Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

Current Version | Previous Version | Graphics & Text | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47
000
FXUS04 KWBC 212025
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
424 PM EDT FRI JUL 21 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JUL 22/0000 UTC THRU JUL 25/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...NORTHERN PLAIN/UPPER MIDWEST SOUTHEASTWARD THROUGH THE OH
VALLEY INTO THE NORTHERN MID ATL...

GUIDANCE CONTINUES TO ADVERTISE A CONVECTIVE HEAVY RAINFALL EVENT
UNFOLDING THIS AFTERNOON/EVENING ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN
MN...NORTHERN IA INTO SOUTHERN WI AND NORTHERN IL...WITH
SIGNIFICANT POTENTIAL FLASH FLOODING.  A MID LEVEL SHORTWAVE
MOVING ACROSS THE DAKOTAS TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY...ALONG WITH
INCREASING DIVERGENCE ALONG THE RIGHT-ENTRANCE REGION OF THE UPPER
JET IS EXPECTED TO SUPPORT CONVECTIVE DEVELOPMENT THIS AFTERNOON
ACROSS THE REGION AS IT INTERACTS WITH A DEEPENING MOISTURE POOL
COINCIDENT WITH A WARM FRONT LIFTING NORTH ACROSS IA AND NORTHERN
IL.  GUIDANCE SHOWS 40-50 KT SOUTHWESTERLY INFLOW SUPPORTING PWS
OF 2 INCHES OR MORE AS THE FRONT CONTINUES TO LIFT NORTH.  WHILE
DIFFERENCES IN THE DETAILS REMAIN...THE 12 UTC
GUIDANCE...INCLUDING THE HI-RES MODELS ARE IN GENERALLY GOOD
AGREEMENT SHOWING A CONVECTIVE COMPLEX DEVELOPING ACROSS IA THIS
AFTERNOON...MOVING EAST INTO SOUTHERN WI AND NORTHERN IL THIS
EVENING...WITH SOME POTENTIAL FOR TRAINING CELLS AS SOUTHWESTERLY
LOW LEVEL INFLOW CONTINUES TO CHANNEL DEEPER MOISTURE INTO THE
WESTERN FLANK OF THE ASSOCIATED OUTFLOW BOUNDARY.  THE OVERALL
MODEL TREND IN THE 12 UTC GUIDANCE WAS TOWARD A MORE SOUTHERLY
AXIS OF HEAVIER AMOUNTS...WHICH IS REFLECTED IN THE WPC QPF.
HEAVIEST AMOUNTS DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING HOURS ARE
EXPECTED TO FOCUS FROM NORTHEASTERN IA INTO SOUTHERN WI AND
NORTHERN IL...WHERE SOME OF THE 12 UTC GUIDANCE IS INDICATING
LOCALLY HEAVY AMOUNTS OF 3-6 INCHES.  THESE AMOUNTS MAY PROVE
PROBLEMATIC...PARTICULARLY ACROSS PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN WI AND
NORTHERN IL WHERE RECENT HEAVY RAINS HAVE RESULTED IN VERY WET
SOIL CONDITIONS.  IN ADDITION TO SHIFTING FURTHER TO THE
SOUTH...ALSO EXTENDED SOME HEAVIER AMOUNTS FURTHER TO THE EAST
ACROSS LAKE MI INTO SOUTHWESTERN LOWER MI AND NORTHERN IND WHERE
SEVERAL OF THE LATEST GUIDANCE MEMBERS SHOW STRONG CONVECTION
DURING THE OVERNIGHT HOURS.  ON SAT...MODELS SHOW THE ASSOCIATED
MID LEVEL SHORTWAVE DROPPING EAST-SOUTHEAST INTO THE OH VALLEY.
WHILE CONVECTION SHOULD BEGIN TO WANE BY THE LATE
MORNING...SEVERAL GUIDANCE MEMBERS SHOW AT LEAST SOME MODERATE
AMOUNTS SPREADING ACROSS NORTHERN OH.  THERE WAS ALSO A GROWING
SIGNAL FOR REDEVELOPMENT FURTHER TO THE EAST DURING THE
AFTERNOON/EVENING HOURS WITH SOME THE MODELS SHOWING HEAVY AMOUNTS
ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN MID ATL.

MEANWHILE...UPSTREAM OF THE AFOREMENTIONED SHORTWAVE...MODELS SHOW
A MORE AMPLIFIED WAVE MOVING FROM THE CANADIAN ROCKIES INTO
SOUTHERN SASKATCHEWAN/MANITOBA LATE FRI-EARLY SAT.  WHILE THE
MOISTURE AHEAD OF THIS SYSTEM WILL BE MORE LIMITED...STRONG
FORCING MAY BE SUFFICIENT ENOUGH FOR SOME MODERATE TO LOCALLY
HEAVY AMOUNTS AHEAD OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY AS IT MOVES FROM
EASTERN DAKOTAS ACROSS NORTHERN MN FRI NIGHT/EARLY SAT.


...SOUTHWEST/GREAT BASIN/CENTRAL ROCKIES...

