Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 162138
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
438 PM EST MON JAN 16 2017


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JAN 17/0000 UTC THRU JAN 20/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...

...2030Z FINAL DAY 1 QPF ISSUANCE FROM THE DAY SHIFT...

ONE OF THE MORE STARK TRENDS IN THE GUIDANCE HAS BEEN TO DELAY THE
ONSET OF HEAVY PRECIPITATION INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. THE
TRENDS SEEMS TO HAVE BEEN UNANIMOUS OVER THE PAST FEW MODEL
CYCLES...SO WE MADE SOME EDITS TO PULL BACK ON THE DAY 1
PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS OVER WESTERN WASHINGTON AND
OREGON...EXPECTING A MORE AGGRESSIVE ONSLAUGHT OF PRECIPITATION
DAY 2...STARTING 00Z WEDNESDAY. ELSEWHERE...WE INCREASED EVENT
TOTALS OVER THE GREAT LAKES...JUST SLIGHTLY...AND PUSHED AMOUNTS
ABOVE 1.00 INCH OVER PART OF LOWER MICHIGAN. PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES ARE FORECAST TO CONTINUE CLIMBING WITHIN A WARM ADVECTION
REGIME...AND THIS REGION WILL EXPERIENCE A LENGTHY DURATION OF
LIGHT TO MODERATE PRECIPITATION OVERNIGHT...SUPPORTING THE SLIGHT
INCREASE TO QPF. ALTHOUGH THERE WILL BE SOME WINTRY
PRECIPITATION...THE HEAVIER AMOUNTS SHOULD FALL AS A COLD RAIN
LATER IN THE NIGHT. -BURKE


...UPPER MIDWEST THROUGH THE GREAT LAKES AND INTO THE NORTHEAST...
...LOWER MS/OH VALLEYS...

A FAIRLY INTENSE/COMPACT UPPER LOW ACROSS EASTERN KS EARLY THIS
AFTERNOON WILL LIFT SLOWLY TOWARD THE UPPER MIDWEST
TONIGHT...OPENING IN THE PROCESS...WHILE A WEAK NORTHERN STREAM
SHORTWAVE TROUGH OVER THE NORTHERN PLAINS TRAVERSES THE UPPER MS
VALLEY ON TUE. THE WELL-DEFINED DEFORMATION ZONE ASSOCIATED WITH
THE UPPER LOW WILL CONTINUE TO ELONGATE TOWARD THE UPSTREAM
SHORTWAVE...LEADING TO A FAIRLY EXTENSIVE TROWAL AS A RESULT. A
SWATH OF ADDITIONAL FREEZING RAIN AND SOME SNOW IS EXPECTED WITH
THIS FEATURE WHERE COLD WILL REMAIN IN PLACE TO THE NORTHWEST OF
THE SURFACE LOW TRACK. PLEASE CONSULT THE LATEST QPFHSD FOR MORE
DETAILS ON THE EXPECTED WINTER WEATHER IMPACTS WITH THIS SYSTEM.

FARTHER EAST AHEAD OF THE UPPER TROUGH AND ATTENDANT SURFACE
LOW...STRONG WARM ADVECTION AND DEEP-LAYER MOIST ISENTROPIC ASCENT
WITH THE AID OF A 40-50 KT SOUTHWESTERLY LOW-LEVEL JET WILL FAVOR
AN AXIS OF MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN ACROSS THE OH VALLEY BY
MONDAY NIGHT. MOISTURE PROFILES ARE FAVORABLE -- WITH PRECIPITABLE
WATER AND 850 MB MOISTURE FLUX ANOMALIES BETWEEN 2-3 STANDARD
DEVIATIONS. MEANWHILE THE DEEP LAYER ASCENT WILL BE FAVORABLE AS
WELL OVERNIGHT...AS THE LEFT EXIT REGION OF THE SOUTHERN STREAM
JET STREAK COUPLES WITH THE RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF THE DEPARTING
NORTHERN JET STREAK. IN TERMS OF THE QPF...WPC UTILIZED A NON-NAM
BLEND...CONSISTING MAINLY OF THE GFS-ECMWF-UKMET WITH SOME
CONTRIBUTION FROM THE WPC IN-HOUSE BIAS CORRECTED ENSEMBLE QPF.
THE NAM WAS ON THE DEEPER/SLOWER EDGES OF THE GUIDANCE
SPREAD...THUS ITS QPF (WETTER OVERALL) WAS DISREGARDED. THE MAIN
INHIBITING FACTOR FOR AREAL-AVERAGE AMOUNTS EXCEEDING 0.50" IS THE
PROGRESSIVE NATURE OF THE FAVORABLE DEEP LIFT/MOISTURE ALONG WITH
THE LACK OF ELEVATED INSTABILITY.

FARTHER SOUTH AND ESPECIALLY TOWARD THE LOWER MS VALLEY...DEEPER
MOISTURE AND SOME MODEST DEEP-LAYER INSTABILITY (MUCAPES GENERALLY
<1000 J/KG) WILL ALLOW FOR SOME CONVECTIVE RAINS TO BE FOCUSED
ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT. THE GUIDANCE CONTINUES TO
SUGGEST SOME SLOWING OF THE TAIL END OF THE FRONT OVER SOUTHEAST
TX THROUGH  TUESDAY...WHICH MAY HELP FOSTER SOME LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL TOTALS AS THE SOUTHWEST/NORTHEAST ORIENTATION OF THE
FRONT RELATIVE TO THE MEAN FLOW WILL TEND TO FAVOR SOME POTENTIAL
TRAINING OF CONVECTIVE CELLS. SOME OF THE 12Z HIGH-RES CAMS
DEPICTED A SLIVER OF 2-3+ INCH AMOUNTS IN THE 24 HR PERIOD FROM
00Z TUE-00Z WED...HOWEVER ON A LARGER SCALE (10-20 KM GRID) EXPECT
MAX AREAL-AVERAGE AMOUNTS BETWEEN 1-1.5" PER A MULTI-MODEL BLEND.
BECAUSE OF THE RELATIVELY DRY ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS (INITIALLY
HIGH FFG)...THE DETERMINISTIC GUIDANCE ALONG WITH THE LATEST SSEO
NEIGHBORHOOD PROBABILITIES OF THE FORECAST QPF EXCEEDING THE
CURRENT FFG DO NOT SUPPORT ANY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL TOTALS...BUT
THIS WILL NEED TO BE MONITORED CLOSELY WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES RISING TO NEAR 1.5 INCHES OVER THE SOUTHEAST TX COASTAL
PLAIN.

