Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 302013
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
412 PM EDT THU MAR 30 2017


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAR 31/0000 UTC THRU APR 03/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

EASTERN U.S.

THE PARADE OF STRONG CLOSED LOW AFFECTING THE U.S. WILL CONTINUE
DAY 1 WITH THE LEAD SYSTEM PUSHING FROM THE LOWER MO
VALLEY---THROUGH THE OH VALLEY AND INTO THE CENTRAL
APPALACHIANS/MID ATLANTIC REGION.  OVERALL THERE IS GOOD AGREEMENT
AMONG THE MODELS WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR A WIDESPREAD AREA OF
MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIPITATION TOTALS STRETCHING FROM THE EASTERN
GULF COAST---THRU THE SOUTHEAST---UPPER TN
VALLEY--APPALACHIANS---UPPER OH VALLEY---MID ATLANTIC INTO NY
STATE AND WESTERN NEW ENGLAND.  THERE ARE THE USUAL AMOUNT OF QPF
DETAIL DIFFERENCES AMONG THE MODELS---BUT GENERAL AGREEMENT ON ONE
PRECIP MAX AHEAD OF THE CLOSED LOW AND PRIMARY SURFACE LOW TRACK
THROUGH THE UPPER OH VALLEY---CENTRAL APPALACHIANS INTO THE
EASTERN LAKES REGION---WITH A SECOND MAX FARTHER TO THE EAST IN
THE VICINITY OF THE SECONDARY CYCLOGENESIS IN THE LEE OF THE
CENTRAL APPALACHIANS---WITH THIS MAX EXTENDING NORTHEASTWARD INTO
THE MID ATLANTIC.   COLD AIR IN PLACE AHEAD OF THIS CLOSED LOW
WILL SUPPORT ACCUMULATING SNOW POTENTIAL THRU THE CENTRAL TO
NORTHERN HUDSON VALLEY OF NY---ADIRONDACKS---SOUTHERN GREEN OF VT
AND BERKSHIRES OF MA.  SEE THE LATEST QPFHSD FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER
WEATHER INFORMATION.

MORE MODEL SPREAD ALONG THE IMMEDIATE EASTERN GULF COAST FROM THE
FL PANHANDLE---SOUTHEASTWARD ALONG THE WEST COAST OF THE PENINSULA
WITH THE CURRENT AREA OF ACTIVE CONVECTION.  MODELS DIVERGE AS TO
WHETHER THIS ACTIVITY WILL WEAKEN---PUSH SOUTHEASTWARD INTO THE
GULF OR SOUTHEAST AND AFFECT THE WEST COAST OF FL.  AT THE
MOMENT---FAVORED THE CMC GEM FORECAST WHICH SEEMED TO HAVE A GOOD
HANDLE ON THE EVOLUTION FROM OVERNIGHT---WITH THIS FORECAST
SPREADING MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY TOTALS FROM THE FL
PANHANDLE---SOUTHEASTWARD ALONG THE WEST COAST OF FL.

WESTERN U.S.


IN THE WAKE OF THE LEAD CLOSED LOW MOVING INTO THE OH VALLEY
TONIGHT---THE NEXT STRONG CLOSED LOW WILL CONTINUE TO AMPLIFY OVER
THE GREAT BASIN TONIGHT---SINKING EAST SOUTHEASTWARD TOWARD THE
FOUR CORNERS REGION DURING FRIDAY.  STRONG LARGE SCALE LIFT AHEAD
OF THIS SYSTEM IN AN AXIS OF ABOVE AVERAGE PW VALUES WILL ALSO
SUPPORT A WIDESPREAD REGION OF MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY
PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS TO THE NORTHEAST OF THIS CLOSED LOW TRACK
ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN AND CENTRAL TO NORTHERN ROCKIES.
OVERALL---GOOD MASS FIELD AND QPF AGREEMENTS AMONG THE MODELS IS
LEADING TO AN ABOVE AVERAGE CONFIDENCE FORECAST THIS PERIOD.
HEAVY SNOWS LIKELY THROUGH THE WASATCH/UINTA OF UT---TETONS---WIND
RIVER AND BIG HORN OF WY AND SAN JUANS OF SOUTHWEST CO.  SEE THE
LATEST QPFHSD FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION.

DAYS 2 AND 3...


...NORTHEAST...