WHILE SOME SUBTLE DRYING IS EXPECTED THROUGH PARTS OF THE GREAT
BASIN...PATTERN WILL REMAIN MUCH THE SAME WITH THE AREA WELL
ENTRENCHED IN MONSOONAL CIRCULATION AROUND THE WESTERN PERIPHERY
OF THE UPPER RIDGE POSITIONED OVER THE CENTRAL PLAINS/MID MS
VALLEY.  THE HIGH MOISTURE COMBINED WITH DAYTIME HEATING AND WEAK
VORTS/MCVS ROTATING EMBEDDED WITHIN  ANTICYCLONIC FLOW WILL
SUPPORT SOME LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL ACCUMULATIONS ALONG WITH THE
POTENTIAL FOR FLASH FLOODING ESPECIALLY ACROSS BURN SCAR AREAS AND
NEAR STEEPER TERRAIN.


...DAYS 2 AND 3...


...ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST/CALIFORNIA...

MID LEVEL RIDGING REASSERTS ITSELF ACROSS THE ROCKIES AND
SOUTHWEST STATES DURING DAY 2. A LONG WAVE TROUGH COMES SHORE OVER
NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA ON DAY 3...AS THE MID LEVEL RIDGE STARTS
TO BREAK DOWN. MONSOONAL MOISTURE OVER THE REGION WILL HELP FUEL
SCATTERED TO BROKEN CONVECTION WHICH COULD PRODUCE HEAVY TO
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL EACH DAY. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
MID LEVEL RIDGING REESTABLISHES ITSELF ACROSS THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES
AND SOUTHWEST STATES DURING DAY 2. THIS ALLOWS THE MONSOONAL
MOISTURE TO EXTEND BACK INTO THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES...WHERE
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES REBOUND TO BETWEEN 0.75 AND 1.00 INCHES.
MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE INSTABILITY
ACROSS SOUTHERN CO INTO NORTHERN NM...AND INITIALLY CONVECTION IS
TIED TO THE TERRAIN. WEAK STEERING WINDS AND WEAK PROPAGATION
VECTORS WILL RESULT IN SLOW CELL MOTIONS...CELL MERGERS AND SHORT
TERM TRAINING. A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED HERE...WITH SOME 12Z SOLUTIONS (SUCH AS THE 12Z GFS/NAM)
SUGGESTING LOCAL 2.00+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS. THESE AMOUNTS ARE
PLAUSIBLE...AND IN SOME PLACES COULD OCCUR IN ONE OR TWO HOURS
TIME. BECAUSE OF THIS...A SLIGHT RISK AREA REMAINS IN PLACE FOR
DAY 2.

FURTHER SOUTH...ACROSS SOUTHWEST NM AND SOUTHEAST AZ...THE
MONSOONAL FLOW FEED 1.25+ INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR INTO THE
HIGHER TERRAIN. AS WAS THE CASE FURTHER NORTH...INITIALLY THE
CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO BE TIED TO THE TERRAIN...BUT MOVES OUT
TO THE VALLEYS AFTER MAXIMUM HEATING. STEERING CURRENTS HERE ARE
ALMOST ZERO...AND THIS WILL ALLOW FOR SLOW CELL MOTIONS...CELL
MERGERS AND SHORT TERM TRAINING. A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50
INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE...WITH 0.75 INCH AMOUNTS ACROSS THE
HIGHER TERRAIN. 12Z MODEL SHOWED THE POTENTIAL FOR LOCAL 2.50 INCH
AMOUNTS...AND GIVEN THE DEPTH OF THE MOISTURE AND THE SLOW CELL
MOTIONS...THESE VALUES SEEM REASONABLE. BECAUSE OF THIS...A SLIGHT
RISK AREA REMAINS IN PLACE FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
AS A LONG WAVE TROUGH COMES ASHORE ACROSS NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA
ON DAY 3...THE RIDGE STARTS TO WEAKEN.  THE DEEPER MONSOONAL
MOISTURE BECOMES LIMITED TO AZ/NM...AND BEGING TO SPREAD WESTWARD
TOWARD THE LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER PORTIONS OF CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN
CA. ONCE AGAIN...SCATTERED TO BROKEN CONVECTION FORMS OVER THE
HIGHER TERRAIN FROM FAR SOUTHERN CO AND NORTHERN NM INTO CENTRAL
AND SOUTHEAST AZ...WHICH MOVES INTO THE VALLEYS AFTER MAXIMUM
HEATING. SINCE THE MOISTURE IS NOT QUITE AS WIDESPREAD AS DAY
2...THE 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH QPF AREAS WERE PLACED OVER NORTHEAST
NM... AS WELL AS SOUTHWEST NM AND SOUTHEAST NM.  DESPITE THE
APPROACH OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH..STEERING CURRENTS ACROSS AZ/NM
REMAIN FAIRLY WEAK...PROMOTING LOCAL 2.00+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS.
BECAUSE OF THIS...THE SLIGHT RISK AREA REMAINS IN PLACE FOR DAY 3.


