Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 230825
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
324 AM EST MON JAN 23 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JAN 23/1200 UTC THRU JAN 26/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

...EASTERN U.S...

AN UPPER LOW CENTERED IN NORTHWEST GEORGIA WAS IMPRESSIVELY WOUND
UP AT 06Z...WITH A SPIRAL PATTERN TO RADAR REFLECTIVITY. THE LOW
WAS EMBEDDED IN A GENERALLY PROGRESSIVE PATTERN...BUT AT SUCH
INTENSITY AND BEING OF MEDIUM WAVELENGTH...PROGRESS TOWARD THE
EAST AND NORTHEAST WILL BE SOMEWHAT SLOW...LEADING TO A WIDESPREAD
PRECIPITATION SHIELD AFFECTING THE EASTERN / NORTHEASTERN U.S.
THROUGH DAY 1 AND INTO DAY 2. AT THE SURFACE THE OCCLUDED AND
STACKED LOW BENEATH THE TIGHT UPPER VORTEX WILL GRADUALLY HAND OFF
TO COASTAL LOW DEVELOPMENT OFF NORTH CAROLINA/VIRGINIA BY MONDAY
AFTERNOON. INVERTED TROUGHING WILL DEVELOP WITHIN THE SLOPED COLD
AIR TO THE WEST...LINING UP A SYNOPTICALLY FORCED PRECIPITATION
BAND JUST TO THE LEE OF THE APPALACHIANS AND EXTENDING UP INTO NEW
YORK STATE. WARM ADVECTION AND DIFLUENT UPPER LEVEL FLOW WILL FILL
IN THE PIEDMONT AND COASTAL PLAIN WITH PRECIPITATION IN BETWEEN
THE MID LEVEL INVERTED TROUGH AXIS AND THE SHORELINE...YIELDING A
FAIRLY CONTINUOUS AREA OF 1 TO 2 INCH AVERAGE LIQUID ACCUMULATIONS
FROM VIRGINIA TO NEW ENGLAND THROUGH TUESDAY MORNING. A SWATH OF
EVEN HEAVIER RAINFALL WILL LIKELY AFFECT THE COASTAL MID ATLANTIC
AND NEW ENGLAND FROM MARYLAND TO MASSACHUSETTS...AS THE COASTAL
CYCLONE IS FORECAST TO UNDERGO A PERIOD OF INTENSIFICATION WHEN
THE UPPER TROUGH SWINGS INTO A SLIGHT NEGATIVE TILT MONDAY NIGHT
AND TUESDAY MORNING. THIS WILL PRODUCE A STRONG EASTERLY FETCH OFF
THE ATLANTIC DIRECTED INTO NJ/NY/CT/RI/MA.

THE PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST HAD MUCH OF THIS HANDLED WELL. THE MAIN
TREND WAS TO ELONGATE THE INVERTED TROUGH AXIS FARTHER INLAND AND
TO KEEP HEAVIER PRECIPITATION DOWN ACROSS VIRGINIA FOR LONGER
DURATION GIVEN THE DEPTH OF THIS SYSTEM. MUCH OF THE GUIDANCE ALSO
HINTS AT A MINOR SEPARATION BETWEEN THE INVERTED TROUGH AND THE
MORE INTENSE EVENT ALONG THE COAST...SO WE LOWERED AMOUNTS OVER
EASTERN PA/MD UP TO BINGHAMTON...ALTHOUGH THESE AREAS ARE STILL
EXPECTED TO RECEIVE AREAL AVERAGE PRECIPITATION GREATER THAN AN
INCH. THERE WILL BE A VARIETY OF PRECIPITATION TYPE CHALLENGES AS
WET BULBING AND DYNAMIC COOLING BRINGS THE POTENTIAL FOR ICE AND
SNOW IN AREAS INLAND AWAY FROM THE I-95 CORRIDOR. PLEASE SEE THE
WPC HEAVY SNOW DISCUSSION...QPFHSD...FOR DETAILS.


...WESTERN U.S AND NORTHERN PLAINS...

