Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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975
FXUS04 KWBC 282024
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
423 PM EDT WED SEP 28 2016


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID SEP 29/0000 UTC THRU OCT 02/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

MID ATLANTIC INTO THE UPSLOPE AREA OF THE CENTRAL APPALACHIANS

MODELS REMAIN CONSISTENT WITH THE EVOLUTION OF STRONG CLOSED LOW
INITIALLY OVER THE MID WEST---SINKING SLOWLY SOUTHWARD INTO THE OH
VALLEY.  PRECIPITATION COVERAGE AND INTENSITY WILL BE INCREASING
ON THE EASTERN SIDE OF THIS CLOSED LOW ACROSS THE MID ATLANTIC AND
INTO THE UPSLOPE REGIONS OF THE CENTRAL APPALACHIANS THIS PERIOD.
THERE IS A STRONG MODEL SIGNAL FOR HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
AMOUNTS DEVELOPING OVERNIGHT THROUGH THE MID ATLANTIC WHERE
TRAINING OF HEAVY PRECIPITATION IS POSSIBLE.  THERE IS OVERALL
GOOD AGREEMENT ON THE HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
POTENTIAL---ALTHOUGH THERE ARE SOME DIFFERENCES WITH THE MAX AXES.
 THE NAM HAS BEEN THE MORE WESTERN OUTLIER OVER THE PAST FEW RUNS
WITH THE AXIS FOR THIS PERIOD---WHILE SOME OF THE HIGHER
RESOLUTION RUNS---INCLUDING THE GEM---ARW AND MANY OF THE HRRR AND
HRRR EXPERIMENTAL HAVE BEEN FARTHER EAST.  THE HRRR AND HRRR
EXPERIMENTAL HAVE BEEN MORE CONSISTENT--WHILE THE HI RES ARW AND
NMMB HAVE SHOWN MORE VARIABILITY.  THE HRRR AND HRRR EXPERIMENTAL
SHOW VERY HEAVY TOTALS IN THE DC-BALTIMORE METRO AREA---WITH
VALUES OVER 10".  THE HRRR TIME LAGGED ENSEMBLES ALSO SHOW VERY
HIGH PROBABILITIES OF 2...3 AND 6 INCH AMOUNTS IN THE 6 HOUR
PERIODS ENDING 0300 AND 0900 UTC THURSDAY.  HRRR TLE PROBABILITIES
ARE AS HIGH AS 70 TO 90% FOR 2 INCH AMOUNTS...50 TO 70% FOR 3 INCH
AMOUNTS AND 20 TO 30% FOR 6 INCH AMOUNTS IN THE AFOREMENTIONED 6
HOUR PERIODS FROM NORTH CENTRAL VA INTO CENTRAL MD.  WHILE
CONFIDENCE IS LOW ON THE HRRR EXPERIMENTAL`S VERY HIGH
TOTALS---THE POTENTIAL FOR THE PRECIP AREA TO PIVOT OVER THIS AREA
EARLY MORNING HOURS THU TO AROUND SUNRISE THU AS THE LOW LEVEL
FLOW BACKS TO A MORE EAST SOUTHEASTERLY DIRECTION---DOES WARRANT
POTENTIAL FOR VERY  HEAVY TO EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS.  NO CHANGES MADE
TO THE PREVIOUS EXCESSIVE RAINFALL POTENTIAL OUTLOOK ACROSS THIS
AREA AS THE MODERATE RISK AREA SEEMS TO FIT WELL WITH THE HIGHER
HRRR TLE PROBABILITIES.  AREAL AVERAGE 2-4" AMOUNTS DEPICTED DAY 1
ACROSS THE MID ATLANTIC---WITH POTENTIAL FOR ISOLATED TOTALS OF
5-10" WHERE THE RAIN BANDS TRAIN OR PIVOT EARLY THURSDAY.  THE
EMPHASIS FOR THE HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION SHOULD BEGIN TO SHIFT BACK
MORE TO THE WEST SOUTHWEST DURING THURSDAY INTO THE UPSLOPE AREA
OF THE CENTRAL APPALACHIANS FROM NORTHWEST VA INTO NORTHEAST WV AS
THE LOW LEVEL FLOW BACKS TO A MORE EAST SOUTHEASTERLY DIRECTION.
DAY 1 QPF DID BEGIN TO SHOW THIS TRANSITION BEING SLIGHTLY WETTER
THAN THE PREVIOUS RUN OVER  NORTHEAST WV AND NW VA FROM THE
PREVIOUS FORECAST---WITH THIS TREND MORE EMPHATIC DURING THE DAY 2
TIME PERIOD.

