Climatological Report (Monthly)
Issued by NWS Marquette, MI

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CXUS53 KMQT 211158 AAB
CLMMQT

CLIMATE REPORT...FINAL
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MARQUETTE MI
755 AM EDT TUE JUL 21 2015

...................................

...THE MARQUETTE MI CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE MONTH OF JUNE 2015...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1981 TO 2010
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1961 TO 2015

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH              99   06/30/1963
 LOW               25   06/04/1964
HIGHEST            81   06/27        70      11       85  06/30
                                                          06/28
LOWEST             30   06/01        48     -18       37  06/14
AVG. MAXIMUM     69.3              71.7    -2.4     71.8
AVG. MINIMUM     46.8              49.4    -2.6     50.3
MEAN             58.1              60.6    -2.5     61.1
DAYS MAX >= 90      0               0.7    -0.7        0
DAYS MAX <= 32      0               0.0     0.0        0
DAYS MIN <= 32      1               0.0     1.0        0
DAYS MIN <= 0       0               0.0     0.0        0

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM        12.26   1968
 MINIMUM         0.61   1992
TOTALS           2.49              2.84   -0.35     5.63
DAILY AVG.       0.08              0.09   -0.01     0.19
DAYS >= .01        15              12.2     2.8       14
DAYS >= .10         7               6.8     0.2        9
DAYS >= .50         1               1.8    -0.8        4
DAYS >= 1.00        0               0.4    -0.4        2
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    0.70   06/29 TO 06/30

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL              T   1998
                        1990
TOTALS            0.0               0.0     0.0      0.0
SINCE 7/1       178.7             203.3   -24.6    198.9
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      0                MM      MM        0
DAYS >= 1.0         0               0.0     0.0        0
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH         0   MM                             0  MM
 24 HR TOTAL      0.0   MM

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL     202               182      20      163
 SINCE 7/1       9987              9334     653    10399
COOLING TOTAL       0                48     -48       54
 SINCE 1/1          2                60     -58       74
.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              MM
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    MM        DATE   MM
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    36/270    DATE  06/22

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM
AVERAGE SKY COVER             MM
NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          MM
NUMBER OF DAYS PC            MM
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY        MM

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     MM

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM              0     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN                3     RAIN                       1
LIGHT RAIN               18     FREEZING RAIN              0
LT FREEZING RAIN          0     HAIL                       0
HEAVY SNOW                0     SNOW                       0
LIGHT SNOW                0     SLEET                      0
FOG                       8     FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE      3
HAZE                      0

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

&&

...JUNE 2015 MONTHLY CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR UPPER MICHIGAN...
/THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE CHIPPEWA AND MACKINAC COUNTIES/

...COOLER THAN NORMAL...
...SEVENTH COOLEST JUNE IN MARQUETTE CITY...

...GENERALLY DRIER THAN NORMAL EXCEPT NEAR THE WISCONSIN BORDER...

JUNE CLIMATE STATISTICS FOR THE MARQUETTE NWS IN NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP

                                    NORMAL   DEPARTURE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE         58.1     60.6  MINUS    2.5
AVERAGE HIGH TEMPERATURE    69.3     71.7  MINUS    2.4
AVERAGE LOW TEMPERATURE     46.8     49.4  MINUS    2.6
HEATING DEGREE DAYS          202      182   PLUS     20
COOLING DEGREE DAYS            0       48  MINUS     48
TOTAL PRECIPITATION         2.49     2.84  MINUS   0.35
TOTAL SNOWFALL                 0        0             0

HIGHEST TEMPERATURE:                    81 ON 6/27
LOWEST TEMPERATURE:                     30 ON 6/1
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY PRECIPITATION:  0.64 ON 6/29
GREATEST 24 HOUR PRECIPITATION:       0.70 ON 6/29-6/30
GREATEST CALENDAR DAY SNOWFALL:          0
PEAK WIND SPEED:      36 MPH FROM THE WEST ON 6/22

DAILY RECORD LOW MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE TIED ON 6/5...53 /OLD RECORD
                                                        53...1998/
DAILY RECORD LOW MINIMUM TEMPERATURE TIED ON 6/19...36 /36...1970/
---------------------------------------------------------------------
GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS (FEET/METERS ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL)

                            LAKE SUPERIOR  LAKE MICHIGAN-HURON
06/01/15 DAILY MEAN         602.33/183.59     579.50/176.63
06/29/15 DAILY MEAN         602.53/183.65     579.78/176.72
AVG MAY 2015 DAILY MEAN     602.13/183.53     579.35/176.59
AVG JUN 2014 DAILY MEAN     602.37/183.60     578.66/176.38
LONG TERM JUN DAILY MEAN    601.84/183.44     579.20/176.54
MAXIMUM JUN DAILY MEAN      602.89/183.76     581.79/177.33
                                (1986)           (1986)
MINIMUM JUN DAILY MEAN      599.90/182.85     576.64/175.76
                                (1926)           (1964)

...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS WELL ABOVE NORMAL AGAIN IN JUNE...

AS IS NORMAL...GREAT LAKES WATER LEVELS ROSE IN JUNE 2015. EXTENSIVE
ICE COVER ON LAKE SUPERIOR THIS PAST WINTER THAT HAS HELD DOWN WATER
TEMPERATURES AND LIMITED EVAPORATION AIDED THESE WATER LEVEL RISES.
AT THE END OF JUNE...WATER LEVELS ON LAKE SUPERIOR WERE 8 TO 9
INCHES ABOVE NORMAL AND ABOUT 2 INCHES HIGHER THAN THE JUNE AVERAGE
IN 2014. THE LEVEL ON LAKES MICHIGAN AND HURON WAS ABOUT 7 INCHES
ABOVE AVERAGE ON 6/30 AND 13 TO 14 INCHES HIGHER THAN DURING JUNE
2014.

