Climatological Report (Annual)
Issued by NWS Topeka, KS

Home | Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary Off
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

000
CXUS53 KTOP 020952 RRB
CLATOP

CLIMATE REPORT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TOPEKA KS
351 AM CST SUN JAN 2 2011

...................................

...THE TOPEKA KS CLIMATE SUMMARY FOR THE YEAR OF 2010...

CLIMATE NORMAL PERIOD 1971 TO 2000
CLIMATE RECORD PERIOD 1887 TO 2011

WEATHER         OBSERVED          NORMAL  DEPART  LAST YEAR`S
                 VALUE   DATE(S)  VALUE   FROM    VALUE  DATE(S)
                                          NORMAL
................................................................
TEMPERATURE (F)
RECORD
 HIGH             114   07/24/1936
 LOW              -26   12/23/1989
HIGHEST           106   08/13        MM      MM      100  06/23
                        08/02
LOWEST             -8   01/10        MM      MM       -4  12/10
AVG. MAXIMUM     66.7              65.3     1.4     65.2
AVG. MINIMUM     45.4              43.4     2.0     43.5
MEAN             56.1              54.4     1.7     54.4
DAYS MAX >= 90     58              45.1    12.9       26
DAYS MAX <= 32     31              26.6     4.4       20
DAYS MIN <= 32    112             117.3    -5.3      118
DAYS MIN <= 0       6               7.0    -1.0        2

PRECIPITATION (INCHES)
RECORD
 MAXIMUM        60.89   1973
 MINIMUM        19.07   1963
TOTALS          36.50             35.64    0.86    41.75
DAILY AVG.       0.10              0.10    0.00     0.11
DAYS >= .01        96             100.2    -4.2      113
DAYS >= .10        62              59.7     2.3       67
DAYS >= .50        20              22.9    -2.9       30
DAYS >= 1.00       13               9.7     3.3        9
GREATEST
 24 HR. TOTAL    3.09   06/16 TO 06/16     3.30  04/26 TO 04/27

SNOWFALL (INCHES)
RECORDS
 TOTAL           48.6   1960
 24 HR TOTAL     17.3   02/26/1900 TO 02/27/1900
 SNOW DEPTH        18   03/16/1960
TOTALS           21.6              19.7     1.9     24.2
SINCE 7/1         0.1               6.4    -6.3     19.2
SNOWDEPTH AVG.      0                 0       0        0
DAYS >= TRACE      40              15.0    25.0       34
DAYS >= 1.0         8               6.5     1.5        7
GREATEST
 SNOW DEPTH         7   01/07                          6  12/30
                                                          12/27
 24 HR TOTAL      5.2   03/19 TO 03/20      7.5  12/24 TO 12/25

DEGREE_DAYS
HEATING TOTAL    4978              5225    -247     4957
 SINCE 7/1       1817              2057    -240     2119
COOLING TOTAL    1852              1357     495     1189
 SINCE 1/1       1852              1357     495     1189

.................................................................

WIND (MPH)
AVERAGE WIND SPEED              7.2
RESULTANT WIND SPEED/DIRECTION   1/177
HIGHEST WIND SPEED/DIRECTION    40/280    DATE  06/16
HIGHEST GUST SPEED/DIRECTION    62/280    DATE  06/16

SKY COVER
POSSIBLE SUNSHINE (PERCENT)   MM

NUMBER OF DAYS FAIR          232
NUMBER OF DAYS PC             78
NUMBER OF DAYS CLOUDY         55

AVERAGE RH (PERCENT)     67

WEATHER CONDITIONS. NUMBER OF DAYS WITH
THUNDERSTORM             54     MIXED PRECIP               0
HEAVY RAIN               39     RAIN                      52
LIGHT RAIN               87     FREEZING RAIN              2
LT FREEZING RAIN          3     HAIL                       4
HEAVY SNOW                3     SNOW                       9
LIGHT SNOW               30     FOG                      205
FOG W/VIS <= 1/4 MILE    39     HAZE                     131

-  INDICATES NEGATIVE NUMBERS.
R  INDICATES RECORD WAS SET OR TIED.
MM INDICATES DATA IS MISSING.
T  INDICATES TRACE AMOUNT.

REMARKS...

THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURE FOR THE YEAR TIED FOR THE 20TH WARMEST OF
THE 123 COMPLETE YEARS OF DATA ON RECORD FOR TOPEKA. THE TOTAL
AMOUNT OF LIQUID PRECIPITATION AND SNOWFALL WERE QUITE CLOSE TO THE
LONG-TERM AVERAGE.

THE YEAR STARTED ON THE COLD SIDE... WITH THE COMBINED MONTHS OF
JANUARY AND FEBRUARY BEING THE COLDEST SINCE 1985 IN TERMS OF
AVERAGE DAILY TEMPERATURE. THE SNOWY TREND THAT BEGAN LATE IN 2009
CONTINUED THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE WINTER AND INTO THE EARLY
SPRING. SNOWFALL MEASURED IN FEBRUARY WAS NEARLY TWO TIMES NORMAL...
AND MARCH WAS THE SNOWIEST SUCH MONTH SINCE 1990. TEMPERATURES FOR
MUCH OF THE MIDDLE AND END OF THE YEAR WERE ABOVE NORMAL. THE SUMMER
AND FALL MONTHS... COMPRISING JUNE THROUGH NOVEMBER... WERE THE
NINTH WARMEST ON RECORD... WITH THE MONTHS OF APRIL THROUGH AUGUST
BEING THE THIRD WARMEST. EVERY DAY IN OCTOBER SAW THE MERCURY REACH
AT LEAST 60 DEGREES... WHICH ONLY HAPPENED TWO TIMES PREVIOUSLY.

