Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Reno, NV

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DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO NV
415 AM PST TUE FEB 17 2015

...DROUGHT STATEMENT FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

...SEVERE TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN CENTRAL AND WESTERN
NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...

1/ NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATIONS...AS
OF FEBRUARY 4 2015...ALL COUNTIES IN CALIFORNIA ALONG THE NEVADA
BORDER WERE DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DROUGHT DISASTER AREAS BY
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. IN NEVADA THE FOLLOWING COUNTIES
WERE DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DISASTER AREAS DUE TO DAMAGES AND
LOSSES CAUSED BY THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS: CARSON CITY...CHURCHILL...
CLARK...DOUGLAS...ESMERALDA...HUMBOLDT...LANDER...LYON...MINERAL...
NYE...PERSHING AND WASHOE. FARMERS AND RANCHERS IN ELKO...
EUREKA...LINCOLN...STOREY AND WHITE PINE COUNTIES ALSO QUALIFY FOR
NATURAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE AS THESE COUNTIES WERE DESIGNATED
CONTIGUOUS NATURAL DISASTER AREAS. FROM USDA.

A SECOND EMERGENCY DROUGHT PROCLAMATION WAS MADE BY GOV. JERRY BROWN
OF CALIFORNIA IN APRIL 2014 THAT WOULD EASE SOME ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTIONS AND MAKE IT EASIER TO TRANSFER WATER TO FARMERS. THE
EXECUTIVE ORDER ALSO SHORTENS THE APPLICATION PROCESS FOR FARMERS
SEEKING IRRIGATION WATER AND HASTENS THE PROCESS FOR CITIES WANTING
TO UPGRADE OR EXPAND WATER SYSTEMS. ADDITIONALLY, HOME OWNERS
ASSOCIATIONS MAY NOT FINE RESIDENTS WHO CHOOSE NOT TO WATER THEIR
LAWNS. THE ORDER ALSO MAKES CAL FIRE AND OTHER EMERGENCY RESPONDERS
EXEMPT FROM COMPETITIVE BIDDING RULES WHEN BUYING EQUIPMENT TO FIGHT
FIRES OR REDUCE FIRE RISK. FROM REUTERS, NY, APRIL 25, 2014.

IN LATE NOVEMBER 2014 THE U.S. BUREAU OF RECLAMATION ANNOUNCED THE
AWARDING OF 9.2 BILLION DOLLARS TO 131 RESEARCH GROUPS ACROSS THE
WESTERN U.S. THIS FUNDING IS FOR DEVELOPING IDEAS TO ENSURE A
RELIABLE AND SUSTAINABLE WATER SUPPLY. PARTNERS IN THIS EFFORT
INCLUDE FEDERAL AND NON-FEDERAL AGENCIES...RESEARCH CENTERS AND
LABORATORIES...AND UNIVERSITIES AND PRIVATE COMPANIES. FROM HOUSTON,
TX, CHRONICLE, NOV 20, 2014.

SEE WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT /IN LOWER CASE/ FOR MORE INFORMATION ON
DROUGHT DISASTER DECLARATIONS AND ASSISTANCE.

2/ CURRENT DROUGHT INTENSITY IN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR /DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU/ IS UPDATED WEEKLY
BY THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. IT IS A SYNTHESIS OF
MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF
SCIENTISTS IN MANY FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS
THOSE IN PRIVATE INDUSTRY.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED BY THE USDA TO DETERMINE DROUGHT
SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT DISASTER AND IS THE MECHANISM USED TO
PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY. IT IS ALSO THE PRIMARY
TOOL USED BY THE NEVADA DEPARTMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND
WATER RESOURCES TO RESPOND TO AND PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR DROUGHT AND
MITIGATE DROUGHT IMPACTS THROUGH THEIR DROUGHT RESPONSE PLAN.

AS OF FEBRUARY 10 2015...THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIED MOST
OF WESTERN...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA AS
IN SEVERE DROUGHT /LEVEL 2 OF 4 LEVELS OF DROUGHT/ OR GREATER. A
LARGE PART OF FAR EASTERN NEVADA SAW IMPROVEMENT IN ITS DROUGHT
STATUS AS A RESULT OF MONSOON RAINS THAT FELL FROM LATE JULY THROUGH
THE MIDDLE OF SEPTEMBER...AND PRECIPITATION THAT FELL IN OCTOBER AND
DECEMBER.

THE AREA OF EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED ALL
OR PORTIONS OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTIES...

CARSON CITY...CHURCHILL...DOUGLAS...ELKO...ESMERALDA...EUREKA...
HUMBOLDT...LANDER...LYON...MINERAL...NYE...PERSHING...STOREY AND
WASHOE.

THE HARDEST HIT AREAS OF DROUGHT...WHERE IT WAS CLASSIFIED AS
EXCEPTIONAL...ARE MUCH OF PERSHING AND MINERAL COUNTIES...A SMALL
PART OF WESTERN LANDER COUNTY...ALL OF STOREY COUNTY AND CARSON
CITY...ALONG WITH DOUGLAS AND LYON COUNTIES...AND THE SOUTHERN HALF
OF WASHOE COUNTY IN NEVADA.

THE AREAS LEAST AFFECTED BY DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED CENTRAL AND
EASTERN ELKO COUNTY...WHITE PINE COUNTY...FAR NORTHEAST NYE COUNTY
AND MUCH OF LINCOLN AND CLARK COUNTIES WHICH WERE CLASSIFIED AS IN
MODERATE DROUGHT /DROUGHT LEVEL 1/.

DROUGHT SEVERITY WAS CLASSIFIED AS EXTREME OR EXCEPTIONAL FOR ALL
CALIFORNIA COUNTIES BORDERING NEVADA FROM MODOC COUNTY SOUTH TO
WESTERN SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY. THE AREA OF EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT
/DROUGHT LEVEL 4/ INCLUDED MUCH OF LASSEN COUNTY...FAR EASTERN
PLUMAS...SIERRA...NEVADA...PLACER AND EL DORADO COUNTIES...AND ALL
OF ALPINE COUNTY. THE NORTHERN 2/3RDS OF MONO COUNTY AND THE SIERRA
CREST PORTION OF INYO COUNTY WERE ALSO CLASSIFIED AS HAVING
EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT. THE REMAINDER OF MONO COUNTY...MOST OF INYO
COUNTY AND FAR WESTERN SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY WERE CLASSIFIED AS
HAVING EXTREME DROUGHT. SOUTHEAST INYO COUNTY AND MUCH OF THE
REMAINDER OF SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY WERE CLASSIFIED AS HAVING SEVERE
DROUGHT...EXCEPT FOR THOSE AREAS OF SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY BORDERING
THE COLORADO RIVER WHICH WAS CLASSIFIED AS HAVING ABNORMALLY DRY
CONDITIONS TO MODERATE DROUGHT.

