Tropical Weather Discussion
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370
AXNT20 KNHC 181150
TWDAT

Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
750 AM EDT Fri May 18 2018

Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
Equator to 32N. The following information is based on satellite
imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.

Based on 0600 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through
1145 UTC.

...TROPICAL WAVES...

A central Atlantic tropical wave has an axis that extends from
11N46W to 00N48W, moving W at 10 to 15 kt. This wave appears as a
poleward surge in low level moisture and troughing at 700 mb.
Scattered showers are S of 05N between 40W and the wave axis.

...MONSOON TROUGH/ITCZ...

The monsoon trough passes through the coastal sections of Guinea
near 10N14W to 04N20W. The ITCZ continues from 04N20W to 02N30W
to 01N45W. Besides the convection associated with the tropical
wave, scattered to numerous moderate convection is from 02N to
08N E of 22W. Scattered showers are within 100 nm north of the
ITCZ.


...DISCUSSION

GULF OF MEXICO...

A weak surface trough extends from the western Florida panhandle
near 31N86W to 30N89W supporting a line of showers along the
trough axis. An upper trough is over the eastern Gulf along 87W
and is interacting with a deep plume of tropical moisture E of the
its axis to produce numerous showers and embedded thunderstorms
east of 87W including Florida, the Florida Straits, and western
Cuba. A weak ridge axis extends from central Florida to a 1013 mb
high center over the western Gulf near 26N91W. This ridge
supports gentle to moderate flow over the majority of the Gulf
basin this morning, except for fresh SE winds near the SE Texas
coast, where a tighter pressure gradient exists between the high
center and lower pressures inland.

The surface trough over the NE Gulf will dissipate later this
morning. A new surface trough will develop just east of S Florida
this weekend and move into the eastern Gulf by Sunday. The upper
trough over the eastern Gulf will remain for several days, and
will continue to be the focus for shower and thunderstorm activity
mainly over the far eastern Gulf, where deeper moisture and
better lift will be present.

CARIBBEAN SEA...

An upper trough extends over the Yucatan Peninsula and the NW
Caribbean. Upper-level diffluence on the eastern side of this
trough is supporting scattered moderate convection over the
western between 76W-83W, with stronger activity south of 14N, and
scattered to numeorous showers over Cuba. Broad high pressure
over the subtropical Atlantic supports moderate to fresh
tradewinds over the NW and E Caribbean, and fresh to strong winds
over the central Caribbean. Light winds are occurring over the SW
Caribbean near the eastern Pacific monsoon trough. Wave heights of
8 to 10 ft are occurring over the S central Caribbean as
confirmed by an recent satellite altimeter pass and current buoy
data.

Over the next couple of days the upper trough will remain in
place with an enhancement of shower and thunderstorm activity
over the western Caribbean. The surface ridging pattern over the
Atlantic will persist, keeping a similar wind profile in place
across the Caribbean into the upcoming weekend.

ATLANTIC OCEAN...

An upper trough and surface trough over the eastern Gulf of Mexico
is supporting scattered showers and thunderstorms over the W
Atlantic W of 76W, including the N Bahamas. A 1028 mb high is
centered over the central Atlantic near 34N55W. A 1030 mb high is
over the central Atlantic near 35N36W. These high pressure
centers anchor a very broad ridge that spans the Atlantic waters E
of Florida to the NW Africa coast. The pressure gradient between
the central Atlantic high and lower pressures in the Caribbean and
eastern Gulf of Mexico support fresh to locally strong E to SE
winds along the northern coast of Hispaniola, and fresh SW winds
off the north Florida coast. Moderate to fresh tradewinds are
occurring across the central and western Atlantic S of 27N. Gentle
to moderate winds cover the central Atlantic N of 27N. Moderate
to occasionally fresh NE winds are occurring over the eastern
Atlantic.

The overall pattern will change little over the next few days,
with ongoing convection possible W of 75W and strong winds
expected to continue along the northern coast of Hispaniola, and
at times eastern Cuba.

For additional information please visit
http://www.hurricanes.gov/marine

$$

ERA/Latto




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