Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Boston, MA

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000
FXUS61 KBOX 162145
AFDBOX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Taunton MA
445 PM EST Tue Jan 16 2018

.SYNOPSIS...
A developing coastal low pressure will emerge off the Delmarva
tonight and track northeast to near Cape Cod Wednesday morning.
This system is expected to bring a moderate to heavy snowfall to
western and central MA and northern CT late tonight into Wednesday.
Snow, with a likely transition to rain for the BOS-PVD corridor
by the mid-morning. However, impacts to the morning commute are
likely. Mainly dry weather likely Wednesday night into Sunday,
with a warming trend during this weekend. Another low pressure
should affect our region early next week with mostly rain.

&&

.NEAR TERM /THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...

* Potent Winter Storm expected late tonight into Wednesday
* Hazardous Morning commute expected

4 PM Update...

Overall trend in the forecast remains on track for this
afternoon. Weak WAA snow showers continue to develop out ahead
of the approaching system. Some sites across eastern NY have
lowered below 2 miles over the past few hours. We also received
a report of about a coating for Amherst. Surface high pressure
off the Cape seems to hold on strong keeping the eastern half of
the region dry until is pushes towards the Gulf Of Maine
tonight. This will help shift the WAA snow shower axis across
Connecticut and up into central MA. Since we are approaching
the evening commute, cannot rule out some slick spots in the
I-91 corridor as snow will continue to fall over the next
several hours.

Tonight into Wednesday...

Overview...

More substantial snowfall is expected starting this evening into
tonight, as a coastal low pressure system is forecast to emerge
off the Delmarva and track northeast along a baroclinic zone
close to the NJ/Long Island coast. At the same time, the
positive tilt mid/upper level trough will migrate eastward.
Appears that a transfer of energy as coastal low jet structure
begins to take hold early tomorrow morning will help phase the
clipper system. This coastal low track has been key for this
forecast as it is projected to track across the Cape and up
towards the Maritimes. At the same time, open wave at 700 mb and
surface high situated over the Maritimes will help allow the
warm air to push into southern New England. The lack of
blocking, also allows for this system to be quite progressive.
So with the progressive nature, closer surface low track and
warm air mixing into the I-95 corridor went ahead and adjusted
snowfall amounts and sped the system up.

P-type...

Ongoing snowfall this evening will overspread across the region
as cold front from the west approaches. Coastal low will move
up the coast by the morning hours resulting a perhaps a good
thump of snow right around the morning commute. Trended the
onset of the snowfall with wet-bulbing to help indicate some
moderate lift in the snow growth region. However, decent warm
air at 925mb and at 950mb pushes into the I-95 corridor right
after the rush which will transition any snow into rain. This
will help undercut snowfall totals.

Several model p-type algorithms also keeps the precip more as
snow. However, that does not agree with current synoptics and
climatology, especially with a low tracking over the Cape. The
other thing we noticed is Hi-res guidance including the HRRR and
RAP show a snow hole moving across RI and southeast MA towards
the morning commute. This minimum in the guidance is a suggested
in jet energy transfer towards the coastal low. Snow will
eventually fill into that region, but there could be some lower
amounts between 06-12z.

Mixing could reach as far as Windham county and up into coastal
Essex which is in agreement with EC, GFS and NAM. As the storm
moves up towards the Maritimes later in the day, it does
strengthen, allowing for any rain to transition back to snow
by the late afternoon hours. This is all depending on where
precip will be ongoing, with our highest confidence right now
for NE MA.

Snow Amounts/Hazards...

Higher snow amounts remain across western MA for this evening
which is climatology supported. Appears to be a good swath of
over 0.5 inches across Hartford county and up into northern
Middlesex county. Thereafter QPF amounts will be lower towards
the Canal, with a secondary max across the Cape and Islands.
With higher snowfall ratios, expect about 5-8 inches of snowfall
within the current warning, with isolated higher amounts near 9
or 10 inches as you get closer to the Berkshires. This area
appears to have good forcing within the snow growth region also
some banding near the Berks down into Hartford county as shown
by packed thermals in the mid-levels. Thus could see some higher
amounts. Thus will keep the current winter storm warning for
Western and Central MA as well as Hartford and tolland CT.

As you get closer to the I-95 corridor expect around 2-5 as this
region has a better shot of mixing during the mid-morning hours.
This as well as the snow hole will keep amounts lower and thus
have downgraded the I-95 corridor to an advisory. Did not have
the confidence to keep the warning up, especially with the
warmer trends in all of the models. Closer to the south coast
and near the Canal, amounts will be less than 2 inches. Most of
the snow will fall tonight into the early morning hours, but
will quickly transition to rain by the morning. Thus went ahead
an dropped the advisory.

Even though amounts and hazards have been lowered, the timing of
this system is not ideal as it brings accumulating snow during
the morning commute. Motorists should use caution and take their
time if heading out in the morning.

&&

.SHORT TERM /WEDNESDAY NIGHT/...

Coastal low will continue to move towards the Maritimes
Wednesday night. This will pull all the moisture with is so
any lingering snow showers will come to an end. Thus will not
expect much in the way of issues with the evening commute.

Cloud cover will improve by the later half of the night, and if
we decouple then temps will bottom out during the overnight
hours. Low temps will range from 20s across the Cape and Islands
to single digits across Western MA where fresh snow pack
resides.

&&

.LONG TERM /THURSDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/...

Highlights...

