Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 272101
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
400 PM EST SUN NOV 27 2016


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID NOV 28/0000 UTC THRU DEC 01/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...PLAINS INTO THE MS/OH VALLEYS AND WESTERN GREAT LAKES...

STRONG HEIGHT FALLS EJECTING OUT OF THE FOUR CORNERS THIS EVENING
WILL RESULT IN A DEVELOPING CLOSED LOW BY LATER TONIGHT OVER THE
NORTHERN PLAINS WITH DEEPENING LOW PRESSURE AND THE EASTWARD
ADVANCE OF A COLD FRONT. STRENGTHENING SOUTHWESTERLY LOW TO MID
LEVEL FLOW AHEAD OF THESE HEIGHT FALLS WILL SPREAD RAPIDLY
INCREASINGLY PW VALUES NORTHWARD FROM NORTHERN MEXICO AND THE GULF
OF MEXICO UP ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS AND LOWER/MID MS VALLEY
THROUGH EARLY MONDAY AND THEN INTO THE LOWER OH VALLEY BY LATE
MONDAY. THIS MOISTURE TRANSPORT AIDED BY SOUTH TO SOUTHWEST 850 MB
FLOW OF 50 TO 60 KTS...COUPLED WITH AN UPTICK IN BOUNDARY LAYER
INSTABILITY AND VERY STRONG WIND FIELDS ALOFT AIDED BY THE LIFTING
OF A 150+ KT 250 MB JET STREAK OUT OF THE BASE OF THE AMPLIFYING
LARGE SCALE TROUGH SHOULD SET THE STAGE FOR WIDESPREAD ORGANIZED
CONVECTION WITH HEAVY RAINFALL. INITIALLY THE CONVECTION SHOULD
BEGIN OVERNIGHT NEAR THE RED RIVER VALLEY OF OK/TX...BUT SHOULD
THEN RAPIDLY EXPAND OFF TO THE EAST AND NORTHEAST AND ENCOMPASS
THE LARGER LOWER MS VALLEY REGION AND INTO THE LOWER OH VALLEY
THROUGH THE DAY ON MONDAY. RAINFALL AMOUNTS OF 1 TO 3 INCHES ARE
EXPECTED...WITH THE HEAVIER RAINS EXPECTED WHERE SOME BRIEF
CONVECTIVE LINE SEGMENT TRAINING MAY OCCUR. THE CONVECTION BY LATE
MONDAY SHOULD TEND TO BE ORIENTED GENERALLY SOUTH-SOUTHWEST TO
NORTH-NORTHEAST IN THE FASHION OF A SQUALL LINE OR QLCS JUST AHEAD
OF THE COLD FRONT. THE PROGRESSIVE NATURE OF THE CONVECTION WILL
TEND TO MITIGATE THE FLASH FLOOD POTENTIAL...AND WITH ANTECEDENT
CONDITIONS ALSO VERY DRY...THERE WILL LIKELY NOT BE ANY WIDESPREAD
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL CONCERNS FOR THIS PERIOD...BUT SOME ISOLATED
RUNOFF PROBLEMS WHERE TRAINING CELLS OCCUR CANNOT BE RULED OUT.

MEANWHILE...STRONG WARM ADVECTION WILL ALLOW MODERATE TO LOCALLY
HEAVY RAINS TO LIFT NORTH INTO THE UPPER MIDWEST/WESTERN GREAT
LAKES REGION. FARTHER WEST AND CLOSER TO THE EVOLVING CLOSED
LOW...COLD AIR WILL BE DEEPER...AND AREAS OF THE DAKOTAS ARE
EXPECTED TO AN AXIS OF MODERATE TO HEAVY SNOW ASSOCIATED WITH THE
DEVELOPING COMMA-HEAD/DEFORMATION ZONE OVER THE REGION. GOOD
FRONTOGENETICAL FORCING WITHIN THE COMMA-HEAD WILL ENHANCE
SNOWFALL BANDING AND LEAD TO SOME HEAVIER SNOWFALL RATES. PLEASE
CONSULT THE LATEST QPFHSD FOR MORE DETAILS ON THE EXPECTED WINTER
WEATHER WITH THIS STORM SYSTEM. OVERALL...WPC FAVORED A COMPROMISE
BETWEEN THE 00Z ECMWF AND 12Z HIRES-ARW.


...SOUTHWEST INTO THE CENTRAL/SOUTHERN ROCKIES...

A WELL-DEFINED SHORTWAVE AND ASSOCIATED UPPER SPEED MAX DIGGING
ACROSS CALIFORNIA AND THE SOUTHERN GREAT BASIN THIS AFTERNOON WILL
CROSS THE CENTRAL/SOUTHERN ROCKIES OVERNIGHT AND BRING ADDITIONAL
UPSLOPE ENHANCED RAIN AND HIGHER ELEVATION SNOWFALL. THIS ENERGY
WILL QUICKLY EJECT EAST ACROSS THE CENTRAL/SOUTHERN PLAINS ON
MONDAY...BUT ADDITIONAL UPSTREAM SHORTWAVE ENERGY EMBEDDED WITHIN
MID/UPPER LEVEL NORTHWEST FLOW WILL CROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
AND STREAM TOWARD THE ROCKIES BY LATE IN THE DAY. THIS WILL BRING
A NEW SURGE OF MOISTURE AND FORCING ADDITIONAL OROGRAPHICALLY
ENHANCED SNOW SHOWERS FOR ESPECIALLY THE CENTRAL ROCKIES.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...

