Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 222104
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
503 PM EDT THU SEP 22 2016


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID SEP 23/0000 UTC THRU SEP 26/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

...IOWA / WISCONSIN / ILLINOIS...

FORCING ALONG THE EDGE OF THE CAPPED GREAT PLAINS AIRMASS HAD
GENERATED A VERY HEAVY 2-DAY RAINFALL EVENT OVER THE UPPER
MIDWEST...WITH 48-HOUR TOTALS OF 7 TO 14 INCHES OF RAIN IN SOME
PARTS OF SE MN / NE IA / SW WI. PARTICULARLY HEAVY RAIN FELL SINCE
WEDNESDAY EVENING...WHICH PLACES ADDED IMPORTANCE ON THE EXPECTED
EVOLUTION OF ANY ADDITIONAL PRECIPITATION IN THE SHORT TERM. THE
KEY FEATURE AT THIS TIME WOULD APPEAR TO BE A SHORTWAVE TROUGH
THAT WAS TRACKED COMING OUT OF THE CENTRAL ROCKIES ON
WEDNESDAY...AND WAS PREPARING TO EXIT EASTERN IOWA THIS AFTERNOON.
WARM ADVECTION INTO THE BACK SIDE OF THIS LOW AMPLITUDE WAVE MAY
SUPPORT ADDITIONAL SCATTERED OR NUMEROUS SHOWERS / STORMS THIS
AFTERNOON AND EVENING...ESPECIALLY NEAR THE INSTABILITY GRADIENT
AND COMBINED OUTFLOW BOUNDARIES OR REINFORCED WARM FRONT WHICH HAD
SLIPPED DOWN INTO CENTRAL AND SOUTHEAST IOWA. BASED ON THESE
OBSERVATIONAL TRENDS WPC FAVORED GUIDANCE THAT FOCUSES ADDITIONAL
RAINFALL SOUTH OF HIGHWAY 20 IN IOWA...AND GENERALLY SOUTH OR
DOWNSTREAM - HYDROLOGICALLY - FROM THE AREAS IMPACTED BY HEAVY
RAIN LAST NIGHT. PREFERRED GUIDANCE INCLUDED THE 12Z GFS AND
WRF-ARW. SEVERAL RUNS OF THE HRRR HAVE ALSO SUPPORTED THIS
THINKING...ALTHOUGH CERTAINLY THE LOW LEVEL FLOW ACROSS THE
BOUNDARY MAY YIELD ADDITIONAL LIGHT OR PERHAPS MODERATE RAINFALL
FARTHER NORTH INTO AFFECTED AREAS...WHERE THE PERCENTAGE GOING
INTO SURFACE RUNOFF WOULD BE VERY HIGH. WILL WATCH THIS SITUATION
CAREFULLY...BUT AT THIS TIME A SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
WOULD APPEAR SUFFICIENT TO COVER THE COMBINATION OF VERY LOW FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES BUT RELATIVELY LIGHT ADDITIONAL RAINFALL.

THE MORE ROBUST CONVECTION EXPECTED SOUTH OF HIGHWAY 20 WOULD ALSO
SEEMINGLY NOT POSE AS SIGNIFICANT A THREAT AS THERE HAS BEEN OVER
THE PAST TWO DAYS...GIVEN THAT THE SHORTWAVE WILL EXIT THE
REGION...AND DEEP LAYER ASCENT WILL DECREASE ALONG WITH SLACKENING
FLOW DURING WHAT IS USUALLY THE MORE FAVORABLE TIME FOR PRECIP
EXPANSION DURING THE EVENING.


...WESTERN U.S...

AN IMPRESSIVE GREAT BASIN / ROCKIES STORM WILL CONTINUE TO UNFOLD
THROUGH FRIDAY. NEGATIVE HEIGHT ANOMALIES OF UP TO 3 STANDARD
DEVIATIONS WILL SLIDE EAST WITH THE CENTER OF THE DEVELOPING
CLOSED CIRCULATION. THE SYSTEM REMAINS PROGRESSIVE...BUT THE
PROGRESSION IS EXPECTED TO BE SO SLOW...AND WITH A PIVOT OCCURRING
OVER UTAH...THAT QUITE HEAVY AMOUNTS OF RAIN AND HIGH ELEVATION
SNOW ARE EXPECTED. PRECIPITATION EFFICIENCY IS ENHANCED BY THE
INVOLVEMENT OF ANOMALOUS DEEP LAYER MOISTURE HAVING BEEN PUMPED
INTO THE REGION OUT OF THE SUB-TROPICS PRIOR TO ARRIVAL OF THE
NORTHERN STREAM TROUGH...AND STEEP LAPSE RATES OWING TO THE DEPTH
OF THE TROUGH / STRENGTH OF THE DEEP LAYER LIFT.