LOWER LAKES INTO THE OH VALLEY

SHOWERY CONDITIONS LIKELY TO CONTINUE IN THE VICINITY OF THE SLOW
MOVING CLOSED LOW DROPPING INTO THE OH VALLEY DAY 1.  THE MOST
ANOMALOUS PW VALUES WILL BE EAST OF THE APPALACHIANS OVER THE MID
ATLANTIC REGION---WITH PW VALUES CLOSER TO OR SLIGHTLY ABOVE
SEASONAL MEANS IN THE VICINITY OF THIS CIRCULATION.  THIS WILL
SUPPORT MUCH LESS PRECIP AMOUNTS DAY 1 OVER THE LOWER LAKES INTO
THE OH VALLEY THAN POINTS FARTHER EAST.  BEST CHANCE OF HEAVY
TOTALS WILL BE JUST NORTH OF THE MID TO UPPER LEVEL CENTER FROM
NORTHERN IN---NORTHERN OH--SOUTHEAST L.P. OF MI WHERE THE COMMA
HEAD/DEFORMATION PRECIP BAND HAS THE BEST CHANCE OF SETTING UP.
HERE .50-1"+ AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS DEPICTED---WITH LESS TOTALS
SOUTHWARD INTO THE OH VALLEY--BUT HEAVIER IN THE UPSLOPE SECTIONS
ON THE WESTERN SIDE OF THE CENTRAL APPALACHIANS.

SOUTHWEST INTO THE GREAT BASIN

THE CLOSED LOW INITIALLY OVER SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA WILL CONTINUE TO
PUSH NORTHEASTWARD INTO THE GREAT BASIN ON THE SOUTHEASTERN SIDE
OF THE AMPLIFYING MID TO UPPER LEVEL TROF OFF THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST COAST.  SCATTERED SHOWERS WILL CONTINUE IN THE AXIS OF
ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES STREAMING NORTHEASTWARD WITH THIS CLOSED
LOW FROM THE SOUTHWEST INTO THE GREAT BASIN.  CONFIDENCE LOW WITH
DETAILS---WITH AREAL AVERAGE LIGHT TO MODERATE AMOUNTS DEPICTED
WITH ISOLATED HEAVY TOTALS POSSIBLE.

DAYS 2 AND 3...

...EAST OF THE MISSISSIPPI...

MODELS ARE IN GOOD AGREEMENT THAT THE CUTOFF LOW CENTERED OVER KY
AT THE START OF DAY 2 WILL SLOWLY MAKE ITS WAY NORTHWARD BEGINNING
LATER FRIDAY AS UPPER RIDGING STRENGTHENS IN THE WESTERN ATLANTIC.
RATHER COMPLICATED QPF PATTERN WILL BE SETTING UP FOR THE DAY 2-3
PERIOD...WITH A FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD AMONGST THE GUIDANCE...WHICH
IS LEADING TO LOW CONFIDENCE IN THE DETAILS OF THIS FORECAST.

FOR DAY 2...IN GENERAL THERE HAS BEEN A SLIGHT SHIFT SOUTHWESTWARD
FROM PREVIOUS MODEL RUNS OF THE HEAVIEST QPF AXIS ACROSS THE
MID-ATLANTIC STATES.  BELIEVE THAT THIS MAY BE A RESULT OF MORE
STABLE AIR NOSING SOUTHWARD FROM NEW ENGLAND AND SETTING UP A
TEMPORARY PSEUDO-DAMMING PATTERN.  INSTEAD...THE HEAVIEST FOCUS
MAY BE IN THE UPSLOPE REGIONS IN VA/WV AND SOUTHERN PA WHERE
INSTABILITY IS MARGINALLY BETTER GREATER AND LIFT IS ENHANCED BY
THE UPSLOPE FLOW.  AT THIS TIME...EXPECTING AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS
TO RANGE FROM 1.5 TO 3 INCHES...BUT LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE
LIKELY.  WHILE WE HAVE SHIFTED THE HEAVIEST QPF AXIS
WESTWARD...DID NOT MAKE ANY SIGNIFICANT WESTWARD MODIFICATION TO
THE DAY 2 EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FORECAST...MAINLY DUE TO THE LACK OF
CONFIDENCE WITH THE DIFFERING MODEL SOLUTIONS AND THE LIKELIHOOD
THAT HEAVY RAINS ON DAY 1 WILL LOWER THE FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE.