THE GUIDANCE AGREES THAT ADDITIONAL NORTHEAST PACIFIC HEIGHT
FALLS/SHORTWAVE ENERGY WILL BE PUSHING EAST-SOUTHEASTWARD INTO THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST OVERNIGHT AND THEN INTO THE INTERMOUNTAIN WEST
ON MONDAY. ONSHORE WEST SOUTHWESTERLY LOW LEVEL FLOW WILL
STRENGTHEN AHEAD OF THESE HEIGHT FALLS BY THIS EVENING AND
CONTINUE OVERNIGHT. THIS WILL SUPPORT WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO HEAVY
PRECIPITATION FROM THE WASHINGTON/OREGON COASTAL RANGES EAST INTO
THE CASCADES. ON MONDAY...THIS MOISTURE AND ENERGY WILL SPREAD
WELL INLAND AND ENCOMPASS THE NORTHERN ROCKIES WITH AT LEAST
MODERATE PRECIPITATION. GIVEN THE REINFORCING HEIGHT FALLS...SNOW
LEVELS WILL REMAIN RELATIVELY LOW AND THIS WILL SUPPORT HEAVY SNOW
TOTALS FOR THE HIGHER TERRAIN. PLEASE AGAIN CONSULT THE LATEST
QPFHSD FOR MORE DETAILS CONCERNING THE EXPECTED WINTER WEATHER
IMPACTS.

DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WEST...

ONLY EXPECTING LINGERING LIGHT PRECIPITATION ACROSS FAVORED
UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE WEST ON DAY 2 (0Z TUE-0Z WED) AS THE LONGWAVE
UPPER TROUGH PUSHES OFF TO THE EAST. WITH MODELS IN GOOD
AGREEMENT...A NAM/GFS/ECMWF BLEND WAS USED FOR QPF. THE NEXT
SHORTWAVE WILL MOVE INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST TUESDAY NIGHT INTO
WEDNESDAY. THERE HAD BEEN SOME TIMING/DEPTH DIFFERENCES WITHIN THE
GUIDANCE WITH THIS WAVE...ALTHOUGH THE 12Z SUITE OF GUIDANCE HAS
COME INTO MUCH CLOSER AGREEMENT. AGAIN A NAM/GFS/ECMWF BLEND
REPRESENTED A GOOD MIDDLE GROUND SOLUTION AND WAS GENERALLY
FOLLOWED FOR QPF AMOUNTS.

...NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

A DEEP LAYER LOW WILL BE NEARLY STATIONARY OVER THE EASTERN
DAKOTAS MONDAY EVENING...ONLY SLOWLY PUSHING EAST INTO THE DAY
WEDNESDAY. EXPECT TO SEE WIDESPREAD LIGHT PRECIPITATION LINGERING
TO THE NORTH AND WEST OF THE LOW. OVERALL MODELS HAVE COME INTO
PRETTY CLOSE AGREEMENT ON THE EVOLUTION OF THIS SYSTEM. WPC QPF
THUS FOLLOWS PRETTY CLOSE TO A MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS AND GENERALLY
LIES IN THE MIDDLE OF THE GUIDANCE SUITE.

AS SHORTWAVE ENERGY AT THE BASE OF THE LONGWAVE TROUGH MOVES
NORTHEAST AND INTERACTS WITH THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY...WOULD EXPECT
TO SEE  AN INCREASE IN PRECIPITATION COVERAGE/INTENSITY ACROSS THE
GREAT LAKES REGION MONDAY EVENING INTO THE OVERNIGHT. GIVEN A LACK
OF INSTABILITY WOULD GENERALLY JUST EXPECT SHOWERS...ALTHOUGH A
FEW EMBEDDED CONVECTIVE ELEMENTS ARE LIKELY LOCALLY INCREASING
RATES. OVERALL WOULD EXPECT AREAL AVERAGED AMOUNTS TO PEAK NEAR 1"
ACROSS PORTIONS OF NORTHERN MI. HOWEVER LOCALIZED TOTALS OF 1-2"
ARE POSSIBLE...AS SHOWN BY A MAJORITY OF THE HIGH RES GUIDANCE. WE
HAVE BEEN CARRYING A MARGINAL RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS
PORTIONS OF NORTHERN MI. OVERALL THREAT SEEMS LOW...HOWEVER FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE IS LOW...AND THUS 1-2" AMOUNTS COULD POSSIBLY CA
SUE ISOLATED RUNOFF ISSUES. THIS FOR CONTINUITY WILL RETAIN
MARGINAL RISK...JUST CUT BACK A BIT ON ITS COVERAGE.


...LOWER MS VALLEY/OH AND TN VALLEY/SOUTHEAST...

CONVECTION WILL BE ONGOING MONDAY EVENING...LIKELY STRETCHING FROM
IN/OH/KY SOUTH INTO TN/AL/MS AT 0Z TUESDAY. ALL SIGNS POINT TO
THIS CONVECTION BING QUITE PROGRESSIVE...WHICH SHOULD LIMIT AREAL
AVERAGED RAINFALL AMOUNTS. GENERALLY THINK DURING THE DAY 2 QPF
PERIOD (0Z TUE-0Z WED) AREAL AVERAGED AMOUNTS WILL PEAK IN THE
0.75"-1.25" RANGE FROM THE EASTERN LOWER MS VALLEY INTO THE TN
VALLEY AND PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHEAST. THE 12Z NAM AND GFS SEEMED A
BIT TOO HIGH WITH QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE TN/OH VALLEYS
AND TOO LIGHT ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST WHERE THE BETTER INSTABILITY
WILL EXIST. OVERALL THUS LEANED TOWARDS THE HIGH RES GUIDANCE
SINCE THEY GENERALLY HANDLE THESE CONVECTIVE SITUATIONS BETTER.
OVERALL THE 12Z ECMWF/UKMET WERE A BETTER MATCH TO THESE HIGH RES
SOLUTIONS.