THE GFS/ECMWF/UKMET ARE SHOWING GOOD LARGE SCALE AGREEMENT AND RUN
TO RUN CONTINUITY. THE NAM IS ALSO IN LINE WITH CONSENSUS THROUGH
DAY 1...SUCH THAT OUR IN-HOUSE ENSEMBLE TOOL WITH PSEUDO BIAS
CORRECTION SHOULD PERFORM WELL. WPC QPF BEGAN WITH A 40/30/30
BLEND OF THE ENSEMBLE TOOL / 12Z GFS / PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST. ONCE
AGAIN THIS REALLY PRESERVED THE LARGE SCALE SHAPE AND INTENSITY OF
THE FORECAST PRECIPITATION...ALTHOUGH SPOT TOTALS WILL HAVE
CHANGED THROUGH USE OF THE NEW BLEND AND THROUGH DOWNSCALING
(LOWER AREAL-AVERAGE AMOUNTS WITHIN THE VALLEYS AND SOME
ENHANCEMENT ACROSS THE WASATCH-UINTAS AND EASTERN SLOPES OF THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES). AREAL AVERAGE 24-HOUR AMOUNTS ARE FORECAST TO
EXCEED 2 INCHES IN A FEW SPOTS OF FAVORED TERRAIN IN UTAH AND
IDAHO...IN ADDITION TO WHAT HAD ALREADY FALLEN AS OF MIDDAY
THURSDAY.


...ELSEWHERE...

THE QPF BLEND USED IN THE WEST AND MIDWEST...BASED ON OUR IN-HOUSE
ENSEMBLE TOOL...THE 12Z GFS...AND PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST...SERVED
AS A GOOD STARTING POINT FOR ORGANIZED PRECIPITATION AREAS
ENTERING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COAST...NEW ENGLAND...TEXAS...AND
LINGERING ALONG THE SOUTHERN ATLANTIC COAST AND FLORIDA. TO FILL
IN SOME OF THE DETAILS...PARTICULARLY WHERE LIGHT OR SCATTERED
PRECIPITATION WAS CONCERNED...WE TRUSTED THE DETAIL IN THE
WRF-ARW. THE MOST ORGANIZED AREA OF RAIN WILL AFFECT NORTHERN NEW
YORK AND NEW ENGLAND...ESPECIALLY MAINE...AS NORTHERN STREAM
HEIGHT FALLS ARRIVE COINCIDENT WITH A FETCH OF DEEP LAYER MOISTURE
THAT IS EXITING THE MIDWEST STATES. NUMEROUS MODELS PRODUCE MORE
THAN A HALF INCH AREAL AVERAGE PRECIPITATION OVER MUCH OF CENTRAL
AND NORTHERN MAINE.


DAYS 2 AND 3...

...WEST INTO PLAINS...

AN IMPRESSIVE AMPLIFIED UPPER TROUGH WILL MOVE ACROSS THE ROCKIES
THROUGH THE DAY 2 PERIOD AND ENTER THE PLAINS BY DAY 3...AS AN
ON-GOING LARGE/SYNOPTIC SCALE PRECIPITATION EVENT WILL CONTINUE
INTO DAY 2 AND EVEN INTO DAY 3.  MEANWHILE AT THE MID-LEVELS...A
CLOSED LOW WILL LIFT FROM THE CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE NORTHERN
PLAINS THROUGHOUT DAY 2. PWAT VALUES ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS
WILL BE WELL ABOVE NORMAL--RANGING 1-1.5".  AT THE SURFACE...A LOW
MOVING OUT OF THE CENTRAL ROCKIES WILL LIFT NORTH INTO THE DAKOTAS
BY MIDDAY SATURDAY...AND BY DAY 3/SUNDAY WILL CONTINUE TO PROGRESS
INTO SOUTHERN MANITOBA...WITH A COLD FRONT STRETCHING FROM THIS
PROVINCE INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS.

ON DAY 2/SATURDAY...THE AXIS OF HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION WILL
CONCENTRATE IN THE CENTRAL ROCKIES AS WELL AS IN THE NORTHERN
PLAINS/EASTERN MONTANA DUE TO TROWAL/DEFORMATION ZONE.  CONTINUED
THE MARGINAL RISK FOR DAY 2 ACROSS THE INTERMOUNTAIN WEST/NORTHERN
PLAINS AS LOCALLY HEAVY RAINS FROM NORTHERN UTAH TO EASTERN
MONTANA COULD BE POSSIBLE...ALONG WITH HIGHER ELEVATION SNOW.  BY
DAY 3...HEAVIER RAINFALL EXPECTED WITH PRECIP MOVING INTO THE HIGH
PLAINS AS THE SURFACE LOW LIFTS NORTH INTO CANADA.  RAINFALL
VALUES OVER 2" COULD BE POSSIBLE...WITH THE 12Z GFS/ECMWF AND EVEN
THE 12Z UKMET IN AGREEMENT WITH SHOWING A PRECIP AXIS ALONG
EASTERN MONTANA WITH OVER 2".  THUS INTRODUCED A SLIGHT RISK TO A
SMALL AREA IN EASTERN MONTANA; EXPECT MOST OF THE HEAVIER RAINFALL
ACTIVITY OCCURRING AROUND SATURDAY AFTERNOON/NIGHT. WPC QPF USED A
BLEND OF THOSE MODELS ALONG WITH CONTINUITY FROM PREVIOUS
FORECAST.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS TO THE MID/UPPER MS VALLEY...