THE ATLANTIC MOISTURE WILL WRAP INTO THE DIFFLUENT ZONE NORTH OF
THE UPPER LOW...SO EXPECT PERIODS OF HEAVIER SHOWERS WILL EXTEND
NORTHWESTWARD INTO THE GREAT LAKES STATES...AS WELL AS WESTWARD
INTO THE OH VALLEY UNDER THE COLD POOL ALOFT. MEANWHILE...THE AXIS
OF HIGHEST PWATS WILL BE LIFTING TOWARD SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND.
COMBINED WITH STRONG CONVERGENCE ALONG A SURFACE BOUNDARY ON THE
SOUTHERN EDGE OF THE HIGH IN NEW ENGLAND...SUSPECT THERE MAY BE A
SECONDARY AXIS OF HEAVIER QPF ALONG OR JUST OFF THE NORTHERN
MID-ATLANTIC/SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND COAST.

FOR DAY 3...THE UPPER LOW WILL LIFT SLOWLY NORTHWARD AND
WEAKEN...LOSING ITS CONNECTION WITH THE DEEPEST MOISTURE ALONG THE
ATLANTIC COAST. THERE WILL STILL BE PLENTY OF MOISTURE (PWATS
REMAIN WELL ABOVE NORMAL) TRAPPED IN THE CIRCULATION OF THE UPPER
SYSTEM.  COMBINED WITH AN UNSTABLE AIR MASS UNDER THE COLD
POOL...EXPECT PERIODS OF CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY WHICH LIKELY WILL BE
MORE ACTIVE DURING THE DAYTIME HOURS WITH SURFACE HEATING.  AREAL
AVERAGES WILL BE IN THE .25 TO .50 INCH RANGE...BUT LOCALLY
HEAVIER AMOUNTS ARE LIKELY...ESPECIALLY IN AREAS WHERE TRAINING
TAKES PLACE. FARTHER EAST...EASTERLY FLOW WILL CONTINUE INTO THE
NORTHERN MID-ATLANTIC STATES AND SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND...BUT
GRADUALLY RELAX TOWARD THE LATTER PART OF DAY 3.  THIS WILL ALLOW
THE COASTAL BOUNDARY AND ASSOCIATED AREA OF LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE
TO LIFT NORTHWARD...SUPPORTING MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN
ACROSS SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. NOT EXPECTING EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS AS
THE STRONGEST INSTABILITY AND DEEPEST MOISTURE REMAINS OFFSHORE.

ACROSS FL...DEEP MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE TRAILING
SURFACE FRONT WILL COMBINE WITH WEAK IMPULSES ROUNDING THE BASE OF
THE UPPER TROUGH TO PRODUCE SCATTERED TO NUMEROUS
SHOWERS/THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN SECTIONS OF
THE PENINSULA BOTH DAYS.  THE UPPER DYNAMICS APPEAR TO BE MORE
FAVORABLE ON DAY 2...SO ACTIVITY IS LIKELY TO BE MORE ORGANIZED
DAY 2 VERSUS DAY 3.


...SOUTHWEST/GREAT BASIN/CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES...

A DOUBLE-LOBED UPPER LOW (WIT ONE LOBE CURRENTLY IN THE
SOUTHWESTERN US AND THE OTHER WEST OF BAJA CA) IS EXPECTED TO FILL
AND LIFT NORTHWARD IN ADVANCE OF THE TROUGH DEEPENING IN THE
NORTHEAST PACIFIC.  DURING DAY 2 AND EARLY DAY 3...THE REMAINS OF
THIS SYSTEM...A NORTHEAST TO SOUTHWEST ORIENTED SHEAR AXIS ACROSS
THE GREAT BASIN AND SOUTHWEST...WILL PUSH SLOWLY EASTWARD INTO THE
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ROCKIES. AS EVIDENCED IN CURRENT WV
IMAGERY...THERE IS A DECENT FEED OF TROPICAL MOISTURE OUT AHEAD OF
THIS SYSTEM...WHICH SHOULD SUPPORT A BROAD AREA OF SCATTERED
DIURNAL CONVECTION MOSTLY TIED TO THE OROGRAPHY. NOT EXPECTING
SIGNIFICANT FLOODING POTENTIAL...BUT WITH PWATS RANGING ABOUT 1 TO
2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL...AM MAINTAINING A RELATIVELY
BROAD MARGINAL RISK AREA FOR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...ESPECIALLY
DURING THE DAY 2 TIME FRAME.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN INTERMOUNTAIN REGION...