OVERALL THE PROGRESSIVE NATURE OF THE CONVECTION SHOULD LIMIT THE
FLOODING THREAT DURING THE DAY 2 EXCESSIVE PERIOD (12Z MON-12Z
TUE). HOWEVER WELL ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITABLE WATER AND INTEGRATED
MOISTURE FLUX DOES SUPPORT HEAVY RAINFALL RATES WITHIN THE
CONVECTION. THUS WILL CONTINUE THE BROAD MARGINAL RISK AREA
STRETCHING FROM THE LOWER MS VALLEY NORTHEAST INTO PORTIONS OF THE
TN AND OH VALLEY. CAPPED THE NORTHERN EXTENT AT THE POINT WERE THE
HIGH RES CONSENSUS SUGGEST PRECIPITATION BECOMES MORE STRATIFORM
IN NATURE RESULTING IN REDUCED RATES. OPTED TO RETAIN A SMALL
SLIGHT RISK ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE LOWER MS VALLEY ALONG/NEAR THE
MS RIVER. IT IS ACROSS THIS AREA WHERE PWAT VALUES NEAR OR SURPASS
THE CLIMATOLOGICAL 99TH PERCENTILE...AND INTEGRATED MOISTURE FLUX
VALUES NEAR CLIMATOLOGICAL MAX VALUES. SOME CHANCE THAT BEFORE THE
CONVECTION BECOMES LINEAR AND NARROW THAT WE SEE A BRIEF WINDOW OF
POSSIBLE TRAINING CROSS THIS SAME AREA. THE HIGH RES ARW IS REALLY
THE ONLY HIGH RES MODEL TO DEPICT LOCALIZED 2-4" AMOUNTS ACROSS
THIS AREA. THIS THIS STILL OVERALL APPEARS TO EB A LOW END SLIGHT
RISK GIVEN THE GENERAL EXPECTED PROGRESSIVE NATURE OF THE
CONVECTION. BUT NOT CONFIDENT ENOUGH TO DROP IT AT THIS TIME.

AS WE HEAD THROUGH THE DAY TUESDAY ADDITIONAL SHORTWAVE ENERGY
DROPS INTO THE BASE OF THE LONGWAVE TROUGH ACROSS THE PLAINS. THE
UPPER LEVELS ARE ALSO FORECAST TO BECOME INCREASINGLY DIFFLUENT
FROM THE LOWER MS VALLEY NORTHEAST INTO THE OH VALLEY. AS THE
UPPER LEVEL FORCING CONTINUE TO INCREASE EXPECT TO SEE SOUTHERLY
FLOW INCREASE AS WELL..ADVECTING MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY BACK
NORTH AHEAD OF THE TROUGH. THUS SHOULD SEE PRECIPITATION DEVELOP
OVER THE LOWER MS VALLEY AND TN VALLY BY TUESDAY EVENING...WITH IT
STREAMING OFF TO THE NORTHEAST THROUGH THE DAY WEDNESDAY.

MODELS HAVE GENERALLY COME INTO BETTER AGREEMENT WITH THIS
FEATURE...WITH THE GFS CONTINUING TO TREND WEST INTO BETTER
ALIGNMENT WITH THE OTHER GUIDANCE. STILL SOME UNCERTAINTY WITH THE
EXACT TIMING OF THE TROUGH...WHICH IMPACTS HOW FAR WEST THE HIGHER
QPF AXIS GETS. THE TREND OF A SLOWER TROUGH PROGRESSION WILL TEND
TO PUSH THIS AXIS WEST. HOWEVER INCREASED INSTABILITY WILL LIKELY
MEAN A CONVECTIVE NATURE TO THE PRECIPITATION...AND GLOBAL MODELS
TEND TO MOVE CONVECTION TOO FAR NORTH WITHOUT ENOUGH PROPAGATION
OFF TO THE EAST. THIS WOULD SUGGEST MORE OF AN EASTERLY AXIS. THUS
FOR NOW OPTED TO STAY CLOSEST TO A GFS/ECMWF COMPROMISE...GIVEN
THE GOOD AGREEMENT. THE UKMET WOULD SUGGEST EVEN A SLIGHTLY
FURTHER WETS SOLUTION IS POSSIBLE...BUT FOR NOW WILL STICK TO
SOMETHING CLOSER TO THE MODEL CONSENSUS.

LIKELY TO SEE SOME PRETTY HEFTY RAINFALL TOTALS FROM THIS
SYSTEM...WITH AREAL AVERAGED AMOUNTS OF 2-3" FROM EASTERN LA
NORTHEAST INTO PORTIONS OF THE TN VALLEY. SOME POTENTIAL INITIALLY
FOR SOME TRAINING AS CONVECTION FIRST BEGINS TO FORM AND ORGANIZE
TUESDAY NIGHT. HOWEVER AGAIN LOOKS LIKE THIS SYSTEM WILL BE
PROGRESSIVE ENOUGH TO PUSH CONVECTION QUICK ENOUGH OFF TO THE EAST
TO PREVENT ANY REAL SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL TOTALS. WILL KEEP THE
MARGINAL RISK IN PLACE FOR THE DAY 3 EXCESSIVE PERIOD (12Z TUE-12Z
WED). SOME POTENTIAL WE COULD NEED A SLIGHT RISK AT SOME
POINT...WITH CONVECTION CONTINUING AFTER 12Z. HOWEVER AS MENTIONED
ABOVE THE EXPECTED PROGRESSIVE NATURE OF THE SYSTEM ILL LIKELY CAP
RAINFALL TOTALS BEFORE THEY GET TOO HIGH.


...MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

EXPECT SHOWERS TO PUSH ACROSS THE MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST ON
TUESDAY. OVERALL HAVE SEEN A CONSISTENT QUICKER TREND IN THE
GUIDANCE...WHICH AS ACCOUNTED FOR IN THE WPC QPF FORECAST. THIS
QPF FORECAST GENERALLY STAYED CLOSEST TO A GFS/ECMWF
CONSENSUS...WITH SOME INPUT FROM THE 3KM NAM ON DAY 2. HIGHEST
TOTALS FROM EASTERN PA INTO EASTERN NEW ENGLAND...WITH LIGHTER
TOTALS ACROSS THE MID ATLANTIC GIVEN THE BETTER FORCING SHEARING
OFF TO THE NORTH. ADDITIONAL SHOWERS WILL MOVE INTO THE REGION ON
WEDNESDAY ASSOCIATED WITH OUR NEXT SYSTEM DESCRIBED IN THE SECTION
ABOVE. WPC QPF FOLLOWS CLOSE TO A GFS/ECMWF CONSENSUS WITH THIS
SYSTEM.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


ORRISON/CHENARD

24HR QP VT 29/00Z
 0.01 523262 521257 521248 520242 518235 517226 518223 521221
      526225 529228 532228 537213 536205 538193 538188 537185
      533180 530175 527169 520160 517153 512152 492136 481128
      474126 473124 472119 478106 471105 468105 466107 462104
      460104 459106 456105 456103 453097 445095 440093 430087
      426086 424089 422098 419099 415097 414092 411085 413078
      417077 421078 423081 427080 429081 432083 436078 438074
      433068 431062 426056 425054 421053 416052 413054 409053
      405052 401053 394053 373062 369060 365057 365054 359054
      351055 345052 339049 334050 328051 322055 320057 320062
      321066 320069 319074 317076 313081 313089 311096 308100
      308106 312117 312125 314131 316133 320134 325133 328135
      330138 331142 333143 338144 341142 345138 347137 350139
      354138 357133 361132 363134 369136 374136 381136 383138
      383142 378146 376148 377150 385159 384178 384182 386184
      389185 393187 396189 398195 396198 394199 388195 384192
      380190 373187 366186 366192 369194 371197 375202 379205
      384211 390214 402220 404222 403226 396225 389224 384221
      380221 376218 366211 364209 363212 358214 361219 363221
      366222 373225 376227 378229 382235 386240 391244 393251
      397255 403259 413262 425264 432266 435265 440266 450265
      455266 457265 464269 473276 494293 498296 502296 507297
      511295
 0.01 531984 526917 524901 521884 518869 512853 508845 505839
      502835 494827 487818 484813 479809 475807 469808 465808
      463807 459810 449816 442820 435829 432829 430827 429817
      430810 428805 426803 422803 415804 408813 402822 398827
      394829 388836 384840 380842 372843 370844 369848 361855
      342870 334877 327884 313897 306904 299913 296918 295920
      295924 294933 293938 285947 281951 276953 275958 277962
      277968 282971 292977 296980 299985 302992 301997 296007
      296013 300017 305019 309019 315013 322005 332999 337990
      340984 344979 348975 352972 364967 369966 373965 383961
      390954 396952 401950 406954 406961 404965 404970 406977
      408982 414982 421975 425970 428969 431971 428975 426980
      426987 427993 430007 433013 436017 439024 441027 441032
      440038 444041 454047 458050 463051 467050 466044 465039
      471039 485041 491041 496039 515026 519023 522018 526005
      528994 531984
 0.01 495655 494649 490644 483637 476632 472631 467630 463630
      459633 456637 455643 456649 460654 468659 475662 479665
      483667 488666 492662 495655
 0.01 478694 475691 471695 468698 461700 457702 454706 448708
      444711 440714 441717 445716 447720 446726 442728 448728
      453726 456722 463714 467711 471706 477698 478694
 0.01 393103 388100 383099 378099 372098 370099 369102 368108
      366112 366115 369116 372113 376112 379110 382108 386106
      391105 393103
 0.01 355187 355186 354184 353184 352183 350183 348185 347185
      347187 346189 346191 346194 348196 348197 348196 349194
      350193 351192 351190 353189 353188 355187 355187
 0.01 363816 361814 357816 354819 352822 350826 349831 350835
      353833 355829 356824 359821 362818 363816
 0.01 334169 334166 332164 327161 321158 315155 310152 303152
      300152 299156 300159 305163 312164 317167 324169 328170
      334169
 0.01 346855 345853 340853 337852 333852 314852 300850 294847
      285847 270845 270853 271855 275858 282859 288863 295864
      304865 311866 319863 325860 335859 340860 344858 346855
 0.01 282804 279802 276800 272798 268797 264796 260797 255798
      252802 255805 260806 265805 269807 273808 276805 282805
      282804
 0.25 507282 508277 507274 506271 503268 502266 499264 496265
      493267 492269 492272 494275 495278 498281 499282 502284
      504283 507282
 0.25 504242 503234 500227 498217 496210 491206 483203 471205
      447214 440213 433214 429212 426214 422219 419226 417230
      413230 402237 402242 404243 412247 419250 426251 433252
      440252 454251 466252 481252 486250 487245 485240 483238
      482235 480231 477229 474227 474224 479222 487224 490227
      492230 494235 497239 502243 504242
 0.25 508996 509989 508983 507978 504973 502967 499961 494952
      491947 486944 483944 481938 488936 491932 492927 491915
      491910 493909 497909 500912 504914 507909 507903 503891