SECONDARY LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING OVER THE MID ATLANTIC STATES
EARLY ON DAY 2 WILL TRACK SOUTH OF LONG ISLAND NY BEFORE MOVING
OFF THE SOUTHEAST NEW ENGLAND COAST BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. THE
TRACK OF THE SURFACE LOW SHOULD PRODUCE HEAVY QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS
MUCH OF SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL NEW ENGLAND...AS WELL AS PORTIONS OF
EASTERN NY STATE. THERE IS STILL A FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD WITH THE
TRACK OF THE SURFACE LOW...AND THE PLACEMENT OF THE HIGHEST QPF
AMOUNTS...WITH THE 12Z GFS CONTINUING THAT MODELS TREND OF BEING
FASTER AND FURTHER SOUTH WITH THE MAXIMUM QPF. THE 00Z ECMWF
ENSEMBLE HAS BEEN FAIRLY STEADY WITH THE PLACEMENT OF THE HIGHEST
QPF AXIS...BUT THE AMOUNTS LOOKED LOW...SO THIS SOLUTION WAS
BLENDED WITH THE 00Z ECMWF OPERATIONAL RUN TO PRODUCE THE WPC QPF
AMOUNTS.

AS A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRACKS FROM WV TO SOUTH OF THE NYC METRO
AREA DURING THE FIRST PART OF DAY 2...LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE MID
LEVEL SYSTEM SPINS UP SURFACE LOW PRESSURE ON A LOW LEVEL
BAROCLINIC ZONE OVER THE MID ATLANTIC COAST. THE SURFACE LOW THEN
FOLLOWS THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM TO A POSITION OF THE SOUTHEAST MA BY
THE END OF THE PERIOD. THE BEST LIFT WITH THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM
OCCURS EARLY ACROSS PORTIONS OF PA INTO NJ...AS A 30 KNOT LOW
LEVEL INFLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75/1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR AND
ELEVATED INSTABILITY TO THIS AREA. AS THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM REACHES
A POSITION SOUTH OF LONG ISLAND NY...THE MID LEVEL FORCING ROTATES
AROUND THE MID LEVEL CENTER...MOVING INTO SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL NEW
ENGLAND BEFORE 02/00Z.

THE 12Z GFS WAS MARKEDLY SOUTH OF THIS POSITION WITH ITS
SOLUTION...AND THE CONSENSUS WITH TO PLACE THE BEST LIFT OVER
CT/MA/NH/SOUTHERN ME IN THE 01/18Z TO 02/00Z TIME FRAME. A 30 KNOT
LOW LEVEL EAST SOUTHEAST INFLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE
WATER AIR INTO THE REGION...AND UPSLOPE FLOW SHOULD AID IN PLACING
A LARGE AREA OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM
SOUTHEAST VT ACROSS NORTHERN AND EASTERN MA INTO SOUTHERN NH.
SOUTHEAST OF INTERSTATE 95...THE PRECIPITATION SHOULD FALL
PRIMARILY AS RAIN...SO LOCAL URBAN RUNOFF ISSUES ARE POSSIBLE.
HOWEVER...THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY
FAIRLY HIGH...SO ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.

THE SURFACE AND MID LEVEL SYSTEM TRACK OFF THE SOUTHEAST MA COAST
TO A POSITION SOUTH OF NOVA SCOTIA DURING DAY 3. THE BEST MID
LEVEL FORCING BRUSHES THE DOWNEAST ME COAST...MAINLY DURING THE
FIRST HALF OF THE PERIOD. THERE IS STILL SOME MODEL SPREAD
CONCERNING HOW MUCH LIFT CROSSES THIS AREA...BUT THE MODEL
CONSENSUS SUGGESTS QPF AMOUNTS OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES ARE POSSIBLE.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF INTERIOR
NEW ENGLAND DURING DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC
WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE LOWER AND MID MS VALLEY...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY AT THE BASE OF A LONG WAVE TROUGH OVER THE
ROCKIES WILL INTERACT WITH DEEP MOISTURE STREAMING NORTHWARD
ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PLAINS AND LOWER MS VALLEY TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO
LOCALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ACROSS THE REGION...MAINLY DURING DAY
3. THERE WAS A FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD IN THE PLACEMENT OF THE
MAXIMUM QPF AMOUNTS...WITH THE 12Z GFS AND 12Z NAM NOT NEARLY AS
DEEP WITH THE LONG WAVE TROUGH. THE 12Z NON-NCEP CAMP PLACED MORE
EMPHASIS ON THE SOUTHERN END OF THE TROUGH...AND AT THIS POINT
THAT SOLUTION LOOKS MORE CORRECT. THESE MODELS COMPRISED THE BASIS
FOR THE WPC QPF.

AHEAD OF A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW CROSSING THE SOUTHWEST STATES
DURING DAY 2...AN INCREASING LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS
1.25/1.50 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS TX INTO OK/KS. MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED MODERATE TO LOCALLY STRONG INSTABILITY DEVELOPING
IN THE MOISTURE PLUME...WHICH SHOULD FEED DEVELOPING CONVECTION
OVER THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS. WHILE THERE WAS SOME MODEL SPREAD
CONCERNING THE PLACEMENT OF THE CONVECTION (DUE TO TIMING ISSUES
WITH THE MID LEVEL LOW)...THERE WAS ENOUGH SUPPORT FOR AN AXIS OF
0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM NORTHEAST TX ACROSS
CENTRAL OK INTO WESTERN AND CENTRAL KS.