OBTAIN GREAT LAKES WATER LEVEL DATA AS REPORTED BY THE U.S. ARMY
CORPS OF ENGINEERS AT

HTTP://WWW.LRE.USACE.ARMY.MIL/MISSIONS/GREATLAKESINFORMATION/
       GREATLAKESWATERLEVELS/CURRENTCONDITIONS.ASPX (ALL LOWER CASE).
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                         JUNE CLIMATE HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...84 AT PELKIE IN BARAGA COUNTY AND
                                SENEY IN SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY ON 6/27

LOWEST REPORTED TEMPERATURE...21 NEAR COVINGTON IN BARAGA COUNTY
                               ON 6/1

HIGHEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...61.5 DEGREES AT IRON MOUNTAIN

LOWEST AVERAGE TEMPERATURE...54.6 DEGREES AT JACOBSVILLE
                              IN HOUGHTON COUNTY

HIGHEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...5.40 INCHES AT IRONWOOD

LOWEST MONTHLY PRECIPITATION...1.77 INCHES AT COPPER HARBOR

SINCE THE JET STREAM OVER NORTH AMERICA WAS ORIENTED A BIT FARTHER
SOUTH THAN USUAL IN JUNE...COOLER CANADIAN AIR TENDED TO DOMINATE
AND LIMIT THE NORTHWARD PUSH OF WARMER AIR. MEAN MONTHLY
TEMPERATURES BETWEEN ABOUT 54 AND 62 DEGREES RAN 1 TO 3 DEGREES
BELOW THE JUNE NORMAL AT MOST PLACES...EXCEPT UP TO 5 DEGREES BELOW
AVERAGE NEAR THE CHILLY WATERS OF LAKE SUPERIOR. THESE READINGS WERE
5 TO 10 DEGREES WARMER THAN THE MAY AVERAGES. IN THE CITY OF
MARQUETTE...JUNE 2015 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS AS THE SEVENTH
COOLEST JUNE ON RECORD. THE THERMOMETER DID NOT REACH 90 DEGREES
ANYWHERE IN UPPER MICHIGAN DURING JUNE. IN FACT...THERE WERE
RELATIVELY FEW DAYS WHEN MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES WERE IN THE 80S. AT
MANY LOCATIONS NEAR THE COOLING INFLUENCE OF THE GREAT LAKES...THE
MERCURY NEVER REACHED 80 AT ALL IN JUNE. BUT EVEN DURING THE
INFREQUENT WARM SPELLS...MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES RAN NO MORE THAN
ABOUT 5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL.

...NUMBER OF JUNE 2015 DAYS WITH HIGH TEMPERATURE 80 OR HIGHER...

               OBSERVED  NORMAL  DEPARTURE      RECORD
                                            /OR PREVIOUS/

IRON MOUNTAIN     4        11       -7         1 /1969/

MARQUETTE NWS     1         7       -6         0 /1969/

MUNISING          0         6       -6         0 /1985/

NEWBERRY          0         6       -6         0 /2008/

IRONWOOD          3         8       -5         0 /1917/

HOUGHTON          0         5       -5         0 /1982/

MARQUETTE CITY    0         5       -5         0 /2000/

MANISTIQUE        0         2       -2         0 /2014/

THERE WERE FOUR NOTABLE COOL SPELLS IN JUNE WHEN CANADIAN AIRMASSES
INVADED THE UPPER LAKES. THE FIRST TWO OF THESE OCCURRED DURING THE
FIRST WEEK OF JUNE. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED NEAR 10 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL ON 6/1 AND 6/5 WHEN THE CORE OF THE COOL AIRMASSES WERE
OVERHEAD. MORNING LOWS DIPPED INTO THE 30S AT MANY INTERIOR
LOCATIONS AND EVEN THE 20S AT SOME OF THE COLDEST SPOTS ON 6/1 AND
6/2...INCLUDING THE MONTHLY LOW OF 21 NEAR COVINGTON IN RURAL BARAGA
COUNTY ON 6/1. AFTER THE THERMOMETER PEAKED ONLY IN THE 50S AND EVEN
THE 40S AT SOME OF THE COOL SPOTS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR ON 6/5...
READINGS DIPPED BACK INTO THE 20S AND 30S AT THE INTERIOR COOL SPOTS
EARLY ON 6/6.

THERE WERE MORE MORNING LOW TEMPERATURES IN THE 30S EARLY ON 6/19
DURING THE THIRD NOTABLE COOL AIR OUTBREAK OF THE MONTH. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES ON 6/19 WERE CLOSE TO 10 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE. A FEW
OF THE COLDER INTERIOR LOCATIONS ALSO REPORTED A LOW TEMPERATURE IN
THE 30S IN THE MORNING ON 6/26 WITH CLEAR SKIES AND LIGHT WINDS
UNDER A HIGH PRESSURE CENTER THAT WAS PLANTED OVER THE UPPER LAKES.
FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF A STRONG COLD FRONT EARLY ON 6/30...
DAYTIME TEMPERATURES ROSE INTO ONLY THE 50S OVER THE NORTHERN TIER
NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR. AS A RESULT...MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES WERE AS
MUCH AS 15 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE ON 6/30 DURING THIS FOURTH
SIGNIFICANT COOL SHOT OF CANADIAN AIR IN JUNE.

