Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Las Vegas, NV

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AZZ001>003-036-CAZ519>527-NVZ014-022-300700-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LAS VEGAS NV
430 AM PDT THU JULY 16 2015

...EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS REMAIN IN THE EASTERN SLOPES OF
THE SOUTHERN SIERRA NEVADA WITH MODERATE TO SEVERE DROUGHT
CONDITIONS ELSEWHERE...

SYNOPSIS...ALTHOUGH JUNE IS TYPICALLY THE DRIEST MONTH OF THE YEAR
IN MOST OF THE AREA, THIS JUNE DID NOT START OFF QUIET. THE
UNUSUALLY WET PATTERN THAT EXISTED IN MAY CONTINUED INTO THE FIRST
HALF OF JUNE, AIDED LARGELY BY A PUSH OF TROPICAL MOISTURE FROM WHAT
WAS LEFT FROM PACIFIC HURRICANE BLANCA. THE LEFTOVERS OF BLANCA
TRIGGERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS THE MOJAVE DESERT AND
SOUTHERN GREAT BASIN BETWEEN JUNE 10TH AND JUNE 14TH. HOWEVER,
PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS VARIED GREATLY DUE TO THE HIT AND MISS NATURE
OF THE SHOWER AND THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY THAT WAS AROUND.

AT MID-MONTH, SNOW STILL WAS ON THE GROUND IN SMALL PATCHES IN THE
HIGHER ELEVATIONS OF THE SOUTHERN SIERRA NEVADA AS WELL AS ON
BOUNDARY PEAK, NEVADA.

THE SECOND HALF OF JUNE INTO EARLY JULY WILL BE REMEMBERED FOR ITS
HOT TEMPERATURES. LAS VEGAS TIED A RECORD WITH 21 CONSECUTIVE DAYS
WITH HIGH TEMPERATURES AT OR ABOVE 105 DEGREES.

MONSOON MOISTURE ARRIVED IN LATE JUNE AND HUNG AROUND THROUGH THE
FIRST FULL WEEK OF JULY GENERATING SCATTERED SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS. A DRIER SOUTHWEST FLOW SHIFTED MONSOON
MOISTURE BACK EAST INTO ARIZONA THE SECOND FULL WEEK OF JULY.

THE LATEST U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR DEPICTS THAT THE EASTERN SLOPES OF
THE SOUTHERN SIERRA NEVADA, THE WHITE MOUNTAINS OF INYO COUNTY, THE
NORTHERN PORTION OF THE OWENS VALLEY OF CALIFORNIA AND WESTERN
ESMERALDA COUNTY, NEVADA ARE NOW IN D4, OR EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT.
EXTREME DROUGHT, OR D3 CONDITIONS, EXISTS ACROSS EASTERN ESMERALDA
COUNTY AND CENTRAL NYE COUNTY, NEVADA AS WELL AS WESTERN SAN
BERNARDINO COUNTY. SEVERE DROUGHT CONDITIONS, OR D2, EXIST ACROSS
SOUTHWEST LINCOLN COUNTY AND NORTHWEST CLARK COUNTY IN NEVADA,
CENTRAL SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY AND NORTHEAST MOHAVE COUNTY. DUE TO
THE SEVERITY OF THE ONGOING  DROUGHT, DROUGHT CONDITIONS ARE
EXPECTED TO PERSIST ACROSS THE AREA DESPITE THE LATEST SEASONAL
FORECAST (AUGUST THROUGH OCTOBER)ISSUED BY THE CLIMATE PREDICTION
CENTER THAT SHOWS THERE IS ABOVE AVERAGE CONFIDENCE IN ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE AREA. THERE IS ABOVE AVERAGE CONFIDENCE IN
ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES ACROSS THE ENTIRE AREA WITH THE GREATEST
CONFIDENCE OVER SOUTHEAST CALIFORNIA AND SOUTHERN NEVADA.

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

AGRICULTURAL

DUE TO SIGNIFICANT WATER ALLOTMENT CUTS BY LADWP TO SOME RANCHES,
ENVIRONMENTALISTS HAVE AGREED TO CURTAIL WATER DIVERSIONS FOR
RESTORATION OF THE LOWER OWENS RIVER AND CONTROLLING DUST ON DRY
OWENS LAKE.