THE LONG WAVE TROUGH CROSSES THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PLAINS
DURING DAY 3. LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH A STRONG SHORT WAVE DROPPING TO
THE BASE OF THE TROUGH SPINS UP LOW PRESSURE ON A FRONTAL BOUNDARY
ALONG THE RIO GRANDE RIVER...WHICH TRACKS TO THE EAST TX/LA BORDER
BY THE END OF THE PERIOD. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE AND COLD FRONT
ASSOCIATED WITH THE DEVELOPING SURFACE LOW...A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW
LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWESTERLY INFLOW TRANSPORTS 1.50/1.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD
DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN) ACROSS EAST TX INTO WESTERN LA AND
SOUTHEAST AR. MODEL SOUNDINGS IN THE PLUME SHOWED MODERATE TO
STRONG INSTABILITY...AND STRONG...MAINLY OUTFLOW DOMINATED
CONVECTION IS EXPECTED. HOWEVER...AS THE CORFIDI VECTORS BECOME
BETTER ALIGNED WITH THE 850-300 MB MEAN FLOW...TRAINING IS
POSSIBLE...ESPECIALLY ACROSS PORTIONS OF EASTERN TX INTO SOUTHWEST
AR.

AS MENTIONED EARLIER...THERE IS A FAIR AMOUNT OF MODEL SPREAD
CONCERNING WHERE THE CONVECTION FORMS AND TRACKS. A CONSENSUS
POSITION OF THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS WAS USED TO SIMULATE THE POSITION OF
THE EXPECTED CONVECTION...WHICH RESULTED IN STREAKS OF 2.00 TO
2.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EASTERN TX INTO SOUTHWEST AR...AS WELL
AS SOUTHEAST TX INTO NORTHWEST LA. IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT BOTH
THE 12Z ECMWF/GFS HAD HIGHER AMOUNTS IN THEIR QPF STRIPES...BUT IN
DIFFERENT LOCATIONS. GIVEN THE SPREAD...THE FORECAST CONFIDENCE IN
THE PLACEMENT OF THE CONVECTION IS BELOW AVERAGE...AND FORECAST
CHANGES ARE POSSIBLE MOVING FORWARD.


...ROCKIES/GREAT BASIN...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW SLOWLY CROSSES NM DURING DAY 2...SPINNING
UP LOW PRESSURE ALONG THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES.
STRENGTHENING UPSLOPE FLOW WILL TRANSPORT INCREASING MOISTURE TO
THE FRONT RANGE...RESULTING IN HEAVY QPF AMOUNTS. MOISTURE WRAPPED
AROUND THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM WILL AFFECT THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES
DURING DAY 3. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING
THE OVERALL SYNOPTIC SETUP...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND
OF THE 12Z
ECMWF/GFS.

AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW TRUNDLES ACROSS NM DURING DAY 2...A
STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL EASTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.50 TO 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS
ABOVE THE MEAN) TO THE FRONT RANGE OF THE ROCKIES. THE FLOW
BECOMES UPSLOPE...WHICH FOCUSES THE MOISTURE ON THE ROCKIES OF CO
INTO THE SANGRE DE CRISTO RANGE IN NORTHERN NM. THE STRONG MOIST
UPSLOPE FEEDS A DEVELOPING AREA OF MID LEVEL FORCING THAT CROSSES
THE FRONT RANGE IN CO. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL FOR 1.50
INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING ROM THE FRONT RANGE AND PALMER DIVIDE TO
THE PLAINS OF SOUTHEAST CO. ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN...THE
PRECIPITATION FALLS MAINLY IN THE FORM OF SNOW...BUT ACROSS THE
PLAINS...THE COLUMN IS WARM ENOUGH TO PRODUCE MAINLY HEAVY
RAINFALL. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE AS LOW AS
1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES OVER THE PLAINS...SO A MARGINAL RISK WAS
MAINTAINED FOR DAY 2.

THE MID LEVEL BAND OF FORCING WEAKEN SLOWLY ON DAY 3. THE BAND IS
EXPECTED TO PRODUCE LOCAL 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE CO
ROCKIES DURING DAY 2. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC
WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

FAST MOVING SHORT WAVES IN THE NORTHERN STREAM WILL AFFECT THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. THERE
WAS SOME SPREAD AMONG MODEL SOLUTIONS CONCERNING THE TIMING OF THE
SHORT WAVES. IN AN ATTEMPT TO MITIGATE SOME OF THE MODEL
DIFFERENCES...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z
ECMWF/GFS.