THE PLUME OF ENHANCED MOISTURE AND VERY STRONG ONSHORE FLOW THAT
HAD BROUGHT FLOODING TO SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA ON SUNDAY...WILL
PROGRESS INTO THE DESERT SOUTHWEST ALONG WITH A PRONOUNCED FRONTAL
PASSAGE THAT WILL FINALLY SIGNAL THE...AT LEAST FOR SEVERAL
DAYS...END TO THE STORM PATTERN AFFECTING THE WESTERN STATES. SOME
OF THE HEAVIER DAY 1 PRECIPITATION...THEREFORE...WILL OCCUR EARLY
MONDAY IN THE MOUNTAINS EAST OF SAN DIEGO...AND THEN FOR MUCH OF
THE MIDDAY TO EVENING HOURS IN THE FAVORED AREAS OF ARIZONA AND
SOUTHWEST UTAH. ADDITIONAL RAINFALL OVER 1.5 INCHES IS POSSIBLE IN
THE HIGH TERRAIN ALONG FAVORED SLOPES...WHILE 0.50 TO 1.25 INCH
AMOUNTS WILL BE MORE COMMON. ELSEWHERE THIS FRONTAL SYSTEM AND
ASSOCIATED HEIGHT FALLS WITHIN THE PROGRESSIVE AND POSITIVELY
TILTED UPPER TROUGH...WILL AGAIN SUPPORT MEANINGFUL PRECIPITATION
FROM BORDER CANADA TO MEXICO...WITH AMOUNTS BEING SOMEWHAT MORE
ENHANCED...0.50-INCH AND GREATER AREAL AVERAGE...IN THE EXPECTED
LOCATIONS OF THE WASATCH AND CENTRAL ROCKIES. WE ALSO EXPANDED
COVERAGE OF MEASURABLE PRECIPITATION THROUGHOUT CENTRAL NEVADA
BASED ON MODEL CONSENSUS AND ANALOG DATA FROM THE GEFS REFORECAST.
WPC QPF WAS BASED ON NUDGING THE PREVIOUS FORECAST TOWARD THE NAM
AND NAM CONUS NEST FOR THEIR RESOLUTION.

AS THE SYSTEM PULLS OUT INTO THE PLAINS THE DEVELOPING
PRECIPITATION STRUCTURE TUESDAY MORNING MAY INCLUDE A LOT OF
MESOSCALE DETAIL AS THE COLUMN BEGINS TO SATURATE IN THE FACE OF
STRONG ASCENT AND DEVELOPING LEE CYCLOGENESIS. MUCH OF THE
GUIDANCE...NAM/ECMWF/UKMET...TO NAME A FEW...DEPICT MORE THAN ONE
SWATH OF FRONTOGENETICALLY FORCED PRECIPITATION OVER THE NORTHERN
HIGH PLAINS. BASED ON GFS AND ECMWF MASS FIELDS IT LOOKED AS
THOUGH THE NAM AND NAM CONUS NEST QPF WAS WELL PLACED AND A LITTLE
MORE GENEROUS THAN SOME OF THE GLOBAL MODEL QPFS...WHICH SEEMED
REASONABLE GIVEN THE STRENGTH OF THE DEVELOPING SYSTEM. WE NUDGED
TOWARD THE NAM AND NAM CONUS NEST...WHILE NOTING THAT THE 00Z
WRF-ARW ALSO LENDS SUPPORT TO THIS APPROACH...THOUGH CONFIDENCE IN
THE DETAILS IS NOT PARTICULARLY HIGH.

DAYS 2 AND 3...


...WEST COAST...

THE REMNANTS OF A CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM MOVES SOUTHEAST OVER THE
CENTRAL CA DURING DAY 2 BEFORE EXITING. A LONG WAVE TROUGH
APPROACHES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAY 3...CROSSING
OR/NORTHERN CA AS A POSITIVELY TILTED TROUGH BY THE END OF THE
PERIOD. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE MID
LEVEL PATTERN...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS.

THE WEAKENING MID LEVEL SYSTEM CROSSES CENTRAL CA DURING THE FIRST
HALF OF DAY 2...BEFORE IT CROSSES THE GREAT BASIN. MUCH OF THE
MOISTURE OVER CA HAS BEEN SCOURED BEFORE THE ARRIVAL OF THE MID
LEVEL SYSTEM... BUT THE ONSHORE FLOW WILL FOCUS THE REMAINING
MOISTURE ACROSS THE CENTRAL CA COAST...WHERE LOCAL 0.25 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE EXPECTED. FURTHER SOUTH...LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF SOUTHERN
CA...WHERE LOCAL CONVECTION OCCURS DUE TO STEEP LAPSE RATES.

A LONG WAVE TROUGH WEST OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AT THE START OF
DAY 3 DROPS SOUTHEAST...REACHING OR AND NORTHERN CA LATE IN THE
PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE LONG WAVE TROUGH...A 20 KNOT LOW LEVEL
SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER TO THE
SOUTHWEST OR/NORTHWEST CA COAST. THE UPSLOPE FLOW FOCUSES THE
MOISTURE ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN HERE...WITH LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH
QPF AMOUNTS POSSIBLE NEAR THE IMMEDIATE COAST.


...ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING SOUTHERN CA EARLY ON DAY 2 TRACKS OVER
AZ/NM AT THE BOTTOM OF A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE ROCKIES. THE
SHORT WAVE ENERGY TAPS RESIDUAL MOISTURE IN THE SOUTHWEST TO
PRODUCE QPF ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN. THERE WAS GOOD MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

A LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST STATES DURING
DAY 2. SHORT WAVE ENERGY TRACKING FROM SOUTHERN CA CROSSES AZ/MN
INTO THE PANHANDLE OF TX...PROVIDING SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT FOR QPF
AND CYCLOGENESIS TO OCCUR EASTERN OF THE FRONT RANGE OF CO AFTER
25/00Z. THE FLOW AROUND THE DEVELOPING LOW WILL RESULT IN ENHANCED
UPSLOPE FLOW ACROSS CENTRAL AND EASTERN CO...AND DESPITE FALLING
MOISTURE IN THE COLUMN...SHOULD AID IN PRODUCING AN AREA OF 0.10
TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF HERE. LIFT MAINLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE LONG
WAVE TROUGH...COMBINED WITH UPSLOPE FLOW...IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE
SIMILAR QPF AMOUNTS OVER THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT.


...NORTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS/UPPER MS VALLEY/UPPER GREAT LAKES...

A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST STATES EARLY ON
DAY 2 CROSSES THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN PLAINS...AS A CLOSED MID
LEVEL SYSTEM FORMS OVER THE UPPER MS VALLEY. THE SURFACE LOW SPUN
UP BY THE MID LEVEL FLOW FOLLOWS A SIMILAR TRACK...REACHING THE
UPPER GREAT LAKES AND ONTARIO/QUEBEC DURING DAY 3. THE 00Z ECMWF
SOLUTION WAS A BIT FURTHER SOUTH WITH ITS CLOSED MID LEVEL
LOW...COMING CLOSER TO THE 00Z UKMET AND 00Z CMC (THOUGH THE 00Z
CMC WAS MUCH FASTER WITH ITS PROGRESSION). THE 00Z NAM AND GFS
WERE FURTHER NORTH WITH THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW (WITH THE 00Z NAM
FURTHEST NORTH). GIVEN THE TREND IN THE 00Z ECMWF...A BLEND OF THE
00Z ECMWF/GFS WAS CONSIDERED THE MIDDLE GROUND SOLUTION...SO THE
WPC QPF WAS BASED ON THIS BLEND.

AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH MOVES EAST FROM THE ROCKIES AND SOUTHWEST
STATES EARLY ON DAY 2...LIFT FROM A CLOSING MID LEVEL LOW OVER THE
CENTRAL PLAINS WILL AID IN SPINNING UP AND DEEPENING A SURFACE LOW
TRACKING FROM THE CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY. AHEAD
OF THE SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEMS... A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL
SOUTH SOUTHEAST FLOW IS TRANSPORTED UPWARD IN THE INCREASING
ISENTROPIC FLOW...AND THE MOISTURE BECOMES ENTRAINED IN A
DEVELOPING FRONTOGENETICALLY ORIENTED WEST TO EAST ACROSS
SD/SOUTHERN MN/NORTHERN IA INTO SOUTHERN WI.

THE HIGHEST QPF WAS PLACED IN THIS BANDING...WITH THE BEST LIFT
OCCURRING IN THE 24/18Z TO 25/06Z TIME FRAME. AS MENTIONED
EARLIER...THE 00Z ECMWF DROPPED THE BEST MID LEVEL LIFT (AND QPF)
FURTHER SOUTH INTO MORE OF NE/IA...AND LESS INTO SOUTHERN MN. THE
WPC QPF INCORPORATED THAT CHANGE IN THE 12Z ISSUANCE... SINCE THIS
TREND APPEARED IN MOST OF THE NON NCEP GUIDANCE FROM 00Z. IN THE
EXPECTED AXIS OF BEST LIFT...0.50 TO 0.85 INCHES OF QPF WAS
PLACED. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL ELEVATED INSTABILITY (DUE
IN PART TO STEEPENING LAPSE RATES)...SO LOCALLY HIGHER QPF AMOUNTS
ARE POSSIBLE.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM CROSSES THE UPPER GREAT LAKES
DURING DAY 3...THE ISENTROPIC LIFT WEAKENS AND THE MOISTURE
CONTENT OF THE COLUMN IS NOT QUITE AS ROBUST. MARGINAL INSTABILITY
IN THE WEAKENING FRONTOGENETICALLY FORCED BAND OF LIFT IS EXPECTED
TO CROSS SOUTHERN WI INTO THE UP OF MI...AND LOCAL 0.50 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE. OTHERWISE...A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50
INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES ON DAY 3.

LOCALLY HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN
AND CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER MS VALLEY. PLEASE REFER TO THE
LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...NORTHEAST...

A STRONG CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKS FROM OFF THE NORTHERN
DELMARVA COAST EARLY ON DAY 2 INTO NORTHERN ME...WHERE IT OPENS UP
AND TAKES ON A NEGATIVE TILT. THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM SUPPORTS A
DEEPENING SURFACE LOW THAT MOVES OFF THE SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND
COAST...REACHING WESTERN NOVA SCOTIA BY THE END OF THE PERIOD.
INFLOW AHEAD OF THE SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEMS WILL FOCUS
MOISTURE FOR LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS MAINLY CENTRAL AND
EASTERN ME. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
TRACK OF THE SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEM (WHICH IS MUCH FURTHER
SOUTHEAST WITH ITS DEPICTION OF THESE SYSTEMS)...SO THE WPC QPF
WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

