Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 022143
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
542 PM EDT WED SEP 02 2015


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID SEP 03/0000 UTC THRU SEP 06/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...

18Z UPDATE...
ON MINOR CHANGES MADE TO PRELIM QPF BASED ON LATEST SATL/RADR
TRENDS.



...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...

THERE WILL BE LITTLE MOVEMENT OF THE LARGE SCALE TROUGH AXIS ALONG
THE WEST COAST THROUGH THURSDAY...BUT THE DOWNSTREAM RIDGE WILL
SHOW FURTHER AMPLIFICATION AND A SHORTWAVE WILL CARRY HEIGHT FALLS
THROUGH THE EASTERN SIDE OF THE TROUGH...IN THE ENTRANCE REGION OF
A STRENGTHENING UPPER JET. THUS...IN ADDITION TO THE SHOWERY
REGIME IN WESTERN WASHINGTON...A SWATH OF ORGANIZED PRECIPITATION
IS FORECAST ACROSS NORTHERN IDAHO AND WESTERN
MONTANA...ESSENTIALLY ALONG THE BROAD 850-600 MB FRONTAL ZONE AS
THE ASSOCIATED SURFACE FRONT PUSHES INTO THE PLAINS AND GREAT
BASIN. OUR BIAS-CORRECTED ENSEMBLE IS ON THE DRY SIDE...BUT
SEVERAL DETERMINISTIC MODELS PRODUCE SPOTS OF 0.75-INCH PLUS
PRECIPITATION IN NW WA / ID / MT. WPC QPF IS SOMEWHERE IN
BETWEEN...WITH 0.50 INCH AREAL AVERAGE FORECAST IN
SPOTS...EMBEDDED WITHIN MORE WIDESPREAD 0.25 INCH AREAS. THIS
NOTION IS SUPPORTED BY THE GEFS REFORECAST...ANALOG...DATA ACROSS
ID/MT...ALTHOUGH THAT TOOL IS DRIER OVER WESTERN WASHINGTON.
OVERALL WE INTRODUCED VERY LITTLE CHANGE TO CONTINUITY OVER THIS
REGION.


...UPPER MIDWEST...

THUNDERSTORMS PRODUCING HEAVY RAIN RATES WILL OCCUR AHEAD OF A
COMPACT MID LEVEL TROUGH...BUT ALSO IMMEDIATELY BEHIND THE TROUGH
IN AN AREA OF ENHANCED LOW LEVEL INFLOW. THE TROUGH WILL TRACK
FROM THE VICINITY OF THE MN/WI BORDER EARLY WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON TO
LOWER MICHIGAN BY THURSDAY MORNING...WITH THE LEADING THUNDERSTORM
ACTIVITY MIGRATING ALONG A LOOSELY DEFINED WARM FRONT FROM THE
WESTERN END OF LAKE SUPERIOR DOWN TO LOWER MICHIGAN. THE TRAILING
ACTIVITY WILL REDEVELOP EASTWARD AND SOUTHEASTWARD FROM EAU CLAIR
WISCONSIN TOWARD NORTHERN INDIANA. MANY OF THE MODEL FORECASTS
WERE THOUGHT TO NOT BE PROGRESSIVE ENOUGH...AND LIKELY DISPLAY A
SLIGHT NORTHWARD BIAS TO THEIR QPF. WPC BLENDED THE PREVIOUS
FORECAST TOWARD THE 12Z GFS AND 12Z WRF-ARW. THE GFS WAS MORE
PROGRESSIVE AND MORE LIBERAL WITH THE SOUTHWARD EXTENT OF
PRECIPITATION...BUT IT DID BECOME PROBABLY TOO DRY BY THURSDAY
AFTERNOON.

GENERALLY THE SHORT WAVELENGTH OF THE MID LEVEL TROUGH...ALONG
WITH REASONABLY STRONG DOWNDRAFT CAPE...SHOULD PROMOTE FORWARD
PROGRESSION...AND ACT AGAINST FLASH FLOODING...ALTHOUGH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.5 INCHES WILL SUPPORT BRIEF
STRONG RAIN RATES. THE GREATEST CONCERN FOR FLASH FLOODING MAY BE
WITH THE NARROW BANDS OF CONVECTION WHICH FORM ON THE TRAILING
SIDE OF THE TROUGH...IN THE BETTER LOW LEVEL INFLOW. ONE SUCH BAND
HAD SET UP WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON IN WESTERN WISCONSIN.


...GULF COAST...

