Drought Information Statement
Issued by NWS Corpus Christi, TX

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
000
AXUS74 KCRP 241158
DGTCRP
TXZ229>234-239>247-081200-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CORPUS CHRISTI TX
658 AM CDT THU APR 24 2014

...CONTINUED BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL RESULTS IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS
WORSENING OVER EASTERN PORTIONS OF SOUTH TEXAS WITH ABNORMALLY
DRY CONDITIONS SPREADING WESTWARD...

...SEVERE DROUGHT CONDITIONS RETURN TO PORTIONS OF THE VICTORIA
CROSSROADS AREA...

...SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK STILL FORECASTS DROUGHT REMOVAL
LIKELY OVER COASTAL AREAS OF SOUTH TEXAS BUT PERSISTING OVER THE
VICTORIA CROSSROADS AREA...


.SYNOPSIS...
APRIL IS NORMALLY ONE OF THE WETTER MONTHS OVER SOUTH TEXAS...AS
UPPER DISTURBANCES AND COLD FRONTS STILL FREQUENT THE REGION. ALSO
IN APRIL...THUNDERSTORMS FREQUENTLY DEVELOP IN THE EVENING OVER
THE MOUNTAINS OF MEXICO...THEN MOVE EAST ACROSS THE RIO GRANDE
INTO WESTERN PORTIONS OF SOUTH TEXAS...PROVIDING THE AREA WITH
BENEFICIAL (AND SOMETIMES HEAVY) RAINFALL. SO FAR HOWEVER...APRIL
HAS BEEN VERY DRY OVER SOUTH TEXAS. EXCEPT FOR A FEW LOCATIONS
OVER THE BRUSH COUNTRY AND WESTERN COASTAL BEND...NEARLY 90
PERCENT OF THE HSA HAS RECEIVED BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL SO FAR IN
APRIL. DURING THE LAST TWO WEEKS...MOST OF THE WESTERN AND
SOUTHEASTERN PORTIONS OF THE HSA HAS RECEIVED LESS THAN 25 PERCENT
OF THEIR NORMAL RAINFALL...WITH MOST OF THE REMAINDER OF SOUTH
TEXAS RECEIVING BETWEEN 25 AND 75 PERCENT OF THEIR NORMAL
RAINFALL.

WITH CONTINUED BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL OBSERVED OVER SOUTH TEXAS
DURING THE PAST FEW WEEKS...DROUGHT CONDITIONS BEGAN TO WORSEN
OVER EASTERN PORTIONS OF SOUTH TEXAS...ESPECIALLY AROUND THE
VICTORIA AREA WHERE RAINFALL THIS YEAR HAS BEEN RUNNING LESS THAN
50 PERCENT OF NORMAL. ALSO...WITH CONTINUED LACK OF RAINFALL OVER
WESTERN PORTIONS OF THE HSA...ABNORMALLY DRY CONDITIONS BEGAN TO
DEVELOP FARTHER WEST.

THE LATEST DROUGHT MONITOR PRODUCT...VALID AS OF 7 AM EDT APRIL 21
2014...SHOWS THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS OVER SOUTH TEXAS (SEE THE
DROUGHT MONITOR PRODUCT...LINK PROVIDED AT THE END OF THE
STATEMENT...FOR A GRAPHICAL VIEW PROVIDING MORE DETAIL).

SEVERE DROUGHT (D2) CONDITIONS HAVE RETURNED TO THE NORTHERN HALF
OF GOLIAD COUNTY...AND THE NORTHERN THIRD OF VICTORIA COUNTY.
COMMUNITIES INCLUDED IN THE D2 AREA ARE GOLIAD...WEESATCHE...
ANDER...MISSION VALLEY...NURSERY...AND SALEM. THE CITY OF VICTORIA
IS JUST NORTH OF THE D2 AREA.


MODERATE DROUGHT (D1) CONDITIONS ENCOMPASS PORTIONS OF THE
FOLLWOWING COUNTIES...
VICTORIA COUNTY: THE REMAINDER OF THE COUNTY OUTSIDE THE D2 AREA.
INCLUDES THE CITY OF VICTORIA AND COMMUNITY OF INEZ.

GOLIAD COUNTY: THE REMAINDER OF THE COUNTY OUTSIDE THE D2 AREA.
THIS INCLUDES THE COMMUNITY OF FANNING.

ALL OF BEE...CALHOUN...REFUGIO...ARANSAS...AND SAN PATRICIO
COUNTIES (AND ALL CITIES AND COMMUNITIES IN THESE COUNTIES).

NUECES COUNTY: ALL BUT THE SOUTHWESTERN THIRD OF THE COUNTY.
INCLUDES THE CITY OF CORPUS CHRISTI....THE THE COMMUNITIES OF
ROBSTOWN...PETRONILA AND BANQUETTE.

KLEBERG COUNTY: EXTREME NORTHEASTERN PORTIONS...INCLUDING THE
NORTHERN PORTIONS OF THE BARRIER ISLANDS IN KLEBERG COUNTY.

JIM WELLS COUNTY: EXTREME NORTHEASTERN PORTIONS. INCLUDES THE
COMMUNITIES OF ORANGE GROVE AND SANDIA.

LIVE OAK COUNTY: EXTREME EASTERN AND NORTHERN PORTIONS. INCLUDES
THE COMMUNITIES OF ARGENTA...KARON...NELL AND TYNAN.

LA SALLE COUNTY: EXTREME NORTHWESTERN PORTIONS OF THE COUNTY...
CONTAINING  NO NOTABLE COMMUNITIES.


ABNORMALLY DRY (D0) CONDITIONS EXIST OVER PORTIONS OF THE
FOLLOWING COUNTIES (OUTSIDE THE D1 AREAS)...

