Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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372
FXUS04 KWBC 042111
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
409 PM EST SUN DEC 04 2016


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID DEC 05/0000 UTC THRU DEC 08/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1 UPDATE...

SOME MODESTLY WETTER ADJUSTMENTS WERE MADE ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE
WESTERN FL PANHANDLE TO ACCOUNT FOR SOME TRAINING CONVECTION
CONCERNS THIS EVENING ACROSS THIS REGION...AND WITH THE
EXPECTATION OF A FRONT REMAINING QUASI-STATIONARY ACROSS THE AREA
OVERNIGHT WHICH WILL CONTINUE TO INTERCEPT A VERY MOIST AND
RELATIVELY UNSTABLE AIRMASS FEEDING NORTH FROM THE GULF OF MEXICO.
ELSEWHERE...ONLY MINOR CHANGES WERE MADE ACROSS THE GULF COAST
STATES AND THE MID-ATLANTIC REGION TO ACCOUNT FOR THE LATEST RADAR
TRENDS AND THAT OF THE HRRR GUIDANCE.

ORRISON

DAY 1...

...SOUTHERN U.S...

WIDESPREAD RAIN...MUCH OF IT BENEFICIAL IN DROUGHT-STRICKEN PARTS
OF THE SOUTHEAST U.S...WILL PERSIST THROUGH MONDAY. CONCERNS FOR
HEAVY OR EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ON SHORTER TIME SCALES WILL BE LIMITED
TO NEAR THE GULF COAST...PARTICULARLY THE PANHANDLE OF FLORIDA
WHERE THE HEAVIEST NEW RAINFALL IS EXPECTED...AND ALSO PARTS OF
TX/LA WHERE THE RISK OF RAPID SURFACE RUNOFF IS DRIVEN MORE BY WET
ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS WHEN COMBINED WITH MODERATE RAIN RATES
TONIGHT AND EARLY MONDAY. ALL OF THIS WAS OCCURRING WITHIN A BROAD
PLUME OF ANOMALOUSLY RICH DEEP LAYER MOISTURE EMANATING FROM THE
WESTERN GULF OF MEXICO AND SPREADING DOWNSTREAM TO THE SOUTHERN
ATLANTIC COAST. WITH HIGH PRESSURE WEDGED ALONG THE ATLANTIC COAST
AND A SURFACE WARM FRONT OVER THE NORTHERN GULF...THERE WAS PLENTY
OF IMPETUS FOR UPGLIDE AND HENCE WIDESPREAD LIGHT TO MODERATE
RAINFALL. MORE INTENSE RAINS WILL BE POSSIBLE OVER THE PANHANDLE
OF FLORIDA AS INFLOW FROM THE SOUTH-SOUTHWEST IS ENHANCED BY THE
MIGRATION OF A NORTHERN STREAM TROUGH. MEANWHILE...THE DEEP CLOSED
LOW IN NORTHERN MEXICO WILL ADVANCE INTO TEXAS...BRINGING WITH IT
SUBSTANTIAL HEIGHT FALLS AND SOME CONVECTIVELY ENHANCED
PRECIPITATION RATES DESPITE ALL OF THE ACTIVITY BEING LOCATED
NORTH OF THE SURFACE BOUNDARY. MODEL GUIDANCE WAS IN VERY GOOD
AGREEMENT OVER FLORIDA AND THE COASTAL ATLANTIC. THERE WERE
GREATER DIFFERENCES BACK WEST. BASED ON OBSERVATIONAL TRENDS...IT
APPEARED THE ECMWF AND ITS ENSEMBLE WERE A BIT TOO AGGRESSIVE IN
SPREADING HEAVY RAIN NORTHWARD AHEAD OF THE UPPER LOW...BUT THE
GFS AND UKMET WERE PERHAPS NOT AGGRESSIVE ENOUGH GIVEN THE STRONG
HEIGHT FALLS AND DEEP MOISTURE THAT WAS ALREADY IN PLACE. SOME OF
THE IN BETWEEN...COMPROMISE...SOLUTIONS INCLUDED THE WRF-ARW...THE
SSEO MEAN...AND THE PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST. FOR THIS CYCLE OUR
STARTING POINT WAS INITIALLY A BLEND OF THE ECMWF AND SSEO
MEAN...THEN TRENDING TOWARD MORE INFLUENCE FROM THE PREVIOUS WPC
FORECAST AND THE WRF-ARW BY MONDAY. THE OVERALL TREND WAS TO
MAINTAIN SIMILAR COVERAGE OF PRECIPITATION...BUT WITH GENERALLY
LESSER MAGNITUDE OVER THE INLAND AREAS FARTHER REMOVED FROM THE
SURFACE FRONT.