THE INYO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA SUPERVISORS APPROVED A 23 PERCENT
REDUCTION IN IRRIGATION IN THE BISHOP CONE OF THE LOS ANGLES
DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER`S AREA. RUNOFF INTO THE BISHOP CREEK
WATERSHED IS EXPECTED TO BE 50 PERCENT OF NORMAL FOR THE YEAR. THE
IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT IN PLACE WILL RESULT IN ALLOTTED DAYS FOR
WATER TO BE AVAILABLE FOR RANCHERS. THE BISHOP CREEK WATER
ASSOCIATION IS WORKING ON CONSERVATION MEASURES ALONG WITH SOUTHERN
CALIFORNIA EDISON, THE LOS ANGELES DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER AS
WELL AS THE BISHOP PAIUTE TRIBE. AN AGREEMENT HAS BEEN REACHED TO
SUPPLY RANCHES IN THE OWENS VALLEY WITH WATER WITH THE LOS ANGELES
DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER. DAMS HAVE BEEN OR ARE PLANNED FOR
CONSTRUCTION IN ORDER TO STORE WATER FOR RANCHES. RANCHERS WILL GET
ABOUT 3 PERCENT OF THE WATER THAT IS NORMALLY ALLOCATED TO CONTROL
DUST IN THE OWENS DRY LAKE BED. NO WATER IS EXPECTED TO FLOW TO LOS
ANGELES FROM THE OWENS VALLEY IN THE LOS ANGELES AQUEDUCT THIS
SUMMER FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE IT WAS BUILT.

THE 2015 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SECRETARIAL DROUGHT DESIGNATIONS
WERE ANNOUNCED EARLIER IN THE MONTH. THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE DESIGNATED CLARK, NYE, AND ESMERALDA COUNTIES IN NEVADA,
INYO AND SAN BERNARDINO COUNTIES IN CALIFORNIA AS PRIMARY NATURAL
DISASTER AREAS DUE TO THE ONGOING DROUGHT. LINCOLN COUNTY NEVADA AND
MOHAVE COUNTY ARIZONA QUALIFY AS CONTIGUOUS COUNTIES. FARM AND RANCH
OPERATORS IN THOSE COUNTIES ALL QUALIFY FOR LOW INTEREST EMERGENCY
LOANS FROM THE USDA FARM SERVICE AGENCY, PROVIDED ELIGIBILITY
REQUIREMENTS ARE MET.

LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS USING RANGELAND MAY NEED TO PROVIDE SUPPLEMENTAL
FEED FOR CATTLE. SOME RANCHERS IN NORTHWEST ARIZONA, THE OWENS
VALLEY OF CALIFORNIA AND LINCOLN COUNTY, NEVADA HAVE INCREASED WATER
HAULS FOR LIVESTOCK.

SOME FARMERS IN THE OWENS VALLEY HAVE RELOCATED CATTLE HERDS TO
IDAHO, WYOMING AND COLORADO.

WATER SUPPLY

KLAS TELEVISION STORY QUOTED SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY GENERAL
MANAGER MAKING A STARTLING ANNOUNCEMENT THAT SOUTHERN NEVADA IS IN
PRETTY GOOD SHAPE WHEN IT COMES TO WATER, NOW AND FOR THE NEXT 50
YEARS.

GROUND WATER

INYO COUNTY RESTRICTING WATERING TO TWO DAYS PER WEEK IN LONE PINE,
INDEPENDENCE AND LAWS.

NEVADA GOVERNOR SANDOVAL ISSUED AN EXECUTIVE ORDER ESTABLISHING A
NEVADA DROUGHT FORUM TO BRING TOGETHER THE BEST MINDS, MANAGERS AND
ALL INTERESTED STAKEHOLDERS TO ACCESS THE DROUGHT IN NEVADA. THE
FORUM WILL IDENTIFY BEST CONSERVATION PRACTICES AND POLICY NEEDS,
AND MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE GOVERNOR REGARDING A PLAN.

THE LOS ANGELES DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER IS PLANNING FOUR NEW
PRODUCTION WELLS IN INYO COUNTY. ONE WILL REPLACE A WELL IN LAWS,
TWO IN BISHOP AND ONE IN BELL CANYON WEST OF BIG PINE.

THE NEVADA 78TH LEGISLATURE IS DISCUSSING TWO BILLS RELATED TO
GROUND WATER. SENATE BILL 65 WOULD UPDATE LANGUAGE AFFECTING WATER
RIGHTS AND GROUNDWATER AS WELL AS IMPLEMENT SEVERAL CHANGES TO LAWS
AFFECTING DOMESTIC WELLS. SENATE BILL 81 EXPANDS THE POWER OF THE
STATE`S WATER AUTHORITY TO GOVERN AND MANAGE GROUNDWATER SHORTAGES
IN AREAS SUFFERING FROM SEVERE DROUGHT. BOTH BILLS FAILED TO GET OUT
OF COMMITTEE DURING THE NEVADA 78TH LEGISLATURE.