LIVE OAK COUNTY: THE REMAINDER OF THE COUNTY. INCLUDES THE
COMMUNITIES OF GEORGE WEST...AND THREE RIVERS.

DUVAL COUNTY: A VERY SMALL PORTION OF NORTHEASTERN PORTION OF
COUNTY WITH NO NOTABLE COMMUNITIES.

JIM WELLS COUNTY: NORTHEASTERN PORTIONS OF THE COUNTY (OUTSIDE D1
AREA). INCLUDES THE COMMUNITIES OF MIDWAY AND DILWORTH.

NUECES COUNTY: ESSENTAILLY THE REMAINDER OF THE COUNTY (A SMALL
SLIVER OF THE SOUTHWEST IS DROUGHT-FREE). INCLUDES THE COMMUNITIES
OF DRISCOLL AND AGUA DULCE...WITH BISHOP BORDERING THE D0 AREA.

KLEBERG COUNTY: EASTERN HALF OF THE COUNTY. INCLUDES PADRE ISLAND
AND SOUTH BIRD ISLAND (BUT NOT KINGSVILLE OR RIVIERA/RIVIERA
BEACH).

MCMULLEN COUNTY: ALL BUT THE EXTREME SOUTHWESTERN QUARTER OF THE
COUNTY. INCLUDES THE COMMUNITIES OF TILDEN AND CALLIHAM.

LA SALLE COUNTY: MUCH OF THE NORTHERN HALF OF THE COUNTY. INCLUDES
THE COMMUNITIES OF COTULLA AND FOWLERTON.

WEBB COUNTY: NORTHWESTERN PORTIONS OF THE COUNTY NORTH AND WEST OF
LAREDO. INCLUDES THE COMMUNITIES OF LAS TIENDAS AND RACHAL...AND
THE LA ESPERANZA RANCH AIRPORT.


THE REMAINDER OF SOUTH TEXAS NOT MENTIONED ABOVE HAS NO DROUGHT
STATUS...AND IS CONSIDERED DROUGHT-FREE. THIS INCLUDES THE
REMAINDER OF WEBB...LA SALLE...MCMULLEN...DUVAL..JIM WELLS...AND
KLEBERG COUNTIES. THE CITIES OF LAREDO...ENCINAL...ARTESIA
WELLS...FREER...BENAVIDES...ALICE...SAN DIEGO...KINGSVILLE AND
RIVIERA ARE CONSIDERED DROUGHT-FREE.


SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

STATE AND LOCAL ACTIONS.
AS OF APRIL 23...THERE HAS BEEN NO CHANGE IN BURN BANS DURING THE
PAST TWO WEEKS...ACCORDING TO THE TEXAS FOREST SERVICE.
THUS...ONLY BEE COUNTY HAS A BURN BAN IN EFFECT...WITH NO OTHER
SOUTH TEXAS COUNTIES UNDER BURN BANS. NEVERTHELESS...RESIDENTS
PLANNING ON BURNING SHOULD CONTACT COUNTY OFFICIALS TO ENSURE THAT
BURNING IS ALLOWED...AND ALSO TO SEE IF ANY RESTRICTIONS ON HOW
AND WHEN TO BURN ARE IN EFFECT. IF BURNING IS ALLOWED...BE SURE IT
IS NOT DONE DURING WINDY DAYS WITH LOW HUMIDITY...AS THIS COULD
RESULT IN A FIRE WHICH COULD EASILY GET OUT OF CONTROL.

ALSO...THERE HAVE BEEN NO CHANGE IN WATER RESTRICTIONS FOR CORPUS
CHRISTI...VICTORIA AND LAREDO.

ACCORDING TO THE CITY OF CORPUS CHRISTI WATER PAGE...THE CITY
REMAINS IN STAGE 1 OF THE DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLAN...AND WILL
REMAIN SO UNTIL THE COMBINED RESERVOIR CAPACITY FOR CHOKE CANYON
AND LAKE CORPUS CHRISTI STAYS ABOVE 40 PERCENT. UNDER STAGE
1...RESIDENTS ARE ASKED TO VOLUNTARILY CONSERVE WATER WHENEVER
POSSIBLE. FOR THE CITY OF CORPUS CHRISTI...WATERING IS NO LONGER
LIMITED TO ONCE A WEEK. HOWEVER RESIDENTS SHOULD CONTINUE TO LIMIT
THE USE OF WATER OUTSIDE DURING THE HOURS OF 10 AM AND 6 PM. THE
CITIES OF PORTLAND AND INGLESIDE ARE ALSO IN STAGE 1 RESTRICTIONS.

GENERAL USES AND RESTRICTIONS UNDER STAGE 1:

* WATER IS NO LONGER LIMITED TO ONCE A WEEK
* NO WATERING OR OUTSIDE WASHING DURING THE HOURS OF 10 AM AND 6
  PM.

ADDITIONAL MINOR DIFFERENCES ARE OBSERVED AT PORTLAND AND INGLESIDE.
FOR MORE INFORMATION FOR THESE LOCATIONS...PLEASE VISIT:

HTTP://PORTLANDTX.COM
HTTP://INGLESIDETX.GOV

THE CITY OF VICTORIA STILL ENCOURAGES RESIDENTS TO CONSERVE WATER
VOLUNTARILY.

THE CITY OF LAREDO REMAINS UNDER VOLUNTARY RESTRICTIONS. RESIDENTS
ARE STILL ALLOWED TO WATER THEIR LANDSCAPES AT ANY TIME...BUT ARE
ASKED TO VOLUNTARILY CONSERVE WATER.