MODELS REMAIN IN GOOD AGREEMENT DEEPENING A LONGWAVE TROUGH JUST
OFF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST THIS PERIOD. ONE POTENT SHORT WAVE
WILL ROUND THE BASE OF THE TROUGH AND LIFT INTO THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST DURING DAY 3. INCREASED ONSHORE FLOW IN THE WAKE OF THIS
FEATURE WILL SUPPORT LIGHT POST-FRONTAL RAINFALL ACROSS WESTERN WA
AND OR.  MOST OF THIS ACTIVITY IS LIKELY TO BE FOCUSED ALONG THE
COASTAL RANGES...WHERE AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS SHOULD RANGE FROM
ABOUT .1 TO .25 INCH.  FARTHER EAST...UPPER DIVERGENCE IN THE
RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF THE JET STREAK LIFTING ALONG THE EASTERN
SIDE OF THE TROUGH WILL COMBINE WITH ABOVE NORMAL PWATS TO SUPPORT
SCATTERED CONVECTION OVER THE HIGHER TERRAIN IN EASTERN
WA/OR...NORTHERN/CENTRAL ID AND WESTERN MT.


ORAVEC/KLEIN

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

24HR QP VT 30/00Z
 0.01 496328 493325 489322 486319 481317 472318 464315 463311
      462306 467298 473293 481290 485291 488289 494285 503288
      508290 513290
 0.01 544041 544034 543031 542023 539008 536002 531998 528994
      526997 521004 519009 517017 516025 512042 512056 512068
      510075 509084 511089 512092 512096 510101 508109 504119
      501128 501137 504135 506130 513117 518106 522099 525094
      530085 539054 544041
 0.01 506158 506153 504151 501149 498147 494147 492143 490137
      481130 477131 474136 475140 478144 476147 471147 467143
      466137 463132 459130 457127 457122 457116 459111 460103
      456097 453094 446093 445091 442090 438090 436092 435094
      432092 427088 423099 419101 413100 412098 412095 412087
      410086 409081 409078 410075 413073 413071 413067 416064
      412063 408059 404058 402059 398059 391063 388070 386071
      383070 380066 377066 374065 366063 360067 354069 347070
      342070 337071 331071 326071 320069 315069 311072 304071
      300068 297063 294060 287055 281053 272051 264052 261057
      259069 259078 261082 264087 268089 272088 275090 278092
      284091 288092 292096 297096 301097 303100 305105 309111
      317116 326111 329112 332113 332117 328126 323135 318140
      313141 311142 310138 311133 313129 314122 312120 308119
      302129 299133 296136 292139 289144 288150 289154 292158
      296160 301163 305162 318160 323156 326150 329145 334143
      340135 343134 345135 349137 354135 360137 363138 364141
      367146 369149 376150 379151 382150 386150 390152 391157
      389159 383163 382170 387169 391172 393168 398159 401158
      404158 407155 417161 423157 428153 430152 432154 434157
      435160 438161 446163 447165 451166 454163 458158 462156
      480160 495159 503162 506158
 0.01 442791 441773 440763 439755 438751 438746 435741 432740
      427733 419733 410734 404736 401734 399728 395723 391719
      386718 378717 370720 364724 357729 340737 334739 328741
      319747 312751 305757 299763 293768 287774 284776 279777
      273778 271780 267780 261781 257777 253777 249779 247782
      243784 249787 253789 258788 257791 254790 254794 256797
      255802 252808 253822 253827 252832 249841 247849 248852
      250855 259858 262859 264862 265869 269873 275874 281873
      284872 286876 290885 291887 294883 299879 310865 320847
      323842 324839 329831 339819 344813 347811 349813 352815
      359824 356830 353834 349842 345851 344853 344860 350859
      352870 359870 387893 390895 394895 402890 406889 409887
      415882 419882 424880 429877 431872 431863 434853 435842
      436836 438833 438807 442791
 0.01 422136 421129 417129 415130 412128 409125 407126 402126
      400123 397120 394121 391123 388123 384125 384128 387134
      388139 391141 394139 399140 407142 412142 414141 420137
      422136
 0.01 383195 381192 378189 375186 370184 364183 359183 359186
      364188 367189 372192 375195 381196 383195
 0.01 373175 374166 374163 371161 368158 363154 359158 356162