INYO COUNTY SUPERVISORS PASSED A THREE-PAGE DROUGHT PROCLAMATION FOR
INYO COUNTY. THEY NOTED THE SERIOUSNESS OF THE SITUATION BY
POINTING OUT THE VERY LOW SNOWPACK IN THE SOUTHERN SIERRA, DRY WELLS
AROUND BISHOP AND CONCERNS ABOUT USE OF WATER ON THE DRY LAKE AND
THE NEED FOR LOS ANGELES DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER AND INYO
COUNTY TO PLAN FOR DRY TIMES.

RECREATION/TOURISM

THE LOW LAKE LEVELS IN LAKE MEAD CONTINUE TO IMPACT RECREATIONAL
BOATING CHANNELS BY REDUCING AREAS THAT BOATS CAN PASS THROUGH. THE
FALLING LAKE LEVEL HAS RESULTED IN THE CONTINUED CLOSURE OF THE ECHO
BAY MARINA AND BOAT LAUNCH RAMP AT ECHO BAY.

NATURAL SPRINGS IN THE SHEEP MOUNTAIN RANGE IN SOUTHERN NEVADA HAVE
RUN DRY IN SOME INSTANCES FORCING HIKERS TO HAVE TO BRING WATER WITH
THEM.

THE LACK OF SNOW HAS RESULTED IN THE SNOW TUBING AREA ON MT
CHARLESTON AT THE LAS VEGAS SKI AND SNOWBOARD RESORT BEING CLOSED
AND THE RESORT`S SKI RUNS CLOSED IN LATE MARCH.

THE NATURAL SPRING THAT PROVIDED WATER TO THE MOUNT CHARLESTON YOUTH
CAMP HAS STOPPED FLOWING. CLARK COUNTY WILL NEED TO SPEND ABOUT
$250,000 FOR WATER SHIPMENTS OVER A 38 WEEK PERIOD.

FIRE WEATHER

NORMAL TO ABOVE NORMAL SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL EXISTS
FOR JULY AND AUGUST ACROSS THE SOUTHERN SIERRA, WHITE MOUNTAINS,
PANAMINT RANGE IN CALIFORNIA, SOUTHERN GREAT BASIN AND WESTERN
ARIZONA.

THE SEPTEMBER OUTLOOK CALLS FOR THE SOUTHERN SIERRA, WHITE MOUNTAINS
AND PANAMINT RANGE IN CALIFORNIA RETURNING TO NORMAL. NEAR NORMAL
SIGNIFICANT WILDFIRE POTENTIAL EXISTS ACROSS THE REST OF THE AREA.

THE ROUND FIRE DEVELOPED IN FAR NORTHWEST INYO COUNTY JUST NORTHWEST
OF BISHOP AND CROSSED THE COUNTY LINE INTO MONO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
ON FEBRUARY 6TH BURNING 6532 ACRES.

WILDLIFE

WARMER WINTER MONTHS AND DROUGHT CONDITIONS SEEM TO HAVE CREATED
PRIME CONDITIONS FOR POPULATIONS OF THE BOXELDER BUGS TO EXPLODE IN
INYO COUNTY.

LADWP WILL ELIMINATE WATER SUPPLIES TO THE MCNALLY WATERFOWL PONDS
AND ADJACENT 100 ACRE NATIVE PASTURELAND THIS RUNOFF YEAR. HOWEVER,
NATIVE PASTURE SOUTHEAST OF LAWS WILL CONTINUE TO BE IRRIGATED.

IN LINCOLN COUNTY, ESPECIALLY IN NORTHERN PORTIONS, WILD HORSES HAVE
COME ONTO GRAZING LANDS AND EAT FORAGE INTENDED FOR GRAZING CATTLE
AND OTHER WILDLIFE. THIS HAS RESULTED IN DAMAGE TO SOME  GRAZING
LANDS.

CLIMATE SUMMARY...

SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS IN THE FIRST HALF OF JUNE
ASSOCIATED WITH MOISTURE FROM BLANCA HELPED PUSH TOTALS FOR THE
WATER YEAR UP ESPECIALLY ACROSS PART OF THE SOUTHERN GREAT BASIN AND
NORTHWEST ARIZONA.