A SMALL SCALE CIRCULATION EMBEDDED IN A MID LEVEL TROUGH HAD
FLARED UP WITH CONVECTION FOR A SECOND STRAIGHT MORNING ALONG THE
TEXAS GULF COAST. GALVESTON MEASURED A RAPID ACCUMULATION OF MORE
THAN 2 INCHES OF RAIN IN THE EARLY MORNING HOURS BEFORE OUTFLOW
PUSHED THE CONVECTION OFFSHORE. HEAVY...EFFICIENT RAINFALL WAS
ALSO NOTED ALONG THE LOUISIANA COAST FARTHER UP THE LENGTH OF THE
TROUGH AXIS...AND AGAIN WITHIN A WEAK ONSHORE FLOW COMPONENT AT
LOW LEVELS. THE LARGER SCALE MID LEVEL TROUGH WILL REMAIN IN
PLACE...STUCK INSIDE A MEAN RIDGE POSITION...BUT IT WILL START TO
FRACTURE AS RIDGING OVER THE GULF BRIDGES TO RIDGING IN THE PLAINS
STATES TO FORM A COL POSITION OVER SOUTHERN LOUISIANA. THIS WILL
FAVOR PROLONGED WEAK ASCENT OVER LOUISIANA...CAPABLE OF SUPPORTING
HEAVY RAIN THROUGH TONIGHT. ALONG THE TEXAS PORTION OF THE TROUGH
THE SMALL CIRCULATION MAY NOT PERSIST IN ITS PRESENT FORM...BUT
PERSISTENT ONSHORE FLOW SHOULD AGAIN FAVOR ISOLATED
HEAVY RAINFALL WEDNESDAY NIGHT. WPC USED A COMBINATION OF THE 12Z
NSSL WRF...GEM REGIONAL...AND GLOBAL MODEL CONSENSUS TO DERIVE THE
QPF IN THIS REGION.


...SOUTHWEST...

A MONSOONAL PLUME HAD BECOME FIRMLY ESTABLISHED IN BETWEEN A GREAT
PLAINS RIDGE CENTER AND A DEEPENING TROUGH ALONG THE WEST COAST.
WEDNESDAY AND WEDNESDAY NIGHT AGAIN HOLD POTENTIAL TO BE
ACTIVE...ESPECIALLY WITHIN THE PLUME OF 1.25 TO 1.65 INCH PW
VALUES OVER CENTRAL AND EASTERN ARIZONA AND WESTERN NEW
MEXICO...BUT ALSO POTENTIALLY EXTENDING TOWARD SE UT / SW CO WHERE
PW VALUES WILL APPROACH 1.00 INCH. THERE IS SOME WEAK CONNECTION
TO HIGH ALTITUDE MOISTURE STREAMING NORTHWARD FROM TROPICAL
DEPRESSION 14-E. MODELS DIFFER IN THE DETAILS...BUT ALL FORECAST
ENHANCEMENT OF MID LEVEL CYCLONIC VORTICITY ACROSS EASTERN AZ
TODAY...WITH AN EVENTUAL TRACK OF THE RESULTING SHORTWAVE TOWARD
THE FOUR CORNERS. THIS MAY ORGANIZE PRECIPITATION ONTO LARGER
SCALES...MAKE IT MORE PERSISTENT OVER A GIVEN LOCATION...AND
ENHANCE INFLOW NEAR THE TOP OF THE BOUNDARY LAYER. UNIDIRECTIONAL
FLOW IN THE CLOUD LAYER ALSO ARGUES FOR SOME TRAINING. THE MODEL
PRECIPITATION SIGNAL IS NOT PARTICULARLY STRONG IN THIS REGION IN
TERMS OF MAXIMUM AMOUNTS...BUT SEVERAL MODELS ARE GENEROUS WITH
COVERAGE OF AT LEAST 0.25 INCH PRECIPITATION...AND MANY OF THE
INGREDIENTS ARE IN PLACE FOR AN ORGANIZED FLASH FLOOD RISK ON
LOCAL SCALES. WPC QPF TRENDED TOWARD THE 12Z GFS AND NAM...BUT
ULTIMATELY MADE LITTLE CHANGE TO CONTINUITY.


DAYS 2/3...

...GREAT LAKES/CENTRAL APPALACHIANS...

STRENGTHENING SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW AMPLIFIES THE LARGE SCALE RIDGE
ACROSS THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY INTO THE NORTHERN GREAT LAKES
REDUCES FLOW IN VICINITY OF A WEAK SHORTWAVE THAT IS MOVING
THROUGH THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES INTO MICHIGAN BY THE START OF DAY
2.  GUIDANCE REMAINS GENERALLY SPLIT WITH THE 12Z ECMWF/CMC
GLOBAL/UKMET ALONG WITH SOME HI-RESOLUTION MODEL SOLUTIONS SUCH AS
THE 12Z GEM REGIONAL SUPPORT A STRONGER/CONSOLIDATED FEATURE WITH
ONGOING CONVECTION ROLLING RAPIDLY EASTWARD INTO LOWER MI BY
MORNING FRIDAY.  WHILE THE 12Z GFS/NAM ARE WEAKER AND MORE SHEARED
OUT FOCUSING CONVECTION ALONG THE SOUTHERN BOUNDARY.  A BLEND
TOWARD THE 12Z GFS/NAM IS CONTINUED BUT WITH SOME BLENDING OF THE
OTHER CAMP GIVEN CONSISTENCY.  STILL WITH WEAKENED FLOW AND NO
REFRESH OF MOISTURE... THE FEATURE LINGERS AROUND THE GREAT LAKES
WITH LIKELY ISOLATED CONVECTION CONVERGED ON BOUNDARIES REINFORCED
BY EARLIER CONVECTION OR THE LAKES.