AS IS OFTEN THE CASE IN THE SUMMER...THE HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION IN
JUNE 2015 FELL OVER THE MIDWEST ON THE SOUTHERN FLANK OF THE UPPER
JET STREAM THAT FLOWED NEAR THE CANADIAN BORDER. WITH THE MAJORITY
OF THE SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS FALLING TO THE SOUTH...MOST OF
UPPER MICHIGAN SAW BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY RAINFALL BETWEEN 2 AND 3
INCHES IN JUNE...AS LITTLE AS 75 PERCENT OF THE JUNE AVERAGE. THE
HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION IN EXCESS OF 3 INCHES FELL OVER PORTIONS OF
WESTERN UPPER MICHIGAN SOUTH OF THE KEWEENAW AND WEST OF IRON
MOUNTAIN. THE 5.40 INCHES OF RAIN MEASURED AT IRONWOOD IN JUNE IS
ALMOST 150 PERCENT OF THE JUNE NORMAL AT THAT LOCATION. WITH A NEAR
ABSENCE OF VERY WARM AND UNSTABLE AIRMASSES...ONLY A HANDFUL OF
SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS STRUCK UPPER MICHIGAN IN JUNE 2015.

ONE OF THE FEW WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO HEAVY RAIN EVENTS TO HIT UPPER
MICHIGAN OCCURRED FROM THE LATE EVENING ON 6/6 INTO THE AFTERNOON OF
6/7 AHEAD OF AN APPROACHING LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM AND ITS ATTENDANT
WARM FRONT. AN INCH OR MORE OF RAIN FELL AT SOME PLACES DURING THIS
EVENT...INCLUDING 1.18 INCHES NEAR IRON RIVER. MOST PLACES PICKED UP
AT LEAST 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH OF RAIN.

ALTHOUGH THE SHOWERS AND STORMS WERE NOT WIDESPREAD IN ADVANCE OF AN
APPROACHING COLD FRONT DURING THE NIGHT ON 6/9-6/10...SOME OF THE
THUNDERSTORMS THAT PASSED NEAR IRON MOUNTAIN DURING THE EARLY
MORNING HOURS ON 6/10 WERE SEVERE WITH HAIL AS LARGE AS QUARTERS AND
DAMAGING WINDS THAT FELLED NUMEROUS TREES. ANOTHER SEVERE
THUNDERSTORM STRUCK DICKINSON COUNTY IN THE EVENING ON 6/22 AHEAD OF
AN APPROACHING COLD FRONT. THIS STORM CAUSED WIND DAMAGE BETWEEN
RANDVILLE AND IRON MOUNTAIN...KNOCKING DOWN NUMEROUS TREES. WIND
GUSTS BEHIND THE COLD FRONTAL PASSAGE ON 6/23 REACHED 40 MPH OVER
THE KEWEENAW AND AS HIGH AS 57 MPH AT PASSAGE ISLAND NEAR THE
NORTHERN TIP OF ISLE ROYALE.

A SEVERE THUNDERSTORM THAT FORMED ON A LAKE BREEZE BOUNDARY NEAR
LAKE SUPERIOR BOMBARDED A LOCATION JUST EAST OF NISULA IN SOUTHERN
HOUGHTON COUNTY WITH QUARTER-SIZED HAIL IN THE EVENING ON 6/24.

A SERIES OF DISTURBANCES MOVING THROUGH AN UPPER TROUGH IN THE GREAT
LAKES BROUGHT NUMEROUS RAIN SHOWERS AND SOME THUNDERSTORMS TO THE
U.P. ON 6/28 INTO 6/30...ALONG WITH SOME LOCALLY HEAVY RAINS. A
NUMBER OF LOCATIONS PICKED UP AT LEAST AN INCH OF RAIN. MUNISING LED
REPORTING STATIONS WITH 1.68 INCHES DURING THIS 3-DAY PERIOD.
---------------------------------------------------------------------

SOME OTHER TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION OBSERVATIONS ACROSS UPPER
MICHIGAN IN JUNE 2015 INCLUDE:

IRONWOOD...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 60.2 (1.1 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 5.40 INCHES (1.74 INCHES ABOVE NORMAL)

WATERSMEET (GOGEBIC COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 4.46 INCHES

GREENLAND (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 57.7 DEGREES
                               PRECIPITATION 2.32 INCHES

BERGLAND DAM (ONTONAGON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 58.7 DEGREES
                                  PRECIPITATION 4.22 INCHES

HOUGHTON COUNTY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 57.6 (1.7 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
 AIRPORT          PRECIPITATION 2.01 INCHES (0.57 INCH BELOW NORMAL)

ATLANTIC MINE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.23 INCHES

MOHAWK (KEWEENAW COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.09 INCHES

COPPER HARBOR...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 54.8 DEGREES
                PRECIPITATION 1.77 INCHES

JACOBSVILLE (HOUGHTON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 54.6 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.01 INCHES

BARAGA...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 59.7 DEGREES
         PRECIPITATION 3.20 INCHES

WATTON (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 58.2 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 3.38 INCHES

HERMAN (BARAGA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 56.1 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 3.60 INCHES

CLARKSBURG (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 56.4 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.04 INCHES

BIG BAY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 56.5 DEGREES
                             PRECIPITATION 4.40 INCHES

MARQUETTE CITY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 54.8 (5.1 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                 PRECIPITATION 2.63 INCHES (0.05 INCH BELOW NORMAL)

HARVEY (MARQUETTE COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 58.6 DEGREES
                            PRECIPITATION 2.33 INCHES

CHATHAM (ALGER COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 57.9 DEGREES
                         PRECIPITATION 2.67 INCHES

