Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Reno, NV

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DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT...CORRECTED
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO NV
430 PM PST SUN JAN 24 2016

...DROUGHT STATEMENT FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

...SEVERE TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS REMAIN IN CENTRAL AND
WESTERN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

...DROUGHT CONDITIONS IMPROVE IN EASTERN AND NORTHERN NEVADA...

1/ NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATIONS...

AS OF JANUARY 20 2016...ALL COUNTIES IN CALIFORNIA ALONG THE NEVADA
BORDER WERE DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DROUGHT DISASTER AREAS BY
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. ALL COUNTIES IN NEVADA WERE
DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DROUGHT DISASTER AREAS DUE TO DAMAGES
AND LOSSES CAUSED BY THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS. FROM USDA.

SEE WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT /IN LOWER CASE/ FOR MORE INFORMATION ON
DROUGHT DISASTER DECLARATIONS AND ASSISTANCE.

2/ CURRENT DROUGHT INTENSITY IN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR /DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU/ IS UPDATED WEEKLY
BY THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. IT IS A SYNTHESIS OF
MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF
SCIENTISTS IN MANY FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS
THOSE IN PRIVATE INDUSTRY.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED BY THE USDA TO DETERMINE DROUGHT
SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT DISASTER AND IS THE MECHANISM USED TO
PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY. IT IS ALSO THE PRIMARY
TOOL USED BY THE NEVADA DEPARTMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND
WATER RESOURCES TO RESPOND TO AND PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR DROUGHT AND
TO MITIGATE DROUGHT IMPACTS THROUGH THEIR DROUGHT RESPONSE PLAN.

AS OF JANUARY 19, 2016...THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIED MOST OF
WESTERN AND PARTS OF CENTRAL NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA AS IN
SEVERE DROUGHT /LEVEL 2 OF 4 LEVELS OF DROUGHT/ OR GREATER WHILE
MOST OF EASTERN...NORTHEAST AND SOUTHEAST NEVADA AND FAR SOUTHEAST
CALIFORNIA WAS CATEGORIZED AS ABNORMALLY DRY TO MODERATE DROUGHT.

THE AREA OF EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED ALL
OR PORTIONS OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTIES...

CARSON CITY...CHURCHILL...DOUGLAS...ESMERALDA...LANDER...LYON...
MINERAL...NYE...PERSHING...STOREY AND WASHOE.

THE HARDEST HIT AREAS OF DROUGHT...WHERE IT WAS CLASSIFIED AS
EXCEPTIONAL...FAR WESTERN CHURCHILL COUNTY...ALL OF CARSON CITY AND
STOREY AND DOUGLAS COUNTIES...NORTHERN AND WESTERN LYON COUNTY...THE
SOUTHERN FIFTH OF WASHOE COUNTY...A SMALL PART OF WESTERN ESMERALDA
COUNTY AND SOUTHWEST MINERAL COUNTY IN NEVADA.

THE AREAS LEAST AFFECTED BY DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED EASTERN AND
CENTRAL ELKO COUNTY...MUCH OF WHITE PINE AND LINCOLN COUNTIES AND
NORTHEAST AND FAR SOUTHERN CLARK COUNTY WHICH WERE CLASSIFIED AS
ABNORMALLY DRY. WESTERN ELKO COUNTY...NORTHEAST HUMBOLDT COUNTY...
EUREKA COUNTY...FAR WESTERN WHITE PINE COUNTY...MOST OF NYE
COUNTY...WESTERN LINCOLN COUNTY AND CENTRAL AND WESTERN CLARK COUNTY
WERE CLASSIFIED AS HAVING MODERATE DROUGHT.

DROUGHT SEVERITY WAS CLASSIFIED AS EXTREME OR EXCEPTIONAL FOR ALL
CALIFORNIA COUNTIES BORDERING NEVADA FROM MODOC COUNTY SOUTH TO
WESTERN SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY. THE AREA OF EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT
/DROUGHT LEVEL 4/ INCLUDED SOUTHERN LASSEN COUNTY...ALL OF PLUMAS...
SIERRA...NEVADA...PLACER...EL DORADO AND ALPINE COUNTIES...SOUTHERN
MONO COUNTY...AND FAR NORTHERN AND WESTERN INYO COUNTY. MOST OF INYO
COUNTY AND WESTERN SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY WERE CLASSIFIED AS HAVING
EXTREME DROUGHT. SOUTHEAST INYO COUNTY AND CENTRAL SAN BERNARDINO
COUNTY WERE CLASSIFIED AS HAVING SEVERE DROUGHT. THE FAR EASTERN
PORTIONS OF SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY AND A SMALL PART OF EXTREME
SOUTHEAST INYO COUNTY WERE CLASSIFIED AS ABNORMALLY DRY OR IN
MODERATE DROUGHT.