FURTHER EAST...A BACKDOOR COLD FRONT ACCOMPANIES THE UPPER LEVEL
SHEAR AXIS THAT EXTENDS ACROSS THE APPALACHIANS BACK TO THE
SHORTWAVE ACROSS THE SOUTHERN LAKES. A NARROW RIBBON OF MOISTURE
AND ONSHORE FLOW SHOULD FOCUS CONVECTION ALONG COASTAL BOUNDARIES
WITH ENHANCED ONSHORE CONVERGENCE AS WELL AS FAVORED OROGRAPHY
ACROSS THE NORTHERN APPALACHIANS.  THIS FOCUS EVENTUALLY SHIFTS
SOUTH INTO THE CAROLINAS/N GEORGIA BY THE END OF THE DAY 3. SOME
ENHANCED PROBABILITIES OF QPF EXIST ACROSS THE COASTAL
PLAIN/PIEDMONT AS THE FRONTAL ZONE PASSES OBVIOUSLY ENHANCED BY
MID-AFTERNOON/EVENING WITH THE PEAK HEATING/INCREASED
INSTABILITIES SOUTH OF THE FRONT.


...FOUR CORNERS REGION...

A PAIR OF WEAK SHORTWAVE LIFT OUT OF NORTHWEST MEXICO HELPING TO
SPAWN WIDESPREAD CONVECTION FOCUSED ACROSS HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE
SOUTHWEST PARTICULARLY EASTERN/CENTRAL AZ WESTERN NM INTO CO.
SOME INCREASED MOISTURE REMAINS IN THE AREA...BUT DEEPEST MOISTURE
IS NOT BEING TAPPED WITH THIS WEAK SHORTWAVE EXCEPT LIKELY AT
HIGHER LEVELS (6H-3H).  A BLEND OF THE 12Z NAM/GFS/ECMWF CONTINUES
TO BE IN GOOD AGREEMENT ESPECIALLY WITH SOLID ENSEMBLE SUPPORT
THROUGHOUT THE MONSOONAL AXIS AND EVEN THOUGH THE GFS REMAINS A
BIT MORE ROBUST...THIS HINTS AT A CONTINUED SHORT-TERM FLASH FLOOD
THREAT PARTICULARLY WITH INCREASED LOW TO MID-LEVEL FLOW WITH THE
SHORTWAVE PASSAGE FRIDAY (05/00Z).


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES/NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER
MIDWEST...

ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...THE DEEP UPPER
TROUGH WILL CONTINUE TO PROVIDE BROAD LEVEL ASCENT UNDER STRONG
DIVERGENCE ALOFT...FOR GOOD DEFORMATIONAL SHIELD PRECIPITATION AS
THE JET STREAK EXITS AND WEAK RIDGING BUILDS IN ACROSS
MT...ALLOWING FOR A PERSISTENT SW-NE ORIENTED AXIS OF INCREASED
PRECIP FROM FAR NE CA/SOUTH CENTRAL OR THROUGH WESTERN MT. A BLEND
OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS HANDLED THIS SCENARIO WELL THOUGH THE
OPERATIONAL 12Z ECMWF APPEARED A BIT TOO HEAVY AND WEST BY DAY 3
AND WAS ADJUSTED DOWN A BIT MORE THERE.

FURTHER EAST ACROSS EASTERN MT/NORTHERN PLAINS....THE DEEPENING
TROUGH DRAWS A FEW SHORTWAVES OUT OF THE SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW.  THE
TIMING OF THE FIRST ON FRIDAY NIGHT/SATURDAY MORNING INCREASES
SOUTHERLY LLJ INCREASING PWATS INTO THE 1.75" RANGE AND GOOD
DIVERGENCE ALOFT ALONG A NEARLY STATIONARY FRONTAL ZONE...TO
DEVELOPED A HIGHLY EFFICIENT CONVECTIVE COMPLEX TO STRADDLE THE
US/CANADA BOARDER.  THE 12Z ECMWF SHIFTED SLIGHTLY EAST TOWARD THE
12Z GFS PROVIDING A BIT MORE CONFIDENCE IN THE LOCATION/MAGNITUDE
OF THE QPF AREAL AVERAGE ALSO TOWARD LOWER FFG...TO ALLOW FOR A
EASTWARD SHIFT TO ENCOMPASS THE NORTHERN RED RIVER BASIN WITHIN
THE SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FOR DAY 3.

SATURDAY...INCREASED 35KT PLUS RETURN SOUTHEASTERLY 850MB WITHIN
BROAD ASCENT REGION OF CONVEYOR BELT/WRAP AROUND SHOULD ALLOW FOR
EXPANSION OF MODERATE DEFORMATIONAL ZONE SHOWERS ACROSS N MT/E MT.
 THE 12Z ECMWF APPEARS A BIT QUICK IN DRYING OUT AND EJECTING THE
BASE OF THE TROF...AS THE SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW SHORTWAVE IS PLACED
FURTHER EAST THAN THE 12Z GFS...  STILL A BLEND OF THE TWO BUT
RETAINING THE IN TIMING AND PLACEMENT SEEMS FAIR... WITH THE NEXT
EVENINGS CONVECTIVE COMPLEX TO DEVELOP OUT OF NW SD IN THE SPLIT
IN THE NORTHERN AND SUBTROPICAL JET FLOWS.   NORTHEAST MT INTO ND
BARES WATCHING FOR FLASH FLOODING POTENTIAL THOUGH DIFFERENCES
REDUCES CONFIDENCE ENOUGH IN SPECIFIC LOCATION TO INTRODUCE A
SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL AT THIS TIME.