3/ SYNOPSIS...
BELOW TO MUCH BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION HAS OCCURRED OVER MOST OF
EASTERN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA SINCE OCTOBER 2011. SMALL PARTS OF
EASTERN AND WESTERN NEVADA HAVE EXPERIENCED NEAR NORMAL TO SLIGHTLY
ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING THIS TIME...AS WELL AS AREAS ALONG
THE COLORADO RIVER IN EXTREME SOUTHEAST CALIFORNIA.

DURING THE CALENDAR YEAR 2014...PRECIPITATION WAS BELOW NORMAL FOR
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NEVADA AND MUCH OF WEST CENTRAL NEVADA...AS
WELL AS MOST OF EASTERN CALIFORNIA FROM THE TAHOE BASIN SOUTH. PARTS
OF FAR WESTERN NEVADA...ALPINE COUNTY IN CALIFORNIA...NORTHEAST
NEVADA...FAR NORTHWEST NEVADA...NORTHEAST CALIFORNIA...AND FAR
SOUTHEAST CALIFORNIA NEAR THE COLORADO RIVER RECEIVED ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION FOR THE YEAR.

ABOVE AVERAGE PRECIPITATION ACROSS NORTHERN AND EASTERN NEVADA IN
MAY OF 2014 AND AGAIN DURING THE SUMMER MONSOON FROM JULY THROUGH
EARLY SEPTEMBER 2014 BROUGHT EAST CENTRAL NEVADA TO ABOVE NORMAL FOR
THE YEAR. HEAVY CONVECTIVE RAIN IN MAY 2014 AND AGAIN IN JULY
AND AUGUST 2014 BROUGHT A SMALL PART OF WESTERN NEVADA...MOSTLY
MINERAL COUNTY...TO ABOVE AVERAGE.

THESE CONVECTIVE RAINS ALONG WITH WET PERIODS DURING NOVEMBER AND
DECEMBER 2014 BROUGHT MUCH OF NORTHEAST CALIFORNIA AND FAR NORTHWEST
NEVADA TO ABOVE NORMAL FOR THE PAST YEAR.

A WET PACIFIC STORM BROUGHT MODERATE TO HEAVY RAIN ACROSS NORTHEAST
CALIFORNIA IN EARLY FEBRUARY 2015...PUSHING THE AREA ABOVE NORMAL FOR
THE WATER YEAR 2015...BUT SNOW LEVELS WERE QUITE HIGH IN THIS STORM.
THIS LIMITED THE EXTENT OF ADDITIONAL SNOW COVER...AN IMPORTANT
SOURCE OF WATER DURING THE IRRIGATION SEASON.

/SEE:HTTP://WWW.WRCC.DRI.EDU/WWDT/ARCHIVE.PHP?FOLDER=PON6PER/

THE DRIEST AREAS...THOSE THAT HAD LESS THAN 70 PERCENT OF NORMAL
PRECIPITATION SINCE FEBRUARY 2014...INCLUDE PARTS OF MONO...INYO...
SAN BERNARDINO...PLACER AND ELDORADO COUNTIES IN CALIFORNIA. IN
NEVADA...EXTREME SOUTHERN WASHOE COUNTY ALONG WITH PARTS OF CARSON
CITY...DOUGLAS COUNTY...STOREY COUNTY...LYON COUNTY...SOUTHERN
MINERAL COUNTY...ESMERALDA COUNTY...SOUTHERN NYE COUNTY...MOST OF
CLARK AND LINCOLN COUNTIES AND PARTS OF CENTRAL LANDER AND EUREKA
COUNTIES RECEIVED LESS THAN 80 PERCENT OF THEIR AVERAGE
PRECIPITATION SINCE FEBRUARY 2014.

THE AREAS OF ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING THIS PERIOD OF TIME
INCLUDED PARTS OF LASSEN COUNTY AND THE SURPRISE VALLEY IN
CALIFORNIA AND ALPINE AND FAR NORTHERN MONO COUNTIES IN EASTERN
CALIFORNIA...AND FAR EASTERN SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY IN SOUTHEAST
CALIFORNIA. FAR NORTHERN WASHOE COUNTY...NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
MINERAL COUNTY...NORTHERN HUMBOLDT COUNTY...FAR WESTERN PERSHING
COUNTY...MUCH OF CENTRAL AND EASTERN ELKO COUNTY AND NORTH CENTRAL
WHITE PINE COUNTY IN NEVADA WERE ALL ABOVE NORMAL OVER THE LAST 12
MONTHS.

4/ DROUGHT IMPACTS...
THE WINTER OF 2013/14 WAS THE THIRD STRAIGHT WINTER WITH BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR MUCH OF THE AREA.  WHILE FALL 2014 AND
EARLY FEBRUARY 2015 BROUGHT SOME RELIEF...MUCH OF THE AREA HAS SEEN
BELOW AVERAGE PRECIPITATION SINCE OCTOBER 2011. THE FOLLOWING
IMPACTS...WHILE NOT ALL INCLUSIVE...REPRESENT SOME OF THE MOST
IMPACTFUL EFFECTS OF THE CONTINUING DROUGHT ON THE REGION OVER THE
LAST YEAR.

A/ RANCHING...
A NEVADA STATE LEGISLATIVE BILL /SB 134/ TO ALLOW NEVADA LIVESTOCK
OWNERS IN DROUGHT STRICKEN AREAS EMERGENCY ACCESS TO WATER WAS
PASSED BY THE NEVADA SENATE AND SIGNED INTO LAW BY THE GOVERNOR IN
MAY 2013. IT CREATED AN EMERGENCY WATER PERMITTING PROCESS WHICH IS
AVAILABLE WHEN STATE OR FEDERAL OFFICIALS DECLARE A DROUGHT
EMERGENCY. RANCHERS SHOULD CONTACT THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WATER
RESOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION AT HTTP://WATER.NV.GOV/ OR BY PHONE
AT 775-684-2800.