...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...

INCREASING ONSHORE FLOW AHEAD OF A WARM FRONT WILL BEGIN TO SPREAD
LIGHT TO MODERATE RAIN INTO PARTS OF COASTAL WA AND ESPECIALLY THE
OLYMPIC PENINSULA AND NORTHERN WA CASCADES TONIGHT AND TUESDAY.
PRECIPITATION WITH THE DEEP LAYER WARM ADVECTION PATTERN WILL
BEGIN TO OVERSPREAD THE WA CASCADES AS WELL BY EARLY
TUESDAY...THEN SPREADING SOUTHWARD ALONG THE OR COAST AND INTO THE
SOUTHERN WA/NORTHERN OR CASCADES. THE LATEST GUIDANCE IS
INDICATING THAT THIS IS JUST THE LEADING EDGE OF WHAT IS AN
IMPRESSIVELY LONG-FETCH ATMOSPHERIC RIVER THAT EXTENDS WELL
SOUTHWEST ALL THE WAY INTO THE TROPICAL WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN.
THIS IS CONFIRMED BY CIRA-LPW DATA AND AMSU 89 GHZ DATA. THE
STRONGEST ONSHORE FLOW FOR THIS PERIOD SHOULD BE FOCUSED INTO
SOUTHWEST BRITISH COLUMBIA WHERE VERY OROGRAPHICALLY ENHANCED
PRECIPITATION IS EXPECTED TO ARRIVE BEGINNING LATE DAY 1. MUCH
HEAVIER RAINS WILL BEGIN TO GRADUALLY IMPACT THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
JUST BEYOND THIS PERIOD AS THE ATMOSPHERIC RIVER SAGS SOUTHEAST IN
CONJUNCTION WITH A COLD FRONT.


DAYS 2 AND 3...

...WEST...

A SIGNIFICANT ATMOSPHERIC RIVER EVENT IS LIKELY TO UNFOLD ACROSS
THE NORTHWEST TUESDAY INTO WEDNESDAY. BY 0Z WEDNESDAY SHOULD HAVE
INTEGRATED MOISTURE TRANSPORT AT OR ABOVE THE CLIMATOLOGICAL 99TH
PERCENTILE POINTED INTO WESTERN WA/OR...WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES ALSO AT OR ABOVE THE 98TH PERCENTILE. LOW LEVEL WINDS WILL
BE ANOMALOUSLY STRONG (ABOVE THE 99TH PERCENTILE) OUT OF THE SOUTH
SOUTHWEST ENHANCING UPSLOPE PRECIPITATION EFFICIENCY IN THE
FAVORED SOUTHWEST FACING TERRAIN. ALSO WILL HAVE IMPRESSIVE
DIFFLUENCE ALOFT WITH THE REGION IN THE LEFT EXIT REGION OF THE
UPPER JET. THUS THE IMPRESSIVE QPF TOTALS SEEN IN THE GUIDANCE ARE
NOT SURPRISING GIVEN THE MULTITUDE OF FACTORS COMING TOGETHER FOR
HEAVY PRECIPITATION. SHOULD BE A PRETTY LONG DURATION EVENT...WITH
THE ANOMALOUS MOISTURE REMAINING OVER WESTERN WA/OR BOTH ON
TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY. THE MAIN PORTION OF THE MOISTURE PLUME WILL
SHIFT SOUTH INTO SOUTHWEST OREGON AND NORTHERN CA THROUGH THE DAY
TUESDAY INTO WEDNESDAY. THIS SHOULD SHIFT THE HEAVIEST
PRECIPITATION INTO THE COASTAL RANGES OF SOUTHWEST OREGON AND
NORTHWEST CA. THIS REGION SHOULD ALSO SEE AN ENHANCEMENT OF
PRECIPITATION INTENSITY BY WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON AHEAD OF THE
SHORTWAVE TROUGH AXIS AS IT MOVES ASHORE..INCREASING THE DURATION
OF THE HEAVIER RAINFALL. BY LATER WEDNESDAY INTO THURSDAY THE
SYSTEM BECOMES MORE PROGRESSIVE AND BEGINS TO LOSE SOME OF ITS
ANOMALOUS MOISTURE CHARACTERISTICS AS IT SHIFTS SOUTH THROUGH CA.
THUS RAINFALL TOTALS WILL BE LESS ACROSS CENTRAL/SOUTHERN
A...ALTHOUGH STILL EXPECTING A PERIOD OF STEADY RAINFALL GIVEN THE
INCREASED SYNOPTIC FORCING.