...GULF COAST/SOUTHEASTERN U.S...

THE WEAK CIRCULATION FROM FORMER TROPICAL CYCLONE ERIKA WILL
REMAIN OVER THE SARGASSO SEA WELL NORTH OF THE BAHAMAS AND EAST OF
CAROLINAS/GEORGIA/FLORIDA THOUGH LEAVING A BROAD WEAK LOW LEVEL
TROF ACROSS THE NORTHERN GULF INTO NORTHERN FLORIDA WITH SOME
POOLED MOISTURE WITH TOTAL PWATS IN THE 1.75 TO 2.0" RANGE. THIS
SHOULD INVOKE MORE TYPICAL DIURNAL SEA-BREEZE CONVECTIVE REGIME
ACROSS THE COASTAL ZONES FROM THE WESTERN GULF TO FLORIDA.  BY DAY
3...INFLUENCES FROM WEAK SHEAR AXIS DROPPING FROM THE NORTHEAST
AND INCREASING EASTERLY FLOW SHOULD FOCUS ONSHORE LOW LEVEL FLOW
FROM COASTAL GA AND EASTERN FL...WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR MORE
INCREASED COVERAGE AND INTENSITY OF  CONVECTION AS THE ENHANCED
FORCING CROSSES PENINSULA BY THE END OF THE PERIOD.  THIS IS
SUPPORTED BY A GENERAL MODEL BLEND WITH INCREASED WEIGHTING ON THE
12Z GFS/ECMWF.


