Quantitative Precipitation Forecast
Issued by NWS

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000
FXUS04 KWBC 211013
QPFPFD

QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
512 AM EST SUN JAN 21 2018


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JAN 21/1200 UTC THRU JAN 24/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1

CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS AND TOWARD THE UPPER MS
VALLEY

THE FORMING CLOSED LOW OVER THE FOUR CORNERS AREA EARLY DAY 1 WILL
BE PUSHING STEADILY EASTWARD ACROSS THE CENTRAL ROCKIES SUNDAY AND
INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS SUNDAY NIGHT-EARLY MONDAY.  THERE ARE ONLY
SOME MINOR TIMING DIFFERENCES WITH RESPECT TO THIS EVOLUTION OF
THE MID LEVEL AND SURFACE CENTERS WITH THIS SYSTEM.  AN
INCREASINGLY WELL DEFINED COMMA HEAD/DEFORMATION PRECIPITATION
BAND EARLY DAY 1 STRETCHING FROM THE CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE
CENTRAL HIGH PLAINS WILL EXPAND WITH TIME EAST NORTHEASTWARD INTO
THE CENTRAL PLAINS SUNDAY AND TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY SUNDAY
NIGHT-EARLY MONDAY.  HEAVY SNOWS LIKELY IN THIS COMMA
HEAD/DEFORMATION REGION STRETCHING DAY 1 FROM NORTHEAST
COLORADO/FAR SOUTHEAST WY----ACROSS NW KS---MUCH OF NE SAVE FOR
THE FAR SOUTHEAST---SOUTHEAST SD INTO FAR NW IA.  SEE THE LATEST
QPFHSD FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION ACROSS THESE
AREAS.

EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE LOWER TO MID MS
VALLEY REGION

PRECIPITATION EXPECTED TO BECOME INCREASINGLY ACTIVE TO THE
SOUTHEAST OF THE STRONG EJECTING CENTRAL PLAINS CLOSED LOW---ALONG
AND AHEAD OF THE ASSOCIATED COLD FRONT PUSHING EAST FROM THE
EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN PLAINS LATE SUNDAY AFTERNOON TO
THE LOWER MS VALLEY REGION BY EARLY MONDAY.  INSTABILITY WILL BE
PEAKING ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT IN THE 0000 TO 0600 UTC TIME
FRAME FROM EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN PLAINS---NORTHEASTWARD
TO THE LOWER MO VALLEY/MID MS VALLEY REGION.  EXPECT A WELL
DEFINED FRONTAL/PRE-FRONTAL CONVECTIVE LINE TO STRETCH FROM
NORTHEAST TX INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK---NW AR INTO SOUTH CENTRAL MO
IN THE 0000-0600 UTC TIME FRAME.  THIS PERIOD WILL HAVE THE
GREATEST PRECIP POTENTIAL AS THE DEVELOPING CONVECTIVE LINE WILL
BE SLOWER MOVING WITH SOME POTENTIAL FOR A SMALL PERIOD OF
TRAINING OF CELLS IN A SOUTHWEST TO NORTHEAST DIRECTION FORM
NORTHEAST TX INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK---WESTERN AR.  SHORTLY PRIOR TO
0600 UTC AND AFTERWARD---THIS CONVECTIVE LINE IS EXPECTED TO
BECOME MORE PROGRESSIVE---LOWERING THE PRECIP POTENTIAL TOWARD THE
LOWER TO MIDDLE MS VALLEY REGION.  HOURLY RAINFALL RATES OF
1.00-1.5" POSSIBLE IN THE 0000-060O UTC TIME PERIOD FROM NORTHEAST
TX INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK AND WESTERN AR WHERE ISOLATED RUNOFF
ISSUES MAY DEVELOP.  THE MARGINAL RISK IN THE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
POTENTIAL OUTLOOK ACROSS THIS AREA WAS MAINTAINED---NARROWED
SLIGHTLY ON THE EASTERN END TO REFLECT THE MORE PROGRESSIVE NATURE
OF THE CONVECTIVE LINE AFTER 0600 UTC.  OVERALL---WIDESPREAD
MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS LIKELY WITH THIS
DEVELOPING PRE-FRONTAL/FRONTAL SQUALL LINE.

PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO NORTHERN CALIFORNIA

STRONG NORTHEAST PACIFIC HEIGHT FALLS EXPECTED TO PUSH EASTWARD
INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST ON SUNDAY AND INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES
BY EARLY MONDAY.  AN ORGANIZED AREA OF PRECIPITATION ALONG AND
AHEAD OF THE ASSOCIATED FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL SUPPORT WIDESPREAD
MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS FROM THE WASHINGTON-OREGON
CASCADES---WEST TO THE WA/OREGON COAST RANGE AND SOUTHWARD INTO
NORTHWEST CALIFORNIA.  MODEL CONSENSUS FOR THE HEAVIEST TOTALS DAY
1 ARE ACROSS THE OLYMPIC RANGE OF WASHINGTON AND THE FAR NORTHWEST
CALIFORNIA AND FAR SOUTHWEST OREGON COAST RANGES WHERE THE STRONG
SOUTH SOUTHWESTERLY LOW LEVEL FLOW ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT
WILL HAVE THE GREATEST UPSLOPE COMPONENT.  THIS FRONT IS EXPECTED
TO BE PROGRESSIVE AND PW VALUES ALONG AND AHEAD OF IT ARE EXPECTED
TO ONLY BE NEAR SEASONAL NORMS.  THIS SHOULD PRECLUDE VERY HEAVY
PRECIP TOTALS---WITH MAX AMOUNTS IN THE 2-4" RANGE ACROSS THE
OLYMPIC RANGE AND THE FAR NW CA AND FAR SW OREGON COAST RANGES.
THE MARGINAL RISK AREA ON THE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL POTENTIAL OUTLOOK
WAS MAINTAINED OVER FAR SOUTHWEST OREGON AND NORTHWEST CALIFORNIA
FOR POTENTIAL RUNOFF/DEBRIS FLOW ISSUES OVER RECENT BURN SCAR
AREAS.


INLAND INTO THE NORTHERN GREAT BASIN AND NORTHERN
ROCKIES---GENERALLY MODERATE PRECIP TOTALS IN THE .10-.25" RANGE
EXPECTED FROM NORTHEAST OREGON---FAR EASTERN WA AND INTO CENTRAL
TO NORTHERN IDAHO.


DAY 2/3


...WEST COAST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY AFFECTS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN
ROCKIES DURING DAY 2...RESULTING IN QPF...MAINLY ACROSS THE HIGHER
TERRAIN. AS A LONG WAVE TROUGH SLOWLY APPROACHES THE WEST COAST
DURING DAY 3...STRONG SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH TAPS DEEP MOISTURE TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL AMOUNTS ACROSS NORTHERN CA INTO SOUTHWEST OR. THERE IS
BETTER AGREEMENT WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR HEAVY RAINFALL OVER
NORTHWEST CA/SOUTHWEST OR ON DAY 3...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY EXITING THE NORTHERN ROCKIES EARLY ON DAY 2
PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT OVER THAT REGION. THIS...IN
CONJUNCTION WITH UPSLOPE FLOW...COULD PRODUCE LOCAL 0.25 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS OVER THE NORTHERN BITTERROOT RANGE IN ID...THE ROCKY
MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT...AS WELL AS THE GRAND TETONS IN WY.
FURTHER WEST...SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A LONG WAVE TROUGH
WELL WEST OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COMES ASHORE BETWEEN 23/06Z AND
23/12Z. A 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER TO THE COAST...AND THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS EXPECTED
TO AID IN THE PRODUCTION OF AXES OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF
ACROSS THE WA CASCADES.

DAY 3...
AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH SLOWLY APPROACHES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
DURING DAY 3...SHORT WAVE ENERGY IS EJECTED INTO THE INCREASINGLY
FAST MID LEVEL FLOW OVER THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN
CA...MAINLY DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. A 50 KNOT LOW
LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR
TO THE COAST...WHICH BECOMES FOCUSED OVER THE NORTHERN CA COASTAL
RANGES...AS WELL AS KLAMATH MOUNTAINS IN SOUTHWEST OR. THE
COMBINATION OF LIFT IN THE RIGHT REAR QUADRANT OF A 110 KNOT JET
STREAK CROSSING WA INTO BRITISH COLUMBIA AND THE STRONG UPSLOPE
FLOW IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AN AREA OF 3.00 TO 4.00 INCHES OF QPF
IN THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREA. THESE AMOUNTS ARE SUPPORTED BY MEMBERS
OF THE 00Z GEFS SHOWING 3.00 TO 4.00 INCHES OF QPF HERE. AFTER
COLLABORATING WITH WFO MFR...A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED ACROSS A
SMALL PORTION OF NORTHWEST CA INTO SOUTHWEST OR TO COVERAGE THE
FLOOD THREAT.

FURTHER NORTH ACROSS WA AND WESTERN OR...THE SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT
IS STRONGER...BUT THE DEPTH OF THE MOISTURE IN THE PACIFIC
MOISTURE PLUME IS NOT AS ROBUST AS FURTHER SOUTH. THE 40/50 KNOT
LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW BECOMES FOCUSES ON THE OLYMPIC RANGE IN
WA AND THE NORTHERN OR COASTAL RANGE. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL
SIGNAL FOR 2.00 TO 3.00 INCHES OF QPF HERE...WITH THE HIGHEST
AMOUNTS EXPECTED OVER THE HIGHER PEAKS OF THE OLYMPIC RANGE.
LESSER QPF AMOUNTS (GENERALLY BETWEEN 1.00/2.00 INCHES) ARE
EXPECTED OVER THE WA CASCADES...WHERE LOWERING SNOW LEVEL SHOULD
MITIGATE ANY FLOOD THREAT DURING DAY 3.