IN MAY 2014 THE BLM OFFICE IN BATTLE MOUNTAIN REQUESTED NINE
RANCHERS WITH GRAZING RIGHTS ON THE ARGENTA ALLOTMENT TO REST
SENSITIVE AREAS DURING THE SUMMER OF 2014 TO ALLOW THE RANGE TO RECOVER
FROM THREE YEARS OF EXTREME DROUGHT. THE ALLOTMENT COVERED 365,000
ACRES SOUTH OF BATTLE MOUNTAIN. THE RANGE HAD SUFFERED DAMAGE AND
NEEDED TIME TO RECOVER TO REMAIN A PRODUCTIVE RANGELAND FOR
LIVESTOCK. FROM ELKO, NV DAILY FREE PRESS, MAY 6, 2014.

AS OF MAY 29, 2014 THE BLM AGREED TO ALLOW THE AFFECTED RANCHERS
CONTINUED GRAZING RIGHTS IN THE DISPUTED AREAS AS LONG AS LINGERING
DROUGHT CONDITIONS DID NOT WORSEN. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV SUN. MAY 29,
2014.

ON JULY 23, 2014 THE BATTLE MOUNTAIN BLM OFFICE ONCE AGAIN ANNOUNCED
THE CLOSURE OF SOME OF THE ARGENTA GRAZING ALLOTMENTS. THE BLM CITED
DATA THAT INDICATED DROUGHT TRIGGERS HAD BEEN MET REQUIRING REMOVAL
OF CATTLE FROM NINE SEGMENTS OF THE ALLOTMENT. FROM ELKO, NV DAILY
FREE PRESS, JULY 24, 2014.

THE AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014 ALLOWED LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS WHO HAD
SUFFERED LOSSES AS FAR BACK AS OCTOBER OF 2011 TO APPLY FOR
ASSISTANCE. A LIVESTOCK INDEMNITY PROGRAM MAY ASSIST PRODUCERS WHO
LOST STOCK DUE TO ADVERSE WEATHER. OFFICIALS WITH THE USDA SAID AS
MUCH AS $2-3 BILLION COULD BE PAID FOR PAST DISASTERS. APPLICATIONS
HAD TO BE RECEIVED BY JAN 1, 2015. FROM LINCOLN, NE, JOURNAL STAR,
APRIL 17, 2014.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...RANCHERS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND
TAX RELIEF SOLUTIONS THROUGH USDA. SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY
WEBSITE FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

B/ AGRICULTURE...
FARMERS DID NOT RECEIVE A FULL ALLOCATION OF WATER IN THE SUMMER OF
2013 AND MOST RECEIVED LITTLE IF ANY OF THEIR ALLOCATIONS FOR THE
SUMMER OF 2014.

HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
NO DELIVERIES WERE MADE FOR THE 2014 IRRIGATION SEASON ON THE LOWER
HUMBOLDT BELOW RYE PATCH RESERVOIR. MOST FARMERS AND RANCHERS IN THE
LOWER HUMBOLDT BASIN DO NOT SUPPLEMENT SURFACE WATER WITH GROUND
WATER. RYE PATCH RESERVOIR REMAINS NEAR 5 PERCENT OF CAPACITY.

THE FIVE COUNTIES OF THE HUMBOLDT RIVER WATER AUTHORITY
/HUMBOLDT...ELKO...EUREKA...LANDER AND PERSHING/ HAVE REINFORCED THE
STATE OF NEVADA ACTION DECLARING A DROUGHT RESOLUTION THAT WOULD
ENCOURAGE NEVADA AND FEDERAL AGENCIES TO COORDINATE TO BEST HANDLE
DROUGHT IMPACTS IN THE HARD HIT AREAS.

WALKER RIVER BASIN...
INITIAL STORAGE WATER ALLOCATIONS FOR THE WALKER RIVER BASIN FOR THE
2014 IRRIGATION SEASON WERE ANNOUNCED ON MARCH 14 2014. WELL BELOW
AVERAGE STORAGE IN BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR AND TOPAZ LAKE ALONG WITH A
BELOW AVERAGE SNOW PACK IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE WALKER BASIN
RESULTED IN STORAGE ALLOCATIONS SET AT 9.5 PERCENT ON THE EAST
WALKER RIVER AND 1.33 PERCENT ON THE WEST WALKER RIVER. THE WALKER
RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT ENCOURAGED WATER RIGHTS HOLDERS TO TAKE
THEIR WATER AS SOON AS POSSIBLE RATHER THAN WAIT LATER IN THE
SEASON. RENO, NV GAZETTE-JOURNAL, MARCH 15, 2014.

THERE WAS CONCERN THAT THE STORAGE ALLOCATIONS COULD EVAPORATE IN
THE RESERVOIRS BEFORE BEING SERVED. IN A CONVERSATION WITH THE
WALKER RIVER WATERMASTER IN YERINGTON IT WAS NOTED THAT SURFACE
WATER ALLOCATIONS WOULD BE DETERMINED ON A DAILY BASIS DURING THE
2014 IRRIGATION SEASON. ADDITIONAL COMMUNICATION WITH THE WALKER
RIVER WATERMASTER IN EARLY JUNE INDICATED THERE WERE NO DELIVERIES
FROM THE EAST WALKER RIVER...AND THE WEST WALKER DELIVERED ONLY 5
DAYS WORTH OF DECREED WATER TO 1865 WATER RIGHTS HOLDERS. THE
WATERMASTER ALSO INDICATED THAT WELLS WERE BEING REDRILLED IN THE
BASIN AND PUMPING OPERATIONS WERE VERY HIGH IN JUNE.

IN LATE AUGUST A COCORAHS OBSERVER IN YERINGTON REPORTED ALFALFA
FIELDS LEFT DRY WITH GROUNDWATER USED TO IRRIGATE ONLY A SMALL
NUMBER OF FIELDS. THE WALKER RIVER WAS AT A TRICKLE WITH NO WATER
FOR IRRIGATION. LEVELS IN DOMESTIC WELLS WERE DROPPING AS WERE
LEVELS IN IRRIGATION WELLS.

IN EARLY FEBRUARY THE NEVADA STATE ENGINEER ISSUED AN ORDER THAT
REQUIRES A 50 PERCENT MANDATORY REDUCTION OF GROUND WATER THAT MAY
BE PUMPED FOR THE 2015 IRRIGATION SEASON IN THE SMITH AND MASON
VALLEYS OF THE WALKER RIVER BASIN. THE OBJECTIVES OF THE ORDER ARE
TO PROTECT EXISTING WATER RIGHTS AND WELLS...PROTECT THE PHYSICAL
INTEGRITY OF THE AQUIFER AND TO PROTECT THE LONG TERM WATER SUPPLY.
FROM THISISRENO.COM, FEB 4, 2015.

