Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 180832
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
331 AM EST SAT FEB 18 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID FEB 18/1200 UTC THRU FEB 21/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

...WESTERN U.S...

THE ANOMALOUSLY STRONG MID-UPPER LEVEL TROUGH NOW SLAMMING INTO
SRN CA IS EXPECTED TO GRADUALLY WEAKEN WHILE TRACKING INTO NWRN
MEX AND THE SWRN US THIS WEEKEND. GUIDANCE INDICATES THAT THE LEAD
RIVER OF DEEP MOISTURE STEADILY WEAKENS AS WELL BUT REMAINS WELL
ABOVE NORMAL INTO THE SOUTHWESTERN STATES. MOISTURE TRANSPORT AND
STILL FAVORABLE SUPPORT ALOFT/DIFFLUENCE WILL STILL FAVOR THE
SPREAD OF SOME MODERATE TO HEAVY PCPN ACROSS THE REGION THAT COULD
LEAD TO LOCAL RUNOFF ISSUES...WITH GREATEST TOTALS LIKELY INTO THE
MOGOLLON RIM REGION OF CENTRAL AZ WHERE THE UPSLOPE FLOW WILL
ENHANCE UVVS AND AMOUNTS. SOME 1-3"+ AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE IN THE
MOGOLLON RIM AREA WITH AREAL AVERAGE .50-1" OR SO AMOUNTS
ELSEWHERE ACROSS THE SOUTHERN GREAT BASIN INTO THE SOUTHWEST.

MUCH WEAKER NRN STREAM TROUGHING SPLIT OVERTOP ACROSS THE NWRN US
WILL HAVE MORE LIMITED DYNAMICS AND MOISTURE TO WORK WITH GIVEN
MODEST CONNECTION WITH SRN LATITUDE FLOW ALOFT AS PER LATEST WATER
VAPOR LOOPS...BUT STEADY NRN STREAM HEIGHT FALLS INTO LATER PERIOD
AND ASSOCIATED SURFACE SYSTEM PASSAGE SHOULD ALLOW FOR SOME
WIDESPREAD AND LOCALLY MODERATE PCPN...INCLUDING TERRAIN ENHANCED
SNOW POTENITAL FROM THE CASCADES EASTWARD TO THE NRN ROCKIES.

...SOUTHEASTERN U.S...

SLOW CLOSED LOW EJECTION ACROSS THE SRN/SERN STATES OFFERS
FAVORABLE UPPER DIFFLUENCE/LIFT ACROSS THE SERN U.S...BUT MODEST
LEAD SURFACE RESPONSE/WRAPPED MOISTURE INFLUX OUT FROM THE GULF OF
MEXICO. EXPECT MAINLY LIGHT PCPN WILL SPREAD UPWARD FROM THE
REGION INTO THE TN VALLEY AND S-CENTRAL
APPALACHIANS/MID-ATLANTIC...WITH SOME MODERATE AMOUNTS POSSIBLE
OVER FAVORED SRN APPALACHIANS TERRAIN. BANDED LEADING EDGE HEAVIER
CONVECTION POTENTIAL MAY BE OUT FROM THE ERN GULF OF MEXICO INTO
N-CENTRAL FL WHERE PWS COULD POOL UPWARDS TO 1.5". MODELS ARE NOT
OFFERING MUCH IN THE WAY OF HIGHER TOTALS...BUT SOME SPOTS COULD
SEE SOME 1" AMOUNTS WITH ANY TRAINING.

...NORTHEASTERN U.S...

NRN STREAM SHORTWAVE TROUGH PASSAGE CLIPPING NRN NEW ENGLAND AND
LEAD WARM AIR ADVECTION PATTERN SHOULD BE ABLE TO SQUEEZE OUT SOME
LIGHT WINTERY PCPN FROM NRN NY ACROSS VT/NH/MAINE DESPITE LIMITED
MOISTURE.

DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WESTERN UNITED STATES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING ACROSS THE WEST COAST INTO THE ROCKIES
WILL TAP DEEP PACIFIC MOISTURE TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OVER PORTIONS OF CENTRAL CA DURING DAYS 2 AND
3. THE 00Z GFS HAS COME INTO BETTER AGREEMENT WITH THE 00Z ECMWF
REGARDING THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY...AND THE PLACEMENT
OF THE BEST INFLOW/UPSLOPE FLOW...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSES WA/OR EARLY DURING DAY 2...AND THE LOW
LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWEST FLOW FOCUSES PACIFIC MOISTURE ON THE HIGHER
TERRAIN OF THE COASTAL RANGES IN WA/OR...WHERE A STRIPE OF 0.75 TO
1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. THE MOISTURE IS NOT AS ROBUST AS IT
CROSSES THE WA/OR CASCADES...SO LOCAL 0.75 INCH QPF AMOUNTS WERE
PLACED IN THE FAVORED UPSLOPE AREAS HERE.

FURTHER SOUTH...A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES FROM
NV/AZ INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS DURING DAY 2. LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH
THE LONG WAVE TROUGH SHOULD BE SUFFICIENT TO TAP THE REMAINING
MOISTURE AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM TO PRODUCE AREAS OF 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE GRAND TETONS
OF WY...AS WELL AS THE NORTHERN WASATCH AND UNITAS RANGES IN UT.
DEEPER MOISTURE IS FOCUSED IN THE UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS THE SAN JUAN
MOUNTAINS IN CO...WHERE LOCAL 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES QPF AMOUNTS HAVE
BEEN PLACED. SNOW LEVELS ARE LOW ENOUGH TO PRECLUDE FLASH FLOODING
DURING DAY 2 ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN.