BURKE/SULLIVAN/GALLINA


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV



24HR QP VT 04/00Z
 0.01 528247 526243 521242 518243 516240 517235 518231 523228
      527227 532225 536219 539210 541197 541189 541181 540173
      538169 530143 527137 524133 520129 512128 505130 502132
      497132 494131 494127 497123 502116 506114 511113 516109
      520104 522098 524089 526082 526075 524068 520066 517069
      514073 512078 508081 505077 502080 484084 478084 473085
      466084 463084 461086 429099 431102 432109 433114 435114
      440115 444113 447115 449121 450124 448127 445131 441135
      440139 441141 442149 443153 443158 442162 441163 433166
      425170 421174 417180 413193 412203 411207 414209 417210
      419210 419214 418222 420222 428218 432211 436209 438204
      440199 442197 445193 451190 455187 463179 464172 467167
      474163 477159 480161 483165 483171 484177 486183 488190
      489193 488198 470208 462213 458215 452215 437218 435223
      441225 442227 444227 449227 453226 453231 448233 439238
      439248 439253 443257 446258 452258 457258 461260 464264
      466266 469266 475270 478275 484287 490297 494302 499303
      503302 507299 513280 515277 515273 520271
 0.01 476694 475679 472661 469655 467651 465650 462651 460654
      458660 458665 460680 461685 460690 459696 456698 453702
      452704 450703 448698 444695 439694 434695 423700 420704
      418708 415717 412727 413737 415751 415756 414760 413765
      410787 407791 407795 406798 404797 402795 392779 388778
      384780 375786 369794 363804 360810 359814 355817 347822
      341827 339837 339843 342848 347850 353849 361843 365840
      370838 374835 378837 382844 383850 385853 393857 395871
      399875 401880 399887 398892 395902 394908 394914 391933
      393938 393942 391945 391950 393958 394960 396956 398942
      402932 407925 412920 417913 420910 425912 431914 435914
      445909 451909 455906 460899 462893 462887 463877 463864
      462848 460842 456838 449832 443823 438817 435813 437808
      436794 436788 440791 442793 447793 455786 461778 464771
      464765 466752 467740 470731 474725 476717 476708 476699
      476694
 0.01 423205 424203 423201 422202 421204 422207 423205
 0.01 421209 422207 421205 419206 419209 420211 421209
 0.01 430025 430020 429017 425011 417010 411014 404021 398025
      395030 391035 386040 380043 373041 369043 366048 362049
      358047 353045 351043 347043 337042 322045 315045 312048
      311051 310056 310060 312062 315068 314073 310074 293071
      281071 275073 267070 261068 252068 250071 250075 254081
      262089 270096 275101 277103 280102 284096 285094 288094
      292095 300096 304097 303099 300103 298105 298109 300116
      304121 307124 310126 314127 318128 326129 332128 337132
      342133 352127 357127 359125 365121 369117 372113 373102
      374100 377099 381099 383097 388092 399083 404080 408079
      415076 418071 421066 422060 421056 414053 406050 404048
      404045 407041 419037 427032 430025
 0.01 411108 410098 408093 402099 398104 391106 385110 381115
      380121 381124 385125 388123 392119 398115 405112 408111
      410108 411108
 0.01 377776 375770 371768 366764 363760 356753 349747 344746
      338746 327752 319758 314758 308760 297779 290785 280789
      266791 256786 245785 241787 238791 236796 239799 244803
      250803 259799 260801 256804 250806 251810 249815 253818
      257822 261823 270825 288838 291841 296841 300844 301848
      302853 306856 309862 313865 319860 322850 320843 322837
      324829 324823 327814 330810 333811 338807 341802 346790
      348787 354784 359784 364786 369787 373783 377778 377776
 0.01 316939 316918 316910 314903 313898 312895 307890 302888
      299882 294878 292876 287876 281877 278883 275889 273896
      273903 275910 278916 280924 282927 282931 280937 276943
      270947 263954 256957 251962 248966 248972 250974 255975
      258976 262977 274976 278982 284985 294981 303971 309960
      311954 314947 316939
 0.01 261004 258998 254992 250987 244982 237981 234982 232985
      232995 234003 238009 241010 245011 248012 252012 257008
      261004
 0.25 533187 534181 533176 530170 526162 524155 521148 516144
      513144 510146 508154 498161 494166 493176 494180 496182