3/ SYNOPSIS...

BELOW TO MUCH BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION OCCURRED OVER MOST OF
EASTERN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA FROM OCTOBER 2011 THROUGH EARLY IN
2015. SINCE MAY OF 2015 MUCH OF THIS REGION HAS SEEN ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION...ESPECIALLY IN CENTRAL AND SMALL PARTS OF WESTERN
NEVADA WHERE PRECIPITATION OF 150 PERCENT OF AVERAGE HAS BEEN NOTED.

MUCH OF THE ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION IN THESE AREAS OCCURRED IN
THUNDERSTORMS AS A VERY ACTIVE MONSOON DEVELOPED AND CONTINUED
THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF JULY. WHILE THIS ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION
AIDED RANGE CONDITIONS IN MANY AREAS...IMPROVING GRAZING CONDITIONS
BEYOND THOSE SEEN IN 2014...THE COPIOUS AMOUNTS OF RAIN DID LITTLE
TO ALLEVIATE POOR WATER SUPPLY CONDITIONS IN AREAS THAT RELY ON RUN
OFF FROM WINTER SNOW. THUS...SHORT TERM IMPROVEMENTS HAVE BEEN SEEN
IN SOME AREAS...BUT LONG TERM IMPACTS FROM THREE PREVIOUS DRY YEARS
REMAIN.

SINCE THE START OF THE WATER YEAR IN OCTOBER 2015 ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION HAS OCCURRED ACROSS THE ENTIRE AREA WITH THE EXCEPTION
OF PARTS OF MONO...INYO AND SAN BERNARDINO COUNTIES IN CALIFORNIA
AND SMALL PARTS OF EASTERN ELKO COUNTY AND CLARK COUNTY IN NEVADA.
THIS ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION HAS FALLEN FAIRLY CONSISTENTLY
THROUGH EACH MONTH OF THE WATER YEAR SO FAR. MOUNTAIN SNOWS HAVE
BOOSTED THE SNOW PACK IN NORTHERN AND EASTERN NEVADA AND THE SIERRA
TO GREATER THAN 100 PERCENT OF AVERAGE AS OF THE MIDDLE OF JANUARY
WHILE VALLEY SNOW AND RAIN HAS AIDED SOIL MOISTURE. THE ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION AND SNOW PACK HAS RESULTED IN A LESSENING OF DROUGHT
CONDITIONS ACROSS EASTERN...CENTRAL AND NORTHERN NEVADA.

/SEE:HTTP://WWW.WRCC.DRI.EDU/WWDT/ARCHIVE.PHP?FOLDER=PON6PER/

4/ DROUGHT IMPACTS...

THE WINTER OF 2014/15 WAS THE FOURTH STRAIGHT WINTER WITH BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR MUCH OF THE AREA. WHILE FALL 2014 AND EARLY
FEBRUARY 2015 BROUGHT SOME RELIEF...ALONG WITH CONVECTIVE RAINS FROM
A VERY ACTIVE MONSOON PATTERN IN JUNE AND JULY 2015 AND ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION SINCE THE START OF OCTOBER 2015...MUCH OF THE AREA HAS
SEEN BELOW AVERAGE PRECIPITATION SINCE OCTOBER 2011. THE FOLLOWING
IMPACTS...WHILE NOT ALL INCLUSIVE...REPRESENT SOME OF THE MOST
IMPACTFUL EFFECTS OF THE CONTINUING DROUGHT ON THE REGION OVER THE
LAST YEAR.

A/ RANCHING...

THE AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014 ALLOWED LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS WHO HAD
SUFFERED LOSSES AS FAR BACK AS OCTOBER OF 2011 TO APPLY FOR
ASSISTANCE. A LIVESTOCK INDEMNITY PROGRAM MAY ASSIST PRODUCERS WHO
LOST STOCK DUE TO ADVERSE WEATHER. OFFICIALS WITH THE USDA SAID AS
MUCH AS $2-3 BILLION COULD BE PAID FOR PAST DISASTERS. APPLICATIONS
HAD TO BE RECEIVED BY JAN 1, 2015. FROM LINCOLN, NE, JOURNAL STAR,
APRIL 17, 2014.