CARSON RIVER BASIN...
ON MAY 9 2014 THE TRUCKEE-CARSON IRRIGATION DISTRICT /TCID/
ANNOUNCED A PLAN TO CUT ALLOTMENTS FOR THE 2014 IRRIGATION SEASON TO
45 PERCENT OF NORMAL. THIS PLAN STILL NEEDED APPROVAL OF THEIR BOARD
MEMBERS...BUT THE ANNOUNCEMENT WAS MADE EARLY TO ALLOW FARMERS IN
AND AROUND THE FALLON AREA WHO DEPEND ON WATER FROM TCID TO MAKE
PLANS TO CUT THEIR WATER USAGE. FROM KTVN AND KRNV, RENO, NV. MAY 9,
2014.

TRUCKEE RIVER BASIN...
AS OF JULY 30, 2014 RELEASES FROM BOCA RESERVOIR WERE CUT
DRASTICALLY. THIS REDUCED FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE RIVER BY ABOUT HALF.
LAKE TAHOE DROPPED BELOW ITS NATURAL RIM LATE ON OCTOBER 15, 2014
FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE 2009. THIS MEANT ONLY A SMALL TRICKLE OF
WATER WAS ESCAPING LAKE TAHOE AND BY OCTOBER 17 VIRTUALLY NO FLOW
WAS LEAVING LAKE TAHOE. THE REDUCTION IN FLOWS MEANT THAT FLORISTON
RATES WERE NOT MET FROM LATE SUMMER INTO THE EARLY FALL.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...FARMERS MAY BE ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FORMS OF
FINANCIAL AND TAX RELIEF THROUGH USDA.  SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES
AGENCY WEBSITE FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

SUSAN RIVER BASIN...
IN EARLY MAY IN A DISCUSSION WITH THE HONEY LAKE BASIN WATERMASTER
IT WAS LEARNED THAT SURFACE WATER DELIVERIES FROM THE SUSAN RIVER
HAD ENDED AS RESERVOIRS WERE EMPTY AT THAT TIME. THE ONLY AVAILABLE
WATER TO RANCHERS WAS GROUND WATER. IN EARLY JUNE THE USDA RECEIVED
FEEDBACK FROM THE CATTLEMEN`S ASSOCIATION IN LASSEN COUNTY THAT
CONDITIONS WERE THE SAME IF NOT WORSE THAN 2012 WITH CREEKS AND
STREAMS DRYING UP AND NO RUN OFF FROM SNOWMELT.

FARMERS AND RANCHERS ACROSS CALIFORNIA WERE OFFERED 20 MILLION
DOLLARS IN AID BY THE USDA FOR WATER CONSERVATION PROJECTS. THESE
INCLUDED SUCH PROJECTS AS UPDATING IRRIGATION METHODS...PREVENTING
EROSION FROM UNPLANTED FIELDS AND DETERMINING BETTER METHODS TO
WATER LIVESTOCK. FARMERS WHO RECEIVE LESS THAN 15 PERCENT OF THEIR
WATER ALLOCATIONS WILL BE GIVEN PRIORITY. FROM SACRAMENTO, CA, BEE,
FEB 15, 2014.

COLORADO RIVER BASIN...
THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND FOUR MUNICIPAL WATER PROVIDERS IN
ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA AND COLORADO HAVE CONTRIBUTED 11 MILLION
DOLLARS TO PROMOTE WATER CONSERVATION IN THE COLORADO RIVER BASIN.
THEY WILL TAKE PART IN A PILOT PROGRAM TO REDUCE WATER DEMAND BY
FARMERS, CITIES AND INDUSTRIES. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, JULY 31,
2014.

C/ FIRE DANGER...
AS OF FEBRUARY 15...FIRE DANGER WAS RATED AS LOW TO MODERATE OVER
NORTHEAST CALIFORNIA AND NORTHWEST NEVADA. THE FIRE DANGER RANGED
FROM MODERATE TO HIGH FROM THE SOUTHERN SIERRA INTO SOUTHEAST
CALIFORNIA AND ACROSS SOUTHERN NEVADA.

FIRE DANGER CLASSIFICATION IS UPDATED DAILY.
SEE HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG FOR CURRENT
CONDITIONS.

AS OF FEBRUARY 1 2015...THE NIFC FIRE POTENTIAL FORECAST FOR THE
REGION WAS NEAR NORMAL FOR FEBRUARY THROUGH MAY OVER ALL OF NEVADA
AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA.

SEE U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDLAND FIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM WEBSITE FOR
DETAILS...HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF.

A WIND DRIVEN WILD FIRE THAT REACHED OVER 7000 ACRES DESTROYED 40
RESIDENCES IN TWO COMMUNITIES ALONG THE INYO/MONO COUNTY BORDER IN
EARLY FEBRUARY. THE ONGOING DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN THE AREA CREATED
EXTREMELY DRY BRUSH THAT FUELED THE FLAMES AND PUSHED UP THE SLOPES
TO THE SNOW LINE AROUND 8000 FEET. FROM SAN FRANCISCO, CA,
CHRONICLE, FEB 9, 2015.

D/ FISHERIES...
LOW FLOWS CONTINUE TO IMPACT FISHERIES AROUND THE REGION.

NEVADA DIVISION OF FISH AND WILDLIFE REPORTED HIGH IMPACTS TO FISH
IN LAHONTAN...RYE PATCH...AND OTHER RESERVOIRS THAT WERE SEVERELY
DRAWN DOWN. THE CARSON...WALKER...HUMBOLDT AND SEVERAL OTHER RIVERS
AND STREAMS THROUGHOUT THE REGION HAVE ALSO BEEN IMPACTED.

WILDLIFE OFFICIALS EXPRESSED CONCERN THAT PERIODS OF HIGH
TEMPERATURES COMBINED WITH LOW WATER LEVELS COULD LEAD TO A
LESSENING OF DISSOLVED OXYGEN IN LAKES AND RESERVOIRS AND RESULT IN
DIE OFFS. DIE OFFS WERE EXPECTED IN WILDHORSE AND WILLOW CREEK
RESERVOIRS IN ELKO COUNTY...AND FOR THE SECOND YEAR IN A ROW THE
STATE LIFTED LIMITS IN THOSE TWO RESERVOIRS TO ALLOW MORE FISH TO BE
REMOVED BEFORE CONDITIONS BECAME UNSURVIVABLE. FROM RENO, NV,
GAZETTE-JOURNAL, JUN 24, 2014.