      502184 509188 513193 520207 522209 525209 528204 529199
      528194 527190 528188 533187
 0.25 524184 525182 525179 525177 525175 524174 523173 522171
      520170 519169 518169 517172 516174 516177 516178 517180
      517182 517183 519183 521184 522185 524184 524184
 0.25 514158 514155 512155 513158 514158
 0.25 504234 503222 500216 498212 495210 493211 489210 482211
      477214 475217 475221 477224 477226 467237 465240 464244
      467250 469253 472254 476253 477250 485249 487248 488244
      483232 488229 493233 496236 500238 504234
 0.25 488136 488123 485122 481122 477124 472127 469131 461141
      457143 454147 450153 448160 449168 453171 458169 461165
      466161 470159 476149 485141 488136
 0.25 450741 449738 447738 442737 439736 435736 432740 431745
      432752 433759 436761 439762 441760 443757 444752 446746
      448743 450741
 0.25 458879 455866 453855 443836 431821 426820 421823 416830
      423839 424843 424850 414865 409891 410894 417896 421898
      425897 434890 437888 442888 449896 453897 455893 458879
 0.25 442711 441706 440706 436707 435709 433711 432713 429716
      428719 430723 432724 434725 435725 438722 440720 441717
      442713 442711
 0.25 406061 406057 402057 397056 391057 388060 384064 381065
      375063 370063 367068 367074 370084 371086 375089 379087
      386081 390082 393079 397074 399069 401064 405062 406061
 0.25 363776 362772 360769 359767 357765 356764 354761 351762
      350764 351767 351769 351773 353774 355775 358777 361777
      363776
 0.25 343098 342092 339087 333086 330090 326094 322093 320090
      316089 313092 309097 306104 308112 311117 316118 321117
      323110 330110 334111 337112 340111 341109 339107 336102
      341103 343098
 0.25 322788 321783 320777 315770 312771 308774 305780 298788
      291793 285798 276801 266804 260807 258810 259814 262817
      267818 272816 279813 288814 290816 292823 294826 298826
      301823 305823 308825 312824 317816 319808 322788
 0.25 304085 304083 301081 298080 294080 290079 287079 283079
      280080 283082 284083 288084 292085 295085 299086 303086
      304085
 0.25 301914 300904 298897 294889 289885 284892 282899 283907
      285914 290931 290940 288945 284953 281960 281964 282967
      286967 288964 296953 298950 299944 299935 299924 300916
      301914
 0.25 278092 278090 277086 277084 274081 272081 270081 268083
      265084 267087 269088 271089 273092 275094 278094 278092
 0.25 252002 251998 249996 248994 246992 244991 240990 237991
      236993 236997 238999 240001 242002 245004 247004 249004
      252002
 0.50 507177 507174 507172 507170 507169 506167 504167 503166
      501167 500167 499168 498169 497170 497172 496174 497176
      497177 498178 500179 501179 503179 505179 507177 507177
 0.50 497229 497227 497226 497223 496222 495220 493219 492219
      491219 491220 492222 493223 494225 494226 495228 496228
      497231 497229
 0.50 489219 488217 487216 485216 483216 483217 481218 481219
      483220 484221 486221 488221 488220 489219
 0.50 479238 479236 478234 476235 475237 475238 477239 478239
      479238
 0.50 467155 469152 468150 467150 466150 464151 463151 462152
      461153 460155 460157 461157 463157 465157 467155 467155
 0.50 453879 453873 451868 448863 445852 441846 440842 438838
      434833 428827 427830 427836 429846 432854 431860 427862
      422865 417872 415879 416885 419886 423891 427890 430887
      432881 435877 439876 445880 449887 451886 452882 453879
 0.50 380078 381076 381074 380072 380070 379069 378068 376067
      376066 375066 373066 372066 372068 373069 373071 373073
      373075 373077 374080 375082 377082 379080 380078
 0.50 339095 338093 337092 336093 336094 337095 338096 339095
 0.50 319791 318785 316782 311784 309786 303788 300790 295796
      292800 292803 298804 301806 302809 299812 299816 302817
      305814 310814 314810 315807 317797 319791
 0.50 318103 318101 318099 316100 314100 314101 313103 312104
      312105 314105 315104 317103 318103
 0.50 295912 296908 295903 294901 293897 292895 291893 288893
      286895 286900 286904 287908 288911 289914 291916 293917
      295914 295912
 0.50 278807 277805 274804 270805 267806 265808 264810 263813
      265815 268815 271814 273813 275811 278809 278807

