Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Topeka, KS

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FXUS63 KTOP 162021

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Topeka KS
321 PM CDT Fri Mar 16 2018

.SHORT TERM...(This evening through Saturday)
Issued at 317 PM CDT Fri Mar 16 2018

Short-term forecast for this bulk of the afternoon still hints that
there is a very minimal chance and short window of opportunity for a
strong storm to develop and still can`t rule out a brief tornado
based on the environmental vorticity available (generally just to
the southeast of the LWC vicinity). Some storms have been developing
just southeast of the LWC area within an a region of higher mixing
ratios and higher theta-e air. Meager MLCAPE values lie within the
axis of instability on the order of a few hundred J/kg and are
resulting in previous convective rolls developing into an area of
agitated cu field per GOES-16 mesoscale sector 1-minute resolution
data.  This narrow area is being squeezed and shunted to the
southeast fairly quickly as the afternoon progresses with the
advancing upper cold core low and surface frontal boundaries with
the triple point now near the Topeka area. WSR-88D still shows some
areas of showers over northeastern KS just to the north of I-70 into
the KTOP area with very light returns. Therefore, even with plenty
of low level SRH with values on the order of 200-300 m2/s2, it would
appear not enough moisture and instability exits for too much in the
way of development.  Based on forecast soundings and also GOES-16 WV
imagery, it appears too much of an EML may have remained in place
points west of the current areas seeing isolated storm development.
In short, the window on storms for the forecast area does have a
very small window left in extreme eastern areas, but that appears to
be rapidly closing.

Rest of the forecast for tonight and Saturday will remain dry after
this evening with any chances of wrap around showers with the cold
core feature coming to an end as the mid level closed low passes
over the area and begins to fill as it moves east being pushed along
by another sharp ridging feature building into the area during the
day Saturday.  Winds continue to veer to the south over the
afternoon in areas impacted by fire weather concerns.  Due to strong
winds and dry conditions with fuels still mostly cured, have left
Red Flag warning in place until this evening.  It is possible it may
be canceled early, but again changing winds through the 01Z time
frame will be the main concern for fire crews should any fires
develop.  Winds change to a northwesterly direction into the
overnight period.

Overnight lows reach the low 30s out over northcentral areas and
remain near 40 near east central KS.  Winds slowly calm back down
Saturday with another gradient of temps remaining from near 60 over
central KS to around 50 over extreme northeastern KS.

.LONG TERM...(Saturday night through Friday)
Issued at 317 PM CDT Fri Mar 16 2018

On Sunday a midlevel shortwave trough will dig across the Four
Corner region. As the trough progresses eastward it becomes
negatively tilted and closes off. On Sunday evening the deepening
low is forecasted to eject out of the Rockies. Upper-level
diffluence and left exit region divergence as well as differential
positive vorticity advection spreads eastward Sunday night and
provides large scale lift across northeast KS. The midlevel low
tracks over southern KS with the surface cyclone near and along the
OK/KS state line. There will be substantial poleward mass flux on
Sunday that results in PWATs reaching upwards of at least 0.75" and
the 900-700 mb moisture transport focusing over eastern KS. This
appreciable low-level moisture beneath steep midlevel lapse rates
will yield some instability. Surface based convection is more likely
across portions of central KS, which is where the dry line will be
present during peak diurnal heating. The zone of buoyancy east of
the surface cyclone could provide enough instability for some of
these storms to maintain strength Sunday evening. This may likely be
dictated by the positioning of the warm front and deeper low-level
moisture. Therefore the risk for a strong to severe storm is non-
zero, but certainly conditional. Given the amount of forcing storm
mode is highly uncertain. The precipitation appears to linger into
Monday and cooler temperatures advect into the area behind the
departing system. These temperatures could be cold enough to support
a rain snow mix Monday night and Tuesday morning. Northwest flow
aloft continues into Thursday with ridging ahead of the next trough
by Friday. Generally highs will be in the 50s and lows in the 30s.


.AVIATION...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Saturday afternoon)
Issued at 1245 PM CDT Fri Mar 16 2018

For the 18Z TAFs, MVFR conditions will be transitioning to mostly
VFR in the next 2 to 4 hours after a small window for for showers
and perhaps a thunderstorm works over the area. A low pressure
system slowly transitions over the area through the evening, so
winds will remain gusty at times and begin to veer progressively
this afternoon and overnight before eventually becoming
northwesterly by early morning time frame. Expect a few hours of
gusty winds once again as winds do become northwesterly with
additional wrap around clouds that could bring categories back to
MVFR for a period near the end of the forecast.


Red Flag Warning until 8 PM CDT this evening for KSZ034>038-



LONG TERM...Sanders
AVIATION...Drake is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.