THREE DAY PRECIPITATION TOTALS (0Z TUE-0Z THU) ARE EXPECTED TO
GENERALLY BE IN THE 4-8" RANGE (LOCALLY HIGHER) ACROSS THE COASTAL
RANGES OF WA/OR INTO THE WA CASCADES...AND SOUTH INTO THE COASTAL
RANGES OF SOUTHWEST OR AND NORTHWEST CA.  GIVEN THE IMPRESSIVE
SETUP WILL MAINTAIN THE MARGINAL RISK ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE
NORTHWEST ON DAY 2 AS WELL AS THE SLIGHT RISK ACROSS PORTIONS OF
THE OLYMPICS BELOW SNOW LEVEL. ALSO WILL ADD A SLIGHT RISK ON THE
DAY 3 EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OUTLOOK (12Z WED-12Z THU) ACROSS THE
FAVORED COASTAL RANGES OF NORTHWEST CA AND SOUTHWEST OR...WHERE AN
INCREASED DURATION OF THE ANOMALOUS MOISTURE PLUME/LOW LEVEL WINDS
SHOULD ALLOW FOR IMPRESSIVE RAINFALL TOTALS IN AN AREA THAT HAS
ALREADY BEEN ANOMALOUSLY WET RECENTLY. OVERALL MODELS WERE IN
PRETTY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH THE EVOLUTION OF THIS SYSTEM...AND THUS
WPC FOLLOWED A MULTI MODEL BLEND FOR QPF AMOUNTS. OVERALL THIS
RESULTED IN PRETTY GOOD CONTINUITY FROM OUR PREVIOUS
FORECAST...ALTHOUGH WE DID INCREASE THE SPEED OF THE SOUTHWARD
PROGRESSION OF HEAVIER QPF INTO NORTHERN CA ON WEDNESDAY. PLEASE
REFER TO THE QPFHSD FOR THE RESULTANT IMPACTS ON SNOW AND ICING
FORECASTS.

...TX/LOWER MS VALLEY INTO THE TN VALLEY AND SOUTHEAST...

A FRONTAL BOUNDARY IS EXPECTED TO REMAIN STALLED OUT ACROSS
SOUTHERN TEXAS TUESDAY INTO WEDNESDAY. EXPECT TO SEE INCREASING
SOUTHERLY FLOW AHEAD OF THE SOUTHWEST TROUGH AS IT SLOWLY MOVES
EAST...WHICH WILL RESULT IN INCREASING MOISTURE INTO THE STALLED
OUT BOUNDARY. THE CURRENT MODEL CONSENSUS IS FOR ONE PIECE OF
SHORTWAVE ENERGY TO EJECT EASTWARD ON THE PERIPHERY OF THIS
MID/UPPER TROUGH ACROSS THE SOUTHERN/CENTRAL PLAINS ON TUESDAY
NIGHT. INCREASED SOUTHERLY FLOW AND SYNOPTIC ASCENT AHEAD OF THIS
FEATURE SHOULD BE ENOUGH TO RESULT IN AN UPTICK IN CONVECTIVE
DEVELOPMENT OVER EAST TEXAS. THE EXPECTATION IS THAT PERIODS OF
CONVECTION WILL BE ONGOING ALONG/NEAR THE BOUNDARY OVER COASTAL
TEXAS INTO TUESDAY EVENING. THIS CONVECTION MAY TRY TO ANCHOR TO
THE FRONT...RESULTING IN SOME BACKBUILDING AND TRAINING POTENTIAL.
THEN AS THE SHORTWAVE EJECTS EAST THE FRONT MAY TRY TO PUSH
NORTHWARD A BIT...WITH A CONVECTIVE LINE POSSIBLY DEVELOPING
ACROSS EAST TEXAS...MOVING INTO WESTERN LA AND SOUTHERN AR.

THE WPC DAY 2 QPF (0Z WED-0Z THU) MODEL PREFERENCE WAS TOWARDS THE
12Z ECMWF/GEM/UKMET...AS THESE THREE WERE MORE IN LINE WITH THE
HIGH RES ARW AND BETTER FIT OUR EXPECTATIONS BASED ON THE PATTERN
THAN THE NAM/GFS DO. GIVEN THAT THE INSTABILITY AND SURFACE FRONT
WILL BE NEAR THE GULF COAST...THE FURTHER SOUTH AND EAST AXIS OF
HIGHER QPF SHOWN BY THE ECMWF/GEM/UKMET MAKE MORE SENSE THAN THE
GFS/NAM SOLUTIONS. GIVEN THE TRAINING POTENTIAL ALONG THE STALLED
BOUNDARY FOLLOWED BY THE POTENTIAL OF A WEST TO EAST CONVECTIVE
LINE MOVING OVER THE SAME AREAS LATER AT NIGHT...OPTED TO
INTRODUCE A DAY 2 (12Z TUE-12Z WED) MARGINAL RISK OVER PORTIONS OF
SOUTHEAST TEXAS. WILL HAVE TO MONITOR FOR THE POSSIBILITY OF AN
UPGRADE TO A SLIGHT RISK...WITH HIGH FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE...RELATIVELY DRY ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS...AND SOME
UNCERTAINTY ON THE EXACT FAVORED QPF AXIS WARRANTING JUST A
MARGINAL AT THIS TIME.