AHEAD OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM AND DEEPENING SURFACE LOW OFF THE NJ
COAST EARLY...A 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL EASTERLY INFLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00
INCH PRECIPTABLE WATER AIR INTO FAR EASTERN MA AND ME DURING THE
FIRST HALF OF DAY 2. THE STRONGEST LOW LEVEL MOISTURE FLUX OCCURS
EARLY...AS DOES ANY REMAINING ELEVATED INSTABILITY. THIS COULD
RESULT IN LOW TOPPED FORCED CONVECTION AND SHOWERS WITH HEAVY
RAINFALL ACROSS EASTERN MA AND WESTERN ME...AND AN AREA OF 0.75 TO
1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES RANGE BETWEEN 2.00 AND 3.00 INCHES...SO WHILE
LOCAL RUNOFF ISSUES ARE POSSIBLE HERE...FLASH FLOODING IS NOT
EXPECTED.

AS THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM OPENS UP AND TAKES ON A NEGATIVE
TILT...THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW BACKS MORE TO THE SOUTHEAST...AND THIS
COULD ALLOW DEEPER MOISTURE TO BE DRAWN INTO THE SYSTEM ACROSS
CENTRAL AND PARTICULARLY DOWNEAST ME. THE INSTABILITY SHOULD HAVE
BEEN EXHAUSTED AFTER 25/00Z...BUT LOW LEVEL FORCING AND LIFT
ASSOCIATED WITH THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM SHOULD PRODUCE AN AREA OF
1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES OF QPF...MAINLY OVER EASTERN ME. AGAIN...THREE
HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES AVERAGE GREATER THAN 2.00
INCHES...SO FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED. HOWEVER...PONDING OF
WATER IS POSSIBLE...AS THIS SETUP FAVORS FLOODING RATHER THAN
FLASH FLOODING.


...GULF COAST/SOUTHEAST...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM THE SOUTHWEST STATES ON DAY 2
CROSSES THE GULF COAST AND SOUTHEAST STATES DURING DAY 3. THE
SHORT WAVE ENERGY PROVIDED SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT OVER A COLD FRONT
TRAILING FROM LOW PRESSURE OVER THE GREAT LAKES...WHICH CROSSES
THE SOUTHEAST STATES BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. THERE WAS GENERALLY
GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF THE FRONT AND SHORT WAVE
ENERGY...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON THIS BLEND.

AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE ENERGY CROSSING FROM NORTH TX INTO
MS/AL...A 30 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00/1.25
INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT TRAILING FROM
LOW PRESSURE OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. MODEL SOUNDINGS INDICATED
THAT THE BEST SURFACE BASED INSTABILITY WOULD BE RELEGATED TO THE
GULF COAST STATES...WITH SOME ELEVATED INSTABILITY AS FAR NORTH AS
NORTHERN AND CENTRAL GA. LOW TOPPED CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE LOCAL
STRIPES OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF IN THESE AREAS.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML


