AND UPSLOPE FLOW WILL PRODUCE
LOCALLY HEAVY QPF. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH
THE OVERALL SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND
OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
AS THE POSITIVELY LONG WAVE TROUGH EVOLVES OVER THE WESTERN UNITED
STATES FROM THE NORTHERN ROCKIES INTO CENTRAL CA ON DAY 2...SHORT
WAVE ENERGY IS EJECTED FROM THE LONG WAVE TROUGH ACROSS THE
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHWEST STATES. THE SHORT
WAVE ENERGY PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT OVER THE CENTRAL AND
SOUTHERN ROCKIES AS A COLD FRONT DROPS SOUTH ACROSS THE REGION
INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS. UPSLOPE FLOW BEHIND THE FRONT COMBINES
WITH THE SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT TO PRODUCE A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF QPF EXTENDING FROM UT ACROSS WESTERN CO...SOUTHEAST
WY INTO MUCH OF SD. UPSLOPE FLOW IS MAXIMIZES ACROSS THE SAN JUAN
MOUNTAINS OF SOUTHWEST CO INTO NORTH CENTRAL NM...WHERE THERE WAS
A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.25 INCHES OF QPF. FURTHER SOUTH...THERE
WAS ALSO A MODEL SIGNAL FOR 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE
MOGOLLON RIM IN AZ...WITH LESSER AMOUNT EXTENDING INTO NORTH
CENTRAL AZ. SNOW LEVELS ARE LOW ENOUGH HERE TO PRECLUDE A FLOOD
THREAT DURING DAY 2.

LOCALLY HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF
THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES ON DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE
MOST RECENT SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE
INFORMATION.

DAY 3...
THE LONG WAVE TROUGH WEAKENS AS IT MOVES EASTWARD...REACHING A
POSITION FROM MT INTO AZ BY THE END OF DAY 3. MUCH OF THE BEST
LIFT EXITS WITH THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH...WITH LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF PLACED OVER THE CO
ROCKIES.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE MID AND UPPER MS VALLEY/OH
VALLEY/NORTHEAST...

A POSITIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE ROCKIES ON DAY 2
MOVES SLOWLY EAST AS IT WEAKENS ON DAY 3. SHORT WAVE ENERGY
EJECTED FROM THE LONG WAVE TROUGH PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT
OVER A SLOWLY MOVING FROM EXTENDING FROM THE UPPER GREAT LAKES
INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS. DEEP MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY DRAWN
NORTH AHEAD OF THE FRONT WILL SUPPORT CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES
HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 3. THERE IS
SOME SPREAD CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE FRONT IN THE DEEP MID
LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW...AND THEREFORE THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM
QPF...ESPECIALLY ON DAY 3. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE
DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
A FRONTAL BOUNDARY BECOMES ORIENTED FROM EASTERN IA ACROSS
NORTHERN IL INTO THE CENTRAL LP OF MI DURING DAY 2...WHERE IS
BECOMES QUASI STATIONARY BENEATH AN INCREASINGLY FAST SOUTHWEST
MID LEVEL FLOW. SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN THE MID LEVEL FLOW...EJECTED
FROM A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE WESTERN UNITED STATES...PROVIDES
SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT OVER THE FRONT...WHICH IS AUGMENTED BY
DIVERGENCE IN THE RIGHT REAR QUADRANT OF A 150 KNOT JET STREAK
EXTENDING MN INTO ONTARIO DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD.
THE BEST MID LEVEL LIFT OCCURS IN THE 20/00Z TO 20/06Z TIME
FRAME...DURING WHICH TIME MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED
MARGINAL...ELEVATED INSTABILITY EXTENDING FROM EASTERN IA ACROSS
NORTHERN IL/SOUTHERN WI INTO THE LP OF MI.

A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER (WHICH IS ABOUT THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
THE MEAN) ALONG AND OVER THE FRONT. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL
FOR AN AXIS OF 2.00 INCHES OF QPF OVER FAR NORTHERN IL AND FAR
SOUTHERN WI...AND HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE DUE TO LOCALIZED
TRAINING. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS
1.50 INCHES...AND DESPITE THE FACT THAT THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED
TO BE ELEVATED...HIGHER RAINFALL RATES COULD RESULT IN A THREAT
FOR FLASH FLOODING. A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED IN THE
ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS FOR DAY 2.