FINALLY...SOME OF THE PACIFIC MOISTURE PLUME SURVIVES THE TRIP
INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE LAST PORTION OF DAY 3.
UPSLOPE FLOW AND SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT COMBINE TO PRODUCE LOCAL
0.75 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS THE NORTHERN BITTERROOT RANGE IN ID.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OVER THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST...MAINLY DURING DAY 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE
LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES/NORTHEAST...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER THE CENTRAL PLAINS EARLY ON DAY 2
TRACKS OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES BY THE END OF THE
PERIOD...BEFORE OPENING UP INTO A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE
TROUGH THAT MOVES OVER NEW ENGLAND DURING DAY 3. SURFACE LOW
PRESSURE ASSOCIATED WITH MID LEVEL SYSTEM CROSSES THE MID MS
VALLEY AND GREAT LAKES ON DAY 2...BEFORE EXITING INTO EASTERN
CANADA ON DAY 3. THERE IS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF
THE SYNOPTIC SCALE FEATURES...AS WELL AS THE PLACEMENT OF THE AXIS
OF HIGHEST QPF...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 2. WITH THIS IN MIND...THE
WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW AND SURFACE SYSTEM TRACK FROM THE
CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 2...A BAND OF
MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETIC FORCING IS EXPECTED TO STRETCH FROM
EASTERN NE ACROSS NORTHERN IA/SOUTHERN MN INTO CENTRAL WI AND THE
UP OF MI. THE BEST LIFT IS EXPECTED DURING THE FIRST PART OF THE
PERIOD...AS THE SURFACE LOW DEEPENS...AND MODEL SOUNDINGS ACROSS
THE MID LEVEL FORCING SHOWED ELEVATED INSTABILITY EXTENDING
SOUTHWARD INTO SOUTHERN WI/NORTHERN IL AND THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF
MI. THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT PLACING A LONG AXIS OF
0.75/1.00 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREA. FURTHER
SOUTH ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF MI...WHERE THE WARM SECTOR
COULD BRIEFLY POKE NORTHWARD...SURFACE BASED CONVECTION COULD TAKE
ADVANTAGE OF THE MOISTURE IN PLACE TO PRODUCE LOCAL 1.25 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS...MAINLY AFTER 23/00Z.

ISENTROPIC LIFT ALONG THE ELEVATED WARM FRONT EXTENDING ACROSS
SOUTHERN QUEBEC REACHES UPSTATE NY INTO NEW ENGLAND AFTER 23/00Z.
THE FOCUS FOR THE BEST LIFT IS EXPECTED ACROSS NORTHERN NEW
ENGLAND...WHERE A SWATH OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED.

DAY 3...
CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OPENS UP INTO A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE
TROUGH THAT CROSSES NEW ENGLAND DURING DAY 3...AS THE SURFACE LOW
TRACKS ACROSS QUEBEC INTO THE CANADIAN MARITIMES. THE FOCUS FOR
DEEPENING MOISTURE (AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TOP OUT NEAR 1.00
INCHES...WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
THE MEAN) AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY (PROBABLY ELEVATED...BASED ON
00Z GFS SOUNDINGS) IS A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM THE LOW
SOUTH ACROSS NEW ENGLAND. A 50 TO 70 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW
PUMPS THE HIGH MOISTURE AIR AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY OVER EASTERN
NEW ENGLAND BETWEEN 23/12Z AND 23/18Z. A LARGE SWATH OF 1.00 TO
.125 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE...WITH LOCAL 1.75 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS POSSIBLE OVER DOWNEAST ME...WHERE THE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY MAXIMIZE. THERE IS STILL AS MUCH AS 12 INCHES OF SNOW
IN PLACE OVER DOWNEAST ME...AND THE COMBINATION OF RAINFALL AND
SNOWMELT COULD RESULT IN FLOODING ISSUES. EVEN THOUGH THIS COULD
END UP BEING A FLOOD VERSUS FLASH FLOOD THREAT...AND AFTER
COLLABORATING WITH WFO CAR...A MARGINAL RISK WAS PUT IN PLACE OVER
DOWNEAST ME FOR DAY 3.

SNOWFALL AND ICE ARE EXPECTED ACROSS THE UPPER MS VALLEY INTO NEW
ENGLAND DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF
WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...SOUTHEAST/TN VALLEY/OH VALLEY/MID ATLANTIC...

AS STRONG LOW PRESSURE WRAPS UP ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES INTO NEW
ENGLAND DURING DAYS 2 AND 3...A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM
THE LOW BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR DEEPENING MOISTURE AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY FEEDING LOW TOPPED CONVECTION PRODUCING LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING
OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY...AS WELL AS THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM
QPF. WITH THIS IN MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A
BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A STRONG CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER
THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 2 PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT
ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST STATES INTO THE TN AND OH VALLEYS ALONG AND
AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT CROSSING THE REGION. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A
40/50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS. MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE FRONT (WHICH
BECOMES MAINLY ELEVATED ACROSS THE OH VALLEY)...AND THE MOISTURE
AND INSTABILITY COULD SUPPORT BROKEN LINES OF CONVECTION PRODUCING
LOCAL 0.50 TO 1.00 QPF AMOUNTS. FOR THE MOST PART...THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE ABOVE 1.50/200 INCHES (WITH THE
LOWEST VALUES OVER OH/WV)...AND THE 850-300 MB MEAN FLOW SHOULD
KEEP THE CONVECTION FROM POSING A SIGNIFICANT TRAINING THREAT.
WITH THIS IN MIND...NO FLASH FLOOD RISK AREAS WERE PUT IN PLACE
FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
THE SURFACE FRONT CROSSES THE MID ATLANTIC COAST BETWEEN 23/12Z
AND 23/18Z. THE BEST COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED OVER THE NORTHERN DELMARVA PENINSULA INTO
NJ DURING THIS TIME...AND A BROKEN LINE OF LOW TOPPED CONVECTION
COULD PRODUCE 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF BEFORE THE FRONT EXITS
THE COAST. AT THIS TIME...THE THREAT FOR FLASH FLOODING SEEM
FAIRLY LOW...AS THE CONVECTION SHOULD BE MOVING...AND THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE OF GENERALLY ABOVE 1.50 INCHES.

