Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 190847
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
446 AM EDT SUN MAR 19 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAR 19/1200 UTC THRU MAR 22/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...

...COASTAL NEW ENGLAND...

THE COMPACT UPPER TROUGH (CLOSED MID/UPPER LOW) WILL CONTINUE TO
AMPLIFY AS IT PUSHES OFF THE COAST LATER TODAY. COASTAL
CYCLOGENESIS WILL ENSUE AS A RESULT...AS THE SHORTENING WAVELENGTH
OF THE UPPER TROUGH ALONG WITH A STRENGTHENING MID LEVEL
DEFORMATION ZONE (VORT LOBE) RESULTS IN A SECONDARY CLOSED 500 MB
CENTER JUST OFF THE NEW ENGLAND COAST. THIS EVOLUTION ALOFT WILL
HELP KEEP THE SURFACE LOW CLOSER TO THE NEW ENGLAND COAST THAN
OTHERWISE... HOWEVER THE NON-NAM MODEL CONSENSUS...WHILE STILL
EAST OF THE BENCHMARK (40N/70W)...STILL PASSES 125-150 MILES ESE
OF NANTUCKET. WPC UTILIZED A NON-NAM ENSEMBLE WITH THE QPF...WHICH
INCLUDED THE PARALLEL NAM AS ITS SURFACE LOW TRACK IS SOMEWHAT
BETTER CLUSTERED (FARTHER EAST) WITH THE OTHER MODELS. THIS
RESULTED IN 24 HOUR AMOUNTS BETWEEN .25 TO < 0.50 INCH ACROSS CAPE
COD AND NANTUCKET ISLAND...WHICH IS FAIRLY CLOSE TO WPC`S ENSEMBLE
BIAS-CORRECTED QPF. FOR FURTHER DETAILS REGARDING THE SNOWFALL
POTENTIAL OVER THESE LOCATIONS...PLEASE REFER TO THE QPFHSD.

...WESTERN U.S....

THE ELONGATED AXIS OF MODESTLY ANOMALOUS PWS (BETWEEN 1-1.25" JUST
OFF THE NORTHERN CA COAST) WILL LINGER DURING THE PERIOD...WITH
THE MOISTURE ANOMALIES EXTENDING ENE INTO PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN
INTERMOUNTAIN WEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES. THIS ALONG WITH A
RECYCLING (SECONDARY) WARM CONVEYOR BELT AS THE CURRENT TROUGH
ACROSS THE EASTERN PACIFIC GETS REINFORCED BY THE NEXT SYSTEM
CURRENTLY CROSSING THE CENTRAL PACIFIC...WILL PRODUCE ADDITIONAL
MODERATE OROGRAPHICALLY-ENHANCED PCPN ACROSS THE FAVORED UPSLOPE
TERRAIN FROM NORTHERN CA...CENTRAL ID...SOUTH-CENTRAL MT...AND
NORTHWEST WY. WHILE WELL DEPICTED OVER THE MORE ELEVATED TERRAIN
(GIVEN THE UPSLOPE ENHANCEMENT)...THE MODELS ALSO CONTINUE TO
FOCUS THE HIGHER QPF ALONG AN AXIS OF RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION
FORCING VIA THE UPPER LEVEL JET STREAK. THE UPSHOT IS A
MULTI-MODEL CONSENSUS (INCLUDING HIGH-RES) OF AREAL-AVERAGE
AMOUNTS BETWEEN 0.25-0.50 INCH OVER THE AFOREMENTIONED
AREAS...WITH LOCALIZED HIGHER AMOUNTS AROUND 0.75-1.0".



DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WESTERN UNITED STATES...

A LONG WAVE TROUGH WELL OFF THE WEST COAST DURING DAY 2 APPROACHES
THE COAST BY THE END OF DAY 3. AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL
TROUGH...DEEP PACIFIC MOISTURE IS TAPPED IN THE LOW LEVEL
FLOW...RESULTING IN HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS
PORTIONS OF CA DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH...SO THE WPC QPF
WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH WELL OF THE WEST COAST MOVES CLOSER TO THE
WEST COAST DURING DAY 2...A WEAKENING FRONTAL BOUNDARY IS PUSHED
TO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN CA COAST. A 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL
SOUTH SOUTHWEST FLOW AHEAD OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY FUNNELS 1.00
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) TO THE COAST. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS
MORE PARALLEL TO THE SHASTA/TRINITY AND SISKIYOU MOUNTAINS IN CA
AND FAR SOUTHWEST OR...AS WELL AS THE NORTHERN SIERRA NEVADA
RANGE. THERE CONTINUES TO BE A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.50 TO 2.25
INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THESE RANGES. SNOW LEVELS ARE STILL FAIRLY
HIGH DURING DAY 2...WHICH MEANS THAT RUNOFF ISSUES ARE
POSSIBLE...ESPECIALLY IN THE LOWER ELEVATIONS. THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD VALUES ARE AS LOW AS 2.00 TO 2.50 INCHES IN THESE AREAS...SO
A MARGINAL RISK REMAINS IN PLACE FOR DAY 2.