ALONG THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY AS IT EXTENDS ACROSS MO INTO OK...THE
CONVECTION IS SURFACE BASED...AND MOISTURE IS PLENTIFUL ON A 50 TO
55 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW. HOWEVER...THE MODEL SIGNAL HERE
FOR QPF IS NOT AS STRONG AS IT IS ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES...WHERE AN AXIS OF 0.75/1.00 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED FROM
NORTHWEST MO INTO EASTERN OK.

DAY 3...
THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDS FROM LP OF MI ACROSS IL/MO INTO
AR/NORTHEAST TX DURING DAY 3...MOVING SLOWLY EASTWARD UNDER A
STRONG SOUTHWEST MID LEVEL FLOW AHEAD OF A WEAKENING MID LEVEL
TROUGH OVER THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST STATES. SHORT WAVE ENERGY
EJECTED FROM THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE FRONT...WITH THE
BEST MID LEVEL OCCURRING AFTER 21/00Z. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A 40
TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50/1.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS GREATER THAN FOUR STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) FROM NORTHEAST TX INTO PORTIONS OF IL).
MODEL SOUNDINGS ALONG THE FRONT SHOWED MAINLY MARGINAL TO MODERATE
INSTABILITY FROM NORTHEAST INTO SOUTHEAST MO...WITH GENERALLY
MARGINAL INSTABILITY FURTHER NORTH INTO THE SOUTHERN LP OF MI
(WHERE THE INSTABILITY COULD BE ELEVATED).

THE COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL SUPPORT
CONVECTION ALONG THE FRONT...WHICH SHOULD BE ORGANIZED...BASED ON
ON THE SHEAR IN THE COLUMN...SUPPORTED BY DIVERGENCE IN THE RIGHT
REAR QUADRANT OF A 170 KNOT JET STREAK EXITING WI FRO ONTARIO.
WHILE THERE WAS SOME SPREAD ON THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM
QPF...THERE WAS ENOUGH MODEL SIGNAL TO STRETCH AN AXIS OF 2.50 TO
4.00 INCHES OF QPF FROM NORTHEAST TX ACROSS EASTERN OK/NORTHWEST
AR INTO SOUTHERN MO AND FAR SOUTHERN IL. THIS POSITION WAS
SUPPORTED BY THE POSITIONS OF 00Z GEFS MEAN AND THE 12Z ECMWF
ENSEMBLE MEAN...WHILE MEMBERS OF THE 00Z GEFS SHOWED 4.00+ INCHES
AMOUNTS IN THIS AXIS. HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE WHERE TRAINING
OCCURS AHEAD OF THE SLOW MOVING FRONT.

THE FLOW IN THE COLUMN IS QUASI UNIDIRECTIONAL...AND THE 850-300
MB FLOW BECOMES BETTER ALIGNED WITH PROPAGATION VECTORS...
INCREASING THE THREAT FOR TRAINING. BASED ON THIS...AND AFTER
COLLABORATION WITH WFOS FWD/SHV/TSA/LZK/SGF...A MODERATE RISK WAS
EXTENDED FROM NORTHEAST TX ACROSS PORTIONS OF NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
AR INTO A PORTION OF SOUTHEAST MO. THE PLACEMENT OF THIS AREA
COULD CHANGE A BIT AS MODEL SOLUTIONS CONVERGE ON A FRONTAL TIMING
AND MAXIMUM QPF PLACEMENT...BUT THE MODEL SIGNAL WAS ENOUGH FOR A
MODERATE RISK.

FURTHER NORTH ACROSS IL INTO WESTERN AND NORTHERN IN AND THE
SOUTHERN PORTION OF THE LP OF MI...PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES OF
THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY (SOME OF WHICH
COULD BE ELEVATED...ESPECIALLY OVER SOUTHERN MI) SHOULD SUPPORT
LOW TOPPED CONVECTION PRODUCING 2.00/2.50 INCHES OF QPF. THE MODEL
SIGNAL THIS FAR NORTH WAS NOT AS STRONG AS FURTHER SOUTH...BUT
GIVEN THE AMOUNT MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN...AND A SURFACE FOCUS IN
PLACE...A SLIGHT RISK WAS EXTENDED INTO THESE AREAS FOR DAY 3.