MUNISING...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 54.9 (4.2 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.86 INCHES (0.50 INCH BELOW NORMAL)

NEWBERRY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 58.6 (1.9 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
           PRECIPITATION 2.34 INCHES (0.64 INCH BELOW NORMAL)

STAMBAUGH (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 57.7 DEGREES
                          PRECIPITATION 4.42 INCHES

AMASA (IRON COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 59.5 DEGREES
                      PRECIPITATION 3.86 INCHES

FORD AIRPORT...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 60.6 DEGREES
 NEAR IRON MOUNTAIN

IRON MOUNTAIN...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 61.5 (2.1 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
                PRECIPITATION 4.17 INCHES (0.69 INCH ABOVE NORMAL)

NORWAY (DICKINSON COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.60 INCHES

DAGGETT (MENOMINEE COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.58 INCHES

MENOMINEE...PRECIPITATION 2.61 INCHES

ESCANABA...PRECIPITATION 2.70 INCHES

GLADSTONE (DELTA COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 3.76 INCHES

GARDEN CORNERS (DELTA COUNTY)...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 59.2 DEGREES
                                PRECIPITATION 2.83 INCHES

COOKS (SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY)...PRECIPITATION 2.29 INCHES

MANISTIQUE...AVERAGE TEMPERATURE 57.0 (1.9 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL)
             PRECIPITATION 2.13 INCHES (0.82 INCH BELOW NORMAL)

                         JUNE WEATHER SUMMARY

JUNE STARTED ON A VERY CHILLY NOTE WITH CANADIAN HIGH PRESSURE
STRETCHING FROM QUEBEC INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. UNDER CLEAR SKIES
AND LIGHT WINDS BENEATH THIS RIDGE...THE THERMOMETER READ IN THE 20S
AND 30S AT MANY INTERIOR LOCATIONS AT DAYBREAK ON 6/1 AND 6/2...
INCLUDING THE MONTHLY LOW OF 21 NEAR COVINGTON IN BARAGA COUNTY ON
6/1 AND 26 AT A SITE NEAR NEWBERRY ON 6/2. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES
AROUND 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 6/1 REBOUNDED TO NEAR AVERAGE ON
6/2 AS SUNSHINE BOOSTED AFTERNOON TEMPERATURES NEAR 80 AWAY FROM
LAKE MODERATION.

THE DAY ON 6/3 WAS DOMINATED BY A WARMER SOUTHWEST FLOW BETWEEN HIGH
PRESSURE DEPARTING TO THE EAST AND AN APPROACHING COLD FRONT...SO
THE THERMOMETER AVERAGED ABOUT 5 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL. SHOWERS AND
SOME THUNDERSTORMS AHEAD OF THE APPROACHING COLD FRONT IMPACTED
MAINLY THE WESTERN U.P. DURING THE NIGHT ON 6/3-6/4. SOME LOCALLY
HEAVY RAIN FELL OVER THE WEST...WITH TOTALS AS HIGH AS 1.61 INCHES
FELL NEAR WATERSMEET IN GOGEBIC COUNTY...1.30 INCHES AT WAKEFIELD IN
GOGEBIC COUNTY AND 1.28 INCHES AT IRONWOOD. THESE SHOWERS TENDED TO
DRY UP AS THE FRONT MOVED TO THE EAST ON 6/4. RAINFALL AMOUNTS WERE
GENERALLY 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH OVER THE EAST HALF BY THE TIME THE
SHOWERS ENDED IN THE EVENING FOLLOWING THE FRONTAL PASSAGE. WITH A
COOLER NORTH WIND OFF LAKE SUPERIOR...SOME LOW CLOUDS LINGERED INTO
6/5 BEFORE BUILDING HIGH PRESSURE IN ONTARIO BROUGHT A RETURN OF
MORE SUNSHINE IN THE AFTERNOON. DESPITE MORE SUNSHINE...THE
THERMOMETER PEAKED ONLY IN THE 50S AND EVEN THE 40S AT SOME OF THE
COOL SPOTS NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR ON 6/5...SETTING NEW DAILY RECORD LOW
MAXIMUM TEMPERATURES AT SOME PLACES. AS READINGS DIPPED BACK INTO
THE 20S AND 30S AT THE INTERIOR COOL SPOTS EARLY ON 6/6 UNDER MOSTLY
CLEAR SKIES...SOME FROST DEVELOPED INLAND FROM THE LAKES. THE
LOCATION NEAR COVINGTON WAS THE COOL SPOT AGAIN WITH A LOW OF 26.
MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 6/4 AVERAGED A FEW DEGREES BELOW NORMAL
BUT THEN FELL TO AS MUCH AS 10 DEGREES UNDER AVERAGE ON 6/5. DESPITE
THE CHILLY START AND SOME INCREASING CLOUDS AHEAD OF AN APPROACHING
WARM FRONT...THE MERCURY ON 6/6 EASED TO ABOUT 5 DEGREES BELOW
NORMAL IN A DEVELOPING SOUTHWEST FLOW.