AS THE FRONT CROSSES FL EARLY ON DAY 3....THE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE FRONT COULD SUPPORT CONVECTION THAT EXITS
THE EAST COAST BEFORE 23/18Z. LIFT IN THE RIGHT REAR QUADRANT OF A
130 KNOT JET STREAK OVER THE MID ATLANTIC STATES COULD SUPPORT
CONVECTIVE ORGANIZATION...AND A LOCAL 0.75 INCH QPF AMOUNT WAS
PLACED OVER CENTRAL FL TO ACCOUNT FOR THE STORMS.


ORAVEC/HAYES


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT
WWW.WPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/QPF/QPF2.SHTML

24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 537202 536191 534180 531173 526167 514155 500145 489133
      484129 479128 478127 473128 471130 469133 471138 475140
      477143 476146 472146 466140 460139 454142 452146 449147
      446148 443145 437141 433142 429139 426136 422136 412146
      407151 402155 398162 396169 393172 391176 390181 392184
      397185 402180 409179 414179 417182 421188 427194 431197
      433202 431204 429203 426200 420197 415198 412199 413203
      415206 414209 411210 405207 401204 396202 389198 384197
      382199 383203 383209 381213 378215 372218 370222 369226
      370233 370239 369245 370249 372253 376260 380264 381269
      384276 389282 395285 401282 407276 411274 415273 431273
      446273 460273 477275 487279 491281 494284 501289 505290
      507288 515276 519263 521256 520250 521243 523239 527231
      533217 537202
 0.01 490884 490875 488869 485865 481864 474871 470870 464871
      464883 466891 465898 465906 465910 467912 469917 472917
      473909 475902 477897 482897 488887 490884
 0.01 457729 456716 453702 450694 446690 443698 442708 442717
      440725 442737 442742 442745 440747 437746 431746 425740
      420733 414729 408730 408734 409747 404753 402758 401762
      401767 400774 399781 395788 391793 393814 393819 392823
      389829 387833 384843 385849 383853 384865 386870 383873
      368880 361884 352888 338893 332896 326898 311905 303909
      300910 297914 291920 286925 279933 275939 270945 266952
      254962 253966 256967 262970 265969 268970 273975 281979
      283984 286987 288992 291996 295995 300989 308985 321978
      335970 343967 351963 363956 369953 371946 376945 380948
      385953 388956 389963 390973 386976 382974 377974 375976
      371985 371995 374999 374003 373014 368021 364028 363034
      364038 364043 362046 352055 352058 355060 359061 357064
      357067 357077 355079 353079 348079 343085 339084 336079
      330079 328083 330091 331094 334099 340099 342091 346092
      349094 354095 362092 365094 369095 378101 385097 394094
      400086 403085 404089 404096 404103 401107 398109 391111
      384115 379121 375123 374128 373130 378131 383128 389124
      394120 400117 408117 419109 422106 422098 420090 426089
      429094 433095 435091 434086 434080 437075 441077 445018
      445004 447992 448980 450962 453939 454929 454915 455903
      453893 448875 442833 441817 440810 441806 443805 447803
      450804 455804 457800 459790 458778 457763 458758 457751
      456739 457729
 0.01 332058 332055 330055 329055 328055 328057 328058 330058
      332058 332058
 0.01 267802 267798 265796 262795 259797 257798 253799 252801
      250804 252807 254808 256807 260807 263805 265804 267802
 0.25 532205 532197 530188 527182 523176 512168 506166 499167
      492165 485162 482164 482168 485176 490180 494185 499184
      505188 514199 518204 523208 526210 528209 532205
 0.25 515264 517255 517250 515238 514232 511225 506216 500208
      494202 490197 486194 482195 479199 476203 472205 469207
      465208 461206 459207 456211 452214 447215 438215 433214
      427212 421221 421226 416226 417221 415217 406213 397207
      393208 391216 383219 376222 373224 374230 378240 381250
      384253 388256 393267 397270 401270 417264 426259 434256
      453256 464256 474259 481265 488272 496279 501282 504284
      508281 510275 515264
 0.25 494241 493235 492231 489227 486225 481223 477223 473224
      472226 475227 478226 480228 481232 484235 488234 491237
      494241 494241
 0.25 473158 472156 472154 472153 471152 469151 467151 466152
      465154 467157 468158 470159 471160 473158
 0.25 463181 461176 456175 453166 446161 442159 439161 438163
      441166 444171 446175 445179 441182 440187 440193 443203
      446204 448197 450193 453191 460186 463181