...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS/MID AND LOWER MS VALLEY...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY DROPPING SOUTHWEST FROM A MID LEVEL RIDGE OVER
THE ROCKIES PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT OVER A FRONTAL BOUNDARY
EXTENDING ACROSS THE PLAINS AND LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY DURING
DAYS 2 AND 3. MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FOCUSED ON THE FRONT WILL
FEED CONVECTION CAPABLE OF PRODUCING HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL...MAINLY DURING DAY 3. THEE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE PLACEMENT OF THE FRONT...BUT THERE WAS SOME
SPREAD ON THE THE LOCATION OF THE MAXIMUM QPF...ESPECIALLY ON DAY
3. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE QPF PLACEMENT
DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z
ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY ON THE SOUTHERN EDGE OF MID LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW
CROSSES THE CENTRAL PLAINS AND MID MS VALLEY DURING DAY 2...AS A
WEAKENING COLD FRONT DROPS SOUTH ACROSS THE REGION. AHEAD OF THE
SHORT WAVE...1.75/2.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AND MODERATE TO
STRONG INSTABILITY POOL AHEAD OF THE FRONT...AND THE RESULTING
CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AN AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES
OF QPF FROM EASTERN KS ACROSS CENTRAL MO. VARIOUS 12Z MODEL
SOLUTIONS (INCLUDING THE 12Z NAM/GFS) SUGGEST LOCAL 2.50 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS WITH SOME STORMS...AS SLOWING PROPAGATION VECTORS PROMOTE
THE POTENTIAL FOR TRAINING. BECAUSE OF THIS...A MARGINAL RISK AREA
WAS PLACED HERE FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
THE FRONT SLOWS AS IT REACHES THE SOUTHERN PLAINS AND LOWER MS
VALLEY ON DAY 3...AS THE BEST MID LEVEL SHEARS OUT TO THE
NORTHEAST. AS WAS THE CASE ON DAY 2...DEEP MOISTURE AND STRONG
INSTABILITY BECOME ALIGNED WITH THE FRONT...AND A LARGER AREA OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED FROM CENTRAL OK INTO
NORTHEAST AK. WHILE THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT ON
THE PLACEMENT OF THE FRONT...THERE WERE SOME DIFFERENCES IN THE
PLACEMENT OF LOCAL 2.50+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS ALONG THE FRONT FROM
EASTERN OK INTO THE BOOT-HEEL OF MO. GIVEN THE DEEP MOISTURE IN
PLACE ALONG THE FRONT...LOCAL MAXIMA WITH THESE AMOUNTS SEEMS
PLAUSIBLE...AND BECAUSE OF THIS...A MARGINAL RISK AREA WAS PLACED
HERE ON DAY 3.


...OH VALLEY/MID ATLANTIC INTO THE NORTHEAST...

A COMPLEX FRONTAL SYSTEM CROSSES THE OH VALLEY AND MID ATLANTIC ON
DAY 2...BEFORE SURFACE LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPS ON THE FRONT OVER
NORTHERN NY STATE ON DAY 3. DEEP MOISTURE AND STRONG INSTABILITY
FOCUSED ON THE FRONT WILL FUEL CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES HEAVY TO
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 2 ACROSS THE OH VALLEY
AND MID ATLANTIC STATES. THERE WERE SOME PLACEMENT DIFFERENCES
WITH REGARD TO THE FRONTAL POSITION (AND PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM
QPF AMOUNTS) OVER PORTIONS OF THE NORTHEAST ON DAY 3. IN AN
ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE QPF PLACEMENT DIFFERENCES...THE
WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
A CONVECTIVE COMPLEX TRACKING FROM CENTRAL PA ACROSS CENTRAL NJ
EARLY ON DAY 2 WILL BE FED BY DEEP MOISTURE ALONG A FRONT BOUNDARY
AS IT MOVES EAST. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.00 TO 1.50
INCHES OF QPF ALONG THE FRONT...AND LOCAL AMOUNTS COULD EXCEED
2.50 INCHES. THOSE QPF AMOUNTS ARE CLOSE TO THE LOWEST THREE HOUR
FLASH GUIDANCE VALUES OVER CENTRAL PA INTO NJ...SO A MARGINAL RISK
WAS PLACED ALONG THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY HERE FOR DAY 2.

AS SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSES THE FRONTAL POSITION FROM THE OH
VALLEY ACROSS THE MID ATLANTIC STATES LATER DURING DAY 2...IT
PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT FOR CONVECTION OVER WV INTO WESTERN
PA...MAINLY AFTER 23/12Z. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE (AND ALONG A
FRONTAL BOUNDARY)...A LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 2.00+
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER ACROSS WV/WESTERN PA...AND MODEL SOUNDINGS
SHOWED MODERATE INSTABILITY IN PLACE. WHILE PROPAGATION VECTORS
SUGGEST A SLOW SOUTHWARD MOVEMENT OF THE CONVECTION ONCE IT
DEVELOPS...THE CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE 1.50 TO 2.00
INCHES OF QPF...CENTERED OVER WV. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 INCHES OVER NORTHERN WV...AND GIVEN THE
POTENTIAL FOR LOCAL TRAINING...A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER
EASTERN OH/WESTERN PA AND MUCH OF WV FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
AS A LONG WAVE TROUGH TRACKS FROM THE UPPER GREAT LAKES TO
NORTHERN NY STATES DURING DAY 3...IT SPINS UP LOW PRESSURE ON A
FRONT EXTENDING FROM THE MID ATLANTIC INTO SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND.
IN THE BROAD WARM AIR ADVECTION PATTERN AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE
TOUGH...A 20 TO 30 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS
1.25/1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR INTO NORTHEAST NY AND MUCH
OF NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE MOISTURE BECOMES FOCUSED ON THE
FRONTAL BOUNDARY AS IT MOVES NORTH ACROSS EASTERN NY AND NEW
ENGLAND. INSTABILITY ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE FRONT IS
MARGINAL...AND THIS COULD END UP BEING THE LIMITING FACTOR FOR
MORE WIDESPREAD CONVECTION OVER NEW ENGLAND.

THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.50 TO 2.25 INCHES OF QPF
ACROSS MUCH OF UPSTATE NY INTO PORTIONS OF VT AND NORTHERN NH.
LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE AS TRAINING OCCURS ALONG THE
WARM FRONT...BUT THE MOTION OF THE FRONT ITSELF SHOULD MITIGATE
THE EXTENT OF THE HIGHER AMOUNTS TO SOME DEGREE. THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES OVER
PORTIONS OF NY STATE INTO NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND...AND THE
CONVECTION COULD RESULT IN A LOW LEVEL FLASH FLOOD THREAT HERE.
BECAUSE OF THIS...A MARGINAL RISK WAS LEFT IN PLACE FOR UPSTATE NY
INTO SECTIONS OF WESTERN NEW ENGLAND ON DAY 3.


...TN VALLEY INTO SOUTHEAST/GULF COAST...

DEEP MOISTURE AND STRONG INSTABILITY IN THE PRESENCE OF WEAK
SYNOPTIC FORCING SUPPLIES SCATTERED TO BROKEN CONVECTION ACROSS
THE SOUTHEAST AND GULF COAST ON DAY 2. A FRONTAL BOUNDARY CROSSING
THE TN VALLEY INTO THE SOUTHEAST STATES PROVIDES A BETTER FOCUS
FOR THE MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY ON DAY 3...AND THE RESULTING
CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL.
THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE RESPECT TO THE
OVERALL SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A MULTI MODEL BLEND.

DAY 2...
MID LEVEL RIDGING IN PLACE OVER THE SOUTHEAST STATES AND GULF
COAST DURING DAY 2 STARTS TO BREAK DOWN AS SHORT WAVE ENERGY
BEGINS TO BREAK IT DOWN FROM THE NORTH. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE
ENERGY...DEEP MOISTURE (WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES OF 2.00+
INCHES) AND STRONG INSTABILITY WILL COMBINE TO PRODUCE CONVECTION
WITH LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL. THERE WAS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR A
LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ALONG THE GULF COAST FROM
FAR EAST TO THE NORTHERN FL PENINSULA. WEAK MID LEVEL FLOW AND
WEAK PROPAGATION VECTORS SHOULD RESULT IN SLOW CELL MOTIONS AND
SHORT TERM TRAINING...AND LOCAL 2.00+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE
POSSIBLE.

DAY 3...
AS SHORT WAVE ENERGY CONTINUES TO WEAKEN THE RIDGE...A COLD FRONT
CROSSES THE TN VALLEY DURING DAY 3. DEEP MOISTURE AND STRONG
INSTABILITY ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT WILL FEED CONVECTION
ACROSS TN/NORTHERN MS/NORTHERN AL IN GA...AND A LARGE AREA OF 0.25
TO 0.50 INCHES QPF WAS PLACED HERE TO ACCOUNT FOR THE CONVECTION
AS IT EXPANDS IN COVERAGE. LOCAL 2.5O+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE
POSSIBLE ALONG THE FRONT...AS TRAINING BECOMES AN
ISSUE...ESPECIALLY OVER TN INTO NORTHERN MS/NORTHERN AL. WHILE
THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY FAIRLY
HIGH...TRAINING IN A HIGH MOISTURE ENVIRONMENT INCREASES THE FLASH
FLOOD RISK...SO A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED HERE ON DAY 3 TO
ACCOUNT FOR THE THREAT.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