      354168 353173 351175 350179 352180 358179 363178 369177
      373175
 0.01 345182 345177 344171 343168 341166 336167 330165 327168
      332170 335172 339171 341175 341180 344183 345182
 0.01 268783 266783 265783 263783 261783 260784 260787 261788
      263786 265785 267785 268783
 0.01 231994 233005 236010 240014 242013 245010 247008 251009
      252016 254014 262004 262000 261998 257996 254993 254988
      257983 266977 269975 270970 271965 271949 267919 267914
      268909 267904 265890 262895 262903 262919 260927 258927
      257924 255921 253920 248919 242922 239927 237932 236940
      236948 234954 231963
 0.25 434778 434765 431756 428750 423747 413746 406746 400744
      387739 382740 376739 370741 365745 362750 361756 357763
      352767 345769 338770 332771 327773 322777 318781 310784
      301786 288786 281787 275790 278799 283803 285806 287810
      291814 294815 296813 302811 309810 315809 320805 336801
      349801 369811 384813 384815 380819 376824 374830 372836
      370842 369845 370848 372847 377842 387836 393833 400833
      403838 403843 402848 400855 398859 399865 402869 408871
      415871 418871 421870 426860 431842 431836 432825 431807
      433792 434778
 0.25 380081 381078 381076 379075 378074 376074 375075 374078
      374080 375081 377082 379082 380081
 0.25 371095 371090 370088 366085 356080 348077 342078 330081
      326086 327093 330099 334103 340113 345116 350117 355104
      360102 365104 371095
 0.25 295830 294826 292822 287821 281822 270822 266822 265824
      263828 259838 258843 260848 269852 275859 279861 282860
      286858 290854 292850 293843 293837 295830
 0.25 293079 293074 289072 284070 280069 277066 273065 269064
      268070 269075 272077 277079 281080 285080 288081 292080
      293079
 0.25 231986 239987 244986 248984 253978 259973 262969 263966
      262958 260953 255952 250947 245948 243950 239958 235966
      232975 232976
 0.50 430769 428763 425758 423755 419753 410754 407754 403752
      393749 390748 385749 378753 373758 366766 360772 355773
      351773 344775 338777 334780 334784 338785 344788 350793
      354797 359797 365802 375801 378800 381802 390806 393808
      395812 394816 392819 385825 382828 381831 384831 390829
      397826 403826 406829 411838 409847 408859 411856 416857
      421855 424853 426848 428838 427826 425812 424803 426791
      428784 429774 430769
 0.50 342100 343098 343096 343094 342091 340090 339089 338089
      337089 335090 335093 335095 336097 337097 338099 339100
      340100 341101 342100
 0.50 310801 311797 310794 308793 303791 298791 293791 289791
      284791 283796 286799 290800 294801 298802 303803 309802
      310801
 0.50 288833 287830 285829 282828 280827 276826 272827 270828
      270833 271835 274836 275836 279835 282834 286834 288833
 0.50 283848 284846 283844 281844 279844 278844 277844 276844
      274845 273847 273849 274851 274852 275853 276854 278854
      280853 280852 281850 282850 283848 283848
 0.50 231982 237984 242982 246978 251976 255972 257968 257964
      252961 248960 245962 241966 238969 236975 233979 231981
 1.00 422773 420766 418764 412760 404757 398756 389754 382757
      371770 361781 357784 356788 358792 361794 364796 368797
      377795 386795 393798 401802 404803 408802 412793 415788
      420780 422773
 1.00 423834 422829 422827 420824 418821 416820 414818 411817
      409819 410822 413823 415824 417826 418830 419833 422834
      423834
 1.50 416779 416772 414769 409766 398759 392757 388758 378767
      370777 362787 363790 366791 371792 378791 384792 397795
      403795 407791 415781 416779
 2.00 411779 412774 410772 407769 400762 395759 391759 387761
      383765 377772 370781 369784 371786 374787 381788 385790
      395792 401792 405789 411780 411779
 3.00 405778 402772 398768 394765 390765 387766 382770 379774
      377777 377780 382782 387784 393785 398784 402781 405778
 4.00 393775 393773 393772 392771 391770 389770 387771 386772
      386774 388776 390778 391778 392778 393776 393775