      499874 495863 490855 465870 430852 428848 427842 425838
      420835 416834 409834 399838 390845 381851 374857 367862
      353873 337885 319898 313904 308912 304920 303931 300945
      301951 303954 305961 308964 315971 320970 325967 329966
      328971 328976 331979 332987 336984 339979 343971 349960
      354951 364933 374918 380910 388904 392901 398900 406904
      411907 415910 418915 420921 424929 431935 435938 438944
      438952 441955 445959 447964 448972 447979 445985 442991
      442995 442000 443005 447014 450018 453021 461028 470032
      482033 487032 491030 495028 499023 503013 507005 508996
 0.25 484176 485170 485163 482158 479155 473150 466143 460141
      455142 452145 449147 446149 440147 436148 434154 436160
      439164 442166 447174 447178 443180 440182 438186 437194
      438199 440202 442205 445205 447200 450197 454196 456190
      462185 466176 469178 473178 479180 484176
 0.25 457229 456228 454228 453228 454229 456230 457229
 0.25 444111 444107 442105 435105 428104 424105 422107 422112
      419114 412113 408108 402110 390114 387115 385118 387120
      390119 392118 396119 402123 406123 413122 419121 425123
      427122 429119 434114 435112 439111 444111
 0.25 430190 432187 431183 427180 425177 423172 422169 422162
      420150 417149 414151 407155 406161 407166 409169 413169
      420171 418174 419177 420182 424191 427192 430190
 0.25 414071 414065 414062 411063 405063 400065 394069 389070
      388077 390078 393078 397078 402076 406073 410074 412073
      414071
 0.25 391206 390205 390204 389203 387202 386201 386200 384200
      384202 385204 387204 388206 390207 391206
 0.25 344111 344106 343102 342096 338094 333093 329095 327100
      325104 326109 329112 333115 336118 340115 342113 344111
 0.50 491219 490215 488211 486209 482207 475207 469210 463211
      457214 442215 429218 423221 422224 423226 426228 431233
      430236 426236 419235 415237 413240 417245 421247 426248
      440246 453245 460245 468243 470242 474242 477243 480240
      479233 477231 473232 471235 463232 460233 456232 449233
      442235 438233 443229 456226 462229 465228 468225 473222
      480221 486220 491219
 0.50 492015 492010 490006 488997 484990 483986 482979 481970
      479962 475961 473964 471968 469969 467973 462972 459971
      457973 450987 448995 448000 449005 453011 458018 469025
      476027 483027 489023 492015
 0.50 492886 492879 491872 488869 485874 483878 480881 478884
      476890 473901 470912 469916 468922 474920 480912 484904
      489896 492886
 0.50 474169 473163 471160 469155 467152 463149 461149 457152
      458158 463160 466164 467169 470170 474169 474169
 0.50 461181 461175 458177 455177 453173 451172 451175 451180
      448182 444185 442185 442188 447188 452188 455184 458183
      461181
 0.50 471940 471934 469930 467924 464922 458919 457915 455908
      453898 453894 451889 446881 444877 442877 435881 428886
      421889 418892 417898 424914 427924 431925 436925 444926
      448926 451923 456925 460934 465940 469942 471940
 0.50 408117 406115 405115 403115 402116 403116 404117 406118
      408117 408117
 0.50 415879 411858 412853 410849 406847 400847 393850 386854
      371865 357874 350879 342884 329893 317905 312912 309921
      308933 307939 308945 312950 313956 316957 318956 323954
      326957 329958 334957 336959 335963 331972 335980 338978
      340973 348958 351949 356941 365926 369918 375911 380905
      386899 394893 402890 406889 410886 415879
 1.00 482216 483212 481210 476211 471213 465214 456217 444217
      434221 429221 426223 428225 433228 436228 439227 449226
      455224 461225 465222 469220 474218 480217 482216
 1.00 486892 485889 483891 483892 482893 480894 480895 479897
      478898 477900 477902 476905 476907 477909 478907 479906
      479904 480903 480902 481899 482898 483897 483896 485894
      486892
 1.00 460240 461238 460236 458235 457235 455235 454235 453236
      451236 450236 448236 448237 446238 446240 447241 449241
      450241 452241 454241 455241 456241 458241 459240 460240
 1.00 426242 426241 424241 423241 424242 426242 426242
 1.00 399867 398862 395860 387863 373869 360876 347884 337892
      326902 317912 315914 314918 315924 317926 320928 318931
      316938 323947 328943 330941 332944 333947 336948 341949
      344952 341958 340962 342962 348947 351940 355933 363921
      371909 380897 386894 391889 397884 396881 397876 397873
      399867
 1.50 463221 462218 461218 457219 454218 452219 449218 446219
      443219 441221 441223 444225 448224 450224 452223 455222
      458223 462223 463221
 1.50 385879 384876 380873 373874 359882 345890 340894 333900
      328905 326908 326913 329920 331921 330923 334923 347914
      354912 357912 356916 358919 361917 366910 369903 374897
      380891 382888 384884 385879
 1.50 347936 346935 345935 344936 343938 342939 343939 344941
      345941 346939 346938 347936
 2.00 374889 375885 374881 370879 361884 353890 345895 337902
      334905 331910 332913 338915 346911 355906 364901 371895
      374889