...GREAT LAKES / OHIO VALLEY / MID ATLANTIC / NEW ENGLAND...

A VERY SHARPLY DEFINED MEDIUM WAVELENGTH TROUGH...TYPICALLY WELL
MODELED...WILL DRIVE A BROAD SHIELD OF RAIN AND SNOW ACROSS THE
EASTERN U.S. THROUGH MONDAY. THE SYSTEM IS EXPECTED TO DE-AMPLIFY
SOMEWHAT AS IT MOVES INTO A MEAN RIDGE POSITION ALONG THE EAST
COAST...AND ALSO ENCOUNTERS INCREASINGLY HIGH SURFACE PRESSURES
AND DRIER IN SITU CONDITIONS. THUS...BROAD AREAS OF 0.10 UP TO
0.40 INCHES OF PRECIPITATION WILL GRADUALLY TAPER OFF WITH
EASTWARD EXTENT...ESPECIALLY INTO NEW ENGLAND. BASED ON
OBSERVATIONS OVER THE CENTRAL PLAINS AND MISSOURI VALLEY THIS
MORNING...WE WERE HESITANT TO INTRODUCE ANYTHING MORE THAN A HALF
INCH OF LIQUID WITH THIS SYSTEM AT ANY GIVEN LOCATION...BUT THE
AREAL COVERAGE OF LESSER AMOUNTS SHOULD BE IMPRESSIVE GIVEN THE
STRONG AND UNIFORM SYNOPTIC FORCING. THE UPDATED WPC DAY 1 QPF WAS
DERIVED FROM A BLEND OF THE ECMWF / SREF MEAN / NAM CONUS NEST.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST / ROCKIES / NORTHERN PLAINS...

AN APPROACHING UPPER LEVEL JET STREAK ACROSS THE NORTHERN PACIFIC
(ACCOMPANIED BY ADDITIONAL LOW-AMPLITUDE SHORTWAVES) WILL LEAD TO
GRADUAL DIGGING OF A LONGWAVE TROUGH ACROSS THE NORTHWESTERN CONUS
DURING THE DAY 1 PERIOD. THIS WILL BE ACCOMPANIED ON MONDAY BY THE
BEGINNINGS OF AN ARCTIC INTRUSION INTO THE ROCKIES AND HIGH
PLAINS. A BRIEF UPTICK IN PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES WILL
CONTRIBUTE TO SOMEWHAT HEFTIER PRECIPITATION TOTALS...GREATER THAN
A HALF INCH...OVER WESTERN OREGON...WITH A FEW HIGH SPOTS IN THE
NORTHERN ROCKIES SEEING SIMILAR AMOUNTS. AS THE ARCTIC AIR SPILLS
INTO MONTANA ON MONDAY ENHANCED UPSLOPE FLOW COULD ALLOW THE
SYSTEM TO OVER-PERFORM IN TERMS OF SNOW...ALTHOUGH MODEL QPF
REMAINS UNANIMOUSLY ON THE TAME SIDE. WPC DID ATTEMPT TO BOOST
PRECIP TOTALS SLIGHTLY...MOVING TOWARD SOMETHING SIMILAR TO THE
12Z NAM. WE NOTE THAT THE 12Z GFS/ECMWF/UKMET ALL TRENDED TOWARD
SIMILAR QPF OUTPUT AMONGST EACH OTHER...AND ALL LOOK SIMILAR TO
THE WPC FORECAST.


DAYS 2 AND 3...

...TEXAS INTO THE LOWER/MID MS VALLEY INTO THE OH/TN VALLEY AND
SOUTHEAST/MID ATLANTIC...

THE CLOSED MID/UPPER LEVEL LOW MAKING ITS WAY ACROSS EASTERN TX BY
MONDAY EVENING WILL BE IN THE EARLY STAGES OF FILLING/WEAKENING.
THE MODELS ARE IN GENERALLY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH THE IDEA THAT THEY
SYSTEM WILL BE INCREASING ITS FORWARD SPEED AS IT HEADS TOWARDS
THE OH/TN VALLEY AS IT CONTINUES TO FILL.  COASTAL REDEVELOPMENT
OFF THE SOUTHEAST OR MID ATLANTIC REGIONS IS EXPECTED TO BEGIN BY
LATER IN THE DAY ON TUESDAY.  THE RESULT WILL BE A BROAD AREA OF
PRECIPITATION IN THE WARM AIR ADVECTION/ISENTROPIC LIFT AHEAD OF
THE WAVE/LOW. RELATIVELY MINOR DIFFERENCES STILL EXIST WITH
REGARDS TO THE EXACT TRACK AND SPEED OF THIS LOW...BUT OVERALL THE
GLOBAL MODELS ARE IN PRETTY GOOD AGREEMENT. STILL THOUGHT THE NAM
WAS LIKELY A BIT TOO QUICK AND TOO AMPLIFIED...SO WE CONTINUED TO
AVOID ITS QPF.