FISH KILLS OCCURRED AT TOPAZ LAKE IN SOUTHERN DOUGLAS COUNTY AND AT
SQUAW CREEK RESERVOIR NORTH OF GERLACH THIS YEAR. MEANWHILE...
DROUGHT AND IRRIGATION DEMANDS LOWERED THE LEVEL OF THE ONION VALLEY
RESERVOIR IN THE PINE FOREST RANGE OF HUMBOLDT COUNTY, NV...WIPING
OUT THE TROUT FISHERY. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, OCT 9, 2014.

NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE HAS ALSO REPORTED DEAD FISH SHOWING UP
AT WASHOE LAKE SINCE OCTOBER OF 2014 DUE TO THE DRY CONDITIONS. SOME
RESIDENTS HAVE EXPRESSED CONCERN...BUT NDOW ADDED THEY ARE NOT
CONCERNED ABOUT TOXINS IN THE LAKE...SAYING IT`S PART OF A NATURAL
CYCLE DUE TO THE DROUGHT. LESS WATER MEANS FEWER FISH. FROM KOLO-TV
NEWS 8, RENO, NV, DEC 29, 2014.

THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS HAVE ONCE AGAIN PROMPTED NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF
WILDLIFE OFFICIALS TO RESTOCK THE TRUCKEE RIVER EARLY THIS YEAR.
AROUND 7000 RAINBOW TROUT ARE SCHEDULED TO BE PLANTED IN THE TRUCKEE
RIVER IN THE MIDDLE OF FEBRUARY. ADDITIONAL STOCKING WILL TAKE PLACE
IN THE TRUCKEE RIVER, TOPAZ LAKE, MARLETTE LAKE, SPOONER LAKE,
HOBART LAKE AND URBAN PONDS AROUND THE RENO-CARSON CITY AREA BETWEEN
LATE MARCH AND OCTOBER. THIS MARKS THE SECOND YEAR IN A ROW DROUGHT
CONDITIONS AND ANTICIPATED LOW FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE HAVE PROMPTED
EARLY STOCKING OF THE RIVER. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, FEB 12,
2015.

SEE THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.NDOW.ORG/
FOR FISHING CONDITION INFORMATION IN NEVADA. FOR CALIFORNIA FISHING
INFORMATION...SEE THE CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND WILDLIFE
WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.WILDLIFE.CA.GOV/

E/ VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE...
DROUGHT CONDITIONS RESULTED IN BEARS MOVING INTO MORE URBANIZED
AREAS THIS YEAR IN SEARCH OF FOOD.

AS OF EARLY NOVEMBER 2014 NEVADA WILDLIFE OFFICIALS HAD RECEIVED
WELL OVER 500 COMPLAINTS REGARDING BEARS FOR THE YEAR SO FAR...WELL
SHORT OF THE RECORD 1500 COMPLAINTS RECEIVED IN 2007...ANOTHER
DROUGHT YEAR...BUT WELL ABOVE NORMAL. OF APPROXIMATELY 70 CONFLICT
BEARS HANDLED BY NDOW...MANY HAVE BEEN FOUND AWAY FROM THEIR NORMAL
HIGH-MOUNTAIN HABITAT. INCLUDED IN THESE CALLS WERE 29 BEARS IN THE
LAKE TAHOE COMMUNITIES OF NEVADA...14 IN RENO...9 IN CARSON CITY AND
5 IN MINDEN-GARDNERVILLE. THERE WAS EVEN ONE REPORT OF A BEAR IN THE
SPANISH SPRINGS AREA OF NORTHEAST SPARKS...WELL AWAY FROM THE
MOUNTAINS. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NOV 9, 2014.

A DETERIORATION OF WATER QUALITY IN TWO RENO CITY PARKS...WHERE
LAKES HAD NOT RECEIVED WATER FROM THE TRUCKEE RIVER SINCE EARLY
AUGUST...WAS BLAMED FOR THE DEATH OF NUMEROUS DUCKS. TWENTY-FOUR
DUCKS WERE FOUND DEAD AT VIRGINIA LAKES WHILE ROUGHLY THE SAME
NUMBER HAD DIED AT PARADISE PARK. AVIAN BOTULISM WAS THOUGHT TO BE
THE CAUSE. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, AUG 26, 2014.

IN AN UPDATE...LABORATORY TESTS CONFIRMED AVIAN BOTULISM AS THE
CAUSE OF DEATH OF DUCKS IN RENO IN LATE AUGUST IN TWO DROUGHT
DEPLETED LAKES. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, SEP 8, 2014.

THE DRY CONDITIONS ALSO AFFECTED THE NUMBER OF DUCKS STOPPING OVER
DURING THEIR MIGRATION THIS FALL. THE LACK OF WATER IN AREAS WHERE
THE DUCKS WOULD NORMALLY STOP RESULTED IN A LESSENING OF THE NUMBER
OF DUCKS AND A DECREASE IN HUNTING OPPORTUNITIES. FROM RENO, NV,
GAZETTE-JOURNAL, OCT 29, 2014.

F/ GROUND WATER...
THE CARSON WATER SUBCONSERVANCY DISTRICT HAS REPORTED THAT MANY
FARMS IN THE WATERSHED PUMPED MORE GROUND WATER DURING THE 2014
IRRIGATION SEASON.

IN SOUTH LAKE TAHOE THREE WELLS WERE AFFECTED BY CONTAMINANTS AS
LESS GROUNDWATER WAS AVAILABLE TO DILUTE THE CONTAMINANTS. TWO OF
THE WELLS CONTAINED THE CONTAMINANT PCE. ALL THREE WELLS WERE SHUT
DOWN...LEAVING BARELY ENOUGH WATER FOR 950 HOMES. FROM CAPITAL
PUBLIC RADIO, SACRAMENTO, CA, NOV 12, 2014.

G/ URBAN AREA DROUGHT IMPACTS...
RENO/SPARKS...
THE TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY /TMWA/ SERVING THE RENO AND
SPARKS NV AREA...ASKED RESIDENTS TO REDUCE THEIR WATER USAGE BY 10
PERCENT IN EARLY AUGUST...BUT NO MANDATORY CONSERVATION MEASURES
WERE ENACTED.