24HR QP VT 05/00Z
 0.01 555966 555957 556952 555947 552936 551931 552925 548918
      544909 539904 534899 528904 502932 499935 494936 486939
      478945 474947 469951 462957 455963 449968 444974 440981
      436988 427992 424994 421997 418003 415007 409014 401020
      398023 396028 394032 393034 389034 380031 377030 371032
      366032 362033 353035 345039 332048 327052 326058 324063
      317067 314069 310068 306065 299064 287063 276064 266060
      250052 242047 237046 232047 228050 227056 226069 230075
      236080 242084 248086 251089 262100 269106 277111 286116
      294122 298124 304125 310126 314125 322122 326121 332122
      334126 336132 340133 344133 347130 348127 350124 353124
      356124 359121 362116 365115 368112 370108 374105 377105
      381103 384100 388098 393098 395100 406081 411070 417065
      425058 428055 430050 433045 439045 443045 448044 457045
      462046 464051 459059 457062 457067 456074 458079 461088
      462092 461096 455097 447091 441090 438093 437100 441102
      441106 437107 435112 436117 440123 439131 436135 430144
      428148 424150 414161 413167 414171 419170 432161 440163
      442162 443164 447163 448166 448169 446174 442176 440177
      437175 432168 429168 425171 415189 410199 404207 402209
      401215 404223 414237 421241 426242 430241 434233 443231
      452230 461228 469224 477222 479222 480225 477229 473230
      470233 466236 467238 474245 477246 479247 480250 482260
      486267 490276 495283 500286 503285 506282 507277 505265
      496248 491238 488234 484232 482228 485225 490225 496236
      505253 509262 511266 514269 516270 519267 522264 523258
      525253 526245 528230 529223 530219 532216 533210 536205
      537199 538190 537176 538156 535144 532132 531127 529125
      528121 525113 523107 523099
 0.01 523099 526086 529074 530069 532064 535053 536037 535032
      535024 535016 537008 542001 546993 549982 550975 552971
      555966
 0.01 493202 494196 493191 491183 492171 496166 496162 494158
      487154 481156 474158 468160 461161 458164 457169 461176
      461180 459182 453188 451191 451197 452201 454205 459210
      465210 471208 475208 478207 483203 486202 490202 493202
 0.01 472269 474262 472258 470253 465249 457246 452245 449246
      446245 430250 422253 418256 414257 401268 399272 397279
      398284 401289 405296 412299 416298 424296 431292 438287
      446283 461274 467272 472269
 0.01 454083 454081 453078 450075 448073 447070 445070 441069
      441072 443074 444077 446077 448080 449083 451085 452085
      454083
 0.01 450833 450826 448819 444814 438811 427810 417806 412805
      406806 400816 397829 395837 395846 395853 396859 400874
      402881 405886 408892 411897 419905 428912 432914 439915
      444916 450915 450906 448901 446895 444887 441871 440861
      440851 445841 450833
 0.01 432703 430698 425695 422694 422690 418688 413689 409693
      405698 404703 401711 399713 397710 395703 392701 389701
      387700 385703 383708 384717 386719 387724 382751 380757
      378759 374760 368759 366755 356752 347745 337736 329726
      325721 321717 317715 311714 306715 302719 299724 298726
      295728 289732 285736 278745 268768 265780 260789 255792
      250795 247798 245804 245810 246815 249821 251827 260837
      262844 265851 263867 261872 254872 248873 244875 243881
      243888 245896 245904 246923 246932 243936 239941 235945
      233951 232957 231971 231978 233983 232991 233997 235004
      238009 241014 248018 252020 257019 265019 270018 277017
      282014 284010 281006 277005 270004 265002 264994 259990
      256988 257986 263982 271982 277981 283979 286975 289970
      295966 300964 303962 304954 305942 307935 307927 306918
      307913 310912 313913 317914 319915 321913 324907 324901
      324883 327869 330864 334862 344858 349858 354860 360852
      363846 366840 369834 373828 381817 390809 397802 402791
      402777 407765 409759 409749 411742 414739 415736 421725
      432703
 0.25 547949 547938 546933 544931 538930 533934 527938 522941
      507943 501946 497950 486959 477967 468979 464984 461991
      459000 458005 459008 470014 473023 476029 481044 483048
      486050 490047 498036 506024 514013 524002 531992 536985
      540979 542973 545966 547957 547949
 0.25 533173 534168 533162 531153 529143 528138 524134 517132
      511128 506126 502126 500121 500113 502100 503090 503083
      502078 500074 495072 492074 490075 490073 491063 488062
      485065 484070 482077 483084 481090 477095 464104 459111
      455117 445133 441140 439149 439152 442152 446153 450153
      453151 465143 473139 479136 485133 492131 497131 499136
      501146 520173 523178 527180 531177 533173
 0.25 435840 436834 435829 433825 430823 424822 417824 410827
      406834 404842 404852 405861 407871 411878 416884 425893
      432897 434893 434890 429871 428860 429854 430850 434845
      435840
 0.25 387801 386797 381798 378799 372799 367804 362811 355816
      353819 353826 358827 361824 367818 372810 374806 378805
      381806 385804 387801
 0.25 387079 388071 387067 378064 372063 368065 364066 361062
      356062 353066 347070 342072 338074 330079 321082 315087
      311088 309084 308078 303075 299073 294072 285073 275071
      265066 248058 242057 236057 234060 234067 237070 242072
      246073 249075 255083 257086 262088 266088 271089 280092
      290094 295092 300092 305098 307109 329115 338119 343118
      346116 348111 349104 347092 360082 365079 369079 377084
      381084 384083 387079
 0.25 317759 316750 315741 312734 310732 306733 298740 294747
      291753 282760 277774 275779 274786 275793 272798 269800
      266801 258801 254803 252806 257813 276827 282838 288842
      291847 295851 300849 302842 300834 304822 304816 302811
      304808 308803 311798 312790 314782 316770 317759
 0.25 294945 293935 290922 289912 289905 291899 294876 292870
      288869 284868 280871 269886 265894 264899 263905 263917
      261929 255947 252956 251960 252963 257962 274954 283952
      292948 294945
 0.50 543955 543947 541941 537941 534944 527949 517951 499957
      493962 486969 480975 478981 477987 477994 478999 481012
      483015 488016 498015 506011 513006 520000 526991 536975
      540965 543955
 0.50 529172 530168 529163 528156 526148 523144 517141 510141
      508146 509151 513158 517161 521165 523172 527175 529172
 0.50 488114 489107 485104 478108 471112 468115 466119 459126
      455132 454136 454139 457140 461139 465137 471132 478127
      484121 488114
 0.50 429840 428835 426832 419831 415832 412835 409843 411854
      413863 416872 420877 423878 424872 422862 421857 422853
      426846 429840
 0.50 343111 343105 341100 340097 336094 333096 329098 326100
      324104 326107 330109 333112 338114 342113 343111
 0.50 309756 309749 304747 300749 297754 294758 291761 287770
      281778 281784 283790 285794 288799 293801 296800 301798
      304795 308784 311773 309758 309756
 0.50 291820 291818 290817 288816 287818 288820 290820 291820
 0.50 269937 269935 268935 266937 266939 268939 269937
 0.50 263809 262807 261806 259805 258804 256805 256807 256808
      257809 258811 259811 260811 262811 263809
 1.00 530971 530967 528965 523965 514966 510965 505966 497965
      491973 487977 486980 487985 489989 494991 499991 505992
      508996 513997 520990 525981 530971
 1.50 500977 500975 499974 497974 497975 495976 495977 494980
      495981 497980 498980 499979 500977