PEREIRA/HAYES

24HR QP VT 23/00Z
 0.01 547074 546063 544049 541033 540018 541010 539004 537992
      535976 532966 530954 527943 523934 518923 511906 503885
      495865 490853 486843 483839 481842 479854 477867 475872
      473877 469876 465874 461864 458859 457853 457846 458842
      457827 456820 455816 452806 449801 444799 436798 433796
      431794 432791 431784 430778 428772 424767 412752 407745
      404743 399742 390742 382748 377753 370758 363764 361768
      360772 361778 363784 366789 369793 368797 365800 362804
      358807 351813 347817 344821 341825 339831 337834 333837
      325842 321834 316827 309820 307817 306811 302806 298802
      293800 290799 292797 296794 302789 306786 309782 311779
      312776 310772 305771 299772 294771 288772 283774 277775
      273778 270779 265783 258788 250792 248795 245794 244799
      244803 247813 251819 256828 260834 264839 263845 263851
      262856 259877 257890 256895 256901 258912 259925 262947
      266956 271962 274965 276966 279965 284965 288968 291968
      298964 306959 310956 313952 317944 321935 328926 332919
      337911 340902 344891 345884 345880 348871 351862 360845
      369841 374840 377843 381854 385861 389861 391859 392862
      391867 387870 391881 396891 399895 402900 406911 409919
      410933 410961 410967 409974 406981 399002 396000 396997
      394992 391981 382964 377975 377981 378986 378000 379005
      379012 382024 384033 384035 381035 378036 366035 360042
      355049 350049 346047 338042 334039 330037 326038 322039
      315034 307030 301027 296027 292027 290033 292041 297043
      300048 298052 293053 282052 271051 267052 262054 259055
      256058 249060 247065 250069 254078 260084 267088 275093
      279099
 0.01 279099 288107 299113 303115 308119 314121 319123 334126
      339129 342134 346139 348141 351142 355145 362146 373143
      377141 381136 384130 388125 394117 397111 398108 397105
      404094 407091 412088 416085 420079 423064 423057 418052
      412050 410049 409045 409037 410029 420023 423020 425018
      425012 425006 422006 419003 420995 423989 428975 431971
      439972 449995 453000 457004 460008 463004 470995 475993
      482992 486997 490003 496013 503024 509033 516044 523053
      531063 535067 539070 545072 547074
 0.01 516283 518274 520264 520255 518249 517243 516236 517229
      516224 512220 507216 500208 493207 490210 488217 487224
      490229 491235 487233 481231 476230 474232 473236 472240
      473244 473252 470270 469276 470281 469286 468290 469293
      469296 471297 475294 479292 484289 487295 490307 493308
      495307 499304 506298 512290 515286 516283
 0.01 451930 448923 446920 443922 440929 436936 435947 434957
      438961 441965 443963 447961 448957 445953 444949 443945
      444942 447934 451930
 0.01 378105 379103 377101 376100 374098 372098 371096 369097
      367099 365099 363101 365103 366103 367104 368105 370106
      371106 373106 375106 377106 378105
 0.25 514274 516259 515249 513242 510234 507228 503223 496220
      494221 493227 495233 497243 497245 493244 488240 485240
      483245 482251 483260 486267 490273 496277 503279 508280
      510281 512279 514274
 0.25 532024 533015 533006 532991 530976 527965 519943 515934
      512923 504900 500891 496881 491870 489869 486871 484875
      477896 472905 469908 466913 465917 467921 470925 474927
      472932 464938 456942 452945 451947 454949 457951 458957
      458973 459979 460981 462982 466981 470978 477973 486970
      490968 492965 491961 490955 492949 501954 502968 499987
      500001 502008 508016 513025 519033 523036 526037 528035
      532024
 0.25 444827 444817 443812 441809 438809 435811 431816 430818
      426818 422816 421801 423795 423786 421780 418774 411764
      403755 398754 392753 386756 384762 383766 385770 388776
      394783 376799 371808 367813 363817 354825 352831 356835
      361833 365829 372821 377823 382826 387828 393829 396834
      399839 402855 405861 405869 407878 408885 409894 411901
      415912 417920 418929 419948 420966 422968 424965 425959
      428944 433930 438918 442906 444899 445891 445882 443874
      441867 440860 438854 434847 432839 438836 442832 444827
