Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Des Moines, IA

Current Version | Previous Version | Text Only | Print | Product List | Glossary On
Versions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41
FXUS63 KDMX 162351

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Des Moines IA
651 PM CDT Fri Mar 16 2018

Issued at 647 PM CDT Fri Mar 16 2018

Started Winter Weather Advisory early as surface temperatures,
specifically road sfc temperatures were cool enough to promote
icing/freezing of precipitation on their surfaces. Forecast
remains extremely touch as temperature changes of a few degrees
will make a big difference.

For impacts this evening, expecting road temperatures to continue
to drop with sunset. Coldest road temperatures will likely occur
from the 3 am to 5 am timeframe. Good news is that by the 3 am to
5 am timeframe, precip intensity should be waning across the area,
with more freezing drizzle favored. Winds will also fall rather
rapidly, decreasing to near 10 mph by sunrise Saturday morning.


.SHORT TERM.../Tonight through Saturday/
Issued at 310 PM CDT Fri Mar 16 2018

Upper low pressure over north central Kansas and south central
Nebraska with associated surface low pressure lagging slightly to
the southwest. A broad area of precipitation has develop to the
northeast of the system including much of southern Iowa and
northeast Nebraska. Even some lightning now entering southern
Iowa. Temperatures have remained in the low to mid 30s under the
precipitation with dewpoints in the 20s resulting in wetbulb
temperatures at or below freezing. This has resulted in some icing
on elevated surfaces including windows and vehicles however now
no icing has yet been reported on roadways. Road temperatures
remain at or above freezing and mostly in the mid 30s or warmer
and sub surface temperatures at 2-4 inches are in the upper 30s to
mid 40s. Therefore, impacts remain minimal at this point. Farther
north, very dry air remains in place as easterly winds continue
to flow from a large area of high pressure which is situated over
the western Great Lakes.

Biggest forecast challenge is icing potential tonight and icing
amounts. Road temperatures across northern Iowa have warmed into
the upper 40s to mid 50s, however sub surface temperatures are
lower in the mid to upper 30s. Suspect once sunset arrives and
ends any solar radiation filtering through the clouds and
precipitation begins, the road temperatures will cool quickly and
could pose an icing potential. Definitely expect some elevated
icing, potentially over one tenth inch on trees and other elevated
surfaces. Ice introduction is lost overnight across a large
portion of the area though the drizzle/freezing drizzle potential
will persist with a deep low level saturated layer and some
vertical ascent within this layer. The stratus shield should keep
temperatures from falling much tonight and in fact rising
temperatures are possible over the south as the area of low
pressure moves east across Missouri. At this time, plan to expand
the winter weather advisory across much of north central Iowa
except for the far north where more light snow than freezing
rain/drizzle is possible. The expansion will include that
aforementioned potential for road/walkway icing in addition to the
elevated icing. High pressure will settle in from the north late
tonight into Saturday and will gradually bring an end to the
precipitation from north to south. Clouds may persist in to
Saturday, especially over the southeast and potentially over much
of central Iowa as the stratus deck will be difficult to scour
out. This will keep high temperatures on the cool side and
generally in the upper 30s to mid 40s.

.LONG TERM.../Saturday night through Friday/
Issued at 310 PM CDT Fri Mar 16 2018

Rather active long term period with multiple opportunities for
precipitation. Best chances for precipitation look to be Tuesday
and Friday.

Long term period begins with ridging on Sunday. Readings on
Sunday afternoon will be warmer than those found on Saturday
especially across the southern CWA.

Precip chances return Sunday night into Monday with an upper-
level low tracking eastward to the south of the CWA. Latest model
runs have trended northward--as have the POPs--but there has been
some back-and-forth wobbling with the northward extent of the low
in past model runs. Thus confidence is low in the actual placement
of the POPs and precipitation. Precipitation type is expected to
mainly be light rain.

POPs remain across the western CWA Monday night into Tuesday as a
small shortwave coming in from the west is progged to affect our
weather--especially across the western CWA. Precipitation type
will depend on time of day, with light snow during the nighttime
hours and transitioning to light rain during the daytime hours.

Quiet weather is expected for Tuesday night into Thursday with
additional ridging building in. Another shortwave approaching from
the west will bring a large area of warm air advection
precipitation into the CWA beginning Thursday night and continuing
into next weekend.


.AVIATION.../For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Saturday evening/
Issued at 647 PM CDT Fri Mar 16 2018

A messy TAF this evening and overnight. Mixed precip ongoing at
most sites and will continue for next few hours. Intensity of any
precip should be dropping towards 06z... where more
drizzle/freezing drizzle/light snow would be favored. Light snow
at KMCW with the coolest temps, and more of a light drizzle
towards KOTM with the warmest temps.

Winds will also gradually diminish towards sunrise Saturday
morning... eventually falling below 10 kts by sunset tomorrow


Winter Weather Advisory until 7 AM CDT Saturday for IAZ004-005-



SHORT TERM...Donavon
AVIATION...Kotenberg is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.