THE US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANNOUNCED IN MARCH 2015 ITS
LIVESTOCK FORAGE DISASTER PROGRAM IS AVAILABLE TO OFFSET GRAZING
LOSSES IN 2015...SIMILAR TO BENEFITS THAT WERE AVAILABLE FROM 2011
TO 2014. FROM FORT WORTH, TX, STAR-TELEGRAM, MAR 26, 2015.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...RANCHERS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND
TAX RELIEF SOLUTIONS THROUGH USDA. SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY
WEBSITE FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

B/ AGRICULTURE...

SUMMER 2015 MARKED THE THIRD IRRIGATION SEASON IN A ROW WHEN MANY
FARMERS DID NOT RECEIVE A FULL ALLOCATION OF WATER. THIS WAS
ESPECIALLY TRUE IN THE LOWER HUMBOLDT BASIN AND THE CARSON BASIN
BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR.

HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...

NO DELIVERIES WERE MADE FOR EITHER THE 2014 OR 2015 IRRIGATION
SEASONS ON THE LOWER HUMBOLDT BELOW RYE PATCH RESERVOIR. MOST FARMERS
AND RANCHERS IN THE LOWER HUMBOLDT BASIN DO NOT SUPPLEMENT SURFACE
WATER WITH GROUND WATER. RYE PATCH RESERVOIR REMAINS NEAR 5 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY.

THE FIVE COUNTIES OF THE HUMBOLDT RIVER WATER AUTHORITY
/HUMBOLDT...ELKO...EUREKA...LANDER AND PERSHING/ HAVE REINFORCED THE
STATE OF NEVADA ACTION DECLARING A DROUGHT RESOLUTION THAT WOULD
ENCOURAGE NEVADA AND FEDERAL AGENCIES TO COORDINATE TO BEST HANDLE
DROUGHT IMPACTS IN THE HARD HIT AREAS.

WALKER RIVER BASIN...

INITIAL STORAGE WATER ALLOCATIONS FOR THE WALKER RIVER BASIN FOR THE
2015 IRRIGATION SEASON WERE ANNOUNCED ON MARCH 15, 2015. WELL BELOW
AVERAGE STORAGE IN BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR AND TOPAZ LAKE ALONG WITH A
BELOW AVERAGE SNOW PACK IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE WALKER BASIN
RESULTED IN STORAGE ALLOCATIONS SET AT 3 PERCENT ON THE EAST WALKER
RIVER AND 4 PERCENT ON THE WEST WALKER RIVER. THE WALKER RIVER
IRRIGATION DISTRICT ONCE AGAIN ENCOURAGED WATER RIGHTS HOLDERS TO
TAKE THEIR WATER AS SOON AS POSSIBLE RATHER THAN WAIT UNTIL LATER
IN THE SEASON. THERE WAS CONCERN THAT THE STORAGE ALLOCATIONS COULD
EVAPORATE IN THE RESERVOIRS BEFORE BEING SERVED. THE ALLOCATION
FIGURES DEAL ONLY WITH STORAGE WATER RIGHTS. SURFACE RIGHTS ARE
COVERED UNDER THE C-125 FEDERAL COURT DECREE AND ARE BASED ON THE
PRIORITY OF THE WATER RIGHTS. RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, MARCH 16,
2015.

CARSON RIVER BASIN...

RAIN IN MAY...JUNE AND JULY OF 2015 ALLOWED LESS WATER TO BE TAKEN
BY IRRIGATORS IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE CARSON BASIN...BUT THIS
WAS JUST A TEMPORARY SITUATION ACCORDING TO THE TRUCKEE-CARSON
WATERMASTER.

IN EARLY APRIL 2015 THE TCID BOARD OF DIRECTORS SET THE ALLOCATION
FOR THE 2015 IRRIGATION SEASON AT 20 PERCENT BELOW LAHONTAN
RESERVOIR. IN AN E-MAIL COMMUNICATION WITH TCID IT WAS LEARNED THAT
DELIVERIES WERE 21 PERCENT OF NORMAL ALLOTMENTS BELOW LAHONTAN
RESERVOIR THIS IRRIGATION SEASON BEFORE BEING STOPPED ON JULY 7,
2015. CONVECTIVE RAINS IN THE LOWER CARSON BASIN MADE IT POSSIBLE
FOR SOME FARMERS AND RANCHERS TO GROW A SECOND ALFALFA CROP LAST
SUMMER.