 0.25 441993 443977 443970 441965 439956 439941 441926 441911
      441903 439897 432890 430887 429880 427869 428859 427851
      426847 421838 414831 411835 410841 408846 402848 399857
      399863 401867 402870 401874 399879 397883 393886 387887
      378890 358896 349899 342902 327910 310920 304926 299935
      298939 300945 304947 309947 307958 305972 310973 314972
      322968 331965 339960 345955 357945 363939 372933 380928
      387924 397921 402920 403915 410913 413913 416916 414919
      410919 408922 408930 410941 411949 410954 408967 405976
      398982 394989 390999 385008 385019 384024 381027 377026
      374029 372033 373039 378038 380034 383031 387034 388040
      387048 393055 395059 393063 392067 396066 398062 402058
      405058 409060 412064 415064 417060 419056 422058 426062
      428058 430042 431033 433028 433023 435018 439005 441993
 0.25 401076 402074 401072 400074 400076 401077 401076
 0.25 367054 365053 363053 361053 360054 359055 359056 361056
      362056 363055 365055 366055 367054
 0.50 527201 528196 527193 526190 524187 522184 521183 518180
      514181 513184 514187 516190 518193 519196 521198 522200
      525201 527201
 0.50 513263 515255 514248 513237 512232 509227 504218 498211
      492205 489200 486200 482203 479205 472209 465212 449217
      439217 436218 432218 428219 425220 424223 428227 429231
      430234 427235 425234 416230 413219 408217 404217 403224
      400225 390223 384222 380224 379230 380234 383244 389250
      392254 394258 399262 404261 412260 419258 436253 444250
      451250 460250 466250 471252 479258 486264 500278 503280
      506279 509273 510268 513263
 0.50 501253 498245 494236 491226 488223 483222 474220 471221
      467225 466227 468230 477229 480231 482237 489238 492241
      495246 499253 501253
 0.50 452173 451171 450170 450171 450173 451175 452173
 0.50 434995 434990 431987 430981 431975 432969 430965 426962
      423961 417965 411973 406979 401988 393004 390013 389020
      390025 392035 394047 405035 409035 413038 418028 427011
      431005 433999 434995
 0.50 433909 434901 431897 427889 423879 420874 416873 412876
      410880 406887 402890 396892 387894 376895 368897 349905
      334912 325917 317922 312927 307933 305940 308943 316940
      320938 323940 319945 313962 312966 316967 324965 333961
      341956 346949 352945 367934 381925 384921 389918 396913
      403909 410905 413904 415905 417908 423916 426919 429917
      433909
 1.00 511255 511241 510236 508232 503223 499216 489212 484211
      481211 477212 476215 478216 488220 492222 493228 496236
      501245 505253 509256 511255
 1.00 504273 503267 502264 498257 494250 491242 488240 485241
      483242 480239 478232 475232 472234 470237 466236 458235
      452236 444238 442239 442241 446243 450244 463243 467243
      470244 477248 484253 489259 499271 501274 504273
 1.00 431248 430242 426238 416234 411231 409226 407232 404232
      401230 397228 390227 385226 384228 384232 390240 397248
      400251 406253 411254 417254 426252 429250 431248
 1.00 408007 408004 405005 403007 401009 399011 398014 397016
      397018 400019 402017 404014 406012 407010 408007
 1.00 373927 369926 366927 359930 352932 345936 339939 336941
      335945 336949 339951 345947 350943 357938 363935 368931
      373927
 1.50 506242 506238 504236 503233 502229 501225 500222 498219
      495220 495225 495230 496234 498236 499238 501241 503243
      506242
 1.50 499266 498263 497260 495257 494254 492251 491248 490245
      487246 488249 489252 490255 492258 494261 495263 498266
      499266
 1.50 478243 479241 479239 479237 479236 478234 476233 474234
      473236 473239 473240 475242 476243 478243 478243
 1.50 426242 426241 424240 423239 421238 419238 417238 416239
      417241 418242 418243 420245 422246 423245 425244 426242
 1.50 411245 412241 410239 407238 403236 400235 398233 395231
      392232 393236 394238 397240 398243 400246 403247 407246
      409246 411245
 1.50 357936 357935 355935 354936 355937 357936 357936
 1.50 354938 354937 352936 350938 352940 354939 354938
 1.50 351941 350939 348939 346941 345941 343943 342943 341944
      339945 341947 343946 345945 346944 348943 348942 350941
      351941
 2.00 477240 478238 478235 477235 476235 474237 475239 477240
      477240
 2.00 406241 405239 403238 401237 399238 399239 399241 400244
      402244 404243 405243 406241 406241