ICE IS POSSIBLE ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE CENTRAL PLAINS/MID AND
UPPER MS VALLEY INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3.
PLEASE REFER TO THE MOST RECENT SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER
PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

HURLEY/HAYES



THIS DISCUSSION WILL TRANSITION TO MIXED-CASE FEB 26, 2018.  THE
LISTING OF ISOHYET POINTS CONTAINED BELOW WILL ALSO BE ELIMINATED
FROM THE PRODUCT FEB 26, 2018.  ISOHYET GRID INFORMATION WILL
CONTINUE TO BE GENERATED IN A VARIETY OF BINARY FORMATS AND MADE
AVAILABLE THROUGH THE WPC GIS PAGE.

24HR QP VT 19/12Z
 0.01 456625 458629 460636 462648 469666 474677 477684 476689
      473693 472696 468697 469693 466692 461694 454694 446700
      439703 431706 427707 424707 419707 415706 409703 404696
      402694 401688 399674 398669 396663 395654 398646 399643
 0.01 514780 512765 508754 505749 501746 490749 486750 482754
      479762 476775 475784 473790 470798 467809 465827 460853
      460858 462861 463866 462871 459876 459881 457894 452904
      450910 445913 441916 437912 433909 430905 429897 429892
      430888 433876 436866 438861 436855 432847 432842 429837
      426830 422823 414809 403793 400790 394791 389793 384790
      377785 369781 365780 361782 354791 345807 340815 336823
      332830 328837 326844 324847 324853 323857 323864 322875
      320886 316899 315904 315912 315919 317922 321926 322929
      323933 322937 320938 315937 309941 303939 301937 296932
      293939 294942 294947 288952 277968 272972 268974 272976
      275979 279983 280985 279989 276994 275999 276004 280010
      280015 276017 274014 269011 266011 262012 258011 258008
      257005 253000 242999 237999 236003 236009 237013 241020
      248024 259025 263027 265031 273038 278039 283036 286034
      288038 292043 295044 297042 297039 296033 302032 308034
      314032 319031 321029 327025 332019 339004 340997 342993
      348985 357971 360966 364962 368959 372955 376956 383956
      388958 391960 396963 398968 409973 417973 421973 423971
      426969 430971 431977 431983 427005 425011 423015 422023
      420029 410044 409051 407053 403052 399054 397058 394058
      385061 383057 380055 370050 361053 356053 353055 348057
      339060 338055 334054 329054 325055 325059 326063 326066
      325072 323076 317086 298083 295080 292076 287073 280072
      262064 258063 256065 256068 260078 258088 259093 259098
      261109 263113 267115 274117 278117 281116 287112 295109
      298111 301113 301116 305118 307121 318119 321116 326113
      330115 331116 333121 335125 336131 336134 338136 341136
      343136 344133 351132 353131 354126 356117 348103 345096
      345093 349094 350099 352102 355102 357102 358100 364093
      359088
 0.01 359088 356083 359079 362074 365073 369078 373089 374093
      377095 386097 388098 390102 390109 381113 373118 368119
      366118 363118 361121 366124 370131 373136 376142 378145
      382146 388148 390151 389156 386174 387182 387185 385188
      384189 380188 377185 368181 362180 356180 349183 347185
      346189 346194 348196 350192 352190 355190 363193 394221
      400223 404221 407223 407225 401226 395226 390228 385231
      379227 375222 376218 371218 367215 362212 356211 352209
      348206 340199 337203 340210 352232 357241 362249 365253
      370258 378265 390270 406275 419279 433278 441276 448271
      450265 452261 456261 465260 474255 484249 489246 491245
      492243 491234 490230 491224 490216 488211 493209 494204
      496202 501194 501183 501173 499167 497159 497155 499152
      505151 507151 508148 509142 508139 505131 503127 501120
      500106 497100 494096 491090 491086 490083 490079 492076
      494067 495059 494048 495028 495016 495004 496986 496964
      496946 496940 497932 501919 504900 505892 505882 506872
      506861 512801 514780
 0.01 473199 474196 474194 474191 474189 473187 473186 473183
      473181 473179 471179 470180 469182 469185 469187 468190
      468192 469195 470197 471198 472200 473199
 0.01 469699 464698 462698 458701 455705 449711 441714 441716
      443715 446715 448717 449721 444728 453725 454719 454717
      456715 461706 467700 469699
 0.01 473078 473076 472073 472071 471068 469070 469073 470075
      470076 470078 471080 473078
 0.01 470066 470063 471061 471058 471056 471053 471051 470048
      468046 467048 467050 467053 468055 468058 468060 468063
      468065 469068 470066
 0.01 464006 465003 463001 463998 462996 461998 461001 461003
      462003 462006 463008 464006
 0.01 440750 439748 438750 435749 433749 432752 431754 432759
      432764 434764 436761 437758 439755 439753 440750
 0.01 437136 437134 438131 438129 437127 435126 434124 432126
      431128 431130 431131 433133 434135 434136 436138 437136
 0.01 384072 384067 383065 382063 381059 379058 375055 374054
      373057 373060 375062 378064 380065 381069 383072 384072
 0.01 345178 345168 342164 338162 327160 317159 309160 309165
      312167 314169 314172 314178 318180 321180 326176 329176
      336180 343183 345178
 0.01 353877 353875 353872 353870 352868 351868 350866 349868