24HR QP VT 01/00Z
 0.01 534193 536184 536174 532165 526155 520153 517149 515147
      512145 508144 502142 497139 483125 477124 473125 470122
      468115 470108 468104 466102 463101 458100 450094 446095
      441093 427089 426093 429099 421107 421110 418111 414111
      409089 411080 415078 417068 420064 423054 421050 416050
      413052 410052 406051 395048 384046 380044 375041 371039
      368038 366040 364045 361047 350053 344056 339058 335059
      331059 329057 320054 314055 308055 301054 296052 281051
      270053 266056 263060 262070 263075 266080 269083 275085
      280093 283097 287100 307104 314116 319117 325116 331116
      336119 339123 340129 343134 349134 353133 356131 358134
      359138 363137 368140 373141 381132 390125 399121 403124
      409124 418127 420133 422136 425131 430125 433120 437118
      440119 441122 440128 435138 434155 438163 444165 447171
      450175 453176 455168 460162 463162 465164 467167 466171
      464173 461173 457176 453184 464185 472182 476185 481182
      484181 486185 489187 494187 497189 501192 508194 513196
      517199 522201 527199 534193
 0.01 508019 508012 507007 505001 502998 500995 496993 487991
      477991 474993 470994 463998 460001 456005 452012 449015
      447019 447026 450027 457025 460023 462025 459029 456031
      455037 458038 462036 470036 477030 480034 484036 487038
      492038 494036 496031 499027 504027 506024 508019
 0.01 466277 468268 469259 465246 463239 460235 455235 450236
      445237 440239 435241 432246 429252 429260 429267 429272
      431273 435277 442280 446281 447278 451280 456280 460281
      462280 466277
 0.01 445206 446204 446201 445198 444198 443196 441195 441198
      442200 442201 443203 443205 443206 445206 445206
 0.01 459852 457837 456825 452813 449803 445790 442779 439773
      438767 434756 432745 432732 432707 431700 429695 427690
      424687 417682 412680 407678 399683 394689 378700 372706
      364712 355719 345723 328730 317733 313735 308736 301738
      297740 289745 281750 276753 274756 271759 267762 261767
      254773 249780 243788 240797 242801 244803 245806 243811
      243817 244823 246827 250828 255829 258830 258833 258836
      260837 261837 267835 270836 271839 276841 280839 285831
      283827 286825 292819 295809 300808 305807 312802 321796
      325792 330790 341789 345789 348792 355797 360805 367810
      369814 368819 367822 366826 369829 374832 378834 379835
      378838 375840 371842 368846 363854 363859 361863 359873
      362882 364888 367894 369898 372902 374905 379906 389906
      398905 403904 406902 426899 433898 436896 444892 449884
      454874 459852
 0.01 448075 446072 445070 443069 441069 443072 444075 446075
      448075 448075
 0.01 430212 430211 429209 427208 426207 424205 422205 421204
      419206 417206 416208 417208 418209 420210 422210 423210
      425211 427213 428212 430212 430212
 0.25 520178 520172 519167 517162 513158 507153 501147 497145
      492144 491147 493153 494158 492163 491167 493171 499177
      506183 509185 512186 516184 519180 520178
 0.25 448848 448842 448836 446825 444815 442806 438797 434789
      426777 418763 417755 419746 422728 422717 422710 421704
      417697 412693 403695 396698 385710 375721 370727 365731
      349733 335739 327743 319747 308755 298765 296768 295774
      289778 282783 279788 278796 279801 281804 284806 289805
      295801 303797 310792 322784 327780 333777 347770 349768
      353769 357774 360786 364793 368798 372805 379819 388829
      390834 390841 391848 390853 387861 384866 379871 375877
      374882 374885 378893 383896 391897 399895 405892 411887
      415882 421877 430877 434874 435871 439863 445857 448848
 0.25 410070 409067 405065 401065 399067 396069 393068 390068
      387071 385074 381074 379071 374071 370076 366084 357084
      354087 354093 352100 357107 363105 369109 373111 375114
      381115 386111 394107 396104 397098 398092 400088 400083
      402079 408073 410070
 0.25 342096 342091 342089 341085 339083 337082 334080 330080
      328083 329088 329090 331094 333096 335097 338098 341098
      342096
 0.25 284812 282808 279807 276805 272804 267802 263802 257802
      255805 256810 259813 264814 269814 275813 279813 284813
      284812
 0.25 273824 272824 270824 270825 272825 273824
 0.50 498151 498150 496151 497152 498151
 0.50 442841 442833 442825 441816 439811 434799 431794 428791
      413778 406768 399762 398756 401753 409745 413736 418724
      418710 416704 413700 408699 402701 398705 394710 389718
      384728 376749 370758 366761 363765 362771 363775 368791
      379807 382813 385817 391826 394839 396853 396863 394867
      387874 383877 381882 382887 386890 393889 399888 403884
      406880 412871 416861 420856 424855 430855 434853 438852
      440848 442841
 0.50 402074 402072 401070 399070 398071 397072 396073 397076
      397077 399077 400076 401076 402074
 0.50 392082 393080 393078 392076 390077 390078 389079 388082
      388084 389085 391084 391083 392082
 0.50 381085 382083 382081 381079 381078 379077 378078 377078
      376080 375082 376085 377086 379087 380086 381085
 0.50 356752 356746 354744 351742 346742 339746 330750 318759
      313764 311769 310773 306779 303782 299783 295784 291786
      288789 287793 288798 292797 299792 304787 312783 324774
      340768 353757 356752
 1.00 433826 431816 427805 424798 418794 406785 394775 388771
      381767 377768 376772 375783 375789 377792 383800 387805
      393810 407815 412822 417828 423832 428832 431830 433826
 1.00 412720 412716 411711 409709 406709 404710 402713 401716
      400718 399722 399726 400728 402730 406730 409728 410725
      411723 412720
 1.50 423813 423810 423808 422807 421806 420806 419805 417804
      415804 415805 416807 417807 418809 419810 420811 421812
      423813 423813
 1.50 411803 407796 403790 398784 393779 388776 383775 380778
      379781 380787 383793 388798 392803 398807 405806 411803
 2.00 401802 401795 399790 397786 394783 390781 386779 384779
      382782 383788 386792 388795 391799 394801 397803 401802
 3.00 393789 392788 391787 390787 391789 392789 393790 393789

