Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Charleston, WV

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FXUS61 KRLX 201036
AFDRLX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Charleston WV
636 AM EDT Sun May 20 2018

.SYNOPSIS...
Weak cold front sags into the area today. Increasing chances of
storms Monday and Tuesday. Cold front crosses mid week,
followed by high pressure to end the work week.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH TONIGHT/...
As of 630 AM Sunday...

No significant changes made with the early morning update. Low
stratus the rule across the north and dense river valley fog
predominate across southern zones.

As of 200 AM Sunday...

Surface front as of 06Z was located near Dayton to Youngstown.
Isolated showers were noted along the boundary. This front will
slowly sag into our northern counties in southeast Ohio this
morning. Meanwhile, low level moisture will pool along and
ahead of the boundary in the form of low stratus, most
predominate say from the Parkersburg to Elkins corridor.
Orographic enhancement to the flow may provide enough lift to
wring out some showers this morning in the northern mountains.
Elsewhere, dense river valley fog should stay confined to the
southern West Virginia and southwest Virginia with a stiff
boundary layer wind mitigating fog elsewhere.

Low stratus across the north will slowly mix out by late morning
to midday. The front will continue to sag south as the day
progresses, before putting on the breaks generally along the
Route 33 corridor. It is hear where CAMs along with other models
focus afternoon isolated to scattered showers and thunderstorms
along the front. I`ve focused on this corridor for the highest
pops, though still capping at chance for now and rolling with
coverage wording. Mixed layer cape values pooling along/ahead of
the boundary peak just shy of 2 grand though deep layer shear
values are only about 25 kts. This combined with lackluster mid
level lapse rates spells more of downpour scenario with the
potential for some decent downdrafts. Cell motions along with
potential cold pool propagation may allow some of these to make
it to the HTS/CRW corridor late afternoon.

Activity winds down this evening as the front settles along the
I64 corridor. With the boundary layer winds relaxing tonight,
dense river valley fog will become a concern, especially if
the area remains largely void of cloud cover. We will watch
upstream in the middle Ohio Valley for an MCS diving southeast
toward the region late. Current indications this will stay west
of the CWA as it reorganizes toward the better instability
across western and central Kentucky.

&&

.SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
As of 240 AM Sunday...

Models showing moisture increasing on Monday, allowing for
showers and thunderstorms, more so during the afternoon and
evening hours. The moisture will remain through at least
Tuesday. A cold front will then push through Tuesday night or
Wednesday, with less model spread in the timing of the front as
compared to model runs on previous nights.

&&

.LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY/...
As of 240 AM Sunday...

A high pressure system will then provide a lull in the activity
for Thursday and Friday. Considerable differences then begin to
show up in the models in regards to when moisture will return to
the region. Therefore, confidence in the forecast deteriorates
for the beginning of the weekend.

&&

.AVIATION /12Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/...
As of 635 AM Sunday...

Low stratus will be slow to mix out today at PKB/CKB/EKN,
taking until late morning perhaps to lift out of IFR. However,
by early afternoon most of the stratus should have scattered out
into a VFR CU field.

The front will continue to sag southeast today, becoming nearly
stationary along the I64 corridor late. Isolate to scattered
convection is expected this afternoon along the boundary with
PKB/CRW the most likely terminals to experience any impacts.
This was handled with PROB30 groups at this distance.

Convection wanes this evening with dense river valley fog
developing. There is some question as to how much cloud cover
will be around, though it appears that most terminals will be
impacted by fog toward the end of the TAF period.

Southwesterly winds, with occasional gusts 15-20kts today
before going calm at the surface this evening.

FORECAST CONFIDENCE AND ALTERNATE SCENARIOS THROUGH 12Z MONDAY...

FORECAST CONFIDENCE: Medium

ALTERNATE SCENARIOS: Development and extent fog overnight may
vary from forecast.

EXPERIMENTAL TABLE OF FLIGHT CATEGORY OBJECTIVELY SHOWS CONSISTENCY
OF WFO FORECAST TO AVAILABLE MODEL INFORMATION:
H = HIGH:   TAF CONSISTENT WITH ALL MODELS OR ALL BUT ONE MODEL.
M = MEDIUM: TAF HAS VARYING LEVEL OF CONSISTENCY WITH MODELS.
L = LOW:    TAF INCONSISTENT WITH ALL MODELS OR ALL BUT ONE MODEL.

UTC 1HRLY       10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21
EDT 1HRLY       06   07   08   09   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17
CRW CONSISTENCY  H    H    H    H    H    H    H    H    H    H    M    M
HTS CONSISTENCY  L    L    L    M    H    H    H    H    H    H    M    M
BKW CONSISTENCY  H    M    M    M    H    H    H    H    H    H    M    M
EKN CONSISTENCY  M    M    H    H    H    M    M    M    H    H    M    M
PKB CONSISTENCY  M    H    M    M    H    H    M    H    H    H    M    M
CKB CONSISTENCY  H    H    M    M    M    H    M    H    H    H    M    M

AFTER 12Z MONDAY...
Brief periods of IFR possible in showers and storms into the
beginning of the work week.

&&

.RLX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
WV...None.
OH...None.
KY...None.
VA...None.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...RPY/30
NEAR TERM...30
SHORT TERM...RPY
LONG TERM...RPY
AVIATION...30


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