FINALLY...SHORT WAVE ENERGY RIDING ACROSS SOUTHERN OR AND NORTHERN
AND CENTRAL CA DURING THE SECOND HALF OF DAY 2 WILL TAP MOISTURE
FROM AN APPROACHING ATMOSPHERIC RIVER. A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL
SOUTHWEST FLOW WILL FOCUS 1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH
IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN)
ACROSS THE NORTHERN SIERRA NEVADA RANGE IN CA...AS WELL AS THE
COASTAL RANGE OF CENTRAL CA. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED LITTLE IN THE
WAY OF INSTABILITY IN THE MOISTURE PLUME...SO UPSLOPE (COMBINED
WITH SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT WITH THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY) IS EXPECTED
TO PRODUCE AXES OF 2.00 TO 2.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE
ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS. A MARGINAL RISK REMAINS IN PLACE FOR DAY 2
IN THESE AREAS.

THE CORE OF THE ATMOSPHERIC RIVER MOISTURE BECOMES FOCUSED ON THE
COASTAL RANGE IN CENTRAL CA...AS WELL AS THE SPINE OF THE SIERRA
NEVADA RANGE DURING DAY 3. CONFIDENCE IN THE PLACEMENT OF THE
ATMOSPHERIC RIVER IS INCREASING...AS THE INTEGRATED WATER VAPOR
TRANSPORT SIGNATURE HAS BEEN PRESENT IN THE LAST FEW CYCLES OF THE
ECMWF AND GFS. A 40 TO 50 KNOT WESTERLY LOW LEVEL FLOW CONTINUES
TO PLACE THE 1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR OVER THE CENTRAL CA
COASTAL RANGE...AS WELL AS THE CENTRAL SIERRA NEVADA RANGE (WHERE
THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS ORTHOGONAL TO THE TERRAIN). THERE WAS A
MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 4.50 TO 6.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE
FAVORED UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE...WITH THE 00Z
GFS/UKMET SHOWING THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS. SNOW LEVELS AR LOW ENOUGH
TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE FLOOD THREAT HERE...BUT GIVEN THE WET
ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS...A SLIGHT RISK AREA
WAS PLACED IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS OF THE UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE
SIERRA FOR DAY 3.

FURTHER WEST...THE LOW LEVEL FLOW FOCUSES THE MOISTURE IN THE
COASTAL RANGE NEAR KSFO...WHERE THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS SHOWED QPF
AMOUNTS BETWEEN 3.00 AND 4.00 INCHES. ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS ARE
WET HERE AS WELL (WITH RAINFALL AMOUNTS BETWEEN 150 AND 200
PERCENT OF NORMAL DURING THE PAST TWO WEEKS)...AND AFTER
COLLABORATING WITH WFO MTR...A SLIGHT RISK WAS PLACED HERE ON DAY
3 AS WELL.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN
ROCKIES DURING DAY 3 TAPS PACIFIC MOISTURE (WHICH IS NOT AS ROBUST
AS ACROSS NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA)...AND THE UPSLOPE FLOW FOCUSES
ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE COASTAL RANGE IN OR...AS WELL AS THE
OR AND SOUTHERN WA CASCADES. THE COMBINATION OF UPSLOPE AND
SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AXES OF 1.25 INCHES
OF QPF IN THE UPSLOPE AREAS OF THESE RANGES. FURTHER EAST...THE
UPSLOPE FLOW PRODUCES AXES OF 1.00 TO 1.25 INCHES OF ACROSS THE
HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE BLUE MOUNTAINS OF OR INTO THE SAWTOOTH AND
SALMON RIVER RANGES IN ID...WITH LESSER AMOUNTS OVER THE GRAND
TETONS IN WY...AND THE NORTHERN BITTERROOTS OF NORTHERN ID.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED IN THE HIGHER TERRAIN ACROSS THE
WESTERN UNITED STATES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE
LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

DEEPENING MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY WILL RIDE NORTH INTO THE UPPER
MS VALLEY AND UPPER GREAT LAKES OVER A WARM FRONT EARLY ON DAY
3...WHICH THEN BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR LOW TOPPED CONVECTION AHEAD
OF A COLD FRONT LATER IN THE PERIOD. THERE IS BETTER AGREEMENT
BETWEEN THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS WITH RESPECT TO TIMING OF THE MID LEVEL
SYSTEM SUPPORTING THE FRONTAL BOUNDARIES...SO THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THESE TWO SOLUTIONS.

A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
PLAINS EARLY ON DAY 3 CROSSES THE UPPER MS VALLEY AND UPPER GREAT
LAKES DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. THE LONG WAVE TROUGH
SPINS UP A SURFACE LOW ON A LOW LEVEL BAROCLINIC ZONE ACROSS THE
NORTHERN PLAINS...AND THE SURFACE LOW TRACKS INTO THE SOUTH
CENTRAL CANADA. AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH AND SURFACE LOW...A
30 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN THREE AND FOUR STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) UP AND OVER A WARM FRONT ASSOCIATED
WITH THE SURFACE LOW ACROSS EASTERN ND INTO MN. MODEL SOUNDINGS
SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY IN THE MOISTURE PLUME (THOUGH IT
SHOULD BE ELEVATED OVER THE WARM FRONT)...SO AN AREA OF 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER EASTERN ND AND WESTERN MN.