* Cold and dry Thursday
* Continued dry with a warming trend through this weekend
* Another storm may bring mostly rain Monday into Monday Night

16/12Z guidance is in reasonable agreement moving a deeper mid
level trough offshore Thursday, with the mid level flow becoming
more zonal across the eastern USA by Saturday. Still expecting a
modest mid level ridge to build over the Eastern Seaboard this
weekend. This should set the stage for a modest mid level trough
to pass through early next week.

Overall, this is looking like a rather quiet period of the
forecast. Dry weather should prevail Thursday into Sunday, with
a gradual warming trend and above normal temperatures.

A low pressure is expected to move through the Great Lakes
sometime early next week, and swing a cold front across our
region. The timing is still uncertain, since it is still 6-7
days away. It does appear the most likely precipitation type
will be rain. However, some light snow, or even freezing rain,
will be possible if precipitation were to have a longer duration
at night. It will likely be several more days to work out these
sorts of details. The most likely period for precipitation
would be from Monday afternoon into Tuesday morning.

&&

.AVIATION /21Z TUESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
Forecaster Confidence Levels...

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

Short Term /through Wednesday Night/...

This Afternoon...Moderate confidence. Mainly a mix of MVFR and
VFR cigs. Patchy light snow at times western MA may lower vsbys
to MVFR. Light winds.

Tonight and Wednesday...Moderate confidence. Mainly IFR-LIFR
CIGS/VSBYS in snow, with areas of heavy snow north of a BOS-HFD
line. Snow may mix with or change to rain south of a Marshfield-
Providence-Westerly line during Wed. Conditions improve to VFR
in CT and Western Mass Wednesday afternoon...and in RI and
Eastern/Central Mass Wednesday night. Wind gusts 20-25 knots
around Nantucket and parts of Cape Cod.

Wednesday Night...High confidence. Any lingering IFR/LIFR will
improve to VFR from west to east during the overnight.

KBOS Terminal...Moderate to high confidence in TAF. Morning push
will be impacted.

KBDL Terminal...High confidence in TAF. Morning push will be
impacted.

Outlook /Thursday through Sunday/...

Thursday through Friday Night: VFR. Breezy.

Saturday: VFR. Windy with local gusts to 30 kt.

Saturday Night: VFR. Breezy.

Sunday: VFR.

&&

.MARINE...
Forecaster Confidence Levels...

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

Short Term /through Wednesday Night/...High confidence.

Easterly swell will continue to keep seas up tonight across the
eastern waters. However seas will slowly relax late tonight.
Approaching coastal low tomorrow will build seas and winds for
all of the waters. Low pressure system will track over Cape and
head towards the Gulf of Maine. Could see some gusts near 20-25
kts but seas will build near 5-8 feet. Thus have extended SCA
for outer waters into Wednesday night.

Outlook /Thursday through Sunday/...

Thursday: Low risk for Small Craft Advisory winds with gusts up
to 25 kt. Areas of rough seas. Chance of freezing spray.

Thursday Night: Moderate risk for Small Craft Advisory winds
with gusts up to 30 kt. Local rough seas.

Friday: Low risk for Small Craft Advisory winds with gusts up
to 25 kt. Local rough seas.

Friday Night: Winds less than 25 kt. Areas of seas approaching
5 ft.

Saturday: Moderate risk for Small Craft Advisory winds with
gusts up to 30 kt. Seas up to 5 ft.

Saturday Night: Winds less than 25 kt. Local rough seas.

Sunday: Winds less than 25 kt. Areas of seas approaching 5 ft.

&&

.HYDROLOGY...
Minor flooding continues along the Taunton River, where a Flood
Warning remains in effect. A Flood Warning is also in effect
for the Connecticut River at Middle Haddam, where ice is causing
some river fluctuations.

Colder weather will persist through midweek which will limit
additional runoff. Continued ice jams expected on some of the
rivers. There will be an increase of snow pack for a portion of
southern New England through Wednesday as several inches of
snow will fall.

For details on specific area rivers, including observed and
forecast river stages, please visit the Advanced Hydrologic
Prediction Service (AHPS) graphs on our website.

&&

.BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...Winter Weather Advisory from 1 AM to 6 PM EST Wednesday for
     CTZ004.
     Winter Storm Warning from 7 PM this evening to 3 PM EST
     Wednesday for CTZ002-003.
MA...Winter Weather Advisory from 1 AM to 1 PM EST Wednesday for
     MAZ017>019.
     Winter Weather Advisory from 1 AM to 6 PM EST Wednesday for
     MAZ007-013>016.
     Winter Storm Warning from 7 PM this evening to 3 PM EST
     Wednesday for MAZ002-003-008>011.
     Winter Storm Warning from 1 AM to 6 PM EST Wednesday for
     MAZ004>006-012-026.
RI...Winter Weather Advisory from 1 AM to 1 PM EST Wednesday for
     RIZ002>004.
     Winter Weather Advisory from 1 AM to 6 PM EST Wednesday for
     RIZ001.
MARINE...Small Craft Advisory from 7 AM to 7 PM EST Wednesday for
     ANZ235-237.
     Small Craft Advisory until 8 AM EST Thursday for ANZ250-
     254>256.
     Small Craft Advisory until 1 AM EST Wednesday for ANZ251.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...Belk/Dunten
NEAR TERM...Dunten
SHORT TERM...Dunten
LONG TERM...Belk
AVIATION...Belk/Dunten
MARINE...Belk/Dunten
HYDROLOGY...Staff



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