WITH THE WARM WEATHER...WATER USAGE IS STARTING TO INCREASE.
THUS...RESIDENTS ARE STRONGLY ENCOURAGED TO LIMIT THEIR WATERING.
WATER CONSERVED NOW CAN BE USED FOR THE SUMMER MONTHS...WHEN
LAWNS NEED MORE WATER THAN THEY DO NOW. IF WATER IS WASTED NOW...
WATER MAY NOT BE AVAILABLE IN THE SUMMER MONTHS...DUE TO MORE
STRINGENT WATER RESTRICTIONS.

RESIDENTS ARE ENCOURAGED TO ONLY WATER THEIR LANDSCAPES ONCE A
WEEK OR EVERY OTHER WEEK IN ORDER TO MAINTAIN SOIL MOISTURE.
ALSO...WHEN ADEQUATE RAINFALL IS RECENTLY RECEIVED...WATERING
SHOULD BE OMITTED FOR SEVERAL DAYS UNTIL WATERING BECOMES
NECESSARY. RESIDENTS WITH SPRINKLER SYSTEMS SHOULD MONITOR THEIR
WATERING TO ENSURE THEIR SPRINKLER SYSTEM IS WATERING THE LAWN
AND NOT THE SIDEWALK OR STREET. WHEN WATERING YOUR LANDSCAPES...DO
NOT ALLOW WATER TO RUNOFF INTO SIDEWALKS AND STREETS...AND USE A
SPRINKLER WHICH MAKES LARGER WATER DROPLETS.

RESIDENTS SHOULD REMAIN INFORMED ON ANY WATER RESTRICTIONS WHICH
MAY BE IMPOSED FOR THEIR LOCATION...AS ANY VIOLATIONS CAN RESULT
IN SIGNIFICANT FINES. MORE INFORMATION ON HOW TO CONSERVE WATER
(AND DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLANS) IS FOUND ON THE CITY WEBSITES
LISTED AT THE END OF THIS STATEMENT.

ADDITIONAL LOCATIONS WITHIN THE HSA HAVE MAINTAINED EITHER
MANDATORY OR VOLUNTARY RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR LOCAL PUBLIC WATER
SYSTEMS (PWS). ACCORDING TO THE TEXAS COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL
QUALITY (TCEQ)...HERE IS A LIST OF LOCATIONS WITHIN THE HSA (AS OF
APRIL 16 2014) WHICH HAVE WATER RESTRICTIONS:

REMOVED RESTRICTIONS: NONE REMOVED

NEW/AMENDED RESTRICTIONS: CORPUS CHRISTI NAS (STAGE 1)

PREVIOUS RESTRICTIONS:
ARANSAS COUNTY: CITY OF ROCKPORT (STAGE 1)...COPANO HEIGHTS WATER
(STAGE 1)

BEE COUNTY: BLUEBERRY HILLS WATERWORKS (STAGE 1)...CITY OF
BEEVILLE (VOLUNTARY)

CALHOUN COUNTY: THE CITY OF POINT COMFORT (STAGE 1)

DUVAL COUNTY: FREER WCID (VOLUNTARY)

JIM WELLS COUNTY: CITY OF ALICE (STAGE 1)...ENGLISH ACRES (STAGE
3)...PAISANO MOBILE HOME PARK (STAGE 3).

KLEBERG COUNTY: CITY OF KINGSVILLE (VOLUNTARY)...TEXAS A & M
UNIVERSITY KINGSVILLE (VOLUNTARY)...RICARDO WSC (STAGE 1)...KING
RANCH SANTA GERTRUDIS (VOLUNTARY)...EAST RIVIERA WSC (VOLUNTARY)

LIVE OAK: BUCKEYE KNOLL (STAGE 1)...OLD MARBACH SCHOOL WSC
(VOLUNTARY)

NUECES COUNTY: CITY OF BISHOP (STAGE 1)...NUECES COUNTY WCID 3
(STAGE 1)...NUECES COUNTY WCID 4 (STAGE 1)...NUECES WSC (STAGE
1).

SAN PATRICIO COUNTY: CITY OF GREGORY (STAGE 2)...CITY OF MATHIS
(STAGE 1)...CITY OF ODEM (STAGE 1)...CITY OF TAFT (STAGE 1)...SAN
PATRICIO MWD (VOLUNTARY)

VICTORIA COUNTY: VICTORIA COUNTY WCID 1 (STAGE 1)

WEBB COUNTY: MIRANDO CITY WSC (VOLUNTARY)...BRUNI RURAL WSC
(VOLUNTARY)


AGRICULTURAL AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITIONS.
BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL DURING THE PAST FEW WEEKS HAS RESULTED IN
DECREASING SOIL MOISTURE OVER MOST OF THE HSA. THE LATEST SOIL
MOISTURE ANOMALY MAP FROM THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (VALID
ON APRIL 22) SHOWED SLIGHTLY BELOW TO BELOW NORMAL SOIL
CONDITIONS OVER THE HSA. ANOMALIES RANGED FROM -20 MM TO -40 MM
OVER THE EXTREME SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF THE HSA...WITH INCREASING
SOIL MOISTURE DEFICITS FARTHER NORTH AND EAST. THE GREATEST
ANOMALIES EXIST OVER THE VICTORIA AREA...WITH ANOMALIES BETWEEN -80
MM AND -100 MM. SOIL MOISTURE RANKING PERCENTILES CONTINUE TO
DECREASE...WITH 30 TO 70 PERCENT OVER THE SOUTHERN HSA AND 20 TO
30 PERCENT OVER THE NORTHERN HSA. CROP MOISTURE INDICES ARE ALSO
STARTING TO DECREASE...WITH ABNORMALLY DRY CONDITIONS (-1.0 TO
-1.9) OVER THE WESTERN AREAS...BUT STILL SLIGHTLY DRY/FAVORABLY
MOIST (+0.9 AND -0.9) OVER THE REMAINDER OF THE HSA.