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 540205 539196 537189 535182 531175 526163 524158 520154
      510145 505140 499136 489131 485128 480125 474123 467122
      465123 464119 466114 466112 463105 460099 454092 448089
      441088 435089 428089 424091 424093 426097 426101 423103
      420107 420112 417114 413111 411103 408096 406097 405105
      405114 406119 410120 412122 415124 417127 418130 415134
      414136 412134 410141 408146 405151 401155 400158 401160
      408162 411163 412167 412173 413177 426194 428194 431191
      434186 437180 442176 445170 446167 448167 447177 450181
      452183 456184 458185 460183 466177 471178 483182 487185
      492186 498187 502191 511202 519211 527217 533220 536214
      540205
 0.01 523264 523257 522251 517240 514231 509223 504215 503207
      501203 498200 493198 489197 486198 469205 455210 447212
      442214 439218 436220 437225 439226 442226 417239 414244
      411247 403253 393265 387274 385279 385286 389294 394299
      397302 403304 408306 414306 421308 426308 431310 436309
      441311 453315 470321 479322 484321 488318 494313 500309
      506301 511294
 0.01 511789 510777 509764 507756 506745 505739 504736 502721
      498701 489673 486669 482663 476653 465647 458648 452648
      446648 439650 433656 428662 425664 423663 416664 406672
      399681 398685 397691 399699 398702 398708 399726 399732
      397735 391741 379747 369754 365756 361760 357765 353769
      344774 338779 336781 332781 326780 320784 313788 309789
      305789 294783 291783 290789 294800 269807 261809 254811
      250816 248821 241835 237841 233844 230850 229856 227860
      226868 226875 228880 234888 238892 244894 251896 255896
      259896 262899 262903 264907 275914 277919 279925 279933
      280939 284941 289941 299935 311928 323922 333916 339913
      348909 353907 359906 371905 379905 383906 382909 378922
      377930 373938 373945 375949 375954 376958 375963 376971
      377981 378988 383999 386004 390007 394011 399012 404008
      410006 420999 429991 438983 448969 454959 458948 463933
      465926 467922 480895 486880 491863 497853 502839 504834
      506828 508813 508804 508799 509796 511789
 0.01 451080 448075 447070 445065 446060 446051 443048 441045
      438045 434047 434054 437062 440067 443072 446077 449080
      451080
 0.01 424205 425201 424198 422195 419194 415196 410202 407207
      404208 402207 391200 380192 378191 376193 376198 377206
      378210 375211 369211 364212 359215 357220 354221 358232
      359240 356251 353267 354270 358271 360270 362267 364261
      366253 368243 372235 377233 382233 388236 395237 405236
      411234 417229 418224 418216 424205
 0.01 417067 416061 411058 406055 400055 396062 395069 397076
      402077 406079 407082 411085 413084 413080 416073 417067
 0.25 529197 531193 530190 528186 525179 520173 516168 510164
      506164 504166 502173 503178 506185 514189 520193 526198
      529197
 0.25 516270 518260 517254 512241 508232 503223 499213 494208
      487206 479209 473215 463216 458217 456219 454221 458225
      462227 467227 471226 474221 480221 484222 490225 494228
      496232 500241 503247 504253 503257 497252 491245 485238
      480234 474234 470236 467237 469240 485253 491263 489268
      487277 484279 478277 468274 457272 445270 440270 435271
      433276 434281 437287 441290 445293 452296 463299 471305
      476306 480305 485302 490299 493296 494292 496288 498287
      501285 511277 515274 516270
 0.25 490142 489139 487138 485136 482134 481132 478132 476134
      477137 480139 482140 485142 488143 490142
 0.25 490795 490784 489772 488752 481705 477690 473680 469675
      465671 460671 454671 447674 442679 437690 433695 431703
      430712 432721 432726 431728 427732 424737 423739 420741
      415743 411746 403754 387774 379784 371796 359815 344829
      340834 337840 333844 326845 318847 310850 298853 294855
      292853 294847 294842 292835 291830 289825 287818 284814
      280814 277815 272820 268823 266829 264837 260842 253853
      251857 249863 247875 249881 254884 258885 265886 278885
      293884 307885 311885 311888 307895 300903 297910 296917
      296920 298922 304920 313916 324910 335905 347900 360892
      370887 377882 382879 388877 392878 397881 401883 406889
      411901 417914 422931 423938 422944 421956 416968 411972
      407975 402980 401985 403989 410989 415987 427980 431976
      436970 442961 447952 452941 457927 467902 473887 477869
      484842 487829 489815 490795
 0.25 481163 481160 480159 479157 477156 475155 474155 472154
      470154 469153 467153 465154 464156 465157 465159 466160
      468162 469162 471163 473163 474163 476163 478163 480163
      481163
 0.25 464239 464236 462234 457233 453234 450234 446236 442237
      438238 439241 442242 444242 448243 453243 457241 461240
      464239
 0.25 441108 440106 439107 438110 439110 440108 441108
 0.25 408826 408822 406822 404823 402825 399827 397829 394830
      392832 391833 392835 393838 396838 400838 403837 405836
      407832 407829 408826
 0.25 322793 321791 320791 319790 317791 315791 314792 313792
      312793 310794 309795 308796 307797 308799 310799 312798
      314798 316797 317796 319795 321794 322793
 0.50 514258 513255 512251 511247 510244 509241 507239 506242
      507245 508248 509252 510256 511260 513260 514258
 0.50 498221 497217 495215 492212 491211 489211 486211 484212
      482215 482217 485218 488219 491220 494222 498221
 0.50 480792 479777 478764 475735 473724 470714 469711 466711
      462716 458725 455733 453742 449753 446759 441764 437763
      435758 432761 431773 434777 434782 435786 435789 432789
      430788 430784 427781 425779 425775 427772 426768 423761
      419753 416752 412754 406759 402766 400777 386802 380808
      378816 377821 379823 385824 390822 396819 402813 406808
      410809 419809 422812 423815 421823 416833 413839 410845
      405859 420892 422900 424909 426921 426931 426944 425956
      423966 418975 420978 424978 428975 433969 437962 441955
      445948 449940 452928 456913 459906 463898 467890 470883
      472871 474859 479822 479812 479804 480792
 0.50 466222 466221 464221 462220 461220 460220 460221 462221
      464222 466222 466222
 0.50 450239 449239 447238 447239 449239 450239
 0.50 377839 377837 377836 375835 373836 371837 370839 368840
      367842 368844 368845 370844 372843 373842 374842 375840
      377839 377839
 0.50 368831 369827 367825 363823 360823 356824 353827 349830
      347833 347840 350844 354844 357841 360839 362836 366833
      368831
 0.50 358865 355856 351853 338860 327868 325871 327876 332878
      337879 339880 337882 333887 324898 323901 325905 331904
      339900 344897 350891 352886 352881 351876 346875 353870
      358865
 0.50 342878 341877 339878 339879 341878 342878
 0.50 318858 317856 316856 315856 313856 311858 313858 315858
      317858 318858
 0.50 287848 286844 284839 280834 280826 279824 276822 272824
      271828 271834 271838 269842 266847 263855 262862 262867
      264870 261873 261876 263880 267882 270881 279879 285876
      285871 283868 279867 275868 270868 271867 276863 282858
      285853 287848
 1.00 447925 447921 443922 440921 438924 437928 436930 436934
      438930 439928 441925 442925 444928 445928 447925
 1.00 424860 425857 425855 425853 425850 424848 423848 422850
      421851 420853 419856 419858 418860 418863 419865 421864
      422863 423862 424860 424860