WPC QPF STARTED WITH A TOP HEAVE BLEND FAVORING THE 04/00Z ECMWF
WITH A FAIR AMOUNT FO THE 04/12Z GFS.  DID HOWEVER MAKE SOME
ADJUSTMENTS FROM THIS BLEND IN THE WARM SECTOR WHERE PRECIPITATION
WILL BE MORE CONVECTIVE IN NATURE (WHICH THE GLOBAL MODELS ARE
MORE APT TO STRUGGLE WITH).

BY MONDAY EVENING...A SURFACE WARM FRONT WILL STILL BE CLOSE TO
THE GULF COAST IF IT ISNT WILL HUGGING THE COAST  THIS SHOULD
CONFINE THE MOST UNSTABLE AIRMASS ALONG AND SOUTH OF THE BOUNDARY.
 AS THE LOW LIFTS NORTHWARD SO WILL THE WARM FRONT...HOWEVER WOULD
EXPECT THE COASTAL CONVECTION TO PROPAGATE MORE EASTWARD RATHER
THAN MOVE NORTHEAST WITH THE MEAN WIND. THUS THESE FACTORS SHOULD
KEEP THE GREATEST INTENSITY CONVECTION AND AXIS OF HIGHER QPF
FURTHER SOUTH THAN SOME OF THE GLOBAL MODELS SUGGEST ACROSS THE
SOUTHEAST AND ADJACENT AREAS.

SAW NO REASON TO CHANGE THE SLIGHT RISK FROM FAR SOUTHEAST TX INTO
PORTIONS OF LA/MS TO ACCOUNT FOR THIS CONVECTIVE ACTIVITY EARLY IN
THE PERIOD.  WHILE PCPN AMOUNTS SHOULD BE TAPERING OFF...FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE WAS QUITE LOW.  EVENTUALLY THE AREA OF RAINFALL
SHIFTS EASTWARD INTO AN AREA WHERE FFG VALUES ARE NOT QUITE AS
LOW.  THE PREVIOUSLY ISSUED SLIGHT RISK STILL LOOKS OUT NORTH AND
EAST OF THE MDT RISK.

THE OTHER AREA OF CONCERN FOR THE POTENTIAL OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
IS FROM THE FL PANHANDLE INTO PORTIONS OF GA. THERE CONTINUED TO
BE A PRETTY GOOD SIGNAL THAT CONVECTION WILL FORM ALONG THE
NORTHWARD LIFTING WARM FRONT OVER THE FL PANHANDLE BY THE TIME DAY
2 FORECAST BEGINS ON MONDAY EVENING AND THAT THE CONVECTION WILL
SHIFT NORTH INTO GA.  GIVEN MULTI MODEL AGREEMENT...ALONG WITH
SUPPORT FROM THE HIRES GUIDANCE AVAILABLE FOR EARLY IN THE
PERIOD...WE OPTED TO MAKE NO CHANGE TO THE SLIGHT RISK AREA AS IT
WAS ISSUED EARLIER.

ON DAY 3 (12Z TUE-12Z WED) THE SYSTEM CONTINUES TO LIFT OFF TO THE
NORTHEAST. BY THIS TIME THE SYSTEM WILL BE OUTRUNNING ANY
INSTABILITY...AND OVERALL SYNOPTIC FORCING WILL BE ON THE
DECREASE. THUS EXPECT TO SEE LIGHTER RAINFALL AMOUNTS FROM THE OH
VALLEY INTO THE MID ATLANTIC. AS MENTIONED ABOVE CONTINUED TO STAY
CLOSE TO A GFS/ECMWF COMPROMISE SOLN.  GIVEN THE LIGHTER QPF AND
HIGHER FFG...THINK THE RISK OF ANY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL IS LESS THAN
2 PERCENT.


...NORTHWEST INTO THE GREAT BASIN...

A MID LEVEL WAVE AND 120 TO 130 KT UPPER JET DROPPING IN FROM THE
NORTHWEST WILL SUPPORT ANOTHER AREA OF GENERALLY LIGHT PCPN FROM
THE COASTAL RANGES INTO THE GREAT BASIN FROM MONDAY NIGHT INTO
TUESDAY MORNING.  HIGHEST AMOUNTS STILL LOOK TO BE ACROSS WESTERN
OR. THERE SHOULD BE A FAIRLY QUICK END TO THE PCPN AS A SYSTEM
TAKES PLACE TO THE EAST OF THE AREA...ESPECIALLY ALONG THE
COAST...AS MID/UPPER LEVEL HEIGHTS BEGIN TO RISE. GFS AND ECMWF
HANDLE THIS WAVE COMPARABLY SO WE CONTINUED TO USE A BLEND OF THE
TWO QPF SOLNS.