CURRENTLY LOOKS LIKE WE MAY SEE A DOWNWARD TREND IN THE CONVECTIVE
INTENSITY BY WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON AS THE CONVECTION BECOMES
DISPLACED FROM THE BETTER SYNOPTIC FORCING. HOWEVER SHOULD SEE
ANOTHER UPTICK IN INTENSITY/COVERAGE WEDNESDAY NIGHT AS THE TROUGH
IS FORECAST TO BECOME A CLOSED MID/UPPER LEVEL LOW AND TAKE ON
MORE OF A NEGATIVE TILT. THIS SHOULD RESULT IN INCREASED UPPER
LEVEL DIVERGENCE...FALLING HEIGHTS AND INCREASED SOUTHERLY FLOW
BRINGING HIGHER MOISTURE/INSTABILITY NORTHWARD. THUS WOULD EXPECT
A SWATH OF HEAVY RAINFALL FROM LA NORTHEAST INTO PORTIONS OF MS/AL
ON DAY 3 (0Z THU-0Z FRI). SOME UNCERTAINTY WITH THE FORWARD
PROGRESSION OF THIS CONVECTION. AGAIN THOUGHT THE NAM/GFS LOOKED
UNREALISTIC BASED ON OUR EXPECTATIONS...WITH THE CONVECTION LIKELY
PROPAGATING FURTHER EAST/SOUTHEAST THAN DEPICTED BY THOSE
SOLUTIONS. AGAIN PREFERRED MORE OF A ECMWF/UKMET SOLUTION...AND
CAN NOT EVEN COMPLETELY RULE OUT THE MORE PROGRESSIVE GEM.
PORTIONS OF EAST TX AND LA MAY BE IMPACTED BY BOTH THE INITIAL
CONVECTIVE ROUND TUESDAY NIGHT...AND THE SECOND ROUND WEDNESDAY
NIGHT. THIS POTENTIAL COMBINED WITH THE ANOMALOUS MOISTURE OVER
THE REGION SUPPORTS A DAY 3 MARGINAL RISK AS WELL ACROSS THIS
AREA.

...NORTHEAST...

A SHORTWAVE AND SURFACE LOW WILL MOVE OFF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST
BY WEDNESDAY. EXPECT TO SEE AN AREA OF OVERRUNNING PRECIPITATION
TO THE NORTH OF THIS TRACK OVER THE NORTHEAST TUESDAY NIGHT INTO
WEDNESDAY. SOME NORTH/SOUTH MODEL DIFFERENCES...ALTHOUGH WITH THE
12Z ECMWF COMING A BIT NORTH...THERE IS NOW PRETTY GOOD AGREEMENT
WITH THE LATEST NAM/GFS/ECMWF...WITH THE WPC FORECAST FALLING
CLOSE TO A MULTI MODEL CONSENSUS.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