IN A RECENT ARTICLE FROM THE LINCOLN JOURNAL STAR
(HTTP://JOURNALSTAR.COM)...THE AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014 ALLOWS
LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS WHO SUFFERED LOSSES DATING BACK TO OCTOBER
2011 TO APPLY FOR ASSISTANCE. THE LIVESTOCK FORAGE PROGRAM CAN
HELP THOSE WHOSE GRAZING LAND SUFFERED FROM DROUGHT IN 2012. A
LIVESTOCK INDEMNITY PROGRAM COULD ASSIST PRODUCERS WHO LOST
LIVESTOCK DUE TO ADVERSE WEATHER. OFFICIALS WITH THE U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SAID THAT AS MUCH AS $2 BILLION TO $3
BILLION MAY BE PAID FOR PAST DISASTERS. APPLICATIONS MUST BE
RECEIVED BY JAN. 31 2015.

IN A RECENT ARTICLE FROM THE FORT WORTH STAR-TELEGRAM
(HTTP://WWW.STAR-TELEGRAM.COM ) AND DISCUSSED IN THE DROUGHT
IMPACT REPORTER...ROUGHLY 25 PERCENT OF TEXAS WATER SYSTEMS HAVE
VOLUNTARY OR MANDATORY WATER RESTRICTIONS IN EFFECT. IN TEXAS...
1143 OF THE STATE`S 4642 WATER SUPPLIERS HAD IMPOSED VOLUNTARY OR
MANDATORY WATER RESTRICTIONS AS OF APRIL 10 TO EXTEND WATER
SUPPLIES AS THE STATE ENDURES YEARS OF DROUGHT. AN ESTIMATED 31
PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS HAVE FEWER THAN 90 DAYS` WORTH OF WATER
LEFT...WHILE SEVEN SYSTEMS MAY HAVE LESS THAN 45 DAYS` WORTH OF
WATER REMAINING.

THE TEXAS CROP AND WEATHER REPORTS FOR APRIL 15 AND APRIL 22
CONTAINED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION:

FOR THE COASTAL BEND DISTRICT:

* DRY AND WINDY CONDITIONS WERE REPORTED THROUGHOUT THE DISTRICT.
  WINDS HAMPERED HERBICIDE SPRAYING AND DRIED OUT TOPSOILS.

* CORN...SORGHUM AND COTTON EMERGED AND MADE GOOD PROGRESS...BUT
  THEN PROGRESSED SLOWLY BEING HELD BACK BY WIND...COOL
  TEMPERATURES AND LACK OF MOISTURE. COTTON WAS IN THE COTYLEDON
  STAGE...WHERE EMBRYONIC FIRST LEAVES WERE EMERGING...WHILE MOST
  GRAIN SORGHUM PLANTS WERE 2 TO 4 INCHES TALL.

* PRODUCERS WERE RUNNING ROTARY HOES TO STOP SOIL FROM BLOWING.

* MOST CORN AND GRAIN SORGHUM FIELDS HAD EXCELLENT STANDS AND WERE
  LOOKING GOOD.

* PECAN PRODUCERS WERE MONITORING FOR PECAN NUT CASE BEARERS. SOME
  RYEGRASS WAS BALED FOR HAY.

* LIVESTOCK WERE STILL FINDING GRASS AND FORBS TO GRAZE...BUT
  PLANTS WERE SHOWING SIGNS OF WILTING DUE TO NO RAIN AND HIGH
  WINDS.

* RICE WAS DOING WELL ON THE LIMITED NUMBER OF ACRES PLANTED. DUE
  TO THE DROUGHT AND LACK OF WATER...RICE FARMERS IN THE LOWER
  THREE COUNTIES OF THE REGION ON THE COLORADO RIVER WILL NOT
  RECEIVE AN IRRIGATION WATER ALLOTMENT FOR A THIRD CONSECUTIVE
  YEAR.


FOR THE WESTERN AREAS (CONSIDERED PART OF THE SOUTH DISTRICT):

* IN THE NORTHERN PART OF THE REGION...STRONG WINDS DRIED UP ANY
  MOISTURE RECEIVED EARLIER. SOIL MOISTURE CONTINUED TO BE SHORT
  TO VERY SHORT IN MANY OF THE NORTHERN COUNTIES.

* ALSO IN THE NORTHERN PORTION OF THE REGION...WHEAT WAS IN THE
  FLOWERING STAGE AND BEGINNING TO TURN A GOLDEN COLOR AS HARVEST
  APPROACHED. RANGELAND AND PASTURES WERE MOSTLY IN FAIR
  CONDITION...BUT BEGAN TO DECLINE DUE TO THE LACK OF RAIN.
  LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS CONTINUED SUPPLEMENTAL FEEDING AT A STEADY
  PACE...AS DID HERD CULLING AND SHIPPING OF FALL CALVES. CATTLE
  BODY CONDITION SCORES DECLINED SOMEWHAT BUT REMAINED FAIR.

* ALSO IN THE NORTHERN PART OF THE REGION...COTTON PLANTING AND
  FIELD PREPARATIONS INCREASED. POTATOES HAD FINISHED
  FLOWERING...AND IRRIGATORS WERE WATERING CORN...WHEAT AND OATS.
  ALL WINTER WHEAT HAD HEADED OUT...AND MOST CORN HAD EMERGED...
  WHILE NEARLY ALL SORGHUM WAS PLANTED.