AS THE AFOREMENTIONED COLD FRONT PUSHES OUT INTO THE PLAINS...THE
TAIL END OF THE COLD FRONT WILL SLOW AND NEARLY STALLS AS IT
BEGINS MOVING INTO WEST TEXAS AND THE TEXAS PANHANDLE.
HOWEVER...THE PORTION OF THE FRONT ACROSS THE PLAINS WILL PROGRESS
INTO THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY BY THE END OF SATURDAY AND INTO
SUNDAY.  INGREDIENTS ARE RIPE FOR HEAVY RAINFALL AND LOCALIZED
FLASH FLOODING WITH THE FORCING OF THE SURFACE FRONT...ALONG WITH
DEEP SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTING MOISTURE FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO
ACROSS THE PLAINS AND THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.  IN FACT...PWAT
VALUES ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT WILL RANGE FROM 1" ACROSS THE
UPPER/MID MS VALLEY AND 2" ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS. WPC USED
THE 12Z GFS/ECMWF...NOTABLY THE ECMWF WAS A BIT FARTHER SOUTH
ACROSS NORTH AND CENTRAL TEXAS WITH THE AXIS OF HEAVIER
PRECIPITATION DUE IT CLOSING OFF A 500 MB LOW OVER THE SOUTHWEST
AS IT MOVES TOWARD THE SOUTHERN PLAINS.  THE GFS WAS FARTHER NORTH
IN ITS AXIS ACROSS THE MID MS VALLEY AND CENTRAL PLAINS.
THUS...COMPROMISED BETWEEN THE MODELS AND ENDED UP WITH A SWATH OF
1-2" FROM NORTHWEST MISSOURI INTO CENTRAL TEXAS.  EXPANDED THE
SLIGHT RISK TO INCLUDE PORTIONS OF THE MID MS VALLEY/UPPER MIDWEST
AS FFG WILL BE LOWER DUE TO THE ONGOING FLOODING--SO ADDITIONAL
RAINFALL WILL EXACERBATE THE REGION.