...CENTRAL ROCKIES AND THE CENTRAL/NORTHERN PLAINS...

AS THE NOSE OF THE 120 KT TO 130 KT UPPER LEVEL JET MAKES ITS WAY
ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN AND APPROACHES THE CENTRAL ROCKIES...AN
AREA OF LOW PRESSURE WILL BEGIN TO FORM BY TUESDAY EVENING AND
BECOME BETTER ORGANIZED LATE TUESDAY NIGHT AND WEDNESDAY.  THE
RESULT WILL BE FOR PRECIPITATION OF FORM AND GROW IN AREAL
COVERAGE ACROSS THE CENTRAL ROCKIES AND ADJACENT HIGH PLAINS.  IN
ADDITION TO THE SURFACE CYCLOGENESIS...PCPN FORMATION SHOULD BE
HELPED ON THE SOUTHERN PERIPHERY OF ARCTIC HIGH PRESSURE BUILDING
SOUTH OUT OF CANADA IN PART DUE TO THE VERY COLD TEMPS/VERY LOW
VALUES OF THE LOW LEVEL THICKNESS AS WELL AS DUE TO THE UPSLOPE
COMPONENT.

INITIAL THOUGHTS ARE THAT THE ECMWF SPREAD PCPN TOO FAR NORTH
GIVEN THE MAGNITUDE OF THE HIGH BUILDING OUT OF CANADA.
HOWEVER...IT IS PLAUSABLE FOR THE TO BE A PERIOD OF UPSLOPE PCPN
THAT FAR NORTH WITH THE INITIAL SHALLOW NATURE OF THE COLD SURGE.
EVEN SO...THE FELT THAT THE PLACEMENT OF THE AXIS OF PCPN FROM THE
NAM WAS REASONABLE ALTHOUGH THE AMOUNTS OF A QUARTER OF AN INCH OR
MORE WAS TOO WIDESPREAD.  THE EC ENSEMBLE MEAN GENERALLY SUPPORTED
LIGHTER AMOUNTS.