FURTHER EAST...THE MOISTURE PLUME REMAINS LARGELY INTACT ACROSS
THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...WHERE PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR VALUES TOP OUT
BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN. A LOW
LEVEL UPSLOPE FLOW IS THE MAIN DRIVER FOR QPF OVER THE GRAND
TETONS AND THE BIG HORN RANGES IN WY...AS WELL AS THE SOUTHERN
ABSAROKA RANGE IN NORTHWEST WY AND SOUTH CENTRAL MT. QPF AMOUNTS
BETWEEN 0.25 AND 0.50 INCHES WERE PLACED HERE.

THE LONG WAVE TROUGH APPROACHES THE WEST COAST BY THE END OF DAY
3. AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH ...SHORT WAVE ENERGY PUSHES A
FRONTAL BOUNDARY ACROSS NORTHERN AND CENTRAL CA. A 35 KNOT LOW
LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW FOCUSES 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER ON THE
SIERRA NEVADA RANGE. UNLIKE DAY 2...THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS MORE
ORTHOGONAL TO THIS MOUNTAIN RANGE...INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF
THE UPSLOPE LIFT.  BOTH THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS SHOWED AN AXIS OF 2.00
TO 2.50 INCHES OF QPF ALONG THE FAVORED UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE
SIERRA NEVADA RANGE... WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS ACROSS THE
NORTHERN PORTION OF THE RANGE. SNOW LEVELS START FALLING AS SHORT
WAVE ENERGY AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES CENTRAL CA...BUT
LOWER ELEVATIONS SHOULD SEE AT LEAST SOME RUNOFF ISSUES...AS MODEL
SOUNDINGS INDICATE THE POTENTIAL FOR EMBEDDED CONVECTION (WHICH
COULD RESULT IN HIGHER RAINFALL RATES). WITH THIS IN MIND...A
MARGINAL RISK WAS EXTENDED ACROSS THE LOWER ELEVATIONS ALONG THE
UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE FOR DAY 3.

FURTHER SOUTH...THE MODIFIED ATMOSPHERIC RIVER PLUME AFFECTS
SOUTHERN CA LATE DURING DAY 3. SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING SOUTHERN
CA TAPS 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND
THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN)...AS A 25 TO 30 KNOT LOW
LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW FOCUSES THE DEEP MOISTURE ON THE TERRAIN.
THERE WAS A GENERAL MODEL CONSENSUS TO PLACE 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES
OF QPF ALONG THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE CA COASTAL RANGE INTO
NORTHERN SAN GABRIEL AND NORTHERN SAN BERNARDINO MOUNTAINS...WITH
THE 00Z GFS SHOWING SHOWING THE POTENTIAL FOR 2.00+ INCHES OF QPF
IN THIS AREA. WHILE THE 00Z GFS MAY END UP BEING A BIT HIGH IN
THESE RANGE...THE STRENGTH OF THE UPSLOPE FLOW AND THE DEPTH OF
THE MOISTURE SUGGEST THAT THE HIGHEST QPF AMOUNTS COULD APPROACH
THE 00Z GFS AMOUNTS. BECAUSE OF THIS...A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED
OVER THE ABOVEMENTIONED MOUNTAIN RANGES IN SOUTHERN CA FOR DAY 3.


...CENTRAL PLAINS...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY DROPPING THROUGH A MID LEVEL NORTHWEST FLOW
ACROSS THE CENTRAL PLAINS DURING DAY 3 TAPS MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE CONVECTION WITH LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL. FOR
THE MOST PART...THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF
THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING SOUTHWEST IN A FAST NORTHWEST MID LEVEL
FLOW OVER THE CENTRAL PLAINS INTERACTS WITH 0.50/0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY TO PRODUCE LOW
TOPPED CONVECTION...MAINLY ACROSS SOUTH CENTRAL SD INTO NORTH
CENTRAL NE. A GENERAL AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED HERE...WITH SOME MODEL DIFFERENCES CONCERNING THE LATITUDE
OF THE MAXIMUM QPF STRIPE. THE SPEED OF THE MOVEMENT OF THE SHORT
WAVE SHOULD MITIGATE ANY ORGANIZED FLASH FLOOD THREAT.