BURKE/SULLIVAN/FANNING

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

24HR QP VT 24/00Z
 0.01 504311 499309 495309 486306 470304 435302 430302 425300
      420298 417296 413293 412288 406281 406270 409260 405260
      403257 404252 406248 413241 419237 424238 428237 433232
      430227 425225 429221 431219 436220 446221 450218 454217
      461214 468212 475209 483206 491206 500209 506213 514221
      519226 519220 518215 513208 512202 513196 519193 525197
      533203 537209 537221 536224 535225 534228 533229 532230
      531231 530232 528232 526232 525233 526235 527236 529239
      529240 530242
 0.01 543095 542080 541070 539065 531045 528038 524028 521017
      516009 511000 508995 505991 494980 483969 472959 464953
      455947 446947 442945 439944 439939 439933 440928 444919
      443912 445908 447902 446895 445890 445882 445869 449849
      449845 451839 454835 453827 456806 459793 465782 470776
      476768 481751 483738 484726 486707 491699 495692 496686
      496678 494662 495655 494650 492635 489629 487626 478622
      473623 468625 465628 460629 455630 453633 448638 440656
      434675 431684 430693 427703 427715 426720 426723 429726
      429731 428738 425743 427748 428749 429755 429766 429773
      429780 429786 431791 433807 434818 436829 435835 431838
      428846 426857 425860 421862 416870 414874 414879 411891
      407898 405903 403910 402917 401924 406946 409955 413965
      414969 417971 420974 424975 431972 433969 438967 442968
      443973 445976 446982 443990 438997 435000 433001 431999
      424994 418994 417999 417003 418005 420011 424019 423025
      419029 417032 413034 408035 404037 394049 386054 380049
      378046 374046 369048 365047 357049 350053 343056 334060
      324063 321068 320073 321076 327077 332077 336076 344074
      353073 357072 358075 355079 351081 344087 338090 332095
      327102 323109 321114 323119 327122 336120 343121 345121
      348123 352135 356141 368143 377144 382147 383153 388158
      391162 391169 390182 389187 394190 400194 405191 411185
      414183 419181 425179 432174 441173 448174 453173 456172
      460169 467164 470163 472158 476149 479145 482144 488145
      492147 495150 499153 508154 514153 520146 522144 523137
      524133 525126 524120 527113 529110 534110 539102 543095
 0.01 389725 389723 387723 385724 384726 384727 382729 381732
      379734 380736 382738 383738 385735 387735 387733 388730
      388728 389725 389725
 0.01 365764 363760 359759 355751 354746 352743 347736 344734
      341733 337739 333745 327750 323752 320756 316762 312768
      306774 302776 297776 289775 284776 281778 276784 268785
      265786 261788 260791 261793 253796 246801 242808 241812
      243815 248819 256822 264824 273825 281824 287823 291821
      300820 307820 318819 322817 326816 332812 347806 354800
      359799 361797 366791 366786 364782 362770 365764
 0.01 349831 348831 346831 344833 344834 342836 342838 343838
      345840 346838 348835 348833 349831 349831
 0.01 352987 352983 351981 348978 344977 341978 336979 333981
      329981 324978 314966 316958 314949 314928 313931 310931
      309926 308921 307918 303908 299903 291916 290921 289925
      287926 284924 281925 270937 262940 253941 245944 239949
      236953 237958 243963 255970 286979 291982 289986 291989
      294989 297989 301990 306996 308001 312004 315005 320005
      326002 333998 340996 346994 352987
 0.01 322797 319794 315792 311791 308793 305796 302800 302804
      304808 309807 315806 318804 321799 322797
 0.01 326915 324911 323907 321902 317900 313898 309898 308901
      310905 311907 315909 317915 319918 324917 326915
 0.01 289075 288071 283071 276068 271064 267058 256049 250046
      243047 237051 236059 238067 241073 246078 251082 257087
      263090 269094 276096 282094 286089 286085 285080 289075
 0.01 260008 259000 255995 248992 240990 236991 234993 234998
      235001 239007 245011 249016 251020 254021 256019 257014
      260008
 0.25 522267 517257 512250 507245 505245 495242 485241 481239
      477236 471235 467236 463236 460238 453245 455250 454253
      453258 449261 442262 437264 434268 433276 435280 441282
      445282 454282 465286 474287 486290 492292 498296 503297
      511295 512295
 0.25 526079 527065 525060 524058 513051 508040 507032 508022
      508016 506011 501011 494012 487012 484011 480012 476013
