Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Kansas City/Pleasant Hill, MO

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000
FXUS63 KEAX 191943
AFDEAX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
National Weather Service Kansas City/Pleasant Hill MO
243 PM CDT Sat May 19 2018

.Discussion...
Issued at 236 PM CDT SAT MAY 19 2018

The main concern for the late afternoon and evening hours
continues to be with the potential for strong to damaging winds
and large hail across the local area, particularly for areas over
eastern Kansas and and western Missouri.

The complex forecast is beginning to come into resolution as
depicted via visible satellite trends with multiple features in
play. Widespread convection from this morning has worked to
stabilize the environment in the near-term, though a gradual
clearing has been noted across eastern Kansas and more recently,
western Missouri. Synoptically speaking, a cold front is stretched
across central Kansas with a stationary boundary draped from north
central Kansas to northwestern Missouri. An inverted trough axis is
also noted along an axis extending from the Texas Panhandle into
west central Missouri. A weak mid-level shortwave is positioned
over southwestern Nebraska as of the early afternoon.

As the frontal boundary slowly pushes eastward driven by the
overhead shortwave trough, the downstream trough axis will
continue to pull northeastward into the local area. While these
features should remain displaced overall, the merging of these
features with time will result in the potential for organized
convection late this afternoon into the evening hours. Expanding
CU fields are noted ahead of the frontal boundary, while ongoing
convection is noted along the trough axis to the southwest. The
initial area to monitor will be across northeast KS and northwest
MO as storms form near the cold front further west and advect
into the area. While there remains some uncertainty on the amount
of destabilization with which to work, steep mid-level lapse
rates and adequate shear profiles may support the development of
storms capable of producing large hail, strong winds, and perhaps
an isolated tornado through the late afternoon and early evening.
The second, perhaps more certain feature conducive to severe
potential, is the inverted trough axis to the southwest. Strong
850 hPa flow will continue to expand into eastern KS and western
MO this afternoon and evening. If the cold front is able to merge
with this feature, there is greater potential for organized
storms to develop after 5 to 6 PM, beginning near eastern KS and
western MO, including the Kansas City Metro. With that said,
strong flow near 700 hPa may effectively cap the environment,
especially with consideration to the slower surface warming trend
due to lingering morning storms. Thus, it is a conditional setup
as to the amount of severity within this activity. Should
organized convection form, there is the potential for large hail
and strong winds, mainly east of I-35 and south of the Missouri
River. Activity should quickly weaken to sub-severe thresholds
later this evening as storms advance into central Missouri.
Localized heavy rainfall and isolated flash flooding is also
possible, as PWAT values approach 1.5 to 1.75 inches.

Additional rain showers and thunderstorms will then redevelop late
tonight into Sunday morning as an embedded disturbance advects
overhead the LLJ, though no severe weather is expected heading into
Sunday morning. Off and on rain chances will continue across the
area through the afternoon before tapering off late Sunday evening
as the PVA anomaly continues to advect downstream. There is some
potential for isolated strong to severe storms across the eastern
CWA during peak heating Sunday afternoon, though activity should
not be as organized as compared to this evening.

More seasonable temperatures are expected in the wake of the cold
frontal passage Monday before a ridging pattern brings a return of
above seasonable temperatures through much of next week. Off and on
air mass type storm chances will also be present, which may
temporarily limit some of the afternoon heating trends.


&&

.Aviation...(For the 18Z TAFS through 18Z Sunday Afternoon)
Issued at 1220 PM CDT SAT MAY 19 2018

Mid-level cloud cover should begin to thin out during the
afternoon hours before low-level moisture returns to the area this
evening and overnight. There remains a chance for evening
thunderstorm activity across the terminal sites until the early
overnight hours. Some storms may produce gusty winds and large
hail early in the event near sunset. In the wake of activity,
ceiling heights will diminish as surface temps cool to saturation.
May see some improvement by the mid-morning Sunday, though
ceilings should not improve to VFR until Sunday afternoon at the
earliest.


&&

.EAX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
KS...NONE.
MO...NONE.
&&

$$

Discussion...Welsh
Aviation...Welsh



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