...MID MS VALLEY ACROSS THE OH/TN VALLEYS TO THE MID ATLANTIC...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 2
PUSHES A SLOWING COLD FRONT ACROSS THE MID MS VALLEY INTO THE
OH/TN VALLEYS DURING DAY 2. THE FRONT ALMOST BECOMES QUASI
STATIONARY FROM NORTH TX TO THE
NC/SC BORDER DURING DAY 3. INSTABILITY AND DEEP MOISTURE ALONG AND
AHEAD OF THE FRONT WILL SUPPORT CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES HEAVY TO
LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL...MAINLY DURING DAY 3. THERE WAS A
GENERAL MODEL TENDENCY FOR THE HIGHEST QPF TO MOVE NORTHWARD ON
DAY 3...AND THIS TREND WAS FOLLOWED. THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MAINLY
ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AS STRONG SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSES THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING
DAY 2...THE SOUTHERN EDGE OF THE MID LEVEL FLOW PUSHES A COLD
FRONT ACROSS THE UPPER GREAT LAKES INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS AND
MID MS VALLEY. THE FRONT SLOWS WITH TIME...AS THE BEST SUPPORT FOR
IT SHEARS OUT OVER ONTARIO INTO QUEBEC. AHEAD OF THE SLOWING
FRONT...A LOW LEVEL WEST SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.25 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE FRONT ACROSS IL/IN
INTO OH AND EASTERN TN/KY. MODEL SOUNDINGS INDICATED MARGINAL TO
LOCALLY MODERATE INSTABILITY SOUTH OF THE FRONT...AND THE
COMBINATION OF INSTABILITY AND MOISTURE SHOULD FEED LOW TOPPED
CONVECTION THAT PRODUCES 0.20 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS
PORTIONS OF THE OH AND TN VALLEYS.

THE FRONT BECOMES ALMOST QUASI STATIONARY STRETCHING FROM NORTH TX
ACROSS SOUTHERN MO/NORTHERN AR TO THE
NC/SC BORDER DURING DAY 3. A LOW LEVEL WEST SOUTHWEST FLOW
CONTINUES TO SUPPLY 1.00/1.25 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ALONG
THE FRONT...AS MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOW MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE
INSTABILITY. SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT IS AUGMENTED IN THE RIGHT REAR
QUADRANT OF A 150 KNOT JET STREAK OVER NEW ENGLAND...WITH THE BEST
LIFT EXPECTED OVER EASTERN KY/TN AFTER 22/00Z. THE SYNOPTIC SCALE
ASCENT SHOULD ALLOW THE CONVECTION TO BECOME BETTER ORGANIZED THAN
DAY 2...AS IT BECOMES STRUNG OUT ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE FRONTAL
BOUNDARY. AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS STRETCHED FROM
FAR WESTERN KY TO CENTRAL NC..WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS EXPECTED
OVER EASTERN TN. IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT THE 00Z UKMET...AND THE
ESPECIALLY THE 00Z ECMWF...SHOWED HIGHER AMOUNTS ALONG THIS AXIS.

INITIALLY...CORFIDI VECTORS SUGGEST THAT THE CONVECTION SHOULD BE
MAINLY OUTFLOW DOMINATED.  HOWEVER...THE CORFIDI VECTORS BECOME
BETTER ALIGNED WITH THE 850-300 MB FLOW...WHICH COULD PROMOTE
TRAINING OF THE CONVECTION NEAR AND SOUTH OF THE FRONT. IT IS
POSSIBLE THAT 2.00+ INCH QPF AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE WHERE TRAINING
BECOMES AN ISSUE. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS
LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES ACROSS EASTERN TN...SO THERE IS A FLASH
FLOOD THREAT THERE. A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED HERE ON DAY 3...AND
EXTENDED BACK INTO SOUTH CENTRAL KY...WHERE THE 00Z ECMWF SHOWED
LOCAL 2.00+ INCH AMOUNTS WITH THE CONVECTION.

FINALLY...LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE EXITING JET STREAK IS EXPECTED
TO PROVIDE SUFFICIENT LIFT FOR CYCLOGENESIS ON THE FRONT ACROSS
SOUTHEAST NC LATE IN THE PERIOD. UPGLIDE OVER THE FRONT AND AHEAD
OF THE DEVELOPING SURFACE LOW COULD ALLOW 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS TO EXTEND NORTH ACROSS MUCH OF SOUTHERN OH INTO
WV...MD...DELAWARE INTO SOUTHERN NJ.