 0.25 405030 405021 403018 400020 397028 395036 391043 387048
      384050 379049 372047 366050 364053 366056 369059 368061
      361065 362070 364073 370077 376082 379081 381078 387073
      393071 398065 401058 402052 401047 402039 405030
 0.25 355120 348110 345105 344098 348086 339080 329079 323080
      319080 314076 312070 311067 309065 304063 291063 277063
      271063 264064 260067 261072 277086 284095 288098 294100
      299103 307106 314106 319104 324102 327101 331102 335106
      338111 342115 346117 351120 355120
 0.25 334058 332056 330055 329055 328055 327057 328058 330058
      332058 334058
 0.25 317896 317892 315890 311892 310894 310899 310903 310907
      311911 312911 313909 315905 316903 316898 317896
 0.25 309043 308041 307040 306039 305038 304037 302038 303040
      304041 305042 306043 307044 309043
 0.25 307947 308937 307926 302921 300922 297921 296917 296912
      297903 298898 297893 295891 291891 285894 281895 276895
      274898 273902 272910 273915 275919 280923 285928 286931
      287935 285944 286948 288950 295950 299954 305952 307947
 0.25 292835 284829 279825 277824 277820 279817 281817 287816
      290816 291814 287810 282806 278805 270804 265804 261804
      260807 260812 263818 267821 269822 268825 269828 271829
      275832 281834 286835 289836 292835
 0.25 287791 285789 282788 278789 274790 271790 268792 267794
      270795 271796 275795 278794 280794 284793 287791
 0.50 513258 512250 511244 508238 505232 500228 497229 498237
      501243 504249 507256 509260 512260 513258
 0.50 528015 529004 529994 529983 527976 523962 518949 513936
      508924 498898 495892 491888 489889 487892 486899 484907
      485915 486919 485922 481927 479935 479939 481942 494944
      499946 503950 506955 507962 503976 503995 505001 508007
      512012 514017 517023 520025 523024 528015
 0.50 501267 501262 499259 498257 497254 495251 493248 491247
      489247 487249 486254 487257 489260 491261 492264 494264
      495266 498267 501267
 0.50 485964 485959 484955 482949 477947 472947 467951 465957
      463964 462970 464972 467973 472970 477968 482966 485964
 0.50 441901 442895 442887 441881 440876 437865 434855 425840
      425831 423827 421822 418819 417814 417802 419792 420786
      418781 414773 409766 403760 399759 395761 392763 394769
      396774 397779 397789 396793 392796 385801 379807 379813
      381818 388820 396823 399826 401830 403843 406852 408864
      409877 410888 413898 417907 419918 419930 421941 423942
      426940 430931 437914 440907 441901
 0.50 395062 396058 396055 392055 388056 384058 379058 378062
      376066 374070 376073 378071 382069 387068 391066 393064
      395062
 0.50 338100 338099 337097 338097 339095 340093 339091 338091
      337091 335093 335095 336097 336098 338100 338100
 0.50 320095 319091 315088 307081 300074 298069 295066 282066
      276069 279074 283078 289085 298090 299096 303099 308101
      314101 320095
 0.50 273818 272816 271816 270815 268815 266815 265817 266818
      267819 268819 270819 272819 273818
 1.00 520973 520970 520968 519965 519962 518962 518960 517958
      516957 515955 514954 513955 512957 512960 512962 512965
      513968 513970 514971 514973 515974 517975 518974 520973
      520973
 1.00 438899 439890 438881 433869 432862 430855 424846 421841
      418835 421830 418826 408803 403802 399806 396813 397816
      404817 407820 409828 408833 406836 406840 407849 410863
      411879 412887 414893 419906 421919 422927 426931 429927
      431921 438899
 1.00 418788 417782 415778 411775 409773 405770 401772 400776
      399784 401788 405790 409791 412794 416792 418788
 1.50 436897 437891 436886 435878 429866 429858 425851 421846
      416842 414841 411842 409845 409850 412866 413876 414886
      416895 419902 420910 422919 425925 428923 429920 434904
      436897
 1.50 415788 417786 414783 412783 413786 414787 415788
 2.00 434892 434884 432877 427868 425862 425858 423855 418851
      413849 415861 414877 417892 420905 423912 426917 429913
      431907 433899 434892
 3.00 428900 429894 427883 425877 423879 423887 423892 423898
      425900 427900 428900
 3.00 421895 420893 420892 420893 420895 420897 421895