BURKE/HAYES

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 522227 524219 522216 517213 512212 509212 506210 503202
      508153 510147 511137 505124 502117 499110 496103 492094
      485075 484072 480072 478074 476073 474071 471068 467067
      464066 463062 462059 462054 467048 469040 470029 471021
      472010 472001 470993 466986 462981 455976 450975 446973
      440968 435961 430958 427956 424958 421959 419961 416968
      417974 417982 418991 417998 414006 412010 410014 402023
      401037 401044 399047 396048 388048 381046 372045 367046
      360048 352049 339051 329050 325055 325058 326060 328062
      332063 335064 337066 333070 326074 323077 319080 312082
      304084 299087 298091 299095 299103 300107 299112 299116
      301119 304123 309126 311129 310133 310138 308140 305143
      301142 296138 291137 288139 287143 288148 292156 295163
      300169 303174 310179 319188 323192 325197 327203 331210
      339219 346231 358246 362252 369257 381265 388269 396271
      402271 407273 412277 419277 425276 432274 435266 439266
      441269 447276 452278 455281 463286 468293 471291 476283
      475265 474259 470254 467249 461243 457238 449236 446238
      443237 438235 436232 433229 429226 431221 435220 441222
      444220 444213 442206 441197 440178 440171 440163 444156
      447148 453135 460134 462136 461138 460143 459153 456157
      457161 460163 464164 468172 471179 476179 482176 484174
      484177 485182 487199 488206 492212 495219 497222 501224
      508225 514229 517230 520229 522227
 0.01 513840 512830 507823 495819 492820 488818 483819 470821
      457816 453814 449809 450802 452796 457786 461768 465762
      468757 472743 473727 473718 471710 468703 465697 462693
      458689 455685 452678 446659 443652 439646 434644 427646
      420648 415652 404659 399662 395667 387675 379682 372695
      365706 355713 344720 332726 323731 319733 315737 308747
      300760 297761 293762 288759 273759 262762 250764 240769
      231776 227780 227789 228799 232806 236812 237815 236818
      236825 237830 239832 245832 249827 251824 256825 265833
      269835 273834 279834 284831 285829 285825 285819 283816
      277813 270812 264811 259810 254808 251806 252803 260796
      268791 275789 280787 289785 296784 299786 300792 301796
      306796 314796 317797 319799 320806 321810 320814 318826
      320830 324834 329833 333831 343823 348823 349826 341842
      341845 341849 344857 353864 358866 364865 371864 374863
      379862 385861 391859 396858 401856 407855 411853 418854
      425859 430862 436864 448867 455867 460869 465868 471865
      478863 484862 489861 493859 502853 510847 513840
 0.01 482166 482163 481161 481160 481158 480155 479157 479160
      479162 479164 480165 481167 482166
 0.01 480152 479150 478145 478142 477139 477134 474131 472136
      470136 467137 466139 467142 470144 473145 475146 476149
      478152 480152
 0.01 412200 412193 411185 409181 408180 401177 396180 392181
      389183 388187 390193 395197 400200 407202 410202 412200
 0.01 370174 371170 370167 369165 365163 362162 358161 355161
      353162 352165 354168 354171 355173 358175 362175 365176
      367176 370174
 0.01 332151 332149 332147 331144 331142 330140 328139 327139
      326140 324141 322143 321145 320147 321149 323150 325151
      327151 328152 330152 332151
 0.25 468270 468266 467262 466259 464256 462255 459253 456254
      454256 454260 456263 457265 459267 461270 463272 465272
      468270
 0.25 472840 468836 464834 457834 450833 445833 445835 447838
      451843 454846 460848 465849 470847 472840
 0.25 457727 457719 454714 448709 445701 443692 440683 437676
      433669 428664 425662 420662 415663 411665 397672 391676
      386681 379692 370707 360717 355721 350725 335731 326736
      320741 316746 315749 314752 317758 316766 313772 316774
      320774 325772 331772 340770 343771 344776 342782 340790
      340793 338798 338804 341805 343804 344798 344792 347790
      354777 355773 354769 349765 351760 353759 360756 364757
      367760 367770 366779 367789 368798 368806 367811 364813
      361816 358820 355824 352832 350840 350843 353844 367845
      381841 390838 399836 406833 413830 422820 427815 429809
      443777 446770 450763 453757 454750 455735 457727
 0.25 461030 462022 462016 460006 457004 455005 452008 447015
      445020 442023 434026 431029 430035 432040 436042 442042
      446043 450045 453044 457040 459036 461030
 0.25 451102 452096 450091 448088 446087 445087 445082 449077
      448073 445070 443069 441071 436083 434087 430088 427082
      425079 424074 426067 426060 425058 421057 413057 406054
      401055 398057 390059 379060 374056 370052 364052 359055
      364070 368084 371089 372092 372095 370101 366105 362112
      358112 356110 352104 349098 355095 360093 362091 362088
      357082 354081 351083 346085 342086 340084 336082 332081
      330083 328091 325096 320104 318111 317116 319118 324118
      328119 334121 337125 340131 344136 350141 356142 363140
      370142 375146 379146 383146 384144 384136 386132 389128
      394125 401125 406123 412127 414132 417139 417145 418156
      420159 424161 426160 428156 432151 434145 436136 437129
      441120 447109 451102