...NEW ENGLAND...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY IN A VERY FAST CYCLONIC MID LEVEL FLOW ACROSS
NEW ENGLAND DURING DAY 3 WILL PROVIDE SUFFICIENT LIFT TO AUGMENT
UPSLOPE FLOW. LIGHT QPF AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED...AND THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

A PAIR OF STRONG SHORT WAVES IN THE VERY FAST CYCLONIC FLOW OVER
EASTERN CANADA AND NEW ENGLAND WILL PROVIDE A BROAD AREA OF
SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT ACROSS UPSTATE NY INTO NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND.
MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN IS FAIRLY LIMITED...AS MODEL SOUNDINGS
SHOWED PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES GENERALLY AT OR BELOW 0.25
INCHES. STEEP LAPSE RATES ALONG THE PATH OF THE SHORT WAVE COULD
ALLOW SOME CONVECTION ELEMENTS IN THE PRECIPITATION FIELD...WHICH
SHOULD AUGMENT UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND. THE
HIGHEST QPF AMOUNTS...GENERALLY BETWEEN 0.10 AND 0.20 INCHES...ARE
EXPECTED IN THE FAVORED UPSLOPE AREAS OF THE ADIRONDACKS IN NY
STATE ACROSS NORTHERN NH INTO WESTERN ME.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


HURLEY/HAYES

24HR QP VT 20/12Z
 0.01 468621 471621 474622 477627 477630 476635 475639 471644
      468646 465650 461656 436694 428704 424708 420711 411716
      405718 401720 396718 393713 393707 395702 398697 399692
      399688 398686 394683 386686 382690 376699 375705 375712
      377728 379738 382744 388754 388760 387765 384770 380774
      374776 369776 359772 352766 351764 348763 343762 336762
      330759 327757 324751 322746 321739 320732 322728 330725
      335722 339719 342713 345703 349694 355683 363674 377659
      389647
 0.01 536204 538200 537196 536191 534182 530172 524166 516165
      513164 512165 509167 507172 508177 509183 512186 516193
      522200 528207 531207 534206 536204
 0.01 531894 531881 528875 527870 524868 519868 514871 511877
      506893 503911 500929 500941 502947 505950 508950 512950
      514948 520936 526921 530904 531894
 0.01 506263 508254 508246 507239 505234 500224 498218 496213
      491211 489213 488221 489226 493231 496236 497239 495242
      490242 486245 487249 491259 493264 498267 501267 503266
      506263
 0.01 510830 510818 509812 508810 504804 500801 497799 491799
      488795 483791 478789 472791 468796 466802 455822 440843
      432850 425857 421859 417860 410860 402861 397862 389870
      386874 384879 380886 378893 376898 370901 367905 367909
      368916 369921 373929 374936 373945 373952 377956 382957
      388957 392954 395947 396940 401943 404948 409952 413953
      417954 421952 425945 426942 426937 430923 434910 436904
      439899 444894 448891 453887 458889 463893 468895 470895
      475892 480887 483879 488877 491873 497863 503852 510830
 0.01 356283 371288 382291 393292 403291 408290 412287 419283
      426277 432270 436265 439259 442253 443243 440231 438227
      438222 440220 443218 449219 441215 438211 439203 441202
      443203 446204 446201 451197 454190 457184 461181 458170
      461168 463162 464154 464148 461143 462139 463132 464122
      464114 466113 467109 470105 469101 470096 471089 469083
      469076 471068 472053 472044 471037 470030 468026 466023
      461020 457017 454017 451019 448034 446035 444032 442029
      438033 438036 440042 443046 447047 449051 451058 451066
      449071 445070 441068 439070 441074 443074 450084 451090
      450092 447093 444093 438091 434093 429090 427088 426089
      427095 429098 429101 427103 423104 422106 423110 419118
      421119 422123 420130 414158 413165 411170 408175 405179
      404184 407185 415179 418172 420162 421158 422148 424142
      426134 430124 434121 440120 443121 443124 441128 434135