A LARGE AREA OF RAIN AHEAD OF THE APPROACHING WARM FRONT AND
ASSOCIATED LOW PRESSURE CENTER MOVED NORTHEAST ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN
DURING THE NIGHT ON 6/6-6/7. BY THE TIME THIS RAIN ENDED IN THE
AFTERNOON ON 6/7 AFTER THE LOW AND ATTENDANT COLD FRONT PASSED TO
THE EAST...MOST PLACES HAD MEASURED AT LEAST 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH OF
RAIN. THERE WERE POCKETS OF HEAVY PRECIPITATION OVER AN INCH
ESPECIALLY ACROSS THE SOUTH CENTRAL...WITH AS MUCH AS 1.18 INCHES
FALLING NEAR IRON RIVER. A WEAK AREA OF HIGH PRESSURE TRAILING THE
COLD FRONT BROUGHT A BRIEF DRY PERIOD FROM LATE ON 6/7 INTO 6/8...
BUT ANOTHER APPROACHING DISTURBANCE CAUSED AN OUTBREAK OF SHOWERS
AND THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS MAINLY THE SOUTH HALF ON 6/8. THERE WAS
SOME LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN IN EXCESS OF AN INCH IN A CORRIDOR FROM IRON
MOUNTAIN TO BARK RIVER IN DELTA COUNTY AND SPALDING IN MENOMINEE
COUNTY...WHICH WAS INUNDATED WITH UP TO 1.35 INCHES. OVER THE NORTH
HALF...LITTLE IF ANY RAIN FELL. A RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE MOVING EAST
FROM THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY THEN BROUGHT A PERIOD OF DRY
WEATHER THROUGH THE DAY ON 6/9. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 6/7 AND
6/8 RAN WITHIN A FEW DEGREES OF NORMAL...BUT THEN ROSE TO ABOUT 5
DEGREES ABOVE AVERAGE ON 6/9 WITH THE RETURN OF SUNSHINE AND A
DEVELOPING SOUTHWEST WIND BETWEEN ANOTHER COLD FRONT IN MINNESOTA
AND THE RIDGE PASSING TO THE EAST.

SHOWERS AND SOME THUNDERSTORMS AHEAD OF THE COLD FRONT MOVING IN
FROM THE WEST PASSED ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN IN THE EARLY MORNING
HOURS ON 6/10. SOME OF THE STORMS NEAR IRON MOUNTAIN TURNED SEVERE
WITH HAIL AS LARGE AS QUARTERS AND DAMAGING WINDS THAT FELLED
NUMEROUS TREES. MOST PLACES PICKED UP LESS THAN 0.25 INCH OF RAIN
DURING THIS EVENT...BUT AS MUCH AS 0.75 INCH FELL NEAR GLADSTONE IN
DELTA COUNTY. FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF THE FRONT IN THE MORNING ON
6/10...A HIGH PRESSURE RIDGE BROUGHT DRY WEATHER AND A NEAR NORMAL
DAY TEMPERATURE WISE. SOME LIGHT SHOWERS ON THE NORTHERN FRINGES OF
THE PRECIPITATION SHIELD ASSOCIATED WITH LOW PRESSURE PASSING ACROSS
THE LOWER GREAT LAKES FELL OVER SOUTH CENTRAL UPPER MICHIGAN ON
6/11 INTO THE EARLY MORNING OF 6/12...BUT ANY RAINFALL WAS NO MORE
THAN A FEW HUNDREDTHS OF AN INCH. OVER THE NORTH...THERE WERE ONLY
SOME MIDDLE AND HIGH CLOUDS. HIGH PRESSURE BUILDING SOUTH FROM
HUDSON BAY BROUGHT A RETURN OF MORE SUNSHINE ON 6/12. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES ON 6/10 THROUGH 6/12 WERE NEAR NORMAL.

CLOUDS AND SOME SHOWERS OVERSPREAD THE U.P. ON 6/13 AHEAD OF
DISTURBANCE LIFTING NORTHEAST THROUGH THE UPPER MIDWEST AHEAD OF AN
UPPER TROUGH MOVING INTO THE PLAINS. THESE SHOWERS TENDED TO
DIMINISH BY THE EARLY MORNING ON 6/14 AFTER THE DISTURBANCE PASSED
TO THE NORTHEAST. MOST PLACES PICKED UP 0.10 TO 0.30 INCH OF RAIN.
WAKEFIELD LED REPORTING STATIONS WITH 0.56 INCH. AFTER A WEAK HIGH
PRESSURE RIDGE MOVED OVERHEAD...SOME LOCALLY DENSE FOG DEVELOPED BY
SUNRISE ON 6/14. THE FOG AND LOW CLOUDS LINGERED MUCH OF THE DAY
NEAR THE GREAT LAKES OVER THE EAST HALF...BUT THERE WAS MORE
SUNSHINE OVER THE WEST IN THE AFTERNOON. THE FOG TENDED TO EXPAND
DURING THE NIGHT ON 6/14-6/15 WITH THE WEAK HIGH PRESSURE AND LIGHT
WINDS LINGERING. THE THERMOMETER AVERAGED NEAR NORMAL READINGS AGAIN
ON 6/13 AND 6/14.

A BAND OF SHOWERS AND A FEW THUNDERSTORMS CROSSED UPPER MICHIGAN ON
6/15 COINCIDENT WITH THE PASSAGE OF A COLD FRONT. ALTHOUGH MOST
PLACES SAW NO MORE THAN 0.25 INCH...THERE WAS A POCKET OF HEAVIER
SHOWERS OVER THE SOUTH CENTRAL WHERE AS MUCH AS 0.60 INCH OF RAIN
FELL AT CRYSTAL FALLS. DRY CANADIAN HIGH PRESSURE TRAILING THE COLD
FRONT MOVED INTO THE UPPER LAKES ON 6/16...CAUSING A NEAR NORMAL
MEAN TEMPERATURE ON 6/15 TO DROP TO AROUND 5 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE
ON 6/16 DESPITE A GOOD DEAL OF SUNSHINE.