24HR QP VT 02/00Z
 0.01 499324 488322 484323 478322 473322 466319 461316 458312
      456306 455299 453292 448290 439291 431292 426289 419286
      409280 407276 408272 411272 418266 400250 399239 407236
      412233 417232 422231 426229 430223 433219 442215 462210
      471210 479207 484203 486201 486197 486190 486186 483185
      479181 475183 471180 468180 466182 463186 462188 459189
      455193 452194 450193 448188 443190 440190 441184 445180
      446176 445174 439164 434160 432155 428144 426142 423143
      419147 415146 413140 410129 409124 406120 400117 395118
      390121 385120 385115 388113 392109 392104 391102 386099
      385097 382098 381099 376100 374097 373092 373085 372079
      372071 371068 368066 368063 370063 373064 375061 377058
      377054 383047 390046 392047 401052 414052 418053 420057
      420072 419079 414080 409084 411090 418098 421099 423098
      427094 431092 436092 442091 446093 456098 462098 467097
      474098 478099 480097 488093 497089 508088 514090 517092
      524092 528087 539072 544068 549069 554066 558063 561058
      562049 560034 560029 558024 559014 560007 561997 562991
      562981 563966 564961 564956 566952 569960
 0.01 522226 521223 518220 517218 515216 512213 511210 508209
      505208 503212 504215 507219 508221 509224 512225 516226
      519227 522226
 0.01 518991 518986 516985 508985 503982 497977 486979 482979
      479981 475984 469988 467989 468991 465998 465003 466006
      472006 477004 481003 484003 488003 492005 496008 503009
      507009 508007 508002 507998 504997 506994 513994 518991
 0.01 485841 483832 482822 481811 481807 479805 472800 468796
      464789 451770 448761 447753 448741 452735 452726 450718
      447713 447697 445679 444671 441666 437661 434657 432656
      428651 424650 418652 414654 404663 396671 390676 387680
      383685 381689 378695 374699 365708 357716 354719 349722
      335727 325733 319736 314740 307747 290763 287768 281769
      277767 272768 245768 232772 228775 225779 222790 220795
      221802 221809 223813 224816 225831 226839 230844 234847
      239848 241849 245849 250852 257859 268862 271867 275867
      279863 282856 284852 289848 292842 295837 301834 304831
      309826 311822 310815 313812 316811 322810 328806 336799
      355786 361784 364789 369802 373806 379808 383809 387813
      389817 388822 385827 381831 380837 377843 372846 370849
      367856 367874 369879 371886 374892 376896 376901 377906
      378909 381910 387911 395911 405915 410917 415921 419924
      424924 428924 431926 438926 441926 443924 448923 459918
      463913 466909 469903 470894 473888 476888 478885 480879
      480872 481864 481854 485841
 0.01 373037 372032 372026 366021 359016 356016 352018 347024
      341030 337034 339036 340039 346039 352033 355031 358031
      360034 365041 369041 371039 373037
 0.01 339056 340049 336045 331042 326041 310030 308027 305027
      300028 293035 289037 286038 283037 288029 289020 289014
      287012 284011 281014 278017 276018 274015 267009 264005
      261001 255993 251990 246988 239989 235995 235999 235006
      235013 239022 242026 246028 258032 261032 263034 263037
      262043 258045 253048 253055 255059 260062 265070 269075