HURLEY/CHENARD

24HR QP VT 18/00Z
 0.01 457327 460326 464324 468322 471320 474317 477315 480312
      483309 486305 489303 492306 494311 495315 500318 501318
      528243 521235 516224 512218 510215 511212 515210 518214
      521227 523233 524236 527237 530234 533229 538210 540203
      541194 540188 537183 531173 527167 521163 513155 505150
      498148 494141 488134 481132 477132 472133 473139 479140
      482141 485143 483149 481150 478151 474151 468149 463151
      463161 467167 466171 465174 463175 459175 456176 453174
      443187 446192 450195 454191 460188 461187 463190 463197
      462202 458203 453203 449208 445211 440214 432222 430224
      431228 430232 429236 426236 421236 418237 416239 411244
      403250 396258 392261 389267 384281 377297
 0.01 466705 465702 463699 460700 456701 455703 453706 452708
      452713 453717 455719 459718 460715 462713 464710 465707
      466705
 0.01 464804 455753 449734 446724 442719 439717 432713 424710
      413709 409708 404710 400711 395715 390718 388721 386727
      383731 377731 374726 374722 374716 375710 377706 382697
      383687 383677 379670 373662 366667 358672 350679 341686
      338695 332714 329725 328736 326744 323754 311767 307769
      302770 293775 293778 295780 304782 312786 311790 308795
      309803 314803 320797 332782 342767 351752 356744 361738
      363735 365740 365746 365753 367766 366774 360796 360803
      358808 353811 350815 347824 347837 344847 340858 337866
      336871 333874 321886 316892 310898 299911 286924 275937
      266941 256945 252947 250949 247955 246958 250962 251965
      260964 263966 265969 265983 265988 266991 270998 275006
      281012 291016 297023 301028 304032 304038 303045 301051
      300065 298069 304070 308071 310073 314077 319082 324083
      328086 340098 343098 343094 342083 342080 345079 349077
      352080 355078 358073 361073 362075 363078 364079 367076
      370077 370079 375082 378083 381081 381075 384071 387070
      389072 391070 393064 389063 389060 391058 393052 392047
      390043 385035 383025 380014 379009 378008 372016 368022
      368033 368041 367045 366048 362049 356049 354053 352058
      349053 344052 341051 340047 336046 336040 336034 334028
      331016 329012 331007 334997 335991 334989 333977 331968
      329958 340943 345935 350928 358919 366915 375911 378910
      380911 384913 387918 389923 390927 390933 391946 394956
      397956 400953 407947 413943 419945 421952 420959 418970
      417973 419978 423977 427973 439958 445949 449939 454930
      457926 458920 460910 461903 460896
 0.01 460896 459888 458879 459871 461864 464859 465856 465851
      464844 463834 462824 460817 461810 464804
 0.01 347070 346068 344063 344061 343059 341057 340058 338060
      336062 336067 335071 336074 340076 342074 345072 347070
 0.01 300880 300876 298876 290880 285883 279888 274892 276894
      279894 282893 285893 285896 285900 284904 288908 289902
      290891 295887 300881 300880
 0.01 265798 264798 262797 261798 259798 258799 259800 261800
      262801 263801 263800 264799 265798
 0.25 525255 521247 516237 512227 507218 501209 498206 493204
      488202 485203 480205 476207 470211 460212 454217 445221
      443225 442232 439238 437241 432242 429243 424244 420247
      415253 408263 403271 399281 397288 396295 397300 400303
      403306 404307 409304 417302 423301 430299 435297 440293
      453288 458286 460288 458291 454295 449301 449309 456311
      463309 468306 479299 485296 491294 498296 505301 508302
 0.25 486230 485229 484230 485232 486230
 0.25 536209 537200 537191 531181 524169 520165 515162 505163
      500166 496169 494173 495177 499181 507190 511194 515200
      521211 525216 530220 533217 536209
 0.25 453821 453805 451790 449779 445766 442754 439742 437739
      431736 428736 425739 420740 413735 408733 404736 403741
      403749 403760 403766 402771 400776 397782 391789 379793
      375796 372799 368808 362827 360837 357847 347868 338886
      334893 329900 318915 312924 305931 292944 287950 282958
      274976 273980 275985 282995 283999 286004 289006 294008
      301007 305009 308010 311010 314998 315991 313988 310989
      300993 297993 294992 291989 292985 295980 301975 314964
      325950 339932 350919 361905 375889 380887 383889 388890
      394891 399890 401891 404895 404899 403910 401915 402919
      407919 411917 417910 420906 424902 428902 433907 436917
      438922 441925 444925 448922 450918 451913 452898 452883
      452867 451852 453838 453821
 0.25 376687 376679 374675 372673 368674 363677 356684 350692
      344700 342705 340711 338722 338728 336733 334744 329754
      325763 322767 322771 327774 331771 338763 349747 354738
      357728 365707 376689 376687
 0.50 524259 517245 510228 507222 503216 497210 490207 483206
      477210 472216 465215 459217 455222 454228 450231 445235
      436245 430248 424252 420257 415264 412271 410276 409282
      411285 414288 418290 432288 434282 436279 440274 445269
      452265 457263 463263 464267 467272 473275 475279 475285
      475288 478291 484292 493290 496290 501293 505295 510297
 0.50 534209 536202 536195 532186 526177 521170 518168 514168
      505169 503173 503179 509187 515194 519202 521207 524211
      527213 531213 534209
 0.50 489231 488228 486225 484224 481222 478221 475222 476225
      478228 480230 481233 482236 484235 486232 489231
 0.50 447812 446803 444795 439777 436769 436761 436755 434750
      432749 427750 426752 425756 424764 420770 418773 417778
      413784 410789 409793 408799 412806 414811 412819 410828
      406834 406866 395874 395877 397879 404877 408877 411877
      414883 418888 421891 425891 431889 437890 441890 443886
      445877 447841 446832 446825 447812
 0.50 388820 387814 385814 386809 384803 381806 377810 376816
      374822 371826 367829 365833 365841 365847 363853 359865
      355874 351884 344893 337900 331906 326913 319922 312929
      305936 299942 292951 287960 281968 279972 279976 281981
      285981 295975 302970 309964 316955 323948 335934 348918
      353910 358901 370882 375875 380866 385854 388845 388831
      388820
 0.50 348738 347733 343735 341740 339743 337747 335752 333756
      332761 334761 336758 338755 342752 344748 346744 347740
      348738
 1.00 523264 518254 513242 508230 503220 499216 494213 487210
      484210 480213 480216 482218 486221 489223 490227 491234
      489236 482239 479234 475230 469233 466237 463238 461237
      458236 455236 452239 450242 450246 460245 470249 475252
      477258 478265 481271 484283 488286 493284 497286 501288
      506291 511293
 1.00 531202 530197 529191 527186 525182 521179 516178 513181
      515187 517190 519195 522200 524203 528205 531202
 1.00 447253 445252 442250 440251 437253 434254 432255 430257
      429260 428264 430267 434267 436266 438265 440262 442260
      444257 446255 447253
 1.00 437847 437840 436835 434833 431835 430840 430845 429850
      427857 427862 429864 431862 434857 436852 437847 437847
 1.00 368871 364871 363874 360879 358883 356886 354890 351894
      351898 355897 358892 360889 362885 364881 366876 368871
      368871
 1.00 348910 347906 344909 341915 336921 332927 327932 323938
      322941 325941 330935 334930 338923 342918 347912 348910
 1.00 321934 321933 317931 312934 308938 305942 301947 299952
      297957 299959 303958 306954 310950 313945 317941 321937
      321934
 1.50 521269 518261 515252 509237 502222 497218 494218 491222
      492232 495241 499247 499248 496246 491240 489239 485240
      482247 482257 486274 489281 496282 510290 513289
 1.50 479238 478235 477235 476234 475234 474237 475239 477240
      479238
 1.50 307948 309945 313939 311940 308942 305947 305949 307948
 2.00 517273 518268 517263 515256 509240 505233 501226 495221
      493226 493231 496239 500246 502249 502253 499254 497250
      493245 489242 486243 485249 485254 486264 488272 490276
      493279 499282 507286 510285 512282 513277 516275 517273
 3.00 515269 512262 510253 508245 504236 500231 498229 496231
      496236 498239 502246 506253 508262 511269 515269
 3.00 505282 506277 506274 503267 501261 497255 494250 491248
      488249 488257 490265 491271 495276 500280 505282
 4.00 503278 503273 501268 499263 498260 495255 492252 490254
      491260 492264 493269 495274 499277 503278 503278
 4.00 505244 504242 504240 503239 502238 501237 500235 500234
      498234 498237 499238 500240 501240 502242 503244 505245
      505244
 5.00 500271 499270 499269 498266 497263 496262 496261 495259
      494259 494261 494264 495267 496270 497270 497271 499272
      500271