 0.25 422255 424249 425244 421238 416227 413219 408216 403214
      399209 392206 385204 378201 380197 377189 373184 368182
      361180 355182 353184 353188 357192 363195 366197 367200
      365203 358203 355200 350196 348197 347201 346205 346208
      348214 350221 353227 360236 364241 371245 378246 385249
      392252 399254 410260 415260 418259 422255
 0.25 429195 430192 430190 430188 430187 429185 428185 427184
      426187 426189 427192 428193 428194 429195 429195
 0.25 441830 440827 439827 438827 437828 438828 439830 440830
      441830
 0.25 434999 436993 434990 430994 426001 423009 423020 419029
      417036 418040 421038 424030 427020 430013 432006 434999
 0.25 403100 403097 403096 402095 402093 401091 400090 398092
      397094 397097 399099 400102 401102 402100 403100
 0.25 393107 392103 392100 390096 389094 386095 384097 383099
      381103 381108 382110 385113 389111 391109 393107
 0.25 343180 345173 345168 342164 338162 329159 321155 312152
      307151 304153 304157 307162 312167 320172 327178 332180
      334182 337185 340183 343180
 0.25 282771 279767 274767 261769 248771 239775 235779 234784
      234791 236798 240801 244802 251795 254791 258789 266783
      275777 280774 282771
 0.50 449736 440708 440702 438693 437688 434684 429678 425675
      417670 412671 406672 396676 390680 387684 381694 375703
      369711 353727 341732 332737 327740 325747 329760 333762
      340760 348755 354751 359749 369751 373754 374761 373772
      371781 373790 376804 376811 373816 372821 369825 367833
      368836 369834 372829 373823 388827 400822 411818 415815
      418811 424803 434780 440769 443759 449736
 0.50 456027 457025 457023 456021 454022 453025 452027 452029
      452031 454031 454030 456029 456027
 0.50 439108 438104 436102 430100 424110 421112 418113 412111
      409106 407103 405105 400109 396111 394114 394117 398117
      409120 415124 418128 421131 422134 423140 427138 428136
      429132 429127 428124 429121 431116 435111 439108
 0.50 416249 417243 415240 412240 410239 411227 409224 407225
      399226 392226 385223 379222 373216 368215 359214 356216
      357220 364232 367235 370234 375232 386241 393246 399249
      408253 412252 415250 416249
 0.50 402074 402070 401068 396067 392066 389066 387070 387075
      387082 384083 381084 380082 377079 375082 377086 378097
      382090 387088 391088 395090 397087 398080 400076 402074
 0.50 397101 396099 396097 395096 394094 392094 392096 392097
      392098 393100 394101 395102 397101
 0.50 373193 373191 373190 371188 369186 368185 367185 366184
      364184 363183 361183 359184 358185 358187 359187 360188
      362189 363190 365191 366191 367192 369192 370193 372193
      373193
 0.50 377132 377130 378128 378126 377124 376123 375122 374121
      372122 371122 371124 371127 371128 371129 372131 372133
      373134 374136 375134 376134 377132
 0.50 375069 375066 375065 374064 373063 371062 370062 368063
      369066 371068 373070 374069 375069
 0.50 367124 368122 367120 366119 365119 363118 362119 361119
      360120 360123 361124 362125 364125 366125 367124
 0.50 362825 363823 361822 360823 359823 358825 356828 355830
      354833 353834 353835 353837 353839 355839 357837 358834
      359834 359832 360830 361827 362826 362825
 0.50 357122 356117 353113 347107 343100 342094 338091 335092
      334093 332097 329101 326102 324107 326111 329114 333115
      338117 341120 343129 346132 349132 352128 355124 357122
 0.50 343173 343169 341167 336164 329162 324159 319157 312156
      310158 311160 315165 320168 326172 331174 336177 340177
      341175 343173
 0.50 271775 269772 265772 256774 249774 243777 239781 237786
      237790 238793 240796 244798 246797 251791 256787 261782
      268777 271775
 1.00 433706 432697 429694 423689 417684 410680 406679 400679
      395680 391683 382697 377706 371713 366718 361724 348738
      356739 364741 369743 373743 380741 384744 385748 387754
      389756 396755 400757 402761 402764 397770 393773 391773
      386771 382773 379778 378782 378787 379790 386795 389794
      395792 398790 401787 409783 412781 417780 420782 424782
      429774 431769 432765 432755 427753 424748 424741 425736
      429728 430718 433706
 1.00 347747 345747 343749 342750 342751 344750 347748 347747
 1.00 346112 346111 345109 344108 343107 343106 341105 339106
      339107 338108 339109 340110 342111 344113 346113 346112
 1.00 335169 336167 334166 332165 330165 329164 328163 327163
      326163 325163 324165 325166 326167 326168 328169 330169
      332170 333170 335169
 1.50 429704 427699 424697 415696 411695 409691 403686 399684
      395684 389690 384697 381705 378710 375713 370718 365727
      364732 367735 370736 375737 384733 389732 393732 395736
      396742 400746 403746 408746 411744 415739 417735 419726
      421721 423717 425714 428709 429704
 1.50 422770 421768 419768 417769 415769 417769 419770 420771
      421771 422770
 1.50 403776 402776 400776 400778 402777 403776
 2.00 426705 421701 415704 410709 406716 402723 401727 402732
      407737 410735 411730 414723 417717 423711 426705
 2.00 400704 399697 397692 393691 390694 384701 383711 375716
      370723 369728 372731 376732 381730 387724 393718 396717
      397715 395712 397707 400704