AFTER THE WARM FRONT TRACKS EAST ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES...THERE WILL BE A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY AFTER 20/18Z AND
BEFORE 21/06Z FOR LOW TOPPED SURFACE BASED CONVECTION TO FORM
AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT ASSOCIATED WITH THE SURFACE LOW OVER SOUTH
CENTRAL CANADA. THE LOW TOPPED CONVECTION IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE
AN AREA OF 0.75 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EAST CENTRAL MN INTO
WEST CENTRAL WI...AS WELL AS PORTIONS OF THE UP OF MI. WHILE THE
CONVECTIVE MODE IS EXPECTED TO BE MAINLY OUTFLOW
DOMINATED...CORFIDI VECTORS WEAKEN TO UNDER 10 KNOTS FOR A TIME
AROUND 21/00Z...WHICH COULD ALLOW FOR LOCAL TRAINING. DUE TO THE
HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIRMASS... AND THE POTENTIAL FOR
TRAINING...A MARGINAL RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER EASTERN
MN...NORTHWEST WI AND A PORTION OF THE UP OF MI FOR DAY 3.


...SOUTHERN/CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY....

DEEPENING MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF A SLOW MOVING COLD
FRONT WILL SET THE STAGE FOR HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS ON DAY
2...SHIFTING TO THE LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY ON DAY 3. THE 00Z GFS
STILL APPEARS TO BE TOO FAST WITH THE MID LEVEL SUPPORT FOR THE
EXPECTED CONVECTION AHEAD OF THE FRONT...SO THE WPC QPF HERE WAS
BASED MORE ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/UKMET.

A NEGATIVELY TILTED TROUGH TRACKS FROM NV/AZ TO THE CENTRAL PLAINS
DURING DAY 2. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM (AND A SURFACE COLD
FRONT DRAPED ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS)...A 30 KNOT
LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY INFLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25/1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE
WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN)
ACROSS EAST TX INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK. THE BEST THRUST OF LOW LEVEL
MOISTURE AND MODERATE TO STRONG INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED IN THE
19/18Z TO 20/00Z TIME FRAME IN THIS AREA. DIVERGENCE IN THE RIGHT
ENTRANCE REGION OF A 110 KNOT JET STREAK MOVING NORTH ACROSS THE
CENTRAL PLAINS SHOULD PROVIDE SUFFICIENT SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT FOR
CONVECTIVE ORGANIZATION...RESULTING IN STRIPES OF CONVECTION
MOVING SOUTH TO NORTH ACROSS EAST CENTRAL TX.

WHILE THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE OVERALL
SYNOTIC SETUP...THERE IS STILL SOME SPREAD ON WHERE THE BEST QPF
AXES SHOULD BE PLACED ON DAY 2. FOLLOWING THE AXIS OF BEST
INSTABILITY...THE WPC QPF MAXIMA (1.50 TO 2.25 INCHES) WAS PLACED
OVER EAST TX (MAINLY EAST OF KDFW) INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK.  THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES IN THIS AREA ARE GENERALLY ABOVE
2.50 INCHES...SO THE MARGINAL RISK WAS MAINTAINED FOR DAY 2 (SINCE
CONFIDENCE IN WHERE TO PLACE A POSSIBLE SLIGHT RISK WAS VERY LOW).

THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS
DURING DAY 3...REACHING COASTAL TX AND THE LOWER MS VALLEY BY THE
END OF THE PERIOD (WITH SOME MODEL SOLUTIONS SHOWING A CLOSED LOW
AT THE BASE OF THE TROUGH). THE SLOW MOVING COLD FRONT FOLLOWS THE
MID LEVEL SYSTEM...AND THE FRONT BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR HEAVY TO
LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL AND SURFACE
SYSTEMS...A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS
1.50/1.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS FAR EAST TX...LA/AR AND
SOUTHWEST MS. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MAINLY MARGINAL INSTABILITY
REMAINING CLOSE TO THE GULF COAST...AND THE COMBINATION OF
MOISTURE/INSTABILITY SHOULD BE ENOUGH FOR AREAS OF 2.00 TO 2.50
INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS.