      472015 470013 465008 452033 448037 445041 443042 439045
      442050 443054 442059 435061 430063 427070 425078 421081
      416085 412087 405082 402075 402071 398070 392071 368068
      366071 368076 370084 374096 385094 388099 390103 389109
      384116 382124 385129 389134 392139 396143 403145 406148
      406154 411159 414162 417163 424162 428157 440161 454163
      460158 464154 467145 468135 470129 473123 477118 479115
      483113 489111 495110 502109 506111 510113 514109 520093
      526079
 0.25 482652 482644 480640 476635 469634 463638 457645 453651
      449658 446664 445675 444684 445703 442723 437739 436759
      437771 440779 443783 446780 449773 454758 457748 457738
      458729 461728 462730 462736 461740 461746 462751 465751
      467749 470741 474721 478706 480695 482687 484678 485669
      482652
 0.25 436892 436885 436880 435874 433873 430875 428878 426886
      422892 417897 412903 409910 407920 407931 410941 413947
      422959 424958 425954 426944 427932 428923 432904 434896
      436892
 0.25 433054 432048 427048 422046 417048 414050 411054 412061
      416064 419065 423063 426060 429058 432056 433054
 0.25 411068 410067 408067 407067 406068 406069 408069 410069
      411068
 0.25 355786 350778 354768 348761 345759 341759 332762 329766
      328770 330776 332779 334780 334782 334787 334796 343798
      348796 352793 355786
 0.25 285794 283790 278790 274791 272795 274803 268806 264804
      259804 256806 255809 256811 260813 263815 268816 278813
      281813 283810 280808 277805 280805 281802 283797 285794
 0.25 283962 282960 279959 276959 274960 271962 269964 270967
      272969 274970 277970 279969 281967 283964 283962
 0.25 272087 271083 268079 265076 262074 260071 256069 253071
      254076 256079 260082 264084 268087 271088 272087
 0.50 509288 510284 510279 510273 508267 505263 498255 490247
      487247 482249 475253 473254 472257 473262 472271 474276
      478280 484282 493289 499292 504292 509288
 0.50 514079 515074 514069 510064 504053 498045 491037 489035
      485035 482041 481047 478052 475057 471055 472049 474040
      472033 471031 468030 464032 461038 456047 453053 453064
      451066 447066 441067 439068 439072 443075 449075 453073
      457070 458076 458081 456083 451087 447089 441090 437091
      432092 429097 427101 426101 420101 415102 410100 406097
      402099 399104 395106 392112 388120 391126 393132 396136
      401138 407138 413138 418140 422142 426141 431140 435138
      438136 439139 438145 437148 438151 441153 444154 451154
      458153 461148 461144 461141 458135 457130 457123 457119
      459116 464113 469110 474107 481100 489093 498090 505089
      509087 514079
 0.50 477663 476651 475644 474641 469641 465642 459648 455655
      453662 451671 450679 450686 451692 453701 452709 448716
      447721 448727 451728 453726 462715 466714 469711 472705
      475695 475687 477676 477666 477663
 0.50 446759 446756 445755 444754 442754 441755 441757 440757
      440760 440762 440764 441767 443767 443766 445764 445761
      446759 446759
 0.50 419156 420154 420152 419149 417148 416149 415149 413150
      412153 413154 415155 415156 416157 418157 419156
 0.50 426907 426901 424900 417902 413907 412918 410926 410932
      410937 415942 421947 423943 423938 423926 423920 423914
      426907
 0.50 377080 376078 376077 375078 376078 377080 377080
 1.00 497281 498276 497273 496270 494267 493264 491260 488262
      487264 486268 489270 490273 491276 493279 494281 497281
 1.00 488073 487072 485073 484074 483075 484075 485075 487073
      488073
 1.00 469666 468661 466659 464659 462657 461659 460663 460666
      460671 458674 458677 459681 461682 464680 466678 467676
      468673 469669 469666
 1.00 473086 472083 471083 470082 469083 468084 467085 466087
      466090 467092 469092 471091 472088 473086 473086
 1.00 462097 463094 463092 462092 460092 459094 457095 456096
      455098 456099 458100 460100 461099 462097 462097
 1.00 444118 445113 443110 438110 433114 429112 424110 419110
      413111 409109 403111 401113 401116 401123 400125 399129
      402132 407131 414130 420133 422135 426135 430132 433127
      434120 442120 444118
 1.50 427125 427121 425118 424116 420115 418116 415117 413118
      411120 408121 406123 409125 412126 416126 419127 423127
      425127 427125