TRUCKEE RIVER BASIN...

LAKE TAHOE DROPPED BELOW ITS NATURAL RIM LATE ON OCTOBER 15, 2014
FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE 2009. THIS MEANT ONLY A SMALL TRICKLE OF
WATER WAS ESCAPING LAKE TAHOE AND BY OCTOBER 17 VIRTUALLY NO FLOW
WAS LEAVING LAKE TAHOE. THE REDUCTION IN FLOWS MEANT THAT FLORISTON
RATES WERE NOT MET FROM LATE SUMMER INTO THE EARLY FALL.

AS OF APRIL 16, 2015 DISCHARGES FROM PROSSER AND BOCA RESERVOIRS
WERE CUT ON THE TRUCKEE RIVER. THIS RESULTED IN FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE
BELOW THE RESERVOIRS DROPPING BY ROUGHLY 50 PERCENT...BELOW THE
FLORISTON RATES FOR THE SYSTEM.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...FARMERS MAY BE ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FORMS OF
FINANCIAL AND TAX RELIEF THROUGH USDA.  SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES
AGENCY WEBSITE FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

SUSAN RIVER BASIN...

IN A CONVERSATION WITH THE HONEY LAKE WATERMASTER IN EARLY APRIL
2015 IT WAS LEARNED THAT STORAGE WAS ROUGHLY 26 PERCENT IN THE UPPER
SUSAN RIVER AND THERE WAS JUST A SMALL AMOUNT OF FLOW IN THE LOWER
RIVER. MOUNTAIN WATER STORES...WHICH ARE NORMALLY BROUGHT INTO USE
IN JUNE...HAD TO BE USED IN MAY IN 2015. AFTER THAT SUPPLY WAS USED
FARMERS AND RANCHERS NEEDED TO USE STOCK WATER.

COLORADO RIVER BASIN...

THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND FOUR MUNICIPAL WATER PROVIDERS IN
ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA AND COLORADO HAVE CONTRIBUTED 11 MILLION
DOLLARS TO PROMOTE WATER CONSERVATION IN THE COLORADO RIVER BASIN.
THEY WILL TAKE PART IN A PILOT PROGRAM TO REDUCE WATER DEMAND BY
FARMERS, CITIES AND INDUSTRIES. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, JULY 31,
2014.

LAKE MEAD FELL TO A NEW RECORD LOW ON JUNE 23, 2015. THE LAKE FELL
BELOW THE LEVEL THAT WOULD TRIGGER A WATER SUPPLY SHORTAGE IF THE
RESERVOIR DID NOT RECOVER. WATER MANAGERS EXPECTED THE LAKE`S LEVEL
TO INCREASE ENOUGH TO WARD OFF A 2016 SHORTAGE DUE TO A WETTER THAN
EXPECTED SPRING IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE BASIN. FROM PALM
SPRINGS, CA, DESERT SUN, JUNE 24, 2015.

C/ FIRE DANGER...

AS OF JANUARY 22, 2016...FIRE DANGER WAS RATED AS LOW FOR MUCH OF
NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA. A SWATH OF MODERATE FIRE DANGER WAS
NOTED FROM EASTERN NEVADA THROUGH SOUTHERN NEVADA INTO SAN
BERNARDINO COUNTY IN CALIFORNIA. THIS REDUCTION IN FIRE DANGER CAME
ON THE HEELS OF WETTING RAINS RECEIVED OVER MUCH OF THE REGION IN
MID OCTOBER AND RAIN AND SNOW RECEIVED FROM MULTIPLE
NOVEMBER...DECEMBER AND JANUARY STORMS.

SEE HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG FOR CURRENT
CONDITIONS.

AS OF JANUARY 1, 2016...THE NIFC SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL
FORECAST FOR THE REGION WAS NORMAL FOR ALL OF NEVADA AND EASTERN
CALIFORNIA THROUGH MARCH.

SEE U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDLAND FIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM WEBSITE FOR
DETAILS...HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF.

D/ FISHERIES...

LOW FLOWS CONTINUE TO IMPACT FISHERIES AROUND THE REGION.

AS OF EARLY JULY...LOCAL FISHERMEN AND THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF
WILDLIFE REPORTED TROUT DYING IN THE TRUCKEE RIVER DUE TO LOW WATER
LEVELS AND HIGH WATER TEMPERATURES. LOCAL FISHERMEN CALLED FOR A
VOLUNTARY CLOSURE OF THE RIVER TO FISHING TO HELP SAVE THE FISHERY.
THIS VOLUNTARY CLOSURE WOULD INCLUDE CATCH AND RELEASE ACTIVITIES AS
WELL.