24HR QP VT 19/00Z
 0.01 420637 424645 427657 432663 438671 449682 454687 460691
      463695 466697 472696 477699 481704 484709 484715 481723
      477732 476737 475742 474751 475757 475760 472763 470765
      470769 471773 472781 471785 471791 463795 458796 455794
      451796 450801 442839 437844 434847 432852 435860 435866
      437871 437880 435885 433885 428883 426880 423879 419875
      414875 410873 405869 401862 399858 399852 399846 400843
      403841 405843 407845 410847 412845 412841 411838 407836
      397830 391824 389823 385823 380830 377839 370856 367864
      363872 354887 355892 356895 358895 360894 363894 365896
      370902 369908 368912 362919 360921 359925 359934 359946
      356954 354958 354964 353978 350997 353006 353013 351017
      350024 348031 340044 334052 330058 325065 322065 320063
      317061 315057 314052 311049 307047 308044 313036 314032
      311029 305024 298021 292021 289022 274018 269013 263006
      255996 256993 256988 253984 247979 244976 243972 241968
      241963 243961 248960 255955 259949 263943 268937 274932
      277926 284914 289908 295903 299896 304890 309886 317883
      321883 325881 328869 330863 326857 327853 330851 337846
      344836 348830 350826 350821 352817 356816 364812 368804
      373799 378792 380792 383794 398785 400783 402778 403776
      403773 400769 393766 391767 389769 387773 384777 382775
      379774 375774 370776 367779 365783 364789 362797 361801
      358803 356806 355804 352800 350796 350792 349789 348789
      345785 343777 341771 337771 335774 330777 322781 319779
      318772 317760 318756 317750 319743 321734 324727 329712
      335699 336693 337688 340680
 0.01 535212 536205 536201 535189 532181 528173 524167 519161
      509151 503145 497140 490134 488133 484131 464136 462136
      459138 453143 446144 440139 436133 433134 430137 426144
      425153 417168 415173 413176 407181 395188 390192 383192
      380190 376188 369188 373195 371201 368203 363204 357207
      351212 348218 343225 341228 340234 340238 342242 346247
      354258 358264 360267 365270 370275 377280 391289 406295
      414299 422302 431305 435307 440310 449312 458315 465318
      470319 473319 477320 480320 483320 486319 492316 496308
      501299 506295 513281 519263 521257 521250 519239 514222
      511214 512208 515207 527215 531217 533215 535212
 0.25 531200 531192 529184 520176 515171 510167 498159 487152
      476152 470150 465146 462147 460150 456159 453161 449158
      446156 443155 441157 439161 433178 432187 432195 433202
      434205 431206 425205 420207 418211 414210 406210 395208
      390210 386214 383218 378222 367227 364229 363234 364242
      377261 382266 386271 393276 398278 423287 437291 444292
      451291 463291 474293 486293 493291 498288 505279 512267
      514260 517249 515240 513231 508219 502207 500201 499197
      500192 503190 507191 513195 523202 527204 530202 531200
 0.25 495151 494149 494148 493147 491145 490145 490144 488144
      487144 487146 488149 489152 491152 492152 494152 495151
 0.25 468205 469202 469200 469199 467197 465197 464196 462196
      460198 462199 463201 465203 466204 468205 468205
 0.25 460200 460198 458198 457198 455198 454198 453199 452200
      453203 454203 456202 457202 458201 460200 460200
 0.25 458739 450717 446703 443697 439692 433684 429680 427675
      425668 423662 419656 416652 413649 408648 405650 403655
      378664 359674 355679 352683 347694 344703 341714 338725
      339731 342738 347747 351758 355770 357774 358775 362771
      368763 375756 377751 377745 378728 379716 381705 384701
      388697 391701 395708 405725 412734 419745 421752 424755
      428756 431756 433754 436752 439752 441758 445761 449760
      455750 458739
 0.25 379816 380812 378810 375810 373811 371813 369815 367818
      366820 364822 366825 368827 371826 372826 375823 377821
      378819 379816
 0.25 363840 363836 362834 359833 355835 353836 351837 350840
      350844 352846 354846 356846 359844 361842 363840
 0.25 361854 361852 360850 359848 358849 357850 356852 354854
      354855 353856 352857 352859 352861 353863 355862 356861
      357861 358859 358858 360856 361854
 0.25 350923 351915 350906 346902 340899 335901 331904 321911
      299924 292931 284941 280945 276948 272952 270955 268960
      266964 266970 270975 272982 274988 275991 278993 293991
      304987 308990 312990 315989 323982 332973 337962 343949
      350923
 0.50 511260 514250 514245 513240 509226 506218 502211 489200
      487195 488190 490186 495183 499179 502178 504181 510186
      516185 516182 515179 503171 494163 488159 484157 480156
      472156 465152 462154 461156 460167 458170 455169 451165
      448164 445167 443178 440186 440192 441197 442203 444205
      445204 446200 455191 463190 467190 471193 473196 474199