IN NOVEMBER 2014 TMWA ANNOUNCED THE 10 PERCENT GOAL WAS NOT
MET...BUT VOLUNTARY EFFORTS LED TO A REDUCTION IN USAGE OF 7.5
PERCENT. TMWA USED 18 PERCENT OF ITS DROUGHT RESERVES...MAINLY FROM
DONNER LAKE...AND WAS NOT FORCED TO TAP ITS LARGEST RESERVE...
INDEPENDENCE LAKE. WATER USAGE WAS EXPECTED TO DROP THROUGH THE
FALL AND WINTER WITH THE END OF IRRIGATION SEASON...TMWA STATED.
FROM RENO, NV. GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NOV 6, 2014.

SEE WWW.TMWA.COM/CONSERVATION FOR DETAILS.

THE TRUCKEE MEADOWS POWER AUTHORITY SHUT DOWN THREE HYDROPOWER
PLANTS IN LATE JULY AS WATER LEVELS FELL TOO LOW TO CONTINUE
OPERATING. FROM KOLO-TV NEWS 8, RENO, NV, JULY 30, 2014.

LAS VEGAS...
BOTH THE SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY /SNWA/ AND THE LAS VEGAS
VALLEY WATER DISTRICT /LVVWD/ ENACTED WINTER WATERING RESTRICTIONS
NOVEMBER 1ST. LANDSCAPE WATERING IS ALLOWED ON ONLY ONE DAY EACH
WEEK. THESE RESTRICTIONS WILL REMAIN IN EFFECT THROUGH FEBRUARY 28.
SEE WWW.SNWA.COM OR WWW.LVVWD.COM FOR DETAILS.

SNWA APPROVED A PROJECT TO EXTEND THE LIFE OF AN OLD SHALLOW INTAKE
PIPE AND PUMPING STATION THAT THE LAS VEGAS COMMUNITY NOW USES TO
DRAW ABOUT 90 PERCENT OF ITS DRINKING WATER SUPPLY FROM LAKE MEAD.
OFFICIALS DECLARED THE PROJECT TO BE AN EMERGENCY IN SEPTEMBER OF
2013 BECAUSE THE U.S. BUREAU OF RECLAMATION ANNOUNCED IN AUGUST 2013
THE INFLOW TO LAKE MEAD DURING 2014 WOULD BE THE SMALLEST ANNUAL
WATER DELIVERY IN THE LAKE`S HISTORY. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV,
REVIEW-JOURNAL, SEPT. 26, 2013.

THE EMERGENCY DROUGHT DECLARATION MADE BY CALIFORNIA GOV. JERRY
BROWN ON JAN. 17, 2014 ALLOWS THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA TO TAKE MORE
WATER FROM LAKE MEAD. THIS COULD LEAD TO WATER RESTRICTIONS IN THE
LAS VEGAS VALLEY BY 2015. ONCE THE LAKE DROPS TO A LEVEL OF 1075
FEET SNWA CAN DECLARE A WATER SHORTAGE.

TO ALLEVIATE THE PROBLEM OF A LOWER LAKE LEVEL...SNWA IS
CONSTRUCTING A THIRD INTAKE PIPE THAT SITS DEEPER IN LAKE MEAD. IF
THIS INTAKE IS NOT COMPLETED PRIOR TO THE FIRST INTAKE BECOMING
OBSOLETE...OFFICIALS SAY SOUTHERN NEVADA COULD FACE SIGNIFICANT
PROBLEMS. POWER GENERATION COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY THE LOWERING
LAKE LEVEL. FROM KLAS, LAS VEGAS, NV, JAN. 26, 2014.

ON DECEMBER 10, 2014 SNWA ANNOUNCED A 3 MILE LONG TUNNEL HAD BEEN
COMPLETED TO THE THIRD INTAKE "STRAW" ON LAKE MEAD. CONSTRUCTION HAD
BEGUN IN 2008 TO PROVIDE A BUFFER AGAINST DROUGHT. THERE ARE ALSO
PLANS TO BUILD A NEW 650 MILLION DOLLAR PUMPING STATION TO PROVIDE
WATER EVEN IF THE LAKE FALLS BELOW AN ELEVATION OF 1000 FEET. FROM
LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, DEC. 10, 2014.

CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN SIERRA CREST COUNTIES...
PACIFIC GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY HELD BACK WATER DURING THE SPRING
OF 2014 AND GENERATED LESS HYDROPOWER WITH THE EXPECTATION THE WATER
WOULD BE USED FOR PRODUCTION IN SUMMER WHEN DEMAND WOULD BE HIGHER.
THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION ESTIMATED PRODUCTION IN THE SIERRA
IN 2014 WOULD BE ROUGHLY HALF WHAT IT WAS IN 2010, A NORMAL YEAR.
FROM FRESNO, CA, BEE, AUGUST 4, 2014.

TRUCKEE...
THE CITY OF TRUCKEE IMPOSED MANDATORY STAGE 2 DROUGHT RESTRICTIONS
ON AUGUST 12, 2014. THIS LIMITED WATERING TO TWO DAYS PER WEEK.

NORTH TAHOE...
THE NORTH TAHOE PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT ALSO IMPOSED STAGE 2
DROUGHT RESTRICTIONS ON AUGUST 15, 2014. PROHIBITIONS INCLUDED NO
WASHING OF PAVED SURFACES, NO IRRIGATING BETWEEN 11 AM AND 6 PM, NO
FILLING OR REFILLING OF SWIMMING POOLS AND NO USE OF POTABLE WATER
FOR DUST CONTROL.

TAHOE CITY...
STAGE 2 DROUGHT RESTRICTIONS WERE ANNOUNCED ON JULY 25, 2014,
RESTRICTING OUTDOOR SPRAY IRRIGATION, IMPOSING DAY OF THE WEEK
WATERING BASED ON ADDRESSES AND RESTRICTING BARS AND RESTAURANTS TO
THE SERVING OF WATER ONLY UPON REQUEST.

SOUTH LAKE TAHOE...
STAGE 1 MANDATORY RESTRICTIONS WERE ALSO ENACTED. RESTRICTIONS
INCLUDED: NO IRRIGATING OF UNDEVELOPED PROPERTY, NO WATER IN
RESTAURANTS UNLESS REQUESTED AND NO WASHING OF PAVED SURFACES.

