Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Wakefield, VA

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147
FXUS61 KAKQ 230735
AFDAKQ

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Wakefield VA
335 AM EDT SAT JUL 23 2016

.SYNOPSIS...
High pressure prevails over the region through Monday. A weak front
drops south across the northern Delmarva tonight, then lifts back to
the north Sunday. A weak cold front drops into the region Tuesday.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/...
Latest MSAS shows high prs west of fa with a trof east of the mts.
Models prog a weak bndry to move south to a position across central
MD-DE by 00Z. Despite a lee trof, airmass appears to capped for
convection to develop before 21z. Thus...kept a dry forecast today
except for slght chc pops after 21z across the lwr MD eastern
shore. 850mb temperatures remain in the 20-22C range (+2 st dev).
The airmass warms resulting in highs solidly in the mid 90s inland.
Some mixing expected this afternoon resulting in dp temps averaging
in the 70-73 range during peak heating hours. This results in heat
indices between 100-104 (although I expect some of the AWOS sites
to report a bit higher than that). Highest across SE VA and NE NC.
Premise here is that guidance has been around 2 degrees to warm
past few days.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH MONDAY/...
High res data in decent agreement that a shortwave trof results in
sct convection developing this evening. Data has this activity
mainly across the northern neck / lwr Md eastern shore before
weakening as it drifts SE after midnite. Will carry 30-40 pops there
with a 1-2 county buffer zone of slght chc pops mainly NE of I64.
Otherwise...a warm and muggy night with lows in the mid-upr 70s.

Frontal boundary weakens as it lifts north of the fa Sun. High prs
dominates along with the thermal trof across srn VA / nrn NC. Kept
slght chc pops btwn 18Z-00Z ivof this feature. 850 mb temps support
highs in the mid-upr 90s. Dp temps progged about 1-2 degrees higher
than today which results in heat index values aoa 105 (heat advsry
levels) for most of the southern half of the fa.

Fair and muggy Sun nite with any convection quickly dissipating
after sunset. Lows in the mid to upper 70s.

Monday appears to be the hottest day of this stretch with only a low
chc pop across the nwrn zones late for any convection that develops
across the mts and drifts east. Highs 95-100 combined with dp temps
btwn 70-75 yields heat index values btwn 104-108 (heat advsry levels).
Will continue to address the heat in the HWO.


&&

.LONG TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH FRIDAY/...
A cold front crosses the region on Tuesday and then stalls over
the area during the rest of the week...fluctuating/wobbling its
position over time in persistent zonal flow aloft. Temperatures
still expected to peak in the low-mid 90s for highs with dewpoints
in the low-mid 70s. This will generally maintain heat index values
of 100-104 degrees each afternoon. Lows generally in the mid 70s
each night. Precip chances finally increase to a decent 30-40% POP
each afternoon...beginning with the frontal passage on Tuesday
afternoon/evening. Thunderstorms should be expected each day. Main
impacts will be strong wind gusts and locally heavy rainfall due
to pwats upwards of 2.00 inches.

&&

.AVIATION /08Z SATURDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY/...
Mainly vfr thru the 06Z taf period. Some patchy fog/haze psbl
over a brief window this morng for ric/sby. Dry conditions to
prevail today with mainly S/SW winds around 8-10 KT. Increased
mixing should prevent any fog development tonight.

Isolated/scattered tstms possible tonight at SBY, and then across
southern VA and northeast NC Sun afternoon and evening. A cold
front approaches on Monday and crosses the area on Tuesday
bringing scattered showers and tstms both days...primarily during
the afternoon/evening hours. Brief reductions in VSBYS and CIGS to
MVFR/IFR levels with the storms.

&&

.MARINE...
All headlines have been cancelled as sca conditions have not
materialized this morng. Expect a fairly stagnant wx pattern over
the next few days with hi pressure centered off the se coast and
weak trofs of lo pressure over the Mid Atlc. Winds will avg 10-15 kt
out of the s/sw thru this period with 1-2 ft waves over the Bay and
mainly 2-3 ft seas over Cstl Wtrs. The next cold front drops into
the area late Tue/Tue night. Sub-sca conditions expected to
continue thru at least mid week.

&&

.CLIMATE...
While its certainly going to be hot today thru Mon, climatologically
this is the hottest time of the year with several heat waves having
occurred in the past that have been far more intense than what we
will experience. Record highs are unlikely to be set and in most
cases, doubt they will even challenged within 5 degrees.


* RECORD HIGHS:

*     Sat (7/23)    Sun (7/24)   Mon (7/25)

* RIC: 103 (1952)   105 (2010)   105 (2010)
* ORF: 103 (2011)   105 (2010)   105 (2010)
* SBY: 103 (2011)   101 (2010)   100 (2010)
* ECG: 104 (1952)    97 (2012)    99 (1949)

&&

.AKQ WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
MD...None.
NC...None.
VA...None.
MARINE...None.

&&

$$
SYNOPSIS...MPR
NEAR TERM...MPR
SHORT TERM...AJZ/MPR
LONG TERM...BMD
AVIATION...MAS
MARINE...MAS
CLIMATE...AKQ



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