THE FIRST SHORT WAVE IN THE FAST FLOW CROSSES THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE MIDDLE OF DAY 2. AHEAD
OF THE SHORT WAVE...A 20 KNOT LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW TRANSPORTS
0.75 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS THE REGION...AND THE
UPSLOPE FLOW PRODUCES AN AXIS OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS
THE WA CASCADES. THE SECOND SHORT WAVE CROSSES THE REGION DURING
DAY 3. MOISTURE IS MORE LIMITED WITH THIS FEATURE...SO LIGHT QPF
AMOUNTS (GENERALLY BETWEEN 0.10 AND 0.25 INCHES) WERE RELEGATED TO
THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT.

ORAVEC/HAYES

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML



24HR QP VT 01/00Z
 0.01 524251 525247 524244 521239 515237 509235 501237 492241
      483244 474248 465251 457259 454262 452271 454285 454291
      455295 453298 453300 455302 459305 465308 469313 477320
      483323 488323 493322 496318 502309 509297 514284 519271
      521258 524251
 0.01 515156 513150 510145 502138 498135 497131 497125 496117
      494116 492116 488120 483116 480112 478108 480105 482098
      485092 492081 495077 499074 504065 510052 513048 514039
      514029 513026 511024 507020 503018 498016 494014 493010
      492007 492002 490997 487997 485999 481002 478006 476011
      471023 470027 468029 462030 455029 450026 446022 440019
      436019 431021 426023 419024 414022 409021 405024 402029
      398033 393031 391029 388028 381028 374027 370029 370035
      370044 370053 374055 364060 364065 364069 362071 356078
      352082 351090 353096 353099 352101 349106 345110 342111
      342114 343118 348123 351129 353134 354140 357145 362143
      367143 373143 378143 384145 387150 387158 385163 385168
      387172 385175 381180 370181 357182 352183 350185 355188
      361189 368191 374193 375196 379197 382194 385190 388184
      393179 398178 409176 416177 416185 417189 419190 426191
      428187 428183 425179 424176 425174 428168 427159 426152
      427143 428139 430136 435134 436141 434150 436155 438160
      442164 444169 447176 445178 443179 439181 437187 441200
      442205 445202 449198 452193 460186 464181 463175 457172
      458163 461161 463162 469163 472159 472153 468147 467144
      467139 468134 471134 476138 481140 485144 492146 494149
      497150 505157 508160 512161 515156
 0.01 465219 463215 459215 451216 443219 434219 427220 423222
      421224 430229 437227 444225 448224 453224 458225 462223
      465219
 0.01 472818 470802 469796 468789 466774 466768 465761 464753
      463746 462739 459734 447717 436702 428697 420693 416690
      411687 401690 378695 366698 359703 345717 336725 330731
      323737 315744 308750 302757 287768 272781 260797 256804
      251811 246819 242828 237846 234858 235862 242862 248894
      253895 260895 267895 271893 274891 280890 289886 293884
      299883 309885 319888 323891 326892 331894 338894 347891
      367883 371881 375880 383875 385873 388873 394875 394878
      393881 392885 385908 380909 375911 372914 369920 371929
      373934 378936 383936 388939 393939 397940 408941 412942
      418943 427938 431935 435930 441911 448887 451873 454861
      457852 463844 464836 465831 466828 472818
 0.01 318795 317792 315792 308793 303795 297797 293801 292807
      293811 297810 302812 308813 311809 316804 317798 318795
 0.25 515269 516265 516259 513255 509250 506250 504252 500255
      495255 486260 482263 479270 477278 476283 476288 477294
      479301 483306 486308 490307 498302 506292 508287 511279
      515269
 0.25 489043 488038 486032 482030 480029 476031 474036 474044
      476049 478052 483053 487050 488045 489043
 0.25 465109 467101 466092 464079 463071 461065 454057 448049
      443039 437036 433034 429032 424032 419034 414035 410039
      408042 403045 397045 390044 387043 383044 385065 386068
      385072 381072 379067 375063 372062 369063 369068 372080
      375091 378096 380103 378117 374122 372127 375133 379135
      391139 394143 399143 404132 408127 412125 416125 420128
      419137 418142 416151 417153 420149 423143 426127 427115
      428110 427104 424098 425096 428099 432104 436105 441103
      446104 448107 447118 448121 451124 454123 456120 461115
      465109
 0.25 459783 459775 459768 456755 453743 449733 438721 432714
      425708 422706 417706 412706 407709 400714 394722 389730
      385738 383740 378743 374745 368746 361744 352744 342747
      334750 325754 320760 317763 315768 314781 323784 328789