THE DRY WEATHER WAS SHORT-LIVED AS MORE CLOUDS AND SOME SCATTERED
SHOWERS ASSOCIATED WITH A PASSING UPPER DISTURBANCE WERE THE RULE
FROM THE EVENING ON 6/16 THROUGH 6/17. ACCOMPANYING RAINFALL WAS
GENERALLY UNDER 0.10 INCH. THE APPROACH OF A STRONGER DISTURBANCE
AND ATTENDANT COLD FRONT CAUSED MORE NUMEROUS SHOWERS AND SOME
THUNDERSTORMS DURING THE NIGHT ON 6/17-6/18...MAINLY OVER WESTERN
UPPER MICHIGAN. RAINFALL IN THIS AREA WAS AT LEAST 0.25 TO 0.75 INCH
AT MOST LOCATIONS...WITH AN INCH OR MORE AT FEW SPOTS...INCLUDING
1.34 INCHES NEAR BARAGA. SOME OF THE STRONGER STORMS ALSO DROPPED
PEA-SIZED HAIL. PRECIPITATION TOTALS TO THE EAST WERE MUCH
LESS...GENERALLY UNDER 0.10 INCH WHERE ANY RAIN FELL AT ALL.
LINGERING MORNING CLOUDS AND ISOLATED SHOWERS ON 6/18 GAVE WAY TO A
MOSTLY SUNNY AND COOLER AFTERNOON AS GUSTY NORTH WINDS UP TO 25 TO
30 MPH PUSHED DRIER CANADIAN AIR INTO THE AREA BEHIND THE DEPARTING
COLD FRONT. THE MERCURY AVERAGED NEAR NORMAL ON 6/17...BUT MEAN
DAILY READINGS FELL OFF TO 5 TO 10 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 6/18 WITH
THE INFLUX OF COOLER AIR BEHIND THE FRONTAL PASSAGE. THE OVERNIGHT
ON 6/18-6/19 WAS MOSTLY CLEAR AND QUITE CHILLY UNDER BUILDING HIGH
PRESSURE AND LIGHT WINDS. FROST DEVELOPED AT SOME OF THE COLDER
INTERIOR LOCATIONS AS THE THERMOMETER READ AS LOW AS THE 30S EARLY
ON 6/19. MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 6/19 WERE CLOSE TO 10 DEGREES
BELOW AVERAGE DESPITE A GOOD DEAL OF SUNSHINE.

INCREASING CLOUDS DURING THE NIGHT ON 6/19-6/20 HERALDED THE
APPROACH OF ANOTHER DISTURBANCE AND LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM FROM THE
WEST. AN AREA OF SHOWERS ARRIVED OVER THE WESTERN U.P. TOWARD
DAYBREAK ON 6/20 AND THEN SPREAD ACROSS THE ENTIRE UPPER PENINSULA
DURING THE DAY...SLOWLY WEAKENING WITH TIME. BY THE TIME THIS
PRECIPITATION ENDED OVER THE EAST BY SUNSET...RAIN TOTALS OF 0.15 TO
0.45 INCH WERE COMMON OVER THE WEST HALF. MOST LOCATIONS TO THE EAST
SAW NO MORE THAN 0.05 TO 0.15 INCH. ALTHOUGH A TRAILING WEAK HIGH
PRESSURE RIDGE BUILT TOWARD THE UPPER LAKES DURING THE NIGHT ON 6/20-
6/21...LINGERING LOW-LEVEL MOISTURE RESULTED IN LOTS OF LOW CLOUDS
AND AREAS OF FOG. BUT SKIES TURNED MOSTLY SUNNY BY THE AFTERNOON ON
6/21 AS THE HIGH MOVED CLOSER AND DAYTIME HEATING ACTED TO DISSIPATE
THE FOG. DURING THE NIGHT ON 6/21-6/22...MORE FOG DEVELOPED...
BECOMING MOST WIDESPREAD AND LOCALLY DENSE OVER THE EAST HALF. MEAN
DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 6/20 AND 6/21 AVERAGED A FEW DEGREES BELOW
NORMAL.

SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS AFFECTED UPPER MICHIGAN ON 6/22
AHEAD OF AN APPROACHING COLD FRONT. SOME OF THE STORMS OVER
DICKINSON COUNTY IN THE EARLY EVENING WERE SEVERE...WITH SOME WIND
DAMAGE IN A SWATH BETWEEN RANDVILLE AND IRON MOUNTAIN KNOCKING DOWN
NUMEROUS TREES. RAINFALL WAS GENERALLY UNDER 0.50 INCH. AFTER
LINGERING SHOWERS AND STORMS ENDED IN THE EVENING ON 6/22 FOLLOWING
THE FRONTAL PASSAGE...NORTHWEST WINDS GUSTED AS HIGH AS 35 TO 40 MPH
OVER THE KEWEENAW AND EVEN AS HIGH AS 57 MPH AT PASSAGE ISLAND
LIGHTHOUSE NEAR THE NORTHERN TIP OF ISLE ROYALE. THESE GUSTY WINDS
AND MOSTLY CLOUDY SKIES CONTINUED INTO THE DAY ON 6/23 BEFORE THE
CLOSER APPROACH OF HIGH PRESSURE BROUGHT MORE TRANQUIL CONDITIONS
AND MOSTLY SUNNY SKIES. TEMPERATURES AVERAGED NEAR NORMAL ON BOTH
6/22 AND 6/23.