      432140 430147 426162 425170 429173 430177 428178 424182
      416186 413189 410195 406204 404206 401206 394204 389203
      388206 395217 395220 393222 388223 383224 382228 383235
      383238 381240 368250 359257 353264 347267 346274
 0.01 423798 423794 423791 421794 420797 420799 418802 417806
      417809 416811 416814 418813 419811 421808 422804 422801
      423798
 0.01 414786 413781 409782 403785 397790 391792 384797 380802
      376810 371815 368817 366816 363816 361818 364818 367816
      368822 370824 373818 375815 377814 379816 381815 385809
      395798 405790 408787 411786 414786
 0.01 357834 357832 355830 353830 353831 353833 353835 355837
      357835 357834
 0.01 345941 345936 343934 340930 332921 324915 322913 318913
      312913 307913 304911 301909 295907 293908 293912 293916
      295919 297923 299926 301927 306929 311929 314930 319930
      323931 326932 330937 334941 337943 343943 345941
 0.01 257008 257002 255999 251997 246997 242996 237995 234997
      236001 240002 244004 248006 250010 250014 254013 256009
      257008
 0.01 254982 253977 250976 246976 241976 237978 233979 233984
      237987 240988 246988 250988 252984 254982
 0.25 451627 455630 458634 456645 453654 449661 440679 435686
      431692 423700 418702 413701 411697 410692 410685 406682
      403679 401673 397671 394671 387675 382681 376689 371697
      368705 369716 370731 370743 370747 367748 360750 347753
      343752 339751 336747 335745 334739 334734 346723 350715
      352712 355710 361702 365694 373679 383663 388656 394650
      403642
 0.25 465095 464089 463086 461086 459091 456096 453096 452095
      450094 448097 442096 438095 437098 435097 433096 432098
      433101 432104 431110 431113 438112 441113 446115 450114
      454114 455112 459113 461113 462110 464104 465097 465095
 0.25 455137 453136 452137 453138 455137 455137
 0.25 450161 450156 451153 450151 447151 443150 440149 438148
      437150 436155 437158 439161 441164 443165 445164 449163
      450161
 0.25 428245 428240 426238 424234 427225 427222 425222 420225
      418224 416222 416220 415216 412216 409219 407224 403228
      396237 392246 376255 360265 356268 353271 354275 357279
      363280 374281 383279 392275 399270 407263 413257 421251
      425249 428245
 0.25 445072 443071 442072 443072 445073 445072
 0.25 403894 402890 401889 398890 396892 394894 390895 388897
      388899 390902 392902 395901 397901 399901 401899 403896
      403894
 0.25 371761 371759 370756 369755 368755 367753 365753 364754
      363756 363758 364760 366762 368762 370762 371761
 0.50 438631 447630 449631 452634 453638 452642 450650 443664
      437678 433685 427690 420694 416694 414691 413685 411681
      407676 405670 403668 397665 394662 396657 400653 413644
      420639 427635 429634
 0.50 463104 462101 461101 460100 459101 459103 459105 461106
      463104
 0.50 445111 445108 444107 443106 442105 441106 440106 439108
      440109 442110 443112 445111
 0.50 418232 417231 416232 415232 413233 412233 411233 409235
      409237 410239 412239 414239 415239 416238 416237 417235
      418233 418232
 0.50 409239 409237 407237 406238 405239 404240 404242 406242
      408241 408240 409239
 0.50 403242 403241 401241 400242 401242 402243 403242
 0.50 384269 385266 384263 383260 379259 375260 371263 368265
      365267 362270 359273 363276 368276 373276 377275 380273
      383270 384269
 0.50 369734 367724 364717 361714 359716 353722 349727 343732
      342739 346745 354746 360741 363740 366741 368741 369736
      369734
 1.00 445644 443638 440638 434643 424647 418654 417659 417664
      418676 419681 423680 426676 428676 431677 433672 437663
      440655 443646 445644
 1.00 356735 356732 354731 352731 350733 349734 349735 349736
      351737 353737 354736 356735