      332799 338806 335826 333830 329833 325836 320838 315839
      312839 304835 296830 295825 292824 288825 287823 287818
      284815 281812 275812 273811 273808 272807 269808 263813
      258819 250835 246844 246849 249851 254858 257860 262862
      266863 269865 272867 272873 275877 279877 288875 304869
      316867 322866 326865 328861 327857 327852 330850 336849
      338849 340852 341856 341858 339860 338865 337870 337876
      341878 352878 361876 370871 376867 379867 382864 391861
      397857 402855 404852 419841 428837 433837 436839 437844
      439847 441848 448843 452834 454823 455810 455796 457789
      459783
 0.25 448087 448085 447084 447082 446081 445079 444079 443077
      441076 439076 439079 440081 441082 442084 444085 445087
      447088 448087
 0.25 411066 411063 410063 409063 408063 409065 409066 410066
      411066
 0.25 409896 409891 408889 406887 402887 401889 399892 399894
      399899 399903 401906 405904 406902 408898 409896
 0.50 507274 507272 506269 505269 499270 494270 488270 484273
      482283 484291 486297 490299 495297 499294 503288 505281
      507274
 0.50 460106 459095 458084 456075 452067 447060 444052 440045
      433041 416043 415047 416050 422055 424058 426063 423070
      421073 419077 418082 418085 421089 424091 429097 432099
      436100 439098 443097 447098 450100 454109 458108 460106
 0.50 454781 453772 452763 448747 446739 443735 435727 427719
      422717 417715 413716 410719 407723 403727 400732 393742
      386751 381755 375758 367764 362775 358779 354781 351781
      350776 352771 355765 357759 357757 353755 348756 342757
      336759 331761 326765 324771 323775 324780 333785 338788
      343790 348793 348799 347805 348811 341835 342840 344842
      348847 350852 348860 350866 351870 353872 361871 366869
      372867 377864 387856 404843 409840 414835 420825 426816
      430812 436810 439810 441813 444819 446820 447817 448809
      448802 450794 454781
 0.50 451088 450085 448082 447080 445077 443075 441074 438074
      437076 437078 439082 440085 442087 445089 447091 450090
      451088
 0.50 414113 415105 414099 412094 408090 402089 398092 393102
      392108 389112 384114 381118 378122 375127 380130 385131
      388129 391126 395122 400121 406122 410119 414113
 0.50 380081 380078 380076 380074 379071 378070 377069 376068
      375066 373066 372066 372068 372071 373071 373073 373075
      374078 374080 375082 376082 377083 378083 379082 380081
 0.50 314858 314851 310848 300848 294847 296845 297840 296836
      290830 280833 277834 274834 274832 280825 282821 280816
      273816 268818 264820 262824 260829 262833 265837 263842
      262848 266849 274853 282855 278859 280866 282871 286871
      306865 310865 312863 314858
 1.00 455100 455098 455097 454098 455100 455101 455100
 1.00 453081 451076 449073 447069 444065 442061 439057 436057
      435061 433068 438070 443071 446074 448078 451081 453081
 1.00 445778 444764 442749 437740 429736 421736 410739 405741
      400744 394750 389755 381761 373767 371772 371777 370782
      367785 362786 361789 363790 367791 370794 369799 367803
      365807 369806 373804 377805 380808 382813 384819 383826
      381830 378834 375844 363854 372852 379846 396837 404834
      407831 409826 410819 409813 407809 404806 398800 396795
      396789 397783 400779 403777 409777 424783 431789 435792
      439793 442790 443786 445778
 1.00 434097 434094 434090 433087 431085 431080 430077 429074
      426075 424077 423079 422084 423086 424089 426091 428094
      431097 432098 434097
 1.00 396115 396112 394112 390114 389115 387116 384118 383121
      382123 384126 387125 389123 391121 393119 394117 396115
 1.00 365809 360809 357812 354815 352818 350822 348827 349832
      353830 356826 358823 361818 362814 364810 365809
 1.50 437770 437765 437760 437756 435751 434749 433749 431752
      430757 430759 429762 429764 432766 433768 435772 437770
 1.50 433095 433094 432092 431090 430088 429087 428085 427084
      426084 425086 426089 428091 428092 429093 430094 431095
      433095 433095
 1.50 409761 409759 407759 406759 405759 404760 403762 404764
      404765 406764 408765 409763 409761 409761
 1.50 401765 399761 397761 392764 387765 383768 381771 379775
      381780 386779 390777 393775 396772 400770 401765
 1.50 404815 403813 402811 401811 400810 398810 396811 396812
      395814 394817 394819 394821 394823 395824 397825 397826
      398825 399825 400823 401822 402820 403818 404816 404815