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

BURKE/BANN

24HR QP VT 06/00Z
 0.01 507264 508252 506239 504228 501222 497213 490206 482201
      472198 462200 459198 460194 465191 468190 471187 476184
      481183 485176 485171 484165 487167 489170 492173 497175
      500175 503172 506167 508162 505143 503139 500135 493127
      485121 479117 477113 478107 480103 480097 470095 463087
      460077 456063 457047 457040 459035 459028 461023 463018
      467014 472010 478005 480008 478011 476016 473026 471031
      471035 474039 478037 483039 484044 485053 486059 489070
      492075 491083 492089 496092 501090 507080 512070 514065
      517063 520059 522053 524043 527034 528026 529020 530004
      529996 527990 524980 521972 517962 505946 501942 499937
      494929 487919 488915 491914 495912 498909 499904 499895
      500890 500876 500870 501865 495845 487821 482812 479798
      474776 476765 478751 473740 467729 463723 462718 465712
      466705 462696 456686 454683 449680 446679 443676 437671
      430665 422663 416665 414667 411668 408672 405677 402680
      401686 392687 385684 377689 361698 354703 351700 350701
      341706 333711 328713 326716 322725 305757 301766 295774
      290782 287786 282789 265797 258796 252797 250798 246802
      247805 254810 261815 270816 272813 268810 262803 279801
      283802 289802 295802 298803 297806 290814 281820 272822
      270826 273829 278836 280844 283855 282862 281867 278876
      272881 267882 263884 257890 254900 256911 264916 265920
      264925 263932 260936 257945 256951 253953 250957 249962
      247971 246974 247977 249989 248000 249006 253009 258015
      263017 265019 271025 272030 269034 268047 270058 273063
      276067 285070 291071 295069 302066 307059
 0.01 307059 311050 313047 314041 318030 319024 320018 322004
      326995 331983 337976 343969 347962 352952 354941 355933
      357927 359921 359915 360901 360887 359874 358869 357863
      358859 360857 365856 370854 376853 401850 415859 430868
      437873 445879 454885 463891 466894 469896 473899 474901
      474905 471916 470921 470928 470946 469952 468959 467965
      464969 458977 445995 441997 438001 433007 430011 428017
      426022 426029 428033 429040 425045 422050 418052 412054
      408054 404053 400053 397057 392064 389070 389074 393077
      395081 399090 402091 404094 405100 390114 390118 389122
      391123 394123 397125 395139 397149 396163 398170 400174
      403177 408175 412179 412188 410194 407198 406210 409214
      410220 410223 409225 406229 401232 400237 402243 407246
      406254 418256 426256 436257 446259 452261 457264 465270
      476274 486275 492277 497276 503270 507264
 0.01 454167 452163 448163 442169 437177 434186 429197 427201
      426205 427208 433203 437199 439195 440188 441183 448177
      448172 448168 452168 454167
 0.01 426211 427208 426206 424207 423207 422209 422210 420211
      420214 419216 420218 422218 423217 424215 425213 425212
      426211
 0.01 438081 433076 427071 423071 421074 419077 415078 409082
      408085 409089 411098 414100 416097 417088 423083 427083
      432085 434086 437083 438081
 0.01 414139 414137 413134 413132 413129 412128 411127 409126
      408128 407131 407133 406135 406137 406140 406142 407144
      407145 408147 410149 411148 412146 412143 413141 414139
 0.25 498252 497241 496236 493232 485228 484224 485217 482215
      477213 475212 471213 468216 464216 455216 446215 438217
      432223 431229 431234 430238 427242 427245 428246 432248
      435248 440249 445250 449250 457251 466255 483257 491258
      495256 498252
 0.25 518020 517012 514006 510004 505000 503001 502006 502016
      501021 502026 501029 501031 507034 512031 515030 516027
      518020
 0.25 489144 490139 489136 488133 485131 483129 480128 477127
      476126 475131 475136 476139 477142 478145 480147 483149
      485149 488146 489144
 0.25 484861 480847 477840 475832 474823 472815 465804 459793
      455786 452779 450773 448764 448758 445749 443743 438740
      432739 427742 423744 423746 425753 430769 432776 433780
      434785 437794 439798 438804 435809 432817 431826 434831
      439835 449843 451848 456851 463851 466852 468854 472857
      476860 484861
 0.25 462153 462151 461148 459146 459145 458144 456143 454144
      453147 453149 454150 455152 456155 456156 457157 458158
      459158 460157 461156 462153 462153
 0.25 454110 455104 454100 452097 449097 446097 443096 436095
      429094 427103 423108 421113 424116 428117 433117 439117
      445113 449111 450112 454110
 0.25 453078 452071 449066 447059 448053 448044 447042 445046
      443053 440057 437064 436071 439075 445077 451080 453078