 ARIZONA            PCPN        NORMAL     PER

BEAVER DAM         4.01         5.64       71%
PIPE SPRING NM     7.96         5.74      139%
KINGMAN            6.61         7.08       93%
WIKIEUP            4.63         6.98       66%

 CALIFORNIA

 BISHOP             2.52         4.69      54%
 DEATH VALLEY NP    1.51         1.95      77%
 BARSTOW-DAGGETT    1.83         3.13      58%
 NEEDLES            2.64         3.55      74%
 JOSHUA TREE        1.80         3.98      45%

 NEVADA

 LAS VEGAS          2.49         3.21      78%
 MT CHARLESTON     10.51        18.87      56%
 PAHRUMP            3.32         3.95      84%
 MESQUITE           4.03         6.25      65%
 CALIENTE           7.33         7.08     104%
 DYER               4.84         4.03     120%

 PCPN   - PRECIPITATION
 NORMAL - WATER YEAR NORMAL (STARTS OCT 1)
 PER    - PERCENT OF NORMAL TO DATE

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...

THE LATEST SEASONAL FORECAST (AUGUST THROUGH OCTOBER)ISSUED BY THE
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER THAT SHOWS THERE IS ABOVE AVERAGE
CONFIDENCE IN ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE AREA. THERE IS
ABOVE AVERAGE CONFIDENCE IN ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES ACROSS THE
ENTIRE AREA WITH THE GREATEST CONFIDENCE OVER SOUTHEAST CALIFORNIA
AND SOUTHERN NEVADA.

HYDROLOGIC SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK...

AS OF JULY 15, 2015, LAKE MEAD`S ELEVATION WAS 1076.07 FEET OR 37
PERCENT CAPACITY. THE BUREAU OF RECLAMATION HAS PROJECTED TO RELEASE
9.0 MAF FROM LAKE POWELL IN WATER YEAR 2015...UP FROM THE 7.48 MAF
FOR 2014 WATER YEAR. HOWEVER, DOWNSTREAM REQUIREMENTS ARE ESTIMATED
AROUND 9.687 MAF. LAKE MEAD`S ELEVATION/STORAGE IS FORECAST TO
REMAIN NEARLY STEADY THROUGH THE END OF SEPTEMBER. LAKE MEAD HAS NOT
RECORDED LAKE LEVELS BELOW 1080 FEET SINCE THE RESERVOIR WAS BEING
FILLED IN MAY 1937.

LAKE POWELL`S ELEVATION WAS 3614.3 OR 54 PERCENT CAPACITY.

DATA FOR RESERVOIRS ACROSS THE REGION (AS OF 7/15/2015)

 RESERVOIR                      PERCENT FULL

LAKE MEAD                           37
LAKE MOHAVE                         94
LAKE HAVASU                         93

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENTS ARE NORMALLY ISSUED ON THE THIRD
THURSDAY OF EACH MONTH IN WHICH EXTREME DROUGHT CONDITIONS EXIST IN
ANY PORTION OF THE SOUTHERN GREAT BASIN AND MOJAVE DESERT. THE NEXT
SCHEDULED ISSUANCE IS THURSDAY, AUGUST 20, 2015. IF A SIGNIFICANT
CHANGE IN THE DROUGHT CONDITION IS ANTICIPATED...OR OCCURS PRIOR TO
THIS DATE...AN UPDATED STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED.
&&

RELATED WEBSITES...

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE AT THE FOLLOWING WEB SITES:

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU

NATIONAL INTEGRATED DROUGHT INFORMATION SYSTEM
WWW.DROUGHT.GOV

CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

ADDITIONAL RIVER INFORMATION...

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE     WATER.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS
USGS                         WATER.USGS.GOV/
COLORADO BASIN RFC           WWW.CBRFC.NOAA.GOV
CALIFORNIA-NEVADA RFC        WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV

ADDITIONAL SITES:

NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES   WATER.NV.GOV
CALIFORNIA DEPT OF WATER RESOURCES   WWW.WATER.CA.GOV
ARIZONA DEPT OF WATER RESOURCES      WWW.AZWATER.GOV

NEVADA STATE CLIMATE OFFICE          WWW.CLIMATE.UNR.EDU
CALIFORNIA STATE CLIMATE OFFICE      WWW.CLIMATE.WATER.CA.GOV
ARIZONA STATE CLIMATE OFFICE         AZCLIMATE.ASU.EDU
WESTERN REGION CLIMATE CENTER        WWW.WRCC.DRI.EDU

NWS FORECAST OFFICE LAS VEGAS        WEATHER.GOV/LASVEGAS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A MULTI-AGENCY EFFORT INVOLVING THE NATIONAL
WEATHER SERVICE AND NATIONAL AND WESTERN REGIONAL CLIMATIC
DATA CENTERS...THE USDA...STATE AND REGIONAL CENTER CLIMATOLOGISTS
AND THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...PLEASE CONTACT:

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE - LAS VEGAS
PHONE...702-263-9744
W-VEF.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV

$$

WFO LAS VEGAS



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