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 469621 480620 492621 501623 505630 507638 511650 516667
      520681 524696 523712 523732 521746 519763 517778 518801
      517814 514827 511833 509838 506844 501847 495848 491851
      487852 485854 483862 482867 480873 477885 473892 470895
      468895 466893 464890 464886 463881 461879 456877 454875
      450875 443876 438878 432879 427881 419882 415881 411878
      402872 398869 396867 396863 394860 394857 393849 396844
      398837 394831 390826 382821 378818 372817 362824 358826
      357820 364813 365810 363807 360805 354802 347803 340804
      335808 327814 317822 315826 311829 302834 293839 281846
      273851 257854 254854 251849 248845 246843 246840 248834
      250827 256820 251819 245819 242816 239811 237806 240802
      249794 254790 259788 263785 266780 271769 277761 284756
      291754 296754 304761 308758 310756 310752 312747 315742
      319738 323732 329725 335718 349700 355690 363680 378663
      389656 398651 423643 430641 435637 444629
 0.01 465622 464623 462624 461624 459625 457626 456626 454627
      452628 451629 449629 448630 446629
 0.01 535209 534198 532188 525172 521165 518159 513154 509148
      496140 491134 485130 479125 477123 474125 473127 474131
      477137 483143 485146 486149 484149 478146 468144 461142
      458144 455144 439141 435143 435148 434152 437156 440161
      441173 440180 435186 427199 422205 417212 412216 406219
      400223 398225 395231 393239 391246 381259 372272 368278
      368281 369284 375289 382293 391297 397302 411303 425303
      437301 445302 448302 453303 462306 466308 470311 475314
      482318 486319 489318 494314 500309 504301 505297 508294
      513288 514285 516280 518270 519260 518249 516240 513232
      511224 510212 509209 511206 514204 517207 521211 524214
      527215 535209
 0.01 527960 527950 524947 519946 515948 510949 507952 503956
      499954 489951 487949 485949 482949 482952 484957 487960
      496966 503972 512976 517976 520973 523968 526963 527960
 0.01 451100 450097 446097 441098 438098 435102 434104 435110
      440112 441116 445118 447116 448114 446109 446105 448102
      451100 451100
 0.01 277941 277926 276922 276914 273909 271906 268902 264900
      259898 254900 251903 248907 245918 244922 243929 241933
      239938 237951 237964 237970 238975 239981 240984 243985
      245989 245996 247001 251003 255004 260003 264001 268997
      270986 274962 277941
 0.25 514266 514258 513249 512242 510235 505221 502209 498196
      497191 498186 500179 501174 501170 498164 493161 489158
      482156 476156 470158 467159 466161 466167 462171 456170
      452168 448171 446180 448186 452187 455187 459185 463181
      466181 467184 469190 470193 469198 464201 454203 444208
      436213 427220 423225 418227 413228 409231 401239 387260
      381271 379277 379282 380284 393289 405293 411294 416294
      422293 428291 436284 440281 445279 455276 466275 471276
      476279 486288 490292 496294 500293 504289 507285 510276
      513271 514266
 0.25 511673 509661 507650 503641 499633 495628 488624 475626
      458634 445643 435652 428656 421659 412663 405668 393677
      373697 363708 353719 346730 335741 332746 330750 329754
      322767 311778 310780 312783 318784 367752 375751 378754
      378761 380765 382768 385770 387772 395770 401767 406767
      415765 422763 431761 435766 439765 441761 444754 448748
      451754 454762 457771 459782 461793 465793 467791 472786
      478781 486770 491764 496758 501752 505745 508736 509726
      509718 509705 511689 511673
 0.25 466816 467812 467809 465804 461801 459805 455813 449821
      446829 444840 444845 446849 450848 453845 458837 462828
      465819 466816
 0.25 468873 468871 467868 467866 467864 467863 466861 466858
      465857 464859 463859 463861 463863 463866 464868 464871
      464872 465873 466875 467873 468873
 0.25 429781 427779 424780 420784 418788 416793 414797 414802