SEE THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.NDOW.ORG/
FOR FISHING CONDITION INFORMATION IN NEVADA. FOR CALIFORNIA FISHING
INFORMATION...SEE THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE
WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.WILDLIFE.CA.GOV/.

IN SOUTHWEST LASSEN COUNTY MOUNTAIN MEADOWS RESERVOIR WATER LEVELS
DROPPED BELOW THE LEVEL WHICH COULD SUSTAIN FISH IN THE RESERVOIR AND
MANY DIED IN LATE SEPTEMBER 2015. FROM SACRAMENTO, CA, BEE, SEP 24, 2015.

E/ VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE...

IN MAY 2015 THE NEVADA BOARD OF WILDLIFE COMMISSIONERS SET BIG GAME
TAG LIMITS FOR THE 2015 HUNTING SEASON. THE ONGOING DROUGHT
CONDITIONS PROMPTED AN OVERALL REDUCTION IN TAGS FOR MULE DEER AND
CALIFORNIA BIGHORN SHEEP. SOME UNITS SAW A REDUCTION IN PRONGHORN
TAGS AS WELL...BUT STATEWIDE QUOTAS FOR PRONGHORN ROSE. STATEWIDE
QUOTAS FOR ELK AND DESERT BIGHORN SHEEP WERE UP AS WELL. FROM ELKO,
NV, DAILY FREE PRESS, MAY 21, 2015.

PROLONGED DROUGHT CONDITIONS AND PESTS HAVE BEEN NAMED...ALONG WITH
OTHER FACTORS...AS A REASON THE CITY OF RENO IS RAPIDLY LOSING MANY
OF ITS TREES. A TREE INVENTORY PROJECT HAS SHOWN THAT RENO IS LOSING
TREES AT A RATE OF 235 PER YEAR ON ITS PUBLIC LANDS. FROM LAS
VEGAS, NV, SUN, OCT 2, 2015.

F/ GROUND WATER...

SCIENTISTS FROM THE U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY HAVE BEGUN A STUDY OF
WATERSHEDS IN 6 WESTERN STATES IN AN ATTEMPT TO GAIN INSIGHTS THAT
COULD HELP RESOURCE MANAGERS BETTER ALLOCATE SCARCE WATER SUPPLIES
DURING FUTURE DROUGHTS. NEVADA AND CALIFORNIA ARE INCLUDED IN THIS
STUDY OF NEARLY 500 STREAMS IN THE WESTERN U.S. ONE OF THE KEY GOALS
OF THE STUDY IS TO DETERMINE WHICH BASINS ARE MOST VULNERABLE TO LOW
SNOWPACK AND WHICH BASINS HAVE THE KIND OF GEOLOGY THAT CAN MITIGATE
A LACK OF SNOWPACK WITH GROUNDWATER. FROM SACRAMENTO, CA, BEE,
SEP 10, 2015.

G/ URBAN AREA DROUGHT IMPACTS...

RENO/SPARKS...

THE TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY /TMWA/...SERVING THE RENO AND
SPARKS NV AREA...ASKED ITS CUSTOMERS IN THE SPRING OF 2015 TO
VOLUNTARILY REDUCE THEIR WATER USAGE BY 10 PERCENT FROM 2014`S
LEVELS. DECREASED WATER SUPPLY WAS EXPECTED TO LEAD TO TMWA USING
ITS BACKUP DROUGHT SUPPLIES AND INCREASED GROUND WATER PUMPING TO
SATISFY WATER NEEDS DURING THE SUMMER OF 2015. FROM RENO, NV,
GAZETTE-JOURNAL, MAR 19, 2015.

TMWA ANNOUNCED ON JUNE 23RD IT STARTED USING ITS DROUGHT RESERVES.
TMWA`S PROJECTIONS SHOWED THAT THE 10 PERCENT REDUCTION THEY ASKED
CUSTOMERS TO MAKE WOULD ALLOW TMWA TO RETAIN 5000 ACRE FEET OF WATER
IN ITS UPSTREAM DROUGHT RESERVE RESERVOIRS. THIS WOULD HELP TMWA
MAINTAIN SUFFICIENT RESERVES FOR NEXT YEAR IF THE DROUGHT CONTINUES.
FROM MYNEWS4.COM AND KRNV TV, RENO, NV, JUNE 23, 2015.