THE PASSAGE OF A PAIR OF UPPER DISTURBANCES THROUGH THE UPPER GREAT
LAKES IN THE NORTHWEST FLOW ALOFT TO THE EAST OF A BUILDING RIDGE
OVER THE WEST THAT WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EXTREME HEAT THERE CAUSED
MORE SCATTERED SHOWERS AND A FEW THUNDERSTORMS ON 6/24 INTO 6/25.
THE MOST SIGNIFICANT STORMS DEVELOPED ON LAKE BREEZE BOUNDARIES IN
THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING ON 6/24. ONE STORM TURNED SEVERE AND
BOMBARDED A LOCATION JUST EAST OF NISULA IN SOUTHERN HOUGHTON COUNTY
WITH QUARTER-SIZED HAIL IN THE EVENING ON 6/24. RAINFALL AT MOST
PLACES THAT SAW THE MORE WIDESPREAD...HEAVIER SHOWERS ON 6/24 WAS
GENERALLY NO MORE THAN 0.25 TO 0.50 INCH. BUT SOME LOCATIONS OVER
THE SOUTH CENTRAL THAT SAW MORE NUMEROUS SHOWERS AND STORMS REPORTED
0.50 TO 1.00 INCH OF RAIN. GLADSTONE IN DELTA COUNTY LED REPORTING
STATIONS WITH 1.03 INCHES ON 6/24. THE THERMOMETER READ CLOSE TO A
FEW DEGREES BELOW NORMAL ON 6/24 AND 6/25.

THE APPROACH OF HIGH PRESSURE FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF THE LAST OF
THE DISTURBANCES LATER ON 6/25 BROUGHT A RETURN OF MOSTLY CLEAR
CONDITIONS FOR THE NIGHT ON 6/25-6/26. UNDER CLEAR SKIES AND WITH
LIGHT WINDS...A FEW OF THE COLDER INTERIOR LOCATIONS SAW THE
MERCURY DIP INTO THE 30S AROUND SUNRISE ON 6/26. STAMBAUGH IN
IRON COUNTY WAS THE COOL SPOT WITH A MINIMUM READING OF 35. DRY AND
PLEASANTLY COOL WEATHER THEN PREVAILED INTO 6/27 WITH A RIDGE OF
HIGH PRESSURE LINGERING OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES. MEAN DAILY
TEMPERATURES AROUND 5 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE ON 6/26 REBOUNDED TO
NEAR NORMAL ON 6/27.

MORE DISTURBANCES SLIDING SOUTHEAST INTO THE GREAT LAKES TO THE EAST
OF THE BIG RIDGE ACROSS WESTERN NORTH AMERICA BROUGHT UNSETTLED
WEATHER AND PERIODS OF SHOWERS AND SOME THUNDERSTORMS TO UPPER
MICHIGAN FROM LATE ON 6/27 INTO 6/30. MOST OF THE SHOWERS ON 6/28
OCCURRED DURING PEAK HEATING TIME IN THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING
HOURS. ALTHOUGH MOST PLACES THAT SAW THE RAIN PICKED UP LESS
THAN 0.50 INCH OF PRECIPITATION...THE HEAVIER SHOWERS ON 6/28
DROPPED AS MUCH AS 0.91 INCH ON MUNISING. MORE NUMEROUS SHOWERS AND
STORMS OCCURRED LATE ON 6/29 INTO 6/30 AS A SHARP COLD FRONT
ASSOCIATED WITH THE LAST OF THESE DISTURBANCES SWUNG THROUGH THE
UPPER LAKES. SINCE THE INCOMING COOL AIRMASS WAS STILL RATHER
MOIST...CLOUDS LINGERED IN THE NORTH FLOW OFF LAKE SUPERIOR WELL
INTO THE DAY ON 6/30 EVEN AFTER THE FRONT HAD PASSED TO THE
SOUTHEAST. THERE WAS EVEN SOME PATCHY DRIZZLE OVER MAINLY THE HIGHER
TERRAIN NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR. THE CLOSER APPROACH OF TRAILING HIGH
PRESSURE CAUSED CLEARING SKIES LATER ON 6/30. RAINFALL AMOUNTS ON
6/29 INTO 6/30 WERE VARIABLE...WITH TOTALS RANGING FROM NO MORE THAN
ABOUT 0.10 INCH OVER THE WEST TO 0.50 INCH OR MORE AT A NUMBER OF
LOCATIONS ACROSS THE CENTRAL. WATTON IN BARAGA COUNTY LED REPORTED
STATIONS WITH 1.62 INCHES...AND IRON MOUNTAIN PICKED UP 1.02 INCHES.
MEAN DAILY TEMPERATURES ON 6/28 AND 6/29 REMAINED NOT FAR FROM
NORMAL. FOLLOWING THE PASSAGE OF THE STRONG COLD FRONT EARLY ON
6/30...DAYTIME TEMPERATURES ROSE INTO ONLY THE 50S OVER THE NORTHERN
TIER NEAR LAKE SUPERIOR AND INTO THE 60S ACROSS THE SOUTH. AS A
RESULT...THE MERCURY AVERAGED 10 TO 15 DEGREES BELOW AVERAGE ON 6/30.

                           AUGUST FORECAST

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING EQUAL CHANCES OF
AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY MEAN TEMPERATURE AND ABOVE AND
BELOW NORMAL MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN IN
AUGUST 2015.

                          AUGUST CLIMATOLOGY

AFTER PEAKING IN JULY...AVERAGE TEMPERATURES IN AUGUST BEGIN TO
SLIDE AS THE SUN CONTINUES ITS LATE YEAR JOURNEY SOUTH. POSSIBLE
SUNSHINE DECLINES FROM 892 MINUTES ON 8/1 TO 804 MINUTES ON 8/31...
AND AVERAGE TEMPERATURES ARE ONE TO TWO DEGREES LOWER THAN IN JULY.