* IN THE EASTERN PART OF THE REGION...WINTER WHEAT WAS PROGRESSING
  WELL WITH ALL OF THE CROP HEADED IN SOME COUNTIES. ALL CORN
  WAS PLANTED AND EMERGED. ALSO...GRAIN SORGHUM AND SUNFLOWERS
  WERE ALL PLANTED.

* IN KLEBERG AND KENEDY COUNTIES...SOIL MOISTURE RANGED FROM 100
  PERCENT ADEQUATE TO 60 PERCENT SHORT. RANGE AND PASTURES WERE IN
  FAIR TO POOR CONDITION. TWENTY PERCENT OF COTTON AND 90 PERCENT
  OF SORGHUM WAS PLANTED IN KLEBERG AND KENEDY COUNTIES.

* ALSO IN THE EASTERN PART OF THE REGION...A STRONG THUNDERSTORM
  BROUGHT 1 INCH TO 2 INCHES OF RAIN TO JIM WELLS COUNTY...ALONG
  WITH HAIL THAT DAMAGED 2,000 ACRES OF ROW CROPS. GOLF-BALL SIZE
  HAIL COMPLETELY WIPED OUT THE CORN CROP.

* IN THE WESTERN COUNTIES...TEMPERATURES WERE IN THE 50S AT NIGHT AND
  MID-90S DURING THE DAY...WHICH WERE VERY FAVORABLE TEMPERATURES
  FOR RANGELAND AND PASTURE FORAGE GROWTH AND CROPS. WIDELY
  SCATTERED...LIGHT RAIN GREENED UP RANGELAND AND PASTURES.
  LIVESTOCK SUPPLEMENTAL FEED WAS LIGHT TO VERY LIGHT AS FORAGES
  IMPROVED.

* ALSO IN THE WESTERN PART OF THE REGION...PASTURES CONTINUED TO
  PROVIDE FAIR TO GOOD GRAZING FOR LIVESTOCK DESPITE THE COOLER
  WEATHER. PECANS UNDER IRRIGATION WERE DEVELOPING WELL...AND
  CORN...CABBAGE AND ONIONS WERE ALL IN GOOD CONDITION. WHEAT AND
  OATS WERE TURNING COLOR AS THEY NEARED MATURITY.

* ALSO IN THE WESTERN COUNTIES...OATS WERE STILL GREEN...AND
  RYEGRASS WAS DEVELOPING WELL. FARMERS WERE PLANTING FORAGE
  SORGHUM...SMALL GRAINS...ONIONS...WATERMELONS AND CANTALOUPES.
  DRY CONDITIONS THROUGHOUT THE WEEK ALLOWED FRESH-MARKET SPINACH
  TO BE HARVESTED AND SHIPPED.


FIRE DANGER HAZARDS.
ACCORDING TO THE 5 DAY AVERAGE FIRE DANGER MAP FROM THE TEXAS
INTER-AGENCY COORDINATION CENTER (TICC)...THERE IS A MODERATE FIRE
DANGER OVER ALL OF THE HSA (VALID ON APRIL 22). THE FIRE DANGER
HAS BEEN HIGH AT TIMES DUE TO GUSTY WINDS AND LACK OF RAINFALL
OVER THE PAST FEW WEEKS. FORTUNATELY...FUELS HAVE GREENED
UP...AND CRITICAL TO EXTREME FIRE WEATHER CONDITIONS HAVE BECOME A
BIT LESS LIKELY IN THE SHORT TERM. HOWEVER...IF THIS PROLONGED DRY
SPELL CONTINUES...THEN CRITICAL TO EXTREME FIRE WEATHER
CONDITIONS WILL BECOME MORE LIKELY...ESPECIALLY WHEN RELATIVE
HUMIDITY IS LOW AND BREEZY TO WINDY CONDITIONS EXIST.

SINCE MOST LOCATIONS SAW BELOW TO WELL BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL
DURING THE PAST FEW WEEKS...COUNTY AVERAGED KEETCH-BYRAM DROUGHT
INDICES (KBDI) HAVE INCREASED IN SEVERAL COUNTIES. IN FACT...NO
COUNTIES HAVE AVERAGED INDICES BELOW 300. AS OF APRIL 23...THE
FOLLOWING KBDI AVERAGES WERE OBSERVED:

 0 TO 200:  NONE.

200 TO 300: NONE.

300 TO 400: WEBB...DUVAL...JIM WELLS...KLEBERG...NUECES...AND SAN
            PATRICIO COUNTIES.

400 TO 500: LA SALLE...MCMULLEN...LIVE OAK...BEE...REFUGIO...
            ARANSAS AND CALHOUN COUNTIES.

500 TO 600: VICTORIA AND GOLIAD COUNTIES.

600 TO 700: NONE.

700 TO 800: NONE.

IF WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO HEAVY RAINFALL DOES NOT OCCUR OVER THE
NEXT FEW WEEKS...SOME COUNTY-AVERAGED KBDI VALUES COULD INCREASE
TO EVEN HIGHER VALUES.


RIVER AND HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS.
WITH THE CONTINUED LACK OF HEAVY RAINFALL OVER THE WATERSHEDS
WITHIN THE HSA...THERE CONTINUES TO BE LITTLE CHANGE IN STREAMFLOW
CONDITIONS OVER SOUTH TEXAS. ACCORDING TO THE TEXAS STREAM-FLOW
MAP ON APRIL 23 2014...NEARLY ALL RIVER AND CREEKS IN THE HSA ARE
RUNNING BELOW TO WELL BELOW NORMAL. THE ONLY EXCEPTIONS TO THIS
IS THE RIO GRANDE...DUE TO INCREASED RELEASES FROM LAKE AMISTAD
FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES. THESE ABOVE NORMAL FLOWS ON THE RIO
GRANDE ARE LIKELY TO CONTINUE THROUGH AT LEAST THE END OF THE
MONTH.