24HR QP VT 30/00Z
 0.01 566971 563952 560940 556930 552917 547908 543896 540886
      533862 531856 529853 529847 528836 527828 526814 523801
      521789 517777 514768 513764 512757 510752 509744 507734
      505725 503719 501707 499700 498695 497693 491687 479673
      472668 465662 449652 432662 419670 412674 408677 409684
      402691 395697 386702 379709 371713 363719 357729 355733
      352736 347744 341751 336759 327765 315774 309778 298780
      285782 279784 277786 269785 258786 248788 244790 241793
      238795 238798 237800 237803 240813 243817 244820 246820
      253812 259806 265805 269806 284810 292811 301811 315810
      318809 319811 318815 315824 308830 302834 299839 296843
      288847 283848 279850 281854 278855 274858 268861 265865
      259874 255878 256888 258891 262891 265892 264895 264900
      265904 265907 264909 261917 259923 259929 259936 261940
      264942 270941 273939 276940 282946 278953 279956 283958
      288961 293964 300969 305967 310964 321956 327952 332945
      336941 337936 339925 339919 337914 337910 335906 337904
      346899 355895 364893 368894 372896 380901 391905 399908
      405916 422914 427914 431916 436917 439919 450923 456928
      458930 457932 453935 445937 439946 437951 434955 429963
      428968 427975 426982 425991 424007 421034 416031 412033
      411038 411045 409050 402053 394058 391060 386060 375060
      376056 377053 376050 371043 370039 364038 360035 357031
      353033 352039 347053 342051 339054 327055 325056 320056
      315050 311048 308052 306059 307065 305071 302080 301085
      300093 297104 297109 300112 306113 310115 310118 312124
      315127 319127 321123 322116 325112 331112 334118 333124
      335126 336120 337116 338113 339109 341107 342110 347118
 0.01 347118 354120 354117 351113 348108 349105 351104 359110
      361115 361123 362125 366124 365119 367115 368108 372104
      374100 371097 371093 375090 376088 380088 382089 383092
      384096 390096 395097 399093 402093 404094 405099 403105
      399102 397102 396108 391110 387112 382112 379117 377122
      375130 376133 378132 383131 392127 395124 398125 396131
      399132 412125 420122 429118 438117 445115 446123 448126
      451125 454125 455128 452133 448133 445135 446136 448139
      447143 445145 445149 445152 446153 451161 451168 449176
      448180 443180 439185 437191 437199 439204 440207 445208
      446205 449201 456196 461193 461190 461186 462184 464181
      463176 464171 466165 469161 471156 472153 470148 473146
      478147 480146 482141 484135 483130 479128 475124 473121
      473117 475115 478109 477105 474094 471090 467090 465095
      463097 461101 457101 450095 442091 437087 434083 439081
      442080 445081 450088 454087 458085 463082 468081 473081
      475081 475077 477075 480075 485075 489074 492074 495072
      498072 501071 505073 507073 510076 512074 512069 514067
      517064 529053 534048 541038 544036 547032 551024 556011
      561999 562985 566971
 0.01 498224 500213 497205 483206 458212 452213 445214 431218
      425219 418220 413219 413221 417227 418232 420234 422238
      420243 404240 402242 402245 405249 409250 414251 419253
      425251 430249 438248 452247 466247 481247 484242 481234
      478232 475233 469237 467239 466234 465229 467225 474223
      481222 484220 490222 498224
 0.01 461233 459230 458228 454228 452228 449229 447229 443230
      442231 441234 445234 448234 450233 453233 455232 458232
      459230 461233 461233
 0.01 434169 432166 429165 428163 423159 423150 424136 421135
      420137 418147 412155 409157 409153 406150 398145 396143
      393142 390141 389144 389158 386171 389176 394177 398175
      402170 405167 408166 411169 413172 415170 417170 415175
      416182 414198 412202 416203 418199 420197 424196 427196
      428192 430190 430185 429184 425183 425179 434169
 0.01 352195 353193 353191 354189 354186 353185 352184 352183
      350183 348183 347185 347187 346189 346191 345193 346196
      346197 347198 348199 348198 349198 351197 352195 352195
 0.01 346072 344068 342064 340061 338059 336060 332060 327061
      326066 324072 323078 324081 327081 330079 334079 338077
      342076 345074 346072
 0.01 332166 330165 329163 325162 324160 320159 316159 316161
      316163 317166 321167 322170 324172 328173 328170 330168
      332166
 0.25 530939 531929 530918 528909 526899 521881 514863 510853
      508842 504817 500799 498789 494779 489767 483750 480741