24HR QP VT 25/00Z
 0.01 421637 423641 428643 431645 432653 433660 433666 434673
      433679 431691 431696 431704 431716 430728 428741 426751
      423755 418754 411749 409742 405741 403736 402730 402704
      402692 403686 402678 403673 402666 402660 403654 405648
      408641 421637
 0.01 566052 566024 559002 555991 551983 545973 540963 532944
      528936 524928 515908 505890 496876 486861 479852 475845
      471840 467843 461849 462864 467871 471873 474878 476880
      475884 473884 470883 454878 440870 434866 429860 422855
      417855 415858 416869 411868 407870 403873 401879 402887
      404890 413894 415904 420911 422914 426914 427909 427904
      427901 429902 433903 436902 436897 440898 443904 440911
      445916 448918 452923 456929 450927 438926 428925 417927
      399932 394933 390935 384938 366947 358951 354954 348954
      338953 331951 323947 316942 312930 312926 314924 314917
      315912 315909 313907 311905 306905 301905 299907 295911
      291908 289911 288916 285922 278922 268921 258921 250923
      243925 240927 239931 240939 241945 242949 246956 250960
      255962 259971 261974 266976 268977 269980 271984 278988
      286990 291991 287994 282999 278003 276007 272015 271022
      273027 275032 278036 281043 275048 269047 263046 256042
      247040 242040 238042 233044 232046 231050 229054 226056
      224064 224070 225075 227081 230085 237092 266107 273111
      276113 281113 288111 295107 299104 301100 304095 304089
      304084 301080 298079 297076 299071 300066 303064 310060
      323051 327049 333047 337045 340040 341035 340030 338026
      343025 357019 363015 365027 366030 368032 373034 379033
      384031 388030 394030 401035 404039 406044 406049 407054
      411059 408059 402060 398057 392052 388049 386051 386056
      388062 392071 395074 393079 393083 395086 396092 397097
      398103 396108 392110 389115 388121 392124 396127 400128
      410132 421134 431134 440132 447129 453123 461126 467128
      471131 477137 491149 496155 504155 508151 508146 506143
      497131 487120 486116 486111 491107 497104 503102 517100
      525100 532104 537108 545109 551113 554113 556108 558098
      559087 562082 566052
 0.01 525260 538199 533187 526177 522173 517171 513170 510168
      506163 501162 498168 496175 498183 506208 511221 512230
      509232 506229 504222 502217 499211 493207 484206 478207
      473209 463213 453214 443215 438218 433220 426222 423225
      424227 427229 433230 442229 449228 456230 455233 452233
      447234 442236 440238 440241 442242 448240 453238 460238
      472239 478242 480239 479232 479227 483224 489227 498235
      500238 499240 497250 495255 491260 489268 489273 490276
      495289 499293 504292 512287 516282 519276 525260
 0.01 534166 533157 530151 527147 524142 520137 516134 514134
      513139 514147 515154 519159 523164 527168 530170 534166
 0.01 470145 468142 465139 460138 455137 453139 450144 452149
      453152 456157 460158 461161 465157 467154 469148 470145
 0.01 452191 451185 450180 453176 454174 453171 451175 448180
      446184 444188 445194 448195 451193 452191
 0.01 458001 456999 455999 453000 455002 456002 458001
 0.01 454003 451001 448001 444001 443002 439003 436003 434007
      437008 441008 444008 446007 449007 451005 454003
 0.01 428836 428831 427829 425824 424822 422820 418823 417825
      417828 415830 415835 416837 418842 419842 421844 425843
      426841 426838 428836
 0.01 422987 421986 419985 417985 415987 417989 419988 421988
      422987
 0.01 357754 354742 348729 344726 341724 333725 328729 324732
      323738 322745 318749 304765 302770 298774 286772 271774
      265775 260778 253783 250790 247794 240803 238808 237814
      239818 243822 248825 253826 263823 272827 283829 287833
      290839 291842 292847 292851 289853 282854 278856 276859
      273865 273871 274874 278874 285873 289874 291876 298883
      301886 307886 309882 309872 308868 311865 313862 315855
      316847 317836 319829 323824 323821 327818 330815 333811
      335806 337804 337801 338799 336797 336791 339787 344777
      346772 351767 355761 357754
 0.01 322033 320031 317031 313033 310035 308038 304042 302046
      303049 305049 308047 311044 315041 317039 320035 322033
 0.01 267019 267013 265010 262008 259004 256001 253999 246995
      238993 235997 237001 241004 243008 244012 244018 240026
      242028 246028 252027 254024 257021 261020 267019
 0.25 558054 559041 558028 555018 550008 542992 534975 528959
      522937 515920 512916 509916 506919 504924 504928 502931
      495934 488931 485931 485934 485937 483938 481941 481945
      480955 478959 474961 470958 468954 457944 451938 448937
      447940 448943 453950 455954 455957 447969 452974 459977
      464979 466981 471990 471997 470004 470011 468014 462019