SEE WWW.TMWA.COM/CONSERVATION FOR DETAILS.

LAS VEGAS...

BOTH THE SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY /SNWA/ AND THE LAS VEGAS
VALLEY WATER DISTRICT /LVVWD/ ENACTED WINTER WATERING RESTRICTIONS
NOVEMBER 1ST. LANDSCAPE WATERING IS ALLOWED ON ONLY ONE ASSIGNED
DAY PER WEEK. NO WATERING IS ALLOWED ON SUNDAY. THESE RESTRICTIONS
REMAIN IN EFFECT THROUGH FEBRUARY 29TH.
SEE WWW.SNWA.COM OR WWW.LVVWD.COM FOR DETAILS.

ON DECEMBER 10, 2014 SNWA ANNOUNCED A 3-MILE-LONG TUNNEL HAD BEEN
COMPLETED TO THE THIRD INTAKE "STRAW" ON LAKE MEAD. CONSTRUCTION HAD
BEGUN IN 2008 TO PROVIDE A BUFFER AGAINST DROUGHT. THERE ARE ALSO
PLANS TO BUILD A NEW 650 MILLION DOLLAR PUMPING STATION TO PROVIDE
WATER EVEN IF THE LAKE FALLS BELOW AN ELEVATION OF 1000 FEET. FROM
LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, DEC 10, 2014.

H/ TOURISM AND RECREATION IMPACTS...

THROUGHOUT THE WINTER OF 2014/2015 NUMEROUS SKI AREAS WERE IMPACTED
BY THE LACK OF NATURAL SNOW.

A FEW SKI AREAS IN THE SIERRA CLOSED IN JANUARY DUE TO LACK OF SNOW
INCLUDING THE TAHOE DONNER CROSS COUNTRY AREA AND HOMEWOOD MOUNTAIN
RESORT. NUMEROUS OTHER SKI AREAS IN THE SIERRA CLOSED BY THE MIDDLE
OF MARCH DUE TO LACK OF SNOW. THESE INCLUDED: SIERRA-AT-
TAHOE...SUGAR BOWL...DONNER SKI RANCH...SODA SPRINGS AND JUNE
MOUNTAIN. TAKEN FROM MULTIPLE NEWS REPORTS AND WEB SITES.

THERE WAS ONE BRIGHT SPOT. THE LOWER LEVELS OF LAKE MEAD IN SOUTHERN
NEVADA LED TO AN INCREASE IN TOURISM AS LONG-SUBMERGED FEATURES...
SUCH AS A GHOST TOWN AND A B-29 BOMBER...WERE SLOWLY BEING REVEALED.
THIS HAS INCREASED RECREATIONAL DIVING ON THE LAKE. FROM LOS
ANGELES, CA, TIMES, JUL 6, 2015.

AS OF MID NOVEMBER 2015...EARLY SEASON SNOWFALL HAD ALLOWED MOST SKI
RESORTS IN THE SIERRA TO OPEN EARLIER THAN EXPECTED.

5/ HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS AS OF JANUARY 23 2016...

A/ SUSAN RIVER...
ON JANUARY 23...FLOWS ON THE SUSAN RIVER AT SUSANVILLE WERE ABOUT 287
CUBIC FEET PER SECOND /CFS/...OR 214 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF
134 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

B/ PIT RIVER...
ON JANUARY 23...FLOWS ON THE PIT RIVER NEAR CANBY WERE ABOUT 1120 CFS OR
331 PERCENT OF THE 338 CFS AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE.

C/ UPPER FEATHER RIVER...
ON JANUARY 23...FLOWS ON THE MIDDLE FORK FEATHER RIVER NEAR PORTOLA
WERE ABOUT 304 CFS OR 32 PERCENT OF THE 938 CFS AVERAGE FLOW FOR THIS
DATE.

D/ LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE RIVER BASINS...
JANUARY 23 STORAGE ON LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE BASIN RESERVOIRS WAS AS
FOLLOWS.../NOTE...AF IS ABBREVIATION FOR ACRE FEET/.