      478729 472710 472702 470694 468687 467683 461686 455681
      450687 443689 436689 430690 426693 422699 418703 412701
      402712 397719 394725 388742 387751 384762 382771 380776
      376783 371788 368785 364787 362789 355800 347812 341818
      336822 329826 324832 313846 305855 298870 293880 287892
      283898 281908 282913 289916 299918 305917 313913 320908
      330900 342892 352886 358885 365882 379874 386871 395871
      404872 411874 416879 419885 420891 424892 428891 434888
      440887 446890 456894 468893 471903 475911 480912 482914
      485922 488931 489937 493938 493941 491945 487947 485951
      481958 476962 472968 465971 463971 460969 455969 449974
      446979 448992 445000 444004 445007 450013 452016 456017
      459019 460024 461033 458038 443031 440036 439040 440050
      455068 459064 464058 468051 471047 471050 469060 472063
      477063 479060 482055 484050 485043 485039 489038 495037
      496028 498020 516005 520999 522989 520978 516970 513966
      510961 507952 503945 497940 496937 499938 503942 509947
      515951 520952 527951 530939
 0.25 451080 452078 451076 451075 450073 450072 448071 447070
      445071 444072 445073 445075 446076 447077 448079 448080
      449081 451081 451080
 0.25 432778 433776 432773 431772 430772 428772 428774 428776
      427779 429779 430779 432778 432778
 0.25 434021 435018 435016 434015 432016 431018 430021 430023
      432023 433021 434021
 0.25 409068 410066 409064 407064 405065 403065 401065 400067
      399069 398071 397073 398076 398078 399080 400080 402079
      402078 403076 404074 404072 405070 406069 408069 409068
 0.25 392121 392120 390119 388120 386120 384120 383122 382123
      382124 382125 384126 386126 388125 390124 390123 392122
      392121
 0.25 392077 393075 392073 391075 390077 392079 392077
 0.25 301800 298798 294798 290797 284797 279797 274798 274802
      278804 282805 287804 289803 294803 298802 301800
 0.50 509911 504862 502853 498847 496843 495837 494829 493825
      491817 488806 485798 479790 475786 471786 467789 454798
      450804 447812 444815 440817 435816 432815 425813 423815
      420819 418826 421831 423834 428839 429850 430862 434871
      439875 442877 443882 445885 449886 458887 464884 466881
      467876 468873 469877 470883 472887 479902 482903 487903
      491903 495906 502913 506914 509911
 0.50 481809 481807 481806 479807 479808 480809 481810 481809
 0.50 460731 461728 460726 458726 458727 458729 458730 460731
      460731
 0.50 445712 444706 442699 440695 434698 431701 429706 427710
      423714 418716 414713 411713 407717 403725 401730 400737
      396745 393755 391767 391770 393772 398773 407769 412769
      416764 415758 416755 418753 422744 423739 425737 428738
      432749 433751 436749 437744 438738 436729 437724 440719
      443716 445712
 0.50 450857 451855 451853 450850 449849 448848 446848 446849
      445851 444852 444853 444856 445856 445858 446860 448859
      450858 450857
 0.50 446043 446041 445039 445037 443036 441038 441040 441042
      442043 443044 445044 446043
 0.50 412835 411831 408827 404824 399826 387833 379838 371842
      368844 365843 362836 363831 366825 368818 367811 369807
      373805 377809 382806 386801 388797 387793 386784 384781
      377787 373792 371797 370801 368802 364805 356815 350821
      342829 339833 334836 328838 323841 316847 310856 304864
      305870 302876 296883 291891 287896 285901 286904 290905
      294901 297899 301897 313893 315899 319901 324901 326900
      331896 347885 351883 358882 368875 376870 380868 386865
      395860 404852 409845 412835
 1.00 488889 489884 489879 488874 486873 483874 481877 480879
      479882 479887 480892 480894 483896 485894 487891 488889
 1.00 463839 462838 462837 461834 461832 461829 461827 460825
      458824 458825 458827 457830 458832 458835 458837 459839
      459840 460842 461844 462842 463840 463839
 1.00 359861 359859 358858 356859 355861 354863 353865 353866
      355866 357864 358863 359863 359861
 1.00 355830 354826 352825 349827 345836 340843 334851 321864
      315869 309877 307881 311881 317874 324868 327868 328873
      328885 328892 332889 336882 339878 341875 340871 336869
      337864 339860 338857 339854 342851 346848 349844 355830
 1.00 322855 324853 322851 320853 318855 320857 322855 322855
 1.50 352831 352828 351828 350831 351832 352831
 1.50 350835 350833 349832 349833 350835 350835