      456024 451027 445034 440040 437051 436065 432073 431078
      428081 425082 422079 420071 415065 411063 407063 403066
      402071 405079 411084 413094 418102 419109 418112 415114
      404113 402114 402118 404121 408123 413122 420121 436119
      443118 450114 457113 463112 466110 471105 473098 475095
      482092 491093 497091 504088 519081 529083 537081 543079
      548074 551070 554065 558054
 0.25 497143 497141 495139 495138 494137 492136 491135 489134
      487134 486136 487139 489141 490142 491142 492142 493143
      495144 497143 497143
 0.25 482219 482216 482215 480214 479214 477215 475217 475219
      476220 478221 479220 481220 482219
 0.25 432968 430938 425935 417935 405940 382951 361963 355967
      350971 341980 333990 330995 327003 327010 333014 338016
      347016 350011 356007 362005 369004 376005 383002 391991
      394986 398979 401975 407972 420970 427969 432968
 0.25 425022 423021 421020 420020 418021 416022 416023 415024
      416026 418026 419027 421027 423026 424025 425023 425022
 0.25 386020 387015 385015 381015 379015 377017 375019 374022
      373026 375028 377029 379028 381026 383024 385022 386020
 0.25 340755 340750 337749 334750 331750 327753 324756 322760
      320765 322769 326771 331770 334767 337765 339760 340755
      340755
 0.25 299947 298943 294942 287941 279941 272939 268939 265941
      265946 268949 270952 272957 276964 277968 280969 283968
      289964 294956 298949 299947
 0.25 293010 293008 293006 291005 290006 289006 288008 287009
      287010 287011 287012 289014 291012 293010 293010
 0.25 283080 285071 284067 282064 270060 257054 245049 241049
      238050 236057 232062 231066 232070 239081 243084 251087
      255090 259095 264099 270099 276097 280092 283080
 0.25 274803 274801 272800 268798 264798 259798 255801 253804
      251808 254812 257814 262813 265811 268808 271806 274803
 0.50 553053 553045 552036 549028 546019 540006 534992 529981
      526973 525963 515932 513927 511924 508926 510934 513943
      508954 504957 499961 495957 492950 487967 483974 479979
      476984 474992 474001 473011 472015 472020 475023 478021
      479018 481019 480026 472036 469038 466037 462037 460035
      458031 454030 451032 449035 451038 455039 453042 448046
      444051 441056 439064 437072 437082 437086 435088 431089
      428087 426086 425090 427098 426102 423110 424115 426116
      434115 439114 445110 447109 450109 457110 462107 465102
      469095 473090 479087 483085 495081 503075 509071 514068
      523068 530070 536070 541068 549063 551058 553053
 0.50 419945 420940 417939 414940 412941 410943 409945 407947
      405949 405954 407956 409956 410956 414955 416953 417949
      418947 419945
 0.50 415073 415071 414069 414067 413066 412065 410065 409065
      407065 406065 405067 405068 405070 406072 408074 410075
      411075 413075 415073
 0.50 399963 399958 396954 394953 389954 382956 377959 364966
      353974 346978 342982 341987 341993 341998 342002 346003
      351002 356999 362996 369997 373997 376994 377992 375988
      374985 375981 382977 387973 393970 397966 399963
 0.50 275090 275086 272081 268080 263080 259081 256079 259084
      260088 262091 265094 271094 274092 275090
 0.50 261068 261066 260065 258064 258065 257067 258069 260069
      261068
 0.50 254077 252076 251077 252078 254078 254077
 1.00 536045 537040 537034 533026 529020 526014 525004 523993
      522991 520993 515999 513005 510015 502026 498031 492035
      487038 480040 468044 456049 453051 449050 447053 447057
      446066 444075 459091 468080 480076 494074 498069 502064
      507059 513056 526052 532050 536045
 1.00 499993 500990 499988 499986 498985 497983 497982 495981
      495980 494979 492979 492980 491982 490983 490985 489987
      490990 492992 494994 495995 497995 498994 499993
 1.00 483994 483992 484989 482987 480987 479989 478989 479992
      479994 480997 482997 483994
 1.00 443096 443094 443092 443091 442090 440090 439091 438092
      438093 436095 437098 438099 439100 441100 442098 443097
      443096
 1.00 430111 430110 428110 427110 428111 430111 430111
 1.00 377967 375967 375968 377968 377967
 1.00 374970 373969 371968 371970 370971 368971 367972 366973
      364974 366975 368974 370973 371972 373970 374970
 1.50 528037 525035 520036 519032 519028 520020 517017 513018
      510022 498036 491042 484045 474048 466051 463052 461058
      461063 459067 458073 462075 472074 480070 486065 487063
      489061 493059 501054 508050 511047 515045 522044 525042
      528038 528037
 2.00 514035 515030 514027 509027 501035 493043 488047 483050
      473053 468055 468057 473059 479059 489055 499051 503049
      508045 512040 514035
 2.00 476066 476065 474065 472066 474066 476066 476066

