Public Information Statement
Issued by NWS Tulsa, OK

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PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TULSA OK
910 AM CST FRI NOV 21 2014

ARZ001-002-010-011-019-020-029-211600-
BENTON-CARROLL-WASHINGTON AR-MADISON-CRAWFORD-FRANKLIN-SEBASTIAN-
910 AM CST FRI NOV 21 2014

...WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS IN ARKANSAS...

GOVERNOR MIKE BEEBE HAS PROCLAIMED NOVEMBER 17TH THROUGH 21ST AS WINTER
WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK IN ARKANSAS.  PEOPLE ARE ASKED TO TAKE SOME TIME
AND PREPARE FOR THE UPCOMING WINTER SEASON.

TODAYS TOPIC IS THE COLD OF WINTER.

WHEN ARKANSANS THINK OF WINTER...USUALLY A PICTURE OF FALLING SNOW OR
FREEZING RAIN AND TEMPERATURES IN THE 20S AND 30S COMES TO MIND.  HOWEVER...
WINTER WEATHER CAN BE NOT ONLY DANGEROUS...BUT POSSIBLY DEADLY IN SOME
CASES.

WINTER STORMS ARE CONSIDERED DECEPTIVE KILLERS BECAUSE MOST DEATHS ARE
INDIRECTLY RELATED TO THE STORM.  TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS ON ICY ROADS ACCOUNT
FOR A VAST MAJORITY OF DEATHS INDIRECTLY RELATED TO THE WINTER WEATHER.
HEART ATTACKS CAUSED BY SHOVELING SNOW AND HYPOTHERMIA FROM PROLONGED
EXPOSURE TO THE COLD ARE ALL CONSEQUENCES OF SEVERE WINTER WEATHER.

HYPOTHERMIA IS THE LOWERING OF BODY TEMPERATURE.  IT CAN BE BROUGHT ON IN
MANY WAYS INCLUDING EXPOSURE TO PERIODS OF BITTERLY COLD WEATHER OR
IMMERSION IN COLD LAKE OR RIVER WATER.  HYPOTHERMIA IS THE MOST DANGEROUS
AND LIFE-THREATENING RESULT OF EXPOSURE TO EXTREMELY COLD AIR.

SOME OF THE WARNING SIGNS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPOTHERMIA ARE
UNCONTROLLABLE SHIVERING...MEMORY LOSS...DISORIENTATION... INCOHERENCE...
SLURRED SPEECH...DROWSINESS...AND APPARENT EXHAUSTION.  A GOOD WAY TO
DETECT HYPOTHERMIA IS TO TAKE THE PERSONS TEMPERATURE.  IF IT IS BELOW 95
DEGREES...SEEK MEDICAL CARE IMMEDIATELY.  IF MEDICAL CARE IS NOT
AVAILABLE...BEGIN WARMING THE PERSON SLOWLY BY WARMING THE BODY CORE
FIRST AND THEN WARM THE EXTREMITIES.

FROSTBITE IS DAMAGE TO BODY TISSUE DUE TO IT BEING FROZEN.  FROSTBITE CAUSES
A LOSS OF FEELING AND A WHITE OR PALE APPEARANCE IN EXTREMITIES.  IF SYMPTOMS
ARE DETECTED...GET MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY.  IF YOU MUST WAIT FOR HELP...
BEGIN TO TREAT THE AFFECTED AREA BY WARMING IT SLOWLY.

WIND CHILL IS BASED ON THE RATE OF HEAT LOSS FROM EXPOSED SKIN CAUSED BY
THE COMBINED EFFECTS OF WIND AND COLD.  AS THE WIND INCREASES...HEAT IS
CARRIED AWAY FROM THE BODY...DRIVING DOWN THE BODY TEMPERATURE.  AT A
WIND CHILL OF 18 DEGREES BELOW ZERO...FROSTBITE CAN DEVELOP ON EXPOSED
SKIN WITHIN 30 MINUTES.  REMEMBER THAT ANIMALS ARE AFFECTED BY WIND CHILL
AS WELL.

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION...CONTACT THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE
IN TULSA AT 918-838-7838 OR VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT
WWW.WEATHER.GOV/TULSA

$$






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