Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Mt. Holly, NJ

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000 FXUS61 KPHI 232119 AFDPHI Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Mount Holly NJ 519 PM EDT Fri Jun 23 2017 .SYNOPSIS... A cold front over the Midwest states this afternoon will move through the region on Saturday. Meanwhile, remnant tropical moisture will stream northeastward ahead of the front. High pressure builds in from the Great Plains and Midwest region for the second half of the weekend. A weak cold front is expected to move through the region Monday night or Tuesday. High pressure returns to the area for the middle of next week before moving off the coast late in the week. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM SATURDAY MORNING/...
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Severe Thunderstorm Watch 369 is in effect until 10 pm. Previous discussion... Not many changes from the previous forecast. We still expect to see scattered showers and thunderstorms to move into our region from the west over the next several hours. Any clearing this afternoon has been mostly self-destructive as cumulus fields have developed quickly when there has been any clearing (except over Delmarva - where a stronger cap is in place). As a result, we are slightly cooler than previously expected at the surface. However, still warm enough for ML CAPE values above 500 J/kg across our region. In addition, a favorable wind profile with increasing amounts of 0-6 km shear (primarily speed shear, as flow above 900 mb is nearly unidirectional). Thus, there remains a marginal to slight risk for severe storms over our region through the evening hours. Once we get to late this evening, we should see a brief lull as the short wave trough weakens and the boundary layer stabilizes. After midnight though, the cold front is expected to approach the region from the west, and just ahead of this front, we should see one more round of showers and thunderstorms. By tonight, the threat shifts from strong winds to heavy downpours. However, the progressive nature of the front should limit any flooding threat.
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&& .SHORT TERM /6 AM SATURDAY MORNING THROUGH 6 PM SATURDAY/... The biggest difference with the latest model runs was how much faster most models bring the front through the area, with many models showing it clearing the coast by 12Z. I`m not sure it will move through that quickly, but did trend faster. This has not only implications for how quickly we dry out (likely should see dry conditions across the region by late morning), but also in the wind forecast and with the max temperature forecast (chose to go closer to the cooler operational models than the MOS guidance). && .LONG TERM /SATURDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/... The large-scale pattern over the CONUS will feature an upper trough east of the Rockies and an upstream ridge through early next week. For our area, this pattern will 1) allow for a break in the active stretch of weather we have had recently and 2) keep us far away from the heart of the summer heat (western CONUS). A cold front will slowly approach from the northwest Monday before moving through the forecast area sometime either Monday night or Tuesday morning. Meanwhile, a series of shortwave disturbances rounding the base of Great Lakes upper trough may provide a source of deeper lift for showers both days. The bulk of the forcing for ascent looks to remain upstream of our area on Monday, so it is likely that any diurnally-driven convection will be sparse in coverage and confined to the higher terrain N/W of the Fall Line. There is no mention of thunder in the forecast for Monday as soundings from both the NAM and GFS do not indicate a favorable environment for sustained deep convection owing to limited moisture availability and a residual capping inversion in place. Despite a post-frontal regime, the setup may be slightly more conducive for low-topped thunderstorms on Tuesday as a cold pool aloft that is associated with the upper trough shifts overhead and helps steepen the mid-level lapse rates. Mainly dry conditions are expected Tuesday night-Thursday with high pressure influencing our weather. Showers and storms return to the forecast next Friday as high pressure shifting offshore and the next low pressure system approaches from the west. Kept PoPs low (20-30 percent) for Friday given the considerable model disagreement on D7. Temperatures will be slightly below normal and quite comfortable for outdoor activity with highs for most of the area in upper 70s and lower 80s (except mid 80s on Sunday across the I-95 corridor, east) through the middle of next week. Temperatures gradually return to near normal late in the week as the high moves off the coast and southerly return flow develops. && .AVIATION /21Z FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... The following discussion is for KPHL, KPNE, KTTN, KABE, KRDG, KILG, KMIV, KACY and surrounding areas. MVFR and even brief IFR conditions will be possible with any showers and thunderstorms that may move over the TAF sites. The primary period for showers and thunderstorms will be first through 03Z, and then again between 08 and 12Z (possibly going as late as 15Z for the coastal sites including KACY and KMIV). Otherwise, mostly VFR conditions are expected with skies clearing after 15Z. Breezy southwesterly winds, with gusts up to 20 kt will be possible through about 00Z. An abrupt wind shift, winds shifting from southwesterly to northwesterly, is expected with a cold front moving over the area generally between 10 and 15Z. OUTLOOK... Saturday night through Monday morning...VFR. Winds primarily out of the W or NW. Monday afternoon through Tuesday...Most VFR but sub-VFR restrictions still a possibility, especially on Tuesday in locally heavier showers. Tuesday night and Wednesday...VFR. && .MARINE... SCA conditions, for both winds and seas are expected to continue tonight and tomorrow. An abrupt wind shift from southwesterly to northwesterly winds is expected by mid day Saturday. Winds may diminish a bit behind the front, but seas are expected to remain elevated through much of the day. OUTLOOK... Saturday night...Did not extend the current SCA into Saturday night with seas likely to drop below 5 ft in our coastal Atlantic waters. W-SW winds around 10 kt early in the evening shift to NW behind a cold front. Sunday through Wednesday...Winds and seas are expected to remain below SCA criteria. An isolated tstm possible on Tuesday. RIP CURRENTS... A moderate risk for the formation of dangerous rip currents continues today for the NJ shore. For tomorrow, winds will be shifting off shore, but a 5 to 6 ft swell may lead to a moderate risk for the formation of dangerous rip currents especially along the central and southern NJ shore. For the northern NJ shore and the Delaware beaches, the risk is expected to be low at this time. However, even with a low risk...the bigger diurnal difference in the tide cycle due to the new moon today could mean some rapidly changing conditions. && .TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... Very high astronomical tides will continue through the next few days in association with the new moon today. However, flow should be shifting more offshore, so though spotty minor tidal flooding is possible with this afternoon/evening`s high tide, the threat for widespread minor tidal flooding has diminished. && .PHI WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... PA...None. NJ...None. DE...None. MD...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 6 PM EDT Saturday for ANZ450>455. Small Craft Advisory until 9 PM EDT this evening for ANZ430- 431. && $$ Synopsis...Klein Near Term...Johnson Short Term...Johnson Long Term...Klein Aviation...Johnson Marine...Johnson/Klein Tides/Coastal Flooding...

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