Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Raleigh/Durham, NC

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000 FXUS62 KRAH 261900 AFDRAH Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Raleigh NC 300 PM EDT Fri May 26 2017 .SYNOPSIS... High pressure will extend across the Southeast states today into Saturday, as a weak trough extends down through western and central North Carolina. An upper level disturbance will cross the region late Saturday through Saturday night, followed by another disturbance Sunday afternoon. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/... As of 1000 AM Friday... Lingering cyclonic flow aloft over the ern U.S., behind a powerful upper low now lifting up the New England coast, will flatten and become more zonal/Wly as a shortwave ridge upstream over the MS Valley dampens. Skies will be mostly sunny, with just a smattering of flat cu at the base of a stout subsidence inversion forecast to develop down to about 6-7 thousand ft. A swly breeze will become gusty into the 20-25 mph range through early afternoon, in the MSL pressure gradient between departing, sub-1000 mb surface low pressure accompanying the aforementioned upper low, and a weak 1017 mb ridge centered over the ern GOM and FL. Warm, with highs mostly 80 to 85 degrees, but with low humidity values courtesy of dewpoints in the 50s. Tonight: An MCV over IA will likely help initiate, amidst a broad low-mid level WAA regime, another cluster of showers and storms across the upper Midwest and OH Valley today, with some of this activity drifting in a weakening state into the central and southern Appalachians by daybreak Saturday. Associated mid-high level debris cloudiness may overspread central NC after midnight, with lows generally in the lower 60s. && .SHORT TERM /SATURDAY AND SATURDAY NIGHT/... As of 420 AM Friday... In generally Wly flow aloft, around sub-tropical high pressure forecast to migrate across the Gulf coast states, a large plume of hot and dry air (EML), well-sampled by the 00Z RAObs over the ern Rockies and central-srn Plains (see Albuquerque and Amarillo), will have overspread the southeastern U.S. by 12Z Sat. While this will result in mainly hot and dry conditions over central NC, it will also prove a favorable thermodynamic environment for severe storms where moisture streaming in WSWly 850 mb flow beneath it is lifted into it, in a WAA regime and across a weak frontal zone across the central Appalachians. That frontal zone will have already been convectively-modulated by overnight convection that may have drifted into the VA`s, as noted above. This pattern, similar to that of a couple of weeks ago on May 11, will be supportive of the development of a cluster or two of storms to and propagation across the central Appalachians and (probably) VA and nrn NC Sat afternoon into Sat night. 35-45 kts of bulk shear, and 150-250 0-3 km SRH, in the presence of moderate instability fueled by the EML, will be supportive of an organized convective mode that may include a small forward propagating MCS with embedded supercells. A risk of all severe weather hazards would be possible with such storm modes, but with tornado potential focused along and immediately north of the effective frontal zone that will likely extend just to the north of the RAH forecast area, or perhaps settle into the nrn Piedmont and nrn Coastal Plain. The precise frontal location remains of low predictability, however, given 1) uncertainties in the amplitude of upstream MCV`s and how they may dampen/amplify the flow and 2) probable convective/diabatic modulation of the effective front. The storms will likely weaken with time and srn extent as they move away from the frontal zone/low level moist axis and into the hot and dry, capped EML. That dry air, and associated high DCAPE, will favor strong evaporational cooling potential and relatively significant outflow winds (35-45 mph) surging well ahead of the dying storms, however. Hot, with highs in the upper 80s to lower 90s. Lows, in an increasingly humid regime, in the middle to upper 60s. && .LONG TERM /Sunday through Friday/...
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As of 300 PM Friday... A short wave trough over the TN valley Sunday morning will move east and across the Carolinas by late day. Scattered showers/tstms are expected along and ahead of it, developing over the mountains around mid-day and moving east across our cwa during the late afternoon into early evening. With 2000+ J/kg cape and 40+ kt of deep layer shear forecast in the models, the environment would appear to support at least isolated strong to severe tstms. Given the position of an old boundary along and north of hwy 64, look for the best chance for such activity to be across the northern half of our CWA. Short wave ridging behind the aforementioned short wave will provide a break in the weather Sunday night into Monday morning, but the next short wave moving through the longwave trough centered over the Great Lakes will move across the Carolinas late day Monday into Monday night, helping to push a weakening cold front across our area. This system will provide the next chance for showers and tstms Monday afternoon through Monday night. For the rest of the long term period, will keep pops near or above climo each day as the aforementioned cold front will stall across the region and a series of mid level short waves embedded in the broad cyclonic flow move across the region. Above normal temps forecast through the period.
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&& .AVIATION /18Z FRIDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/... As of 141 PM Friday... Strong subsidence, behind the departing upper level trough will result in VFR conditions through the 24 hour TAF period. Breezy west- swly winds will gradually subside as pressure gradient relaxes through the afternoon/early evening, with flow becoming SWLY with the development of pre-frontal surface trough in the lee of the mountains. Outlook: A series of upper level disturbances along a back-door cold front forecast to sag south into the area over the weekend will support a chance of showers and storms late Saturday afternoon/evening, and again on Sunday afternoon and evening owing to the presence of a moist and unstable airmass. With the front stalled across the area, the threat of mainly afternoon/evening showers and storms will continue on Monday, and again on Tuesday with the approach of another cold front from the west. && .RAH WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...Hartfield NEAR TERM...CBL/MWS SHORT TERM...MWS LONG TERM...np AVIATION...CBL

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