24HR QP VT 01/00Z
 0.01 461623 475630 480634 484640 491651 496660 500671 502677
      504683 506691 508695 511700 514704 520714 521719 522727
      521733 522743 523751 525757 527762 527769 528785 531791
      534792 531803 529813 529824 528831 529840 531848 531857
      533863 533867 535872 537881 540885 542890 545901 548914
      549920 551926 553940 556952 558960 557967 556975 556985
      535069 523068 518070 512069 507068 502070 492069 487069
      485068 484071 485075 481075 477077 474074 467069 458065
      454064 451061 435057 430057 427059 424060 423054 421051
      418051 416059 416066 413071 407075 402068 394063 396060
      400059 409056 411054 413049 413040 416038 422038 433039
      441035 447034 453033 455032 454028 452025 449023 447022
      444024 440024 437024 435026 429019 427015 427007 427000
      426994 425984 423978 423967 423963 425959 424948 423942
      424935 427926 429914 432903 432897 436897 440897 443898
      451898 469901 472897 472894 471892 464883 459876 459874
      456872 450872 441858 432857 429857 426860 419868 411875
      399885 392888 387893 385893 385889 384880 382878 381880
      377883 372892 369900 360917 357922 354926 347932 344935
      339938 332943 317953 310958 303961 300963 296963 292964
      290966 285972 280974 275975 273974 273970 272966 271955
      266954 262956 259958 259952 261947 261941 262936 262934
      260931 252928 243925 251909 260894 267882 271874 275865
      285848 295831 296828 300827 307827 313825 318823 324821
      327819 333811 340803 340800 337800 331801 329803 324804
      315805 311805 309803 299806 296807 291805 281804 275799
      279796 283795 291790 298785 307781 315774 322767 328760
      333752 343737
 0.01 343737 348727 352719 356709 360699 364690 368690 371686
      375676 378666 386659 394652 402645 406641
 0.01 483338 485336 487334 489331 490328 492326 494323 496320
      497318 499315 501311 502309 504306 506304 508302 509299
      510298 518278 519269 518264 519254 522247 525240 528234
      531219 536207 536202 535200 532196 524184 518177 514172
      511169 505168 502167 500165 497164 495160 494155 488144
      484141 484142 484151 483157 481159 476156 471155 457152
      442163 432169 424174 420177 417180 414197 412203 411207
      412209 413212 415214 414219 412221 404225 399227 394228
      389230 386230 384228 381223 379221 377222 368225 363228
      362233 366234 369235 368239 367248 368253 370259 375260
      386259 388262 390262 396265 401268 405269 406272 404273
      405282 403289 405293 409298 413301 423309 432314 440320
 0.01 521213 522208 522204 517200 513195 508193 505190 502189
      498193 495199 493206 498208 502213 509216 515219 519220
      521213
 0.01 457737 457734 455732 454730 454727 453726 451728 452730
      452733 452735 454737 456739 457737
 0.01 457115 456111 454107 448101 445099 441100 434104 428108
      424112 421114 418121 428123 432126 437127 444125 451122
      457115
 0.01 379051 378049 376046 374046 373044 369043 365043 367046
      368050 370052 372055 374055 375055 377053 379051
 0.01 310090 310083 310079 310073 307070 304072 302074 298078
      296079 293083 295087 298090 302093 305094 308092 310090
 0.25 451627 456628 459631 464638 476659 479664 483668 488680
      493691 495697 496702 493707 490711 488711 485709 477703
      467700 460695 453688 448691 444695 438697 432697 427700
      424703 421707 421711 420718 422723 426725 432726 435754
      433767 431771 425774 418780 415788 413800 409812 403823
      399836 390854 384862 379868 365884 358891 354894 351899
      347909 340917 328929 320937 317939 310941 300945 289949
      284947 282943 282936 283931 283925 281919 283910 285896
      285889 287884 293877 299870 303865 307861 313852 317845
      323839 326836 329831 336823 346806 354797 363791 367782
      372776 374771 374765 373747 372740 369734 370728 371723
      373711 375704 379704 380702 386693 391688 399681 408672
      417665 421661 424655 435638 441632 450627
 0.25 508291 511280 513267 515253 514248 513243 511237 506230
      501223 497218 492213 485212 476211 469212 443218 437219
      434221 432224 427230 428234 425236 419237 417239 418242
      434247 441248 449251 452254 453259 458264 467276 470294
      471302 472312 475320 479323 482322 493315 502302 508291
 0.25 514765 513753 510742 506737 506741 506748 507758 508768
      510781 511794 513804 514801 514788 514778 514765 514765
 0.25 471813 472806 471798 469794 465792 461791 456793 451799
      446807 441815 440820 442824 445826 450827 457830 459831
      461829 464827 470818 471813
 0.25 473962 473956 471954 464954 457954 450951 446951 443954
      442958 442964 446971 449978 452981 457980 464976 468972
      472964 473962
 0.25 355748 355744 352742 348743 340753 333761 329766 326771
      319780 316784 315788 317790 322787 325783 334776 342768
      350758 355748
 0.50 505289 506282 506276 505263 507259 508250 509242 506238
      500231 497226 495228 497239 499245 496244 479238 474237
      471238 467240 462243 475259 480267 482281 483284 482290
      483295 485300 488304 491305 495303 499300 502293 505289
 0.50 462656 461651 459647 453640 448641 443644 441647 439653
      439664 438669 439675 440679 440685 442689 444688 448677
      454671 460666 462661 462656
 0.50 444223 444220 443220 442220 441220 440221 439221 439223
      441224 443224 444223
 0.50 418688 418681 416678 414676 411678 401691 396697 394701
      394706 394712 393716 388718 385720 382727 383733 380740
      381747 385745 390739 392736 396734 400735 401742 401747
      398749 395748 389760 387762 389764 391768 391776 393781
      392785 388787 385786 376787 372790 370794 348814 330841
      323851 320861 319870 315877 310883 306890 299895 297903
      295908 292916 290927 288931 288936 290939 294939 303937
      309935 316931 320928 326922 332917 337911 342903 345897
      350890 354884 358879 363874 369868 374862 379854 386840
      391834 394828 397821 400811 401800 405790 408783 411777
      418764 422755 423745 421738 420734 416728 413720 415708
      416697 418688
 0.50 386763 386761 384758 382758 382759 381761 381762 383763
      385763 386763
 1.00 500274 499272 497271 496273 497275 499275 500274
 1.00 494264 492263 490263 492264 493265 494264
 1.00 382809 382804 379804 375810 370816 367818 363819 355821
      349824 344830 341837 333849 329857 328865 322877 313889
      305900 301907 298914 298919 298923 304927 307926 308922
      315919 327912 337901 340895 345889 349884 354877 361866
      369853 377841 379832 379826 377822 379815 382809
 1.50 372840 371833 368832 364833 359835 355830 352827 347831
      341843 340847 341853 340856 337857 333863 328872 321882
      314890 307899 304903 302909 301918 304919 306918 314909
      324902 341888 344885 348880 354870 360861 367849 372840
 2.00 365845 366840 363838 355841 352834 350832 348834 346839
      346845 347847 345853 342858 327877 320886 316893 315893
      313897 309899 309901 307901 305903 304905 306908 307910
      310908 312903 316898 320902 323900 327896 328893 327890
      327887 329885 334882 334885 336888 339886 343882 347877
      353867 357859 360855 365845

$$





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