FOR MOST OF APRIL...FLOWS ON THE GUADALUPE RIVER AT VICTORIA
HAVE MAINLY BEEN BETWEEN 5.0 FEET (296 CFS) AND 5.5 FEET (4049
CFS). HOWEVER...SINCE APRIL 19...FLOWS ON THE RIVER HAVE
OCCASIONALLY FALLEN TO AROUND 4.6 FEET (219 CFS). AS LONG AS FLOWS
REMAIN ABOVE 150 CFS (ABOUT 4.2 FEET)...THE CITY OF VICTORIA CAN
CONTINUE TO OBTAIN ITS WATER FROM THE RIVER.

DUE TO THE LACK OF WIDESPREAD RAINFALL AND A CONTINUED WATER
USAGE...RESERVOIR LEVELS CONTINUE TO DECLINE. AS OF ARPIL 23
2014...THE LEVEL AT CHOKE CANYON DAM WAS AT 196.4 FEET (32.3
PERCENT CAPACITY)...WITH LAKE CORPUS CHRISTI AT 91.2 FEET (80.5
PERCENT CAPACITY). THE COMBINED SYSTEM CAPACITY FOR THE CORPUS
CHRISTI WATER SUPPLY WAS AT 45.3 PERCENT...WHICH IS 0.7 PERCENTAGE
POINTS LOWER THAN ON APRIL 10. LAKE TEXANA FELL 0.4 FEET TO 40.6
FEET (81.4 PERCENT CAPACITY). COLETO CREEK FELL 0.08 FEET...WITH
THE CURRENT LEVEL AT 94.10 FEET. CANYON DAM FELL 0.22 FEET SINCE
APRIL 10...WITH THE CURRENT LEVEL AT 900.20 FEET (82 PERCENT
CAPACITY). FINALLY...DUE TO INCREASED WATER RELEASES...LAKE
AMISTAD FELL 3.84 FEET SINCE APRIL 10...WITH THE CURRENT LEVEL AT
1077.80 FEET (40 PERCENT CAPACITY).


CLIMATE SUMMARY...
SO FAR...THE MONTH OF APRIL HAS BEEN EXCEPTIONALLY DRY OVER SOUTH
TEXAS. A FEW STRONG TO SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS WHICH MOVED ACROSS THE
HSA ON APRIL 5 PRODUCED HEAVY RAINFALL OVER SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF
WEBB AND DUVAL COUNTIES...AS WELL AS PORTIONS OF CENTRAL LA SALLE
COUNTY...SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF MCMULLEN AND LIVE OAK COUNTIES...
NORTHERN JIM WELLS COUNTY...AND NORTHWESTERN PORTIONS OF NUECES
AND SAN PATRICIO COUNTIES. HOWEVER...MOST OF THE EASTERN HALF OF
THE HSA SO FAR HAS SEEN BETWEEN 25 AND 50 PERCENT OF THEIR NORMAL
RAINFALL IN APRIL. MOST OF THE WESTERN PORTIONS OF THE HSA HAVE
FARED EVEN WORSE...WITH MANY AREAS SO FAR RECEIVING LESS THAN 25
PERCENT OF THEIR NORMAL.

THE FOLLOWING TABLE SHOWS THE TOTAL MONTHLY RAINFALL
AMOUNTS THROUGH APRIL 23...IN 2014...AND FOR THE 2014 WATER YEAR
WHICH BEGAN OCTOBER 1 2013. ALL VALUES ARE IN INCHES...RAINFALL
DEFICITS ARE SHOWN IN PARENTHESIS (A "+" INDICATES A SURPLUS):

                                                  2014 WATER YEAR
                     ARPIL 23          2014          10/1/2013 -
                                                     04/23/2014

CORPUS CHRISTI     0.45  (0.90)     3.01  (3.70)    7.71  (5.01)

VICTORIA           0.38  (1.68)     3.66  (5.77)    8.72 (10.27)

LAREDO AIRPORT     0.03  (0.96)     1.25  (2.63)    5.77  (1.50)

FOR THE THREE CLIMATE STATIONS...THE 2014 PERCENTAGE OF NORMAL
RAINFALL THROUGH APRIL 23 WAS: 44.9 PERCENT AT CORPUS CHRISTI...
38.8 PERCENT AT VICTORIA...AND 32.2 PERCENT AT LAREDO.

THE 2014 WATER YEAR PERCENTAGES THROUGH MARCH 26 2014 ARE: 60.6
PERCENT AT CORPUS CHRISTI...45.9 PERCENT AT VICTORIA...AND 79.4
PERCENT AT LAREDO.

SO FAR IN APRIL...TEMPERATURES HAVE BEEN BELOW NORMAL IN
VICTORIA...NEAR NORMAL IN CORPUS CHRISTI...AND SLIGHTLY ABOVE
NORMAL IN LAREDO. AS OF APRIL 23...TEMPERATURES WERE 0.8 DEGREES
BELOW NORMAL AT VICTORIA...0.3 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL AT LAREDO...
AND 0.1 DEGREES BELOW NORMAL AT CORPUS CHRISTI. IT APPEARS THAT
MOST OF THE REMAINDER OF APRIL WILL REMAIN ABOVE NORMAL...SO
AVERAGE TEMPERATURES COULD BE ABOVE NORMAL OVER MOST OF THE HSA BY
THE END OF THE MONTH.