 0.25 432730 431728 430727 428728 428729 427731 428733 429734
      431734 432732 432730 432730
 0.25 416064 414063 413064 412064 410066 408067 407067 405067
      404067 403070 404072 405072 406073 408074 410073 412073
      413071 414069 414068 415066 416065 416064
 0.25 410115 410112 409111 407111 406112 406114 406115 408115
      410115
 0.25 387735 386729 383724 379720 377712 374710 370711 366714
      358718 349723 343722 339722 335725 325737 320744 315753
      312764 308773 304780 303784 305787 308790 309797 310803
      310808 306816 301823 296831 293840 287860 282878 278885
      271891 268896 268900 271904 275906 276910 275915 272923
      268933 265940 261949 258957 256962 255967 258977 258983
      256988 256993 257998 260002 263002 272002 276003 280006
      285012 286018 285025 287036 284040 279039 276039 275042
      276045 278049 280050 283050 289046 302034 307026 311017
      313006 315000 317995 323979 326969 329958 331930 333918
      335910 341892 342882 341867 343852 341841 345821 346816
      348811 350809 353808 357805 360801 364793 371786 373776
      375770 376767 384759 386755 386746 387735
 0.25 297790 295789 293789 291790 289790 288791 286793 287795
      288796 290795 291794 293793 295792 297790 297790
 0.50 474247 476245 475242 473241 471241 470243 471245 471246
      472247 474247 474247
 0.50 484141 485138 484136 484135 482134 481132 479133 478134
      478137 479138 480139 482139 483140 483141 484141
 0.50 459240 461237 459235 455232 452233 450232 449229 450222
      447220 443221 441224 442228 443232 445238 449241 454241
      458240 459240
 0.50 459820 459817 459815 458813 457812 456810 455810 454809
      453808 452808 450809 450811 450814 451816 452818 453819
      454821 455821 456822 458822 459820
 0.50 441110 442108 441106 441104 440103 439102 438103 437103
      435104 435105 435107 435108 435109 437111 438111 440111
      441110
 0.50 369736 368732 365728 357727 347729 339733 335736 331739
      325745 321748 319752 316761 314770 313779 315784 315789
      315801 312811 308819 299836 296843 293851 287869 283881
      282885 279888 276892 276896 282902 284904 286910 281916
      275923 272931 267940 266943 265949 262960 261964 262968
      264971 264978 263983 261985 259990 261995 272997 276997
      281999 284002 287006 290008 292010 292014 289024 291028
      295030 299029 301026 303023 305017 307006 310997 311990
      310984 310980 313976 320971 321967 322960 319954 324934
      326922 329911 332902 335893 336887 335880 334869 329869
      326872 321878 309891 303898 301896 302894 304890 309883
      312875 315866 318857 325850 326845 330842 332839 333833
      335824 335811 337804 341796 345793 350793 354793 357790
      361781 363776 364771 364764 366760 367757 367753 365751
      366748 368741 369736
 1.00 355744 353740 349739 341743 334747 330748 327751 325753
      324758 323762 323767 327768 330772 332773 335772 338769
      343763 348756 353748 355744
 1.00 330898 329887 329884 325882 318888 314892 304903 293913
      288918 283921 278927 274933 270940 269950 267958 269963
      272966 272969 275971 278970 281968 286960 287957 291958
      292964 291968 287970 280974 276980 272986 270989 269993
      279993 286995 290995 291992 291986 292983 295981 297977
      300968 307956 310947 311942 312939 319924 326909 328904
      330898
 1.00 319840 320835 319832 316829 315824 314821 311824 307830
      300842 295855 292863 289870 285885 282891 283895 286896
      290897 293895 298889 306878 310862 313855 316849 319840
 1.00 296023 296021 295023 296023 296023
 1.50 326900 326894 324891 320892 316894 310900 304907 294920
      281929 276937 273945 271949 270955 272960 276963 280962
      283959 288952 294947 298944 301943 305941 308938 312929
      320913 324907 326900
 1.50 316841 314835 308838 300846 295857 292868 289883 287887
      287891 289893 293889 297885 301880 305876 308863 312852
      314847 316841
 1.50 285987 285985 285983 286981 284979 283979 281981 280983
      279984 279985 279987 281989 282989 284987 285987
 2.00 319909 319904 317902 313902 310905 301915 292925 281934
      278940 274947 272953 273957 276959 279959 282956 287951
      297941 301937 303937 305935 308927 308922 312920 316916
      319909
 2.00 312845 312841 308841 303845 300851 297858 293866 293874
      293879 295880 297880 299878 304874 306866 308858 311850
      312845
 3.00 307850 305848 303850 300854 298857 297861 297867 299870
      300872 303872 304867 305863 305857 307852 307850
 3.00 299928 299926 297926 293931 290935 286939 283943 278947
      276953 279954 283951 287947 291943 295939 295935 297933
      299928