      349870 349873 350875 350877 352879 353877
 0.01 346079 347077 347074 345073 345072 344070 342070 340067
      339067 338067 337069 337070 337071 338073 340076 341078
      341080 343081 345080 346079
 0.01 335769 333759 331752 330748 328744 324741 321733 317729
      314728 311730 310732 310737 311742 313745 314749 311749
      308750 306752 305759 307769 309775 310780 311783 312787
      315789 317790 320788 324790 329786 332781 335769
 0.01 336075 335073 333075 332075 333075 334076 336075
 0.01 295891 295887 292884 287881 283877 279871 275866 271863
      269861 264861 257862 251866 246864 242865 242869 241873
      239875 237877 237882 237884 240886 256885 263888 267891
      276890 282894 289894 295891
 0.01 258768 255762 253760 249761 244766 243773 244780 239785
      236790 234792 234796 235804 238812 242815 244823 247823
      247819 249813 258805 259801 257800 254800 252800 253798
      256791 256785 257769 258768
 0.25 493817 493809 490809 488811 483819 478831 472838 470845
      470855 471862 471868 471877 470887 468898 466905 465912
      467923 469939 470946 471952 475956 478955 480953 481947
      482939 485909 486892 488881 490874 491867 492853 494836
      493820 493817
 0.25 483176 484171 484169 483164 482160 482158 481154 479151
      476150 474152 474154 475158 476162 477164 477167 478172
      479175 481177 483176
 0.25 473216 470212 464211 453212 441212 432215 428214 426211
      425210 423214 421217 415218 412224 410228 408229 398233
      394238 395244 398247 403250 415250 426251 448246 458242
      461238 460235 457233 445234 442234 441232 445230 456226
      462226 467225 473216
 0.25 461180 462178 460176 457175 456167 460161 461156 460151
      458144 456142 454142 446154 440151 441156 450165 449176
      447180 441198 442203 443206 446208 448204 449199 452198
      454191 456186 458183 461180
 0.25 460106 461097 459088 459082 457074 453064 451051 449034
      448026 448016 449003 448000 444002 432025 420041 418046
      422051 421058 419062 417063 409066 406066 402066 398067
      389069 388075 389079 392080 396080 400081 404085 406091
      407097 404105 396112 387117 385120 382126 384132 390137
      394138 397130 400127 405127 410124 413125 417129 417137
      417146 416152 413156 411154 410149 406151 403155 407159
      410165 412167 414167 419166 421160 425148 426139 424131
      425127 428119 431115 434112 439112 443114 449113 454111
      458109 460106
 0.25 442647 441643 439641 435640 430640 427642 421646 418650
      415655 414661 413673 413677 415681 417683 426686 432687
      435685 439680 440675 441668 439660 440653 442648 442647
 0.25 419100 418098 418097 417096 416095 416092 415091 414091
      413092 412093 411094 410096 411098 411099 412101 413103
      414103 416102 417102 418100 419100
 0.25 397210 397206 396203 394202 391201 387199 386198 383196
      379196 379198 380201 381203 383204 386207 390208 392209
      395210 397210
 0.25 402866 402860 401857 397858 395860 392867 389875 387884
      386893 387897 389900 392902 395901 397897 398894 400885
      401876 402866
 0.25 378080 379076 378072 377069 376066 374064 371062 368062
      365063 366065 369068 371069 373071 374074 375078 376080
      378080
 0.25 364186 362185 361185 359184 357184 356185 355186 354186
      355187 357187 358187 360187 362187 364187 364186
 0.25 345116 347114 346112 346111 345109 344107 343105 341104
      340104 339106 339107 339109 339111 340113 342115 343116
      345116 345116
 0.25 340100 340098 340097 339095 338094 337093 337092 335092
      334093 333095 333097 334099 334100 336101 338101 339101
      340100
 0.25 281082 281081 281080 279078 278076 276076 274077 272079
      272080 272081 272082 272083 273084 275085 277085 279085
      280084 281083 281082
 0.50 485859 485854 485851 484847 483844 480844 478846 477850
      476852 477857 477860 479865 480867 482868 484865 485861
      485859
 0.50 458219 457216 453215 447216 440216 435218 429219 424221
      425234 411231 406234 403235 402240 403243 407244 413244
      420243 427246 430245 432241 433237 434234 439229 444227
      451225 455222 458219
 0.50 476912 475910 475909 474909 473910 473912 474914 475913
      476912
 0.50 450239 449238 447238 447239 449239 450239
 0.50 446240 445240 444239 443240 444241 445241 446240
 0.50 435659 435652 435648 433645 429645 425648 421651 418654
      417658 416665 417669 419673 423674 428671 431669 434665
      435659 435659
 0.50 433097 432097 432094 431094 430092 429091 428089 428088
      426088 424088 424089 424090 425091 426093 427094 429095
      431097 432097 433097
 0.50 434054 435052 435049 434047 432049 430051 429054 428055
      428056 426058 425060 426063 426064 428064 428063 430062
      430061 432059 433056 434056 434054
 0.50 429108 428105 425104 420105 416109 412109 411107 407106
      405109 402113 406117 410117 413119 419121 422122 424120
      426115 426110 429108
 1.00 446221 445220 443220 441220 439221 439222 441222 442222
      443221 445221 446221
 1.00 412238 410237 409237 410238 412238 412238

