Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Rapid City, SD

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FXUS63 KUNR 230816

Area Forecast Discussion For Western SD and Northeastern WY
National Weather Service Rapid City SD
216 AM MDT Wed May 23 2018

.DISCUSSION...(Today Through Tuesday)
Issued at 214 AM MDT Wed May 23 2018

08z surface analysis had trough from central MT into southwest SD
through central WY. Weak low along it over southeast MT and
better low over northeast CO. Water vapour showed upper low
spinning over northern UT with southwest flow aloft over the CWA.
Main shortwave action over eastern WY/western NE on nose of 90kt
jet streak. 30-40kt low level jet supporting MCS over SD. Upper
low main concern this forecast.

Today/tonight, upper low will take a stroll into northeast MT with a
decent shortwave trough south into eastern WY. Southeast MT low
strengthens some supporting continued southeast boundary layer flow.
After some early morning ST/BR/leftover SHRA/TS, solar insolation
should be in full swing by late morning with implied subsidence
behind this morning`s shortwave. Atmosphere recovers with 1-2KJ/kg
MLCAPE. MLCIN will hold on a bit later than yesterday, but will
eventually crack across the far southwest later this afternoon per
CAMS/synoptic forcing. 0-6km bulk shear around 20m/s. Expect some
discrete convection late this afternoon over WY/far southwest SD
with the usual hail/wind threat and then it turns into more of a
wind threat as an MCS develops and 0-3km shear profiles bulge into
the evening hours. PWATs high, but storm movement decent, too.
Will have T+ wording in forecast late this afternoon/early this
evening. Temperatures will be near guidance.

Thursday into Saturday, upper ridge builds into the northern Plains
as another upper trough dives into the Rockies. Thermal ridge keeps
trending warmer and thus, temperatures, which will be at least
20F above normal on the SD Plains. Can`t rule out a stray TS
during the period.

Sunday into Tuesday, upper trough/low moves from the Rockies into
the northern Plains bringing a period of active weather with good
chances for TS.


.AVIATION...(For the 06Z TAFS Through 06Z Wednesday Night)
Issued At 1105 PM MDT Tue May 22 2018

Widespread thunderstorms will continue across northeast Wyoming
and western South Dakota through the overnight hours. IFR
conditions are possible with the strongest storms, along with
strong winds and hail. Conditions will improve Wednesday morning.




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