24HR QP VT 07/00Z
 0.01 558982 558958 558946 557937 552887 550877 547871 541856
      534843 528835 523831 506813 500808 494804 480802 474805
      471808 465819 468826 474830 479835 484836 488836 489839
      487841 484841 481844 478845 475850 475854 473858 470858
      467861 464865 463869 462873 463879 468883 468887 465889
      460893 455896 451901 449905 448911 445916 443920 441924
      440929 440933 444933 446931 452928 461920 468915 471921
      474931 474939 469952 469963 469967 470969 471975 471983
      470994 474000 480004 489012 494017 497022 501029 505035
      510041 516046 519049 522050 525050 528048 535038 538035
      539030 541022 551009 555996 558982
 0.01 495244 493233 489223 488220 483218 477216 474219 470217
      465218 462213 462204 461196 463191 468189 471193 482207
      488208 491207 494205 493199 489187 485176 481163 476151
      474148 470145 467142 466139 466135 466129 465124 459116
      457113 453109 451105 451100 448095 443094 439094 434097
      430101 422105 415099 413096 414089 415076 419071 420063
      420055 420049 419040 416036 411035 406039 402041 396041
      394044 393049 392056 389061 385067 383069 384072 386077
      390082 391086 389090 387095 386100 388106 385111 383114
      384119 385123 387124 392123 396122 400121 403125 406126
      410122 413117 417116 418121 418125 416127 411130 408135
      407138 404137 402134 399136 394144 389164 391167 391171
      389174 390176 394179 400179 402181 402186 399190 393198
      385202 386206 389209 395211 397213 404219 410223 408228
      402228 397233 393236 392240 394247 394249 392257 393262
      395266 398267 402266 406263 409262 413265 440303 443306
      447308 457312 464311 470304 475293 473281 474271 474263
      484261 485255 484251 487249 490250 493248 495244
 0.01 502144 500141 497138 493135 489132 486128 483127 481125
      481130 484134 487137 490140 493143 496146 500145 502144
 0.01 457677 452671 448667 446663 443659 440655 432652 428649
      425648 416645 409642 403644 399648 391653 383659 381663
      380667 385678 390685 394689 398691 402690 405688 411686
      416687 431695 438697 446691 451689 454686 457681 457677
 0.01 457704 455703 454705 451711 448714 448719 449724 446727
      444727 448729 451726 453723 454718 455712 456707 457704
 0.01 463102 464097 462093 462089 461086 458081 455078 451077
      449080 451083 455086 457091 457096 458101 461104 463102
 0.01 447805 443796 440786 438777 433770 420752 407740 398726
      394718 389711 378698 374694 369693 359691 355691 350692
      340694 336696 333698 327703 323707 321711 319716 317721
      308737 299750 294756 289762 279776 274786 267792 260797
      258805 254821 243834 240839 239844 239850 241855 245857
      246860 242866 242871 244873 249879 262893 275904 288913
      292915 296916 305916 310918 313922 316926 317933 321956
      323964 329969 336972 339974 344974 352969 359964 366956
      372949 374945 377943 382937 387930 391923 396913 399904
      401899 405894 408892 411887 415879 418870 420862 421858
      424854 428851 431847 435839 440829 442824 443817 447805
 0.01 442065 440060 439057 437061 433063 430061 426058 425060
      422065 424067 429068 435069 438067 442065 442065
 0.01 436765 436763 434761 434759 434758 432757 431754 430754
      430755 430757 430759 430762 432764 433766 435768 436765
      436765
 0.01 410001 410994 406991 403996 399000 395004 393011 390018
      391022 395025 398023 402016 404012 408005 410001
 0.25 538984 537944 535927 533918 531910 527899 524892 520887
      518885 515886 513892 511898 509903 507903 503903 502909
      499917 495924 491934 486949 482962 482969 484977 489990
      492997 495002 498005 502008 508011 514012 523009 528005
      532000 536992 538984
 0.25 480180 480178 480177 478175 477174 476174 476177 476179
      476180 477182 478182 479181 480180
 0.25 467250 466245 464243 456236 449236 445236 442232 445228
      448227 452225 455221 453217 448216 439215 423219 420222
      418226 417230 415231 412233 407238 411245 416252 422253
      426253 433254 442258 447260 450258 454254 458252 463251
      467250
 0.25 461178 460175 459175 457175 455172 454169 453166 452162
      449163 447165 446167 446172 447175 449176 452176 456177
      459180 461178
 0.25 445201 445199 445197 444196 444193 444191 444189 444188
      443186 443184 441185 441188 440190 440191 440192 439195
      439196 440197 441200 442202 444202 445201
 0.25 430192 431190 431188 430185 429184 428185 427186 426187
      426189 426191 428193 429193 430192
 0.25 422801 422789 420779 418773 412769 408766 404764 400763
      398758 394752 390744 384740 380735 378728 374721 367715
      360712 352710 345710 336710 333713 331716 328721 324727
      319733 315740 308756 302769 298774 294780 290785 287793
      283801 280809 278813 275814 269814 264818 261823 257831
      255840 254849 255852 258854 284864 290869 296874 300880
      302884 300888 294901 293906 296909 302907 312903 316902
      320903 322913 323916 326919 332923 336928 338934 340943
      341948 345951 351951 355949 362945 368941 372936 376931
      383918 390902 395894 399887 406873 412859 414851 417840
      419830 422822 422801
 0.50 512986 510978 509972 507964 505957 501953 496957 494962
      491970 492978 495984 499988 503991 508990 512986
 0.50 455246 453243 449241 443243 439243 435241 431240 426237
      424239 422238 415239 413241 417243 423248 430245 433245
      435247 443249 449246 455246
 0.50 447224 446223 445221 443220 441220 440220 438221 438224
      439225 441226 442226 444225 446224 447224
 0.50 436230 436228 436225 435224 434224 432223 430223 429222
      427222 425222 424222 424224 424227 424228 425230 426231
      427232 429232 431233 433232 434231 436230
 0.50 407857 404850 401846 399845 393849 389854 384855 381852
      380848 381843 385835 388826 387804 387793 388784 388776
      385767 390761 389755 387751 384750 382751 380754 377756
      375754 369750 365745 363726 358720 351716 344715 337716
      335717 334720 330727 322741 314757 307769 299780 294787
      293793 293798 300800 304810 305813 306819 306823 304826
      299826 296828 290827 281826 274822 271821 269822 267824
      265828 264833 265838 267841 274844 279846 287846 295850
      300855 315864 323866 327870 327878 325886 326891 329894
      335895 339893 346889 351888 354890 358897 358905 357909
      356912 351919 350923 349928 352936 357937 361936 368931
      373925 377919 380913 383906 387897 392889 397881 400874
      407857
 1.00 382891 381887 378889 376891 374893 373896 372898 370900
      369904 369907 371907 373906 374904 376902 378899 380895
      381893 382891
 1.00 369784 368779 364778 357777 352779 348782 345783 345778
      346774 347769 348760 350751 351745 351738 350728 349724
      346723 342724 338726 335730 333734 318765 315772 313780
      312785 315787 325788 327792 328797 325804 321813 318823
      315830 311835 301835 297837 297841 301843 305843 313841
      321841 327843 330846 335852 341854 346854 349849 352841
      353832 354827 356824 362805 366795 366791 367788 369784
 1.00 357861 357857 354855 351857 349858 347860 346863 345866
      344869 344873 345875 348876 351875 353872 355870 355868
      356863 357861
 1.50 346741 345737 346732 343729 339732 336740 332749 328757
      324764 324770 326773 328775 331775 335773 340766 343757
      346747 346741
 1.50 350815 350812 348809 342808 337810 333815 330820 326825
      324829 326833 333833 339834 342831 345827 347824 348820
      350815
 2.00 342750 341746 338749 336751 335753 333756 331758 330761
      330763 332765 335763 337760 339758 340755 341753 342750