      471205 469208 466208 461203 459202 457205 454211 426218
      423223 421224 417223 415215 408214 398213 394216 383227
      380232 376237 374241 374245 376252 381259 386264 391268
      396271 401272 408272 414274 419277 427279 434280 441280
      449279 455277 461276 467276 474279 481280 488280 494279
      501278 504276 506271 509264 511260
 0.50 487233 487231 487230 485228 485227 484226 482227 482228
      482229 482232 483234 484235 486234 487233
 0.50 439711 437704 433698 426685 423679 420668 417662 413658
      408661 402666 401669 402674 403685 405703 411716 417719
      421723 425728 429727 432725 436720 439713 439711
 0.50 378682 377679 374677 366680 361684 358689 353702 351709
      349716 351725 354731 361745 361747 364749 370746 371740
      371729 373715 375699 377683 378682
 0.50 343932 344925 344919 342914 335914 326916 317920 310924
      301931 296935 290943 285952 279958 277962 275967 276978
      277984 279987 285987 290986 298983 306978 314975 322969
      326962 333954 337946 342936 343932
 1.00 509254 511248 511241 509232 501214 496210 488205 486203
      481202 473206 472209 469211 465210 462208 460207 459210
      457212 449216 442216 436220 429222 431231 425232 417228
      414220 411218 407220 402226 396228 393230 389230 386232
      386237 385249 388255 395260 404264 411266 420267 428268
      437267 443266 449263 455258 458256 464256 471258 477262
      496270 499270 501269 502267 503262 506256 509254
 1.00 489234 489231 489226 488223 487223 485222 484222 481222
      479226 480230 481234 482236 486236 488236 489234
 1.00 484171 486166 485163 483165 480165 478166 476168 474171
      474176 474181 474184 475188 477190 480191 482188 482183
      481178 482173 484171
 1.00 463181 463179 463177 461176 461175 459176 458176 456177
      454179 454181 455182 457184 458184 460183 461183 462181
      463181
 1.00 336939 336933 335929 334925 330924 323925 314928 309933
      301937 298943 293949 283962 280968 279972 281976 283978
      286979 294976 299972 305966 318958 323954 329947 336939
 1.50 508246 509240 506234 503225 501219 498214 493212 488208
      485206 480206 474210 472213 470213 464212 454215 452219
      447218 442217 440223 440229 438233 433236 427234 417230
      412223 408224 405229 397234 394237 392244 393249 396254
      405259 410262 417263 425263 434262 442259 446256 450252
      453249 457248 466249 478252 483255 488259 494265 498265
      500260 498253 496248 490239 482238 478228 476224 472226
      469230 466230 465226 471221 477221 480220 486221 489222
      490226 491232 494238 495242 500244 505247 508246
 1.50 319952 319943 317938 310937 306940 303944 296951 290958
      285967 283971 283972 286972 293966 300960 303957 308955
      314954 319952 319952
 2.00 503236 501228 499219 496216 492215 488210 481208 475213
      474217 476217 484219 490220 492223 492228 493233 494237
      500240 503236
 2.00 497260 496252 493246 490241 486240 483241 481236 478230
      477227 475227 470233 448233 443234 438236 434239 430240
      428238 417232 413231 410229 407234 403235 398238 397240
      396245 399251 410258 417260 424260 435258 440255 444250
      448246 453245 459243 466243 475247 482249 488254 492261
      495262 497260
 2.00 470218 469215 468215 465215 461214 460215 456216 454217
      454219 455223 456225 460227 463226 465224 466222 468220
      470218
 2.00 447224 447221 445219 443218 443220 443221 445223 446224
      447224
 2.00 310945 309943 308942 307943 306943 305945 304947 305949
      307948 308947 310945
 2.00 300954 299953 297953 296953 295954 294955 293956 292958
      291960 292962 294961 295960 296959 297958 297957 298956
      299954 300954
 3.00 498232 498229 499227 498224 498222 497221 496220 495220
      495221 494223 493225 493228 494229 494230 495232 496233
      498232
 3.00 489247 488245 486244 485246 486247 487248 489247
 3.00 490216 489214 488213 487212 486213 485215 486218 487218
      488218 490216
 3.00 480241 480239 479236 479235 479233 478232 477230 476230
      475230 473231 473232 472233 471236 471238 472240 473241
      473242 475243 476243 478243 480242 480241
 3.00 463223 464221 463218 463217 461217 461218 459219 458219
      457221 457222 458223 460224 462224 463223
 3.00 449239 451237 450236 449236 449239 449239
 3.00 444240 444238 442238 441239 442240 444240 444240
 3.00 433251 431248 429244 427240 423237 418237 416237 416241
      415248 417253 420254 424255 428254 431253 433251
 4.00 477240 478238 478235 477234 477233 476232 474232 473234
      472236 473239 475241 477240 477240
 4.00 425244 426242 426241 424239 423239 423238 422238 421240
      421241 420243 421245 422246 423247 424246 425245 425244
 5.00 425241 424241 422240 422241 422243 424243 425241