ACCORDING TO THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER (CPC)...ENSO NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS CONTINUE OVER THE EQUATORIAL PACIFIC. DURING THE PAST
MONTH...EQUATORIAL SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURES (SST) WERE ABOVE
AVERAGE ACROSS MOST OF THE EQUATORIAL PACIFIC OCEAN. HOWEVER...SST
REMAINED BELOW AVERAGE NEAR THE COAST OF SOUTH AMERICA. RECENT
VALUES OF THE UPPER OCEAN HEAT ANOMALIES (POSITIVE) AND
THERMOCLINE SLOPE INDEX (POSITIVE) STILL REFLECT A PROGRESSION
TOWARD EL-NINO CONDITIONS. RECENTLY...THE POSITIVE TEMPERATURE
ANOMALIES HAVE DECREASED SLIGHTLY...BUT REMAIN VERY ELEVATED.

THE OCEANIC NINO INDEX (ONI) IS BASED ON SST DEPARTURES FROM
AVERAGES IN THE NINO 3.4 REGION...AND IS THE PRINCIPAL MEASURE
FOR MONITORING...ASSESSING AND PREDICTING ENSO. THE MOST RECENT
ONI VALUE (JANUARY 2014 - MARCH 2014) IS -0.7 DEGREES CELSIUS.
WHILE THIS IS MORE OF A LA-NINA VALUE...IT IS EXPECTED THAT THE
DOWN-WELLING PHASE OF THE KELVIN WAVE WILL REVERSE THE INDICES TO
POSITIVE VALUES. ALTHOUGH THESE ANOMALIES HAVE STOPPED
INCREASING...THE UPPER OCEAN HEAT ANOMALIES AND THERMOCLINE SLOPE
INDEX REMAIN ELEVATED. ALL MODELS STILL PREDICT POSITIVE ONI
VALUES BY THE JULY-AUGUST-SEPTEMBER TIME INTERVAL.

THE CHANCES FOR EL-NINO TO DEVELOP LATER THIS YEAR CONTINUE TO
LOOK VERY PROMISING. AN EL-NINO WATCH CONTINUES. CPC FORECASTS A
BETTER THAN 50 PERCENT CHANCE OF EL-NINO DEVELOPING BY THE SUMMER.
MOST MODELS PREDICT EL-NINO/SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO) NEUTRAL
CONDITIONS TO CONTINUE THROUGH THE SPRING. AFTER THAT...MODELS
EITHER PREDICT ENSO-NEUTRAL OR EL-NINO CONDTIONS DURING THE REST
OF 2014.

PROBABILISTIC ENSO OUTLOOKS CONTINUE TO INCREASE THE PROBABILITY
OF EL-NINO DEVELOPING BY THE END OF 2014. AS OF APRIL 10...THE
FORECAST DURING THE NOVEMBER-DECEMBER-JANUARY INTERVAL...THERE IS
ABOUT A 66 PERCENT PROBABILITY FOR EL-NINO CONDITIONS...A 30
PERCENT PROBABILITY FOR ENSO NEUTRAL CONDITIONS...AND ONLY ABOUT A
4 PERCENT CHANCE FOR LA NINA CONDITIONS TO DEVELOP.


PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS...
THE RAINFALL FORECAST FOR THE NEXT SEVEN DAYS (APRIL 24 THROUGH
APRIL 30) IS AS FOLLOWS. THERE IS SLIGHT CHANCE FOR PRECIPITATION
TODAY AND TONIGHT OVER THE NORTHEASTERN HSA...THEN AGAIN SATURDAY
MAINLY NEAR THE RIO GRANDE. AVERAGE RAINFALL AMOUNTS WILL BE WELL
BELOW 1/4 INCH (LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS WILL BE POSSIBLE).
OTHERWISE...NO RAINFALL IS EXPECTED...WITH NEARLY ALL OF THE HSA
EXPECTED TO RECEIVE NO SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL.

THE TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK FOR APRIL 24 THROUGH APRIL 30 IS AS FOLLOWS.
ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES ARE EXPECTED THURSDAY THROUGH
TUESDAY...BEFORE A COLD FRONT MOVES THROUGH SOUTH TEXAS ON TUESDAY
APRIL 29 AND BRINGS BELOW NORMAL LOW TEMPERATURES AND NEAR NORMAL
HIGH TEMPERATURES APRIL 30.

THE 8 TO 14 DAY OUTLOOK...VALID FOR THE PERIOD MAY 1 THROUGH MAY
7...CALLS FOR A GREATER PROBABILITY FOR BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES
AND PRECIPITATION.

THE MAY 2014 TEMPERATURE AND RAINFALL OUTLOOKS...ISSUED ON APRIL
17 SHOW A GREATER LIKELIHOOD FOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND AN
EQUAL CHANCE FOR NEAR/ABOVE/BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION.

THE THREE MONTH PRECIPITATION AND TEMPERATURE OUTLOOKS FOR THE
PERIOD MAY THROUGH JULY 2014 ARE SIMILAR TO THE APRIL FORECASTS.
ISSUED ON ARPIL 17...THERE IS A GREATER PROBABILITY FOR ABOVE
NORMAL TEMPERATURES...AND AN EQUAL CHANCE FOR NEAR/ABOVE/BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION OVER ALL OF SOUTH TEXAS.

THE MONTHLY DROUGHT OUTLOOK FOR APRIL HAS NOT CHANGED. ISSUED ON
MARCH 31...THIS MAP INDICATES DROUGHT RELIEF FOR THE AREAS IN
DROUGHT OVER THE HSA (WITH NO DROUGHT DEVELOPMENT LIKELY). IF THIS
VERIFIES...THEN DROUGHT CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO END OVER THE
HSA. HOWEVER...REMEMBER THAT THESE ARE FORECASTS AND MAY NOT BE
COMPLETELY ACCURATE (I.E. THE DROUGHT MAY IMPROVE IN SOME AREAS
BUT COULD DEVELOP IN OTHERS).