H/ TOURISM AND RECREATION IMPACTS...
LOW FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE RIVER PROMPTED THE TRUCKEE RIVER RAFTING
COMPANY AND IRIE RAFTING COMPANY TO ANNOUNCE THEY WOULD ALLOW NO
RAFTING IN AUGUST...NORMALLY ONE OF THEIR MOST PROFITABLE MONTHS.
THE SAND HARBOR BOAT RAMP ON LAKE TAHOE`S NORTHEAST SHORE HAS CLOSED
FOR THE SUMMER. THIS RAMP NORMALLY REMAINS OPEN ALL YEAR. FROM KTVN
NEWS 2, RENO, NV, JUL 27, 2014.

THE LOWER LEVEL OF LAKE TAHOE ALSO EXPOSED OBSTACLES THAT WERE
NEARER TO THE WATER SURFACE AND CAUSED DAMAGED TO BOAT PROPELLERS.
THE GENERAL MANAGER OF THE TAHOE CITY MARINA NOTED THE LAKE HAD
BECOME TOO SHALLOW FOR SOME SAILBOATS TO ENTER THE MARINA. FROM
TAHOE CITY, CA, TRIBUNE, JULY 22, 2014.

ON JANUARY 19, 2015 THE TAHOE DONNER CROSS COUNTRY SKI AREA
ANNOUNCED IT WOULD TEMPORARILY CLOSE BECAUSE OF LIMITED SNOW AND ICY
CONDITIONS. THE SKI AREA PLANS TO REOPEN WHEN A GREATER SNOWPACK
ALLOWS. FROM TAHOE CITY, CA, TRIBUNE, JAN 19, 2015.

IN LATE JANUARY 2015 HOMEWOOD MOUNTAIN RESORT ANNOUNCED IT WOULD
PLACE UPPER MOUNTAIN OPERATIONS ON HOLD. IN EARLY FEBRUARY THE
RESORT...ON THE WEST SHORE OF LAKE TAHOE...ANNOUNCED IT WOULD
SUSPEND ALL OPERATIONS UNTIL SNOW CONDITIONS IMPROVED. FROM TAHOE
CITY, CA, TRIBUNE, FEB 4, 2015.

THE US FOREST SERVICE IN THE LAKE TAHOE BASIN HAS ASKED SNOWMOBILE
USERS TO AVOID BARE DIRT AND PATCHY SNOW...AND NOT TO RIDE ACROSS
STREAMS OR OVER SMALL TREES AND BRUSH. THIS REQUEST WAS PROMPTED BY
THE POOR SNOW CONDITIONS IN THE LAKE TAHOE BASIN AND TO PROTECT
RESOURCES THAT COULD BE DAMAGED BY OPERATING SNOWMOBILES ON TOO
LITTLE SNOW. FROM CAPITAL PUBLIC RADIO, SACRAMENTO, CA, FEB 5, 2015.

5/ HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS AS OF FEBRUARY 16 2015...

A/ SUSAN RIVER...
ON FEBRUARY 16...FLOWS ON THE SUSAN RIVER AT SUSANVILLE WERE ABOUT
170 CUBIC FEET PER SECOND /CFS/...OR 125 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW
OF 136 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

B/ PIT RIVER...
ON FEBRUARY 16...FLOWS NEAR CANBY CALIFORNIA...WERE ABOUT 85
CFS...OR ABOUT 22 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 389 CFS FOR THIS
DATE.

C/ UPPER FEATHER RIVER...
ON FEBRUARY 16...FLOWS ON THE MIDDLE FORK FEATHER RIVER NEAR
PORTOLA WERE ABOUT 190 CFS OR 53 PERCENT OF THE 359 CFS AVERAGE FLOW
FOR THIS DATE.

D/ LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE RIVER BASINS...
FEBRUARY 16 STORAGE ON LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE BASIN RESERVOIRS WAS
AS FOLLOWS.../NOTE...AF IS ABBREVIATION FOR ACRE FEET/.

LAKE TAHOE.....     0 AF... 0 PCT OF CAPACITY..  0 PCT OF FEBRUARY 28 AVG
PROSSER RSVR....11035 AF...39 PCT OF CAPACITY..111 PCT OF FEBRUARY 28 AVG
STAMPEDE RSVR.. 53492 AF...24 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 36 PCT OF FEBRUARY 28 AVG
BOCA RSVR.......10579 AF...26 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 58 PCT OF FEBRUARY 28 AVG

NOTE: LAKE TAHOE IS SHOWN AS 0 PCT DUE TO ITS REMAINING BELOW ITS NATURAL
RIM AND NOT ALLOWING ANY WATER TO FLOW OUT OF THE LAKE

FEBRUARY 16 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
TRUCKEE RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS... /NOTE...CFS IS ABBREVIATION FOR
CUBIC FEET PER SECOND/

TAHOE CITY...  FLOW WAS UNAVAILABLE
TRUCKEE......105 CFS...   31 PCT OF  343 CFS AVERAGE
FARAD........410 CFS...   64 PCT OF  640 CFS AVERAGE
RENO.........390 CFS...   55 PCT OF  711 CFS AVERAGE
VISTA........455 CFS...   51 PCT OF  892 CFS AVERAGE
WADSWORTH....125 CFS...   14 PCT OF  893 CFS AVERAGE
NIXON........155 CFS...   23 PCT OF  671 CFS AVERAGE

STEAMBOAT CREEK...
FEBRUARY 16 FLOWS ON STEAMBOAT CREEK WERE AS FOLLOWS...

AT STEAMBOAT..........  2.0 CFS...  7 PCT OF  27 CFS AVERAGE
AT RENO /SHORT LANE/..  3.6 CFS... 30 PCT OF  12 CFS AVERAGE

E/ CARSON RIVER BASIN ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
FEBRUARY 16 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
CARSON RIVER ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WERE AS FOLLOWS...

EAST FK CARSON NR MARKLEEVILLE........180 CFS.. 73 PCT OF 248 CFS AVG
EAST FK CARSON NR GARDNERVILLE........231 CFS.. 87 PCT OF 267 CFS AVG
WEST FK CARSON AT WOODFORDS........... 75 CFS..129 PCT OF  58 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR CARSON CITY.............217 CFS.. 55 PCT OF 397 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR FT CHURCHILL............243 CFS.. 65 PCT OF 374 CFS AVG

CARSON RIVER BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
FEBRUARY 16 STORAGE ON LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WAS 32502...11 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...OR 19 PERCENT OF THE FEBRUARY 28 AVERAGE. RELEASE FROM
LAHONTAN ON FEBRUARY 16 WAS 0.75 CFS...1 PCT OF THE 117 CFS AVERAGE.