      416807 419806 422803 424798 426793 427788 429783 429781
 0.25 292797 292794 289793 289789 287785 284785 276789 266794
      258799 258802 257804 257807 260812 264815 272818 275819
      278818 282815 287806 292798 292797
 0.25 259952 260943 259936 255932 252933 250935 248939 246946
      245953 245956 244962 247968 250969 253968 256964 258958
      259952
 0.50 506279 509266 510257 510250 504226 500214 494205 489198
      488190 489182 488176 488172 491171 491167 490165 486162
      483160 478160 475164 474174 477199 470204 461208 444216
      440217 437221 434226 434232 414233 407239 400246 388265
      383274 384279 387280 388283 408288 416286 425283 434279
      441273 448268 457265 468265 473266 478268 482271 486275
      489280 492283 497287 502286 506279
 0.50 504668 503656 500645 496638 492631 487628 479629 473631
      468634 461638 455643 442652 430660 420669 373701 362713
      357726 355732 351738 348745 345751 339755 336762 336763
      340762 344757 349752 356750 367741 378732 384728 392726
      397726 397729 395736 389748 388757 389763 391764 393762
      399759 407756 412756 417752 429745 432742 434740 438733
      442727 447722 452718 455715 459716 462723 464735 464741
      464747 464757 464764 466769 471773 476770 481764 488752
      493736 496727 498719 503684 504668
 0.50 486225 484224 483222 483221 481220 479220 478220 479222
      481223 481224 482225 484225 485226 486225
 0.50 436751 436748 434748 434749 435751 436751 436751
 0.50 281811 281809 282806 281805 280804 278803 276804 274803
      272803 271804 270804 270806 269807 268808 268810 269811
      271812 273814 275815 277815 279814 280813 280812 281811
 1.00 500274 501266 499260 495250 490241 484235 481230 478228
      469228 469224 471221 475218 478217 484219 488221 491224
      494230 496234 500238 502236 501230 497219 495214 492211
      488207 483204 478205 475207 459213 455215 454219 455223
      458228 456231 452233 444237 440239 435238 425235 416237
      409243 403249 400253 398256 399259 401264 399269 400272
      404269 413269 420264 429263 437259 444256 452253 461252
      471251 479252 482256 484261 487267 491273 496277 500274
 1.00 490644 487637 484635 481636 474639 469643 459652 449660
      443666 440672 437677 433684 429688 427691 426696 437698
      435706 429710 424713 418713 419716 423715 424717 422720
      418726 417729 418733 420735 424735 430732 433726 435720
      435713 435710 439708 444705 447702 451696 456692 462689
      469689 475690 481688 486683 488675 489666 490658 490650
      490644
 1.00 381709 381708 381706 379707 378707 378708 376709 374710
      373712 372713 371714 371716 372716 373716 375716 377715
      377714 378713 380711 380710 381709 381709
 1.50 492217 490215 489214 488213 487212 486210 484210 483209
      481208 479208 478209 476210 475212 477214 479214 480215
      482215 483216 485216 487217 488217 490218 492217
 1.50 480239 479233 474232 469234 466232 462232 458235 453238
      449241 448244 450246 457246 461245 467245 472245 478243
      480239
 1.50 479648 479645 478645 476646 475646 475647 473649 473650
      474651 475651 477650 478649 479648
 1.50 472216 471213 469212 467213 464214 461215 459216 458219
      458223 462224 464224 466222 468220 470218 472216
 1.50 463663 464660 461660 456662 453664 449667 447671 445676
      444681 449681 453678 456675 458672 461668 463663 463663
 1.50 433246 433242 431239 425237 419237 414241 410244 406248
      407255 410259 415258 420255 424253 429250 433246
 2.00 477238 476235 474235 472236 470237 470238 469240 470241
      471242 473242 475241 476240 477238 477238
 2.00 430243 428239 423238 419239 415241 413243 409246 407248
      410250 412250 415255 419252 422251 425249 428245 430243
 3.00 424244 425242 424240 422240 421240 420240 419241 418242
      418244 419244 420245 421245 422245 424244 424244

$$




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