THE SEASONAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK...VALID FOR THE PERIOD APRIL 17
THROUGH THE END OF JULY...SHOWS DROUGHT REMOVAL LIKELY NEAR THE
COAST...WITH DROUGHT CONDITIONS PERSISTING (IF NOT INTENSIFYING)
OVER PORTIONS OF VICTORIA AND GOLIAD COUNTIES. ALSO...DROUGHT
CONDITIONS ARE NOT EXPECTED TO DEVELOP OVER ANY OTHER AREAS OVER
SOUTH TEXAS.

FINALLY...THE LAGGED SOIL MOISTURE OUTLOOK VALID THROUGH THE END
OF JULY 2014 STILL CALLS FOR NEAR NORMAL TO SLIGHTLY BELOW NORMAL
SOIL CONDITIONS OVER THE HSA...WITH THE SLIGHTLY BELOW NORMAL
SOIL MOISTURE PREDICTED OVER THE VICTORIA AREA.

IF EL-NINO CONDITIONS DEVELOP BY THE END OF THE YEAR...THEN SOUTH
TEXAS WILL LIKELY EXPERIENCE ABOVE NORMAL RAINFALL. PERHAPS BY
THE END OF THE YEAR ALL OF SOUTH TEXAS WILL EXPERIENCE NEAR...IF
NOT ABOVE NORMAL RAINFALL BY THE END OF 2014.


NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON OR
SHORTLY AFTER APRIL 24 2014.

RELATED WEB SITES...
NWS CORPUS CHRISTI DROUGHT PAGE:
HTTP://WWW.SRH.NOAA.GOV/CRP/DROUGHT.HTML

ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE (AHPS)...
HTTP://WATER.WEATHER.GOV/PRECIP

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR (INCLUDES DROUGHT AND SOIL MOISTURE
OUTLOOKS...DROUGHT ARCHIVES AND TEMPERATURE/RAINFALL OUTLOOKS)...
HTTP://DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/MONITOR.HTML

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR (INCLUDES ONLY TEXAS)...
HTTP://DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM_STATE.HTM?TX,S

U.S. DROUGHT PORTAL...
HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.GOV

TEXAS DROUGHT MONITORING SITE...
HTTP://WWW.TXWIN.NET/MONITORING/METEOROLOGICAL/DROUGHT/INDICES.HTM

NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...
HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.NOAA.GOV

DROUGHT IMPACT REPORTER...
HTTP://DROUGHTREPORTER.UNL.EDU/

TEXAS WATER DEVELOPMENT BOARD DROUGHT WEBSITE
HTTP://WWW.WATERDATAFORTEXAS.ORG/DROUGHT/

VEGETATION DROUGHT RESPONSE INDEX
HTTP://DROUGHT.UNL.EDU.VEGDRI/VEGDRI_MAIN.HTM?EV

CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...
HTTP://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER...
HTTP://WWW.HPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

STANDARDIZED PRECIPITATION INDEX (SPI)...
HTTP://WWW.WRCC.DRI.EDU/SPI/SPI.HTML

AGNEWS: TEXAS A & M AGRICULTURAL PROGRAM (CROP AND WEATHER REPORT)...
HTTP://TODAY.AGRILIFE.ORG

TEXAS INTERAGENCY COORDINATION CENTER (TICC)...
HTTP://WWW.TAMU.EDU/TICC/

TEXAS BURN BANS...HTTP://TFSFRP.TAMU.EDU/WILDFIRES/DECBAN.PNG

TEXAS KBDI...HTTP://WEBGIS.TAMU.EDU/TFS/KBDI_DAILY/KBDICOUNTY.PNG

TEXAS COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (WATER RESTRICTIONS):
WWW.TCEQ.TEXAS.GOV/DRINKINATER/TROT/LOCATION.HTML

CORPUS CHRISTI WATER DEPARTMENT...
WWW.CCTEXAS.COM/GOVERNMENT/WATER

CORPUS CHRISTI WATER CONSERVATION
WWW.CCTEXAS.COM/ASSETS/DEPARTMENTS/WATER/FILES/WATERCONSERVATIONPLAN.PDF

VICTORIA WATER CONSERVATION:
WWW.VICTORIATX.ORG/PIO/PDFS/WATERSAVINGMETHODS.PDF

LAREDO WATER RESTRICTIONS AND CONSERVATION...
WWW.CI.LAREDO.TX.US/UTILITIES05/ORDINANCE/2009_ORDINANCE.PDF

CITY OF VICTORIA WEB SITE...WWW.VICTORIATX.ORG

CITY OF LAREDO WEB SITE...WWW.CI.LAREDO.TX.US

CITY OF PORTLAND WEB SITE...WWW.PORTLANDTX.COM

ADDITIONAL RIVER INFORMATION...
NWS...HTTP://WWW.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS/
USGS...HTTP://WATER.USGS.GOV/
IBWC...HTTP://IBWC.STATE.GOV/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A MULTI-AGENCY EFFORT INVOLVING THE NATIONAL
WEATHER SERVICE AND NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER...THE USDA...STATE
AND REGIONAL CENTER CLIMATOLOGISTS AND THE NATIONAL DROUGHT
MITIGATION CENTER. INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED
FROM NWS AND FAA OBSERVATION SITES...STATE COOPERATIVE EXTENSION
SERVICES...THE USDA...USACE AND USGS.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT...PLEASE CONTACT...
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
426 PINSON DRIVE
CORPUS CHRISTI TX 78406
PHONE: 361-289-0959
SR-CRP.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV

$$

GW




USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.