BUT SUMMER ACROSS UPPER MICHIGAN IS NOT OVER YET IN AUGUST. ALTHOUGH
100 DEGREE TEMPERATURES ARE RARE DURING THE EIGHTH MONTH...SUCH HEAT
IS NOT UNPRECEDENTED. IN AUGUST 2001...BARK RIVER IN DELTA COUNTY
SAW THE MERCURY RISE AS HIGH AS 102 ON 8/7 AND 101 ON 8/6 DURING A
TORRID HEAT WAVE BETWEEN 8/5 AND 8/8. 8/5/47 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD
BOOKS OVER MUCH OF UPPER MICHIGAN AS THE HOTTEST AUGUST DAY SINCE
RECORDS BEGAN. IRON MOUNTAIN (101)...IRONWOOD (101)...AND DOWNTOWN
MARQUETTE (102) ALL RECORDED THEIR ALL TIME HIGHEST AUGUST
TEMPERATURES ON THAT SWELTERING DAY. AUGUST 1947 IS ALSO THE WARMEST
AUGUST ON RECORD AT IRONWOOD (73.4 DEGREE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE)...
IRON MOUNTAIN (72.4)...AND NEWBERRY (69.6).

ALTHOUGH SUMMER HEAT CAN STILL GRIP THE AREA IN AUGUST...COOLER AIR
MASSES MAKE MORE FREQUENT VISITS TO THE NORTHERN GREAT LAKES DURING
THE EIGHTH MONTH. AS THE NIGHTS LENGTHEN IN AUGUST...FROST BECOMES
A  GREATER THREAT OVER ESPECIALLY INTERIOR LOCATIONS AWAY FROM THE
MODERATING INFLUENCE OF THE GREAT LAKES (LAKE WATER TEMPERATURES
TYPICALLY REACH THEIR HIGHEST LEVELS IN MID TO LATE AUGUST). THE
LOW  TEMPERATURE AT IRONWOOD HAS REACHED FREEZING AS EARLY AS
8/4...IN  1907. BETWEEN 8/19 AND 8/21 IN 2000...SOME SHELTERED
INLAND LOCATIONS REPORTED FROST. AUGUST 2004 WAS THE COOLEST EIGHTH
MONTH IN RECENT MEMORY. MONTHLY TEMPERATURES AVERAGED 3 TO 6 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL...AND AUGUST 2004 GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD BOOKS IN THE
LIST OF TOP 10 COOLEST AT ALMOST ALL REPORTING STATIONS. PATCHY
FROST WAS OBSERVED OVER THE COOLER INLAND LOCATIONS IN AUGUST 2004
BETWEEN 8/19 AND 8/21.

PRECIPITATION IN AUGUST CAN BE QUITE VARIABLE DEPENDING ON THE
FREQUENCY OF THUNDERSTORMS. THE DRIEST EIGHTH MONTH IN RECENT YEARS
OCCURRED IN 2008...WHEN MANY PLACES ENDURED ONE OF THE TOP FIVE
DRIEST AUGUSTS ON RECORD IN THE ABSENCE OF MUCH CONVECTION. ONLY
0.42 INCH AND 0.44 INCH OF RAIN FELL IN THE CITY OF MARQUETTE AND AT
THE MARQUETTE NWS IN THAT DRY MONTH...WHICH GOES DOWN IN THE RECORD
BOOKS AS THE DRIEST AUGUST ON RECORD AT THOSE LOCATIONS. 2007 ALSO
FEATURED A TOP TEN DRIEST EIGHTH MONTH AT MOST LOCATIONS THAT HELPED
DROP LAKE SUPERIOR TO A RECORD LOW LEVEL. ON THE OTHER HAND...SLOW
MOVING THUNDERSTORMS CAN STILL THREATEN THE UPPER PENINSULA WITH
TORRENTIAL RAIN. A TOTAL OF 11.15 INCHES OF RAIN INUNDATED IRONWOOD
DURING AUGUST 1941.

                        OUTLOOK FOR FALL

THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC) IS FORECASTING AN EQUAL CHANCE
OF AN ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL 3-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE AND ABOVE
AND BELOW AVERAGE 3-MONTH PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF UPPER MICHIGAN
IN SEPTEMBER THROUGH NOVEMBER 2015.

GO TO HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/CLIMATE/L3MTO.PHP TO ACCESS DETAILED
LOCAL THREE-MONTH AVERAGE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR A NUMBER OF SITES
IN UPPER MICHIGAN.

CHECK OUT HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER AND MORE LONG RANGE PREDICTIONS.

NOTE THAT STATISTICS FOR THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE IN
NEGAUNEE TOWNSHIP ARE BASED ON RECORDS WHICH BEGAN IN OCTOBER 1961.
THIRTY YEAR NORMALS USED ARE FOR THE PERIOD OF 1981 THROUGH 2010.
NOTE ALL TEMPERATURES ARE IN FAHRENHEIT AND PRECIPITATION IS IN
INCHES. ALL CLIMATE DATA LISTED IN THIS PRODUCT ARE UNOFFICIAL. FOR
OFFICIAL DATA...PLEASE REFER TO THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER.
ALSO NOTE THIS DISCUSSION DOES NOT INCLUDE DATA FROM CHIPPEWA AND
MACKINAC COUNTIES.

NWS MARQUETTE WEB PAGE IS AT HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/MQT (ALL LOWER
CASE). CONTACT THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER AT (828) 271-4800
OR WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

$$

KC


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