24HR QP VT 21/12Z
 0.01 487614 485622 481631 477637 475647 471654 465660 458664
      453666 440670 436672 433674 425679 417682 412683 409686
      404687 401686 396687 392685 389679 387677 389674 388670
      390662 394654 398650 401643
 0.01 470332 476333 481332 490324 494319 498312 504299 508291
      510279 512276 514268 515261 517254 517248 514240 511233
      509225 508221 507216 508206 509201 511196 511189 507174
      506166 501162 498159 494156 488154 484153 481150 475148
      473146 473143 475140 475135 473131 468124 469115 474099
      474091 473082 472079 472073 469065 467050 463034 460014
      458005 455996 449978 445966 442959 440952 437945 433940
      429940 426938 426933 424930 423926 419926 416926 414928
      411935 409943 408953 407963 405973 404986 404005 409017
      414022 415025 415030 413037 410040 407040 404042 404047
      406050 404055 395054 392056 390060 388062 384062 381060
      378059 375060 372063 371070 373076 374082 376089 380094
      385095 390091 393091 395093 400093 405093 408092 412087
      416080 420077 426074 430075 434077 441079 445082 444085
      442085 430086 426086 424088 420092 419102 419112 418121
      419125 418131 412148 408152 404158 405165 410170 413172
      418174 418176 415177 410175 409173 405172 401174 397178
      395188 390190 384189 371182 366182 364183 358191 357194
      355196 354195 348191 342187 340185 338187 329198 322206
      313213 307216 302220 299224 303228 307229 311231 317232
      327244 325246 324250 325253 329255 333256 334258 337265
      341269 348271 356274 359274 367276 373277 381279 388282
      395287 400294 405300 409302 412305 428311 435314 440318
      448322 456327
 0.01 538783 536765 532750 530746 530742 527737 524730 520726
      513717 507714 503712 489708 484705 478706 475712 472716
      470722 468727 464740 463755 461760 458767 453774 448780
      445785 440791 437794 436796 434795 432792 431788 430786
      427783 423779 418778 415778 413776 412771 413762 413758
      411755 408749 407746 404745 399742 399735 402726 399718
      398714 396710 392706 388702 382704 375712 372718 370724
      367737 363750 360757 356763 353768 350775 350780 353782
      358783 355788 353793 358804 364806 365810 363813 360817
      355820 351825 348829 348833 349841 349846 349849 349858
      351864 354870 355879 356887 358893 361905 357918 358924
      355930 354936 353946 352949 352955 353958 357959 362961
      368959 372956 377950 382948 386945 390942 392936 393933
      393929 393920 405917 410910 413903 418887 422874 424867
      427860 436854 439851 441844 440834 438826 439820 444815
      448815 450818 454822 456823 460823 464822 465822 466825
      464844 462864 461871 461879 461889 461893 463896 463898
      467898 471895 478885 482892 483895 482897 483903 485909
      489914 497926 502929 505929 507926 507916 506910 506900
      505890 505886 503883 504878 508877 513876 517871 533803
      536800 537794 537788 538783
 0.01 468711 468706 466702 460701 458699 455703 451708 447714
      445722 443730 445732 448732 450733 452731 455727 459722
      463721 465718 467716 468711
 0.01 411105 408096 406095 406098 404104 395101 395105 397106
      398108 396110 387113 380112 375123 375128 382129 390123
      393121 397117 400115 403114 406114 409112 409107 411105
 0.01 340002 337995 332995 329997 326999 322003 316009 312015
      310019 307021 306027 310029 314028 318025 325021 331015
      336008 340002
 0.01 296033 295027 292021 289017 283015 276014 270015 270022
      274026 279029 284032 288037 291040 293039 294035 296033
 0.25 473619 471627 467634 462640 457647 453653 447658 442659
      434658 427658 420657 416653 416645 420637
 0.25 491300 494292 494287 494284 494268 494259 491253 486247
      481244 478246 473244 467235 463227 460222 458220 454219
      448219 444220 438220 431219 426215 422211 419209 415209
      399204 389200 378195 374195 372197 371201 372206 380215
      379218 377217 374214 371212 367212 363212 348206 344204
      339208 337212 340214 343214 351215 354216 356218 356222
      354226 351232 347238 342241 344244 348245 357248 364247
      370250 376253 379259 388266 397268 401269 405269 410269
      423270 431277 434278 437277 441276 446275 452275 463282
      473299 472304 473308 477312 478317 481318 484316 487313
      491300
 0.25 455176 456172 455169 454165 452162 451161 447159 446162
      445164 445167 446171 447175 449177 450179 453178 455176
 0.25 459108 460099 457093 452092 447094 443096 439100 436107
      437110 440112 445115 450118 455122 457120 458116 459108
 0.25 454083 453078 451075 448071 445068 443067 438068 434070
      434074 438073 441074 446077 448080 451084 454083
 0.25 448044 449036 449029 448024 447019 445014 441012 440014
      440021 439028 436032 436038 438041 441045 444048 448044
      448044
 0.25 416865 414850 410844 407836 404832 400828 396823 390821
      381814 377816 373816 369817 366819 363823 362827 363830
      367836 372840 372846 371855 373864 375867 377865 378859
      379851 376843 378836 381836 383838 386843 385850 381856
      380863 381868 381872 382878 384880 386879 389877 391871
      390865 392848 396845 402848 406853 405864 407870 410871
      414869 416865
 0.25 412810 411805 409801 406796 405792 403785 401781 397782
      396786 398793 399797 401802 405805 407808 410810 412810
 0.50 462623 463626 462630 460633 459635 457637 454639 451641
      448642 444643 441643 439642 437641 435639 434635 434632
 0.50 485277 487269 487263 484259 479258 476259 474257 470260
      469265 471266 473266 476268 478271 480275 483278 485277
 0.50 458254 460245 458237 455233 448232 443233 438235 433237
      426237 416214 409212 404208 397206 389204 382203 382208
      386212 388217 386220 382222 378226 375228 372227 368227
      365229 363231 364234 370236 371241 373243 380246 385249
      389254 403261 409262 415262 428260 433261 435262 436265
      440267 443267 449264 453260 458254
 1.00 416251 415247 413243 415241 415236 416225 416221 413219
      408222 404229 402231 397231 390232 393234 395238 396241
      398245 403250 407252 411253 416251
 1.00 406215 405213 405212 404212 402211 400210 399209 397209
      395208 393208 392207 390207 388208 388210 389212 390213
      391214 392215 394216 396216 397217 399217 401217 403217
      404217 405216 406215
 1.50 412228 412226 410225 410228 410229 412230 412228
 1.50 402214 400212 398211 397211 395211 393211 393212 394214
      395214 396215 398215 400215 401214 402214