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 471620 478622 483633 486638 488643 488650 489658 490672
      491676 493677 496675 501674 502682 502686 505688 509690
      511692 512700 515705 516715 515721 513725 512732 510737
      503756 502761 504765 505773 504777 504784 503790 501803
      499809 496814 496819 495828 496843 495852 496859 496865
      494869 494873 493884 492893 490900 488910 484935 479957
      476966 474979 474994 472008 471025 471034 472039 478063
      480074 482080 481088 481092 479099 477104 472105 464107
      456111 448114 443115 439115 435114 433114 431116 427125
      426129 424136 422141 422149 425160 428163 430166 433166
      432171 430173 428170 425170 423173 423176 422180 419180
      417177 412178 408178 403178 399180 394183 390183 387180
      385171 387166 388163 387160 383161 380158 379153 376149
      373148 371147 368142 361138 356138 352140 336130 333125
      331119 326119 323122 317127 313126 311121 307118 302118
      295113 291111 286110 281110 277111 273111 270108 265108
      261110 258110 255109 252106 250102 250097 250085 244078
      243073 243067 242061 243057 246055 251056 263058 267059
      270062 279068 295078 299081 305082 309083 312087 315090
      320089 322086 323080 330075 336073 345071 355068 355063
      349063 339063 328062 326058 327055 330054 339053 343052
      349052 359050 367046 376042 382037 385035 387031 391025
      401009 405998 400993 396991 376986 371987 364988 359989
      355991 348996 342001 335004 331008 331013 331019 329023
      324028 318033 315035 311033 311030 309029 303030 297030
      290029 284024 283022 283019 283015 280014 276013 275008
      274002 275995 262005 258008 255011 251013 245013 240011
      237007 233999 230990 233987 237988 251998 254992 256990
      260989 264988 269988 273988 274989 274993 276993 281986
      284983 288980 295976 303970 319960 325954 329945 329937
      331933 337926 343921 346918 348914 353906 356899 365883
 0.01 365883 367875 368870 367864 369856 372849 372840 370837
      368836 366838 358850 353855 347857 345856 345851 346847
      344845 341838 339834 340831 347820 353805 355802 355797
      356788 358769 359761 361754 367749 369747 373748 377744
      386742 390741 394738 398737 401734 401725 400718 397715
      396712 394705 395701 397698 402692 407687 408678 409660
      411652 415646 423636
 0.01 462329 479331 485330 493328 498323 502316 503309 503304
      503299 502294 501285 495277 484265 477259 471254 463251
      456251 453250 449251 442256 438256 438253 440251 441247
      438244 433238 431233 435230 441229 444225 443220 440217
      437216 432217 430216 428213 427208 425200 400199 399197
      395196 391195 388193 372184 368183 363180 354180 350181
      348184 347186 346191 346197 342199 339193 336184 333176
      336173 338177 342179 345176 347172 346168 344165 342163
      333163 325160 316156 307153 304153 300154 304160 308166
      308175 308180 309185 312192 322205 332218 335222 337223
      341228 345236 350242 362254 374266 380271 384272 386275
      394277 402277 420284 429287 434289 436292 441297 444300
      446305 448316 450321 453325
 0.01 464176 465171 464168 463161 465154 464148 461143 454141
      451136 447133 443132 442130 438131 434136 433143 434153
      435158 440161 447163 450166 449170 450178 447185 449190
      454189 457184 464176
 0.01 411226 411221 410217 408216 404217 399216 391212 383207
      379205 374203 369203 366207 364211 367214 373220 381227
      390231 400234 405234 408231 411226
 0.01 421124 422121 420119 418118 417118 415119 413119 411119
      410119 409119 408121 408124 409125 411124 413124 414125
      416123 418125 419126 421124
 0.01 418135 417132 414130 410129 407129 403129 401132 402137
      404139 406140 409142 411141 415139 417137 418135
 0.01 336791 335784 333780 327775 322769 317761 313758 309757
      307761 308767 310780 315787 320793 325801 327803 331802
      334793 336791
 0.01 329883 325881 319883 312885 305885 295879 291876 285876
      276868 270857 267851 266843 264839 262833 260830 260825
      260820 261817 259811 263807 265803 267801 270800 271795
      266792 265786 262779 259778 255778 253784 251791 249789
      249784 247777 245772 245769 243767 241765 237764 233764
      228768 226772 227779 229797 231803 232811 234818 233824
      234832 236839 239844 244845 250856 252862 255869 257875
      258877 256877 246871 241869 238869 236871 238878 241882