AS MENTIONED EARLIER...THERE IS STILL SOME MODEL SPREAD CONCERNING
THE PLACEMENT OF THE HIGHEST QPF AXES ASSOCIATED WITH THE QPF...
SO A BLEND APPROACH WAS EMPLOYED.  THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES ARE GENERALLY ABOVE 2.50 NICHES ACROSS THIS ENTIRE AREA...
SO FOR NOW A MARGINAL RISK AREA WAS PLACED OVER MUCH OF THE LOWER
MS VALLEY FOR DAY 3. THE FORECAST SPREAD PRECLUDED ASSIGNING A
SLIGHT RISK AREA.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

SCHICHTEL/HAYES

24HR QP VT 19/12Z
 0.01 532187 530185 531181 532181 531178 527166 521157 516147
      512143 505140 494135 488133 484131 479128 475124 464126
      462128 459126 456122 454109 453102 450097 450094 447094
      439092 435091 428091 427093 430099 425103 424108 423111
      417112 413107 412101 410093 412085 415082 420072 419069
      414064 411059 406060 402060 399062 394064 388066 387068
      383069 372062 368061 366061 365066 356071 352072 348070
      343065 339060 329055 314053 308051 300050 299057 303061
      306064 312067 316071 315078 307082 295084 293083 291087
      287084 279076 279078 281081 284086 286091 284093 283098
      282103 284109 290116 299121 302123 301126 297132 293135
      291138 291140 292149 296154 304161 314169 322176 328184
      331195 335199 337205 340211 343214 354221 360224 369227
      380234 385236 390241 396248 401251 406254 413255 415255
      417257 409265 410269 415271 417273 428282 434284 441284
      445284 451284 455281 458276 460270 459266 455253 465253
      471252 479254 492262 497263 498257 498253 496248 494246
      494241 494238 492236 492231 494228 498230 500233 504235
      506234 507229 505221 505214 504206 504197 504194 507193
      512189 522187 528188 532187
 0.01 507711 506697 505692 503688 500678 498667 496653 494644
      489637 483633 476630 474629 470630 467638 466647 468650
      469653 469660 468669 466674 463673 458674 454673 451674
      449677 447677 443682 442687 443691 445695 449697 453698
      455701 454704 446707 443710 439711 434713 434715 438717
      442717 446717 446720 445722 441726 448729 453729 457727
      460731 461736 462741 466740 472733 474733 476735 476739
      479745 481749 484751 486753 489749 491747 493748 495752
      499758 504758 506755 508751 509742 507727 505722 506715
      507711
 0.01 480196 479190 477184 474182 472182 468185 461191 457195
      455199 451202 448201 442198 440193 436197 436201 438204
      441207 443210 446210 455208 464204 472200 480196
 0.01 395796 394789 392785 387781 382775 378768 376767 372770
      369772 368776 369789 368796 367802 363809 358815 354816
      351815 343813 340811 337808 331801 330797 332794 337786
      343779 346773 350766 356761 363756 371752 378748 376743
      373740 365736 360737 357736 343742 327750 312761 288780
      274792 257799 254801 252802 252804 254807 259806 263805
      267805 269810 268815 267824 266834 262843 261852 264862
      261869 257884 256893 259900 262904 266905 273899 279893
      283887 288882 291881 294881 296885 300885 312885 322884
      328883 332885 340889 341894 340899 340902 344904 346906
      348905 363895 369889 374882 376878 378872 379869 379862
      378852 377848 379846 381841 382835 381823 381817 382812
      385807 388804 392800 395796
 0.01 309017 309013 308011 304008 301003 300998 304993 308988
      310984 308977 303976 299976 297978 288983 281984 279986
      278989 282993 286996 289997 289001 289005 290008 293012
      298017 307018 309017
 0.25 516164 518161 517158 515154 510151 506149 502149 499149
      496152 492160 488164 483162 475157 467156 460153 453151
      450148 448143 446135 446125 446117 448113 448109 446106
      444106 440108 439111 435118 430125 426132 429138 430147
      430154 432157 437163 442168 446174 448177 446184 447191
      451191 455188 460183 461178 458175 457170 459168 465164
      481166 485168 485172 492174 497175 499173 506170 511166
      516164
 0.25 494705 492699 490693 488688 485684 482685 481690 480694
      479700 479706 480711 483715 485714 488710 491706 494705
 0.25 483718 482716 481715 481716 482718 483719 483718
 0.25 466242 465238 463235 459232 459227 464222 467219 468215
      460215 452216 445217 437218 431221 427230 424232 420232
      415230 413229 410230 406236 404241 406244 412249 421248
      436246 443246 450244 457243 466242 466242
 0.25 453270 452266 448263 444261 439261 435260 431261 428264
      429269 433273 438274 443274 447273 450272 453270
 0.25 402211 400209 399208 397207 395206 394205 393205 392204
      390203 389203 388203 389204 390205 391206 392207 393208
      395209 395210 397211 398212 400212 402213 402211
 0.25 407114 407109 404106 397108 390110 382105 378105 376109
      372115 369117 364118 358117 354115 349108 346101 345091
      340082 337080 333078 329079 327083 322089 317090 313090
      305089 298090 287097 288106 292112 300116 310119 313122
      313126 311134 313138 316141 324146 334148 342151 349155
      352158 358160 362163 367163 374163 381160 386160 391158
      393154 393152 390144 390139 390136 396127 401119 404115
      407114
 0.25 372188 371186 370185 368183 367183 366182 365182 363183
      361183 360183 361184 362184 364185 366185 368186 369187
      371188 372188
 0.25 348201 348198 347196 346194 345192 343193 343195 344198
      345200 345201 347203 348201
 0.25 344175 344171 342168 338168 334166 331164 325162 320161
      317164 321165 325167 330170 335171 339172 342176 344175
 0.25 344752 344749 342750 340753 335757 322768 310777 302782
      295786 289791 286796 279813 276820 274827 272836 270845
      270856 269864 265882 264888 265893 270890 275884 279876
      283869 286863 291857 296849 299841 296834 298826 298821
      295816 298810 302804 308799 315794 321790 326785 335771
      340762 344752
 0.25 327861 324859 318859 313859 310861 306865 304868 305872
      308873 314874 317872 321868 323866 326862 327861
 0.50 456239 455238 453237 452238 453239 454239 456239 456239
 0.50 450239 449238 447238 446239 444240 445241 447241 449240
      450239
 0.50 450220 449219 447219 443219 441220 438221 436221 433222
      432224 434225 436225 439225 442225 444224 446223 449222
      450220
 0.50 449163 450160 449158 446154 445150 444142 443139 441134
      439132 436133 435138 435145 436150 438153 441158 444161
      447163 449163
 0.50 391119 389115 386113 383113 380114 375120 368124 365125
      361123 356119 351113 346107 343099 341092 338084 334082
      332083 330086 330097 325101 319104 312100 306095 303094
      298094 294099 291102 291105 293106 299111 304114 312116
      320115 324113 326114 330120 332127 330131 325131 318133
      315134 317137 324140 335142 348149 354155 360159 365160
      368159 373155 379151 378139 378134 380130 383127 391119
 0.50 333767 332764 330765 325769 315776 307783 303787 297790
      293792 290797 288803 289807 293805 301799 310791 320786
      324782 327777 333767
 0.50 290831 290826 289824 286823 282825 279829 277836 275840
      275844 275849 275852 273858 270872 269877 270881 274880
      279870 284860 287855 285851 283850 283846 285842 290831
 1.00 367153 365153 363153 361154 363156 364156 365155 366153
      367153
 1.00 350132 351126 352119 347112 343104 339095 337091 335093
      334097 332103 330107 330109 335117 337121 338126 342134
      345136 349134 350132
 1.50 346129 348123 348116 346112 344109 341104 339102 336099
      336102 335106 336110 338115 339119 341124 342127 346129
      346129
 2.00 345123 345120 345118 345117 345116 344114 343111 342110
      342109 341107 341106 339105 339106 339108 339111 339113
      340115 341118 341119 342120 343122 345123 345123