24HR QP VT 25/12Z
 0.01 489613 494624 499635 508664 515690 519700 522710 524721
      527732 528738 529746 530759 531768 529773 524781 519788
      513794 504800 500801 497802 496804 476801 472803 475807
      480813 486822 491822 495823 514823 530825 535832 540839
      532851 528856 525859 521861 516861 511863 508868 502879
      496886 493894 492899 489904 485914 481922 480925 478929
      474935 473941 472949 471955 471963 470967 470971 473971
      483972 486974 489979 492984 492990 490996 488998 484001
      479002 476002 474006 473014 469039 468048 467053 466065
      463075 461083 461090 460104 455114 453120 450119 450117
      446114 441114 437116 434118 432121 429127 427132 424136
      421139 418140 418131 416128 412127 406128 391123 386123
      384120 384117 386116 389114 394110 397108 397106 393103
      392099 394096 400095 403093 403089 399088 393092 385095
      378097 371091 365083 361078 359075 354063 354055 359049
      368048 376048 380051 385049 388047 387043 385043 380035
      382029 388033 391034 393032 396032 401032 401027 400023
      400016 404005 402992 400986 399981 398978 396979 390982
      385984 383982 380974 378969 375966 372956 371951 370946
      368943 364939 361936 360929 360924 364922 367920 372920
      379922 382922 383919 385916 388906 391902 394897 388889
      389882 391876 395866 399857 404850 406845 409840 413834
      425820 430814 433811 433806 427799 421792 413791 407792
      391803 376817 369822 363825 361820 362816 369809 376803
      381798 398788 405784 408782 409780 408777 403771 397768
      387766 375768 370767 367764 365757 367750 371742 377737
      390724 397719 400710 402705 398702 390701 382702 374700
      368696 365692 365687 367674 365667 366662
 0.01 491168 490163 489159 486152 493145 492140 490136 488133
      484132 471124 468122 466123 459123 454128 453132 455137
      454144 452147 446152 444158 446161 449164 463171 470174
      477173 489170 491168
 0.01 414229 415222 416217 414216 410214 409210 404193 402188
      399185 395184 392186 386205 386218 384223 380223 373219
      370216 369211 368207 365203 363199 360196 354191 350185
      346181 347176 346168 341163 338161 333160 329161 323160
      317164 315169 311169 310173 311178 314198 315207 315217
      321234 327238 337241 358247 366248 371248 374247 382244
      387237 388231 393231 402233 405231 409231 414229
 0.01 398173 399169 398166 398163 394162 391162 389163 387164
      385167 383169 382172 383175 385175 389176 392177 394175
      396175 398173
 0.01 363099 360092 355091 356084 354081 352079 347078 345076
      342076 340079 334084 333087 335089 344090 346092 349092
      353097 356100 359101 363099
 0.01 349123 346116 345112 345107 343100 343094 340093 333093
      329092 327094 330099 333106 337111 341118 343125 347125
      349123
 0.01 341063 342059 342054 342050 340049 338052 337054 334055
      330054 328055 326057 328059 330060 334060 337062 339063
      341063
 0.01 325917 326912 325907 322904 313915 304922 299926 295931
      290936 288941 281953 280957 281961 286962 293960 297957
      303953 307948 316939 319933 321926 325917
 0.25 475618 483627 488636 496657 498663 500673 501689 504703
      507714 510720 509727 506738 504743 502745 496736 494737
      492745 490756 486763 482764 478760 477758 474760 471764
      468766 466766 461765 452765 450762 447758 436739 435732
      433729 426724 421725 416729 412730 411727 410721 406719
      406717 408712 412701 413695 413691 410688 407686 399682
      390679 384685 382689 379691 376689 378684 380673 383663
      385659 388655 398653 405652 409651 413649 416645 419638
 0.25 472153 471151 469150 468150 467150 466149 464148 462148
      462149 461151 462153 463154 465155 467155 468156 470156
      471155 472154 472153
 0.25 460006 460998 460991 459981 457970 458957 458949 458941
      460931 461921 461908 453864 451860 448856 446853 444853
      437851 429852 420891 417900 416911 414922 412929 409941
      408945 408950 413955 414962 413968 413975 413982 416991
      417000 416013 416024 420031 424039 429044 438045 446044
      450036 452027 453019 456013 460006
 0.25 367232 364227 363220 364216 362214 358210 352206 348207
      346209 347212 351217 351224 354230 357234 362235 367232
 0.50 455625 467626 472627 476636 491665 495675 496687 496698
      495705 492709 489712 484717 475730 470735 466742 463744
      460743 457736 453728 449721 443716 439713 424712 418709
      417703 418700 418693 416688 411683 400678 393676 387672
      386669 387665 392661 402658 409658 416655 421651 426641
      432633
 0.50 448012 449001 449992 448984 447976 449958 450949 449940
      447931 445925 443911 443902 443893 441887 437883 433880
      430885 426897 423931 422939 423945 421959 420970 422976
      426980 427987 428996 426003 423016 422020 423025 427029
      431030 437029 442026 444022 448012
 1.00 488686 488681 487676 485668 480658 473649 467644 462642
      457641 452641 448640 443639 438640 434643 432648 430653
      425657 422660 422667 425678 425689 424697 425704 429706
      434704 443698 447697 451700 455704 459704 464705 468707
      471703 475704 480701 483697 486691 488686
 1.50 475672 474663 471658 462653 452649 447648 441650 438663
      436669 437675 435681 435688 436691 440690 444686 447682
      450680 454680 458682 461682 464681 470678 475674 475672
 2.00 467667 465662 461660 457659 454657 450657 447658 445663
      445668 447671 451672 456673 459672 464670 467667