      275076 277080 281080 287087 296092 302093 306091 311090
      315086 319083 323080 332076 335073 331068 324063 317062
      312063 309064 305063 308060 313058 318054 328059 332060
      335059 339056
 0.25 557120 553118 549118 539118 523121 518122 515125 509131
      503138 495141 486144 483147 483151 484157 483165 484171
      487176 496181 504186 512191 516195 519199 523202 528203
      531201 532199 532195 530191 529184 530182 533186 537188
      539190 543195
 0.25 487267 488255 487250 485245 480239 477235 472235 469236
      464236 457236 448236 442239 436243 428242 421244 418246
      418249 425255 432259 439265 443264 446263 453262 461263
      469263 476266 483268 487267
 0.25 467863 466849 464837 459819 454809 450802 445797 441791
      436782 435778 436774 440755 440743 436735 432711 432698
      431686 429681 426677 420675 411676 407679 404682 395694
      385708 380714 375715 372715 367715 365717 360724 355730
      353733 349735 340740 335745 330751 326758 323765 319772
      314778 309783 302789 301793 304795 309795 314794 320790
      324784 334781 348774 357770 361770 366771 373774 375776
      375779 378787 382791 386792 393793 399795 402800 403804
      400811 400816 402820 403824 404830 389839 381852 377860
      374868 374875 375880 380885 382877 386874 391873 398874
      403880 405885 407889 412894 416896 421897 425897 430896
      444888 451889 455889 458888 464876 467868 467863
 0.25 298802 295798 290797 284796 277795 270796 264798 254805
      253810 253812 256814 265820 270821 274820 275818 267810
      267806 269804 276805 286808 293809 296807 298804 298802
 0.25 277044 276044 275042 273042 271044 271046 271047 271048
      272049 274049 275048 276046 277044
 0.50 552151 553141 552135 551134 546136 541137 536137 531139
      530142 529145 532150 536150 536155 538157 544159 549157
      552151
 0.50 521160 516153 513151 509151 502152 497154 495157 493163
      489167 489172 492174 500176 504177 508177 512173 516166
      518161 521160
 0.50 462248 462245 459242 457242 456241 452241 449241 447242
      445244 444247 444250 447251 449251 452251 456251 458251
      460250 462248
 0.50 462861 461849 459839 455833 451826 450822 448820 444827
      444839 446849 449858 453864 455868 457870 460868 462864
      462861
 0.50 427700 427694 425690 422685 415685 410688 402699 396710
      389720 385724 382726 380725 374727 367730 363733 357736
      346743 341748 338751 333764 335769 337769 344768 350766
      355762 366755 370755 376757 381759 388759 393755 397751
      404741 414732 419719 424710 427700
 0.50 419832 419827 416823 414819 411815 407813 405813 405815
      406820 409824 410828 412833 416837 418837 419832
 0.50 414788 414786 413784 411783 410782 408783 406783 405785
      406787 407787 408789 410788 411789 412789 414788 414788
 0.50 402785 401785 399784 399786 401786 402785
 0.50 393849 395845 393843 390846 387849 385853 382857 380861
      379866 379869 381870 384866 385863 388858 390854 392851
      393849
 1.00 420704 420699 419697 415696 414696 412697 410699 409702
      408705 407709 406712 407717 410718 413716 414715 416712
      418709 419707 420704

$$





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