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 559112 560102 560095 558087 555081 548072 544068 542065
      538064 532062 534053 534048 536043 536039 535035 531020
      529012 527009 524007 517000 513996 511995 508993 503993
      500990 497990 485984 466969 456964 452962 450959 447954
      441945 438940 435935 429924 421914 411910 399905 387906
      373911 367911 363913 357914 350916 339919 326924 312929
      306932 300933 298928 293926 288924 285922 281922 276930
      272940 254957 250960 246964 246969 245973 239977 235981
      232986 231003 232012 235024 236027 235030 232037 230042
      230049 232057 234063 237067 242071 249080 251085 256091
      258096 261098 269106 278113 288121 308134 337140 342142
      347143 354146 359149 364152 369154 378156 382156 383161
      382169 377173 375174 371173 365170 359169 357171 356176
      354179 351180 347177 346174 345168 342165 335164 330162
      320154 314152 307149 303148 300146 293144 291146 290149
      293153 304160 316166 322168 325170 332173 334174 335177
      330181 328187 324193 323200 327212 329218 330222 330226
      328236 329243 332257 338264 341268 343269 343273 361286
      366289 369293 375293 377293 378289 386282 391277 395274
      399272 404273 411281 423288 428286 432283 447270 457269
      462271 468276 486290 497294 502293 507288 513282 519270
      521266 521261 520254 520247 517240 512229 507218 505215
      505210 508205 513203 518208 521212 525214 530219 533219
      534218 535215 536212 537202 536192 535185 533179 532171
      530164 527159 524155 521154 519151 510144 505142 501139
      490133 480125 479122 481118 484113 486105 496101 506098
      510099 508102 504106 497110 489114
 0.01 489114 487118 487121 490124 493125 496123 500124 509120
      513117 520118 525122 529127 531132 533141 537153 539159
      544163 547159 550153 554136 557120 559112
 0.01 521080 521078 520075 518077 518080 519083 521080
 0.01 507745 507740 505737 504733 502715 501713 500708 499698
      497692 495683 494677 492672 490667 486663 477661 474656
      469655 466654 460655 459654 457657 456662 458677 456684
      453690 449699 443706 439711 437716 439722 437728 434744
      432749 433756 436761 439758 462721 464718 466715 469716
      471722 469730 467734 466740 460751 459756 460761 462766
      462770 464775 472803 476812 479817 482822 485826 489826
      492822 495817 498806 500798 500792 502777 504770 506766
      507745
 0.01 467947 466942 462935 459932 455932 454930 452935 450942
      452947 457952 460957 464962 466954 466950 467947
 0.01 436083 435078 432074 429071 424070 420072 417075 415078
      415083 418086 423086 425084 428084 433086 436083
 0.01 425008 424004 422004 418999 408992 406996 404997 402000
      401006 398009 395011 392011 366015 355019 349022 341022
      337023 330023 314022 308021 302023 292029 282032 275030
      271027 268022 266019 265017 263018 255029 257033 260039
      264041 268041 275042 288039 290037 294037 302038 308038
      311039 314041 317041 318043 320046 318048 307051 299051
      295050 292052 286052 281053 276053 273055 268058 264062
      263064 267065 273068 280067 289061 294058 301059 309059
      313060 316058 330055 335055 339051 343045 348043 353040
      359037 362036 366036 373036 386038 392034 390031 391027
      396024 403022 414019 418017 420014 425008
 0.01 397800 397795 391796 386797 383800 376805 371812 365818
      359823 360828 363825 368818 375812 380812 384809 390804
      393801 397800
 0.01 373690 372683 371678 367673 362672 356674 350677 343684
      340688 336692 332695 326698 305709 296714 287721 274724
      268726 262729 231756 230760 233765 234767 234771 232775
      231780 233785 240795 245802 254807 256809 259811 264813
      272816 287802 295797 298791 302786 305783 308787 308794
      312794 320787 328780 336775 342765 354746 359737 364728
      368716 372704 373690
 0.25 510268 512258 511248 510238 508231 505223 500215 495209
      490204 484202 477203 470205 463205 460204 456204 448205
      446202 446199 450193 457183 459179 459175 457172 456168
      455159 453156 450154 446155 443158 442171 436185 436192
      438196 443200 442205 439206 435206 431205 425202 421200
      416200 411201 403199 389191 383187 375183 367182 363181
      360183 356187 356191 354196 351198 347198 344199 342202
      340206 339212 341219 342228 341237 341245 342252 345260
      348267 352273 358279 360281 365283 372284 376281 380274
      383264 387258 392254 395253 399253 406256 412260 416265
      419271 422274 424274 429271 453259 458258 464258 472262