24HR QP VT 26/00Z
 0.01 563013 562948 563944 561938 556926 553914 552910 549907
      545900 541889 538884 537880 535879 526875 513868 499860
      495855 492853 487847 484844 480841 472837 467847 465852
      461851 451852 442852 433849 429848 425848 417852 411861
      405868 405874 405878 404880 400887 395894 393899 390902
      382906 367916 359921 349925 344927 339928 333928 312924
      295917 278910 268911 264912 259913 251917 248923 251933
      252939 253944 255954 256961 254980 249987 244993 238000
      236007 235014 232019 231024 234028 239036 243038 242044
      240054 235059 235063 231062 231064 232074 234086 236090
      240092 256092 266096 271095 274096 281097 285099 289100
      292100 294098 297096 300095 300093 299088 299082 298077
      298071 297067 298058 299056 301056 305057 310064 315074
      323081 330086 333084 338085 344080 349072 347062 346049
      347043 350039 354036 356032 360023 361018 364015 372013
      386005 394000 397998 401993 413979 418973 425968 431964
      435960 441960 464963 459969 453976 443986 446998 448009
      454015 457020 461023 468028 466030 462032 454035 444032
      438032 436037 436042 439046 444053 443056 440055 436055
      432052 422050 415045 410038 406038 402040 396045 384044
      382048 384054 387058 391062 398067 415073 420074 424077
      432083 438089 445093 453100 460105 467111 474118 486129
      492130 492128 487118 476102 464089 461086 459079 457074
      454069 454065 457068 462073 482075 491074 500075 505074
      510074 513072 518072 520071 523071 528069 533069 539068
      544066 549066 555065 557059 558048 560040 561029 562021
      563013 563013
 0.01 471620 478622 484628 489636 492651 496660 497667 496673
      494684 490693 486702 482709 478712 476710 474705 473702
      470701 465703 462701 456695 455690 456687 461684 462681
      466672 467667 467659 465653 463650 458642 455638 452635
      451629 454626 471620
 0.01 532227 535207 536197 536193 533192 528193 524187 522181
      518177 517174 514173 511178 512181 512186 511196 510207
      507214 506219 504223 502229 492232 487232 482234 479236
      478238 474244 473252 472257 473259 477273 482284 486289
      491292 496294 501293 506291 510288 517277 520271 523264
      524254 526247 530236 531229 532227
 0.01 388776 387769 383765 379762 375759 372763 368762 364760
      361763 360769 361777 360782 359783 355788 352792 350797
      347809 346816 345821 340832 339838 341844 344847 347847
      348844 351840 355837 366831 374826 383819 384818 385814
      385810 381806 376804 372800 373796 377796 381793 384790
      385785 388776
 0.01 344757 339746 333739 329736 325734 317731 304733 299734
      296739 283754 277761 272768 267777 264782 259784 246797
      241805 239810 240817 242821 247823 251821 257820 263821
      267824 276828 280838 284841 287845 291856 292861 293868
      292873 292881 292888 293893 298897 302897 306895 306888
      309877 309863 308848 308844 309842 314840 322834 327826
      332817 337808 339803 339797 337793 332793 330790 331786
      333782 336778 337771 340763 344757
 0.01 301804 301800 300796 299792 298790 295789 292791 290793
      288795 286798 286800 287804 287806 289809 293809 295810
      298809 300806 301804
 0.25 556001 556991 554982 552971 551967 551960 551953 550947
      550938 548928 545919 542910 538903 535898 529894 518890
      505887 499883 495879 490874 486867 481863 477863 474865
      464874 458878 453880 440884 434888 427893 417901 404905
      398909 392913 371930 366934 359938 347943 340945 332946
      323947 316946 304941 292934 287935 284936 279940 275944
      270949 264960 264965 266969 272974 277978 278981 278986
      276992 276996 275001 273009 273017 273028 274036 268039
      264037 262035 257031 252028 247028 244029 244033 245036
      249042 249049 248057 249064 251070 254075 258077 262076
      268075 274073 280067 281060 281054 282051 285049 292046
      308043 312044 315044 317043 316039 317035 320033 325030
      339034 343035 346034 349029 350023 349018 351014 354012
      358009 364006 371003 376998 382993 387989 398980 406971
      416963 426955 431951 440950 470949 477947 484942 486937
      484933 482929 488932 494936 494939 493943 493949 489954
      488964 489970 491973 495980 499985 500991 497998 493005
      489012 483017 479021 475027 474033 473036 468038 462042
      459044 460050 464053 471055 478057 485057 491055 498051
      503049 510048 523049 530048 535046 541043 545036 549028
      551020 554010 556001
 0.25 516264 516257 515253 511250 506250 499253 492256 489258
      487263 486267 487273 491282 498286 505284 510276 515267
      516264
 0.25 427867 426866 424865 423865 422865 421865 419867 421869
      421870 423871 424871 426869 427867
 0.25 271793 269792 267791 265791 264792 263792 262794 260795
      262795 264796 266797 268796 269796 270795 271793
 0.50 548012 549006 548000 547994 547986 548981 548974 546964
      543958 538946 537942 538938 540930 539915 536909 532904
      528901 523899 516898 510898 503898 497896 493894 491891
      490887 488881 484875 481873 478874 473878 469881 463884
      458886 452887 444888 439892 435896 431898 424909 417912
      410912 399916 388924 380931 371938 361944 336951 330953
      325956 316963 311965 306965 303964 299962 298953 296946
      290944 284946 281949 277954 275959 276967 281971 288981
      289984 289988 286994 282006 280012 281020 283027 283036
      284039 285041 293041 297039 302038 308035 313030 322023
      331018 338015 343012 352006 364003 373997 382990 387986
      391981 407963 416954 424947 430944 436943 443944 449946
      454947 460947 466945 470940 473935 472928 472925 470922
      465920 468915 473912 478908 483906 489906 494908 497921
      505928 509932 513938 516954 515957 512960 508963 507970
      508979 510988 510992 508995 502007 500013 496017 491019
      487022 483026 481031 482036 487039 492038 496034 500027
      504024 508027 513031 518034 528033 535033 540030 543027
      546021 548012
 0.50 337030 336028 334028 333030 334030 335030 337030 337030
 0.50 273065 273060 272056 268054 263051 260049 257049 255053
      255059 256063 258066 262068 267069 271068 273065
 0.50 256041 256040 256039 255037 255036 254034 254032 253032
      252032 252034 253036 254037 254039 255040 256041 256041
 1.00 542014 540009 537007 533005 529002 527999 524000 522001
      522004 524009 527012 532013 535014 540014 541014 542014
 1.00 482887 482882 480879 477880 474882 471888 466892 453898
      448901 443905 434914 429919 422921 410927 404925 400925
      379941 357954 333967 325973 315984 306993 300997 296001
      293008 293013 295016 301020 308021 314022 320019 325014
      330011 336008 342004 350996 354991 361988 368987 375986
      382984 387979 390973 395968 402958 410946 415941 419941
      426940 431937 438937 444940 451943 452941 454938 453931
      449926 441925 433925 433922 435920 442916 452910 465905
      471902 474900 475896 482887
 1.50 449935 450932 450930 448929 447928 445928 443929 442929
      440930 440931 439933 440934 441935 442935 443936 445937
      447936 449935 449935
 1.50 403949 403945 402940 400937 397937 391938 386941 376948
      366954 346968 340970 336973 326981 309998 307003 306008
      308010 312014 318016 325007 330004 338004 344994 353985
      357981 363979 367983 371979 381978 385974 389969 393963
      397959 400954 403949
 2.00 399952 399948 399945 396941 393940 390941 386943 372956
      357967 350971 341976 328988 326992 326997 333994 338995
      341994 346987 361974 365973 369975 373973 377970 386968
      389965 392961 399952
 2.00 321007 320006 318006 316006 316007 316008 317009 318010
      319009 320008 321007
 3.00 393949 393947 391947 389949 388952 389954 391953 392952
      393950 393949

$$





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