24HR QP VT 02/00Z
 0.01 543195 543188 545183 548172 549159 548148 549142 548138
      548131 550126 551115 552112 553105 553099 552094 550084
      542070 538064 535059 533054 532050 530046 528044 520044
      517045 515048 511055 509059 508066 507068 508073 515075
      518077 519082 518093 518101 519105 518111 516111 503103
      502104 501109 501120 505137 499142 497143 494141 489136
      485134 484131 481130 477131 474131 472133 463144 448175
      449179 452182 455182 458180 462175 466167 469166 473167
      478174 489185 490193 487197 480199 475203 469206 463211
      458215 452219 443226 440229 438233 435240 428259 427264
      429267 433269 434274 435277 436279 444282 450281 453282
      455286 465297 469299 473298 479298 491298 495300 497304
      502307 507301 510294 516282 524262 524260 525260 525257
      526255 527252 528250 528247 528245 530243 530240 531238
      532235 532233 532230 533229
 0.01 494684 489673 482668 475663 470664 465667 462670 458671
      452671 449670 443664 441660 440653 438646 435640 433637
      429636 417640 409644 403647 399649 391655 378664 363677
      349690 343695 337702 333708 326715 312729 308732 306736
      300743 295748 291754 284761 275766 267771 262778 259787
      259789 262790 266790 275794 284795 287796 293795 297794
      300793 307791 311789 320785 328779 336775 344771 349769
      353767 371768 374768 376769 380771 383774 382780 379790
      373797 367804 362811 357817 354821 353826 351831 353834
      355837 359835 363832 368831 373829 378828 388827 396831
      403834 412835 432830 448819 460809 466803 469800 471794
      475784 478780 482778 487768 490757 491747 493734 493720
      492715 491711 490706 491701 493695 493689 494684
 0.01 509983 507964 505955 504949 504943 503934 502924 501919
      499916 494914 488914 486911 484908 482902 480899 478899
      475905 475909 477912 477922 480927 475943 469957 469961
      467964 467976 466997 466008 466014 464018 462024 458029
      454034 450035 447028 446022 444012 444007 443005 440003
      438003 438000 438994 438985 436980 434979 432971 432961
      432949 432940 431935 430933 429926 426912 420909 415910
      410917 408922 404939 399937 396936 394937 391945 391947
      387948 383945 377943 363942 355943 350944 337947 335948
      330949 323947 319944 314938 312931 312924 310920 307920
      299920 288924 282926 275926 270924 264921 257919 255921
      251936 249943 250951 253957 258961 268968 274970 279974
      281979 286983 295989 304996 328007 335008 342011 347014
      349016 350020 350025 348030 346037 343042 339046 331053
      328057 328064 328097 326105 332105 338115 340120 341127
      345131 349132 371128 456110 458107 458101 458093 458083
      459071 465058 474047 482040 491031 498021 503008 507993
      507987 509983
 0.01 374109 375107 375105 375103 375100 374098 372098 370100
      368102 366104 364105 366107 368108 369110 371110 373110
      374109
 0.25 537210 539205 538199 537193 534187 530183 523173 519170
      514169 507169 503171 502176 505182 512192 515198 518203
      521208 523216 527220 531220 535217 537210
 0.25 542100 542099 541098 541100 540102 540103 541103 542102
      542100
 0.25 520269 521259 520253 517242 513230 512224 510219 505216
      502215 498212 493210 487208 482209 478211 475215 488231
      491243 491248 487249 481247 478246 476247 473251 474256
      478261 478267 480273 482278 489286 494289 499291 504292
      509290 514282 520269
 0.25 469731 468722 465718 461713 459707 454698 452693 448690
      439683 435679 433674 429661 427655 426652 423651 411654
      401659 383671 373676 364684 358691 351699 343708 340718
      336727 333739 335746 339750 344751 349749 358745 365743
      371741 382745 391748 395751 395757 395764 397770 400776
      401781 398787 395791 389798 392801 397799 414785 418782
      424780 434777 445772 450769 454766 461758 467749 469731
 0.25 435095 435091 434088 433084 432082 428082 427083 425086
      424089 425091 426094 429096 431098 434097 435095
 0.25 420053 419047 420040 420028 415005 415000 413994 412986
      411980 409977 405975 400974 396975 387979 377978 375974
      374972 376970 380968 382964 381960 377961 371963 367965
      366969 364973 359975 353974 344971 353968 359962 359958
      354957 347958 343960 339962 336966 338976 342984 348987
      353987 359996 364002 364008 363014 359025 357027 357030
      358035 359039 358043 358055 381081 385079 387075 388071
      390069 395071 411063 415062 418059 420053
 0.25 412106 412103 413101 413099 412096 410095 408094 406094
      405095 404097 403100 402102 402103 402104 401106 402108
      402109 403110 405111 407110 409109 410108 411107 412106
 0.25 383120 383117 384115 383114 383113 382110 380109 379110
      378111 378112 378114 378115 378117 379119 380119 381120
      383120 383120
 0.25 333969 330966 326964 321963 316964 312966 309969 309975
      312977 315977 321977 324978 329977 331973 333969
 0.25 306947 305945 301944 297945 296946 293947 292951 291954
      292956 294958 297960 301959 302956 302952 304949 306947
 0.50 534212 536206 535203 532196 530190 526185 523180 518176
      514179 514184 515187 518193 522197 525201 527204 528209
      529211 532212 534212
 0.50 519265 518257 515251 512243 508238 504232 499228 495228
      495230 497239 498247 498252 497256 494256 490256 483253
      481256 481259 484266 487273 490278 495284 502288 505287
      508285 512282 516276 518266 519265
 0.50 451714 449707 447704 443697 434688 426671 423662 420656
      413660 406664 400668 394671 378679 373684 369689 363704
      361711 357716 352722 350724 350727 352730 352737 357742
      365739 373736 381735 388737 393742 400745 410751 423753
      426755 430754 438752 445751 449745 451738 449729 446724
      445719 451714
 0.50 431094 431092 429091 428091 428092 429092 431094 431094
 0.50 409105 410103 410101 410098 408098 408099 407100 407103
      407105 409106 409105
 0.50 413054 408033 405021 402012 400006 400998 400992 394992
      390994 387998 386004 384008 369019 365022 363026 360029
      362033 366036 369041 369045 365047 361045 363049 366052
      370055 386061 392061 396062 405062 411059 413054
 1.00 515269 515267 515264 514262 514261 513258 512258 511256
      510255 509254 508256 507258 507261 507264 507265 507266
      507269 508270 509272 509273 511274 512274 513274 514272
      514271 515269
 1.00 436717 436709 434704 430697 424688 419683 403682 396679
      392681 388683 385686 383690 385695 389696 394696 399695
      403695 407698 408708 408719 404723 399725 400730 402732
      406736 409738 413736 415733 424734 432732 436731 436725
      436717
 1.00 404056 405049 403046 397039 395034 396027 393024 388024
      384024 380026 377028 371029 369032 371035 377042 377049
      380051 390053 398056 402058 404056
 1.50 429714 428713 428712 426711 425711 423713 424715 425717
      426720 427720 428719 429716 429714
 1.50 420702 419700 418699 416700 416701 415702 414703 414706
      415707 417707 419706 419704 420702 420702
 1.50 398050 397050 395050 394050 395051 397051 398050
 1.50 393041 392040 392038 391037 389037 388038 387039 387040
      387041 389043 390043 391043 392042 393041
 1.50 382033 383031 382030 381031 380032 380033 382033 382033