      477267 483273 490278 496281 503282 507276 510268
 0.25 444108 446104 445100 441099 438099 429106 421113 416115
      412114 410112 408098 401106 398112 399116 402118 407119
      409118 413119 421128 426126 430122 438112 444108
 0.25 447043 447041 447039 447037 446036 445035 443035 442034
      440034 438034 436034 435035 435038 434039 434040 435042
      436043 438045 439045 441046 443046 444046 444045 446044
      447043
 0.25 413068 412065 409063 404060 396058 392058 389060 377062
      363060 358063 357065 358069 361074 366079 370084 373090
      379094 386093 391090 396085 404074 413068
 0.25 386956 387952 386947 381942 373939 364940 334933 320938
      306943 299945 291946 283948 276952 271954 268957 267961
      267968 266972 264975 261980 259983 259986 263992 269995
      277997 285997 289997 297995 305995 314994 320992 327990
      334991 341991 351990 357986 362983 369980 375977 381972
      385965 385959 386956
 0.25 346728 346720 345717 342715 336715 330717 326719 320718
      308722 303724 296726 289727 283729 274731 269733 264737
      258745 255750 253755 255760 259763 264765 268768 277772
      282774 289773 300770 312766 318765 322767 327766 332761
      337753 342742 346728
 0.25 344125 346121 346116 344114 342111 341109 339107 335108
      334110 334114 335117 337119 338122 340124 342125 344125
 0.25 287097 287095 286092 284090 280089 277089 274090 274093
      276096 278098 279099 281101 284101 286099 287097
 0.25 248062 249058 248056 246054 244052 243050 240048 238046
      236047 236049 237052 239055 241057 242059 244061 247062
      248062
 0.50 502267 502261 504251 506247 506241 505233 503227 499221
      487213 482211 481214 489218 492224 494231 495234 494239
      490239 486237 481232 478228 473224 471220 472215 469214
      466213 458213 453215 448219 443221 433225 426223 423219
      418213 413209 408206 400202 377189 366184 363184 360187
      361193 365203 354207 351209 349212 349218 350226 349232
      349238 349246 348250 349255 351261 353266 357272 362277
      370280 374278 377271 383257 387252 392246 405247 410249
      415253 424263 429263 435261 445255 449252 454250 461249
      466249 473252 479256 483262 488266 491269 496271 500270
      502267
 0.50 386079 386077 385072 383071 382069 378067 375067 371067
      369070 371074 372077 372080 373084 375086 379086 381085
      384083 386081 386079
 0.50 372956 370952 365949 359948 352948 346948 343943 339940
      333941 323943 310947 288952 278956 274959 273966 272973
      270978 268984 275987 284989 297989 310988 322986 327984
      330984 337986 344985 348982 351978 353972 359969 366963
      372956
 0.50 337740 337736 336730 334727 331725 324724 320725 315727
      308730 302731 284733 277736 271741 268748 269752 272755
      278757 286759 293760 302759 317759 324761 328760 331757
      336743 337740
 1.00 477238 476235 475235 474237 475238 477238 477238
 1.00 453240 453237 450236 444235 439236 434239 429242 423241
      420243 427246 430251 435252 441249 444246 448243 453240
 1.00 415229 417222 418217 416215 406210 400207 395205 389202
      384199 375193 370192 373197 376200 379206 381211 380214
      378215 372215 368217 356218 357224 359230 360235 359244
      357249 358255 362267 365270 370268 376258 382248 385243
      389238 397233 397224 406230 410233 413233 415230 415229
 1.00 356958 355956 350954 345954 341952 336947 332947 328948
      321951 312953 294956 287958 283966 288972 291974 293979
      294981 299982 310981 325977 327975 332975 334978 337977
      339975 339971 346967 352964 355961 356958
 1.00 324741 324736 321735 319735 316736 314736 311738 309740
      308743 306745 306747 308749 310750 314749 316749 319747
      322745 324743 324741
 1.50 414226 416217 410215 404212 399209 394207 388207 386210
      387213 394216 399220 404223 408227 412228 414226
 1.50 388231 387226 384224 379222 373222 370224 365225 365227
      368231 373234 376237 379238 383237 386235 388231
 1.50 348960 347958 344958 339956 335952 332952 321955 315955
      310956 304957 299959 296962 292964 291967 297968 303968
      308970 312967 317966 328968 333969 337969 346963 348960
 2.00 413221 413219 410217 407215 405214 402212 398211 397210
      393209 393211 394213 396215 399218 401219 404221 406222
      409224 412224 413221
 2.00 378229 378228 376227 375228 376228 377228 378229
 2.00 317960 318958 317958 316958 314958 313958 312958 310959
      308959 307959 305959 303960 302962 303963 305964 307964
      308964 310964 312964 314963 315962 316962 317960 317960