LAKE TAHOE......    0 AF... 0 PCT OF CAPACITY..  0 PCT OF JANUARY 31 AVG
PROSSER RSVR.... 6922 AF...24 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 71 PCT OF JANUARY 31 AVG
STAMPEDE RSVR...27320 AF...12 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 19 PCT OF JANUARY 31 AVG
BOCA RSVR.......10482 AF...26 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 63 PCT OF JANUARY 31 AVG

NOTE: LAKE TAHOE IS SHOWN AS 0 PCT DUE TO ITS REMAINING BELOW ITS NATURAL
RIM AND NOT ALLOWING ANY WATER TO FLOW OUT OF THE LAKE

JANUARY 23 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE TRUCKEE
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS... /NOTE...CFS IS ABBREVIATION FOR CUBIC FEET
PER SECOND/

TAHOE CITY...  0 CFS...    0 PCT OF  227 CFS AVERAGE...INACCURATE DUE TO ICE
TRUCKEE...... 90 CFS...   30 PCT OF  301 CFS AVERAGE
FARAD........340 CFS...   58 PCT OF  587 CFS AVERAGE
RENO.........300 CFS...   46 PCT OF  651 CFS AVERAGE
VISTA........360 CFS...   47 PCT OF  769 CFS AVERAGE
WADSWORTH.... 80 CFS...   11 PCT OF  739 CFS AVERAGE
NIXON........100 CFS...   17 PCT OF  577 CFS AVERAGE

STEAMBOAT CREEK...
JANUARY 23 FLOWS ON STEAMBOAT CREEK WERE AS FOLLOWS...

AT STEAMBOAT.......... 5.5 CFS... 31 PCT OF 18 CFS AVERAGE
AT RENO /SHORT LANE/.. 9.0 CFS... 64 PCT OF 14 CFS AVERAGE

E/ CARSON RIVER BASIN ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
JANUARY 23 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
CARSON RIVER ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WERE AS FOLLOWS...

EAST FK CARSON NR MARKLEEVILLE... 250 CFS... 155 PCT OF  161 CFS AVG
EAST FK CARSON NR GARDNERVILLE... 300 CFS... 158 PCT OF  190 CFS AVG
WEST FK CARSON AT WOODFORDS......  28 CFS...  57 PCT OF   49 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR CARSON CITY........ 220 CFS...  51 PCT OF  428 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR FT CHURCHILL....... 170 CFS...  42 PCT OF  408 CFS AVG

CARSON RIVER BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
JANUARY 23 STORAGE ON LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WAS 19499 ACRE FEET...7 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...OR 13 PERCENT OF THE JANUARY 31 AVERAGE. RELEASE FROM
LAHONTAN ON JANUARY 23 WAS 0.4 CFS...0.3 PCT OF THE 122 CFS AVERAGE.

F/ WALKER RIVER BASIN...
AS OF JANUARY 23...STORAGE ON BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR WAS 9480 ACRE
FEET...22 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...AND 44 PCT OF THE JANUARY 31 AVERAGE.
STORAGE ON TOPAZ WAS 10500 AF...18 PCT OF CAPACITY...39 PCT OF THE
JANUARY 31 AVERAGE.

JANUARY 23 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE WALKER
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS...

E WALKER RVR BLW BRIDGEPORT RSVR.  20 CFS... 43 PCT OF  47 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR ABV TOPAZ RSVR......  WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
W WALKER RVR BLW TOPAZ RSVR......  18 CFS... 38 PCT OF  48 CFS AVG
WALKER RIVER NEAR MASON..........  WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO MAINTENANCE
WALKER RVR NR WABUSKA............  55 CFS... 43 PCT OF 128 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR BLW WEBER DAM NR SCHURZ  0 CFS...  0 PCT OF 121 CFS AVG

G/ HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
IN EARLY JANUARY...STORAGE ON RYE PATCH RESERVOIR WAS 10380 ACRE
FEET...5 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...OR 13 PCT OF THE DECEMBER 31 AVERAGE.

JANUARY 23 FLOWS AT VARIOUS POINTS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN WERE AS
FOLLOWS...

MARYS RVR NR DEETH...........  7.5 CFS......  34 PCT OF THE  22 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR NR CARLIN.......    WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
HUMBOLDT RVR AT PALISADE.....  120 CFS......  67 PCT OF THE 178 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT BATTLE MTN ..    WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
HUMBOLDT RVR AT COMUS.......     WAS UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
HUMBOLDT RVR AT IMLAY.......     0 CFS......   0 PCT OF THE 130 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT BLW RYE PATCH DAM..  0.05 CFS...... 0.1 PCT OF THE  49 CFS AVG

H/ JARBIDGE RIVER...
ON JANUARY 23...FLOWS ON THE JARBIDGE RIVER AT JARBIDGE NEVADA WERE
UNAVAILABLE DUE TO ICE.