24HR QP VT 06/00Z
 0.01 556886 556873 554865 550850 547840 546833 546826 547808
      540794 535783 531776 529772 526772 513780 509781 507784
      506792 504806 503811 502816 500825 498835 496842 492859
      491864 490867 488871 480888 477895 473900 463910 455918
      452923 448930 443937 440944 435949 431953 421958 416964
      411969 405974 401979 398984 394991 389002 381014 373028
      366039 356042 352043 348043 341040 337038 334039 328042
      321054 315062 312066 310066 306067 303065 295062 288063
      281063 274062 264057 252048 242040 235033 233031 230031
      227035 225056 224065 225071 228076 231079 239083 244085
      247089 254096 263104 267107 273110 285112 303123 308124
      314123 317121 320118 323116 327116 331117 334119 336119
      338115 341111 353091 358088 363086 370088 374090 378092
      379097 385091 395087 401074 406067 405064 405061 407058
      406056 405053 402051 401048 401044 405037 409036 413035
      416031 420022 427011 430009 433008 434011 436017 434025
      429041 431047 434050 443047 447050 449055 453064 452068
      450070 448072 446070 443070 441072 444075 445078 444080
      442083 438083 435083 433085 428089 426094 429099 430102
      428103 425105 423103 410091 398108 394112 390114 393119
      399118 407119 410120 413122 421128 425129 427126 434119
      437126 436130 434135 429149 424160 420166 417173 416175
      414180 414184 415186 414191 411194 399206 400212 403217
      410220 414224 419226 425225 437224 443225 448222 455214
      456204 462198 481182 497172 502167 506164 515166 519170
      521167 525158 526153 527150 528139 528130 530123 534109
      538089 537078 535073 535064
 0.01 535064 537059 535058 533045 531040 529039 523038 519030
      514024 509019 507017 508014 511014 515012 517009 523002
      527997 533991 544979 549960 552950 552943 551938 553914
      554906 555903 556887 556886
 0.01 449889 449884 448883 445877 438868 434864 428862 419858
      414856 410856 408859 406859 405863 405871 405878 409884
      418889 425889 430891 437892 443894 446894 449889
 0.01 441854 441846 439844 439839 434830 429821 425819 420817
      414818 409821 406824 404829 405836 407843 413850 422855
      426857 431857 436857 439856 441854 441854
 0.01 275720 272727 271733 268738 267743 266767 263784 258785
      254788 245809 244816 245822 253829 260836 265843 268851
      269862 267878 261886 256898 253903 251909 249915 249922
      247933 245938 242941 235951 232955 231964 232970 235976
      239980 234983 232991 232999 234004 237008 245012 252013
      256011 261009 266006 273005 275003 274000 262994 258990
      254986 250981 247980 248978 256970 263966 266964 269965
      272968 272972 273980 279981 283981 284977 292970 298956
      302950 308949 313945 314941 313935 314929 317925 323924
      327927 332928 332924 330922 326915 321904 317900 313892
      317878 323869 329862 336861 342861 349858 355853 363843
      366839 371835 374832 376826 378817 381812 388803 394795
      398786 401781 400775 398772 396770 394770 387774 381774
      370781 365784 363785 360783 356780 355774 360765 368760
      370754 369745 360735 359733 355733 349733 348736 345737
      339733 336735 335739 335742 333756 330760 326762 316768
      313766 312764 308758 307754 305751 303743 300738 299734
      297731 296728 293726 288724 276718
 0.25 543887 544877 543868 542852 540850 537851 531857 526859
      522862 516871 503888 497895 491903 484919 479930 470936
      454946 446952 443956 441961 440966 440971 441976 440981
      443986 449987 454989 456995 450022 451029 454034 458043
      460052 461063 461081 461090 458094 455096 454103 454117
      453125 450129 445138 442142 441146 440153 441157 445167
      444176 441181 433185 427194 424200 421203 418207 420211
      426213 434212 439210 443206 449198 456192 463186 476169
      486159 490155 494154 500155 504153 508151 511147 514141
      515132 514116 516100 520077 521066 520059 517053 514049
      503031 496026 487022 483020 481017 480012 480007 480999
      480995 482991 485994 487999 490003 494002 502995 512991
      519987 524983 530977 536967 539961 541954 543941 543922
      543912 543904 542899 543893 543887
 0.25 387077 388073 387070 382065 377063 370061 366061 360065
      360069 365074 369077 374080 377082 381081 385078 387077
 0.25 366807 365802 360801 352804 342807 335811 328816 323820
      320821 315819 306817 302810 297805 285794 279777 276780
      275785 271793 269796 265798 258801 254803 253808 255814
      257817 263821 269825 272827 274831 279838 284845 286853
      289862 292867 295870 299871 304870 309865 312862 313858
      313850 316846 319844 328844 332843 338845 345847 352843
      356837 359828 362818 364813 366807
 0.25 358750 358745 357743 353743 350743 348745 347749 346752
      347756 348759 350761 352760 355757 357755 358752 358750
 0.25 355075 356071 353070 347071 340071 335073 332077 329083
      326089 327092 331093 338094 342090 345085 349081 353077
      355075
 0.25 301796 301795 299794 299793 297792 295791 293792 293793
      293795 293797 294798 294799 296799 297799 299799 301798
      301797 301796
 0.25 260076 257069 253064 249058 243054 236051 232053 231057
      231061 233065 237069 243074 248077 252078 256077 260076
 0.50 537891 537880 534874 530873 524878 517888 513896 513900
      512903 508911 505916 497927 490937 484942 479945 472947
      467947 460952 455957 472974 478977 483978 487983 491990
      494992 498991 502989 513982 519978 522975 531963 534957
      536951 537939 537925 536907 537891
 0.50 508099 509080 510067 507060 494035 482031 477030 474031
      469035 466042 465048 465058 466068 471081 474088 479094
      482099 484106 483111 481115 475118 470120 466123 461129
      457135 454141 452147 452150 455154 462151 467149 471146
      476144 485144 497144 503142 504138 505132 505124 506115
      508099
 0.50 472009 473006 472004 472001 472000 470999 468000 468001
      467004 466006 465008 465011 466013 466014 468014 469014
      470013 471011 472009
 0.50 376071 375069 375068 374069 374070 376071 376071
 0.50 306859 306852 305846 303844 300840 297838 293836 291836
      291839 292843 294848 296853 298857 300861 306859 306859
 0.50 276820 274816 271812 269809 265806 261806 258808 258812
      260816 264818 267820 271822 275822 276820
 1.00 529947 530941 529937 528926 529916 529910 528904 525905
      520910 513920 507931 506937 505947 499957 497966 503970
      508970 514968 518965 522960 528949 529947
 1.00 488068 489060 487055 485051 482049 477049 474051 472056
      473062 475066 477069 482072 486070 488068

$$




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