24HR QP VT 03/00Z
 0.01 479617 498635 503639 506645 507649 510655 512662 514673
      513677 512679 507685 501690 498691 496689 491690 488693
      485694 480701 470709 464714 461721 450729 442731 438731
      437729 439726 439721 438716 440712 444706 443700 440697
      435701 431706 427707 424706 421705 418703 414699 411692
      405675 403673 402668 404661 406654 407650 410647 412644
      416642 424636
 0.01 524262 526246 532232 537218 540198 539191 536183 532167
      526152 523145 522141 524136 526131 523126 519112 516099
      511084 510079 510074 511065 511061 513059 514061 518066
      524070 524076 524084 523094 526102 529106 534107 544104
      548102 552097 555092 558085 560075 560060 561048 561042
      563038 565032 565018 566005 566994 565977 565954 564935
      556941 552936 550927 545911 542901 539894 535888 530883
      527881 522881 516881 514879 510879 505880 501880 499878
      492878 488881 484888 483896 484900 487904 483914 465930
      465947 462962 462981 464986 467989 468993 470999 474005
      478012 481015 484018 484024 484031 486035 490042 491045
      491051 491056 488059 483062 481068 479077 480084 476090
      474093 471093 467092 464090 461089 459086 453076 448069
      445067 440067 435070 434076 437076 439075 443078 447082
      450088 452088 452092 447089 440088 437090 436092 438095
      441098 444099 446101 453103 455100 457098 458102 459109
      458118 462136 458142 454142 454149 451157 452164 457167
      471171 486172 494175 493182 492186 494189 495192 494196
      491198 481205 478207 472209 469210 465211 464214 462220
      461225 463228 470238 473241 476243 480249 489257 488263
      488266 489276 491286 494293 498299 504300 509297 513291
 0.01 482117 482115 482113 481110 480108 478107 476109 474111
      473113 472116 474118 475119 477121 479121 480120 482117
 0.01 449736 447734 442735 438736 435741 432744 431749 433752
      435754 440753 443750 445747 447741 449736 449736
 0.01 444147 445138 444135 444130 444126 443123 443115 440113
      436114 434119 434123 435126 435130 436134 435143 434150
      438153 441151 442149 444147
 0.01 451899 448873 447864 445858 441849 435838 433833 427834
      421836 418839 414842 411849 408857 404860 402865 395871
      386877 382879 375880 364880 343873 327864 324861 319860
      314859 307860 296863 293863 292866 290871 281894 274911
      268920 266929 263933 264937 261949 263954 267956 272959
      274966 272974 271988 270001 275010 278021 280031 281036
      287037 293039 300040 309043 318041 322040 326037 330034
      333029 337026 342025 349024 350022 349019 350015 352012
      356014 360025 363034 361035 358035 352034 346037 343040
      340045 334045 331046 327046 317049 316054 321058 330062
      335064 336069 330076 330081 334082 343076 346075 349075
      353078 360079 363077 373070 375064 374062 375058 382054
      386052 389048 384040 386035 391032 396030 399026 404017
      408012 410008 419996 428980 434972 442966 444963 447957
      450943 450936 449930 449913 451899
 0.01 428216 429211 428204 426193 422171 419166 420159 419153
      421147 420137 419135 416134 411136 407142 402153 402160
      402165 401178 401185 399190 400202 401214 403217 405220
      405224 400232 403235 407235 411235 415234 419230 422226
      425222 428216
 0.01 409110 409108 409105 409103 410101 410098 408096 406093
      405095 403095 403097 402100 402102 403104 403107 403109
      405112 407112 409110 409110
 0.01 384083 382083 380085 377084 374082 370084 368086 366090
      365095 369095 374094 377091 380088 382085 384083
 0.01 318838 315832 312826 307823 301821 290814 286810 280807
      276804 273803 269804 265804 264807 262815 264819 270822