I/ OWYHEE RIVER...
ON JANUARY 23...STORAGE ON WILDHORSE RESERVOIR WAS 10870 AF...
15 PERCENT OF CAPACITY AND 33 PERCENT OF THE JANUARY 31 AVERAGE.

J/ SOUTHERN NEVADA...
JANUARY 23 STORAGE ON LAKE MEAD WAS 10273 THOUSAND AF...39 PERCENT OF
CAPACITY...AND 50 PERCENT OF THE JANUARY 31 AVERAGE.

ON JANUARY 23 THE FLOW ON THE COLORADO RIVER NEAR GRAND CANYON ARIZONA
ABOVE LAKE MEAD WAS APPROXIMATELY 15000 CFS...142 PCT OF THE AVERAGE
OF 10600 CFS FOR THIS DATE. THE JANUARY 23 FLOW ON THE VIRGIN RIVER
ABOVE LAKE MEAD NEAR OVERTON WAS APPROXIMATELY 60 CFS...30 PCT OF
THE AVERAGE OF 203 CFS FOR THIS DATE. THE JANUARY 23 FLOW ON THE
MUDDY RIVER NEAR GLENDALE NEVADA WAS APPROXIMATELY 43 CFS...90 PCT OF
THE AVERAGE OF 48 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

6/ LONG RANGE WEATHER OUTLOOK FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...

THE OUTLOOK FOR THE MONTHS OF FEBRUARY THROUGH APRIL IS FOR ABOVE
NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR ALL OF NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA EXCEPT
THE VERY FAR EASTERN BORDER AREA OF NEVADA WHERE THE OUTLOOK IS FOR
EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE...BELOW AND NEAR NORMAL TEMPERATURES.

THE PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR ALL
OF EASTERN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA EXCEPT THE REGION ADJACENT TO THE
OREGON BORDER WHERE THE OUTLOOK IS FOR EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE...NEAR
AND BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...THIS DROUGHT STATEMENT WILL BE UPDATED IN MID
FEBRUARY.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT AND HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS
MAY BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS.

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR.........................  DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU
NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...WHICH INCLUDES DROUGHT MONITOR......  DROUGHT.GOV
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER.....................  WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

NWS ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE...  WATER.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS
USGS HYDROLOGIC MONITORING.....................  WATERWATCH.USGS.GOV

NWS CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER......  WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV

NWS NORTHWEST RIVER FORECAST CENTER...........
WWW.NWRFC.NOAA.GOV/WS/

NWS COLORADO BASIN RIVER FORECAST CENTER........  WWW.CBRFC.NOAA.GOV/

NEVADA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/

NWS CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG RANGE OUTLOOK MAPS...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/FORECASTS/

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
HTTP://WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/INDEX.HTML

CALIFORNIA DEPT. OF WATER RESOURCES............ CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA WATER CONDITIONS..... WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/WATERCONDITIONS/
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES...........  WWW.ACWA.COM

NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES.................. WATER.NV.GOV/
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO................... WEATHER.GOV/RENO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ELKO..................  WEATHER.GOV/ELKO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LAS VEGAS.........  WEATHER.GOV/LASVEGAS

TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY........................  TMWA.COM
SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY........................  SNWA.COM
LAS VEGAS VALLEY WATER DISTRICT........................ LVVWD.COM

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.........  WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICES AGENCY... WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV

U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDFIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FIRE DANGER CLASS...
HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG

NATIONAL SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL OUTLOOK...
HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A SYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND
IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF SCIENTISTS IN MANY
FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS PRIVATE FIRMS.  THE
DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED NATIONWIDE BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE TO DETERMINE DROUGHT SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT AND
IS THE MECHANISM USED TO PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY.

INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND U.S.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OBSERVATION SITES...US BLM...CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA
DIVISIONS OF WATER RESOURCES AND STATE CLIMATOLOGISTS...NEVADA
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...PERSHING COUNTY WATER CONSERVATION
DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER PAIUTE
TRIBE...FEDERAL WATER MASTERS...TRUCKEE/CARSON IRRIGATION
DISTRICT...AND NWS OFFICES IN RENO...ELKO AND LAS VEGAS.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT PLEASE CONTACT...

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2350 RAGGIO PKWY
RENO NV 89512
PHONE...775-673-8100
WEATHER.GOV/RENO
REV.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV



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