24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 538207 539200 540190 537178 527162 525157 522154 519151
      518148 512141 505137 504122 499113 495104 492101 493096
      498087 502078 500074 496073 494071 493066 490068 487073
      485077 481082 479080 478077 475076 472071 471065 475063
      478061 481057 483052 484045 486035 486022 484010 480004
      473998 472996 469996 468001 468017 469031 469039 467043
      465038 462033 461025 458015 455011 453004 450995 445988
      431953 427943 424934 419909 417903 416897 415891 415884
      413879 411872 409865 408857 406852 406845 404839 404831
      403816 403812 403805 403792 403788 403781 402757 400743
      398728 396702 392693 388685 384679 382676 378673 374671
      365671 361673 356676 352682 344688 337694 334697 332701
      329703 326707 325710 325715 323725 320735 313750 310760
      308765 309771 312781 318783 323784 327786 328789 328793
      328798 329806 330816 333827 335832 338834 342843 342849
      342853 342865 347888 351898 352906 353914 353939 348945
      345948 344954 342966 342973 341978 340985 335986 328990
      320993 314998 310006 308016 308023 310027 315026 318023
      320019 323016 327013 331011 336013 340015 343014 345011
      343000 342993 343991 346993 351994 353989 355986 357987
      361987 364985 366982 365977 363966 365954 371950 374949
      377950 383954 387957 390960 391963 389965 387968 385973
      385982 385989 383997 382013 381017 383024 386034 387037
      386040 383044 380048 380052 386056 389058 389062 387066
      385071 384078 388084 396082 403079 407079 410080 410083
      410089 406093 399097 397101 395108 390114 391121 395126
      397129 396132 392135 386141 377145 376150 376152 378153
      379161 378167 376172 370177 366176 368171 371163 367162
      364164 359171 356175 354178 351179 348175 347169 344164
      340164 331161 326160 322161 318162 315165 314169 316173
      321175 321179 315184
 0.01 315184 311186 309188 303195 300198 297202 294210 299225
      301229 306232 310234 316235 322230 326229 331230 336233
      336238 337240 340241 346244 363248 375251 384256 392262
      395264 398267 416278 432288 447301 463312 470320 476317
      480314 484312 490308 504299 514285 517280 519274 520267
      521260 517238 515233 514229 516225 520218 523214 524213
      530213 538207
 0.01 480685 480681 477676 477674 474671 470664 469661 468656
      467650 465646 459643 454648 451654 454668 447680 448688
      448692 452692 452696 450700 445706 439711 436717 434723
      432726 429728 426734 433735 436737 434740 432743 429745
      424749 422752 421756 422765 419771 420784 419793 417803
      419806 428796 432792 433785 434780 437778 439777 441774
      444770 446773 450782 458815 460825 461831 462838 460857
      458862 459866 459871 460875 462883 466888 470893 473895
      476895 482892 483887 483882 481874 477868 474861 477854
      480847 482838 483828 483824 482819 477801 472786 466773
      460769 455762 452752 453743 454735 458729 461723 464715
      466712 467708 472701 478696 480685
 0.01 460072 458067 456061 452054 450049 446046 445043 441043
      438045 434044 429050 425053 426060 425062 428065 436065
      447067 450068 453072 457073 460072
 0.01 450090 451085 449082 446080 444078 441078 437077 434077
      432078 432082 433084 437085 438087 441089 443090 447091
      450090
 0.01 449819 449816 447814 446812 447809 447807 446802 444800
      443800 441803 441805 440808 438811 438813 440815 442817
      444819 448819 449819
 0.25 512279 514272 515265 515253 513244 511236 505216 501207
      500201 501199 503194 506190 507187 508180 500167 495160
      491152 487143 480138 477136 473136 470136 465136 457134
      450135 442136 436140 431148 427158 426165 428170 432177
      434180 435184 430190 425196 423198 425201 428201 431203
      439209 442211 441213 434215 426214 425211 424205 423201
      421199 413200 404200 393196 378187 373184 365181 360181
      357182 354191 352192 350190 348187 346184 345178 344171
      343168 340168 341173 335175 333179 333183 334189 333196
      329206 331208 335209 342208 347209 351211 354214 355218