24HR QP VT 21/12Z
 0.01 230942 232948 235953 239958 244962 245965 245970 246974
      249976 257984 261987 265989 281990 288990 292989 304986
      317982 323980 328976 339970 345967 352966 376962 382961
      389960 402959 405961 407963 409970 410977 414985 416988
      416992 413000 410007 409014 411019 414024 424032 434036
      443041 451043 456045 463048 470049 485055 490056 494057
      496059 501062 506064 514069 517070 519072 525074 537075
      541076 542073 546068 551064 551052 559014 563998 563979
      564966 563955 561949 560943 560937 560925 560914 559902
      557892 555884 553875 552864 549847 543834 536825 529819
      519813 513811 507807 504805 499801 495794 491789 482784
      476782 470783 463792 456798 447808 442813 439818 433832
      427845 424849 419853 411859 402866 393873 383880 376879
      370877 359870 347866 322865 314866 310868 297866 286862
      279859 274859 269863 262866 254875 239888 234892 232897
      230903 230910 232920 229926
 0.01 539210 541194 538182 534171 528162 524155 520150 516145
      514143 507138 502136 498133 493131 489128 481121 478118
      476112 473105 470100 466099 454089 446084 435082 429082
      425084 422095 396096 387110 380110 376112 376117 374122
      373127 376129 377133 375136 373136 370138 368142 363148
      361157 362161 364162 366163 368165 364168 360169 354176
      351180 348181 346179 345170 342167 338168 338179 338183
      337185 337188 338193 336199 331208 328212 326217 324221
      322226 322230 324233 331239 329243 330246 335254 337260
      341262 351264 361268 375277 378280 383282 390288 394290
      397293 407299 410302 415301 420303 425303 434306 438304
      441302 452293 466281 474278 478277 482277 493287 497289
      501289 506290 508288 511283 515280 519267 521263 522256
      518244 518236 517231 519226 522224 524227 528228 534223
      537216 539210
 0.01 397131 398129 396127 395126 393125 392126 391128 392130
      393130 394132 396132 397131
 0.01 398062 396062 395059 393061 391061 390066 389068 387070
      385072 387074 388077 388079 391080 392077 394075 394071
      396067 396064 398062
 0.25 550968 551958 550949 549942 547933 546924 546913 545903
      544897 541893 538891 531886 523883 519881 516876 510867
      503858 488843 481839 477837 472836 463835 457836 454839
      447846 441856 434866 431871 429877 425886 422889 417891
      397896 391897 384896 378895 372894 357895 354892 352887
      349883 345882 334883 323884 312884 299885 287884 280885
      275886 263889 256893 249899 245902 243907 241917 241944
      241948 244951 247954 252958 250963 251968 254971 259976
      264977 271976 279974 290971 301968 307966 313965 324962
      333960 344958 355957 360956 364954 374951 380949 384947
      387942 390941 393943 406943 415945 426949 433954 438959
      446967 454976 458986 462991 463999 464004 463009 459020
      459027 463029 468029 473029 483026 493022 502016 512013
      522014 529012 537007 540003 543999 546991 548982 550968
 0.25 510259 511253 511248 509237 506228 504218 501211 500202
      499198 499192 502183 503175 502168 501165 493147 491140
      488136 481131 475128 472130 473134 475139 473140 465139
      457137 451134 449127 449122 450119 452115 453110 451099
      449096 445096 437098 433099 431102 426107 423113 421121
      423129 425133 426137 426149 434165 435174 432179 424167
      419161 416159 413159 410160 404166 400172 395178 389180
      383179 376176 368176 361180 355184 352194 347198 344203
      344222 346242 346252 348256 351258 354260 359261 364261
      372261 379259 386261 395265 413268 420271 427275 434276
      440275 447273 453270 460265 466262 477260 484260 492262
      499265 504265 510259
 0.25 528904 528902 527902 526900 525899 524898 523897 523899
      524902 526905 528906 528904
 0.25 445123 444122 443121 442120 441119 439119 438119 437119
      436121 436122 435124 435126 437126 439126 440126 442126
      443125 444123 445123
 0.50 542963 542958 540956 538952 531944 526937 522935 517934
      507933 498929 487917 484912 483904 483900 485896 488887
      493878 494870 492863 490857 487853 478853 468853 467859
      468868 470883 470888 469895 468900 465903 455907 443908
      433911 428914 424919 422924 424929 427933 433937 441942
      449948 456954 470964 477970 487973 496977 503980 506979
      509979 512980 520984 525985 529985 535979 538968 542963
 0.50 501235 502227 500219 489213 486210 488205 488201 487198
      481196 463209 444213 439213 432210 426200 419192 414184
      409184 404186 399187 392187 382184 370180 365181 360184
      358188 361194 366202 367204 366206 362206 358206 352208