JANUARY BROUGHT PERIODS OF ABOVE AND BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES. THE
PERIOD FROM JANUARY 1 THROUGH JANUARY 10 WAS THE FOURTH COLDEST SUCH
PERIOD ON RECORD... BUT THIS WAS FOLLOWED BY A SIX-DAY STRETCH FROM
JANUARY 15 THROUGH JANUARY 20 WHERE THE MERCURY DID NOT FALL BELOW
FREEZING. THIS WAS THE LONGEST PERIOD IN JANUARY TO HAVE
ABOVE-FREEZING TEMPERATURES SINCE 1939. THE FIRST HALF OF APRIL WAS
THE SECOND WARMEST ON RECORD. MAY WAS SIMILAR TO JANUARY WITH WARM
AND COLD PERIODS. MAY 10 THROUGH MAY 20 WAS THE SECOND COLDEST SUCH
PERIOD RECORDED... WHILE THE 21ST THROUGH THE 31ST WAS THE SEVENTH
WARMEST AND SECOND DRIEST. HIGH LEVELS OF HEAT OCCURED FROM MID-JULY
INTO MID-AUGUST. HEAT INDICES REACHED 104 TO 112 DEGREES FROM JULY
16 THROUGH JULY 25... AND TOPPED OUT AT 113 ON AUGUST 2 AND 3. THE
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE FROM AUGUST 7 THROUGH AUGUST 13 WAS THE HOTTEST
FOR ANY SEVEN-DAY STRETCH SINCE 1980. RELATIVELY WARM TEMPERATURES
WERE CLOSELY FOLLOWED BY VERY COLD CONDITIONS TWICE IN DECEMBER. THE
FEELS-LIKE TEMPERATURE FROM THE AFTERNOON OF THE 10TH TO THE 11TH
AND AGAIN FROM THE 30TH TO THE 31ST DROPPED BY 59 DEGREES.

NOTABLE WEATHER OCCURRED ON AND NEAR TWO HOLIDAYS. A RECORD-SETTING
1.40 INCHES OF RAIN FELL ON JULY 4... BUT THE RAIN LARGELY ENDED BY
MID-EVENING AND ALLOWED FIREWORKS DISPLAYS TO TAKE PLACE. A QUICK
BUT SHALLOW BLANKET OF SNOW FELL ON THE MORNING OF DECEMBER 24...
BUT CLEARING SKIES AND ABOVE-FREEZING TEMPERATURES MELTED THE SNOW
BY LATE AFTERNOON.

HAIL AROUND AN INCH IN DIAMETER FELL IN PORTIONS OF THE CITY ON
APRIL 5... WITH SMALLER HAIL FALLING ON MARCH 27 AND DECEMBER 31.
SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS CAUSED WIND DAMAGE IN SOUTHWEST AND CENTRAL
PORTIONS OF TOPEKA ON JUNE 13 AND IN THE OAKLAND AREA ON JUNE 16. A
62 MPH WIND GUST WAS RECORDED AT BILLARD AIRPORT WITH THE LATTER
EVENT. PERSISTENT WIND GUSTS OF AROUND 40 MPH WERE MEASURED ON APRIL
30... NOVEMBER 28 AND 29... AND DECEMBER 11. STRONGER GUSTS AROUND
45 MPH WERE COMMON FROM OCTOBER 26 THROUGH 28.  WIND CHILL VALUES OF
-15 TO -25 WERE THE NORM ON JANUARY 7 AND 8.

-- DAILY RECORDS --

HIGHEST MAXIMUM - DEC 30...71F

LOWEST MINIMUM -- NONE

HIGHEST MINIMUM - MAR 31...61F
                  APR 1....65F
                  MAY 23...75F
                  MAY 24...73F
                  JUN 11...76F TIED
                  JUN 22...78F TIED
                  JUL 23...81F

LOWEST MAXIMUM -- JAN 8....7F

PRECIPITATION --- JUN 13...2.59"
                  JUN 16...3.09"
                  JUL 4....1.40"


SNOWFALL -------- JAN 6....4.4"
                  MAR 19...3.5"

-- MONTHLY AVERAGE TEMPERATURES IN THE TOP 20 ON RECORD --

APRIL......11TH WARMEST
JUNE.......7TH WARMEST
AUGUST.....12TH WARMEST

-- MONTHLY PRECIPITATION IN THE TOP 20 ON RECORD --

JUNE.......11TH WETTEST
DECEMBER...10TH DRIEST


-- SEVERE WEATHER REPORTS --

HAIL ------- APR 5...1" HAIL

WIND ------- JUN 13...LARGE TREES DOWNED IN SOUTHWEST TOPEKA...
                      63 MPH WIND MEASURED BY STORM CHASER IN
                      DOWNTOWN AREA
             JUN 16...TREES DOWNED IN CENTRAL TOPEKA...
                      62 MPH WIND MEASURED AT BILLARD AIRPORT

$$






USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.