24HR QP VT 24/00Z
 0.01 519923 516901 507883 505878 504873 503857 501842 499827
      496813 493803 488793 481785 475779 467774 464772 458772
      455770 452765 448757 445748 442736 442733 440731 437729
      434727 428728 418726 412722 408720 408712 407705 405699
      401697 398699 389697 385696 383700 382706 381712 374719
      369727 365737 360751 357762 356766 356772 356779 354781
      350789 346798 344803 341807 334812 327816 320808 318805
      321802 325794 325791 320789 315787 312786 311782 308777
      304775 294777 288780 273790 262791 252793 248795 245800
      244804 244810 245816 248816 251812 253806 255802 258802
      258806 257811 257816 261825 270828 273830 273836 271845
      265859 266872 267882 270903 273913 279914 280920 280934
      282945 284957 283962 284967 288969 294969 299968 304967
      323962 326969 333971 335969 337965 338952 338944 340940
      346939 349939 352941 355943 356946 356960 357973 360985
      364994 371999 381995 383998 381001 377004 372010 369014
      365016 352022 349025 344028 338031 330035 322037 311034
      299033 293017 289014 286016 282019 280025 283048 283053
      280055 278053 272052 269050 265050 262052 260060 259066
      261072 264079 271085 277093 286106 291113 294118 298122
      316124 318127 322128 326129 329133 336139 339137 338135
      337130 340131 342133 346134 354132 357132 359133 357138
      358140 362139 369137 378134 380129 384126 390123 396116
      398113 396110 387111 381112 377116 373119 368118 366112
      363109 359109 355106 355100 357100 361101 363100 368090
      371087 374086 378087 381085 386078 392072 401068 406070
      409074 411075 415071 417067 417063 414059 410055 403050
      400045 400041 401038 404034 406030 411019 412008 413996
 0.01 413996 414985 413981 412975 416954 416943 413936 408929
      405921 403911 401903 399890 400884 401880 405874 410873
      414873 418874 420878 413882 410888 409891 411894 414897
      417898 425895 432893 436902 440909 445916 448921 454925
      459933 462940 465949 468957 471960 474959 479958 482958
      490957 494954 492949 489946 484941 482938 484935 491938
      498941 505943 508943 510941 514936 519923
 0.01 399169 400159 399154 400148 396142 392141 389142 386143
      383145 379145 377143 376147 377151 378154 380158 381165
      383175 385177 388179 392179 394177 399169 399169
 0.01 391202 388196 383191 379184 377182 374183 365181 357183
      357185 364189 370193 379196 384201 388202 391202
 0.25 509908 489828 486822 482815 477810 471806 465804 456800
      445792 441788 440781 441777 442771 441766 437758 435754
      431751 426755 424760 421762 416756 409743 406733 404722
      401711 399709 395710 391717 389726 388733 389740 389745
      392768 392775 390778 386781 384786 375798 371802 366807
      357819 352825 348833 345842 344845 345849 349855 353857
      357855 362851 368845 382845 388840 390837 393837 405845
      413846 418842 420832 420827 423822 430819 432814 435813
      439817 438820 435822 433826 433831 435835 438837 442839
      444844 445856 448864 454872 457877 458882 460885 471895
      474896 479896 483894 487894 490897 492901 495908 498912
      502915 506915 508912 509908
 0.25 401058 400057 398056 397057 395057 395058 393059 395061
      396061 398061 400060 401058
 0.25 401947 400941 396936 394932 393930 389930 386934 382932
      378930 376936 375943 373948 370952 368958 371963 373963
      375961 377957 380957 383961 385968 387972 391972 393967
      395961 396954 399949 401947
 0.25 389043 385037 380036 376036 369031 364032 362034 354047
      352051 349054 346057 342056 336054 326052 323054 320058
      317066 313073 309074 305073 296070 290069 286070 285073
      284078 286086 290094 287098 288102 290105 293107 301110
      306111 310111 313107 317107 321107 324109 327108 329103
      334105 338107 343113 346115 348114 348112 345104 343094
      343088 343083 347075 349071 352070 355069 359069 364071
      369071 373072 374075 377079 380077 375061 383054 389043
 0.25 391902 391899 392897 392895 392892 392890 391888 391886
      390884 389883 388883 388884 386885 386886 385888 385889
      384891 385893 385894 385895 385897 386900 387902 389903
      390902 391902
 0.25 381920 381918 381916 380915 380916 379918 379920 380921
      381920
 0.25 356118 356117 354115 353115 351115 350115 350117 351117
      352119 354121 355120 356119 356118
 0.25 317905 317899 315894 310886 306882 302879 302863 301850
      303844 307843 309838 310832 304823 303817 299815 294815
      289813 286810 285806 287806 298806 303805 306801 309797
      308790 306791 300789 295788 289788 280792 276795 275800
      276803 273809 273814 276818 284822 292827 302832 299843
      296834 291830 288831 284833 281838 278848 275859 275872
      275880 275888 276896 277900 288901 292903 295907 297910
      296913 295919 295927 296933 296939 298944 301949 305950
      308947 312940 312935 311930 312924 315919 317905
 0.50 506906 506898 504893 502888 500883 498878 494878 493883
      493888 495893 496899 498904 500907 505907 506906
 0.50 493871 494865 493859 492852 491848 484832 480826 475821
      469819 461817 455818 451824 449826 451829 454832 456837
      457846 460856 463862 466865 467871 467876 467882 469887
      471889 475889 479887 484882 486874 493871
 0.50 418795 417788 413782 411780 409775 411768 410759 408750
      403734 402725 400716 398716 397720 396726 394733 393741
      394752 397759 402773 405778 401784 393792 381800 373807
      365818 363823 363825 366827 367830 370832 376829 380832
      387832 391832 394828 395822 400820 403820 405822 408822
      410820 412812 415802 418795
 0.50 381049 382043 379042 376044 373042 370039 367039 361045
      360050 357053 355057 356062 358066 364066 369067 371067
      372064 370060 364060 366057 370056 374055 377052 381049
 0.50 361830 361827 361825 360824 358825 356826 355828 354828
      353830 353831 352833 353835 353836 355836 357835 358834
      359833 359832 360830 361830
 0.50 342096 342094 342092 342091 341089 341088 340087 340085
      339084 337082 336082 334083 333084 333086 333088 333089
      335090 335091 335093 336095 338097 338098 340098 341098
      342098 342096
 0.50 313092 314086 312083 301081 297080 294076 289075 288077
      288081 290084 293088 300091 302092 302095 298096 294097
      291100 292104 297106 302106 306104 311096 313092
 0.50 306903 306901 305901 304902 304903 304905 305905 306903
      306903
 0.50 296868 295857 294849 289843 285846 282854 280862 279871
      279879 281882 283884 290881 294874 296868
 1.00 485849 485844 481839 479837 476834 471835 467836 465841
      466848 468852 472855 475856 480856 483854 485849
 1.00 404755 405752 404750 404748 402746 401746 400746 399747
      398749 399751 399753 400754 400755 402757 403757 404755
 1.00 406801 406796 404793 401796 397798 393798 390800 385805
      378809 374815 371822 373825 378824 385822 390817 394810
      397808 401807 404806 406802 406801
 1.50 390810 389808 387808 385809 384810 382810 381811 380812
      379813 378814 377816 377818 378819 379819 381819 383819
      384818 385818 386816 387815 388814 389813 389811 390810