      246886 251889 255892 260894 271899 271903 271906 273909
      278913 284912 288909 293908 294914 295918 298918 305918
      310914 321909 323904 323896 324890 325887 329883
 0.25 482819 482812 480806 476793 472791 469787 469777 471754
      472743 471731 467721 464716 460715 452718 443720 435725
      433721 429717 418731 417735 418741 417754 416768 414772
      411775 406780 400788 398792 398800 399805 399809 397820
      395825 395832 395846 392857 385877 383884 379893 374901
      369909 358925 355929 352932 346938 341943 335949 323964
      318970 314974 312979 306986 298989 293995 288002 287005
      290008 296010 298013 301014 304013 308011 314006 327993
      333988 341986 346985 350983 359979 367976 376974 385969
      393964 398960 404954 410947 416939 419935 423933 431930
      439925 445933 455939 459937 462932 466922 469911 472898
      474886 474872 475860 476848 482819
 0.25 459981 459974 456967 450969 446973 439982 433989 420008
      414015 420017 419024 417029 414035 408044 399049 394052
      391056 388060 383061 379061 377060 376056 374055 365054
      360058 360067 362072 365076 370088 373093 378095 385096
      390097 393102 392107 390109 382115 377119 375124 374130
      378135 381135 384139 387144 394145 396143 394140 390137
      389134 390131 392126 400118 402113 409112 412107 413099
      417088 422076 425072 428065 433054 439046 442041 444034
      445026 446024 443022 441021 443018 446013 451004 459981
 0.25 432689 433686 433684 432682 431682 430684 428685 429687
      430690 431691 432689 432689
 0.25 368124 368122 366121 365120 363120 361121 362123 363124
      364124 366124 368124
 0.25 354120 354115 353113 348106 347101 348095 348091 342087
      338085 334085 331087 331092 331101 330107 335113 342116
      349119 354120
 0.25 286093 284084 282074 275069 268065 259063 253063 250065
      251075 256081 258090 261094 265095 273092 282092 286093
 0.25 247804 245804 243803 241805 241807 241809 242811 243811
      244811 245809 247807 247805 247804
 0.50 466866 464862 461859 455853 454847 455842 457830 459811
      459799 459786 458771 457764 458757 458744 456737 454735
      450735 448737 443743 441747 439753 437763 437775 435785
      432790 428793 426796 426802 426808 425811 423819 421832
      421841 420845 417847 414845 414838 414825 413819 411821
      407827 403834 400842 399846 398853 396862 392872 385889
      383893 382899 383904 385907 389909 391908 397901 401894
      406889 408893 406898 402905 398915 393922 390923 386923
      381918 373919 370921 366925 361931 355936 343947 339953
      335960 335977 351974 357969 366968 375967 380967 383965
      395954 401949 407942 418931 426926 431921 435914 439905
      442893 445885 448881 451878 454876 456876 457878 454887
      454891 458891 461885 463878 466866
 0.50 433751 433749 433747 432746 431745 430743 429743 428743
      427743 425746 425748 425751 425753 425755 425758 426760
      427761 429761 430760 431759 432757 433754 433753 433751
 0.50 402056 402055 400054 399054 398055 398057 398058 400058
      401058 402056 402056
 0.50 391119 392116 390116 389116 388116 387118 386119 386120
      384121 384122 382124 381126 382127 383126 384126 385125
      386124 387123 388122 389121 390120 391119
 0.50 387075 386070 382067 378065 375062 372060 367061 366064
      367068 369072 371075 372080 373084 376086 379085 381083
      384079 387075 387075
 0.50 348112 347107 345103 344098 343094 340090 337093 336097
      336102 337106 340111 344113 346114 348112
 0.50 319988 313987 308990 304992 299996 295999 292004 298006
      304008 309005 313000 316996 319990 319988
 0.50 281084 281078 278073 273070 267067 262065 256065 254067
      254071 257075 261080 262084 267088 275088 280086 281084
 1.00 446822 446813 445805 443801 439803 436815 434826 430850
      426861 426869 423870 420875 418881 416891 415914 415922
      418920 424914 430905 434895 437883 438878 438871 439857
      441846 446824 446822
 1.00 378076 379074 378071 378070 377069 376067 376066 375066
      373066 372066 373067 373068 374070 375071 376073 376074
      377076 378076 378076
 1.00 373952 373949 372951 371952 371954 372954 373952 373952
 1.00 278080 278077 274075 272074 269073 267072 264070 262069
      259069 260072 261074 263076 266078 268081 270083 272083
      274083 277082 278080
 1.50 434880 432876 430873 428878 427881 425886 424892 423898
      422902 424905 427902 429899 431895 432890 433883 434880