      351213 352220 354231 355236 354245 353249 353253 355255
      358255 364254 368251 376246 381246 385246 389247 390250
      390253 393256 400254 404254 414258 420260 424261 431261
      437260 448258 456255 463251 474248 480249 483248 484244
      482239 483236 483229 487227 492230 496236 497238 500238
      501235
 0.50 494171 494166 491162 487160 483158 479156 475157 473156
      471160 473164 476167 479171 482173 487175 490174 494172
      494171
 0.50 460178 460172 458167 456157 454152 450149 445143 440135
      435136 433140 434146 436150 438155 441158 444167 446177
      449181 453181 457180 460178
 0.50 463854 462851 460850 456850 455853 454857 453860 453864
      454869 455870 457869 459866 460864 461859 461854 463854
      463854
 0.50 446114 447111 447109 446106 444104 442104 441104 439105
      438105 437105 435106 435107 433109 434112 435112 436112
      438112 440113 442113 443114 445114 446114
 0.50 413174 414172 414169 413168 412169 411171 412174 413174
 0.50 375918 376912 374907 371905 368904 360904 353906 343906
      340905 338902 335895 330891 313888 296889 286890 278892
      264895 258900 254907 248919 248928 250935 252939 252943
      253947 255950 258956 262958 264961 267963 271964 279963
      289962 299963 314960 322958 330957 344954 351950 357946
      361941 361933 375918
 1.00 470215 467214 464214 456217 450219 443219 440220 436222
      430226 428228 424228 421227 420222 419212 417207 415204
      414200 411198 404195 394192 385189 370183 365184 363188
      364192 367195 375207 375211 372212 363212 359212 357215
      359221 362230 363235 366238 378234 383235 388237 395243
      396245 400247 407247 425251 432250 437247 451240 456237
      456230 459225 464222 468219 470215
 1.00 455174 455172 455171 454169 454166 453164 452162 452161
      451160 449159 447159 447160 446162 447164 447165 448167
      448168 449170 449173 450175 451176 452176 453176 454174
      455174
 1.00 440146 440144 439141 437139 436141 436143 436146 437146
      438148 438149 439149 440147 440146
 1.00 347930 347921 344917 335911 331908 327904 324898 322896
      316894 309893 296895 284897 275901 266908 262911 261916
      258921 258925 265931 267933 268937 267942 270946 274949
      287950 291952 293958 299959 307958 317957 324956 330954
      335952 339950 342945 343939 346932 347930
 1.50 431243 432239 430236 426234 420232 417229 418221 417214
      412206 407201 403198 393195 371186 368186 366189 368194
      374201 380211 379214 374214 368215 364217 366228 369231
      374232 384231 395233 396238 399242 403245 408244 418245
      427245 431243
 1.50 403228 403227 403226 403223 402223 400222 398222 397222
      395223 394223 394225 395226 396228 396229 397230 399231
      401231 402230 403229 403228
 1.50 338939 337935 337931 337928 335925 323922 320919 325918
      332915 332913 329911 323909 320907 319902 319898 316896
      309895 301897 285901 280904 276908 295916 276929 278937
      281940 285939 291938 299937 309938 316936 323934 328936
      329940 328943 326942 322942 318943 311944 306947 306952
      309955 317954 327947 330944 335943 338939
 2.00 428240 426237 422236 418236 413235 409235 405236 401239
      402242 404243 408242 411242 417243 421243 426242 428240
 2.00 414227 416221 415215 411210 406204 400200 392197 385193
      377190 373189 369189 369192 372195 375200 380207 381210
      380214 376215 372215 369217 368221 370226 373228 377229
      379229 386225 390220 394219 398219 406220 411227 412229
      414227
 2.00 320947 319947 317947 317948 319948 320947
 2.00 320928 319925 317924 314924 308924 305924 299925 295926
      290929 287931 288933 290934 296934 301933 305932 310931
      315930 319929 320928
 2.00 314918 313916 313915 312915 310914 308914 307914 306913
      304913 302913 301913 299914 301916 303917 304918 305918
      306919 308919 310920 312919 314918 314918
 2.00 306905 307903 306901 304901 301901 299902 295903 291904
      290904 286906 286908 288908 291908 295908 299908 301907
      304906 306905
 3.00 408213 405208 401204 394201 389199 383195 377193 375196
      379201 383207 384212 387214 391214 398216 403215 408213
 3.00 383218 383217 381217 380218 379218 377218 375219 374220
      375223 376225 378225 380224 381222 382220 383219 383218
 4.00 403212 401207 397205 392203 389201 384199 382197 382202
      385207 387210 391213 396214 400213 403212
 5.00 397210 395207 394206 392205 390204 389204 387204 386205
      386206 387208 388208 389210 390211 391211 393212 394212
      395212 397210 397210

$$





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