24HR QP VT 25/00Z
 0.01 509032 507022 501016 499016 497019 491015 488015 485018
      481024 472041 468048 467060 467065 469072 469076 469083
      469090 470093 473093 476089 478084 478080 479074 481069
      484059 488051 493045 497044 500042 506037 509032
 0.01 486788 484757 482752 480744 477733 472713 470701 469690
      468677 466673 462672 459669 455668 445670 442669 440671
      437673 434676 428683 425683 422682 419681 413677 409676
      403676 400676 394677 390676 385679 379682 374688 376701
      375711 366728 363736 359745 357749 354752 350757 348760
      343760 337764 331770 326773 323776 314779 309781 303783
      300785 295786 286787 277790 272795 270799 270804 274805
      280805 285806 285811 286814 284816 281819 278821 277824
      276828 276833 277842 279852 279858 281862 282869 284873
      295888 300893 306899 313911 318918 321926 325943 324949
      325956 328965 337976 344982 349989 354999 354005 352010
      351015 348017 340020 337022 337028 337034 335038 331041
      325041 319040 311037 306037 301039 286065 284068 283074
      283078 280081 277084 276089 276092 278093 281097 295105
      301109 305115 308123 309127 313126 317126 320130 322130
      327127 332123 335123 337126 340130 340135 339139 343140
      349137 358135 362136 367135 375133 381130 387124 393122
      396119 395116 395112 393110 389111 386111 384109 381107
      378107 377113 375117 372119 368117 366113 367106 367096
      371095 373097 374100 377102 381101 388094 389091 390083
      390076 392068 393064 395061 401057 407053 410050 408046
      404046 401047 397046 396041 392035 390031 390025 388015
      388011 390008 392003 392996 393981 396973 397969 398966
      398960 398946 398939 396932 395929 394924 391917 385901
      385887 386883 387875 388870 388863 389859 390853 392846
      396838 405836 412833 418828 422827 426823 433826 438837
      458861 460864 463864 470863 477847 481839 481832 484829
      485816 483801 483795 484792 486788
 0.01 441212 442205 435202 428201 422197 417195 410194 406194
      405196 405200 406203 410207 416209 423211 430213 437215
      441212
 0.01 431243 431236 429233 424236 419239 415243 409243 405247
      404253 409257 416259 420256 424252 428248 431243
 0.01 421248 422245 420245 418244 416246 414248 414250 413252
      415251 417251 419249 421248 421248
 0.01 408168 409164 410159 410155 410152 408148 405148 402148
      401153 400156 398158 396159 394163 396166 399167 402168
      405170 406170 408168
 0.01 401143 401139 399138 393139 389141 387145 386142 381138
      376136 373141 375146 378151 385153 392153 394148 398148
      399145 401143
 0.01 396170 396166 394163 389162 385166 383172 382177 381179
      374179 372182 370182 363180 357180 355185 366191 371195
      377197 388201 386195 385188 384184 388179 393176 396170
 0.01 370156 369151 365150 361151 357151 352152 350157 350163
      351168 353172 357169 360165 362162 365159 368158 370156
 0.01 345182 347176 346170 343162 338161 334162 326158 317155
      306152 309158 317164 321166 326167 335170 339172 341177
      342182 345182
 0.01 265800 264796 263794 262790 260789 254789 249791 244793
      238793 233796 231800 232808 234808 235812 237828 237836
      240841 245841 248837 251824 252818 254816 257815 261814
      264813 265806 265800
 0.25 469736 468720 465709 462698 458689 454687 451691 446698
      432708 416718 413718 411711 409697 406694 401693 397695
      394698 392701 391705 392712 394719 396724 399727 402730
      406730 408733 406736 402744 399749 398754 398759 399765
      402774 403780 406783 410786 415787 423789 430793 436798
      439801 441805 445812 452820 456825 460823 463819 465809
      465805 464801 461798 456792 461773 466752 468744 469736
 0.25 394055 394052 393051 392051 390052 390054 391055 393055
      394055
 0.25 390817 391815 390812 390810 389808 387809 386811 386812
      385813 384815 384816 383818 383819 382820 382823 383824
      385824 386823 387822 388821 389820 390818 390817
 0.25 378080 379078 379076 379074 378072 377071 376069 375071
      375073 375075 376078 377080 377081 378080
 0.25 379963 379953 378945 374939 371933 369925 366918 363917
      361920 357924 355931 354941 352958 350964 349969 350971
      357983 361988 363990 367991 371989 371986 372981 373979
      376971 379963 379963
 0.25 375828 375824 374820 370815 360814 353819 346829 343834
      342841 341845 337841 335838 333834 334831 339820 342814
      342807 342799 344794 348793 353790 357786 359781 362775
      364768 365763 361762 358765 355770 347772 344771 342773
      339779 334787 328795 322805 319810 317816 314820 310822
      307822 302825 301831 303840 321883 326894 331903 336906
      340906 348899 355898 358898 360899 364904 368902 372892
      374886 374878 373859 371855 367853 363853 361851 363847
      370838 373833 375828
 0.25 375053 372049 369047 369038 366034 362036 356042 351050
      346057 345060 346063 350064 353064 357066 360069 364065
      370063 369060 369057 373055 375053
 0.25 361130 358127 356125 357122 356116 353113 350110 346108
      345114 347117 347123 345127 349129 353127 356131 360132
      361130
 0.25 345103 346089 346080 343074 339072 335072 331071 329072
      324078 320077 316071 311068 308069 306070 302076 299080
      302086 309096 314101 321103 326103 328102 332102 334103
      338106 342106 345103
 0.25 298840 298838 297836 297835 296834 295833 294832 293832
      292832 291833 290835 290837 290839 290841 292843 292844
      294844 296844 297842 297841 298840
 0.25 246805 246803 244802 244801 243801 242801 242803 243804
      244805 245805 246805
 0.50 466737 466732 466726 464718 462710 459704 455698 453700
      446710 444716 441721 436724 430726 423729 420733 416745
      414748 413752 412757 422761 427774 437780 438782 439787
      441794 447806 450811 454813 457810 457805 457802 450792
      448785 448778 454766 455759 458754 462750 464746 466737
 0.50 372963 373958 373954 371947 369945 366943 363943 361945
      358952 355958 353963 353967 353971 357975 361975 364974
      367970 370965 372963
 0.50 370878 370873 370869 369867 368864 364865 363867 362870
      362874 362878 363883 365885 367886 368884 370880 370878
 0.50 368039 367038 366037 364038 363038 362041 364043 365042
      367041 368039
 0.50 366829 366822 363818 361819 358821 355826 353829 351833
      352839 355839 359837 362834 365831 366829
 0.50 359129 358128 357128 356129 357130 358130 359129
 0.50 362056 361054 359054 358054 356056 357058 359059 360058
      361057 362056
 0.50 354122 355120 354117 352116 351117 351119 351121 351123
      352124 354123 354122
 0.50 360045 359043 358042 356044 355047 354049 355051 356053
      358052 358051 359049 360047 360045 360045
 0.50 348873 346866 345860 344856 342855 337857 331856 329857
      328861 328865 330872 333878 336882 338884 342886 345881
      348875 348873
 0.50 343098 342094 341091 339089 338087 338082 337080 334079
      331079 329081 329085 331088 333089 335092 335095 337097
      340100 343098
 0.50 320080 319080 318078 318077 316077 315077 314078 313077
      312077 312079 312080 313081 314082 316082 317082 318082
      319081 320080
 1.00 462733 461723 459716 456712 451714 449721 449724 446726
      441729 436733 428741 425748 426754 430759 434761 439763
      443764 448760 448756 450753 458744 461740 462733
 1.00 366961 366958 366957 366956 365954 364953 363954 362956
      363958 363961 364962 366961 366961

$$





USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.