24HR QP VT 21/12Z
 0.01 471620 477626 485633 491638 495645 500653 504659 509668
      514678 519686 524699 532725 533741 533747 533755 530766
      528780 519799 507811 505823 505829 504833 504838 503842
      503848 502853 502861 503875 504880 505888 505893 503899
      500907 500911 499913 496926 491939 487948 486952 482955
      471972 462989 457996 452004 442014 433021 428025 426024
      421023 415022 404021 400019 399015 399009 401004 404995
      410987 414979 419968 421966 421962 419958 416957 413957
      410959 396968 388972 382977 375982 367985 362986 357987
      348991 340995 330998 320016 314021 305026 297028 288026
      281026 274024 267018 259013 253007 248006 243003 235998
      232995 230993 230989 233986 237988 244993 251999 257994
      261991 262989 261986 259975 263968 268963 271960 272954
      270946 268939 268934 268928 270925 278923 289922 293923
      299924 308926 315927 318925 321924 322920 321917 318917
      309918 301914 293910 287903 278902 275899 273894 269887
      265878 256866 246849 242838 242832 243829 247827 252826
      257827 259830 264839 269845 274853 278856 283857 286859
      291859 297858 300855 301851 299847 295841 291834 288829
      290824 295823 298825 306828 310831 314831 323831 329830
      333827 342820 350814 357809 362807 365808 368811 368817
      366822 365827 362836 361839 360845 360854 363856 368855
      374855 378852 386846 393837 397830 397825 399820 403811
      408806 411801 418783 418778 420772 423760 430742 435727
      438716 439703 440697 439689 440684 439677 435672 433670
      432673 427677 424682 421685 419684 414675 416665 419661
      420658 430643
 0.01 430643 432642 433640 435641 437641 439640 440640 442637
      443637 445636 447635 448633 449630 448628
 0.01 475334 483333 489330 492326 493320 495306 494300 492295
      489287 479269 476260 474257 474251 476246 477239 478231
      477225 479215 480209 478205 476201 471200 464194 452180
      451178 452175 454174 455171 453169 451171 447181 445185
      445192 446215 442215 441222 449225 453227 451231 447234
      443234 439235 436238 433241 430242 422242 413244 397247
      385244 378246 375249 374255 376264 382271 384274 385279
      393303
 0.01 420116 421112 419113 415113 412111 412108 413096 410091
      409089 405091 404100 400106 394112 392113 392119 397120
      404117 411117 416116 420117 420116
 0.01 407063 407056 406053 406048 403046 394045 390046 385046
      379051 380059 367050 359051 356053 354057 354060 355064
      351068 348065 345056 342050 337049 334049 329050 325052
      333073 320078 312081 312086 313088 319094 325098 330103
      337110 340111 342109 344099 344096 346095 349093 355093
      358092 364092 366090 368088 372088 381099 389096 394096
      396095 400088 401081 403076 403071 405068 407063
 0.01 357877 350873 343875 334876 325877 321878 323881 324884
      322887 324891 329889 332889 335891 337899 343895 347888
      350883 356878 357877
 0.01 282802 281798 280796 275793 271791 265790 264791 262789
      256788 252792 253798 257803 258805 261806 269805 270802
      274802 276803 280803 282802
 0.01 281082 281077 278073 270066 262062 252057 247056 244059
      243065 244070 248079 254087 258090 263092 268093 273092
      279086 281082
 0.25 516714 514703 510692 506685 503687 502692 500701 498711
      497735 493756 492765 491771 489775 487784 487791 490795
      493792 496789 499780 500769 503759 510743 515722 516714
 0.25 494681 489668 487662 484658 471645 464648 458652 455656
      452671 453688 452694 450700 448712 444735 443741 441745