24HR QP VT 26/12Z
 0.01 492612 498619 503628 508637 512649 521674 526687 530701
      533712 536724 538731 539737 541754 541760 540766 538778
      535789 531795 528799 524800 515801 507798 499794 493787
      487780 485778 485775 486768 487765 487760 484754 482751
      479752 477762 476773 478787 484795 488798 491798 500804
      506808 509812 513814 515818 516823 520837 521842 523848
      519859 514870 516876 515883 515892 513899 513903 510908
      506913 500916 490917 486919 484922 484926 484934 483938
      481939 478934 474930 472926 466933 462937 461941 461949
      459953 459962 461968 466969 470969 472967 480961 497951
      499949 503949 509949 511952 511968 505976 498980 494981
      492983 487985 483985 478985 475987 464987 454986 449986
      446988 444986 441986 436985 431985 429983 425983 418975
      411968 407960 400945 396938 399929 398917 399912 399906
      398878 398863 397855 396850 381860 378862 378855 384846
      386842 390838 397832 399827 400825 398823 395823 394826
      392826 385822 384818 383815 381816 377822 374826 372831
      369833 366832 365829 362829 360832 355841 349847 344854
      344863 341875 337886 331896 328904 320918 308931 303938
      297942 294945 290949 286956 279962 276964 271965 268966
      268961 274954 275951 275947 272946 272943 272937 275932
      275930 273927 269929 266927 268922 271915 272910 268909
      266906 265901 265887 266883 266878 270871 280858 292845
      303831 315813 322807 326804 329801 336795 339792 342788
      345781 349773 359758 362756 366755 369757 370761 372765
      371768 370774 366781 361789 356797 350807 347818 345823
      346826 355821 359819 362814 366808 371801 374799 376800
      379800 390799 395793 401788 405785 408780 416764
 0.01 416764 420752 416747 416743 418742 419740 417738 415736
      414729 417724 420720 424715 428711 440709 443705 446700
      451689 452683 451679 448675 445665 444656 442646 440640
      438637 437632
 0.01 511286 511281 511278 509270 508261 505254 500243 493233
      490230 488228 481226 477229 468227 463228 459231 450236
      445239 440241 436241 432240 427236 426232 426228 430224
      436221 438219 441220 446216 443213 429206 421198 417194
      413195 415201 420204 430216 428219 425220 420219 418213
      415213 413214 410221 406225 403227 398226 391224 386226
      382229 375239 368250 360265 357271 357274 358281 360283
      362282 367280 371280 373283 384292 394296 408300 436305
      443306 448307 461312 475317 479318 482317 488319 493317
      497314 500309 503302 507291 511286
 0.01 489139 488136 485133 479129 472130 466129 462131 460134
      456141 441141 438142 436146 436150 438154 447165 449169
      450174 452176 456177 462175 467170 473168 479165 481163
      482157 482148 484145 485140 489139
 0.01 458106 456100 454093 447091 440090 436090 435092 430097
      427101 421105 417109 414110 412108 410101 410096 408093
      405095 401100 400104 398106 394112 385118 383122 390123
      402120 406123 407120 411120 417124 418127 418133 418139
      416146 416152 414160 416163 420157 423152 425149 426143
      430130 433123 438119 443116 445115 448116 452117 455115
      456109 458106
 0.01 446048 447046 447043 446041 445040 443038 441038 440036
      438035 438038 436040 436042 437045 438045 439048 441048
      443048 444049 446049 446048
 0.01 426065 426058 423055 413054 411056 408056 404054 397055
      393057 388066 385071 383074 381079 385079 388078 391079
      397079 402078 406075 411074 415072 424068 426065
 0.25 520710 520701 519691 516677 511661 507650 502637 497628
      494623 490619 486617 482616 477620 473624 470628 468634
      464644 463658 463664 465671 467676 470681 477690 484695
      492701 497709 504718 507721 511723 514722 517718 520710
 0.25 504284 505279 504275 500269 495262 490257 486256 484258
      481261 479264 477276 477281 478284 486289 494292 501290
      504284
 0.25 472883 472875 472868 467856 466853 462851 460847 462842
      459813 458800 458788 459783 459776 456762 454757 451755
      447766 444774 438783 437787 435790 435792 434799 428819
      428826 429832 430843 431850 429853 422855 421859 421861
      424865 428866 431869 433873 431878 426887 425891 426895
      429899 432902 432909 436911 439906 440900 437894 439894
      439891 448873 450867 454873 459879 460892 461903 463907
      465908 468901 469893 472883
 0.25 432256 433250 432248 425247 421245 418243 416240 412239
      407243 405247 406250 407254 411256 410258 410262 414263
      417263 424262 430258 432256
 0.25 416280 416275 415273 411269 406265 399263 393263 393270
      394277 396283 398285 402286 407285 413283 416280
 0.25 326861 324861 322863 322864 321866 323867 324866 324865
      325863 326862 326861
 0.50 501283 501280 498276 497275 494272 492271 489269 487269
      487273 488277 489279 491281 494284 495286 497286 500285
      501283
 0.50 510679 508667 506659 503650 500643 493630 489626 482627
      477633 475639 474643 475648 476659 475669 479675 488682
      493686 498691 503694 508694 510691 510685 510679
 0.50 443820 443817 443815 443812 442812 440811 438812 437813
      435816 435818 435821 436823 437825 437828 438829 439830
      440830 441827 442825 442822 442820 443820

$$





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