      281825 287827 293831 297834 304838 308839 317839 318838
 0.01 300074 300067 297061 295056 292052 286051 285057 285064
      287068 290075 293079 298078 300074
 0.25 557021 558012 557006 553990 549981 547976 542973 539974
      536970 534964 531959 528956 525952 521949 515949 512951
      509955 508963 510969 517975 520979 521983 521989 518000
      518008 522012 526022 527028 527034 528039 533047 535051
      540054 543053 547050 550046 553039 556031 557021
 0.25 531208 531197 529188 527180 523173 518167 516165 511165
      509167 508172 506180 507185 510188 515193 521198 523200
      526204 527207 531208 531208
 0.25 517276 519271 519266 517260 514253 509249 506248 503257
      501261 498268 499274 502280 506285 508285 510284 513279
      517276
 0.25 451649 450644 448642 439644 431648 425652 420656 420662
      422665 428671 430672 435671 441666 445660 450654 451649
 0.25 425945 425937 423931 421926 418922 416920 412920 409915
      406910 403909 399909 391913 385914 380916 376919 373924
      370930 368932 367929 363920 357912 354906 347904 337901
      328898 321897 315898 305902 301905 297910 287927 282931
      280936 277940 275947 283966 284974 284981 281997 284008
      289017 291022 296027 301029 307027 316024 320021 323018
      342006 350001 360998 367998 374997 383992 392987 398979
      407972 413961 419954 425945
 0.25 374039 374037 374035 373033 372032 371032 370032 368034
      368037 369039 371041 373040 374039
 0.25 375024 375021 375019 374017 372017 370018 369019 369021
      370023 371023 372024 373025 375024
 0.50 439653 440650 438649 437651 435651 434652 433652 433655
      434656 436655 437654 439653 439653
 0.50 433657 432655 431655 430656 431656 433657 433657
 0.50 409947 409943 408941 403939 399942 395946 386953 383959
      380960 379964 374974 368976 361975 358976 356973 359967
      363963 370960 374958 377956 378954 377947 375941 374938
      370938 366941 361945 359947 359945 363935 362929 359925
      355921 351916 349914 345913 339911 330906 324905 319907
      313909 308913 305918 299921 292927 287931 284935 282940
      283949 285955 287962 290973 290981 289986 288001 289009
      291014 295017 298022 303021 308019 312018 314016 318011
      328005 332002 337000 341998 343996 347997 360995 373992
      377988 378982 382979 387977 391972 396968 403956 407952
      409947
 1.00 367987 366987 364987 363987 363989 364990 365990 366988
      367987
 1.00 362989 360988 359989 357989 358990 360991 362989
 1.00 354936 353932 349930 343928 340926 337917 333914 326915
      310924 294932 290933 287936 286942 287947 294954 296956
      299962 301965 301968 301976 300983 303985 308986 311982
      315979 319978 324978 327979 331978 334975 336964 341954
      346948 352941 354936
 1.00 326990 327985 325984 323986 318990 311993 305996 298998
      295006 297009 300008 307010 311009 315007 317005 318001
      323997 326990
 1.50 348941 348938 344935 340934 337930 335923 332920 328919
      323922 315927 310931 304937 300938 296937 292936 288938
      288942 290944 296950 301954 304958 306962 306973 310975
      315974 323972 328971 330969 334960 337953 343949 348941
      348941
 1.50 330941 331938 328938 325940 321943 317945 312945 312948
      316950 320952 323950 323947 325945 328942 330941
 2.00 340947 337941 334942 329947 325954 323956 321956 316958
      312960 310963 310967 312970 319969 325964 327961 330958
      335954 339948 340947
 2.00 321932 321931 319932 317932 316933 315932 314932 312934
      312935 311937 312939 314938 316938 317937 319935 320935
      321933 321932

$$




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