      438748 435753 433761 433769 432778 431785 423806 419815
      413823 410827 407833 402841 395851 389859 375875 363889
      349904 334919 327927 321934 314941 310943 306944 303939
      298941 290947 287951 285956 286963 287968 281991 282997
      285000 289004 293005 298008 305010 309007 311002 317995
      320990 324987 345982 354979 363974 372970 380964 388956
      395948 409933 414926 419917 422913 426909 434903 441894
      448887 454875 457865 463844 459844 459838 463828 466813
      470801 473789 475775 480753 482738 485726 484708 483692
      485688 489687 493684 494681
 0.25 451294 452289 452284 449276 444271 437267 433265 432261
      429259 425258 419259 412261 406262 401261 398263 398267
      405269 408270 411273 414280 416287 418296 423301 426304
      431304 435301 442301 448298 451294
 0.25 355832 355828 353827 349828 347829 345831 343834 342836
      341840 342845 345846 348844 349842 351839 353837 354835
      355832
 0.25 307880 308877 308873 305871 299871 294870 291868 286867
      281868 281872 283875 287877 291879 294882 298883 303883
      307880 307880
 0.50 470729 470721 469715 466712 463713 457716 453724 446742
      441750 439758 435778 431796 428806 424814 420821 414828
      405842 396854 375880 365892 354903 348909 343915 337920
      332928 326933 322939 317945 313950 301959 294965 291968
      289972 290985 292991 291993 295992 299987 303985 306988
      308991 311993 317989 323982 330979 339978 347976 353974
      365965 373958 379953 390942 400931 405924 410918 420903
      437876 441867 445857 447848 449838 452827 455820 461803
      463793 464782 464774 466769 468759 469743 470729
 1.00 459753 460747 457743 452747 448753 445759 442769 442775
      441776 441782 440779 439780 438786 438796 432809 426823
      422832 418839 413845 408849 404850 402852 398858 388870
      379880 370891 365896 360901 355906 351910 341922 337930
      333934 324943 319949 315954 303964 298969 297972 297976
      299978 303976 309973 312977 313980 316983 319980 324975
      330971 338970 344968 351966 356963 362959 367955 378943
      388934 396924 402918 405911 409905 414898 418891 423886
      429873 437861 440853 443844 444823 448807 451799 452790
      452779 451771 453767 456764 458761 459753
 1.50 439818 439813 437812 433816 430827 418848 412857 407866
      405872 402877 400873 401869 400865 392873 384879 376886
      369895 355910 347919 342928 313958 308962 306965 306969
      309970 313971 317976 321975 324972 328970 338965 347962
      353959 358958 362956 367952 381936 388927 390921 392915
      397905 403897 409888 418880 422877 425873 430863 435852
      436845 437837 439827 439818
 2.00 432842 429841 426843 422851 417856 414862 410868 409872
      409877 409880 411877 416872 421866 424860 429853 432845
      432842
 2.00 386922 385918 381918 375923 364936 357942 355943 354937
      360931 365923 370921 373918 377912 379907 377903 377900
      379895 383888 383883 380885 374891 371894 369900 364905
      358910 352917 351921 355920 362914 364913 363917 351930
      345935 342933 340932 333938 327945 316957 310963 310967
      315969 318972 321971 328966 332964 335962 339959 342958
      345960 360952 367947 373941 380932 384927 386922
 3.00 354934 354932 353931 353932 352933 351934 352935 354934
      354934
 3.00 350936 348936 348937 350937 350936
 3.00 325956 325954 325953 323953 323954 321955 320956 319957
      319958 318960 319962 321961 323960 324958 325957 325956

$$




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