F/ WALKER RIVER BASIN...
AS OF FEBRUARY 16...STORAGE ON BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR WAS 5970 ACRE
FEET...14 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...AND 24 PCT OF THE FEBRUARY 28 AVERAGE.
STORAGE ON TOPAZ WAS 7770 AF...13 PCT OF CAPACITY...23 PCT OF THE
FEBRUARY 28 AVERAGE.

FEBRUARY 16 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE WALKER
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS...

E WALKER RVR BLW BRIDGEPORT RSVR.  21 CFS.. 48 PCT OF  44 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR ABV TOPAZ RSVR...... 105 CFS..133 PCT OF  79 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR BLW TOPAZ RSVR......  28 CFS.. 55 PCT OF  51 CFS AVG
WALKER RIVER NEAR MASON..........  50 CFS.. 48 PCT OF 105 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR NR WABUSKA............  28 CFS.. 22 PCT OF 130 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR BLW WEBER DAM NR SCHURZ WAS UNAVAILABLE

G/ HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
IN EARLY FEBRUARY...STORAGE ON RYE PATCH RESERVOIR WAS 9431 ACRE
FEET...5 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...OR 11 PCT OF THE JANUARY 31 AVERAGE.

FEBRUARY 16 FLOWS AT VARIOUS POINTS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN WERE AS
FOLLOWS...

MARYS RVR NR DEETH...........  8 CFS......   24 PCT OF THE   34 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR NR CARLIN....... 28 CFS......   11 PCT OF THE  266 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT PALISADE.....125 CFS......   44 PCT OF THE  287 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT BATTLE MTN .. 82 CFS......   26 PCT OF THE  313 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT COMUS.......  70 CFS......   29 PCT OF THE  244 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT IMLAY.......   0 CFS......    0 PCT OF THE  174 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT BLW RYE PATCH DAM..   1 CFS......    1 PCT OF THE   67 CFS AVG

H/ JARBIDGE RIVER...
ON FEBRUARY 16...FLOWS ON THE JARBIDGE RIVER AT JARBIDGE NEVADA WERE
ABOUT 15 CFS OR 195 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 7.7 CFS FOR THIS
DATE.

I/ OWYHEE RIVER...
ON FEBRUARY 16...STORAGE ON WILDHORSE RESERVOIR WAS 13160 AF...18
PERCENT OF CAPACITY AND 38 PERCENT OF THE FEBRUARY 28 AVERAGE.

J/ SOUTHERN NEVADA...
FEBRUARY 16 STORAGE ON LAKE MEAD WAS 10776 THOUSAND AF...41 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...AND 52 PERCENT OF THE FEBRUARY 28 AVERAGE.

ON FEBRUARY 16 THE FLOW ON THE COLORADO RIVER NEAR GRAND CANYON
ARIZONA ABOVE LAKE MEAD WAS APPROXIMATELY 9000 CFS...87 PCT OF THE
AVERAGE OF 10400 CFS FOR THIS DATE. THE FLOW ON THE VIRGIN RIVER
ABOVE LAKE MEAD NEAR OVERTON WAS NOT AVAILABLE DUE TO ACCESS
CONCERNS. THE FEBRUARY 16 FLOW ON THE MUDDY RIVER NEAR GLENDALE
NEVADA WAS 30 CFS...61 PCT OF THE AVERAGE OF 49 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

6/ LONG RANGE WEATHER OUTLOOK FOR NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA...
FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...

THE OUTLOOK FOR THE MONTHS OF MARCH THROUGH MAY IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL
TEMPERATURES FOR ALL OF NEVADA AND EASTERN CALIFORNIA. THE
PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK IS FOR ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE
SOUTHERN 2/3RDS OF NEVADA...GENERALLY SOUTH OF INTERSTATE 80...THE
SIERRA NEVADA MOUNTAINS OF CALIFORNIA SOUTH OF HIGHWAY 50...AND
SOUTHEAST CALIFORNIA. THE REMAINDER OF THE AREA IS FORECAST TO HAVE
EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE...NEAR AND BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THIS DROUGHT STATEMENT WILL BE UPDATED IN MID MARCH.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT AND HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS
MAY BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS.

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR.........................  DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU
NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...WHICH INCLUDES DROUGHT MONITOR......  DROUGHT.GOV
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER.....................  WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

NWS ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE...  WATER.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS
USGS HYDROLOGIC MONITORING.....................  WATERWATCH.USGS.GOV

NWS CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER......  WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV

NWS NORTHWEST RIVER FORECAST CENTER...........
WWW.NWRFC.NOAA.GOV/WS/

NWS COLORADO BASIN RIVER FORECAST CENTER........  WWW.CBRFC.NOAA.GOV/

NEVADA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/

NWS CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG RANGE OUTLOOK MAPS...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/FORECASTS/

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
HTTP://WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/INDEX.HTML

CALIFORNIA DEPT. OF WATER RESOURCES............ CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA WATER CONDITIONS..... WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/WATERCONDITIONS/
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES...........  WWW.ACWA.COM

NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES.................. WATER.NV.GOV/
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO................... WEATHER.GOV/RENO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ELKO..................  WEATHER.GOV/ELKO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LAS VEGAS.........  WEATHER.GOV/LASVEGAS

TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY........................  TMWA.COM
SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY........................  SNWA.COM
LAS VEGAS VALLEY WATER DISTRICT........................ LVVWD.COM

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.........  WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICES AGENCY... WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV

U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDFIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FIRE DANGER CLASS...
HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG

NATIONAL SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL OUTLOOK...
HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A SYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND
IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF SCIENTISTS IN MANY
FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS PRIVATE FIRMS.  THE
DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED NATIONWIDE BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE TO DETERMINE DROUGHT SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT AND
IS THE MECHANISM USED TO PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY.

INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND U.S.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OBSERVATION SITES...US BLM...CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA
DIVISIONS OF WATER RESOURCES AND STATE CLIMATOLOGISTS...NEVADA
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...PERSHING COUNTY WATER CONSERVATION
DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER PAIUTE
TRIBE...FEDERAL WATER MASTERS...TRUCKEE/CARSON IRRIGATION
DISTRICT...AND NWS OFFICES IN RENO...ELKO AND LAS VEGAS.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT PLEASE CONTACT...

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2350 RAGGIO PKWY
RENO NV 89512
PHONE...775-673-8100
WEATHER.GOV/RENO
REV.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV













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