      355223 355228 359230 378238 389248 397252 406256 421258
      436257 452255 460254 465254 469256 475262 479268 485276
      491282 498289 502290 505289 509285 512279
 0.25 445111 447106 444104 442103 441103 438103 436101 433102
      432104 430108 429111 429113 433114 435113 438113 442113
      443112 445111
 0.25 423215 424212 423212 422210 420209 418208 417207 416208
      416209 416210 417213 418213 419216 421217 422217 423215
      423215
 0.25 433014 433006 431002 429999 426995 424994 420996 417001
      415005 417010 420014 423016 428018 432015 433014
 0.25 398225 398223 396223 395224 396224 398225 398225
 0.25 386726 384708 380704 375705 368713 362716 355717 348718
      345721 340731 333741 330746 327753 324765 324768 325772
      330774 337772 342770 353764 357768 355773 347781 340789
      337795 336802 337809 339815 345825 348837 350846 351855
      357884 359891 360899 362914 366928 368934 371936 376933
      379929 383928 384925 386918 385902 384890 383882 383873
      383863 380855 378848 377843 379829 382798 383790 383784
      382779 383772 381763 382755 385740 386726
 0.25 375212 374209 372208 369205 365202 362199 357197 354195
      352195 354200 356203 359206 364208 368211 373212 375212
 0.50 511276 512265 511252 509243 506232 504224 502220 499217
      491216 488219 488223 492231 492234 491237 487237 483235
      481232 478230 473229 467232 467236 470240 481252 488269
      492276 497282 502284 504283 508281 510278 511276
 0.50 487190 485188 482188 480189 478191 476192 473193 471194
      471196 474199 477199 480198 482196 484194 486192 487190
 0.50 489167 488162 487161 483160 481161 479162 476164 474166
      473168 474171 477173 479172 481170 484168 486168 489167
 0.50 472158 473156 472153 471151 469151 467152 465154 465157
      466158 468159 470159 472159 472158
 0.50 458222 457217 455213 449214 435219 421222 418219 416214
      409210 402205 397200 388197 381192 374187 371185 367184
      361183 362189 365193 374205 387215 390218 394220 402223
      403231 394228 387226 381222 374221 369222 367222 366225
      375229 381234 394245 402248 411250 419250 426249 434246
      440246 447243 454238 453228 458222
 0.50 455176 454171 453166 454163 453159 450156 446154 443152
      438150 436155 437161 439165 441170 444174 447176 450179
      454178 455176
 0.50 376891 376875 375866 374858 372844 369831 370825 368817
      369802 369793 368790 365789 359790 351792 345794 342797
      340810 347816 350822 351828 352837 353844 356857 364883
      365889 367896 367908 369915 371921 371924 373923 374906
      376891 376891
 0.50 348203 349199 348196 347192 346189 344187 342185 341183
      340186 339190 338194 338199 339201 341203 343204 345204
      348203
 0.50 354744 354738 352735 346732 343733 341736 338742 334749
      331755 328762 329765 332766 339763 344758 349753 354746
      354744
 1.00 500266 499264 499260 499255 498252 497250 494247 491247
      490250 490255 491258 492260 494262 496265 497268 499269
      500266
 1.00 501238 502235 502233 502230 500228 500227 499226 497226
      496228 497231 497234 498235 499237 499238 501238 501238
 1.00 421243 422239 421236 416235 409235 404236 398236 394235
      392234 392237 397241 404243 409243 415243 421243
 1.00 415224 414219 410215 406212 402209 399204 394202 388200
      384197 380194 374191 370188 368190 369192 374202 383208
      391214 401219 404222 408227 412228 415224
 1.00 370869 369867 369864 369862 368860 367859 365858 365860
      365863 365865 366867 367869 368870 370870 370869
 1.00 363845 364843 363840 363838 363836 362834 362832 361830
      360829 358829 358830 357831 356832 355834 355835 354837
      354839 355841 355842 357843 357845 358845 359847 361847
      363846 363845
 1.50 411223 411221 410219 408220 409223 411224 411223
 1.50 404217 402211 397206 392204 390205 387203 384199 379195
      374193 373195 374198 378202 383205 388208 393212 398216
      404217
 2.00 402214 400211 399209 397208 395207 394207 393207 393209
      395211 395212 396214 397215 398215 400215 401214 402214

$$





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