24HR QP VT 20/00Z
 0.01 342273 350274 360277 380278 385279 389279 396285 418294
      437300 448304 453305 457305 469309 471315 474319 477318
      480316 482312 486308 496296 499292 503293 508293 510286
      514274 516269 520265 522260 524254 524241 524216 529216
      531211 534207 535201 536195 535188 533183 530180 517167
      506153 494139 487133 482131 476131 468133 469118 471107
      471103 467100 462099 460100 454108 449109 444106 441105
      437102 432094 428091 427096 427101 424104 420104 415106
      410103 408098 405088 394077 390075 390080 390083 387083
      383080 379078 376079 371084 367087 361087 357084 353084
      350086 347092 343099 339097 337100 339107 337115 336118
      334124 334130 334135 336146 338151 337154 334159 329159
      324157 319157 314157 313158 312163 309167 307172 309180
      311189 314211 316220 319229 322233 322239 324250 325255
      329261 334266 339270
 0.01 505696 504690 502686 502681 498677 492654 489643 486642
      484636 483631 478632 474634 470638 467640 463641 461636
      459634 456633 453637 450645 448649 447653 444661 442667
      442674 444683 446689 445695 443703 443710 443715 445717
      447720 447724 451731 452735 447736 437739 433742 430742
      423747 421752 423752 426753 431752 436761 439760 441757
      442752 445747 448744 453743 460746 473753 481754 486755
      490754 496750 500744 503733 505720 504715 505709 504700
      505696
 0.01 412866 408851 406848 404847 399848 395846 393844 392839
      390828 381818 377816 370815 362816 355818 346820 343818
      340819 335823 327826 321827 315831 306840 299842 293847
      289853 284858 276866 268876 265882 265887 263891 260907
      257922 246929 241933 237939 235942 235946 237952 244963
      248968 248974 248984 248989 249992 253006 254008 256007
      259001 266000 273003 281004 284003 287001 291996 295990
      301979 309968 314963 320960 332954 343947 354940 361936
      366932 377923 380918 383912 384909 387907 391906 394904
      403896 406892 407889 409880 412866
 0.01 405785 403783 398788 393791 388794 384797 383804 383807
      385806 389801 393797 397796 398794 402790 405785
 0.25 516264 518257 517249 513237 508226 504214 501209 498207
      494207 489206 488204 489199 490193 494188 498185 502186
      507189 513191 517189 517185 516184 514178 509172 500166
      491159 486156 483154 480155 475154 470151 466148 461148
      455150 452149 447146 443143 436133 432130 426128 419127
      414123 406118 401118 397117 393122 392133 392138 391140
      388140 377137 373132 368136 367139 368142 370148 372153
      372159 376163 382160 387160 393160 398172 404180 408183
      414184 419183 423179 427180 431184 435189 437191 440192
      446192 450191 461188 466185 470186 471189 475192 478197
      480201 478205 473209 469212 463211 458212 454214 448216
      437218 426216 426212 424206 417204 408205 404205 399202
      389195 369181 365179 360179 354181 349183 346181 345176
      345169 342165 329164 324167 325172 331182 333192 336205
      338210 339219 342229 345234 349237 355240 359243 371247
      382250 393254 401256 406257 421260 431261 442261 463263
      476267 481270 485275 493282 499286 504283 511275 514269
      516264
 0.25 489236 489234 488232 487231 487229 485229 484227 482226
      480225 480226 480227 481229 481231 482232 483232 484235
      486237 487236 489236
 0.25 383877 382867 378857 372848 369845 365843 356842 351842
      345844 338850 333852 329853 324854 321856 317859 313861
      309863 306867 304878 299884 293890 286896 279902 269915
      266923 263935 262945 260956 261961 263966 268973 271976
      275978 283978 290972 296966 301960 308954 315949 323944
      338936 346932 350930 353927 364914 370906 374897 380888
      383877
 0.25 359196 358194 357194 359196 359197 359196
 0.25 355195 354194 352193 352190 351189 350190 350192 350193
      351195 352196 353197 355195
 0.50 513269 516256 516251 514246 507229 503218 501214 498211
      491211 484209 481208 477210 473215 471218 473220 476223
      479221 483221 502251 501254 499253 493246 490242 487241
      484243 482240 479231 476227 472228 469231 466232 469224
      471218 459215 456218 455221 456227 455232 452233 446232
      436230 432229 428231 424231 419229 417226 416222 416216
      415212 405208 399204 384194 378189 369183 366181 361181
      355183 355188 358190 362193 363198 361202 358203 351201
      348198 346193 342183 344175 344171 342168 337167 333168
      332170 333173 336176 339192 347207 353222 359228 365234
      372239 381241 400246 407247 416249 424250 432247 440244
      444243 449245 456244 460242 463240 466238 468240 475246
      483247 487254 491264 494274 499281 503280 506277 513269
 0.50 486182 487175 487172 486168 483165 479165 474166 475172
      476179 477184 479188 483189 486184 486182
 0.50 453176 453166 453161 451157 446152 440147 438145 433144
      429150 429158 427166 432173 436179 439181 443181 449180
      453176
 0.50 372882 373877 372872 369862 367860 363860 355859 349855
      345855 342857 334860 328864 324870 319875 315877 312879
      308886 298895 286904 281908 277915 275924 272931 268939
      267948 267959 268963 272966 273968 277970 285967 290962
      295956 319940 332934 344924 350920 354914 365903 368899
      370893 372882
 1.00 512258 512255 512254 512252 511249 510249 509249 508251
      507253 508256 509259 511259 512258
 1.00 502272 502267 500264 499262 498260 496256 495253 494251
      491248 490247 490252 491255 492258 494262 495264 496267
      498269 499272 502272
 1.00 503236 502230 501225 500219 497216 495215 492217 488218
      490221 491227 493232 496236 499238 502237 503236
 1.00 441161 441159 441156 441154 440152 438151 436151 435152
      434153 434155 434156 434157 435159 436160 437161 438162
      440161 441161
 1.00 425244 424239 422236 413232 413227 414221 412216 408215
      405213 402209 396204 389200 383195 376189 370185 365183
      361183 358185 360188 367194 371200 375207 376217 382232
      385235 389237 399240 408242 416244 421245 425244
 1.00 393221 392219 390218 388217 387219 388220 389222 389223
      391224 393223 393221 393221
 1.00 373223 373220 372218 370218 369219 369222 369223 371224
      371225 371224 373223 373223
 1.00 364218 363216 363215 362214 360213 360212 359212 358213
      357214 358215 359217 361219 363219 364218
 1.00 353894 353891 352889 349888 349886 350879 349870 346867
      340866 335868 331872 324879 318888 311896 308900 305905
      298912 290920 284927 278937 277942 277945 280947 285948
      290946 310938 320933 328927 337922 339915 342910 353894
 1.50 497231 498229 498226 498224 498223 497221 496220 495220
      494220 493222 493225 493228 494228 495231 496233 497231
 1.50 411225 411223 411221 410220 408220 406222 407224 407225
      409226 410226 411225
 1.50 403217 402212 399208 392204 387202 384198 377194 371188
      366185 363185 364187 370193 377198 379203 383206 388206
      390211 396217 401218 403217
 1.50 345877 345873 341871 334875 327880 322887 313902 308908
      301913 295918 290925 288929 287934 288937 290939 296937
      304935 308934 310930 312925 314924 317927 321926 326918
      330909 333902 338893 345877
 2.00 400216 400213 400212 399211 398210 397209 395208 394207
      393207 393208 393209 394212 395212 396215 398216 399216
      400216
 2.00 338880 334879 330881 327885 325887 322892 320896 321898
      323900 326899 329897 333894 335891 336887 338881 338880
 2.00 325911 323908 319907 312911 306914 299918 295923 292931
      294934 298933 305929 309924 314919 318919 321921 324913
      325911

$$





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