24HR QP VT 08/00Z
 0.01 558955 558921 557888 553865 550854 548842 546831 544825
      535809 522784 512767 504764 501762 504757 505753 506746
      508735 509724 507714 505707 502703 499702 492699 485698
      473697 468694 463698 456704 454705 452703 449701 445699
      441699 433703 428709 422710 420704 418700 417695 416682
      414671 412663 409657 407655 404655 399657 397658 395662
      392668 385673 380675 377677 374678 370679 366682 367685
      369688 366690 362690 357691 355694 350695 347698 340700
      332705 327711 317722 308732 301743 292754 282767 280771
      278776 276784 270802 270806 269808 266816 265823 269819
      277813 283808 289803 294798 299793 310780 315773 321767
      327760 328764 332763 347754 352751 355748 359750 360758
      361761 364762 370765 378767 384771 389776 389783 387788
      383796 370808 365815 358821 354826 351832 355837 360834
      373831 381818 386811 389809 392808 403807 412808 430811
      438813 444817 447819 449822 450828 452835 456850 461857
      465864 467870 467876 466879 466885 465888 465892 467898
      469911 472922 472932 471938 470945 471950 471954 472962
      479967 485974 485984 485994 485006 483010 483014 485037
      487047 490053 500070 503073 507073 514071 514066 516064
      520065 524062 526058 529052 533042 534036 535033 538027
      548012 551005 552995 552990 553987 554974 555968 556960
      558955
 0.01 490757 488752 486748 483743 481739 480735 478737 479744
      478749 476752 471756 475760 478759 484760 489760 490757
 0.01 468155 467151 465149 460146 457144 454144 454150 457155
      454159 450165 450170 452177 456173 459168 459160 460157
      463157 468155
 0.01 441108 441098 439091 434089 428089 425095 422093 421089
      417088 415092 400111 393111 387112 383115 379119 381122
      384121 385124 386130 387132 389130 393125 396125 398127
      397132 399132 410136 413139 412134 413123 415117 412115
      410112 411108 413101 417099 421098 422100 425104 423109
      420114 422117 429118 437114 441108
 0.01 431063 432057 431053 431041 431035 430033 426027 415003
      412995 411992 410986 407968 404962 402955 405942 405930
      405924 403922 400915 395911 385904 381902 376902 365912
      359925 354939 350942 345945 339949 337952 337957 337960
      339963 343963 346965 349966 350971 348978 347985 346993
      345005 345010 347013 350018 357021 362023 366024 368028
      368034 367041 368045 367048 361052 357056 360064 358070
      352073 347076 344081 343086 341089 336094 334097 334101
      334104 337106 339108 339112 344115 352104 358101 360098
      362094 365094 369093 369087 371085 376085 380087 380091
      375103 383104 388100 393096 397090 405080 412073 419070
      422070 425068 431063
 0.01 305960 304956 301955 294957 288961 282964 277969 273974
      272980 275982 281982 288979 293975 297969 302964 305960
 0.25 535952 536944 535937 534928 533923 530919 527918 525920
      518925 514926 509917 506916 502917 499921 500928 503934
      504939 504945 503949 504954 506963 509971 515988 519996
      521998 523997 525992 526988 528978 534960 535952
 0.25 446771 446766 444761 443754 441749 440745 438743 435738
      431733 427731 424732 418737 412737 411735 411731 411725
      410715 408707 406701 403698 399698 398701 395707 394712
      389715 384718 380723 377733 377737 377742 378746 381747
      390750 400755 404757 405764 409770 413773 417771 420766
      424766 427772 429778 432782 438782 443779 445774 446771
 0.25 408056 408052 408047 406044 405043 402042 400041 397043
      396046 397050 399052 400053 404054 405057 408056
 0.25 400023 399014 397007 395998 393993 391992 383992 380994
      378997 377003 378008 380015 384022 389027 395030 399030
      400025 400023

$$





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